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. iui.:in. HKai r uscbiii, ch--ioca.
WILLIAMS, BLANCIMKD & CO.,
Shipping & Commission Merchants,
No. 218 California Street,
6o 6a s.iy frjvcisco.
English and European news.
:oTAIM TIIK NEWS.
Inten-Min mur fnmt u.r Tim'. and i tbos ren.ler?il avail
I the .r. iw-
;tnial LmiImi a w-ll-ili -lea runuMrj, uu
able in a cheap IWnj, fr r:wt.s reH!ng abroad or ia the
Th dajs r.f pobKcatinn are Tor-ilay aod Fridays ia the
artrrnoob, ami the price U pr copy, or frl. a "fk post
.-otucTihrrs e-m ..buin "TIIK MAIL," throu-'h Swpipr
Afrnt, or may hx it it-n u. Publisher, oo .rc-pym-nt, at ! not only beoauf-e of the iniMrtanee of the pro-j-rii.tini;
nir tu-ire. Loci .n. ta D,n ' cdiuz, but Lecntirc, in the view I take of it, ita
FOR THE HANDKERCHIEF.
POSSESSING THE MOST
i-lwrat- frncranre of Fluwers, U unequaleJ a a perfume
for Iht Uo.lk-rchief.
3T"ox- tlio XJvtla.
red in bathing, u imp-rt, ewrry n.i strength tn the sys-
trm, n.t jtit'tj that sofioesa anl d'rlicacy to the skin so much
lcirej by all.
It Crmoves Sunburn, I'rerklfS and riinptes.
Iiilatol with vit'r. it irak-s an excellent Ptntrifice, im-
partiD p'ar:y whkeDeii to the e-lh, Bweetnes to the breath,
o.rt.1 rntlt-ia trie nimi hunt anfl ot a beautiful color.
It h'Hili alwaya te ul after thaviug. diluie.l with aler,
as it relieTea all iiiflatumati'n
HEUD1XGTO.V, IIOSI ETTER Si. CO..
41-5 aixl 41S Front St., San Francisco, Cat.
XT n s"e all Tfrptctahle Druyit. 691 Km
JANION, RHODES & CO.,
A'irleria. Vanrenfrr'a Ialanl.
n.b Particular attention j.ii-t to consignments of SaMwici
Victoria. V. I.. January 1.
.... B. IMHh.TKB. ........ .T. R. HAT 3.
MAIN &. WINCHESTER,
msm'-TCBEK!4 4M im?oktkb.s of
COLLARS, SlIMUKUV WARE, .f.,
Nea.21 1 and tiHi Bnllrry St.. San FinnciHCO.
V. B. G'ol auortment Cicrd
je Iliirness ctntntly
H. w. Ert:aa!(:e.
C. K. CLAhK
Shi Lli.liltL. IL.alall i tUt.
omiiiissi0u Jt i Ii:.nls j
And Shipping Agents.
tretf, i-ontrr t.'l'iy St., Slit FmnrtsfO.
We will atfnd to the Sale t Sngir. and all kind of Iiland
Pr.lucf. AUio, to the rur.-tiing and Furwardiiiit f Mer
ehjidite. 6iS Jy
MCCRACKEN. MERRILL 6t CO., i
FOR WARDING AM)
CO .11 .11 1 I OA .11 K IIC II A IV TS,
HAVING HE EN ENCAGED IN OI.'R PRE
ent lm!iin fr pirl of ! years, and being
l.y-mre-l in fire proof brick hbildin?. we are rrpared lo reo-i v
and di3poae of Inland "Ufles, urn as Sa'ar, Kice,S.Trup, I'ulu,
Col-.. Jtc, to advantage, t'ousiumeiits epecUiiy colicited
for the On (Too market, tu which pernnl attention will be !aid,
arvl u(Ko wLicb caj.1i at. ranee will be made when required.
5a FBxcfcro RurcBKCRd:
KaiPr - Lindrnberger, Ja-- Patrick Co.,
Fred. I km, V. T. Coleman & Co.,
t-tevena. Baker St Co.
A Ilea k Lewis. Ladd & Tiitoo. Leonard k Oreeo
9l Walker Allen. ly
juhs at caaccka
J. C. MERRILL & Co.,
Commission .31 cr chants
A uctionc ers,
ilOl and 206 California Street,
ALSO, AONT3 TUB
San Francisco and Honolulu Packets.
PartioolAr itt-ntion jriren to the gale and purchase ot mer
rhandise, ahip-t bosiiies't, supplying whaleshipj, negotiatioj
q- All freight arrirln? at Fas Francisco, by or to the Ho
nolulu Line of Packets, will le forwarded trek or commissioS.
Kxchauge oo Honolulu rm'ht and sold. Ct
Mrnrs. C. I,. Richardi Co...... ..... ....Honolulu
" II. II:u-kfeld : Co "
" C I?rew-r & C "
u rlihnp K Co "
Ir. R. W. W.l "
Hon. K. II. Allrn
l. - WaiV-rLian, Ks "
Vorcextcr.sliirc 8sii.ee !
DECLAUED LY COSSOlSSEUKS
Tlio Only Ooocl Sauco
CAUTION AGAINST FRAUD !
riMiK success or this .most iikij.
M. Cl'Jl'S and nunalled C nliint;iit having CaUSnl certaiu
dealers to apply the name of Worcestershire Sance" to their
own ii.fcrior eoinpouivls. Iho I'uMic U hereby iufonned that tne
only way lo secure the freuuinc, U to
ASK TOR LEA & PEBEINS SAUCE,
and to see that their Dames are upon the trrapper, labrlt,
tlopptr aod bait!.
6umef th. foreign markc-U harinz been s-jpplieil with a
aptiriu Worrv-terhire Sau-e, upon the wrapl" label!
04 which the namrs of ijc- and Prrrins have leen firg-d, L. and
Y. pre n.mce lha they t? furnUtel their eorrrsiKMidciits
with power at attm-y t Le instant r-ictviiuR svaiiitt
Manuitctttrti -.i l I'tH.tor A uc!i, or auy olbt-T iiuilalious
by which their right may lc inrrinrrd.
isk far LEI A. TKRUIXs Sanrr and Sef anie on
Wrajipf r, Label, Uottlr. and Stopprr.
Wholele and for r:i-Tt by the lopritors. Worcester ;
Crosae ant Blackweil, W1lhi, c., ,c.j and by UrLCrrs and
Oilmen auirmail;. . tyi j
ELEY'S AMMUNITION !
For Snider-tnlieU of bore, and f-r
the lleury. anal Martiiii-Ucnry It. firs of
M bure. a.tpd by lie- SI -' War
IVpartmeot, aUj vt -SuU bore ! Military
WATERPRiF CSNTKAL-FIRE ME
TALLIC CARTRItHJfcj with enlarel
bate fur smail lrn,aitrl by r'jrciiin
lorrrnmtiW fir enertil Chaepot.
Benlao. IUmint:n. and oher RiMe ; alfi
Caruids fr.i UulUr-l. the eno.r, and
American Henry Repeating Rifles.
Rie ELEY IH)XER" are thecheaneit H
Cartridtfis knon.carrjins their own icni-
tioa. and brinjf !e wholly of metal, are water proof and im
pcriabaMe ia any cbmatr.
The ahore Cartriilfte ease (mpty)of all aires, and for the
different ayatem o Brech-loadins Rifles, can be had with or
without the suitable Ballets and 31achiues fr finUhiDj the Car
tridges. BOXEK CARTBIDOKS of iM bore fur Rerolring pistols,
ued ia Her lajey' Navy.
COPPER RIM-FIRE CARTRIDGES of all !, fcr Smith
Wrmaoo'a. Tranter's, and ether docket Kerolrrra.
PI?f -CARTRIDGES f.;r Lafaucheus Revolvers of li-n. ; 8 m '
and 7-m . bore.
C EXTRA L-FIRE ami PIN-FIRE CARTRIDGES for all sites
and lyitems of Guns, Rifles, aod Revolvers.
Double Waterproof and E. B. Caps. Patent Wire Cartridges,
Felt Guu Waddings tnT Breech and Muxile lader, and every
deacripcioo of Kportins ami Military Ammuniiiua.
CRAY'S INN ROAD. LOXUOX.
6t WHOLESALE ONLY. eowly
Gold Pens nud Holders,
JTEHEY JL WHITNEY'S BOOK STOEE
nr THE IDAHO WAS RE
.CKIYED new and choice assoruoetit of
2 Gold Pons,
Catta Perrna i'nri tases ana itu iioiarrs,
O' a new pattern. Parties in need of a Superior Pen. at the
lowest rate at which tfcey can be offered io this city, will find it
to Ibeir advantoje to examine this utork. tl
x o t.f
TTlie Circa! JSsisir asc.
Ctinrcr f .JmIi:c lUUmnn I Ihr Jnrjr-I.u
uiatM Kxoilioa of I be- Knrl nud the
I.nw m the Cum-.
We r.ublish lel w the very able anl cxliaust-
a which excited universal attention, ami
embraced quef tioiiH ol fact and law of the highest
1 jiucruB kj iiiu cviiiuicrviui coiiiniuuiiy :
Genii' mm of the Jury The counsel for the
claimants haa presented instructions, 30 in num-
bcr, with the rcjuct that I would give them to
ou as the law of thin case. I have not, according
to the .State practice, marked upon the margin of
c:ch " granted " or refused," but they may be
I all treated aa refused, except eo far aa they are
contained in what I am about to say.
I Approach, gentlemen, the discharge of my
! duty in thia c-.in; with a K?nrc of responsibility,
determination mufct dej-end upon the instructions
; given to you on the matter of law. 1 have been
unable to discern any matters of fact that are ee-
iotisly controverted, and upon which you are
.ailed upon to pass.
In the lirt iJace I desire to My that whether
the law ou which this proceeding ia based be
harh or juet, is no concern of yours, nor is the
. disposition that is to le made of. the proceeds m
case of confiscation, or whetlier the Collector or
, t'.e Consul has acted well or ill. or whether the
I officers have been animated bv a rapacious spirit
! or simply by aid to detect traud and to discharge
I tneir uutics.
. I 1
All these consiueiations are wholly
foreign to the Turrose. You are are called upon
j simply to decide whether certain matters of fact,
; to Wlucti hy law tlie consequence Ot torlClture Ot
' tl;e giKIs is attactKNi, have been established Ly
'proof. What, then, is the law? The section
! unler which this prosecution is brought provides :
! " If any owner, consignee or agent of any goods,
; wares or merchandise shall knowingly make or
I attempt to make an entry thereof by means of any
j fal.se invoice, or false certificate of any Consul,
! V ice Consul or Commercial Agent, or of any in
! Voice which shall not contain a true statement of
j all the particulars herein before required, or by
! means ol any other lalse or liaudulent uoeument
j or ppcr, or of any other false or fraudulent prac-
' tice or appliance whatsoever, such goods, wares
and merchandise or their value shall be forfeited."
j You w ill perceive that the offense to which the
j penalty of forfeiture is attached is the making or
i the attempt to make an entry of goods, wares
i and merchandise " by means " of any false docu-
j ment or false practice or appliance.
j What, then, is an entry? The term entry in
! the Acts of Congress is used in two senses. In
many of the Acts it refers to the bill of entry ;
I the paper or declaration which the merchant or
j importer in the first instance hands to the entry
: ,.i t.. ..!..... . ; i .. ,...! .. ..
a document, but a transaction; a series of acte
j sense it is ui-ed in this statute. The language is
I " if any owner or consignee shall make or attempt
to make an entry by means of false documents,
; false invoice or any other false or fraudulent ap-
pliances." It is the fraudulent use of means in
w Lliu 1 1 ill i ' JX .JJA-3 . All IWi; 1(1 L iti
i tne attainment ot an oojoct or accompusiiing 01 a
to it: the entry ot the goods, which the
j t-tatute Iiete dcnounct-d. Tlie Acts which accoui-
j thia rcfiilt, und which, taken together, con-
j t-titute an ntry, must have a beginning and an
cml. There is a nioment when the entry is at
! tenir.tcd to le made or begun. There in u moment
j when it i accomplished. Tlie entry may be tid
to le coinnenced r attempted when the merchant
r.rcseiijn bin declaration or bill of entry. When
this bill or entry lias gone to the requisite clerks'
desks, when accompanied by the certificate of the
Consul, the invoice and the oath, it is delivered
to the Collector and accepted by him, then the
goods may, in a just sense be said lo be admitted
to entry and the entry be accomplished. If in
the jierfonuance of any of thonc acts and us a
means of making the entry any false document
or fraudulent appliance- or piacticc is resorted to
then this statute applies and tlie goods so entered
are forfeited to the United States.
Whether, hi the course of the proceedings one
document is used, or two or three are used, can
make no dificrence. It is also immaterial whether
there are one or two bills of entry indicating the
dispositions which tlie importer desires to make
of the goods ; as of some to the warehouse and
some to be withdrawn for consumption, or whether
j nc takes one oatli or two oatns. liie entry con
i tists of the series of acts required by law to be
done to envet time object, and it m the course ol
them the importer is guilty of any false or fraud
ulent practice, or uses any lalse documvnt what
soever, he conies within the law.
It is urged in this case on the part of the Gov
ernment that in making tlie entry the merchant
in point of law, may be said to present himself to
the Collector with his documents in one hand,
and 1m goods in the other, and if the character of
the goods themselves is fraudulently disguised, if
any false appliance with resjc:t to them is used
it may justly be said he has affected his entry
44 by means" of that. I think, gentlemen, it
would jierhaps be straining tlie statute to say that
any false practice with reference to the goods
themselves could be said to be a "means" of
making the entrv. lie does not make his entry
j by means " ol that false practice or disguise,
j But lie dues make his entry " by means " of any
lalse uoeument tie may use or any lalse oath be
may take, if such document or oath be requisite
and necessary as a means and condition precedent
to the goods being admitted to entry. Therefore,
if this invoice, the certificate of the Consul or the
oath be has taken, be false or fraudulent, then he
has made use of a fraudulent means necessary to
cocci tne very otyect lie had in view, to wit : the
procuring bis goods to be admitted to entry.
It is alleged that the oath of Mr. Delio was
false. It is not pretended that Mr. IeUo knew
the facts of the case, or was himself, jersnally,
I cither morally or legally culpable in any point of
view. J!ut the knowledge of his principal ia his
knowledge for such purines, and tl at it must be
so is evident. For otherwise, any fraud could be
.T.et rated w ith impunity by procuring an inno
cent broker or agent through whom parties nut
imiocent could effect the entry of their goods. It
is therefore not the innocence or guilty knowledge
of the agent, but it is the knowledge of the owner
himself who has devised ti e fraud which carries
with it the consequence of condemnation.
Treating, therefore, Mr Dello's oath as if it
were made by the owner, it is claimed by the
prosecution that it is false. He swears, gentle
men, that be has not in this invoice- or entry
Concealed or suppressed any fact whereby the rev
enue of the United States might be defrauded.
It is argued, with the ingenuity which has
characterized counsel throughout the whole case,
that the suppression or concealment of any fact
which the law does not call upon biiu to disclose
is not w rongful, and that inasmuch as in this case
J it was not requisite that in the entry or the in
j voice the color of the iods should be stated, the
suppression or concealment of the true color could
not be an offense. It is true, gentlemen that the
Color of the sugars is not required to 1 stated in
the invoice, but from the nature of the ovth that
is required to be taken it appears to me plain
that Congress intended by impsing so searching
an oath that there should be disclosed at the time,
and not suppressed or concealed, nny fac ts whether
required lo be stated in the entry or invoice or
not which it was important to the interest of the
revenue to be known, or whereby the revenue ot
the United States might be delrauded. Had it
been intended that the importers should merely
swear that the invoice, bill of lading and entry
were true, the oath would have been to that effect
and nothing more. Eut it goes further. The
importer swears tliat the invoice and bill of lad
ing now presented by me to the Collector of
are the true and only invoice and
bill of lading by me received of the goods, etc.,
that the entry now delivered by me contains a
just and true account of said goods, etc., accord
ing to said invoice and bill of lading and that
nothing lias been, on my part nor to my knowl
eJ;;. on the part or any person, concealed or sup
pressed, whereby the United States may be
defrauded of any part of the duty lawfully due on
said goods, etc."
I t appears to me, that when that oath was re
ntiired bv t'-ori'TPSK it 'vhh inromlml t.- ;.,.,.
- J 0 .vivt juai.
Hilrt n t rflnaopt ir.n i a tln on.l ftliaf . 1.
etatements of the invoice might be true ; though it
might contain all thi-.t the law required to be
stated therein, yet, if from the nature of the
transaction by any fraudulent device or contriv
ance there was something which, if concealed or
suppressed, might tend to defraud the revenue of
the United States, it was then to be disclosed, and
the suppression of and failure to disclose that fact
made the oath to that extent a false oath, thus
constituting it a false document and appliance
44 bv means " of which tlie entrv was innd.
j It has been argued, gentlemen, that it is ceeen
I tial that the collector of the revenue should be de
; reived. Lut the effect ujion the mind of the col
I lector of tha falM; or fraudulent appliances is
1 wholly immaterial ; whether or not he believed in
I the device or statement, whether he was colluding
j with the party entering the goods, or knew, in
' advance that a fraud was intended or waa to be
J attempted in wholly immaterial. As well might
j it 1 said of one indicted for perjury that the
j f(jre w,oin he wa8 required to take his oath, did
j nut helieve tlic etorv or knew he was swearing
j ral.nelv. Such a defence could not for a moment
, magistrate beiore whom he hau appeared ana De
i be admitted, and the case is nearly identical with
this. The charge here is, the production or use
i and employment of a false document or the use of
i fa l.e and fraudulent means to accomplish a certain
object. If the partv has used those means, he
U cleaily guilty of the offense, whether the col
i lector knew of the conimissiou of the offense at
! the time it was committed, or only discovered it
j afterwards. In either event the statute operates,
: and confiscation iollows as a consequence of the
f the fraudulent means to enect an
entrv of the cmxls. Nor does the character of the
jeviCPi whether flimsy or transparent, readily or
witll difficulty to be detected, provided it be fraudu-
I lent, affect the question. The degree of skill, in
genuity or cunning with winch tne irauu is con-
3 - J - ..... -k-r 1 1
trived. can make no dificrence. .Nor, gentlemen,
is it true as contended, that the forfeiture in such
case is limited to the mere goods in relation to
which such fraudulent practice is used. The lan
guage of the statute is too explicit to admit of any
doubt as to its meaning. If any owner or con
siimee of anv foods, wares and merchandise shall
knowingly make or attempt to make entry thereof
by means ot any lalse invoice or lrauuuiein. piac
ticc such goods, wares and merchandise 6hall be
What are tfie goods, wares and merchandise
that shall be forfeited ? Plainly, the goods entered
at the Custom rouse. There was but one entry,
but one invoice .'a this case. The acts done, taken
together, constitute an entry of the goods ; an en
try of this whole invoice or importation of sugar.
If, iu the attempt to effect that object, fraudulent
means have been used, the goods so entered are
forfeited. It is therefore the whole invoice that
is forfeited or nothing.
Having disposed of these matters, we approach,
gentlemen, to the more serious part of the case
and the real merit of the transaction. It will
I strike you as curious that one Government should
j affirm that a practice had been resorted to which
is morally and legally liaudulent, and that this
practice or contrivance should be admitted to have
been used, and should be defended and justified
ou legal and, I believe, moral grounds, It is not
often that counsel of distinguished ability and high
character are so totally at variance upon moral as
well as legal questious. It becomes our duty,
therefore, to consider what is the true view to be
taken of this transaction.
You are aware that Congress has established
color as standard of dut, or the standard, rather
whereby to determine the duty upon sugar. It
j has been stated to you, and the fact is not disputed,
! that the adoption of this mode of assessing the
duties, was the result ot very many experiments
and attempts to establish other bases or rules by
which to determine the amount of duties to be
placed on this species of merchandise.
Mr. llridge informs us that he thinks this
standard is, upon the whole, the best and most
satisfactory over adopted, and such seems to be
the fact. What, then, was the motive of Congress
in adopting the standard of color? It is plain,
gentlemen, that except so far as protection is con
cerned, color could only be rationally adopted as
indicative of value not as invariably indicating
it, but as generally doing so, and as affording,
upon the whole, the best, most convenient and
most appreciable test of the value and the quality
of the article. That it so in this case, has been
established by the witnesses; for, though they
state that color is not the 6ole criterion of value,
and that there are other considerations of great
importance to be borne in mind, yet they all ad- j
mit that colar is a very important circumstance
to be regarded in determining the value or quality
of sugar. It has been shown that sugar in its
jure state, is colorless, and it would seem to fol
ow 4hat the degree or depth of the color which a
particular article of raw sugar possesses must vary
with the amount ot impurities it contains ; and
the amount of impurities coutained must have an
important e fleet on the value ot the mass. It is
said that there can bo no such thing as disguise in
Color, that color addresses itself to the senses, that
that, which appears to be of a certain hue is of
that hue. that there is no difference between a real
and an apparent color.
The language of the acts of Congress in relation
to the tarilf is used in a commercial and popular
sense. It is addressed to practical men of busi
ness, and intended to 'govern them in the daily
aifaii'S of life. There is some plausibility un
doubtedly in the usscrtion, that there is no dis
tinction between real and apparent color; that
when an object is presented to the eye and pro
duces a certain clTeet uion the optic nerve, the
tll'ect so produced constitutes, to all intents and
purposes, its color. Jlut let us consider. It is
admitted that if the Government were to impise
a duty according to the color of a horse, you
could not whitewash him and bo change his color
within the meaning of the law; or if Congress
should impose a high duty upon rosewood logs of
a certain color, you could not by staining their
surface give to the logs a darker or lighter hue
in order to evade the duty. To this it has been
answered that a horse or a log of rosewood has a
natural color, which may be disguised but cannot
be altered. Hut this admits that there may be
an apparent color disguising the true color.
Hut it is said that sugar has no natural color,
but only au artificial color ; that its hue is the
result ot its manufacture; that it depends upon
the mode in which the manufacture has been
conducted, and ujkh the ingredients that are put
into or removed lrom the sugar, and therefore it
cannot be said to have a natural color like a horse
or a log of wood. Let us see. Suppose wines
were valued according to their clearness and
lightness of color, and suppose there were a drug
that would give to the light-colored wine a
murky, clouded appearance, without, however,
injuring the wine ; and that after passing through
the Custom-house, the wine could be restored to
its former clearness by the addition of another
ingredient which would precipitate the coloring
matter; could it be said "that such a practice
would be lawful? Do wc not feel that the intro
duction of the first drug by which there was
imparted to the wine a color different from its
real color would be a fraudulent attempt to dis
guise and conceal the color of the article. True
it is, that it would have to the eye a dark color,
but it would not be the color legitimately result
ing from tlie ordinary course of manufacture, to
which it has been subjected. I have used this
illustration, for the color of the wine like that of
sugar may, in a great degree, depend upon its
treatment or tuode of manufacture.
What, then, is 44 color " in regard to sugar as
the term is used in the statute? It appears to
Die, gentlemen, that it is the hue or degree of
lightness which the sugar lias attained in the
ordinary course of manufacture, and which indi
cates the degree of perfection to which the pro
cess of clarification has been carried. Undoubt
edly while the sugar, or while the cane-juiee
rather, remains in the manufacturer's bands, be
may omit to take out the impurities, or may put
in impurities if be so desires, for as yet it has
not become sugar. The hue of the sugar, that is the
result of his operations, will be determined by the
degree to which he has abstracted the impurities
or foreign substances from it, or the amount of
such foreign substances as he may have inno
cently introduced into it. Hut when it has passed
out of his bands into those of the importer or
tho proposed importer, or the merchant, then the
hue it has acquired is the 44 color " that Congress
bad reference to when it established color as the
standard of clarification. If, then, by the ad
mixture of some foreign and totally different
substance, snch as caramel, or, as in this case,
charcoal, this color be changed, the color so
acquired cannot be considered the color to which
Congress referred as a standard for assessing the
duties. It is contended here that the color has
been really altered, not disguised, that the mass
is of a color below No. 12 Dutch standard of
color; that is, that the 6ugar really possesses the
color which you see in that bottle. Is this
strictly true? I observe that the lumps of any
considerable size, upon being crushed, revealed
the color of sugar, as it was before the admixture,
and that, in fact, there was only a slight coating
of charcoal upon the surface of the lumps, the
sugar itself being entirely unaltered, that is, the
sugar in the interior of the lumps. Can it make
any dificrence whether the lumps ore small or
large? The eye perceives in the larger lumps
that the charcoal only covers the surface, find
that the mass of the sugar in the interior of th
lump is unchanged and is of the original coior.
If our vision were more perfect we could perceive
the same phenomenon in the small microscopic
particles. It appears to me, under such circum
stances that the color of the sugar cannot, in any
sense, be said to have been changed, but rather
that it has been disguised.
One other observation will I think expose the
true nature of this transaction. I am not aware
that the obligations of citizens to the Govern
ment are less solemn or less imperative than those
of one citizen to another. Suppose, gentlemen,
that a contract had been made and the money
paid down, bv which one of you agreed to deliver
sugar above No. 12 Dutch standard in color, and
suppose that, as has been proved here, it were
possible to impart to sugar of a dark hue a
lighter appearance by putting into it gypsum or
chalk, or some other coloring matter, your con
tract in the case sunnosed would (like the obliga-
, . i - i f r,
tion of the importer to pay so much to the
Government, m case his goods are above No. l
Dutch standard) De to gne io me purchaser
sugar above No. 12 Dutch standard in color. In
boTh cases the sane mode of classification is
referred to. In both eases the same phrase is
used to indicate the kind of sugar that is the
subject matter of the obligation. The obligation
is in the one case to pay the duty specified in the
Act. if the Bunar is of a certain color ; in the
other, to deliver for a price already paid sugar of
a certain specified color. Would you conceive
yourselves at liberty to take sugars of No. G in
color, and put into them gypsum or chalk, and
tender them to the party with whom you had
contracted as sugars above No. 12? Would you
expect him to listen to you, if you should say :
4 I contracted to give you sugar above No. 12,
Dutch standard in color; but what is the Dutch
standard of color? l'ou can only know by look
ing at it through a glass bottle. You can go to
the Appraiser's office and compare the sugar I
offer with sugar above No. 12 Dutch standard,
and if the colore arc the same I claim the right to
tender it notwithstanding it is in fact No. G sugar,
and I have used chalk or gypsum to make it appear
of a lighter color." Can any man mistake as to
the propriety of such a course? It appears to
me that there is no difference between the two
cases and the device by which a seller would give
a false appearance of lightness is of the same
character, and must have the same legal effect as
the device by which the importer would give to
these sugars a false appearance of darkness.
If that view be correct, then gentlemen, in this
case the importer, consignee, or agent, has mixed
charcoal with these sugars in order to disguise
the true color, and make them appear to be
below No. 12 Dutch standard in color, when in
point of fact they were above No. 12 in color,
with intent to pass them at the Custom-house as
sugars of the lower grade, and if he has sup
pressed and concealed from the officers of the
customs the fact that he has tampered with and
sought to disguise the color of his goods, then in
my judgment he has been guilty of a false appli
ance and fraudulent practice within the meaning
of the statute, and must abide the consequences
which the law imposes.
It may appear to some of you, gentlemen, that
there has been but an innocent mistake as to tiie
law, a false construction given to the statute.
That for this mistake the confiscation of the goods
is too severe a penalty, especially as the conse
quences of that confiscation fall in great part
upon innocent parties, and to a considerable
extent upon the representatives of a gentleman
now deceased well known for his public spirit,
his great mental activity and varied attainments.
Hut you are not at liberty to be influenced by
these considerations. Mr. Gordon's ignorance
of, or mistake as to the law, cannot excuse him.
He did this act at his peril, and if the act be an
offense under the statute the penalty of the law
attaches. I will read to you in this connection,
from the same authority which one of the counsel
has cited, and then shall conclude my remarks.
In the case which I am about to read Congress
had enacted that where refined sugars were ex
ported a drawback or return of duty might be
claimed. The law further provided that if any
goods should be entered by means of any false
denomination they should be forfeited unless it
were shown that sach false denomination happened
by accident or mistake, and not from any intention
to defraud the revenue. The party in this case
entered the goods as 44 refined sugars," and
claimed the drawback. They were on the part
of the Government alleged to be not refined sugars
and were seized as having been entered under a
false denomination. The first point to be decided
was whether tho sugars were or were not refined
sugars. The Coi.rt held they were not. The
claimant then urged that he thought they were,
and that he had merely made a mistake in the
construction of the law. The question then arose
whether this was such a mistake as brought him
within the proviso of the statute exempting the
goods from confiscation when the false denomina
tion was shown to be the result of mistake or
Now upon this state of facts, which I hope you
will bear in mind, as it closely resembles the
state of the facts with which we have to deal,
Judge Thompson, one of the most eminent Judges
that ever sat upon the bench of the Supreme
Court of the United States, says: 44 Tho first
inquiry which seems naturally to arise is, What
is the nature and character of the mistake which
will save the forfeiture. Is it restricted to some
matter of fact, or does it include mistake as to
the application of the law to the subject thus
falsely denominated, the qualities of such sugars
being fully known to the person making the
entry? I cannot think that vpon any sound con
struction the proviso can coecr mistakes of the
44 Such are purely mistakes of law, and it is a
principle too well settled to admit of being drawn
in question, that ignorance or mistake of law
furnishes no excuse in any case civil or criminal.
And if the term mistake does
not include error of judgment as to matter of
law, (as I think it does not,) I am unable to dis
cover any ground upon which the false denomina
tion can be said to have happened by mistake or
accident : and the only remaining question is
whether thii was done with an intention to de
fraud the revenue within the sense and meaning
of the proviso ; and it appears to mo that if the
entry was by design, and not by mistake or
accident, the legal consequence is that it was
done to defraud the revenue."
4i Admitting that he himself honestly believed
that bis sugars were refined sugars, within the
meaning of the law, and that he was entitled to
the drawback, still it amounts to no more than a
mistake or error of judgment upon the law, and
does not protect the sugars from forfeiture."
If that be the law, gentlemen, and I 6ce no
reason to doubt it, for the same principle is
affirmed in a case decided by the late Judge of
the Southern District of New York, then the
circumstance that the owner of these goods be
lieved that he might lawfully put charcoal into
them, and lawfully withhold the knowledge of
that fact from the Custom-house authorities, and
that he thereby and within the meaning of the
law degraded the sugars and lowered their color,
and converted them from sugar above No. 12 to
sugar below No. 12 in color, and that he might
lawfully enter them as of the lower grade though
bo honestly believed all this, such erroneous belief
and mistaken construction of the law afford him
no excuse, and the goods are subject to forfeiture.
If, therefore, in conclusion, gentlemen, you
believe from the evidence, that this sugar, after
it reached tho purchaser's hands, was mixed with
charcoal for the purpose of reducing its grade
and making it appear to be below No. 12 Dutch
standard in color, when in point of fact before
the introduction of such charcoal it was above
No. 12 Dutch standard in color, and if you
believe that Mr. Dello when he took his oath and
made the entry, suppressed and concealed that
fact, or did not disclose it to the Custom-bouse
officer, then that suppression and concealment,
and the oath so taken by Mr. DcRo was, in my
judgment, a false appliance, and practice within
the meaning of the law, of which the conse
quence is a forfeiture of the goods contained in
Gcaxo. The Georgia farmers are so satisfied
with their experiments with guano and other phos
phates, that the ancient prejudice against book
farming " is fast dying out. Now, the point is to
guard against the imitation article, for there are
many false brands in the market. The Savannah
Republican says : In every portion of the State
that we have heard from, where these disasters
have occurred, the fields upon which fertilizers
were not used at all, are quite as badly rusted and
scorched as those that were cultivated with a
liberal supply of the article. This is conclusive
as regards the only objection that we bave heard
to commercial rcanures. while the immense impulse
given to the crops, both in stalks and fruit, is a
positive testimonial in their behalf. We have yet
to talk with the first planter whose opinion of their
maters has been shaken by the year s experience.
LATE AMERICAN NEWS.
The immediate cause o.f the death of George
Peabody was congestion of the lungs. He died
without suffering. ;
The Board of Education of Cincinnati have voted,
22 to 15. to prohibit the reading of the Bible and
singing as the opetiing exercises of the public
Neckties with little mirrors in the centre of the
bow. is the latest fashion with the 44 nobby " lads.
Scarlet fever is prevailing in London and various
other cities of England, and is proving very fatal.
A gentlemen was lately blackballed in an Eng
lish club because his wile w as in the habit of drop
ping her h's.
It is related of somebody that he once drew an
elephant at a raffle, but was puzzled to know exactly
wuai IO OO WllU mm. oiiiueuuujr lira m
I 0jjSeiini building in Boston, and he is pr
. ine gaaie fix m wa3 tLe possesaor Qf the
what to do with him. oiueoouy Has drawn tne
Two-thirds of the students of tie General Episcopal
Theological Seminary in New York, have just gone
over to the Catholic Church. This institution U
under decided High Church control.
It is expected that two hundred delegates from
Europe will visit the United States a year from last
fall, to attend the General Christian Alliance ia the
j city of New York. The convention will be one of the
greatest events of the age.
A young man in Napa county, California, went to
sleep, leaving his candle in the bung hole of a pow
der keg, which he supposed waa a nail keg. His
dreams were troubled by an explosion, and he was
(.blown all over the ranch.
We are sorry Harper's Weekly should blot its
pages with tlie disgusting pictures of the Pantin
murder in France. Nothing but a miserable mor
bid curiosity could be gratified by them.
Items. The smallest animal which the micro
scope has found is as much smaller than the com
mon house-lly as the fly is smaller than an elephant.
The sale of school and music books is enormous.
44 Bright Jewles" for instance, has sold to the extent
of some 125.000 copies since May lust, and 44 Fresh
Laurels," by the same energetic publishers Lug
low &. Main oOO.OOu in t wo years.
A Georgia paper says that the food proppecls in
Georgia were never darker, even during the war,
than they now are, and if left to her own resources,
half the population would, probably, starve before
another crop is produced.
Everything was lately in readiness for the mar
riage ofaCairo (III.) lady, but the grouni came not.
Alter hours of waiting, a despatch ws.s received
w hich.read : 44 Have lo wait till next week my wile
has overhauled me !''
An eminent physician sajs that the white rubber
used lor nursing bottles and infants' toys is very
poisonous, causing sere mouth, skin eruptions, de.
cayed teeth, spinal curvature, and death. In Eu
rope the sale is prohibited by law.
Once more Mr. Boutwell makes the nation feel
like a man with a comfortable bank account. The
debt statement for October shows a reduction of
the debt during the past month, of $i7. 3G3. 852.75,
and a reduction since March 1, 18G9 of $61,332,
070.C5. At this rate the first year of Grant's term
will show a diminution of one hundred millions.
The popular appreciation of books is sometimes
curiously mirrored at the New York Trade Sales.
This Fall. Sir Morton IVto's Resources and Pros
pects ef America price S2.00 sold for 10 cents.
Such old books as Burton's Cyclopedia of Wit and
Humor, Dana's Household Book of Poetry, Irving's
Works, etc.. brought nearly the regular wholesale
price. Topper's Proverbial Philosophy went to an
incautious buyer for 15 cents!
The U. S. Mati. The annual report of Post
master General Creswell, for the year ending June
30, 1809, now in course of preparation, announces
that the total number of stamps, envelopes and
newspaper wrappers sold during the period men
tioned amount to 502,722.500. the total value of
which ia S 15.078.000. Receipts and expenditures
for the year ending June 30, 1SC9, are as follows :
Receipts, S18.344.571. being an increase of 12 per
cent, over the receipts of 18C8. Expenditures,
$23,698,132, being an increase of 4 per cent, over
the expenditures of 18b'8.
Hon. Rufns Dwinel. of Bangor, Me., who died,
was one of its wealthiest citizens, and left a re
markable will. He gave, among other bequests.
$10,000, divided in different sums, to trustees, to
be used "purely and solely for charitable pur
popess;" 1,0H0 each to the editors of the Bangor
Whit j, to show hi 44 appreciation of their valuable
services in the pood cause in which thy ro on
gaged, politically and socially," and $2,000 to a
friend, in proof of his 4 appreciation of his friend
ship, and not because he needs it." I
The Island of Juan Fernandez has been ceded by
the Chilian Government to a colony of Germans
numbering about 100, headed by one Wehrhan.
TJiey have provided tin mselves with cattle, fishing
appratus, agricultural implements, and hope to es
tablish a thriving settlement in mid ocean.
Imi'obtaxt Bkcisiox. An interesting case baa
just been decided by the Supreme Court of Ohio.
A husband died and willed all his property to his
wile so long as she remained his widow. In case
of her contracting marriage1, the property was to
revert to the children. She did marry, and brought
suit to recover her dowry. The Court decided
that her acceptance of the conditions imposed by
the will was a bar to any further claims.
The Colonial Government in Cuba has decreed
religious liberty throughout the Island. This of
itself is a victory for the Revolutionists, as the re
form has been wrung f rom the Spanish authorities
by the exigencies of war.
In coofirm.iion of the prophecy that there will
be a severe winter, comes the intelligence from
Great Britain that the weather is unusually cold
for the season, and that frost, snow, and ice prevail
in all parts of the kingdom.
One of the British papers reports that the chil
dren of Mrs. Leigh are commencing action at law
against McMillan's Magazine In which Mrs.Stowe's
article on Byron appeared in England.
Anthony Trollope received from his English pub
lishers 3,000 for his lie Knew lie Was Right. It
was published in 30 parts, at six pence each. The
sale was poor, and it is said in London that if the
publishers had given Mr. Trollope 2.000. and then
destroyed the MaS., they would have been better
Child stealing is coming to be quite common in
Great Britain. The London Times otters a reward
of 500 for the recovery of a child seventeen
months old, which was seized from directly under
the eye of the nurse. The other day a poor man
applied in great distress to a London magistrate
for the recovery of two of bis children, who had
been stolen, and a district in Ireland has been
thrown into consternation by the disappearance of
numerous juveniles. These children are doubtless
stolen to be trained as beggars or placed under the
tutelage ot Fagins. The Pall Mall Gazette says this
kidnapping is increasing to an alarming extent.
European advices state that Francis Joseph, the
Emperor of Austria, and Victor Emanuel, tlie King
of Italy, are likely, on an early day, to have an in
terview. This means that Solferino and Magenta
are about to be forgiven, if not forgotten. It is a
fact that the Crown Prince of Prussia has arrived
in Vienna and that he has been warmly received
by Francis Joseph. This is proof positive that
Sadowa is forgiven, if not forgutien. All this is
well. It proves that the monarcbs of Europe begin
to understand the nineteenth century. We cannot
bave wars on dead issues. Let the dead past bury
its dead. It is best to live in and with the living
The prize of 2.000 trancs offered in France for a
cheap, practical and certain method of determining
actual death is claimed by a doctor who avers that
holding the subject's baud beiore a light, in a
darkened room will infallibly determine it. If he
is not dead the life will make the hand semi-translucent,
with a rosy hue ; aud if dead it will be
APT. A. W. PEIRCE IS ADMITTED
aa a PARTNER in i.iir Hnou.
C. L. RICnAKTlS JO.
Honolulu, January 1, 187a ?13 'M
-rxa I WANT TO BUY BEKr
r--- a r.iin- T.iinw sinh- Kitcneo I
OreiiiM!, and in fact all other kinds of
703 3m ' V. H. HCUPY.
A IiT PERSONS ARBIIEREBr rOR-
ID Trespassing ouon the land of K. Al-I. A i- il a.
KitstMaui. N one U allowed to cut we t, run stock
or lake wild cattle therefrom without Pw"" "
from K. DEVALCHMXK,
Agent rur vampoeii o. u,
r.K.;n. m mm 700 3m
A vr PPRcnvs HAVING CLAIMS AOAINET
A" RofHENBY W. LAM. '
to present fem to the undersigned, and all those S ar
Indebted to the said Bstate are deaired to mare mmediate
payment to JAMK9 H. WUOCfcE. .
Her SIsJesty's Commissioner asd Consul General.
H. B. M.'s Consulate General. I ...
Honolulu, January 7, iVTO. ) " J
WALKER & ALLEN
HAVE ON HAND,
WILL SELL AT LOW RATES
TO CLOSE C0XSIGX3IEXTS i
SUPERIOR. IZRANDS OF FLOUR,
California and Oregon Oats,
Pilot and Medium Bread,
Cases Green Cora (California),
Cases Green Peas (California
Tea ia small boxes (Superior),
Tea io large boxes (Superior;,
Cases Sardines, In hf and qr boxes,
Pried Applet, ia hatf barrels,
Cases of Tobacco, in bond or duty paid,
Leather Belling, from 4 to 8 inch,
Kona Coffee (Superior Article),
Hawaiian Rice, best in Market,
Hawaiian Beef (warranted).
AM) ILL KIXDS
THe Iron Ago.
mjOTIIING HAS BEEN' FOUND TO Sl'R-
Winter's ITIetallic Paint !
As a protection for all kinds of Sheds, Buildings, Roofs, Boilers
Iron or Wood-work exposed to the changes incident to a iropi
cat climate. It Is anti corrosive, resists dampness and defli-i
decay, and is the only armor which protects from all vicissitudes.
For Sale Wholesale by C. Brewer & Co.,
And at retail by all enterprisinir dealers ir. Paints. 92 6m
Kaolin, Fire Sand,
HIE CL.AV.-FOK SALE BY
C. BHEWER If CO.
F ALL SIZES. FOR SALE BV
712 3m C. BKKWER 4- CO.
Polar and Sperm Oil,
OR SALE BV
CIIA3. N. SPENCER & CO.
X II ATCIIETS. SHOVELS. CROWBARS
L For sale by (Hi 3m) C. BREWER K CO.
C. BREWER fc CO.,
27 Queen street.
For sale by
Galvanized Iron Pipe,
OR SALE BV
C. BREWER CO.
F ALL SIZBS, FOR SALE BV
C. BRUWKR & CO.
A dM BARRELS SKCOND-II AND OIL
S11UUKS. for sale by
C. BREWER k CO.
Bran and Oats.
Kor sne by (711 3in) C. BREWER k CO.
Cambric Edgings and Insertions
By Steamer from England,
The Finest Assortment ever Imported
For Sale at Low Prices,
CASTLE & COOKE.
fINE II EI
Fine Buckskin and Kid Gauntlets,
Fine Taffeta Ribbons, assorted colors IVnttrtd.
Fine Black Silk Belting, 2 inches wide.
Fine Silk Girdles and TatiseU, assorted color.
Ladies', Cents', Misses' and Bojs' Hose,
710 Sic. &c. tee. lro
LIME AND CEMENT,
A LWAYSoii II AND AND WARRANTED
J as Fresh as any in the market, and for sale at lowest rates.
Oil AS. N. SI'ENCER & CO.
BV TIIE UNDERSIGNED
One Express Wagon,
Family Grocery and Feed Store.
Family Extra Clear Pork,
iv mrin-rrit iMl HALF 1IAR
-JREUs. For Sale hy
710 lm Family Grocery and e:tl tre.
Pine Cut Cliewiiiff Tobacco !
A CIIOICK ARTICLE. AT TIIE SODA
i FOL NT of
6-K) Cm HOLL1STER k IIYLAND.
BoLLES k CO.
American Mess Becf,.iu Bond,
FOR SALE BV
70 1 3m
B0LLE8 If CO.
Columbia Kiver Salmon,
BARRELS AND II ALP BAR
For Sale by
BOLLES k CO.
Bakers' Extra, and Extra Family Flour!
F7,02!2mL'E BY BOLLES If CO.
Timber and Firewood For S.ile.
VI f A lYI)
Ohia ana ivoa i-""'"'! , , ,
Hbip Timber and Firewood,
DELIVERED TO ORDER ALONGSIDE.
Kaawaloa, South Kona, Hawaii.
I10N0LULU IKONMVORKS COMPANY.
jAKE ALL KIDS OF
Machinery, Sugar Mills, Steam Engines,
Alao BoUeri, Coolers and ht Iron Work, and all kind of
Ull ABB w iw.
A Urire stock of Piping. KIbows, Tees, B-s Valree and
Cocks, Sheet Iron. Boiler. Plate, Bar Iron, Centrifugal Wlre
India Rubber Packing, aud every description of Machinery
always ou hand.
A Great Variety of JIaehInf ry on band k for Kale Low.
5 Jy HONOLULU IRON WORKS CO.
United States Consulate,
UoaolXLC, January 3, 1970.
evTOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN TO ALL
Nrs ia the tstale ol .he late HKNRY OILLINO
HAM of Koloa, Kauai, an American citizen, deceased, thai I
have apposed D. K. FYFE, Sheriff of K.oa. to tjke
ci Targe of the Kstate of said deceased All persona Indebted U
said Estate will please make immediate payment, and those
having-claims will please present the same to the said I). K.
. ... .v r.....i.' . itl.ln aiztv dars from dale.
.e. or w f u0-J,Aa ADA3180N, Ja.,
711 41 U. 8. CooauL
POCKET DIARIES !
At Prices Varying from 50 cts. to S3 each.
710 at H. M. WHITNEY.
Extra Fine Commercial Note Paper,
IN ONE DOLLAR PACKAGES. CON"
6Ra3 ai d other White Letter Paper.
Ruled Overland Pane'. " t Pcket
Lawyers Brief Paper. Congress Cap,
Broad and Narrow Bill Paper. .,,,,.,
Tat ch-sap by " ) II. M. WHITNET.
Uegular Paclicl lor Noloif
"-3 111 K rOITLAR fJXf
XLIPPER SCH00NEH A
Will run regularly to MOLOKAl
For frelKbt or passage apply to the Oapiin, nr i III
i,ii riiiu vj ....' r,
FOR KONA AND KAlTi T
C'AI'T. MELLISII. Vl
Will run aa a Regular racket to the almve ports.
or rnftSHge appiy iu
WALKER &AUES, A J
KIMiJlJI.AK OA 111!
Wdl leave every Monday afternoon for p0tl '
Oaha, returning Saturday morning
CIIA8. N. HPEXCER A
I'alir I11I.O AMI lt'f.11 a. ?f
TIIE FA8T.RAILIN0 CLIPPER 8CII00J j
rrvtrf'" W. II. BatM-oclt. Com.,,
Will run to Jlito, touching at onoij
For Freight or Passage apply to th Captain, or to
688 6in CAfcTLK k COOKK. i. f'
Regular Packet for Ifanalci, Kupf.
THE n.lfl'KR SrilflllVHi
Will Sail as a lleyular J'ack tt as abovt.
For Freight or passage apply to
WALKER k Alul "
m tsu .
FOR KONA, HAWAII.
On pi. Je Wrai,
Will run regularly to f torts on h'otta, toiuha '
Kvhalu on htr return. TV'
For Freight or Passive applr to the raplsio on bmrj L.1
6(0 0m C1IAS. N. M'k.NCEK k CO , Ai-1
. .. . ; -J (T
WILL UK aTTCKDKD TO KT
ESPECIAL ATTENTION filVEN TO flVi
and eoiitliciinii urvtya of town lula. also, to dr. .
Plans and TraimlitUnic Notes. it''
70 ;I lit
Orr Lt ae order at Otlice of H. 11. DOLE.
SHIP SMITHING, &c, d: ;-
' I A
a UK IIUAUlill.U IUU.
Vf WORKS CO. beg to announce that
'. .V.ii,.. i,.. i
A Blacksmith Shop on Queen Stra tum
Close to Mr. Kminn' lluilding Yard, in whlcb ; Tjt'
SMi Work, fnrrlRge Work, Afrrlrnlt arjtl laiplt-an j
Horse Mioe Ins, kt.t
Will be attended lo trith Proinjilness and Lisp,' -
And having on the premises a PTE AM II A MM EH siida
Inhor-saving appliances, as well as a large ami varied , foil
light ami heavy Iron, they are prepared to do Work tU . i
Quicker and Better thun cUewhero In this city.
HONOLULU IRON WORKS,
713 3m ALEX. YOl!NU, Muir
PERIODICAL AND NEWS AGEKi
1 01' I
For the North Pacific.
ITAVIXC BEEN FOR TWENTY YEjLWW
Established in this City as Agent
FOll Til K
LmJUh jtaacrlM nmvls ' J
IVfairazluc and .icinnainria
Enjoying Unrivalled Facilities for Hvpplylng i .
scrihers at iahs vast una uan greairr rryu- . .
larity than they can obtain their , T
Periodicals through auy
other cluinnel. an
The undenlpned solicits the continuance of the patrmw tllfl
is ftiends and patrons, who will be served will prii,i4 .
and entire salifo:tioi, t-veu tn the sDiull-sl uiattem.
By the steam line NEW YORK AND 1AJN DON PLi I lll
CA'llONa will be lurnlKlied lo nuimcrilnrs
Wilbin HO I 40 itsrs from the ia
nd at prices thut bun ly covi r the con! of the sulnwriiition VOI
MluKes Ihereoo. MolwithstandiiiK the incrrsne of Aimi Jfodl
poniue, I .hull continue Ut kupply uiy mib.criUrs at UV
A discount of 10 per cent, from the schedule prict l j
allowed, wii-r over twenty dollars1 worth of n-nl'li
subscribed for at one lime and puid lor lu mlvaiice. '
As the American und Hawaiian postage now siiinuiitu '1 Jm
cents on a single pnier, or $2 0 ptr milium, perni !i" J
heretofore obtained their periosteals by mail diiri.l lu Hi""
drevs. will find it lo their interest to obtain theui thruufl. ;
Payers DellYrred I'rre of PoKtape or otlirr llu; gro
iu any part of the troop. A
Back numbers of the leading Mspsilnes, aUn of Ur
Weekly, Leslie's lllumraled and ihfl lndou Newsale) i
baud. Files made up at .hort notice lot wlialimia mm. ly
Subciiption I'ayaLIe Alwnynln Adviif i)(Jtl
AMERICAN NEVMAIERK. ,
New York Herald Vrr Annum.. I
" " Tribune I tlU'J
" Times, ' .;.
Ii.t,.n Journal " TllJ
liobton Advertiser '
New York LirT. (a Htory Family l'a-r 1
l.e!Mie illUHirni " , j
Harper's Weekly, ; ; '
Hrier's Ib.siir (weekly) tl J, f
hau rancico uBiie, mkh
Applet'in's Weekly Journal
New York Courier dei Kutt Linn.
" ' Zuitung (German I......
Fan Franolwo Frem.-h Couiler
Leslie's Budget of Fun (monthly)
The Irinh American
The Nation, weekly
American A sriculturim. ....................... 2
The &'ientit'ic American
New York Otmcrver '
Kar York KvauireliMt. .......................... .. I
New York Independent
Harper's Monthly Msnar.lne,
Atlantic Monthly Magazine, .
Ielie's Magazine of Fashion,.
Hunt's Merchants' Magacine,.
London Cornhill Majraxine,
Iiodun Hociety u .
Blackwood and the 4 British Quarterlies.
F.llherone of the 4 British Quarterlies,,.
Iximlon Art Journal
Our Young Folks
Liemoresl's Mnicozlne of Fikhion... .......
Littell's Living Aire
All the Year Hound
The Galaxy (semi-monthly) ............
North American lieview, (Quarterly).
Hours at Home ....
Arthur's Home Maakaine
KNGLISII X K V W I A I K R K.
London Illustrated News. (weekly.) I"
Punch, (weekly) ...
w lespatcb, 44 ...
Pall Mall 'iaaette ..
44 hsturday Bevtew ..
London Weekly Times,. .. ..
Lloyd's Weekly Newspaper,
XT All subscriptions for tlx Months will be charged WK
The above list comprises the best of British and Aa"
periodical literature. They are regularly received :
packet from the United Mates, and can he auppll"
application. The undersigned wlllalsoorder by mall any V
not in the above list forthose whomay desire them. '
Besides the above, the following papers can always hes
the counter on the arrival of each mail i
Orepou paper. New Bedford papers,
Cincinnati papers, California papers,
Maine papers, Worcester papers,
Kausas pers. Boston pspeis,
And many others, too numeioustospeclfy.
Tbe following are received bv Kxprees regularly, and f,
ally In advance of the mails. They will be ftM-wanled to
oribers by me, j eey friad, at the annexed ui.
Weekly Bulletin per on
ftacramento Culon "
N. B. The ondersiirned has an agent In Ban Franoia
seeure and forward tne above papers, which are often V
board after tbe vessels are under sail, without regard u
pease, thus enabling subscribers to obtain thrlr papers'
promptly than to any other wy.
Indexed ill cm. Hook.
AVERY CONVENIENT ARTICLE f
BiU Collectors and others. For sate by f
j53 II. M Will' ,