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J. C. MERRILL & Co.,
Co in mission Jlcr chants
uctione o r ,
204 and 206 California Street,
ALSO. AGENTS Olf THE
San Francisco and Honolulu Packets.
ParticalarAttentiar) given to the sale and purchase ot mer
ehandise. ships' business, suppl-ing whaleship., negotiating
The IJexliny nnl Triumph of
An Addrrmm Delivered Fe-brnnry IS, 1870,
by Ilia Excellency -- Phillipa,
at Caffani Hull, Honolulu.
T mnct mnfiw. that after ncccDtinz. somewhat
rashly, the kind invitation of thoee who act for
you, 1 was not a little emDarraBsea 10 ueiennine
what subject, in this community of varied taetes,
and before this audience of nice discrimination,
would Le most fit for an hour's discussion.
In this uncertainty, I sought relief ; and upon
the arrival of one of the last mails, I fortunately
jiurchat-cd a few numbers of the Illustrated Lon
don Aeurs, a publication whose character and
success exactly illustrate the direction and de-
! velor-mcnt of modern art. The first wood-cut
I . 1
the bulls at Nineveh, or planted the Colossus o
Rhodes? Are the triumphs ot Archimedes
wholly fabulous, that his contemporaries coul
hear without reverence his declaration that with
a standing place he could move the world?
In the period of mediaeval and later art, how
were the " storied windows " of the old Cathedrals
enabled to cast their "dim religious light?'
What was the marvelous preparation and com
bination of colors which enabled Raphael to give
to his exquisite lines a living humanity, which
art-students of the present age contemplate with
admiring despair, and which the destroying hand
; of time, through the whole course of centuries
Mi-Mrs. C. L. RichanU k Co..
II. HaekfeM A Co
C. hrrwir C',
" bixh'tp tt .....
Dr. R. W. Wort
Hon. K H. Alien
l. C. Waterman, Esq -
Mccracken, merrill, &,
FOR WARM IXC AND
HAVIXU BEKX KXGAGEl) IX OLR PRE
ent boines for uuwiris of seven years, anil leing
kvated ib a Are proof brick building, we are prepare.! to receive . e(itciall y
iwldunoKir l4Und staples, such as Buer.Kice,Srups, lulu. ,
C'ntfre, e., to a-lvaoUtfe. Ct4ignments e.prciaiiy soiicitea
fr the Oreg.n market, to which personal attention will be paid,
ami upon wticb cah ln will be made when required.
?. Fm:i.-c RcreBcsres:
ItiuJffrr k Lintleufcerger, J a. Patrick A; Cow,
t re J. Ikn. W. T. Coleman & Co.,
Vieven. Bker & Co.
A!!t-n As Lewis. Idd & Tiltoa. Leonard k Green
II srari.c RirisrsCM:
Ml Walker Allen. ly
VkUT . ILIU ftrr lllJfHlD, CHii.B.MOE6i.
WILLIAMS, BLANC HARD & CO.,
Shipping & Commission Merchants, j above' cveijthiu
So. 2IH California Street
(59 m s.iy fr .y CISCO
English and European News
i the irnw"lal U-it-rs. a wriUlijjest-'d
intrrextins matirr from the Timet, and i thus remltTAl avail
aule in a cheap fonn, for person recitliug abroad or io tle
The days f publication are ToMdays ami Fridays So the
aaerwou, aiiil the price U 3-1. per copy, or M. a week iosl
ubcribers ran obtain "TtlB MAIL." throozb Newspaper
Arnu. r may have it fr-im the Publisher, on pre-paymeut, at
Printing II ue 2Kuare, Indon. C'Jt 6m
JANION, RHODES & CO.,
Victoria, VjMaoTtr Island.
S.B. Particular attention paid to consignments of Sandwich
Victoria. V. I.. January 1. !Si. B0 1j
C. MAIS...... U. B. WISCHICT ...T. . HlTKi.
MAIN &. WINCHESTER,
COLL IKS, SIDDLFEV
21 t aaiiSIU UHlfrry St., San Frnnciac.
N. B 0'I nortaieul Cvucord SUgc Harr.es constmtly
on lnI. 068 ly
. w. aTii:e, c. k. clark
SKVERAiVCE, CLAKK & CO.,
And Shipping Agents.
40o Frvtd Slrtet, corner of tlwj St., &ui Francisco.
We will attetxl to the Sale of Sugar, ami all kinds of Island
Prwluce. AUo, in the Purchasing au'l yorwardinK of Mer
ehamliw. 60S ly
LEA fc PJBRRUVS9
Worccstcrsliirc Sauce !
DECLARED BY C0XX0I2SEUR8
Tlao Only Good Sauoo !
rr Allfrelirht arrirln at San FrancilCO.by or to Ine llo- , , . . ..a.,t. mw rrn vn, o I'iVii ," Allen
oolala Line of Packets will WeforwarJed rg or comii!Wlo. ".- r t v t i
wiBia uneoi rackets, win iriA the 7uw Jiaitrau Malum." Io eufcriicial
rr Exchange on Ilonolula boajrbt and sold. JJj - . .
jj-.ciioKe oo oWrvation. the view was not imrrefive. A
lifnnium f Btation-hotifie oi inHignifieant projortion?, ol no
''..'JIY.'.'.'.V-'" ! architectural merit, and most iinjierf'ectly c(n-
! ptructed, Riirrounded bv a few cars inelegantly
Hhared, could certainly attract but little notice,
in days when the skill and energy of the world are
concentrated ujjn railway cnterprit-e. Neither
were the nurruutidings of the j.ieture at once
Huggefctive. There was a conglomeration of
houces, by no means remarkable, and there were
a few hillrf whow; naked outline and moderate
elevation ill coinjml with the mountain scenery
of the Hawaiian ."lands. But a clone examina
tion revealed some more noticeable objects
in the ri'rht hand corner. A Doric
teinr,le, almost trfectly preserved, presented with
a chaste detign and faultless proportions a form
of exquisite symmetry ; while upon an adjoin
ing crag was another temple, upon which, al
though equally superior to the ravages of time
and the elements, the vandal hands of man had
wrought terrible havoc. It was defiled by para
sitic structures. The lalne and grotesque lines of
.Saracenic art were in unpleasant contrast with
the fcevere simplicity and standard beauty of the
most triumphant architectural monument of
Greece. But there it stood, magnificent in its
i ruins, in its most commanding position, Mgu
else, ancient or modern, upon
. w . - t . I
wtucii tiie eye couia rest, it was inuccu trie
I'arthenon, the immortal shrine dedicated to the
memory of intellectual development uiid strength,
by which art has paid its contribution to the
cause of wisdom, and vindicated to the judgment
of centuries, the proud claims of Athens. iSt ill
XKWS. ' ther objects arretted the eye. The hill impnd-
uiiiiuary, and all ing over the city, is the homed .Mount ol ilvmct-
i tus, with its bees buzzing eloquence. The valley
i below is watered by the renowned Ilissus. Jlurs
! II ill and the stone eats of the Areorwigus aro
close at hand, hvery spot and every structure is
rich with classic memories :
"Where'er we tread. 'ii hauntol holy ground ;
No earth of tliinc is lot in vulgar mould,
lint one vait r-;tlni of woiiilcr xr-ail around,
And all the Muxes' tak-s seem truly told.
Till thr: sense aches with gazing to behold
The scenes our earliest dreams have dwelt utn."
Into this honored and sacred domain, of
which it is fit that the soil should be only trod
with reverence, the locomotive and steam whistle
have forced their wnv. It seems like assailing
the aegis of Minerva with rude blows from Vul
j can's hammer, and ns if the begrimmcd old God
of Fire was to hold the chief place even in the
: court of the Goddess of Wisdom.
Does not tins idea furnish food for reflection ?
Which is worth more to Modern Athens, the
Parthenon or the railway station ? Which will
endure longer, or exert the more lasting influence
upon the welfare and destinies of the world;
the intellectual treasures, which were unveiled
by Pallas and the Muses and transmitted to a
wondering posterity in the literature, art and
philosophy of Ancient Greece ; or the tremen
dous power of 6tcam, with its revolutionizing in
fluences, which has almost annihilated time and
space, which has confounded nationalities, over
coming physical and material barriers, and by
facilitating intercourse, compelling mankind to
forget old diflerences, to consider their nation as
the whole worlJ, and to identify all their wishes
and aspirations with the cause of enlightened
progress and human advancement. Or, on the
whole, is any comparison fit and proper? Can
one of these influences exist without the other?
Can either be spared to the world in which we
live? What has been the contribution of cither
or both to the advancement of man's estate? In
what have they conduced to civilization? What
While thus speculating, it occurred to me that
an hour might be profitably spent in thoughts
upon the 44 Dlstixv and Tkiihi'U of Civilization."
But in approaching such a subject, it is most
wise to discard prejudice and vanity. Neither
should too thorough a civilization be arrogantly
claimed in behalf of any nation or the present
age. The Parthenon still stands upon its lofty
pinnacle, its prestige not iinjiaircd. In the
magnificence of its ruins, it defies admiration.
Artistic skill and taste, througli wondering ages,
have failed to compass that marvelous beauty,
which is concealed by nothing but severe sim
plicity. When modern taste and imagination
can arrive at the height of this great argument,
when it cin supply the missing parts, or even
those of a Bclvidcrean Apollo, we may boast of
an art of sculpture worthy of Pheidias or Prax
iteles. The same is true of the intellectual and
more impalpable monuments of the wisdom, cul
ture and taste of Greece. When orators shall
have risen to the measure of Demosthenes ; when
the sublimity of Athenian tragedy shall have
been attained by any dramatist of any country
or of any age ; when the wit of Aristophanes
has found a parallel ; other cultivated nations
can afford to boast. When schemes of philoso
phy can be made perfect without borrowing from
Aristotle and Plato; when military genius can
improve ujon tie Retreat of the Ten Thousand
or the tactics of Marathon ; when a higher com
pliment shall ever be claimed for any cultivated
organization of human society, or any exquisite
development of all that is elegant and ennobling
in the aspect of human life, than that it was
worthy of the Age of Pericles, then and not till
then the world can regard with indifference the
splendid civilization of Greece.
But it is not the civilization of Greece alone
which the present age is bound to contemplate
wuii aumiration ana almost ucspair. ltcccnt ex
plorations into almost forgotten fields of human
wisdom should teach us modesty. As we are
situated in these islands, at the half-way place
between the civilization of the Old World and
New, we can occasionally contrast the achieve
ments and destiny of a new nation on one side,
with the .ccord of tle Oriental countries on the
other which extend back into hoary antiquity.
Iiong before the discovery of America, or before
Julius Cicsar ever saw or heard of Great Britain,
before Alexander descended the valley of the In
dus, great nations which still exist had develojied
a civilization which continues to excite the won
der of tlie world. It is perhaps the highest
tribute which can be id to tlie civilization of
China ami Japan, that in the havoc and confusioa
which time and man's devices have made with
the institutions of Europe and the rest of the
world, the establishment of their political or
ganizations has been preserved on a firm basis,
without Ioj-s of identity, with an unbroken series
of records, and an unmistakable national character
for a period of twenty-five or thirty centuries.
Nor do we require evidence, in other quarters, of
a civilization whose refinement has never been
justly appreciated. One illustration may lie found
in the Talmud, which, thanks to the reviewers,
the world at large have at last heard of, and are
just beginning to appreciate. I will net allude
to anything else in that wonderful compilation,
but all who are devoted to the study and science
of the law, which most of my own profession
bad flattered themselves to believe had reached
its point of greatest perfection during the present
age, are obliged to bear witness to the high culti
vation of the juridical system in the Hebrew
commonwealth, with which, in many respects,
the present age cannot compete.
In fact, the whole shore of that boundless
ocean of truth, upon which even Newton thought
he had only been playing with pebbles, is strewn
with intellectual wrecks; and among tbe&e stranded
products of human genius and wisdom, traces
can be discovered of man's advancement, not
elsewhere to be found. They are the memorials
of a lost civilization.
The loss of a peculiar civilization is marked by
many tokens. Arts are often lost. Some of you
may have beard or read a Lyceum lecture, al
ready fmojs, which was delivered by a brilliant
orator of New England upon the lost arts. Ilis
reeuliar ti lactic skill was cmrlojed to teach
people of the present age that in many rcpects
they lacked the skill of former times. Who can
reproduce the Tynan purple? Where is the cold
b'ast and t le exquisite lemrer of the Damascus
Mvle? How were those ponderous stones piled
upon the J j rain ids? What mechanism moved
CAUTION AGAINST FRAUD!
TMiK SUCCESS Of THIS MOST l)KLI
C'lol'S and unrivalled Con-limeot bavin? caused certain
dealers tn apply the name of M Worcestershire Sauce " to their
own Inferior compounds, the Public is hereby informed thai tne
only way V secure Ute (eouloe, is to
ASK FOE LEA & PERRnTS' SAUCE,
and Io see that their names are upon the wrapper, label;
Btnpptr and bottle.
Some of th; foreign markets bavin;; been supplied with a
spurttiiM Wornrstrrahire Sarare, upon the wrappers and labels
o4 which the names of Lea and Perrins have been forged, L. and
P. pre notice that they have furnished their correspondents
with p-wer of attorney to t ike instant proceeding against
HannftvtMrer sivi t'endnra of such, or auy other imitation
by which their right may be infringed.
lib tar LEI X realms' Sanrr and Se Sane on
Wrapper, Label, Bottlf, and Stopper.
Wholesale and t r Export by the Proprietors. Worcester
Cow and Rlackwell, Loudon, Ac, Ac; aud by Oncers and
Oilmen universally. 694 j
ELEY'S AMMUNITION I
For ?ni.lrr-Koatrl.l of -577 bore, and for
the Henry, and Martini-Henry Kifles of
4JO bore, adopted by lie- Majesty's War
Department, alio f -6uO bore for Military
WT.RritOOr CSNTKAL-FIEE ME
TALLIC CAKTRItiOKS with enlarged
Bi tf small nt res. atloptrd by Foreign
lovrrnovnls (r converted C'hasscpot,
B. rdan, Krininpton. and othrr Rifle ; also
Cartridge f. Ballarl. the Spencer, and
American Henry Kepraiios; KiflVs.
The -ELEY BOXER ae the chminl
Cartridges known. carrying their own icni-
tion, an. I bring; made wliolly of locUl, are waterproof and Im
perishable in any climate.
The above Cartridge caes frmpty) of all sixes, and for the
liferent systems Brrrch-1-w.liog kifte, can be bad with or
wuhnnt the suitable BullcUaixl Machines hr finishing the Car
tridges. BOXER CARTRInOErf of lio bore for Revolving Pistols,
Sited in Her 5Iatys Navy.
COr PER RIM-FIRE CAKTRIDT.E4 f all six, s, for Smith
k Wesson', Tranter's, and other !'oeket ICcvotvi rs.
PIS -CA RTRIDGES for Lafaucheax Revolvers of 12-m '. 9m
d 7-m . bore.
CEXTRAL-FIRE and PIS-FIRE CARTRIDGES for all sites
and systems of Guns, Kifr, and Revolver.
Dnahte Watrrpmnf and K. B. Csps. Patent Wire Cartrybjes,
Felt lion Waddings tne Breach and Moule lna lrrs, and every
descriptioa of put uujt and Military Ammunition.
CRAY'S INN IIUAI), LONDON.
ert-l WHOLESALE ONLY. eowly
Map of the Sand-
rime: osfi.t coRRKirr map op these
m. Islands, is that of the L. S. Ej rioting Expedition, nub
tUbed by the Asserieaa government. Every farmer who owns
aa acre of crtmnd. every captain who commands a coaster, ev
ery traveler who wants to find correct names anddutances, and
very gentleman who desires to be posted up about the group
aboald possess a copy of it.
A hw copies left, price t2.04l each.
For sale at the BOOKSTORE.
Id U -f
Ink, Ink, Ink !
AT II. M. WHITNEY'S BOOK-
Slajrnard At Arwold Writing and Copying Ink. la
pints ana cooes,
TbaadHM Pavlds A: Co.' Writing and Copying Ink, in quarts,
pints and euors.
Arnold' Writing Fluid and Cofyiog Ink, in quarts and pints,
Blackwood M Co.' ttcrl Pew and Copying; Ink, in pints,
gdward A. Lambert's Vk(et Writing Fhatd. in quarts,
Thsddeua Daviris A; Co 's Ked ami Blue Ink. in cones.
XbaddrvA Davids 4 Co. Brilliaot Carmine Ink. 663
Indexed ITlcm. IXookw.
VERT CONVENIENT ARTICLE FOR
H. M. WHITNEY.
A BUI Codectocs and oiners. Fur sake by
ITH MAP OP TIIE HAWAIIAN" ISIa-
CI-OTII TOY HOOKS.
watTlETV OP ENGLISH COLORED
TJk .. J'arer Toy BjokSfjust reeeived ami f.ir sale by
has been unable to efface? PaseiDS from the
: Old World to the New, to the deserted cities of
j Mexico and Peru, what mechanical theory, now
! understood, will explain the erection of the mys
j tcriou8 structures, which are the only touching
I incniiiri:il4 nf n. michtv '"t unknown neonie
j On the silent shores of Lake Superior, deep down
in the bowels of the earth, modern enterprise
has re-discovered a mass of mineral wealth. But
the wit of man had explored that field before
and traces of his skill survive. Huge masses of
virgin copper, which now yield only to patient
blows of the chisel, administered by the human
hand, have evidently been removed with facility
in an age and by agencies, of which we have
no record. And by whom? To what point?
LiKn what vehicles, by land or water Have
nu arts been lost? Has no civilization been
obscured or obliterated! lias all tho wisdom,
and all the knowledge, and all the art, and
elegance, and culture, and skill, and genius, and
wit, ol the whole world, and all the ages, been
concentrated upon the present period, until re
produced by a grand fusion, as in one immense
crucible, witn a liarmonious blending ot all the
elements, without the loss of any, we find the
gems of the human intellect perfectly preserved
but newly assorted in a guttering combination?
As in chemistry, it is true, in one sense, that
no particle ot matter is ever lost, but only
changed in character ; so in the history of civili
zation it is the fact that by the operation of
powerlul alhmtics or neutralizing agencies many
characteristics of the world's refinement, if not
obliterated, are too effectually disguised to be
longer recognizable. Although history may re
produce itself indefinitely, each epoch will have
its distinguishing features which will not re
appear, like the theocratic principle of Judi,
tlie intellectual subtlety of (Greece, the imperial
state-craft of Koine, the self-denying but aimless
cnthubiasm of the age of chivalry, or the sturdy
protesting spirit ol the Ileforination. And withal,
no age is very much beyond those which have
gone before. The coui-se of human nature, like
the fashion of hats or cooking-stoves may greatly
cnange rrom time to time wituout marked im
provement. The theories of Condorcet and the
doctinaires of France who fancied mankind to be
rapidly traveling the high-way to perfection with
the goal almost in tight are too wild to be refuted.
The history of civilization is a history of revolu
tions, ages of action succeeding ages of reflection,
and ages of practice succeeding ages of iucjuiry.
Yet, after all, the world is growing somewhat
wiser, and it is to be hoped, better. The sum
total of human knowledge and refinement and
I culture in the present time, although much ia
lost, ttnd although its characteristics are novel,
exceeds that of any others ; and even Athens, in
the days of Pericles, with its philosophy and its
wit, its taste and its practical wisdom represented
no state of things to be compared with the
present age of material comfort and comprehensive j
inquiry, ine petty railway station may yet vie
with the Parthenon, and like the classic but
hungry traveler who preferred eating a good
dinner to clambering up Parnatsus, the people of
the present age admire that rehned civilization
which as the rule of human conduct adopts the
simple law of love of God and man, which believes
in assuaging pain, in ameliorating the condition
of the human race, in promoting tho material
comfort of all mankind, which aspires to hold
nations together by the influences of commerce
and free intercourse, and which promotes these
grand objects by reducing the mighty agencies of
the physical world to subordination and control
They prefer this to the subtleties of schoolmen,
the asceticism of martyrs or the craft of statesmen.
Civilization then is susceptible of progress,
and must have a ucstmy and ultimate triumph
Its progress muBt be contemplated in the spirit
l - L T 1 lV ' . I T
in w men .uacuuiuy cniiciseu tne xxicoman pnnos-
opliy, " its law is progress, a point which
yesterday was invisible is its goal to-day, and
will be its starting post to-morrow." It is inter
cstmg to onscrvc wnat results nave ioiiowed a
process purely inductive, and how legitimately
the civilization of the present age has resulted
from the wisdom and experience of those which
have gone before.
Let us then consider what civilization has
achieved, and what remains to be accomplished.
Occupying an island, which, less than a century
ago, was held by barbarians, and wholly unknown
by the rest of tho world, enjoying all the comforts
and conveniences of civilized life, in constant
communication with every part of the globe,
visited by foreigners of every nationality, with
every language spoken in our streets, we are well
qualified to observe, and, perhaps, appreciate the
advancement and true condition of human society.
The first noticeablo feature in the present de
velopment of civilization is the practical appli
cation of science to the useful arts, and the cun
ning manner in which the laws and eccentricities
of nature have been made to subserve the neces
sities of man. Of this the railway is the readiest
illustration. .Not only in Athens, where a railway
station excites seutimeutalism, but in the primeval
forests and untrodden plains of the American
continent, its power is felt ; and, under its influ
ence, new cities rise like the magic creations of
Prospero's wand. And all this is because some
one has discovered that hot water occupies more
space than cold, and human ingenuity, by sue
cessive experiments and contrivances, nas so ui
rected this simple principle as to secure the most
wonderful results on tho sea and land.
But if the power of steam has thus far been
productive ot extraordinary iesulte, the subjection
of the subtle electricity to tne wit ol man is
perhaps the most startling achievement of modern
science. "Vc admire triumphs of the mind more
than of the hands, because mystery attaches to
i . i : , v l kJ .. i
wnat is unseen unu luipuifiuuie. tw, vc uKirvei
greatly when we know that this electricity, so
mysterious and so awiui, wnien no one sees or
can see, but which can rend mountains and pros
trate trees, can be made to do the bidding of
man, to regulate by his direction the movements
of great armies, to control the commercial trans
actions of the whole world, to secure the omces
of affection at solemn moments, to circumvent
roguery, to cement friendships, to flash the words
of truth over lofty mountains and beneath mighty
oceans, during storms of terrible severity and ia
nights of pitchy blackness :
" The siirae (Treat force, which sends its dread,
Fire-blazing locks round Etna's head,
Along the wires in silence fared,
And messages of commerce bears.
Such a victory of civilization amazes us with the
thought ot what may yet be in store
Now let us pass from what is so startling to
some ot the Less striking, but still most sigmheant,
indications of the tendencies of modern civuiza
Geological discovery is rapidly pushed forward,
but not in the spirit of intellectual speculation,
or for the mere vindication of theories, yet so
thorough is the knowledge of eminent geologists.
that, from the surface of the earth, many of them
can readily imagine the mines which lie beneath,
and can point out a simple method by which
those treasures can be contributed to the wealth
of the world, without unnecessary labor, or sac-
rilicc of lilc, strength, or material resources.
Careful and systematic observations of the
winds and currents of the ocean, diligently com
pared and classified, have disclosed to navigators a
certain pathway where formerly all was doubt
and uncertainty. Innumerable are the contribu
tions of science to all the arts of common life
agriculture, horticulture, architecture, in fact to
every art which can render homes comfortable or
life pleasant. Even the most ordinary occupations
are no longer thought too bumble for scientific
instruction. Soyer and Blot, by directing the
operations of kitchens, and by a careful education
of cooks, have contributed not a little to the
comforts and security of human life and have
promoted the economy of the world.
It is, however, in the domain of what, par ex
cellence, is styled art, or of those arts distinctively
called fine, that the tendencies of modern civili
zation arc most perceptible. I refer of coarse to
fainting and sculpture, and everything which is
indred thereto. Before painting was invented,
or the telegraph was available to transmit the fiery
words of an orator, on tbe day of their utterance.
to the people of a continent, the imagination of
the world could only be assailed by the represent
ation of great ideas on the canvas of the painter
or the marble of the sculptor. During those ages
known as dark, it was necessary that the taste of
artists should be exquisitely cultivated, and their
hands most carefully practiced, that genius by
such assistance might impress great ideas upon
the world. It was thus that Raphael and Leon
ardo, that Michael Angelo and Benvenuto achieved
their greatest triumphs and communicated their
thoughts to a whole world and to successive gen
erations. But as tbe want no longer exists, the
supply has ceased to be furnished. The world
will see no more of those artistic products which
enthusiasts call divine ; although the relics which
survive perpetuate the memory of the period which
they adorned and aid the artistic tendencies of
the world in a new direction. But what is the
new direction? For art which was thought to
have attained its most perfect development in the
pontificate of Leo X, still survives in undimin
ished splendor, in the pontificate of Pius IX.
The illustrated newspaper to which I referred in
opening, marks as signal triumph of art as the
paintings of Raphael or Murillo. To be sure it
is no monument of the genius or accomplishment
of one man, but the same great and efficient
power w hich invoked the aid of such artists fully
appreciates the influence of an illustrated nress
xo skill of the greatest painters and 6culritors in
all ages could have done its work. Portentous
events which are ripening into history now find
ready expression in the well executed cnravinfrs
of newspapers, and are promptly reproduced to
eager eyes in all quarters of the world. It is the
province of the genius of design to keen race
with the improvements of the age, to adapt itself it8 a6Trnptote.
JU1H.UII,UI UI WlCUllUU U1BCOV-
ery and to adorn in its progress the march of civ
ilization. Lines which an Apelles miffht have
envied may be found on a bit of porcelain, and
the cheapest calico printing invokes the aid of
art as much as the painting of a Madonna.
The same 6tate of things exists in all depart
ments of literature. Take poetry, for instance.
an art, whose development marks national pro
gress. In mlancy. nations, like children, love
simple songs. The aoidoi of Greece, the troub
adours of Provence, the Runic bards of Northern
Europe, the haku-nieles of Hawaii, delighted in
lays wnicn recounted the exploits of Kings and
kept alive the memory of times gone bv. Ma-
caulay, whose literary judgment satisfied him of
the existence ot some early minstrelsy of Rome,
taxed his imagination to reproduce it. and the
prophecy of Capys and the battle of Lake Regil
lus now occupy a corresponding position with the
ballad of Chevy Chace in the dawning period of
English song. Local characteristics and national
taints mark all these compositions, their general
character being the same. With advancing man-
iood, national manners become more mature, and
the art of poetry keeps pace. We then find
lace lor the lofty rhyme of V lrgil, Dante and
Milton, for the supreme excellence of" Shakespeare
and Goethe. Lyric poetry, no longer a minstrelsy,
a 1 1 . ., y
is represented oy tne sacred f Balms ot Uavid, the
Udes ol Horace, the Sonnets ot Petrarch, the
stirring anthems of Campbell and the elaborate
stanzas of Longfellow. Poetry, like art. reflects
the genius of the age which produces it. and if
the age be practical the aim of poetry must be
the same. The pictures of" the middle ages were
painted to adorn cathedrals and religious houses.
and contributed to a magnificent spectacle design
ed to excite religious sentiments. The poetry of
that period had the same object. But the poetry
of the present age, like the art of painting or en
graving, has another direction and is true to the
pint ot tlie times. It is in Hood s Song of the
Shirt, or the philanthropic poetry of Whittier,
that tne muse ot our day displays her power.
In works of fiction and description, the same is
true. The time lor charming men's heads with
the wild 6tories of knight errantry ended with
Don Quixote. Indeed, no memorial in literature
more distinctively marks the enfranchisement of
the imagination than the famous chapter in the
story of his life, in which the doughty old hero is
represented as preparing himself lor his career of j
folly by pouring over a library of silly books ; '
and the keen satire and solid 6ensc of Cervantes i
wi s well employed in exposing this catalogue
of nonsense to the ridicule of" the world. Men
are no longer trained to tilt against w indmills,
but the world is one broad field of practical reali
ty, full of all 6orts of obstacles and stumbling
places. These must be surmounted and even the
imagination must submit to practical rules. Asa
consequence all modern works of fiction have a
Another characteristic of modern civilization
results from unlimited freedom of intercourse
with the whole world, and the growing feeling
that the world belongs to all mankind, no part of
it being the exclusive domain of any nation or
set of men. The moral barriers which formerly
surrounded China and Japan have been thrown
down ; and those powerful nationalities now take
the initiative in opening communication with the
re6t of mankind. All the consequences of such
freedom of intercommunication are not to be
foreseen. We observe something of it here, upon
ti l . mi ii i . ..
a smnii scaie. j.iiere win soon dc more ot it all i
over the world. Intellectual habits and modes of
thought are losing their distinctive national char
acteristics. Peculiarities of dress and manner
are wearing away. Languages are used inter
changeably, and are becoming assimilated. It is
by no means certain that some universal language
will not ultimately be adopted by whicli the citi
zen of the world will communicate with every
nation and every race. The humanizing and civ
ilizing influences of such a result require no
comment, and the uncertain shadows of a uni
versal brotherhood are acquiring form and
substance. Patriotism is a great virtue and cen
turies must elapse before it can be lost sight of,
but what will be the value of patriotism to those
whose country is tlie world, and whose brethren
are all mankind?
Modern civilization is doing one thing more.
It has sharpened the ingenuity of men and direct
ed their energies to innumerable contrivances for
the relief of human labor. Visit the workshops
of civilized countries, and examine the mechanism
employed for tlie execution of the work. Some is
so perfect as to be almost instinct with life. I
have 6een machinery so automatic as apparently
to possess intelligence, and so delicate and com
plete as almost to vie with the human hand,
whilo the grateful task was assigned to the so
called workman to tand by, with the air of a
master, and occasionally to provide for the want
of intellect which living humanity can alone sup
ply. From all this, great relief is secured from
overwhelming toil, and the position of the work
man is actually elevated from that ot a menial to
that of a superintending and controlling officer.
Of the obvious effect of this to increase the self
resjiect of the whole human race and every mem
ber of it, I forbear to speak. " A man's a man
for a' that," said Robert Burns. Let the world
indorse the judgment and humanity is safe.
Such is the effect of labor-saving machinery
upon the dignity of human nature. In view of
its other achievements all stand aghast. With
out its aid great armies could not be clothed, or
moved, or fed; the gigantic transactions of com
merce would become impracticable ; the comfort
of our homes Could not be secured ; tlie transmis
sion of intelligence would cease, while the condi
tion of the mass of humanity would be reduced to
toiling and hopeless drudgery.
We naturally pause, while taking this view,
for indications of the effect of this development
of civilization, in the elevation of the human
. . . . i i -. i
race. Other signs Win not De wanting ; neiiner
will posterity regard, with indifference, the great
work of British Emancipation, and the efforts
of Clarkson and Wilbertorce ; but m future
. 11 . a.r -A. 1 T A A Al I
ages, historians will instinctively poiui, to me
record of Russia and the United States, for the
example of wholesale emancipation of bonds
men which is now coming to be universally ap
preciated, the effect of which will be felt for ages
and ages yet to come, and will tend to repress
every effort, however cunningly disguised, to re
produce a system of human slavery.
We should also be false to the instincts of our
age, if we failed, in contemplating this subject,
to observe, how, by the aid of modern civiliza
tion, God has made the wrath of man to praise
Him. During terrible wars, while humanity re
volts at deeds of blood, the Christian virtues of
charity and good will to man stand out in bold
relief. The whole record of Sebastopol contains
nothing more brilliant than the self-sacrificing
deeds of a few noble women; and high above
the great crowd of heroes, glittering with all the
badTes or distinction ana nonor, suauub me
revered name of Florence Nightingale, which
will endure as long as the memory of the war, a
testimony of the high veneration accorded by the
present ago to her 6i'mple virtues. The late re
bellion in the United States has demonstrated the
power of a great nation to sustain its own exist- ,
... .i i , 1 1 i - i
ence. It liaa astouisnea we woria oy ine uiepiaj ;
of moral and material resources. But the greater
lesson has been taught in the agency and support
of the Sanitary and Christian commissions of the
high refinement of modern civilization. War can
excite nobler sentiments than a love of glory.
The spirit of the age forbids the suppression of the
generous instincts of the human heart, though
the national trial be never so great.
Such are some results which attest the progress
of modern civilization. Neither by elegant Par
thenons, nor by Bubtle philosophy will the present
age impress the record of its power. The splen
did achievements of art, the marble gi-aven with
a cunning hand, the votive canvas which seems
to speak, the huge Pyramids, the mysterious
Sphynx, the eternal Cofisseum, the mediaeval ca
thedrals, the feudal castles, all tell a tale of other
timee. This age is characterized by the elevation
and ennoblement of the human race, by the
triumph of that highest purpose of all civiliza
tion which in the Great Instauration of Lord
Bacon is concisely styled the "Advancement of
Man's Estate." . , .
rv.,i,i that ninRrriouH sa?e re-artpear from Ins
vviuiu s,ava v - q a s. m
grave, to contemplate the victories of his own
philosophy in the course of two centuries and a
half, he would stand appalled in view of the pro
gress and elevation of mankind, of the increas
ing superiority of the human race to all the
accidents which surround it.
Where will this end? That is a secret of a
mysterious future. It may never end. The law
of progress involves the idea of infinite develop
ment. It implies also an infinitely increasing
capacity to appreciate its own destiny. The
struggles of the human race towards improve
ment resemble the relation of the hyperbola to
ternally approaching, but never
attaining. One thing, nowever, is euro, anu j.
trust, Young Gentlemen of the Christian Associa
tion, that in view of the high object of your or
ganization, you will pardon one to whom your
invitation has been graciously extended, although,
perhais, holding too advanced a theological posi
tion to be reckoned of your number, for using
the time placed at his disposal in treating a Bub
ipefc which Christians of every degree of faith
i can contemplate with profit. The triumph of
I - . a . f V W
civilization and the elevation or tne numau race
are the crowning glories of Christianity :
Ilumnnity sweeps onward,
Where, to-day, the marly r stands,
On the morrow, crouches Judas,
With the silver iu his hands ;
Hiirh, in front, the Cross stands lifted
And the crackling faggots burn,
While the hooting mob of yesterday
In sail and silent awe return,
To glean up the unaltered ashes,
Into history's golden urn."
SHIP SMITHING, &c., &c.
FOR KONA AND
TUB HONOLULU IRON
WORKS CO. be to announce that,
they have opened
Blacksmith Shop on Queen Street,
Close to Mr. Emmes' Building Yard, io which
C A PT.
Will run as a Regular Packet to Uie above ports.
or rmuwn apply to
M Cm WALKER k ALLEN, Aeenls.
Ship Work, Carriage JTork, AgrleBltnrallnipIeineats, Regular Packet for llanalcf, Kquai
Horse Shoeing, i.e., ' "r,u
TUB CI.Il'PKR SCHOONER
Will be attended to ttith Promptness and Dispatch.
And having on the premises a STEAM HAMMER and other
labor-saving appliances, as well as a large and varied stock of
light and heavy Iron, they are prepared to do Work Cheaper,
Quicker and Better than elsewhere in this city.
HONOLULU 1ROX WORKS.
713 3m ALEX. TOCNO, Manager
Will &iil as a Jlfjvlar racket as alone.
For Freight or passage apply to
American Dry Goods!
C. BREWER & CO.
HAVE FOR SALE,
Sheetings, Drillings, and Denims,
JALKS STARK MILLS A SHEETING.
Bales Stark Mills B Sheeting,
Bales Stark Mills A Drilling.
Cases Powhattan Denims,
Cases Merrimac Denims,
Cases Colon Denims.
Ginghams and Cottons,
Cases Glasgow Mills Ginghams,
Cases Bleached Baltic Cottons,
Cases Bleached Forest Dell Cottons,
Cases Bleached Truckee River Cottons,
Cases Bleached Edgartown Brown Cottons,
Cases Blea. Rockingham Brown Cottons
Cases " Albion" Prints Green and Red,
Cases u Oriental" Prints Buff and Purple,
Cases " American " Prints Browns,
Cases u Cacheco " Prints Browns,
Oases fine - Chiuts " Prints White.
For Sale Low to Close Consignments,
712 3m C. BREWER Si. CO,
NO. 38 FORT STREET.
JAPANESE WARE, INCLUDING LANTERNS,
BEAlTIFlL STRAW WORKED BOXES,
scan Kings, tiaiuary.
Porcelain Ware, Embroidery,
Bronse and Bilver Buckles,
Studs, Inlaid Cabinets, Fishing Canes,
Bamboo Chains, Charms, Curios, 4c, Ac.
Also, a Complete Assortment of India lluhber Goods.
700 ly MRS. McDOl'GlLL, 38 Fort St. .
14 FIRE EXTIXOCISIIERSFR0M
BOSTON, ria San Francisco for sale by
C. BREWER k CO.
N. B. These Machines, so deservedly popular In the Tnlted
States, where they have saved millions of property, wilt be sold
for cost and charges. (712 3m) C. It. k CO.
W ALKER k AM.KV.
IN VARIETY. OX YOKES
And other Agricultural Implements, for sale by
712 Sra C. BREWER k CO.
CARTS AND WAGONS.
HEAVY HORSE CARTS.
i Medium Horse Carts,
Light Carts, for horses or mules, of strong
make, suitable for town orplaulatlon work.
Light Concord " agons,
Light Hand Carts,
Heavy Hand Carts,
Canal Barrows, -c
All or the above are for sale low.
712 3m C. BREWER if CO.
I in on.
BARRELS AND HALF BAR-
IRELS Beet Red SALMON. For sale by
C. BHKWEK tt CO.
ON WEDNESDAY, FEU. 2d.
XTRA FAMILY GOLDEN GATE FLOCK
-i Fresh Graham Hour,
fresh Oatmeal, I0lb bap
KECS OVERLAND BUTTER,
Heat California Ham,
New Streak Ilaron,
new Kmoked Deef,
Cases California Cream Cheese,
Cases ractjxc Uodjish, PuJH. jCst Comet Tea,
Japan Tea in small boxe and Jars,
Japan Tea, in 61b boxes,
tacks Grain pepper.
Cases California Lsrd,
Cases California Onions,
CRACKERS IX TIXS, ASSORT Kus,
Oases and Qr. Gisis &dom Bread,
Cases Cutting's Table Fruits:
Feaches, Pears, Egg Plums, CUenles, and Assorted Fruits.
Cases lib tins Lobster,
Cases Fure Starch,
Kegs Kastrrn Cranberries,
Poiviiue Poup, Pperm Candh s,
Soup awl lloulli.
Bags Humboldt rotators.
G. BREWER & GO.
OFFER FOR SALE!
FOR SALE LOW
A T THE FA MIL V Oil 0 CEIt Y & FEED S TO HE,
Doors, Sash and Blinds!
400 Kegs Cot Nails, in (rood Assortment.
Blue and White Thread,
Cases White and Blue Cotton Thread.
Glassware, consisting of Dishes, Tumblers, tc.
X HATCHETS. SHOVELS. CROWBARS
For sale by
C. BREWER & CO.
OF ALL SIZES WEIGHING FROM
TO 3.000 pounds.
ALSO, COUNTER SCALES.
For sale by
BREWER k CO.,
THe Iron Age.
TOTIUNG HAS BEEN FOUND TO SIR-
Winter's Metallic Paint !
As a protection for all kinds of Sbeds, Buildings, Roofs, Boilers
Iron or Wood-work exposed to the changes incident to a tropi
cal climate. It is anti corrosive, resists dampness and defies
decay, and is the only armor which protects from all vicissitudes.
For Sale Wholesale by C. Brewer & Co.,
And at retail by all enterprising dealers it Paints. 692 6m
Kaolin, fire Sand,
niPE CLAY. FOR SALE BY
C. BREWER if CO.
F ALL SIZES. FOR SALE BT
C. BREWER lr CO.
For sale by
C. BREWER & CO.,
27 Queen street.
Brass Wire Sieves.
Bales Best English 40 inch Burlaps.
Gr u n n y
BALES BEST GVNHY BAGS.
Just DR, o c civod!
PEE BARK 4D. C. MURRAY
CASES JAPAN TEA!
Io i, i and lib papers, and more of the
Choice Japan l ea, in lare Jars.
At the Family Grocery and Feed Store,
By (714 1m) I. BARTLETT.
3VC zx o Ja. 1 xx 1st,
k HAVING BOUGHT THE STOCK
and taken tho gland,
yr N, 44 (lwr amor) Fort HI..
Lately occuplid by Mr. THOMAS TANNATT as a
LOCK, UN AND GENERAL UEPAIl! MI0P,
Will carry on the Business as heretofore, and will Repair all
kinds of Light Machinery and Metal Work of every description!
PUMPS, AC, PUT IN COOD OK I) Kit.
ALSO. ON HAND AND FOR BALK CHEAP,
A Variety of Sewing Machines,
Gods, Pistols, Sliot, Ammunition,
SEWING MACHINE XEEULKS, Etc, Etc.
pif Centrifugal Wire Cloth Cid to 0rdcr.t
COLB 4GEKT IS THIS KISGDOM FOB
The Celebrated Florence Sewing Machine-.
CASKS BLACKSMITHS COAL.
COOKING STOVES I
IIVTT fc SON
OS. O TO CI.
HEMP SAIL TWINE.
Stoves and Cabooses.
Boston Beauty Stoves,
Y . U
"ETOR SALE BV
C. BREWER if CO.
fF ALL SIZES, FOR SALE BY
Vr ivi am
C. BREWER & CO.
Oak, Asli, Hickory.
PLANK OF ASSORTED SIZES.
iuiiuriu expressly ior
CARRIAGE MAKERS USE.
For sale by (712 3m) C. BREWKR k CO.
Stoves and Ranges.
COOK'S TOKEN COOK STOVES
Nos. 7 and 8.
2T$ , , Chelsea Ranges, Nos. 7 and 8.
For sale low.
712 3m C. BREWER k CO.
Coal, Coal !
A NTH RACITE COAL FOfa STOVES.
For sale by
712 3m C. BREWER & CO.
Anchors and Chains.
ANCHORS PROM 30010SOOLB8.
AN 1 CHAINS to . For sale by
712 3m c. BREWER k CO.
A.fi H,ARRELS SECOND-HAND OIL
f"U SHOOKS. For sale by
C. BREWER k CO.
Fine Blank Hooks.
JUST RECEIVED PER IDAHO. DIRECT
from Boston, an invoice of
Prince's Celebrated Blank Books !
Made Expreoaly ts Order.
And Superior to any other make, consisting; of
LEDGERS, of all tizet,
JOURNALS, of all sizes,
RECORDS, of all fixes, c tfC.
Those wishing to obtain blank books which will give perfect
satisfaction, will please examine.
68 II. M. WHITNEY.
Gold Pens and Dolders,
HEWEY M. WHITNEY'S BOOK STORE
BT THE IDAHO WAS RE
CEIVED a new and choice assortaaent of
j G-olcSL Xoxass,
Gutta Ptrcba Pencil Cises and Fen Dolders,
Of a new pattern. Parties in need of a Superior Pen, at the
lowest rate at which tney ran be offered in Uus City, will find it
to their advantage to examine this stock. 691
A New Article for Coasters,
Coaster Stoves, fitted with rails, &c, like Ships'
A Full Assortment of Stoves!
AS FOLLOWS t
W A V STATE STOVES, NO. O, WELL KNOWN
Harp Store-, Nos. 1, 2, a, 4, very popular,
Cases Men's Tennessee Saddles,
Cases American Bide Saddles,
. II w i
Nests Brass Bonnd Shipping Trunks, h Mj
4 IN A NEST.
Extra Vo. I Soap.
Palm Oil Soap,
WHITE SALT WATER SOAP.
For family use.
CASES BEST LOAF SUGAR.
DOOR .11 ATS,
Fancy with Wool Borders. 0 nauaa aiata.
Si 26 32 I sic bra.
A FULL ASSORTMENT OS HAND. BCIT
ABLE for Holiday or Wedding Presents, and at prices
from $16 to $4 Oacta. 002 H. M WillTNKT.
ITCH AS ARK USED- FOR. MAKING
Fancy Card Frames, for sale by
U. si. vvuiias.1.
All the Late Books I
T1 AN BE FOUND AT THE BOOK-STORE.
For Sale Cheap.
n. M. WHITNEY.
Barstow Cook, Nos. 2, 3, 4. a splendid Stove,
TalUrs' More. No. 2,
Schema era' L'siabssaei, Nos. 1 and X
Farsssrra Caldrsn., for wood, 10, 21. SO, SO gallons,
Waffle Irsasi Freucb Roll Pans, Oval Brown Urea4
Pans, Gem Pans, Ac, Ac. 714 2m
MUTUAL LIFE INSURANCE C0MP7
OF II ART FORD, VOSN.,
With an accumulated Reserve Fund of over Twenty
Ive Million Dollars, is the
Oldest Mstsal Inbiranee Compio) la America,
Um tbe Largest amoaat of iwiets
Tbe Largest Receipts and Smallest Exptises,
The Largest amber ef Members,
Pays tbe Largest He tarn Dividend,
lad Is the most Liberal Co. In existence.
HAVINO BEEN "APPOINTED AGENT
for the Hawaiian Islands of the almve old and wealthy
Life Insurance Company, lam prepared to furnish any In
formation pertaining to Life Insurance, and to receive ap
plications for tbe Insuring of lives of any aie totween 14 aud
60 years, on as favorable terms as are offered by any ether
The attention of those contemplating Insuring their own lives
or tbe lives of others. Is Invited to tbe superior advantsret
offered by this Company, In the large amount of its asset
and the consequent security afforded to the insured. Its in
eome from Interest atone more than covers all the expenses, ia
clodlng payments on account of tbe death of members.
Circulars and all other desired Information will be supplied
on application, personal! or by letur, to yrmTyKr
Agent toe the Hawaiian Islands.
AFRESH SUPPLY OF JOURNAL tTt.K
AND RECORD BOO KB, Jot received per D. C. NUB.
RAY and for sale by II. M. WUITNKY.