Newspaper Page Text
C O XIIVT E XI C I AL .
5 t I LIlhAY. Jl F. 4. lO.
aln-jdy l- s o to rrtUuli.r.: tralli -, and to hai e Ihe rout-;
r,v hUa th products .1 Intern A.U h ve tu Conveyed to
i:'ar.p,U prov.nby lb arrival in ll..t city, recently, of
,.,!,, car I... !.r,f ea.oniu. way fro... CWn to L.1n.l.
TV U the firt .! rrn .h-rUH-nl of tea, or anylh.r. lf . frin
bina ! Kur. t- by -y f An.r.i, and is inertly th p.
er a laishly -" '''L'U,, in ""- lu,ar-"-
The r out a. r the I - .:.-, arr. luc .onlineot, al acr.
,be i!.u1tirtmurh.lj..rt.:r than t'.e .,M route around the
C,of H -K. t-r lh..- the PaexCaual,so
thai if t:.- .reihl w r.,ual, the difn.rer.ri! in lime, aa well aa
other inri I,l.J adv-ml.;-, will secure Ihe tralHc f,r the Pa
cific K.iar -a I.
TI... Iji ulu tirat.tr U!
t!it thuu-aiyN ff iujI of tufl"
old a !-: are dipt-d 1 in London aiminlly aipo.-l "I Hie
i .t 4i,-W i..-r.,U. i.u. ..Til -- :"'" "
"sr. -t.tl ru,-r," - suni-wd-r." or -sift"'-," ' Composed
of an irfin-t-Tirnal araou-.l i t the r-maimrij i,rl:on being
,iliu,i.y .tatr,.ta.-i. .Ut. swal f 1 !,:" im-
,-rt.-.l m.inuf... tur i i -ha China:.. n Us in the market at
.it,s..-e M' I, llf! K ' ,luI' cn
this ml .J. left .!.!- an-1 Mitrit.i.uj. " t hina ini vl.tre." There
i kbK rvet. w.r.e liar. 11"-. if th-.- vuU.t. -u of the brokers
mou'.t t. a..; lUlus, tUy rati:.;; il at tut tw"j-i.':c-!l.ilf;- t.i.y
On f :-. rt .n t .n :"' alt' Mi -n f.f
!!.: li'.iw l !!- t.ct l 'tit in t!. r'ri n. !i t.-.rUI a !rrunirjiliiii
imi!. i.ifit .r. f romm'J.li iii.rl i! in F't.rh tow.-I
In ii,-ri.Ml wind: a:l cra.; V..-: lity ia kn cw.t.
It.-pat'.-r i thr ca.-1 1 f..r- cn . U. In cfuiH-ntin on it, a
N.-or Vi.rk ;!.. r cutrr..l th it t!o aiuo f.-ature in t!: Ani'.-r-
ii:a.1 t.trirr j.i.t lurir-criiii twrlWit I ur;-e in re-
g:.S r i;.r. Ul fc--a i ai.J wo-i! 1 more I clt.i.tc ll.an
-1' . ..'.. - t,r Ulttr arc li-t i.ir:i Ut all, tut tiUt no IX-
: 't.r.r.-cf ,h, a x,m..,.v-
. t... ri.j.n i- trtaiv ..iiaii'.ns iiih utwLc iiit:riiiiijia"
li a ini ;-.Ke i ra.ili:l urH tr. al..-a may, Uca
l!i. y la;-, I": r-.v .1 i t!i it ! l- t Prance it .L in; all .he
raa t' tu.:.l u; cnnn. r.-i.l n.aii.i ; ai.J ie h'.; thai the
ucz tarl win make ' I Mai v i'l-js a gt-ui c. -minimal ceiitr&
TU ."ax f.-ni.auy r-irl th.it frt.ni Ihe I'ltniiS t'
itioih 'f Aj-ril, .!. I-aw .1 Ihroo-h, a filuaras In
.N.,.uilK.r, 1 Ik. . u.Ur, J ; Jai.ry, M ; Fil.ru.-uy. -"J ;
JJartU, i Ai-ril (.:; w k;, Li. TU-; l-tal rvc-ij ts from the
,-;iui n U eil of Mar. U wif l,.'.i- S franc. Tte rt-crii-ta
u( lh: l.ilt. r bvjci'U f-.rc fiii,Ti- franca.
The (Kirk f. C. Murray a-iilo! on T!ur! iy f -r San Fran-
ico, takir4afu!!-ar.of j r.Iucc, hi. li will be f'.un.! rc-Hru.-i
The C'.im. r U the only v.. c:i the l.-. rth r..r Ihcalvc i.rt.
V ail..- in S in f rai-W lii m l.iku on IK maiinu ay
ati4 in.jwr.:l- il ty the uil rwrit:r, ail IuuimI in guod conili.
nt.n, aiI a c rt fif it" furiiith -tt whit U ail .ws li;r I) KiJ ter
Iillc.iiat.ly, It; il
Mr. H rl'.w ! i-1 mi Thnr-.i.:j- i.i.; i f tlir nwntl attractive
.iucti.1 Kit tliat we 1-ive h ul r many u.tn.tVi. Th- t)lc
ff t'K-.!- t,:r. rt .1 a ." n..vil ami ur.iiut, lb. it it attracteil the
aiiiiiti.Ki ',f j' l'! r ami r t.i.I il. r-. an-l the .rit- ol.taii J
rrr atif.u-t ry, c tiiJti.I-rin tlic -:atin of the tar, auJ llic
ctntc of iratl'.-.
Mr. li.irl'.w .M cn S.itur'I.ty kit a twelve bti? r-astare
t.l kx-ii't! jiL-.: ffyo(il lh: t;at!t,lir l.urial griaitJ, which
italiznl ii'0. Tin-re was a :iIiiaM'; lisli-jtoml imlutlt-il,
Lirh aton- U ail ! It vorih tlx: uia i.l. Mr. C. P. WarJ
waa the purrhni.-r.
The r iular Virt.U I'arkit llubt. Cou-un arriTeJ fn.m Vic
! ria ia lh" It witii a (nil care'., corwistiiu; mainly of lumber.
?h will r. turn ti Kfname port with iiisi-au-u.
Uy.h :.i; c;r..V,rlwM.a
the itOtlt of May. Tlte American tariff ha.1 bvtn laul aitle in
;on!;r-, aiul ic;!! pr lrtMy n. I so lhat the preaent J
.iuif will nuiain in f tee. It i thuuiii that the pruatecu of i
,Le Hawaiian Reciprx ity Tr,a:y whiM by li,i p.tponcilient
fi:rt roniiiiO'-J Leary in t!ic Pan Franruwro market, with
ii ruais a i.rntci ol improTcnient. I.niet aaica, lojc. fr
ctoirp ; lO'fflOic. f.rj'i ; 6-S:V. f.r darker grades. Coffee,
brm at lsi.ul'JC K.ce, j..bLi.".j at 8c. Pulu, tluU at 8c.
ve b.e tue U!owing whaling report s Bark Julian, !
ll'-ppiiw'tocie, at f-pan, Man-h 23d, ISO bhia. humpback. Had j the contract, nor could the name of the party
parted from 4 whale and l.t another br?e whak.-. ReporU ; jj , thfl contract found in tnc instrument.
Co, brii, WillU. i' rjTm, 108 humplrark. Ijvjodn, Pwift, ! J ,
150 humpback- Minerto, .wi n, 8 humpback. At Yoko- iH any one be bo !h1J as to ray that these
hama, April 15th, Jau, Green; forma, lweii ; no re- j laborers entered into the contract with a full un
port. January 2'5th, mth utitude 35 GO', west tongi'u.le , dcrfitandino- of its force and effect? One testifies
l.Vt IV, Lumpa, 24 motilha ont, 1,000 bbU. sperm, 000 LbU. .... ra . , , ., . , . , t i t i
. , " that he was told that he was to work at his trade
commercial ITEMS. as a' stone cutter, and upon his arrival was placed
Tnr. VVhalk Fuhht.-The rlae t.f the catrhirf of the j :n a crKllc hotise
whale ISfherr ini Girted into rtew Bedford during the year
IH .J, was t t.ot.7,00.
ha n I ince been
in 1SOJ, f-gistere
L-d 2C3 tona, and waa ownett by Pope Ac Talbot.
niM e Panama with iOO pa.senrers, JT95.-
00' in tr.!.ure. antl merchandise for New York to the value of
S'.tT.OiKJ. itirlu.ling Si1 centaW of mustard seed. 3,000 bidea, j
a;j,t)-.-0 II. wool, ami 800 cases of l.usk's canned fruit. j
An event in American commerce was the recent arrival at
I.ivrjKw.l of th-; Iron Aye. the firal iron sailing vessel built in
IU: L nii'-.l Si.ilh. the t.k a care- of cotton from Galveston,
au.! attrart.Hl cnmtiderabU: attention al Liverpool. S he ia rated .
a l i..r twenty year.
Il-nrr Joha Murray, IlrjtUh Consul at Portland, Maine. ;
rromuhritf. by order f ll'-r Majesty's Covernment, an an- ;
ii.i.;im nt turd l.v the Governor funeral of India, offering i
aPr..rf fr-.o-w in f..r the invention oi aome machinery j
or prtH- . (..r ne;taraiai2 the libre and bark of trie Uamie, or j
China grass plant, an article the demand for which is increasing, j
The bark Captnin Atkinson, aaileil frcm Belling-I
Ifcv .-.v.-mI..-r -Jiili. I0'J. with acars-j of coal f.r San
Fran-ic., since which time nothing ha lieen heanl from her.
The Kutw3'jtf was bin It at New Ib-dlord in lS"U, waa formerly
m wli.il.-r, nziatered 4U Ions, and UIoi.;.-d to Pope A: Talbot, '
tf !:n Franc wo.
Ton Sm Fb4ci'-o Per Com- t. on.
Ftin PoaTLt, C)ar.ci Per Jane A. Falkinbnrg.
Foa t.tiitiM IVr Pau ihi, M .mlay.
Fob III mi Per Kate I-oe, l-d.ty.
Foa Ki l Per Hallie. t'-i!ay.
PORT Or HONOLULU. II.
May 20 S lir I.uka, from Hawaii.
S. Iir Annie. Babcx k. from Hawaii.
.".I -hr Krtrfii Ana, Bikeke, from Kauai.
31 Si br llokiiU le, irt ui Mnui and Tdt.lokaL
l-ril brig Kohl C..ari.eck. 0.l?yrm Victoria. ,
1 N hrkjlL'l-, it..rres, fmni Hawaii. j
1 S hr 1'au.ihi, IlaiUttier, from Maui and Molokai. j
1 Sfhr Warwick. J' l.n Bull, fp.m MolokaL '
1 Selir Manuokawai, Makahi, from Maai. j
1 S. br Jenny, l-imb- rt. from Kauai. '
'i Am .hip Gov Morton, Low kind, 13 daya from San '
2 Schr Mar Ellen, from Maui.
1 SrUr Hat lie. Nika, from Kauai.
3 tchr Fairy Hmvii, Munlh, from Kauai.
4 fchr M"t Reiki. Nape, trom Maui.
4 Jclir hinau, Wahti, from Maui.
St-hr Fairy Queen. Smith, for Kauai.
.Vr tier nil U M S oinan. At wood, lor Baker's Ia.
Am li Puritan, Henry, lor tUider burj ' IsLumI.
JHS.-hr Active, MellUh. for Hawaii.
Ji-S-iir Odd Fellow, Marrhant, for Hawaii.
.'W S.-'ir Nettie Merrill. Clum-y. for Mani and Hawaii,
t Schr Marilda. Iterrill. for Hawaii.
:!iehr l.i. Kiiki. Nape, f.r Maui,
rio .c!ir Mary, t Kauai.
:il S. hr l.uka, for Hawaii.
Schr I iwana. Maknnahett-h- le, for Molokai it Maui.
31 Sl..p Live Vankee. f r Maui.
Jane 1 Se hr Annie, Hancock, ft Hawaii.
2 Am bk U C Murray, Sueppard, for San Francisco.
U Scar Warwick. Joim luil. Ut Molokai.
Schr Jenny, Lambert, for Kauai.
2 Sfhr Manuokawai. Makahi. K.r Maui.
1 Schr Mary Kllen. lor Maui.
Fn VicTOBia, V I Per Uebt Cowan, Jane 1st :
H ran.lv. rsks ........ 2 (turn, hhtls 4
Pry c 2 Shinties, No 75250
Uln.cs....... 24 S;ilm.n, bbla.. 3J
Lumber, rough, ft...... TS.Ouo Sherry, ki.-s. . ......... 7
dr-ed, ft . ... 4j,0Kfi Screws, bsg. .......... 17
Folat.a. too ti Tomatoes, ca... li
I'icketsNo 3,000! V hbky, i ok 1
Foa Eiormu's Islasd Per Puritan, Mar 27th:
Anchors, No 3 Lumber, ft 00,000
Anchor Mock 1 Mules, No 3 1
,3.ooo STbi.?!::::::::: 4 j
Hrtrad tha 7.427 Paiai, tba 17,900 j
vh.ua c-abte, pe. 3 Rice. tt,a 8,500:
raw, urn. ...... ...... 2,o Anil stores. 1
1 mu, bara. ............ 4?j
Valaa For.Jo,081 67 Iow. $2,166 H; Trans.fl,002 Ml
Fob noeaoo Per Sumatra, May 27th :
fWf, pkjra.-- 3" Shark 0aa,pkgs
t opper, tka lla Specie $3.C31 60
Dry goods, pkgt. ...... M Tea, pkes..
augus. ft . ........... Lnsp-cUKd mdae, pkie..
leul. old. ft 4.fi4
Value Foreign. -.S4.5J7 80; Dome tic. ..$1,439 00.
Vb Sa Fiabcisco Per D C Murray, Joae 24 :
lianans. Oin ........ so Sogara,lfca...... ...... 5S0 023
Codec, ft.. .......... C,3-J Spirit, f alia...
Hide, No............ ZSj Tallow, ft ............
Jewelry. pkg. ........ 3 Wine, gaJ;. ...........
Paddy, tta 17.Si
Value Foreign.. ?Lp7S 6?; Domestic... $32,609 06.
Foe B4KE'a IaLAB-Per R M Slotnan, May 2siu:
Casks, iratla ii J Horae
Value Foreign. .....$36 w. Domestic $50 00.
Foe Eimiii'it'i laLAKD Per Puritan, Ma, tTlh Eliaa
Hempstead, Ber.j llempateed, Thos Martin, 60 labuKS C3.
Foe Hose koso Per Sumatra, Ma 27th Aheoog, wife
and three children. Arnack, Actio, Waa Huek, tain Vt,
Chaack, Aai. Aii, Akaa 14.
Fob Bum's Ilud-Per U M Sloovan, My 28th Fire
laborers A. .
Fboh MqrEs Per Isabella, May 27th Her 3 Eaoe
aioha. and son 2.
Fo tU F.icimto Per D C Mnrray, June 2d CC Cole
man. T V Siu:er, U F Pinkbam, Mrs 11 lla'.tey. Mir Fanny
tlalay. net vv r AietaiMler, Mrs uiCKey wl ctnlil.f. t rank-
ley. Uiah'-p StaN-y, rife awl three children. D 11 Kiijl.y, Mia
Leonora I rwin, ! isa Tb-ulora Pat y. Al houan Joarpl. 1, Daniel j
Hotter. John Heittey, Wm Kl!iuj;l"n, Win Chu renal, Frank
K.Jlin?, Wm Uteh-iri ll.
SATURDAY, JUSE 4.
On Wednesday hfct His Kx. C. C. Harris,
Mihitter of I oreiJ lielatiune, tok tLe floor t
an-swer the Mij'iiortcrs of Vic bill tj repeal the
Mar-ters and Servants' I-aw ; but iijf;re jiarticularly
a.s hid Feccli will warrant us in paying, to make
a bitter j-erimal attack ujjn His Kx. t!c Attor
ney (leneral, becaure that gentlcnian bad refuted
tj fctultify Liuielf by hui jorting a law under
j wiic-li a hVfctcm of bondage baa devt-loj ed. The
rtculiar tactics of Mr. Harris were brought into
j lay in si uitrki-d decree ; tlierc was the usual
mlsrej'rwentati-jii of facts, the eujfreHcion ot
trutho of which he bai full cognizance; together
with the clap trap j-eculUr V) lawyers of his
calibre. Names v.eic dral intu hir- tpeech for
n other iea?Mii than t give an air i' respect
ability to a disputable efl'ort.
A careful erud or hi. Fjeeeli lailH to discover
a Mi.-Ie nrgiiiiu nt b i-ed upn the morality of
the law which be defends ; not a line to combat
the charge of unconstitutionality fo manfully put
forward and supported by the Attorney (Jeneral ;
not a word in aur-wt-r to the cruhin facts
, hrnUht p,ru-ar(J MewrF. ThoIHI'Soll and LyOOC.
' " J i t " i
; The only reply to the contract presented by the
i fti-f 'rentlciiian. rroviniT that a
bad t-hij pel or contracted for two months labor
In ISoT, and who was ttill held under the con
tract ii May. 1-70, and who had been incarcerated
a a lilm. was a miserable whine to the effect
that there fats were Fprttn upon him, the speaker.
The only ground taken by Mr. Harris was that
the exigencies of the times and thcc necessities of
the planters demand this law the veritable ar
gument used at the planters' meeting that the
condition of the country was tteh that com
pulsory labor was a necessity. His Excellency
was p!cacd to bring forward statistics, and by
them roved tliat our export of sugars had in
creased lour-fold under thw law, urging this as a
" od and Miilicicnt reason for in continuance.
In other words this enlightened ftati-tinan takes
for IU rule of action t!ic Jesuitie-.il textd that
wrong may bo done that good may follow, and
that the end jut-tilles the means. To his fancy
the tea ha of jut-ticc rbould !o held by pouic an- i
pointee of ids, in full tymi-ithy w ith his peculiar
ideas, clcpcJ a " Lxral Magistrate," and that
the tculcs fchould be filled on the one hand with
war and molasbes, on the other w ith llebli and
jir. Harris a I. so eaid tliat the contracts were
anJ Sj fir lie nay bc trutll.
ful, but Why bhouM he ttop here Has llC lor-
gtjttcti hia eliallcngc to any and all persons to
T r(JJucc a coolie w1mJ Could not read and who had
j not 6igncd hir contract to labor? Ilaa be for-
cottcn to bn t!;e answer to bis challenge? - Out
of ten coolies examined, but one could read and
write ; one could read and not write ; eight could
neither iid nor write; that not one hadeigncd
Again it will bc remembered that His Majesty's
. , . . t ,
,n Cllin.1, the HirWCCS of thf
hat eminently gofjl man
the Ilev. Mr. Lobschcid. which Wad Of itself a 6uf-
licicnt warrant tliat the procural of these coolies
was honorably Conducted.
March 29th, 1S70, eaj'H, in a
The China Mail, of
eaxt. in alludinrr to the olhcial
.- , r n.i -i i. n, t.. 4i ...
tickets of the Harbor blaster ot Hongkong, they
' have been used as Carelessly as Were the llcv. Mr.
T , . . ,. , , . , r ., ... r.,.
LobsthCld S CClcbratCil letters Ot SluthoM ty ! 1 hCfcC
lalt d1)Cument3 were made directly subservient
to a IiiffltOpinf practice."1
..;, .X M A 1 t, f'l,rt
1 "w "--"'"""jr "t... i.i.iv
colfOrtCUT, IS to the CuCCt tliat he Was Crossly
. ... - f- j
deceived, and instances might be multiplied of
deceit and fraud. Our necessities, however,
warrant this peculiar jioliey !
j We now have an insight into the method by
j which they arc secured and brought into this
country. Let us .-e how the law works after
j their arrival. One hundred, more or les, of
J these bonded laborers were assigned to 11. C.
j Wylie to bc worked upon his eugar estate at
J Ilanalei, Kauai. In course of time Mr. Wylie
! died, and by this law his coolies were freed from
! their contracts; but wlrnt was done? Let us
J read from an advertisement which appeared in
our at tJiat time :
" By virtue fJ an order i.-ued out of the Supreme Court of
the Hawaii m Islamls. will lie sold at public auction, on Sjatur-
day, 7l!i ib.Wof tfc-plembcr, ls67, in front of the Court 1 ouse
d.H.r, in.l tlit-n follow a description of the proerty, rompris-
i"- mills, machinery, carts, cattle, horse-, improvements,
tu.MiiAi.i9 run i..L.uii, ami oilier i kui lki i."
Here are bonded laborers styled property and
offered at auction. Some may say thai the con-
tracts only were offered. To set this quibble
aside, let us read on :
"Th- re are I HO COOI.IF.S belonging to the plantation,
whose contracts f.r lals.r expire in October, lTU, their wages
being I r month and found. The whole" (cattle, Aloises
and f.lif ; forms on-j of the moet desirable estates on the
Hawaiian Inlands, Vc."
The order lor their Bale was obtained from the
Supreme Court by Charles Ii. Bishop, James W.
Austin nnd Samuel N. Castle ; and the Chancellor
of the Kingdom, Klisha II. Allen, became the
purchaser of these bonded laborers. So much of !
. , f,.,, , , , . , ,, . i
iiwiuw oi "..iiiT niiucenaiim, uh uiwruiea
against the servant, is rigidly enforced ; this, nnd j
nothing more. Thin is nut rho rmlv inKtnneo !
... .... . .
wnerc men or tneir contracts nave oeen eom.
And after reading the above advertisement, can !
any one honestly tay that the coolie system has
no feature in common with slavery?
The poor creatures styled lanahikis and Buka
bukas, obtained from islands to the southward,
have also beeu deceived and held under contracts
that no court in France, England or the United
States etiuld or would justify. Taken from their
homes in Novem!er lat under fair promises of
abundance of diet, such as they were accustomed
to and 1!sht 1:lbor-t,,e are vat upu a diefc an J
worked to that extent that out of the thirty-nine
I ukabukas but twenty are now alive. During
the week past we have seen six of these unfor
tunates, who claim to have run from Mr. Harris'
(Kancohc) Plantation, and they tell a 6tory that
would excite the indignation of even would be
. . , . . . ... ...... ...
pnnantnropisw.; - vv imc tins nauguiy ministerial
" Master " is answering those who have taken
op the cause of the oppressed Servant " these
human chattels are stalking through our streets
sick and emaciated, knowing not where to lie
His' Excellency was pleased to make the usual
slavt; masters' assault upon Massachusetts and
her' institutions. He was as bitterly personal
ar.J abusive as any Lcgrcc of the old time
Southern Srates. In fact bi.-i manner in the As
eeni bly on Wednesday carried us back in memory
to the days wlien .Brooks and bis cortdjutors at
tempted to rule the Senate of the United States
with the bludgeon.
Mr. Harris owes bis present position and power
to tlie outrage of 1SG1, by which the present
Constitution uas forced upon a weak and eub-
- 1 1 1 - 1 ti.'l V... o
"'"'e l'le, iiiiu ou imuuo iiib
tinuafion of the inline IlicV. InfamOUS OS hia
omrse was then is far more so now. Thi-"
centralization of Towcr in his own jerjn. for he
is virtually king, will iead surely and inevitably
to anarchy and confusion. Our only safety ia in
decentralization and a return to a government of
ministerial responsibility and accountability to
the people. There are too many in the com
munity w ho think tliat a refonn is inii-oesible,
and who urge that matters should bc allowed to
go to the bad ; to eucb we commend the following
on " The Folly of Political Despondency " from
JlarjiiT's W'ctkhj :
Political events at Albany and at Wahingt.n, wi h reports
of th - vcna!iiv of the fH.utht-ru Igwlaturea, nccaaiou a gm
1.,.! ..r,..iitica'l IcMH.n.lfciA-y in the ininJa of certain I-ersM.ns,
,1 'by u!.j..-ctin the public mind l- total .leiuoraUzat ion.
hai f.r iitauc"-, would have been gained in lSo3, tf the
. . i.n.i iu.t ulu.tvf'tl lliroll"!
h the null (Terence ol jrootl
m.-n to eTeci Mr. Seymour and Mr. Ulair, with Mr. W ade
ll .n.l.toua. the chief J.uthen. friend of the dmmiatrati..ii,
and Mr Andrew Johusoi.'s K.'il iinancea continued ns its
i-,licv- ? ' The country has a great th ai or Corruption toencv un
ler i.w ; but in that event it would Lave lt-u confronted Willi
corruption awl .l:Saii.lac.ion combined. Or what advance
wouU it have been to civilization if the a.di-slavery reforuKrs
ba.1 .id. lo. ty year. M that they woul. pive a avery ro,
intinth and lei ii h:.n2 iwlf ? I it not a little doubtful which
would be now daimlins .lavery or liberty? ,....
A wise man takes counsel, iu political action, of his discretion,
not of his dirgu.it.
Tt'UlH" Jot tin K.
The proceedings ol the Assembly for the present
week possess more than ordinary interest, par
ticularly the debates'on the Master and Servant
Law. They are given as fully as our epaee will
admit, and should bc read by all, especially tho
two principal speeches those of the Attorney
General and the Minister of Foreign Affaire. It
waa not generally known w hat the opinions of the
Attorney General were, until he spoke on Monday
last, although it was generally believed that he
did not favor the law. And his position on the
rjuestion was undoubtedly known to his associates
in tlic Cabinet, notwithstanding the public asser
tions to the contrary of the Minister of Foreign
It is well for the Hawaiian picople that there is
one man in the Cabinet, capable of viewing this
great question in a disinterested light, as every
judge should bc capable of acting on every ques
tion that comes up before him. The Attorney
General has not taken an active part in this dis
cussion, before it came up in the House, because'
his is an advisory office ; and probably he would
not have done so in the House, had not his silence
been construed into u support oi tie law aa it
stands on tho statute book.
We honor the man, whoever he may bc, who
can rise above the restraints of" political bondage
and boldly declare that a law which he believes
prejudicial to the interests of one class of the
people, ought to be rctcaled or amended. And a
sad day will it bc for the liberties of Hawaii ?ui,
when every public officer's opinion of right or
wron"- must bc controlled ')y one who assumes to
dictate to all when none can sit in the councils
of the nation but such as are willing to sell them
selves, body and soul, like Esau of old, for the
emoluments of office.
The argument of one of tho honorable members
from Ililo, to the effect that if the Constitution
stands in the way of the Masters and Servants
Law remaining on the statute book, the Consti
tution ought to bc set aside has a very bad look.
We have once in our day seen the Constitution
" set aside " because it did not suit the whims of
Ministers. The next time it id " set aside,''
The debate on the expenditure of the whole ap
propriation of $8,000 for the late M. Kekuanaoa,
who died before the first year of the appro
priation bill had expired, has been quite interest
ing, sho.ving aa it docs that native llawaiians
begin to understand the principle of ministerial
responsibility. There was no legal authority for
j expending one cent of his salary beyond the day
of his death, and if the balance of 5,u00 of
that appropriation was spent, unauthorized, the
Minister should be held accountable therefor,
and, unless the mistake is rectified, perhaps
The effort to bring the American Consul before
the bar of the Assembly to answer for alleged
irregularities, cither betrays an unpardonable
ignorance of international right or a determina
tion to insult a friendly pnver. Fortunately the
good sense of the Assambly checked the effort of
certain parties disposed to create trouble in this
Of His Ex. S. II. Phillips, Attorney General,
on the Master and Servant Law, delivered May
SO, 1S70 :
Mr. Phillips (Attorney General) Had listened
J to this debate with great patience and anxiety,
j and thought it one ot tho most important bills
I introduced this session, as it affects a great deal
of property, and the personal liberty of many. It
was his impression there was not one present
who waa not in favor of repeal, or at least of
some change. Several petitions have been brought
lorward asking lor a cnange, and trom them be
thought it a question pretty generally felt by the
whole community, and for that reason ought to
bc carefully considered, and looked in the lace.
! If the bill is indefinitely postponed it would bc
! entirely got rid of; and if anything else was
wanted, it would have to be done anew. It the bill
is indefinitely postponed, we ought to consider
whether the law ought to stay on the Statute, as by
tue bill it is claimed to be unconstitutional, it
will be seen that the law was enacted Jbefore our
Constitution was made, and by its 78th Article it
will be seen that "all laws iu force at the date of the
enactment ot the Constitution, shall continue and
remain in full effect, until altered or repealed by
the Legislature : such parts only excepted as are
repugnant to this Constitution. All laws hereto
fore enacted, or that may hereafter be enacted,
which arc contrary to this Constitution, shall be
null and void.-'
Now if this law in its substantial parts conflicts
with the Constitution, it Is most certainly unconsti
tutional, and 1 think tho member from Ililo went a
little too far when he debated the bill regardless
of the Constitution, as every one ought to cpnsid.tr
such with as much carefulness and impartiality as
a judge, and when a judge comes -to a law which
is unconstitutional, he Las to make a decision re
gardless of coniiequences and the havoc it may
cause. It we look at Judge Lee. just back -of us,
we w ill see the sayino;, " Fiat justitia, mat coelum,"
that was uttered by a distinguished judge in Eng-
lanu who gave a man ins lioeriy. anu to wnom ap
peals were constantly made upon the havoc such
a decision would cause, yet Le decided in favor of
that man's liberty with that quotation. Let every
one act on ins ouiciai oatu. ivory man must act
upon this occasion with duesolemuity as though he
were a judge. The Constitution can be amended,
but not by law, it must be done by an organic act
and two legislatures. Now this is claimed to be
unconstitutional, and if this is referred to the
Courts, the Courts must decide ; but if we wait till
the Courts decide, will it not open a greater num
ber of lawsuits than the decision would produce.
A law which lies on the Statutes as unconstitu
tional ought to be repealed. Hie question is. Is
this law unconstitutional? Iam very sorry that
an abstract question should involve 90 much as this
does. Take into consideration the agricultural in
terest, all of which ought to be protected by
proper legislation, as it Las done much to improve
the condition of these islands. So do all who work
on plantations deserve the careful and paternal
protection of this Assembly. I have considered
the question carefully for a great while, and have
careiully avoided committing myself. When I first
came here, the first question put to me fairly stag
gered me. It was, " Were Chinamen under contract
liable to taxation, as they were contracted with for
labor, and were in the nature of property?" Dut
they are men. and liable to personal taxation.
This matter whs decided in Court. There was a
general claim all round that they ought to be ex
empt from taxes. If this was not a claim of prop
erty, it was certainly very like it. How far is this
law warranted under the Constitution ? There is
one question which I w ish to meet, and which onght
to be met. It is said that the laws ot other couu- i
- mi-.. .... I f w-.w. 1 1 jnt-v LLim.ii nr-vr i? l.va -
: ..t t.,. Lrinil. 1 Herd
" Jnft in PlUi,-sy .jrlalin, -Re-u
iican- .b... t hesitate to make bsraain- with tbe ti'.r.oualy
'"rrut.t I tii'tcrat. Corruption, I universal; and
there in nothing for it but to lt llii.ra drive to ielrm lion aa
w i It! v ai 'i le, and we .hall ee daylifihl." Bui the -.Ucy
all ows UiiK-'- to become t ha-1 ... ihi-y can U-,m the hope
of t hereby stimulating a resolution of n-Birm, i uot .e w.sesl
.lirr The t. nd'-i.ey ef " things in the b ad d.rection nee-U
L, eiiouratemeut ; and in abandoning them to Iheir Jatt, or in
. ' , , . ,rL.,endous nks are lu
ll a u
tries are totally different from ours. 1 reating such
a measure iu this way was strange, as many ol the
articles in the Bill or lthjuts ot this JviDgdom are
taken bodily from the laws of Massachusetts, and
whether wisely or unwisely, they are found in this
Cons .itullon. The 1st Article of the Constitution
of this Kingdom is very much like that of Massa
chusetts, only a little stronger. I wish it might be
noticed particularly how tue word inalienable is
tp-ed, and it is with reference to this Article all
their decisions have been made. SlaTery existed
in Massachusetts at one time, and it was held that
the 1st Article abrogated slavery. The effect of
the word inalienable is that liberty can't be alien
ated It can't he sold. Liberty can't be sold tor
life-or lor one vear; and therefore when a case
arose, which was iu icgaid to a Swedish servant
who contracted lor live years, it was decided, under
this Article, that her right could not be alienated.
ilere we have this constitutional provision be
fore us. ami the question is. whether the existing
law conHicts with the Constitution. I do not con
sider this question, but ll.ere have been contracts
contrary to the Constitution. If a contract pass to
another, the laborer by this act sells himself into
si ivery. If a man contracts to perform a specific
work, that is all right, lint cannot a man alienate
hisliberty.it he chooses to do so? The Constitu
tion denies him the right. It may be a reason for
amending the Constitution, but we have no right
to overlook it. There are certain things a man
cannot do. He cannot sell his lite, and the same
clause in the Constitution that says that life is in
alienable, says also th.U libei ty'is inalienable. A
man might let himself out to crime, but the law
does not uphold him ia it. It is impossible to
elaborate upon this question ia debate, when it has
to be done in t'.vo languages. 1 do not know how
the jiitlgi-s may decide, as no man has a right to
know beforeha'ud what a judge is to decide
on any question ; and no judge will put himself in
a position where he will commit himself ; but I do
know how great judges have decided on similar
questions, and I most certainly say that I cannot
see how under the existing provisions of the Con
stitution this law can exist upon cur Statutes. I
respect the opinions of all, and they ought to be
given. Now J have considered and decided the
question carefully in my own mind, and would
think it cowardly if I did uot thus express myself.
It may be asked if there are not provisions that
can be made to stay any trouble ? In the case of
shipping seamen, there are certain ppeciflc duties
to perform, and certain duties that are imperative,
and if laborers on plantations are similar cases,
then legislate to that end.
Contracts should be recorded before agents of
the Government, who should be men that can go
among the people without any suspicion of foul
play, ship such as wanted to labor, and correct
abuses where they existed iu the land ; and the law
that governs sailors should be made to govern
these plantation laborers. I cannot see how any
other law can be sustained by the Constitution. In
relation to the actions of our District Judges, new
laws can be made to govern them, and such a case
as has been presented by the member from Hono
lulu (Mr. Thompson) demands immediate attention.
If by the present law a laborer refuses to work, he
shall be imprisoned, and condemned to work twice
the length of time he has been absent. If that is
not putting criminal law into private hands. I don't
know what is. It is no answer to say that a man
can do as he wants to. He cannot alienate his lib
erty. I cannot see how he can do it.
The question before us is, shall this bill be in
definitely postponed ? Some may desire to indefi
nitely postpone, and say we will bring forward a
new law. Won't it be fairer to say, shall this law
be amended or repealed. Is it the true course to
vote indefinite postponement? I must say. Mr.
Chairman, I think not. What I have said I have
stated in great frankness, and await the opinions
of others. I must say tlu'se are views I feel con
scientiously bound to take on this question, as I
have studied the matter fully and carefully.
Of His Ex. C. C. Harris, Minister of Foreign
Affairs, on the Master and Servant Law, deliver
ed June 1, 1870 :
I had not intended to speak on this bill before
it came into the House. 1 had purposed to speak
before the House, in case the Committee should
adopt the bill ; but the fact that one of my col
leagues has considered himself called upon to
give his opinion, has summoned me to the debate,
and his action in the debate, considering his posi
tion in the House and before the people, is very
strange indeed. His was a ministerial scat, and
so were the seats of his colleagues, which were given
by the same power, and we are to give you the benefit
oje!iai. liaiA'eegtyLAP.dour opinion during the
prise that the Law officer of the Crown should tell
t.: -,i.i l.j.f l, , . .., i-
uib .uv,.u,,t u. .g
to the provisions Ot the Constitution. It would be
SUpposetl tliat lie t-liouul liave Drought forward a bill
to abolish the existing law. He has seen fit to bring
forward his official position, and reputation to pro-
nounce this law unconstitutional, which has been
existing for 0 years ; and ho argues that he must
give an opinion on the bill now before the Assembly,
although he has on no occasion hitherto advised
tho King or his colleagues in regard to this
question. lie said he did not wish then to com
mit himself, neither did he until the other day
on this floor. It is my duty to state that none of my
colleagues or the Cabinet Council endorse him in his i
opinion on this law, and I will, with great modesty,
state that I have been favored with positions of hon
or and trust under this Government.
This law is entirely within the Constitution of this
country. Judge Lee framed this law; antl to the day
of his death maintained its constitutionality, and the
same m;ty be said cf Judge llobcrtson, up to whose
death the law never was questioned. I3ut when-1
see gentlemen rise in their seats and talk of this law
as slavery, I am a little astonished. I hold in my
hand the authority of an important man in the even
ing of his life and the zenith of his fame, the same
being Mr. Horace Greeley, of whom many in this
Assembly have heard of before. That gentleman
states th:it the coolie system is not a mild system of
slavery, it is no slavery, that no slave receives wages
and no slave can hold land, or claim a woman as his
wife or his offspring ns his own children. I propose
to adopt this aa my stand point in my debatcand am
willing to stand or fall by it, and any one aspiring to
high executive authority ought to know that the
coolie system is no slavery at all. The slave has no
wages. Does the contract laborer have no wages,
has he no chance of action against his master ? I
propose to examine this law by the light of our own
Constitution and our own history. Fortunately we
have not to go far. There are people among us to-day
who assisted in framing the Constitution of 1852, as
well as the Constitution of 1864, in which the first
Articles arc similar, the debates on the Constitution
are in yonder House, and weean easily find out what
they meant by the word " inalienable," without the
assistance of sages. V c don't need the enlightened
opinion of Judge Thomas to find out what was consti
tutional. e wo jU have known just as much if that
enlightened Massachusetts Judge had never lived, or
if the case of rarson, vq. Trask had never happened.
1 say wc are not living under the Laws of Massacliu
setts, by any means, and we don't need the enlight
ened mind of the Massachusetts Judge to direct us.
I would rather have the opinion of Judge Lee in
regard to our own affairs than all the Massachusetts
Judges, and I would rather take the opinion of Judge
Robertson than the whole legal fraternity of Massa
You will permit me to refer to the remark that
fell from the member from Kohala-. that he was
surveying kuleanas when those now opposed to him
were riding around with, the chiefs." I would like
to know what that has to do with the question?
suppose he did it for his own benefit. But Judge
Lee worked bis very life out for this people, and was
deservine of some consideration. If the member
from Kohala thinks consideration due to him because
he surveyed kuleanas, I would say that riding with
chiefs is no disgrace or surveying kuleanas no honor,
The Constitution of 1852 was proclaimed and there
was no doubt as to its meaning, and the f ram era of
the said Constitution were Lee, Judd and Ii, and
these same men were members of the Council that
proclaimed this Constitution. In I808 commissioners
were appointed to compile the Civil Code, and these
were ixt Ramohameha and Judges Lee ana liobert
son. Were these men unacquainted with the laws of
this country ? They had not discovered up to that
date that it was unconstitutional. It has only been
found out within a year by the member from Kohala
It's a brilliant discovery. There were good lawyers
during the session of 1858, and when the law was
re-enacted no opposition was made to it on its un
constitutionality. Mr. Uisnop saia mat be aid not
consider himself able to decide as to the constitution
ality of this law, and there were probably several
men in the Assembly as modest as Mr. Bishop.
For that reason I ask you to weigh well the allusion
I have drawn your attention to. And then you
have the opinions of the old friends of this country,
and you can put it against our new comers. Plan
tations were few when this law was enacted. The
Lihue Plantation was the first started, and a large
amount of money was sunk there by its original
proprietors. In 185S our exports were -ob,&2, in
lBG'J they were S2.336.CHJO ; but as our sugar sold
at a profit our exports amounted to over .3,000,000,
the half of which was sugar, which these men seek
to destroy. In 1859 our imports were a million and
a quarter, and the way we paid that bill was by the
product of our plantations.
It makes me ask sometimes, when I think of where
I am, if it is in the country, whose race has so
rapidly decreased. It was then that prostitution was
planted in this country. And it was philanthropic
men that started the agricultural prospects of this
country. I will ask tho member from Honolulu to
go with me to Wailuku, and I will compare that
with Lahaina. Wailuku was a dry plain at one
time. But gg there now, and nsk if the sugar in
terest has done any serious damage to the District of
Wailuku. I am about to read the testimony of Mr.
J. P. Green, who quit the service of the American
Board, because they received subscriptions from
slave-holders, his conscience not allowing him to
take the money that was raised by slave-holders.
Now1 listen to what this conscientious man says
Here the speaker read a glowing tribute from Mr.
Green to the beauties of the coolie system.
This is the business which they wish to destroy.
They wish to make the planters poor, by taking
away the means of living of these islanders ; through
this they will become hungry and discontented, and
will seek to destroy this little Kingdom. Andwheu
a member of this House says he will do all in his
power to establish a Republican Government Mr.
Lyons corrected the speaker's statement, and denied
the language attributed to him as false. Well then,
to have Republican ideas and carry out those ideas.
And these are the means through which they wish to
In relation to Mr. Thomas opinion of the word
inalienable, this word is given to llawaiians for their
guidance, which Judge Thomas could not read if he
had them before him. I ask any gentleman, save
the gentleman from Kohala, if that forbids him
making contracts? No man has a right to sell his
liberty" but that is a fine sprung argument, from a
would-be philanthrophist. I ask, if any man hires
himself out for five years, whether that is violating
the provisions of the Constitution ? This law steps
in and says he shall not contract for a term of service
over five years. The Eastern States protect their
shipping ; but my friend on my left says that no man
has a right to alienate his liberty for one or more
years, but in the same breath tells us he can contract
for a specified object as to serve on ship board. It
seems impossible to me if in Massachusetts a man is
unable to ship for a year, he cannot ship on board a
vessel. This shipping interest is protected by the
law of Massachusetts, and I ask if the sugar interest
is not as important to us, as the shipping of Massa
chusetts is to it. Some of my friends say they are
ashamed of the way in which our productive interests
are carried on. I am not any more ashamed to con
tract with 200 coolies, than I was several years ago
ashamed to ship a lot of men on board a 6hip.
These men who are so ashamed of our labor system,
have nothing invested, and they throw fn our teeth
our interest in the agricultural interests in this
Kingdom, and they flatter themselves they have not
yet invested in this shameful enterprise of sugar
planting. I suppose it would be better for us to take
the money we have made here and invest it in foreign
stocks. A man who has invested all his earnings in
this country, and taken large risks, has no right to
speak, according to these people ; but the poor are to
bc chosen to office, And if the planter attempts to
speak he is branded as a rich and oppressive planter.
What have the planters distributed among this peo
ple? A million and a half of supplies in goods.
A gentleman has said that l.ah.iina, onre populous, is now
almost desolate from the effects of plantations. I say l.ahuin.i
has not subsided by reason of plantations, but from the with
drawal of the whalim; (feet; and what supported I.ahalna
was what was unit! to the whaling fleet in l.ahaina, which
was principally beer, liquors and women, but the fleet lias left
there and rendezvoused in Honolulu and San Francisco.
When they lelt. my friend on my riant anil others invested in
a sugar mill in l.ahaina. fir which they have never received a
dollar. These gentlemen nre called the rich planters who
would rob the poor natives of their rights. Close out the
plantations and see if the whaling flVet will return and buy
your rum and buy your women. The word inalianable in
'Hawaiian means the right to live without molestation. The
argument of the Attorney General s-ij-s a man has no right to
hire himself out for money. I think the linlit of that sentence
will do away with lhat opinion. It is the wiidi ol the Govern
ment to foster all enterprises, and they will welcome the
w halinir fleet, but no law we may make here will force whalers
to the Nor' hern Ocean, and send whalers to Lahaina. Now
these gentlemen want to do away with the plantations and
start something else. Here the speaker quoted from the
north American Reiirxp, which endorsed the contract
system. According to the question a laborer's natural rights
were not abridged by a contract of labor. Our contracts are
definite in their nature, and the service to be performed is
definite in that nature because it designates the island, and the
kind of labor, and I do not base this question on the action of
Parsons t;. Trask, or Judie Thomas either. Our contracts
nre not uncertain as to the place of labor, or the compensation
for the labor of the servant. The case of Parsons r. Trnsk
has nothing whatever to do with ns. I thought I would sug
gest it just for the sake of comparison. A good deal is said of
the British Colonies going down, and the I'nited States going
up, I do not know about that. I have the observation here of
Mr. TrollojK?, who state that the success of Ihe Colonies,
whose system is similar to ours, was unpreaedented.
The speaker then read the duties of the Attorney Ceneral
from the statutes.
It is not a little wonderful that a professed lawyer and phil
anthropist should study this matter up for some time back,
and venture it upon .the Assembly. The 1 iw was made In-fore
the Attorney General was a minister, hut now his ollice is a
ministerial one, and the Attorney General was one who could
lie called upon by oppressed laborers or any poor Hawaiian to
obtain their rights without charge.
The speaker referred to Section 1419 of the Civil Code. A
great dual of stress has been laid upon individual cases which
they can present ; also the case presented a few days ago by
the member from Honolulu, which it is rcKrted was signed by
reveral judges. There are some who go from one place to nn-
other, and bring cases which they hear about without a word
f nr io nrw.,iKKhi."-:i .u Aw!.tbu.woiid9i.i'uins.riv.
i case of a laborer who shipiietL for two months anil did not get
rid ofhU ,-ontract for over three years-I deny these state-
I ments, and say it is but a fair sample of the way in which this
! side ol the House is treated, and these measures are concealed
an,i spruug uiwu us. In relation to ihe remarks of the Attorney
j that it
wi-uiiLi ou iii..i inouujciib uuuer lomrLiciH, in twiien lie stnieu
was putting cruuU'Hl cases into private hands ; this
shows you the cureletisneas and unfairness in which thix debate
is carried on. How can a m.iu gel such un idea of the law
when it is expressly stated lhat :m employer must no beloae a
magistrate und take oath as tj the desertion i f this man. And
who but the Attorney General is to carry these matters to the
fiupreme Court, if need be. It would be unreasonable for me
to state (as does the member from Kohala.) lhat this was uu
true, but I think my friend is certainly mistaken, as I have
every reason to believe he is.
It has beeu said that the law has been misconstrued bv the
lower Courts, l.ut the injured ones have an uppeal to the
highest Court in the kingdom, with the best h-ial talent to bo
had to defend their cause, without charge. I must ajNilogize
lor taking up so much ol the time of the Committee, but 1 sp'-ak
hut once for all, on the ijuestion fo far as it has gone. My
Iriend the Attorney General siivs if we indefinitely postpone
the bill, we get rid of it once for :dl. 1 would ask him by
what role ill political del ate lie draws that conclusion : If we
abolish the law, 1 cannot tee how we are going to amend il.
SJome say if we don't like the law bring forward a belter one.
Hut I don't see why we are to amend when we i-ay the law is
good enough. I say il is tor the would lie reformers to biing
lorward amendments, and show where the law can be amended.
Another statement equally brilliant has been made. That is :
II we wait to reler this to the Courts, law suits will increase
and multiply." The law is now over twenty years old, yet we
have not seen so many law suits, and yet tiie watch dogs from
the tower have not seen the oppression brought upon the ico
plc till witl.in the past year. If it is ever thrown up that wa
advocate this law, because of our landed es atcn we can any
that equal motive govern the opposing party. Several ieti
tions have come in to amend this law ; but none to abrogate it.
1 say are we to do away with this law because some c.-lebrity
in a foreign country has some fanciful idea that a man h is not
Hie ri-ht to Contract fir labor? We are not to be governed
by Massachusetts or Great Britain. In England and Wales
here were over 'JOO,ooO persons living under public chartity last
November. Our crop i not like the crop of Massachusetts,
except rocks (Prince William Plymouth rocks ? our crops
are eighteen months in maturing, and our laborer gets larger
wages and more steady employment through these crops than
they can any where else.
Iu closing I cannot but commend the manly expression of
Mr. Hanaike from Lahaina in which he stated he had served
under a contract and performed his part ol the contract, faith
fully ; and that the contract system was no oppression, except
ing to scoundrels. (.Mr. Harris cited instances of gentlemen's
sous coinini: from Knidand to mercantile employment under
a contract.) I am glad lo see lands that could have been Imught
for 1-i and 25 cents an acre commanding many dollars, and
their owners growing rich und enjoyiiiL' the luxuries of life, ami
it seems astonishing that these Uepresentatives come forward
and call them slaves. Consider well your action on the bill,
as it effects an interest that has increased our prosperity, built
our wharves, and caused sailing steamship lines to ply between
this und other countries. They can bring the planters to pov
erty if they wish ; but when the plantations fall the whole coun
try fails with them ; aud the philanthropists' employment is
gone too, for there U no oppression, where all is utter desoir.tion
and iverty. Thesieaker concluded by apealing to the patriot
ism ol the Representatives and asking them not lo be ashamed
of their country or change its laws, because some would-be
philanthropists think them unconstitutional aud that they
ought to be abrogated.
AVe Iiave the statement from England that
the Ocean Telegraph Construction Company Las
leased the steamship Great Eastern for five years
to be used exclusively in laying ocean cables.
The lines now in contemplation are these : " From
San Francisco to the Sandwich Islands, and there
forking northwardly to Japan and south to Aus
tralia ; from Australia to New Zealand ; from
Australia to Singapore ; from Singapore to Japan ;
from Nagasaki to Pekin; from Cuba to Kio
Janeiro. Lesser lines almost beyond number
may be looked for in the wake of these main
etems; and perhaps it is not too much to say
that by the year 1875 the earth will be girt by
such a net-work of cables, with, of course, sub
sidiary land lines, as will bring almost every
considerable town even in half civilized countries
in direct and instantaneous communication with
the chief marts of the world."
Respecting the Pacific Ocean telegraph, tho
construction of which has been authorized by
ConirreKS. we find in one of the New York papers
a letter from Professor Morse to Cyrus W. Field,
from which we extract a few paragraphs :
i ui. nhcinrte -;nt ifir or nhvsical. in your proposed
Pacific cable, which have not been completely removed by the
experience of the Atlantic cable. Indeed, Una experience is
the best guarantv of success in the Pacific.
It has been suggested that as a commercial enterprise it
might fail for lack of employment ; in other words, that there
n,.iH ot h hnnines- enon?h between the eastern ami west
ern Pacific shores to warrant such an outlay. They who en
tertain such views belong to a past and slower age. Make tne
-way, and there will be no lack of those who wul use it i he
same objection was urged against the construction of the first
railroads and first telegraphs. Time and experience have
overthrown V . : objection iu both cases, and will in this.
No ore better than. yourself can leau in iu v."-
enterprise, and as in the caseol tne aiuuiuu i;-'. -
never doubted, but, on the contrary, uniformly predicted its
success, so now I have entire confidence, not oniy im yu wm
be able to accomplish it, nut tua j. Ln,'
serve, the honor of comoieiing mc b
cles the world.. . .... '
I most cordially wish you success in ooumuiB .u;
once to commence your labors.,.- , . . j . .
Kesnecuuliy, your ineuu juiu "ntii,
There seems to be no doubt now that the cable
will bc laid, as soon as it can bo constructed,
and that the steamship CrVi'fif Eastern will bc
employed for tho service. She will therefore
visit this group, but as she cannot enter this har
bor, 6he will either go to Ililo or Lahaina, both
which porta have the advantage over us in re
spect to accommodation for her. Ililo Bay
has at least six fathoms in her entrance and any
where in her harbor. The cable might be landed
at Ililo and at Honolulu, and thus connect the
two principal places in the group, at tho same
time that they are connected with America and
New Postal Convention.
We called attention a few weeks 6inco to tho
fact that a new postal treaty had been made
between the United States and tho Hawaiian
Islands, by Chief Justice Allen, who is now in
Washington. By the laei, mail, we have received
the following order from the Washington Post
oflice, notifying all Postmasters throughout tho
United States, that after July 1st, the rates will
be changed :
Tost Office Department,
Office op Fohkig.n Mails (.
. . Wahiiikotom (U. C), May 0, 1ST0. S
A Postal Convention, establishing and regulating ihe ex
change of correspondence between the United States nnd the
Hawaiian Kingdom, has been concluded, and will be carried
into oieration on the 1st of July, 187o. u provides for a
regular exchange ol correspondence Ix-iween the two countries
by means of the United States Mail Steamers plying between
San Francisco and Honolulu, ns well as by occasional steamers
and sailing vessels plying between Houolulu aud Sau Fran
cisco, Tort land (Oregon), or ports on l'uget Hound-, compris
ing letters, newspapers, and printed matter of tverv kiml
origiualing iu either couutry, aud addressed to and deliverable
in the oilier country.
tran Francisco, New York, Iioston, Portland (Oregon),
Teekalet, Olympia and Port Townseiid (Washington Terri
tory), and the offices of exchange on the side of the United
States, and Honolulu and Ililo the Hawaiian ollices of exchange.
The rates of postHge to be levied and collected iu the United
States, on aud after July 1st, 1S70, on correspondence addressed
to or received from the Hawaiian Kingdom, will be as fol
lows, viz :
1. On tetters 6 cents per each single rate of half an ounce
or under, to lie fully prepaid at the mailing oflir.e in all
eaten, by wan of United State postaije. xtami. If not
fully prepaid they cannot be forwarded. Letters received in
either country from the other are to lie delivered free of all
2. On newspapers, sent or received, the regular rates of
United States domestic postage are lo lie levied and collected.
If transient papers, two cents per each four ounces or fraction
thereof; and if sent lo regular subscribers the prepaid quar
On other printed matter, four cents per each weight of four
ounces or fraction thereof, whether sent or received.
Postmasters will levy aud collect -postage accordingly, on
ami alter July 1st, i.v.u.
By order of the Postuiastcr-Genenil,
Joseph II. Olckfan,
Superintendent of Foreign Mails.
This order is directed lo Postmasters in the
United States, and ia intended for their guidance
By its instructions, as wc understand them, every
letter from any part of the United States ad
dressed to these islands must be prepaid six cents
American postayc, and no further postage can be
collected on its delivery here.
On the other hand, letters leaving the islands,
must be prepaid six cents Hawaiian postage and
no further postage collected on delivery in tho
United States. If this be the correct version of
the treaty it provides the same rate and regulations
as are now established between the United States
and England. Each country collects and retains
all the postage on letters and papers sent to tho
other. It is a perfectly fair treaty, and is based
on the supposition that as many letters are sent
from each country, as are received from the other,
which is probably the case. This treaty will
entirely do away with the nso of American
stamps on letters mailed here.
One Ice Msichinc,
WITH FORMS FOR PUDDINGS, ETC.
For sale at
E. IIOFFSCHLAKOl-'It At C0.'f.
CRIXO MT A IISKXCE FROM TIIK
Kingdom, the business at the Establishment No. 17 Nuu-
:mu Street, will be carried on by mv partner. Mr. MARTIN
CAKI.1SCI1, who will pay all debts due from the firm, and col-
,'T.f2od,'', ''to. fhi,n
Dissolution or I-;ir( ncrship.
rWMIK I A RTXKRSIIII IIEUETOFORE
existing betsreen Uev.O. II. OL'LICKandS. N KM KK
SON is this day dissolved by mutual concent. The buniuess
will be continued by J?. N. Emerson. O. II. OELICK,
S. N. ES1KKSOV.
Honolulu. June 1, 1ST0. 732 ll
Etll TI,K rXERSI;NF.IJ IIKCSTO ().
W 63 tir llis r''-''"'" 'he Public generally, thnt be has
iw removed his business to the slnnd 1 ttely occupied bv
Mr. ijiIN N KILL, fort Street, where he will lie happy to meet
all Ids old Cu.-toimn, and as many new ones as may feel in
clined lo give him a call. WM. CLARK,
732 3t Hoot and Shoe Maker.
Protection Eooks Attention!
T. TI! K It KG Vli A R M O XT II I. Y M EET-
"jrT'iT ing of " I'roteeii n" Hook nml Ladder Company
. -f J, WMI ,H neni 111 ini-ir nonma on iioMluy
A luil attendance is requested on said Evening, as the elec
tion for Offi't-rs fur the Honolulu Eire Ieprtment will take
place, ami other important huvimss will be transacted,
lly order of ti c Knreinan. AUO. CLAVIH.
Hono'iihi, June 3, li7u (732 It) fecretary.
Honolulu Fire Department!
, n t . . . . . . m v. .. lilt. n.
TIIK AXMTAl EI.ECTIOX OK
Engineers for the Honolulu I-ire Department wiil
take place In the Engine House of " Mechanic '
Engine Company No. 2, on MON DA Y, Juan oth.
folia open between the hours of 7 and 9 o'clock P. M.
CllAft. T. CLL1CK,
Jude of Election.
J. 8. PMITHlEd. -...
HONOLULU FIRE DEPARTMENT !
A LIXR DK.II.Li OF TIIK IJK-
unrtmentwill take place TO-UAY (SATURDAY)
at 4i o'clock 1. M. on Queen f-'treet. The Alarm
. Hell will be rune at the above named hour.
A lull and punctual attendance is requested.
Per order of the Chief Enitinetr.
CIIAS. T. OCLICK,
732 It Secretary Honolulu Fire Heparlment.
THE tlXOERSlCXED BK03
leave to inform the 1'ublie that be has
opened a hop at the old stand of
Harper Chayter, where he can be
found during working hours, .
Ready to f.xrrate all Order? entrusted to him
In a WorkmmJUce manner.
He hojies lht promptness and skill in Workmanship, to
gether with moderate Clisrif'-s, win secure i"r nun m enure vi
public patronaee. (iim;
MESSRS. T. C. MARTIN & CO.,
X0. 17 XVUAXU STREET,
ff Ol LI) CM Lb A I 1 fc.VTIU. XJ A II Kill
Eine Collection of
Olioice Corals and Hliellfs
Including a vnry complete Cabinet of the
Bare and Ucaatlful Land Shells of these Islands.
FINE LAVA & SULPHUR SPECIMENS,
An 'ient War arul Domestic Implements, etc.
IGE GREAF1 SALOON
NEXT DOOR TO CASTLE & COOKE'S.
Creams will be Served from IO o'clock
A. 51., till IO P. 31.
ALSO, STRAWBERRIES WHILE, llf SEASO.V.
raMIE PATRONS OF THIS EST A UL.IMI-
JL mentmay rest assured that every eff rt will be made to
secure Cleanliness, Comfort and Respectsblity.
Ice Crmm fumxsliXfl al one hour's ncdice,
AT $1.2S CPTT-A.Xl.T,
732 With a proportionate amonnt of Cake. 4t
15 L. A IV Ik i:00 KS,
AFRESH SCPPLV OF JOURXAIj KULED
AMD RECORD BOOKS, jutt received per D. C. MUU-
BAY and for sale by 11. VI. WUITNK A
The fiftieth anniversary of the introduction
Christianity into thcec Islamls will lie cclebrah
this vear as a iubilec. tho (invmmnni n .
li Hf intcf Al. rf flu TnlA!.. I ..... ? c
bUU V UIU AlllVl IU1 , Ht&V Hlg glVCfl Trtll I'
notico that Wednesday, June 15th, will be "
national holiday. Tho programme of excrcis,
on tho jubilco day has not been iesucd, but f
be during tho coming week. A hymn for t
occasion has been prepared by llcv. L. Lvon
Hawaii, which appears on our fourth pa". ti I
ioiiowmg is me programme lor the two anu
vereary weeks, commencing on Monday next :
Programme fmr the A Hulrrmarf WrrL..
uuu v - .nun m , a M.m. uiiwuiuiu vaufeiical ASSticlar J
oriraolzc. Kawaiabao. 'H
71 I; Monthly Concert at Fort Street, Kawiink I
and Kaumukapili Churches. H
June 7 Ti'Esday, 3 p. m. Hawaiian Sabbath School A.
7 P. M. Hawaiian Uoard, .Mi-sion Rooms.
Juno 8 Wedvesdav, 71 r. m. Public Meeting of Hawaii
Habhath School Association, Kuwaliihao.
June 0 1 lil'RsiiA V, 71 P. M. Public Meeting ol Hawuij.
Sabhalh School Association, Ksuumkanili ii
June 10 FltlDAV, 3 p. m. business Meeting. Hawaiian Sal A
bath School Association; Kawuialmo.
7 P. M. Hawaiian Hoard, Mission Kooms V
June 11 Sati hdav.7 p. m Anniversary Meeting Hownii,,
Mission Children's Society. j B
June 12 Sabbath, loi a. m. Keinl-ccntennUI Kernmo k t"'
Hawaiian, at Kawainhiin, by Kev. M. Kuaea. t.e
7J P. M. Seml-centemilal Sermon In Kuglish, at Fur m
Street Church, by Ilev. S. C. Damon, 11. 1. JVJ:
June 13 Mosdav, TJ p. m Memorial L'ss.iys in Enrli, : i.i
f.... W. ...... I. ." r 1
m o. . Kitiirt viiui, li.
i p. m. Meeting of I.nhRinaluiia Alumni, Kawaiul.
June 14 TrEhMAV, Annual Examination Oaliu Cillt-f
7J p. M. Conference on Mission, Fort Pi reel Chun
"i P. M. Meeting of Lahaitiiiluua Aluiuul, Kn
June 15 Wf.iixkmiay, Public Jubilee (Vlrhratinn, Procen.i
of Halibut h Schools and Citizens, moves al 10
All invited to Join. Exercises commence ;
11 a. m., Knwainhao Church.
7J p. M Conference on Missions, Fort Street Chun
i ia !, M I'uMic Misnioniiry Meeting, Kawiiiahao.
June 18 iiiiFSDAv, a. m. Examination of Kawaluh
rt--iiiHie r miliary. .
7 p. m Auniversary Exercises Onlm Coll.
June 17 Friday. TJ p. m Public Missionary Meeting, L,
waiahuo. " V
H P- M. Alumni Meeting Oahu College, Puiiklim'
FOR VICTORIA, R. C
THE A 1 I1KITISII I1UIO
.frfe Robert Cowan fJ
WEKKS, MASTKIt, t i
Will have Dispatch for the above PorM
For freight or passage, apply to
WALK Ell Ac AI.I.KN, AB. nti. f fcL
The Honolulu Iron Works Co:j
AVE JI ST KKCEIVEI) A FIXF.AOBl
M. Anient of sizes of
Rest EnsJisli Cast StcclJ
AN ASSORTMENT OF TIRE UtOlT
Which they are prepared to sell at rcusonable rain
HEAVY CAItT AXLKS ON HAND,
Or made to order on short notice.
In assortment of fart Boxes on ban J, at Z els. prr li Vl
Best Cumberland Blacksmith1 Coal in caskt,
On hand and for sate, a
Small Siiar Mill and Morse Power
A Hand Power for a Centrifurral Ilachit?
A PAIR OF CF.NVRJ FIJC1 A I. M A r ft I F.k:M
Weston'e make, with Shed Tlate Iu one piece,
A Fine AMtortmcnt of
Bar, Sheet and Plate Iron
On Hand and for Sale.
A LEX. YOL'NO.
Manager Honolulu Iron Work
("hasp's lioiluin?, I'ort Ktfret.
Residence, Mrs. Humphreys', Harden Lsne.
1IR. S. II. IKILK IS MT AKEXT, WIT
a. m tun rower or Attorney to collect ull lx-bts due me, ilur
my absence from this Klugdoiu. tiKURUE CLAUK
Honolulu, May 27, 1H70.
CALIFORNIA ROLLED RUTTEF
1 IV ICE!
'MIR (TXHKRSIGXEI) WILL. IIAVE 0
1- hand LyjCltr DAY,
FRKSII lOUiI CAKI
Guaranteed made of no other Putter than the above-ntui
delicious article. a LMU,
A No. 1 Article of Guava Jelld
Price, 23 Cents per Pound.
JT For sale by
7a 1 2t
Hotel street, near rorl
A FINE ASSORTMENT OF
LADIES' TMMMINGS ife
FI,0VF.RS. FEATHERS, IIRIDA
nreauis, iiais, Jim rrmnes.
Mourning Mud llulf MournlnR flowers,
hilk Velvet liuttons. Ribbons, Luc
A 1IXE QIALITV OF lAULIKIl BLAUv ( It.VI'1
Thovisfn'a Glove-Fillh.g Corsets, etc., etc.
TT All of which will he sold Cheap at
71 3 8 Frl Slit
Pianoforte Maker. Tuner & Itenairrf
Prom Chickerina A- Ron's Mann fart,, n.
RFSI'ECTniLH INFO II S J
uns iiilntbiiaiits of Honotiila that having If
praciii.M.1 experience nr the last twenty ye'
In DiaLinir and retmlrliitf PLnnrnw.. .1..
Harmoniums. Cofireninas. VMiiis, etcM is prepared to on
work rntrukted lo bis care in a suerior maimer, antl hoix
secure a share of public pHtronage.
Pianoforte Spiral t-puri Has. htrincs usde to order.
Pianofortes liaffed and Kcslrunr at reasonable rates.
Maealejrf Celebrated Appo!oDtoiT QiU. WT
Can be enKstred for Balls or Parties. v',. 1
orders received at C. E. Williams Furniture Warsromn..'
at S. Macauhy's residence, Uukui Lane, near Mr. Kees.t
Btore. m lui
OAA SACKS SUPERIOR ORF.nON' OAT
Ami M J elenn and heavv. Just received ler Jane A. t-
ud for sale at the " fumily Grocery and Keed rUor.
(7.J0 Ini) I. iia ill 1.1.1 r
Commercial News Depot,
Subtcribert wko do not receive their paper, when adtfi
lined in tkU lift a received, kouW ttnu notice
thereof by return nutil.
w Chimney Corner......
" Independent.. .......................
LothIoo Illustrated New.
" Iiispatch ...April 24, Wsj
Lloyd's ....April m-.'
Ban Francisco Iluiletin '
Alia California W V ,'
nn B.n.i.. i'h...ai Pnn.iM .....Mar 1 1-
Boston Advertiser. .....
- ------- mm M
Irish American. ,,....
I'all Mall Uuuget
HARPER'S WEEKI-V My JM (
Uarper's Uaiar Maj; )
Leslie's ' 1 Cull
New York Herald '
1 Quarterly juj 4