Newspaper Page Text
SATURDAY, AVCVST 13, 1870.
The Mtihadrw UW-ry of Lome Utaod Sound takes rank
lni4 the important Induarrirs of Conneetirut. 'n7 1P,
one hendred aluop hMrr, and many smalW boata, besides
one or twe Btraoib-Mil la the beht ol the season, are etn
i jed in it. At feast 500,000 capikl is invested la this lo
Ju,cry. There are iwenty-flve factories, nituated on the 1st
aiMia and along Ibe hon, mf.f-d la prraain; out the oil from
the Bh ami pp-paring it and the r-.Iuoin, which la naed aa a
loiuuK, f .r le market. It fa calculate that 500 sailors and
aa atany Imdwom flud fx-capaiioa in connection with thia
Slherr. It haa been tbe cane that the manure aJooe paid the
t.mi vf catching the M, aa if h almost aa valuable aa guano,
and 10,000 tuna per annum ia produced. The oil, amounting
to &oO,0)O galloca, floda a ready market ; and although a large
rroport.on of it ia oaed la adulterating other oila, improved
procM hare rendered iu honest aae of g real value, aa it U to
momf extent a nubalitaCe for whale oil. Boat-buHiera and aafl
saaarrsfef coom benefit by this gmwir.g industry, and not
Irsa thaa f 50,000 lor nets and cordag? are a rt of its annual
ex per) it ore- It ia proverbial that Dot all tUliennen's stories
are ('!" I" ; but some credence may be given to the atatement
lixi a million of fish are occasionally caught in a single hauL
Got.o. Bntpecting the rise in gold, tbe Attn says s "A sort
of nlc presents itself, when every man watts to sell now, in
vtdrr to avail cl the low prices that a protracted war vtilh
new Vabs may cause. These ii.tluetio-s show tbeonelves here
in a d-ma.-xj lor treasure to remit, to avail of the rise of gold in
Near York, which has touched 1J1 i aud the export in two
days by inroad have been $165 371 50 g'Jd bars, and 412,5u0
f il c.iin blether, $-7771 CO. A rise in gob!, which ia now
ik4 at all unlikely, will largely profit tlx Stale of Caliiurnia.
White the war will cause the wheat crop to sell to better ad
vantage ft tM, it wiil ramie thai gold to go further towarJa
patina: claim upon the State."
China and J a -an are the only countries in tbe world where
A merican steamers compete successfully with those of other
lii I jr. as la China wA less thr.n seventy American bunt steam
ers run m kt internal waters. The Pacific Mail Company
have now almost ecctaaive possession ol the freight and pas-eng-r
traffic of all the southern oen ports cf Japan, between
Yokohama and $ihans;hai. The P. and O. Company have been
driven of this route completely, of which they had formerly a
moO"pJy. Tbe Pacific Mail Company ruo fuur steamers per
month, wale under the oil English rule bat two ran. Eng
lishmen, with ail thrir prrjtIice, wiil not travel on their own
arrow am ba.lly ventilatc-d screw steamers, after once making
paae on the magnificent Pacrfc Mad boats. The Japan-
ese sIhm patron:xe the American bne, even where steamers of
their own princes are competing with it, and when by doing so
they run the risk of severe punishment.
The .North Herman bark Fidrhtai, which arrived on San
day, in distress, has furnished an unusual sight ia oar harbor,
from I fie fact that, being Jural-1 in the mild trades, we seldom
have an opportunity to see dismantled vessels. It appears
that ibe sailed from Piasielia, near Mazaitan, on the Mexican
coast, with a cargo of silver ore and dye-woods, bound for
Germany. W hen a lew days out he encountered a hurricane,
the twee of which may be judged from tbe fact that ahe was
thrown on her beam ends- To rifhl the vessel, it was found
necessary to cut away ber masts and all her spars and rig
ging. After the storm abated, her captain and crew rigged
out Jury maafa and a teminraxy rudder, in which conditioo
she put off fit Honolulu, reaching thia port In forty days.
Captain Jtspersen, his officers and men deserve great credit
t savicg the hull and cargo, after such a terrible ordeaL We
understand that he awaits order from bis owners, before de
termining what to do with the wreck.
Tbe Hawaiian bark R. nr. Wood, 65 days from Iloczkon.
brings cargo or gramte stones, posts and assorted China
merchandise to Messrs. Along 4c Achuck. She also brings 61
, , , . , . , "
work Ibey may And at (4 per month. They are the moat in
telligent, happy set we have ever seen from that quarter.
Any parties offering to reimburse their passage expenses,
and pay IS a month can engage their services, provided the
Chinese accept them aa employers. They are free to engage
in any kind of employment they choose.
The cargo of Ibe ship SI arm ion, 975 tons of coal, from New
castle, N. d. W., baa been sold to the North Pacific Trans
portation Company r f 7 50 per ton very low figure.
The barkentine Jane A. Valkinburg arrived on tbe 11th,
21 days from Portland, Oregon, with a cargo of lumber and
a-Uason, eonaigned to Messrs. Castle at Cooke. By adrertise
asent it wOt be seen that she returns with dispatch to the
same port. She brings five days later intelligence from
Ban Francisco, but we notice no changes in island produce.
European, and more particularly French goods, were held at
higher I airs than previous to the declaration of war.
Tbe American schooner Ward J. parka. Friend, arrived on
the 12th, IS days from Noyo Giver, with a cargo of redwood
lumber to Messrs. Walker it Allen. 6he returns to 8an Fran
cisco. Bhe brings no later news from Sun Francisco.
Messrs. Adams it Wilder will hold a credit sale of China
gouda ex late arrivals at their rooms on Thursday next.
Tbe bark Comet sailed on Tuesday last, with a full cargo
for San Francisco, and the D. C. Murray follows to-day.
Both, vessels have received very prompt dispatch.
Tbe price of gold in New York had advanced to 122
on the 21st July, under the exciting war telegrams. Tbe mar
ktls fur produce were also much excited.
The cause of the rise in gold is probably the derangement of
exrbang's between New York and Europe. During the war,
remittances tr Europe must be made to London, as the most j
central point, and for this gold will be the most available me
dium. The increased demand for gold for thia purpose causes
the premium to rise. Should tbe war continue, it may advance
to 130 or 140.
The steamer's news will be looked for with much interest.
SUe will be due from 0 to 10 o'clock on the evening of the I9tb.
Fob 8.v Fbajcciuco Per I). C. Murray, 3 P. M. this day.
Fob Lhai.4 Per Nettie Merrill, this day.
Fob Ko.va Per Prince, Monday or Tuesday.
Fob Kitti Per Jenny, Wednesday.
PORT OP HOnOI.TJI.TJ. H. I.
6 Schr Ka Moi. Powers, from Maui.
6 S lr Waiola, Iludoit, from Maui.
7 Nor Ger bark Fidelitas, Jespersen, from sea, in
7 rSclir Active. Meiiiab, from Maui.
7 Schr Manuokawai, Makaui. from Maui.
fchr Kate Lee, West, from Hawaii.
H rctit Isabella, from Hawaii.
8 Mrhr Fairy Uueen, itaiith, from Maui.
9 St-hr Jenny, l-ambert. from Kauai.
9 HeUr Md Fellow, from Hawaii.
10 Hrhr i hit tie, Nika. from Kauai.
10 f hr Mary, from Hawaii.
10 si hr Warwick. John Bull, from Molckai.
11 Vhr Nettie Merrill, Cluney , from Maui.
11 Ha bk U W Wood, Klencke, 66 days from Hong
12 Schr l.nka, front Hawaii.
1 i t:hr Waiota, Dulit, from Maui.
li Am schr Ward J Parks, Friend, 13 days from Noyo I
1'i U a ship Jamestown, Truxtun, from Micronesia,
li chr Marilda, BcrriU, from Hawaii.
11 S-hr Ka Moi, Powers, from Maui.
13 Mrnr Prince, Marcbact, from Hawaii.
T-P.hr Ilokalele, for Mote kit.
II richr Manuokawai, Makahi, for Maui.
S rVhr Mary Ellen, Hairison, for Maui.
8 chr Ka Moi, Powers, for Maui.
9 Am bk Comet, Fuller, for fan Francisco.
9 eVhr Fairy Queen, Smith, for Kauai.
10 Mchr Active, Melliah, ie Maui and Hawaii.
J chr Jenny, Lambert, for Kauai.
10 cbr Kate Lee, West, r Hawaii.
11 fchr Warwick, John Bull, lor MolokaJ.
11 tfchr Haute, Nika. for Kauai.
Fbow HO9OKOH0 Per K. W. Wood, August 11th :
Buttons, bxs 3 Stone pestles. No 12
Urv ks. No...... 9,810 mortars. No 12
Cigars, bxs 6 Stones, No 3uu
Charcoal, baskets 200 Tiles, No 3,0u0
nwicj!, z.inspecinedindse,pkg. 1,209
it .in ju, ..... oaj
Fao Pustclla, Mexico Per Fidelitas, August 8th:
Braail wood, quintals.. 6,400 Silver ore, Ions 61
Household effects, pkgs. 4j
Fob Sa.v Faasctsco Per Comet, Auguat 9th :
Bananas, bnchs 100, Molasses, galls 2,744
Bottles, No 6J0 Sugars, ft 164
CoflVe, Jfcs 76 1
Value Foreign.. ....joO; Domestic $2675 81.
F..0m. "? Fco Per Comet, August llth Dr W A
Ben, A J Jackson 2.
Fbobj noaeaoa Per
R. W. Wood, August llth 61
f j" this city, August llth, to the wile of Mr. J. H. Brown.
E?!"T:t me Km: lal zu . youngest
son of lr. Edmund U. Roger, aged 6 moath and 28 days.
Sam Patch Rfdivitts. To-daj ( lag. 13) at 12
o'clock, one Frank Thome is to leap from the Niagara
Suspension Bridge into the abyss below, for which
feat he is to receive $10,000. He mast be fool or
an idiot ; and we only notice the fact of his proposed
leap, for the purpose of notifying and eongratulating
Frank's heirs, should there be any in these parts.
To EcrrBs. Before making purchases, read the
new advertisements in this issue. Almost any article
desired will be found noted, whether from China,
(Jermany, France, Great Britain or the United States.
Owing to the crowd of foreign news received
yesterday, we are compelled to omit till next week
Judge Hartwell'i able and interesting decision on
the coolie habeas ccrpu case.
SATURDAY, AUGUST 13. J
The result of Mr. S. G. Wilder's miHsioraAo
China iu before us, in the 1C8 Chinese xvhich
were brought here in the North Cerrnrui 6hip
Solo, from Hongkong. These nen are what the
Planters Association bae to show for an outlay of
twenty-two thousand dollars ($22,000), or a cost,
per capita, of one hundred and thirty dollars.
Those verged in the coet of labor state that the
pay of these laborers will be equivalent to fifteen
or eixteen dollars a month, somewhat higher
wages than have been paid before for this ptyle of
labor. The enterprise is looked upon as a failure,
and Mr. Wilder has been soundly berated upon
the street by some of those who were most anx
ious that he should be sent. This is unjuFt, as
in our belief Mr. Wilder has dune as well, if not
better, than some of those could have who now
criticise his action. It will be rcineiulored that
this jiaper strongly urged that one of our Chinese
merchants should undcrtako the mission, and that
we stated the difficulties which would beset a
stranger in China. If report is true, the result
of this enterprise would fiave been still more dis
astrous but lr the very efficient and timely aid !
rendered bv Mr. -Achuck, of the firm of Messrs. j
fjng Achuck of this city, who was tlien iu
it ii. i .-. . k. r. .I.:- ,tin,.n
it(jiie,ajuB. a" . , . b ,
we are atvurcd that the &A would not have ob
tained over fifty laborers.
There seems to be some di fference of opinion,
even among Government officials, as to Mr.
i Wilder t status. Two of the Ministers stated
: ... ,
distinctly in our hearing that the Government
had no interest in the mission, while wc are in
formed that the planter of the Ministry states, in
the most plausible manner, that of course the
Government is intimately concerned. We notice,
however, that the surplus stores placed on board
the Solo for consumption arc to be sold for the
benefit of the Planteio' Association," or tchom
it may concern, and incline to the opinion that
nobody is disposed to father the fiasco. Mr.
Wilder, we are told, started upon this expedition,
for the Planters Association," but received
credentials from tltc Board of Immigration, as i
was thought that such a document would be o
advantage to him ; bo that the planters " mus y
acknowledge paternity, and the Board as bavin; 1
acted tbe sponsor. So far as we have been abl. '
j to gather information, the manner of trcatin,
I t .-- r - '
with these immigrants in China was fair ant,
honorable ; that no contract was exacted of then j
there, they 6imply giving their word that the;,
would sign a contract here for tltc terms arrange
in China, viz., house servants to have seven dol -lars
a month, field hands, six dollars, beside .
other minor considerations ; and for the credit c
the community we wish we could speak as favor j
ably of their treatment upon arrival here.
The R. W. Wood arrived on Thursday, fron
the eamert, having on board sixty-one Chines
passengers, which rumor, started by some to
zealous supporter of the Government and it
coolie system, says came here under precisely tb
same conditions as those by the Solo. After in .
quiry and observation we are prepared to giv ,
this mischievous rumor a blunt denial. Mr,
Afong and Mr. Chulan, parties most concerned ;
state that the Chinese by the R. IV. Wood com
here perfectly free to engage with whomsoever the. j
may choose, the only obligation they have t
fulfill being to refund cost of passage in cas ,
they engage with other than the party who ad ,
vanccd them passage money, and who promise
them employment and pay of one hundred dollar
a year, over eight dollars a month. Communica 1
tion with the vessel was not forbidden and th .
passengers landed as soon as they cared to. Ou ,
of the sixty-one we could learn of only sixteen
who had made this arrangement, the rest beingj
helped hither by friends or relatives residing here..
The result of the two modes is greatly in fa vow
of the free immigrant plan, and we may ask
why should the Planters' Association, and itt,
bottle holder, the Board of Immigration, insis'j
upon doing violence to the better sentiments o.'
humanity at an expense nearly double that at
tendant upon a plan which has no bad features?
Assuming that luborers are needed and that the
supply must come from China, it would seem to
be the part of wisdom to bring them here in a
manner that could challenge the scrutiny of the
most ultra free labor men. We heard recently
the opinion of two planters to the effect that
the Board of Immigration was a detriment to the
planting interest ; that had it never existed, there
would now have been an abundant supply o
labor in the country. It ie gratifying to us to
find that planters are now essaying to stand upon
the ground which we have occupied from the very
fiist. This paper strongly opposed the interfer
ence of the Board, and has never had occasion to
change ground. Recent experience proves that
Chinese laborers can be brought into this king
dom at an outlay for passage and other expenses
of not over seventy-five dollars and in an unex
Either of our leading Chinese merchants could
arrange for the supply of our plantations upon
the following basis : The laborers to be informed
as to conditions of labor, and a passage provided
them ; to meet the expense of which they should
and would give a note payable out of firet moneys
earned ; they should be permitted to land upon
arrival here and gather such information as they
WW . w. 1
can, and be allowed to worst tor wnomsoever
they choose ; the party engaging tbeni to take up
their notes and hold them against them for settle
ment. The planters would have to make an
advance of say twenty dollars each for as many
laborers as they wanted engaged. Some eay that
the laborers thus brought into the country would
demand a higher rate of pay than the planter
could afford to give. Then engage them for the
shortest possibly term and arrange for more to
arrive at the expiration of this term. This is
the only legitimate way in which the question of
supply and demand can be met, and once equal
ized there would be no excuse for the retention
of that blot upon our statutes, tbe " Master and
Had such a plan been hit upon and carried out
in a proper spirit fire years ago, there would
have been no dearth of labor now, and the occur
rence of such scenes as were enacted upon the
arrival of the Sjh would have been impossible.
laitoerry of pceoh
On Saturday last a singular spectacle was pre
sented to early risers who visited tbe Esplanade.
Lying off the steamer's wharf, in tie harbor, was
the North German ship Solo, which brought the
so-called free immigrants from China, her decks
in charge of Hawaiian soldiers, while on the
wharf were policemen, whose business it was to
prevent communication with the vessel. We saw
Chinese driven from the dock because they essayed
to converse with their countrymen on board, and
rudely told to stop talking. Remonstrating, we
were told that the authorities here, the Board of
Immigration, had given orders not to allow com
munication, for fear that the coolies would not
sign the contracts which had been prepared or
were in process of preparation. It is time that
this community should know whether the Statute
Laws or the Board of Immigration are to be
taken as a guide by those whose duty it is to see
that law and order are preserved. If the Board
can say to the police, deprive Chinese of the
liberty of speech," they can say tbe same regard
ing any other nationality of which this community
2i r. Damon's Sermon.
On Monday morning we heard from several
sources that the Rev. Dr. Damon bad preached
at Fort Street Church, the previous evening, a
coolie sermon, in other words that he endorsed
the labor system of these island because of tbo
irood that mizht accrue in the conversion of
Chinese to Christianity, and the influence they
would exert to the same end upon their return to
China. After a careful perusal of the Bermon
we cannot find a sentence or a word that can bo
distorted to aid or comfort tho supporters of the
coolio system. Possibly parts of tho sermon
were so vaguely worded as not to convey clearly
the reverend gentleman's well known views upon
this much-vexed subject, but it was not intended
to deliver a sermon treating tho abuses of our
l:lor system. Mr. Damon said in so many words
that he viewed tho Chinese question from a
st.nnd-jioint nlvro tlo mere commercial transac
tion. One portion of the sermon ujnm w hich wo
pondered, and which we quote, struck us as hav
ing a local application. Speaking of tho opium
tmflio he said :
Tbis is a vurject which fa bcfiinninsr deeply to
t ciut the rvtle of EtiirlanJ. Honorable
, iMirijti.in statesmen In Krnl:tud see nud deplore the
abominable traffic A stromr reutotist ratio has
already been made to Parliament and the only reply
which could be made on the part of the Prime Min
ister wits that of the rum seller if we do not raise
opium and sell it to the Chinese somebody else will,
and lesides it brings into our treasury about $10,-0K),000-
Such reasoning will not stand the test of
this enlightened age, and the English people are
seeing it. The feeling against the traffic will rise
higher and higher until the government will be
compelled to abandon all complicity and connection
with it. The ruinous effects of this traffic are such
as should bring the blush of shame to all directly or
indirectly engaged in it. It is opposed to every
principle of morality and Christianty."
It will be remembered that a petition was
presented to the Assembly, at its recent session,
praying the government to prevent the legalized
sale of opium ; setting forth the ruin and devas
tation it was working not only among the Chinese
but the natives as well. The arguments of those
who favored the petition were met by the Minis
ter of Finance with precisely the same argument
as to revenue that the sale of opium produced a
revenue tlial tint government could not relinquish.
The public was doubtless surprised at the stand
taken by supposed enlightened. Christian men in
our Legislature Assembly upon the " labor ques
tion " and the opium petition.
The Rev. John F. N. Talmadge, D. D.,.of
China, Bays : " In favor of the opium traffic
there is nothing to be said, except that there is
money to be made by it. It is because of this
profit that arguments are put forth in its favor,
sometimes so plausible as even to convince those
who have no personal interest in the trade, and
thus arraign them among its advocates. By the
same means we have seen even good men led to
advocate African slavery and the slave trade."
In conversation with some of the most promi
nent men in this community we have listened to
language condemnatory of the coolie traffic, the
" Master and Servant Law " and other kindred
topics of public interest which they would not
have conceded a few months ago, showing a
gradual change of sentiment for the better.
Others, admiting that the principle is wrong,
think it expedient that the abuses should exist
for the present; but these same men are not
willing to be heard upon wrongs which are sap
ping the very foundation of our moral and soeial
fabric ; verily " they that will be rich fall into
temptation and a snare, and into many foolish
and hurtful lusts which drown men in destruction
Ills X3x. C C Harris, Agra In.
in the Uazette of this week, Yv. L. Green,
Esq., takes up. his pen to do battle for Mr. Harris,
and in a long statement tries to prove that the
failure of the Metcalf Plantation is owing to the
course of this paper on the labor question.
Accepting the fact that the attempt to gain free
dom by the coolie laborers was the immediate
cause which necessitated the sale of the planta
tion, why not go back to first principles and
admit that the firet wrong was in the acceptance,
by the proprietor of the plantation, of the illegal
transfer of the forty-three Chinese, said transfer
being made with the permission and full cogni
zance of this Government, and upheld by the
odious provisions of the Master and Servant Law?
The way of transgressors is htird ; in this case
peculiarly so', as the penalty falls upon innocent
parties. Still justice must be measured out,
though tho Heavens fall.
As to the amount of philanthropy displayed by
Mr. Harris in protecting the interests of tbe
children of a deceased friend, we leave the public
to judge, after a due consideration of that
gentleman's long career in this country. We
have stated that pending the negotiations for the
sale, of the Metcalf Plantation, the effort was
made to dispose of the Kaiwiki Plantation to the
party who was treating for the Metcalf Plantation.
This we re-assert ; and the only correction which
we feel bound to make is to state that Mr. F. H.
Harris, 6on of C. C. Harris, was the party who
tried to sell the Eaiwiki Plantation ; but to any
one acquainted with theoe gentlemen it is un
necessary for us to say where we believe the plan
originated, or for what purpose it was done. Mr,
Harris should feel very grateful to Mr. Green for
the loan of his pen, but we cannot otherwise
consider Mr. Green's communication than as
wholly uncalled for, and a gratuitous and unwar
ranted attack upon this paper; but we admit
that if well followed up it will result in his
pecuniary advantage. In what way, the public
may be able to see, perhaps, at some futuro time.
Tlie Alaokn Fur Seal 33111.
Congress has passed, and the President has ap
proved, a bill leasing the killing of seals for
twenty years. The bill permits the killing of one
hundred thousand seals yearly, and such other
seals as tbe natives cf the islands may require for
food and clothing, but no females and no males
less than one year old are to be killed by anybody.
Killing for purposes of trade must be done in
June, July, September and October, and must
not td done with firearms. The rental of privilege
is to be for twenty years, at not ki than $50,000
annually, and a contract is to be made immedi
ately with responsible parties heretofore engaged
iu the trade and the protection of the seal fisher
ies, who are to give bond in tbe sum of half a
million dollars. Tbe lease must be to American
citizens, and foreign vessels will not be allowed to
engage ia the trade. Lessees are prohibited from
selling or giving liquor to the natives. Each seal
skin is to pay two dollars tax. The penalties for
violating the terms of the act are severe.
The House passed it by a vote of 121 to 37,
and the Senate by a vote of 42 to 9. The Secre
tary of the Treasury opposed it on the ground
that it creates a twenty-years monopoly ; but the
fact that government is sure of a revenue of
$250,000 a year from it, which will cover tbe
cost of the territorial government, has led to its
adoption. It is understood that the parties j
interested in California, New London and Hono
lulu have joined hands, and organized a company
under the lead of Gen. Miller, formerly Collector
or Customs in San Francisco, to carry on the
ecal trade, though it is not yet certain that this
company will secure the contract. It is supposed
that tho annual ' profits will be equal to the
amount paid to the Government $250,000.
Probably nothing has ever stirred up the people
and press of the United States as the threatened
influx of Chinese, in connection with the experi
ment of introducing them as shoe-makers into
North Adams, Massachusetts. If this proves
successful, nothing can prevent the further intro
duction of tbe same cheap laborers ; for, analize
tho question on its true merits, and it Is simply
ono of economy between capital and labor, in
which tho former will undoubtedly carry its
Few papers, except in California, where the
question has been so long before the public that
it is now pretty thoroughly understood, take a
broad and liberal view of it. Even tho New
York Tribune, a paper which generally is pretty
correct, thinks that souio legislative interference
inuy bo necessary to check the threatened in
undation from China ; apparently forgetting that
tho Chinese have as good a right to migrate to
America, as tho hundreds of thousands of Irish,
Germans or other Europeans, who annually seek
to better their fortunes in that great and pros
Among the few papers that take an enlightened
and scusiblo view of the subject, is the Pittsburg
Despatch, which offers some suggestions, copied
below, which will carry conviction to every rea
sonable mind, and are as applicable here as in
America or Europe, where the Chinese will soon
show themselves in larger numbers than they
have done, and are destined to become a con
spicuous element in the great labor systems of
America and Europe :
1. It should be remembered that it does not neces
sarily follow that the opportunity for labor is utterly
destroyed by the advent of the Chinamen, even
though they throng here by millions. The intro
duction of the Jacquard Loom in Europe, and of
machinery iu this country, were at first resisted, be
cause of the fear that they would deprive the labor
ing classes of employment. But the result shows
that they increased the amount of production, and
did not lessen the opportunities of labor. So the in
flux of Chinese may compel a larger number to be
come employers as well as increase the range of
opportunity for labor.
2. But whether this result is cr is not reached, it
cannot be doubted that the Celestials are coming to
our shores in large numbers as candidates for em
ployment. Nor will any laws that' are likely to be
made prevent. Within two years nearly five thou
sand Chinamen have returned to their native land,
carrying with them several hundred dollars each,
and full of wonderful accounts of the land of liberty
and gold. Their statements that laborers command
there one dollar a day seem wonderful to those at
home ; and as a result, families are mortgaged to
obtain the means for one of their number to come to
this country. No laws can be enacted which will
prevent emigration where so much earnestness exists.
3. The Chinese care nothing for labor unions or
anything of the kind. They are gregarious, and
when done with their daily tasks, remain together
through the night, unapproachable by outside in
fluences. They care only to do their work and get
their pay. They are pliable, sharp, yet impassive,
care little for demonstrations that may be made
against them, and will not be likely to join any
labor associations. "
4. They are quick to learn, patient to execute,
aad will be found capable of adapting themselves to
any employment, not involving an intimate knowl
edge of the English lanfruaze. They will there
fore soon be candidates for nearly every form of
mecnanical employment, as servants and cooks in
houses, and as laborers on public works. It was
proved while building the Pacific Railroad, that they
were fully equal to laborers of any other nationality
iu all respects, and superior in point of docility and
steadiness. They struck once for their money, but
j . - . . -i i , ,
m uumg bo sui quieuy uowu tiu meir uemanus were
5. From all this, we think it clear that demonstra
tions against either their coming, or their being
furnished with employment here, is labor lost. Un
alterable facts had as well be accepted. Those who are
striking occasionally and organizing against this form
of cheap labor will do wisely to employ their money in
organizing co-operative institutions where all can
labor, and where there will be no capitalist to realize
the profits but where all interested will be capitalists
auu laborers, realizing tue full result of their toil.
AVliat. Massachusetts Thinks.
In tho House of Representatives of Maesachu
Ectts two attempts were lately made to pass a law
characterizing Chinese labor of any and all kinds
as servile labor," the introduction of which
into the State should be prohibited. The Legis
lature expressed the sentiment of the people, by
a decisive vote, that those who choose to employ
Chinese laborers, shall be allowed to do so. The
following report of what took place is from the
Boston Advertiser :
A second attempt was made in the House yester
day to induce the Legislature to commit itself against
tbe policy of introducing Chinese labor in our man
ufactories. The House refused to entertain the very
remarkable and adroit bill drawn up for this pur
pose, by a vote of tv to lzz. lbere was deception
in the title of the bill, and a want of candor in the
bill itself. It is not " servile labor " that the North
Adams factory is introducing, but free labor on
terms that are entirely satisfactory on both sides,
In the bill itself there is nothing to show that it is
not a bill of a general character to apply to all
foreign labor, but in reality it applies, and could
apply 1 only to the Chinese shoemakers. The pre
vailing sentiment seems to be that the experiment of
Chinese labor must be tried, and that no association
can step in to prevent by forcible means the trial
being made fairly.
B. P. ADAMS.
ADAMS & WILDER,
Anetlon and Commission Merchants,
EIRE l'KOOF BTOUZ,
la Rebinaou'a Uuilding, Uera Street
TUB NEXT TERM OF OA HIT COLLEGE
will commence on Wednesday, September 7th. Candidate!
for admission will be examined on the Monday previous.
' H. 11. PARKER,
112 4t Secretary of th Trustees.
C. E. WILLIAMS,
Manafaftirer, Importer and Dealer la FnrnlUre
Of Every Description.
Furniture Ware Room on Fort street ; Workshop at the old
)tand. Hotel street, near Fort.
N. B. Orders from other Islands promptly attended to. 742-ly
Carriage and Sign Painting.
THE UNDERSIGNED HAVING PRO
cured the services of a competent workman in the line of
Carriage and Sipn Paintinfr, is now prepared to carry on that
branch of trade in connection with his other business. Sign
writing. Gilding and Ornamental Painting of erery description
executed ia the best manner, and on reasonable terms.
742 6m 74 and 7 King Street, Honolulu.
Estate of . Burgess, Deceased
T1HE UNDERSIGNED HAVING BEEN
. appointed temporary Administrator upon tbe Sstate of the
late Edward Burgess, deceased, hereby requests that all per
sons having claims against the abo Itetate will present then;
and sJl persons indebted to the h.t will make Immediate
payment to W. C. PARKE,
Honolulu, August 11. 1870. 742 St
DILLIfJGIlAn & GO.'S,
IVo. 05 King Street,
TO HJJTT YOUR
Pocket and Table Cutlery.
Abbivai. or the U. S. Ship Jamestown. This
vessel returned to port last evening, from a cruise
among the Micronesian Islands, whither she sailed
on the 30th of April. Captain Truxtun has kindly
furnished to us the following full report of his cruise :
Left Honolulu, April 30th. Arrived at the Island
of Tarawa, Gilbert group, May 15th. On the 20th
landed Mr. and Mrs. Bingham at the Island 'of
Apaiang. May 23d, sailed for, and on the 24th',
arrived at Butaritari ; 2Cth sailed from Butaritari,
and on the 28th arrived at the Mulgrave Islands,
remained six days at anchor in the lagoon. On the
4th of June, sailed, and on the 6th arrived off the
Island of Mejuro, landed the mail for the mission,
found two North German vessels at anchor in the
June llth, made Strong's Island ; on the 12th,
communicated with the 6hore, found Anne Porter at
anchor ; June 14th, hove-to off Wellington, or Pu
Perry Islands ; all quiet at bth places. June 17th,
anchored in Jamestown harbor, Island of Ponape ;
fnr the American mission. Remained
at Ponape fifteen days, during which time circum-
navigated the island in steam launch and boats.
Wh;ia lipre. the brir? Anne Porter arrived from
Strong's Island, and schooner Malolo from Ponatic
harbor, both bound to Shanghae. Supplied the
Malolo with provisions, and sent a number of China
men and Europeans in her, and the Anne Porter to
Shanghae, they being all in the employ of one Capt.
Benjamin Pease, and left destitute by bis non-appear
ance. Also supplied Pease's trading station at
Ponatio with provisions, as the agent was in great
want. Capt (Joe, the representative oi capi. jrease,
died some few weeks before our arrival at Ponape.
Pease had robbed the wreck of the Morning Star,
and burned up what he could not carry away.
July 2d, sailed for Honolulu. July 4th, laL 12
02' north, long. 157 53' east, boarded the North
German bark Marie, Captain Kutcher, of Bremen,
from Port Townsend May 20th, and Honolulu June
15th, for Port Louis, Mauritius, all well. August 4th
lat. 31 07' north, long. 158 49' west, boarded
American bark Ethan Allen, Capt. Snow, from Ho
nolulu, July 27, for San Francisco ; had been be
calmed five days, left her with a good breeze from
From the Island of Ponape had the trades about
E N E to 28 north lat , 158 east long., where we
lost them ; from which point had calms and light
winds prevailing from the southward and eastward,
to lat 28 north, long. 154 west, where we again
took the trades. Had much fine weather during the
Left the missionaries at all points visited in good
spirits, feeling perfectly secure in their persons, and
much encouraged in their labors by the progress they
are makinrr among the natives. Settled all the
troubles between the natives of Apiang and Tarawa,
also all the missionary difficulties the rebels of
Tarawa signing an agreement to pay 50 casks of oil
for mission property destroyed on Apiang.
The following is a list of the officers of the James-
Commander. Win. Truxtun, Commanding.
Lieut. Com. C. L. Huntington, Executive Officer.
Master. William WeUh.
i nter. Asa Walker. Naviwuinc Officer.
Entiyns. Andrew Duulap, VV. M. Cowgill, 3. D. Adams, W.
Surgeons. W. M. Woods, E. D. Payne.
Ast. Surgeon. c. 1 naiciier.
P. A. Paymaster. Ceo. K. Watkina.
Lieut. Marine. II. C. Cochrane.
Boatswain. Andrew Milne.
Gunner. E. A. McDonald.
Carpenter. S. N. Whltehouse.
Saihnaker. Gilbert I. Macy.
Captain's Clerk. C. V. Sinclair.
Paymaster's Clerk. I.. A. Morris.
Mates. r. M. fc.11101, u. u. noiion, a. iuiuara, v. uovamy.
PURCHASED J. V. KING'S
entire Photographic stovk, together with his Negatives,
any persons wishing duplicate copies can have them printed at
Chase's Photographic Uallery, tort btreet. .
742 3t H. L. CHASE.
riW INQUIRE FOR THE NEWS OP THE
K IVORLB, and the STEAMER BULLETIN of August
10 (price 25 cents each), containing a full summary of tele
graphic and other news of Interest in this part of the world.
To re had at (7 at) TUK HUOKSrUKK.
HONOLULU STEAM BAKERY !
E. LOVE & BROTHERS, Proprietors,
niLOT, MEDIUM AND NAVY
always on hand and made to order.
Also, Mater, Soda and Butler Crackers,
JENNY LIND CAKEd. Ac.
SHIP BREAD UEBAKEO on tbe shortest notice.
FAMILY BREAD, made or the Best Flour, baked daily and
always on hand.
If. B. BROWN BREAD OF THE BEST QUALITY
THE ONLY LOT
A FEW BARRELS OF
PORTLAND CEMENT !
CHEAP FOR THE TIMES!
C. It. RICHARDS Sc CO.
D II - A
THE VERY BEST
No. 2 Manila Cigars!
FOR BALE BY
CTOR SALE BY
TCOR SALE ffY
ISoston Card IVIatche,
T7H)R SALE BY
8. C LEGHORN,
jETOR SALE BY
A. 8. CLEGHORN,
72Im Wharf Store.
Camphor and American Trunks,
I,1UK SALE BY
American Tubs and Pails,
TOOR SALE BY
. A. 8. CLEGHORN,
7421m Wharf Store.
jpiOR SALE BY
A. 8. CLEOHORN,
T7TOR SALE BY
A. & CLEGHORN,
Wharf 8 tore.
Salt Water Soap,
CWR SALE BY
. M 2
To the Eddorofthe Pacific Commercial Advertiser
Sia : Having made an application to the Minister
or tbe Interior for another music license, I have been
refused, and on addressing a respectful letter to that
gentleman begging to know the grounds on which
such refusal is based, I have received no reply what
ever. Being on my way to England, I was per
suaded by some friends (who knew me ia Australia,)
to stay and give the people here a little amusement
to break the dull monotony of Honolulu. Of course,
being a stranger, I could not expect to reap any
benefit from my first entertainment, but trusted to
subsequent concerts to repay me. I need hardly say
that owing to this refusal to allow me to perform I
am greatly out of pocket by spending a month here.
The remarks I made which have given such offence
to the Government of this great and glorious coun
try are simply as follows :
Hia Majeaty 'a not Independent aotne follta aar
And Miniater Uarria ha it all hi. way 1 7
Some think hia power 1. greater than the King'a
llia Majeaty look on whilst he pulla the alrlnga.
It is to be deeply regretted that mv vocal effort
should have been thus prematurely nipped in the
bud, and the Government on consideration will
blame themselves for having acted so precipitately
when they learn that it was my determination on my
next entertainment to call public attention to the
prominent virtues of His Majesty's Ministers. In
conclusion I do not consider that I have been treated
right, and must designate the action of the Govern
ment as an act of petty tyranny, unworthy of a free
and enlightened country which suDDortu . Minintw
of War and a powerful Navy. Fancy a Government
being scared by the harmless jokes of a poor travel
ing showman. Further comment would be super
fluous. I remain, sir. . .
Your obedient servant,
Charles R. Thatcher.
P- S. I am not quite certain whether T hn
spelt the word Navy correctly. Ought it not to be
gin with a K1
Boots! Boots! Boots!
JI' 1UU H AAT A PAIR. OF BOOTS
that you can wear on a wet day, without netting your
feet wet. go to CLARK'S on Fort Street, and aee if yea
do not get what you waut. a good article. and one that
will be worth your money.
iV. B. A Qoodfi guaranteed, or no sale. .
Remember CInrk'a, Sm. 44 Frt Street.
OFFERS FOR SALE
PER BARK "COURIER,"
Choice Assortment of Merchandise,
EXPRESSLY A.XD CAEEFl'LLY
SELECTED FOR THIS MARKET !
O OTTO TVS !
Vis : PRINTS of the most dashing and recherche styles. Mot
tles and btripes. in orange, lilac, green, pink, yellow and
violet, patterns of which will be shown on arrival.
t ine and medium qualities,
Medium quality and wide,
Heavy and medium
Heavy and medium,
, Assorted patterns.
Rleacbed and Striped Drillings,
Superior and medium,
Urowu Diagonal Drills
Light and heavy.
0d inches verv fine.
Finest qualities, in pieces and hemmed,
BLACK HOLLANDS AND COATINGS,
Assorted numbers and widths,
SUPERIOR BLOUSE LINEN,
Ass d number and widths,
While, black aud brown assorted numbers.
SHAWLS Black Merinos. Check Tissues, colored, embroidered,
and superior all wool Shepherds, of assorted sixes,
WATER-PROOF TWEEDS different patterns,
TABLINGS assorted widths and colors,
Different patterns and sixes,
A splendid assortment of the very latest styles,
White, green, orange, scarlet and gentian,
oi an aises ana weignts.
UNION AND TWILLED FLANNEL,
White snd indigo bice SO Inch,
PATENT VELVET CARPETS,
Choice designs 27 inch,
Black aud blue double width.
J. $ T. MORTON'S PIE FRUITS, JAMS,
Jellies, Cream Tartar, Saleratns, Pepper,
Mustard, Salad Oil, Vinegar, Currie Powder,
Pimento, Cloves, Mixed Spices, Mace,
Nutmegs, Cinnamon, dinger,
bag. Thyme. Mint,
Parsley, Mixed Herbs,
WORCESTERSHIRE AND OTHER SAUCES,
Tins of Preserved Tork Hams,
Choice York Hams hi Salt.
Cod nah Iioea and Sardine.
H0CKIH & WILSON'S ASS'D SAUCES I
Pie Fruits, Jams, Jellies, Lemon Syrup, -Salad
Oil, assorted Pickles', Mustard,
Lemon, Orange and Citron Peel,
Cocoa, Maocaroni, Vermicelli,
Potted Meals, Pepper,
Currie Powder, and
LIQUORS, WINES AND BEERS !
DUNYILLK'8 WHISKEY. In bottle and bulk.
BRANDY Marten s and Ueunessy's ormnd,
CHAMPAGNES of superior brand,
Bass at Co.'s celebrated Ale and
Porter. Oinser Wine, Rum,
Macben It' Co.'s Stout i
Silk and Cotton Umbrellas, all sises.
Ladies' Straw Hats, untrunmea, newest siym,
J. Gotnell 4k Co.s anequaied Perfumes.
Ttm.hM mtit.- Onuin It Son's
Prise Medal Pale English Soap, In M I
pound boxes, tiemp anvaa.
Heavy. Bagging, 40 and 42 inch. Burlap Bags,
Zinc and Bone uu, n mi kw,
Portland Cement, Eire Brick, arch and square,
Slates, renting Wire, Nos. A, and ,
Hoop Iron, , i, 1, 11. and H Inch,
Manila Cordage, aas'd sixes.
SDunvaro. Ambrouoe, uouseune.
uverpooi caii, cic, cie.
THEO. H. DAVIE0.
mm. 11 dams
By reference to Mr. Thatcher's letter it willhj
seen that he has been refused a licenso to gWt
another concert. He has characterized it rightly
when ho calls it an act of petty tyranny. The
advisers or perpetrators of tbis action see in to
have an idea that they can force people to respect
them';' they will find that it is do easier than it'
will bo to legislate upon and fix the price of com
When it was rumored that the license would bo "
refused wo did not supposo that tho most trucu
lent adherent of the government could or would '
believe that tbe authorities would descend to take
so mean an advantage of tho authority tlioy pos
sess, and treat a stranger in such a contemptiblo .
As citizens we aro heartily ashamed that thia ,
disgrace should and must rest upon tbe commu
nity. We wash our bands of it.
FEW OF THOSE SUI'KKIOIl
Oregon Sugar Cured Ham
Beoelved ier FALK1NBCKO, and for Bale by
742 BOLLE3 k CO.
Columbia River Salmon!
OF SALMON BELLIES
KECKIVKD PER FALKINI1UKQ.
(742) UOLLES h CO.
Tor Sale by
t FROM THE
BarkcEtinc " Jane A, Falkiiibarg I "
FROM PORTLAND, OREGON,
HALF BBLS. UEST SALMON,'
Catch of 1870 I
Choice Oregon Hams, Sugar Cured,
AND VERY SUPERIOR.
SACKS BEST CAL1F0HMA OATS ((If and limy.)
FOR BALK AT LOWEST RATES,
At Vie family Grocery and Feed Store, ly
742 1m I BART LETT. r
Barkcntinc " Jane A Falkinburg I "
AND FOR BALE BY
CASTLE & COOKE!
Bijls.no. i Columbia rivku salmon,
Barrels Backs Columbia River Sslmon,
Half Barrels Columbia River Salmon,
Hall Barrels Salmon Bellies,
Kit Salmon Dollies,
CARGO 177,000 FEET i. l 11118
Scantling, Boards, Plank, Florlng k Drrsscd Lsmlfr.
f J E W GOODS!
Juttt KecelFcd per
NORTH GERMAN SHIP "SOLO,1
HAWAIIAN BARK " It. W. WOOD.V"""1
tlHI ! II
FROM OIZZ1MA ! '
AND FOR BALK BY
AFOIMG & ACHUCK. fi"n
ESTS BATIIIXG TUBS (TEAK AVOOD,)
NESTS CAMPHOR THUNKS,
Manila Hope, UiUcrcnt Size,'
9I13ILA CIGARS, CIT TOBACCO,
BOXES FINE OOLONG TEA;
Boxes Ngo Jl Tea,
Boxes Orange Puco Tea,
Boxes SfucJiong Tea,
rjse Sagar Csmdj, A rrswrsl(
SUITS WHITE SILK PAJAMAS,
SUITS SKIN SILK PAJAMAS,
BUrrS COTTON PAJAMAS,
Pes. White Crass Cloth, best quality,
Pieces Blue Grass Cloth.
Pkces White Ponree Bilk,
Pieces Black Satin,
Pieces Assorted Dress llk.
Assortment Jewelryi Fancy J evelry Boxes.
STONE GATE P0FT8, BRICKS,
CHINA WARE AND FURNITUBE.
AMERICAN DRY GOODS
C. BREWER & CO.
HAVE FOR SALE,
Sheetings, Drillings, and Denims
DALES STARK MILLS A KIIEETINU.
Bales Stark Mills B Sheeting,
Bales Stark Mills A Drilling
Cases PowLsttan Denims,
Cases M err i mac Deulais, ' IiavaU an
Cases Union Denim t uo4 at iri
Ginghams and Cottons,
Cases Glasgow Mills Ginghams,
Cases Bleached Baltic Cottooa.
Cases Bleached Forest Dell Cottoos,
Cases Bleached Truckee Rlrsr Cottons,
Cases Bleached KdgartowB Brown CoMsna, 1
Cases Blea. Rockingham Brown Cotton
Cases "Albion Prints Green aad Bed,
Cases Oriental " Prlnta BuO and Purple,
Cases 'American" Prints Browns,
Cases " Cacheoo " PrintsBrowns,
Cases Am m Cblutt " Prints -WW
For Sale Low to Close Consignments,
72 Sa C. BREWER "1
OF ALL SIZES WEIGH I NQ FROM
TO 3,000 pounds.
ALSO, COUNTER SCALES
For sale b
C. BRtWEB WJj.
l HO BBS
Kaolin, Fire Sand,
P,?cour' - F0R"mM
; and oiii
n lev '
i. 740 St
r ' i