Newspaper Page Text
HONOLULU, H. I.,
SATURDAY, SEPT. 24, 1870
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Hampton Educational In
stitute Since the conclusion of the late war or rebel
lion in the United States, many of the military men
who were prominent while the conflict lasted,
hare made themsclrea no lees prominent in the
great work of educating the hitherto neglected
population of the South, both whites and blacks
and more particularly the latter. And it ia a
matter of eonie little pride to us Hawaiiana to
know that one of our own number, to the
manor born," has been one of the forernoet in
tU'm great work of construction and reconstruc
tion. We allude to Samuel C. Armstrong, a
Adii hanau of these islands, one of the Bona of
the late Rev. Dr. R. Armstrong. Dr. A. was a
mu,mr.arv of the A. B. C. F. M., and subse
quently first President of the Jfawaiian Board of
Education. He bad prooaDiy more man any one
other man the leading hand in establishing a
thorough system of common schools in these
Young Armstrong now General Armstrong
left these Wanda about the time of the outbreak
of the civil war, and shortly after arriving in the
land of hi paternity, leaving the college which
he had entered in order to complete his education,
be joined the armies of tho North, where he
rapidly re, and at the close of the war ranked
as a Brigadier General. lie is now the super
intendent of the Hampton Institute, on the shore
of Hampton Roads, Virginia, which owing to
the marked ability die-played by him and his
associates in the school, appears to have been
remarkably successful in educating the freedmen.
General J. F. B. Marshal, formerly and for many
years a resident merchant of these islands, writes
to a Boston paper a lengthy and interesting
account of a visit made by himself and others
from Massachusetts to this school just previous
to the summer vacation, and he speaks in high
terms of the success which has been so far
attained towards the object in view to prepare
the youth of the South without distinction of
color, for the work of organizing and becoming
teachers in the schools of the Southern States.
The aim is to give the students habits of industry
and self-reliance, and, while insisting that they
shall pay for their hoard, clothing and tuition,
employment is furnished by which they may earn
tli nccestmry means to defray these expenses, and
at the same time receive valuable lessonH in train
ing. The farm, under the management of a
gentleman of liberal education and practical
knowledge, furnishes ample employment to the
male students, who during an alioted time out of
each week, gain a knowledge of economic hus
bandry, which they would never acquire from
the ordinary methods of Southern farming.
For the female students, a seperate Industrial
Department is provided. This is under the care
of Mia Jane S. Woolsry, of New York. The
difficulty at first in providing employment for tho
numerous young women, of no mean, who were
anxious to avail themselves of the advantages of
the institution, was obviated by the generous
offer of Miss Woolsey to furnish tlie means to
open an Industrial Department, and to super
intend it in person. This she has done at her
own cost and with great efficiency and success.
The females have heen learned to make up, under
her direction, all the clothing required by the
students, and liave also made up garments of
good quality which have found a ready sale in
the neighboring towns and hamlets. This accom
plished and philanthropic lady has thus practi
cally demonstrated the success of the experiment,
and her example and teachings have been of
inestimable advantage to these young women,
who are eager learners in every branch of female
education. Very strict attention is paid to the
hahits and deportment of the students, the aim
being to fit them to go forth as teachers, not only
of the ordinary branches of school education but
of good manners, habits of neatness and thrift,
and liberal and correct ideas.
There are seventy students in the institute, one
third of whom are females, and many have been
turned away for want of room. But a large
building is in process of erection which will
accommodate double the present number. The
Legislature of Virginia has recently taken the
institute under the care of the State, and while
its independence on a firm basis is thus ensured,
its sphere of usefulness will be greatly enlarged.
The influence of an institution like this on the
future of the freedmen of the South is incalculable.
The North gave the negro bis freedom it is now
nobly working at the task of learning him bow
to use the inestimable boon, and to fit him for
the duties and responsibilities of American citi
The Pope Intercedes for Peace.
The following correspondence has taken place
between the Tope and the King of Prussia :
Your Majesty : In the present grave circum
stances it may appear an unusual thing to receive
a letter from me ; but as the Vicar of the Earth,
of God, and of Peace, I cannot do less than offer
my mediation. It is mj desire to witness the
cessation of warlike preparation and to stop the
evil and its inevitable consequences. My media
tion is that of a sovereign whose small domain ex
cites no jealousy, but who inspires confidence by
moral and religious iSuence. He personifies
God, and may God lend an ear to my wishes, and
listen also to those I have forme! for Maf-
ti-k xhiim I wnul.l : . i . J, J'
;.- " " . iu Donas ot charity.
Given at the atican, July 22d, I860
Signed. ' pIVS
The postscript adds : I haTe written identic
ally to the Emperor."
The King's reply is as follows : Moet August
Pontiff: I am not surprised, but profoundly
moved, at the touching words traced by your
band. It is the cause and voice of God that peace
be heard. Hjw could my heart refuse to listen
to so powerful an appeal? God witnesses that
neither I nor my people desired or provoked war.
Ubeyuig the sacred duties which God imposes on
eovere.gns and nations, we take up the sword to
defend the independence and honor of our country ;
ready to lay it down when these treasures are
cured. If your Holiness could offer me from h,m
unexpectedly declared war, assurances of
in-J - V apposition, and guarantees
? "lm'r attempt "P"n the peace and
t TnttT" ,-hfm from7" venerable
i last quarter is heard, Death has to go
the bell, which he strikes yith his bone,
Arrival oi tlio
STEABISHIP MOSES TAYLOR
Extraordinary War News
THE GERMANS VICTO
RIOUS. THE FRENCH DEFEATED
The Emperor Napoleon a Captive
The Great Battle of Stcnay
On Aug. 30 and 31 and Sept. 1.
French Losses 140,000, in
cluding 80,000 Sur
rendered. The N. P. T. Co.'s steamer Moses Tny!or,CapU in
R. S. Floyd, arrived promptly at 4 P. M. on Wed
nesday, September 21st. the day she was due,
bringing the Hawaiian and Australian mails from
the United States and Europe, and about 100 pas-
The war news by this arrival is of the most ex
traordinary character, sbowiog a succession of
German victories and French defeats, terminating
in the capture and dethronement of the Emperor,
and the establishment of a French Rejuiblic.
Chief Justice Chase has been stricken with
paralysis, and probably will not recover, so as to
resume his official duties.
A great fire occurred at Chicago on the night of
September 4tb, involving a loss of betweeu two
and three millions worth of property and fifteen
or twenty lives.
The British iron-clad Captain, on returning from
a naval review, encountered a storm September
7th, and foundered at sea. There were two hun
dred persons on board, and but one boat's crew
has yet been heard from.
The Great Battle of
en Ang. 30,31, and Sept. 1.
London, Aug. 31. The Independence Beige, (Brus
sels), of yesterday, says : Marshal McMahon
while on the heights ol Vaux on Tuesday, advanc
ing to Mortmedy, was attacked by the Germans
and flung back with dreadful carnage. This region
of country is now absolutely depopulated." This
corresponds with the Prussian account of the ac
tion near Beumont, reported late last evening.
A cable special to the Jlerald, dated Bouillon,
Belgium. August, 31st. 9 o'clock P. M. says: A
fearful battle was fought yesterday and to-day- by
the Prussian armies of the Crown Prince and Prince
Frederick Charles, with the forces of McMahon.
Yesterday morning McMahon with 180.000 men
commenced a general movement towards Montme
dy. He was attacked near Beumont and driven
back aftr an obstinate resistance toward the Bel
New York, Sept 3. A dispatch just received at
this office says that King William announces to
Queen Agusta the surrender of the whole French
army at Sedan, including the Emperor himself.
Berlin, Sept 3. The following highly important
dispatch has just been made public here :
Befork Sedan, France, k riday, Sept. 2 1 : 22
P. M. From the King to the Queen A capitula
tion, whereby the whole French army at Sedan are
prisoners of war, has just been concluded with Gen.
U'im'on onmmanrl'nr inatpnil ff M.irhnl MMnhnn.
Wimfen, commanding, instead of Marshal McMahon,
who is wounded. The Emperor surrenr,red him- forenoon, the other papers soon followed, and pla
self to me. as he has no command. iJUieft every- cards were posted everywhere in the streets, and
thing to the Regency at Paris. I shall appoint his
residence after an interview with him at a rendez
vous to be fixed immediately. What a course
events, with God's guidance, have taken.
The Battle of Sedan How Napoleon
New York. Sept 3. A cable special to the Tri
bune, dated London, says a special correspondent
to the Tribune telegraphs from the King's head
quarters at v endres, near fceaan, r naay : - ine
battle or Sedan began at six in me morning, oepu
1st. Two Prussian corps were in position on the
west of Sedan, having got there by long forced
marches, to cut off the French retreat to Mezeires.
South of Sedan was the first Bavarian corps, and
east across the Meuse, the 2d Bavarian corps, and
the Saxons were on the northeast with the Prus
sian Guards. I was with the King throughout the
day on the bill above St. Menu, commanding a
splendid view of the valley and the field. After a
tremendous Dame, toe rrussians naving coiupincij
surrounded Sedan, and tho Bavarians having en
tered the fortifications of Sedan, the Emperor capi
tulated at 5 : 15 P. M. His letter to the King of
Prussia said : As I cannot die at the head of my
army, I lay my sword at the feet of your Majesty."
Napoleon left Sedan for the Prussian headquar
ters at Vendres, at 1. A. M. of September 2d.
McMabon's whole army, comprising 100.000 pris
oners, capitulated without conditions. The Prus
sians had 240.000 men engaged or in reserve. The
French had 120.000.
A London Account of the Surrender
The Prince Prussian Terms.
New York. Sept 3 A London special to the
World says there is great excitemenw there. It was
not known that Napoleon was with bis army until
your mother have some more meat Y" Or
at another time, Is your mother going
...:.t. ,t 9y nri r :i :Z
the surrender. General Wimpfen, who surrendered
the French army, is a cousin of the Prussian Gen
eral of the same name. It is said Napoleon insisted
upon the surrender against the protest of younger
officers, as be was shocked by the fearful slaughter
of Wednesday and Thursday. It is believed the
residence of the Elector of Hesse Cassel will be as
signed to Napoleon. The Prince Imperial reached
Belgium on Wednesday, and is at Chimay, in
Hainault He is to proceed to Paris if no revolu
tion breaks out Nothing is received in London
from Paris, and nothing is known there at Paris
publicly of Napoleon's surrender. It is stated
that the King of Prussia is willing to abandon bis
indemnity claims, provided he secures Alsace and
Lorraine. It is understood Austria and Russia op
pose, while England favors this. A Republican
outbreak in France is feared. It is estimated that
from 15.000 to 20,000 French and Prussian strag
glers have taken refuge in Belgium.
Berlin and Brussels are greatly excited.
London Dispatch from Sedan The Bat
tles and Surrender A Graphic
London, Sept. 3. A dispatch from Sedan via
Bouillon. September 2d, midnight, 6ays: The
die is cast, so far as McMabon's fino army and
fortunes of the Empire are concerned. All is over
with France. I have already telegraphed briefly
the facts of the battles of Tuesday and Wednes
day. Each day's fight was terrible. The results
at the close of each day were favorable to the
Thursday, at daylight, showed the French rein-
rorceu. occupying a strong elevated position, from
Bazielle8 extending down the railroad to Douzey,
and thence to Mairey. for the line of the Meuse on
the railroad. At five o'clock the Prussians recom
menced the battle, making simultaneous attacks
on the French front and left flank. The fighting
was at first confined to artillery, both armies firing
incessantly, the French evidently having the weaker
force of guns than the Prussians. At noon a fierce
attack was made by the Prussian infantry at
Douzey, with the object of breaking the French
centre ; but after tremendous fighting, the Prus
sians fell back. A pause seemed to take olace. at
o'clock, firing beinj
less incessant : but
only the prelude ot
a yet tierce assault.
two o'clock a simultaneous movement was made
along the whole Prussian line, the'infantry charg
ing the French guns. At three o'clock the French
line, which had previously stood firm, wavered,
and immediately afterwards broke. The battle
then became a rout McMahon is reported as
seriously wounded, during this last attick.
The roads now present a terrible aspect. The
French left everything, flying in every direction,
and throwing away their arms. The Prussians
pressed forward resolutely, bent on cutting off
their retreat toward Belgium. The Prussians used
the bayonet with terrific effect. Night closed on
the ront and pursuit, leaving the Prussians gather
ing in large numbers around Sedan. The Emperor
remained throughout the battle. At half-past
twelve, noon, a messenger was sent to the Emperor
at his headquarters, advising him to fly to Belgium,
but he was too ill to undertake the journey. This
forenoon on the 2d the Prussians are prepared to
attack Sedan, which is not iu a condition to resist
At twelve o'clock night a party of officers,
headed by General Wimpfen, left Sedan, bearing
a flag of truce. It was received by the Prussian
advance guard and conducted to the Prusisna
headquarters, where the General formally surren
dered the French army and fortress to King Wil
liam. The French party also bore a letter from
the Emperor Napoleon to the King, stating his
desire to surrender himself, not having any com
mand. The formal capitulation took place at 1
o'clock. It is said the Emperor will be sent under
a strong escort to Madgeburg, but his destination
is a secret A large number of French escaped
Enthusiasm at Berlin Berlin and Lon
don Accounts Processions of
Ekrmn, Sept 3. The receipt of the news that
the Emperor and McMahon had capitulated, occa
sions the most prodigious enthusiasm here. Thou
sands of people throng the streets moving in ranks,
with arms linked, singing patriotic songs, shouting,
and exhibiting every other sign of enthusiasm.
The surging crowd assembled before the palace,
when in response to the cheering, the Queen ap
peared and made a short address. All the schools
are now closed, and the children are given a holi
day. The monument to Frederick the Great is
literally buried in Sags. Demonstrations were
made before the residence of Count Von Bismarck,
Baron Moltke. and the Minister of War, Von Roone.
The shops and stores are mostly closed, and the
day is given up to festivities and rejoicings.
London, Sept 3 A dispatch from Berlin to-day
says, the rejoicings over the glorious news from
! Sedan baffie description. It was known at eight
: o'clock in the morning. The whole population
appeared on the streets, and rushed to the palace
: of the Queen. In a very few minutes the Queen
l was out on the balcony, dressed in a plain morning
j wrapper, weeping with joy as she received the
t deafeniDg cheers of the multitude. Hundreds of
women went down on their knees with streaming
: eyes, and thanked God for the apparent approach
j of the close of the terrible war. Processions of
children formed in all quarters. Many climbed
i the statute of Frederick the Great, crowning it
with wreaths and flags. An impromtu procession
i of citizens was gotten up, which marched through
the streets with banners and music. It is the
I general belief that France will abandon further
I resistance. All financial circles share in the exul
tation which is shown by the buoyancy of the
markets. The people gladly welcome peace on
the most generous terms consistent with perfect
security against future wars.
The Feeling and News in London.
London, Sept. 3. London is wild with delight
over the Prussian triumph, and the streets for
hours were filled with excited crowds of English
men, who congratulated each other as if there had
been an English victory. Sympathy with the
Prussians was never so strongly manifested. The
surrender was published here by the Daily News
j in an extra, about half-past 10, this September 3d
thousands or dispatches were sent in every direc-
tion. ine ran Mall uazetie says: "iae news
will be regarded as the finale of the Emperor, and
his hopes, by a hastily patched up peace to find
the means to transfer the throne to his son. It is
the last and greatest delusion of his life of delu
sions. He may find it easier to begin than to end
a war. Peace is by no means yet certain. There
is no government to make peace. Imperialism is
dead. An Orleans government or a Republic can
hardly begin by a surrender. France has for the
first time to act Her eyes are for the first time
opened." The evening Standard says : " Sedan
is the Emperor's Waterloo. The second Empire is
now overthrown." The Standard deprecates exult
ation, and expresses heartfelt sympathy with the
fallen sovereign." The Echo says : " The Em
peror's last act does what is possible to redeem his
fault The author of the war surrenders himself
to the conqueror, admitting his own defeat, which
may help to avert that of France."
A Bepublic Proclaimed in France.
The Journal Officiel De La Republic, publishes
the following proclamation : " Citizens of Paris :
The Republic is proclaimed. A Government has
been appointed by acclamation. It is composed
of the citizens Emmanuel Arago, Cremieux. Jules
Ferry, Gambetta. Garnier Pages, Biseon, Glaise,
Pallateau, Rochefort, Picard and Jules Simon,
representatives of Paris. General Trochu is en
trusted with full military powers for the national
defense ; he has been called to the Presidency of
the Government, which is before all a Government
for national defense."
The New Ministry.
Paris. Sept 5. The following Ministry has
been convened : Minister of the Interior, M. Gam
betta; Minister of Foreign Affairs, M. Jules Favre ;
Wheeler WHaon'a Sewing Machines,
Tbe New England Mutual Life Insurance Company,
Tbe Kohala Sugar Company, Hawaii.
Minister of Finance, M. Perrin Mague ; Minister of
Public Instruction. 31. Jules Simon ; Jlimster of
Justice, M. Chameraux ; Minister of War. General
Le Ferre ; President of the Council of State, M.
Goevy ; Secretary of the Provissional Government,
M. Tareitugan. Major General Trochu retains the
governorship of Paris. M. M. Vaienton and In
gilhordt are appointed Civil Commissioners for
the Province of Alsace.
France and America.
Paris, Sept. 6. It is stated that the Erst official
act of Jules Favre, Minister of Foreign Affairs un
der the new Republican Government was to tele
graph to the United States Government at Wash
ington announcing the death of the Empire and
the birth of the Republic. He asks the sympathy
and moral support of the people and Government
of the United States in the efforts of the liberal
party of France to establish a Republic and drive
back the invaders from the 6oil of France.
What the People and Press Say.
Paris, Sept 6. The papers of this afternoon
contain lengthy anneals addressed to the United
States Government, for American aid and sympa
thy in the movement inaugurated for the purpose
of freeing the French people from the Imperial
dynasty, and establishing upon a firm foundation
a Government similar to-that of the United States.
The Republic Recognized in Paris.
Paris, Sept. 8. Late yesterday afternoon. Min
ister Washburn had t.n interview with Jules Favre,
at which he announced that the American Govern
ment had recognized the sister Republic of Fi ance.
Favre was much moved. Grasping Washburn by
the hand, he exclaimed : " I receive this notifica
tion with gratitude and profound emotion." It is
reported that Louis Blanc, Ledru Rollin and Du
fraisse will be appointed ambassadors to London,
Washington and Vienna, respectively.
Paris, Sept. 8. Great crowds of the Garde Mo
bile, with the French and American flags, made a
demonstration before the American Legation to
day, of gratitude for the recognition of the French
Republic by the United States. The letter of
Washburne to Favre, gives great satisfaction. The
people seem persuaded that the American Govern
ment will interfere, in favor of peace.
Whereabouts of Napoleon.
Berlin. Sept. 9. The Emperor Napoleon arrived
at the chateau of Wilhelmholme on Monday, Sept 5.
lie was received with due courtesy. He was conduct
ed, with his suite to his appointed residence. He
appeared composed and cheerful. Hearing that a
Republic had been proclaimed in France, be said
that the Germans, on entering Paris, would bring
order to the machinery of State there. He, how
ever manifested no vindictive spirit toward his
King William's Opinion.
London. Sept. 10. Information received at the
Prussian Embassy at London, makes it certain that
King William has resolved to ignore the revolu
tionary Government in Paris as destitute of all
shadow of authority.
In the event of the occupation ot Paris he will
treat only with the officials recognized by the Em
Paris, Sept 10. Special to the He raid.' Excit
ed crowds were called together in front of the
Hotel de Ville to-day. by the publication of the
statement that King William had determined not
to treat with the Republic, and. ia response to re
peated calls, they were addressed by Jules Favre.
He said no such definite announcement had been
officially received ; if. however, such action had
been taken, all France will fly to arms, and what
is now a war for national defence, will grow into a
war for extermination. Not a Prussian shall re
turn home to tell of this last outrage. Favre was
Various War Telegrams.
It is stated that the correct number of soldiers
surrendered at Sedan is 80,000.
The Germans are said to have lost 80,000 men in
the battles around Sedan.
Asiatic cholera prevails among the troops be
Rueims, Sept. 11. The official reports of the
battles of Sedan show that 45 cannon were taken
the losses of the French, in killed, wounded and
prisoners, were 140,000.
Sedan, Sept. 8. The French paroled officers are
going to Africa to exchange places of service with
officers there. A regular siege has been commenced
at Metz, but negotiations for capitulation continues
"sedan, bept. a. mere are now marcning on
Paris five Corps d'Armee.
The Corps of the Crown Prince and the Bavarian
Corps left Rejour at 5 o'clock ; the other Corps
nave all been ordered to take tneir respective
positions ten leagues from I'aris on the 14th inst
Berlin. Sept 10. King William wrote to the
Queen describing his emotions on meeting the
French Emperor. He says : " It was overwhelm
ing. For the moment I could not control myself,
on tnus meeting mm wnom rnree years ago l saw
at. tne snmmii oi grandeur, ine jmperor was
Paris, Sept. 10. The afternoon papers report
tne loiiowing :
" The Prussians demanded the surrender of
Laon. The k rench commandant opened the gates,
ana tne 1'russian officers and soldiers entered
When they were well inside, the French command
ant fired a mine, blowing up the citadel, and kill
ing and wounding a great number of the enemy.
" l ne ar utnee expects to nave by to-morrow.
including troops of the Lane, uarde Rationale and
Garde Mobile, 360.000 men, counting the forces at
Lyons and elsewhere, but hastily engaged and im
"Troops and artillery arrived yesterday from
Mezieres and are camped on the Avenue l'lmper
atrice. Other troops have left for the front.
" It has been decided to burn the Bois de Bologne
and the forests of St. Cloud and St. Germaine, as
soon as provisions can be made.
It is fully expected that the American Minister
will be asked to help in the peace negotiations."
New York, Sept 5. Amsterdam dispatches say
the Prince Imperial was captured with the Emperor.
Telegrams from Paris direct say there is great
popular excitement over the announcement of the
capitulation and capture of the Emperor. Great
crowds collected in the Place de la Concorde on
its being known, and stormy scenes occurred in
the Corps Legislatif. It is reported that a Dictator
ship would be pronounced by the Corps at a secret
meeting. Crowds are anxiously awaiting the news.
The following has also been received addressed
to the Secretary of State :
"London, Saturday, Sept. 3, 11:15 P. M. The
Emperor and McMabon's army have surrendered
at Sedan, to the King. The Emperor's residence is
to be appointed by the King after an interview
with him. The capitulation was concluded with
General Wimpfen instead of McMahon, who was
wounded. (Signed) Motlet,
Minister at London."
London, Sept 6. A special to the evening Tele
graph, dated London, September 6th, says : " The
Prince Imperial reached London this forenoon.
His arrival at Charing Cross, the railroad terminus,
was unexpected, and therefore did not excite at
tention. The Prince was attended by his suite.
He appeared to be suffering from recent indis
position. McMahon lies dead at Namur, near Belgium.
Brussels, Sept. 6. The Prince Imperial has left
nanover for England. The Empress Eugenie ar
rived at Belgium on Sunday.
London. Sept 5. The burning of the library at
Strasbourg, one of the most useful and valuable in
Europe, because ot the rarity ot its treasures,
seems to be fully verified. j
General Sheridan complimented Count Von Bis
marck on the brilliant maneuvers enacted by the
Prussian troops. He said he could only compare
the surrender of Napoleon to that of General Lee,
Generals Sheridan and Forsyth accompanied the
King on his march to Paris.
- rSZSLICU located IfcTtiie rnlSTeenCraT prf of the city, I
convenient to the business and shipping. '
So pains will be spared to render this the most popnlar and
I Ix-st reculated public bouse in Honolulu. And its patrons may
London, Sep 1 9. Marshal McMahon is at Brussels.
Members of the suite of the Empress and the
Prince Imperial sailed from Antwerp this morning
for Harwich, England. They took with them an
immense quantity of baggage.
London. Sept 10. The Empress Eugenie and
the Prince Imperial remain secluded at Hastings.
Brussels. Sept 10. At the present pace of the
army, the Prince Royal and the Bavarians should
be in their designau-d positions around Paris on
Wednesday next From these points they will
slowly close in on the French fortifications. The
Prussian force was at Compeigne this forenoon.
Brussels, Sept. 11. It is reported that the
French Minister of Foreign Affairs will leave Paris
to-morrow, to establish his department at some
southern point, probably at Marseilles; Tours is
too much exposed.
Paris, Sept. 10. The Prussians entered Laon
yesterday. Shortly after their entrance the maga
zine exploded, blowing up a portion ot the citadel ;
the Prussian staff, and several hundred soldiers
The Siege of Strasbourg.
London, Sept 9. A correspondent of the Daily
Neves, at Carlsruhe.says that the garrison of Stras
bourg is reduced to desperate strait", and is now
willing to negotiate terms of capitulation with cer
tain reservations, which cannot be concealed by
The French Commander has offered to surrender
the garrison and the city with honors of war, but the
Prussian General refused to concede this privilege,
and insisted on an unconditional surrender. The
reply of the French Commander, Ulrich, was. that
he would not capitulate on any such terms, but
would rather risk the gradual reduction of the city.
The parley was absolutely broken off. and the
Prussians opened fire on the city. Cannon are
being mounted on the ramparts of the third parapet
of the Prussian counter works, which has just been
completed, and the guns will Boon be directed
against the city. The bombardment from the first
and second lines of the Prussian continues, and
the havoc created is plainly discernable.
Sixty thousand troops of Baden and South Ger
many conduct the seige. The diversion of the
course of the river Elb, which has hitherto supplied
the beseiged with water, will cause great suffering
in the city, and will doubtless hasten the surrender.
A cable special to the Jlerald, dated before
Strasbourg, 5tb, via London, September 7th, says :
The first orders were to invest this city, and see
that no considerable amount of provision could
enter, aud prevent any of the outside world coming
in, without a destructive bombardment This
moral pressure had no effect on the Governor, and
a seige in force was commenced, and the first
parallel opened. What destruction ensued ! "
The avenues were felled as if a hurricane had
passsed over the city. The Cathedral and public
buildings were partially destroyed ; the streets
were strewed with dead and dying. Magnificent
houses were in ruins. One shell burst in a school
for children, and eight little girls were instantly
The city is on fire in twenty different places, and
comparatively at the mercy of the mob, who pillage
everything they can lay their hands on.
It is known that two hundred thousand chasse
pots are stored in Strasbourg.
The city is on the verge of starvation, horseflesh
being the only meat obtainable.
The terms of Peace.
London Sept. 7. The Tunes says the Republic
inherits the war and its penalties. Prussia is ready
to make peace in return for the fortress of Metz and
the Provinces of Alsace and Lorraine. Better
terms than these France is unlikely to obtain. If
France ref uses to treat upon the basis of these lib
eral propositions the Republic will perish, because
Frenchmen are more jealous of their military glory
than of their claims or of the right and justice of
" I am enabled to inform pou by authority, that
in an interview yesterday, held at the Ministry of
roreign AHairs. Jules l?avre assured Lord Lyons
that the Republic did not inherit the wars of the
Empire ; that the Provisonal Government would
very gladly conclude peace as soon as possible, on
any terms not absolutely dangerous or dishonorable
to France. Favre asked his Lordship if the Eng
lish Cabinet would interfere and suggest terms of
peace to be offered by Prussia, such as he could be
assured France would accept.
Lord Lyons replied that, though England would
be delighted to help bring the war to an end, be
bad no authority to say that she would undertake
to suggest terms of peace to either combatant
Favre said it would then impossible for France to
make any such suggestion, and the interview was
brought to a close. There is but one sentiment ap
parently reigniug throughout the provinces of
France. From all quarters the cry of war comes
up, and throughout France the people are organ
izing for a protracted and natioal conflict.
A deputation of nearly five hundred people went
in a body to thank the American Minister for the
prompt recognition of the Republic by the United
States. The American Minister thanked the popu
lace for their applause, and said America was most
anxious for the success of Republican institutions
in France and throughout Europe.
London, Sept. 9. The World's London corres
pondent telegraphs :
" The impression here, in high official circles, is
that France will accept any terms short of dismem
berment of her territory, in refusing which she is
supported by Russia."
" Overtures have been made to Austria to obtain 1
an armistice from Prussia, on the basis of territo
rial integrity. Russia is understood to have offered
her good offices to the French Government, and is
now taking actve steps for her assistance. Every-
tmng depends on r ranee's acquiescence in the
Russian Eastern policy. It is believed here that
Bismarck does not want Alsace and Lorraine, and
that the English press goes beyond the wishes of
tne rrussian uovernmeni.
London, Sept 7. The English Government in
conjuction with Neutral Powers, is about to make
an earnest appeal to Prussia, to conclude a peace
on the basis of the following propositions : French
territory to be held inviolate ; France to pay Ger
many the expenses of the war; general disarma
ment of France ; and the destruction of all forts in
Almce and Lorraine. It is believed these terms
will be acceptable to the Republic.
Berlin, Sept 10. The conditions of peace as
printed by the Gazettt de France, are grossly exag
gerated ; Prussia demands no 3,000,600,000 francs
as idemnity, nor the surrender of any portion of
a. i a . i
me iron-ciaa neei.
New York, Sept 11. A Paris special last night
says the prospects of peace are more favorable.
Austria and Russia have consented to negotiate
with Germany, and have begun by insisting on an
armistice. The Envoys of Russia and Austria are
authorized in the name of all the neutral powers to
protest against any dismemberment of France, and
if intervention secures a suspense of hostilities, an
attempt will ui once be made to adjust the terms
Bismarck and Von Beust are in active negotia
tion but Bismarck insists as preliminary to the ar
rangements, that three Prussian Army Corps shall
be encamped within twenty miles of Paris, as sat
isfaction to the public opinion of Germany.
Great Popular Demonstration in London.
London, Sept 11, Special to the WorUL The
London journals to-morrow will surely believe the
really formidable popular demonstrations which
took place here to-day in favor of the French Re
public, and against Monarchy at home and abroad.
The demonstrations were two in number, oue in
Hyde Park, and the other at St James Hall.
At the meeting in the open air, in Hyde Park,
Prof. Bereby made a speech vigorously denounc
ing the imbecility of the British Government, and
charging it upon the Queen, by name, that she was
encouraging the King of Prussia to march on Paris
for the purpose of destroying the new-born French
Republic. What the freemen of America recog
nize and applaud," said Professor Bereby, -the
aristocracy ot England supports, a Queen, who
desert her post, is aiding to stifle and suppress."
CoDDer and Tin Work.
on Buildings, Gutters, Spouts, Water-plpea, Roof
The name of the Queen was received with a
tempest of hisses. When these subsided, a voice
in the crowd called, " three groans for the Prince
of Wales." The response was universal and pas
sionate. The aspect of the crowd at the time was really
In the meeting at St James, which was crowded
by persons of a better class than the gathering at
Hyde Park, strong resolutions were adopted, de
nouncing the inconsistency of the Prussian ad
vance upon Paris with the solemn proclamation of
the Crown Prince, in August, that Prussia made
not war on the French people, but on the Emperor
Professor Bereby said England desired no dis
memment of France ; that if the English Govern
ment were honest, it would at once and plainly
say to the King of Prussia that the English Gov
ernment is hostile both openly and secretly to the
French ; not because it loves Germany, but bates
Republicanism, and fears it To uphold the pres
ent course of Prussia is to uphold despotism in
Germany as well as in France. The Government
of England has not recognized the Republic in
France, but the day was at hand when the French
Republic would be called to recognize a Republic
Odger read at this meetiDg an address from the
Democrats of London to the French Republicans,
which was adopted.
The feeling ia this city against the Government
and the Royal family is extremely bitter, not only
among the avowedly democratic classes, but
throughout the ranks of others.
The impression made by the Times and other
papers of the same standing, that the foreign poli
cy of the Government has been dictated by the
personal prejudice of the Queen and the interests
of her family, has produced a most dangerous and
Vienna, Sept. 6. Cable dispatch to the New
York Herald. Great excitement and anxiety are
manifested in political circles consequent upon
events at the theatre of war. The wonderful vic
tories of the Prussians are regarded with alarm by
the Austrian Government. There is evidently a
growing disposition on tne part or the German
population ot the kingdom to incline toward a
united and powerful Germany, established by the
war. It is rumored that Beust favors the organi
zation as the only means ot satisfying the different
nationalities. I he Diet of Prague favors a confed
London, Sept 6. News from Florence is most
menacing. Great crowds assembled last night in
the Piazza del Palazza Vecchia. shouting for a
Republic, and tried to force an entrance into the
tower f the Palace so as to hoist a Republican
flag. The police resisted them, and quite a con
flict took place. A number of rioters were driven
into the Arno, and drowned. Quiet reigned to
day, but the hurried removal of the Court and
Government keeps the people in a ferment
Active negotiations are Rolf on with the Papal
Government on the subjectcl tbe transfer of the
capital to Rome. It is believed nothing else can
prevent a revolution, which may upset both tbe
Pope and the King.
London. Sept. 6. Advices from Rome represent
that the Pope is making preparations to meet the
transfer of the Italian Government at Rome. It is
reported that he will retire to Castell Gondolto as
soon as the Italians appear at tbe city.
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