Newspaper Page Text
tor IF 33P ILo IES IES iET "HP 2F O
HONOLULU, II. I.,
SATURDAY, OCT. 15,1870.
M 1 f i
H I HI IF'
Eight Days Later.
ARRIVAL OF THE D.C.MURRAY.
Paris Invested from Versailles
Reported Prussian Defeat.
The Batteries of Strasbourg Silenced--Probable
Destruction of the City.
Rome OccupiedDemonstratlona of Joy.
THE NEW CABINET OF ITiLF.
The bark P. C. Murray, dpt. N. T. Bennett, erals Renault and Ducret.Nvas posted on the beiebts
mc vim. . j, t , above Chamart ; the Prussians, throwing np earth-
arrived on Friday morning, 21 day paHbage, to i worts at Abbon. advanced through the woods of
Meters. Walker & Allen, bringing San Francipco Meudon. A severe engagement took place at Fon-
.t. mi i. a . tensy. in which the Prussians were finally repulsed
dates to the 221, eight davs later. with considerable loss. Tbey still occupy the posi-
She brings 35 pasoengeis, among whom we no-! tion at Abbn. It is expected the first general bat
tice the names of A. P. Everett, J. R. Igan and ' tie will be fought on the ground of this battle.
! The number of men under arms in Paris is stated
Bishop Mairet. : at 43000. including 180.000 volunteers from the
Tl following are the very latent telegraphic ! Provinces.
-MtptiP. There i said to be no truth in the reported at-
war aespatcncP tack qq Va,erien-
T.MTM. i-ept. Slt-A Tr,but social j . The T Je FratlCe Libprle. Monde. Ldne an(1
C;overnm-Ut has ordered the troops 111 all the conn- CoMtl(utiitfn,ei wv now pnolifbfd in Tours. The
try to converge on 1 am. A Oiariiarl. lieveilU and Libre are still issued at
It U rumored lhat the Pruiana have entered ; paris A t pappr, bave been reduced ODe.
Orlean. . j naf pe Jiejntjblic. Parliament and Historic have
Tue following despatches have been received by t su.p.nded. The former is published ut Blois.
the Ministry : All the towns and cities of France are raising
Coijiar. Sept. 20tb The Department t Haul-; mea an1 mnWj for the natioual defence. Lille.
KLirte bus betfn completely evacuated by the Ger- j Arras and Valenciennes are reporttd fully prepared
man troors. aud the drawing of the conscription ia 1 to reS;st an attack.
resumed. The Reds at Lvons are becoming more moderate.
- At Malhausen all is qniet ; should the enemy ; Th,. apie:ii to their leaders Irom Rovhefort has had
ret iru the population will be prepared to reist. 1 a great effect.
-riSAL. sept. 2oih. Tout ban acain bet-nat-. The Brussels ajrent of the World telegraphs it is
lacked, but the Pniian were rrj.ulM-I and their ; narstood the proclamation of the German Em
guns disoiounted. p5re h tfc object of Iel Briiek" viit to South
iin. Sept. 20th. It is reported that the Prus-1 ;ernianv.
in invetiDg ParU have been defeated on the It u an'n01inceti to-night that the heavv batteries
plains c f Metulon and srffered heavy loss.-s. ! of Strasbourg have been silenced, ami the bom-
-Torx'iN. Sept. SOth. The transports landed : hardent threatens to destroy the w ho.. eity. No
here to-d-iy t-ix thr.nand Z-ures and two thou- ai.na nf t,,rrl,n,ii.i
-M.b.-'eii.u:s. Sept. 21st. The Municinal Conn- j foun( m Kcne implicating Mazzini .Garibaldi and ! larity, strung on this road like beads, were the
cil have voted a war loin or lu.Ooo.UO't francs' , KarJ p,um ju a plot for a popular rising, and that j pretty little villages, each with its church tower,
Loi. Sept. 21-t. TLe German Forces have ; decided the course of the Italian Cabinet. Mazzini ! all of which are really only a hundred yards
oo ipied Nemours. j will now be liberated. 1 apart, although thev have separate names Mars
It i M-d Hvn. Verder threatens io utterly de-' Berlin. Sept. 21st Cable to the Tribune. To- I La-Tour, Flavigny a little South of the road,
r.y .Strasbourg, if it .ioes i.ot surrender. A des-, day,s p,.oviArial Corespondent. Ministerial organ. Viodville, Kezonville, and Gravelotte, which is
pate liroia.MunUe.elsaejiH. states th tt on Tuesday, 1 MUV:tb. circular of Jules Favre shows a ! divide! into Great and Little Gravelotte. On
bV'VC 'h7orr rt ' ''-V? bour;wa3' marked sobering down; hi former haughty tone my right WCre the thickly wooded hills behind
nne are. ;
Loth in the German and French armi.-s are given ;
eun.est evidence cf brotherhood and human. ty dur-1
inz the war. i
- - lie-
raris u ennretj nut in. anu a.i avenues ol com- i
oiaui.tati.in art? cut tn except vja i;ei ua
013CUU aespatcn iroai rmsslan tieatloilarlers ,
beire Paris repoit that redoubt ith seven guns ;
Ciiptared by the (ietw.m trooi-s.
.moiuer oi.-spax. ti ltom tne Mne to the oueen. : ,v
Tuesday, sys the French abandoned their position :
nr Piern-iri.. n..rth of Fort St. Penis. At the
ame tira. tl; Pruo-Bavai San Corps, crossing the j
Sriu n.r Vii'.eniue. attacked three divisions
under the commjnd r.f ften. Venoy of the heights
Sceaux.and captured seven zuos and many men.
Criiz Jinrtml i!ii mntvino ty. a t
Beklk. Sept. 21st. A cable special to the Her
ahi, sajs tbe Crowu Irince intormed the Queen
yesterday, by telegiuph from Versailles, of tbe in
vesfmut of Paris from Versailles to Vincennes.
The French Tiooi.s have been driven back. The
capture of an outworlc. with nn .nnnn a
eciired with little lo?s. ' :
A despatch from Royal headquarters, at Meaux, I
Sept. 2tnb. savs the eomnlete intHimtm r i.ria
accomplished yesterday. Tbe King recon- '
noitred the fortifications on tbe northern side of'
the city. j
Tolhs. Sept. 21st. General Werder has refused j
to sign any more sate contracts for the inhabitants j
of Strasbourg. A general bombardment of th!
city is about to take place. ;
oi to iake piace. , c,ty gajg the following win De tne uaoinet 01 itaiy
s. Sept. 21st.A Tribnne correspondent at j nnder tbe new regime, according to reports circu
rleRraphs to-day that the American Minis-1 lating at Rome :
uthority. learns that Favre will be received i Mazzini. President of Council and Minister.
ter, oa author i
a private CStDJCltv r.r.lr nH U srnnnA.l K
Kismarck that f.ermany must insist as a condition
sin qiui .o of peace, the surrender of th forta on
iu jioseue ana Rhine, by which
threatened and attacked.
-v dispatch was received in London from Bis
marck yesterday which says Favre was cordially
llC thT.,n2" headquarters at Rothchild's
ttl ptr!'.nary discussions were had. rela
ting to tbe time and need of convoking the Constit
u.nt Assembly. No fetepS were taken for securing
ftrSin . g,,""tlT f,r tuIfiUxnent of duties
Km Wb'Cb the Wnal Government
Jield lU consent.
hC.0e3pnd,,DtS! ,he rri&u" telegraphs fiom
before Strasbourg. Wednesday, that thi loss in the
1?' "twWrk- Xo- 55' wa" fling; a.
.JTa? Tb r5"W8'o of ttis position is
exceedingly important, and renders tbe acquisition
or the others easy. The defence showed a surpris
ing lack of vigor. Another proposal for capitula
Uon is expected won. Tbe seige only continues
Weause General Werder insLsU on aa uncondition
London:. Sent. 21m v ;i , .1... -r-
IDA I mfl w . . - r.
- wtmim-s government
ts as given orders
aa American vessel of
war remain in each
..-.r.. .,rUtu porx, an(1 plT4, protect,on to
American citizens and commerce. Colmar. of tbe
niurrn v fnr Tr.nM i . . I
igsiion at fans, leaves London to
T .Tl " . omes b.ack to .l-oln in ten days. .
w "rrw,ponanc is carried on between I
Jgnon at Paris and London, and the Ene
uuitx- in rev reoce to an armistice.
to-dav COPiea of binn.ro and the
' UOt Of the 19th from an lmi;.. I.J. hv
Me tn tbe journey from Paris to Dieppe in an :
wu. 1W toe railroad lines were cut. She
aisplayed an American tag and got through with
V Udrome. late Minister of the Interior, while re
turning to bis Departments with his family, nnder
ni'. condnct from Gambetta. was set upon by
"e ppnUc at Aab. rriIli.MS and cin at Rova-
4r'tLeTurcoa great v despiaed
nelle, and very badly used and in danger of being
It ia also stated, on reliable authority, that Metz
is well garrisoned for many weeks, and cannot be
taken by assault or famine. In the affray of the
9th. thirteen Prussian regiments were nearly anni
hilated. English civil engineers and chemists are the in
ventors of projectiles for use on the walls of Paris
against the Prussians. They are charged with
petroleum, and spread a sheet of flame over a sur
face of sixteen to twenty square yards. Two hun
dred workmen are actively engaged in manufac
A letter from Sir Henry Lytton Bulwer to the
London Times, reproaching the English Govern
ment for apathy in the cause of peace, has produced
a marked effect upon the public sentiment here,
the Ministry ju9tly incurring the reproach.
I heard a curious statement to-day from a well
known American gentleman, just retured from
Germany. He says the Southern States are only
using Prussia in the war to eventually proclaim a
Republic. The Republican sentiment, he says, is
London. Sept. 21. Special to the World.' The
British Cabinet has received no news whatever of
the results of the interview between Favre and
Bismarck. This silence is badly interpreted here.
Dispatches from Tours, announce Viuoy's move
ment was a reconnoissance. and the object was
Fighting not severe, ex-
cept at Choisy-le-Roi. Vinoy withdrew his troops
in perfect order, unpursned. It wa.s ascertained
that the Crown Prince's headquarters were at Ver
'. sailles, and that about 200.000 German troops were
established south and east of Paris. The new vol
unteers organized by Trochu. were under fire for
; the first time ; a portion of which were charged by
,' the Blue Hussars, and repulsed the enemy with
The King is at Versailles and constanfly takes
part in the reconnoisances.
The Prussian requisitions on the people of Ver-
sailles are frightfully severe. Several Lousuh there
; are protected by the American flag,
i The French report the enemy:s capture, after
Vinoy withdrawal, of the redoubt in front of the
former Napoleon ? by two (Jermau Corps, alter
au obstinate conflict. The guns taken were those
of the redoubt, but no more thttn 200 or 400 pris-
' oners were captured in tue action.
On Monday a powerful French force, under Gen-
from rlorence that papers were
couipetencv wLicb the Paris Goverurai-ntlacks.it
II)IJSt be doubted whether the true state of affairs
j3 sn:Hcint , be realized at Pari, if Vruncv regrets
.uf. condition which Gcrmanv insists on. Favre
asked Count Von Eismarck for
an interview ; it tne latter nas conseuteu, idb meei-
!r, . lai haw the Rdvante r.f makin? eil-
t!rj clar lo the controlling men In Paris under
! what conditioo and prospects peace can at all be ,
'. .. , - f
Thc Occupation of Rome.
Vtuj. Albania, sept. 21st. The Italian troops
entered Rome through the Porte Piu. liring on the
mercenaries as they advanced. At last the Pope
ordered that the white flair should be hoisted, and
hostilities ceased. The national forces then aui-
i . i i .1 .
eiiy OCClipieu iue cnjr.
London. Sept. 21st. The Tribune's special cor
respondent telegraphs from Florence that the Ital
p took quiet possession of Rome, after fhis was swiftlv taken up under cover of a con
ry fighting, which was stopped by the Pope, j tjnuou3 fire of their artillery from the heights
There were manv demonstrations of joy here. A
raoltirude entered the belfry of tbe tower, and
forced ihe keeper to ring the great bell.
Tbe Italian troops had order? to use
possible force in the event of resistance,
The final policy of the Government concerning
the Pope is still distrusted by trie Ift. who fear it
may yield too much to the pressure of the Catholic
London. Sept. 21st. The Papal organ in this
c;ty Baj8 the following ill be tbe Cabinet of Italy
Cesmucbi. Minister of Finance
Fabrize. Minister of War.
Porta. Minister of Public "Works.
Ferrari. Minister of Education.
Nancini. Minister of Grace and Justice.
Mussi, Minister of Agriculture and Commerce.
Garibaldi. Minister of Marine.
London. Sept. 2 1st. The Times ridicules the pro
test of Bishop Case, of Western New York, against
the mode of proposed revision of the Bible, and
says his arguments oppose any revision whatever.
Vienna, Sept. 21st Tbe Emperor of Brazil is
expected here soon.
Madrid, Sept. 21st. It now seems that Olozaga
had been instructed to recognize the French Re
public when Lord Lyons, the English Minister, did
so, yet he acted without waiting the latters recog
MAi,Rn, Sept. 21st.-Spanish towns of the Medit-
erranean coast are suffering from vomito.
The dis- !
ease has not appeared here.
Berlin, Sept. 21st Johann Jacoby, leader of
the Democratic party, has been imprisoned at
Koenigsburg. by order of tbe military authorities,
for calling a meeting of partisans, who drafted reso
lutions aeainst tbe annexation ot French territory.
The Democrats of Munich passed similar resolu-
It i semiK)fficiallv announced tbat a further
- rrm!inT wij, tbortI- be bv new
r:,.i - , , ";-7.-L
London. Sept. 21st. Advices are received of tbe
total loss of the New Bedford whaler Aln. off Falk
The Emperor of Russia is a nephew of the King
of Prussia, being grandson of Frederick Wil
liam III., and Louisa.
A voice comes from Washington Territory say
ing. Send os wives." And a thousand unhappy
Benedicts respond, Take ours."
urns iiwuiss mrcce, inawn, At. x.
iMKtiTTient ah nnsna Street.
fr " RAGS
The Battle of Gravelotte near Metz.
A ppecial correspondent of the Tribune gives a
detailed account of the great battle of Gravelotte,
on Thursday, August 18, from which we make
the following extracts :
The first realization we had at Pont-a-Mous-8on
where I found myself on the 17th of the
extent to which fighting had been going on at
the front, on Sunday and Tuesday, was from the
coming in of wounded men. At . first it was
surmised that these had been wounded in skir
mishes. But on the 16th, late in the evening,
there were eigns that the work was becoming
warm. On that evening soldiers with ghastly
wounds walked about the market place in Pont-a-Moueson,
surrounded by eager groups of their
newly-arrived comrades, and told a story of dis
aster. Poor fellows ! It Burely was disaster to
them, borne away as they had been from the
field without having heard of any result. I
fctood among these groups, and the narratives of
the men all amounted to this : that tbey had
been sent to confront a much larger force than
their own, and that their division had been cut up.
On the 17th the wounded of the preceding
day began to pour into Pont-a-Mousson. They
were brought in in long, uncovered grain carts,
lying upon hay. From my window, which over
looked the main street, and also commanded a
view of the market place, I counted more than
ninety of thebe long carts, each holding on an
average about ten men. At midnight of the
17th, or a little after, all the trumpets for a mile
around began to sound. This was the firet time
we liad been startled by such wild music. Trum
pet answered to trumpet through all the bivouacs
uround the little city.
The troops had been passing through almost
continually for several days previously ; but now
the tramp through every street and by-way made
midnight and dawn, a perpetual roar. Hastily
dressing, I ran out into the darkness, and man
aged to get a seat on a wagon that was going in
j the direceion of the front, now understood to be
a mile or two beyond the village of Gorze, some
j twelve miles from Pont-a-JMousson. At Mouvient
1 on the Miselle, about half way to Metz, I found
j vast bodies of cavalry Uhlans and Hussars
I crossing the river by a pontoon bridge, and hur
rying at the top ot their speed towards Gorze.
Quickening my own steps, I first heard the
thunder of the cannonade, seemingly coming
from the heart of a range of hills on the right.
Passing through the village and ascending the
high plain beyond, I found myeelf suddenly in a
battle field, strewn thickly, as far as my eye
could reach, with dead bodies.
As I hurried on, a splendid regiment of caval
ry came up from behind me, and when they
reached the brow of the hill they all broke out
with a wild hurrah and dashed forward. A few
more steps and I gained the summit, and saw
the scene which had evoked theircry, and seemed
to thrill even their horses.
It would be difficult to imagine a grander bat
tle field. From the hill to which I had been
directed by good authority to come, the entire
sweep of the Prussian and French centres could
j be seen, and a considerable part of their wings.
The pot where I ptood was fearful. It was amid
ghastly corpses, and the air was burdened with
! the stench of dead horses, of which their were
great numbers. I was standing on the battle
field of the 16th the Prussian side thereof. On
the left ptretched like a silver thread the road to
Verdun to Paris, also for the possession of
which this series of battles had begun. It was
between the lines of poplars which stood against
the horizon on my left ; and on, as far as the eye
f could reach, towards Metz, with military rejm-
r I 1 1 11 n 1 I M I IK fill IMI I IIII H II I :i III V I I I M ir III I 1114
neiirhborhood, which I had junt left Gorze. So
environed was the foreground of the battle of
Gravelotte, tor it was mainly over and around
that devoted little town that it raged. The area
I have indicated is perhaps four miles square.
r av.,iT7Arl ii,.t thn hntHo W'.t Ylt xenfm Tf
I & nillivu iud. w .. ... . -. w
S was about noon of the ISth. The headquarters of
the King of Prussia were then at the spot which
I have described. At the moment the French
were making a most desperate effort to hold on to
the last bit of the Verdun road that between
Kezonville and Gravelotte, or that part of Grave
lotte which in some maps is called St. Marcel.
The struggle was desperate but unavailing, lor
every one man in the French army had two to
copo with, and their line was already beginning
to waver. Soon it was plain that this wing, the
French rizht. was withdrawing to a new position.
! beyond the village. The movement was made in
! good order, and tho position, which was reached
'; at half-past 1 o'clock, would, I believe, have been
pronounced impregnable by nine out of ten mili
tary men. When once this movement had been
effected, the French retreating from the pressure
of the Prussian artillery fire, and the Prussians as
rapidly advancing, the battle field was no longer
about Rezonville, but had been transferred and
pushed forward to Gravelotte, the junction of the
two branching roads to VerduD. The fields in
front of that village were completely covered by
the Prussian reserves, and interminable lines of
soldiers were Bteadily marching onward, disap
pearing into the village, and emerging on the
other side of it with flaming volleys. This second
battle field was less extensive than the first, and
brought the opposing forces into fearfully close
Tbe French 6tood their ground and died the
Prussians stood their ground and died both by
hundreds, I bad almost said thousands. This, for
an hour or two that seemed ages, so constant was
the slaughter. The Prussian reinforcements,
coming up on their right, filed oat of theRoisdes
Oghons ; and it was at that point as they marched
on to the field that one could perhaps get the best
idea of the magnitude of this invading army now
in the heart of France. There was no break
whatever for four hours in the march of men out
of that wood. It seemed almost as if all the killed
and wounded revived and came back and marched
The attack of the Prussians in the centre was
checked. About 5 o'clock, however, a brigade of
fresh infantry was again formed in the wood and
emerged from its cover. Once out from under the
trees, they advanced at double-quick.
I do not know whether, after the vain effort of
that brigade, another movement was attempted
from within the wood. But half an hour after
ward great numbers of troops began to march
over the bill where I was standing, and moved
forward toward the field where so hard a struggle
had been so long protracted. These also where, I
think, a portion of Gen. Goeben's troops, who
had been directed upon a less dangerous route.
The battle from this point on the Prussian left
became so fierce that it was soon lost to us, or
nearly lost, by reason of the smoke. The French
line on the hills was still unbroken, and to all ap
pearances they were having the best of the battle.
i But this appearance was due, perhaps, to the fact
that the French were more clearly viable in their
OF SUPERIOR HAWAIIAN
broad hight, and fighting with such singular
With reinforcements for the Prussians continu
ally arriving on both sides of tbe field, the battle
grew more and more obstinate. There could be
no doubt that the French well understood the
meaning of the new movements of the Prussians,
and of the gradual development of their line to
Steinmetz was able to extend his line gradually
further and further until the French were out
flanked and began to be threatened, as it appeared,
with an attack on the rear of their extreme right
wing. It was not far from 9 o'clock when the
ground was yielded finally on the North, and the
last shots fired on that terrible evening were
heard in that direction.
A little after four o'clock a strange episode
occurred. From the region wheve Steinmetz was
supposed to be, a magnificent regiment of cavalry
galloped out. They paused a moment at the
point where the Uonflans road joins that to Metz.
Then they dashed up the road toward Metz.
This road between Gravelotte and St. Huberts is
cut through the hill, and on each side of it rise
cliffs from forty to sixty feet high, except at the
point where it traversed the deep ravine behind
the village. When it is remembered that at the
time the culminating point to which that road
ascends was held by the French, it will not be
wondered at that only half that regiment sur
vived. What the survivors accomplished 1 do
not know, nor could I learn the name and num
ber of that regiment which seemed to meet its
fate under the eyes of the King.
I must record also what seemed an inexplicable
thing. The army of Prince Frederick Charles
was lighting hard, and sufiering, it was only too
plain, heavily. From this army, division after
division had been taken and vainly sent against
the French centre. At a moment that for these
reasons seemed critical, there appeared on the
field, occupying ground before held by a portion
of the forces of Prince Frederick Charles, a large
body of troops. They moved into position under
the eyes of tbe King, yet neither the King nor
any of his staff could account for their appear
ance. In any event it cannot be doubted that
the presence of that large body of men made it
self felt upon the fortunes of the field. They
were visible to the French as well as to us.
Instead of advancing, the French now con
tented themselves with the mere occupation of
the ground to which earlier in the day they had
been driven back. At no time did they seriously
strive to regain the westernmost line of hills
which had been theirs in the morning. At no
time did they recover or seek to recover by any
vigorous forward movement to the junction of
the roads at Gravelotte. From seven to eight
the weight of the battle tended more and more
to the north of the road.
To leave the French in their positions during
the night, would have been to imperil the plan
on which tbe Prussian commander had resolved.
So from eight or half-past eight to nine, the de
cisive blow was struck. When the battle of
Gravelotte had actually ended, we knew that the
Prussians held the strong heights beyond the
Bois de Vaux, which commands the surrounding
country to the limits of artillery range from
Metz ; we knew that two great Prussian armies
lay across the only road by which Bazame could
march to Paris for its relief, or for his own
escape ; we knew that a victory greater than
that of Sunday, and even more decisive than the
triumph of Tuesday, had been won.
As I went back to the village of Gorze to pass
the night, I turned at the last point to look upon
the battle field. It was a long earth-bound
cloud, with two vast fires of burning buildings at
either end. The day had been beautiful 60 far as
Nature was concerned, and the stars now looked
down in splendor upon the work of agony and
death such as no one could ever wish to see again.
The following further particulars are tele
graphed by the same specinl correspondent of the
Tribune respecting the battle of the 18th :
A reconnoisance made the day previous (17th)
showed that tho French army was retreating on
Verdun. The column was cut in two by the ad
vance of the Germans, and the last part was
driven back between Gravelotte and Metz. It
was resolved to attack there, as the retreat of tbe
French to Verdun was cut off. The Germans
were posted in a northeast direction from Grave
lotte, commanding the road from Briey to Metz.
The Seventh Prussian Corps formed the right of
the line. Next came the Eighth, posted on the
road to Gravelotte; then the Ninth and Twelfth
Corps. The Guards were on the extreme left.
The Third, First, and Tenth Army Corps was
held in reserve. The Fifth was kept up along
the whole line from eleven o'clock.
The Prussian artillery seemed overpowering,
and the French batteries were gradually driven
back on a second line. 1 pushed over to the left
of the French line, thinking that their position
was abandoned, but to my surprise found that
the enemy was still there and myself a prisoner.
Of what happened afterward I can give out little
account. The cannonade was renewed on both
sides, lasting till nearly ten o'clock, when the
French appeared to be retiring, and the Prussian
guns alone maintained their fire.
I escaped and reached St. Marie, which was in
possession of the Germans. In this village many
of the houses are battered down. Every available
spot was crowded with wounded men. No con
veyance nor food is to be had. Metz is com
pletely surrounded by the Prussian forces. The
Fourth Army Corps having moved round from
the east to the north, and the Saxon Corps of
Pioneers has been sent to the front. Four Prus
sian corps will be left about Metz to carry on a
Transporting Goods on Overhead Tram
ways. We have before referred to the system of over
head tramways for the removal ol minerals and
agricultural produce, invented by Mr. C. Hodg
son, C. ., and on the 13th inst. we had the
pleasure of inspecting a length which has been put
np experimentally to test tbe capabilities of the
system under the most extraordinary difficulties.
The experimental line is of a length of five miles,
and is almost of tbe form of a horse-shoe with
the ends brought close together. It has been
erected on the Downs at Brighton, a most trying
position, as there are no roads over which vehi
cles can move, in fact the line is entirely over
the land under cultivation, and in many places
it is of such a height that under no circumstance
could it be possible to find a more uncomeatable
piece of land than in this case. The greater
number of tbe posts carry the wire rope at an
elevation of 37 feet above the ground that is,
Borne feet higher than tbe top of vehicles in gen
eral use, so tbat were it erected over an ordinary
roadway no stoppage of the traffic would occur.
The rope is worked by a clip drum driven by the
united action of two engines of comparatively
small power at one end only ; thus the whole
Fulling strain is put upon the rope at one point,
t will be remembered that the rope is doubl;,
that is to say, it passes over the entire five miles
and then returns, making altogether ten miles
and a little over, when the slack is taken into
consideration. Now , the action of the drum
upon one portion ot the rope only will give a
little idea of tbe freedom of the working of tbe
entire plant ; of eotme only the empty boxee
Landed and For Sale bv
l. a V .1 vfvtn
-were being moved, but they were distributed
over the wire rope at about 100 yards apart,
both on the outgoing and on the return V3pe.
The boxes are of stout sheet iron and are attached
by a bent bar to a A.-haped block of wood, which
gives sufficient frictional hold upon the rope that
no amount of swinging than can be given to
them by the wind can dislodge them. The posts
over the five miles number about 123 ; they are
at varying distances apart, in some cases within
100 yards of one another and range up to about
in one instance 400. The inclination of tbe
rope at different parts of the line is very evident,
in one case 1 in 8, and in order to follow the un
dulations of the ground over which it travels
one of the poets is 130 feet above the ground ; at
this particular point the rope alters its course at
direct right angles. The arrangement of getting
the boxes round this corner is very ingenious,
and for which Mr. Hodgnon deserves great credit.
Here the posts supports two strips of L-iron,
which serve as channels or guides for disc rollers
on the box block to run in. At tbe running on
end the rollers ride up a slight rie of the rails
and the block leaves the rope, the momentum
given to the box carries it over the rise, when it
runs down a second incline by its own gravity,
taking the bend or curve of the rails as it travels, :
and finally lodges itself upon the rope again to
be carried on to its destination. On the occasion
we refer to a mishap, that of the breaking of one
of the gear wheels occurred, which caused the
stoppage of the machinery, and thus somewhat
uisappoiuieu me juvriy, w uu were especially in- j
vited to witness its working ; but the Laster
Holidays and the Voluuteer Review coming so
shortly after induced Mr. Hodgson and the gen
tlemen connected with him to strive to get an
other wheel fitted in time for the arrival of the
amateur army upon the ground on the following
Monday. In this they were successful, aud we
had thc pleasure of witnessing one of the most
perfect trials that could possibly be accomplished
with such a length of rope. The boxes are sup
posed to hold about l cwt. each, and cau be
placed upon the rope as fast as they are filled,
and i.s the rope is always travelling it takes the
boxes away as soon as they are hooked on. The
weight is divided over and between many points
of support, thus giving the rope little chance of
fracture, the movement of the rope causing the
strain to be constantly shifted. With the plant
erected it is estimated that about 240 tons of
minerals could be moved in a day of ten hours at j
a very nominal co6t. Ihe system has been tried
and is at daily work in France and other parts
of Europe, but in most of these cases the line is
straight, and therefore few, if anv, difficulties
had to be overcome ; but on the Brighton Downs
every conceivable obstacle that could possibly be
imagined is found, and it is a matter of congrat
ulation to Mr. Hodgson, to whose personal ener
gies and those of Mr. Bevington, the resident
engineer, this success is due, that such a task
has been accomplished. As a system of cheap
transport we cau fairly recommend it to large
manufacturers, and even to brewers in the neigh
borhood of railways or water carriage, as an
endless supply of barrels could be moved and
deposited at any point without in the least inter
fering with existing roads, and at a much less
cost than is now accomplished by horse labor.
We understand that the line is to continue at
work for the next month or so, and can be seen
on application for cards to Mr. M. Beale.'at the
London office, 21, Greshamstreet. The plant
was supplied by Messrs. Robey and Co., of Lin
coln, and Messrs. Easton and Amos, of South-
wark, and erected under thc superintendence of
Mr. Bevington. Mechanics Magazine.
Kidnapping A. T. Stewart.
A very complicated 6cliemo lias been devised by
Mr. Charles Baxter, of the Dealers' Protective
Agency of Brooklyn, and some accomplices, to in
veigle Mr. A. T. Stewart into trouble. A Mr.
Benjamin, of Brooklyn, was ihelirst to discover
the scheme, whobe purpose was to kidnap Mr.
Stewart. Mr. Benjamin has disclosed that when
he went into the office of the agency, in Court
street, eome days ago, Mr. Baxter informed him
that he and a lew friends had a good thing in
hand, from which they would derive a little profit.
The conspira tors v ere to hire rooms in some lone
some quarter outside the city, where they were
by some means or other to allure, or bring in a
kidnapped condition, thc propia personae of A. T.
Stewart. On that gentleman arriving at the
above quarters, one of tbe party was to point a
pistol at the old gentleman's head, politely de
manding his signature to certain checks. These
were to be cashed immediately by one of the ac
complices, Mr. Stewart remainiog as a hostage
until the money was forthcoming, when he would
be quietly dismissed, after making an oath not to
divulge the circumstances of his capture. Ben
jamin met Baxter again, who assured him that he
and his men were going to make a ' pile of
stamps " out of the " A. T. Stewart arrangement,"
as he quaintly dubbed it. Mr. Benjamin hardly
regarded what he referred to, as he had regarded
his statements some days before as jocular and
When Mr. Benjamin insisted on calling the
matter a hoax, Baxter showed him a letter which
he had written to Mr. Stewart, in which he stated
that, in assisting a certain detective, he overheard
some fellows remark that they had better hurry
up with their plan to kidnap Stewart, as their
funds were not up to the mark. This letter bore
Baxter's signature, as Superintendent of the
Dealers' Mutual Protective Agency. He sent
that letter on a Saturday, and on the following
Monday be received an answer from Mr. Stewart's
counsel, stating that Mr. Stewart was not accus
tomed to attach any importance to such commu
nications, but as Baxters note seemed to have
come from a reliable source, it was duly acknowl
edged. The letter written by Baxter also re
quested an interview with Mr. Stewart, and in
the answer written by his counsel, Judge Hilton,
appointed a time and place for Baxter to commu
nicate personally with him. A short time after
the above occurrences Benjamin again encountered
the mysterious Baxter, who once more began to
dilate on his prospects of mulcting the rich mer
chant. Benjamin then asked Baxter how he was
prepared to act in case Mr. Stewart demanded
whom he had heard speaking of him as the object
of their proposed robbery, whereupon Baxter
named two very respectable young men, who have
since been arrested. Three months after this in
terview, Benjamin again accosted bis friend, and
inquired, with a jocose leer, of the result of his
negotiations with A. T. Stewart. Persevering,
Baxter was still confident that " something would
turn up," upon which Benjamin grew seriously
suspicious, and thenceforth abandoned Baxter's
The Protective Agency, of which institution
Baxter called himself Superintendent, proves to
have brought to grief four or five wealthy indi
viduals and several firms. A further investiga
tion of this romantic story will develop circum
stances of grave interest. jV. Y. Standard.
SAJL.T FOR SALE.
rjHR AGENTS OP THE Pl'CLOA SALT
JL WOH.K3 offer for rale bj the Bar, Barrel or Cargo, either
Table, lairy or Coarse Salt. Tbe Salt from these Works is of
superior quality, and can he bad at reasonable rates on appli
cation to C. L. RICHARDS 4r CO.,
75 Sui A grots.
N MERCATOR'S PLAN AND PUB
Got ha. One of the best and most correct chart
a 1 1 itta iltimffnM frto Sift nn rrvll.
HIE HOMllU IROX WORKS tO.
MAKE ALL KINDS OF
JJACIIINERI", STEAM KXGIXKS.
SUGAR MILLS, WIND MILLS,
VACUUM PANS, CLARIFIERS.
AND ALL KINDS HEAVY SHEET IRON WORK.
CASTINGS IN IRON, BRASS AND LEAD
Made to Order, and particular attention paid to
Anthracite, Cumberland and Soft Coal,
On hand aud for bale. Alao,
Valves, Cock, aud Brass Work of all kinds.
Centrifugal Wire Cloths, of varioiu uk-hIk.
Flax Packing, Rubber packing and belting.
Piping. Flbows, Tees, Ik nds, Nipples, Arc.
Su-am and water guugcs(
Boiler tubiuf, various lizea,
Shat'tiu, liar, plutc and anifle Iron,
Pig iron ioi ballast, Scrap Iron,
Nuts, Bulls, Waaher, Riven,
FIRE CLAY. FULL ASSORTMENT OF STEEL.
.... ALSO ....
NEW & SECOND HAND MACHINERY,
1 Small tiied Sugar Mill,
1 Small sized Sugar Mill for cattle power, aecund band,
1 Horizontal Steam Engine, 10x18, xecotid baud,
2 Turbine Wheels for running cemnf.ig.-Us v.iiL 20 fet
he;i4 of water,
1 Boiling down apparatus, -1
liength Copper Sorghuin Pan, tteeond band.
1 Horse Power for a ccutrifugxl machine,
1 Upright Boiler, 6 horse power,
1 Small Tubular Boiler, 2 horse power,
2 Centrifugal Machine? and engine to drive the is me,
N. B.' Sawing and Wood Work
EXECUTED TO ORDER,
For which the Works have uinfual facilitie.
ALEXANDER YOUNG, Manner.
A Book which should be in Every Library
ANDREWS' HAWAIIAN DICTIONARY
COXTAIXIXG ABOUT 20.000 HAWAIIAN
or da. with EukHhIi signification, and
in English-Hawaiian Vocabulary, and Chronological
Table of Historical Events.
By Lorrin Andrews.
pbipv J Bound in Sheep, .
rn.ii.jv j Bound in Half Ml)
h. m. wurrxrv
Kor Sale by
Ttis Valuable Work van be obtain i-d ' Loudon of
Messrs. TRUBNEK ii Co., Paternoster Ho,
litd also in Aeto York of
ol 3 in Messrs. BARNES t Co., John St.
COURIER sincl IOLAJYI
LIVERPOOL AND BOSTON
Cases of New and Fashionable
Lambert's Violet Iuk, In Stands, Pints ami Quarts. This is the
only brand that will not fade In this climate.
12 varieties of Glass Ink Stands,
12 varieties of Bronzed, Iron. Glass and l'orcrUio
Fapr Weights and Pen Racks,
Traveling screw-Up Ink-Stands,
Best White htationers' Hubier,
School Slates, Pencil Sharpeners,
Rnbbrr. Wood, Glass and Porcupine Pen holders, all slses,
Rubber-Tipped Pencils, Propelling Pencils,
Lipraan's Kyelet Machinss and Blocks,
Six Sie?s Bristol Board Cards,
Key Rings, Rubber bands.
Dominoes, Alliance Games,
Gillot's 803, 404 and Swan Pens.
Washington Medallion Pens,
Superior Sealing Wax,
Boxwood Rulers, from 10 to 24 inches,
Bankers' Cases and W allets,
Colored and Crayon D raving Papers,
Late Styles Wedding Knvelopes,
Blaa, Red, Orange and Green Envelopes,
Hand Magnifying Glasses,
Paint Boxes, large and small.
Initial or Monogram Note Paper,
fine Quills. Quill Pens, and Quill Tooth-Picks,
Ivory Paper Knives. Ivory Memorandums,
Patent Binders for Letters or Magazines,
Cards of assorted Pen-holders,
Writing Iesks and Tourist Cases,
Dissected Maps, Drawing books,
Papier Mache Portfolios,
Cash Boxes, Sketch Books.
ALL WHICH WILL, BE
SOLD CHEAP FOR CASH
H. M. WHITNEY.
PAIlJY AIVB RICE.
HAND AND TO ARRIVE,
x.ooo 33 yv Or0
FIRST QUALITY HAWAIIAN RICE !
chop or 18701
Superior to any in the market, and for sale In quantities to
suit by (ol 3m) U. M. WHITNEY.
- THE CELLAR OF THE PRESENT
f3 Post-Office building, with a capacity of 800 to 400 tons,
nrlil Is to let. If taken for a term of years, will be let at a
very moderate rent. Apply to
ol 3m H. Ii. WHITJflT.
A HOUSE CARPENTER. TO WHOM
good wages and constant employment will be given near
Honolulu. Addrew P08T OFFICE, giving name and refer
MTWO VERF COOL AND PLEASANT
Offices over the Poei-Offico. If taken for a term of years,
will k W nt m .fr mn.Un. Mn A ...
jLBoL RMK, from tji
(ei Robin's Brand,
Hsks Danville's Watake;
"casks Una ftbetrr.
sbeads Prestos !
IN BARRELS AND HALF
rels Kids. For Ml In quantities to