Newspaper Page Text
FRIDAY, DECEMBER WIO.
1 ,, u do far haa hardly realised the expeetatkma of
dkt. baals, .llw r or retailer. The demand t,r dry goods is
tm-ill, c-.nipar. il with lock. Of liquors, grocerirw and bread
luU the o.nampllon goee on ae usual, and aoppliea are fall
and rrgular. Ve hare had another cargo of lumber ince our
UU that of the Lovtt Peacock, from Pugrt Sound, which we
andentand hu been duloeed of oo prirale terma. The Mar
9.vtt Croekard baa brought a cargo of coals from Newcastle,
... . c ... t- i hp rpurl ia advertianl tor
.1 . B. - IM" ,
Vrlb.iurue. Tb Horth Star has alio arrived with a cargo
,-i ,r the Australian steamera. We are likely lohaeao
lack of e U take oar eugsni to Australasia.
The Taylor saiVd on Taeaday with a fair cars a
i nv v 115 -'y j . t -s
noon lie AurkUnd awl Sjdney.bad the large) freight and
am 'rr Ct lhat any rf tnwe boats ha?e yet bad from th
- r .k.rra rwl fjnrv ware
r,Ure this esenir at ihe aueii'm roon.s of Adams 4; Wild.
The Erjjr!t-h bark Anna lor.k away quite an assortment of
our priur f.r the TijU and .Melbourne, which was purchased
on i! m by the nwul'.f, o-t hi'peI by pirtics here. This
u a. kind of '.eru.-uxi we he much wanted for our produce,
...I . k.-H .ill nn donht inrreas-; and i. we beliee, mainly
owinl to the Introduction ol our croup to the nti-e of our
n.-iiril.r! in the vluir by means of tle steam line
W D3, ra' bills are. we lv-liee. aellinf to first hands at about
3 i r ri-nt. liounl ; Cc day liilU on Loudon, ir.
The bur A. J- fop, 14 !a from Lremen, arrived on the
2Dth .NoTember. ! II. Hackl--hl Co.
Th,r hjrk tUixtlekam ia ailrtued for fydnry, N. S. W,
PORT OP IIOIIOI.UI.TJ. U. I.
Xv. 21 rhr Ka Slot, Tower, frr.ru MauL
'j7 .-S lir l.oka, Kaai, from Uawaii.
,- Sa-iir tkld Fellow, lfiu, from Hawaii.
f: s hr Ilatii. Howard, from KauaL
il-Aa bt IMmi, J U 1'otUT, days fin Port Town-
S.rcl. W T.
Haw bk A J PT I'K'Me. 146 daya fin Bremen.
sj j m senr Ivrt l eacoi-k, C ua.'oo1 ju days from
U-Am cbr C M Ward, J W HaiS.-M, 10 days from
J-Am srhr Marraret Cr-x-kard, ft'B Godfrey, 16 daya
lr in Nwcaatle, N Vr.
CO S hr Ka Mot, I'uwera, fr l acw, m diatreas.
3o .-i. hr l.uka, Kaai. from a, in diaireaa.
fter. 1 rU-lir raoahi, liallaatb-r, frum lolukai.
2 Srhr Owana, Makarmlu-li hele, from Maui.
2 ! hr Nettie Mi rriU. Crane, frum Maui.
2 rVhr Fary Queen, Kaaina, from KaiuJ.
3 itmr KiLaoe.t, II irrivxi, frum Hawaii a'd Maui.
2i irhr Warwirk, Julin I'a'S, for Mol.kal.
2& li'it atmr City of Meibourue, tinuurr, fr Aock
Uu.l and Cydney.
2: Schr Jeuny, Laiuliert, 6r KauaL
rVhr Mary El! n. Vt.Ut Maui.
j 9-br Net(i Merrill, t;raie. Ut Maui.
n rVLr Annie, tnflmll, f Hawaii.
9 rhr Iika. Kaai. f- r Hawaii.
Am Ik Lk lieken aatiow.t arniibell. f-r New Ocdforti,
Aa atmr M Tayir. r yu, fcr a Francisco.
Am wh ah Califuroia. Willi, lor New Uedlord.
0 Am wh bk AUka, Fixh, lit New Bedard.
!f Am wh bk Trident, Muchant, for New Itediurd.
2' Am wh bk Arors Hames. Jeffery, for New Leodon-
2-J Am bktnOrace Koberts, blnacke, (jrllamhokK, CaL
y Brit t k Anna, Tiionipaon, r riji and Melbourne.
Am bk iroL,ma, Potter, lof ilookong.
Am wh bk J D Thompson, Allen, to cruise.
34 Am wh bk Era Kreeae, Weeks, fur New U.dfd.
30 rVhr Owana, MakanaheJeh-le, fur Maui.
I rVhr Ka Mol, Pow-ra, for Mant.
1 eW-br Odd Fellow, lop. fnr Hawaii. . s
S Am wh bk Midas, UarailL, to cruise. J
I Am wh bk Lagoda, Hwift, to cruise,
2 Srhr llattie. Howard, fur Kauai.
2 rtr Kitty Cartwrijht, it Kauai.
VESSKLS IX FORT.
IT. H. 81rmp-of-war 8L Mary- Harris.
Am bk C'o'oma, J R Potter, discharcin.
ilaw bk A J Pope, O O Plaase, diarhaxginff -
Am Mrbr lvet Ceacsr k. C Cnatafsnn, ducharginf;.
Am srhr C 31 Ward, J W HaifieiU.
Am srhr Margaret Croekard. W B Godfrey.
liaw'u bria; KamehameiJa V. Rickaaao.
Am brix'n North itar. Hatch.
Aw ship C'ey km, M'oods, uischar(ln(.
Am bk Uhchnjt, Burr.
Brit bk C'aatlehow, Campbell, discharrlnf .
N. G. ihip Otu Antnnie, A. O. Himonses. .
flaw aki lotoni. Ropu, for New Bed turd.
Ilaw b-trk & U Wylie, Hallermann, op lor Hamburf.
North German lark Courier. SeU.
Nurih Jer man bark Fwlelitas.
North German ketch Moe-ve.
Am barkentine Jane A. Falkioburj, Cathcart, up for Portland.
Am bk Henry Taber, Packard.; Am Bk Vineyard, Smith.
. Hk Vi m Kotcb, Whitney,
Bk Hercules, McKenxie.
lis rVneca, Kaiy.
IU Oliver Crocker Fisher.
Bk E. Swill, Bbven. -
IU Jhn Hells, Ueao.
lik Concordia, Jones.
Itk Navy, BuuUlry.
Bk liiur-iiia, Nye.
Bk Mary, Smith.
fh Curupa. Mellen.
f h Corn. Howland, lloinan
fh Danl Webster, Marviu
Bk An ire. Blaekmer.
lik Ben. Cumminas, Halaey
lik Uinerva, A Ilea. .
fa Marrnjro, I jttle.
Bk T liwkaaon, Lewie,
Hh Roman, Jernrgan.
fh Janus, Caatwood.
Sh Jusepbioe, Cofan.
Haw. br W H Allen, Vera.
Bk Wilhelui 1, Mam men.
Hh Julian, Ueppiof stooe.
Bk Eagle, Coirutock.
B3 Comet, Warren.
Hi Arctic, Tripp.
Bk Mannakm, btigg-
B Onward, Norton.
Bk Paiea, Newbury.
Bk C. Bismarck, Dallman
Brij Kohola, Almy.
Fob Aiciiod D Stdsct Per City of Melbourne, Nov.
26 1 Cap Austin, R Black more, J Blackmore, J N Luke, 6
Japanese adults and 4 children, Thoa Eastwood, I C Dunra,
Mrs Brrrill and 3 children. Miss Crittenden, Cap! Norton, W
Men, and 71 in tranaitu from Han Francisco
Fob Fiji IsLasiie Per" Anna, Nov. 26: Chae Jennings.
Fob Bw Ftucmro-Per Moses Taylor, Nov. 29: W
Naples, W Rirhirils, J O Sneadar. H Green, Mrs Bliven,
f ; t Ulivm, W M Kooo, A 8 Couistork, II Hberman, J A
Hmith, MUs I. Mann, R N'ealey.J K FUh, Jos Enua, Capt
firwn, wit euflil and name C K Clark, Peter Good, Mrs
Wihuo, U Urizg. J Avery, W L R Johnston, J Fisher, A II
Joiinson, H-.uu'l Willlaina, Claud Bowre, C Tibault and wife,
F Wynne, Albert Fouttrer, Manuel C Vie re, M J titlva, W Fol
cher. W II Murphy, W Phillips, rt K McU.winell, W Sherwin,
Mr bmalL, Mrs Carandini and 4 daughters, M Raphael, and 21
in transitu from Auckland and Sydney.
Faow Pot Towssed. TV T Per Lovet Peacock, Nor.
2 : P Keach, wife ami 3 children.
Flo Nswchtli, N 8 W Per Marg-trct Croekard, Nov.
Faow Jabvis Islixd Per C M Ward, Nov. 30 : A EJ
wards, W Johnma, W Mbertl llaaaii-m.
Faow Pobt Towsscxn Per Coloma,Nor. 30: Capt H
Swift and wile.
Faon Bbcweb Per A J Pope, Nov. 23 : Marie Jenckcl.
Faow Brewed Per A. J. Pope, November 29th s 430 bids
cement, 2a ra riars, 14 c bams, 1m pkgs sugar, 1 cs shirts,
344 hsies wrapping paper, 12 pks roj, 4 rs conserves, 1 cs
hardware, 1 cs umbrellas. 6 rs dry goods, 60 bxa gin, IG2 cs
glass. 3 cs toys and umbrellas, 1 cs handkfs, 1 cs butter, V
oka iroo pots, 133 bdis hoop iron, 1 rs rottoo, & pkgs samples,
li pkgs basketware. Hi tons and 179 caka eoaL, 0.UUO fire
bricks, 37 bbla tar, 51 half bbls Ur, 10 bbls rum, 10 bbls and 50
demijohns viaegir, 8 caks fls, 1 bale Cordage, 4 cs glassware,
1.122 demijohi., 3'J caks beads and bo, 104 bills shooka, 4SI
empty caks and bhfs, 10 cs powder, 1 setu baskets, 3 boau,
t bales Cotton goods, C5 pkirs conserves, A cs inslrumenta, 3 cs
private effects. Zi cs yellow ui Ml, 1 J kegs comrtrsvitino nails,
6 anchors, 1 boiler ajxi cureriiig. 1 screw, 2 cs machinery, I
iroa steamtau to II. tlackfeid Ac Co-; 4 ca shawls and cloths
to B. F. Ehk-rs ; 51 cs oilman stores t Adams A Wilder ; 11
Ikga Bklae, 41 balls hoop iron to E. HoBschlaeger Co.; 1 cs
cairars to II. I. Nolle ( 29 pkgs mde, 8 ra provisV. ,
window glass, 2 pkgs samples to F. A. Srbr r ,v t , . .;? r (
window glaas, 1 cs staples, 1 csk ... .. ,
t pkgs harrlware,2 csk - It. j .. uk-, 1 ca caif
akina to order
F; Tti:.ucon, ff.T. Per Lot Peacck, Novrrnbcr
2-nh M ( - hiiiiurr. M ti.r.e, 1.0-J0 ouis, !.
1T pi'tatom, 9.5 -a tom'TS. 2. 'a. cut. jjO b a;'pi .
! t k- d. i- ii i;f.r. i bi,u rr .. .l .-.-ri- s ? 11. LaScl-ljn",
t,hi . . ... io. ) b h ir.n I. K;.v fc
Fa;w Nrc,i,ii. W. ?. v.- Tec V-irx
.i. r )Vtn . cxr. io II . tl. 1'tv-.
P'lar Tl- ,. j ''- fot--j- i, ,t r
Z i.ti tu I arr 'i
.CKLAa ad fYsi.r Per City of Melbourne,
.mxrrM, btrt 57 Salmon, bbls. .......... 300
. Maaava, bbla. 12 Xoar, fta 131,60
' lice, tfca 7,700, Tea, pkz...... 1
Value Domestic ......$11,347.
In traiuita truot Sao Franciaco ' . -
iMorU t rx'e, pkm. ........................ ....... - . 32
Fob MsLtorajiK, via Fui Per Anna, Nov. 26 ih :
Camptior trana, neata.. ld'Pnia, ftSa. ............. 1,417
Canono 2 R&tlan ioanpea.... 10
Coffee, flba. ...... ...... 317 Rattan chairs.......... 12
Cigars, M... - 14. Rice, fta. ............. 300
Lumber, (rocr,) ft..... 27,43 Pal mva, bbla.......... 10
MoJaaaea, falls. S12, hf bbls 20
Mnaketa, pkf 1 Sturar, Iba... 6731
Paanuta. ft 1,000 flweet potatoes, bbla.... 2
Paddy, Its 2U38:YVkalekoata 2
Powder, kja 8!
Value Domestic... f 6,232 ST ; Foreign.... $1,020 M
'' Fob Sa Fbaxcisco Per Moaea Taylor, Nov. 29ta t
Banana, boctu. ....... 108 Plants. ... .......... . 3
Coffee, fca 45"3 Peannta, tba 4.430 '
Cotioaiiars, case....... 1 Pulo, Ibm. ............. 16,003
Foncua. ,ta... U. Rice, iba ....20,320
liule, pea. 4 Specie.. ......Sl,000 i
' - Cmit atiras, pea :idi Sofrar, lbs 128,490
Ooaf tkins,pca...... 2,790 Tallow, & 1,134
fetieep akina, pea..... a&7! Whale hone, lbs 10809
. Valoe Dooieatic..S1906 4 i Foreigo... $589 64.
to transitu from Sydney : '
Merchandise, pkgs... 4 10
Fob Nrw BcoroiB Per A core Barnes, Nov. 29th .
00. (whale) gaila 43,445 Whale bona, & 8,000
Valne Foreign ......:...f20,75fl 70.
Fob Nrw Bbvpobo Per Trident, Nov. 29th s
uu, tvnaie) rana....- viJtM And atores.
Value Fareiga.... $30,697 89.
Fob New fiuroio-Per California, Nov. 29lh t -
trorj, tha... 1,200 rnsh. bbla 10
UO, (!) f!a 1,575 Wnaie bone, tta 15,000
whale, gaila....;.. 6S,f4jAod atorea.
Value Foreign $33J)73 S4. .
Fob Niw Bbofobd Per Helen Snow, Nov. 29ih:
Oil, (whale) rails 32.026 I And atorea.
Value Foreign $10,714 05.
Fob Niw Bbdfobb Per Alaska, Nov. 29th :
I Tory, tba S." Whale booc, Iba 9,500
00, (whale) gall 43,036, And atom. '
Value Foreign $21,001 60. .
Fob Nnr Bf.pfobd Per Ethan Allen, Nov. 29th t
Oil, (sprrai) gaila l,7o8: Whale bone, Iba 33,997
w bale, gaila.. 84,5J7; And stores.
Valtr-Foreign. . ..i.$7S5 22.
. Fob New BsnroBn Per Sea Brrese, Nov. 30th :
O0, (whAfc) gali,; 4225 W hale bone, ft 17,000
, And stores.
Value Frre!gn....: $23,201 45.
" Fob Hosckoso Per Coloma, Not. 30th; . ; J
B.bbla.....'. 150 1 Fungua, lb......:.:.'. 1,873
' yulue )oarstic.. ..$2,874 28.
RoT. or fcwwni P. M. Wi:-Uft Honolulu,
October. 31st, arrived at Jarvis Islan.1, November 13th, pe
rieuced light !.! all the pa?e down -, wa-de.ed at the
bland eigbt days. Left Jarvis Island, November J Wth, a.-1 on
the 26tb,i(ht- Hawaii, being ix daya and e.ghtn hours
from Und to Und ; arrived ofl the harbor on the nurht of Hie
.b, making the ,-xe in nine
W" lfl-rsi-V tkt fA Will.
KJ In this city, November 30th, to the woeof W. J. Maxwell,
I.ctbsr In Bhering'a Strai's. October 8th, Ebekbzeb
LTHta. a boatrteerer brlonvinc to the ahip Cotneliut
Howland. He was suddenly killed, leiiig cro-shetl by a cant
uritiir a raK- of wind, a heavy sea having nilea me decks
iK-Ccaa-.-d was a native of B-sl-m, agil i years.
Week of Prayer from 1st to 7th of Jan
Sunday, Jaa, I. ScBaoKSNature and importance
f prayer, awl of prayer In concert.
.MoMilny, Jim. 2 Personal. Thaok?ivii,g fr iiuli
vidaal mercies, ennfmion of sin. and prayer for personal holi
ness aud more entire consecration to Gud's service.
Tarmlny, Jna. 3. National. Prayer for all in au
thority in our own and other lands ; for universal peace ; for
religious liberty, and advances of truth in countries where
religious liberty is enjoyed aud wliere it is sought.
YVelaefuy. Jau. 4. Uuktic aid Social.
Prayer for parents and child rew, and Ihe blessings of the Chris
tian home ; fur employers and the employed ; fur all schools
aixl colv-ges. . . .
ThtirMiny. Jna. o. C'HRiRTiAt Lbioh. Thank
givinj f. Christian L'nion, an'l prayer for iti increase ; special
supplication in N.tiill of liie etl'orU of the Evaugelical Alliance
throughout the wurid.
Frirfuy. Jnn. G- Thb CitRtsTlAX Cm bcii. Prayer
for all ministera of tlw Word, and Hint the Ird would semi
forth more laborers ; for all ollicers aud members of Christian
churches, and fur the removal of lalse doctrine.
SniardiiT, Jnn. 7 Tbs obld. Prayer tor me
spread of Cud's Word and a pure literature ia ail lauds ; f-r
u.rn of commerre and science ; that cur civilisation may be
Ctirutianizeil, and its material resources cousccrateil ; fur
ClirUtiaiis in heathen and i.lol.itrous countries ; for mi-sion-aries
and mluionary and religious societies, and for the fun
versiosj ol the world to Christ.
' SATURDAY, DECEMBER 3.
Ooenn Htcnni Navigation.
The value of the productions of any district in
creaw or decrenw iu rapid projiortion aa tliat
district is near to or remote from a market A
fat ox on a pasture closo to Honolulu ia worth
wore than the came animal at Kahuka, -whilst
on Hawaii it would be worth etill lees. The eame
rule holds good with a keg of sugar or a barreJ of
nioIaic8 it is worth more the nearer it is to a
market.- Nor is it alone the excess in the cor-t of
transport from the longer distance which reduces
the value of produce. No one will go two miles
to get what can be found one mile off. Again,
all trade between two countries is in the nature
of barter ; that is, either directly or iudirectly
the productions of one country must in tlie long
run be exchanged for the productions of another.
Therefore if, say sugar be exchanged for iron, the
nearer market has a double advantage over the
more distant, it saves in the transport of what it
sends away and of what it gets ia return, liy
reducing the distance of any largo mart, or what
is in efl'oct the eame, by quickening and cheapen
ing the means of communication with it, we raise
the price of what we have to dispose of, and at
the same time lessen the cost of what we get in
return or, we receive more in return .for the
same quantity exported ; that is, we raise the
value of our products by a doublo eO'ect.
What railways have accomplished in this way
on continents, ocean steam navigation must effect
for our inlands. The importance of bringing this
group of islands into close relations by steam ves
sels with the continents on each side of us, has
we think been as yet hardly realized. It will be
in effect as though the borders of the Pacific
Ocean were closing in upon us. This effect we
venture to predict will prove the more remarka
ble, for the eimple reason that our group is one
of the most remotely situated countries (worthy
the name) on the surface of the earth from the
rest of mankind. An immense ocean is . now
bridged over for us in two main directions ; but
in one direction we have as yet hardly had time
to know our neighbors, or how much mutually
beneficial trade we can do with them ; notwith
standing which, however, the practical result has
bo far, we think, exojeded the most sanguine ex
pectations. If the navigation of the ocean by
eteam be hailed as a grand boon to continents, it
must be almost the breath of life to large fertile
islands in the midst of the greatest ocean in the
On such a view of our position, we venture to
' think that all the information we can place be
fore our readers on the subject of ocean steam
ships will be acceptable to them.
In the San Francisco Weekly Bulletin of Sep
tember 10th we find an article (from a corres
pondent of tbo Bulletin) headed, " Something
about Ocean Steamships," the object of which is
to Bhow that in ocean navigation ' tho screw is
supplanting tle paddle," and that a wooden
paddle-wheel steamer sails the ocean at a hopeless
a 1 . ' a .a
uisau vantage com par eu witn an iron rfre
steamer. We extract from it J.o L..': wis coai
first ciasi, wrew aud a first I
115 SJtrTW STEAM O: " tl t.E."
Following is the Jebiil, taken ficm tji" pi.'giuoer's
cf Lir ruii nvni Sout u.-rsp;on ti AfiLirall in
3iy and Juae liw.t, couiiaunicatsJ by a passuiger :
..?J2 3a. 15
..2.S7 .32 80
.. SO 4 20
j Iay. run. d.inaMHl. Ul".
i ISiu 2i 42 17. 2". j
fi:;'i 20? j.a.....
iy A4.16 27th.....
u:t ..9 35.50. (h
1 ....292 2915l2Vlh
3Jd 211 .31.60 3Uth ,
240.. .......2d9 .27.10 30th P. M
The avenge speed of this' passage "Was '12 knots
per hoar running down the trades. She had the ad
vantage of -the sail a portion- of the way. The aver
age consumption of coal per mile was 267 pounds.
On the previous trip up, however, against the trades,
and setting no sail whatever, she made an average
run of 261 knots, with consumption cf 315 pounds
of coal per mile. In each case she had on board be
tween 600 and 800 tons of freight. Her capacity, is
for 1,200 'tons. Besides this, she has the usual
.(extensioo) passenger accommodations. She had
run 10,000 miles on 1,410 tons of coal, including
consumption of galleys, donkey. engine, -handling
cargo, pumping,- etc ; or, deducting these on aa
average consumption, for the whole 10,000, of 311
pounds of coal per mile. The space occupied by her
engine, boiler and coal bankers is 86x86 feet. I
suppose your readers onderst&nd that these results
are attained by a compound engine an arrange
ment of high and low pressure whereof : I shall
speak anon. Let us note next two Toga of tiT Henry
, TUB 8ID&-4VHZEI. STEAXSHIP ," HE5BT CtfAVSBX.
Ia 1863, when -the ships were run trajr oa' fist
time, she made the following trip : November 11th
to 20th ; time, 6 days, 3 hours, 60 minutes.
- MOea- CoaJa Miles - - Coala
f Day. - run.' coosumed. Day. Tan. consumed.
14th ...iJ4... ....... 56 18lh.. ...... 27 71
15th 301 66 19ib ...325 73
16th ..318...., 66 -AMb la. ......... 3d
17th... .... iu!18. G4j . ...
The average speed of this passage was 13 knots
per hour ; the average consumption of coal per mile
was - 495- pounds. - Running, however,: at easier
speed, she made the following trip : time, 7 days, 11
hours, 20 minutes :
T Miles " - Coalu - WUes ' Coala
Pay. - ' ran. ' consumed. Day. - ran. eonaumed.
2d... 173 43 6th 291 63
3d ...265 66 7lh 288 69
4th 66 8th. ......'...265. 35
6lh 285 53 9th 150 21
'Average speed," 11:07 knots per hour ; average
consumption of coal per mile, 426 pounds. It will
be observed that the speed of this passage was almost
identical with, that cf the Elbe above. Thn Elbe t
speed, however, on the long average of 10,000 miles,
was 11:9 knots per hour ; to have kept the Chaun
cey at this speed, would have required, according to
the above performances, about 444 pounds per mile.
The Elbe consumed 1511 pounds ; difference, 133
pounds or say, 45 per cent. .' . v
; ' ' ' ' ' COMPARATIVE BESTLTS.' ' ' " . , t ?
In comparing the effective work of these two steam-
ships, we cannot assume their comparative tonnage
aa a means for reducing the figures as a common
basis. One feature in favor of screws is the dimin
ished space occupied by their machinery, and in order
to make a fair comparison between thcra and side
wheelers tbey must be allowed the benefit of this ad
vantage. The most just basis for comparison is fur
nhshed by their freight capacity. Their earnings are
determined primarily to this, even as their expenses
are determined primarily by their consumption of
coal ; and thus the net results ascertained by reduc
ing the consumption of coal to the capacity of freight,
will give the relative practical efiicieucy cf the two
classes of steamships. The Chuuncey is a favorable
example of her chits, being fast, and a moderate con
sumer of coaL The Elbe will carry l.i'OO tons of
general cargo ; the Chauncey, 1,400 ; ditlerence200
tons or 14 percent. The former buinn as we have
seen 311 pounda per mile ; the l.ilter 414 pounds.
Reducing this 14 per cent, it allows a consumption,
for a freight capacity of 1,200 tons, or 3Sl! pounds of
coal wr mih or 71 noundamore than the EJlic, or
23 per cent. To show how serious a'diHereuce this ,
is, suppose it applies in the case of the China steam
ers. The freight capacity of those ships is, in addi
tion to their conls, about 1,7X) tons ; with 600 to 8'X
tons of cargo they burn Z8 tons of coal per day, and
make 9 knots ; loaded full, I think we safely say
that they would, at the same speed burn 05 tons. A
ship of the Elbe'' class with equal capacity, but run
ning 12 knots an hour instead of 9, would consume
less" than 5-3 tons. Here is a difference of 33 per
cent, in speed and 13 per cent, in coul, or a total of
in practical efficiency of 48 per cent. The difference
here is greater than that againBt the Channcey, be
cause the China ships are le?t efficient than the latter.
With one-half larger tonnage, and less than ond-half
larger freight capacity, they have engines of the same
power, and are thus not only nearly one-third slower,
but (I donbt) cannot be driven by any amount of
co il (L e. at any safe steam pressure) up to equal
It is, however, hardly nccefsary to go into
minute comparisons to exhibit the economical ad
vantages of screw steamers over the paddle ; the
fact that nearly all the ocean steam companies in
the world, including the Cunard, 1 & O., West
India, as well as the French and German com
panies, are now building nothing else is enough.
It is interesting, however, to examine the reasons
for this great advantage, and they are obvious.
When a paddle boat is deeply laden with coal
and cargo at the commencement of the voyage,
and therefor requires more power to drive her,
the paddle is too deeply immersed to be efficient,
the forward portion of the floats are pressing the
water down and the after portion arc raising it
up. The screw on the other hand works with
more effect the more deeply it is immersed.
Again, in rolling each paddle is alternately too
much in, and too much out of the water. .The
screw in rolling preserves its efficiency nearly un
altered. In pitching alone, the paddle has. the
advantage of the screw ; but inasmuch as a ves
sel at sea rolls with all seas, but only pitches in
a head sea, the average gain is vastly in favor of
the screw. A screw boat can carry" sail with a
side wind and be heeled over, without affecting
her propelling powei? whilst a paddle boat under
the same circumstances has one wheel too much,
in the water und the other too much out, and the
efficiency of both are seriously compromised.
Masts and sails therefore in a paddle-wheel boat
are comparativly inefficient as the chances of a
6ide wind are double those of a wind aft.
Further, the engines of a screw boat aire neces
sarily smaller and lighter with the same power
than the engines of a paddle boat, because from
the nature of the propeller in one ease, a short
stroke and rapid revolutions with the assistance
of the screw or inclined plane, is used instead of
a long stroke and direct acting propelling instru
ment at the wrong end of the lever. This smaller
and light machinery is an enormous advantage,
as it means less first cost and more room for
cargo or the same carrying power and more
speed. To sum up, the paddle-wheels and paddle-
boxes are heavy and cumbersome, they are in way
of the sails and of everything else, they hold the
wind going head to it, the guards get struck by
seas, and altogether they are in comparison with
the screw propeller, a barbarous, unsightly and
inefficient means of propulsion in the open ocean.
The advantage of iron over wood for any vessel,
and for a steamer in particular, has been thor
oughly proved. The most obvious one is that by
the best known method. of combining the mate
rials in either case, a largo Baving in weight in
two steamers of the same capacity, can bo effected
by using iron, so thatf the wooden steamer has
always got her own extra weight to propel besides j
her cargo ;.Blie therefore must inevitably either I
co slower, or carry so much less cargo than the
iron one. A wooden 6teamer, therefore, with
the additional enormous disadvantage of paddle
whcela ia eimply hors de combat with an iron
screw steamer, in anything approaching a fair
contest in other respects, and they can only be
kept running in preference, at a heavy extra
expense to somebody.
Iron screw steamers now make some of the
longest ocean voyages. There ia a regular line
from Liverpool to Valparaiso, via the Straits of
Magellan. In India and China they are fast tak
ing the trade from sailing vessels, as tbey have
done in the Atlantic. In the ports of the Medi
terranean, Clack Sea, and Baltic, and in i.glish
ports, besides tho regular lines, ocean screw
etramers are usually to to f mnd for charter for
any piirt of the world, juet as sailing 6hipa are.
On the Clyde. trw Tjnc, and the Mc
arc built in.i launched, half a dozen at a tide,
trv; to order, sonic for sale, and the latter eel-
1 "V B VI
ooiii remain ioc on naua.
One of the most important improvements in
riome of these recent boats is the double-cylinder
engine, or combined high and low pressure, as in
the Elbe, mentioned above ; and by which a great
saving in fuel is effected. By means of these en
gines, with other recent improvements, a steamer
the size of the City of Melbourne or Wonrja
Wonga, for instance, could be run at the Baine
epeed.as these boats and save .some .ten., tonp cf
coal a day, which, in a passage of say 20 daya
would allow them to take 200 tons more cargo
than they do at present... Four. hundred tons
more cargo on the round trip at $10 per ton
freight, and the cost of say 300 tons less coal,
would be'equivalent to a handsome subsidy.
' It may bappen that the mail line of steamers
between San Francisco and Australia may some
of these days give us the go4)y altogether
and as improvements in steam navigation progress-,
the chances of the boats- passing us by in
crease. It may be well,' therefore, in the mean
time to contemplate the possibility of our requiring
in bat case an independent steam line of our
own, to connect - ns with Australasia.' ' The im
provements which will bring about the one will
help us in the other. It is not unreasonable to
suppose that before a great many years are past,
iroa screw steamers will be regularly offered for
charter in this port, as they are now in European
or in East . Indian , ports. That . before long we
shall have one or two suitable iron screw boats
Tunning between this and Hongkong, bringing
Chinese passengers, thus solving for us the labor
question. In fine,' the Sandwich Islands are so
peculiarly situated that every improvement in
ocean steam navigation, in any part of the world,
may be considered as adding so much to the value
of our lands and produce, that is to our wealth.
How little did the inventors of the screw-propeller
and the double-cylinder steam engine contemplate
that tbey were working for our especial benefit ;
that they were drawing a remote and compara
tively inaccessible group of iblands close up to
the markets of the world. '-'':""
The merchandise exported from California by
sea ia October, 1870, was valued at S2,4o5,478,
being, half a million more than the exports far the
same montii io : " . ' " .
JTlio lluropenn Medley.
Since the present war commenced between
Prussia and France, it is sometimes puzzling,
from the telegraphic dispatches, to make out
what the exact news is. If we were in hourly
receipt of such news, in small sections, as they
have it in San Francisco or New York, it might
be more easily unravelled ; but the news comes
upon us in such a mass that we might just as
well begin to read at the bottom as at the top.
liy far the most important intelligence by last
6teamcr is tho attitude of Russia, and her sup
posed secret cntcinte cordiale " with Prussia,
viewed with alarm by England, and presumed to
lead to an alliance with other powers Austria
and Italy. - "
. Alint every daily journal has some new. re
port regarding the purposes of the Czar. It
would now look that, while to all appearance
Rusnia Avas maintaining a strict neutrality, she
has been making immense war-like preparations
To whit end? tY-rtainlv not acainet Prussia, if
she be her ally. And nobody believes that it is
to aid France, for that would be against Prussia,
in favor of republicanism, and. adverse to despot
ism. Such is not the genius of Russian policy
That Russia has long desired the sick man's'
territory, every one knowB. To prevent that ac
quisition was ' tho cause of the Crimean .War.
Matters have changed wonderfully since then,
and France is in an entirely different position
from what she "was at that time. We do not
perceive that the condition of England has mate
rially changed ; her resources are the same now;
as then She is the superior of every continental
power in her insular situation, financial resources,
and the first naw in the world. But as to her
army, she would' have comparatively a 6inall
rvintinirent to firht with on forcisrn 6oil. If
o , o ....
Russia, after- Laving abtorbed Turkey, should
have any ulterior designs on the British East
India possessions, England could better . oppoee
her there than anywhere else, for she has a
large and efficient nativo army, commanded by
There are no fears for England at home. 'She
has indefinite capacities for resistance on her own
Boil, if any foe were ever likely to land on it. In
all the wars of the first Napoleon, no enemy trod
the English Bod ; in fact, it is one hundred and
twenty-five years since the battle of Culloden was
fought, and that was the last on British ground.
It may bo that the present imbroglio is the op
portunity for the Czar to seize Turkey, although
we notice that the Moslem is . fully alive' to the
situation, and preparing himself by sea and land
for the crisis. If Turkey should become Russian
territory, it might be for the interest of Christi
anity and civilization, that even a despotic power
should take the place of an effete race, who, after
all, are intruders upon the shores of Europe
themselves. The present interest and foreign re
lations of Russia are somewhat mixed, and bow
ever much she may be . united at present with
Prussia to divide up the map of Europe, the policy
of the Czar in the Baltic provinces has irritated
the German people. '
It would seem, from the present aspect of af
fairs, as though Prussia must obtain the coveted
Rhenish provinces. ' Austria, although weak at
present, possesses great resources, and still main
tains an almost controlling influence in the East.
j Russia eagerly desires her favor, and if Bhe got it,
could spare a side bone of the " Turkey" to
Francis Joseph as well as not. As to Italy, she
seems to have got her el ice of cake in advance
the acquisition of the Papal States, with the
Eternal City for her capital. What progress
Republican institutions are to make in the turmoil
remains to be seen. We have always been of
the opinion that tho German people, from their
enlightenment and 6turdy character, are better
fitted for them than any other nation in Europe.
As to French Republicanism, we are sorry to say
we have as yet little faith in it. Whether it will
ever amount to anything in Spain is also doubtful;
and, to our surprise, -wo eaw some talk about it
in the little kingdom of Portugal. But the fact
is, liberal ideas of popular government have so
far only been developed by the Anglo-Saxon race
hG ra0e8f a8 Nap deiight3 to call them,
havo not yet up to the markf though they
may in time, under the ' baptism of fire."
In all this muss we rejoice in the position of
the United States. She is well out of it. and de
serves to be, for she lias" just emerged, from aa
dark and eevere a trial its most of the European
nations are experiencing . now ; and this, be it
rcmcmbcredj without much sympathy from any
body. One thing is certain, she is on first-rate
termn with the Great Bear, and in case of a gen
eral European war, which we sincerely hope may
yet be averted, may make a good thing out of
other folks troubles, if they will persist in get
ting into them
, To look homeward to our islands, how we shall
likely be affected, is a matter of the greatest in
tercet to us. If any of tho belligerents come this
way, and are out of sweets, we can eupply them ;
and if contending foes meet here, they can have
the privilege of fighting it out, outside the reef,
at a respectable distance, and we can take front
seats and view the row, whic will certainly be a
new sensation for our residents alone; the beach,
and give them something: new to talk about. If
either one of them gets hurt, tbey can come in,
providing they behave themselves, and, for u con
eideration, we'll try to bind up 'their wounds.
ve snouia want uncle bam to be here, that is.
by a forcible deputy, to aid us in preserving our
neutrality, seeing that the iron-cktda, belonging
to the Hawaiian navy, are not yet in a state of
FCRMSHED CUTTiCRTO I.KT a T
WAtKIRI. The Cottage' recently occupied by W.I.
Oreen, at he Beach, Waikiki. Kent. tlOner month.
vr wj wiv rcw a a par moaui . ...
29tf Apply to' W. L. GREEN.
FOR SALE -THE COTTAGE O'S THB
Beach at Waikiki, formerly occupied by kliss Uout-
gomery. a PP rv w - .-. ,-
02 f ... .W. L. GREEN.
-i - - r - - - - - .
AGON FOE. SALE!
OXE NEW TWO HORSE
WAOON, warranted to carry tvo tons ;
beavy patent springs, suitable foe a su
gar plantation, to be sold cheap. -Apply
to JAMES L. LEWIS.
Don't all Spcalt at Once.
FIRST COME, FIRST SERVED!
THE CXDERSIGXEDifAviVo BEEN
terored by Mr. WALTER 6HXS.WIN, wUh copy of ,
Duett, and by Mr. T. R. WA LKER, with a copy of
Ring ? oh Sweet Angiitis , ' '
Will receive orders for copies $t these truly popular pieces to
lie iineu iu vara, as aoove.
: NEW GROCERIES
Jnst Received per R. C. Wylie.
TINS WESTPHALIA SAUSAGE,
Hatty's Pie Fruits, Batt's.Fickles, Sultana Raisins,
Znte Currants, in 7 and 14 lb. jura, , .
Tins Red Herrings, Lea & Perrin's Sauces,
1-4 and 1-2 boxes Fine Table Raisins.
. Kegs Crushed Sugar, Tins Ginger Root,
Tins Citron Peel,
And For Sale at the .
Family Grocery and Feed Store,
oh v ' ; , ... By I. BARTLETT.
North Pacific Transportation Company.
San Francisco and Honolulu Route.
The Company' Spl7lil 4. 1 Steaiuabip
v . v.-;
R. S. FLOFD,
Will L-f ye San Frnncie.
On or about...
Will Leave Honolulu.
On or about..
Carga for San Praucisco will be received at all times in the
Steamer's Warehouse and receipts for the same given by the
undersigned. No charge, lor storage or Cartage. .. .- .
Fire rists in Warehouse not taken by the Corriany.
Insurance guaranteed at I .wer rates than by sailing vessels.
Particular care taken of shipments of fruit..
- if r Shipments from Kurope and the United States, intended
for these Islands, will be received by the Company in San Fran
cisco, if consigned to them, aud be forwarded by their Steamers
to lionolulu,.ree of charge, except actual outlay.
jj- Passengers are requested to take their Tickets before 12
o'clock on the date of sailing, and to procure their Passiorts.
All Bills against' ihe Steamer muct be presented belore 2
o'clock oo the day ol sailing, or they will have .to lay over till
the return of tlie Steamer fur settlement. . J i
8 3io U. HACKK1SLD & CO., Agents.:
:' STE AM
To Australia and -New Zealand.
jJ,jiiJ Auntraliau' Mull Line f
1 mfTi if aaaTtiri a T t r n l n l'ucueta. ' i
' ' THE SPLENDID STEAMSHIPS
1,450 Taut .J. Stewart, Cotu'r
CITY of HIEMSOURIVi:,
l.ZOOToua T. Grainger, Com'r,
Will ran regularly between Honolulu ami the above ports,
connecting at Honolulu with the North Pacific Transportation
Company's Steamers. .
ACBST3 at '
nosoi-CLC WILLIAM L. GREEN.
ACCKLASD CKUICKSHAKK, S.MAKT CO.
groNKT H. U. HALL, U. 8. Consul.
- : . . ol 3m r
. THE i'AST SAILING BARKENTINE
JANE A. FALKINBURG,
WM. CATHCART, MASTER.
For Freight or Passage, having Superior Accommodations for
Cabin Passengers, apply to
CASTLE & COOKB, Agents,
FOR H AM BURG.
X ' ' Tlra 1 HAWAIIAN CLIPPER BAUK
J Tl. C. "WYLIE,
' II. IIALTEHM ANN, Commander. ''
Will Sail for the above Port with Dispatch. (,
For Freght or Passage, apply to
o29 2t U. IIACKFELD & Co-
BREWER & CO'S IIIVE
Hie Hollowing Vessels ucUl Leave this Fall for
TOT. A 1ST T T
ROPES - -- -- -- - MASTER.
FOLLOWED BY THE AMERICAN
CLIPPER SHIP CEYLON!
WOODS - -- -- .- - MASTER.
FOLLOWED BY TIIE AMERICAN
CLIPPER BARK NABOB!
SIIATSWELIi - - - - - - MASTER.
BREWER & CO., Agents,
Will run as a llegular Packet to the above port. For Freight
or Passage apply to
WALKER & ALLEN, Apents.
Regular Packet for Hannlei, Kauai.
THE CLIPPER SCHOONER
Will Sail as a Rerjnlar Packet as above.
For Freight or passage apply to
ol 3ui .
WALKER & ALLEN.
W II V. H. JE OIL.
For Sale in Quantities to Suit,'
n2C St. By II. HACKFELD & CO.
TO AMI?E BX BAFiK itAfiDB
ALES AMOSKEAG DENIMS,
. . Cases White Cotton Thread, 1
- Bales India Rubber Hose, i , .
J -' ' Cases American Blacking, ' A 'j
' Cases Hani's Handled Axes,
Cases Charcoal Irons,
, Cases McMurray's Oysters, .
Kegs Saltpeter (corl salnitre),
. , Barrels Turk's Island Salt, etc, etc
. .. . -r-ALSO-
CASES OF LADIES' GAITERS!
Balmorals,'! Kid Slippers.
Cases Men's Boots and Shoes,
" 'iN QRBAT'vAsiEtx-. " '
v-r Cases rjChUdren's Shoes
T . . . ii ,- - r . ... ; "
A AD SO Oilf EXPECTED TI Af Mi MA,
i ., , , AN avSDLESS yARIETT, ' ' ''
New and Desirable Goods !
seLected witji the.
Greatest Care Expressly for this Market,
'a - - SCCH A8 . - t , .. ,
D R Yv C O 6 D Si ' r
SILK, WOOLEN AND COTTON ' "
DRESS GOODS !
.. - ..&C.ir r. fi : &C., ? &C.
JETox- Sale to ; Cxri-vo
. , ; OrTlIEOD. C. IIE17CK.
COOKING- STOVES :
LlIi. ' " - ';"';( i ,'i i -L. t
IS. MAILIL & .
HAVE. "AND TIIE BEST ASSORTMENT' OF COOKING STOVES KVFR .
ered In Honolulo among which may be found the sundaxd famUy ... - . . . , . VtR0'
TIIE PATTERN COOK
No. 2 Ac 3. BeaMiiful Family Starr.
A well known durable pattern j the "No. 6, for
THE MODEL COOK,
No. 4, FINE BT0VE FOR A LARGE FAMIIX
C. BREWER At CO.
Commission and Slilppln; merchants,
743 IIielula. On ho II. I.
J. WO.TT.& CO.,
EXPECT TO RECEIVE DIRECT FROM
the Makers Via ban Franoisco early next mouth a full
, assortment of ( , .
COO KING STOVES !
riuin and Ezteusloo Tops, all sizes and prices.
SHIP'S CAKIIV STOVES
TWO HOLES FURNACES, for wood or coal.
BEST 3-PLY RUBBER HOSE !
1-2, 3-4. 1, t 1-2.
CAEPET TACKS, TINNED & BLACK !
Man? Other Articles in Our Line
- : wnicn we '
Offer at the Lowest Market Prices.
ALSO, JUST RECEIVED PER MOSEi
TAI LOR X
A FEW OF THE AMERICAN BROILER
At excellent article for broiling meat, may be used .
oo any btoTe.
We hope hereafter to keep a full and vktt assorted
. ; stock of ., , ,,.-.
Cooliingr Stoves, &c, &c.
, " Now haTing a ery Urge Inaoioe Juat shipping Pr
&28 &YKKN, via Boston. -
r-. - NOTICE! .
fllHB ONDERtilGNEP HAVIXC RETUBJIED,
,M. has resumed his business oi
Selling .Hardware at Iiis.Old Stand !
Where be will again
OFFER HIS STOCK AT PRICES TO SUIT
, . ,. ;; THK TIMK3, A0.-:. ? j, .
1TILL SELL IS, CIIE1P, IF ,K0T CBEAPEK TIIAS'
, , NTOTIIF.B HOUSE TOWN.
o29 2m . V . I JVV..WIDblFIELD.
JU ST RECEIVED
R.la:; WYLIE FROM -'BREMEN !
Trench Trinls, fancy.' Taney Muslins,
Victoria lawns, Mosquito NettTog,
TUB BAY STATE
Euperior Black. Coburgs, '" ' . .
French Merino and Crape, Ticking,
White Shirting and Long Cloth,
Browm and Bine Cotton Prills, heavy.
-if Biowa and Bloe Cottons, Hickory Btripea, I
Blue Twilled Saxony Flannel,' . . - .....i'I
Fine White Flannels, ; 1 ' '
' :: ' Imperial Linens, assorted. White Linen Handkerehfefs,
White acooetnaodkerchlels, A . , , : j f
Turkey Ked and Yellow Ilandkerchiets,
j. fancy Cotton Hand kerchiefs, ....; ;L
Black Silk Elastic. Dress Goods, '
Plain and Figured BUck EUk, Tit
- - White Linen and Bibbed Irill, ,
Fine White Linea Doak. . " !
Black Hair. Cloth for tailor's use, Black. Ltoing Silk, !
j Blue Twill, Blue Pique, Cashmere, , - . t,-
. ' i Veil Barege, asaorted colors. i-:. a , '
oS 3m ' For Bale by " n'.' II ACKFKLD k Co.
v- ' . ' . ' .' . , ' l '
' '.it ., j t ' '
' recast. X. i2, 3,lcfc b
THE BARSTOW COOKTgj
Naa. 2 Ai 4, fr Ssssall Imru Fnuslly.
STOVE, Iff os. O and f
a Urge Boarding House, Rustaurant sv llotl ; -
this sxnvi.r. cook, ixo.
for a Medium Family.
Tlio O o m 1 Stove
For a Btoall Family or Ship's Cablu.
cabooses ron SCHOONERS ASA t
LARGER VKStliLS, Nhi. 1, 2, 3, and 4, or wood -orcoal.
Also, Farmer C'silflron
For Wood, 21, 30 and 36 Oalluuitj r .
A rery useful boiler, with furnace, lor Dairies aud llaulalta
All the above STOVES with Fnrnitart-V
C0MPLKTK, ANb PITK, ji; .; .
At Prices to Suit the Time,
New Goods, New Goods vj
STfVIR. MOSES TAYLOR
Af-IASES CALIFORNIA HAMS,
V Cases Calirjrnia Hitr'm, streaky.
Cases California Kmokwl Bef,
Cases racmo uoriosn,
Caars California ('rrtm Che
Cutting & Co's Prcsorvod Meats i
Boast llwf, Knaal Mnttnn, Riat V si, S
Soud aud boullll. Haussce Meat
Boast Chickon, aud Boast Turkey.
Cutting 3c Co'n Tin Fruits
Peas, Peaches, Apples. Qulnoes, ' 9 t
Apricou, l'luiii", Vvk I'luros, t
Urnt n UaK and Cherries. " w
IMth, War k Campliell. t
Milk, Wafer, Wine, Water, Ni and Jaany Llod Cak
Cases IricI Ic:iclies rx
Barrers Pried Apples.
California Onlona, , i .
Caaea Cajiiurnls Turnips,
Barrels i'ine California Potato.
Hf. and Qr, Boxes Layer Raises. f
Bags Almood and Walnuts,
. . Cases McMurray'a Oysters 1 M I ik
CA LA. OATS CA LA. BRA IV, ' . ,,
CALA. WHEAT FOK OIJICKBBI JttD. ff i
For Bale Low at ....!-
nl3t U. X. McINTVBS 4r BkOft.
J. II.' THO.lirsOIV ;
Will Sell from thi Date at hit ISlackimltl An
6U0P, , ; .
All Small Sizes of Iron at
r . - u.na mmA ' ,
r bwv srwmim
Kpavy Flat Ix-oii
For Four Cent per Pound.'
Twenty-Fiwe Dollar pef'Ton.
AT COST PRICES.
Sea Boots, Robbed Boots, Oil iSuils
AND AIL KISD3 OF , , 'j fa
Woolen; Goods at; Cost; Prices U
' To Close Business by ilxe ITew'Tear,' ,
' At MACNIN'S,
Nuuano Bfc' ppiaU MarebM
Columbia . River Salmon I
Jf H ARREL8 AWD
. .28 2m For Data ty