Newspaper Page Text
The arrivals of Wavei were 0 in numbar "'
than the previousea'r; aud iDcfuded the i-it of the
British Flying- Squadron.-as also tht frequent calls
of the regretted little Sagittate, of the U. 8.
whoao loss at Ocean Island we lately recorded. t
the following table ehows the nationality, Bomber
and tonnage of Merchant Vessels, arririoa; at Hono
lulu during the year, with tbe conptry from which
they came; also the departures, together with plc
'of destination. - ..
l 13 PUBLI3IIID
ry aturdajl Morning.
BY BLACK & AULD.
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tta-p!r"r tsany ptf A a.
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lyiinird at the p-tSc. "
P.TABL (LV1TI l VAC
i li:., in anr ort of the United fttatee.
Jin .ubserlptiot, tor lbi. paper
i t ?
4 . ."M '
. , .. , .. . . , - .. . --i.;.pw:T s'V33v'. -vt.-jra v-tj . . -...uiw-.-' -.4t. sr-a wwv .r-. w.-.?--t-
I pi.i! Asnt'A'.cY
K AND JOB PRINTING.
XIK1D4. ri3ITtXO.Br?I?IK33 4SD ADDRESS
ed tb ti;het etyle ol the rt. . , r . r
ciilture &" Commerce
I O.iO.: op THE' ' - - V
jWAIIAN ISLANDS, y
For the Year 1 070. . .V ,
ieocfit of r rder troI a for refer-
Vdace breiih small map of the ulands.
; will be mcd that tbej lie in North Lati
e -a tbe parallels of 19 and 22 degree and
gfto le 155 and 160 degrees.
JjwiBg is UbWof the dietance from v
1 ftui FrSeio-.r.V......- 20So"m.W
Midwy UUnd 1040."
w.i to Yukohama S3"0 "
to Hhsofbae ,03 "
VOL: XV--N0. 35.! '
HONOLULU. n HA"WAIIAN ISLANDS, FEBRUARY 25, 1871.
t 'at Ascklaotl..
j ii tijdaey....
i will be seen that oar position tbe jreat
' hwaj of tbe Paeifio is eomparativelj a ceo
r, an J points oat Honolulu as the nataral port
- the aireadj immense and rapidljjncreas
erce betweeo America, Asia and the rising
- J the South Pacific
:' lowing table shows the number "Utt square
,. j height in feet, and the population, bj the
census of 18CC, of tbe different islands com
iLf group:.-- - - -
V- Samara -- HtUht
- . . a .
... 1930S .
... 3iS - -
m1 popttlaiiua, 1864 ,
,;a popoLstioa f Honolulu by tbe census
. ria pat down at 1,851 ; a fair estimate at
oxte woun mM ue numoers i ,
oil of the islands is composed mainlj of de-
volcanic rocks, which though.' rich, re-
&. tant irrigitioD. The ralleja, which have
belTfld the rain of tbe Mountains and the'
Led from the sides, are extreme! product
unlike some of the southern groups of older
Nature here yields but little eponta
td much ingenuity and untiring industry
- ta in order to raise crops. Tbe high
attracting the clouds, renders tbe climate .
i .he windward sides of tbe islands, rain
ly fulling in great abundance and vegeta-
, ereanially verdant, but tbe leeward sides
suSer from long continued droughts, and
try in many localities' presents a parched
tte appearance. On tbe island of Hawaii
vast and rugged masses of broken lava,
ae at different periods flowed in streams
neighboring, volcanic craters, have spread .
. country destroying every living thing in
:;re, burying the soil for ever beneath black J
. ry heaps of rock. But there are Lrge tracts
U&d yet unimproved and -unsurveyed,
; cultivation. Dense forests, wnere the foot
s never penetrated, cover the mountain ,
. t " in many localities, convenient to the '
re forests are rapidly disappearing before
; the wood-cutter, and the evil results are
4 apparent in the scarcity of rains.
ai XaUrallzrd riiats and Fruits.
'tVst are tbe taro, banana, sweet potato,
.?adfrnit cocoa nnt, arrow-root, sugar-cane,
rrj. raspberry, ohtlo. (a mouoUia berry)
: oAwi. or rose apple. All of these grow
Mly and bear well. ; Many varieties . of
"31 vegetables have from time to time been
. 2d from abroad, and tbofe adopted to the
.e regions succeed well, for every variety
J and climate can here be secured. Tbe
"afo can be produced ia abundance and of
Uity on the uplands, and at one time tbe
a market was supplied with potatoes from
-re ibev were raiMI t m. rnt nt aKm,t
' v cenU a barrel, and of great size the
i s r'fgbiog from three to four pounds. Ap
,y i re been raised occasionally in favorable
. ' . I. and peaches bear in eighteen months
3 f :: e stone. Other naturalized fruits are
limes, mangoes, cbfrimoyas, gnavas, pine
jl "P, figs, citrons and tamarinds. Wheat
, :d quality, and yielding as high as seventy
: Li to the bu-hel, has. been raised on tbe
r p lands of Maui and Hawaii. Rice, cotton
I te, wDich Bgnre among our exports, are
.-.- tf them iodigenous to the islands. To-
ij " Indigo and cocoa are successfully cul-
. -i, but bave not yet entered into oar list of
fr-rlf. - . -
climate of tbe islands is veil and justly
" jr its salubrity, possessing such a remark-
f e ennexa of temperature that great changes.
S a severe storm with cool winds, or a long
I " r ance or rainy weatber, excite no little no-!-
if bile situaUfd beneath a tropical sun, tbe
fc mitigated by tbe moist breezes which come
-y ,t-r wine expanse oi ocean, tsr ascena
r descending the mountains, tbe temperature
4'y changes, and any desired degree can be
fd. from tbe perpetual summer of tbe sea-
to the eternal winter of tbe tops of Mauna
'-id Manna Loa. "At Hono'lula the common
i pf the thermometer is 12 per diem.--- The
t degree of heat, during a lon aeries of
, was 90 in tbe shade, and 3 for the
4 ; the mean is about 75 for tbeeac. At
vation of from three to four thou sand-feet.
nperatnre varies from 48 to 75 a and. the
i average is about 64 .
TJUtxlta on Oabu
. 5 M'alanae
, 6 ASaiaiua
Districts en "Maui '
- 3 Honuaula
4 Kalukiaui ,
5 Kwtrpo j ..
i i6o . n
la l.an."W. lrra Creerrwieb.
Cv a lILikalau
Vku. . . JI.iJ
rWHOKE NOe 770.
rhich amount the value of 200 is admitted
' Spirits are not included in,' this permission.
The following table will show the increase and de
crease in values of dutiable, bonded and free imports,
as compared with the previous year:
: . I . I .' JJcportaiioa of Foreign and Usmrstlc Oil asd Bone, men, of i
k"'ri-d SPiC - J... J vt - ' , " WtaOiL-SpOiL VkHo.
sCv11!0 SiiZrP' T'"' IT. Tjt "!" : ' ' -1 ' Foreign catch exported to U..S. M.13 80.473 80
-Z'-!SW I !4re'lrjV ' -1 ... - '- I '' Hawaiian catch exporto.1 to U. 8 8,374 -- V ....
, KAX:LJL I 'VtZSff'zajf-'- Jt tort;ien catch exported to Rrcmpii
' 'l T'-S' " r aiSSF ' I ' I Total Spring 8h!praent:.:.:... 173 ' 84127" ;','," ' 'S?
o-l - . l Jv--AiiT j-.fcT" .'y ...-i.tl . . I II I Hawaiian Catch exnorled tn 17. fl... in I . ' I
t ; I I ForeiitocaUh exported to Uremen.. 1S.928 2S.843 "l.O J 12 3
I - - M a .M a. . , , a.- Jl I -v
. Gatla .
: ;j. wa Oiu sB ou.. wa Bo.
Foreign catch exported to TJ. a . . , .1,239,582 21,107 604,596
Hawaiian catch exported to U. S.
Foreign cauh exported to Uremen.. 13,928
Hawaiian catch exported to Uremen 103,126' ......
ported from these islands to the value of 36 000,
and molasses to tbe value of $17,130. In the Ha
waiian Spectator for April. 1838. the late William
Ladd contributed an article on "The Resources ol
tbe Sandwicb Islands in which be speaks Jhtts
piropbeticailyVf the manufacture of sugar, then in
Its infancy-" f J '
- It"l3 a very common opinion that sugar will
become a leading article of export. That this
will become a sugar eountry, is quite evident, if
wemay jndge from the varieti-s of sugar-cane
now existing here, its adaptation to the soil, the
oriee of labor, and a ready market, J'rom experi
ment hitherto made, it is belu-red that sugar of a
superior quality may be produced here. It
may not be amiss to slate, that there are now in
operation, "r soon' to be erected." twenty rnnisfor
crushing caue, propelled by animal power, and
two by water power.7!
The price of labor at that time, was indeed an
argument in favor of making tbe islands a sugar
producing country, which onfoitnnately does not
exist now. Abundance of native labor could tnen
be had, and the current rate of wages was from
12 to S"i cents per diem, or $2 to $5 'per hiootb.
In Wyllie'a "-Notes 't-ou ibe islands, published
in the Friend, December. 1844, tbe export of sugar
from tbe Island of Kauai is estimated at about 200
tons, and 28.000 gallons of molasses. Hilo in the
same year exported 83.000 pounds of sugar. Maui
at tbat time bad two mills, but the amount of
sugar produced is not reported.
Tbat was twenty-six years ago. Since then, our
sugrr growing business has passed through many
vicissitudes. As is generally the case in new pur
suits, the pioneer men bave in many instances lost
their" time and 'money in tbelrstriiggles for suc
cess, aod those who bave come after bave learned
to profit hj their denr-bougbt experience. To-day.
the total number of plantations for tbe cultivation
of sugar is thirty-nine. on Hawaii, twelve ; Maui.
thirteen; Oabn, terif nd Kauai, four. And dur
ing the year last past we bave exported over
eighteen and a half millions of pounds. ' ' '
Several months since, we forwarded printed
blanks to tbe address of tbe manager of each of
tbe plantations throughout the islands, with a re
quest to Gil them up. and, forward to this office,
with a view to using, the facta thus .afforded in
making up this annual review. A statement of
our actual and prospective products of sugar, etc..
compiled from such sources, would bave been of
no little value to send abroad. But we regret tbat
only a few of tbe planters bave so far responded
to our request for information, and we are com
pelled to defer for the present our intentions in
thia respect. The lone continued bad weather.
and tbe press of business has undoubtedly pre
vented many from responding who would other
wise bave done so. Those report, however, which
have come to hand, are extremelv favorable and
satisfactory as foreshadowing a large increase in
tbe wgar produce for 1871.
Predicts fsr Exp
6rst instance of tbe manufacture of sugar
7e islands dates as far back as previons to
. Ht the name of tbe pioneer individual' is
pid residents speak of sugar and molasses
tcoarse quality having been manufactured
l sufficient quantities for ordinary domestic
toption ia . 1828 IaJ that year, eitensiT
f f cane were grown in and about Honolulu,
jills were erected In Nunanu valley and at
jrv. JIaui. At ;tbe latter placed a Porta-,
jf named Antonio Silva, is spoken of as. the
fr sugar planter.' Some Cbloamen also bad
r mill maa TTr, . v. . . .
r- ... ur uuo,' iaese mills were all or
! TerT primitive in tbeir coostrnetion.-aad
nt tn ran - Tria n m
a ass oi
attempt to" cultivate
on a Urge scale was at Koloa, on Kauai, i
d A Co-i a -flna of Boaolold merchants, '
-need what is now tbe valuable Kolba Plao-
vr. II. w. Wood.
year 1835 and the frt -h.v;
t r... .. - . : ur
P- "niia8 WM aone with a plow drawn
Bat little attention was paid to the cultivation of
eoSee previous to 1835. It was first grown in Ho
nolulu in the garden of Don Francisco de Marin, and
was regarded as a curiosity. Subsequently it was
extensively planted at Hanalei, on Kauai, but after
the lapse of someyears tbe bllgbt attacked the plants
to such a degree tbat the plantation was abandoned
and afterwards the ground .was planted with sugar
cane. Tbe plant does well in the district of Hilo.
Hawaii the trees growing to a very large size. But
the district of Kona, on the leeward side of Hawaii
seems to be the beet adapted, by soil and clinwte, for
the cultivation of coffee. Two years from setting out
the plants, from one to one and a half pounds is the
yield, and increasing from year to year, until the
average of healthy five-year old trees is from three to
four pounds. On the same tree are seen at one
time the clusters of snow-white flowers, the green
and the bright red berries. Kona coffee is noted for
its' superior flavor, having been pronounced equal
to the celebrated Mocha, rhere is no reason why
with proper care in curing and preparing for market,
our coffee should not bring an equal if not a higher
price than " Government Java." The natives are
the principal producers, and as they practice only
the most primitive modes of cleaning the husk, the
coffee has not the clean appearance which is necessa
ry in a merchantable article. 'The produce of all the
islands may be set down at 600,000 lbs.; two-thirds
of which is exported. , Tbe. districts of North and
South Kona alone, are capable of producing two or
three millions of pounds. The blight which is a
species of aphis, or plant-louse has hitherto dis
couraged many from embarking extensively in : the
business of oofiee . planting.' But with even, this
drawback, which it is believed. will in time disappear
as it j has done, in Ceylon, ion a mast in the future
become the . great cofiee producing district of the
Islands, the rocky character of the soil, with the
exception - ef but ew. localities forbidding the use of
- -1 ' ' :; '1-r'Cttaa.'
The cotton plant succeeds remarkably well in most
.localities throughout .the i&hrad, though it -thrives
best id dry and sheltered districts. It was first cut.
tivated -aomewbat .extensively t in .Kbta,; Hawaii; by
the late Governor John Adams KnakinL Machinery
was erected at KVilu and cloth manufactured, but
Ibis was commenced: -t waa fonnd that cotton cloths could be imported
cheaper, and the- cultirwtion was abandoned: Of
late years it has again been revived, and experiment
baa satisfactorHy proved thai cotton can be gn'lrfi atf
a good profit. At Lihue, Kauai, 1,200 lbs. per acre,
in seed, has been raised, netting to the producer,
$80 per acre. 'Two full crops are raised in a year,
and under very favorable circumstances, three have
been obtained. Cotton is also grown in considerable
quantities at Wailuku,' on Maui, and at Moloaa, on
Kauai. There is every reason to believe that Sea
Island cotton, which is so easily raised at so little ex
pense, will in the future become a considerable arti
cle of Hawaiian export. '
Eire. . -
Hawaiian rice is in high favor in foreign markets,
rating second only to Carolina. Iu locations where
running water is easily. accessible, the crop is from
2,500 to 3,000 lbs of paddy, or un hulled rice. This
is sold readily on the spot for 2 cents per pound, so
that $50 per acre is a fair return. Kauai is the
principal rice producing island. There is a hulling
and polishing mill in Honolulu, but most of the pro
duce is exported as paddy, i " ? I S rVt.
There has been a considerable amount of fluctuation
in the produce of rice since 1862, when the first par
cels were exported. The highest quantity pf rice ex
ported was in that year, when it reached 441,750 lbs,
and that of paddy in 1839, which reached 1,569,959
pounds. But in 1870, the exportation of paddy fell
o3 over a million of pounds, while tbat of rice
creased to 103,233 pounds.
This is the product of the tree-fern, which grows
abundantly on the mountain slopes of the principal
islands, more particularly on Hawaii, and flourishes
best in a region of perpetual moisture. Pulu is a
silky substance which envelop the fronds of tbe plant',
and when dried in the sun makes an excellent article
for matresses, and for upholstering purposes. Dur
ing the past ten years, the demand for pulu in the
California market has declined, owing to the substi
tution of other and cheaper substances for upholster
ing purposes, and onr exports of the article have
fallen off from. 738,000 pounds' in 1862 '.to 233,803
pounds in 1870.
4 . ,-. . ..Fungus. ; : 't I :
Is another article of export which has declined.
Tbe quantity sent out -of the country in 1864,
amounted to 368,845 pounds, while the last year only
41,968 pounds were exported. China is our only
market for fungus. , Frankly this decrease is not a
matter of regret. Like pulu, fungus is a product ob
tained in tbe regions of perpetual moisture, among
the' woods and' thickets of the' uplands.- It grows
most abundantly on tbe decaying wood of - the Kukui
and other trees of a similar fibre, and the natives, in
their greed, have cut down whole forests for the sole
purpose of obtaining the fungus.
Wool, Hides and Goat Skins.
The officifJ census of 18C6, gave the whole num
ber of beef cattle on the islands at 59,918; sheep,
100,625; and goats, 56,980. But' this amount is
doubtless -considerably., below tbe actual numbers.
It is reasonable to suppose tbat the wild cattle alune on
the'diQerent islands will number 40,000 head, and
100,000 sheep will fall far short of a true estimate.
One rait alone, on the island of Molokai has 20,000.
200,000 sheep and 70,000 goats would be nearer the
mark. Tbe . finest of Merinos have been imported
into these islands from time to time, and our breeds
are now second to none.
The following principal products show an increase
as compared with 1869: Sugar, Rice, Coffee, Salt,
Goat Skins, Hides, Tallow. Wool, Cotton and Whale
bone and a decease is noted in Molasses, Paddy,
Fungus, Pulu and Oil. ? .
' ' The following statement gives the markets to which
our principal articles of produce are sent, as well as
noting the quantity each receives.
Having given the above general observations upon
our agricultural resources, we would now call atten
tion to our statistics of the Commerce of the Kingdom
for the past year ; and, as a matter cf greatest inter
est in onr commercial relations, we proposer to re
view first, our
; ' ' STATISTTCS OF EXPORTS. ' ' '
For these and most of the material comprised in the
following Tables, we are indebted to the promptly
published and very carefully prepared annual report
of Colonel W. F. Allen, Collector General of Customs.
Exports of Domestic Prodaee Port of nenolaln.
Molasea, galla .......
CorToe, tta. - .........
Bait, tou.. .........
Fungns, tba. ........
Baoanaa, bncha. . . . . .
i allow, Ita . , . . a :tng
Palo fca.i H ii.v.....;,..4....4.r..'.'...' 833,808'
wool, tba 234,696
VVhale Oil, gall. 134,17
V? OiUsalU........ '3,o54
uaie oooe, na 101,101
. T 4S.U14
, ' 2.538
.. .. 4. . . .
Peanut a. tba.
Cotton, tba.... ................
Calf Skina, pkt, 36 ; and pcV.' V.
Bheep Skina pkga, 162 ; and pea..;.
Walro Uidea, pea
Horn and Bone, .... --?.-:
Ivory, Iba 1
Graaa Sod, bxa..
Urantea, bxe, 0 1 and No
Lliaea,bast2j and N...;.
Coeoanuta. ...... -
Arrow Boot, tba """I ""11
t'aoe, ca..... ..........
cuara r loa, bxa......
Preaervea, ca. .. .
Saoda Wood. vV...''.
1 - MO .
I : : : : : ; : : I
1 llf r :::::: :' a
I C . N
m S. ....... o
1 c . S. ...... o
2 : : :
o LS : : : i J5
-Q an . - tO
ss , : :- : : : : : g
gac f": : : : : : "
o cp ??
J - : :s : : : : S
Za 3 : : S'
! . S :3 :::::. is
no i8 s r r s
i -biio I" : :-: : .::::
i , . ci . - I i-
'-;?' :::::: I s
- o :::::: g
5 o tsToo"
0 94 0 CO
i wm ...... C4
f rTlTsTs S3 : : :"S
laO i-i' O. a -- QO
-a I o ' r'o ! !
'a,- is : : i :
i K :' : ! : : :
-g :::::: g
apifl co o !,
I aooau cbce::::c:c3
iu si: I on ........
iqn I . I
i i : : : : : iis Is
i ia I I
o.iojs.: : : : : : : :.
a- a . - -r-
m oaoo -. o?
C . O C5r-1 aO r-t
c oi CQ o
Hod v-T ! . ; ; cf
p4 r . x
.3 .,.. eo
3 - ! : is i 5
, I (O i!3 to A O) -0
.Ji oar.02 o
Sfe I CI !N N t- i-i
w I e. . . .
. IS t5 loo . -aSIS
5- :" jsf j js
. . CA D . r- CO
J-? f-l - rH .
o? : :: :- : -
-co . . .o . 2
w.;.o. . "
I gisSS.S?, : S.
k r1ooTaonio 2 2 S
to lts-o-e-o .
Z. i ri f v'P.zi " s
. I as5
3 3 -"cl S
Total Fall Shipment.-;. .i.:...l.S0,63o ' SI ,107
Total Veax'o SUipment .....1,44a 809 10534
Exports of Oil and Bene. . . .
-The following compares the shipments with those' of
1863 t . t i 4 i v ' - -. - -'
Galla W Oil. Galla 8 Oil. Lba Wh Bn.
1870.... 1,443,809 105,234 632,906
1869.. r.. 1,698,1U9 ; 157690 627,770
Decrease 1870... ....... . 254,330 , ..62,456
The above decrease is easily accounted for, in the
fact that a large amount of the foreign catch of '68
was shipped to the United States in the Spring of '69.
The Spring shipments amounting to 362,073 galls.
Whale, 90,443 galls. Sperm and 7,458 lbs. Whalebone.
Of the catch of 1870, tbe balance on hand Dec. Slst,
awaiting shipment amounted to about 200,000 galls.
Whale, 6,000 galls. Sperm and 6,600 lbs. Whalebone,
all of which will go to swell the exports of the present
year. . . -
The following is a ; ' 1 '
Comparative Table of Export Valor for 3 Years. '
Dom.-atic Exports .
Domestic Supplies .
$1,340,4-19.26 $l,639,091.i.9 $1,403,025.06
Total Expert. $ 1,898,2.6.63
104,200 00 j
$2,366 363.83, $2,1 44,942.62
s r m : '
- o - .
a. o '-9 . o
i So Z e-
That the reader may better comprehend the fluctu
ations of our exports, as well as the yearly gain in
staple products, we present the following:
-By the above it will be seen that there is a falling
off in the value of domestic supplies and exports of
9288,866' 63, as compared with 1869, and a small
increase in foreign goods and supplies re-exported.'
t ..The decrease in domestic value is, in a greater
part, accounted for in tbe decreased U. S. Consular
rates of oil and bone, which rates are taken as the
standard of .value at the Custom House - The rates
of 1870 were for below those of 1869, as the following
will show: , ; . t.. .
" ' '" r. S. Consnlar Bates of Oil and Bone. . .
' Fall Seaaon 1869. Fall Seaaon 1S70
- Sperm Oil. '. ..!....: ...97 cents.. .78 cents.
Arctic Oil.. ..i.62 " ....83 .
" Walrus Oil ,45 ....83 ,. . . -
Coast Oil .....49 " "...'.31'".
. Arctic Bone.....;:.....8 .:.. 53 : '"
' The following table exhibits the fluctuations, etc.
. . Forelga Imports.
The following table exhibits the fluctuations in
value of the leading imports for three years : .
- r . 1868. . 1869. 1870.
Ale, Porter, Beer, C.l.. $38,073 70 $20,246 10 '$20,563 11
Aoimala ami Binla. ...... 275 00. 1,030 85 .. 139 80
Building iateriala 25,975 98 23,094 24 25.735 69
C'lothiof , Hau. Botn, c. 231,480 86 181,637 83' 190,920 16
I Crockrry aod Glassware.. 10,949 25 21,140 98 21.3H5 99
Drugs... i. ' 10,372 UO 17,703 83 10,480 47
. ( Cot toco . . . 23tJ,92 12 238.617 42 : 145,103 67
I l.ineua...... 15,173 12 17,345 77 13,961 18
Dry Goods i Silka - 15 332 87 13,170 03 10,287 46
Wuolena 68,371 73 63,619 13 37.615 96
I Mixtures.'... ........ - 44,936 23
Faucy Goods, Millinery, Jte 68,770 60 67,983 22 60,900 00
Fish, (Dry and Salt) 23,025 69 20,903 08 39,463 15
Flour .68,242 16 39,764 22 69,950 83
Fruits, (Freen) 2,319 18 4.643 76 2,207 66
Furniture 33,080 66 25,836 24 - 83,004 69
Fura aod Ivory 20.240 11 11.853 11 . 3,066 15
Grain aDd Fed..... 9,448 23 80,448 61 16,242 82
Groceri a and Provisions. 142,821 83 135,827 60 13892 61
Ha rd ware, A frricultural 1 m-
plemecta, Tota, c. . . . 110,288 62 107.096 62 83.229 44
Iron and cteel 6,660 43 6,349 36 26.417 99
Jewelry, Plate, Clocks... 11,9 20 16,499 68 27.322 60
Lumber 63,068 29 69,763 12 77,948 71
Machinery.... .' 6,647 62 20,372 45 18,880 88
Naval Stores 72,448 21 62,400 27 95,66116
Oila, (Whale, Kerosene,
. Cocoanut, See 200,100 52 170,853 15 63,114 64
Opium 8,089 74 . 16,556 45 . 7,049 67
Perfumery, Toilet Articl.a 6.104 48 6,424 70 6,140 86
Paints and Paiat. Oils.... 24,859 16 8,844 86 . 14294 35
Saddlery, Carrianrea, Vc. 28,762 69 40,430 63 25,161 22
tShoofca, Container 78.984 80 - 102.244 88 99,099 88
Spirit 35 907 23 33,870 98 45,374 61
Stationery, Books, Ac. . .-. 21,213 40 ' 28,477 36 25,248 31
Tea .9,267 63 4.233 68 6,440 04
Tin, Tinware 3.859 60 3,721,20 2,188 68
Tobacco, Cifra... 16,645 14 . 23,605 68 , 82.771 16
Whale Bone 64,739 11 77,154 44 . 78,158 65
Winea, (Light).i. 12,130 60 15,801 46 12,419 08
The countries from whence our supplies are drawn
are shown in the following:
Valae of Imports at Honolala Pajing Doty, and
Bonded, 1870, from
United J Pacific side..', j....
Sutes. Atlantic side
North German Confederation
British Columbia -
Australia and New Zealand..
Sea by whalera. ...... ......
Russian possessions. t....
Islands of the Pacific
Comparing the sbove with the exhibit of 1869, we
Snd an increase in the values imported direct from
Great Britain, China British Columbia, Australia
and New Zealand, Tahiti and Mexico; and a falling
off in "those from the United States, North German
Confederation, Japan, Russian Possessions, Islands
of the Pacifi, and the ita ports from Bea by whalers.
, 87,117 06
, 166,500 26
' 4,668 24
.r- t .CO 9. ,
' - : .
a ct e is a n
: : :?i list :a
re . -5ooS
a a 3 2 3 32
"i 1 a
We hardly like to be called a drinking community,
but tbe fact , stares us in the face, that during the
year past, there has tnen withdrawn from the Bonded
Stores for consumption alone not for export no
less than 19.948 gallons of spirits, the duties on
which have amounted to $57,846.93. The table be
low presents some little food we might say drink
for speculation. For example, we notice the con.
sumption of rum during the . first three months
amounted to 7 gallons. Then the figures swell up to
609 gallons, at the close of the year. Gin seems to
have been in steady favor, coming out well ahead.
Brandy . started in well, but seems to bave been a
little shaky on the second quarter, but whip and
spur brought him np second to Scheidam at tbe goal;
and whiskey, uncertain nectar, saving his wind at
the first, made a terrible effort in. the last quarte.
but he had lost too much ground at the start, and
brought up far behind Ilennesey & MartclL We
might find some relief in the fact that tbe larger con
sumption was in the late months, and excuse our
selves on the plea of excessive hospitality to the
strangers that were within our gates during the busy
And this view of tbe case will undoubtedly be
found the correct one. They who would upon the
showing of these figures argue that our community
had suddenly begun to indulge to an unusual ex
tent in . spirits, would be greatly mistaken, and
consequently tbe subject deserves here more than
a pasfdog notice. By reference to the table of
''Whaling vessels at ports of the Hawaiian Isl
ands," it will be seen tbat we have had during tbe
year sixty-seven ships to call. Allowing thirty
men each, a fair-average for a whaling vessel,
those ships will represent 2,010 visitors. The six
teen national vessels at Honolulu during tbe year
bad certainly not less than fire thousand persons
on board. - The California and Australia steamers
have also added greatly to our transient popula
tion durine tbe nast year. Taking? all these
- strangers within our gates." together with our
permanent population, it will foot np not far from
12,080 persons to consume the 19.948. gallons of
spirits tbat were taken outof bond in 1870, -at tbe
rate of about one and two-third gallons per bead.
But it must be recollected tbat Honolulu supplies
all tbe other islands with spirits, wbicb, as is well
known, is no email item, but the figures represent
ing which it would be difficult to obtain. So far
then from concluding tbat Honolulu is getting into
tbe habit of indulging more than usual in the so
called luxury of spirits, the contrary, is well
known to be the case, in repect to our permanent
population. Those familiar with the retail spirit
business are well aware of this fact. Tbe cost of
tbe necessaries of life in this city is so bigb. that
tbe number wbo find a margin to spend upon
these luxuries is but small. - i.
Spirits taken oat of Bead for Consnmptlon, 1870.
5910 i 4222
-3 OS I JO
603;1393; 386 2471 361
Total consumption, 1870..
Total consumption, 1869.,
1 3 -,2l-a
i i i
a 9 o so i-d ob c "2.
j5 o jo - - -"
eaof h 2 3! 2! i !2 !2 S S
S Z S a S J o o. oo.es- o S.5
ef ct o' ej oo't - e 2 2 SS 00 5
eo ao r- n oi
oc e o oe
"UO iftjp tf r- j
o c-3 : 3
r ao . i r
SSS Pi S S & ab -
3r :3 w-ier f
-'3'2 s 2 S3 S s s - ?, 5
C3 M ri CO
r-i -i -
o o - 2 s 2 2 S? S
40 . . JK
" - j o SL g
CO CO I
; ; : .s
1 ; f
g : :
: ; :
r tS 5 8 S I o"f S O ?
; 9 n an a tz i
The produce of the sea, the catch cf both Hawaiian
and Foreign Whalers,, shipped to ft market daring
the yaar, is soown as iouowa:
Free Imports 1870.
Animals and Birds...
Bags and Containers returned
Books printed in tiawa.ian
Diplomatic BepreaentatiTes. .......
Foreign Naviea...... ....... .......
Foreign - Whalers
Hawaiian Government..... -- -
Iron. Flate and Fig
Personal and Household Effects, eld and in use
Plant and &eds...
Specie $M,3W W
Sundries by permission -
Tanning Materials....... ...4..,.. ,
Tools of trade in use.
i 957 47
6,17 J 47
. 185 02
' i - J i
.: 29 25
364 77 ;
Increase for 1870 2,932 galls
. The following is tbe Collector General's exhibit of
Customs receipts for the year :
. Cantoras Eerelpts 1870.
Import Duties, Good .....$127.368 20
- - Spirits. 67,846.93
Hospital Fund 'passenger).
Marine Hospital (seamen)
Passports .. ' .s ...
ln'erest .......... ..,....,.. v. '' '
Wharfage.......-.. ...... .-...t
Flnea and Forteiturea.
gamples. ............ .......
Total Honolulu. ...... ..........
Lahaina.':.... ......... .............
.... 85S 61 -
S 00 479.11
' " f Hilo ,
Value Imported free lZ Kealakekoa ,
. . . , v. ckoioa ...... ,
' t -; - $222,056 19
The value of free imports, aside from the item of
oil (Hawaiian whalers) show a small gain (87,361 26)
over the amount reported for 1869. 'The notable
items of increase are Books printed in Hawaiian,
Coal, Hawaiian Government, and Plate and Pig Iron.
The first item is exclusive of any importations by the
Government, under which heading the imports by
the Board of Education, of Books and Stationery for
school purposes, forms a liberal item. ..
. Coal, since tbe inauguration of steamship eomrna
nication;haa become quite an item of import, the
Value for 1870 being $24,081 58. against 810,070 62
for 1869. Most of our receipts are from .Australia..,
' i We have never been able ta comprehend why Plate
Iron, for boiler manafaetare, la admitted free, while
the rivets,-whch are as necessary as the Plate Itself
to complete the manufacture. ae liable to duty.' Nor
why Sheathing Metal or Composition, for coppering
Teasels, is allowed to enter free, while duty ia charged
on the Nails, which are required to fasten it on, more
particularly when these peculiarly made nails can
hardly be used for any other purpose..4.
The item by Foreign Whalera consists of importa
tions or trade' under ' the' liberal law which allowa
whalers to land, as in trade, to the amount cf 1,200
without being subjected to the charges of merchant.
Total Receipts. $223,816.76
Showing a gain over 1869 of $8,017.33, and com
pared with 1867, (tbe highest year'a receipts hereto
fore shown) an increase of fj 3,216.84. '
s c; j
af linns siti
a 4 roooooo
s s JSaaBoafl9o3
ii :i j I :
ob CaaS od Cs 8
J )) as
fc -tf ' ' BS ' t
a a a
Z M M M hi u v o U .
Srr'Sn aS 3 aS r
s I -
iig H :3jS
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oz rj oc i
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i' i e"
e-l n t- S
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C S - H T54
o c I o .
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. . 5. ; m
lif ! - ' -h
flgus ; ; : J
c T"-- : : :
t . - i M : : .: : '
ji I - -
gg o r -
T7T1TT : :S
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-ml S "t
gf I i2
si i I ' ; "I
: i : g i i i
The arrivals at all other ports were 4 vessels, 680
tons, making a total of arrivals for the year of 169
vessels, 91,248 tons: ' ''
Whaling Vessels at Ports of the lUwallas iKlawdn. '
N o Tons
NoT.a g I
20 ,R85,lTi. 7110 101
21 7.14Q.17I 7iWlTl
From the above it would appear that 118
whaling vessela had visited tbo group during the
year, but it must be borne ia mind that a number
of the vessels vi ailed two or more ports during tbo
season ; as. for instance, in tbe spring many of the
fleet visit Kawaihae, Hawaii, for their supply of
potatoes, and then touch at Honolulu for letUra
before proceeding North, and are thus reported at
both places. As a matter of bandy reference we
insert ob page 2nd our Whalemen's List for f be
Fall Season of 1670, corrected up to Dec. Slat. -
We regret to note tbe final withdrawal of two of,
the finest vessels in our boma fleet, the IsiqU and
Count Bltmarck, both fine new vessels, and fitted'
In a manner in every way creditable to ottr fishing
interests.- Both bave gone to Europe as merchant-
men,; The Wilhehn J., another floe vesswl of tb
same class, has been Uncertain, but U ia to be
hoped that she tnay be retained in the lairvlce.
List ef ITawailas Kegltered Vesula.
' MerebaaiiatteM. Whalers aaicl Tracers.
300, old ...
.' : : ; i : . 1
171, old ...
239, old ...
267, old ...
29, new. . .
106, new. ..
114, ' new.,.
K W Wood
I.SDSIUS ....... .
Sloop. . ...
Schooner . .
..... A s I orw. ..........
, Beniica.. ...........
.... MaMo ....
.... Fire Fly
..... 1-ono....' ,
Win II Allen
Juliaa .... .........
aicat .... , .
Catallna . .
. Nam. , ,
.. Mannnkswal ....... .
. Mot Kriki
.. Live Yankee........
... Mark Fakaka
Brbooner It" Koy
tkhoooer ..... Mary
Active ..... i
. : . ... Prince
Schooner..... Mary Kllen...
- " . Kata U
" f an
' , Hokulele..
Fourth of July
... Kona racket
... Red Bird..
f j'jfcft r. a 4.
, arwlrk... ...... ..
Kronl Aaa.. ........
nana .. ............
188 44. M
803 43.96 .
667 S3. 96
199 24.96 ,
888 61.96 :
468 17.96 i
Hrigan tines.... .........
. . . . .. 1
884 , .
44 78.96 '
16 89.96 i
74 80.96 '
88 66.96 '
SI S6.96 '
89 S8.96 ,
. . 4 6.96 :
24 42.96 ;
111 8a. 96
- 84 8.96 !
6 68.96 ,
' 0 84.96
1,781 81.96 '
1,396 83.96 ,
92 08.90 '
18,846 S6.86 '
' Totals vessels and tons...... 84
The following table shows the arrivals and da-'
partures of passengers for the year : ! '
Paftsesger Statlstlrs, irrlvals sad Dpartrea Port
f Oeaelsls. 1870. .
, ,.'.. t i , i I i a.
a. i o a. n
VASSKMosaa raost aaa to e. P E g
- , . . ... P I f I
Sao Francisco 788 77 401 78
Oregon and Washington Territory...... 1 2 16 . 6
Victoria. .. 1 T
China and JapaA.. ............ ........ S7t .. 76 S
Australia and New Zealand Ill 84 44 ..
Island and porta in tba N. and S. Faclfle 161 8 897 ..
Atlantic porta. United States 2 .. 8 ' ..
Europcao porta. ........ M.. .......... f ; 9 S 7
, ' ' 1 1330 138 841 108
Total arrivals for tha year. ..
Total departure for in year.
Eseeaa eCarrtrals over departures.. 401 '
vaasaaasaa ia Taaaairp raoa lAdaltslCh'd'a
AostnUla N Zealand, bound to8.F.. . 7S4 I . 68
San Fran., b-mnd to N. Z. aod Australia! JZA 14
The increase of arrivals as compared with 18G9 are
From San Francisco..,..,... 109
Oregon and Washington Territory..,. . f 1
" China and Japan 244
Australia and Islands and Ports In Padfio. 10
" Earopean Ports. 8'
( Conilnued on Second Pay,)
f 1 t