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i . J1CK
II. W. BBFEBAHCE A 10 .
ro.nm mmioh hkim ii vr,
IO-- FRONT sT.
Corner of Clay Stret, SAN fRANCI.-Co
W. K. CETKHID'IE,
a. r f- krk; i
!a i franci
TM MA I'll AM.-.
u m mostcs.
E hUmL O.
LEVERIDGE, EVERETT & CO..
Forwardiup: ( ouiuiiiuu McrcbaBta
g F RONT STREET, CuUNtt COMMERCIAL,
Part.e.lar :t-r,' I i: ' '"on.ignnvnts of Idaud Pr.-iu'-'.
.1. !rakeii V CJo.,
( onfiii o i: ic n a T8,
HAVING BKK.N EXGACEO IN Ol RHRt).
sent business for upwards of seven years. Ml briar
I .&:M la tre proof brick building, we are ifrril i'. receive
and ttpoa of Island staple, tarn as Sugar. Rlee.Svrop. Polu,
t'nfr. Ate., In advantage Consignments especially solicited
far the Oregon market, to which oersoaal attention will he paid,
jol upon which, eaab idftn:: will be made who required.
Saa raact.-c RBraaascsx
Badger A Limlenbergrr. Jaa. Patrick A Co ,
fr : I.-- W. T. Coleman A Co.,
'!. Baker A Co.
Allen A I - Lartd A Tiltoo. I rial ' A Urw
aw Walker A Allen, ly
Wm Cuaa.rf, i
au Fram Urn :
f Donald MacLrar,
' Kf HH Ma- liV,
CORBITT & MACLEAY,
Importers. VholeSrile iirocr-rs and
(aiii mission rlcixliaiil,
Shippers and Dealers of Oregon Produce.
4A FRA ..CISCO :
Oilier lOS Inlilwruiu Mrrrl
HORTl.tNn ORr.MON I
I :t nu.l ! Frwnl, iinst llll I ' Firai Si.
W C RaUt..o Klu . Bank of California. San Kranciaco
Chaa deR". aiau. Preawlmt 2 V. A P PognrCo tau rranclaro
Me.ara. Cm. A Co
Meaarl Lad A Tilton, Bank-ra Portland. Oregon
Bank of Britib C.4ambia P..rtla.Hl, Orcgaa
Mera. L Ooid.mith A C Portland. OreEon
Corbitt. Pa.hn, A Co PortUnd Orer-n
Meatn BUhopACo . Banker Honolulu
C oniignmrnl. wl lalnl lralBi-4- Sulirilr-d.
j r. .maii i.. MB MCSABA.
J. C lUCRRILL Sl Co.,
Commistuon Merchants and Auctioneers,
204 and 206 Ciiliforuia Strei-t,
San 1 1 r a n c i h e .
AhrtO, AUKNi-" OP tUM
San Francisco and Honolulu Packets.
Partleular Atteotiotmiven totbe aale and purahaae of mer
rhai.4iar.ahip' buait., aupplv io whai. uhipa, nr.otiatli.k
""jjMMiajMaBl anivlny at Baa Praaciaco.by or to the 11. -o
lulu Line of PackeU.wdl beforwarJed vMMOfl c.mmiki...
XT Raehaoge no llooiduln bought and sold. XX
M r C. L RichaHa A Co Honolula
M Hackfeld A Co "
" C. Brewwr A Co
Kabop A Co
Dr. K. W. Wood
Hoa. K 11 Aliea
l. C. vTatennaa. Raq
A A D CO.,
YANKEE NOTIONS, FANCY GOODS,
Ml I.I.I NKKV GOODS.
White Goods. Perfumery, Pocket Cutlery.
IID8IKKV. '.KPIIYR WtXlL. Ac, fcr.
HITOra IIF.SID5XT BUVERS IX TIIF.
Rant and in Europe, and being in direct comroanicallou
with Um manufacture, we are enabled to get Quods ou th"
beat ten. and lo artl accordingly.
Our Stock is the Largest on the Pacific
Coast, and we invite the
Fapccinl altcntiou ofllonolnlu rrrhaatfl
to an examination of the aanie.
Particular attention given to Order.
TOBIN, PAVIBSON A CO.
Corner Sutter A S;uime Streets,
i.t Sna Fraariaea, Catla-
FLINT, PEAB0DY & CO ,
Shipping &. CotutuiNsiott Mi-rcliauls,
Agents of Pacific Barrel and Keg Company
Abb Pr epahfD to
raralh Er; rrJ Barrrl Shook In any qaai.tin
And Htnyerjfulhi .Win! - itxji,nirtUs ' Suqura
xso uu.d aaaaaaoBi
ajr rrfer to
Meaara Bisbnp A Co Honolulu
Meaara. H Hackfetd A Co
Messrs. Castle A Cooke
rn. julO ly
w. a. LKVBMDOC.
a. p. EvFarrr,
ms Fn.i.t St San Francisct.
LEVERIDGE. WADHAMS & CO
SUCCESSORS Tt H. O. SXEATH.
W koleKulc Car ro c e i !-
Forwarding and Commission Merchants.
Partlcalar AllfatUa paid t Caaitaaif nl f
.7 a.--Wlrli I.I--1- Hr-cr. ly
t: H E K Ml A , rOK V 1 1, 1, 1 A i O .
Saddle Rock Oyster House,
No. 4IO 1'iui Si re-el.
s 4 N PRAfJCRCtt. CALIFORM A.
Sola PrprletArs of the Celebrated
San Bruno and Raccoon Straits
WE CAN DELIVER OUR CELEBRATED
TK SPH NTF.I)
New York Oysters in Shell
;The finest Piavored Oyter in the world)
At Honolulu, during the Winter Months,
IK QOOD ORDER.
IPrice S4:.00 a Hxiiidred.
N O TI C Tr! !
AH SAW WILL OPEN
Eating House and Lunch Room
!. 4 MERf HAM STRF.ET. ON
C1VIA,Y IORMt;, Dt-e. tl.
Bsnra, Aft atisd 0 p. r vrrelc. Siucle Meals.
d23 Twenty-Five Ceala. lm
0m PIANO FOR SALE ! ttm
RECEIVED PER R. C. WTUI FROM
BR KM Ev,
A Superior Cottage Piano, 7-Octavei,
Of ff . Sas-enhofT- manufacture For particulars apply to
cH2a f. A SCHAEFER A CO.
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-ii OO. It nUuI -y , asnbea every AitK.uv Urrti i iieir
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j.l.r of ch- ndn a rid ; aiuaints y--u with al DOAsal icen
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I er"iiae-" . the cor.ect pr'.UDociatioa of proper
M n a hiraphicl di-tiotu.ry of an i.al n; a Mhtacal
dicti anarVf dearnhea ev. ry at iml t'.ma t eaiat: acajaaififi
ou aill. MrtBaJtB) cult-bCM. liavieia. wrrior-, :,( f.
hnt'.ni,. aWtAeaRata, Ac of ai.e rot ajaj uodrrn
tin.. . PBMraAa of bH tt - BaCdca ' d bcfwaa of Um late war ;
a il explure the hoe t vecetaMc kir.g.iotc "
i . xta'a '-Hfr Jt..( i th. Ci!i:T." 1 v.luiur, auptrMy
Otaatrat'd. Th. wurk i iu -4 ia cn-wn H.-taro. price
.'.aj, 15 60. S M. atid in imr.al, ailii ov-r fifty iteel
pMtt rr.ratinK aud lujpf. It. (10, 1'. ao I f 1" -
c .rdin to rtylr of MaaVag
Tan In T ul r.iII.T R'.iTk of FIulKod. aflf and
Children, a.lap'-i) to rreird:nic full irticoir aff rr ne-iu-
ber of the family. Mat frum S- -O U $4.oJ each.
Ti 'it.' is Wii .-T.n. . r lt.-T-iii i:.i .( In-.de I.if.- :ind
Kt.rieoce n CfeaMajB Pi.c-$3 75
I.iBKaar or PokTkT asp Baaaj, by Win. CnMen Irrvant, ,feiug
choice aelectioim fr. tu ;be brat author Price $5 00.
Toi!' rat lloaaa. ami Hoar tu Hv- Honey. A prac
tical book ry a practical! man. iri-e f4 00.
Kl iitwikid'.' Lir of I'muT, iliutrat-d, and MOM su-rhly
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The "ivii !z.D Hn k. t,r tv W--ri d, by Rrv J. tt. W'd. 2
I vols, iliuatratr-l Pnr.- $ lu O0.
Ri Ufa PaoLoxutb, or 6,0aj Fact for Ihylcsl K.--
IMMA. Price $5.UO.
TKirMfHM RaWEaWaaa, Ingenuity anl Public Spirit, by
Jui l'art. 4 60.
Raai Iwaia's ITTIT Antoitt, or the NrW Pilgrim'
I'l .tre. -tratoi. $4 ')
BaOEUM IlKRi.CH a!D Mr.TYKH, l.y J t ll adlry 1 voL S ,
MaMdMry illuatrated, 4 CO.
The Yek Barri -. I eaag a hNt ry of the prai.c. flerman
War of WlaVL, by I. P BlIwAill With map anl alu-tra-
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Scmrs an IsriDKirr ii th l.irK or THr Ap-ti k P411. Ily
Alr-rt Bamra. 1 ol L
i1ki.ii WlMlliaai aod lloa Thry wre Mad. 0T tAW BtraOSfaPI
and Tiiumph afuaV Baal uiade Mm. 1 vol. tl vo. illu.ti r;. t
Tin. hRMOAt Lin. .t VOSOT, or Adviee U the Maiden,
if ai d Mothr-r, by rr Naphey. 1 vol 12 mo. JJ.00
Anj of the above wi.rks will be nrJeitd and dtliv-r-d to
raAwCi ilirr- in any pail of the rantlwirh Inland, on ipplirati..u
In II. M. W HITNEf.
A SPLENDID SUPPLY OF
RKSS EDGE HOOTS,
CUSTOM RAM BQUARA ROOK tOOK,
OCaroaj ajAOH PC MP .- L BOOTH,
Bi rros SIDE IJ . ITER.-",
OXFORD T1I8, AND OTRK8
hi: e rjr ' .
i:ii:mt Toilet .vlirror
Hand law !
OK NEW DESIGNS. BEflDES
Ft IK TUB
Dressing Table and Boudoir.
A LARGE VARIETY OF
PERFUMES, COSKETIQUE. FINE SOAPS,
Tooth, Nait and Hair Brushes !
Ai 11 . MdKBBMT
C .imrol Firt and Merchant BtrCFta.
I ' A I) E It SI 4m A 1-1 D ACJEiHTS
A KF. ALTUORI.ED TO !8St7E Foi.l
C'lESOXFIKK RISKS IS THIS
i. Willi Of wifboitt Uati Ararae Clause) ut si
PREMIUM AS LOW
As any other UtAraACfl (.'t iDpaiiy reprtv
nerlad here. The
IE&MS 01 USCKANCK IBB HOST IWOKiBLF
and Policies are BpSSI for HBaaWCtion.
I'nr :i Im-uIhi 1 BAIplf
d2 2 F. A. SCHAEFER & Co.
THEOD. 0. HEUCK
OFFER FOK ttAEF
ej i rsT i t x : i : i r ed
GEINANT, HfiUIB JISO MM.
GERMAN BARK EMtUE I
1 SAN FRANCIm '.
GOODS SUITABLE FOR
DRY ttOOsat, HARDWARE,
CStOCKBRY, Ct'TI-KRY. Ho?IF.RY.
BADBUBsT, PEKFI'M F;RY,
A"., Ac., Ac.
And Direct via Panama!
EXPE( JTE1 :
Ylhlie and HaiW Cionati Print.
I Herd. (aiuierr ud (lolhS,
VUta and : Loot; I lot lis.
Bunt and Stioe far l.dir. Lent and fhildreo,
Henliii. i:rilliaBt, and
NUMEROUS OTHER ARTICLES SUIT-
able lor ibr Trndr.
Are particularly iuviced it examine
sasy iut-L brfarr Purrkaiing
THEOD. C, HEUCK,
d- L'm FORT STREET
What do the Nations Owe? Letter from 1
In aidwi r to our rcuiiarks of lust Tuday up"n
the amount of the national dehw of Kuropc and
Aiiicrira. we lutve received the following letter
froia the Nretarv of the Treasury :
TwjTASniT lEPARTBtNr, )
Offh e or Tut Secretary, No?. 1871
Tn tff Etbtor of ih Evmmj Pasf .-
In your paper of the alst ult., you state that
in a Lsetare recently driif tared by me in New
York :it: ! Rratan, I gave tlie nrenie national
debts "f Buruve and the United SLitc at f23,-
Ti e t.tteujent uiak by ine include.! the debts
of all the iiions ou ti.e jglobe, whose financial
eooditioa is known.
Baxter, in his Wurk on ' National Debta," at
page 'J7, gives the aniyunt us three thouoaud
nine baodred and eleven million pounde j-t'Tiing.
Ills table were prejared for 1G'J and lv70, and
do not include the additions to the debt of France.
caueed by the recent war. I estimate the increase
of the debt of France at five hundred million
This gives a total of national indebtedne of
about twenty-two thousands millions of dollars,
without the increase of the national debt of
other countries. CiEO. 5. Boi twell"
The latest official rporto we have from most of
the nations of F.ur ie are not of later date than
1H68 soine of them are of 1807 and from them ;
the estimate was made up. But it ie probable
that Mr. Baxter, in preparing hi book, hd no
more recent AUtnoritiea. Nov the debts ol Aus
tria. Belgium. Denmark, France, Prussia, Ham
burg, Bavaria, Baden, (Jreat Britain, Greece, '.
Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Russia. Spain.
Sweden and Turkey, together, amounted, in ltfbT
and lSbrf, as nearly as poseible, to $13,289,000,-
M)0 ; so that his estimate, adopted by Mr. Bout
well, was far ut of the way.
But there has been a large increase in the
debts of a lew of them since that time. For in
aCanee, Sjiaiu, in Jan. 18G7, reported her public
d.-ht at almust exactly $1 ,000,000,000 ; probably
a false report, since the official return ol it on
March 31st, 1870, was .vj,t.:;9.351,703. The
debt of Rwaahv, reported in 18o at 1,3IM,(mio,
(MJ0, had already become $1,700,000,000 in
lsG'J, and is probably $2,000,000,000 now. The
debt of Italy, understood to be $1,250,000,000
live years ago, vstts ao swollen in the iutervals by
defieiCa and bad credit, that last year the budget
ealkd lor -4G7,314,Sl francs for interest upon it;
which would indicate a principal of about
As for the debt of Kranee, it is impossible to
aaoertain the amount with exactness. In October,
lti70, the adjusted or funded debt was said to be
13,'J2o,71H,(j73 friiiics. Besides the expenses of
the war, France has since incurred the war in
demnity debt of 5,000,000,000 francs to (jermariy,
and has only laid part of this by borrowing the
money, s that the national debt at this time
cannut well be less than $4, 0K, UUU, 000.
Making allowance for all these additions since
the last official debt statements, the aggregate of
the national debts of Europe will be tound to be
at this time about $17,400,000,000 ; and, odding
that of' the United Mates, we tind that the pro
ductive industry of t'hristendom is mortgaged to
capitalists for about 19,GUU,OIH),000. Public
debts are unknown in Asia, anil there are none in
Africa except in Egypt. The debts of the Amer
ican countries beyond the United States are too
small to raise the estimate above twenty thousand
millions of dollars, which may be fairly assumed
as the present mm of the national debts ol the
world. .V. Y. Keening Post.
A Woman's Dreams.
She sat alone in the moonlight, her beautiful
cheek resting upon her hand, so soft and white
and dimpled. Vu could tell, as you looked nt
her, that her thoughts were far away, and that
she was thinking of something beautiful. Her
eyes were wistful ; her lips were softly pressed
together; the dimple in her chin remained, that
little rosy cleft, that impress of Love's linger.
She was less glowing than at times, but none the
less lovely. I thought to myself as 1 looked at
her that she was nearer heaven than we coarser
mortals, and I longed to know whither her pure
heart turned itself. I approached her; she did
not hear inc. I spoke she tiid not answer, i
touched her softly ou the arm, she looked up ami
smiled, a far-away smile, such as nu angel might
You are thinking very intently," 1 said.
She answered, " Yes," in a subdued tone of
voice, a-s though that wtiich was on her mind was
too holy for discussion. But I persisted.
" Will you tell me what your thoughts were? " I
Site shvk her head. " You eonld not under
stand," she said.
M I could try," I said humbly ; " I am coarse
find rude, I know, but I could strive to compre
hend." She sinih-d sweetly, but stiil willi that far
away look in her dark eyes.
" No, not coarse," she said, " but you are a
niun. It is so different with men ; were you a
woman you would understand at once. Now,
perhaps you may smile, may laugh at me."
" Believe me i," I whispered ; " I adore the
beautiful, the true, the pure. Let me know your
She gave me her hand. " I will tell you," she
said. ' 1 have thought of nothing elee ulJ day.
Ijst night I lay awake thinking of it. I am
sure I must be right; but if 1 am wrong oh!
it f am wmng, Edgar, I tremble to think of it." j
4 Yom cannot be wrung." I said.
She gae me her other hand.
"You think not?" she said; "ah1 but yon
cannot be so good a judge as a woman. 1 think
1 believe "
"Yes, yes," I whispered, bending nearer;
" yes, Angelme. "
" I am almost surr," she said, in accents softer
than the rippling of falling water, " almost sure,
Kdgar, that blue fringe will look better on my
new walking suit Ibaa purple velvet. Don't you
think an? "
Thiers and the Candidates for Kingship.
How are the mighty fallen ' I he sons of a
king beg an interview with the son ol an artisan,
ami are put off till it is suitable and convenient
to the latter. Monarchy is evidently at a dis
count in France, when blue blood is treated with
such disdain. Time wub when Thiers was glad
10 be Prime Minister of the monarch w hose sons
now go abegging to him. But times are changed. 1
The son of the people has triumphed over all his
enemies. The most unpopular man of a year
and a half ago in France now rules her destinies.
Bourbonist. Imperialist, Orleauist. Republican
and Communist have alike gone down before
him. No party likes him, yet none ean do with
out him. Between all, he holds the balance of
power, and each one is satisfied to submit to his
rule sooner than see it replaced by that of his
antagonists. The monarchists have had great
hopes from him, on account of his preference in
favor ot their peculiar system, and the Orleanists,
whose party he used to n fleet, were sure that he
Was ouly making straight the way for their re
turn to power. The Orleanists Princes, who
have been elected by several departments, but
who have long refrained from taking their seats,
thought that at list the time had come for tliem
to do so. But a great party in the Assembly are
opposed to allowing them to sit therein, and now
with this party Thiers has east his lot. He
txidently wishes to retain his present power, and
is not at all anxious to vacate in favor of king or
emperor. He believes that he himself is destined
to play an important jart in the history of his
Country to restore her to her greatness of sixty
years ago and he will strain every nerve to re
main as President of tlie Republic master of
her destinies. Did once the Orleans Princes ob
tain seats in the Assembly, they would follow
the example of Napoleon the Third, when he re
turned in 'AH from his English exile. One of
them would intrigue first for the Presidency and
then for the kingship. Thiers would be thrown
aside he would cease to be master of Franco.
Hence he opposes tfie entry of the Orleanist
Princes into the Assembly.
Of the thirty-six Mexican Federal officers who
revolted against .Juarez at Quay III, seven had
formerly been condemned to death for treason to
the Supreme Government, but Don Benito, as
President of the Republic, in his clemency and
mercy rcvok-d their sentences. Gratitude does
not appear to be a trait of character in regular
army officers in Mexico. Of the two hundred
and ninety-eight soldiera commanded by the
(uaymas revolutionists, more than fifty saw eer
rice under the banner of Maximilian. Such is
pati i.itism in unhappy Mexico
Loois Napoleon is said to liave a yearly income
Se-TeD books on the Chicago fire have been pub
lished or announced aa ia preparation.
Rhenish wiae is very bigh ia Germany, tbe via
tage of li71 beiug entirely lost.
Mowing machines have killed seventy farmers
in Illinois last year.
James Fi-k, Jr., refused to go bail for W. M.
Tweed on the ground of public morality. "
An American Chess Congress wus to meet at
Cleveland, Ohio, December 4th.
thirteen New York papers have died in three
years, losing $250,000.
Out of an income of 276.000,000 per year,
tbe agricultural laborers of Great Britain sjnd
$58,000,000 in liquor.
General George B. McClellan is announced as
Pierideut of an Aanwiean company which is
reeking the greater part of a oapital of o.OOO.
Ui)0 iu L mdon.
A steam yacht is sailing on tbe Sea of fiahlee;
and it beautitui aeeasrj, with its ball-. wing aaawci
aUjoaa, win aeon be as familiar to tourists as ib.t
ol tbe Rhine is now.
Mrs. Sarah J. Hale, who has written and
edited for more than a generation, is still, in her
eighty-fourth year, at work on the Lady's i?o.A,
upvii which she has worked forty-four yours.
The college publications of Harvard, Yale,
Amherst, Bowdoin, Williams, and other colleges
take strong grouud against educating the sexes
Mrs. Bigelow-Taylor-Montgomerr. who mar
ried Walter Montgomery, returned to Boston in
the Parthia, und is now living with her husband,
Arnold W. Taylor, in that city.
Mans. Arajuar, astronomer in Madrid, is re
ported to have discovered a new planet, which he
lias designated " Conception."
M. Gambetta being about to be married, M.
Yictor Hugo has addressed a letter to the ex
Dictator, congratulating him on the approaching
happy event, which lie characterizes as tfie union
of a comet with a flower.
Dr. Farr, of the British General Register
office, thinks gluttony the growing sin of our
age, and states that more people die DOW-a-days
from gout and kindred diseases than from deli
Extensive strikes are announced as taking place
at Killing, an important port of Eastern Prussia,
noted fur its manufactures, especially its sugar
refineries and woolen factories.
The yindictiveness which the French feel to
ward the Prussians is still unabated. It has
now become lashionahle in France to call their
dogs by the names of William, Bismurek and
Eugene declined all public honors while travel
ing in Spnin. She replied to King Amadeus'
proffer of civilities by saying that she returned
to Spain as an unfortunate woman, anxious to
see once more the land of tier birth, where she
had been so happy.
Edmund About receives the largest salary nt
present paid roany French journalist, viz : j$;H,n()0
a year. Emile de fiirardin receives jo.OOt) a
year for writing daily one column of editorial
matter in the Lihcrtf.
The Government of Guatemala baring driven
the Jesuits from tfie country on account of their
dangerous influence in political affairs, has now
turned its attention to the priests, nnd for like
reasons banished the Archbishop and one of the
leading bishops from the Republic. Complicity
in the late revolution is tbe cause.
An Italian journal declares that the Pope is
anxious to treat with Yictor Emanuel's Govern
ment, but that the Jesuits bitterly oppose any
such movement. The same journal stiites that
but for the vigilance of Cardinal Antonelli one
faction of the Jesuits would have poisoned the
Holy lather a long time ago. They want a
young, vigorous Pope, who will declare a reli
gious crusade and recapture Rome.
On the 4th of September last ground whs
broken for the erection of a Catholic church in
Salt Lake City; on tfie 24th of September the
cere monies of laying tfie corner-stone occurred,
and on the 29th of November tbe edifice, com
pleted, was dedicated t tbe worship of Almighty
God. Quick work.
A journal called the Rewohltionui has lately
been started in Mexico, which contains no other
news or intelligence of any kind except the
proclamations, prununriamientos, war bulletins
and movements of the revolutionists from one
end of the country to the other. Its pages con
tain blood and t bunder enough to frighten
Juarez out of his wits.
This is the unique pattern of a Western per
sonal : " We are sorry to receive No. 1 of the
Comanche Connty World. The World is badly
printed, and has a sickly, poverty-stricken ap
pearance. John Smith, its publisher, is an idiot.
If the 4 leading men' of Comanche County are
responsible for the foundation of this pntier. they
ought to he sent to the penitentiary. We trust
that Mr. Smith will stop the publication of his
parer and save his money."
In Rich, Cache and other counties of Ftnh
Territory the grasshoppers were a terrihls scourge
during the past season. In Rich county alone
they destroyed over ninety per cent, of the en
tire; crops. A delegation of citizens from that
county have arrived in Salt Lake, seeking em
ployment to procure hiead for themselves and
lam i lies.
A French journal locates the Empress Carlotta
in a beautiful, secluded valley among the Pyre
nees. Her chief amusements consist in holding
conversations with the photograph of Maximilian,
putting the Mexican Imperial Court in order and
giving instructions to the Ministers of State as
to the bust way of managing the Empire.
The French Minister of the Interior has ad
dressed a circular to the Prefects of the Depart
ment of Midi, ordering them to arreot and prose
cute the sorcerers or " mediums " who are
practicing on the credulity of the people and ex
torting money thereby. The itinerant humbugs
are to be prosecuted to the full extent of the law.
Serves them right.
The Nevt Comet. Enck's comet is now on its
way towaids the perihelion, which it will reach
during the present month. The comet has been
teh seopi"ally visible for some time, but is not an
object of special interest to those whose vision is
unaided by instruments. It has a short period
only three years and a Quarter. The least dis
tance from the sun is 32,000,000 of miles, or
about the average distance of Mercury. The
greatest distance is 887,000,000 of miles, or more
than four times that of the earth. This comet is
principally of interest .because its period of revo
lution has disminished to the extent of about
three days in the past eighty years, a fact which
is generally accepted as furnishing the best proof
of the theory that the regions of space are filled
by material "ether" capable of retarding the
motion of the bodies composing the solar system.
Of course tfie resisting medium would produce an
annual effect upon the comet of a few tons in
weight, that would not be experienced by our
earth in the course of thousands of ages. But the
result, though long deferred, is none the less inevitable-earth,
planets and comets will be event
ually precipitated into the sun.
Another cause of ill-feeling has arisen between
Italy and France. The Italian Parliament has pro
vided that the debt of tbe Pontifical Government
shall be assumed a a consequence'of the annexa
tion of tfie Pontifical territory, and that bonds of
the Kingdom shall be issued in place of tbe out
standing Panal bond. Many of these are in tbe
hand of the French Catholics, who now object to
the conversion. and their Government has filed a
protest, which is regarded by the Italians as an in
sinuation not only against their national credit,
but also againt the permanence of their unity, and
of course they take great offence. The Italian law
is not inconsistent with any principle of interna
tional right, and will probably stand as it ia ln
der ordinary circumstances, tbe conqueror is not
field responsible for the debt of a conquered terri
tory, and it any holder of a Pontifical bond wants
to "look to the Pontifical Court exclusively for
payment. Victor Emanuel will not object.
La Capitah, an influential jiurnal published
at Home, notices with pleasure that political or
religi us assassinations are no longer the events
ol the day. Peace and order prevail in the
Eternal City. Evidence of prosperity is to be
seen on every hand ; work is abundant ; tine
stores aisl residences are being built ; tbe sani
tary condition of the city greatly improved ;
aud. in fact, the metropolis is becoming Amen
rnniind in bustle und activity. The population
increased one thirsVdnrino; the year 1371.
A Brothers Prayer.
t Afrit. . a Ikr b '- . - ot a Xi.'t MatSCk 'i.
t. 1 above. ! crave Thy nwrey.
For oar buried mclk. r t-bid .
Gract her nunc ok ray ot sunshine
To dispel her fancies wild
Hk:y hath she awBered sorely,
M -re tht.i human M jrue Day tell ;
Ear-.h has breu H hrr 4-ri.
l.lf. one abort reaSore Brain belt.
She was bat a betpira infant
When vfi hrr Thy rd UkI tail ;
(Forgive Uie, Lord, if I oflVud Thee.)
Dai aUr err bey ood recall i
No mother hath hr ins to help her.
Her U.vij siter ja a aritA i-are .
To Thre alone we look f r rji-rvr
Mercy, r ather hear uiy prayer.
A Woman's Love.
II JOIS Mt .
A sentinel anfel sating high in gi. rr
Heard this aboil wail nug nut flora Parstry
' Have mercy, mighty angel, hear uiy slury '
' I Kved. and, blind w. ah i.sknute love 1 fill
Lore brought me doam BS death, a:.J death ta Hell
1 . Ood is just, and death for sin is well.
' I do not rafe against his high .ucree.
Nor lor my self di ask that Vaea ahidl be ;
But for ui love on earth who niuoroa for me.
t;n-at Siira ! Let me are my lava aga.n
And comfort bun one hour, and I were fain
To pay a thousand fCSia ol flrr and pain "
Ham s.nJ the pitying argrl, Nay, repeul
That wild vow : Look, the lialcnrer bei.t
Down to the last hour of ihy pumslune:.! I "
But still she wailed, " 1 pra) thee, let me go '
I i-annnt rise to peace and leate him .
Ii, let me soothe him in his h tier SrOC ! "
The brazen galea ground sull-.,nl sjar,
Aiul upward, joyous, like a rising star,
Hhe rose aod vanished in the ether far.
But soon adowr. the dying sunset sailing.
And like a Wout.ded bird Bet pinions Hailing,
She fluttered hack, wr.h tirukrn-liearl'-d wailing.
sthe sobhed, " I found him h the Summer sea
Reciiiird, his head up u a maidi-n's knee,
She curled hia hair and k.ssed him. Woe ia ine ! "
She wept, " Now let my punishment begin '
1 Uave been I 1. 1 and foolish Let me in
Toexpiale uiy sorrow and my in "
The ar gel answered. Xax , sad aoul. go hlirher '
To be deceived in your true heart's deaire
Was biltrrrr than a il.ousaud eurs of fire '
Brigham Young aud Four of His Wives.
(ieorge Alfred Townsend writes from I" tab to
the Cincinnati Commercial :
Brigham Young's most noted wife is called
Amelia she is a vivacious, spirited woman, about
thirty-two years old, American born, and with
out children. Another of the President's wives is
Mrs. Decker, who retains indications oi much
farmer beauty, and her daughtets are the hand
somest of Brigham's children. The old gentle
inun looks out well for avocations for his son-in-law,
and it is said that in his will he has divided
nil his property into seven hundred shares, giving
the bulk of it to the Church, and distributed the
rest equally among his families.
I saw Brigham at the Social Hall, on the occa
sion of my last visit here, bid four of his wives
adieu. The old gentleman had been dancing, but
had fatigued the legs of seventy years, and be atv
proached the (duster of his helpmates, buttoned
up in a blue overcoat with a white vest under
neath, a red woolen comforter around his neck,
and a worn silk bat in his hand. He looked very
large, square, and bland, and be said with ten
derness and dignity, shaking each by the hand.
" My dear, I bid you good night ! "
The wives crowding up, with apparent emula
tion, asked if it was his wish that they also should
accompany him home.
" No," said Brigham, " stay as long as you de
sire. I will have the carriage come buck and
wait for you at tfie door below. Good night!"
They were all middle-aged women, ooinmon-
tilace, but cheerful ; Brigham is said to objiHJt to
lis wives dancing round dancer. It is wonderful
that a Mormon with half a dozen wives can be
jealous of fastidious about each of them and yet 1
have heard people ben fly halo u passion because
their wives were spoken to on the street by
strangers or stared at. The only case of assassi
nation, chargable with any degree of probability
to the Mormons, was that ol Rrasofield, a team
ster, shot dead iii the streets of Salt Lake for sell
ing a Mormon's furniture, and proposing to elope
upon the proceeds ol it with wife.
Godbe, wdio hates Brigham Young sincerely,
has four wives, besides one divorced. Since be
has been " cut oft'" from the Church, fie has con
templated setting the example of radical mono
" And yet," says Godbe. " I love all my wives
so equally, and they all love me so harmoniously,
that 1 cannot pick out the one to stay or those
who must go."
Letters and their Endings.
Upon this subject tfie October number of the
British (Quarterly Monthly says The " 1 re
main " requires to. be led up to and not to be
added to the letter without connection. Tfiere is
a large gamut of choice for endings, from the
official " Your obedient servant," and high and
mighty " Your humble servant," to the friendly
" Yours truly," " Yours sincerely," and " Yours
affectionately.'' Some persons vary the form,
and slightly intensify the expression by placing
the word " yours " last, as " Faithfully yours."
James Howell used a great variety of endings,
such as "Yours inviolably," " Yours entirely,"
" Your entire friend," " Yours verily and inva
riably," " Yours really," " Yours in no vulgar
way of friendship," " Yours to dispose of,"
" ours while J . 11.," " Yours ! Yours' Yours "
Walpole writes : " Yours very much," " Yours
most cordially," and to Hannah More, in 1789,
" Yours more and more." Mr. Bright, some
years ago, ended a controversial letter in the fol
lowing bitter terms : " I am, sir, with whatever
respect is due you." The old Biard of Commis
sioners of the Navy us-d a f irm of aubacripti m
very different from the ordinary official one. It
was ttieir habit to subscribe their letters (even
letters of reproof) to such officers as were not of
noble families, or Lore titles, " Your affectionate
friends." It is said this practice was discon- :
tiuued in consequence of a distinguished captain
adding to his letter to the Board. " Your affec
tionate friend." He was thereupon desired to
discontinue the expression, when fie replied, " 1
am, gentlemen, no longer your affectionate
Expanding the Lungs.
Step into the purest air you can find, stand
perfectly erect, with head and shoulders back,
and then fixing the lire as if you were going to
whistle, draw the air through tfie lips into the
lungs. When the chest is about half full,
gradually raise the arms, keeping them extended,
with tfie palms of tfie hands down, as you suck
in the air, so as to bring them over the head just
as the lungs are quite full. Then drop the
thumbs inward, and after forcing the arms back
ward and the chest oien, reverse the process by
which you draw your breath, until the lungs are
empty. This process should bo repeated imme
diately after bathing, and several times during
the day. It is impossible to describe to one who
has never tried it. the glorious sense of vigor
Which follows this exercise. Homf and Ibailh.
An effectual remedy for Binall-pox a said to
have been recently found by a surgeon of tbe
British annv in China. The mode of treatment
in as follows : When the preceding fever in at its
height, and just before the eruption appears, the
cheat is rubbed with eroton oil and tartaric oint
ment. This caiifes tfie whole f the eruption to
appear on that part of the body, to the relief of
the rest. It also secures a full and complete
eruption, and thus prevents the disease from at
tacking the internal organs. This is now the es
tablished mode of treatment in the Knglish array
in China, and is regarded as a perfect euro.
CoNORATfJXATKD IIissLi A friend of ours
courted a lady for twenty-eight years, and tlien
married her. She turned out to be a perfect
virago, but died in a few days after the wedding.
Now," said our friend, in a self congratulating
tone, "eee what I have escaped by a long court
THOS. G. THRUM
tatioiier sz Now Aont,
IMPORTER AND DEALER IN
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P'rt i f Hr.utimi .l.ifter miifr i at tfhort .Vofi'ce
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THE HU0LlLl IKH UllRKS III.
MAKE ALL KINDS Of
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(SIZE 14i2X) r
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