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mf.. - r - ii iiti" " 1 mn ' 1 1 .
vrrrrrrm-ri: iiii M L CI tittt'J". 01' IJl. t61 .
m ana at n -a m i m i ,
THE VOLCANOES OF HAWAII
3I0KUAWE0WE0 AND KILAUEA.
'Liu- AmtiiI olMIaima I.o.i.
I ! jrrnl ciiuiiitit crater of 5Iaun:i Iaa, on
U.. Jr-Li.-I .d Hawaii. I3,70 fct -tb-ve tl.e tta
.n li e I Itli f Anoint, dinerM t
l- in .i. ti ii. n brij-l.t lil.t f in iib!e ov r the
in. mfjin tup at nisM from the town of Jlilw, a
di m.r ! twiitj-Le r thirty miles ur-iju-ii;
ii .-..uit- ci.fl ruiii. tl.e rej rt tL.H an
f-r.i j.ii .ii l.ivl taken jIaf at tl.ix Jr-at crater
Hlin'ii I, -id - l.n; rctiiuimtl !jim.u.t, a I'rty
iii iv.- ur. fruiu 1! "iiulnlu to etideioor t reaeh
IL.- fiiiutiiit of the tuiuntain, and view t!. grand
j -t ;.!- A -tciai e,rri-f p-udei.t of tLis jur
1..1I . ..ii. jiin-i the i-arty.-aul the lull'jwing in
trntrf in itkett-lt thr result : '
k rcn M-alU i oBRl.-POXl.t.SiT.
7", ". Kl.iur ( th ':"' ' oiT i'i? A'l'-rrt'tsrr :
Hi A'.ju'i worked up t'j iar the l.xijJiog it
Kluilu, ye-twilty -pt . at 1:2". aii'I our
kii.ir i'rtjr of sixteen were stuwed Away in n cf
t tr L,-..t grtber with the bEgKt an'l in a hhort
rn.. wrr pit ?!.! a-dn.re oo the wh:rf, where, h
inj c."Uiit"J i..", kouie ununt-J the horary nrv.fj
V,rr-, itifl kibak4 were writ 08 after otheri.
t. of u.i h wi-re alrt;.y uouMel( .purreJ
in but Im-te or the nil tuilra ' of oout.trj t.wrJ
U.tKihinu hj the time we h.J t?"uf w
la iht a (rliuipse of the trtr in which the tuwn in
n l the rifl'th fuil us cUttriu through the
mum nvitue. Our a.ifeut wm not entirely unei
t:i"I, i ' . the wuriu hrt- tht our frien in there
f .M-,. wriroiul us. ai.J t!ijr o"J th:t if we LaJ
c-.in t mi lniftit with twice the f.irce we muster-!
f.-ii. th-y cull he pn.ni.led f-r all our wants
I'tr itin .i.-i.h -ticer ' the rLn jjeuiu of the
M ':nii.n ! we were all snugly slowed !y Ly thi
Lrwitby Lour often
A CMH r.l f.lL
IM1 fct .Ly-treik the next nx.rtiing re.iltel in
h.jr-t t.nrf cou!ra:te.J for for the entire party
through t- KiUueu an-I return i llilo. an future
rnil tuiht lt-Mntlie, JruUi..n." oUtaiucl, and ,
until 11 - he explilwe. wx- fl..atiuj loosely j
wbouf. w otitii? for 'he word (;. Our lUrpre3tit:tie ,
luifiorier Hrfel ahe 1 tr Kilue at an early hour, '
huiiiir-- lm hi!i rn i.n ohjett, leisure arter ,
wid." The Ujctor h4 Leen d.ily uulio! with a
! 0f carefully ground Univ-. a w-ll u:pere.
11, iu 1 a certain ctae " Iht will ineitably Le
owii"I on the tuniinil if not l-f..re
We fii" I Waiobiou very u.uca uxual. The lion.
Thoiu vt .Mrtiti m I uied in attending to hi own
atlnn. ; He ot.l independantly,' you may;
re!u tu'r. iu the l tat Legislat ire.) Thrre Iim Leeu
n. jjreat denl of riin herebots lately, and cne is ;
U,L.ict welt. I bear that Mr. Hutchinson's mill is
I. krly t ! well, and Ojtain spencer anticipates ;
1 crop of pa! u.
The ro:id Ijetween here and the nearest landing
phire, kailuttli. nix. seen. or eight milrs distant,
il you w.int to he particular ak Keawk needd an
appropriation judici4uJy expended upon it. The
Hem of transportation." keep two Llackfmith
"hops K'.itig. besiiles the iron workers at the mill. &c. j
.Mr. 4 'Ii tries X. Stw-ncer. who joined us heie, reports
lt.t night at a distance of forty iniits from j
Mokujweoweo, the b'gbl was very beautiful. j
ivtween 10 and 11 a. M , the expedition strung out
01 town, two or three of u briuging up the rear to
0. mil tr)c!ers " M KBertwcmt Bob remarke.1.
We took the uppr, or uiount.iin road to Lyman's
ritncb, while thorn; wbo went aLenl followetl the coast
bi.e. o r the la. There's where they missed it
not the roa.1 but the shade and mountain breeze
tht w- enj yel. Parsing by tiie Catholic church at .
II. Ira. we sooo reached that triumph of Charlie's
architectural .kill. the spencer pulu sati..n. I'ur
itig tne cjclone that swept oer here in Jnnu.try la.f, ;
the building wm hiflly corkscreel out of ihHpe,
and the furniture scattered oer the f;e of the .
The proprietor his been bird at work ever since
riiitir thiiiiC. and at the time of our visit. Si'ptoni-
1. rr .'.tl. we. Iing fresh from the chaotic Kilauea,
are w ire of e.umthin hiving lH.--n lor.e. There
mi f..ur of ait rehtnl our weary limbs here, all timl
ii j-:its. -xrept the Historian, Kliervt-seciit Db, uul
iri the order ot the- day, we, the visi.or-
111 lai t upon ncceptiug of ever thing uvail.il.le. .
...r li..t win out tin Hislrilu lo bunt up a ben's-n.-i.
e.t to get some water. they get their wu:
troin riiii.tl.u. I5v mill- distant niggej.ied to
Jle.niery iltal as he w a. going ou to I. man's that
n.ht l.e eoiild wait, beat the writer at a g.nue of
crihh.ige for hi- supper (t playing with bis own ,
parlicalar park of eardsl, und then borrowed our I
opera slases wlierewiin i expiort u mess im-.i
iLrat ornamented the dining raoin. You run jmlije
,.! lb." -.lo-e-. ttiat bis well in -ant efforts met with,
when 1 lu'otin you that he took us aside one by
.ue. .md inquired if we liked pulu-cake, or
w .uld we prefer lo hurry on to Lv man's? He did
not wi-h to hasten our departure but he was sutr
il wa troiiit to ruin!
In spite of aoiu serioii draw l.ucki. the -.-arch
of the Hlorian being atMf Am. I we bad : good
meal, ir.e only row between t'barlie and th- Co,k.
be .tji'ft'uij lo cook our egg. becaiis " as Charlie
iinl.gn.rilly reiiliiked. "JUSl because there hap
pened to be a , hi. Wen into it."
H iv ing dined, or a- our ho-l expressed it. bur
ton.. I '.or tjiltiis over the hash." we lett the station
u.ri.1 arriricir at Ionian's Uaocb, were made very
. l . .... - i . a i .
Loin in tan Hi). I I.js-en : iiieasauv ;(::. mr
nrdvu's ii ttie l.iil tr. tii wluc.i the land slip took
pla.'e iu M.1 ; the scar still ret.iains ..11 the lull side
tui ine tiiiM.I level plain farmed by the earth thai
fetched away " Lt like the rest ol ll.e soil covered
Willi oni and uianianii gra.'s.
Tbe long siop.. of M tuna Loa bounds the hori
zon in' in.! l uur left, and now tbat darkness bus
l.iheii. on the highest ri-ie bangs a bright cloud
over ll.e active crater. We notice that as tbe light
brigulens oil .Manna Loa. that of Kilauea laties
away, and when, in a few inoutents. Kilauea ugain
s.i..ws brig! tly the other dims down. Tfcis has
b-eti ob-M-rvt-d luring tbe Iat week, and would
. u to indicate that there is some connection be
tc. n ihe two. Arriving at
R:Etl Al RIt llAMiSON's K4M1I
9.' about i a. vt.. we found here the balance of our
party and .Mr. Conway, who bad j'.st returned from
tt.e summit. He reports that bis party con-.siing
tr Messr. i'almer, Curtis. Himond and himself with
two guides bad succeeded, after considerable toil
In reaching tbe crater. Tbey toiiud the lava spout
1 , ing in a tall column from near the centre of the
mam craler, and a lake formed. The cold was ex-
,.e ,n.l the sneut but one niebt on the summit. -
. . .. ,.' .. ...; 1 1H1-..1 , . !
1 in" rirvtiiivu o . .iui mm w .s j.v. . -. 1. .
I) .rinrf the night tbeir mules got away and they
were obliged to walk do to tbe water hole in
th. woo.! where tbey found their animals. Their '
ruid-H were coinpletelv exhausted, and
ijuciice is we were .oa ei Ut lor some one to pilot
Ms up. I-aLer in ihe day ilessrs. I'almer, Curtis
and Piuioud arrived and gave rather a better ac
count ol lae d Si.'iillie-. of tbe trip, and lett wiib us
their tent, some extra IdankeLs and water contain-
'Ibis Uauch is very hands-jim ly situated, mid
thoogh il was very evident that we were iuliuding
t.pou Mr. Kiohanlson. yet we endeavored to avoid
g.ving him any more trouWl than we could help.
I'wo of our party left u here to go on lo Kilauea.
and i.he balance waited hopefully loragnide whom
l.'apt. Joe Spencer, wilh a large hearted generosity
bad ei. gaged to procure from bis ranch some si,
miles back na the road. A !h success of the ex
pedition now seemed to depend entir-ly on his
success in procuring there one man. .Mr. Henry
liaridat. il was wi:h no slight feelings of gratification
that we saw him coming in the a'leinoon. We
were able to leave Kichardson's Ranch about 3
o'clock f. M.. Mr. Ii. refusing to accept any rt numera
tion for bi kindness to us. and so w e r.le on to
riXH sTtrio.v. !
Six n.iles distant and higher up the mountain side. .
This l'u. u and Goat Ktncli is prettily placed on a
ri-ing knoll ot ground well covered w itb fine gross. ;
We were a little surprised to learn tbat in winter .
the frost kill the maniania, tbe elevation here
being somewhat belovr tbat of Kilauea. As even- !
ing draws near w feel ibe coolness ol tbe air, and
now tbat we are fairly 00 the road we are buoyant
of spirit, and if we don't go through to the summit j
ometblng will be to pay. We pitched our lent.
and mi that and the hoiis. (which it il was as large j
ai Ellis' heart would take a good many acres of .
ret grass to thatch 1 we passed a comfortable
ioLt i".y ll;is I iliie lifllt pe.ioi.n ities ot !.ll..e
fM': ZZ-&Wl& Oneof the
and if it is ever opened uu bv kovhI road-i. will be I Vw-"!i,:i belongines lo
rte.1 b. b, inv.i.ds ..d n.or,-ls. ti'g-tlh&Zi ', ioned tire
.-i.u.din ' in front ..t the hoii-e. we caii look over FV .-'- and waniitb :
. ,. - .r .1 ; 1 ;.. . LI . -i . :-' M : -zi St2rJs-... - ..-..r-,. v.7r "L-T: - ".iv. 7- J: ', .S air : IP ' J 1 i..:..i. ....., ,1.
l.ui i I ol rugged lava lo the sea. and iwav Biii-JCS-.r'A ! while enjoying
how ,M ill trim: t.. i:ic'..u.!s.,.i s La.ich. beynd ' il was with the
wluca ihe Ui.d-.-. rises j -Jin more broken und r?-?r'?V the shape of
n.v'ire.I to Ihe crowninr b d-e ..f Kiiai. -a. On ;he f f T W- ; !t wad re80
sole ,.r the .lk.-ia.il -ior.e. .fitted here and Ibe.e VV ii'.. I" " -ZX-H -v-.'fi. r hi --l yil'J: 4ii5r-t Cones should b
etliuci c.i. s. i, a irai.inic cloud ol siu-ke and UttJ? iiltf. uud ihe remainder ol the day be devoted Ui
r-wm i-.nin tr..m I he iincieii 1 ir.t ice known as K -v-Vi 1? ilrviinf our clotililltZ. ttlld recolllliluir the "moviuV
i -..:..o,i. - the Umeni ot the prie.ts ;" .otne j accidents by flood aad field " that we bad nudh
te mil. l!o, ,,d.. of K.lalle.t orooer. N.ar Kich- 1 " . T 1! .n,' X ; JiJSiieiamXtthl& taf .IT. olrl ilTfrA-tntoaaJ crnno. It : H
. - ..... , a - 10 5
ut. titi.1 rt.iiii l.lijf p..
urf .1 I'Jil ailowaric L. a
i-. a '.
ld ; ' , ii
tit ii r .11 'i
Kui'o i i
1 I it i t li.uc at tl. ?rub. n 1 a li
N... I. I'.v o . I ctt
i. ir.p or (ill at lnr.d glow oil u.e
'...v. t.r tLf still briklUr li-I.l fr-.ia
'1.- 1 v -1 .litarici jvi'..
At h oVio the next (."" itur l iy ) morning, in thre
t un rm;1i.J the ci-.ri at the -ige of tLe
ik.1i VSitbin a inile of this pi ice, tMrfore reaching
it, ' c'im wrcn it large water hvie where our ar.i
iii tls .lr it.it tn if they hid a t?upiciou of the f.ict that
tl.oy wouM k t no more for the next thirty-six hour.
On our way up ne thrown clumps .f koa,
with iiie and there a tua l il wo-.l, aji ci.tiv okim;
clariiberini; over thfiu was iLun lir.ee of the native
t irap.iriha vine with its graceful sprays of deep r-l
l.l'w.io.i. l'.ii crajss wn very ahundtut. anl fcimw-lTri-
fo Le fjun 1 everywhere. On the edr - of the
thick wl at an elevatioti of feet, we Coull
l.k wtil down into Kibtuea. and over the bro:vl ex-j-un-e
of country stretching from Kal I'oiLt on our
rifrbt. to Kaput on the left, a distance of something
over tL.rty miles in a straight line fn.rn t-int to
point. Ie4V;ng thia retiiisr place at l'i l a. m.
l:-r r.tchun h !f our eat it.!-- an 1 wafer, we
eri.er'j-l fiom the w"od an 1 deliouche-l upn a tre-inendoti-.
fi'.-ld i f ftjhotho, over-l.iid in pi tee- w ith
tr:iiii- .f a t. Ti.e i-"ent is r.i-lual mi 1 mici-irini,
ai.l though at tiinn heivy mi.-fs drift.?l or and
around u-, yet our uide h-1 us tej'l.ly ouwarl mi l
iipw iri f..r an Lour when we J.au.-el to rest. Then
we r." ti'-cl f" r the first titi.e a curi'.u change in the
sound of our voioj. The tones were echoless aiid
d.-ad, an I it seeni'il at times a- tbougrb another
111 m" T'-ice wis articulte-l through one's mo'lth.
In a short time the guide t:iov-d on :i;n, by in
tiii;t :if l arently, e-jKial'y when the iu.M closes in
bfitvdy, but every now and then traces cjuI 1 be ."fo
of the p'irty who htd pncell u by a few d ivs Tiie
(fillr.e.- wis oppressive, on'y t.n ken at tunes ty
what Mr. M intilini, iu his mati-rle-tu! ning days
won! I c ill one denineJ il.f-rtial rind " of tiie
I or-ies fe.-t on the gritty pihothot, but as we could
.'e the :.ioke of the crater U-fre albeit above u.
we f.-lt -i-siirel of the prfueral directi'.n. At the e
j.iratiou of another hour we rented ng'iin, an I while
Cotumentin upon the proLab!-; length of time tint
wouM ellipse tJ.ire vegetation would clothe the hor
ri 1 wsnte, KHerveecent Ujb laid a waiter with The
Historim, tb it in Z'tl years there would be a desira
ble firm where we then stood. We bound ourselves
to be witness to the result, and moveJ on.
Tit K LAVA riELM
Of this region exceeJ in wildneta and confusion, the
inort ex'rava int nightmare ever iLtlicted up.n
mortal man. 'or miles on either hanl, behind and
above, great billowy masses tosse-l and twisteJ into
a thousand grotctf 4ue shapes meet the eye. Huge
terrace after terrace Is surmounted, and still before
us rie new rugged outlines to be overcome. Im
mense bubbles h ive slowly risen from the confused
niH-ses and burst, and yawned apart. Swift run
ning streams of molten ltva, have cleft straight
furrows through the congealed surface. Massive
flows have fallen in, exposing new depths of jagged
outlines; at tiimn we skirt the sides of great streams
of a-a, that have rushed down over everything, and
beape high rugged mounds of brown scoria into
impixsible walla. Wiuding around the base of tossed
up hillocks of roundel paliurkoe, traversing the
surface of what was once a wide-ppread lake that in
cooling h is cracked and rent its floor into a thousand
gaps and fissures; painfully toiling up the sides of
mound. of ilibris, and again for miles surmounting
the roundel surfaces of billowy lava, the road leads
on, an 1 ever upward It was rough ! Walking for
half an hour run the pule up to 1C beats per
minute, and while ret-ting the average rate of those
who had beeu riding was 100 beats per minute. Uut
little nausea or " mountain sickness ' was felt, but
all were more or Ies troubled with a turgid sensation
In the bead, some ringing of the ears, and all
breathed fjiiickly, with frequent strong inspirations
to fill the lungs. A slight cut on the finger of one of
the party bled very freely, as did the abrasions in
flictisi n the h-.rses heels by contacts with the rough
lava. The surface of the lava, if broken by the
horses h'X)fs, presents no vtio appearance, and an
attempt by one of the party to trace, for even a few
rod, the apparent track ended invariably iu igno
minious failure. At such times, an amused expres
sion flitted across the shrewd countenance of our
gui le, .n he. without a moment's l.csitatiou moved
into the 41 trail." and we quietly followed. I say
quietly advisedly, for nil our faculties were now con
centrate! in the occupation of breathing, and look
ing toward the ever distant summit smoke. At
last, after five hours of toil, we rode through a rude
gateway formed by two gigantic masses of upheave
lava rock, and reached the edge of a rough pati,
from which we looked out on
Tin: st M'UT.
Beb.rf in lay ti rugged plain alicu! two miles in
diameter f bla. k lava overlaid in many places
wiih field of brown u i. and every where lorn into
unheard ! shape bv the fierce power that bud Up
heaved llr whole. To our rijfhtn.se u remarkable
rii 'ii'iiii.-i. t or pillar .-bowing black atjaiiist the sky.
O.i every hand yawned deep crevices, and -pent
waves ol lava hud dashed together in a myriad
shape m.d so concealed. Hurrying on as vvll as
we were aide, we finally reached a cvl-tle-snc.
loriued ly a branching an flow, and here we dia
in.iiiited. and tethered our animals for the tiizht. This
dope, we took our way five hundred yard over a
narrow tno of rujrged lava, aud all at once stood
upon the edge ot the
CI'vToIt OK Motif vWK'OVr'.i.
Tb re b.lore us. ut our leet a, it were, yawned a
leiitiic cliusin. v. iih black prpendicu!ar walls car
rying li.e eye d W II s. ine feel, to where, 1!1 the
inky blackness ol :he lower basin, .spuing up in
glol.o.is spat kling light, sell boi 11, a migLty ton 11 lain
ot clear molten lava.
Ceterring to the diagram published herewith, the
reader will find that we reached the crater's edge on
the lOsteru side at the point marked by the ut:iue
of a tent. The ancient walls tbat encircle the pit,
marked A, on our side fell perpendicularly about
five hundred feet, w'uiie on the opposite or western
side they ran down nearer eight nundred, to where
the jlateau marked B termed a Moor to the crater,
broken down again to form the pit marked C. The
general shape ol the central crater, Mokuaweoweo,
was an irregular ellipse, rather more than three
quait..rs of a iniie through its shorter axis, by about
a mile and a quaiter from tbe dividing wall marked
by a dotted line on the left, that separated it from F,
the crater known as l'ohaku Ilaimlei. to a similar
though not so wtll defined partition wail on the
rnl uiu 1 jomeu 10 11 vnc- craicr v..
straight across and be.ow us at a distance in an air
bueof ros.sitly three-ouarters of a mile, there rose
trom a cone located near the southwest ciTuer of the
lower baiin, a magnificent fountain cf liquid Uva,
about seventy-five tevt in diameter, that sent its vol
Hme of brilliant sparkling molten matter to a height
cstitnited at ti-e liun lrel feet, in a compact and
poweifui jet. The axis f this gigantic fountain
was somewhat inclined towards us, so that the de
scenditiir cii-ci le fell clear und distinct from the up
ward stunting j'.'t, and formed one continuous full t f
liquid metil. surpassii.gly leailtiful to g-ize upon.
Betoiid this tiery fountain, a d irk iuclinc f debris,
partly thro- u up by this outbreak, partly formed by
m isccs failing froru "the wall against which it rested,
revrel itself against the stef-p si le cf the crater, and
stood out boKily in the intense light from the incan
descent fountain. 'Mi tl.e left, with its base nearly
re:w!.el by the liqi:: I streams flowing out front the
lake into which the cascade tell, was another long
pile of del ris that reached to the level of the plateau
It. I houl I say here that the sides of this plateau
locked t j be about n- bun Irel feet deep to where
thy met the edj-e ,.f the lower basin. The basin it
self i-ccupiel about 4. no thirl of the space bounded
by the ancient walls cf the crater.
Flowing dwn the sides of the symmetrical cone
that th? fallinj stream of Iiva was rapidly f Train,
were many bright rivers of liquid light that, spread
ing as they flowel nwny. and crossing and recrossing
in a tangle of bright lines, forme! a lake of rivulets
tbat ever widening, mingling, spreading and inter
lacing presented a unique and beautiful appearance.
On tbe extreme right ban I verge of this lower
basin detached rls of fire showed tbat while a dark
crust was forming on the surface, beneath, the entire
are. of the basin was overflowed by the melted lava.
We watched steadily the grand fountain jdaying
before u. and called frequently to each other to
note when one tall jet. rising far above the heal
ol tiie 1.1 11:1 -Team, would c.irrv with it ini'iieme
UIJ-i-i .-f wi.'.te h j' l..:i..;- r. k. -.i.a! 3 tl e U-!
JiM,WC--J-ff-W'iL-f-ll, 1 I IMWIWI-I III ' II . I I ! ) Ml ! II. II II Jl lil -IMlMlllUMfc 1111 - '
v,r.vrvT ? ':KKs?f:iZiidg
a:i"l slun k iijoiu ii"" hia'n ;..ii!-i"
la.l. turn like ni-le".r- 1:1 a -wi n
A- - jur. a we b.iJ reicl.e.l :be
the tliou.-itaif.. e l.eaul .'. IUU5
ti:;ii.:i'. level of
.1 inr i..' :he 'loiijt
it of thf p.nt!i5
bj-.li s iid bed.
pent up tra" a t'ley ru-ln-d 1
that their l.-rce bad retit io tb
An. I thai we were
11 full view of .!e praml
-.1 u ilh ::tT'..;y f"in.l.
iijf ia I.J....1 a level :,'.e.
nlevl cia.-h un! hre:ik of
i r lay. our a-s w.-te
: :t f a beavy surf l.'H.n
while ever all-l alioll a t:
s.n:id wouM call to rmud the heavy ru."-!) ot .oa
d. r..s waves against the rocky c.i;! that girt II 1
w.iii. Toward our left. th party wall that sbut in the
cra-er of I'ofiaku Haaalei uretcheil acro Iroru
c!iJ to c!i' at a hiwr elevation lb.n the other
b j mdaries to Mokuaweoweo. Fn ia the broken
apf.earaiic of the auIe formed by this party-wV.I
a i"l the- liiuill Cliff -n tje southeast ide. We judged
mat w-'ti a i'Klle n.-rve one mizht re ich the plateau
l:. and from thence by mean of tbebenp.-d up pile
t ii'hri.t i-pofceu 01
bet. ire. iret down to the level
or l:i lower oa-iti. -a rnu
t.-nipt it th- next tn jrning. but w i not carried .,11!.
Lo'.kine along the rujrged outline of the crater's
,.,!;,. toward our tiicbi. we noiieid a vu.-t ua tl.iw
th,Tt would cut ns off trotu Hxp!oriii2 in tb;t dir-c-tio
i. Following on t!..-ky line ..i the beetling
c!iirt where it joined the wall that buiidid the
-o,i;Lwel .-i"!e of the crat.-r we s.iw. framed as
it were by the eastern aud the weM.-rn wall, the
uneven outline of Manna Kfa. Clear n:id it Id
looked that distant tn.niitai:i peak, but n.it a-ele.tr
as was the blight light of tt.e lava Mre.nu be,,w.
nor rold as was th-- wind that edili- d pml-'i U.e
at Miai r.
the j.-t looked b.ltier. and gazing i'ltently into the
lierv noluinn with a good irlis thut we h-d. we
Coli'id see the limpid -p n k 1 i ng .1 1 v r. 1 ji tri-ij g
with tremendous force from out an incandescent
I ke. Following up the glowing stream, we saw
it arch itself rid pour over a it weie in one
broad beautiful cascade. Win!-- the a-.rendii-g
stream wa-i almost silvery in M intense brjhtn-s.
the fallinn sheet was rligbtly ! died by co-i'.ilg
a:id tl.usli.e two were ever lising. falliriL-. sho.it ii e
r.p in brilliant jets, and sboweiiiu: l .ui: wi h
niingi. d d.isb.-s d bright light and shooting .-ptay,
while in the lake out ot whi-!t lose lb-- toiintaiii
and into w hich fell the f.eiy ui isses. danced and
played a thousand mimic wave, atid tiery foam
swirled round and round. I p-m it surface
danced myriad jets and bubbles, and lioiii its edge
tl..we.l out the rivulets of lava, that iu a tailzied
maze of lines covered a'l the lake. There w as not
a moment wnen ine eye ieii wenne.i. imi !-.-.oi..,
w hen the ear was dulfe.l to the sob mn diapason of
the mighty jet and fall. Uut soon a tierce trembling
ot our tired bodies, and at once we realized that
it was freezing cdd. our tent was yet ' be put
up, tea made und blankets spread. Wi'h a last
lingeiing look at the fountain of tire, a look that
look in all the grandeur of the scene, we turned
aw ay and set about our preparations for the nij;rit.
When, alter leaving our horses we pushed eagerly
forward and suddenly found ourselves on the cra
ter's edge, all our senses reeled under the influ
ence ol the scene. The tymptoms of approaching
mountain bickness had become more marked after
our arrival upon the summit plateau, and our nerves
bad been strung up to concert pitch by inteuse anx
iety to reach the crater before the uigbt set in, as
well as by the rariflcaiion ol the air aud the un
It was noticeable then, that as one after the other
paused on the edge of the precipitous wall of the
crater, and we had given veut to our excitement in
VUKKK CHKKKS KOK THE rlONKKR l.AOY,
That a sudden accession of vertiffo. induced by n
terrified glance into the depths below us. caused a
basty retreat of a lew paces, and a sudden pros
tration of the sysum. In short, we weakened."
and in a tew minutes the occasion called for the use
.. xi. -. ,.....1
of those funny looking tins iu vogue on the Kilauea.
That had seen serviee near the nine spot a lew
; days before, (we found the tent polesof tbeCurtis-
I I'almer party u little to our left), was hastily
pitched on a comparatively smootiisuriaceot pauoe
hoe at a short distance from tbe crater's edge. It
was eicbt feet square on the floor, and to keep its
poles up. ami its edge down, we heaped stones up
lull around, stowed away in this space of eight
leet square were thirteen of the most miserable
i human to be found on top of the Hawaiian lsl
' ands. The tent being put up in a hurry, after dark,
i by a half dozen half frozen and wholly sick green
i horns, of course it half came down us soon as we
I were inside.
j Stowed away in one corner on a rather smooth
i slab of lava was tbe Lady of the parly w ith her
' husband. She was sick, but wonderfully patient,
i The Printer next to her groaned dismally. 1 leimery.
: who had vvedired himself in near at hand, censed
; miking (ominous sign) of a sudden, and iti a nio
I meiit after rose quickly und made bis way to the
'entrance. At first he moved carefully over the
! prostrate forms, then, as the exigencies of the case
became more pressing, quicker: finally with a
plunge Ins bead went outside, and there was a noise
a ol the rush of waters, lie was sick.
Then another growled out, "Confound you,
you've got one of your spurs in 1113- ear!"
Oli Lord!" groaned another. '-I've got a
cramp! Ob! murder! sit on me somebody! Oh
j Lord! oh Lord!"
j f he blacksmith here interposed with " Go to
' sleep cau't you, confound your cramps, keep your
! feet still. I want them for a pillow.'
1 Charlie, wrapped in his serapa, stirred uneasily
! 1 ....ni..n 1 T urr.mler who it is that ha turned
1 Il'l IIUU.IV . "
1 in witb their rawhide sandals on? Phew, how they
: sin ll."
j Bjb grumbled at "so much chin lmisic." The
! Historian who had propped himself up against a
, tent pole, softly sighed his woe out oil the utnymp i
! thetic iu fact giddy air, while the Captain panted
j beneath a beavy load cf blankets, oil cloths, over
l coats, lie., and vowed the m-xt Morning that he
badn t slept a wink.
Our two Rhode Island friends were discovered,
when daylight came, jammed together in a pulpy
mass in a crevice iu the floor of our tent. Now and
then the night breeze swept over us water was
freezing all tbe while and a couvulsive groau shook
th" lu-avini muss of humanity. A few moments
j lull would follow, cramps would again seize some one
j of the party, and the tent be again in an uproar.
Did one of the occupants attempt to turn over ? A
commotion ensued, as if one sardine in a boxfuil had
tried to sleep on the other side. Now and then
room would have to be made for some one to get his
bead outside to to be sick. All through tbe night
an undertone of growls sounded in unison with the
uninterrupted roar cf the tire fountain. Before day
light that heavy sound grew much louder, aud
upou viewing tbe jet then, it bad sensibly increased
in volume and height. Its cone was growing rap
idly in size, and now the two broad wings were
almost closed in front. Down the slopung sides of
this cone ran streams of liquid lava that, uniting at
its base cither f-und their way back into tbe whirl of
I molten matter, or else streamed out over the surface
' of the ever wideniug lake tbat filled the bottom of
the lower basin.
j As the rays of the approaching morning sun
! began to illuminate the far distant eastern horizon
j how far distant I can't sy I refer you to Keawe
we saw that the upward starting beams cf light
p issed through a thick belt of clouds, encircling the
1 mountain. Not a sign of sea or land was visible in
any direction, and we felt very much alone.
i The stic'-iS cf wood that we had brought up, haJ
furnished, the night before, a good fire, whereat our
; tea was boiled, such tea ! Boiling as the water did
j at a temperature of about 10 Fabr. it failed to
extract the divine nectar, and only hinted by its
warmth and sweetness we bad plenty cf sugar at
the cup tbat cheers," Xc. The Sabbath morning
that was now downing so cheerlessly, f un j us shiv
ering over a rousing blaze undo" the lee of our tent,
from whose tr.-iiling folds issue! strange sounds and
stranger looking bipeds. The Cptain, who had been
exploring the depth of a huge crack tliMt was along
the crater edge here, returned with a cake of pure
beautiful ice tbat he had found deep down in tbe
rent. Starting oil with a five gallon container, we
clambered down and quickly filled it. We had been
assured that there wad plenty of water cu the sum
mit, and it was very pleasant to prove tbe correct
ness of the information. A:1er breakfast we tcok
one last look at the active crter; no amount of day-
! light could wholly dim the brightness of the fiery
i column that still sent u; its volumes of molten
! lava. Tbe isoUteJ fires burning cn the .right hand
ede of the lower br-u tone bli-k UU-1 -leaj Qppir-
entiy; the surface of the lake flawing uut from the
o tie no linger g:oweJ with a bright tracery of uu-s.
but this wad due t -iayliz-.t. not to any diminution
iu the pillar of fire. iixumining the lower basin
agtiu. we noticed that it extended rather more to ihe
right than is shown in the sketch, an 1 its western
margin was cl"-se uuler the beeiliug elilfs that rvse
P.icking up our blinkeu and other trips did not
take us louz. and wbiie this was being done, a scroll
i w.i. prepared, setting firth
! tember, lt7, the follow
bow on the tb of p-
jwmir party reached the
I aitn.init rv. 1 n i rut. I f t t fc.f T-wf I ei Ii ( f"w,in t Iia
f OUUlUilk ' s. s i-- wuw ivt a-'" H
' scene again ear-y on the morning of the tb : Mrs. J.
: H. Black, the firtt woman known to have aococu
J plisheJ the accent, J. H. Black, II. M. Whitney,
' Henry Mtcfartane, Chi-s. X. Spencer, fiotert Ky
" croft. Captain Lavid Smith, John T. Chayter, John
. MjColgan, John Keaney, (.ieo. H. Adtias, Arthur W.
i Claflin, F. L. Clarke, w ith the guidt , Henry G uid.ll,
j and three Hawaiian. We left directions where to
! find water, and encasing the whole in a tin, which
1 we plugged tightly, the afjiir was suspendel frm a
1 pcle driven deep into a crevice and left for the edifi
i cation of future tourists. The party who bad pre
! ceded us by a few days, consisting of Messrs. Win.
F. Conway of Hi.o, II. X. I'almer of Manna, (. M.
Cuius of Xew York, and H. Inuiond, Jr., of Ohio,
bad enclosed their record in a bottle and left it in a
: crevice near at band. ,
A shoit walk to.-k us back to where we had left
! the horses, and we found them all right but very
' impatient to be gone out of that. Tbey bad eat the
j bun lies of grass we had bro "ght for them, and only
seemed to suSer from the cold. Taking up the line
of march At 7 o'clock, we round over the trail of
the previous day. Xot far from where we had
t fiuaUj- liounted and left the horses was a remark
: txina , aval of the lava, that we christened
I HElAC bock. ;
, It wa" .tuatc l about a mile from the crater, and
on the light of the trail as we went up. The lava
bad formed a square pile cf blocks heaped up w.th
j ail the regularity of mason work. The sides, about
i twelve feet each way, were squared uicely, and rose
about eight feet above the foundation. The top was
i quite suifotb and at a little distance the whole re-
sembled a gigantic altnr. As near as we could judge ;
i it sttAid as high ns any other point on the summit ;
: level, and near at hand was a monumental pile up- :
, heaved by volcanic action that resembled the pile the
natives raise on any sacred spot. We looked in vain i
! for any traces of the camp laid out on the summit '
oy i ommouore vviikes, ana as we could see over a
brood expanse, we are of the opinion that he must
nave campcu on ine opposite, or norm-west sue ol
j the crater.
I The road buck to the camp at the edge of
i woods iieing taken over the same route that
ame route tliat we
puisiied going up, but little can be said about it
save thai il was very tiresome. The experiment
was tried of walking dovu, aud at the end ol three
hours was given up ia consequence of the cliuiing
ot the toes by the constant forward pressure ol the
foot in the boot. The shortness ot breath that
troubled us going up did not make itself apparent
on the way dowu. aud in live hours from the start
we were again at the edge of the woods.
Halting loug enough to have a basiy luuch, we
allowed our animals to hurry on to the water hole
a mile below, where they soon satisfied their thirst.
Now began to fall, and we, impatient to get under '
shelter at Ellis' again, pushed on, leaving our guide
to bring up the rear with The Historian. The trail
was quite apparent, ana tor a couple of hours we
hurried on, expecting every moment to catch sight of
tbe house. By this time the party bad s rung out
wonderfully, and those who brought up tbe rear
plodded on, looking sharp for the hoof tracks that
tbe heavy rain was fast obliterating. " An hour
passed on," as did another, and then shouting was
1 beard, a group of two or three come up with, and
! tbe inquiry made as to where we were? Aobody
Iy and by more " smarties ' were met with, aud
tioally tbe whole gathered in an excited group, ami
an immense amount of talk was indulged in. Finally
it was decided to push on for another half hour,
und then we agreed to turn around aud go the
Finally our guide met us, he having escorted the
Historian to Ellis', aad then come back for us. At
l:30 r. m., we were once more at Ellis', and uutil a
iaie nour were ousieu ru uryiug eveiytuing uiai
would dry, and eating everything that could be
devoured. By this time tbe " little peculiarities '
hinted at betore. were met by little checks, aud all
. . 1 .. 1... .: .1 .i .1 :
, bud a share of the lood aud milk.
j eaklt MO.vnar MOlt.VlXO
; We bid good-bye to Capb Ellis, and shortly after
lea v in we were met by the man from whom we had
! hired our horses in Waiohinu, be having brought
i with him, as previously agreed upon, fresh auimals
! for the
TRIP TO KILAUEA.
Now that we were fairly in tbe bank of clouds that
the day before had hid from us all the lower land
scape, wc were, of course, soaked with rain; aud
though at intervals it held up a little, yet by the
time we reached the Volcano House, we were pretty
thoroughly drenched. The Historian with Charlie
1 had concluded to go back to Waiohinu and catch tbe
1 Kilauta as the came along.
j OUR EXCELLENT GLIDE
Henry Gandall, after piloting us saiely down to the
mam roaa, also leu us, naving earned Dy Ins patience, j if you intend going that way, to secure Henry Oan
.... 1 1 .1 . , , ,,t., , 1 . . nr . ,
skill, and easy good nature tke thanks and well
wishes of the whole party as well ad the more solid
remuneration for his services. We sincerely hope
that all future tourists may have the good fortune to
secure him as their pilot in ascending Mauua Loa.
The tremendous a-a flow that tbe road to Kilauea
crosses and skirts for miles, exceeds in magnitude
and willness any that we saw issoeing from Mokua
weowco, and we could not but admire the road built
across its uneven surface. .As we attained tbe edge
of tne crater and looked down in we could see cou
sidcrablc signs of activity, but as it rained quite
; bard we preferred to develop tbe same quality iu our
steeds, and success crowning our efiorts, drew rein
House at 2:30 p. m.
mosl comfortable of tin-' many cosey
the v oleano House, u the old lusb-
-place with its pleasant blaze and liht
and as we clustered around the red
one and all b it a g.owof satisfaction
the prospect beSoru us, mingled us
assurance of good tilings to coiue in
!ved that onr visit lo the distaot active
e deferred until the following morn
The ulcaiio House is a very pleasant, place Co :
j slop at. and the presiding genius, a Chiuuma:i.1a
j q.teer specimen. Naturally ol a crabbed disjjo.si- ,
; tiou. his temper has not been improved by ;hc se
' eluded lite that he has led.
He understands bis biz." and ail he wants is j
j the ilnl'is for what he provides. Our dinner when
! it arrived, was abundant, and good as were tin
' other meiil.s that we indulged in. While we do not 1
I consider tiie prices charged as too high for a single
I day, we are ol the op'nion that if a scale of charges
I wus adjusted vt iih reference to the length of a party's j
j stay, ii would induce ninny 10 prolong their j
visit. As it is. to have to calculate to disburse a !
J dollar for every meal, each night's rest, and each '
i horse daiiy (if he is grained), tor a week, month or ;
i quarter, is rather stupendous. However the pro- j
! pri"tors have a monopoly of the business, and reap J
i ihe advantages thereof. Tbe next Tuesday morn- ;
i ing most ol the party went down j
! IXTO THE CRATKR, j
I And if they did nothing else, they accomplished
some of the tallest walking on record. They visited :
the active cones near tbe south wall of the crater,
g.tthere.1 specimens, watched the action going on, '.
and returned to the house in two hours and forty
fiv' mi n utfs ! (Smarties !) A visit was nutde to the
sulphur Leds on the left bank of the crater, and
some very beautiful specimens ob'ained. Near ut
hand were the fumous
And one of the party was stewed for the amusement
of the rest. The experiment was a success, and the
spectators were delighted. Leaving the Volcano
Il.'USi? at 11 o'clock we rattled merrily over the
direct ro.td to Hilo for a mile or so, and then found
it too rongh for that sort of fun. Reaching
THE HALF-WAY H0lE,
Which very appropriately is not Imlf-wsy to 8Dy-
where, except maybe twice the distance we have;
i . , t . ii c .i t . :
triiversed. we were mi le comfortable for the night, ;
and the next mornins- rassM over tl.e n.ountftin '
roaJ, and so into
j Ia the last Legislature some mention was made of
; these roads. We ad J our manao. They are roujih, I
: but the country around them is rougher, and they J
are straight while the balance of the landscape is j
; crooked. For travel we prefer the roais. As we
rode into Hilo the Kilauea Came into the bay. and ,
i we ad cast anchor about the same time. Finally,
! dLspcsing of our horses and giving the native of!
j whom we hud hired them a written recommend uion i
; for the thorough manner in which he had fulfilled ;
i h:s contract, we were very acreeably entertained by
our friends living here, up to the turn of departure
of the steamer.
This interesting event took place at 4 p. m., and
w? steamed away with a pretty full complement of
pussengers, fore and aft.
WE WEXT SHARKING
In Ke&lakeakua Bay, succeeding in hooking a fine
specimen. The marksman of the party
Fired a bull, t
I'otvn Ins jiiil-t
: hi oie
bk-b ye fish wvs
w heir Lee la v.Je
-f Ivl'e vthan a wagge of ye
tayle, o-.d a t lvc.fc.ii.k-r of ye Luborde eve
L pol.ne whyi'e O" i.lvb- p.tengers didde fl.iltte
ye p ore sh.ik. and dlditf cNppe ve dede sb".Mtist
npo-me bck. ;ld did t itoil.-' ve d.-nji. sbott
Alter vi- 'vtivch they didd-' caste ji" t.sh oiileii of
ve angwny ol v st.iiq.e. and b bee wagged by
lay le fr.iin:ue o'ii-sy J.- iu ve olber asd biitikyage
ye stAtbord ee. sv, am a wave ribtle tiorrely e and
wa seeu no iu;re.
Skirting the south and west side of Hawaii, and
picking up passengers at each Itnding plaoe, by the
time we stretched away across the channel heading
for Mial -.ei Bay, there wss but little spare room to
be hal on deck. Under the See of the oint near
Makee's landing we ran into soi.mtii water, and staid
there for some tin.e, lo&d'.ng and unloading, and
taking in more pieugfrs. The process of lau.liag
oa.ttie is a slow one, but a we were iu no hurry it
Moving along dowu the coast froia Moalae Bay to
Lahaina, one or two immeuse gorges open to the
view In themselves red and dry and wholly barren,
tLey frame lovely pictures of emerald-green cUti
rising sharply to a towering height beyond. The
peculiar k&ife-like sharpness of the flying bu tresses
that flank the solid bills, is very marked aud striking.
From one valley's mouth debouches a wide spread
stream cf red earth, washed from the precipitous
clifls by the winter rains, and, spreading far and
wide, forms the level shore upon which utand a few
cluters of houses and cocoa p&lms.
As our vessel moves along, new recesses open to
the view; fine bold undulating curves of mountain
slopes sweep away on either haud. and dark cool
depths of living greeu disclose themselves in the far
The pas through the mountain to Wailuku is
junrupi ou ine one nana oy a giaul mouua, wnose
gt-idual rise upou the seawanl side, rounds over into
i.. ... ,
ucpiwjiuu ui lue craier ou us suiumu, an j uieu
falls abruptly into the valley of which it forms one
site, tin tne other hand the bill is worn into a
skeleton by rains, and its angular outlines, so quaint
aud browu, ai.d wholly lifeless, stand in striking
contrast with the verdure clld puiuacles beyond.
' lid juanls the portal ! a 1'araJ.nf ."
L MIA IN A,
With its surroundintrs is as perfect a picture as one
would find in a year's sight-seeing From a prac
tical point of view it is a pity that it is a pictuie of
"still life," especially as it is within the memory of
the middle-agedist inhabitant, that a fleet of a hun
dred whalemen lay here at anchor, that hundreds of
men " here slung around their liberty-money, that
here was transhipped thousands of barrels of oil,
tons of whalelmne and dead loa-ls of ivory. Nightly
revels kept the beach alive, crowds of jolly tars lay
arourd loose, or tight as the case might be, aud take
it altogether it was highly remunerative if immoral.
Our Pacific Nantucket flourished, until Honolulu,
the New Hedford of the Hawaiian Islands, opened its
better harbor to the ships, and then the. Winer wilted.
We are off after taking on board a boat load more of
passengers, and with a strong fair breeze, and our
engine idly turning, we made track for Honolulu.
Hnuuing down the channel with the full moon
over bead the view of the h'ilaura'$ deck from " the
bridge " was impressive. Clustered thickly around
the ice chest and rudder head aft, was a dozen or
more sleeping forms displaying rather more than the
average number of limbs writhed into uncouth
shapes. Snugly laid out on both skylights were cory
couples, triplets aud quatrains. Stretched at full
length on the seals that ran around next tbe rail,
were wrapped up forms, each bundle ehowing at one
end a disheveled head, at the other a pair of boots,
neatly joiued on to which was the head of the next
bundle whose feet agiin encompassed another caput.
Packed closely together on the deck, were dozens of
passengers of all sizes, enjoying that sweetest of all
blessings a sound sleep. Here might be seen one
w ho in sleep laid aside the toils and troubles of tbe
Beuch; near at hand were tbey who govern Oahu and
Hawaii in deep, but dignified repose. The able
Counsel, with bis legal cranium bestowed upon bis
law books, slumbered near at hand. Our Dental
Surgeon rested quietly, the nervous hand, with its
; restless twitchings alone suggesting a dream of count-
; less tootu extracting, lue vetermi travelers packed
: awftv in nairs. Inv in thn ntfito,!.. ..(" oan urvmiro,!
. r j - - .m
; oniv hy ion, seasons of unrest. Iu contemplative
J m00(i the Marshal eyed the groupe as who should
j 8ay-Sleep now enchains your senses, shackles all
, vour pers. arrests the train of husv act in,., and
j like a habeas corpuf dseutUrMH the sou! froin
durance vile within the tired frame.
WE HAD Ll'NCH,
And shortly after day-break, the satisfaction of
bailing Oahu again. .Safely moored, we immedi
ately became objects of interest to a welcoming
crowd, and in answer to the numerous inquiries as
to how to get to the volcano we said :
j ADVICE TO TOURISTS.
Provide yourselves with a square of India-rubber
i cloth, or a coat of the same material, or some other
I voluminous outside contrivance for keeping out the
j wet. A moderate sized canteen for each person to
keep in tbe same commodity, and possibly a change
I of under clothing. One good double blanket with
tbe rubber cover before mentioned is abundant.
I Never mind a little cold don't overload yourselves.
; Send word on to Mr. Joseph Spencer at Waiohiuu.
dall. Send word to Mr. Richardson at Karanala. if
you want his man as guide. If you land at Kaalu
alu and go to Waiohinu, inquire for Bill, who has
our recommendation, and engage horses to take you
tbe entire trip. Tbe next day, push straight through
to Ellis', picking up your guide Gandall at Spen
cer's Pulu lUncb, or the other one at Richardson's
Have one pack animal for food aud water, another
for extra blankets more water and the like. Have
oil the animals shod.
From the time you leave Ellis', do as your guide
tells you. It is to be hoped that the next party that
; makes the ascent, will be provided with a thermometer
ana uneroia. It tbey wish to fully satisfy all parties,
such little trifles as a theodolite, barometer, astro
nomical clock, &c., &.C, will be lound indispensable.
Or what will answer tbe same purpose, take Ki-awe
From ihe t rieiid, Senteinber, 1872.
Grandmothers' Tea Party.
The rare privilege was atTorded us on the
St!i of August ol beint- present at a gather-
of granuinnthers in honor of Mrs. Betsy
Judd, who completed on that day her
ninetieth year. One of her granddaughters,
Mrs. Laura Dickson, wishing to honor the
occasion, devised the highly appropriate plan
of inviting all the foreign grandmothers in
Honolulu to a Tea Party at her residence.
The weather was most propitious, and the
occasion uch as enlisted the gathering of
such an assembly as would reflect the high
est honor upon any Christian community in
the most favored part of the world. Most
fortunately we entered when between thirty
and forty ladies, a little past middle age,
with a few verging onward to the period of
the " sere and yellow leaf," were seated at
the tables sumptuously spread with the good
things of this life. These ladies were served
by a company of their daughters and others,
in the fresh season of young womanhood.
When all were thus gathered, the venerable
Mrs. Thurston invoked the Divine blessing
in the following touching language :
Our Father, who art in heaven, we thank
Thee that Thou dost satisfy us with long
life. Enable us to yield fruit in old age.
May our last days be emphatically our best
days. Bless this social interview. Bless to
our use this food. Make it a feast of love.
While we tarry till Thou come, may we day
, . t, i li i .i .
bv day oe preparing, so to be unclothed, that
- -J. , ,, ,
mortality may De swanowea lip Ol llie. t OT
Jesus sake. Amen.
While the? ladies were seated at the tables,
Mrs. Thurston arose and read the following
remember the time when at this metrop-
,j f QUr , j ,d h hJ h perfection
e , r , r t -i u
of the female picture of a family would be a
mother standing with an infant in her arms,
and a toddling child by her side, hanging on
tn lq, ci.;,tc 'n,r T k
hold a venerable company of forty grand
mothers, including four great grandmothers.
This leads ine to invite your attention for a
few minutes to the origin and increase of
foreign female society on Hawaii.
In 1S20 the first foreign ladies reached
these shores that were ever seen by thp eyes
ot natixt-s. They were seven in number, in-
a n i two nj-Tr on top
hv'ed Ujolilit vc drck
with'-uiteeii cteher y
cljJitii; one mother with five children. That
company had nly liertv to come on shore
and stay one year. What circurn?.pevtion,
what power ol endurance they were called lo
; exercise! The ladies were a rare curiosity
to the nation; the- children more so To
turn from scenes of pressing their osvn chil
dren beneath the sodwith their own heels.
ithen to behold our children dresd with
' shirts, pant and coats, with dresses and neck,
attire, with stockings anil shoes, with hats
and honnets. they were delighted they were
lascinatej with them, as much so 5 our
children would lie with a fresh itniortation
of London dolls. KalaimoU. a preat war-
rior. who put down the rebellion in favor ot
idols, who sustained the position of prime
minister of the nation, and was called the
; Iron Cable, passed by educated men and
old, to be his teacher in learning the English j Respecting this gathering of grandmothen j
alphabet. When Mrs. Chamlieriain started ' the following statistics may proTC tnterestui
to go to church with her family, by the time ' to our readers. "At the tables were seated 2 !
she got there, she was as destitute of chil- i grnnjm0her and 3 great-grandmothers, rej
dren as young married ladies. One queen. ... , , ty.yl i. f,
J ... ., 4 (resenting children, -Jl grandchtldrei ;, . ,
would secure one child, another :t second, i 6 Z, , , i
and so on. We had ten queens in those days. ! d 20 great-grandcluldren. Twelve grand j ?
A deputation from the London Missionary mothers residing in Honolulu were not pre!
SiK-iety was providentially brought to us. ; cnt- It is a noteworthy fact that among thes j?
They were thirty years ahead of us in j Kr.inJmot,ers, then- were 21 widows, indi '. ;
knowledge of the experience ol missionary; . , , , t . ,i. r.
i l v. , , r ; ratlin that lone life is the portion of the I
iarmr I nt. iiiihik ii mm ft iirimi in .
! curity. Their advice, after being months in
. OUT iaillliy. Was gratuitous atlil Hill. " liCI
.Mr. Lhamberl:iin take his six children, go
home with them, and train them up for (od.
He never can do it here. As society now is,
to come in contact with natives or foreigners
i would be moral death." Our own mission
' aries too said, "Uo." Thus they did their
missionary work up quick, and returned to
their native land. Hut the winning intlu
' ence that they exerted over the minds of na
i lives in causing the Mission so quickly to
i become the acknowledged teachers of the
; nation, will never be appreciated in this life. !
; During successive years, several other fam-
I ilies, parents aud children retired, and their '
' places were filled with new recruits Some
! i t i 1'iit a'
j nine or a uozen children in early ciiiiunoou
were torn from the arms of their parents, and
sent across the waters for education. A re-
turned missionary lady from the East said
' , . .u.U l.,f. .- .l. . . :
io witr, j i ii i in ieii in m.- ,M tK- in ninci-
ica would have a better education than iu
the Ittvt family in a heathen land. One j
divine among us who had a regard to the (
sacredness of the family institution, thought
that these human clippings went to make a j
family look like a cocoanut tree. Another, :
fourteen years after the commencement of ;
the Mission, with all the ardency of his na '
ture hoped that no daughter would ever ,
remain in this land up to the age of her fif-
teem h year. But the good hand of our God
was upon us. Punahou school rose up to j
bless our land. It worked together for good 1
that some of our children were there edu-
cated, that some were sent to America, and ,
some trained in private families. The Cous
ins' Society is a monument of glory to the ,
American missionaries. The instructions
given to the nation had its natural result. A
standard was raised of what was r!fit. Vice
tied from the open face of day to dens and j
secret places. j
When a wLite man died in former times, '
a line in his yard was drawn around his
dwelling. Everything within that line went I
to the king, even down to a pewter spoon. ;
The natural heirs were stripped of every
thing. So all the land belonged to the king,
and could not become alienated from him. 1
He could at an hour's warning dispossess 1
any subject of his home. Thus we lived for j
twenty-seven years. ;
Kaniehameha III., who was emphatically ;
the Father of his country, irave to his people ;
salutary written laws. lie put land, too,
into the hands of his subjects, to become
theirs, their heirs and assigns forever. Then
it was that Grandmothers mirrrated to this
land from abroad, nnd mothers here lie- '
came so by ordinary generation. Then it
was that our sons and daughters were re-j
tained by the side of their parents. It was !
I good to bring woman here when gross dark- i
ness was upon the people. It was good to j
bring grandmothers here when light began :
i to shine. It was very good to plant chil
! dren on Hawaiian soii sons to become the
! sinews of the land, and daughters to become
corner-stones, polished after the similitude of
j a palace.
This first conspicuous " Grandmothers'
; Tea Party " is to congratulate her, who in
! our whole little realm stands pre-eminent in
I age. With physical and mental powers in
! good preservation, she thisdav completes the
i count of ninety years. She is able to look
i down and see her house sustained by grand-!
children, seven pillars, all in the prime of
life ; and around their tables olive plants are
clustered, like lilies by the water brooks.
Pence be to grandmothers, who have chil
dren und grandchildren to lead them down
j the slope of life, over green fields, and beside
the still waters. Peac? be to grandmothers,
whose lines are fallen to them in pleasant
places, having a goodly heritage, a herihige
enlightened by the beams of the sun of right
eousness and blessed with a knowledge of '
Jps salvation. j
j f This address was followed by the accom
ibanying poetical effusion from the pen of j
Mrs. Emma Dillingham, which was read by j
ger mother. Mrs. Lowell Smith : j
j With greeting warm, oh ! mother d-ar, I
: Our heart uVrflow, aa gathered her j
W celebrate thy oatal day ; j
For Jourscore ywiTS 8 ml ten have -pet j
nlnre Iir.t above my nonnf-d Head,
l.ile luued bur harp so blithe and gay.
Yea, ninf.li years of lorm and ahiue.
Of rare and counael have b-en thine.
Wherein tnou'at bleat thia world of our
The (u&eriag poor have known thy rare
With burdened heart ham borne a share
And brightened many dreary hour.
Tby children aland and bleaa thee, ail
Anil loving tnemorie recall
t if thy long life ao nobly til ;
And children' children in their turn
From thee may choiceat leaoii learn
Of work, and faith, an.1 aweet content.
AffiicUon's hand haa aometiinea i.reMed
I la throbbing weigh! upon ihy bieat.
And thou haat filled the mourner' eal ;
Hut (he eet hope to thee ia given
Cf the dear home that wait, in Heaven.
Mid all who will thy coming greet.
But wbiie witb thee the year have run
Til) near a century i apun.
Time' wreath thy br- w doth lightly pre-.
f,M grant Ihee pr-u r in daya to come.
Till ibou art called to yonder h'.ine
To u-ear thy crown of rightrounnrns.
Our readers would not pardon us did we
not add a few particulars respecting the hale,
healthy, venerable and beautiful lady in honor
of whom this festive gathering was made.
Mrs. Judd, whose maiden name was Betsy
Hastings, was born in Washington, Ct., on
the 2oth of August, 1 .52, just at the cose of
, . , r c..
the American Kevolutionary War. She was
baptized in infancy by the Rev. Dr. Bachus,
of Bethlem, Ct., and subsequently President
of Hamilton College. At Litchfield Farms
she was educated in the family of General
Morris. In early life, marrying a young phy
sician. Dr. Judd, she removed to Western
New Vork, and subsequently to Michigan,
but about twenty years ago came around
Cape Horn to Honolulu by invitation of her
son, Dr. G. P. Judd, in whose family she has
found a home, where children and grand
children have vied with each other to render
her autumn an i t w i nt c t S (, m i I'-iJuosO ai o v
ihia iiiMaiM-e hi
not lecoinc s burden. Mrs. Judd enjoys li
with a delight and ei quite- efjual wil
thoM- not half her . She renins her fa
ulties in a most remarkable manner, rei
i the relikiions newjtajicrs, unJ wc re toti(
at . ft
I dent uur little sheet, the truml, ns le
more waders. She ha. not la
i her love for tools, and n ever ready to coi
J reire upon the interest of that Kingdoi
. which shall Vierer be destroyed,
J We wouU m9n aJj hat m youn(J,
. .. ts i ,
i brother. 1 nomas Hasting, hsq . the distil
, fjui.shed musical composer and poet, recentl
; died in New York. Another brother, Orland
a lawyer of eminence, died some years sr
in Kochester, New York.
. r- s.
j . . , ti.
j . rather titan ol llie mau sex, at iu . j
.tlllilWlCII IM.lliU. A
I In the ntitural course of events, one sue f
: another ot these good women will pass away
but so loiiir as any ol them linger on ini
side the rirer," may their children, grand -
children and others do all in their power l
seatterflowers along their pathway aud stead;
their steps down tile's decline, and may the;
enjoy, in the beautiful language of the poet.
"An old ff mrrrnt ami bright.
And lotriy u a uminr' nlfht
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