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STEWART, CARRICK & CO.
MERCHANTS & COMMISSION AGENTS,
27 Maiurie PUc. BYDN EY, . S. W.
AoJ 31 ft. t wlthins Lo LOS DOM, fc. C, ttn. b- 3o
WILLIAMS, BLANCITARD & CO.,
Shipping & Comataion .Merchant.,
N a. 219 Callfarala Slrcel.
mn23 U 8 AX FRANCISCO.
A. P. EVERETT.
Forwarding JL CoDimision Merchant
105 FR05T FTREET, CORSER CLAT,
Part.ewlar attention pail to Consignments of Island Prodaca.
oM lj "t1
H. V. SEVER.1XCE & CO.,
40 FRONT ST.
Corner of CUy Street, SAX FRANCLiCO.
' DoSlLB M.CIS.T.
. Portland, O.
CORBITT & MACLEAY,
Importers, iVhoIcsalc Grocers and
Shippers and Dealers of Oregon Produce.
One 108 Callforala Street.
PORTLIND, ORECOX t
13an4 13 Frl,l ' - FlralKl.
W. C. RMm, Eq . Bank of Calif.!
haa. dcKa, A. rTeafcianl fl. F. At R
Maara. Croaa A Co....... - -
Mra. La-M A Ttlloo, Banker.....
HaaK of BrlUnS Columbia. ..........
M u ii a. L. Ii kinihh A Co..........
CWU, ratlin A t.o. ......... .... .
;Mr. BUbop A Co-, Bankers
CaalaMealar IalaM4 I1
ia.. ...... 8ai Fraitciaeo
cugar Co. isaa frucitra
. ......P'lrtlaixl, Oregon
....... Portland, OregO
YANKEE NOTIONS, FANCY GOODS,
White Goods, Perfumery, Pocket Cutlery,
EOaiERT, ZEPHYR WOOL, Ac, e.
HAVING IXESIDEVr" BUYERS IX THE
Kaat awl la Europe, and beinf In direct comraanicatloa
with taa manufacture. w ara eoabled to get tiuwla oo Uie
bmt term ami to ae!l aoeorjinglj.
Our Stock is the Largest on the Pacific
Coaat, and we lnita the
Etpecial attention of Ilonolula Merchants
to an eximlnatloa of the tame,
r articular atteotioa girea to OrJcr.
TOBI.t, DATI830X A CO.
Comer Satter & Eanaome Street,
n I Sua Fraiclaca. Cala.
FLINT, PEABODY & CO.,
Shipping k CoDiniiion Merchants,
Agents of Pacific Barrel and Keg Company.
An PairianD to
Finish Ktg sad Carrtl Shoots la iny Qaaatlty
'And IUsptctfulIj solicit conslrjnmtni of Sugars
asd ulaxd raoDcri.
27 REFea TO
Staatra. BUImp A Co. Ilooolala
Mttera. II. IiackMd Co Ilooolala
Meairv CaaUe A Cooke UoDoluIa
X 408 California Sareet, Ban Francisco. JalO ly
Port lan J,
W. K. IITUINI,
319 Front St. ao Francisco.
LEVERIDGE, WADHAMS & CO.
Forwarding and Commission Merchants,
rirtlcilar Attention paid U Coasinmeats (
o7 Sn4wlrh lalwd Pre dace. ly
J,. McCrakcn -Sc Oo.,
HAVING BEEN ENCAGED IN OUR PRE.
aent boaineas foe upwards of aarea years, and beinf
I icatcd la a Are proof brick building, we ara prepared to roreiv
and dispoaeof Ijlaad staples, mcb as darar,Rlce,8yrapa,Palo,
C'oaVe, Ae., to adrantare. Consignments espeaially solicited
f r taa Orern market, to which personaJ attentioa will be paid,
and apoo wLieh caah adranees will be made when required.
Sax Fanctw o Bsrsasscas:
Badger k Llodenbnrger, J as. Patrick A Co.,
Fred. Iken. W. T. Coteoaa A Co.,
Stereos, Baker A Co.
Allea A Lewis. Ladd A Tilton. Leonard Jt Oreeo
aeU Walker A Allen. ly
j. c. Hsaan.1
JVUX M CKaKIS
J. C MERRILL k Co.,
Commission Merchants and Auctioneers
201 anJ 206 California Street,
ALSO, AGENTS OF THE
San Francisco and Honolulu Packets.
Partlcwlarattentlongirentothe sale and parhae ol mer
rhaadlsa, ships' boalness,sap)lring whalestips, negotiating
exeban ge, A c.
lr Allfreltrht arrlring at San Francisco, by or to the Ilo
oolala Line of rackets, will teforwarJed rasa or coauiasios.
X7 Exchange on Huoolula bought and sold.
Messrs. C. I R-hr.ls A Co... ....Ilonolola
- U. I lack fold A Co -
" O. Brewer A Co..........................
" Bishop A Co
Pr.R. W. Wood
U io.E.11. AUeo.. "
FINEST BROAD CLOTH,
Fines$ Black Doeskins. West of England ;
Finest AH Wool Fancy Tweeds, suitable
for Summer Wear.
AISO, EXPECTED BY THE STEAMER,
A SUPERIOR ASSORTMENT OF TTIOSK
HEAVY PRINTED WOVEN LINEN DRILLS,
for Gent's and Boy's wear.
"VVh-ite Linen Duck!
FINEST AND MEDIUM.
White Linen Duck, Heavy Cord.
Tbe abTe Coodi will be Sold at the Lowest Fo?s!- J
kle Eates. i
- HamfJet Smt to the Olhr Jslamls if r"F"sied.
anVVii'.V- W -, Foreign fit 75. J Illuming
TO LET !
A IIU KI.LIXJ IKII SRIS THE REAR
iA the Krsilettce of L N. FLUrr. Apply U
F. W. P.E K LEY. or
aur.I In H. K. IAVII'!XX.
FOR SALE OR RENT.
-4 THKDKSIHAIILK lVEI.LI. HuVStt
fq lately oreapml by C. II. LEW ,K., ntulol ou Kuaui
ANntt. f ir partu!ar ethnic "f
.. U LEW Kit DICK.OV.
v. A COTTAGE ON KM MA STREET.OP-
V-'- rmroa Stuart-, pam.ily lurnis'ied-
& D. DOLE
FOR SALE OR LEASE
rtt II'L'I1K ai!
iiiv.iir. a r . . i a r.
1 l.''T ua Lipoa j(r--t. Kapalami, fj5
iel f Leonard MitcheJ. r pr- i
ill laVty oem;
tirulars apply to the und-rsgiird
j 1 A. XIIXKItl lr;?llt.. lU.ti lint SK
by V. L. (if-n. Kaq
Also, the Moose sn-1 Pirtuifc-s No. 149, hii-Mng
Aip yto C. K. WILLIAMS.
5 Or J. II. WOOD.
FOR SALE !
THE I'll KM IS KS LATELY OCtl"-
Pl Kl y W. Ffhrr, on ll.fl cirrtt.
foiyll; Kniiiie of J. II. PATY.
A TWO STORY IIOCSE IN SOTTII
Kin t'twt. ith a fj-aciotu yard. Kitchen, b.th-rim,
fclai.lr SO'I Cuai-h II ki- and back entrance from AU-
Hrrtt. Inquire at 1 !. King J".rrt. s- ltn
A STORE TO LET. THE STORK OX
Carrier f K:nriml fori from the lt 4 iki. lr.
(Jy'A3in) Apply Ui J.O'.NLILL.
HOUSE TO LET !
A IIOLSK OX MAL'XAKEA STREET.
n-ar the Il -uoiulu Iron Works. K"r j artM ul.rs
eixa,reof (sliwoci) K- UILLILA.NL.
FOR SALE !
MTIIR LEASE OF THAT DESIRA
ble Dwfliing House and Lft on Kicbard hire-t, ag
ffrmery o-rpiet t-y thf ontler.inrd a. a iri- f
le rriiiracc. TNe l-a of the bo rerols has eleven
years lo ran, and will lie dixard of on favorabl terms.
For particulars, apply to II. U. fcWINToN.
aei s-w w tf At the OlCce of the f up't tf Water Works.
TO la-ET :
Under tho Odd FclIows Hall,
Lately Ofcajilfd by DllllDzham i. Co., as a
Hardware Store !
It is Completely Fitted with Shelving, &c.
For further particulars sj !y to
C. A. CASTLK, or
W. C. PARKK.
TO LET !
THOSE DESIRAIiLE PREMISES, X.
i'.yi lu5 Nuuana Arenae, at present occupied by Mr.
lleast.ee. ror particulars apply to
JAS. 8. LKUON.
MTHE PROPERTY SITUATED AT soj
the foot ot MAKIKI VAl.LKY nrar lunahou. eAJ
eooUining FOL K ACP.UUF LAND, one-third -
blng Kalo Land nnder culliralion. A U(H) COTTAUK con
taining foar rooms Cock llou-. Fowl 1 loose, &e., on the
premises. Two streams of wafer run through the land. For
further particulars, inquire of W. O. WOOLSKY,
au24-&n. Firm of J. M. Oat f Co., failmakera.
FOR SALE OR LEASE !
THE STORE AM) PREMISES XOW
occupied by the uodersiKned.on Maanakea Street. The
premiiea are in good order out houses, Ac., govern
ment water laid on. For further particulars, apply to
augI0 3m A. CIXOKK.
FOR RENT OR LEASE.
THOSE VERY DESIRAIILR PREMISES
on Beretania St. st present ocenpird by II. K. Hitchcock,
Ksq.. Inspector Oeneral of Schools, and adjoining the
premises of Ber. Walter t'resr; the house contains au elesant
parlor, dining-room, three bed-rooms, pantry and kitchen, bath
h'ttse and serrants houfu, stable, etc., and is located in a
pleasant neighborhood, and surrounded by garden and pasture
Enquire of (oh) TIUGO STANCES W ALP.
Properties For Sale or Lease
THE CELEBRATED SUGAR LAND OF
II A KA LA U. in the District ofllilo, Hawaii.
The I.and, House, Pasture and Prenises of ACATKEAE,
Kooa, Hawaii, eontaiuing about 700 acres.
For particulars apply to
scU Y. L. GREEN.
A FIIVE CIIAIVCE
rilll l.- t.M l.Mi A AliUSUill
of money, or of securing -
0SE OF THE MOST ELIGIBLE DWELLING LOTS
In the CUy of Honolulu, Is now offered by the Undersigned. He
is desirous to dispose of that fine and healthily situated piece
of Land adjoining the Government Garden, and fronting School
and Fort Streets at the head of the latter.
Any one wishing to purchase should apply soon, as the Lot.
will be sold at a low figure. oc6 J. b. LEMON.
H. L. CHASE, Proprietor,
TnE L0GEST 1LST1BLIS:IF.I FHOTOCK APIIFK
PHOTOGRAPHS TAKEN IS THE LATEST
style and with all the improvements in the art, and
ALWAYS ON THE LOWEST TERMS!
FOR SALE Photographs of !' the Kinrs, Queens, Cbicr and
other important personages.
Also, the Largest Variety of Views, Cards, Stereo
scopic, Ac, Ac, AT LOW PRICES.
Frames, Slcreoscojses, dc, Cfieapcr thou ran be
found at any place in the city.
Having all the conveniences f r doing out Unnr work.
Views or Ecsidences, &c, will be taken
Better and at Lower Prices than by any other Gallery in
th city. If. L. CHASE,
BOOTS lSPTS !
' ir -
BOOTS, BOOTS, BOOTS !
JUST RECEIVED !
EX D. C. MURRAY.
JOYS SCREWED CALF BOOTS.
Baya Screwed Calf Oxford Tie.
Baya Screwed Calf Batniarals,
Mi. ara Calf Balmoral, (acrewed)
Mfs'i Calf Balmorals, (acrewed)
ALSO, A F1SEL1SE0F
Also, a fall Assortment of
SUPERIOR FURNISHING GOODS !
Which will be Sold at Prices to S a i t the T intra!
A I M. MrlNERNYS,
o4 3m Corner of 'ort and Merchant Streets.
Just Received ex R. 0. Wylie !
dlnl For Sale ly lie Uiulersirpinl:
J JEFFREY Ai CO'S EDINBURGH ALE,
a quarts and pints.
German Ale, Key brand, quarts and pints.
A small inroiee of tba celebrated Norwegian Ale, in
cases of 3 doseo quarts each.
Genuine IloIUnd's Gin in glass snd stone jugs,
Csses Rhine Wine, Liebfranen Milch,
Cases Aromatic Schnapps,
Ca.es Allasb r Poppelknemitrl,
Cases Assorted Bitters,
One Qallna Demijohns of Alcchol.
II. HACKFELD KCO.
OR SALE II Y
C. BREWER A Co.
pOH SALE II Y
c. brewer co-
bread AND BUTTER,
1 llOR S A L E II T
C. BREWER k Co.
O R SAL E U .
C. KKFWKR & Co.
CARTS, Horse and Hand,
17 O R SALE BY
C. BREWER a Co.
7 O R SALE It Y
C. BREWER A Co.
O It SALE II Y
C. BREWER & Co.
.KIR SAL E II Y
C. BREWER A Co.
OR S A L E II Y
C. BREWER A Co.
LI O It SALE II Y
C. BREWER Co.
pOR SALE It Y
C. BREWER If Co.
pOR SALE II Y
C. BREWER Co.
ASH, SPRUCE & OAK PLANK,
JPO R SALE R Y
C. BREWER A Co.
PLOWS, all Styles,
OR SALE BY
C. BREWER A Co.
PAILS, 3 Hoops,
10R SALE BY
C. BREWER A Co.
MANILA ROPE, all Sizes,
JJl OR SALE BY
C. BREWER A Co.
STOVES, Asst'd. Sizes,
OR SALE BY
C. BREWER A Co.
TAR & PITCH,
gOR SALE BY
C. BREWER A- Co.
pOR S A L K BY
C. BREWER ft Co.
HAVE ON HAND
- 3-8, 1-2, 3-4. 1, 8 AND 3 INCH
COPPER TUBING, In lengths from C to 15 reel;
Galvanized Corrugated Hoofing. 2Cx84 inches;
Cases Tin Plate, all sizes;
Sheet Lead, Brass and Soft Solder,
Galvanized &. Tlain Sheet Iron, 1C to 2C gauge
Sheet Copper, tinned and clean, all hizes;
Also, n Few
000,(11.0 STOVES I
At Old Prices.
; Just Arrived per R. C. Wylie I
Barrels Sheet Zinc,
Cases Sheet Tin,
Block Tin, &c, &c.
Also, Expected per Ceylon!
FULL ASSORTMENT OF STOVES.
Rivets, tinned and black, 2 to C lbs.
EXTRA 3 PLY AMERICAN RUBBER HOSE!
WMch they can warrant to be the best article made.
Plain and Hose Tibb Jocl;a, 1-2 to 1 1-2 in.
Sink and Dath Tub Pings,
House Water Closets,
Sprinklers, Hose CoupMngs & Nozels,
Deck Screws, y
Tatent Can Openers.
Tinned Tacks, Cast Iron Sinks,
Galvanized Elbows, T?s, Union Couplings, Ac. j
Douglass Lift and Force Pumps ! j
Douglass Lift Pumps, 0 to C.
.-Iff rf ichich they Offer For Sile at Reasonable I
ST Staves Pnrrhasfd at this Establishment Set np I
Free of Charge.
Having a large stock of Coj'per Tubing,
Sheet Copper, and other Materials in their line, they
are preyired to Jill Flaniation atui other orders at ,
prices satisfactory to bvyer and seller, at
No. 9 KAAHUMANU STREET,
JCST ABOVE THE BANK.
ryiHE UXDERSIONED BKIXB 0ATTT,?
I leave tha Islands, has e ven JOIl THOM AS WAlfcK
UOvii:, Vunior. nd HENRY WATER HOCSK. each full
Poe5Vm Atton", t0 '"john'tuos. WATERHOUSK.
Commercial bbcrfisr r.
SATURDAY. OCT. 20.
The Hawaiians an Oceanic Race No. 3.
j Whenever I recur to the origin cf the Hawaiians,
proofs multiply and crid upvn u.e that tht-y are
not from the west.
i The Arabians be:in to extend their commerce un
, dcr Al Maesu, .V. I. 70", and under bis successor
! AI llajchid. who was cotemrcrarv with Chrlemn-e.
: The Malays were a piratical parasite growinz cut of
that commerce in the In liau ArcLipeiago, anl on
tdeir first appearance were concerts to the creed of
Mahomet. They were zealous propignndist?. Where
is there a trace of Mahomed :nitn among the pvp!e
of Oceanica? Is there the remotest evidence of
aCnity in any reliicu.- t-elief, rite, form, or cere-
Tl 1 - ... .... .
xaony religion superstition call it wti.it you
will, leases the most iudelille trace on a race of men,
and where is not the faintest ehadow of a resemblance
between the creeds of two widely separated peoples,
we are bound to conclude that they are not cognate,
jr sprung from the same stock.
j If the supporters of a contrary theory fill back
I upon tbe aboriginal inhabitants of Java and Sumatra,
tetore the origin cf the Malays, au l maintain that
they may have sptung from there, I will reply that
they are net or the same race
Oceanics, but physically different.
as the people of
They are a small,
yellow people, with flat noses, high theek bones,
slight beards, speaking a language original in its
character, diUeiing from the Malays, but possessing
some Oceanic words, which may bare been intro
duced by wanderers or Colonists from the East, and
who mixed with the aboriginal races.
No migration took place from these Islands to the
East during the Hindoo supremacy, which was
before the rise of the Malays, or we would have had
some trace of their language as well as of their
religion, but we have none not a particle more
trace cf Brahmanisin and UhiiJ Jism, than we have
of the Mohammedanism.
One of the strongest trace3 of an orisinal race
and one that lingers longest, is the names of places. !
mountains, rivers, natural ot jects. Man's past his- i
tory shows that successive waves of conquering races
may roll over n country, sweeping away all the
aboriginal inhabitants, and their memory still lives j
only in the names they have left behing, and which J
the red tide of war and desolation have failed to j
obliterate. They are the Idas ami Olympias of i
language, exhibiting their Cyclopean forms amid all I
the changes around them. Where among all the !
names of places in the Indian Archipelago, can you j
find one with a purely Hawaiian or Oceanic name? I
Where is there the name of mountain, river, eea, j
island, cr town that would show an archaic trace of i
the Oceanic, or Hawaiian language? Not one ! The
force of this argument is apparent.
The idea is preposterous that the original inhabi
tants of Oceanic.i came from the west ngainst winds,
ocean currents, and the mirratory march of man.
The Phoenecians were princes cf the ocean, but
their furthest ventures were the Isles of Britain, and
the circumnavigation cf Africa, under Necho, the
Sovereign of Egypt. The sea-born Grecians, with
the best constructed vessels of antiquity, generally
sailed in sight of land, and their furthest voyages
were Sicily and Africa. About the year 1000 of the
Chris iau era, the out-lawed Eirek, the Red, with the
bold and adventurous Scandinavians, felt his way by
Iceland, through its bays to Greenland, which led to
the discovery of Vineland, (America.) Those spas
modic efforts died away without any great results. In
1480, the Portuguese bad doubled the Stormy Cape,
but it was not until some years later that any one
dared to venture out into the broad Atlantic. Is
there any plausibility in the supposition that the ab
origines of Java, Sumatra, or the Malays, ventured
in frail canoes, or in later times in large vessels, over
the wide Pacific, before Columbus, with all the
knowledge of his time, guided by a high genius,
mnde his bold venture across the Atlantic? That
they peopled these Islands in either ancient or mod
ern times by design or accident 'is a preposition in
itself improbable, if not impossible.
It could not have been done by design; is there
any plausibility in the supposition that it was done
by accident ?
The Hindoos were never a maritime people. During
their occupation of Java, they never extcuded their
maritime dominion. Prior to the 15th century, the
Malays had little maritime knowledge or skill. True,
they were pirates from their first appearance in the
Indian Seas, but their depredations were then, as
now, confined to the coasts and in insignificant
vessels. From Celebes and the northeasterly Islands
of the Archipelago to the Hawaiian group, is about
7000 miles, nearly three times the distance Columbus
sailed in crossing the Atlantic No vessel possessed by
any of the inhabitants of the Islands of the Indian
Archipelago, before the 13th century, could have
been watered and provisioned for such a voyage in
unknown sea9, without chart or compass. In fact, it
was not until some centuries later that they ventured
as far as the outer Islands of that Archipelago, and
not until recently have they advanced as fur as
Timor and New Guinea or Papua. It is absurd to
contend that prior to the modern improvement of
navigation, they could have peopled Oceanica in
their light primitive vessels. What would avail a
few bananas, cocoanuts and calabashes of water on a
precarious voyage of months, perhaps years, in a
frail canoe at the mercy of the winds and waves?
Then the whole distance would have to be performed
against the ocean currents and the trade winds,
eternal and restless, blowing in the teeth of a vessel
on a direct line from these Islands to the Celebes ! It
is begging the question to argue with the Rev. Mr.
Williams, Dr. Lang, and others, that they might
have wcut Irom one island to another and from one
group to another, without having a greater distance
than 1100 miles between the most distant points.
There never was such a fortuitous coincidence of ac
cidents as to produce such a result against all the
forces tf natu'e. Accident would not invariably
carry them from one island to another, always se
lecting the nearest. And if not carried thus by
accident, it would presuppose a geographical knowl
edge of the different islands which the ancient
Javans or late Malaccas never possessed, nor do they
now possess it. The Malacca pirncies in times past,
as now, were confined to the Indian Seas. I might
here remark in opposition to the theory of accidental
drifting from the west, that there is no tradition
among the Hawaiian people that anything was
drifted to these Islands of any kind or character
whatever, that can be identified as belonging to the
other islands of Oceanica or from the Indian Archi
pelago. And the same msy be asserted of the nearest ,
Oceanic Islauds to the Indian Archipelago. It is
true that in recent times Japanese vessels have been I
borne here by the Japan current, but these started !
and oarae north of the trade winds and the equato- j
rial current, as I will explain hereafter.
Against the proposition of the accidental pcopleing I
of these Islands by the Javans or Malaccas, enn be j
urged tbe argument, that all the islands inhabited
by the Papuan race intervene, from New Guinea
and the several groups connected therewith, the New j
others; thai Vxh rece; found on ihe Islands j
Hebrides, Lramonga, Tanna, the till groan and
have very recently migrated, and are from the
t . i '
Toogan or Friendly Islands. The migration has
beeu from the East and not fora the West. The
ear'y navigators, Captains Cook, Bougainville, D.
Forster.and others describe the Tongans as having j
a tooting at .Maincoio.
Erronau and others of the Papuan Islands. Tbir
contact with the Fijis, and the impress of their
language are so evident that all the rudiments of
Fiji civilirttion can be traced to them.
Then there is the physiological difference between
the Oceanic man, and the Malay or man of the
Indian Archipelago. The pure natives of Oceanica,
in form, feature, development of brain and moral
characteristics, approach very nearly the Caucasian
type. They are susceptible of a rapid and high civ
ilization. They have accomplished more in a half
century than the Javans have accomplished in 17
centuries, and more than the Malays have since their i
i fr i l j t 1 -. !
origin, as a people. . aney nave ueveiopeu a capaciiy
for self government, of which the races to the West
are incapable. Their Legislation after only uO years
of contact with civilization would do credit to any j
people of Europe. They are law abiding, easily j
governed and exhibit the highest qualities of the i
. t . i , . ,.i . . . !
Aryian races. m toe otner nana we nnn tne .Malays
and inhabitants of the Indian Archipelago, of a j
totally different physical, mental and moral form, j
They are Indo-Chinese in form and feature, with
oblique eyes and the yellow lemon complexion. The
mental power is of a lower grade, incapable of &
hi;?h development. Like all the Asiatics of Indi:
and the countries contiguous, they are marked by a ;
crineincr pervilitv to rower, are lncapauje oi sen i
""mZZU "ISaSta?? i
litical ideas, or Legislation. They are cruel, inhos-
pitable, blood-thirsty " muck "-runners, revengeful, :
implacable and unforgiving. J
While we find that the people of Oceanica are mild, ;
centle, cenerous, hospitable and forgiving, it is im-
possible that such opposite characteristics should be
. ., . . - .t-
ine supporters Ol Uie tneory Ol migrauon irom me j
west, refer to languages as their strongest argument. :
T roirir,! finnlorrir nf lnnona rrta aa thi wenl-pst nf I
oil nrixnm,,ts xehh tr. .ni thT.lr,nl afflnitipa '
when we find the physical nn 1 mental characterwtics
widely different. Philologists in their enthusiasm for
their favorite science have placed too much importance
on a similarity of sounds and meaning in the corn
parison of languages. Unwritten language among
a barbarous people is subject to great imitations.
Tribes of common origin, living contiguous, have, in
a few centuries, so changed their language, as to be
J wholly utiutfU:ible to each cilier, a. the Seven
i Moquis towns of Ariii.ca tbe pueM.s cf New
I Mciioj: th.-tt wli' ilo comruuuilir nni ctiii ostiun
j have changvU their language to that cf the cunquer-
ors or the conquered. I can cite, for iusUnce, the
i ir.sxy nAtiens conquered bj the ILmiAtis where the
f aboriginal languages give way to the Latin. Also, iu
I more modern time. I can point to the Franoo-Ger-i
mana, who conquered Gaui, the Gutbs. whoconquerevl
' Spain, and the Normans, who conquered Ecflanl.
j The inhabitants of the Fiji Islau Is are ucqaeationably
a Papuan people, yet they have borrowed their nu
j rneraia and many wrh in their langusjje intra the
Tongans. The foltecan, an Axcecan nice of Mexico,
: have, in three centuries, lost their own language and
1 adopted that of their conquerors. The instances that
can be cited are so numerous, that the presumption cf
! an aiSnity i f races from the resemblance of language.
, is of tbe weikest kind, unless there is a renemblancw
of physical form and mental characteristics. Of the
4,(Mi",W"J of Africans in the United State, probably
not one knows a syllable of the African dialects, and
because they speak English, would you class them
with the Auglo-Saxou race?
The most that aftw words io common can prose,
is probably that there was a contact of races com
mercially, or otherwise. We might as well contend
that the Anglo Saxons are all Gauls, because we can
point out a tew hundred words in the English lan
guage which have been incorporated from the
French. Aud ? ecause the Malays and Javaiuses have
box rowed a few Oceanic or Hawaiian .words from
casual immigrants cast upon their shores in ancient
times, are we to call all the inhabitants cf the Indian
, Archipelago. Hawanans or people of Oceanica? 1
; have carefully examined the vocabularies of Alfred
I Russell Wallace, and others in some 69 languages or
, the Indian Archipelago, and I find the analogies few,
and the resemblances more fancied than real to the
1 Hawaiian language.
But I will dismiss this part of my subject, and if
; not too busily engaged will give you a number next
I week La Paz.
H. HACKFELD & CO.
OFFER FOR SALE
THE FOLLOWING GOODS!
just i:i:c;i vii:i
HAW'N BARK R. C. WYLIE!
122 DAYS FROM II It EM EX.
PRINTS, LAWNS, MUSLINS,
White and Blue Cottons, and Drills,
Blue Denims, Burlaps, Mosquito Netting,
Blue and White Flannels, White Moleskin,
Assorted Bed Quilts,
Assorted Silk, Cotton and Linen Handkerchiefs,
White Imperial Linen, Assorted Towels,
Socks and Stockings, Assorted Threads,
Assorted Shawls and Plaids,
Woolen Blankets, red, white, green, blue & gray,
Fancy Fianuel Shirts,
Fine Cloths and Cashmeres,
LININGS, &c for Tailors use.
Fine Silks and Woolen Goods for Ladies
Bunting, assorted colors, French Merinos,
Assorted Perfumery, Lubin's Extracts, &c.
Assorted English Saddlee,
French Calfskins, Paints and Oils,
A full Assortment of German, French and English
Rhine Wines, Champagne, Scotch Ales,
German and Norwegian Ales, Gin, Sherry,
Butchers Knives, Pen and Pocket Knives,
Scissors, Perforated Brass Centrifugal Linings,
Babbitt's Metal, Bauca Tin. Tin Plates,
Fence Wire, Galvanized Iron Pipes,
Sheet Zinc, Best Refined Irons,
Assorted Qualities Net dies,
Silver Plated Forks, Spoons and Ladles,
&c, &c, &c, &c.
Combs and Brushes,
Fancy Goods, Toys and Riding Whips !
Portland Cement, bpt brands,
Blacksmiths' Coala, Tar and Pitch,
Fire Clay, Fire Sand, Fire Bricks,
Oak Boats for coas'ers,
A Small IaA of Superior
CUSTOM MADE FURNITURE
Mahogany Sideboard, with Marble Slab & Mirror
Ditto Dining Table,
Rosewood Centre Table, ditto Sofa,
Cane Scat Folding Chairs,
FINE HAVANA and GERMAN CIGARS !
in full assortment and at various prices.
Music Boxes, Glass Beads,
And Many 0ther Qoodg tofJ Numerous to
New Cigar and Tobacco Store.
rfsflE CXDEKSIGXEH BEGS TO NOTIFY
M the Public generally that he has opened in the alKre
business at the More at
44 FORT STREET,
Where he will keep constantly on han I the best brands of
CIGAKS ANL TOBACCO,
MEEUSCIIACM AND OTHER PIPES,
A large assortment of the latest styles.
Soda Water and Ginger 3?op.
e will sl90 J(! foaiM ready to pire his prompt attention to
orders in his line as a Machinist and Engineer.
jus if Thomas lack.
VAIALUA FEMALE SEMINARY!
There will be a Fair & Exhibition
HELD AT THE W A I A LUA PROTES.
TAN f Cll L'RCiI, f-r the
Benefit of the Waialna Female Seminary,
FRIDAY EVENING, DECEMBER 20th.
All interested in tbe KducatPn i f Hawaiian Oirls. are cordi
ally invited to favor us with their presence. We will endeavor
to off-'r f r sale such articles as will pn.ve attractive for
Clirist xxi. fv 6 C3r i ft s !
The avail, said Fair will b expended in the purchase of a
SEWING MAC11I'E, that the pupils may become skilled io
Th Teachers of the waiaiua remaie
Seminarv would re-
anectfullv so icit aid fmra the Merchants
of Honnldln, in the
of KTiA en1s," that thry can spre towards Fancy
Articles f r the FAIR which th-y contemplate holding in le-
rnnhrr next. PerhaDS our ladv friends may render as aid in
the matter. All articles collected, may ne sm io e.
store, from whence they will be promptly forwarded to w aialua.
HAVING RECEIVED THE APPOINT.
MEM- as Agent of t he Mutual Life Insurance Co.,
of er iork for the Hawaiian Islands, I am prepared to settle
with all rirti.-s having nnv insurance business with the former
a?l.,. (o." HASI'LO. WILI.rR.
L.AIli:s' L.M.I1T AiI lAi:K
I. AIIII.S' WIlITi: A All
4ai:T S ASSOKTF.D S1ZI.S, UtVli
The nhove is mi Assortment ol
mid Imported hy us direct
SILKS, SILKS, SILKS,
ri AYS 1Z ISIV 13ROH.,
C. E. WILLIAM'S BUILDING. FORT STREET.
STATIONER AND NEWS DEALER,
IVo 19 Merchant St., Honolulu.
KEEPS COJVSTA.VrrY OIV IIAAI A FILL SUITLY OF
Plain, Flat and Congress Paper, Ruled Congress Cap, white & blue.
Packet Post, Commercial Letter, Congress Letter, French Orerlaml Letter,
Tacket Note, Commercial Note, plain srvl ruled; Lailks' Note, plain and rull, white and tinted;
French Note, various figure J patterns; Mourning Note, aud Hill, t Pher,
Packages Initial Note Paper and Envelopes, Cap Acoount Current 1'Hf.er,
Commercial Letter, Account Current Paper, llroad and Long Hill Paper,
Music Ruled Paper, Black Lines, Tissue I'sper, (iov. rnui.nt Com men ial. Letter, Note, Lillet and Cloth Lined Jtnvelopei.
Bronze, Grlass and Fancy Ink Stands !
The Host Inks in Black, Blue, Carmine. Red and VloP-t, Cap and Letter C ipying P.iprr. Oiled Copying Sheet,
Copying Brushes, Bahbitlonisn, Washington, Medallion, Olllott's and Knsterhnxik's Steel Pens, fluid Pens,
Quill Pns and Quills, Sealing Wax, Pipi'r Fasteners, Ruhbcr, Faber's Pencils, Nos. 1. 2, 8, and 4, warranted;
Faher's Artist Pencils, Faler's Wax Crsyons, Card Board, IlrlxUI Board, Perrrled Board, Drawing Paper. Tinted Paper
Tracing Paper, Tracing Cluth. Rodger's Steel Erasers, Wostenholai's Pocket Cutlery,
A LARGE VARIETY OF BLANK BOOKS!
Nuchas: Ledgers, Journals, Cah, Record. Waste. Index, Fcrap, Letter, Trial Balances, Invoice, Memoranda and Pars Honks
Shipping and Money Receipt Books, Note Books, Bill Keoeivahle Book.
A Large Variety of GAMES. Mechanical and Mental!
Toys, an assortment. Alphabet Blocks, Toy Books, Fsocy Paper Lanterns, Christmas Candles
Traveling Writing Companion, Traveling Toilet Cases, Work Bags,
HAWAIIAN AN 13 AMERICAN TOY IP X A Q S !
Stereoscope views, Stereoscopes, Photo Views and Photogrsphs, Chessmen, Checker Hoards, Ilonilnocs
Crib Boards and Boxes, Albums, '
1XU MANY OTHER. ARTICLES TOO NUMEROUS TO M'KCIKY.
HEW YORK STYLES OF FANCY PRINTS !
JUST RECEIVED BY
CASTLE &z COOKE.
VAINEST A ND MF.IIILM EMil.Illl A 1 If AMKKIUA LUXU CLOTH", FINEST IIO.
i nie Black Silk, Medium quality do ,
t Finest Black Machine Silk, also, assorted colors and numbers. New lot orrs A McNaught's, and Taylor's Superior Machlua
f pool Cotton, Ladies' Israb Uoe and Lisle Thread Gauntlets, Bilk Klaatic,
Black, brown, slate and buff Linen Holland and Silesias,
A .plendid assortment of Pesrl Dress, Vest and Coat Buttons, Fancy Neck Ties, Finest Blaflk Crape, Hooks and F.yes,
Black Alpacas, all qualities. Urey and Brown Mixed Alpacas, Black, brown, blue and scarlet Coburgs. all qualities.
W lute and colored Brilliants, Fancy Piquets, &c, tc, A-c , -c.
A.lso, Expected by tlio Steamer,
A LARGE ASST. OF MERCHANDISE SUITABLE FOR ALL !
B.3NrC7Sr C3s-OOXSa SuoH asi
Fancy Flannel., French Corsets, Silk L'ndershtrts. Lisle Thread Hose. Marseilles Quilts, Merino do.
Fancy Work Baskets, Fancy Plaid (llnrhams. Manchester White do.
White and Brown Linens, Hemstitched Handkerchiefs, ladies and gents.
Finest Victoria Lawns, Grey Blankets, White Crib Blankets.
Pi IVTO VTV ATT C Tins Chrome and Paris Green In OH, I. 2. and at lb. tiosi tins trench
j XS L O i i I WUiO Yellow Burnt aid haw Cmber. Boiled and Raw Oil,
Castor and Neats Foot Oil, White Leal and Zino, Carriage, Furniture and Coach Varnish.
rirp i rpT""VrTi,T T CP LeWer n1 Note P"Pr. Envelopea. Faber's Iirawing and Carpenter's Pencils,
J X 1 'Jl Jjlll Oiliou's. Easterbrook'i and Washington Medallion Proa.-
ry 4 T) Till7' V TT7 X.-rC rawlng Knives. Mortice Gauges, Hammers, Chisels, Tabla Cutlery. Pocket
rlAltl V ilillJ CVvy. Cutlery. Borers Soo's make; Sail Needles, Heina Twine, Farrier Knives
and Hammers. Emery Cloth, Best 4 in. English Belting.
JUST RECEIVED PER ATLAS
Burlaps, Saddlery, Haop Iran, Bar Iron, Yellow Ochre, Freurh Yellow, Drj Pare Lead.
From New York and San Francisco :
Hunt's Axes, Ox Bows, li, II and 2 in. Vokes, Fquara and Hexagen Nuts, Spades, Fhovels, Tin Plate,
A One assortment of Files up to IS inches. Bras and Iron Screws, Best Leaf blue, Dog Chains.
ON HAND, BEST GOLDEN GATE FL.OCR, DOWSER'S KEROSENE OIL. fcc, Vc, Vc.
Aic. JLc. &e. See
Wllsf EI.I TO THE TRADE AS LOW AS LOWEST.
IM.CY COLORS, 11 Choice.
ashoi:ti:i sixi:s, c;o.mki:i.
80 Dozen iiintle to our order
from the .llaiiulnclurer
IN GREAT VARIETY !