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SA T VR DA Y. X O V EMBER A . !
And the Heroic Age of the Portuguese.
LC?3 IE CiMOENS BORN' 1525, MED 1579.
BT TBI AUTHOR OF THE PRISON OF WELTEVREDES.
The reading of Portuguese history was an es
pecial delight in years past, w hen I had friends at
Lisbon. AI when I made an unwilling ioit to
the Car do Verde Islands, and ran down the
African coast, along which the Captains of the
Illustrious llcnry had bo heroically struggled
with imperfect means and knowledge, my inter
est in the heroic past of Portugal w as reawakened.
And again when a prisoner in Weltevrcdcn on the
Island of Java, I waa waited upon and comforted
by a Portuguese gentleman, the Marquis de No
brega, in command of the Portuguese frigate the
yiondego, and from his discourse, and what Le
gave me to read, I gained new interest in the
once great name of hid country. And then
again, when I was a favored guest at the Hague,
under the kind and courteous protection (for I
needed protection against Dutch injustice) of the
American Minietcr, August Ik-luiont, 1 met the
young Ring Pedro of Portugal, who waa in quest
of a Queen, and came to visit the Princess of Hol
land. From my intercourse with the Count de
Carre ra, tLc Minister of His Majesty of Portugal,
I Lad many pleasing occasions for fresh interest in
the land of the Lu6ians. And I often felt a de
sire to write something of what I had recorded of
a country so worthy of affection and honor, and
which Lad done so much for the progress of the
world. Cut the strifes and toils of a very cheq
uered career seemed to offer no sufficient quiet for
such a tack of love: until these days, and in
these peaceful isles, where I have planted my last
stakes, and where I enjoy the calm of an inde
pendent and well contented life, I hare taken up
the long contemplated task with joy, and shall
endeavor to show forth my delight in the
heroic and inspired lives of the Illustrious llcnry,
of Camoene, of De Gama, and the long line of
great men who belong to the heroic age of Portugal-It
may bo deemed rash to undertake such a
task in isles so remote from the world's great
store-houses of knowledge; but I have had my
well stored memory, and abuJant stock of notes
most unexpectedly helped. !1- Rev. Dr. Damon
who has been a kind literary helper, hat
furnished to me frora a library of choice works
many needed books. The Commissioner of
France, Mr. Uallieu has kindly aided with his
ample stock of literary authorities. A. J. Cart
wright Esq., who has a most valuable collection
of standard works, has placed many much needed
in my present task, at my service I am indebted
to Captain Daniel Smith for works of great inter
est in connection with this subject. And Mr.
Perry, a Portuguese merchant, has placed in my
bands the early Portuguese history by De Mariz,
and other valuable works; so that here in Hono
lulu, not far from where the heroic Portuguese
Magellan held his course to open our Pacific
Ocean to the world, I have ample means at hand,
to speak abundantly and truthfully of Cnmocns
and his heroes of Portugal.
From every band let grateful commerce stioaer
lier tribute to the Bard who aung her power ;
Aa Ihoae rich galea from whence him Gama caught
A pleasing earneat pf the prixe he aought,
The balmy fragrance of the East diapenae,
Bo ateala hia aong oo the delighted aenae ;
Aatouiahiog with wee la unknown before ;
Thoae who ne'er taaled but of clasaic lore.
Immortal Bard ! thy name with Gama vim,
Thou, like thy Hero, with propiiioua ikiea
The aail of bold adventure haal unlurled,
And in the Epic ocean iband a world." IIaylev.
A LAND OF HEROES.
Human nature in the early biatory of Portugal Is seen in
it moat favorable colora without the aid of fable or the exag
geration ot romance, an heroic age U held up to our emula
tion ; an age which the epic muse might have taught her
historic aiater to emulate. Clailre'a Prug. Alar. Viteovery.
When we contemplate Portugal during the
fifteenth, and the early part of tho sixteenth
centuries, we behold only heroes among her
Princes and her people (1). We 6ee everywhere
heroic purpose followed by heroic action. What
ever high minded chiefs conceived, a brave jeo
ple were ever ready to execate. Large eoulcd
men in every rank, sought useful ends by nobio
ways. High honor and a passionate loyalty and
patriotism governed a nation, which in all its
action sought to make toil sacred and sacrifice
glorious. And this grand spirit of an illustrious
race found a full expression in the inspired utter
ances of a hero and a poet, who has glorified,
not the old topics, the brutalities of war, but
the enterprise of beneficent commerce and pro
gress with the most delightful graces of poesy.
TH GLORY Or rORTVOAl.
Camoons is the chief glory of his country.
Without the effusion of his soul, the lustre of her
bright days would be greatly paled. He is her
mellifluent voice, and the twiner of her garlands,
to celebrate and to decorate her heroes. Ho re
deems a fallen nation in the opinion of tho world,
and extorts our love where otherwise our scorn
might arise. His character ennobles his race,
and must touch the heart of every lover of his
kind. He has spoken to the heart of man with
wonderful power and tenderness: and although
he may not be numbered among the greatest of
poets, yet he lived the most poetic life of all
those who ever charmed the world with song.
His verse springs from the inspiration of poetic
experience, and his impassioned expression hardly
shows forth the impassioned phases of his ex
istence. His genius like that of many another
noble soul had its chief nurture, nay indeed its
birth, in the tender influences of a pure and
mighty love. And thij mu6t be spoken of in all
its sweetness and sorrow; for though the pur
pose of this writing is speak of heroic deed, of
grand maritime adventure, and of the noblest
movements of human progress, yet the tender
ness ns well as the hardihood of the story must
be told, because true power is blended with tho
f;cn lionesses of the human heart, and pure affection
ies at tho very foundation of enduring and bene
TIIS KINGDOM OF TI1E HEART.
During the heroic age of the Portuguese, the
constancy and purity of the passion of lore was
everywhere beautifully illustrated. A great
Prince, tho idol of a pooplo, would never desecrnto
a chaste and holy memory of love by any irregu
lar joy (2) . A King styled the just crowned when
he came to a throne, the bones of her whom he
had loved in his obscure days. (3) And champ
ions of Portugal go to distant lands to defend the
honor of insulted ladies. (4) Constancy in love
and in the faithful care of all the sacred relations
of domestic life, were the chief virtues of a peo
ple, who were appointed by Providence to lead
the world in true progress. Tbey saw a day
when the honor of a pure sentiment was higher
than that which might be accorded to a display of
power. Like the spirit of the Imperial 1-ady of
England, who would honor a beautiful ex
pression of happy human love in all its most sa
cred relations, as much ns she would the produc
tion of a submarine cable, or any mechanism of
pre-eminent marvel and power; (o) such was the
spirit of Lusitania in the days when she was pure
and brave,- and when she, happy in cherishing
the sanctities of domestic lore, at tho same time
led her lines of power around the world.
1 From that period (the death of Count Henry) to the
death of fedro the Just, the title of Hero was equally merited
by the sovereigns and the subjects of Portugal: yet no KnglUh ;
writer of eminence has hilberto illustrated a subject of so
muc h importance to a maritime kingdom, as the rise and fall 1
ot this commercial power." Clarke'a Progrrt of Mari
2 Prince Henry the Illustrious. j
S Pedro the Just and Ines de Castro.
4 The twelve champions, Magricio and his cominKns who '
went to England, on the iuviutioa of the Duke of Gaunt, to :
defend th hooor of English ladies in a tourney, as celebrated ;
in Canto VI of the Luaiad.
b It is said of Her Majesty Queen Victoria, that when she j
confer red upon Tennysoo toe honors of Poet Laureate, ;
she waa chiefly induced lo do so, oo account of his exquisite
little pom that illustrates faithiul love and domestic coo- :
stancy, the 'Miller's Daughter." This appreciation of the j
Sovereign of the pure, uodying and tender love that makes j
the borne, is in harmony with the spirit of a people, whose -soldiers
when in the Crimea, and beiors facing the carnage of '
the Malakon" and the Redan, aang in mighty chorus Annie
Laurie" a aong of boms, with overflowing tears. and so
proving by their emotion that the tender-hearted are ever
among the bravest and have Use firmest grip lu hold ( to
the lines of power. This incident is ilescribe.l by Ua) aid Tay
lor who from the days of " Views afoot," to hi late beautiful
poem " Lars," has been the delight of American readers.
THE LOVE Or CAsOE.
Wc must reverently speak of the bre of the
pot of such a people. Ah. indeed ! the lore of
Catuxos is tt life of Camocns : it was t!;e
source of a'.l his woes and all Lis inspiration ;
and TtjUx it sprang the glory and the shame of
Porturtl (G). Tbe story of this brave warrior
ac l wise and captivating writer must touch the
hearts of all whose souls are attuned for any
throb el sensibility. Cut he is not ta be spoken
of as one too passional-, or soft in his nature.
Not eo, f jr we find him in early days a grave,
reserved, and contineut youth. During his col
legiate course at Coioibra, where the favor of
fnenda had enabled a poor widowed mother (7) to
place him, and where he mastered all branches
of the classic and scientific instruction of the
time, he was never suspected of an act or thought
ot any irregularity, or even of an allowable
sentiment in respect to the other sex (8). He
was a young anchorite, and an enthusiastic
celibate like Paul and like him and like the
heroic Joao (9), he proposed to do great work in
the world without being trammeled with the
bondage of passion. When he left college, and
first came to Lisbon in 1 S44, our poetic adventurer
maintained a rather severe depontuient in re?xct
to ladies society at this time. His education
and family connections afforded him many honor
able entrees amongst the best society of the city,
and the graces of his person and vivacity of his
wit caused him to receive many flattering atten
tions from the .Senhoras of the capital. l)ut he
thought lightly of these marks of favor. He
entertained a scorn for what he regarded as the
frivolous character of women. He exercised his
wit against the gentler sex. He was determined
to illustrate heroic life without what he then re
garded as the weakness for woman's love. The
first efforts of his pen were to mock at amorous
emotion, and be scornfully prayed the fancied god
of love to keep out of his way. And thus in his
own words Le derided tender sentiment.
44 Nuo me buscays, amor ligeyro," Ac. Do not
seek me, oh, light love! And then he sings on
In a playful madrigal.
41 Prithee Cupid, hence de.i.t
Why should 1 increase the list
Of boys, whose sole deligM consist
In kiMiug, and iu bcirg kissed .'"
Then in other verses he derisively speaks of
u Starlight eyes, and heaving snows
Lips young rivals of the ruse,"
Which he considered us only fit to bind men in an
enslaving witchery ; but he says he will be free :
Pince on every side I see
There are fools enough withuut me," (10)
LOVE IX THE SANCTUARY.
. But the vengeance of love was near at liand.
Our scornfnl hero had kept his fancy free for.
many a day, amid the tasteful society of a then
firoud prosperous and gny city, lie had care
essly frequented the fashionable sarao, the pasco
and the promenade, and though exposed to the
beaming fires of tender gazing, dangerous eyes,
yet ho remained cool, critical, skeptical and un
scathed. Perhaps tho vanity of his age made
him deem himself an object to be Bought, and one
whose condescending favor must not be too lightly
accorded, for ho was in the full fledged period of
the conceit of youth. But soon he was to watoh
trembling for a glance of tender favor. A day
came, when seeking some change of scene and
change of interest, he carelessly sauntered into a
church, into the church' of "Christ's Wounds,"
and there ho received a wound, which left an ever
lasting scar upon his heart that was unhealed and
bleeding even until its last pulse beat upon the
THE POWER OF LOVE IN A PURE SOIL.
And what wounded him? What touched and
pierced his soul? Was it some trumpet voice
of apostolic power ? Ah.no! it was through his
eyes and not his ears that he received the wound.
And what did he see? A noble brow of purest
white, crowned by light tinted nut brown braids
of hair, arching over tender gazing eyes, and a
face of unutterable fairness and sweetness which
with its glory of perfect maidenhood blotted out
all other faces from the eyes and soul of our care
less worshipper. This he saw. and the vision
all possessed and enraptured him : and in that
hour, nay in a moment changed, like as if by a
light and voice from heaven, his whole being.
The perfect chastity of his life, caused this sudden
revelation of a type of womanly loveliness in
harmony with the affinities of his soul, to become
an overwhelming power. Only the pure in heart
can 60 surrender heart for heart, and be both
humbled and exalted in the presence of perfect
lovo. " This pure passion which took such Bwift,
entire, and uniooked for possession of the soul of
our. poet; lor his fate of love came upon him
like a stroke of lightning in a clear day dignified
his nature, intensified his soul, gave purpose to
his life; and caused him, as though touched by
in angelic hand with celestial fire, to be trans
formed in a moment from a careless youth into a
CATER INA DE AVTADE
Was the revealer of thia new gospel to the soul
of Camocns. She was the daughter of an aristo
cratic house, and she was one of the selected no
ble maidens who filled the ranks of honor in the
Palace at Lisbon. Her proud brother Antouio
was the chief favorite of tho royal Emmanuel,
and of John the heir to the throne of Portugal.
She was the hope and heiress of her familv, nnd
was guarded with all the care which precious and
peerless worth jnspiros. And so it was, that the
etiquette of a punctilious court and the severity
of a proud old line, kept this young lady secluded,
and permitted her only to alternate between the
sanctities of her chamber and her church and she
with tho court maidens frequented the church of
"Christ'! Wounds." : There sho sat with other
noble daughters in elcvatod and cloistered dignity,
and was only partially seen by the worshiping
multitude. But thero was enough revealed of
lair young Caterina, to make of her an object of
devotion to one who knelt on the marble aisle be
low. And though the playful and modest fan
concealed blushing checks" and rosea'e lips from
too bold a gaze, yet enough was 6cen of the
sweetly crowned brow and the tender eyes to
make our poet feel, and to be most happy that he
felt, the sweetness and tho power of perfect love's
LOVE AND RELIGION.
Love is naturally akin to devotion ; and our
once proud, fastidious and critical cavalier becatno
a cuustant worshiper before tho altars of
44 Christ's Wounds." Some have mocked at this,
(11) and sneer at a heavenly aspiration that
arises Irom an earthly emotion. I hey would
have Divine Lore only taught by the voices of
grim watchmen on the towers of Zion. But no
one can doubt, who has studied the life of
Camocns, that he, throughout a long, sad and
!ard battling career, maintained in spite of some
slips of weakness and weariness of soul, a lively
belief, like unto the best iaith of his time and
creed, in a loving Savior and in a Redemption
which . was twin born in his soul along with
human love; nnd this faith and hope in an im
mortal part hereafter was tho guiding light of a
loug and stormy life unto its last days. The Poet
of Lusitania, like tho heroes he celebrates, like
the Illustrious llcnry and De Gama, was as firm
nnd enthusiastic in his faith, as he was impas
sioned in Lis love; because he like them having
preserfed the perfect purity of a continent soul,
could offer a shrine in his heart fitted for the
holiest consecration of love and for the reception
of a faith in a higher life, which would lead him
like them to seek the throne of his G'od belore he
would that of his king (12).
TUE ASPIRATIONS OF A BETTER LIFE.
Our poet now became an earnest, and it may
be said a religious man, and he maintained a fer
vent spirit of faith throughout all his days,
And will any one cavil at the influence that gave
him better "hopes of a future life? Shall the
words of books and the teaching of men like
ourselves be the only proper inspiration for a hope
of a blessed immortality ? Or shall not other
things teach us ? Shall not the beauty and peace
of a noble scone of earth lead us onward? And
shall not the harmonies of the heavens, the
6 All writers abMit Cumoens lament over the griefs which
this love ol the poet brought lo his door " fut 1 origine de
toules les tr?iiues inf jrtune qa'il eprouvw plus lard." It
was the origiou ot all the trasie tmsioriune whirh he experi
enced liter in life. DiclKnnaire de la conversation et de la
Lecture. But it caused him to write the Lusiad aud be the
chief glory of his country.
7 Tli-re U mu h dispute about the death of the father of the
ljet Captain Vasco de L'amoeiu. rvjtue authorities assert
Uial be was alive, w Ueu the poet raiue to re.-Hie at Lisbon ;
but tt.e weight of authority is that he perished by shipwreck
otTGja, 1ef -re the port left the colli g of Cotmbra.
a Hie comment and rhste life of the oet during h i youth
Is particularly mentioned ry $ ua and other early writers.
9 King John, the ftther f Henry the Illustrious, applied to
the Pope to obtain dispensation from a solemn vow ot peria
nal chastity, btf re he wou'd marry the Princess Phillipa of
Laactaler navendo primeira disprucao do Papa em voto eo
lemne de Casti.iii.le " Dial' go de Varia iiisloria pof Pedro ile
JO Lord S?tranjf or.l's tr:.la!on
11 .-rurron in the Roman Comique s)t the Churches of
PoriUjjtl were rr"idlcs of intrijne " at this period. But he
could onl -k from his knowledge of the scandals of French
churches of his day.
winders of the deep, ar.i the marvels and graei
at our right Land and our left, l'aJ us upward?
Yes, and more still. s! all nt the pui- tx-nti-tr.er.ts
awakctve-i by a fair unturned injure of that
which w;is rrsrnei "asa helpmeet in Paraiiso. be to
weary and be-cloudci tu"trt his hisest influence,
ia the hands of God, f .r a l- tter life? It must
be so ; it wa9 so with Cir.'.ocn? ; nnd it will bo k
with a!!, who believing in a redeemed world will
feel that it? guide and rule sbu!d be only love.
Our poor poet could riot approach this lady.
He Lad to stand aloof ; he who was more worthy
of Ler affection than any other man in Portugal.
He had to be content to gaxe at her Irotu afar, not
only because his prospects of fortune were uncer
tain, and because he w;s clashed as an adven
turer of doubtful principles: but chiefly because,
even at an early day. jealousy and envy circulated
evil stories a.tinst hint, which we know now had
not a particle of real foundation. Hitter narrow
souls hated the grandeur of his sjiril, and gare
him an evil name without being able to point a
finger at a single evil deed of his life. He whose
only aspirations were for the good of his fellow
men, and the glory of his country, was at tunes
baffled by the slanders of his countrymen. So
that it is pitiful, too pitiful to follow the story
of Canioens, and ce throughout, .his career, his
generous and heroic purpose and work continually
doggrd by the bitterness of narrow hearted, un
founded hate. And here wc must bear in mind
that the Leroic age of Portugal is passing away,
and closes we uwy say with the death of Camo
ens, (13) he bore all contumely with brave dig
nity and never withheld Lis hand from doing his
duty, however much derided or misunderstood ;
but at times the agony of his spirit overflowed,
and he could not refrain from giving utterance to
his feeling of the ingratitude of his countrymen,
in his poem which so nobly glorifies them.
For even Utose for whom my lyre I tuu'd
The chalice drugg'd ts nauseate the draught,
lustead of the rt-puse ( t which I a ghixL . . .
Instead f lanreU is adorn my brow.
With malice ytt uoparrallel'd they sought
lit j sad and wretched lot to aggravate.' (U)
But this is not the place to dwell on the trials
and sorrows of the life of Camoens. Not all of
his career was worried by the dogs of obloquy.
No, indeed. He had his days of sweetness und
triumph equal to all tho hope of a poet. His
watch and prayers for his dear saint in the church
were not all in vain. For a time he could only
find voice for his passion in verse in the 6ecrecy of
his chamber, which he feared to send to her for
whom it was written. But utterance he must
have, and of tho thoughts of those days of secret
brooding tenderness, we have many sweet frag
ments ; and this is something of the expression ol
his sweet dawn of love. , . ,
I have only seen her from afar :
Out near enough to read her face.
And note her dainty form's sweet grace
And worship ber as my soul's star.
I know not yet her voice's lone ;
It mingled with a quiring strain ; (15)
But aa she breathed the hymit'd retrain
Her moving lips wire melody alone.
, I ne'er have hekl her hand in mine ; . ..
- : Hat her dainty Coders' play ''''"'
i Usvt lo my heart a tove lit ray i '
Which no touch could more define.
I have only seen her thus enshrined ;
, . St;tndiu up in a sacred place,
Where 1 may worship her sweet face ;
Aud Heaven with her is all combin'd.
And uliall my eyes thus lead my soul?
Oh ! there is more than 1 can sec
In this sweet vision's witchery,
And makes mc lose my heart's control.
And afterwards in one of the poet's many
sweet sonnets, which only came to light in far
away years, when his own tender heart nnd tho
fond ono for which he sang were both cold, be
celebrates in the tenderest verse his first revelation
of love in tho Temple of God (1G) :
44 Sweetly was heard the anthem's choral strain,
. And myriads bowed before the sainted shrine,-
In solemn reverence to their S3ire Divine,
W ho gave the lamb tor guilty mortals slain ;
When in the midst of God's eternal Une,
(Ah little weening of his fell design
Love bore the heart which since liuth ne'er been mine)
To oue w ho seemed of lieaven's elected train
For sanctity of place or time were vain, ?
'Gainst that blind archer's soul consuming pow'r,
hich scorns and soxrs all circumstances above.
Oh, Lady ! since I've worn thy gentle chain ,
- How oft have 1 deplor d each wasted hour
W hen I was free, and had not lenrn'd to love !" (17)
But Cnmocns did not babble of Lis love. For
lo tg-long time, what wo now gaze upon, and
w hat touches the hearts of all tender souls, who
weep o'er Camocns and Caterina, was kept a pro
found secret, even in happy and successful days
ol love, Iroui tho gossips ol Lisbon. Ho did
publish some sonnets addressed to the mymph
..niorcia, in one oi wiucn ne says:
44 Within my bosom's cell I bear
A recent wound a valued woej
It lurks unseen and buried their.
No guxing eyes my secret know."
But no one at that time suspected that this
name oNatercia was an anagram for Caterina
This chaste reticence of a delicate love is recorded
in very sweet anU noble words by the poet, which
arc thus happily rendered by Lord Strangford in
'A n.iuha dor c a nome," Ac.
44 Why should 1 indiscreetly tell
The name my heart has kept so well?
W hy to the seuseless crowd proclaim
For whom ascends my bosom flame "
Alas, there are bat very few
Who fin-1 as I for ever do
And hear, with shrinking sense of pain,
Holy words from lips profane ! (IS)
For she it holy in my sight '
As are the seraph forms of light i
And that Lless'd name denotes what e'er
Of good there be or chaste or fair.
Of her, i i time of heaviest woe,
1 think, and tears forget to flaw ;
Of her, iu passion's fervid dreams,
- And rapture's self the sweeter seems.
And shall the name whose magic pow'r
Throws light on every passing hour,
- 1 shall it, a word of usage grown,
By every heartkss fool be known? ,.
No let it. fclnin'd within my breast
A little saint, for ever rest.
With pious ardours worshiped there,
Vet never mentioned, but ir. prayer jf
TIIK FIRST JsEETlNG.
It'it tho dir-tant vision draws nearer and be
twiiitu dearer, as closer seen. An official friend
introduces the adventurer at Court, and within
its awful and charmed circle he meets the wor
ship'd young saint of the church. Ile speaks to
her, he touches her hand, he looks with timid
planee and beui t into her sweet eyes, and though
the reserve of maid 'it dolicacy reveals nothing
thtii to warrant any hope; yet the kindness and
conrtcy of his reception by a true lady, are
enough for his fond aspiring and resolute heart to
build some hope upon, and ho returns to the se
crecy of his chamber to give vent to unbounded
rapture and to devotional thanksgiving unto
C To he confirmed.)
H 44 A tone of morality and devotion pervades the Lusiad "
DA short while tx-f re his death, the Poet writing to Don
Franet ca d' Amx ida, mjl: .
' V ran todos que fay tan aficionado a mi patria, que no
solo Ix.lvi para morir en ella, mas para morir con ella." All
thall ee how I loved my country. I have returned not merely
to Ok- oil her soil, but lo die with ber. . Sous.
II Mit-rave's tr?nlalion of the Lusiad Canto VI .
15 Singing the Ave Maria.
IS O culto dii:i i ce slebrava
No templo tk:idfr " Arc. bonnet t I. Camoens.
17 Stiangford's translation.
19 It is said of Camocns by Aousa and others, that even
whi st he led an adventurous life, and when be was a soldier
and s a!lor, he ha l an especial horror ot any blasphemous
or i.npnre languaj'4.
Highest Price given for Hides and
.s APPLY TO
S. MAC MX.
A M. PRIM K CORK. ItF.F.F OF II. BEK-
A TI.K.MAVS Pa-king.
For Sale by
BOLLES & CO.
DCltlXO MV ARSENCE FROM THE
Kingdom. .Mr. J. W . CROA ELL, will have charge of
the Sale Departm-r.t oi Photographs, where people wishing
tor any views can le furnished at the prices of
$2 OO per Dozen fi.r Card ?ize,
:t 00 per Dojvii Ar Sfroox-rj,ie Size,
4 5J pT Dozen i'-r ""al.int-t tile,
a 00 per I' n f it 7 x 5 Sise. . .
Reprint made from n-tralives formerly taken of houses or
- , , . views at the abov rates.
' H. L.' CHASE,
956 If 61 and 66 Fort Streets, Honolulu.
STEAMERS, D. C. HURRAY AND SYREN
"W li o 1 e s a 1 e
CASTLE A'HD ' O B S
IIOWNKR'S AMI DliVOE'S KKKOSKXE IU 1 .
IU AM' tf.l'AHD FHILTIOX MATCH K.
AMOSKEAG AND PEARL RIVER DENIMS!
IIIKKKLS EXTRA Ul'tLITV Dtlltl SALT, M A M 0 1,1!. II A UK,
ox nous, i i :-4 am a irn, vakmiiki.
GOLDEN GATE. SUPERFINE AND OREGON EXTRA FLOUR !
Coliiirlm Ilivor i"tiliiioii in Uarrols, ICJTI fA. !
4 4 Fine White China Matting, tr.-nh arrival. KnclMi I'.roaVfaft and J:xptn T.aa, J, 3 A 5 lb. kg.
Oat, Corn and Wheat Meal. Crackfd Whoat and live Flour. Cni-hed SiiRar,
Frth Canned Fruit front California.
Hubbuck's llest Tale Boiled LJnsefd Oil. also. Kaw. ll.ibbuckV White Load and .inc. Putty,
A good assortment ot 1'aint.s in Oil. 1 and 2 lb. c.tnii.
ALSO, A CKNKUAI. ASSORTMENT OF
SHELF HARDWARE, DRY GOODS, GROCERIES I I
in and Wooden War Talis. F-ielo N'o. 2 and
;pades. Shovels, Etc. Ktc. Etc.
Z3T Tho above Goods will bo
ID I la jla I BJ r&
A FINE STOGsC
AND OTHER DESIRABLE GOODS,
ON THE MOST REASONABLE TERMS!
PLEASE fAll Al IJSPECT OLH
LUMBER, JUMBER !
LE17ERS AND DICKSON
AT THEIR OLD STAND
Fort, King and Merchant Sts.
HAVE ON HAM) AM) FOR SALE.
3NTpEt '. "E5
. Boards, Flanks and Eattens.
Nor West Tongued and Grooved Boards,
Nor' West Surfaced Planed Boards.
3Ft DE3 33 W O O X
: Rough and Planed Boards.
Redwood Battens and Clapboards,
Redwood Tongued and Grooved Boards,
DOORS, WINDOWS AI) IJLLMJS !
Nails, Locks, Butts and Screws, ?
OIL, WHITE LEAD, ZINC PAINT,
Turpentine, Chrome Green,
Paris Green, Chrome Yellow,
Eed Lead, Black Paint. Varnishes,
Burnt and Baw Umber, .
Venitlan Red, Yellow Ochre, &c, &c.
FOR PLANTATION CSK.
VHITE ASH BOARDS & PLANKS.
FOB WHEELWRIGHT AND PLANTATION LSE
WHITE EASTERN PINE
BOARDS AND PLANKS, f
WALL PAPER !
ALl.OTIIEH filillDIM MATERIALS !
LEWERS & DICKSON.
CALIFORNIA OAT-HAY !
RECEIVED PER D. C. MURRAY. AND
a Superior Quality. For Kale ttj
Ju20 BOLLFS h CO.
Tea, Coffee ind Sugar.
noLLi a U Co.
A I. i:KKAL iSS0CT3IE.T OF
Present d Meats, Fruits, Vegetables.
OR S.4L.E BV
BOLLIX A CO.
CANNED GOODS, .
FROM CUTTING A CO.'rj CF.LKBRATKD FACTORY,
C1ASKS MOCK TITRTL.K Hlil'P, CASKS
J ROAT Bf, Cl Boilrd B-f, Cast's Roust Mutton"
Cssr. Boiled Mutt .n, Ca-cs Roast Veal, Cases Turkey, Cass
Chicken, Cass !ouS, c. Ac.
rorsaleby BQLLKa A CO.
ii 1 1 i:s, s ii i xs.t t a i7m7u
THE UNDERSIGNED CONTINUK
to nar the hiurhept msrlttl
' ' ...... J
AA. Hides, Goat i-kicii and Goat Tallow.
C. BRKWER A CO.
BJESUcT 'ESS I
an cl H e tt 11 !
SO. and .Uel l'lowa. Ilow. lUkoa.
Ktc. I.ic. l.tc. I.te. I.tc.
Sold on most Liboral Terms.
EE "la&T EE-:(S GO
STOfK, AT AOS. Do k (17 KIM ST.
G. OOEIVEH & GO.
OFFER FOR SALE THE FOLLOWING
WELL SELECTED CARGO f
Full Til K
FAT.J, . W 122 A K O TV
II V TIIK- '
American Clipper Ship Syren
Sales to Arrive vill be ms de
AMOSK KAO DKMMN, A M K II I f A N
I'll I NIC, nt'.rit sljrlrs.
i'rsrl Kivcr beniint. lUoohssttr I't-iiiuis, Illu !rlll.
Pure Ciller Vlnrgsr, - Qr. Mt Cl-r Pork,
Pepr hsuc, Kirgfirr t'.cs-n Clstrli,
, llsgs UlscW Pi rr. Kill. N 1 Mac krrl,
Towsta Hetchap, ' Ysr.'-.oatli Corn,
UK.M'INK PARK Kit II O I! N U NO I' 14 I
. 'OretftTe, Kslt WUr8Ap. ' ':
f Isson's Family Hoap, 60 lb. Ins.
-i PROVISIONS AND NAVAL STORES. '
Itarrels Men Pork,
Casks Hm BrrtfnrJ p4 Itrts.l,
Ilarrt ls Southern Pilcli,
liarn-l ttoutlirro Pitch,
Harri'ls No. 1 KoslB.
248 Tons tttram Coal,
Casks C'.'mtwrlaml C oal.
ship- JiiAiii,iai v.
Two S0-fWt Or.tre B ard M hale Boats,
Mew R.-.lfurd Oil Wi'Miks,
New Leironl Conlar", I to 6 lin h,
New Bedford tt iial Line,
Copper Paint, I f (al. containers,
. , Havens I'uck,
i , i Lawrence Cotton Dark, No. 3 lo . ' i
A Choice Lot of Ask Oars, 10 to 22 Feet t
Charcoal Irons, lly Cutters, Nos. I, 2, S,
Hunt's Axe llalcl.elf, Wnr,
215 KfRs Cat Nails. A Id. Mae Ns Nlsea
.:.;' ' " Citrifu(ttl Llsiiiijr, ' - .
' ' ' Part Keflnrd American Iron, assorted Iism;
PsreJIih Iron, Norwsjr Miapes.
3-Iloop Pails, 2 liefriserators,
Wood tt Chairs, Q -ics. An Handles,
Zibc Wash Boan1, )0l hirru hritoms
Vermont Os Bows, li, S Inch.
100 CASES CARD MATCHES!
A Selected Assortment of Ash Plank.
. . White Pine, 1, ll.lt, 3 Inches,
Ula. k Waii, at, I, 2. 3 Imbes, " '
Cedar 2oat Boards, .
tt hits Oak Plaik.
Yellow Metal, Composition Nail !
leather pelUrie, I'aiH-r Bsgs, Children's T'eruo.lilators
2 American Fide hp. inn Carryalls,
Curled Hair, Rubber Parkinir,
Lamp Black, 1st Qualiljr Babbitt kletal.
' ' I '.,-
Eastern Pine Keg and Bbl. Shooks !
FIVR HUNDRED CARES
Ex Bark Mattie Macleay,' from Portland.
Oregon Bran, Timothy Hay,
For Rale by
II. II ACKFP.LD A CO.
i CALIFORNIA OAT HAY !
A ' M A L.L. I.IIT. oil litv si . m .
t Keeeived per 44 Murr,V "
' " BOLLES A CO.