Newspaper Page Text
FRtDAT. SEPTEMBER Z, l7i.
AktiVsLs tf.ta kxcifu pr.ru since Ui.t rtpr-tt hate l-n
Ang SSth. Amfjiaa hark CaiJ.-o, n.-oi Pes-1 fouo-J; Ainr
t.an ship l.aiy Elcssington, fnta Pja Trar.risco, to F. Pratt,
,ea route f ,r th, fxuvl uUa.!.; Sr,.i. C7, Am tinn brig
J. U. Fot J, fcu IlomboUt.
Trie J.-partures bars been..,;;, ih. II. B. M. tj. RrV
lor Vlrv,. V. I ; K. c. Ileal, f.T CaWs Island u, lal-
ivt, ,P,. lit, l). C. Slurry, I., in friTo j,h ,o,.,
'"Wu,v v":f- al I-vV2; Larfy rv: -t ,n, f r PaW. I ,1
s j, io ba:: ut,
Th Cm e! f,r rUn Tram .. ll.c Ceylon, by C
,lrtw',t Co.,th Utter parf f th-week, t0 I,- 1-,1'owed
PORT OrHOMULU( H.
:'-f hr K Moi, RoyaoLIn. from Kahului, Maui
f"h I-nks, Kaai, from MUvoa. Kauai.
ai rhf MiMnrrls, I.Ima. frn Kaanikakai, Mr t.tai
srhr Kinao, Ahmhala, from Muliko. Maui.
1 Mrhr Juanna. DiuJoit. rrom LahaJna. t--ui
J-Mrhr rh-okaf.i. Clark, from liana, Wani
Z icbr WarwWk, JtAn Bull, fm Kalanpapa, Mol- Lai.
Schr Acl.r. Puaahiwa, Imm Kawaiha, Hawaii.
J P. hr liatii', N.kn, from Vaimn ami Ko!-a, Kauai
: Am Lr. J B Tor i, Jenk, 10 .lar ff..ni HumU I.il
2- S, hr Pauahi, Tlopo.for llilo, Hawaii.
2S II II M 8 KopuUe, It;ar Admiral A I. P Corhranr,
t-r V ictoria.
:'." Fchr Fairy Uueen, Kaaina, for Ilanal. i, Kauai
fj Hchr Mary Ellrn, Mana, for Kohala, llawaii.
Am lk Emma C Bal, Bailey, f,r Baker's lilami
31 Hchr K MrA, KfyooMn, f.,r Kahalui, Maui,
"ft. 1 Am lk I) C Murray, rull-r, Han FrancU. o.
I Am ahip Laily Iileingion, Broarn, for Baker's l.
1 fchr Jenny, I'ilama, tor Kona asd Kao, llawaii.
w'e MorrU, Lima, for Kaanakakai, Molokai.
'hr Jaxnita, Dudoit. fr Ihalna, Maui.
Kinau, Ahuihala, Itr Maliko, Maui.
:; II BMI Pet'il, Cookon, for llilo, Haw.vi.
3 Schr Juanita, Du.lvii, for Jjibnina, JIaui.
l " Mij.oki Sthr Warwii t, taiU to-lay,
Fob IfiN hr Puw.kahi, ail at & r m.
For Koi.o ad Wiint Hchr Hattir, sails tlii r m.
Fow '.Vnuyip Pot Simr KiUuea, nail on Mon.lay
VESSELS IX I'OKT.
I' a fiaj ship Pcnaarola, Hear Atlmiral J J A!my.
Am at hr C M Warl, repairing.
Am (hip Envral.l, Bairoion.
Am bk Ceylon, ooU.
Brit hip Rarerutondale, Win Jat k, repairiiis
Am b Cam'len, Robinson, lisrbargirtg.
Am brij J B FoM, Jenks, discharging.
rrenrh rnrrette Intrnet If ft Auckland May lOlh, to rrue
en rotii'. IVm at Tahiti Ang. 9th. -
naw bk R C Wjlie, from l.ondon, to IlarkH.I &. Cn. s.ile.l
June 2' I ft. f
German bk Cedar, from Bremen, to Ilai kM.I A Co. .iil'-d'
Am ship Syren, ba Boston, to Brewer A: Co, iaile.1 Juue 2i.l.
Brit bk Aglai, fm Liverpool, to T II Iavies, nailed June 15.
Brit tmr CyplirfTx-s, fin San FranciHCo, due Kept 2il.
Brit stmr City of Melbourne, fm Hydney, due g-pt 18th.
Am hp Oatlierer, Im Philatlc-lphia, with coalu to If 8 Gov
ernment, sailed June 2th.
Tabiiian bfe Ionia, fm Tahiii, to O C Mi Lean, d ie sliorlly.
Brit bk Jaiawar, from Pan Francisco en route for ilie guano
blands. das about the 10th.
KErT of Bain J B Ford.G W Jcsks, Master Fail
ed from Humboldt Bay Aug 17th at 2 p in; first two days had
strocf N W winds, since then have had light NE wind and
One weather.. ihted Maui Sej.t 2J at 11 a tu, and arrived in
Honolulu next morning.
Fbom Port Caksi.c Per Cnmden, Au USth: S07.2JO ft
rough lumber, 3'KrS ft dressed Co. Si M hin"les to II llack
leld & Co.
FOM ntMBOLDT Bav Per J B Ford, Uept Cd; 1S0.92I ft
Rff lumber, 100,000 shingles to Wilder A Co.
For BtkER'd Island
Per Crcma t; Ikal, Aug SOitu
7 Manila Rope, coils..... 2
t.lorU, hbU 3
Fob E.tDCRBt-av I-i.a
SD Per Lady Blewsington, Sept. 1st:
. Value Foreign..
fS9.2!); Trans ."."$75
Tor Sax Francisco
Per D C Murray, Sept 1st.
100 Rice, bags 20u
3 Remains, ese 1
RO Sugar, bags CMS
162 Sewing Machine, bx.... 1
$33,529.53; Foreign $075
CUMhir g, pkg
Value Domestic. ..
For Windward Ports Per Kilauea, Aug. COth Binhop
Willis, Mr and Miss Widemann, Dr J Mott Smith and daughter,
Mrs and Miss MaJtce, Major Dickson, F A Echaefor, W II Pec
bles, Re J F Pogue, R V II ua hand a and wife, J II Copenha
gen, II C Roberts, P W Dawson, Mrs Jaeger and child, Wm
Wilson, J II Sieiors, MiM Lipoa, ami about 85 deck.
For Sam Fbancihco Per D C Murray, gept 1st John D
Brewer, wifi-, 3 chiklren and servant, Mrs Necdham and 4
children, L Zablin, Mm Merrill, Mrs Cherardi, 2 children and
sTTant, Miss Moaely, Mrs Brown and servant, R M Fuller,
Mrs Dudley, Miu Fanny Andrews, Miss I. Andrews, Mis
P.iwell, Mifts Anni- Willfong. Mw Corlett and 5 children, Col
Um Norrls, Miss Melvin, Willis Vaughn.
A Coffin Show.
The London public haa been treateJ to some
novelties in the way cf exhibitions, like the cat
showf and Jog sbowa at the Crystal Palace, but it
Lal a " new sensation " on the loth of June in the
exhibition of "perishable. coffins" rnade on the princi
ple aJtocated by Mr. Seymour IfaJen. The show
was bolJ in the garden of Stafford House, and at
tractel much attention. The coffin 9 were simply
wicker baskets, of the ordinary coffin shape and of
Tarious sizes. T70 of thorn had their meshes filled
with moss, but the rest were left with the meshes
open, like those of an ordinary waste-paper basket.
Two or three were double, with a space 2 in- or 3 in.
in width between the inner and the outer basket;
and this space is intended to be filled with charcoal,
for cases in which any precaution against infection
and decomposition may be required. Mr. Seymour
IlaJen wsji himself present, and was eagerly ques
tioned about many details of his plan, but the
following handbiU, which was gWen to each visitor
on entrance, contains all the necessary expla
It is necessary, perhaps, to explain that the
models shown are merely suggestive, and that the
majority of them Jo not as yet fulfil all the condi
tion essential to their practical use. 1. The mesh
in most of them should be larger than it is, and as
open as is consistent with strength and the perfect
retention of their content, which contents, again,
ahoulJ consist of the larger ferns, mosses, lichens,
herbs; fragrant shrubs, and any of the conifene,
willows, or evergreens, which are always to be bad.
2. The osiers composing the baskets should le light
(two thin ones being better than one thick one),
and no more solid wood should enter into their con
struction than is necess'jry to preserve their form.
3. They should be of white or stained willow, with
out varnish or other preservative covering. 4. Ac
companying each of them should be a narrow leaden
banJ or ribbon, pierced with name and date of
death, to be pass el round me ciiesi anu tower nmos,
ihrAHTh the sides, and over the top of the
basket: (i) for retaining the body in its position;
) for the subseciuen laenuncauuu ci wuh,
jjj- sealing ine cuuu, u jwhuik '
... y...a nr.t been disturbed. 5. In
special cases linings of some imperishable material
t V . ...aislt frnnl thfi bottom Will be
Wr KW lumn ' ... .
necessary; and, in otber cases, such modifications
of the ordinary form as may insure a complete in
clusion of the body in wool, charcoal, cr other dis
infectant. C. Other materials which are light,
Strong, perishable, inexpensive, adapted for carriage,
and favorable to the dissolution of the body, may Jo
as well and possibly better than these wicker baskets.
Readiness of carriage, and the insurance of resolu
tion being the main objects aimed at, several such
materials Jo, in fact, suggest themselves, and may
afterwards come to be employed."
The Ohio Universalis State Convention at
Columbus resolved, unanimously, that" Whereas,
the strength and glory of America is in her free
schools which the Jioman Catholic Church is now
seeking to Jeatroy, therefore, it is the -duty of
everv religious denomination wjuch is loyal to the
national form of government to unite in the sup
port of our free school system, on the ground that
their uupport is an absolute neceity to the con
tinuance of our free government, its institutions,
.indict Interests of religion and humanity.
Wives instead of going to Indiana to get di
vorced, Bhould induce their husbands to tuove lo
iiHrrniV There the Legislature has decreed that
hey ct'a iS their husbands-and be sued ;
1 hit ia the event of deriion by the r liege lords
hey hare the custody of their ch.Mreti and the
right to macage their husband 3 affairs The
wile's earnings are sacred. Neither husband nor
rreditors can claim them. There is no hindrance
to acquiring, possessing or selling real and per
sonal property on the wife' more than on the f.uV
2 I ?Ur I'len Mana. Kchii, Hwi.
Amtk Canvlin, Roliinitnn, 2 tlay ttn Vuzn S,u
- rn n;P l.vlr Illsainrlln Brown 1". rl-.r.
Commercial gibber tiscr.
sa ti hd y. sr:'Tt:Mitt:i: 4.
VwiATtvrn m:ij f c in t'.c wind, the mr-Jiccd
ir..fcfsi,,ri nrr-rare t , he attracting attention just
now ; wc have no lo.s tlan three com muni rat ion s
to-Jay Lcaring uron j.hyfic an I j hjn'mr.F. The
letter ei-ned " Hawaii," submit a eoun-J prepo
sition, it strikr-s us t) the efibct that no one
1011M rx condemned unheard.
U'ltri a amount T snsrujry that i-i tri.lv
remarkably tbo Gazou Las come to the cnclu
cicn that it i? in the power of the Aovfrtisfr to
drive away the learners of thf Parifi.? Mail Com
pany ; and moreover, that we are trying to do it I
Heally we were not aware of -.ur strength ; and
wc hasten to pay that we hav? no objection
whatever to the steamers coming here X What
we Jo combat, however, h the impracticable
il. a put forth by the (iaziie tlmt this liovern
ment is in a position to grant a money FubsMy
that can be an object to any foreign ntcani line.
The solicitude expressed by our contemporary lest
the planters ehould lose a chance of getting cheap
labor, Eonn.ls oddly enough to those who re
member hiH bitter warfare a few years ago against
all connected with that kind of labor.
I'nler the heading " Our Commerce with Sun
Francisco," the Uazftu undertakes to make "a
careful estimate " of the commerce between
Honolulu and that port, but succeeds in making
some reckless misstatements. It coolly puts
down our entire duincEtic product of sugar, rice,
wool, pulu, hiJcs, tallow, etc., as having been
all exported to San Francisco. So far is this
from the fact, that a brief inspection of the
annual statistics published by us last March, will
bhow that we sent to foreign ports, other than
San Francisco during the year 18748,373,371
pounds ougar ; 400,000 pounds of rice ; 8,000
pounds of coffee ; 200,000 pounds ol wool ; 130,
000 pounds of pulu ; 109,000 pounds of tallow ;
10,000 hides ; and 22,000 gallons of molasses.
While it is true that California takes the bulk of
our products, yet in giving figures it is well to
pay some slight attention to getting them correct.
We fail to apprehenJ any good that can result
from the style of inflation " adopted by the
Petitioning run had would perhaps lie a fit
ting caption to what followp. Ou Thursday
morning at 2 o'clock, Major Dojd, His Majesty's
Chamberlaip, deceased, and nt 0 o'clock some
persons were busily circulating a petition to the
King to appoint a gentleman whose name wc do
not give, because he may have had nothing to do
with originating the movement. To our appre
hension, thii w the very height and perfection of
impudenco. t could certainly be of no moment
to the petitioners whom His Majesty may select
for tills position ; it is purely a personal matter
with the King. The Chamberlain does the King's
private business ; oversees the household ; and
should be a discreet person, versed in the usages
of society, agreeable in bis manners, and is
always understood to be a personal friend of the
King. lie should be one who will abstain from
UBing or Keeking to use any influence in the trans
action of public business. It is a most honorable
office ; of n nature most confidential ; and wc
should as soon think of getting up a petition to
the King to appoint Mr. So-and-so his private
secretary. And perhaps the next thing will be a
public petition to appoint a coachman or pur
veyor nor would it be too much to expect that
a petition may be circulateiUhatllis Majesty will
be pleased to direct his domestic affairs in some
way agreeable to petitioners.
The newly acquired Lritish colony of Fiji,
under the administration of Sir Arthur (JorJon,
is likely soon to make rapid progress in agricul
ture, and more particularly in the production of
sugar. The soil of those tropical islands is ex
tremely well adapted for the growth of cane, and
there is, scattered through the group (of two
hundred and more islands and islets) an abund
ance of rich land, generally well-watered. The
numerous coral reefs that encircle them and
intersect the channels in every direction, render
inter-island navigation smooth and pleasant ;
harbors arc plentiful, and there arc no surf
bound shores to forbid the lading or unlading of
produce and merchandise. In respect to natural
advantages and resources, they arc far ahead of
the Hawaiian Islands. The proximity of the
new colony to New Zealand and Australia, im
portant sugar markets, to which it occupies
much the same relative position in the South
Pacific that llawaii does to California nnd Oregon
in the North must have the effect to immensely
stimulate agricultural enterprises. There will be
no lack of funds or adventurers to start the new
colony. The only obstacle to Fijian progress
now apparent is the want of good labor ; and this
difficulty Governor Sir Arthur Gordon ia confident
he can remove. His residence and experience at
Mauritius leads him to speak confidently of a
scheme for introducing into Fiji any number of
coolies from India as laborers on the plantations.
When emigrating, they will engage for ten years,
five with the planter who pays their passage and
the remaining five with any one with whom they
choose to contract. It is believed that the
planters will find this labor much more profitable
than that of the South Sea Islanders on which
they at present rely. In view of these indica
tions that Fiji is soon to become a large sugar
producing colony, the Auckland papers are rec
ommending the establishment of a refinery,
whereby that city will become not only the centre
of the sugar trade, but obtain a corresponding
advantage in other valuable trade which the
importation of sugar would carry with it.
Thus it will appear that Fiji, though starting
late in the race, bids fair to soon overtake and
eventually outstrip Hawaii as a sugar producer.
She has a large extent of cane lands, an abund
ance of Uritish capital at hand awaiting an
opportunity for investment, and 6hc is promised
an abundant supply of reliable labor. In these
imi-ortant particulars, and especially in the
matter of labor supply, Fiji will have much the
advantage cf Hawaii. Our area of land suitable
for cane culture i? much more limited than has
been represented; capital from abroad has not
as yet manifested a tendency to invest here
(although it unquestionably will come as eoon as
attracted by the causes which gutrn its move
ments everywhere); and the general complaint
among our planters is the scarcity of labor. But
on the other band, it may be considered that our
prospective reciprocity with the United States
will in some degree compensate for the disparity
between our advantages and thoc of Fiji . There
is at present nothing like free trade between the
colonic?, but the products of each are taxed in
the porta of the other precisely as if coming from
a foreign nation. Thus the sugars of Fiji will be
liable to duty in Auckland or Sydney, just as
arc now the sugars of llawaii, or any other
country. And in the matter of labor, it may
safely be predicated that 'with a free market for
our products, our planters will be able to pay
better rates of wages than they can possibly pay
now, whereby not only the natives might find
inducernt to engage more readily in plantation
work and Jn hrer numbers, but Ibe enterprise
j mijht l.c rrotitably undertaken cf impvr'.in !
j lahor frora abroad, which may not nwwarily :
j always I? fria China. The libr market cf the !
Ilat Indies id not open to t; for the rr-ison that
! it is unJiTstooJ the Hritieh Uovernnicnt will rot
j sanction emigration to ether than Uritieu pct--
iona. The brin-ir-: r.itbr of Chinese labor fof
the riht si'Tt) in any aj preeialde quantities, can
only be facilitated by the diversencc hither of ;
wot of the boats of the Pacific Mail Company,
now rnrning to China ; and thi9 is an arrange
ment which we have all along considered as
among th probabiliti-a of the future.
DEATH OF MAJOR E. H. BOYD
1 bough ri"t unexpected, the ann--nrtferuent wf
the Jeoenae of this gentleman on Thursday morn
ing htrt, was received with universal regret
throughout the community. One of the fore
rnwt among his race for intelligence and business
capacity, lie wa thoughtful a"nd painstaking in
whatever he undertook, generous and amiable in
disposition, a kind husband and father, a good
j citizen an.l a loyal Hawaiian. He was the oldest
son 01 the late Kobm JJoyd, who, under Knme
hamclia III. iu 134-4i held the j-otsition of
.Sheriff of Oahu ; his mother was a half-ca.Me, a
daughter of Wm. Harbottle, one of the early
foreign residents of Honolulu. He was born at
Palama, Oct. 8, 1334, and was consequently
near the completion of hia 41st year at the time
of hia death. Major Cojd sat in the Legislative
Assembly during two terms as a Representative
for Honolulu, proving himself a ready debater
and a useful member. On the accession of His
present Majesty, he waa appointed a Privy Coun
cillor; on the 11th of March, of the same year,
u member of the Hoard of Immigration ; on the
2Sth of May, he was decorated aa Knight Com
panion of the Order of Kamehameha I ; and on
the 2d of November be was appointed to the
responsible office of Chamberlain to the Royal
Household. He held the rank of Major on the
staff of Governor Dominis. He leaves a widow
and several children to mourn bis loss ; but by
bis prudence and forethought he had acquired a
respectable property. We understand his life
was insured for $5000, gold, in the Northwestern
Mutual, of Milwaukee, Wis., of which company
Wm. G. Irwin & Co., are the agents here also
for $5000 in the " Manhattan " of New York, of
which J. H. Paty, Esq., is agent. The funeral in
set for Sunday, the 12th instant, from the late
residence of the deceased inPauoa Valley.
THE RECIPROCITY CENTRIFUGAL.
In our last issue we noticed the importation or
a new style centrifugal machine by Colonel Z. S.
Sialding, and promised to give our readers tlie
benefit of our opinion when we ehould have seen
the machine under motion. We yesterday paid
a visit to the establishment of Mr. J. A. Hopper,
on Fort street, where Colonel Spalding has had
the new centrifugal set up and attached to the
shaft which serves to drive the several machines
in Mr. Hopper's Brass and Iron Works. This
shaft is run by a light belt, not over two inches
wide in places, which connects with the main
power in the keg establishment makai, and is not
intended for heavy work. But we found the
reciprocity centrifugal (as it is called) running
at as high rate of speed as the size of the driving
pulley would permit, and without interfering
with the power required by Mr. Hopper for the
regular work of his lathes, planers, &c. This
was conclusive to us that the centrifugal required
much less power to run it than is necessary in
the ordinary style of sugar drying machines, and
would thus be a saving in the item of steam,
which every planter will appreciate.
Without being conversant with the technical
terms used by machinists, we may describe the
machine under notice, as follows : A nearly
square, substantial iron frame, which goes to
gether with screw-bolts and may be placed upon
even an ordinary solid floor, serves to hold in
position not only the centrifugal machine itself
but also the gearing by means of which it is
worked, a great advantage in setting up tho
machine in a sugar house, as the power may be
applied from any direction, and no heavy beams
or uprights arc required. The " tub" is of
wrought and cast iron, and ia suspended by
means of three strong arms, entirely out of tho
way of the person tending tho machine, and ia
held in position by four rubber bands which
admit of a certain amount of lateral motion in
starting the machine and before it acquires its
lull specu ana equiiiority. as me " oasKet is
set or Btepped in the tub, as well as suspended
from the top by means of a Bpindle, these rubber
bands serve to steady the machine in starting
the work of two men in using the suspended cen
trifugal manufactured by Weston. In fact, the
centrifugal exhibited by Colonel Spalding com
prises the principles of both styles of machine
heretofore used in this country, without violating
the laws governing either, and seems to be the
perfection of mechanical ingenuity.
The 44 gearing" to which wc referred, consists
of a horizontal shaft, also held in position by the
iron frame, upon one end of which ia placed the
driving pulley, where the power is applied. This
shaft also carries the driving-wheel, from which a
three inch belt runs to the top of the spindle,
changing direction by mcanB of a lightening pul
lev. and furnishing the motion required. This
driving-wheel ia so arranged that by means of a
patent clutch it can be made to run with the
shaft or remain stationary while the shaft con
tinues to revolve, and ia under the control of the
man tending the machine, who has only to move
an iron lever, within easy reach, to apply or shut
off the power to any one machine without inter
fering with any of the others that may be at
tached to the same shaft. Then a 44 brake "
upon the upper part of the spindle, serves to stop
the revolving basket almost instantly.
The basket has four openings in the bottom,
through which the dry sugar is discharged, and
the molasses runs off through a pipe as in ordi
nary machines. It can be cleaned by means of
water or steam, introduced through an opening
on one side, by simply turning a cock. From its
arrangement it is impossible to burst it, and there
is no more danger attending its running than
from a sewing machine.
With proper facilities for charging and dis
charging, and working good, free vacuum pan
melado, the reciprocity centrifugal is capable of
drying one thousand pounds of sugar in an hour,
and one man can attend to two machines without
the least trouble or loss of time. Altogether we
regard this invention as one of great value in a
country like ours, where the scarcity of labor is
the grat drawback to our national industry ;
and we but give expression to the favorable judg
ment passed upon it by all our practical engineers
when wc advise our planter friends to see it for
The Americans are celebratel all over the world
for the admirable system with which they do their
work, whereby they save both time and money. A
gentleman in Lancaster, who is said to have built a
two-story brick house there in nineteen hours, in
tends to build a similar house, 21 by 40 feet, on the
Centennial grounds next eumroer, and to do the
work in eight hours. The cornice is to be of gal
vanized iron, and the contractor lor that part of the
work is to be allowed half an hour in which to put it
up, although he thinks he can do it in half the time.
The exhibition, if given, will no doubt prove of in
terpst f Ten to Americans
Ir 13 tiRELNTLV repvrtcd that an Embassy will
!c sent hy this C.oTcrcacnt to Washington", Jur-
inS tit- am'tot. of Con-re that meets in De-
ct-xubcr uext. businew corncctcJ with the
........ ... ... t.
final legislation required to carry into effect the
reciprocity treaty. Should this W 57. wc l-og 10
suggest that a revifcion of ur postal treaty witis
the United Str.tes be made a part t. f the duty of
such Kmbastty. The following, from, the Fnottt
for the current month, is pertinent : ;
Hawaiias a so Uxittp Siatt. Postal Telaiy. j
Ia these day, when postal treaties are being re- j
aJjatel and settled, we do hope the proper officials 1
will remedy oae evil connected with oor present
postal law. It refers to newspapers, requiring a
prepayoieat of two cents cn tapers sent to the j
United States, ark! four cents to Europe. This law '
is mot inconvenient and abnrd. Suppcfe a person
in the United States would s-d a newspaper hither,
he Is not require! to hunt up a two cert Hawaiian J
postage et.mp; now why should the good people c f
the Hawaiian Islands I required to prepiy net only :
two cen: H:ifraiin, but co rtuti Amtrican f Thi
matter r uirts looking into. Ought not the letter
prst age u in. re-luce 1 to c-ine into harmony with all
citiiized nation ? lVstage liws and treaties will
never arrive at their proper basis until the simple
principle ia adopted, that each nation pays and col
lects its own postage, and then a letter be allowed to
eo the enJs of the earth an I over the whole world. ;
This is the only fair and correct principle; then a let-
ter or paper with Hawaiian postage goes to any part
of the world, so a letter or paper, starting in Russia,
France or China, and there the postage being paid,
it may hate a free transit all over the earth or may
circumnavigate the globe, without 44 let tr hin
drance." We hope our island newspapers will dis
cuss fliiu subject until the etil is remedied.
Col. Steinberger's Coup d'Etat.
The Rochester Democrat and Chronicle, an ably
conducted and influential journal of New York,
State, after a very correct description of the Navi- j
gator isianus, tneir extent, uietr resources, jcc,
thus speaks of Col. Steinberger :
44 It isapparant that the lines of Col. Steioberger's
life have fallen in pleasant places. From all we can
learn, he is worthy of the goo4 fortune which has
visted him, as a result of his sagacity and persever
ance. Ue was a brave officer of the Union army,
and was commissioned by this government to visit
the Navigator islands, with the view, not, as we
understand, of annexing them, but of reporting
upon their condition and the practicability of making
such commercial arrangements as would enure to
the mutual advantage of both countries. Great
Britain bad long been in treaty with the various
chiefs of the islands for au arrangement by which
they should become attaches or colonies of the British
Empire. This arrangement was nullified by the
exertions of Colonel Steinberger, who reported his
acts and doings to our government. His entire
report, made about a year ago, was very elaborate,
setting forth the natural advantages of the islands,
and the benefits to be derived from forming a close
connection between them and this country.
44 He returned to the Samoa islands a few months
ago, with the title of United States commissioner,
sailing from San Francisco, with the war vessel sent
by our government as an escort to King Kalakaua.
The result of his labors is the formation of a consti
tutional monarchy, the leadi&g chief being made
king, and himself becoming prime minister. He is
certainly to be congratulated upon his own advance
ment, and we trust his efforts may not be without
service to his native land.
44 Of course, while Colonel Sfeinberger's exertions
may bring the islands into intimate relations with
the United States, almost including a protectorate,
there can be no serious idea of annexation enter
tained. Whatever may be the 44 manifest destiny " i
of the Samoane, it is not our 44 manifest Jestioy "to
absorb their territory, although we shall not be stir- !
prised to see this advocated by the champions of '
national expansion. We want nothing more with ;
Pacific regions than those commercial facilities,
which are now doubtless provided for amply. We
want no property at such a distance from home We
have nil we can reasonably take care of, and while I
we must admire the skill with which Colonel Stein- !
berger has conducted his business, we are quite con- i
tent that he should enjoy its honors and emoluments, j
undisturbed by the thought that we wish to ensure '
its possession for ourselves."
Chloral-Eating in England.
tJoorge Stable.1, M. I).. R. X., in the April n uu
ber of liel'jrxv'fi. gives hi experience as a chloral- '
eater. Mn?t persons have read Thomas de ';
Quincey's Confessions of an Opinm-eater,v which I
was more calculated by its literary charm and the i
romantic halo thrown around that indulgence in j
opimn, to impress m favor of the practice of
opium-eating than lo Jeter anybody from resort lo
that fasoinating but perilous stimulant. In the
Lancet of last December it was stated that there
was a great deal of chloral-eating, although chloral
waa a poison for which it was doubtful whether
there was any antidote; and Dr. Stables comes
forward, impelled by public duty and inspired hy
the hope that he may save 44 not a few from one of
the most lingering and awlul of deaths, and avert
misery and ruin from many a family in England.'"
The source of the great danger of which he is
apprehensive ia a 44 horrid drug," which he de-
scribes as a salt, of a burning, pungent taste, !
having a great aflinily lor water ; its basis, chloro
form, into which the accepted opinion is that it ia
changed in the blood. A small Jose is stimula
ting an J antispasmodic ; a large dose, narcotic,;
Jeadly as the electric bolt. It is so far like opium, !
anJ indeed. like all stimulants, that to keep up the
same effect the dose must be increased. The effect
of chloral on a 44 real chloral-eater " is in part f
stimulaiing, iu part soothing ; the stimulation,
however, unlike that caused by opium or alcohol
is not exhilarating, and excites neither to bodily
nor mental activity, but raises the mind above
cares and sorrows and fatigues ; and bathes the
world, the past, the present, nnd the future, in a
roseate light, at the same time banishing affection
and love from this condition of perfect peace.
The subject of the influence of this extraordinary
drug grows apathetic and careless of everything
but his own ease and comfort, and becomes merely
44 a living, breathing vegetable,' who could stand
by his mother's deathbed smiling and wear an air
of placid triumph on the threshold of the gallows.
A second Jose withont aa interval of rest makt3
the chloralist drunk ; his eyelids droop anJ his
gait becomes unsteady. Drunk in the 44 Gist
degree.' your chloralist is by no means an un
pleasant companion genial, anJ though not
brilliant, a gooJ listener. He may be roused into
fierce outbursts of passion, wLich die away, leav
ing him ptifectly placid. So far ia the general.
We now come to our essayist's own experience.
In the early stages he ued to take a ' pick-me-
up when gmng on a railway journey, vvitn the
happy result of banishing all sense of fatigue, and
of the unpleasant motion of the cars.. He was
44 lifted out of himself " a spirit traveling by train
and the ever varying scenery '4 went past me
like an enchanted diorama."' Unlike opium, which
creates beautiful hallucinations, chloral ' merely
increases the power of enjoying the real." Ia the
December of 1871, when medical men were lauding
chloral to the slrtes, Dr. Stables became a chloral
ist, together with other friends, who quickly
succumbed and died, having passed through the
agonies of despair, characteristic of the later
6tages of chloralism. Being overworked he could
not sleep, and took a dose of chloral, whereupon
he slept like a top until morning. Having repeated
the Jose every night Tor a week he tried to sleep
one night without the aid of it and failed. He, of
course, took to it again, and found after some time
that he bad little satisfaction from his sleep. After
a month he began to feel a strange heat on the top
of his head, together with a sense of fulnes in it,
and his nervP" besran to b haken. At length he
ha j to By into t!.o c.r.trjr. atul. what with lac
pnrr. brads? air. he a cabled t reduce Li
-' J 1 ;' " tU"b
af:vr brM I.e again .m-n.lerM Lim.II to
- Kins CbU-tal." II- beaan b l-se ivh. crows-
te-t g-itberd h:;iKt t.i -ye. ; fcis puNe gu-w
thready." and i June. I $72. ho i at the vaiJe
a coiifiinifd in valid. )A b-.Jilr M.ffoiics vrry
great aud Li rain. I ;v .?... Ihs an? con
stantly Jilau-d. atul i!.e ' ..-. cxciteoient runs hi
pi:Ic from sixty tj a hundred, lb' takes thref
drachrns o! cblnrai wben !.- go-s to bed a Jose
sufficient to kill as many nii-n. Three months p.vs.
and he i taking thr a:ui :t 1, drachms at bl
tlrae and rne M f.vly wf i.i : fe ca:i barflv
walk on hundred y r.l wit? .t i:ii or laylrg
down; ib ir.t.ibi'ary ..; 1! bf-.ia i .!.angl ini
agonv if h- .in-mpt ri-- tr.-m a chaii ; th-r- i
a horrid .n -it tiaiiy!;'.a:i' -n. 1br e nvmh
more, and h'- i priniouno-J It--1 -!--l y gone with
heart ilif i-. and be -;i .' t:v c.r.t nipl it
suicid- 11- !;.- I -i :M 'H. i I r-iidlng. writing
or -pf.al.iij.jr .nd : nnd ir.l riiht t-very vria
.-. istl itn.-d .-.il l .il-:i t- d t!ie i.f :
and ttht'ii jiivfti up lv mi- itifdi. a1 in hi anibr
auiv-. wlni d---r.' .11 1 i IiI-th!.
Thv lie-', iii! I p.l.-'d kil.iittl c!i!"! .il dlr.ld
l,ii i:nj'it!e. rUid !( v- a seek he
never mVJ! :i ink. lie l.eo.ime b-lif !!!, but
recovery e.ifiie at length lU-.iugli tedi.uly. la
llnee inoinh-. however, he coilld walk a tinny
1 nffn- aiid lt i.-i;m i; l 10 blfS him
JOHN TH0S. WATERH0DSE,
M IM IK ri'.K AM) OKAl.KK INliKNKRAl.
4 y iiivu Strert, Honolulu. Ir
C. BREWER & CO.,
N 1 SIIIPI'IM.
(se4 ly Hawaiian Islmnls.
7? E. H0FFMANW7 n. D.,
l' wan VSIC1AN
A NO SCKUKOV, CUR X LK
" M Meri'hant and Kaahuiuanu Sts , near the I'.xt-ortice
s. -t It
E. C. ADDERLEY,
Saddle and Harness Maker,
Fort and Hotel Streets llonol ill. VI
tt Carriages Trimmed With neatness And dilatrh. Islaud
Orders attended to proniptly. ly
THE IIOTSE LATELY OCl'l IM EI
ly Mr. 8. M. Carter, situated at the corner of false
Walk and 1'unrhhowl Sts. Possesion given immedi
ately. Apply at the
se4 ' MARSHAL S OFFICE.
A GOOD .MILKER, ONE WHO l NIER
stands and can prartice the huinaue method of " break
ing" or training heiftrs or steers. None other need apply to
S. N. E.MKKSON, Waialua, Oahu.
Or, on the Mokuleia Butter Ranch, to T. K. Cook. Fair wages
are offered to one of the above description. se4 Ct
fllHK HAWAIIAN AMATEUR BASE
M. BALL AeritXTIATIO.N in final meeting convenetl, here
by give notice that they do uphold anil sustain the Judiciary
Committee of said Association in its action; and moreover,
they do declare the Resolutions published in the Hawaiian
Gazette of Sept. 1st, to b unauthorized and presumptuous and
as such to be deserving of censure.
J. B. CASTLE. President.
J. I. DOWSKTT, Jr., iec'y pro tern. .
Honolulu, September 2d. 1875. It"
ATTENTION HOOKS !
THE ANNCAL MEETING FOR
the Klection of Officers of the Protection Hook
and Ladder Company, No. 1, will be held on
MONDAY EVENING NEXT, at the rooms of
the Company at 7i o'clock. All members are requested to
attend. (It) PER ORDER.
I MATRONS OF THE ABOVE ESTABLISH
oient and the public generally, are hereby notified that
the business will be centinued as formerly, iiDtil further notice,
for ihe benefit cf the estate of the late proprietor.
WILLIAM P. BOYD.
Honolulu. Sept. 3d, 1S75. sel
MRS. HENRY ROBINSON,
rilRArilER OF MISIC ANI SINGING.
33 A LAKE A STREET.
FRESH LIME. JUST RECEIVED,
er I). C. .Murray," and for Hale at lowest maikel
8. C. AI.I.F.N.
A FEW BASKETS
OF THE CELEBRATE!
WART A.N D TINT'.
Jn-l received per D. C. Murray, and fr 'rile l.y
auiH H. HACFKEI.D A to
OAHU COLLECE !
rani IE trustees take I'Leasi re in
1 announcing that Mr. A. I'll ATT, A. M., recently of the
tlolden Oato Academy. Oakland, and an instructor of much
experience and excellent repute will be in charge of this Insti
tution the coming year.
II.; will be assisted by acoomplihed teachers in the various
Mr. F. AV. D.imnn, A. B.. will continue to instruct in Ihe
Miss Fannie Merritt, recently a teacher in the fan Rafael
Institute. and Miss M. F. Eckley, for two years a teacher in
the Benicia Female seminary, will instruct in drawing, music,
an.l other studies.
Mrs. Pratt will act as matron.
Patrons of the school may exiwct a year of superior A.Ivan
The next term will open on WEDNESDAY, the 8th of
iW 2in CY THE COMMITTEE
ramiE UNDERSIGNED HAVE, ON THE
at first Day of April, 1S75, entered iuto a Co-partnership,
under the name and style of J. II. UUL.3 & CO., lor tne pur
pose of carrying on the
Coopering and Gauglag Basiness
In all its branches, and solicit a share of the public patronage.
Shop No. 22 Fort Street.
J. II. BRUN?,
Honolulu, June 12, 1S75. 01H T,m
sfaRDERSLEFT AT WALLER'S BL'TCII-
J kR SHOP, King Street, will be promptly attended, and
Customers will end supplies there.
au210t R. RYCROFT
rwiIIF. PUBLIC ARE HEREBY NOTI-
JL ted that JOSE I'll Dl'CUALSKY has no authority to
sell any Leather or material made at the KALAL AO TAX
NERY, nor to incur any expenditure on account of the same
except through the undersigned.
J. I. DOWSETT.
Honolulu, March 17, 1873. 909
Per Ceylon, direct from Boston!
VV7IIALEME.VS OARS, FROM IO FEET
T to 22 feet long, of the best rjuality.
Tor sale by (ault) BOLLES k. CO.
ANEW LOT OF THE LAWRENCE FAC
tory an assortment of Numbers received per Cejlon,
and for sale low by
BOLLES A CO.
OREGON SUGAR CURED HAMS,
FRESH LOT, IER J. A. FA LK I NBL'KG,
For Sale Chrnp, ly
au7 2m CASTLE A COOKE.
hum:, ski as. ialmuv.
THE UNDERSIGNED COMINTK
to pay the highest carket price for Dry
Hidrs, Gr.at Skins and Coat Tallow.
C. BREWER A CO.
TO IVOOIs ft IS OWE KS.
THE UNDERSIGNED CONTINUE
fTtt to buy Wools at good prices. Wools coming to
l(M'iL market thij Spring particuiarly desired to make
C. BREWER V CO.
PER FALKINBURG, THIS DAY !
FRO PORTLAND, 0., DIRECT.
i Qiss.. BARRELS COLCMBIA RIVER
pgT' .,J!m SALMON, Extra No. 1 Quality. Also, Hsll
Barrels ditto, ditto,
as7 i Tor Sale l.y BOLLES K CO.
FIREWOOD! FIREWOOD ! !
L1ROM EAST M AUI. FOR SALE BV
II tnoUt'.d. Ja'jf ITih, 1STJ.
CITI7.KN . M K KM l K VI !i OK IIO.NO.
LI LI", mtinj f r-D.lt and btrsnrrrs fiwiff are
cttMii!v ioitoi to atteoJ Public Worship at F"RT ST.
Cill LCI!, wh.-re serves sre hU cery lMath SI 11 o'clucA,
A. M.. aa I 7 1-3 P. M. Sr!i ar rovKUd It all whs may K
pleased to attroJ. TTerv l a cdnesdlT rv.mir Prayer
JUi;ni si T 11 o'cteca. In U Lvtr rovw, to wfcx all ai
XJKW AM) rilKM! IlKCKIVKti I'LR lh
1 .'. Ml aRAY. POK CALK Y
aiirr. KoLLiw a co.
MOKK 1. 1 MT. RITIIR l. I. MIRKIV
Ricnirp inn pay. kk ?ale bv
xjz:. doliu a Co.
V'TI( K IS I1KRKHV IVR TIMT
durnc rev ahsw tttn tr..s K oj Vtn, Mr. IONU I is
author tej t trsnssrt my to.ness
Ilur. lulu, II. I., Aoitt-; COth, l:i. SuSl : t
- A IiKMRAHLK IIOI MC I.IXII
in HlUrfwMle. 1-7
aJsL t or further r-s.'tVs.t S-1 to
JAM!. TATLOR, ll.-Jttlo
TO LET OR LEASE
THOSE I) F.MR A RLE PREMISE ON
Alakea Street, formerly oeenpied bf A. I'.HKICK
W OOP, Tj. r or Particulars apply t
t;i J. . Ll.HON.
j TO LET.
'Ml AT VERY OESIRAIII.E UYVEI.I.INU
A anJ jTeonses. No. ISO Nsuanu Avenue, rtmtauunf par
lrs, litiitin room, brUrnvm, dress. n( noi, Cbxia aiJ clothe
rksets ou first floor, baseaaent under all I 1 1 res rausas oa
serooJ floor, kitchen sod pantry conorrtej, also ilh tiasessent
beneath, balhios; and washroom, carriage bouse, stable, fsj
bouse, Ac., ia order. Apply to J. II. WOOD.
A L.SU The Collate anJ Premises adjoininc. with sis
rooms, kitchen, bathroom, servsots mom. store rotsn, slsMe,
ai.d carriage house. auU tf
EDEN HOUSE SCHOOL,
For Gil-law Ouly.
I'RIMU'iL, I t t 1 t I t I MRS. OWi:
riMIE SCHOOL WILL RE-OI'EN ON MON
E DAY, the 23d of August.
For the term of id wet-ks fur girls over fourteen. Includ
ing French sod Drawing ....f 14 00
For cirls undtr foarteen, including Frenrh and Irsw.
ing U 00
For the plain English Course 10 Co
Latin and IVench Taught, if required.
MlSlf AT T1IK ISI.IL RITIiS.
NOTICE ! .
711 R. JOHN RITSON HOLDS MY I'OWER
I'M of Attorney and will attend to my business during my
'absence from the Kingdom. Mr. CIlARLF.ri M. COOKK will
act as Salesman. E.P.ADAMS.
Honolulu, July aid, IS76. IQuO 2m
FOR RENT, SALE OR LEASE !
COTTAGE AND l'REMIKF.8 AT
f3"l present occupieu ny Vol. 11. I'midergasi, 11 ana 1J
WALTER K, SEAL.
SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN WANTED !
FOR WHICH FAIR PRICES WILL. UK
1 Copy of January 13, 1872; 2 copies each of Nov. 14, 21
and 2S, and Dee, 6 and 12, 1S74, to All setts, by
ft9'J THUS. O. THRl'M.
WHEREAS. I I ho MHsVralcssrat si 14. ltr
7th day cf June, 175, appoint Ilia Rnval Highness I tie
PRINCE W. P. LELEIOUOKU to be my Agent for the rare
and management of all my property, both real and personal,
within this Kingdom, notice thereof is hereby siven lo all
whom it may concern. It. KEELIKOLANI.
Honolulu, July lOto, lH7j. WS-Jtn
AT THE OLD STAND
CORNER ' OF
FORT & QlfKKIV STS.
wi: are rr.LPAnr.D to offer at
LOW RATES FOR CASH!
ami on Liberal Terms for Approved
ILa IT EI 33 ES El
Pickets and Laths.
Posts, sawed and rough
Surfaced Boards and Plank,
Rustic Siding, Clapboards,
Eastern Clear White Pine !
1 in. 11 la. 1 in. and 2 in.
EASTERN DOORS --Raised. Panel,
1 mo. 2 mo. and Fash.
Eastern Unpaintel Blinds,
Eastern Glazed Sssh.
CALIFORNIA DOORS-Raised. Panel, 1 mo.
2 mo. and Sash.
California Painted Blinds. Cala. Glazed Sash.
Hubbuck's Zinc and Lead I
Scotch Zinc and Lead.
PAINTS AND PAINT OIL !
Turpentine and Putty, Varnish, Paint and White
GrXsiASS, -all Sixes !
Locks, Butts, IIinge, Bolts, Window Fprings,
Hooks and Lyes.
English, German and American, in greit tariety,
at Low Kates.
Salt at uxarlxct ratcc
WILDER & CO.
Cedar Boat Boards!
PERCEVLON. A FEW THOl HAND t Kl.T
Planed t.a both id-t, and vety sujnor quality.
for sAie tj (tali) (uu as w
fMIC I'NDERMGNf'd H it T RbU
cr.iVEO rr.n, MircRruoit.
THE FINEST ASSORTM'T
TRUNKS, VALISES, DAGS, C.!
KVFK orikKMI UaaK. Cstslms4 .
Ladies' roM Coir Leather Trstikt,
li lies' l.ealhef Varatif as.
Ladies' lUetraal fmmlkf Cases,
A Full Line of Elegant Saratogas !
Ueiu's l.4.J mis Lalhr Trusts, IUrtt-4t
Urot's Br Kits Leather Trunks, ttivte4t
Uenl's Hiveltevl .!( VaJisxs,
UmiI's I'ret sing Csses, Uenl's Husbxi alisrs,
tlo) s' "i rMio Bays, Trunk ft raps,
Mi as I Mia, Pie uUler Ptra is, Ae , 4r.
Ay J-'"1!,' or titHtft hhih ipfhittg an
'r truant artirlr in ttif tttnn'f lint if ill
A in It to vail hm ami
)lao ob Morel
Th wkslr l.ls of GosmIs lll h Hrasf
for itr lassrrlls of Lstsllc-s stsis! Gs-silUsatrsi
m Wrslrslsiy sir a I.
Alao, per the above Vessel,
GENT'S SHOE TOE
EVER PtKPC UKRK,
which Lavs only to I seen la bs spprsrlaied. Thers Is M
Hand Machine Work about lliese llonds, alt srs
Warranted Hand . Hade W&re !
tr Twenty-M Different Plyles. Puitabls Ut sny one.
kJM, A FINK LI Ml OF
SILVER WARJkS, Ac,
Will le realy f.r inssretion on Weilnesdsy Mrrbln(.
Thr I'm bile mrm Ittslirtl !' 4 Risbi
Ihc ! sbsr lAmrm of Gsvosla.
Ti'iiiilile I miow Csootlsj
tl'OKES, I TO 3 I-2 1M IIEN. IIICMOR1'
RIMS-Ah sod Hickory, 1 Is 2 Inches i
IICBa All sites,
FELLOE11 for Os Carts, asorte sises, Osk s4 Ash)
SIIArrp Wafoo six I Csrrisf r, Oslstied so4 rough
POLES Wagim sad Carriage, Bnlsbea and rosgh)
f rsm Ban, Take, Hfat Kails,
UaRti aaV Bart f I
Alvrsiys Hrrp mm llansl mmsI mm4 Is) Dr4rr,
Ox Cmt Wheel ar4 iirin,
Wh'rh I j.rrpnre.l lo SELL f'UKAP.
ALHO, IN II A. TV T,
A Large Lol of Ash Lumber I
Having purchased the eutlre stock of carriage starts! frost INI.
lingham At Co., I am prepared to Bit City and Country Orders
promptly and at Reasonable Trices.
UrTERr NT t-TVLES OR
of a.y ln msDufsctare, eoostanlly on haad, and
71 and It King Htrrrt, Honolulu.
IN IOU LB. KEUH.
LR HALE III'
II. IIACKrr.LU A C O
DICKSON, 01 FORT ST.,
WAS THE LARUEMT AND UET ARRORT
ME.NTOR Kou Calabashes, Kapas, Mats,
Native Dresses, Knelt Necklace, Ae., Is h (hand Is flo.
Dolula, sod for sale st I At W I R I C at I
PICTURE FRAMES !
In Oreat NmdiImy and Variety.
I,IIOTt)HAUIIH-A Largs Mock of Hswsi
Ian View, anJ portraits
Alwaji aa IUbJ, Maaate4 aa (arai ar I aaiaatfs,
vn for viAiLiho. v
iEW aSAIdlTIOIV. 1875!
Jnst Arrived per Mattie M&cleaj.
Extra Superfine Flour.
Lime, Pork, Ham,
Cannod Salmon and
Beef, 4c, &c, fcc.
roil fALE BV
II. IIACNPELII AW CO.
JUST KF.CKIVFO FROM TAHITI, KX
brig VV. 11. ALLEN,
Superior Iron Wood,
tOT Will barn lonrr and give k crater heat thai, sny other
kitxl of wood. Nottuog in Iiis, s patch upon it Is I lis
kind. For Vale at KnsonaMe Kate, by
au7 B. C. ALUM.
McEWAJf S PORTER !
JUST ARRIVED, IN NTONR JPOR, QiH
anfflnts. (W77N for RsU sy CUA LONU.
Blocks and Oars!
or Hate by
P.QLM m Cf