Newspaper Page Text
ON THURSDAY JUNE 8th!
At 10 A. M.. at Salesroom, will be Poll.
CASES OF BREAD.
K ECS OF SCOARi
HOl'HCHULI) rt'RMTl'RE, .-., Ve., Vc.
C. 8. BARTOW. Aact'r.
BUILDING AT ACTION !
i t At l'i '(, will be mi l at Public Auction, on the premise of
j ' . Mr. LUCAS, Kukoi Place,
Q S ontminioc Two Room, with Verda V. ,
C. 6. H'Sff the r'S1,t3 ark
fd jj jreriD-th; safety
Uatiuii of'..; L"Jth t
TO LPere''J am ',
"- mason ' i
. . ... reim for
t. . lnrt,,,,,,
you g5 euch i.
ia the above piv
After it debate
a. -; . .- Hon. Mcssm. lib
V in favor of tlx." r -"
. Kanena ai
xil o. hall & soiyr.
A. flill Assortment
SILVER PLATED WARE,
Including Sets and Single Piece,
The BEST Assortment
Offered in Honolulu.
ALSO, IN STORE :
WEAI.KI) FKSCK WIRE. CORRU-
UATilD Iron Hoofing, Charcoal Irom,
California llimei and Pat'dle Lrathrr, Sole Leather,
Calfaiut Kip Skint, theep ikins, Horse Shoes & NaiU,
KoUing CoaH?r, f-.r Plows, Children's Canopy,
Carriage Axles ami Pprii.gt, Carriages.
Aaiericaa Fruits, Family Sheetings, Fine Blue Cottons,
Ticking. Spool Cotton, Linen Thread, 4c, fcc.
my 13 lm
D. C. Murray and Julia M. Avery !
TUB FOLLOWING VARIKTV OF
.11 o Hidings,
Pocket Cutlery, &c.,
riO WHICH THE ATTENTION OF THE
M. Pnblic is directed.
Order frans ike Other lalaada carefullr
Allrntieti ia, with Prananlnraa.
AsrteJ Blank Books. Pocket Books,
Time Books, Surveyor's Lerel and Transit Books,
Drawing Books, Scrap Books,
Lallier's Postage Stamp Albums, latest edition.
Hand & Stand Stereoscopes !
European, Canadian, Niagara, Eastern, Western h California
Stereoscopic Views !
Frrnch Paper and Knrelopes letter and note siae;
Oxford Mourning Note Paper and Envelopes,-
OfHce, Artists, Carpenter's, School, Pocket and Ball
Pencils, Pencil Protectors,
Camel's IUir Pencil! and Copying Brushe,
Ink fctands, Paper Weights, Thermometers.
Pockft Compasses. Horn Centres,
Chain and Steel Key Ring, Letter Clips, Bill Files,
Oillott's anil perry's Pens, Pocket Candlesticks,
Whist Mark, Leather Toilet Boxes,
Fancy Work Boxes, Glore and Handkerchief Boxes,
Money Bags, Leather Fitted Reticules,
Ladies' Companions, Reading Folders, Eje Glasses.
Steel and Perescopic Spectacles,
Terra Cotta Figares,
Writing Desks, assorted sixra;
ReaJing Glasses, Pocket Microscopes,
Small Feather Dusters, plain and colored.
BEST VIOLIN AND GUITAR STRINGS !
Ink Extractor. Erasers, Flexible Rulers.
Match Stands, Picture Frames, in Rustic, Oval, Rose and
Oilt. in Walnut, Gi!t and Square, assorted sires, from
Cabinet to Hx20.
In assorted style for special sixes, made up to order
on short notice.
A Fine Assortment of Pocket Cutlery, &c.
TIIOS. G. THRUM,
Stationer, Ac, Merchant St.
(AV CT I QHJf
BY E. P. ADAMS.
Bf ORDER OF MESSRS. HUM BROS.
Tuesday and Wednesday,
June (Ilk a nd 7lh,
IT SALRSEOOM, COMilKMIVG IT 10 1. MM
IVten trill be offtrtd, on a Jibtral (,'rtdit
to the Trade,
A LARGE ASSORTMENT
;UR0PEAN AND AMERICAN
i DRY GOODS !
,FMCY GOODS, fa
IN PART AS FOLLOWS, VIZ. :
Fancy l'ink Trials, Brown Jb' White Cottons,
Striped and I'Uia Denims! Dlue Drills,
151 ack Coburg, French Merinot-n,
Fancj Dress Goods. Blue 4 Black CaBsimeres,
Fancy Cassimeres, bailable for Tailors,' :
Fancy Wool ami Cotton Sbawla, a large aa
eortinent. 03LsOrX'XIXTVC, Viz. :
Fancy Tweed Suits, Blue Flannel Suits.
Fine Black Frock and Sack Coats,
Fancy Casdiinere and Blue Flannel Coats,
Fine Black Pants, Cassimere Pants,
Black Vests, White Linen Shirts,
White Drill Coats, Brown Linen Suits,
An assortment of Fancy Satinet and Cotton Pants
Men's Grey and Black Cassimere Hats,
Panama and Straw Ilats,
Black and Grey Wool Hats, Boys' Hats,
Ladies' liats, trimmed and untrimmed.
Gents Furnishing Goods, Namely :
Crimean Wool Shirts, Men's Socks,
White Shirts, all qualities,
Harvard and Fancy Cotton Shirts,
Brown and Spanish Llueu Shirts,
Flannel Ovorahirts, Boys' Shirts, Suspenders,
Linen and Cottou llundkerchieis,
Fancy Net-ties, for ladies and gentlemen,
Boots and Shoes, Men's Fine Dress Boot" "
Calf Boots, Oxford Ties, Balmorals, g
Ladies !t Children's Balmorals &. Button
Large Variety of Fancy Goods !
Hair Oil. Perfumery. Cutlery. Pipes,
Hosiery, Stationery, and Kubber Goods.
jz-it- TEUM-S LIB UK A L.
K. I. ADAMS. Auxt'r.
ALSO, AT PRIVATE SALE,
EX BRIG JULIA M AVERY.
E. P. ADAMS, Auct'r. ;
ilIUS. ill. L,. FOSTER
KUSTO INFORM THE L.A WIES OF HO
NOLULU and the Public Generally, that she has opened
A Fancy Dry Goods Store !
On Fort 8t., opposite C K William furniture warerooms, ;
Where a Choice Selection of Goods in the
Ladies Line are to be Found.
Dress making in the latest style.
my '20 lm
A L.L. PERSONS ARE IIEREUV FOR-
. bidden to pasture Animals, to catch or shoot Hogs,
Uaoie or Birds ot any kind, without permission, on any of the
lands belonging to Her Highness K. Keelikolani, from Kawela
to Kaluakoi, on the Island of Molokai. Persons detected in
breaking these rules, will be prosecuted and dealt with accord
ing to law.
R. W. MEYER,
Agent for Her Highness R. Keelikolani, on the Island of
May 13th, 18d. m!3 3t Molokai.
IN THE MATTER OFTHB BANKRUPTCY"
of M T Donnell, a Tolunury Bankrupt. Notice is hereby
given that the undersigned have been duly appointed assignees
of the estate of M T Donnell, of Honolulu, a voluntary bank
rupt, and that all persons indebted to said estate, are required
to pay the amount of indebtedness forthwith tos tid assignees,
at the office or Messrs. F T Lenehan Co, Queen Street, Ho
nolulu. C. 8. BARTOW.
F. T. LESJKUAN,
Dated this 13th day of May, A. D. 1376. my!3 lm
FOR SALE !
ON ACCOUNT OF INTF.N-
tion to leave the kingdom, the undersigned
offers for sale his premises at II ilo. together
with a STOCK OF DRUGS, kr.
Terms reasonable. A: S. .MtUUL.
Uxlo, Hawaii, March 87tk, 1876. apl
DIAMONDS ! DIAMONDS ! !
CALL AT S. K. RAAVSON'S. N. IT Mer
chant Street, and look at the
LARGEST AND FINEST ASSORTMENT
OF DIAMOND JEWELRY
evereihiMted in Honolulu. . tel9 tf
V Veiy T o i 12 1 11 o
FAMILY RESIDENCE !
Garden, Outhouses and every Convenience
FwR SALE CHEAP. ALSO.
A VERY CONVENIENT COTTAGE !
Pleasantly Located. Enquire of
C. S. BARTOW.
FOR SALE OR CHARTER !
The f iat- Fail Sailing Dutch Barajae
3-10 Tom ri '.r. carrir Jrtio t'ci of Oal.
i.e Is well found in sure n l rna.pca-;tiU, r.i can
ri-ijjr n an hour's noue-.
For particulars app! to '.lie M".t:r ':i board, or to
vT TH H. I' A VIES, Agent.
Pltirif I11L STEAMSHIP 10S
AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND LINE!
THE SPLENDID STEAMSHIP
CITY OF SYDNEY !
; DOW, COMMASDKR,
Will Tjoavo Ilonolulu
KANDAVU, F. I., & SYDNEY, N. S. W.
connect. r.g at Kandnvu with Company's steamer for AUCK
LAND. S. Z . PORT CHALMERS, anJ intence iiate ports.
On or about the 27th of June !
For Freight an I Pjsg. ani further Information,
aplo Apply to H. UACKtELD
I'lllFil .Mill MEAMSHll1 id
Australia and New Zealand Line
THE SPLENDID STEAMSHIP
LEAVE HONOLULU FOR SAN FRANCISCO
On or about June 20th.
Xy For Freight and
ap8 Apply to
Passage, or any further 1$ tl0
II. HACKFKL' 'rtits.
, . TIME-TABLE OF THE
STEAMER " KILAUEA,"
June 6th, Monday...
June 13th, Monday..
Circuit of Hawaii
, ..Circuit of Kauai
June 19th, Monday.
Returnine Friday morning.
June 20th, Monday Circuit cf Hawaii
On all Windward Trips the Steamer will leave her wharf at
6:30; all trips to Kauai, will leave at 4 p. m. On down trips
the Steamer will not leave Kaalualu belore 8 a. m.; Kawaihae
before 10 a. m.; Makena as per notice on up trip, Maalaea Bay
not before 7 a. m. Any change from the above will be adver
tised. Rates of Passage will be
To or from Kaunakakal, Molokai $ 8 00
" Lahalna, Maul 0 00
" Maalaea, Maui 7 00
" Mskena, Maui 8 00
Mabukona, Hawaii 10 00
Kawaihae, " 10 00
Kailua. " : 10 00
Kuawaloa, " 10 00
" Hiio, " ia so
Kan Coast " 15 00
Circuit of Hawaii, Round Trip 22 00
To or from any Pi rt on Kauai 8 00
Circuit of Kauai, Round Trip 12 00
Deck Passage for natives only 2 00
lo Credit for Passage Money !
S TICKKTS AT THE OFFICE ONLY,
.erth will le considered as taken until paid for. Not
onsible for bat-gape unmarked or any Freight or Parcels
unless receipted for.
FREIGHT MONEY DUE ON DEMAND!
XT An effort will be mude to have the cttatner reach Hono
lulu on the evening of the same day she leaves Maui
SAMl'EL G. WILDER, Agent.
Office with Wilder & Co., corner of Fort and Queen Siretts.
FOR KOLOA & OTHER PORTS ON KAUAI.
THE SCHR. KAMA1LE !
Will have r"gul:ir dispatch for Kauai, as above, until further
notice, irj Freight and Passengers taken at the LOWEST
KArE3' BOLLF.3 CO.. Agents.
p. S. This vessel has just been thoroughly repaired, newly
coppered, and put in perfect order Pl5
REGULAR PACKET FOR LUIAINA.
M txtv CPTTT? WP.TTTP. M'F.'RTJ TT.T. .
E. D. CRANE, Master.
Will Ran Kfnlarly between This Fort and Lahalna,
Ilonolnln Satirdajs and Lahalna cvrry We due sd;n .
958 3m II. HACKFELD & Co.. Agents.
BOSTON & HONOLULU PACKET LINE !
C. BREWER Si. CO., AGENTS.
FavoraHe arrangements can always be made for
3 Storage and Shipment of Oil, Bone, Wool, Hides
and other Merchandise to New Bedford, Boston, New York and
other Eastern Ports. XT Cash Advances niale.
o2 ly C. BREWER A. Co.
DISPATCH LINE FOR SAN FRANCISCO.
C. BREWER i CO., AGENTS.
Merchandise received STORAGE FREE and
liberal cash advances made on shipments by this
(o2 ly) C. BREWER & CO.
SAUI'L O. WILDER,
Hawaiian Steamer KILAUEA!
L. MARCHANT. ------ MASTER.
SAILING DAYS as per Schedule,
Unless Otherwise Advertised.
TICKETS ONLY AT OFFICE!
FREIGHT BILLS DUE ON DEMAND.
apl OFFICE WITH WILDER 4 CO.
61 FORT STREET,
Invites the Attention of All
Who Intend Visiting the Tnlted State dar
inz the Coming Seaon,
TO II1S URGE ill VARIED STOCK
Rare and Beautiful Shells,
Black, Red and White Corals,
Clarified and Elegantly Mounted in Portfolios!
CURinSITIES OF ALL KINDS !
Just what is wanted for
PRESENTS TO FRIENDS IN THE STATES
15 L NIVKK5AI.I.V t EP, GET IT AT
19 Nuunu St.
I'mxt or thi Mooi roe vm MtiT pi Jie
lT Hocmli Mm Tim
- 6 Fuil '-.t, '1 6 J r
K-bi! Unr;r 3 r
Jl .Nt( M .n U 4i S
iT I.ut Quft-r 4 21 a
... J .1 T ?ul n 11
5 .'l i, Siaifl. itl
. . . . & 1 ; !un i 3s
I ?ai r . .
5 Sua r:'-. .
11 sua ri. .
12 Sun ri- . .
- ri. .
5 2J w i Sun J 39 rn
...5 26 S ; San -l i 41.2 rw
m .-Hi r.
apt Davici ?siih liartx r Ms;er
SATt ri DA Y. JLWF
Notice is tit by g'v.n tf;t
KaXnehssi'L I. Juae 11th. 1?73,
day fcll.wii.g b- ,berre4
tJoternment ci3 t will b ck;J
iAterir cSire, Jane 8. lsTS.
Li Con.;fn'-rat:o& d4y cf
f.'.ilc; on 9iay, the Moo
as a public fc .iiJay, aai ail
W. L. Moihomi .
Minuter of Interior
DEBATE ON THE RESOLUTION OF
WANT OF CONFIDENCE.
We present herewith, a report of the speeches ia
the Assembly of the ills Excellency W. L Green,
Hon. 5. N. Castle, nnJ the Hon. Gilfrev RiioJes,
cn the resolution introduce! bv the Utter gectlemaa
Friday last, expressing a want of coufi lence in
C Mitiistrj. (See proceedings of that Jay).
The Hon. GoJfrey Hholes wished to ask one ques
tion. He woal-J enquire of the Minister of Foreign
Affairs whether a statement which he found in a San
Francisco newspaper was correct The Hon. Noble
read the paragraph, which was to the effect, that
the Americans had obtained by the Reciprocity
Treaty soiae special rights or privileges in Hawaiian
porta which would enable them to establish a naval
station to the exclusion of other foreign powers.
The Minister of Foreign A flairs said that he had
seen the paragraph within an hour of tbe arrival of
the mail, and he w is happy to inform the Hon. Noble
and the House that there was not one word of truth
in it, from beginning to end. That in fact there was
not a shadow of ground for any euch statements.
The Minister said that he had had so far no oppor
tunity of explaining to the House anything about
the Reciprocity Treaty. It has latterly appeared so
uncertain whether the necessary law to carry it into
operation would pass Congress, that it Lad been con
sidered better to leave any explanation until some
more definite news arrived.
Mr. Chairman, the smoke of the guns had hardly
cleared away which announced the arrival of the
vessel bringing the glorious news of the passage of
that law in the House of Representatives in Wash
ington, when the Hon. Noble stepped down from the
Presidential Chair and brought this resolution before
the House, of want of confidence in His Majesty's
Ministers for not referring that Treaty to this Assem
bly. I will now endeavor to explain to the Assembly
what tbe Ministers have done in this matter, but the
Assembly will no doubt bear in mind that tbe present
Attorney Genera! has only recently arrived, and is
not responsible for what hag been done indeed this
matter ia especially in my Department, and I am
quite prepared to take the responsibility connected
To go back two years, I may say at the opening of
the Legislative Assembly of 1871, I was not sanguine
about our being ever able to get a Reciprocity Treaty
with the United States, and I therefore rather threw
cold water on the attempt to obtain it, not Mr.
Chairman, because I did not believe that the Treaty
would be a good thing for this country, but because
I considered it so good for this country that I feared
we should never get it, and as we have been twenty
years trying to get it without any result, -was afraid
that it would be wasting our energies and our time
to continue trying for something we should never
obtain. But, Mr. Chairman, several A r'".an gen-
tlemen assured me that there was still
cf getting a Treaty, and as I relied u,
ment I said, well let us try once more,
ment then went in heart and soul
Treaty, an J Mr Chairman, we have obtained but
I take this opportunity to disclaim any credit for
myself, for if the Treaty had depended upon my
action, uninfluenced Ly others, we should have had
no Treaty to-day. All the credit I do claim in the
matter is that I was not obstinate in my opinion,
but trusted to those whom I considered 6hould know
the views of their countrymen better than I did.
Let us pause a moment to enquire what this Reci
procity Treaty really is, for I am aware many people
in this country and probably many Hon. Members
dislike the idea of a Reciprocity Treaty with the
United States. I confess I am not altogether sur
prised at this, for the idea is now almost inseparably
connected in many people's minds with the Pearl
River scheme, in which a cession of territory was
proposed, and of which I never approved. But, Mr.
Chairman, there is no Pearl River about this Treaty.
As many Hon. Members will remember when the bill
to facilitate the negotiation of a Treaty of Reciproc
ity was introduced last session, I then stated to the
Assembly and it was distinctly understood by them
that no cession of territory whatever should be con
nected with it; and it was very well known that
neither the people nor the Ministers favored any euch
f Vftw ucriat fined this nnnnlrv train ftnil InRA hv tlna
Treaty ? The least amount of gain is easily calcula
ted. It cannot be less than $500,000 clear gain for
every year it lasts. This is no wild statement. Our
exports of sugar last year were 25,000,000 pounds.
The whole of this will now go to tbe United States.
The increase of price which we shall get for this
sugar on account of the remission of duties in the
United States has been estimated at not less than
two cents per pound. This alone would show a gain
to this country of $500,000. Then there is the ar
ticles of rice which almost every Hawaiian in the
Kingdom can grow if he likes and which takes little
or no capital to start. The savings of duties in rice
by this Treaty will, at two cents per pound, be
almost $30,000 a year, even at the present rate of
production; but much more can be grown, and this
will perhaps be better for the people generally than
the remission of the duties on sugar, because almost
everybody can directly partake of the benefits. It
will be necessary now to allude to the other articles
of Hawaiian production of smaller importance, on
which the dnties will be taken off in tbe United
But it has been said, we lose 60,000 in revenue
on the duties on American goods. Mr. Chairman, it
is true we shall have to look to some other source for
this $60,000 of revenue, but in point of fact this
country does not lose a cent of revenue as can be
explained iu a moment. It is a well understood
principle that in almost every instance the consumer
pays the duty. That is to say that although the im
porter may go to the Custom House and pay the
duty, he charges it to the consumer; so that this
60,000 duty on American goods is really a tax
upon our own consumer. Therefore, under the Re
ciprocity Treaty, the consumers of these goods will
be relieved of a tax which will have to be placed on
something or somebody else. Now if we take this
list of American goods which come in free under the
Treaty, we shall find they are almost all articles of
first necessity, or as it were, raw material, and on
sound free trade principles they should come in free
any way. If I had tbe arranging of our tariff, I
would take off the duties on all the articles in that
schedule of the Treaty, admitting certain articles
free cf duty, except those in the last sentence. They
are mostly the articles which every Hawaiian wants,
so that it is evident the country loses nothing, and
all there is about it is, that by a different arrange-
r n n I . t V. r.iraa tfiA CP.I1 IWI mm
Vaised from those who can better afford to pay it.
The poorer classes will gain in two ways by this
Treaty, they will get their lumber, their flour and
bread and other necessr- ies cf life at a lower price,
whilst the labor of tueir hands will be at a higher
price and worth more to them.
But, Mr. Chairman, I do not think there are two
members of this Assembly who do not admit that
this Treaty will fce a jjreat gain to this country, and
to every single man 10 it.
But to go back to the action of the government.
What says the Act of 1874? To facilitate the cego.
tiation of a Treaty or Treaties of Reciprocity. Vou
have all got it before you, and have no doubt read it
over and over again. I need not quote the words,
but what does it say in effect ? Why it says, ' We
want a Treaty of Reciprocity with the United States,
go ahead and make one, and ratify it without waiting
to have it approved of by the next Legislature.
This Legislature approves of it sow, and by this ap
proval, the 29th Art. of the Constitution is obeyed."
The Treaty, Mr. Chairman, was negotiated in
Washington on the 3d day of Jan. 1875, between
Hamilton Fish, United States Secretary of State on
the ono part, and His Honor Chief Justice Allen
and the Hon. II. A. P. Carter, on the part of this
country. It passed the Senate of the United States
pn the ISih of March with certain amendment. It
was sent here for ratifisation in April, and on the
17th of the same month His Majesty, with theadvloe
of the Cabinet, ratified it Ratifications were ex
changed in Washington on the 3d day of June, 1875.
This country then became bound to this Treaty
irrevocably. All that was left to be done was that
tbe United States Congress should pass a law in ac
cordance with the 6th Art. of the Treaty to carry it
into operation. Congress met in December of the
same year, and in November His Honor Chief Justice
Allen, our Envoy, who had negotiated the Treaty,
was despatched to Washington to look after its final
passage in Congress, and to arrange with the United
:"v'1 'n SaUt1 rrP-;0cls to tlie
Sutes Secretary of State the exact date when it
shou! 1 ro
in bctu countries. Our
Envoy, as we.l as the
Hon. Mr. Carter. hoped that
tie recessary us m gtt have pasc4 Congrea evea
as early as Icceruter, and that this ceuutry might
btvc ben enjoying the t-uefita of this Treaty as
early as January last. Bat many events which I
ceel not cvw reler to, conspire 1 to dels lL j ssif
of the necessary law in CoOjjre-sj. I may sy tbit I
aai the inenioers ot tbe l abine. t tbe time of tlx
r.t.5:itivO of the Treaty by ilia Mjety, never eo
tertaiued any question -l-out the c nsuiut ooihty t (
the Uw if 17 an I of the propriety of our advianof
His Mijty 'o conclude and ra'.ify the Tretty in ac
cor Jtcce with it, n 1 it is quite clear the last Legis
lature never htl auy doubt about it. Tbe late At
t.raey General wtu, as you all knew was a good
lawyer, helj e i To r i that law, and had therefore
no doubt it-ut the matter; tbe Cabinet knew that
tcc at i-.sr d the Judge cf the Sapretaa Court had
vioubt aoat it, whilst JaJg JaiJ knew
perrectiy we.l tit we were about to tivis His Maj
esty to ratify the Treaty, and expressed no doubts to
us. There was really nobody left whose doubts Di
have influenced cs if we bad heard them, but we
then heard no doubts or questions. Bat whan the
Chief Justice was about to depart on his second mis
sion to W&dhicgton, he considered that it might be
weir, ia case the question orne up thsa, at to whether
any further legislation would be required here, to
have sotcethicg to show. I therefore addressed to
tbe Judge cf the Supreme Court the letter of which
this is the copy, and I received their answer to it,
both of which the Clerk wi:i read.
DCPAKTKKST Of FoRCIA AffAIRS
HoS LI Lf, NOVKMISK 11th, 1S7J.
Ti the Honorib'e F.lisha H. Alleo. Chief Jatio of
the Supreme Court : C. C. Harris, 1st A.'tociata;
A. F. Jud 1. 2nd A.uciate.
As our Minister Plenipotentiary and Envoy Ex
traordinary proceeds by Crt steamer to Washington
to be i resent during the neit ceiuu cf the United
Ci'Dgress. which will be cai'ed u-n to pass a law to
render operative the Convention of Commercial Re
ciprocity, negotiated with the United States Govern
ment and signed un the Oth January last. I have now
to re jue.-t that Vuur Honors will inform me, whether
in your opinion any further leisiatiun is required u
the ( art of the Hawaiian Kingdom to allow the said
Treaty to go into operation. I enclose herewith a
printed copy of said Convention, ani of the Act of
li August lS7i. for con venience of reference.
I have the honor to be
Your most obedient servant,
(Signed) W. L. Greek. I
DtPAKTUKXT Or Jl DUUBI
Utb Xovemser lS7i
Mr. MisisteH : We haie the honor to acknow
ledge the receipt r.f vour communication of this date.
requesting an opinion whether any further legislation
is renuired on the cart of the Hawaiian kingdom to
allow the Treaty of Reciprocity with the United States
to go m-o operation.
Tho Act of the firft if August 1S74, a printed copy
of which we annex, sets forth accurately tu its pre
amble the Constitutional provision on the subject of
Treaties involving a chance in the Tariff.
The Treity underconsideration does not in volve any
change in the present tariff, but is a Convention with
the Lnited Mates that tbe Articles mentioned in a
Schedule attached thall come in without being sub
jected to tbe iuriff in view of similar privileges in
favor of some Hawaiian products to be introduced
into the United States.
So that it is exceedingly doubtful whether the As
sent of the Legislature will be required at all; but
whotber this construction be a sound one or not, it
will be seen that the Constitution requires that such
a treaty should be referred to the Legislature for ap
proval. We are of the opinion, that tbe requirements
of the Constitution have been complied with in this
re.-pect and that no further legislation is necessary
Such likewise we believe is the opinion of Judze Judd
who ia now absent on Hawaii, holding the Circuit
Court on that Island : bat on bis return , f lour h.x
cellencv shall think it desirable, we do not doubt
that he will expressly concur in this opinion.
I have the honor to be Mr. Minister
Your obedient servants,
(Signed) Elisba U. Alle.v.
(Signed) C. C. Harris.
Mr. Chairman, if this government, or it 1, have
done anything wrong in this matter, that wrong was
done over thirteen months ago, when 1, In conjunc
tion with tbe late Attorney-General and the Cabinet,
advised His Majesty to ratify this treaty, and thus
bind the country and have it pushed to its conclusion
on tbe part f the United States at the earliest possi
ble date. And wbv should we not then recommend
tbe ratification Mr. Chairman, of this great treaty T
We were advised, and believed, and we believe now
that it was the only true, the only safe course to pur
sue if we wanted to get it. Yes, Mr. Chairman, we
then decided to close this bargain with tbe Great
United States, and to rely on their sense of honor
and propriety to see it concluded by their Congress.
The result has justified our action. What! should
we have hesitated because somebody had ome and
told us that perhaps the law of 1874 was unconstitu
tional, which. however, nobody then did. Somebody
told us! Who? Perhaps, Mr. Chairman my re
spected grandmother might have suggested to me that
the law of 1S74 was unconstitutional. But tbe Legis
lature, tbe Cabinet and tbe Judges of tbe Supreme
Court all concurred in the opinion that it was.' I
should have been a simpleton, Mr. Chairman, and
unfit for the position which I bold, to have hesitated
a moment at that time in concluding this great bar
train. But, Mr. Chairman, it has been urged that
now the circumstances are altered, that the law of
1874 only contemplated a treaty concluded before the
next session of tho Legislature. That when this As
sembly met, the law of 1S74 became void, dead. Yes,
Mr. Chairman, it did, but while it lived and long be
fore this Assembly met, that law produced the re
sults intended by it, it had given birth to a child
tho Reciprocity treaty with the United States. Is
that treaty dead? No, Mr. Chairman, it lives, and
this country is in houor bound to it. There ia noth
ing whatever, concerning the treaty to brine; before
this Assembly now, the last one relieved us of this
duty. Tho treaty was concluded as far as we are
concerned, long before, over a year before this As
sembly met. There is still anothercrude notion which
I perhaps ought to notice, which one of our newspa
pers has advanced, and I may say both the Honolulu
newspapers have taken in my opinion wrong, al
though different views on this subject. The idea is
this, that inasmuch as the government is sure of a
vote in favor of tbe treaty they might as well bring it
up before the Assembly, pass it and make everything
The Honorable Mr. Rhodes has stated that he did
not entertain this view. But, Mr. Chairman, I will
not insult this bouse by supposing it possible that
they would wish us to place the treaty before them
for consideration, only because we knew they would
vote in favor and not against it. No, if it came be
fore tbe House at all, it must come for their recep
tion or rejection as might seem good to them. And
that cannot be, for tho country is already bound to it,
by the action of every power and body which can give
a treaty force, including that of the Legislative As
sembly. I therefore can never bring this treaty be
fore this Assemby. I have closed the bargain and if
I knew my punishment for not bringing it before the
Assembly was to be taken out into the plaza and
shot, I would not do so. That is not the way I have
been ia the habit of making bargains, either in a pri
vate capacity or as a Minister of the State.
I should montion that with regard to the amend
ment to the IV. artiole of the treaty by tbe U. S.
Senate, an explanation may well be asked. I did
not quite understand the amendment myself when I
first read it. The amendment is as follow ;
It is agreed, on the part of His Hawaiian Majesty,
that, so long as this treaty si all remain in force, be
will not lease or otherwise dispose of or create acy
lien upon any port, hs.rbor, or ether territory in his
dominions, or grant any special privilege or rights of
use therein, to any other power, state or government.
This is tbe clause respecting which the Honorable
member for Lahaina asked me a question in this
House, namely, whether tbe Representative! of any
foreign government bad made any protest or objec
tion to it. I answered the Honorable member that
no Representative of any foreign jjoverrjineat had
made any protest cr objection to it.
On that reply, t'ua introducer of tbe resolution now
under difsussion, tbe Honorable Mr. Rhodes, took
the opportunity of trying to cast a doubt a few days
ago by stating that my reply waa something different
to what the Honorable gentlemen had understood me
to say in Privy Council. I will now state what I did
say ia Privy Council in this regard, and there are
many here who beard me. Th question of immi
gration wa being discussed and the propriety of tbit
government applying to the government of Qrcat
Britain through the British Representative her? for
permissi'.n anil assivtunce in bringing East Indian! to
this country frcn; East India. I then stated (tbit
meeting occurred some time ago) that a copy of the
Treaty of Reciprocity tad been sect to the diplomatic
representatives in Honolulu, namely, of Great Britain,
France and the United State, and that the repre
sentative of Great Britain had asked for explana
tions respecting the amendment to tbe fourth article
of the treaty, and that correspondence on the subject
was still pending both between myself and the British
representative, and I believe between tbe latter and
the British Government, and that until tome satisfac
tory conclusion had been arrived at, I considered it
an unsuitable moment to go to the British govern
ment to ask them to help us to get their people to
these islands in order to grow sugar for the American
market under the 'impulse of an exclusive treaty
about which they were at that instart asking expla
nations, and which certeisly rai very much like
leaving then) and all other foreign cuuntries except
the United atates ' out ia the cold." I have now
great pleasure in being able to ttie to this Assembly
that the British Govciiiicent has bid the treaty and
the amsn Ju.ei.1 U the 4th artioie under consideration j
and that after the'explanations which have been glv- j
en they have no objection or protest to make to any j
part of tho treaty whatever.
And ia fact a little consi liratwn shows that al -though
this amendment does read rather roughly, it
really means very lit tie. It would have been a great
objection, no doubt, if this amendment gave the
United States any exclusive privileges in any port,
harbor, or other territory in this country, not en
joyed by other powers, and it was not unnatural that
the British Government miht fear as the Hon in
troducer of this resolution did. that tLere was. per
haps, some secret arrangement, or another Pearl
Pip Buttons, Cigarette Taper,
River Scheme cbocttl with ibis treaty bnUJ.l
nt appear in ths fcs of it. it wUeo tho were
attarv-1. a I aur yn that there is nothing at all
of the kis 1. he !:r;t.h ii-f rnmMit r qai'e
Cel. Th aro u:.t of the wboie tasttrr i just this ?
This country J i ct intend t e ! any terr;t rj
or special rtb? and fim in i? parts to t
Unite! S:a'e. ani it ha s ' I t !;t it nr er til
do sj t aoy other i er i i as t'. s trra'y r
tr.sir ia f re W Lav erI sial t flu, jut
wl.t we in ten le I a, t I . J , ? s r . Ani :hsi
ic'.'.y ,1 th' the Au-er. sri ! . rrr.mci.t It
t'' a-e lift have an elc'ui pvl tti n. they
d n'l t any i
suits ever bd .
. wrr lo
t r i p r j
hn . t.e
:' y u t I c r t
.. d. j-i.t
TtU Ambly will co dout. notice th 'J
di?rat lerthod of foicg about a tbicf , rurae4 by
the Bri.ua Representative, and the Bt.'l-a
Minister, aad the Hon. geotUsaa he lotroJsre
tk;s resolstion cf wat, cf coc5Jet.ee In the Mie'.stry.
They l:k sensible ires, when they tee torsetLlcf 10
this treity tby don't understand, go toltejrcper
quarter, and in acy intelligent and ictsuifil'e tcao
iar ask for ef lacatU ns ; after wb'eh they w jti'd be
n a p t:on t ma. proteis r ol ject.ons. 'rrot a
might sees good to tbets), wUtlst our Hon. Preodeat
iii the otter biud fcrst rutbt iu Lis reo'iution w.to
outgiving a moment's notice if watt cf confidence
in lb Ministry T rwlatthey r ave done. aJ wfcat
they are g ;r.g tr d about tbe treaty ; and then fr"
eeelt to tnd out what it is they have d. ns. and aht
they are 'ic to do.
Tbe Hon. introducer f tki resolution has uid
s. me charge sgsicst tue f in j artifu'ar wbuh
wens not ia the indictment, and which bate reference
to my action with respect to tbe now reltbrsted
memorial ; the Government answer t thai docu
ment, and tb rep'y of W. Green to tbe same I
hope when tbe proper occasion srrives to have some
thing to say on these point. but at the present mo
ment they Ifo to be . outraeou ly leide tb
question that I shall not wt tbe lime if the Assnn
My in replying to them.
I must, however, aduiit a tertain amount of c o
nection between the memorial aud this rr-olution.
Both documents are beaded by the Hon. Godfrey
Rhodes, whilst tbe resolution now before this Assem
bly states in clear and unmi-taksble language what
the memorial conveyed in all kinds of langnag. ex
cept clear and unmistakably, namely, the immense
importance to this country of an iinmeJtate change
of Ministry. The memorial signally failed in that
otject, whilst this resolution is certain le meet a
similar fate. This is tbe second time within a few
month that the 11 n. Noble has headed a document,
the apparent object vf which is to turn out His Ma
jesty' Ministers, and this it tbe second time that
such a document ha failed in to doin. This is the
second time within a few months that tbe Hon.
Noble ba provoked a pugilistic encounter, to to
tpeak, with Hit Majesty' Minister of Foreign
Affairs, and the second time he hat succeeded in get
ting hit bead " into Chancery." aud left the Minis
ters nothing to do but to puro'iiel him ; but, Mr.
Chairman, I refrain.
The Hon. Mr. Castle said :
Mr. Chairman : The resolution before the House
is one expressing want of confidence iu the Ministry,
especially for their action in the Reciprocity Treaty,
or their not bringing it before the present Legisla
ture for ratification, according to the provisions of
Tbe Minister of Foreign Relations has tnoit clear
ly shown, that in negotiating and perfecting the
treaty, thirteen months before the assembling of this
Legislature, (so far as the binding act of this gov.
eminent was concerned) they have acted in strict
conformity with tbe law of 1874, passed by that Leg
islature for this express purpose, and that both the
law and the ministerial action under it were fortified
by the written opinion of the Supreme Court. I was
not aware until I heard his remarks, that tbe min
isterial action was so clearly sustained by the high
est judicial authority in the kingdom, though I have
regarded it as ia strict obedience to and conformity
with the law of 1874. Bo far from censuring tbe
Ministry for their action in tbe matter of the Reci
procity Treaty, it meets tnj most cordial support and
approbation, and I feel more like joining the honor,
able member from Wailuku, ia thanksgiving for the
treaty, with thanks to the Ministry and all concern
ed ia its negotiation, for their faithful and suocettful
efforts ia its accomplishment, than condemning them
for what they have done. It is a boon which we
have asked from the United States for twenty -one
years, and kindly as they have felt towards this na
tion, until now they have felt it to be too much' to
giant, still whilst the benefit is at present largely on
our side, I believe it will be mutual. We thai! Kit,
them our products, and ia return they will sell to us1
still more largely of theirs. e have sent Judges
Lee, Allen, Harris, and Hon. Messrs. Smith and Car
ter, who have all worked ably and earnestly : treaties
have been made, but until this one tbe Senate Lave
never ratified them, and I commend the Ministry for
so heartily and successfully carrying out the pur
pose of the law of 1874, and I thank that Legislature
for the law. Some of its members are bore to-day In
this Assembly. The President of the United States
extended to the King a courteous invitation to vii.it
Washington, and upon acceptance sent a ship of war
to bring the nation's guest, accompanied with two-of
our honored governors. lie was borne across the
continent in a palace car, and entertained with
princely hospitality from San Francisco to Boston.
Tbe President further showed the good will of the
United States by granting to Mr. Peirce, their Min
ister, leave of absence to accompany their royal
guest. Asd he too did good servioe for us. Tbe
presence of the King and faithful labors of our en
voys have given to us now the treaty for which we
have sought so long, and for which we have occasion
His Majesty tbe King was returned la the same
hospitable manner in a first class frigate commanded
by one of the gallant admirals of the nation whose
hospitality he bad experienced; and although the
treaty itself was not negotiated till after bis return,
yet there is no doubt but the favorable impression
made by his visit contributed materially to the suc
cess of the negotiations.
Some indeed feel that only a few planters will be
Dencnttea, out l ao not tbinx so. The beoeflt will
'be to all. A spring sends out its fertilizinir. waters.
and wherever they flow they cause food to grow, for
man and beast) Let it be dried up and its waters
cease to flow, aad sterility and barrenness will follow
all along their course, perhaps distress and starva
tion. There are large factories ia Manchester, Eng
land, with comparatively few owners. They employ
thousands of laborers and mechanics and machinists,
and ships to bring their supplies and export their
manufactures, and agriculturalists to supply the food
of all these classes, and merchants to dispose of their
goods. The factories are few, but their blessings are
shared by untold thonsanJs. A few years since,
when their supply was cut ( S by the civil war io the
United States, it caused wide-spread distress, show
ing how great was the blessing of the fiw factories
to the whole community.
The plantations are the springs, tbe factories of
Hawaii, from which flow mctt of her material pros
perity. They employ thousands of laborers, and
machinists and mechanics, and schooners to carry
their sugars, whom in their turn buy their food cf
our agriculturalists, their clothing and merchandise
of oar merchants, who in their tarn contribute their
duties cn their merchandise (for which a market is
thus provided) to the revenue, from which our gov
ernment in all its branches is supported. Without
the treaty the greater part of our plantations, as I
believe, mutt gradually have gone down, and tbe
fountains cf our prosperity have been dried up.
ine planting interests Lave cost in round numbers
S14.000.000, for which 812.000.000 only have been
earned ia return. Some plantations hare done well
on account chiefly of superior fertility, but many I
repeat could not continue to stand the strain of so
heavy losses lotfg witbeut relief; and with their stop
page, the large sums of money wbich they have beeo
accustomed to pay to all classes must oeaie. We
know of nothiog to take tbelr pi ace. There are some
industries In the country, like wool-growing, which
are supposed to pay, and trtatles for their protection
are not a necessity; but for sugar, decidedly tbe
great staple cf tbe country, they are, though a ftv
plantations would flourish without such aid. ihs
treaty then, though not necessary to fcry one, will
be a great and direct bleic2 to Leatlv all cf the
With these views honeitly hell, I cannot vote a
csnture or want of confidence in the Ministry, who
have labored successfully in obedience to the law at
construed by the highest tribunal in tbe land lo ob
tain the treaty.
The Hon. Godfrey Rhodes said :
Mr. Chairman : I had the floor yesterday, but
the Minister cf Foreign Relations complaining that
he had not had time to say anything so many ques
tions had been asked him, I gave it up to him he
became very pugnacious, so much so that I nlmoit
thought at one time he was going to assault me per
sonally, and he did throw bis respected grandmother
at my head. I intend to behave to tbe venerable
lady in a more courteous manner than ber degener
ate descendant has done, and band her gently frcta
tbe recta, as this Assembly certainly is not a preper
place for ber; so now we will consider that she is ab
sent and refer no farther to her.
I aru now compelled to mention a member of Ibis
Assembly ia connection with the Minister of Foreign
Relations, whose proceedings certainly do do credit
to either the one or the other. I allude to the Gov
ernor of Maui, who, I am sorry to say, is not now iu
the hall. This gentleman, of whom I do not like to
speak in his absence, on Friday, ia his enthusiasm to
serve his chief or patron, sail, cf two documents
which I laid before the Assembly both written on tba
same subject by the Minister, but so different in
their tenor that nobody could have supposed they
were traced by the same psn, that one was written
by the Minister in hu capacity of Minister and tbe
other as a private person. I couVl not help thinking
it vu not very creditable to the Minister to bit still
ia his place and accept his friend's plea in his behalf
when he knew it was without foundation. (Tbe
Minister explained that he did not know what the
NO. 16 MERCHANT
Governor of Maui bad said). Mr. Rbolee Its ikat
: cat I withdraw th remark; but I be lo coo- lam
J t f ano. her rf lbs Minister' opp. rler, Ibe rnerolr
f r Weiloku. who scrfatr-ed at me from bbit.J to
' such a defre wl.i'e the Minister ws fulminating ia
j front, that 1 w.t qui'1 UwilderH i.d hardly knew
! what wa going on. I tic w ng'-nlulate tryaelf bat
tbatn.ru.btr is tifc'ly quiet. The Minis. rr blm-
If appears to bate chi(ed ali C eilrr U lispei(a
from what be waa. We um I to knew hint a kin I,
c lig ng an 1 t-rtievt dent, but be I r.i.w l.arsb. sr.U
trary. almoat Jr-rotic; eaa it U I ha I tbe heavy iK
cial dotiet and labor of l yars In pro
ducing Ibis lively bate unsettled bit t raiu f 1 boj
In bit tpcech yesterday the Minister quoted a let
ter from bitntrlf to the Judges cf lbs Supreme Court,
atk.eg their Jt.ce cn the sutject f lis Coottltatioti
ia relation to the treaty, and gave tb Judicial reply
that as fun her lt;tt!atioi la tb matter was sscs
sary, everything fcaJ beo decs that was required
Mr. Chairmaa.lt is the practice cf the ftt.tnnn to
seek to threw lbs luioitterial rttpontibility cn other
people's shoulJers; be bas several times aUetplI U
do so In lbs Privy Council, but bas tern told L
coull not dive. bHueelf f that rrepxtaibility, it be
longed to the eiecutivs an 1 lbs l'nvy Council bad
nothing lo do with it. Oa the last oooaai.) when
Si.OOU (I believe) was asked fvf ly bitu lor eroding
good to the United States centennial eihlbitlon, it
reluctantly jtavt lit aptroval; but that I t f no ser
vice to Ministers, Ibey are slH rsjootible. Ho oo
tb present oocaaioo b bat eiblbited t this Aeertn
blf papers which I suppose ar copies of tbe real
document, bat they are t f no seme to tb Minis
try. Ministers can not shelter themselves UkinJ
tbe Judges, they mutt bear Ibeir own respooaibllitT
If they bav been badly advised, so roach lbs worn
for them, but that it Iheir owo aflair; Ibey reed not
have taken lb advice nor ao Ibey ilead that as so
excuse for Iheir own unconstitutional acts. All ibat
they bav su -celled ia doing Is lo ionpliests lb
Judget, not lo exonerate Ibemtelve. Hers 1 may be
allowed lo aay, Mr. Chairman, that when gentlemen
have proposed ia Ibis Attcml.ly to apply toJudgt
of the Supreme Court for adtic. I bsve beeo sorry
to bear such a suggestion; Iber Is no occasion for
this Assembly lo consult those gentletuto nor should
it do so to follow their advic wbco glveo. This
Assembly is tb judge of it owo acts, but It mutt be
careful to keep within proper constitutional bouuds.
The Judges of tb Supreme Court iu this kingdom
are politicians. Not only ar they judges and poli
tician, but men of business as well : two of I he in
have large Interests In plantations, and it is always
possible that Ibes interests may Intel ft rs with thuir
judicial duties. They have liberal salaries, aud it
would certainly be proper that they should altaio
from entering iuto oompt titioo with the commercial
part cf the community. The Judges certainly neither
do juttice lo themselves nor lbs rest of the commu
nity when they embark In tbete Isrg speculations.
Here is a case lo point. It Is ootoiious that lbs
plantation belonging to the Chief Juttic is deeply ia
debt, and that that one la which lbs First Associate
Juttice is iuteretted is cot so prosperous as be might
detire. Tbe Minister ssys Ibat b bat strongly uiged
the uiemlers of this Assembly to support lbs Consti
tution; but be blows hot and cold with the sams
mouth. In bis printed speech cf Friday b stye,
There ar limes when eo Ih Constitution siuks
into insignificance' Precisely; If a poor kanaka lo
gain twenty.five ceols by selling a cast of spirits,
if be dares lo pluck a twig from th sacred tree then
the Constitution can Dot b violated with impunity;
the culprit mutt b fined fit hundred dollars; but if
it be a uiinitter or Iu Ig of th Hupreuss Court who
it ia trouble, that is a di Here tit matter altogether;
tbe tree is ia tbst case to be lorn up by tb roots, Its
fragment scattered to lb winds and trampled under
foot. By lb 2V I h Articl of tb Constitution it is
provided that " treaties Involving cbsrges lo lbs
tariff or in any law of lb kingdom, shall b referred
for spproval to tb Legislative Assembly." It is
well knowo that th treaty io question was not re
ferred for approval to I L last Legislature. Hut sr
the Minittert, something els bas been don which,
answers tbe purpote. I say nothing can b don but
to comply with th requirements cf th Constitution.
Hon. Mr. Cattle called attention I an articl which
according to biin would settle th matter. This Is
the C'Jth Article, which provide that "th decisions
of the Sjprcm Court, when made by a tnajoritj of
th Justices thereof, shall tie final and conclusive
upoo all parties." To this I oppose. "Articl 10.
No petsou shall sit as a Judge or Juror la any oass
io which bis relative is interested, either as rlainlill
or defendant, or In the issue of which the said Judge
or juror, may have, either directly or through a rel
ative, any pecuniary lotcrett." What stronger pe
cuniary interest could judges tictsibly buve ia any
thing than ia the passage of this Treaty which Is Iu
save them from possible disaster, at all events to put
money in their pockets.
I know that several of the plantations are in trou
ble, aud do on sympathises with their owners nior
thao I; nobody would go further or do inor to help
them ia any reasonable manner. If you atk me, Mr.
Chairman, why I oppose the passag of the Treaty
without referring it to th Assembly, I say because I
consider there is something worth living lor of vaat
ly mor valu than either sugar or dollars, and that
is houor. If a man lose Lis t-onoT be loses bis all.
It is only a few short weeks ago, that th oath was
administered to me io this ball, by one of tb Judges
now present, to support this Constitution, and I dt
not intend lo violate my oath if 1 know it. I bav
by introducing this resolution thrown tbe rotponti
bility off my own shoulders; it res.. on th Attem.
bly, which can act as It pleases in tb matter.
Ministers say this resolution takes then unawares;
they have had no notice aad ought not to bs taken
at surprise in 'his manner. I esy, Mr. Chairman,
that when they announced to this Assembly Ibtlr In
tention to proclaim this Treaty as soon as it was re
ceived, they ought at the same time to havo been
prepared to support so unconstitutional an act; but
wheo the news was received that the Treaty bad ac
tually passed the United States Congress, I thea,
without consulting any one or being urged by any
one cither ia or out of the Assembly, considered that
it was high time to endeavor to prevent If possible
the proposed violation, and Introduced the resolutlou
The Miuitter said yesterday that this is talc that
I have endeavored to eject him from cflioe. I say
Mr Chairman, simply that that remark is not true!
and the Minister may tak this statement of mine to
the Judges of the Supreme Court, and do doubt Ibey
will be able to persuade Lira that it is Uglily tomvU.
mivu nil ii
I bav one charge mor to tusk against tb Mio
ister, and it is a vry grav one, nothing ls than
giving to the world a mutilated document for a com
plete one. Ther was a oommitte of nvof th
signers of the now notorious memorial wbo presented
it to the King, and the rerly read by bim was afteu.
lively listened to by all of them. Tb reply was not
banded to them; bat when they saw published in lb
pspers as this reply a document which certainly lack,
ed a sentence relating to Ministers tbenisnlve, tbelr
surprise mey be conceived. Thcr was no lolttak
In the matter. They all saw each other and con
versed on it. One cf tb gcntlemeu besides myself
is now in tb bouse; bat in order that It may be fully
proved I now auk tbe Corowilte in its retort to tb
Atbembly to ask for the appointment of a committee
The Minuter elegantly said yesterday that l.s bad
my bead in Chancer, and all that be bad to do was
to give it a good pummelling which however I.
would not do. My bead possibly may have been In
that unoom for table position yesterday, but bis wr
taluly is In a much more distressing one to-flay.
Before sitting down, Mr. Chairman, I will oaulion
the Minister oo a subject oo which 1 called him to
order yeeterdsy. He said L asked tb King for ir
mlation to give m leave to ts.ll tb Assembly what
bad happened in th Privy Council, and Ih King
bad granted that permission. Now there was do oo-
casioo io. k.i li t King anything cf th sort, and
Mm'Mers iH acting in that manner ar only provid
ing future trouble for themselves and their success
ors. The King ought to have no private opinion cn
business matters apart from bis Minittcis, and any.
tLiog suggested to biin to the contrary will bavs tb
tflect cf giving him a false idea cf bit own position
and power, and most certainly lead to trouble and
It really gave m pleatur to set ths Minister pos
sessed cf so much pluck as to favor lbs reeousiders
tioo cf the resolution; not bsoaute I expected lo carry
it. This Alterably is too peculiarly conttructed for
me to have bod fur that; bat because be was boAl
enough to face what be must bav known be bad to
hear. Before taking my seat I will say a few words
as lo my view cf th working of the Treaty about
which so much bas been said. Th Minister says we
are to receive five hundred thousand dollars per year
from this bargain; it may be so, but I cannot see it.
Lt not honorable members think that one dollar of
that money will find its way to them. Whatever
may b received will go to pay eff the debts tf in
volved plantations. It msy pottibly do sum good
for a year or two io keeping these going, but when
planters are once cut cf i'U, don't imagine that any
cf that 8o00,U00 will com to us. It will go to up.
port them and their pleasure In New York and else
where. Their sugar will go directly from their plan
tations to Sio Francisco, and the vessels that lake it
will bring back the supplies they require; so that our
inter-island trafiio must suffer and our Honolulu
population tuO, ia the decrease of all descriptions cf
The Minister having Uts so generous as to take
my head out oM banctry, when be thought he had it
there, I will no be equally merciful and rtleas
him. Mr. Chairman, I withdraw my motion for the
appointment of a committee cf investigation.
They hat.j Hit' Chinese out in California so much
that no wLIim man dares ever to clww pig tail to
bncco, St. Lqius (Jlvkts
- ;m Zi. v."