Newspaper Page Text
FRIDAY. JVUUST 11. 1S7.
Is basines mattan we have to report tDoih-r nfk of .lu
nation, the only relief lo Ch monotonous jairiu4e bri g the
arrival yesterday of the V 8 Jamestown, from Pan tran
c'co l days later news than waa recrlrid by last
In Hawaiian produce there ia no change in the 8n Fran
ciaro market q flotations, but the following article on 8ugr we
extract from the Herald A- Markrt Rrxitm of the 20th alt, as
cwerir.g important points on the 8tx$ar situation in connection
wun the treaty:
We cooliooe lo receive free sopplie of Refined overland, ii.d
little of saase from iionakon'- the lluki vhirh irni
1" tl5C. lh, briccin 00 bus grocery trades, and the ship
TlI ' r'""' ,raB seme, wan s.ocs oafs fur rrfl
era as. The market is at present witaont change in value
jt wis wnnaf we aare octhiog definite about the passage of
... wauu -mir.jn it is now cocreoetl that the lland
ua oere in soon iiu have 10 pay a daty, treaty of do tr-tr
so that If the treaty Is finally ratified, the 8u$ar now here
ansae 10.900 pkgs, will b re-exported to the Islands aBd re!
turned here, ia order to com In free. The fact is thi. a..
was bocjht at the Island at high cost las: winter, nnder the
snppmiiion that the treaty would have gone Into operation last
spring , and thus come in free. To sell now and pay the duty
would entail a heavy loss npoo the Islanders. There ia m eon
stant call for Hawaiian grocery grades, and none to be bought.
This state of things has been the occasion cf large Eastern
mpplies of Yellow grocery grades to be sent to this coast, in
roo receipts 01 irnsned and Holt white and fiol
den C; and those engaged in bringing this Sugar here, chiefly
overland, nave made money by the venture. Bat we think
this trade will soon be nipped in the bud by the California and
bay Refinery proprietors, the latter now run the M V P He.
finery at foil capacity, and they, with the CaUtortila, have the
anility to more man supply all the requirements of this coast;
and this trade cf the t acifie slope oar refiners are determined
lo ccntrol at any cost.. The Bay Sugar Refining Company are
now rebuilding their refinery, which was burnt lately. The
work is being done in the moat thorough and complete man
ner. The new machinery will be the most perfect oi its kind,
embracing all the latest improvements for reflninr. The hone
to have everything In running order and resume work by the
1st cf December neat. They are now using the ban Francisco
anu ractnc company's worse, and will continue until their
own building ia ready for occupation. We quote California
inlaw v-ouee a iwjc; ao no it, Wicj Crushed and Cube, 12c
e note sale of ZOO kegs Hawaiian, private. This vear's re.
ceipla were late reaching as, and before arrival oar stocks bad
oecome weu n:Q emanated, and this, with fire and lotig pas
ages at sea and other disasters not contemplated, have disar
ranged plana here of all concerned. The Hawaiian treaty haa
been also a stumbling block in the way of trade with (he Isl
ands, and in Hugar for a twelve months, and the sooner the
suspense anus tne newer lor ail concerned.
The following vessels may be looked for now as due any
time- D C Murray and Mary Belle Roberts, from San Fran
cisco; Mattie Macleay, from Portland; and Camden from the
Bound. Steamer City of New York will be due here on Tues-
djrDext, from the Colonies, en route for Ban Francisco.
The tract of land known as Honokohau, situate in Kona, Ila
.' wail, embracing about 3,000 acres, will be offered at auetion
V to-morrow, and presents a splendid opportunity for invest
pout or uoijolulu, n. i.
fr Scbr Ka Moi. ReyncUts, from Kabului, MauL
6 Scbr Prince, Beck, from Kona and Kau, Hawaii.
6 Hchr Pneokahi. Clarke, from liana. Maui
a Hchr Msry Ellen, Pent, from Kohala, Hawaii.
1 8chr Manookawai. Kimo, from Nawiliwili, Kauai.
8 8chr Warwick. J no Bull, from Kalaupapa, Molokai
Bear Kanwile, Kibling, from v simra as Koloa.
A Hchr Nettie Merrill. Crane, from Lahaina, Maui.
9 Hchr Mile Morris, Kalawaia, from Kaunakakai.
10 Scbr Paoahi, Uopo,from Uilo. Hawaii.
lO Hchr Kinaa, Abuihala, from Moloaa, Kauai.
10 fchr Uilama. Slana. from Kohala, Hawaii.
10 I) 8 training ship Jamestown, Commander Clns
19 days from ean r rancisco.
12 Hchr Ka Moi, Reynolds, from Kahalui, Maui.
6 gchr Fairy Queen, Kaaina, for tlanalei, Kauai.
7 8tmr Kilauea, Marchanl, for Maui and Hawaii.
7 Hchr Ka Mol. Reynolds, for Kahului. Mani.
1 Nicaragua bk Wellington, Foster, for Royal Roads
g Hchr Manookawai, aino, tor r a win win, jwauau
B Hchr Mary Ellen, Mac a, for Kohala, Hawaii.
9 Bchr Kamaile. Kibling, for Koloa and Waimea.
9 Scbr Prince. Beck, for Kona and Kau, Hawaii.
g 9cbr Marlon, Lambert, for Koloa Ac. Waimea, Kauai
9 Hchr Warwick, John Bull, lor Kalaupapa, oioiokai.
9 Scbr Pueokahi, Clarke, for liana, Maui.
10 Bchr Nettie Merrill. Crane, for Lahaina, Maui.
1 Hchr Mile Morris, Kalawaia, for Kaunakakai.
11 Scbr Kinaa, Ahoibala, for Uanalei, Kauai.
VESSELS IN PORT.
UBS IjtcLawanna, Captain Greer.
II B 51 8 Myrmidon, Commander Hare.
IT 8 training ship Jamestown. Commander (Han.
flaw bk Lunalilo, Maraton, loading.
Am bk A Id en Basse, Noyea.
Am bktn Jane A Falkinburg, Hubbard, repairing.
Brit bk Cleta. Kilcom, discharging.
Brit bk Canoma, Rosser, discharging.
r8 City of New Tork, from Sydney, due Aug 15.
Brig W II Alleo, from Tahiti, to J 1 Dow set I, is due.
Bark Ionia, from Tahiti, to O C McLean, ia about due.
RS Cliv of &an Francisco, from San Francisco, due A us 24
Bark Camden, from Paget Bound, to H Hackfeld ft Co, ia
Bark Mattie Macieay, from Portland, to U Hackfeld A; Co,
is about r'ue.
Bark Mary Belle Roberts, from Ean Francisco, to II Hack
sli to Cn ia shoot due.
Bak O C Murray, from San Francisco, to C Brewer Sc. Co,
ia about due.
Bark R C Wylie, from Bremen, to II Hackfeld A Co, will be
due the latter part ol September.
Brig Pomare, from Victoria, doe about
in Wihbwabd Posts Per Kilauea. Aug 7th: Princess
l.ikeiike Clerftorn and daughter. Mrs W Love and son, Dr U
Trous-eao, Mr Heine, J R VV ilson, Capt J Worth, T U Uavies,
Rev 8 E Bishop, Mr McDonald. U A Widemann, Mrs II Mac
.firlaoe and ehiM. F A Schaefer, C II Jndd, J A Cummins,
(Mrs Mix. Mrs E G Waller and child, W Conway, Mr t-isn-man.
Miss Widemann, Mods B allien, MUs En ma Napoleon,
Miss M Puniwsl, Nathaniel and child, Ateam, Mrs J09 Kawai
rrai. Miss Ike, Miss L Victor, and about 145 deck.
Rostssox. At his residence. In Nuuanu valley, on Tues
day, August 8th, Mr James Roatitsoir, aged 77 years and 9
months. He waa a native of Poorfleet, London, England, and
Am resided at these islands for the paat 64 years.
jrr The fUneral will take place to-morrow (Sunday) from
his late residence, at 4 p m.
Bollf.s In this city, at Kapena Place, August 11th, Mrs
Fa!fY BoLLKS.of Waterfbrd, Connecticut, aged 80 years and
23 days. XT New London papers please copy.
XT-Th funeral will take place this day, (Saturday) at 10
o'clock, a m, from the residence of her son, Kapena Tlace.
Friends and acquaintance are Invited.
The Barbadoe Disturbances.
There ha been trouble ia the British negro
colon of Barbadoet in the West Indies. Mobs
Ctftrjiitted virions acts of plunder and disorder, all
arising from the ignorance of the dominant class
the blacks. The Saturday Rtvitw thus concludes
an article upon the subject, which u suggestive
reading to tu at the Hawaiian Islands :
Although indignant patriots in Barbadoes as in
larger communities talk loudly about constitutional
rights, it is doubtful whether, after the recent
collision between the two races, representative gov
ernment will continue to be practicable. The present
system is recommended bjr respectable antiquity,
but it was founded for the benefit of one dominant
class which bad in all respects common interests.
The enfranchisement of the slaves altered or reversed
all the conditions of the experiment. In a West
Indian colony, as in a Southern State of the Ameri
can Ua'o, it would be intolerable that the inferior
pace should exercise permanent supremacy by reason
of numerical preponderance. By force or con
trivance the whites have already in almost all parts
of the former Confederacy resumed the power of
which they had been temporarily deprived. The
Federal authority and the public opinion of the
entire nation will probably give the colored people
sufficient security against extreme oppression. In
Barbadoes the owners of property have so mansged
an extended suffrage as to control the Legislature;
but it is possible that under some astute leader the
colored majority might at a future election reverse
the balance of power. The English colonists would
assuredly not be constrained by the letter of any
Constitution to obey a Legislature and Government
choeen by the negroes. For the present the mass of
population has no confidence In an Assembly which
primarily regards the rights and interests of the
planters. Within a few years after emancipation
the Assembly of Jamaica defeated in Parliament a
proposal made by Lord MxuorssE's Government
to govern the island as a Crown colony. Thirty
years later the entire community, after the experi
ence of the disturbances of 1865, willirgly accepted
the form of government which had previously been
denounced; and from that time the colony has
enjoyed perfect tranquillity, and has steadily in
creased in prosperity. No English Minister willingly
reduces the area of Parliamentary government; but
the prejudice of a former generation against various
methods of administration is becoming obsolete. It
is not improbable that a dictatorship will be the
only effectual mechanism by which conflicting inter
ests can be reconciled in Barbadoes.
Attempted Scigide. Last Saturday morning a
Dative policeman, nnder temporary aberration of
mind produced by the fear that he had leprosy, at
tempted suicide by cutting bis throat. His wife,
who was present, eeized the razor, and in the strug
gle for its possession was the worst cut of the twain,
as the man had inflicted only a slight flesh wound
upon himself. Attempts to commit suicide should
be punishable here at law, as they are in England
SATURDAY. Al'Gl ST 12.
The HF-rtstL of the Awmbly to grant any
funds for carrying out the jroTisiona of the
44 Act to Mitigate," during the coming biennial
period, will of courv Lave the e fleet to n6pend
entirely the operation of that law. Opinions
have been nod are honeetlj divided as to the
propriety as well n the usefulness of the law,
and in years past the dispute fcn often waxed
warm. We hnve no intention or desire to revive
it now ; lut it is a fact that the testimony of
medical men and the heads of the police, -who
are likely to know whereof they speak, is to
the effect that the law, while confessedly im
perfect and sometimes liable to abuse, has bad a
salutary effect in mitigating and diminishing the
diseases m question. The fact that the present
Assembly has by ita present action condemned
this law by a considerable majority, we need
hardly say affords no basis for argument against
During the coming two years the reports of
r if r.i rn i
the Queen's Hospital will undoubtedly show
whether or not the law has been a salutary one
The Gazette of this week undertakes to give
" a ehort historical sketch of the emall-pox at
the islands," but aa happens sometimes to the
beet of historians, and quite often to the Gazettr,
mistakes and omissions have crept in, and we
disinterestedly proceed to act as corrector.
In relating the appearance of the disease at
the islands brought by a passenger from San
Francisco on the Xcbraska, who was first taken
to the Sailors' Home but afterwards to the U. S.
Marine Hospital, where he died, the Gazette says
that " the native who drove the carriage thither
took the disease and also died." This is an
error, as the native, Naiole, who drove Mr.
Fletcher in one of Mr. Ward's carriages to the
Hospital on May Cth, 1872, waa taken sick on
the 20th, and was sent to the Hospital on the
21st. On the 27th the doctor decided that he
had the emall-pox, and he was removed to the
Quarantine Hospital, from which he was dis
charged cured July 1st, and died only last year.
Now the Constitution guarantees to every one
the enjoyment of life, fcc, and to say the least,
it is a most unlawful assumption of power even
in a celebrated historian like the Gazette, to kill
a man beforo his time has come.
The omission in our cotcmporary's owertrue
hystorie " of the small-pox, consists in making
no mention of the case of the disease which the
steamship Idaho brought here on May 20, 1868,
the circumstances of which were quite similar
to those attending the recent one per Australia.
The patient had been kept well secluded on board
the steamer, and on arrival here a small house
was hurriedly erected on the reef and the patient
removed into it, where he recovered, and is at
present following his business on board the Cali
fornia steamers. Although at that time the
emall-pox was very severe in San Francisco, the
deaths each day being from sixty to seventy, the
cabin passengers of the Idaho were permitted to
land ; but articles of clothing were interdicted
from being brought on shore and the steerage
passengers were placed under surveillance. AH
waa safe, and no resolution of want of confidence
was hurled at the Board of Health.'
The Gazette concludes by recommending that
more attention be paid by parents to the law in
regard to vaccination. We would amend by
saying that more attention 6hould be paid to it
by government, in providing " suitable persons "
to perform this duty on each island, and in see
ing tnat unobjectionable virus is used. Heaven
protect Hawaii from a repetition of the recklessly
indiscriminate vaccinating process of years past !
tv. : i .i il.i .
air iuu.ii is (umuuiuuic uiui'ii oi iue leprosy wnico
has since prevailed
We positively assert that we neither heard
nor felt it. But what is the use oi arguing with
or contradicting public opinion? There was a
shock, and a heavy one too, they say. The
great pendulum felt it most remarkably, and as
a natural phenomenon it made the great govern
inent crab change in an instant the old twenty-
five years retrograde movement into a forward
one, wonderful to relate and hardly to be
credited, but it is so, nevertheless. The policy
of economy has been initiated. The electric
fluid in its subtle and wonderful power laid
several heads low in the dust near Aliiolani
House in one stroke of lightning, and no coroner
was called to hold an inquest. The offices of
Road Supervisor, Superintendent of Water
Works and Clerk of the Market, and Superin
tendent of Public Works, for which there has
been paid in the nggreate the sum of $5,700
per annum, have been merged in one, at a salary
of $3,900, which will effect a biennial saving of
$3,600. Certainly not a very bad beginning.
Wo have not been in the habit of late of singing
the praises of the Ministry, and although the
measure did not originate with them but with
the opposition, we must do them the justice to
say that they supported it. We cannot but
rejoice at this commencement of an effort at
economy by merging several offices in one, where
it can be done without detriment to the public
It is said though perhaps only a hope ex
pressed that their Excellencies intend following
np this new begun process of retrenchment by
merging offices, by a recommendation that the
three Ministerial Departments of Foreign Affairs,
Finance and Interior, be consolidated into one,
and to do so by making one Minister take charge
ad interim (until the Constitution can be
amended) of the other two departments. This
plan, when proposed, will deserve and shall 1
receive our heartiest support, as it will meet
with the fullest approbation of the public. No
one doubts that one able Minister could as well
and honorably fulfill the duties of three depart
ments, as is now done by three individuals ; for
in fact each department is in charge of a com
petent and experienced clerk, who, as is well
known, performs all the labor, while the prin
cipals merely draw their salaries and do the
ornamental part of the work. This, one man
could perform quite as efficiently as three ; and
as the people's purse has become very much
depleted, it will be paying too dear for the
whistle to expend so large an amount of money
for mere ornament. Tho merging of the three
Ministerial offices would be a saving of $24,000
in the biennial appropriation, and undoubtedly
the new system would work admirably by abol
ishing much red tape, and giving to one person
a rapid and clear insight and oversight in the
three departments and the working of the whole.
A further biennial saving of $6,000 could be
arrived at by abolishing the office of Attorney
General, and gitiDg the law business of the
government to some first class lawyer at an
annual salary of $2,500, and re-transferrine
the supervision of the entire department of
police to the Marshal of the Kingdom.
This idea of merging the three Ministerial
Departments in one is really a happy thought ;
and if it emanated from the Ministers themselves,
it id a noble and unselfish effort for the benefit of
the country, whereby their Excellencies might
occupy a place in the world's history by the side
of the uoble eacriEct of Curtius, who saved
Konie by jumping, cap a pie, into the yawning
a by but exicb . a saennce can hardly be ex
pected. The heroic deed of the noble Roman
stands and has tood for centuries during the
world's history, single and alone. In modern
times we find examples where men hare vanished
from sight through a large opening and come out
at what is called " the little end of the born ;"'
and should their Excellencies be desirous of
sacrificing their salaries for the salvation of the
country, we fear that hy some mistake an
entrance might be mode into the wrong opening,
to come out at the li end of the born. But we
shall patiently awsit the further derelopments of
the newly commenced plan of economy by merg
THE GOVERNMENT MINT.
would probably startle the community to
learn some day that the Hawaiian Government
had resolved to make gold and silver coins which
should contain several per cent, less of pure
metal than is contained in foreign coins of as
similated values in the commercial world, and
; that such coins of debased value should be legal
i . .
tender tor the payment or all debt. It is true
that we have no government mint ; but the
action of the government in fixing upon fictitious
values for coins brought here from abroad, puts
us at the mercy of dealers in coin to introduce
that which is debased, paying therefor its com
mercial value and receiving its exaggerated value
in this country. It is often said that it matters
not what the intrinsic or the international value
of the com may be, as long as it is received and
paid out here as a counter ; but no country can
long afford to do this losing business in this age
oi expunges, ine aays oi wampum are passec
r i rri r- . jr
Take the matter of customs duties
say that the tariff of ten per cent, brings $200,
000 annually to the government. Is it not
letter that this should be $200,000 in gold at
its commercial value, or its value in the country
whence it comes, than $200,000 in depreciated
The fact that gold is more costly and less
subject to fluctuation in value than silver, has
been deemed sufficient by most civilized nations
to make it the legai standard, while silver in the
same countries is coined with a lees proportiona
ble value (being used in the payment of small
debts) in order to keep it in circulation ; for
otherwise the silver would rapidly disappear.
The double standard of both gold and silver,
which some advise here, has been almost univer
sally rejected elsewhere; inasmuch as they do
not, in their varying values, vary simultaneously.
Says Mill, in his Political Economy: "The
plan of a double standard is still occasionally
brought forward by here and there a writer or
orator, as a great improvement in currency. It
is probable that with most of its adherents, its
chief merit is its tendency to a sort of deprecia
m.T a a . .
uon, mere oemg at ail tunes abundant sup
porters for any mode, either open or covert, of
lowering the standard."
During the two-hours session which was held
on Saturday, an act to indemnify the Minister o
Finance to the amount of $3,997.64 as asked for
in the budget, was passed on its second reading;
and an act providing that prisoners at the cxpi
ration of thsir term of penal servitude should be
returned at the expense of government to their
respective districts, was indefinitely postponed
On Monday the report of a select committee
to whom the subject was referred, was read, rec
ommending the mereins of the three offices of
I Superintendent of Public Works, Road Supervisor
for the island of Oahu, and Superintendent of
Water Works and Clerk of Market, and recom
mending an annual salary of $3,000 for the per
son discharging the functions of the three severa
offices thus merged. In regard to the appropria
tions for the health of the country, the item of
$55,000 for the support of the Leper Asylum was
passed without much demur, but the items for
physicians and nurses, and the general expenses
of the Board of Health, were deferred for consid
eration at a future time. In favor of the motion
to defer these items, Hon. Mr. Preston said that
he had no intention to support any action that
would deprive the lepers of their support, or in
any way interfere with the health regulations of
the country ; but that the Assembly, beforo pass
ing hastily upon such an appropriation, should
take carefully into consideration the altered cir
cumstances of the case ; the members should not
too readily forget their action of the week pre
vious on a resolution of want of confidence in the
Board of Health, and the total disregard that had
been 6hown to so open and so unanimous a pro
test ; and that they should also consider the fact
that there was at present a bill only awaiting the
King's signature, which provided for an entire
remodeling of the Board of Health, and which if
signed might requiro a corresponding adjustment
of the appropriations therefor. These considera
tions were certainly sufficient to warrant the As
sembly in staying further action, until the King's
pleasure had been made known to them through
the Enrollment Committee. Hons. S. Kaai and
T. Birch spoke to the same effect, and indicated
the difference of opinion that might arise accord
ing to the result of the proposed change. They
were more definite, however, in expressing their
appreciation of the slur that would be cast upon
their legislative action, should the present Board
of Health receive the further support of govern
ment that the vetoing of the bill would necessa
rily carry with it. The vote to postpone was 33
The appropriation of $4,000 for expenses un
der the "Act to Mitigate the evils and diseases
arising from Prostitution," was the next item in
order, and was after some discussion voted out by
a strong majority. The speakers in favor of the
act and appropriation therefor were Messrs. W.
L. Green, S. N. Castle, E. Preston, G. Rhodes,
and S. G. Wilder, all foreigners, while the native
members opposed it almost to a unit. The Hon.
II. Waterhouse was the only foreign member who
spoke against the act ; and opposed it upon the
untenable plea, that its tendency was to encour
Oh Tuesday two different bills were read pro
viding for inter-island steam navigation, one con
templating the purchase of a steamer by govern
ment and allowing the sale of the vessel to pri
vate parties, and a yearly subsidy under certain
specified considerations ; the other merely ar
ranging to subsidize any private party willing to
contract for a proper steam service. Both were
referred to a select committee, of which Hon. E.
Preston was appointed chairman. The inference
is that with so intelligent a committee as was ap
pointed, the consideration of the matter will be
properly attended to.
The appropriation of $13,000 for carrying on
the government surveying was very properly
passed without reduction, notwithstanding that
some of the more far-sighted of the Hawaiian
Solons expressed a little timidity at placing so
much power and opportunity in the bands of the
surveyors " to steal land and make presents of
the same to their friends."
The $10,000 appropriation for the seclusion
and care of Hawaiian females, which was fint
contemplated Lr the carrying out of the Jeho
vah " b.ll of lion. T. Martin, was voted down
after totue discussion, the members having satis
fied then-eelves that as the grand scheme bad
tneen abandoned, the money if voted wouki be
transferred to some less noble account ; the capa
city for which kind of accommodation had been
ebown by the ministry in their previous accounts.
A nearly successful attempt was made on Wed
nesday to reduce the tax on horses to 50 cents ;
and we were much surprised to Cod the rn misery
attempting to negative the reduction, after hav
ing lent their aid in relief of the poor and op
pressed Hawaiian groaning under the burden of
a one-dollar poll-tax. The bill was killed by a
majority of one.
We will gire oar readers a specimen of the
measures proposed and the manner in which they
are managed and engineered through oar Legis-
la tive Assembly: rremisinz that it may crovoke
j Jismai mirtb.
About a month ago a very important draft of a
law at 'east it was so styled by a native mem
ber who introduced it was referred to a com
mittee of which the Minister for Foreign Affairs
whs chairman. This signifies that that gentle
man was the mover in the matter of reference,
that individual being generally appointed chair
man. After a time the committee reported, and
oa Thursday their bill was brought up for dis
cussion in committee of the whole house. And
what was the bill ? Why it proposed that bronze
medals of the value of five dollars each, we be
lieve, should be struck and one presented to all
parents who could boast of having four living
children, and sums of money varying from five
dollars to one hundred to be given to all those
who had children living up to ten, then another
sum of ten dollars for each child over ten. One
0f the native members wanted to know what was
the object of the medals, and if they were to be
worn as a dog wears his tag ; but thought it
would be a great deal better for the fortunate
parents if they were presented with a sum of
money. One of the foreign members proposed
the indefinite postponement of the measure as
impracticable, when the Minister who was chair
man of the committee that reported the bill, said
he agreed with him and others who had arrived
at the 6a me conclusion, but he wished that the
House should decide for itself. Will it be be
lieved that after the whole morning session and
part of the afternoon had been devoted to the
discussion of this precious bill, the Minister, in
the face of what he had said in the forenoon
would not vote for its suppression ? and it has
been referred to another committee, to be brought
again before the House ; so that when finally dis
posed of it will have been three times considered
in committee and three times in the Assembly,
Now what is the meaning of this waste of time
and vacillation on the part of Ministers ? Is it
that they want to kill time and amuse the Legis
lature until they get news of the treaty; or is it
a mere truckling to the native members for the
sake of their votes, and the retention of office
or perhaps they are preparing for a grand coup
de theatre at the expense of their poor dupes
Whatever it may be, it is well the world should
know what is going on in this the fourth month
of imbecile and mismanaged legislation, and the
style in which the public money is likely to be
The House spent the greater part of the day
yesterday in haggling over a few unimportant
items to the exclusion of what was more impor
tant. An item of $4,000 for a fencing the
Aliiolani lot, was erased from the appropriation
bill, mainly upon the consideration that the lot
had been devoted almost solely to pasturing
horses. The members thought the fence now
standing was as good as those generally em
plojred for paddocks, and perhaps they were
right. Late in the afternoon . the subject of
agriculture and immigration came up and was
left unfinished at the adjournment. It is the
first subject in order to-day.
Testimony of Persons Accused of Crime.
A writer in the Gazelle, himself engaged in the
practice of criminal and civil law, suggests doubts of
the propriety of the proposed Act permitting parties
in both civil and criminal cases to testify for them.
selves. In his view, although the change is desira
ble in civil cases, it will work' injuriously for the in
nocent and, by promoting perjury, will tend to defeat
justice with the guilty. The presumption of inno
cence will be of no avail in case the prisoner should
not testify, for his silence would surely operate
agsiust him, and as a witness he would in cross
examination often appear to bad advantage, and be
thought guilty from the confusion and self-contradic
tion in which many a witness can easily be involved.
These are suggestions deserving of careful consid
eration, for they evince reflection and research,
They are the more important, from the fact that the
proposed modification in the law is not intended to
aid the prosecution, but rather to assist innocent
piisonera to avoid unjust convictions, and that mem
bers of the profession who defend alleged criminals
do not, at any rate in the above instance, seek the
Undoubtedly the change ought not to be made un
advisedly, ine uoneutation provides tnat " no per
son shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a
witness against himself." The statutes give to every
person accused of crine the right to be presumed in
nocent until legally proved to be guilty. The result
of the proposed chaige would probably be, that the
defendant's silence would work against him in the
minds of a jury, and that many an innocent defend'
ant would make an tn fortunate impression on a jury
from mere confusion and excitement, while the har
dened villains might lefy all attempts to break down
their own false testimony and use the law as a safe
means of escape from prosecution. A further result
to be feared might be, that juries would become so
habituated to heariig testimony which they regard
as worthless, that they would decide all cases regard
less of testimony, more from their personal feelings
than from evidence.
On the other hand, keeping in view the fact that
courts of justice seek to ascertain the truth, whether
it favor one side or the other, the ordinary mode of
dealing with disputes out of court is to hear what a
party has to say for himself. Moreover, the person
who would perjure himself is usually prompt to
suborn others to testify falsely in his behalf. As for
the legal presumption of innocence, I doubt if it has
the effect usually attributed to it, any more than
does the law requiring an acquittal if a " reasonable
doubt " of guilt exiits. Juries hear the case, and
decide practically by the same modes in criminal as
in civil matters The honest defendant may appear
badly on the stand, and the guilty may appear to
pass the ordeal of examination with triumph. But
twelve men in a jury box know how to make allow
ance for a parly's excitement while testifying, as
well as if they were elsewhere listening to his state
ments. A skillful prosecutor also will see the point
of weakness in the guilty witness and usually can
show him up sufficiently if he tries to mis-state. The
aw certainly is not made to shield the guilty, and I
am inclined to think that I should always prefer to
take my chances in defending a really innocent man
if he were allowed to testify.
However, the change is so radical, that it might
be well firs', to try its workings in civil matters.
Axjbed S. IIahtwfll.
Germany has a population of 42,759,812, show
ing an increase in four years of 1,699,020, or about
four per cent. The rate of increase has been larger
since the war with France then it was previously,
one reason assigned for which is, that emigration to
the United States has greatly diminished.
Tht Tkaixixo Smr Jamestown This veatel, for
merly a weli-knowo aod favorite slocp-cf-war of the
United States Navy, is now a training ship for boys,
and under the control of the Board cf Supervisors cf
the city cf San Franciscc, having been detailed bj
the Secretary cf the N"y for that purpose. She is
now on a cruise for the exercise of the boys, cf which
there are sixty .four cn board, cf various age, bat
mostly between li and IS years. The bej are such
as evince aa aptitade or inclination for a sea life, are
engaged for not less than two years, and are entered
co the application of their parents or guardian,
who, if able, pay a monthly charge of $10 to defray
the expenae of clothing and feeding the boys while
oa board. A school is maintained on boaxd, in
which instruction is imparted in readicg. writing,
elementary geography and arithmetic, and higher
studies for advanced classes, while as thorough in
struction in practical navigation ia given as the pro
ficiency of the beys in mathematics will admit. This
includes finding a ship's position on a chart, plotting
eoaraes. aad ordinary -"day's work." Of course,
all the branches of practical seamanship are taught,
such as knotting and splicing ropes, fitting rigging,
cutting and repairing sails, reefing, furling and
bending sails, handling boats under sail or oars,
boxing the compass, steering a ship and heaving the
lead and log. Instruction in gunnery includes han
dling and working great guns, cutlass exercise, and
drill with small arms. Profane swearing, falsehood,
drunkenness, gambling, fraud, theft, or any other
scandalous conduct tending to the destruction of
good morals, renders the offender liable to a trial by
court martial and such punishment as may be ad
judged. The boy-crew of the Jameitoicn look healthy
Ts Ll'M JOCK,rUBlalsj,IslawslrOka.
mmd all ankers whasa It shall eaacsrsi I
T&KK NOTICE, that I hare this day takra and distrained
on my premises, at Ho. M. Nuoana street, Honolulu, held by
Lum Jock aa my tenant, the goods aod chattels bereander
mentioned, to satisfy arrears of rent due ms by said Lam
Jock in respect of said premises. In the sum of $106, and un
less said arrears of rent are paid aad satisfied, together arlth
the costs of such remoTal and distress within fifteen day a from
this date, I shall, al the expiration of fifteen days public notice
cauM the said goods and chattels to be sold at public auction
In Honolulu, and shall apply the proceeds thereof to the pay
ment of such arrears of rent as shall be doe at the time of such
sale, together with the costs of such distress and removal,
and of the custody and sale of the same.
List of article above referred to.
24 Chairs, S Tables, 1 Sale. 1 Hanging Lamp, 2 Chinese Lan
terns, 1 Coffee Mill, I Sofa, 1 Chest Drawers, 1 Stool.
Honolulu, II. I., MAN CHCCK.
? August 9th, 1878. aa!2 2t
! . FOR SALE.
ABOUT 20 ACRES OP TARO AND Kl'Li
LAND in PAUOA VALLKY, finely watered, and well
adapted for crops of Tare, Bananas, or Tropical Fruits of all
kinds. Title Koyal Patent-
Vnp titrma nA further Dsrtlrnlara aonlv to
,ul2 at JOHN H. PATY.
LEWERS & DICKSON,
GALERS IN LUMBER AND BUILDING
Materials. Fort Street.
ALEX. J. CARTWRIGHT,
COMMISSION' MERCHANT AND UKX
ERAL BUIPPINQ AGENT,
Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands anlS ly
ivr O XX INIST
NO. 40 fORT STREET
ill attend to all orders tn the
LOCK. CI it GENERAL BEPAW LIXE
lie wilt give special attention to cleaning, repairing and reg
ulating Sewing Machines, and all other kinds or Light Machinery
and Metal Work of every description, Blaekanalthlac, e
ALSO. ON HAND AND FOR SALE CHEAP,
A Variety of Sewing Machines,
Giaa, Plstald, Shot, ABuaalttaa,
MACHINE OIL, NEEDLES, Ac, &c.
Sewing Machine Tuckers, Binders, and all other extra and
duplicate parts OI niacnines suppiuxi ou suuri uuircc
XT Best Machine Twist. JCt
COLS AGIST 1 31 THIS KIHODOM TO
The Celebrated Florence Sewing Machines.
HONOLULU IRON WORKS CO.
STEAM ENGINES, SUGAR
Mills, Boilers, Coolers, Iron, Brass and Lead
Machinery of Every Description mad
- TO ORDBR.
Particular Attention paid to Ship's Blacksmilhing.
ST Job Work executed on the shortest Botice. ao!2 ly
P. D ALTON,
Saddle and Harness ITIaker,
KIITQ STREET, HONOLULU.
r Harness, Saddle k Shoe Leath
V"' er, Constantly n Band.
Orders from the other Islands promptly attended to. au!2 ly
CHARLES T. R0DGERS, M. D.
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON. OFFICE
adjoining the Drug Store of Mr. K. Btrehz, corner Fort
and Hotel Streets, Honolulu. Jy29 lm
STEIN WAY SQUARE GRAND PIANO
FORTE FOR SALE !
rtNE OF THE BEST INSTRUMENTS
Lr ever brought to these islands.
jy29 lm Enquire at LETTER BOX No. 1 96.
FROM 78 fs 2,300Ib.
Cleta, " and for sale by
BOLLES 4 CO.
HE PUBLIC ARE HEREBY NOTI-
fled that JOSEPH DUCIIALSKY has no authority to
sell any Leather or material made at the KALAUAO TAN
NE&T, nor to incur any expenditure on account of the same
except through the undersigned.
J. I. DOWSETT.
Honolulu, March 17, 1873. 969
MJ Kingdom, Mrs. J. H. Black holds a power of attorney to
transact any business on my account.
rea. sin, ibis. ireo)
J. H. BLACK.
THE COMMODIOUS DWELLING
House on Kukui Street, at present occupied by Mr. J.
C. Glade. Possession giren from the 1st of August,
187o. For further particulars apply to
jul7tf F.T. L&NEIIAN A CO., Queen St.
THE HOUSE LATELY OCCUPIED
by Mr. 8. M. Carter, situated at the corner of Palace
Walk and Punchbowl Sts. Possession given immedl
Apply at the
THE DWELLING HOUSE LATELY
occupied by the subscriber, situated on Beretania St.
This house is in first rate repair, and Is fitted with all
the conveniences of a first class house. Inquire of
dI8 B. F. BOLLES A CO.
NOTICE TO HOLDERS OF STOCK, &c,
On the Island of Man!
ALL PERSONS II A v ING CATTLE,
H0ESES, tc, gracing on the Waiinku or Waikspu
Common, are requested to remove the same, if not commuted
for on or before the 1st day or June, 1970. After said date all
Cattle, Ac, found tresspassing will be impounded according to
law. All persons wishing to run cattle, Ac. on said commons.
can do so by applying to
iiuat kiuatiiLL tu.,
X. B No driving Horses, Cattle, kc, or branding allowed
on said commons without the permission of the said Comwell
A Co., or their authorised agent.
Wailuku, May 22, 170. my2o If
THE MORTGAGEE'S SALE
E LONG ING TO
POSTPONED TO SATURDAY, SEPT. 2.
13 UNIVERSALLY USED, GET IT AT
19 Nouanu St.
Offers For Bale
Malisa. Veal, Salmam t
at the FISH MARKET STALLS, Sot. IS, 1, 20, 21, at the
Lowest Market Rates Plee fire me a call.
NEW GOODS JUST RECEIVED !
AND SOON EXPECTED,
FB0H BOSTON, SAN FRANCISCO AND EUB0PE.
j-r I jr-1 jl
IP ULa O
Comprising: tho following StyloN and Sizos:
PARIS PLOWS, IIo. G.
EAGLE PLOWS, Not. 20, 2, 2 B, 0, A.
M0LINE STEEL FLOWS. Not. 6, 7, 7 1-2, 8, 8 1-2, AJ.d 4.
Ames' Steel Plows, No. X00. Ames' Steel Cultivators.
M0LINE " WESTERN" CULTIVATORS for Two Horsei. HORSE HOES.
PLANTATION & GARDEN TOOLS, of ALL KINDS!
S EE 2 2Ea
4 FILL ASSORTMENT.
BOULDER'S IIARDWAIU; AIVI TOOL N J
Ship Carpenter's and Cooper's Tools,
Painter's Materials and Brashes,
Paints, Oils, Turpentln and Varnishes.
OP ALL SIZE AND THE BMT it'ALITl'.
AXE, PICK AND HOE HANDLES.
SILVEH, PLATED WARE!
THE BEST O.UALITV AND NKWENT PATTERN.
CALIFORNIA LEATHER by almost Every Arrival I
COMPRISING HARNESS, BRIDLK, SADDLE AND HOLE I.RATIIKK. ALK), MIKKF, OOAT, Klf
AND COLORED LINING "KINS; AND FROM El' ROPE DIRECT TIIE
BEST FRENCH WAXED CALFSKINS!
SOON EXPECTED FROM ROSTOIV DIRECT.
CARD MATCHES. KEROSENE,
CHARCOAL IRONS, AXES, HATCHETS, . A.
ty Orders for Plantations, Countrj Store, or Customers upon other lalnU, for sll (loods In mir
line, will be filled with cure and promptne.
SELECT SCHOOL I
MISS GEARr, LATE OS SANTA ROSA,
will succeed Mrs. Owen ia the management of the Val
ley School, and open the aama far all English branches.
On ZVXoxi.cl.caJr'. TxaJ.y Ol,
at the law location. Just abor. the first brides. Parents and
others desirous of placing scholars for the conlnc- term will
pleas, make early application to Mist ueary, resilience ivi
IT Hefers bj permission to Mrs. Owen, Mr. T. W. Dasaoa,
and Til os. u. Thrum. 171s ia
LIVERPOOL LONDON & GLOBE
HAVE ESTABLISHED AN AGENCY IN
HONOLULU, for the Hawaiian Islands, and the under
signed are prepared to write risks against
FIRE W RriLDIXGS, MF.R( 1UMHSK AMI
On faTorable terms. Lwaae-a rreaantlT aetjastrel aaal
j,2 om BISHOP 4- CO.
T2IE RIDGE HOUSE !
KEALAKEKUA JiA YJA WAIL
THE HAWAIIAN ISLANDS ARE
"if I noted the world over for their nnriraled salubrity of
III 1 1 climate. Certain localities in the groan are espee.
-I t i- iallr farored in this way. The District of Kona. on
the leeward side of Hawaii, has long been famed aa a place of
resort for Invalids with bronchi Ul, or lung disease, with its
pare and mild atmosphere, with its absolute freedom from
etorms or high winds, with its porous soil which, with all Its
rich regetaUon, retain, no dampness aod yields 00 malaria, aod
with an nnranrinc temperature that of the American or
South r a European Jane ALL TUB TEAR ROUND, the
climate of Kona ia one of tne neaitnieet and most luxurious on
The undersigned, at his house at Kaawaloa.a house nee-
qaaled in the district for aiae, cleanliness, eommodioosnes.,
and taorooghneM of tarnishing, is prepared to give ooaraers
excellent rooms ana all obtainable comforts In the way of diet.
THERE ARE fREBH WATER BATHS
on the premises, and Sne tea bathing within a short distance.
The steamer Kilauea and the schooners I'iiama aod Prince, ran
regular! between Honolulu and the Kaawaloa landing.
The undersigned employs no agents nor runners. His boose
peaks for itaeif npon inspection. A.A.TODD.
Kaawaloa, Keaiakekaa Bay, Kona, hot. l. 173. mi
EVER A L VERY DESIRABLE AND
BUILDI NC LOTS,
S CITABLE FOR FAMILT RESIDENCES
Convenient COTTAGE in good repair, &c.
TO LET OR LEASE !
The Large Premises Ho. 22 Alakea St.,
For a number of years, on reasonable terms to a good tenant.
Tor farther particulars enquire of
jy29 Sm JAMES ft. LEMON.
A Pine Cut Chewing Tobacco !
Jala AT TIIE OLD CORNER.
Rape Seed Oil,
FOR 4 4LE LOW BV
de35 A. V. PEIRCE v CO.
C. O. HALL & CON,
fira-Proof Brick fUJrs, aomsr Klaf aa4 tart Mwrax
rpilAT VKRV DKftlKABLH DWILLINO
JL and ITemisee, No. IbO IKaaaaa Areas, tutasisiiaa asv
wrs, dining room, bedroom, dressing ronca ChkM and rlirifcrs
cluaets nn first floor, basemen a Oder all 1 tarae rnai
beueath.beUdng and washroom, cvrrtage bona. ntaMa, aswl
house, Ae., in order. Apply lo 4. II. WOOD.
A LSO The Cottage and Premlaaa adjutalog, with all
rooms, .kitchen, bathroom, sort sols roiaa, store rvuaa. stable
and carriage house. mt tf '
TEJEO. EH. 0A1IEO
FOR SALE riE CARGO
A'flw txifiy Diicharged from Ike
Fine British Barque Cleta,
ICS Days reaa Llveraee,
wiie Vmhuo rorsiNTft or a ruLi.
COOT, MJ, WBOMJ
wrvwtm uui , iiicnn ana puniry owmaciM, awo till
FANCY GOODS !
Tint and Mew Prints.
Embroidered Muslins, While Cottons IfenJats,
re. Wool Shirts, Printed Shirts,
Nerk Ties. Bilk Umbrellas,
Fllot Jackets and Trousers.
lllaake-ie, Twer el a. DrIIU, DiaiUaerr. Hwaam
Gosnell's Fine Perfumes I
TF.LVKT RUOS AND CAarrr.
RANSOME t 8IMS
Maele Exrraly fer tbe Ialaa4 TraeW.
Bass' Ale, Blood, Wolfe Co.'s Ale,
Edmund's Fig Brand Porter,
CABINET CHAMPAGNE r
Fine Brsnd?, Whisky,
berry and other Wines, Alcohol.
X eTtTTl f3 cte tTollJLOOl
Castor Oil, tn 4 Psrrln's Sane,
Paint, aad Oil,
Hoop Iron, Fence Wiro !
Corrugated Roofing, Bar Iron,
Oalvanifted and linliowware.
Tin Ware, Knifes and Forks,
CHILDRES S IH0H BEDSTEADS I
tONOON PIANO FOBTEO J
Hawaiian Flags !
Pipes, Flower Pots, F-arthen ware, Olaaewere,
Leather Belting, Celebrated "UK-ate Paint,
Vogotablo Machlnory Oil I
Powell DufFryn Steam Coal!
Ac. Ar, Sr.
rmo n. batiks.