Newspaper Page Text
FRIDAY. AUGUST 13. 1IT6.
Bit arrivals from foreign ports doricg the past week bu had
the effect to somewhat enliven oar wUint, and given a s'.;glit
impetus to trade sod business. Thce have beea 12th, Ha
waiian bark Uailie Uaeleav, from Portland; 13th American
bark Meoshikotr, from Newcastle, with coals; loth Amerirsn
P M 8 8 City of New York, from Kandavu; American bark
Eoropa and D C Murray, from San Francisco; Kib American
bark Mary Belle Roberta, alto frntn 8an Francisco. The de
artnrea daring the use period hare been Kxh, Lunalilo. for
Saa Francisco; and 17th City of New York, foe the same port.
The bar ken tine Jane A Falkinbnrg is loading and sail soon
for Portland; aa dcea also the bark Jialtie Slacleay.
The barks D C Murray and Mary Bell Roberts are dis
rharging and will lead aogar and other inland produce for f?n
Ota dates from San FrancUco are to the 1st inst. We noe
' do moYfnTOt in LUni prodae, and or sugars are till await
ing the rexatioosly alow action of Cocpwi io regard to the
From Jfrw Zealand we hear that a movement is under way
to dlacontinoe the routing business by the steamers of the P
M Co., which now causes mark, delay and Irregularity in the
line. Bat a late telegram from Washington (July 2!) looks to
the withdrawal of the fine boats now employed. We qnote :
" Lotfrell presented a resolution to-day authorizing- the Post
master General to accept the Pacific Maa iron steamer Ciiy
of flan Francisco, City of "ydney and City of New York, to
take the place of the wooden side-wheel steamers now plying
between 8a Francisco and China. The House Post-office
committee unanimously reported on the resolution that the
steamers be placed on the line immediately."
PORT OF nOWOLULU. II. I.
12 fimr Kilauea, Marchant, from Hawaii and Maui.
14 Haw bk Mattie Macleay, Pope, 1 dys fm Portland
12 Schr Fairy Uaeen, Kaaina, from Ilanalei, Kaoai.
13 Am bk MeoabikolT, fcmith. M days fm Newcastle.
13 Schr Maaookawal, Kirao, from Nawiliwili. Kauai.
14 Hchr Marion, Lambert, from Koloa and Waimea.
14 frhr Jenny, lilaxna, from Kona dc Kan.
15 Schr Nettie Merrill. Crane, from Labaina, Maul.
1A Hchr Kamaile, Kibling, from Waimea k. Koloa.
10 P M as City of New York, Cavarly, 10 days from
10 Am bk Enropa, Medley, 15 dys from Ban Francisco,
lfl Am bk D C Murray, Fuller, 15 days fm San Fran.
17 Am bk Mary Belle Roberts, Gray, lo days from Kin
IT Schr Mile Morris, Kalawaia, I rom Kaunakakai.
14 Schr Paaahi, Hopu, for Hik. Hawaii. 9 fcaej.
15 Hchr Ka Mol, Reynolds, for Kahulal, Msui.
15 Schr Jenny, Uilama, for Kona and Kao, Hawaii.
15 Schr Manuokawai, Kimo, for Nawiliwili, Kauai.
15 Schr ruama, Mana, lor Lanai.
10 echr Fairy Queen, Kaaina, for Ilanalei, Kauai.
15 Kchr Marion. Lambert, for Koloa at Waimea. Kauai
10 Hchr Nettie Merrill. Crane, for Lahalna, Maui.
16 Haw bk Lunalilo, Marston, for Man Francisco.
17 P M ss City of New York, Cavarly, for San Fran.
17 Stmr Kilauea, Marchant, for Kalaupapa, Molokai
1 Bchr Kamaile, Klblicg, for Koloa and Waimea.
19 Schr Mile Morris, Kalawaia, for Kaunakakai.
lg Schr Luka, Kaai, from Maliko, Maui.
VESSELS IN PORT.
U 8 8 I-ackawanna, Captain Greer.
DBH8 Myrmidon, Commander Hare.
U 8 training ship Jamestown, Commander Glass.
Am bk A Wen Besw, Noyes.
Am bktn Jane A Falkinburg, Hubbard, loading.
Brit bk Cleta, KUgom. .
Brit bk Canoma, Kosser.
Haw bk Mattie Macleay, G Pope, loading.
Am bk Menshikoff, Smith, discharging
Am bk U C Murray, A Fuller, discharging.
Am bk Mary Belle Roberts, Gray, discharging.
Brig W II Allen, from Tahiti, to J I Dowsett, is due.
n.k im.li from Tahiti. loOC McLean. Is about due.
a r-ttv r,r B.n rriiu-lnm. from San Francisco, due Aug 24.
Bark Camden, from Poget Sound, to H Uackfeld ft Co, is
about diss. . , .,, ,
Bark R C Wylie, from Bremen, to II HarkfMd dt Co, will be
due the latter part ol September.
Brig Pomare, from Victoria, doe about August 20.
Rcpobt or Ba Mattik Macleay. Geo Pope, Masteb.
Lelt Astoria July 20th, and proceeded oyer the bar, but were
obliged to anchor ob account of calm; left the anchorage on the
24lh with light and rariable winds during the whole passage;
. v it. iv. tr,le In 23. 40 N. arrived in port Aneust 12th
. - J - ' - , j
RcroBT of P M Co ss Citt of New Yoke, J, M Cavar-
t- t .ft Pnri rhilmcn nn the 28th of Julv. at
9.30 am; was detailed 48 hours, owing to the unlaTorabie I
condition of the bar at Otago Heads; arrived at Auckland
Ausust 1st. and left on the 2d at 4.30 a m; arrived at Kanda
Ttt on the 0th and left on the same day at 3.30 p m; crossed
the equator on the 11th in long 160 60' had fine BE trades
to the equator, since then had NE tradsa to port, arrived on
thel6ih. CB JOSLYW.rurser.
Bepobt of Bk D C Mubbat, A Fi-lleb, Masteb. Left
Howar street Wharf at 11am Tuesday, August 1st, in tow
of tuc Favorite, and experienced !-:ht BW winds the flr,t day
out; next day the wind hauled to NW moderate, nad con
tinued that way gradually working to the N and then ist.
trades with passing rain squalls; Saturday the 12th, the trade,
have been very light; Tuesday, a m, saw Maul, bearing BW
in miu hark ahead bound the tame way; arrived
Wednesday the ICth, IS days passage.
Rbpobt of Bk Mabt Belle Robcbtb, Gbav, Masteb.
Left San Francisco July 31st. First three days out atrong
brew from NSW; from thence light trades; Aug 11th, at 6
. m.,i n;i: from thence to Dort had lieht winds; made
the signal station yesterday at 5J p m, 18 daya parisge
Fbo PoirrLASD Per MatUe Macleay, August 12th 4 bis
personal efTetts, 7 cs ham, 25 sks wheat, 800 do flour, 272 pkgs
salmon, 81 cords stave bolts, 100 cs bread, 68 bxs fruits.
Fbom Newcamxb Per MenshikoC, August ntn aos tons
strnvcv M. New Zealajd Per City of New York
Aa&ust 16ih 240 bdU hoop Iron, 1 ese fishing lines, 99 galr
iron tubes, 6o iron wire, 109 ! muse, z uo leaiucr, x cs sau
dlery. 48 do galv iron, 10 do gin, 60 do brandy, 1 pkge books,
J bx seeds. 71 sks and 4 tanks oats. 4 coils rope, 6 pkgs drape
ry, 1 cse plants, 36 sks potatoes.
Fbom 8a! Fbascisco Per D C Murray, August 16th 141
pkgs mdse, 410 empty beta, 1002 sks flour 7 pks paint, 1 re
fnJerater. S pkgs lobaceo, ,46 do tea. 411 ska bran 140 t.n.
Plants, 36 do moves, 11 do furniture, 1 horse. 2 bbls whisky,
CTk. V.i- is nkrs household Roods, 1 settee, 1 tierce hams.
2sks dried apples, SO0O posts, 100 bbls lime, 21 bales hay, 6
Fbov Sas Fba.wsco Per Mary Belle Roberts. Aug l.th
yfiks hardware, 6 cs shoes, 2 pkgs pho goods, 7,400
hr' ,1 i,fe. 1,470 pkg flour, 10 do wool and cotton goods, 1
1 SI Tn fumiure, 160 do mdse. 19 do rarnago mate
KlOT empVy bbls, 123 pkgs groceries, 8 tanks fune. 8 c,
millinery goods; 2 do sswlog machines, 8 rolls leather, 130
SrsVl4 pkgs blinds, 22 do windows, 2d stoves. 9 rkgs cast-
bar 36 sks oits and bran, 11 cs stationery, do drugs. 61
Pkbois and clothing, 60 do tobacco, 2 cs meml. : 14 pkgs
SoSderTft do caps aid fuse, 75 bxs bread, 10 tons coal, 800
Ku . Singles, 49 pkgs nails, 100 sks potatoes, 0 bales saddle
JreVa pkgs'riveis. bdja pipes, 46 sks barley.
Fob 8a Fbacico Per Lunalilo. August 14th
Paddy, lbs 80,000Sugar, lbs 1,203,663
Peanuts, lbs.. I667 55 079 61
vin Domestic ao,.oi
FOB Sai. FBA-ctsco-Per City of ew York, Aug 17th
bnch. .... tV""";:: . so
Hetet Leaves, cs
1,447 Peanuts, lbs 813
1 'Rice, lbs ".WO
Fern Roots, bx..
Limes, kgs .........
Value Domeatic. .......
' Faoai WisDWtu Pobts Per KHauea, AMgl2ih Mr W
liovSwd soS, Master H Castle, Gov Kipi. Miss E vThuney. II
hmhlt EKoDke Miss S Ai. Mr Lishman, A Richardson, 8
nawand I wifeMri TPahau, C U Hart, A Pratt, V J A ion., J
Hvmti MR luS and daughter. A 'iTnna, Miss Thompson
M Kn. C U Judd and family, Mr. Monsuand i
chHdren, Mrs B W Kawainui, Mi. Naheana, Miss L Adams,
f A Q Spencer, wUe and daughter, Mr Nathamcl and 81 deck.
Fan- Pobtlasd Per Mattie M acleay, August 12ih 9 K
Crowty and SmIs. M V Crowley, Jame. M Crowley, J V
Cr!wle, MU. X J Crowley, J F Crowley.
F.oi BWET Per City of New York, Aug 16th Jos Ab
bott, F "a AndeJ Will, J Blew, Max Buchner, Miss F
E Swwe, E H Butler-, N M Botesen.
Mr. Vrietaa and 2 daughters. Dr Knowles, Jas Fullen, Henry
vEJEuctM h ."of , II J McCarthy, J Lindermann, R.L
Fao Sa Fbaxcisco Per V v aiurray, f?"
PnelL G E Taabury, r bcimbw, - i
Fn rax Fbaxciko Per City of New York, Aug 17th
MrTarn and wife, Mijrj J Atwood, Mrs Shattuc k and - Mr,
Hunt, Miss Sessions, vnun- .77- B n w P,r
rs F Castle J B CasUe, Mias Carrie V Castle, Rev B W Far
feef Mn U 8pencVMi E Spr,Chan KamT.m,
K Tbomptxi. Akai. Jd. Murphy, Chum Khoung, Ja Irving",
n Hayes, Acheong.
Fbom Saw Fbastisco Per Mary BeUe Roberts, Aug l.th
N Roberts, Mrs J t Pogue, W Holm, L Perry.
Ha4AI ihi, city. August 15th, Mrs 8 L Uall, wUe of
the Hon O Hall, atd 64 years-
cracker. 220 Ike groceries, a co mitiuiu, v t ,
hooks. 11 do Theads. 26 cs drugs, 660 do coal oil, 1 pkge sheep
JrT ! .i- ...miot, ini .k. oats. 10 ca (Inzer ale. 1 pkee
JIwrrrsQ op tub Eitpebors of Pbcssia ajto
Acstria. LowDOSt 21- The Observer's Berlin
special sayi : At the Salisbury iatfirview the Empe
rors William and Francis Joseph agreed that the
maintenance cf the policy of ncn-mterreDtion was
impossible, in fiew of tin massacres and bloodshed
nowoccurins. All the Powars except Russia hare
declared Eoamania'f demands unreasonable.
Pakis. July 23 The rumor that Emperor William
had formed at Baliabory an uafaTorable opinion
relative to the maintenance of peace of Europe is
denied in: well-informed circles. It is asserted that
the Emperors exchanged the most pacific assurances
at tieir coaferwee.
SATLKDAY. AUM'ST VJ.
The TRtATV remained at last advices from
Washington in th? eamc neglected etate in which
it was left when .Vnator Morrill obtained its
reference to the Finance Committee and Senator
Sargent gave notice of a motion to reconeider
that reference. It appears, in Congressional
parlance, to be " hung up," and the belief U
expressed in mercantile circles in San Francico
that it will remain hang up," until the next
session in December. Nevertheless, a telegram
vas received on the 31st tilt, by Consul Sever
ance from Jndge Allen, to the efl'ect that ' The
prospects of the treaty bill are good. , Sargent is
awaiting Lis time, and is confident of success.
Mitchell, of Oregon, is also confident of its pas
sage." But then again, Messrs. II. Uackfeld fc.
Co. of this city have handed us copies of theTol
lowing telegrams, which speak for themselves :
San Francwco, July 21, 1876 Hon. A. A. Sar
gent, "Washington : Uncertainty of Hawaiian Treaty
very damaging to business here. Spare no effort to
get early action by Senate. If bill will not pass im
mediate steps must be taken to get supply of sugar
elsewhere. Telegraph me probable result, so mer
chants may know what to do. F. F. Low."
The reply :
Washington, D. C, July 24, 1876. Hon. F. F.
Low : Senate constant! occupied with impeach
ment and appropriation bills. No opportunity has
been lost. Treaty has powerful enemies. Result at
this session doubtful. A. A. Saegext."
Congress, it was pretty certain, would adjourn
in the second week in August, so that we shall
without doubt know our fate on the arrival of
the mail steamer due on Thursday next.
THE POLITICAL SITUATION.
Our political situation is not inspiring to those
who care for the futnre of Hawaii nci. The pub
lic have ceased to look for anything but routine
and undoing from the Legislature of 1S7C. The
only hope is the commercial one resting upon the
American treaty, by which we expect to prosper
in spite of the bewilderment of the administra
tion and law-making authorities, and their failure
to devise measures for the development of our re
sources. The government appears to be reduced
to the same hope,' and to look to the results of
the expected treaty for the atonement of its pres
ent want of enterprise. Perhaps the negotiation
of the treaty is all that we ought to demand from
the present administration ; and if this be so,
then it is our misfortune that wo have not an
administration from whom we might demand
other things as well. Our country is yet new in
civilization, and oilers a fair field for the display
of administrative ability ; while the presence of
an ancient and decaying race affords a problem
worthy of the highest intelligence and patriotism
in the task of its solution. Instead, however, of
effort toward the development of our natural re
sources, under a short-sighted policy some of our
public lands are leased, to be stripped of their
forests ; others aro sold in large tracts instead of
being divided among many settlers ; sections of
country are allowed to relapse toward barrenness
for want of forest protection, and others from the
same cause are exposed to damage from floods
and the debris washed from denuded slopes. The
growth of the capital is hindered by a failure to
provide an adequate water supply, and the city
itself is exposed, every dry season, to the risk ol
almost total destruction by fire, from the eamc
cause. Instead of new measures for the health
of the people and the renewal of population, the
old ones are relaxed or abandoned.
Principles of government are not confined to
those rare inspirations which are only confided to
geniuses ; but they belong to every-day life, to
business, to trade ; business energy and common
sense hold them all in their grasp.
From ono cause or another, our government
has become so weak as to be correctly judged a
failure. We tremble at phantoms of internal
dissension, which we ought long ago to have laid
bevond a possibility of resurrection. We look
to foreign men-of-war for home police service.
No government is worthy of the name that can
not stand alone within its own borders ; and there
is no evidence that we arc growing stronger, or
are likely to do so. There is no prospect of our
present government developing the virtues of
sagacity, economy and energy to a sufficient
extent for the prosperous and independent man
agement of the affairs of the country. The
leading cause of this weakness is to be found,
without doubt, quite as much in the system on
which the executive is organized as with its indi
vidual members. The so-called Ministry is not a
Ministry in any genuine sense of the word ; its
members are secretaries or clerks of the Crown,
and as such are doubtless often of real utility ;
but beyond their titles, their ex officio position as
Nobles, and some formal duties, their functions
are not radically different from those of their
own clerks. Ministerial responsibility is a pure
fiction, and passes for one. Under these condi
tions, the position of a Cabinet officer is a real
hardship, and would be to any four men in the
Worse than this is the unfavorable influence of
the institution upon the fortunes of the country.
We need, what is called civil Bervice reform ; but
a reform in the executive system should lead the
way. If it were possible that England should
give up her admirable ey6tem for ours, the
change would be marked from the outset by seri
ous internal troubles, and perhaps end in the
subversion of the government. If we should
change ours for an exact counterpart of that of
England, home strength, respect and confidence
would be tho first results.
THE FUTURE OF THE WHITE POPU
LATION ON THESE ISLANDS.
For half a century or more the wasting away
of the Hawaiian race has been under discussion
its causes and means of preservation. Near a
hundred years ago, civilization and heathenism
came n pontact, and a disease was. introduced
which, ever since, has Ijecn sweeping away the
race. In tho early part of this period infanti
cide helped on the decline of the population ;
and then the 6mall-pox, another foreign disease.
carried of a multitude of victims. And still the t
depopulation goes on without check, so that the
race now numbers only about one eighth of what
it was in 1778. Hitherto no adequate meand
have been proposed, no measures taken to stay the
plague. And now many of the best friends of the
race have apparently given up hope, and they
look upon the people as doomed to extinction.
From the Hawanans their thougtns turn to a
population of another race now rapidly increas
ing on the islands. If the streets of Honolulu
are not full of white hoys and girls at play, as
the Hebrew Prophet predicted of Jerusalem, yet
there are many, and the schools are thronged
with them. The white population is rapidly
gaining on tha brown ; and the indications arc
that they will soon be in the majority. This
will certainly take place, unless thers be an
immigration of males and females similar in
color and in race to the Hawaiian.
And now the gnye inquiry conies up,
" What fhali the white children do, who arc
so rapidly increasing?" Hitherto, all who had
the capacity might hoj-e to become teachers,
or to enter one of the Ienrned professions, or
to fiud employment as merchants, or mechanics;
but then; places arc now mostly occupied.
Nor is it to be expected that there will be a
very urgent call fr managers of plantations
and ranches. And not many white parents,
we thick, are willing no have their children
become cultivators vl the soil, or sailors. If
they look. to the Fatherland, they hear the
complaint that thousands can find nothing to do.
j; But the prospect not altogether dark.
;; Though the population is reduced to 50,000,
the islands doubtless are capable of supporting
twenty times as many; or they might support
that number if their capacity was fully devel
oped. There is much barrenness now where
verdure and fruitfulness once prevailed. This
is owing in a great measure to the destruction
of the forests. In order to bring back the
showers that were once frequent, and the
resulting fertility, the forests must be repro
duced. And this is a matter that concerns all
the dwellers on these islands. The legislature
should enact laws without delay to protect the
forests that remaio, and to plant trees wherever
needed to secure a conservation of the rain-fall.
In enacting forest laws the example of Germany
and other European nations may be profitably
For a warning against suffering our forests
to be recklessly destroyed, we have only to
consult the history of Palestine, North Africa,
the Grecian Isles and the Cape de Verde
Islands. Malte limn, the great geographer
says, " In the Cape de Verde Islands it is
the clearing of the forests, which has dried
up the springs and rendered the atmosphere
sultry." Says another writer, " The mountains
of Peloponnesus, as well as nearly all the
islands of Greece, are bare, and the population
is so scanty as to form the mockery of" a
kingdom. The forests, woodlands, and groves
of classic Greece passed away long ages ago;
and that once fair land, with her thousand
isles, and the whole coast cf Asia Minor, and
Palestine herself, treeless, bald, and barren,
arid and desolate, all wear the common aspect
of neglect, decay, nnd destitution."
We might go on and quote page after page
to show the disastrous effects of destroying the
forests of a country; -but is it necessary?
are not these effects appearing in various parts
of these islands? are not large tracts, on which
taro, and sweet potatoes, and sugar cane once
grew, now given up to pasturage, because,
during long months every year, no. rain falls
on them? and are not the streams diminishing
and drying up? we have noticed that after a
few weeks of dry weather, the Nuuanu stream
is perceptibly less. At the present time there
is so httle water in it, that the people of
Honolulu may well feel alarmed lest they should
suffer from the failure of the usual supply,
especially if a fire should break out. 'The
newspapers of Honolulu have spoken out on
this subject, and now it remains for the residents
to bestir themselves. If the government are
bund to the threatened evil, a pressure should
be brought to bear upon them, to cause them
to open tneir eyes, and to take energetic
measures to avert the approaching ruin. In
1860 ten millions of francs were appropriated
in France, to be expended at the rate of one
million a -ear for the purpose of re-planting
the forests. Why cannot the Hawaiian Leffis-
lature make an appropriation for the same
laking it for granted that better counsels
will at length prevail, that efficient measures
will be taken for restoring and preserving the
forests of Hawaii nei, and that tracts of land
now almost a desert because little rain falls on
them, will in time be clothed in verdure and
richly repay the labor bestowed on them, we
see the promise that white children now grow
ing up will find remunerative employment
The wool produced on the islands may be
manufactured. The hides may be tanned,
and converted into boots, shoes, and saddles.
The ramie may be extensively cultivated, and,
with Mr. Coleman's patent, be manufactured
with great profit. Many varieties of fruit may
be produced and cured for exportation, as
bananas, figs and perhaps grapes; Sandal wood
may again spread over valleys and hills as in
former days, and become a rich source of
traffic; while the koa, the kou and other
beautiful Hawaiian woods may be sought for
by artisans in other lands.
And sources of profitable industry not fore
seen by the wisest may yet be opened and
afford a livelihood to a dense population. Nor
do we see, when looking into the future, the
whites either driven out by other races, or
even thrown into obscurity. A bright future is
opening for the white children on these islands,
if they will only prepare themselves for it by
forming habits of virtue and i-u ustry.
Public interest in the sayings and doings of
our Hawaiian " Long Parliament " has fallen
to a very low ebb, for iiO one now looks in that
direction for the accomplishment of anything
ot moment lor tne gooa oi tne country. Lay
after day the Legislature sits through the long,
hot hours, and when the time for adjournment
comes it always appears that next to nothing
has been done.
All this week, the Appropriation Bill has
been the order of the day, at one o'clock, and
the progress is tiresomely slow. The principal
item of interest however, was that " for the
encouragement of agriculture and immigration,
The Ministry required $22,000 to enable them
to fulfill contracts already made to bring Chinese
laborers, and to obtain the grant of that sum
they exerted themselves. Beyond that, however,
they evidently were not solicitous, for the
Minister of Foreign Relations, in a brief,
spiritless and remarkably " flat " speech, moved
a further sum of 25,000, which ho intimated
might be used for experimenting in getting
immigrants from India. It was plain that the
Ministerial heart was far from any such enter
prise as endeavoring to rcpeople these islands
from India, or indeed from anywhere else. But
under the influence of a vigorous speech from
the Hon. Mr. lihodes, well followed up by the
Hon. Messrs. Preston nnd Kaai, the Assembly,
despite the lukcwarmness of the Ministry, was
sufficiently aroused to the importance of the
subject as to vote the round sum of $50,000
for immigration. There was a sharp debate
however before this conclusion was arrived at,
the native members generally opposing the
measure, and those of foreign birth supporting
it. The Minister of Foreign Relations said that
perhaps $25,000 was too little, .and he would
asree to $50,000. We give a "synopsis of
the Hon. Mr. Rhodes' remarks. He said " he
was rejoiced that Ministers had consented to
make this appropriation, for to hjs mind it
appeared that every other measure that had
been brought before the Assembly dwindled into
absolute insignificance by its side. Its results
would be two-fold the equalization of the sexes
and the prewmtitin of the independence of the
country. He could not icereand the objection
made by native mcmberv One, the member
fjr Lahaina (Mr. Aholo) lay or twj since on
n kindred subject had sa that he would Dot
assist lb extinguishing a I in one part of the
country, because he eld not put it out
altogether. Another, tt member for North
Kona, (Mr. Pilipo) had id that he would not
advocate the sending of awaiian girls to such
schools as those kept bthe Sisters and Mias
Bingham. He had eiped better things from
these gentlemen, and 1 would point out to
the latter of them theood effects that bad
been produced by thesschools, for many of
the girls brought opn them were now
respectable married niorrs of families, while
ether? who bad cot ha that advantage were
the class that filled t streets, and would
certainly be destroyed. The beasts of the
jungle lions and tigers ught to the death for
their females ; so did bo and horses and deer.
Go through all civilizedfe, and it would be
found that women are evewhere protected. In
every country an insult tc woman is avenged by
those who are her nattl protectors. It was
only here where the contry was the case. In
the United States he had aown two cases where
a jury would not convimen of murders who
had shot and killed those ho had wronged them
in this respect. One of e men shot he knew
very well. But here, wi a female population
so far below that of the ales, hundreds of men
are deliberately brought i to add to the dispro
portion, and the measure acquiesced in and the
money voted without murmur. The system
hitherto advocated by iisters was certainly in
his opinion leading to t extinction of the race
and the loss of the indeidence of the country.
Ministers might think Arently, and he did not
impeach their motives, d he repeated that he
could not sufficiently exiss his gratification at
the change in their policy By the census taken
in 1872, it appeared thathere were some six or
seven thousand more rats than females in the
country, and the disprortion was continually
becoming greater. Latel several hundred Chi
namen had been importe and more were com
ing. What was to be thend of this, if some
thing was not done to iring women into the
country ? The preset; wi an unnttural state of
things, and if it werenot at an end to some dire
calamity would overakethe courtry. Nature
would not be outrage witj impunity ; she would
surely vindicate herseT. 2ie evil was daily be
coming greater, and ts tie female part of the
population disappear at much more rapid
rate than the male, he catastrophe would be
upon us sooner than sne imagined. All would
suffer, the natives, i being the weaker firfit,
afterwards the foreigns. . Indeed, we could see
now how the natives re suffering, by what we
daily saw and deplorecn the streets. He would
ask, could a building ;e the one we are now de
liberating in bo built stone alone ; did it not
require cement as well If any one attempted to
erect such a building ithout cement he would
find that his endeavorsould not only be in vain,
but would be attendecvith disaster, for it would
most certainly fall ancrush the workmen. Now
every society every cintry on earth was like
that building ; it mu be composed of proper
materials; and wome were to society what
cement was to that bujing it held it together.
For his part, if every dlar of the fifty thousand
were to be expendedn bring Chinese women
alone, he would consid; it well expended. He
did not care what courxy they came from, pro-
vided women came wii the men. There were
the Azores, swarming nth pople ; the Cape de
Verdes too. Bat noth'ig wmld be done if we
sat down with our handfolted. Ministers must
work. And one reason .Tby he had wished to
know what government laai we had, was that
measures might be taken to ittle immigrants on
them. Native gentlemen shald not bo afraid of
spending the money ; it weld all return ; none
would be lost. And it woul be the best invest
ment they could make. )r it would nreserve
themselves and their indepndence.
" There was another reaan why they should
not regret this appropri&ifa. The revenue was
principally contributed b foreigners. Where
did the money come from Why from great in
dustrial enterprises ; froi sugar plantations ;
large importers ; iron wor), and undertakings of
a like character. Now hv many of these was
carried on by natives ? None, as we all know.
Natives had not yet suftent knowledge ; they
could not have made te Constitution under
which we live, or even hve built the house we
are now in. Gentlemen lust not think that I
am taunting them or exaEng myself at their ex
pense. It would be a urning shame and dis
grace to foreigners if nat es were their equals in
knowledge. Forcignershad the advantage of
thirty centuries of knowUge ; hundreds of thou
sands of volumes, manyontaining the choicest
works of antiquity, were at the disposal of for
eigners, whereas for naves some forty or fifty
translations on the mostsrdinary subjects, were
all the literary riches the bad. Besides, foreign
ers were in the habit of eamining different ques
tions, and some wielded trge capitals, which na
tives could not do they lad nob the experience.
This was not their fault. He was not upbraiding
or taunting them with it but it was proper they
should know the truth, nd think over it."
In view of past expeience as to (t transfers,"
the proviso is inserted that this sum shall be
expended for no other mrpose. There are two
circumstances that ttnt to detract from the
satisfaction we might otherwise feel at the
passage of this sum in the bill. One is, the
obvious inquiry where is the money coming
from ? and the other, )ur want of confidence
that the present Ministy will ever heartily or
intelligently enter upon be work indicated.
On Wednesday the Jlon. Mr. Gay's bill,
providing that government lands when for sale
shall be offered to publis competition, was under
consideration, on itssecmd reading. The fairness
of such a law to all eozcerned, must be evident,
and one can hardly understand upon what
grounds the governnert will oppose it, as we
are informed they intent1 to do. The bill is now
in the hands of a Conm ttee.
Qn the same da, io. consideration of the
Appropriation Bill, the sum of $25,000 was
voted for water supply of Honolulu. After all
that has been said and written on the argent
necessity of taking prompt action for increasing
and rendering pernanent this water supply,
it will hardly be th Might possible that any one
could be found to tppoee any measure to that
end. It is nevertleless a fact that a high
official in the government was to be seen
and heard in the bbby on several occasions,
arguing to members with much warmth on " the
fallacy of the theory that the presence of forests
has anything to do with the amount of water
supply." We will jive Ministers the credit of
being better informed and better poeted in
Peralto. the Mexican mustang rider at Beacon
Park rode 110 miles in 4 hours, 50 minutes, 45 se
Tho failure of a linen manufacturing company in
Trpianrl. a Glaszow firm of yarn merchants, aad a
Scotch colliery owner for tha aggregate amount of
nmriv nine milliona of dollars, shows, if any farther
proof were needed, bow terrible is the depression of
business in ureal pritBin.
A Chapter on the Cockroach.
First boy in natural history. stand up. What is
the scientific or Latin name for cockroach? Doy
" EMu. eir ! " Correctly answered ; next boy,
stand up. Iota what divL-ioa of natural hbtory
would jcu place this animal ! "Amphibicuss. sir ;
rcause 1 Vtn swimming in ray bowl of tea."
Third boy. stand up. Where is tbeir principal
habitat Office of Jlnraiian Gi:tiie, sir ! There's
a good many on 'em, but tbey looks poor, 'cause
there's nothing to feed era on, nary food for the
body nor the mind.T Smart boy ; go at the head
of the class.
In studying natnrul history, bovs, it U one of
the moit interesting parts of ibe stndy to investi
gate the habit of the anirsal under consideration.
The eye is generally sufficient to notice these pe
culiarities of construction to be able to classify a
certain animal, but it requires close observation to
study the habits of an animal, in which Providence
bat as in a looking glass photographed the vices
and virtues cf the highest clss of created beings,
the human race. Of the extensive list ol vices or
virtues of which the human lamily Is either a vic
tim or a practlser almost every one may be
found actually demonstrated by animals by the
force of instinct, to become to us either a warning
or an example to imitate. The cockroach bas pe
culiar in-tincts which show forth rather such hab
its as should be avoided and not imitated, habits
disgusting, demoralizing and vicious. And there
fore, boys, I invite you and the venerable editor of
the Hawaiian Gazette, who still feels great natural
affection for the cockroach family, to investigate
with me the habits of this, shall we call tt, interest
Then in tbe first place the cockroach is what
might be called almost ubiquitous. Yon will find
him not only on terra flrraa but also on the sea,
and there are few ships in which he does not sail
and often as a free passenger, from country to
country, to introduce his race, welcome or not wel--come,
for all he cares, and having once taken a
footing in a country it is next to an impossibility
to get rid of him again. Secondly the cockroach
is what is termed of habits extremely gregarious ;
and this leads as a consequence to habits ot filth
and vice, and filth and' vice lead again to the de
sire to prefer for places of settlement dark and
unwholesome corners and unfrequented cupboards,
where they may revel undisturbed in tbeir pecu
liar enjoyments. Open a drawer or cupboard and
let the full daylight or sunshine fall into it, and
the hundreds of inhabitants are disturbed and ex
citedly rush for dark corners and hiding places
They live not in pairs but living as they do in
close quarters and in large numbers ; as a conse
quence they increase rapidly, and although tbe
Hawaiian Gazette places this rapid increase to their
regard for the sanctity of tbe family relations, a
look into any unused cupboard, taken possession
f by a numerous colony of cockroaches, will ad
monish you not to pat much confidence into the
moral teachings of the Haicaiian Gazette. What is
tbeir principal food, you ask, and how do they
make a living? Their appetite Is what may be
called universal. They make their living by feed
ing upon almost anything, pork, meat boiled or
raw, prefer rice but nibble at shoes and boots,
even wood and clothing.
So much for tbeir principal habits, and now,
first boy, stand up and answer me the question if
you know any variety or distinct species from this
the common species of the cockroach. Yes, sir I
there is the Asiatic cockroach, distinguished from
this one by the tail which grows on the wrong end
of his body, and is longer than any other tail in
natural history." Quite right. As the hour de
voted to lessons in natural history is nearly past,
we will not attempt to give you a history of the
first arrival of this interesting natural specimen,
but modestly leave that task to the emiaent histo
rian of the Haxoaiian Gazette, who being so much
interested in this bis kindred race, possesses of
course tbe most ample facilities to give as correct
and interesting a history of them as his late short
history of the small-pox. So we defer the lurther
consideration oftbe Asiatic long-tailed cockroach
to our next lesson in natural history. II.
The British principle of maintaining peace by war
like demonstrations is now carried out by the enlarge
ment of her naval force in tbe Mediterranean,
which may be transferred to the Bosphorus at the
shortest notice. That force now consists of twenty
very formidable irons-clads, with about ten thousand
seamen and marines on board. There also are nine
minor vessels of war, so that the British fleet is pro
bably as large as that of all other foreign nations
combined. The Devastation, which carries four of
the heavy cannon that have been nick-named "Wool
wich Infants," is the most powerfully armed and
stoutly defended with armor of any vessel now in the
According to the Rev. Dr. Newman Hall, tbe
churches of Great Britain have lost 80,000 members
within three years through the vice of intemperance.
HENRY HAY & GO.,
CITY OF 1VEW YORK
JEW ZEALAND OATS,
NEW ZEALAND POTATOES,
PER I . C . .HURRAY,
THE rSCAL ASSORTMENT OP
CALIFORNIA PRODUCE !
CLETA from MYERPOOL !
A CHOICE ASSORTMENT OF
Tins Conversation Lozenges, 7 lb. each ;
Tins Sugared Almonds, 7 lb. each ;
Tins Peppermint Lozenges, 7 lb. each;
Tins Carraway Comfits, 7 lb. each ;
Tins Acid Drops, 7 lb. each ;
Tins Raspberry Drops, 7 lb. each ;
Tins Pear Drops, 7 lb. each.
FOR SALE BY
It HENRY MAY tc Cs.
FRESH APPLES !
Received per D. C. Murray,
FOR SALE BV
BOLLES Si CO.
FRESH CALIFORNIA LIME !
Osfasfk BARRELS RECEIVED PER THE
& . D.ll. DnKasts mrA Is f? MurriT.
For Sale by BOLLES Co.
RECEIVED PER THE M. B. ROBERTS
and for Sale by (aal BOLLfcd Co.
IV 1 AND L.B. CANS. FRESH PACKED,
of Catch 1876. Also, COLUMBIA RIVER SALMON iu
Barrels. 187. B0LLE3 Co.
Fruits Prepared by the Alden Procesi !
PEARS. OF DIFFERENT VARIETIES I
Plums, c, &c. Fir t fcy
a19 FOLLE3 4CO
Coruor or Port nnd IVXoroli .xjat Btrootaj, ZXouolulu,
IMPORTER AND DEALER IN
DRUGS AND MEDICINES, CHEMICAL ACIDS
Vncl Patent IMcclicineM !
Also, a very Complete Line of Druggist's Sundries and Fancy Goods I
Embraritf nearly trrrjxhiag MsdJ la a Prarfiat's tck, roostaatlf tm baoJ.
Perfumery's Soaps, Combs, Brushes. Toilot and Sachet Powders,
Sponges and TOILET ARTICLES, in general
Complete Line or Colcrnto Sc Co.'h 8onp !
PHYSICIAN'S. PLANTATION'S AND SIIIPH ORDERS will Rel -tat Allll.
Star Mill Medicated Papor.
rnrsiciArs MEsaiirTioxs carkhlli' mered, ihty 'or jv.yj.
We Have Just Received !
A SMALL SUPPLY OF
FRESH SilXJHOHT !
Of 1S76, in One ronl Tiro WiJ Tin$,
PEAW", APPLES, FLCMS, IS 1 lb. OXK,
Which we OuarantM Utxtln beat cm brought to this Uarkrt
ALSO, ALL KINDS Ot
To tchich ire invilt the attention of hotue
keepers in tcanf of good articles.
rioston Refinery White Sugar !
FIGS A; NUTS,
CALIFORNIA POTATOES AND ONIONS !
OATS FOR SEED!
New Zealand Potatoes,
Oyitert, in Glass.
IF VOf DOX'T SEE WHAT TOl W1XT, iSK
FRIEL & LAINE.
STOVES AND RANGES !
rniie undersigned have received
JL EX MARY VKLLK ROBERT AND If. C ML' Bit AY
the tollowiof Hit of Stores and Baagcs.
BUCK'S PATENT For Wood or Coal.
MAGNA CIIARTA for Wood, seven staes.
IRON CLAD With Cast Iron warm rtoset and
copper reservoir, a large family stove.
SUPERIOR Six holes, a good article.
ALMEDA-Just the article for small families, very
LAUREL, for Wood or CoaL
This Range is said to hart the largest tal of any of iti
i t n r m a A
ijie on lac ratiuc coul w&cs.
Also, Just at ha od, a Boa assortment ot
Glassgow Stoves & Ranges I
Comprising the following list i
MISTRESS. RANGE. T, 8, 9 f
VICTRESS STOVE. O, 1. 8, D
PACIFIC CABOOSE X
Making io all one of the most complete, assortments of Stores
Ranges, Arc, e., ever on aaie in una usran.
B7 Every Stove warranted.
Also, a foil 11ns of .
Materials. House Water Closets.
Faucets, Lead and Iron Pipes, Sheet Lead, S 1-2 to lbs., c.
Toilet Bets, plain and fancy) Water Coolers. Ac, .
CALL. AND EXAMINE AT No. 9 Kaaaomaaa Street.
Orders from the other Islands will have our best attention
and at lowest figures. Goods carefully packed.
r it xxo.v f 'i ei"
ABOUT 80 ACRES OP TARO AND HUE. A
LAND in PAI'OA VALLKY, Boely watered, and well
adapted for crops of Taro, Bananas, or Tropical Emits or all
kinds. Title Boyal Patent.
For terms and further particulars apply to .
BU12 3t JQUM 11. PATY.
DURING MV ABSENCE FROM THIS
Kingdom, Mrs. J. II. Black holds a power of attorney to
transact any business on my accoont.
Feb. 4tb, 1878. CM) H. BLACK.
. , THE COMMODIOUS DWELLING
47 House on Kakui Street, at present occupied by Mr. J.
.Ubs C. Glade. Possession given from the 1st of An fast,
1S76. For further particn'ars apply to
jan tf T. T. LEX Ell AM CO., Queen St.
THE HOUSE LATELY' OCCUPIED
Ly Mr. S. M. Carter, situated at the corner of Palact
Walk and Punchbowl Bts. Possession given immedl
Apply at the
' MARSHAL'S OFFICE.
THE DWELLING HOUSE LATELV
occupied by the subscriber, situated on Beretama St.
Thi. hnnw ia In first rate reuM.lT. and Is fitted With all
the conveniences of a first class boose. Inquire of
dl3 B. F. BOLLES k CO.
NOTICE TO HOLDERS OF STOCK, &c,
On the Island of Maui.
ALL PERSONS HAVING CATTLE,
HORSES, c, grating on tbe Waiiuku or Haikapu
Common, are requested lo remove the same, if not commuted
Jo!i or beforeVbe 1st day of June. 1878. After said date aU
Cattle Ac. found tresspassing will be impounded accoraing to
law All persons wishing to run cattle, c. on sa4 commons,
can do so by sPP.,ing T cpBJ,WIIX fc C0..
N B No driving Horses, Cattle. Ac, or branding allowed
on said commons without the permission of the said Comwell
A Co.. or their authorised sgent.
Waiiuku. May 23, lt1. "J tf
TMIAT VERT DESIRABLE DWELLING
and Premises, No. ISO Nuuanu, Avenue, containing par
lors, dining room, bedroom, dressing room, China and clothes
closets on first floor, basement under all three rooms on
second floor, kitchen and pantry connected, also with basement
beneath, bathing and washroom, carriage bouse, stable, fowl
bouse, Ac, in order. Apply to 3. II. WOOD.
ALSO The Cottage and Premises adjoining, with sis
rooms, kitchen, bathroom, servants room, store room, stabie,
and carriage honae. aaie tl
STEINWAY SQUARE GRAND PIANO
FORTE FOR SALE !
ONE OP THE BEST INSTRUMENTS
ever fercTiiiM to these island.
tf?im Enquire at LETTER BOX Ko. 100.
TE.EO. U. 0AVIEG
FOR SALE W CARGO
.Voir? hring Diuhargtd from tkt
Fine British Barque Cleta,
lS Daya Oeae Llvrrp!.
ranilE CARGO CONSISTS OF A FULL
A ASSORTMENT OF
CQTTOU. IMJ, Mil
A" LARGE VARIETY.
Fine and New Prints,
Ksibroiderwi Nn.hu, WMss Oottoae, DoaJas,
BatldlM, Wool thlrla, Frtotad HWts,
Neck Tes. Hk t'sabrlae,
I odor shirts, .
Into Jackets and Tro ra,
BUakeia, Tweeit, DHIU, ia)iUr r. Ila
Gosnell's Fino Perfumes I
TF.LVET RCOB AND C Air ITS.
RAN SO ME & 8IM8'
Maa EBrelr far lit leUassl T ratal.
Baas' Ale, Blood, Wolfs A- Co.'e Ale.
Edmund's Pig Brand Porter,
Fine Brandy, Whisky,
tUrrrj and other Wines, Aloohol.
X etvrric c&3 iTollloa l
Castor Oil, Lea ft Psrrlo's aooe,
Paints and Oil,
Hoop Iron, Fence Wire I
Corrugated Roofing, Bar Iron,
Oalvauiaed and llollowwars.
Tin Ware, Knives sad Forksy
CHILDREN'S IRON BEDSTEADS I
LONDON MNO FORTEO I
Hawaiian TPltxgn I
Pipes, Flower Pots, Earthen ware, Oteaeware,
Leather Belting, Celebrated VUieale Paint,
Vegetable Machinery OH !
Powell Duffryn Steam Coal!
TI1EO. II. DAVH
THE UNDERSIGNED II AM JVHT RE.
CKlTEb frosa tbe Jtast and Baa Fraoelsoa, la aAMUos
to bis usual Urge assortment of Carriage Material, the Mtwlac
from 1 Inch to 8 inches.
OAK AND HICKORY RIMS,
from 1 inch lo Si Incites.
FINE ASSORTMENT HUBS, ALL SIZES.
Felloes for OCarts, Assorted Sises, Oak aodAsb
Hickory Wagon and Boggy thefts, finished and rough
Poles, Wagon and Carriage, finished and reagh.
Whiffletrees, Doubletrees, Crossbars, Tokea, Peat Rails,
Beat Bplndles, Wagon and Baggy Bows,
Consisting of Steel and Iron A ales, Spring Buy traces. Foot
Rails, Step Pads, Body Loops, Whiffletree Costings and Fer
Btrs, Blake Irons, Cockeyes, Hah Beads, plain, silvered and
oroide, screw capped -Central Park Pattern, Pole Crahe, Step
Treads, Body Steps, Wear Irons,
FINE Asst. of OVAL MOULDINGS
ia Brass and Oofcl, from to Inch.
Cromm Htrnp 3Iountlnum consisting of
Diamond Centres, Buckles, Blrap HoiJer Loops gold It oroide
A FEW BCPERIOR E3QLUH ft AMERIOAS FT TIES
BASKET PHAETON BODIES
tor One ac4 Two-seated, which will be pnt op ia the best
possible manner to order, at sheet notice.
CARRIAGES ALWAYS ON HAND
Or manufactured with dispatch First Class V' k,
ployed In all branches.
A continuance of the aablle patronage j, respectfully solicited.
ALL ISLAXD ORDERS PROtfTLrATTKJfDID TO.
tios. 74, 70 and Tl King SC Uoaolalu. II. I.
FUST RECEIVED PER KA MOI. AN
Ruinart, Pere & Fils Carte Blanche
IN QUARTS AND PINTS.
For caie at Agents' rales, by
a ll.fllACKFELD ft Co..
u.fit aikfs.lj si to.,
i.le Arentt rTfMer. Kulnart Prr e Fils,