Newspaper Page Text
" P Ml
. FklDAT. SEPTEMBER 1, 187oT
We lUvS but one arrival from abroaj , report eince our
Ut, but th treaty news Laa given an impnlee to eipon, ef
nemesis produce, and Ave departures are noted. vU: ihe D C
Murray aac? ilary Belle Kotow, for San Fraoci.ro on the 26ch
nil; the Camden on the 20th fit fori ttamM; ih Ola and
Mattie .Macleay toay f-e Porl.anL These irw'j uke do-m-tic
produce valued in the aggregate at S 141,944.14, and ihe
floaulliy of wngtt VX op oe,ly I wo mUllon pound., over
half of which has gone to Fan rranrUro an-t oii I the baf
aor to Portland.
Toe fine bark A Wen Lve ia loaJiog for San Francisco by
C Brewer & Co. to take about a thousand tons mostly sugar,
and win wil earl; next week. '
Sac the ie&tnaaUoa of merchant and others interested we f
oejoln the leti of a ww tariff act Introduced ia the Assembly
oo Thursday last by the UlriJsifr of Fiaaneei
A ACT TO JXCBgASS THE I.MfOXT DUIIl CrO CgaTAlS
OOS.. fie enacted, 4c.
. Sictio 1. There shall be levfcd, coUced and paU epo
the following named good, Imported Into thta Kingdom, a
duty of twenty-fire per cent, ad valorem, to wit: All ale, por
ter, beer, rider, and all other fermented drink not otherwise
provided tr; evnajea of aU description) clotlucg, ready
male, and wearing apparel of every deacription, made tip or
manufactured ia whole ot In port; haia and cap of all kinda;
crockery and g!aware of erery oVwrip5on; drug and medi
ctnea, patent and other furniture of all kinda, II upholstered or
carW, manuCsctitrrd In whole or in part; Hnena, and-all man
ufactures of which flax shall be the material of chief raloe, ex
cept bags awl Uggiag and raavaa foe ahip'a use; millinery
goods, Lea.it, brawl, bonnets, hoods, ballon", roraet, collar,
sleeves and caff. e-Ifinfa, flower (artificial), fralhera (fancy
fringe for clolbir, mitt and glove of all kind, gimp lot'
clothing, hoop skirts, hook and eye, insertion, lacea and Ivy
goods of an description, ribbon not otherwise provided fof ;
musical instrument ef all kind and description, and par
thereof; silk and all manufactures of which allk shall be
component part; silver plate, plated, gilt, and britannia ware
tea; watche and clorss, and all material for manufacturing
Mine; cigar, and cheroots, cigarettes, and all descriptions ot
paper cigar; Jewelry, and an kind c.f metal or stone bead
paintings, picture, engraving, atatntary, bronz, ornamental,
works of marble, plaster (4 paria and alabaster, and all imita
tions; prfur-ry (other than that which paya a spirit dutjf,
scented soaps, powders, hair, tooth, nail and other toilet
brashes; pipes (smoking), pipe stems and fixture, and cigar
holders; playing cards; wines of all description below eigh
teen' degree of alcoholic strength. .
POUT Or HONOLULU, H. x.
A II It 1 V A I..
, 24 Haw brig W II AU"n, R B Chave, 24 daya fm Tahiti
' 2A Himr Kilaaea, Marchant, from Hawaii and Mani.
27 Hchr Marion, l-ambert, from Koloa and Waimea.
27 Schr Ka Moi, Reynold, from Kahalol, Maul.
27 Schr l.nka, Kaai, from Maliko, Mani.
29 Srhr Kinaa, Ahuibala, from W'alnioa, Kauai.
29 Schr fairy Queen, Kaaina, from llanalel, Kauai.
29 gtmr Kilaaea, Marcbant, from Lahalna, Mani.
.10 Schr Mile Morris, Kalawaia, h-om Kaanakakai.
31 Schr Manookawai, Kimo, from NawilHwiU, Kauai.
M 8cbr Jenny, U llama, from Kona Kan.
1 Pchr Mary Ellen, Peni, from Kohala, Hawaii.
2 Hchr Kamaile, Kibling, front Waimra k Koloa.
24 Am bk I C Murray, A Fuller, lor Han Francisco
2rt N Cer bk Ipbegewa, Greeo, for Callao.
2 Am bk Mary iieiie RoberU, Cray, Jordan Francisco
20 Hchr Kamaile, Klbliog, for Koloa and Waimea.
2 Stmr Kiiauea, Marchant, for Maui and Ilawaii.
29 Schr rauaul, IIopu, for Ililo, Ilawaii.
2H 8chr Marion, lambert, for Koloa c Waimea, Kauai
21 Hchr Warwick, John iioU, for Kulaupapa, Molokai.
2 Hchr Ka Moi, Beynold. for Kahului, Maui.
29 Schr Paeokabi, Clarke, for Hans, Maul.
29 Am bk Camden, BoUnsoo, for Port Gamble. .
31 Schr Mile Morris, Kalawaia, for Kaanakakai.
1 Brit bk Cancma, Roaser, fur Portland, O.
1 Haw bk Mattie Macleay, fl Pope, for Portland, O.
1 Schr Klnaa, Ahaihala, for llanalel, Kauai.
1 Echr Fairy Queen, Kaaina, for Uanalei, Kauai.
. 1 Schr Manuokawai, Kimo, for Nawiliwili, Kauai.
VESSELS IN PORT.
KATAL. . 9 '
If n m Lackawanna, Captain Oreer. -II
B M S Myrmidon, Commander Hare.
Am bk AUU-n Beae, Noye, loading.
Am bk Mcnshikoff, Smith
IUw bri Pornar, Ilatlleld." .
Bark lonin. from Tahiti, to O C MrUm, to ahont due.
Bark R C Wylie, from Bremen, to II Hackf-ld sV Co, will be
du the Utter part ol September. - ,
R M a Zealnndis, Trora Sydney, to II Tlackfeld A Co, due
M EM O II A N D A .
Brport or Baio V H Att-E, B B Chatf, MaaTE.
hen Papeete harbor August 8nd, at 6 v m, in tow of the ateam
tug Scotia, f truck fresh breeie from E S B. which contioued
to Flint Wand, where we arrived on the) 4th, at 0:30 r u, and
brought npVt the mooring Under the west lde of the Island
On the 6iu, landed paasenger and freight; oo Mondy the Tth
a, heavy sea set in on the reef, which continued until Ihe 8th,
rendering it Impossible to communicate with the ahore. Slip
ped from the mooring at 5 M. on the 10th with freh breeie
from the E, varying to E 8 E; crowed the equator on the Hlh,
u Wg 19 o 20 W. Struck the N E trade in lat 11 00
N, with troog aualta and conatant rain, which continued for
48 hors; latter part ol paage had moderate K E wind with
fine clear weather. Sighted the N E point of Hawaii on
Thursday, Aug 24th, at 9 a m; hove to off Diamond Head at 9
a m on Satnrdsy, Aus 2Cth, 101 torn Flint Island and 24
o r list isip m " "h .
ZZ1 . ..k. .unnt oil. Ad emntv csk. 66 roll matting.
. . n nil in,n InoW.ih A -10 ft
lo log. alto woo.1, 2 bg coins, 2 bx aamPW guano, 2 do va
tfX beau. -
EXPORTS. - '
Faost 8w FaANCisro Per I C Marray, Aug 26th
Banana, bnchs 10O rtnoo
Chinese Mat, bx.... Rice, IDs
.k;n. twii. 64 Sursr. lbs
" VeipomesViV.... "
' Fob Saw F.ahcisco Per Mary Belle Robert, Aug 26th-
Bananaa, bnch. ...... 60 I Sugar, lb Vh'
Value Domestic $z,J..u
Foe PomT Camle Per Camden, Aug 29th
ii- o finn I Timmrindc kri......
Sugar, Iba ,
70,250 WhUky, ce I
TkIus Dome tic $6,020; Foreign SJ-uu. -
Fo. PoaTLA!i-Per Cleta, Aug 31st -
PocteiV CV. , 91. "I,j2
Motasr-s, galls 1,800 Sugar, lb.. ';:.83W1
Value Dometic...$ 1802 67; Foreign.... $741.04
Fob. PoaTLASB Per Mattie Macleay, Aug 31t
Mclas -a, fall o.ir.OiOugur, i- .
Peanuts, bis 2,70
V.om Vi5DWAo Pout rer KiUuea. Ang SflOi S P
Richard Van Cleve.J Marsden, Mr J W Gay, D J toner,
C FThelp. c"t Makee. i O Carter, W M Oibjon, Mr. HiU
fbrUd ao 8 daVtghte, M-a Kinney, I.eleo and wUe, Chung
Jim, Ateam and 9 deck.
?Vao Flist'. l.to-P W II Allen, Aug 2Cth-Wm
fexeig tnd 2 sons, J C Wis ana a naurrs.
ra 8ai Fa'Asrctaco Per B C Murray, Aug 26th Mr J B
fvv.fker H McIntVre. Mr B 8 Robertson and 4 children, .Mrs
'laJ!w"t, U Horn, J Lewi.,Cha.
fcxeig tnd 2 sons, J C Wis an 3 native.
Fni eii FaAB-risco Per Mary Belle Robert, Aug 2fita
a Wesiel., Jno I Uolt, N Boberw, Mra E Mayo.
-Foa Lahaisa Per Kilaaea, Aug 28th-Hon K S Leghorn.
C R Peterwn! Q J Etnrae. V Sp:k'M. wlfc ni Mr
M T, Mr LouiUm, Ctpt JUkee, Bishop Willi.
Foa Pobt GaI.e-P Camden, Aug 29ih-H Blanchard.
X Fot PoTLASD-Per Cannma, Ang CLt-Wm Chapman,
wile and child.
... . . oi.. v a k wife oi Cant B Whitney, a
In tnia cuy, -
r,Tiri Th steamer sailed for Ililo
Monday afternoon, but proceeded no further thsn
tahaiaa, where she landed passengers and mails and
returned to this port on Tuesday en account of a
leaky boiler. The supposed necesssry repairs were
made on Wednesday, and on Thursday p. m. she
sailed again, but had hardly commenced the voyage
Then the boiler again started a leak, and it was pru
dently decided to give up the trip for this week.
The Kilaut will leave again for HUo on Monday,
this time it is believed, so thoroughly all right in
ha boilers as to enable her for a time at least, to
i satisfactorily perform her usual duties. These mis
' haps very forcibly illustrate the absolute necessity of
r inter-island steam communication, and should have
the effect to expedite action by the Legislature in
: ii mnfl far & new boat.
A farmer in Lonia, N. C; who had a lot of meat
stolen from him, poisoned a ham and hung it, m
his smoke house, and now be has torn all the hair
out of his head trying to think which one of the
ninety-two hams in that smokshouse Is the one he
rubbed the strychnine into. 1'.
It ia almost impossible to kill a man by honest
hard work, but you can worry him to death in a
a-ery short time. It Is the nervous, not the muscu
lar system, that givas.. Some people sing at their
nnrk and live alone: others fret at their work and
oon wear out.. One song Is better than many
S.ATVWAY. SEPT. 2.
ty the .B(6tublj on Wednesday
resolution to the effect that the public
reasurr Khali sMume the r'avmcnt of the
expense of the Rojal viit to the United St.ttet,
waa eimpiv an act of jaatice, and a measure
io which the whole country will heartily concur.
All will concede that the King by that Tiait mffe
an excellent irnpreMion, nnd by directing atten
tion to the position, condition ar.d needs of
bis country did more to enlist the sympathies
and good will of our nearest neighbors than
without such visit would e?er have been achieved
by mere negotiation.
TnE bistort of the session of 187C, whenever
fairly written out, will exhibit a continuous
succession of Ministerial blunders and mis
tnanagement. More than six months ago we
ftFked the question in these columns " Which
of the present Ministry is fitted to he a leader
in a Hawaiian Legislature?" and the event
has shown that our forebodings of their failure
were well founded. One hundred days in
scmion, at an expense to the country of twenty
thousand dollars and what have they accom
plished? A few unimportant Acts hare been
passed, which are mostly trifling amendments
to existing laws; but not a single measure
looking to the progress and prosperity of the
country has been brought forward by the
Ministry excepting perhaps the tardily intro
duced net to carry into effect the treaty of
reciprocity. Month after month they haTe Bat
and dawdled away the time, while a native
House without an administration leader has
amused itself with crudities on points of order
nnd the merest balderdash. Nor will it do to
lay the blame on the native members or ascribe
the pitiful result to a factious opposition."
The well-ltnown fact is that the government has
had a working majority from the outset,
with which they might have carried almost
any measure; and ns to the morale of the
membership, it has compared advantageously
with any previous Assembly in point of order
and sobriety. The material, as Hawaiian Legis
latures go, was and is good enough ; tte grand
fault has been in the entire absence of tact and
ability to manage on the part of the Ministry
in one word, incapacity.
They went into the Assembly absolutely
without a policy, and evidently trusting to luck
to carry them through ; they have failed to
hatch a policy out of the suggestions coming
from members, as they have, more than once
intimated was their desire; and now, as the
lengthy and unprofitable session is drawing to
a close, while the wearied representatives are
anxious to, go home because their means are
exhausted and will consequently consent to
anything, the Ministers expect to accomplish
all necessary legislation within ten days ! The
country will look with no little solicitude to
learn whether this " necessary legislation " will
include the adoption of the suicidal new tariff,
the plan for which was laid before the Assembly
some time since, and a new schedule of internal
taxation among the rest a modest rate of one
per cent, on real estate whereby, to supply an
estimated deficiency of forty or fifty thousand
dollars, it is proposed to collect three or four
times that amount out of the pockets of the
people. The people, in this instance, are the i
foreign element in our population, a minority
in numbers, but representing the majority of
the . capital, nnd who contribute by far the
largest portion of the revenues of the govern
ment. And now to these must come home the
question what confidence can you repose in a
Ministry who have shown themselves so totally
incompetent to administer the government for
the interests arid welfare of the governed? Can
you doubt, from the experience of the past,
that under their management of public affairs,
the great expectations '.' you have cherished
for the moral and material advancement of the
country during the coming seven years of
reciprocal commerce, will be doomed to abject
disappointment? Will foreign capital confidingly
risk itself to build up the country with perma
nent investments nnder such conditions as we
present ? Let us pause, and seriously consider
whether in duty to ourselves and our adopted
country, we can longer remain apathetic
observers of the demoralized political situation.
A very plausible theory has gained ground,
one which we must confess impressed us
favorably at first that an income tax is the
faireet and most equitable method of raising
a revenue. As this is a matter of some con
sequence just at the present stage of legislation,
it may be well that we carefully look into it.
No doubt, when the happy millenial day
comes in which all will voluntarily and con
scientiously contribute of Jheir means to the
support of the government, then it will be that
those contributions will be proportioned to the
exact income of each individual. It might
occur however to some, that when that happy
day docs come, governments themselves will
be almost unnecessary, except as a means of
achieving large enterprises, and as a medium
of extending and exchanging national courtesias.
Taxation therefore must be levied on the average
man, as we find him.
The difficulties in the way of the income
tftax, ara first, in the difficulty of properly ascer
taining incomes ; and secondly, in the combina
tion of this tax with other taxes not at all
likely to be removed.
There will always be a large class of persons
who will not feel themselves compelled to know1
their income. In many cases it presupposes
more thorough habits of business than belong
to most men. It is often hard to separate
working expenses from net gains. Contractors
and even mechanics who employ a few hands,
will find it very difficult to state their Income
for any one year. Owners of land, of herds
of cattle, and of all kinds of property that
increases in value, will not be brought to state
what accretion to their property has taken
It will be answered to this, that a property
tax should be combined with the income tax
to obviate this matter. This leads . directly to
the second objection to the income tax, which
will now be noticed.
By the present combination of the property
tax with the tax or duty on imported goods,
the two great classes of people are reached,
viz : those who accumulate property, and those
who spend as they go. Were there a property
tax alone, then the high salaried man who
spent all from year to year would contribute
little; as it if, he is reached through the
Custom House, by the duties on the articles
he consumes. Were the duties heavy and the
property tax exceedingly light, then the case
would be reversed ; as it was here when the
property tax was but a quarter of one per
cent. A" it is, men with small salaries have
boroe tuorc than their ei are cf taxation Jy
rcaftou of its indirect nature.
Now wc will suppose that an income tax
is irapoteO, say of fiTC tt cent. and we
believe there is a bill to that effect before the
Assembly . Here is a j-crsoii who by years of i
patient toil and economy has accumulated, eay
$20,000 ; as is said will be the case, the
property fix is one pr cent., that is $200
yearly. Now the income at ten per cent, is
$2,000. Five per crnt. income tax is $100.
Now that individual trends say $1,000 a year
for imported good" which pay a duty of ten
per cent. True, many things are now to come
in duty free, but this will be ol&et by the
proposed increase of datij cn other articles.
There is $100 more, making in all a tax of $400
on a yearly income of $2,000! This will be
triple taxation, and simply unbearable. Sup
posing the property tax remains at a half of
one per cent, then there will still be $300 per
year for taxes out of $2,000.
Salaried people in any case will get the
worst of it. Their income will be known,
that of others will not; they must pay for the
necessaries of life out of that income, and
many of those necessaries will pay duties. It
would seem then that at the present time, an
income tax would b oppressive.
It is not so difficult to estimate on or ascertain
the property of an individual. It appears
somewhere or other. Landed property ought
to be taxed to furnish a stimulus to the owners
of it to make it productive. If there is any.
thing unfair in the present mode of taxing
stock in trade, it might be obviated by especial
enactment. If property ia bo managed as to
escape taxation, incomes will be threefold more
eoncealed. It is an inquisitorial process, any
way, and often injurious to the interests of the
individual, this compulsory statement of net
gains. And it is one in which the rogues have
a terrible advantage over the honest man.
Let ns not then have the income tax added
to existing complications. Let the government
firmly but fairly proceed to raise the necessary
revenue for the country's needs.
his ia the snug sum voted by the Assembly
.-on Wednesday laBt for the support and main
tenance of the biutart of the Kingdom.
Thirty-five thousand three hundred and forty
three dollars per annum for the next two
years, to be expended on fuss and feathers.
Two thousand nine hundred and forty-five
dollars a month to maintain a worse than
useless standing army in idleness, and perchance
to threaten the peace of the community with
another barrack mutiny. And, be it remem
bered, that two of the Ministry their Excel
lencies the Minister of Foreign Relations and
the Minister of Finance had it in their
power to defeat this reckless and iniquitous
appropriation of the people's money, (which
was only carried by a majority "of one) but
they rejected the opportunity thus offered them
to secure the approbation (for once, at least)
of the tax payers of the country, and .with
characteristic vacillation, declined to vote on
the question ! This action of the Ministers
named, amounts to a deliberate exhibition of
their contempt for public opinion.
proceedings in the Assembly from Satur
day up to Wednesday noon, may be briefly.
described as generally highly discreditable to al
concerned. The salary grab was the topicon
Saturday and Monday, on a resolution introduced
by the Hon. Mr. Kaaf, instructing the Secretary
of the House to draw from the Treasury the sum
of $6,500 voted for expenses, nnd to pay there-
from the sum of $100 to each of the Representa
tives. The previous question, which, in the
hands of an unscrupulous majority lias proved sq
effective, having been called for and carried, the
resolution was summarily adopted by u vote of
24 to 17. The following were the rotes in the
affirmative, some of whom, it may charitably be;
supposed, did not really understand tbesnerits of
the question : .11. It. II. W. P. Leleioboku, II.'
Kuihelani, II. A. Kahanu, W. T. Martin, S.
Kaai, L. Aholo, J. Eahuila, p. W Eaiue, L.
W. P. Kanealil, K. Kamauoha, G, W. Pilipo, J7
Kauai, E. Ilelekunihi, A. P. Kalaukoa, 8,
Alwohi, J. Nawahi, Q. W. P. Halemanu, 8,
Mahoe, J. A. Nahaku, S. M. Naukana, J. Na
kaleka, S. W. Mahelona, L. Kaina. ;
I ; On the announcement of the result, the Presi
dent, Hon. G. Rhodes, resigned his scat, deciar-
Ing that he could not by remaining longer in the
position give his apparent sanction to. the uncon
stitutional action of the Assembly . The Vice
President, Hon. Mr. Aholo, took the Chair. A
motion to reconsider was discussed at length, but
lost by a vote of 20 to 18, whereby it will be ob
served that the majority had begun to melt away
before the arguments of the Attorney General
and others, who exposed the fallacy of the rea
soning of the advocates of the grab, aa well as
the dangerous precedent of setting aside constU
tutional provisions. The declaration on the part
of the Ministry that they did. not intend to pay
out a single dollar in violation of the Constitu
tion as they understood it, aroused the ire of the
impecunious ones, and they blustered and used
insulting language, which, very properly, was
not always or fully interpreted into English.
The lie was given, most flatly and emphatically,
to the Attorney General, by the Hon. Mr. Kaai.
This was, however, retracted during a subsequent
session, when compliments were exchanged and a
general burying of hatchets took place.
On Monday, it having become apparent that
the former resolution for additional pay would
fail of its object, the Hon. Mr. Pilipo brought
forward another, differently phrased, fcut with
the same intent. This was debated all the morn- j
ing and part of the afternoon, but was finally
indefinitely postponed by the strong vote of 20 to j
12. The salary grab being thus apparently ;
forever disposed of, the Assembly immediately '
voted, without debate, an appropriation of
$20,000 to defray the expenses of His Majesty's j
late visit to the United States, and then ad- J
journed for the day.
But things were not yet to go on smoothly.
On Tuesday morning, a resolution was brought
forward by the dissatisfied and impecunious ones,
to the effect that the Assembly inform His Maj
esty that it will be ready to adjourn on Saturday.
This was carried by a majority of five, reconsid
ered, and referred to a select committee which
was all the business accomplished on that day.
On Wednesday the committee reported a sub
stitute, providing for carrying on the government
on the basis of the Appropriation Bill of 1874,
and adjourning the Assembly sine die. The
debate on this lasted until the afternoon, when
the resolution was indefinitely postponed bytla
vote of 24 to 12. thereupon the House sat
down to work on the Appropriation Bill, and at:
once signified its liberal disposition by voting the
sum of $70,G86 for the support of the military,;
and $8V000 for Judge Allen as Minister Resident
On Thursday the bill to provide for the preser
vation of forests, and the bill to regulat.e auctioneers-
lieenees, pawed a third reading. By
the terms of the latter, no limit is prescribed to
the number of liccnes which may be issued.
Yesterday the bill to repeal the poll tax caae
up on its third realty, and was pascl by the f
etunning vote of 2S to S. Three of the Ministers j
took the or portunitj to jlacc themselves r-n the j
record against this raeasure, which they had once j
favored in view of the prospective treaty, but
which now that the treaty is an accomplished
fact they oppose; while the Minister of the In
terior, it must be acknowledged with more con
sistency than his colleagues voted as at first, for
the repeal of the tax. A resolution was offered
to the effect that mesibers of the Assembly who
are assessors of taxes be excused in order that
they may attend to taeix duties as such ; but it
was indefinitely postponed, for it would be in
convenient to lose their votes just now. A peti
tion from "the army "was read, complaining
that they do not get sufficient pay. This "gave
rise to some legislative jokes, a member moving
that the brave men be furnished with sundry
luxuries, inpluding cake and ice cream and piano
fortes. The petition was referred to those friends
of the soldier, the Military Committee. f"AbiIl
declaring government officers ineligible to the
office of representative of the people, was ordered
to a third reading.
Reir arks of the Attorney General
Against Lrsou-rtox or Tin: IIox. Mr. riuro, Arc.
28. 187(1, to fat Representatives f 100 each,
as Expenses or the Session."
Mr. 1'r evident : lam glad that this rvsohnion
ha been introduced. It gives this IIone the op
portunity of reversing its action on the resolution
of last Saturday. It can not Le that a single mem
ber of this Assembly voted dishonestly at that
tim-. Many of thorn must have been mistaken ;
one at least has intimated as much. The Assem
bly is mistaken in regarding the resolution signed
by His Majesty, as allowing in any manner, that
clause of the former resolution which this House
voted down aa unconstitutional. The resolution
asking for $7,000 was unconstitutional because it
proposed to rote $120 to each of the twenty-seven
Representatives in the House. The resolution ask
ing for $fi.500 omitted that clause. It was simply
lor the additional expenses' of this session. The
difference took from the second the stigma of un
constitutionality. The honorable member for North Kona, who has
just taken his seat, urges that under heaven there
is but ono power over thi9 country, that Is this As
sembly. The Legislature, he says, is higher than
the King, higher than the Supreme Court, higher
than the Ministry: nothing can control its action,
its voice is law. No, Mr. President, the honorable
gentleman is mistaken ; there is one power ia the
nation higher than the King, than this Assembly,
than the Supreme Court. That power, that au
thority is the Constitntion. To it both King and
Ministry, both Legislative Assembly and the Su
preme Court must bow. The King, his Ministry,
the Supreme Court, this Assembly have no power
to touch the sacred words of that instrument.' No
law, no resolution, no action of this House contra
ry to that Constitution can have any effect. The
proudest act of this House falls impotent to the
ground when contrary to the Constitution.
The resolution asking for one hundred and
twenty dollars for each of the Representatives, to
niy imn J, was so clearly unconstitutional that it
seemed as if the simple statement of the case would
show ii. and no extended argument was entered
into. From the remarks made by those who sup
ported the resolution it appeared that there was a
confusion of mind concerning expenditures not
prohibited, and those directly refused by the Con
stitution. It seems well therefore to enter into the
merits of the case.
The Constitution provides that the Legislature
shall met-t every two years. Nothing i9 said of
expenses. To claim from that that nothing can be
allowed for expenses would so cripple the Assem
bly that its work could not be done, and the Con
stitution would fail of fulfillment. Such construc
tion cannot be allowed, and all necessary expenses
must be constitutional. Cut it was urged that
resolutions allowing each member postage stamps,
lunches, and that each member shall be supplied
with the printed laws of this session, the new vol
ume of the Supreme Court reports, are unconstitu
tional ; but as they all passed and are allowed,
they justify this. Without entering into the merits
of a sophistical argument which makes a right out
of several wronga. it will be sufficient to show that
evoa these matters do ho otnnd on the same basis
as this resolution. It may be claimed that the
lunches hurry forward tho session and thereby
lessen general expenses. It may be claimed that
members who leave at the close of the session, who
are still members of the House and may be called
at any time to a special session, as such may need
inptrnction and information for use as legislators.
It may very fairly be claimed that for the purpose
of corresponding with the constituency of tho na
tion, raeh member ought to be allowed a certain
number of stamps, that carrying on the public
business uced not be at private expense. It may
be claimed that mileage is constitutional, for with
out it the members would be put to expense which
must be deducted from their constitutional compen
sation of two hundred and fifty dollars. Each
member can claim that full amount. All such
claims can be fairly made, and a question honestly
raised. The majority of constitutional writers
perhaps favor such construction. Personally, J
always have and always shall oppose such ex
penses as useless and unauthorized, except mileage.
But it must be observed that for these matters
nothing is said in the Constitution, while the reso
lution under discussion Is clearly and distinctly in
opposition to the explicit terms of Article 56.
Article 15 declares that no public money shall be
expended without the sanction of the Legislative
Assembly, except In time of special emergency, by
authority of the King in Privy Council. It has
been argued that the converse of this is true, that
with such sanction any money may be appropriat
ed for any purpose. But the whole instrument
must be read together. Whatever can be done by
implication under Article 15 must be strictly in
accordance with any special restriction elsewhere
in the Constitution. Article 56 provides that the
compensation of the Representatives may be regu
lated by law, but shall not la any case exceed two
hnadred and fifty dollars for each session! That is
the compensation now allowed by law. The same
Article also provides that no law increasing such
compensation shall take effect daring the session
of its passage. No terms could be more explicit
than these, yet it is proposed to pay one hundred
dollars over the two hundred and fifty dollars al
ready paid to each member. Much sophistry has
been used to show that this is not increased com
pensation, simply a fond to relieve the distress of
the members already kept here too long. But no
reasoning can cover the real intent which is sim
ply to pay members who hare already received
their fail constitutional compensation, the addi
tional sum of one hundred dollars each. This res
olution is so clearly contrary to the Constitution
that it Gils me with surprise that so many honora
ble members cau mistake. No argument can con
vince me that I am wrong. No argnment ought to
be received by the twenty-three who voted In favor
of this measure, to show that this Assembly has
any power to vote anything of this kind. If this
can be done t&ere can be no bounds to the power
of this House. If they can vote one hundred dol
lars apiece, they can as well and as rightly vote
five hundred, or.they can appropriate every dollar
in the treasury to their private use.
The Hon. Mr. Pilipo claims that this is a ques
tion between the Legislative Assembly and the
four Ministers, that the House exercising its right
ful functions is opposed by a Ministry unrighteous
ly and wickedly. Jle urges his fellow members to
stand by their action that the Assembly may vin
dicate its high character and " not be beaten by
those four ia-n." This session opened with many
protestations of desire for reform, of earnest pur
pose, of the honorable member as well as of others,
to economize, to protect the public money for the
people. We now witness the strange spectacle of
the Ministry struggling to protect that money from
the unauthorized and lawless attempts of these
very Representatives to take the public funds for
their personal use. ..
Mr. President, the non. Mr. Pilipo beggars thi3
question, be fails to rise to its height lie calls it
a difference between the Ministry and the House.
Never since a constitution was given to this nation
was so important a question presented. Before its
solemnity and dignity King and Ministers, Nobles
and Representatives sink from sight I desire to
repeat my warnings of last Satnrday. The one
hundred dollars to each member, the twenty-seven
hundred dollars to all? is lost from sight In the
grand proportions of the matter before this Assem
bly. In fioiple language the question becomes,
fs Hawaii able to sustain constitutional govern
ment? Is representation a failure with this peo
ple? ' U'e stand to-day before a nation anxiously
awaiting the answer to be made. Shall we by our
vote declare that we will deliberately trample un
der foot the sacred guarantee of popular right and
freedom. Nay. we stand before a larger assembly,
we are to-da'y arraigned before an expectant
world. If we cast from our doors this hated phan
tom of evil, this grim shadow, behind which stands
unlimited evil for Hawaii, death to our national la
dependence, we are vindicated, we shall declare
that ye t nawail respects itself, that yet we may
call ours a constitutional government. If we re
tiie and stand by this misttken step. I see before
wift and sure narional death. To-day we ftand
bcr.orvtl ai:d n tpectwJ tefure the world, though
wt'-ak ia rmuilxT., for we Lave sacredly re zarded
and f:T:i!ed c.;r guarautee. Tton shall we fill
from err proud position and stand aiuonj tin1
faith'v. Many year niy t-!.ipo before wr are
b!.tte.l Ifi tn the list cf nation. Ltit lill that d.ij
if shall be numbered wish that ad 1 1 r-t of powers
Itrho taTe lest tte world s respect because thf-y
h.tre failed in th nicft cevdful q.xaliues I a gov
ernment. If we p.vsa tti measure we shall deserve
as we phall rvecive the !astin contempt cf tL Ha
waiian pcple. Ain do I most solemnly warn
this Assembly, most earnestly in;plore them, by all
they hold sacred, to reconsider the baity ar.d mis
taken vole of Saturday and tUand again before the
nation with a reputation unsullied by this dark
C. BREWER & C0.(
OMMIIOX AXD SHIPPIVtt MF.R.
llosol lla, Ozha, (i2 ly) llwu in IUt.ti.
JOHN TH03. WATERHOUSE,
IMPORTER AXD PF.Al.KR IX GF.NF.R 41.
rl 0.uen Sliwt,
LAWRENCE IT CULLY,
ATTORNET AT LAW.
OFFICE OVKR MR. RICH ART N'S fHOE
STuRE. Corner Fort nS Mrthnt Ef . am
AQI ARTF.RI..T MKGTIXO OF TIIK
BOARD OF TRl'STERS OF THB vtCEES'S HOS
PITAL, will l tieWI attfc Kaom of th Chamber of Cma
mmenn SATTRDAY, the 3d mf September, 1870.
t 1 P. M. P?r onW:
ON TIU KSDAV, At O. 31.1. SEVERAL.
paprr inrlaJ.ng few Silver Certificate, which the
owner rn tve by proving property n.l paving fr thi
advertisement. Enquire at the vtore of
It TIIO:?. G. THRfM, Merchant
THE PREMISES WITH LAND
- Corner of Hotel and Alakea Streets.
LatHy o-cuj.ieil l.y Ifr. Berj er, Rami Matter.
TERMS LIBERA r. .
JOHN TH03. WATKRnorSK.
FOR SAF.F, J: ...
SEVERAL LOTS AliO HOUSES
IN OOOD ?mTATIO.S.
V I I. I. BE O ft I) REASON A II I. E.
TERMS I.IDF.KAL. Arr'J
s-i it JOHN THQ3. WATKRHOCSK.
ON WEDNESDAY, - - - SEPT. 20th,
At 10 O'clock, A. M.,
IT TIIR RKSIDF.Xf E OF C. II. LKUT.RS, I'Mi.,
Will le tM on account ol Jepirture, the
I!01!Si:iIOI,I FlIRMlI Ur, !
Two Hair Cloth Pofas, Two Easy Chair,
Bis Hair Cloth Parlor Chain, Koa Center TaMe.
One Elegant Gilt Frnme Par
About " feet by a eet, with marble ul gilt ataixl. Cost f 2."k)
Black Walnut Whatnot, China Table, Flower Vaie,
Beautiful Steel Engravings, Parlor Ruga,
One Crand Piano. Cost S400 !
One Piano Ptool, nat ?taml. Oil Cloth Carpet,
Verandah Settee and Chair, Tea Trnys, Hall Lamp,
Handsome Hon Hook Cae !
r.any Chair, Lounges, Chandelier, Dining Chairs,
Extension Dining Table, Koa Rideboard,
Mahogany Secretary, Pewinjr Machine, Reeling Chair",
Crockery and Plated Ware.
.MAHOGANY" WARDROIIK WITH I.ARUK
Two Koa Bedstead 3, Two Iron Bedsteads, . .
Mosquito Nets, Mattrataes, Pillows, etc..
Two Wardrobes, Chest Drawers, Child's Koa Crib,
One Refrigerator, Harden Tool,
Large Kitchen Stove, Kitchen Ware, Ruth Tubs, T.tc.
K P. ADAMS. Anct'r.
A BUSINESS MAN. WITH A SMALL
capital to engage in a new enterprise which promises
large returns on a small and safe investment. Address
au25 4t C. A. M. Honolulu Post Office.
DURING MV ABSENCE FROM THIS
Kingdom my son, Jas W Robertson, holds a power of
attorney to transact all business on my account.
auM 4t 8. S. ROBERTSON.
18 HEREBY GIVEN THAT JACOB MAR
KLE holds a power of attorney from rue, ami he is au
thorized to transact all business for and on my account.
au26 3t OEO. K. KAAUWAI.
BV A YOUNG MAN. EMPLOYMENT AS
Clerk, Salesman, Collector or Book-keeping. Address
Bos 110. Post OILce. au20 lm
riMIAT VERY DESIRABLE DWELLING
JL and Premises, No. 150 Nuuanu Avenue, containing par
lors, dining room, bedroom, dressing room, China and clothes
closets on first Boor, basement under aU ; three rooms on
second floor, kitchen and pantry connected, also with basement
beneath, bathing and washroom, carriage home, stable, fowl
house, c, in order. Applyto - J. II. WOOD.
ALSO The Cottage and Premises adjoining, with six
rooms, kitchen, bathroom, servants room, store room, stable,
and carriage house. auli it -
NOTICE TO TRESPASSERS.
ALL PERSONS A RE HEREBY FORBID
DEN to trespass cn the land railed WAl.MANALO, in
the Ahupuaa of Ilonouliuli, District of Ewa, Oahu, by letting
cattle run on the same, or by cutting, or taking wood, or kill
ing wild rattle, or hunting on said land.
The 'boundaries of aal land are described as follows-. " O na
Alna Hoollmalima mot la John Meek. O ke Knla o MUCK,
a me ke Kula o nONOCLirLI, rna ka aoao manka, a me na
aoao makai o NAN AKULI, ma kahi aoao a na Kooilina, ma
Honolulu, March 11, 1ST6. (mhU if) J. II. CONEY.
DURING MY ABSENCE FROM THIS
Kingdom, Mrs. J. Jl. Black holds a por of attorney to
transact any business on my account.
Feb. 4th, 1878. (fe6) ' J. II. BLACK.
THE COMMODIOUS DWELLING
House on Kukul Street, at present occupied by Mr. J.
C. Glade. Possession given from the 1st of Aagut,
For further partimiars apply to
t. T. LKNEIIAN & CO., Queen ft.
THE HOUSE LATELY OCCUPIED
by Mr. 8. M. Carter, situated at the corner of Palace
Walk and Punchbowl St. Possession given immedi
Arply at the
THE DWELLING HOUSE LATELY
occupied by the subscriber, situated on Beretania Ft.
This house is in first rate repair, and is fitted with all
the conveniences or a first class house, inquire or
dl8 B. F. BOLLES ft CO.
NOTICE TO HOLDERS OF STOCK, &c
On the Island of Mani.
ALL PERSONS HAVING CATTLE.
HORSE?, c, grazing on the Wailuku or Waikapu
Common, are requested to remove the ame. if not commoted
for on or before the 1st day of Jane, 1978. After sail date all
Cattle, Ac., found tresspassing will be impounded according to
law. All persons wishing to run cattle, &c. on said commons,
can do so by applying to
nnxuY CORXWELL A CO..
N. B. No driving Horses, Cattle. Ac, or branding allowed
on said commons without the permiion r.f th said CornweS
A Co., or their authorized agent.
Walluko. May 22, 1976. ; myfrltf -
IIIDKS, SKIXS, TAM.OW.
THE UNDERSIGNED CONTINUE
to pay the highest market price fir Dry
nidr. flr.st Skins and Goat Tallow. I
C. BREWER A CO.
Offers For Sale -
Beef. M Veal, ShIusoss A; Flak.
at the FISH MARKET STALLS, Nos. H. 10, 20,21, al the
Lowest Market Rite. rie31 pivc nie a call. mil if
Coriiov of Fort AUd 2VXoioxiit Sti ootaj, ZIoiioliilUi
IMPORTER AND DEALER IN
DRUGS AM) MEDICINES, (MIMICAL ACIDS
iVncl Patent IMeiliclnoM !
Also, a very Complete Line of Druggist's Sundries and Fancy Goods !
FmKraeir j ncarty everythinf fmnl in Proetiw Mck, lT ewwiant: 09 J.
Perfumery, Soaps, Combs, Brushes. Toilet and Sachet Powdbri,
Sponges and TOILET ARTICLES, in general.
Complete Lino of Colpnto A: Co.'n Honp !
IMIVSICIAX'S, PLANTATION AND SHIP ORDRRI ltt Kretlr rll AMlla.
Star Mill Modicatod Paper.
rnrsiciAys rnEscinrnoss cAnxu'LLr ri.'FrAnnn, ih,,u r,,- m.ju.
XT MOllr tl U XX
rilllK FOLLOWING PERSONS WHOSE
M. .ALABAMA I LAIMd have been sent 14 Washingtoa
are requested to report without delay at this oe, at any
day front one to foor o'clock, as further evidence in their
caes is needed .
, Manuel Trancis of Ihe Catherine,
,- tleorge Beckley of Ihe Cattierine.
Julian of ihe Wm C Kr,
Martin C Kortwoana of the IIrtrr,
Manuel Detia fcilva of the. toneral File,
Penito Oorero of the Oeneral Tike,
William II MrKentie of the Syr,
Francis Fuller of the Isaae How land,
John Bahcock of the Oeneral William.
Peter J Mnatiro of the Oeneral William,
Thotoas W Manchester of the Isabella.
B F Bolles. jr. at the Anglo axni,
Antonie fUlra nf the LoaUiana,
Thomas Suva of the Ocmnlgee,
. fteorf Joaquin of the Favorite,
Sarah B Whitney cf the Nile,
Joseph Ferris of the Martha 4M,
J ami's W Humphreys rf the Isaac HowUiuJ.
CASTLE A SMITn,
Honolulu. 11. 1 Ang. 2S, 1378. an2 3t
SUGAR MACHINERY ! !
WIIE UNDERSIGNED II AS JUST RK
1 CEIVF.D per Mail from the celebrated
OI.ASOOW IRON WORKS OF
MESSRS. MIRLEES. TAIT & WATSON.
Exact particulars of the cost of
SUGAR MANUFACTURING PLANT
Of seventeen different capacities rang ing
I (ISO Lbs. S.sr Ii IO Ilr at as Caf f
2?0, ! is Flrei-rls Varnstsss Puis
Plntw I iMstltr 18 T- f Su
gar 1st IO lUstraa!
f 1 ,4 1 0. del I re -eV
The undersign! are prepared to reetive orders i audi
machinery, and to arrange fr freight ea same te be shipped
by a NEW IRON CLIPPER SHIP now building la the
Clyde of 1000 tons burden, to leave CLAMOWns or about
the 15th of February next.
N. B. Orders for all kinds of Machinery and other Euro
pean Merchandise to be shipped by the above vessel, should
be sent to ihe undersigned during Ihe month of September nr
not later than October 10th. Rate of freight arranged for.
au20 F. T. Lf.NEIlAN A CO.
TISITORN AT HILO. AND PARTIES EN
nol'TK FOR TIIK VOLCANO, can Hod
HOARD AND LODCINC
AT REASONABLE RATES, at the above establishment.
HORSES AND GUIDES PROCURED
At short notice, and all arrangements made for the trip to Ihe
mountain.- - Jy22 1y) C. K. HAPAI.
LIVERPOOL & LONDON & GLOBE
INSURANCE CO. '
HAVE ESTAIILISI1ED AN AGENCY IN
HONOLULU, for the Hawaiian Islands, and the under
signed are prepared to write risks against
IIRK 0 lUILDIUiN, MFKdlAMIISi: AU
' DVT F.LLIXCS,
On favorable terms. Lsaea promptly ndjumtrJt mmd
iny table here.
Jy&Bm JBISIIOP 4V CO.
TV 13 W Gr O O T $4 !
i"ORT STREET. HAVING PKCURKD
the services of a
First-Class Photographer I
And perar olly selected at leading hooves In the United Plates
A L4RGR STOCK OF
NEW AND IMPROVED INSTRUMENTS 1
Gives notice ihot he is now prepared to furnfah anything in
his line, and
ALWAYS ON HAND :
A FULL STOCK OF ISLAND CURIOSITIES,
F 313 I. INT S !
Shells & Corals in great variety,
AND A LOT OF ;
CHOICE MANILA CIGARS!
TIIK RIDGE IIOU8K!
KEALAKEKUA HA V It A WAII.
THE HAWAIIAN ISLANDS ARE
noted the world over for their unrivaled salubrity of
climate. Certain localities In the group are espec
ially favored In this wy. The District of Kona. on
the leeward side of Hawaii, has long been lamed as a plaee ef
resort for invalids with bronchital, or long diseases. With its
pure and mild atmosphere, with its absolute freedom frova
storms or high winds, with its porous soil which, witk all Us
rich vegetation, retains no dampness and yields no malaria, and
with an unvarying temperature that of the American or
Southern European June ALL THE TEAR ROUND, the
climate of Kona is one of the healthiest and most luxurious on
.The nndrrsigned, at his house at Kaawaloa, a house anev
qnaled in the district for fit, cleanliness, commodlousorsa,
and thoroughness of furnishing. Is prepared to give boarders
excellent rui na ailobtainable comforts In the way of diet,
THERE ARE FRKCH WATER BATHS
on the premises, and One sea bathing within a short distance.
The steamer Kilanea and the schooners t'ilama and Prince, run
regularly between Honolulu and the Kaawaloa landing.
The ondersigned employs no agents nor runners. Ilisiouke
speaks for itself upon Inspection. A. A. TODD.
Kaawaloa. Kalakefcna Bay. Kona, Nov. Ii. 1S73. dll
IS UNIVERSALLY UPF.D, QF.I It AT
19 Nouana Pt. j
..,..,,c tic vin2el ig, ts,B;jnr fine wilh n open
TE.EO. E3. DAWES
FOR SALE H CARGO
Fine British Barque Cleta,
l lre Mtsraoel,
fMIE CARGO CONSISTS OP A fill
COTTON, UDEDL WM
FANCY GOODS !
.V LA RGK VARIETY.
Fine and New Prints,
KmbroMered Muslins, White Cottnne, IVnlws,
a4dlet WH ShUta, Mnto4 Mhirts,
Neck Tiee, fttlk I'sttbreilaa. .
I'llot Jacket and Tia ers.
HUMkrfa, TvvrrWa. Drill., KistiUsieer. Iler
Gosnell's Fine Porfames I
VELVET HI-OS AND CART El.
WATERPROOF CLOTMSft. .
RANSOME & 8IM6
Paris .Ploinro !
Matlr Eaprrswlr fwr ibr loUstsI Trstale.
Bass' Ale, Blood, Wolfs A Co.'a Ale,
Edmund's Pig Brand Porter.
CADI NET CHAMPAGNE!
Fine Brandy, Whisky,
fherry and other Wlns, Alcohol.
T ams cfi3 Jollloa I
Castor Oil, Lea A IVrrln'i Rauee,
Taints and Oil,
Hoop Iron, Fence Wire !
Corrugated Roofing, Bar Iroo,
flatranUed and IMIowware,
Tin Ware, Knives and Forkij
CHILDREN'S IRON BEDSTEADS f
LONDON PIANO FORTEG t
Hawaiian BaB !
Pipes, flower Pots, Karthea ware, Glassware
Leather Helling, Celebrated Rilicale Paint,
; Vegetable Machinery Oil !
Powell DuffVyn Stoam Coal !
TIIEO. II. I'ATIM.
T'l.iEKS'ONEn If Aft JVT RK
M. CEITKD from the East and Raa FranrUeo, In addition
to hie usual Urge assortment 4 Carriage Material, the following
from 1 Inch to S) Inches.
OAK AND HICKORY RIMS
from 1 Inch to t laches.
FINE ASSORTMENT HUBS, ALL SIZES..
Felloe lor 0Cans, Assorted fiaes, Oak and Asht
Hickory Wsg on ad Boggy Miafta, fioUbrA aad rough)
Poles, Wagon ana Carriage, finished and rough,
Whiffletrees, Doubletrees, Crossbars, Yckee, Real Rails.
Real "plndles, Wagon a ad Buggy Bo,
Consisting of Rleel and Iron Axlea, Rprlng Buy Ira, Fout
Bails, Flew Pads, Body Loops, Whiffietreo Couplings and FW.
ale. Ruk Irons, Cockeyes, ITub Ranis, plain, silvered and
oroide, screw rapped Central park Pattern, Pale Crabs, Step
Treads, Body Eteps, Wear Irons,
FINE Asst. of OVAL MOULDING Q
In Brass ao4 Oold, from I te Inch.
Cros Htrnp 3IbntjLlniris eotiatatiag of
Diamond Centres, Buckles, Blrsp Hold Loops 144 A oroide
A FEW ECPERIOR ENOUGH A AMERICAN STYLES
BASKET PHAETON O0DIE8!
XT On and Two-eeated, which will be ful up in the best
possible manner to order, at short wotir.
CARRIAGES ALWAYS ON HAND
Or manufadared with dispatch First Clsm Workmen em.
pmyeij ia all branches.
A continuance of the public patronage Is respecUuHy aalioiieA.
AU. ISLA.fD ORDERS PROMPTLY ATTENDED TO.
No. 74, 71 an-t T KlngRt. Honolulu. II. I.
fl'ST RECEIVED PER KA MOI. AN
Ruinart, Pere & Fits Carte Blanche
IN QUARTS AND PINT.
For eai at Agents' rales.sfey
II.'nACKFELD A Co.,
fi.le Afrit fir Mer. Rulnarl Fere 4- Fils,
a . AMo),
' or iht change on not l long iklaye l.