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The mortgagee's sale of real ,estate
KAUWALAA, MAN OA, OAHU,
Is Postponed Until Farther Notice.
C. 8. BARTOW, Aactiooeer.
Schooner at Auction
ON SATURDAY, DECEMBER 2nd.
At 12 O'clock,
AT TIBBETS & SOBENSON S WHABF,
Will b gold at Public Aaction,
THE SCHOONER JUANITAI
Of 30 Too Burthen. Inventory to be seen at Salesroom.
O. S. BARTOW. AactV.
D3 Oj X t, O W ' S
mmm s thdbsday,
Dtteaiktr Gil. mmd lib.
The remainder of the cargo
BRITISH BARQUE " CLETA"
Will ke Offered far Sale, mm mm
Several Lines of Goods
WILL BE ABSOLUTELY
Closed Ost Unier Positive Instrnction,
, THERE WILL BE
Nearly All Newly Opened !
A ad Ibe AaarinaM( Large
Ust be bad ea Applleatloa f the Aictloncer.
SALE COMMENCES EACH DAY AT X30 A.M.
TL llf! rn- J C!ii!lc
TllG Win6S AI6S anCl OPlrllS.
WILL BE SOLD AT 1 P. M.
On Thursday. November 7th.
ZT TERMS, LIBERAL,
C. S. BARTOW. Auct'r.
VALUABLE REAL ESTATE
. C. S. BAUTOW
IS INSTRUCTED BV THE ASSIGNEES OP
M. the estate of Edward Jtverett,
public aaction, at his room, r
ON SATURDAY. - -
a bankrupt, to sell ny
At 12 o'clock, noon,
Two Pieces of' LrLiidL
Containing 9 12-100 Acres, situated at Kallua, Koolaupoko'
Oahu, and described in Royal Patent No. 6576.
EDWARD PRESTON, I Af,Iltne,
. J. O. CARTER, j Assignees.
C. 8. BARTOW, Anct'r.
THE UNDERSIGNED, FORMERLY WITH
Mr. Kckart, beg to inform citisens of Honolulu and the
public generally, that he has taken th store on Fort Street,
opposite Odd Fellows Ball, (formerly occupied by Tho. Tan
oat t,) where he will gire special attention to the manufacturing
and repairing of all kinds of Jewelry.
Particular attention gives to Shell and Knkol Work.
ry Will guarantee satisfaction in all hi work. J
Honolulu, Nov. 87th, 187ft. no36) WMt M. WENNER.
PADDY IS RICE.
mO SHIPPERS OF PADDT. ANIMPRES
M. sion seems to prevail in the Islands that Paddy, because
of not being named In the Treaty, is not admissible free of
duty. Thi la erroneous. Paddy being nothing else but BJce.
the Introduction of the word would have been operflnoo. AU
th paddy that has arrived at this port since the promulgation
of the Treaty has been admitted free without question.
Parties desirous of shipping Paddy to this market are assured
that it will be admitted free of duty, and bulled and dressed in
th beat possible manner and on favorable terms by
WH. M. GREENWOOD,
General Commission Merchant and Proprietor of India Rice
Mills, Ban Francisco, CaL n!8 3m
GITV MP. El
SfTlM ST., HEAD OF CH1PL1I.Y LAXE.
FJUIE UNDERSIGNED WILL OPEN A
First Class Butcher Shop,
K1PT IN THE HIGHEST STYLE,
ON THURSDAY, November 16,
FAMILIES. HOTELS. RESTAURANTS,
SUPPLIED ON THE MOST REASONABLE
? terms. No exnense will be spared to procure Cattle.
Bbeep, Poultry, Ac, from tne Best ueras in tne country,
Orders for Fish, Vegetables, and other extras, wili meet
We hone, bv Strict Attention to Business, Cleanluiesi
m. mn n mmm mr rr " T
Politeness, to Merit a Share of the Public Patronage.
Meats Delivered in any Part of the City
FREE OF CHARGE.
07 Any mistakes made, or any fnlt to be found with the
Deliverers of lieats, Ac, the Proprietor will thank the par
ties giving Information.
Best of City and Country References given.
nlllm 5 Prprleir.
BY E. P. ADAMS,
THIS PAY 2
SATURDAY : : December 2d
At 12 M , o:i the premises, wi:l be solJ
THE BETHEL VESTRY as it STANDS !
All abate the foundation.
To be removed within one week, from d of (ale. Term Cub.
. P. ADAMS, Auctioneer
REGULAR CASH SALE !
ON FBIDAY. DECEMBER 8th,
At half-past 9 A. M., at Ealesrcom, an
ASST. OF NEW GOODS
Floe Prints, Ma.lioa. Linen Drill,
Brown Cotton., White Cotton., Merino,
Victoria Lawn., Silk Handkerchief.,
Hemmed Linen Handkerchief.,
Fancy Flannel Overshirts,
Harvard Shirts, WooLShawIa,
Turkish Towel for Bathing,
Blanket., White Shirts, Amoskeag Denim.,
Cotton Drill. Brilliant.,
Fine Tweed Bait.
Bed Qailts, Merino and Cotton Lnderahtrta,
PELT AND STRAW HATS!
Ledies' Hou, Men. Bock.,
Bridle and BiU, Travelling Bag., Etc.,
GROCERIES, F.M GOODS, U
Be.t Brand Kerosene, Card Matche.
Yeast Powder, Sardine., Soda Cracker.
Clothe Pin., Ham., Bacon, Candle.
Pickle, Tobacco, Cigar., Fine Tea, Oysters,
Am Handle. Salt, Wash Blue, Pain Killer,
Also, Crushed Sugar.
E. P. ADAM3. Anct'r.
IXVTDIA RICE mxiili.
MISSION k FROOVT STS., SA.V FR1. CISCO, CAL.
MIIE INDIA RICE MILL. HAVING CNDER-
fone Material Improvements, U now id Perfect Condition
U NCLEAN ED
In th Best Possible Msnner. The Price for nailing and
Dressing Paddy ha been Reduced ZU Per Cent.
PADDY AND HULLED RICE !
Will Receive Prompt and Cctreful Attention.
WJi. il. GREENWOOD,
General Commission Merchant and
of India Riee
SPERM OIL ! SPERM OIL I
In Oiitirititie.s to Su.it I
Dig 3m BY A. W. PEIBCE A CO.
A Fine Lot of
WllitG LllStrill VIlr6 Vf&TOl
flOMPRISIXO A NICE ASSORTMENT OP
VEgg Stand, DishBUnds, Dish Drainer, VegeUble Tonga,
Comb and Hair Brush Cases, Soap Brackets,
Soap and Brush Holders, Moss Baskets,
Ivy Vases, Gipsy Kettles,
natcn ana jewel etanus.
Jewel Baskets. Jewel Stands.
Card Baskets, Toy Furniture,
" Toy Castors, Breakfast Castors,
Tea Castors, Etc., Etc., Etc., Etc.
FOR SALE AT
A. V.. SMITH'S
T3 Fort Street.
E. S. CUNHA PROPRIETOR
MERCHANT STREET, HONOLULU.
Choice Ales, Wines, Liquors, Cigars, &c.
THE UNDERSIGNED HAVING BECOME
Proprietor of this
Is now prepared to execute all orders In his line with neat
ness and dispatch. ,
He would also say that he ha. secured the services of the
former employees of the Laundry, which will be an additional
The Work will be Thoroughly Done !
And no elort on his part will be spared to bring the Lauxdry
In favor with the public generally. ET Terms moderate.
jaS JAMES RENTO.V.
HO LTERtVI ANN'S
DREPARGD FROM THE RECIPE OP AN
JL eminent Physician of Fifty lears Experience, stand nn
rivaled a. a
Safe & reliable household medicine
May be given to the youngest infant or the most aged adult
WITH PERFECT SAFETY ! !
For Asthma, Colds, Bronchitis, Pains in the Chest, Dys
entery, Diarrhoea, Spasms, Scarlatina, Toothache,
Headache, Fevers, Depression,
Indigestion, Ac, c,
uOLTF.RMAX.VS LIFE DROPS will he feand an
Immediate and Effectual Remedy.
For INFANTILE COMPLAINTS,
Especially during the Critical Period of TEETHING,
The Life Drsps are Surpasses! by uo Medicine
37 Persons Residing or Traveling in the Interior should
never be without a Supply of the LIFE DROPS, which in
case of extremity invariably prove a True Frieaid In
Agent for Honolulu.
NOTICE TO TRESPASSERS.
ALL PERSONS A RE HEREBY" FORBID
DEN to trespass on the land called WA1MANALO, in
the Ahupusa of Ilonouliali, District of Ewa, Oahu, by letting
cattle run on the same, or by cntting, or taking wood, or kill
ing wild rattle, or hunting on said land.
The boundaries of said land are described as follows: "On.
Aina Hoolimalima mua ia John Meek. O ke Knla o LIHTJE,
a me ke Knla o HONOCLIULI, ma ka aoao mauka, a me na
aoao makai o NANAKULI, ma kahl aoao a na Kooilina, ma
Honolulu, March 11, 1S73. (mhlltf) J. n. CONEY.
KA MOI. AN
HEIDSIECE & CO.'S
Crand Vin Royal,
In Quart and Pints. For Bale at Agents' rates by
H. HACKFELD A Co.,
Sole Agents for Messrs. Heidsleck A Co.,
Suitable for Family Reaiderxces.
Convenient COTTAGE in Good Repair, &c
TO LET OR LEASE !
The Large Premises No. 22 Alakea St.,
For a number of years on reasonable terms to a good tenant.
For farther particulars enquire of
no25 JAMES B. LEMON.
THE BRITISH AND FOREIGN
MARINE INSURANCE COMP'Y,
2. RATKS. The elseses in the Folioin of thi. Company are
.peciaiiy advantageous TUEO. II. UAVIES.
THE NORTHERN ASSURANCE COMP'Y
Iues lire and Life Polities
ON THE MOST LIBERAL. TERMS. ALL
Claim .'or Losses settled with promptitude,
noli lj Til KO. H. DAVlta. Agent.
Buildings of Every Description,
Houses Moved, Raised or Altered
WITH PROMPTNESS AND DISPATCH.'
Ground and Eleration Plan
Skilled Mechanics in Every Branch,
AND SENT TO ALL PARTS OP THE WORLD.
No connection with any ether establishment. Thi. .hop
close, at 12 11., on Satardays.
o2S BROWN, orer Smith' Bridge.
Tx Collectors IVoticc !
HONOLULU, OAHU 1876.
T1AX PAYERS IN THIS DISTRICT ARE
hereby notified that the undersigned will commence the
collection of taxea for Current Year, at hi office in Marine
.treet, Aienai, on EATCRDAY 25th cf NOVEMBER, inst.
And in conformity with Section 503 of the Civil Code, all per
son, liable to Taxation are hereby required to make immediate
payment of the same.
GEO. II. LI CE, Tax Collector, Honolulu.
Tax Office, Honolulu, 22nd Nov., 1ST 6. c25 4L
NOTICE TO HOLDERS OF STOCK, &c ,
On the Island of Maui. -
ALL. PERSONS HAVING C4TTLE
HORSES, Ac, grating on the Waiiuka or Waikapu
Common, are requeued to remove the same, if not commuted
for on or before the lit day of Jane. 1874. After .aid date all
Cattle, Ac, found tresspassing will be impounded according to
law. All person wishing to run cattle, 4c. on .aid commons,
ran do so by applying to
HENRY CORNWELL & CO..
N. B No driving Horses, Cattle, Ac, or branding allowed
on said commons without the permission of the said Cornwell
Co., or their authorized agent.
Wailuku, Hay 22, 1376. mj20 If
13 UNIVERSALLY USED, GET IT AT -
19 Nuuanu St
RECIPROCITY CASH STORE
Ne. 7 3 FORT STREET.
AT TIIE ABOVE PLACE WILL BE FOUND
.A. Fine Assortment
CLASS AND PLATED WARE
Suitable for Birthday, Wedding & Christmas Presents :
Jewelry, Terracotta Ware, Bronze Goods, .
Brackets, Air Castles, Fancy 8oaps, Vsses,
8-day, 30 hour, and Calendar Clocks,
3 Fine French Gilt Clocks, Atomizers,
Boys Tool Chests, Tobacco Boxes,
Deceptive Wine Glasses, Bags,
Portfolios, Music Rolls, Valises,
Scopes, Stereoscopic Views,
Gilt, Card, and Cabinet Frames,
Hand and Combination Mirrors, Etc., Etc.
THE ABOVE GOODS ARE MARKED ON A
CJ S IX BASIS !
Ml' TERMS ARE STRICTLY CASH.
octll 3m A. L. SMITH.
THE HAWAIIAN HOTEL!
tained a new lease of this
33 Ij 33 O 3ST T XX OTEIj
Will spare no paint to make it -
First-Clasa in Every Particular !
Cwttasea by the Sen Sld for the Accemiu.
dollon f Gar!..
Carriage and Saddle Horses at .Siorf Notice.
F. A. SGHAEFER & CO., ;
Offer for Sale, :
AUSTRALIAN SADDLES !
And of Different Styles and Quality.
Bridles. SdHI Leather Girths
Ul ,u,l", a pi I v" "'"I I
S7 Australian Manufacture of Hog and Kangaroo Skint.
r-T-i----r-.T-T t-r-x rrT-i-t ittT
Silver plated Spurs !
JIST RECEIVED PER " AUSTRAHA"
RECIPROCITY ! ! !
NEW CIGAR STORE
OPENED BV II. J. NOLTE,
OPPOSITE FISCHER A ROTH, Merchant Tailors,
A BRANCH OF THE OLDEST AND
largest Tobacco and Cigar Store in Honolulu.
The Best Assortment of Pipes
From Meerschaum to Briar.
M?lxe Soat Soleotiorx of
CHEWING & SMOKING TOBACCO
Cigars of Every Quality
se23) From finest Havana to common Manila. (3m
Pacific Mail Steamship Cos San Francis
co, Australia and New Zealand Line.
THE ePLENI'II STEAMSHIP
CITY OF NEW YORK,
Will l-nr fltlaj far
San Francisco on or about Dec 5th !
Fur Freight and
Passage, or any further formation
U. HACSrSLIf A Co. Agents.
Pacific Mail Steamship Co.'s San Francis
co, Australia and New Zealand Line.
THE SPLENDID f TE AMjIIIP
Will Usrr Hemwlwla for
KANDAVTJ, F. I., & SYDNEY, N. S. W.
connecting at K and sra with Com pa ny ' learner for A t'C IS
LAND, N. zi, PORT ClIALMEKs. and intense itate porta.
On or about tho 13th of Dec.
For Freight and Passage, and further Information,
apli ' Apply to II UACKFELD CO., A rents.
TIME-TABLE OF THE
MARCHANT, t I X MASTER.
Monday, Dec. 4, 6 r a , Lahaina, Maalaea and Makena,
returning Wednesday morning.
Wednesday, Dec t,4r. Circuit of Ksuai
Returning to Honolulu Saturday morning.
Monday. Dec II, 5 rs .Hllo
Monday, Dec 13, ra Kona
Monday, Dec 25, & pa H Uo
On Kona trip the Steamer will go a far as Honomalino.
. On all Windward Trips the Steamer will leave her wharf al
6; all trips to Kauai, will leave at 4 p. m. On down trips
the Steamer wilt not leave Kawaihae before 10 A. M.;
Makena as per notice on up trip, Maalaea Bay not before 7 a.
tn. Any change from th? above will be advertised.
Bates of Passage will be
To or from Kaunakakai, Molokai. ........ ........
, T oo
, 10 00
" ' Makena, Maui
" Mahukona, Hawaii t...
" " Kawaihae,
" " Hilo, "
" KaaCoait "
Circuit of Hawaii, Round Trip..
To or from any Port on Kauai
Circuit or Kauai, Round Trip
Deck Passage for native only... ,
No Credit for Passage Money !
TICKETS AT TnE OFFICE ONLY.
No berth will be considered a. taken until paid for
responsible for baggage unmarked or any Freight or Parcels
unless receipted for.
FREIGHT MONEV DUE ON DEMAND!
ty An effort will be made to have the Steamer reach Hono
lulu on the evening of the same day she leaves Maui.
SAMUEL Q. WILDER, Agent.
Office with Wilder A Co., corner of Fort and Queen Streets.
FOR KQLOA & OTHER PORTS ON KAUAI.
THE SCHR. KAMAILE !
Will have regular dispatch for Kauai, as aoove, until farther
notice. 1TT Freight and Passengers taken at the LOWEST
BO LLPS A CO., Agents.
P. 8. This vessel has lust been thoroughly repaired, newly
coppered, and put in perfect order. aplS
REGULAR PACKET FOR LAHAINA.
THE SCHR. NETTIE MEBBILL,
E. D. CRANE, Master.
Will Bin Bfgularly between This Port and Lahaina,
Honolulu Saturdays and Lahaina every Wednesday.
058 3m H. HACKFELD A Co.. Agents.
B0ST0N.& HONOLULU PACKET LINE !
C. BREWER it CO., AGENTS.
Favorable arrangements can always be made for
Storage and Shipment of Oil, Bone. Wool. Hides
and other Merchandise to New Bedford. Boston. New York and
other Eastern Ports. (Cr Cash Advances mn.tr.
o2 1y C. BRf.VVKR A CO.
DISPATCH LINE FOB SAN FRANCISCO.
C. BREWER St CO., AGENTS.
Merchandise received STORAGE FREE and
liberal cash advances made on shipments by this
(02 ly) C. BREWER ft CO.
SAUI'I, O. WILDER.
Hawaiian Steamer KILAUEA!
L MARCHANT. ------ MASTER.
SAILING DAYS asperSchediUe,
Unlets Otherwise Advertised.
TICKETS ONLY AT OFFICE !
BILLS DUE. ON DEMAND.
OFFICE WITH WILDER A CO.
Real Estatejxchange !
WANTED TO PURCHASE. FROM THREE
to five Acres of Taro Land, in or near Nuuanu Valley.
mataior jaaa street.
nOR SALE, HOUSE AND LOT OFF EMMA
M? STREET, opposite retidence of the Hen A S Cleghorn.
np mase.-iso acres of splendid
1 Graaing Land at KamaUe, Kamananui, Waialua.
FOR SALE. ON BERETANI A STREET,
tnauka side, six lots, 100x150. These are choice tmildinr
lots, situated opposite Messrs. Dillingham and Castle's proper
ty, and have the water pipes close thertto.
FOR SALE. ON BERETANI A STREET.
makal aide, opposite the re.idence of W R Buchanan, Esq, 8
lots, 100x150. This property is well fenced, and will be sold
In one block or in two blocks, of 4 lots each.
PRIVATE SALE. IN
several choice residence.
WANTED TO PURCHASE. A GOOD
Building Lot near Government House.
ClOR SALE AT PUUNUI. N
lk Acre, of Taro Land andnouae.
ORSALE AT PUUNUI. NEAR Jl'DD ST.
FOR SALE AT RAPALAMA. NEAR RE
formatory School, 1 Acres of Rice and Taro Land.
FOR SALE AT MA NO A. TWELVE ACRES
of Choice Banana and Taro Land, a bargain.
FOR SALE. AT K A LI II I, TWO ACRES
(in one lot) of Rich Taro Land.
FOR SALE. NEAR LI LI II A STREET,
close to Capt West's property, a desirable Taro Lot, orer
one acre. Apply to
E. T. O'HALLORAN, Solicitor, '
At the Offices of the Real Estate Exchange, 31 Fort St, Hono
lulu, where all persona having property for sale, lease or mort
gage may register the same without payment of any fee.
CHRISTMAS IS COMING!
For the HOLIDAYS!
WM. M. WENNKR, JEWELER. FORT
street, opposite Odd fellows' Hall, has just received,
and will open on or about Wednesday, Nov. 16,
SOME VERY HANDSOME i
Diamond Kings, Gold Lockets, Fins.
And a variety of Articles suitable for Christmas and New
Tear's Presents, which he offers at reasonable rates. Call and
FOR SALE OR LEASE !
CWR A TERM OF THREE V EARS THOSE
Jl very desirable Premises situated on Lilihe, Street, within
ten minutes walk of the Poet Office. The hoo.se is well salted
for a family, and contains a Parlor, foor food Bedrooms, one
extra large; Bath Room, with Urge Dining Room and Kitchen
attached to the main building. The verandas are wide and
roomy. Government water is laid on in the Kitchen and Bath
Room, and there ara three taps in the lot, and has all the nec
essary out ba0dings. The lot contains about half an Acre, and
there is grass enough for one horse the year roand. For farther
particulars enquire of
n25 tf WM. JOHNSON, Kaahumana Street.
&ommcrcinl bbc riiscr.
r.tti.or tat Moos roa tmk Mohtb or Ptriwst.
1T6 Uoboli LC Msaa Tiat.
Dec. T-lul Uuiki ....... 3 14 3 ra
li .New Mo I A3 7 aw
23 First Qxarter 1 let ra
SO-FalJ Meon 11 ST an
Tint or in a a as net ruse.
lec 1 San ris 2.& a; runl 5 IS r
l-x.i ri 6 M S aw; un set 14 a ra
li-Snarti 33.7 a a Sao sets i 17 T ra
It Sao rises ST 3 4a, Sun sets s 21.3 ra
2v Sua rie 4 40 6 n; !un Kit 4 4.6 ra
31 Sua r-ses 6 41 6 sat Sue sets JS ra
Csrr. Da I EL SaiTB, Harbor Mailer.
SATURDAY. DECEMBER 2.
: It ha pleased His Majesty the K'a-.i it appoint the lloo
Duncan McBryJe to be a Knight Companioo of the Royal
Ordor of Kalakaua. Jo. O Doaixi.
loiasi PaUce, Nov. HJO Secreury
Ths Chris tuas Vacation of the En(liah Day School mala
Uiaed by Government, througbout the King Jam, will extend
from December 2oJ, to Monday January Sih, 13TT, and trots
that data (Jaauary 5th,) a new term will begin.
By crder of the Board of Education.
W. J. Smith, Secretary.
AUioUni Hake, November 27th, 1876.
Hot Majesty the Queen retumeJ from visit t
Hawaii and Maui, this morning on the k'ilauea.
and was received with a salute from Punchbowl.
Mails. The up steamer from the Colonies will
be due on Tuesday next; the bark Discovery
from San Francisco is supposed to be nearly due
Uotaiia and colds prevail at this season.
found speedy relief from "a sleep-destroy ing cough
by unintr Keutinz's lozenge, obtained from Dr.
Hoffmann's drug store. t.
5 Masomc. The regular monthly communication
of Hawaiian Lodge No. 21, F. & A. M., will take
place at their rooms, Makee Block, on Monday
evening, Dec. 4, at "A o'clock. X. B. Election of
officers a full attendance requested.
" No reason why Honolulu should not within the
next ten years have a rich and thriving population
ol 50.000." Gazette.
We may be bappy yet. Let's be jolly In antic
ipation. 'Rah !
Soctheri.y Weather. A gentleman w ho keeps a
meteorological journal, informs us that out of ths
last one hundred and forty days, there have been
one hundred and two in which the trado winds
have been interrupted, light southerly winds and
calms mostly prevailing.
increasing. it was" snameiui and pililul on
Tuesday laat tu note the great amount of drunken
ness that, prevailed among the native population
of this city.. Men, women, and even mere children
were seen in public under the influence of "cheap
gin." Is there no way of stopping this destructive
traffic T - ,
Koad-Maki.no. The Road Supervisor baa a gang
of prisoners breaking atone on King street, pre
paratory to macadamizing that thoroughfare. A
praiseworthy undertaking but bow long will it
be at the present rate before stones enough are
broken up to finish the job T We should advise
the importing of a patent steam stone breaker
for the purpose.
xThe Effect of Veoetatjon. The introduction
of water into this city has changed what was once
a dry plain into a park, thickly planted with trees.
One consequence of this abundant vegetation is
the prevalence occasionally of chills and fevers, in
some degree resembling the fever and ague of
Western America and some parts of Australia.
We hear much of this sort of sickness among the
natives. It readily yields to nursing and proper
treatment, and this, unfortunately, is seldom affor
ded the native. -
Inter-Island Steam Communication. The time
for receiving tenders expired on the 23d ult., and
we understand that the subject was to come np in
Cabinet Council yesterday. It is currently re
ported that but two tenders were made, one by
parties here and one from a California steamship
owner. The latter, it is understood, proposes to
put into the service a side-wheel boat, a plan
which any one at all acquainted with our inter-
, , , i i . - .
isianu routes win at once conaeran. we need a
powerful propeiler, of about 500 tons burthen, and
as well built as was the Kilauea when new.
watf.r Scpplt. It is rumored that the pro
prietor of the lease of the upper part of Nuuanu
Valley has made a proposition to sell tho lease to
government for a stated sum, understood to be
somewhat less than the price formerly asked. It
is ; also reported that it is the intention of tho gov
ernment to procure the appointment of a new
Commission, ander the law of I860, to ascertain
and determine upon the compensation to be made
to the owner of the lease in question. Let us have
the cow pasture," by all means ; but in the
meantime, we need a new reservoir with the least
The IIolidat. The anniversary of Hawa.
iian Independence was observed very gene
ally, and more particularly by the natives, who
consider it peculiarly their day. A salute was
fired at noon, and there was more than the usual
luau parties in the country and horse-riding
in the city the latter resulting in a num.
ber of arrests for 'fast riding. The dock
laborers combined to have a feast, and about 300
sat down to poi and Csb, etc, in the spacious
shed on the steamboat wharf. The Hawaiian
Guards, under JLIeuU. Wilson and Wondenberg,
paraded during the day, making a fine appearance,
and bad a lunch at the armory.
Transactions in opium were this week limited, and
we quote the receipts in the station house treasury
at $75.00. Spirilnal manifestations have been some
what on the increase, and to judge from their actions
it is apparent that bad spirits ruled. On the morn
ing of the 29th His Honor expelled them so fast,
charging from three to $5.00 for each expulsion,
that we had only time to keep the tallies. Three
cases of faat riding were brought before the Court,
and disposed of by fines of 10, 6, and $5.00. Dur
ing the last week some strange and inexplicable
meteorological influences have apparently been at
work in the matrimonial atmosphere. Three, sup
posed to be, better halves split loose from the main
stem, and were recovered after a diligent search by
the police. Eeliikanakaole (w), the terrestrial half
of a celestial, who had been regaled by her kind
celestial, if not with manna, yet with the best of
sugar, was returned to ber loving husband by His
Honor. Xakalehano (w), and Isabella (not by any
means the queen of Spain), thought better of it and
brought once more a bappy and blissful smile to the
dejected countenances of their halves.
Kabele (w) and Knhia (w) were charged with
pulling each other's hair, but as the product was not
sufficient for a mattress His Honor put the price as
low as 5.00.
A " Mourninir Reform Association " baa been
f formed in London, and is rapidly gaining in num
bers and popularity, under a special impetus
given by the clergy. The members are asked to
subscribe to a declaration that tbe present mode
of sepulture i unsatisfactory, and that double
coffins and brick graves should . be discouraged
as far as possible. They are alsc asked to put in
practice, or, at least, recommend, tbe dispensing
with scarfs, hat bands, mourning coaches, palls,
ostentatious adjuncts of funerals.
The Eastern Qacttion.
TL occurrence of an armistice between Tutky
aad her rebellious provinces, affords a conven
ient oppottuni:y for briel Fkctch of the situation.
Takiag a broad c 3ipi bfitvve viow, tho simple
that has lately b n g-irjff on it th l!at I but a
continuation of tho old ciu-triel bi-twecn CSiris
ttatiiiy an 1 MatcnicUiUMii. nn.l it int;t continue
ia spiie of intervals of patched up poacv anJ t-f
treatirs anJ protucal. until lie cresciat disap
pears bvfore lie croM. Tin cr-J of Msbotuet
Oavt-ria by the swiJ w rouiulgal-d a. u.
dt, and to-Jay, out of our estimated world popu
lation of tcrcetling over a thousand millions
about one fourth are, uomlna'.ly at least, followers
of the Prophet. History ut bow bravely
ttene people Cht lor tbeir faith, taught as they are
that death in battle U a sure passport to paradise.
And the totally divers nature f tb two reli
gions Cbtitianiiy and M hometaiiEsui reuJers
it iuopofS.ble that tbey can subsist ieareably side
by side. Tbus tie ' if rrpre'.bltf conflict" tuiist
go on between tho two systems until the end. and
the signs of tbf times are that this is now appioacb
ing. The question of the autonomy of the priuci
palilics, or eveu the possesion ol Constantinople
by the Uu&sUns or the Kog!tb, are mere aide
issues from the main one, although for the moment,
ami to thf principal actors In the drama, ttit-y as
sume proportions of vast magnitude.
It is a sad, sorry story, that of the Servian pro
vinces, llood, riot, rapine, burning villages,
violence iu every conceivable form. From the day
when it was a Roman province until now, with brief
intervals, Servla bas been the scat cf war. With
the end of the Eastern Empire and the establishment
of the Turk at Constantinople, there followed a long
struggle between the Servians and the Turks, the
latter spreading over the land, introducing their
religion, building mosques, and completely driving
out the Servians, who, to tve number of fifty thou
sand families, took flight across the Danube, and in
Hungary found a borne and friendly allies. As for
the Bosnians, they took matters as they came,
adopted the policy of peace, set aside tbeir Chris
tianity, and look to ths religion of the invader.
The IIuus proved to be bold and daring allies cf the
Servians, and more wars ensued; for the Turk was
bated with the deadly hatred of an opposing religion.
In the course of lime, by the help of their allies,
the Servians, about the year 1450 reconquered their
country, and were upon the point of driving forth
tbeir invaders. Greek Christianity was about to be
triumphant, when the Servians letrntd that their
allies, the Huns, were about to secede from Greek
Christianity, and join the Western Roman Catholic:
Church. Here was a terrible cause for separation.
" Better Mahomet than Rome !' cried the Servians;
and actaally on account of this religious difference
they separated themselves from their allies, and be
came once more the vassals of the Turk, who prom
ised all things now that he could not conquer. The
Bosnians followed suit, and these latter and the
Servians of position and property became renegade.
The outcome of this is that the Greek Christian
Servians of the present day are sprung from the
lower order, who did not adjure their religion and
follow Islamism. All the principal Servians of to
day count back to the peasantry. Trince Milan and
Kara Georgeovitsch were both descended from the
peasantry, who bad maintained tbeir faith while
their wealthier neighbors turned Moslems, were
absorbed by the Turk, and died out
During the next three hundred years oppression
and war went hand in hand through the land of
Servia. ' It was completely under the Turk, and be
came the battle ground in the war with Hungary.
It was then divided part given to Austria, and
afterward given to the Turks., Revolt followed in
consequence, and twenty thousand Servians were
slaughtered like dogs by the Moslems. Arms for
bidden; the Servisns bad to salute their masters;
and matters became so bad that the people took to
living in the country, leaving tho Turks undisputed
control of the towns. Occasionally they revolted.
after some bitter piece cf cruelty, fled to the moun
tains, and took to a freebootlng life,' after th fashion
of Robin Flood, their victims for plundering being
the Turks only, but these were pillaged without
mercy. Their life became quite one of romance, for
they were th idols of the peasantry; and if pur
sued, there were so many friendly hands to give
them shelter that they lived a life of comparative
impunity. Theirs was the true romance of bri
gandage, and they lived hopeful of the fall of their
oppressors, ana waiting lor the nappy days or free
dom to come. Their oppressors were little Pachas,
whose" followers thoroughly carried out their masters'
wishes. The Jannissaries, too, had their reign of
terror over the unfortunate people.
Under " Black George," a peasant who became
a robber cuier, bervla was again freed irom the
Turks. Russia supported George for a time, and
in his rule he showed really great qualities, mar
red however by bis cruelties. Turks who bad sur
rendered were massacred wholesale, -and to all tbe
race George was a most bitter and vindictive foe.
In 1812, Russia withdrew its support, and the con
sequence was that the Slate of Servia lost its co
herence, and dropped rapidly to pieces. Tbe
Turks, who renewed tbeir attacks, became the
masters once more, and Kara George bad to flee
for his life, leaving behind Milosh AbrenovlUcb,
one of bis chief officers, mis man made terms
with tho Turks, for opposition was useless ; and as
soon as tbe treaty was signed, tbe Turks behaved
itb their customary duplicity breaking tbe
treaty In every way, and behaving at Belgrade
with the most fearful atrocity. Christians were
impaled by tbe hundred, children slaughtered,
women outraged, and a general massacre was car
ried on, such as it seems impossible to believe as
a fact, taking place as it did in tbe memory of our
Such horrors never die in a people' memory,
and, as a mattor of course, they only abide tbeir
At last, in 1830, the Servians were in a position
to make good terms with tbe oppressors. Tne
terms were that the Turks should bold six fortres
ses alone in the country, baring no right else
where ; the management politically was placed
beyond them, and tbe only claim they bad was of
a yearly tribute. Milosh now became acknowl
edged Prince of Servia. Ha was, afUr all, but a
peasant, and behaved with all tbe rough Injustice
Of a barbaric chief. Ccnuidering himself Lord
Paramount, be was guilty ol the follies of the
rude and illiterate making bis wrvants into high
officers or military leaders ; insleting upon buy
ing land at bis own price ; having bU own pro.
ductions sold higher than tbe market price, and
behaving a good deal like the proverbial beggar
on horseback. He was tieacberous, unjust and
bloody in tbe extreme.. After a period of misrule
which lasted for eight years, this prince wss de
prived of power, and was succeeded by bis sons,
Milan and MicLal. We have not space to mention
in detail tbe different princes who have ruled
Servia in its perpetually troublous history down
to tbe present date. Disturbances with tbe
Turks occurred spasmodically, and the present
prince, Milan, a very young man, but Im
bued with much of tbe daring rpirit of
bis ancestors, has succeeded to a turbulent reign.
One of tbe past traditions of the Servians leads
them to, cherish the hope of forming a grand king
dom after the overthrow of the Turks a kingdom
whose natural boundaries would be tbe Danube,
tbe Mediterranean, the Bosphorus, tbe Black and
Adriatic Seas There is plenty of room, then, for
ambition; and the Servians are essentially an am
bitions people proud, overbearing, and entertaining
a supreme contempt for their more civilized neigh
bors. They are high Tories cf the most ultra class.
What is to follow time only will show. Certainly
no more satisfactory period could have been chosen
for a blow for freedom. Turkey is in an unsettled
state; the Khedive seems already to waver in bis
alleigance ; and certainly the wishes of all lovers of
liberty must go with tbe daring band who are striv
ing to cast off the yok cf an effete, voluptuous,
THOUGHTS OS EDUCATION-Ko. 5.
We la this lOtn century, (though there may t
some amongst as who appear not t appreciate lb
difference between being " chastise! " or belag
caMteneJ,") show car g l ettw ty prefrrrisf
th latter to tie former. To chasten oarsclves (I
Ug te state that with "oaraclve" I i-t not only
refer to the public cf Honolala and te that cf tbee
Islands, but to every cne mho may U salJ to belong
to a civilise nation), w go to Church ail listen
with all dfvctiuB le what is tolJ us thtr vf Christ'
dying fwr as so that we may escape the tortare vf
hell. If w oaa so easily obtain forgivenes for oar
sins, is it reasonabl that a el 11 J that, if It com mils
an error, doe so very frvqaently socre from thought
lessee or cm physical ailment, sbtalJ b pua
Uhed with a canT la all th author' sipetlenc
as teacher, be never fr-and a klaJ word laeffectaal (
nay nor : whatever w bar seen cf corporeal pun
Ishment and w have eea only a few Instances, It
bas spoiled the character and spoiled 0 fit tar of
W are two far advanced ; la this rkd of
Intellectual progre aboulJ remember that morali
ty which Is a very good and reverful discipli
narian baa another basis than tb can. Th
teacher who goes out from th Idea of th ' depravity
of human nature, must be a tnoroe man, a hypo
ebonJraUt II docs not enjoy th hearty, 1 1. no
cent laugh of th child that has not ytt learned
what tb words oar or sorrow uia. II, who
csnea a boy, L msy feel convinced thai It was a de
served punishment, has a far belter chance of In
creasing th sufferer's stock of Immorality than of
curing bim. Tak th place of th child Ufor the,
if thoa eanst, O teacher ! W will grant that th
child bas offenJed, eye, ven seriously effeaded.
Raise thy can now, bat before applyiog it to tb
little culprit, stop to remmbr what then didst feat
when for th first tim thoa wert batuiliated befor
thy classmate. Or if thoa wast such an txcmplsrj
boy thst thou never didst desert punishment, we,
with our bu ruble knowledge ol mankind bav no
great renpeet and far less confidence la Ihee. Out if
ever thoa didst feel Ibe can, do remember th sham
thou bast experienced on receiving the first blow,
and with a few kind word of ad vie, word that
find th way to th heart, let th llttl culprit go.
Sc her what happens, parent whose child la
caned for th first tim. Tb boy Is called up. A
bluah cover his fee, and, if ho catches th ey of
tb teacher, there Is an appealing glano la bis.
But b stands befor hi playmate. Three motloos
ar working within bim: huh cf Lms, fear and
at th am tim th kaow ledge that LI schoolmate
ar watching him and that b ha to uphold kl
boyish seas of fearlessness. Thi blow Is fallen,
till the emotion ar struggling within him; bat
by each blow, tb real seas of honor begin to for
sake him, and the teacher, -instead of cultivating
that which would not only materially aalt Mm la
keeping np a proper discipline, bat would also make
an honorable man of the boy thrashes the seeds of
all honorable sentiment out of th child. W
teachers especially should remember that a vie la a
child Is only th seed cf a disease cf the mind anJ
can and will be corrected by a kind anJ Judicious
treatment. Yoa ran so, w ar convinced cf It,
whatever may have been said to th oontrary, yo
cannot root out a bad habit la a child by corporeal
punishment. Fear msy render th fault lnvislbl te
th ey of th authority who inflicted Ibe same, but
seeds remain and on dsy will shoot wp ss all bad
weeds io. In all kinds cf soil and Lear fruit.
Morality through kindness alon Las lb power of
conquering immorality ; Christ' death out of lov
for mankind alon delivered lb world frvm - th
weight of lis sins ; through this alone II conquered
bell. And to us, teacher cf another generation,
His example should leach ns that w Lav only on
mean of correcting a bad habit la a child t Kind
ness, not the cane.
Public Improvement in New Zealand.
W hav reomtly received the New Zealand Public
Work statement, made by tb Hon. Inward Rich
ardson, Minister for Public Works, about th end cf
July last, to th Hons of Assembly al Wellington.
Thi deliverano I published ia connection with
lengthy report, tabulated statistics, and large maps,
bowing tb progress mad (a roads, railways, water
races, and other works at the close of th year ending
80th June last, bat w shall at present oonfln oar
attention principally to th railway. Th length cf
tb railway authorised, open for traffio, and Iu
course of construction ax a follow: Io th North
Island, 891,48 mile authorised, 145 2 open for
traffio, and 183 0 In progress. Ia lb Middle, or, a
it ia somelimea called th South Island, C38 40 au
thorised, 404 71 open for traffio, and 109 39 In pro
gress. The line ar cxclasiv of thos construct
ed out of provincial expenditure. Th amount voted
last year to the General Government for railwsys wss
2,812,393 10. CJ ; of which there waa expended,' ;
X1.C39.014 7s. Od ; beside liabilities to th xtnt of
nearly a million for works and advance for material.
Tbe total expenditure waa up to 80th June, 1876,
5,215,018 0. 4d; and th outstanding liabilities
will bring this over 0,000,000. A wa know, this
sum la very far short cf what t'j Indebtedness cf
New Zealand will be, when all th line authorised
are completed. Tbe total length of three line open
for traffio la 649 73 ; In progress 882 45 ; authorised
103008 ; In all not far abort cf 1.000 miles. ' It la
soppossd that by th tim thee railway ar all
ready for traffio, and ether great necessary work
ar finished. New Zealand will bav a debt cf orow
wber near 20,000,000. This burden la looked
upon by many person with alarm, and the r will be
plenty cf croaking when th first finanolal crista cr
unfavorable season comes ; Lot It mast b remem
bered that yonag eonntrie with vast natural re
sources rspidly grow np to their national debts, so
thst what seems an enormous liability now will
appear comparatively a trill fifteen or twenty ysars
Some of th line In New Zealand ar worked al a
loss, others at a profit, Lnt th total result la not
very satisfactory, the receipt for th year being
55,776 11. 4d ; and tb expenditure 44,718 7.
8d ; leaving a balance of 11,0C8 8a. 8d. It La
been said som cf the line wer essentislly poli
tical railwsys, undertaken Io please tb represen
tatives of certain districts, Lnt bow far this statement
Is true w ar a nail to say. It is certain, however,
that some cf th railway ar in advance cf th
traffic, and intended to create it. This la a aafe
principle to go npon'wbere tb natural resources of
th country to be tapped or traversed by tb Iron
road jastify th expenditure, tf (her 1 a really .
valuable region, rich In mineral or in iti agricul
tural capabilities, but which cannot L profitably
turned to account because of tb want of tbe means
of communication with tb seaboard at a reasonable
cost, then U is a wise policy to carry a railway t
that territory. The Government should be satisfied
as to th character cf tb land, and th quality and
probable production that can L obtained from It,
and If assured on these matter shoo Id then proceed
boldly with their undertakings necessary to develop
that country. Tb liuts will act return a profit
directly tbey are opened. Lot tbe receipts will rspi
dly increase till there la a fair revenue. Indepen
dently cf the Indirect advantages cf railways to ibe
These lines sr yet in their Infancy, and it msy
fairly be expectedthat tbey will immensely bastea and
facilitate the settlement cf tbe country ; and in pro
portion as tbey effect this object must tbey increase
their own profitableness. New Zealard statesmen, -led
by Sir Julias Vogel, Lave she; - at plack la
their public works' polley and though their bold- '
ness bas seemed to some men not usually credited
with over-cautiousness, to savor of recklessness. It
ha yet to be seen whether they have not taken tbe
best mean to promot th growth of Ntw Zealand In
wealth and prosperity, to stimulat enterprise.
About 50 ton of printed matter ar sent dally
from New York city, by mail.