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FRIO AY, VEVtMBtK ."l87.
Tn end of the last quarter cf the year finds moat i.ple
busy In makir op and balancing account., rreparatr-ry u en
tering upon a new year, which all hot w ill , rove one cf un
exampled proi-riiy for the Country at large.
The arrival from, abroad have been imrt cur Ul: 2ilh
American bark AMen Bcaie, from PortlanJ.O ; 2 Jth Hawai.
tan bark R. C. V,Ue. from ?n Francisco; 27b. ErilUh b.rk
ealioa 3uub.au, R. V. S.. from Tahiii. ,i Hilo. There ha.
been but one departure the Mattie Maclcay for PortUnd on
the 27ih, with Ulan J produce.
The B. M. 8. Zealand win be doe on Tn-da j from Sydney
for San Franciso.
The bark I. C. Murray will tail lor San Francisco about
Bk A Idea B-ie sail for Hongkong a aoon as wind permits.
PORT OF HONOLULU, H. I.
Dec 22 Scbr Marioa, Clone?, from Koloa and Waimea.
2 Schr Manaokawai. Kimo. from Nawitiwili. Kaoal.
2i Hchr Kamaile. Wood, from Waimea k. Koloa.
25 Am bk A Urn Resale, N'oyes, 17 dye fm Portland, O
2ft Haw bk R C Wylle, Walter. 23 dya fm 8 Pranciaco
OT chr Fairy Uueen, Kaaina, from Ilanalei, Kauai.
27 Brit bkta Sunbeam, of the Soyal Yacht Squadron,
T Brassey, M P. fm Tahiti via Hilo.
27 Schr Nettie Merrill. Crane, from Labaiua, Maui.
28 Hchr Annie, Kalaoao, from Pauwata, Molokai.
S3 Hchr Warwick, J no Ball, from Ealaapapa, Molokai
JC 71 Hchr Ka Mol, Reynolds, for Kahalui, Maul.
23 Hchr Jenny. .Nika, for Kooa ami Kaa, Hawaii.
23 8chr Marion, Cluaey, for Koloa, 4c Waimea, Kaoai
23 Hchr I ilama. Maoa. for Kohala, Hawaii.
87 Haw bk Mattie Macleay, Pope, for Portland, O.
27 Simr Kilao, Marchant, for Maui and Hawaii.
21 (chr Kamaile, KibUnc, for Koioa and Waimea.
27 Hchr Pneokahi. Clarke, for liana, Maui.
24 Hchr Manaokawai, Kimo, for NawiUwiU, Kauai.
29 Sehr Fairy Uoeen, Kaaina, for Hanalei, Kauai.
Brit bk Doveoby, from Liverpool, to Mr T II Davie, will be
Nedar, from Newcaatle, with Coal to Wilder St Co, waa to
nail No lit.
Schooner Fanny Hare tailed from San Francisco for Hono
lulu, via Humboldt, Nor 2X
Hchr Sophia Wagner was to sail Dec Oth for Honolulu direct,
with general cargo.
Foa Pobtlind Per Mattie Macleay, Dec 23:
Molasses, Kalis ll,13oEica, lbs 79,000
Peanuts, lb S,920j3agar, lbs .....50,220
. Value Domestic $10,242.94-.
Fob Wiidwiid Posts Per Kilauea. Dec 27th B II
Austin, wife and 2 children, F Bpencer, Capt. Mist, L Cham
berlain, H Cornwell, Mrs Armstrong, O W B. King, Miss
Clark, T Spencer, C Not ley and son, M D Monsarratt. II M
Alexander, ttiahop Willis, 8 L Austin, J Reiohardt, E Dete
mar, Mrs Atkinson, Mia WiUfoog, Mr Hbarralt and 2 chil-
dren, A 11 Spencer, Jaa Woods, and about 65 deck.
Foa Fax-ama'a IsLaaa Per Kioan,' Dec 29 Wot Crete,
Caowaj WuitDisatao In Honolulu, on the 27th inst,
ty Rev. Alex. Mackintosh, Mr. Fbavk Biows to Miss Caao
Lias II. Widdkiiio, both of this city.
Nbwtos At Kaluaaha, Molokai, Dee. 27th l7,Mav Ida,
daughter of R ar-d Mary Newtoo. Aged, 9 months and 7 days.
Most gratifying ia it to those who bave the wel
fare cf UiiJ people at heart, who read the signs of
the times, to witness the progress that at last is
being made in their material well-being by their
own co-operation, whether with the foreigners who
are settled amongst them, for industrial purposes
or among themselves alone for benevolent under
takings. The design of these lines is to call attention to.
the good work lately undertaken by their Majesties'.
the King and yueeu in the formation or a society
to undertake the care cf, and to furnish medical
attendance to, the sick and poor of Hawaii nci.
.a . ! A
A moment s consideration win convince inM
most sceptical that the prosperity which has began
to dawn on the land is principally owing to the
patriotism and self devotion of the King in bis un
dertaking that difficult and dangerous journey to
Washington the winter before last, from which has
resulted the treaty of reciprocity. Whatever good
may result from that act ot what might have been
self-sacriflce for the benefit not only of the native
race, bat of every foreigner within bis dominions,
is fairly attributable to him. II is has been the
danger, bis the labor and bis should be the endur
ing honor. But it is not of this I desire now to
Oq Sunday last the congregation of the Catholic
Cathedral were not a littlo surprised when it was
first whispered and afterwards openly announced
that their Majesties intended to assist at the cele
bration of the 10 o'clock High Mass.
Punctual to the time they arrived at the temple,
when Mr. Rhodes was requested to wait upon
them. lie conducted them to the seats that bad
been prepared close to the altar railings, and after
the service to a dais and canopy that bad been pre
pared in their honor by the kindly feeling of the
gaod Bishop Mgr. Maigret.
tHis Majesty the King then addressed the assem
bled people, and explained to them that he wished
U organize a Society to be called the " Catholic
Relief Society" (hcola) for the purpose above
c tamed, and requested Mr. Rhodes to proceed with
Ihe usual choice of officers. This being intended
for a ladies' society. Her Majesty the Queen was
elected President, Mrs. Christine, Mistress of the
'Catholic girl's school. Fort street, waa elected
Treasurer, and her niece Misa Agnes Aylett, Secre-
tary. The meeting then separated with the under
; standing it was to meet again on Tuesday, but
'on Christmas day, after the 10 o'clock celebration,
tthe people were again unexpectedly called to as
'siot ( tha meetlntr hr the Oueen. the Kin? beinir
prevented by a pre-engagement from being pres
ent The constitution and laws of the society were
then adopted, committees appointed to Teport cases
deserving relief, and a collection made, amounting,
with a donation of ten dollars from the King and
(Wen. to fiftv-five dollars or thereabouts. This
waa verv creditable considering that no notice of
the meeting was given before hand or that a col
lection was to be made.
The formation of this society is purely a native
Idea oriffinatinir with the King, with the same ob-
iect as the (oreiirn benevolent societies. The Cath
olic is merely a branch of the entire organization
intended to embrace the whole native population.
May its results equal the wishes of its founders.
Annual fleeting: or the Sailor's
At the annual meeting of the Sailor's Home Soci
ety on the 26 imt. the Treasurer made the following
Ti 9iii aii' Smi Eociktt
la Accocst with Ch&b. R. Bisitor, Tbeasi beb.
1S75 Dec 27, by balance cash on hand $ 1 81
1876 Dee 22, by cash 12 months rent of cor-
tw. ortu- 100 00
1876 Dec 22, to pay O Segelken & Co, water
pipes....... $ 00
Dec 2 J, to pay Lewers St Dickson, lumber?........-
Pec 22, to pay E Dunscombe, sundries 13 65
Balance... 03 65
137 Dec 22, by balance $83 65
Honolulu, Dec 26, 1S78. E. 6c. O. E.
The Chairman of the Executive Committee read bis
The affairs of the Home, during the past year,
have been carried forward much as in former years,
on.ler the careful and efficient management of Mr.
and Mrs. Dunscombe. The following memorandum
bts been furnished by Mr. Danscombe. respecting
the number of seamen boarding in the Home during
th iur 1370:5 captain, 27 officers. and 111 teamen.
No record is made of the occasional seamen, from the
ahiDS cf war and other vessels who have occasional-
. , . .i . if
ly been visitors and lodgers in me nouie, neuuer ui
the aamerous strangers and transient boarders bo
ha been there accommodated.
From the Treasurer's report it will be seen, that a
small balance jremains unexpended.
The Y. M. C. A. has sustained in a most com
mendable and satisfactory manner their reading
mom. The imoortance of this feature of the es-
t.hli.hment is such, that it- could not be dispensed
with, without seriens detriment o the interests of
imn and strsneers vUitioz Honolulu.
The depository for bibles and books, has been daily
visited by seamen ana omers conneciea wua amy
ping ia port, while the depository for Hawaiian
books and bibles has been largely frequented byHa
From a review of all the separate departments of
t. lTim. inelndinsr the boarding and lodging, read
ing room aad two bible depositories, it appears that
that the institution is doing the work designed by
its establishment, nearly a quarter ot a centary ago.
B. C. lAMO!,
llnanlnlu. Dec. 26. 1S76. Chairman of Com.
,Tbe election of six trustees to serve for three years,
resulted as follows , C. K. Bishop, re-elected ; P.
C. Jones, re-elected ; B. F. Dillingham ; H. M. Whit-
ney ; Jos. P. Cooko ; E. P. Adam.
At the meeting of the Trustees of the Sailor s
Home Society which took place after adjournment of
the above meeting the following officers were duly
elected: S. N. Castle, President; F. A. Schaefer,
Secretary ; C. R. Bishop, Treasurer. Executive Com
mittee. S. C. Damon ; E. O. Hall; E. P. Adams. ,
SA TV HI) A Y. DECEMBER 30.
A steamer cannot last f.rever, any more tl.aa
a liutnrtn Lein, nnd length of years and cnftmt
use to ts'ty riuthing of occasional hard knocks
have brought infirmities to that faithful public
servant, the Ktlauea. By direction of the Min
ister of the Interior a survey was held un the
Teasel on Tuesday last, conducted by experts, the
result of which may be summed up by saying
that, with careful usage, the Ktlauea will be
quite 6afe to run for some months longer per
haps a year. We are however authorized to say,
iuai in view ox me condition oi trie steamer, no
heavy freights or deck freights will be carried
by her. The maintenance of regular commu
nication between tho islands is cf 6uch imjxjr
tance that she will continue to run as long as her
officers deem it safe. As the vessel is never Lit
from a port, and in case of storms will not take
the risk of crossing the channels, it is thought
under these precautions that human life will not
be jeopardized, anJ the vessel may continue to
servo the public until a new steamer can be
procured, which the government have decided to
do promptly. Under a contract with the Min
ister, of the Interior, the Hon. S. i. Wilder
proceeds to San Francicco' by the steamer next
Week, lor the purpose of procuring in that city
the construction of a steamer, under the pro
visions of Section 3 of tbe Act to promote inter
island steam communication, passed at the last
session. No contract having been entered into
by the late, administration in accordance with
Section 1 of the Act, the present arrangement
has been concluded with Mr. Wilder, whereby a
suitable steamer of not lees than 500 tons is to
be delivered at the port of Honolulu within one i
year iroin the 1st ot January, 1877. Mr.
Wilder's long acquaintance with the require
ments of the service and his known energy and
public spirit, furnish undoubted guarantees that
the business which he has undertaken will be
well and promptly executed.
The testimony of experts in shipbuilding is
unanimous in favor of north-west pine, of which
the new steamer will be principally built, aa
superior even to oak for durability and every
needed quality. We trust that the shipwrights
of California, to whom we have given the pre
ference in this matter, will feel bound in honor
and for the credit of the coast to eive us
thoroughly good work. It ia expected that the
new boat will be completed aud ready for
delivery here during the month of July next.
The prompt action of the government in thia
matter will meet with the approval of the coun
try ; for the necessity for a new vcesel in the
place of the Kilauea is imperative in the public j
interests. Whilo however the Ministry haver
evidently felt impelled by the exigencies o-Ue
case to take the initiative in procuring a new
steamer, the principle must continue to be recog
nized, that whenever private parties can be found
who will give the requisite guarantees for the
proper performance of. the service, without too
heavy expense in the shape of subsidies, the gov
ernment should withdraw therefrom. And we
venture therefore to express the hope that, on
the delivery of the new boat now contracted for,
the Minister of the Interior may, under the
provisions of Section 3 of the Act, proffer by
public advertisement to sell the same to any
responsible party or parties who will contract to
carry on the service.
One day more, and another year will be gone.
What is a year? The question is simple; but
the answer will materially differ. The happy
will say a span of time which an infant's
hand might cover;" the unhappy and weary
" a long and almost endless period." And Btill
it is only one turn around the prescribed circle
in the sea of eternity of that wonderful wheel,
which, like that of the car of Juggernaut,
'crushes all things in its iournev. iov and
sorrow, love and hate, life and creation, and in
its annual round always brings something new
despite tbe saying of the wise man that there is
no new thing under the sun. For to us it seems
that the new which every year brings forth is
the better; tho better progress in all things, not
of this world, but only in this world for another
and a better world tho world of eternal truth.
The firet American Centennial, which fell on
this our year now nearly past, was the exposition
of the success of a free people's self government,
the great lesson that in liberty is progress, a
lesson for the other nations of earth to learn, and
one which France has so far successfully copied,
but which poor priest-ridden Spain has so sadly
blundered in. The great exposition at Philadel
phia has shown to the world, not only the pro
gress of the United States during the century,
but the progress of the world in art and science,
and pre-eminently in all that tends most toward
tho promised reign of truth. As marvellous as
have been the inventions of the century to lighten
the burdens of labor, they fall far below those
destined to facilitate the interchange of thought.
Interchange of thought, the dissemination of
knowledge and truth, is the school for eternity.
In the field of telegraphy, inventions have been
added during the year by which whole sentences
can be sent more rapidly than singlo words were
formerly flashed along the wire; and now, more
wonderful than all, an audiblo conversation can
be carried on over the wire ! The Hoe printing
presa at the Centennial, printed and folded for
distribution from fifteen to thirty thousand copies
an hour of a Philadelphia newspaper; a feat for
performing which Mr. Hoe would probably have
been burned at the stake two or three centuries
ago, not only at Rome, Madrid or Nuremberg,
but even in Salem. But the end is not yet; and
every coming year will add its quota of progress,
and the great revolving wheel of time will yet
bring the hour when human thought can be
printed as fast as spoken, and be distributed by
the flash of the electric fluid.
In religion and morals, in spite of the croaks
of skeptics or pessimists, the world is steadily
marching on toward the higher and better plane.
Superstitions and errors are slinking away into
obscurity, and the light of eternal truth is pierc
ing with accumulated rays of brightness the
clouds of human intellect. lie is blind indeed
who cannot perceive this.
During the past year peace has held sway over
the most powerful, and at the same time and for
tbe same cause, most intellectual nations of the
earth. The Turk, however, is flaunting the flag
of the crescent the symbol of murder and
rapine in tbe face of Christian nations, and the
coming year may perhaps see him driven out of
Europe; and a few Spanish-American States,
such as Mexico, Guatemala and San Salvador
have amused themselves with petty revolutions.
Rebellious Cuba still remains unconquered by
In our own beautiful island home in mid
Pacific, a retrospective view of 1876 cannot but
inspire our hearts with gratitude to the Disposer
of events. The ocean has borne to our shores
an increasing commerce; industry and labor have
reaped their rewards in peace ; no epidemic baa
brought sorrow and desolation to our homes;
our volcano have held their j race, and exhib
ited th. ir r..,wcr only in dumber to wond.-ring
vii:vt-. without overwhelming fruitful valleys
will, destruction or thaking the foundations of
the I..n1. And last, but fur Irotu least, the year
1;70 will ever be memorable in our history, as
having brought the !oon of Reciprocity with our
Dearest i.ei-hbor r.rd best friend, tho Great
Republic, through wLicb succeed and a rich re
ward is !icid out to intelligence, industry and
enterprise, ruch a i offered to no other Dation
on Jer the tuu. And let us add, we enter upon
another year with men at tbe head of public
affairs in whom the hops of the people are con
fidently centered: and who, government and
people laboring in uoity, will daring tbe coming
year make the country to p$gTs" towards the
Iu conclusion, we wish a happy and a proa
perous new year to all our readers.
During this Merry Christmas, time, which
has brought joy and pleasure to so many homes,
the heavens have been generous to the thirsty
trees and flower Bhrubs that give to Honolulu
such a park-like -appearance, sending down
copious and refreshing showers of raiD. Several
heavy showers have also fallen in Nuuanu
Valley, and for a tiiue at least give security
against scarcity of water for the city ; but we
would suggest nevertheless that this fact should
not be allowed to operate in postponing action
in the matter of providing for a permanent
supply of water for the city. The general aud
we may say unanimous desire of the public
is that replanting tbe valley be resorted to as the
surest way in which to provide water, and that
measures to that end should be taken while the
season is favorable. As a result of the rain,
herbage is becoming abundant, but the cattle
that roam in the valley will speedly destroy
every green thing, and leave all as bare as
PRESENTATION OF RESOLUTIONS
By the Honolulu Chamber of Co m in err e to Chief
Justice Allen and His Kx. II. 1. P. Carter.
At a meeting of the Honolulu Chamber of Com-
merce, held on the 28th ultimo, a series of Resolu. '
tions was adopted, expressing the appreciation of
tbe Chamber of the services rendered the country
by His Honor Chief Justice Allen, and His Excel
lency H. A. P. Carter. Minister for Foreign Affairs.
in laboring for the successful accomplishment of
the treaty of Reciprocity with the United States.
These resolutions, baviog been handsomely en
grossed, were presented to the gentlemen named,
by committees of the Chamber, on the 19th inst
The Committee of presentation to the Chief Justice
consisted of the Hon. Messrs S. G. Wilder and C-
R. Bihhop aud Theo. H. Daviea, Esq. Mr. Wilder
addressed His Honor as follows :
Mat it please tour Honor : We call upon youf
this morning as a committee from the Honolulu
Chamber of Comnerce; and the very pleasant part
of our duty as such committee has been assigned me,
as chairman, of presenting to you certain Resolu
tions passed by the Chamber, and which read as
WiiEBEAS, The abrogation of duties in the United
States upon Hawaiian sugar, rice and other produce,
has been for years the earnest wish of the commer
cial and agricultural classes in this Kingdom ;
And whebeas. The repeated attempts made by
successive administrations and envoys to obtain the
abrogation of those duties have been baffled, until
the hope of final success had been all but given up;
And wnEBEAB, This Chamber is deeply impressed
with the full faith which Chief Justice Allen has re
tained throughout these attempts in the ultimate
success of the negotiations, and with the probability
that but for bis courage, industry and devotion, the
triumph of the measure would not even now have
. Therefore, be i resolved : 1st, That the thanks
of the Chamber be formally presented to His Honor
Chief Justice Allen, late flis Majesty's Envoy Ex
traordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at Wash
ington, for his unwearied, energetio and successful
labors in securing for Hawaiian commerce and agri
culture the benefits of the Reciprocity Treaty with
the United States of America.
2d, That a subscription be initiated by the Cham
ber for the purpose of enabling all who benefit by
this invaluable Treaty, to testify in a suitable
manner their sense of the obligations under which
they have been placed by the persevering exertions
of the Chief Justice.
3d, That a deputation of the Chamber be ap
pointed to convey to His Honor the Chief Justice a
copy of these Resolutions
S. N. Castle, President.
A. J. Cartwbight, Secretary.
Chamber of Commerce, ?
Honolulu, Nov. 28, 1876. $
These are not only the sentiments of the members
of the Chamber of Commerce, but the resolutions
express the views of the majority of our citizens, as
is clearly shown by the very handsome sum that has
been placed in the hands of the committee, .which
will enable us to carry out in a manner satisfactory
to ourselves that portion of the Resolutions which
refer to a testimonial to be presented on some future
In presenting these Resolutions, speaking for the
Honolulu Chamber of Commerce and the committee,
we do most sincerely wish your Honor many years of
health and prosperity; that you may personally real
ize the many and great benefits that must accrue
to this people and government from the Treaty of
Reciprocity, a treatv with which you have been so
closely connected from the beginning to the end. I
have the honor to hand you the Resolutions.
Judge Allen responded as follows :
Gentlemen : For this expression of the Chamber
of Commerce, of their appreciation of my services in
securing the Treaty of Reciprocity with the United
States, I thank you ; for next to the consciousness
of having done one's duty in promoting any good
cause, is the favorable judgment of those whose in
terest in common with the whole people, it is in
tended to promote.
Your reference to the repeated efforts to accom
plish this purpose, brings to my memory the first
one, which was made in 1855 by His Majesty Kame
hameha IV. His Cabinet was comprised of Mr.
Wyllie, Mr. Young, Mr. Armstrong and myself ;
Chief Justice Lee, although not of the Cabinet proper,
was usually in attendance at Cabinet meetings, and
whose advice was always regarded with great respect,
cordially cooperated in recommending a mission
to the United States, for the purpose of securing a
Treaty of Reciprocity. The Chief Justice was ap
pointed Minister to accomplish this purpose. ' He
repaired to Washington, and entered upon the nego
tiation with Mr. Secretary Marcy, which was success
fully accomplished. It was supposed that as the
Treaty was negotiated by the administration that it
would receive the sanction of Congress, and the
Chief Justice returned to resume his judicial duties.
Congress omitted to take action on the Treaty at
the ensuing season, and it was at the succeeding
session, that His Majesty and Cabinet desired me to
assume tbe duties of Minister, and make an effort to
secure the approval of the Treaty. On my arrival in
Washington, there was great excitement on the sub
ject of Kansas and Nebraska, tbe repeal of the Mis
souri Compromise ; and freesoil and some other ques
tions involving the subject of slavery, and it was ut
terly impossible to obtain favorable action, although
Secretary Marcy, who was one of the most able and
accomplished statesman of the country, exerted his
influence for its approval. In a letter to me, he ex
pressed the opinion that it was of great importance
to both countries," and his authority was regarded
with great respect in the debate in Congress on the
Treaty now in force. I will not detain you by giving
a detailed account of the efforts then made to accom
plish the object.
The principal product named in the Treaty was
sugar, and the amount, at that time, was very small.
It showed the wisdom of the Administration to make
an effort at that time. For no country without a
borne market, or concessions from an imperial gov
ernment, or favorable commercial relations has had
success in this industry. Individual planters may
prosper from the peculiar advantages of their situa
tion, but general prosperity can not be expected.
No farther effort was made for some years, although
the importance of the measure was fully regarded,
and frequently discussed.
In 1864, Kamehameha V. by the approval of his
Cabinet, expressed a wish, that I should accept the
appointment of Minister,' and visit Washington, and
propose to open a negotiation for a Treaty similar in
principle to that of 1855. I accepted the appoint-
n.eat and entered upn its duties. In my interview
i h Mr. Sewar J, then Secretary of State, be ex
prexl fivorable opinion cf the principles of the
Treaty of Reciprocity, tut be sail that daring the
wir, for it was at a most critical period cf the civil
wir. heccul l not make a Treaty, without exceptional
p'oviaions made neressnry ty the state of war, and
therefore tbe negotiation haJ tetter be postponed till
the country was at peace, when he would enter upca
it. In th'u opinion I fu!!y concurred.
Subsequently Mr. Harris negotiated a Treaty,
which be alvocatel with ability, and to which he
gave his personal attention daring one session of
Congress, without success. The present Minister
of the Interior was the next Minister appointed, and
he rendered able support to the tame Treaty for
another session, without being able to bring the
question to an issue. This was discouraging ; but
the King and the majority of bis Cabinet were re
solved to haTe a decision on the Treaty if possible.
There were some differences in the Cabinet on what
perhaps might be termed international nettioni,
which had an adverse inflaenet on the treaty at
Washington. His Majesty expressed to me a desire
to bare a decUion on thif treaty. He .thought it
due to tbe dignity of hi Government, and I accepted
tbe miision, although I regarded it as a forlorn hope
after the able advocacy of the treaty by Mr. Harris
and Mr. Smith. I found strong opposition in the
Senate as well aa very efficient support. But as in
1S57, there wis a collateral question which operated
ot;aint it. I refer t the treaty for the acquisition
.if the Ii.iminic&n cortion of the Island of St. Do
ra, ntfo. - This question aroused great bitterness of
del. ate on tbe part of some of the advocates of the
Hawaiian Treaty against the administration, and as
the Hawaiian Treaty was negotiated by a previous
administration, It failed to have that influential sup
port which the present bad. A gentleman in tbe
Kxtrcutive Department of the Government said to me
at tbe time, that if an eighth part of the talent and
leal had been exerted iu behalf of the Hawaiian
Treaty as bad been againt the St. Domingo Treaty,
it would have passed. It failed of a two-thirds vote.
I refer to the history of the several efforts to secure
a treaty of reciprocity, to show tcyou that & decision
bad never been made on its merits, bnt was defeated,
as I believe, on collateral issues, which ought not to
bave had any influence on the decision of the ques
tion, and would not bave, if another treaty could be
made and submitted to tbe judgment of the Senate
.n its merits, pure and simple. Hence my faith
never faltered in its ultimate success.
After this defeat in 1870, very little expectation was
entertained by the Government or people, that a
treaty could everie obtained, and tbe question re
mained in abeyance till 1S72, when an unsuccessful
effort was made to effect a negotiation here. In the fall
of 1573 I bad occasion to visit the United States on my
own personal affairs ; I was detained till the following
February, and believing, as I did, that the question
of a reoip'ocity treaty bad never been settled on its
merits, and baviog an abiding faith in its ntlimate
success, I made a special visit to Washington to have
an interview with tbe Secretary of State. I stated to
His Excellency that I had no instructions to nego
tiate a treaty, but I should like to know his views on
the subject of opening a negotiation, if His Majesty
the King should send a mission to tbe United States
fur that purpose. After some conversation on tbe
question, he said " I am in favor of treaties of reci-
proeity with onr neighbors, and I regard the Sand
- wlch Islands as one of them."
On my return I reported to Ilia Majesty and His
I Cabinet the interview which I had with the Secre
: tary of State, and advising strongly that another
; effort be made, and His Majesty and Cabinet very
loordially acquiesced in this opinion. His Majesty
gave me the appointment of Minister, and the pre
sent Minister of Foreign Affairs Mr. Carter that
of Commissioner. . .
In pursuance of this appointment we repaired to
Washington and entered upon the negotiation. Soon
after which, His Majesty tho King most fortunately
arrived in Washington, on a visit to the President,
agreeably, to his very cordial invitation. Tbe recep
tion of His Majesty was in accordance with his royal
rank, and the impression which was tnade by His
Majesty on the minds of the public men of the coun
try was in the highest degree honorable to him
and favorable to tbe formation of more intimate re
lations with the country. His Majesty visited seve
ral States of tbe Union, and was everywhere received
with the same honor and cordiality, as he bad been
at the Capital. His acquaintance with the President
and the public men of tbe country, as well as with
many of the people, att. acted attention to the his
tory of the Islands, and their present condition, all
of which was favorable to subsequent negotiations.
Soon after His Majesty's departure from the Capi
tal, we renewed the negotiation with tbe Secretary
of State, and a treaty war agreed upon and signed,
and tbe same was submitted to tbe Senate by tbe
President for approval. We made every possible
effort to have it acted upon promptly, but without
success, and Congress adjorned without action.
Tbe President called an extra session of the Senate
when tbe treaty was considered, and after some
amenJmenfs was approved. You may well imagine
the labor of my colleague and myself in making
known to so many Senators tbe merits of the treaty,
and in this service I had the very able co-operation
of my colleague as well as in every other duty of
the mission. Our regret was that the House was
not in session, so that immediate action could bo had
on the Act to carry tbe treaty into effect.
I returned and resumed my judicial duties, and re
mained till the next November, when, at the request
of tbe Government, I returned to Washington and
resumed the duties of my mission. At tbe time it
was thought that the opposition to the treaty would
not be renewed with much vigor, as the Senate bad
approved of the treaty by a large vote of 51 to 12.
Congress convened on the first Monday in Decem
ber, tut the Committees were not appointed till the
20th, when a bill was introduced to carry the treaty
into effect, and referred to the Committee of Ways
and Means. No business was done till after the holi
days. This bill was submitted to a sub-committee,
consisting of Messrs. ..Wood, of New York, ' Hill, ot
Georgia, and Burchard, of Illinois. They requested
me to appear and present my views on the general
subject of the treaty, which I was very happy to do.
There were strong efforts made to defeat a favqjable
report, which after some delay was madev..ac
companicd by a minority report by four membtsfs of
the Committee, who were among tbe ablest and
most influential members of tbe House. . The "oppo
sition became very formidable. The House consisted
of two hundred and ninety-two members, and tbe
great majority were new members, and there was a
large majority in opposition to the administration,
which had made the treaty.
A debate of great interest was had upon the
question at different periods of the session. I think
there were twenty-one speeches made in all, many of
them very able and carefully prepared. The act en
countered unusual delay on aceout of an accumula
tion of business, some of which was of unusual cha
racter, which had priority, as a matter of privilege,
or of necessity, like appropriation bills.
The treaty was assailed as injuriously affecting the
treasury ; that it was a job for the benefit of planters
and refiners, that it was injurious to the markets of
sugar and rice, raised in the Southern States of the
Union ; and the infamous charge that money bad
been sent to tbe Capital from tbe coast to make an
improper influence favorable to the treaty. Charges
were also made on . our system of labor, all of which
were successfully repelled. This, measure was car
ried purely on its merits, but it required constant
watchfulness to protect the treaty from hostile at
tacks. At length tbe Sth of May was. assigned when the
last debate should be had on the bill, and a vote
taken. A speech was made by Mr. Tucker, of Vir
ginia, a very able and eloquent speaker, and also by
Governor Thomas of Maryland, a very able debater
in the opposition, and replies were made by General
Banks, of Massachusetts, and Mr. Wood, of New
York, which were effective and eloquent. Great in
terest was taken in the vote, which resulted in 116
yeas, and 101 nays. '
It was then considered that when the House had
passed the necessary laws to carry the treaty into
effect, which the Senate had approved by a very
large majority, that further opposition wonld not be
be made. Bnt in this I was disappointed, for ic a
very few days. Committees from the Chambers of
Commerce of New Orleans, Savannah, and Charles
ton, appeared before tbe Committee of Foreign Affairs
in tbe Senate, and made a very energetio opposition
to the treaty. They took the ground that the people
of tbe Southern States had made large investments
in plantations of sugar and rice, and that our pro
duct would come in competition in the market, much
to their injury.
It was only necessary to produce tbe statistics of
the large amount of importation of sugar and rice
into tbe United States, and also of tb production of
the United States of the same articles, to convince
any impartial mind, that' our product, which would
be wholly consumed by the Pacific States, could not,
affect the markets on the Atlantic. Bnt there was
an honest and total misapprehension of the effect of
the treaty. It was the Presidential year, and I was
apprehensive at one time, that the treaty might en
counter an opposition, from political considerations,
which would at least cause a postponement.
Tbe Senators from the Pacific States, with one ex
ception, resisted all opposition with great foree and
ability. It is rare in Parliamentary proceedings,
that there is exhibited greater talent or more con
summate tact in the management of a bill than by
Senator Sargent who had more especially the charge
of it in the Senate, and when we also consider that
it was on tbe last days of tbe session, when there is
always great pressure of bussiness. , -
I have given you a very imperfect account of the
obst&cles which this measure encountered, but my
reply is already too long. 5
I should like to refer to many friends of the treaty
who rendered very important aid in making the
merits of the treaty known as well as in disabusing
the public mind of false charges. There were many
in San Francisco who rendered great service in this
way. There was a friendly feeling by very many
people of the United States.-arising from their re
ligious, commercial and social relations with the people
of tbe islands. Tbe American Mi&ister, Mr. Peirce,
who bad resided here formerly as a commercial man
for many years, and was fully conversant with the
merits of the question, advocated it with great effect.
It has required great perseverance on the part of
the Government to accomplish this measure, and I
trust that it will result to the benefit of both
countries. I thank you for the very courteous man
ner in which you hare presented the views of the
chamber of commerce, who by their practical wisdom
will bare a salutary influence in carrying ont tee
. ? i ,
J. C. GUJ- Ks.i., and the Hon. F- O. Hall and
A- S. Cli'ghorn, were the committee wbo waited
upon Mr. Carter, to wLvin. wtih a tew fitting re
marks. th'y presented tb? following Koolmioi.:
IVhtrtat. It is tbe desire cf this Chamber to mark
its appreciation cf tbe va!uble services renJere-1 t j
Hawaiian commerce and agriculture by ail who bave,
either officially cr unofficially, I bo re 1 for tbe success
of the Convection cf Commercial Reciprocity recent
ly negotiated with the Ceiled States cf America;
ThtTtforetbt it rtoirid : 1st, That tbe thanks
of this Chamber are especially due to the Honorable
IL A- P. Carter, who has, at very great personal in
convenience, placed his services at the disposal cf
His Majesty's Government, and, in the high position
of Special Commissioner to tbe United States, has
assiduously worked lor the attainment or ice treaty,
and materially aided in its successful negotiation.
2d, That the thanks cf this Chamber are also due
to all those who, whether residing in this Kingdom,
cr elsewhere, have shown their friendship to and
sympathy with Hawaiian progress by their exertions
and personal effort, to obtain the success of tbe
3d, That a copy of these resolutions and a further
token cf the general appreciation cf his valuable
services in this negotiation be presented to the Hon.
H. A. P. Carter, and that a copy of these resolutions
be published in the Pacific Commercial Adtekti
per and the Hawaiian Gazelle.
S. N. Castle, President.
A. J. Cabtweksht, Secretary.
Chamber of Commerce, ?
Honolulu, Nov. SO, 1876.
The following is Mr Carter's letter to the Cham
Def-abtmext of Fobeiox Affaibs.
Honolulu, Deo. 19tb, 1876. )
To the Honolulu Chamber of Commerce, Gentlemen:
I have received through your committee, Messrs.
J. C. Glade, E. O. Hall and A. S. Cleghorn, a beau
tifully engrossed copy of the complimentary resolu
tions passed by you on the 30th of November last
I beg most sincerely to thank the Chamber for this
expression of their appreciation of my efforts in con
nection with the negotiation of the Treaty of Reci
procity lately concluded between the United States
ffnd this Kingdom.
I assure you, gentlemen, that my gratification Ls
greatly enhanced by the fact, that this testimonial
comes from a body of my fellow citizens with whom
I have been so intimately associated.
To be assured of the esteem and appreciation of
those interested in the commerce and agriculture of
Hawaii nei, is a pleasant satisfaction for the past
and an incentive to future effort in behalf of these
two main sources cf prosperity and elements of
strength in our little body politic. In any further
service I may render my Sovereign and country, I
shall rejoice if I can win the approbation and respect
of so worthy and influential a body as yours.
I beg further to express my satisfaction, that the
Chamber have included in this expression . of thank"
the many friends of Hawaiian progress whose sym
pathy and personal efforts contributed so much to
the success of the negotiation.
Again thankiag you gentlemen, and especially
your committee, for. the flattering remarks with
which your Resolutions were presented, I have tbe
honor to remain, your obedient servant,
' Hkxby A. P. Cabteb.
Mixd vkrsis Matter. The printers of the
Gazette establishment gave a very early breakfast
party on Christmas morning, at which they enter
tained the employees of both printing offices.
Good cheer and good fellowship, tempered by
temperance, ruled tbe hour.
The ' Sunbeam." This is tbe name of a beau
tiful vessel, belonging to the Royal Yacht Squadron
of England, which arrived in our harbor on Wednes
day evening last from Tahiti, via Hilo. She is a
barkentine rigged propeller, and looks as though she
might be very fast. The captain and owner is
Thos. Brassey, Esq. M. P., who is accompanied on
bis voyage around the world by his family, eon
sisting of Mrs. Brassey, Miss Mabelle Annie Brassey
Miss Muriel Agnes Brassey, and Miss Marie Ade
laide Brassey; besides tbe Hon. A. Q. Bingham,
Commander Brown, R. N., Herbert F. Frere, Esq.,
and Dr. Percy Potter. Mr. Brassey we learn is Vice
Commodore of the Royal Yacht Squadron, of which
the Prince of Wales is Commodore. The Sunbeam
left England July 8th, and has since visited Madeira,
Rio de Janeiro, Montevideo, Buenos Ayres, and
steamed around Cape Horn to Valparaiso, and
Tahiti, arriving at Hilo on the 22d inst. We regret
that our space to-day will not allow of a description
of the beautiful Sunbeam, and can only add that
she proceeds next week on the voyage to Japan, and
that after visiting China and the East Indies she
will return home via the Suez canal.
d I'EE.V EMMA LUOGEX. 8, 1. O. G. T.
0 account of the holidays, the next two regular meetings
wm be held on December 26 and January 2.
Per Order. W. J. MAXWELL, W. 8.
Honolulu, Dec. 23, 1S7S.
DISSOLUTION OF CO-FARTNERSHIP.
THE CO-l'ARTMJRSIIIP HERETO.
c'ORE existing between K IS. FKIEL b K. W. LA INC,
known as the firm ot FRIKL Ac LAINE, Grocers, is tbia day
dissolved by mutual consent. All outstanding accounts will
be collected and aU liabilities assumed by K. B. Friel, who
continues tbe business at tbe old stand, No. 62, Fort Street,
Odd Fellows Building, where he will be happy to serve cus
tomers with the usual assortment of CHOICE GROCERIES.
Dec. 30, 1876. llm) E. B. FRIKL.
Will be given
At the ROYAL HAWAIIAN THEATRE,
I SATURDAY EVENING, DEC. 30,
Tbe proceeds of which will go to the fund of Kawaiahao Hoola
. Labui Association.
Doors open at 7 p. m., to commence at 7:30.
ADMISSON Boxes, J3; To all parts of the house, (1.
Tickets to be had at Whitney's, Thrum's, and at the door.
For further particulars see programmes. It
SHOE WARE !
AND FOR SALE AT THE STORE OF
130 5t .
MOTHER JEW K TIKE
From Now York Direct, consisting in part of
IVTEOT 1YIEDICIMAL PREPARATIOWS
FOU lKHII.ITTKI CONSTITUTION. I M I' It IX ' It I IS Kl III Till: h.T 1111 l
CIA!. N AMt l. :
t.alr Beef. Wirt and Irvn: EUiir Bark c l Iron. t Ofr.nn n 1 Ir . Ft-. I-1 , I'ur Corl lw Ar.J. Autt-Aihae
Cirar. MeUicisal Fiaii Extract, ia (Treat Vir:;;
GELATINE AND SUGAR COATED PILLS, EASY TO TAKE 1
t ) rfCIl AS
-Cofrs ai ,Jb Pil'.f . Co Caihtrt.- !'.:!. C.lri' i.f Ir :i n I vl li'uw, Ac . Ac, 44 fruo on atua U .uadr4
and more; rViJilf f Jrr, (full vrijM) in (! n I t" trl of Mafm a, Arr.la Cmihi-Umw, S-U.
SPOIYGES ! Sl'OlYttKS ! ! IX C3KKAT VARIETY,
fo.t Approved Trusses, single and double :
Ircry aaj Shell Conifca, tUrrun, KVjant ToiU't PoJer, Tf'.l.in K.ng. In.lia Itubbrr !rtW-, N;htllfll, Bral
Pumps. tjtiDft, Arnica LiuuDrtit, I'ur Alo.ho!, t t.UTvJrix". na1vb(, ilochu fcaUavt, I'orwM I'Uat , Outm I tafr. Vmmpkml
ice, BoaJutr Taper, Insect Powder, Genuine W hue Castile p. tji-nu.n rra , aoj
Great "V'n i-ityty oi" INIodieititil Sc Tollot Vi-tlcloM
Uargliag Oil, KflVrtiallv l4 lleots; l.jf l.ellea, Spalding l.lae, apole, kt., A.r., Ac.
deic , For Sale at DR. HOFFMANN S DRUO STORE.
WOll.I) CAM. ATTKNTIOX TO Til Kill
NE17 GOODS TO ARRIVE PER CEYLON
CONSISTING or !
VMOSKEAG I)EXIM A V A II A. TICKING. AMOKKAU II 1.1 K IKILIJ.
Amoakeac Blue Vtooched Cotton, Utrkory htripe, Langd.m Itleftched Coti'W, m
CUca Mill, 4-4 BlearheJ Cotton, a very superior article. IVrklu's Mills 4 4 Klrarhed Cotton, lh vUrapoat eoUi la Ufa
Extra Fine, Floe and Medium 4-4 and 7-4 Whiw all Wool Flannel,
A Few Pieces Fancy Flannels for Children's Wear !
8-Card Matches, Devoe's and Downer's Kerosene Oil !
Shield Iron, Hunt's, Ohio, and Boy's Handled A tes.
Axe Pattern Shingling and Bench llalcketa, Tick Mstt.xk.
Crow Bars, Coe's Wrenches,
Eagle No. 20 and No. 2 Plows.
XO 4c XI Bteel Plows, Wheelbarrow, Ox Yokes.
A Superior Assortment Kitchen Marble Ware!
Now much ucd In place uf IVrctluin I ined Ware,
Axe. Pick, MaUork, Bledpe and Hammer Handle., Hey I lie and Mnalllia, Wtu Htlrrup. I.auip Mlwk, I'ul Nail, I
Cut PpiWet and Wrought Nails, AMERICAN ZINC and LEAH TAINT, CDI'AL, i'AMAK CAHHIAUK V ARMaMKa)
J A CRKF('LI.V KEI KCTKII IN VOU K OK
KEROSENE CHANDELIERS AND LAMPS ! !
Chimneys of all styles and aia-s. Lamp and Fhiwrr Tot., tlrnsrd Brarktt Ptaud.
JET RECEIVED HA OH) MMM & mi
A Sl'l'fclllOR ASM) HTM EXT OK
SHELF H ARB HIT Ik EL 13 !
Vic: Boor Locks, Butts, east and brata, aitd. i-j padhk-ks, in .1) let Hat au4 (UI Honks, Hammer. Ilatob!,
Adses, both ship and carpenters; Kulrs, LereU, I'lnne. nrw style aiwl rUKi 4!imM-t luia, Jrn'ii' Hilt, 4-14 14 14,
Hollow Augers, Patent A ufrer. Extension Bits, Butcher Knlrr. hrn-w Drivrr. Hlveis aud ttura, 'litwa. Awl. Iia Hibti,
I. R. Hose, 3-4, 1 1-2 and 2 Inch; Burxrior American Table Cutlery, Wurlli examining; Axl t'lij. llor Kalis, Babort Mal,
Box Vises, Cooper's Anvils, Hammers, V Cruise ai U Teller.
A fine assortment of YV W, Paint, VarnUh and Centrifugal Brnadea, Feather futers, fhoe, Kkln, and Metallic Ualr
Brush. A small but fine assortment of TRII'LK l'LATM) FLuWKK V Art, Call Bellsand Individual la It B.HUM, a iww
design. A few Infant Baskets, Mims and Toy Baskets fir Christmas.
The NEW SLMMEIl ULEEN Oil. COOK MOVE with OVEN and llltOII.KK. Tl graleat
Stove out and sales made ahead of production.
A Susatll ABarsnBi f SA DDI-Kit Y. with cample ordering card. Adjustanl Tai.le. Jurt th thing Ladle
Hurricane, Globe and fignal Lanterns. Carriage Bolts, Ksgle Brand, all sices; fclilrw Boxes with DiaMnn's Saws.
Superior and fine asst. of House Paper & Bordering
Which ran be seen at and for sale by
The New Charter Oak Lawn Mower, Set Floral Tools fr I!I'V use.
TO ARRIVE BY STEAMER,
A KKW Or" DIHMTOX'N KIN KMT M A V H A NO PIL-Kw.
IT Tbe above Geoda were I'arrhnud far C'nah Ml liollwm I'rlreaawd we will radearsi
lo Sell ai aatikfurlwrr price fer Ua.b or Apprarrd Crrdii, n4 "ia
Having been Enlarged and Re-arranged for the Season's Requirement,
3E3 3RL 313 S E3 3NT rJ7 S
1 ME IIN'IH III IllllJim GOODS
To suit all agei, and embodied ia the following linei of
Children's, Miscellaneous and Presentation Works, Albums,
A trjoruiea ana vnroitio oicocs, vtroinoM jor the jiuitott, jsvtuv j'uiiry Article!,
in variety; leather Goolt Jlaxhctt, and the nnal
LARGE VARIETY OF CHILDREN'S TOYS I
In American, German, French and English Manufacture, all of whku have been arlM-ted In p-r'i or ocurrd I order.
BOOKS FOU THE IITTIK FOLKS KIHIIIIACI?
Chatterbox, Nursery, Wide Awake, LiUle Folks. Gulden Locks,
Bri. ht Kyes, Sunshine. Prattler. May Bod, Little Blossom Children's Treasur,
Mother Goose. Daisy and O rand pa, Bobby's Lif, t-ttle Learner, PMure Land,
Pictures for Darlings, K"bin Ked Br'sst, fundsy Albums, Children's Albums,
Little Folks Picture Gallery, Albums for Olrls and Boys,
Children's Garlands, Bibla rVtur., Aloe's Picture, Utt' BlrdM
Together with a Large Variety of Paper and Cloth Toy Booki. Paper Dollt, Ac.
IN FINE PRESENTATION BOOKS
We off-r the following assottment Bonn of the Fowr, Littla People of tb Enow, Lady Geraldine. Billed of ITosne, Ballad
of Beauty, Lucille, Mabel Martin, Bong cf Beven, Hanging of the Crane, Narer My God to Thee. Ml'berd Lady, Ita
Leaves, Laurel Leaves, Love of the Karl Poets, Holy Gospel, British Portrait Painters, Murillo Gallrry, Miuuul I'lelur Gal
lery, Allibone's Quotations, top's Fables, Songs of Yesterday, Vicar of Wakefield, Gulliver's Travis, toft her tb a 004 Una
of Poets ia Morocco;
ALSO AUTOGRAPH, PHOTOGRAPH, MENTAL, STAMP AM SCRAP ALBUMS, IN VARILTV ;
DIARIES for 1877. in all Sorts and Sizes.
THE ASSORTMENT OF
Miscellaneous Books for the Coming Holidays is unusually fine in their variety,
embracing Travels, Biographies, Belles-Letter, Poems, Fairy Tales, Cookery, Ae., for presentation or library
supplies, to which the attention of tbe ublic is Invited.
I2ST TOYS A2STI3 GOODS
We offer the following tarpe variety to select from Oak Wagons and Cart, Oak and Painted Barrow. Tad Chest. Tea)
Pins, Wood and Tin Kail Boats. Rustic Chairs, Roeking and Canopy Hor.rs, Hioo Flya, bruuis, Game and Works of all kind.
Rubber Balls, olid and parlor; Foot Balls, Iron, Wcod and Tin Banks, Phantoms, CMou-a, Liberty Bell, Centennial Pistols.
Blast Guns, Toy Brooms, Noah's Arks, in all sizes; Boll Bodies, Holt's Hal. In Rubber. CotrKition, Leather, China aad
Wn, Doll's Arms, Dolls of all kinds, sites and variety of styles, Doll's Trunks, Doll's fhoes, Clockings, Jewelry, Parasols, Fans,
Christmas Tree Ornament, Wax and Pari. fine Can lK s, Bracket., Rustic llaiigiiig Baskets, Homninr, l'i g , Kari.ria and othnr
Tops, Dancing Niggers, Battledores, Cane and Tin Furniture, Parlor Oane, Acrobat, Menagerie, 4e , Ae.
Work Batkete, Reticule, Companion, Card Batktt and Tray, Traveling Bag, Chatrlaini,
Statuary, Sherman Cabinet, Velvet and Paue-Partout Frame, Collage Gem
Frame, Huttie and Oval Frame,
ST1TC1RY PHOTOGRAPHS, A SEW LINE OF PICTIRES, fllROMOS, IX AI L MZFS AM) MBJKTS J
Panel Pictures, with or without Mat; Frames Mad to Order for ecial Biset.
THE ASSORTSVI'T OF NEW STATIONERY
Includes many novelties, and the variety of Papeteries for Ladies, Genii and I.litl Folks Is a feature of Itself, etnbrarlnf at
the Latest Style. Black Books, Cap, Letter and Note Papers d1 Envelopes to a larger assortment than ever, and Flat Fpr
for Blank Book Maaafacture. , .
XT All orders filled with jiromptnen and cart.
l'EII IL IIISI'OVEIII',
Home and klul Collar.
Amr' fhurrl aud ps4M, round pointed
Hall's, Kurd's and !' ult aud a4a, roa4 lu4
3, 4. and 4 lii. BrhHir. Mamri large It lac slug,
liore Nails, hlinnW-y' Ail, Cnned lrtnr
Tinned Tax. S to KU ( tilue, lis Bows. i aad I Im-tiesi
IlixMim, tx t an4 mediant Hmt-m aatiW-f
uM-rlr Usrdrn lloea, . i, 14, and 10-14 fturkrt.
A LLKN 4 HOUlWtON.
DIARIES FOR 1077!
THRUM i OAT.