Newspaper Page Text
O 0 IVX IVI B R o I A X. .
fill DAT, JAXVARY A, 1S7. J
during the week Lave been Dec 30th.
Ua acfaooner Sophia Werger, from Ban Franrt.ro; Atorrlr.u
schooner Bonanaa, from San trustee; Imtm.g ,rk n V
Almy, from Ea Francisco; Jaa Ui, R M Zealawlia. from
Auckland. The departures hare brt-n-Drc SOth, AMeo
Besae, Hongkong; Kicaa, fcr Fannlog's Island; Jan 1,1
Zeaiandia, for fan Francisco; 3d, ganbesm. J.pan.
Oor latest advice from Iba Coast are to the isih ult. i
nola bo chmge from Ut notations in prices of l.l.nd produce.
W trust (hat rice pTantera wilt not accept the Hea of our
eotemporary that w are o be flooded .Ua cargoes ol foreign
rice, simply o account of the receipt hereof a lot of coolie
rlc ,roM "aa Francisco; or that the to ion of sugar growing
is la pern, ereo if Hocgkocg refined sugar can be landed here
foe t 0 10 teats a pvand.
The barks O C Murray and fclscoTery and schooner Bo
mbs ara np fbr ta Francisco, imi freights come forward
slowly, spd the departure of eUber Teasel Is uncertain.
po iit or hoiioi.pi,tj. n. i.
Dec. 30 Schr Lota, Kaai, from Maliko, Maul.
ao flaw acbr Sophia Wenger, Smith, 20 days from Sao
-i acbr Booarna, J II Black, 12 dart from Ban
30 An bk II W Almy, Freeman, 12 day from an
30 Schr U Uama. Mana, from Kohala, Hawaii.
' 80 Schr Mary Ellen, feol, from Kohala, liawaiL
SI Scbr faoabi. Ilopa, from 11 Ho. Hawaii.
31 Schr Ka Mui. Reynolds, from Kabnlai, Maui.
31 Htrur Kiiaoea. Alarchant. f rem Hawaii and M...I
Jan. 1 R M a Zeaiandia, Ferries, 12 days from Auckland.
Bchr Nellie Merrill. Crane, from Labaine, Maul.
6 Scbr Manuokawai. Klmo. from Nawiliwill. Kaaal.
6 fcbr Prince. Beck, from Kona and Hau, Hawaii.
UK HA IIT UK ICS.
Dec. 30 Am bk AUeo Beaae, Noyes, tor Hongkong .
30 Haw acbr Kinau, Ualfleld, for Fanning' I laud.
30 Bchr Nettie Merrill, Crane, for Labaina, Maui.
Jan. 1 R M 8 Zeaiandia, Ferries, tut San Francisco.
2 eJchr Warwick, John Ball, for Kaiaapapa, MolokaL
3 Brit bktne Sunbeam, T Braasey, M V, tut Japan.
4 Scbr Luka, Kaal, for Puna, Hawaii.
4 Scbr L' llama, Faaahiwa, for Kohala, Hawaii.
4 Scbr Ka Mol, Beynolda, fur Kahulul, MaaL
VESSELS IX FORT.
II B M'i 8 Fantome, Commander Loog.
Am bkloe Discovery, T J Conner, loading.
Brit bk Albert William, J Walker.
Brit ah Anglo Bazoo, Harrington, discharging.
Am bk D V Murray, Fuller, loading.
Haw bk R C Wylie, W oilers, loading.
Am bk II W A liny, Freeman, loadiog.
Am acbr Bonanaa, J II black.
Brit bk Dorenby, from Liverpool, to Mr T D Davie , will be
fiedar, from Newcastle, with Coal to Wilder at Co, was to
ail Nov 1st.
Schooner Fanny liar tailed from Sao Francisco for Hono
lulu via Humboldt, Nov Si.
Am schr C M Ward, from the guano Islands, due.
Brig Elise, from Baa Francisco, aailed about Dec 23.
Btpoar or An Sthb Boa am a, J II Black, Mastcb.
Left Kan Franciac Dec 18th, at 4 o'clock p m. Faased North
Heads at ft o'clock with light northwest airs and calmt for tbe
flrst It hoars; next fcur days light nortbeast winds with
smooth sea; from thenee to Dec 29th wtod from south to south
east with frequent rain squalls. Sighted East Man! on Friday
the 29 th, wind from east to southeast with calms and heavy
rain showers. Came to port of Honolulu Saturday the 30lh
at ft o'clock, 12 days passage.
Bbpobt or K II J Zbalaboia, J B Fkbsies, Comma
bcb. Left Port Chalmers Dec 13tb, at 1 p m, and after call
ing at the various New Zealand porta reached Auckland on
the 17lh at 10.30 p m. Left Auckland on the 18th at 3 20 pm
and arrived at Kandavu on the 22d at 7.30 p m. Received
Australian portloa of mails, passengers and cargo ex steamer
City of Sydney, and left again at ft p m same day. Cleared
N anwka Fasaage at 10 a m, 22U entered northeast trades on
the afternoon of tbe2itb; weather fine throughout. Engines
eased at noon of the 30th, to as to reach Honolulu on tbe morn
ing of January 1st; made fast to wharf at Cam.
tt. McDomald, Purser.
Fbom Bam Fbaxcisco Per BophU Wenger, Dee 30th 60
pea windows, &0 doors, 100 bbls lime, 07 m shingles, 2790 red
wood posts . 2000 ft do planks.
Fbom Saw Fbahcisco Per Bonanaa, Deo 30th 322 doors,
windows and blinds, 1 bx seed, ISO bdis iron. S pkgs bed
springs, 920 do flour, 1 bx photo lens, 2 cs paint, 20 krgs lead,
1 bbl ocbre, 1 do putty, 3 bf bbls whiskey, 1 cse stoppers and
labels, 1 do hats, 1 do ink, 13 pkgs paper, 4 cs sewios; ma
chines, 18 do glassware, 4 pkfrs rubber goods, 3 cs saddlery, 1
bale leather, 2 pigs tin, 1 mat hose, 17 pkgs hardware, 10 bales
duck, ft tins crackers, 1 bdla hanka, 1 ak wheat, 13 cs dry
goods, 1 bales domestic, 3 pkgs fanning mill, 90 do groceries, 1
cse clocks, 1 sign, 1 parcel blanks, 90 pkgs mde, 400 cs oil,
SOO toss candles, 60 bbls lime. 1600 redwood posts, 1 Cak china,
2 ea copper, 3d bzs onions, 1 tees hams, 36 sks potatoes, 160
do bran, 0 cs cotton goods, 1 do hoots and shoes, 1 bdle hoops,
1 keg wine.
Fbom 8ax Fsawcisco Per II XV Almy. Dec 50th 10 m ft
rustic tiding, 1C00 bbls lime. 137 pkgs tobacco, 2 do coin, II cs
meal, 123 cs crackers, 1 cse seed, 10 chests tea, 3 bxs dried
apples, 2 cs codtUh, 200 bbls salmon, 319 pkgs flour, 2oO mats
rice, 60 cs oil, ft do turpentine, 1 road scraper, 4 pkgs fan mill,
2 da glassware, 1 cse medical instruments, 2 do picks, 1 do
hardware, 13 pea pipe, 1 bar steel, ft cs giant powder, 1 pkg
percustioa cape. 100 bales hay, 266 sks bran, 10 bbls pitch, 2
cs clocks, 9 do mdse, 2 do cheese, 1 do smoked beef, 1 bbl sy
rap, 1 tee hams, ft bxs onions, 110 pkgs bread, 302 redwood
abinglas, 8000 do posts.
Faow AcstbaLIa sk Naw Zbalabo Per Zeaiandia, Jan
1st ISO bxs soap, 120 coils rope, 4 tanks oats, 39 pkgs mdse.
Fob Bab Fbamcisco Per Zeaiandia, Jan 1st
Betel Leaves, bxs..... 12; Jams, bxs 21
Bananas, bnchs...... 943 Peanuts, lbs.......... 2,000.
Coffee, lbs 14,800 Rice, lbt 85,600
Ginger, bxs O.Sogar, lbs 420,261
Value Domestic $38,099.96
Fbom 8a Fsawcisco Per Booanxa, Dec 30th D Pome
ror and wife. Win Jessett. Capt J A King. Capt W P Weeks,
Chas Uotchkiss, Lewis Grieve, 8am Slick, Keakuku, Pahu
Fbow 1Tibwab Poets Per KUauea, Dec 31th W H
Reed, Mrs J Uapai and daughter. Mr Apona, C Asine, Miss L
Chung boon, J 8 Walker, D Manson, Mrs O B Plnkham and 3
children. Mr gpigno, S F Chilliogworth, K Keohokii, Koochiog
and wife. Mrs W II Cornwell and 2 children, Mra E Macfar
lane, C Mac (aria oe, II Cornwell, Mlaa Marston, L Thurston,
Young Pen, A soy. J B Jones, W J Sheldon, Henry Long, A P
Jonea, T C Forsyth and 60 deck.
Faow New Zsalaho Per Zeaiandia, Jan 1st D P de
Leoa.C K Park, P Gough, S Fancy.
Fob SAX Fbakcisco Per Zeaiandia, Jan 1st Hon 8 G
'Wilder, C U Judd and wife, O Robinson, C C Bennett and
on, A Loewenberg . Misses Kitty and Alice Makee. T Soren
soa, wife and 3 children. Thos Griffin, Mrs Lambert and child,
D K Fyw. U Johnson, Capt J Brown, W Ilailitt, A A Carr,
C A Eldridge, U Perkins, W Bryde, Dr J Seott, J W Ffluger.
AaitaLD Tromsom At Wal'.uku Church, Dec 27th, by
the Rev J Brldger, Mr Cha N Abxold to Miss Cecilia
Wbbstbb. On Wednesday, Dec S7th, at 7.30 o'clock, p m,
on board the schr Bonanaa, in tat 24 20 N , long 113 40' W,
of lung disease, AllHT F Wibstb, a native of Boston,
Haas, agad 27 years.
Mr Webster was a gentleman ol literary ability, and was
oo his way to visit the Islands for his health, and as m corres
pondent to Sender's Monthly, Jppltton'i Jourmml and
The "Jaxestowh Rbady fob ska. Captain
Glass, commanding tbe training-ship Jametlown,
announce that the vessel will aail from this port for
Honolulu next Tuesday or Wednesday. The crew
will consist of eighty boys and a complement of
officers. The boys are generally anxious for tbe
cruise, while the captain is extremely desirous of
taking advantage of the j resent delightful and fa
vorable weather. At this season of the year,
' "soathcasters" are due, hence it was thought best to
sail as aooa as possible and forego tbe pleasure of
holiday festivities in port, rather than remain and
take the chances of tempestuous seas in this lati
tude. Tbe captain will take a more southerly route
this cruise than was taken before, in order to get
the full benefit of the trade," and give longer time
at sea for drilling the boys in practical seamanship.
The voyage will not be made short of twenty days.
The Jjme$loten is expected to return next March.
The prizes contributed by the residents of San
Francisco, to be awarded to boys who show the best
reocrd for proficiency, discipline and general good
conduct, consist of a medal donated by D. W. Laird,
silver goblet by Vanderslice & Co., goblet by B.
Nathan & Coa., and a cup by Anderson & Randolph.
The Steward of the ship has secured turkeys and
holiday edibles sufficient to give tbe boys a royal
feast on Christmas and New Tears, and all now
hoped for is fair winds and smooth seas. The boys
were so well received and kindly treated at Honolu
lu, some months sgo, that they contemplate the ap
proaching cruise with pleasure. 5. F. Bulletin
The imitative Chinaman of Shanghai has tried
bis dexterous hand on a counterfeit $25 note of the
Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Company, and
has produced an article that the most expert teller
could not tell from the genuine, bat for the fact that
the date is 'December 25 1871."
SA T Vli D A Y. J A .V UA HY C .
The Stahp Act went into operation on Monday
last and, like all laws that impose taxes, it may
be said to have not been well received. We can
remember when, a good many years ago, the
road tax was first imposed some citizens protested
that they would never jay it, that they would
' work it out " if need be, but tfieir money
should never go to Ell the coffers of the govern
ment. The cause of this antipathy to taxation
is not difficult to trace ; it is begotten of a selfiab
ncas that is inherent in human nature. Tbe road
tax was paid, and continues to bo paid to this
day without a murmur. We can understand
that with Americans the idea of a Stamp Act
may be particularly obnoxious, and more so per
haps in this centennial season, when the meiwj
ries of '76 have been awakened and vivified. As
Americans we might feel called upon to take up
arms against a tax that was so disagreeable to
our great-giandfathera ; but wouJd it not be well
to remember the old copy In our writin-booka
" Circumstances alter cases."
We hardly feel called upon &b yet to say that
the Stamp Act must be or even should be re
pealed; but would rather say, give it a fair trial,
and if any of its features prove objectionable
amend them. It is true that tbe Act imposes a
tax varying from " twenty-fivo dollars to twenty-
five centa;" but this statement may convey a
wrong impression. The only twenty-five dollar
tax is for public or private charters. Ten dollars
aro collected for a Charter party, a Letter of
License, and Patent for Inventions. Two items
are fixed at five dollars and one at three dollars.
It is partly correct to eay that money orders and
bills of exchange are taxed, except such as are
made payable on demand. The fact is that the
exception covers drafts, &c, payable to bearer at
siykl or on demand. There is no excuse for say
ing that the Act imposes a tax on " policies of
life and fire insurance," for the only policies of
insurance covered by the Act ate for marine in
surance. Neither is it correct to say that because nearly
all money orders and bills of exchange are drawn
at eight or on demand that they are therefore
exempt, for they are generally made payable to
order, and if bo are liable. . It is true that here
after they may and probably will be made pay
able to bearer, and thus escape taxation. It is
not a fact that the law proves, or is likely to
prove vexatious to natives as well as foreigners.
Tbe Act is so constructed that transactions under
$500 in amount pay no higher tax than formerly,
and therefore transactions in which natives gen
erally arc concerned will rarely feel the increased
We think that Europeans will bardjy believe
the assertion that a stamp tax is never imposed
except as a war measure or to pay a war debt ;
and well-read Americans will be ready to give
instances io the contrary. . A Stamp Act has
been in force here for years ; and the present Act
Bimply distributes the tax proportionably with
the means to pay and with the importance, in a
money point of view, of the transaction. For
the boon of good government one should always
bo ready to pay ; and for this reason we say,
give the Stamp Act a fair trial.
Tub coming report of the Congressional Com
mittee to investigate the Chinese question will
be looked for with much interest, by thoso who
are affected with Chinaphobia as well as by
the party who believe in giving the celestial
" man and brother " a chance. From time to
time sketches of the testimony taken before tho
Commission in San Francisco are published in
the papers, and are interesting reading. Especi
ally interesting to Hawaiian readers is the testi
mony of S. II. Phillips, Esq., our Attorney
General several years since, and now engaged
in the practice of his profession in the Bay
City ; and we proceed to give some extracts from
the Alto's report.
" General " Stephen II. Phillips was called :
Have been Attorney General of Massachusetts,
and of the Sandwich Islands; the Chinese question
opens a broad field of inquiry; my views may be
peculiar; I have strong convictions; in the Sand
wich Islands there are 66.000 persons, two thousand
of which are Chinese; tbe latter are there under
indefinite, assignable contracts."
It is not very clear what the gentleman wrenes
to. convey by the term indefinite " when
applied to our labor contracts, as he says farther
along that they were not to exceed five years,
and by the statute they aro not assignable.
"There is a great demand on the part of the
planters to obtain this kind of labor; without it. in
the main, these plantations could not exist; there is
a necessity for it at present, but I don't think it
beneficial in the end; the contracts are limited to
If it is necessary, it must be beneficial ;
unless, indeed, all tbe agricultural enterprises
in which we are engaged are prejudicial.
" I think its influence on the community is
degrading; tbe Chinese in this city are not available
for jury, military, or social purposes, the same as
citizens from other parts of the world; imported
labor puts other labor to disadvantage.
Wbat can the gentleman mean by his expres
sion that the Chinese are unavailable for social
"To Scxator Morton Resided in the Sandwich
Islands about tea years; the importation of European
and French Canadian labor into New Eogland, some
time ago, was injurious in its charaoter; I consider
all imported labor in the same light."
There's full-blown wisdom for you !
"To Col. Bee They prodace about 10,000,000
pounds of suear annually in the Sandwich Islands;
it will increase under'' this treaty; have seen the
contracts between the employed and the employer;
the Government of Hawaii has encouraged the im
migration of Chinese; the majority of the planters
are Americans; the sugar produced in that country
is brought in competition with that produced in the
United States, consequently Chinese labor is brought
in competition with that of the sugar raising States;
some of the Chinese merchants in Honolulu I would
trust as soon as I would anybody else; they have
built up their reputations by a system of fair deal
ing; I believe that if they were extended the same
advantages as other nationalities in this country,
they would make as good citizens."
Thus it appears that Mr. P. at last reached the
conclusion that it was the -law, and not tbe
Chinaman that was at fault in San Francisco.
I think there are some very unjust laws enacted
in this municipality affecting the Chinese, and they
have a tendency to make tbe Chinese dissatisfied."
To Sexato Moaxos I never saw a contract
for Chinese labor in this country."
Now who shall say that there is not a large
amount of information contained in the foregoing
For all true friends of the Hawaiian race, it
was sad to be compelled to observe the great
extent to which drunkenness prevailed among tbe
people during tho xient holidays, and especi
ally about New Years. Men and women, and
even boys, were to be seen on foot, on horseback
and in express wagons, in all stages of intoxica
tion during the daytime, and dissolute orgies
performed by a mixture of foreign and native
elements made night hideous. The openness and
impunity with which these scenes of revelry
were presented brought to mind the days oi
1833, when the restrictions on the Eale and
manufacture of spirits were for a time removed,
and anarchy ruled in Honolulu.
There is a law on the Btatute book which
solemnly declares that " whoever shall sell, give,
j purchase or procure for and in behalf of aTiy
native of tUi Kingdom, or for his use, any
"j irituoua liquor or other intoxicating substance,
eLall be punished by a fine." &c. Nobody how
ever appears tj have been arrested or fined under
this law during the paot fortnight, although it is
quite evident that during that period the business
of selling and furnishing spirits to natives has
been a brisk and doubtless a paying one. Are
these law-breakers uncommonly sharp and skilful
in covering their tracts; or is it that no really
determined and well concerted effort is made to
detect them in their nefarious business? When
men persist in a course that is not only unlawful
but positively and seriously injurious to the
public weal as is this business of supplying
natives with liquor it is right and proper for
the law officers of .the crown to meet cunning
and strategy with similar weapons. There can
be no question that if a portion of the energy
and adroitness which have lately been displayed
in suppressing the opium tra&c were employed
in ferreting out and punishing the sellers and
furnishers of gin, the latter business would soon
be crippled, if not suppressed altogether.
FRUIT DRYING PROCESSES.
While California and Oregon are sending us
their fruit preserved by the Alden, the Plummer
and Kelley processes, the question may be asked,
when will Hawaii possess energy and ingenuity
enough to similarly preserve and export our
tropical fruits? The business does not require a
large capital, for we observe in a late Oregon
paper that the Plummer fruit drying machine
exhibited at the Oregon State Fair cost only $50
The merits of the Kelley process are thus eluci
dated by an exchange :
M Tbe machinery is a tia cylinder, tea or more
feet long, heated from the inside by steam. It is
made to revolve slowly, and the fruit, which has
first been ground to a pulp, is allowed to drip on
it from a perforated trough placed immediately
above it. Tbe fruit dries in a very perfect manner,
preserving all the color, flavor and sweetnes3 of
the original. Tbe process may go on until the
cylinder is coated an inch or more in thickness,
when it can be removed by dividing it with a knife
and peel off as from an orange. It is then rolled
up, and is ready for use or shipment. Fruit thus
preserved has beenaken to sea, and exposed in
open boxes through the tropics both ways, with
out injury to its preservation qualities or taste
whatever. Tbe utility of this machine is not re
stricted to the drying of fruit or berries, but any
vegetable can be ground to a pulp, or any juice,
beer or milk, can be condensed in the most per
fect manner; and to say that fresh milk can be
condensed until it resembles flour, and when
wished to be used a little water is to be added,
and in a short time it will be return to fresh milk.
and cream will rise upon it the same as when
drawn from the cow, is rather a tough statement,
but it is nevertheless true. When it is desired to
use tbe condensed fruit, a little water is added
and allowed to stand a short time, then cooked as
fresh fruit, when it will contain almost Us entire
Hon. W, P. Watson. President of the Oregon
Agricultural Society, is joint owner, and contem
plates visiting California shortly to introduce this
machine to the fruit-growers of that State. One
advantage it possesses over any other machine is
that the size of the fruit is no object, as it will use
email as well as large fiuit. Tbe only object, is
that the fruit Bhould be rfpe."
A Review of Reciprocity.
Mk. Editor : After the success or our Keci-
procity Treaty, it is interesting at this tiuie to re
view its history ; its inception, progress, and ulti
mate favorable issue. And your correspondent
having had some cognizance of matters pertaining
to this measure, having also some leisure for the
employment of the pen in this quiet decayed little
town ; and being led to a consideration of the
subject of our late negotiation by the recent re
marks of Chief Justice Allen, in reply to a com
mittee of the Honolulu Chamber of Commerce,
begs to present through the columns of the
Advertiser, a few additional particulars in rela
tion to the history of reciprocity from his point of
Tbe late Robert Crichton Wyllie, appears to be
preeminently the originator and first promoter of
a treaty of reciprocity with the United States of
America.. In 1848 when Minister of Foreign Re
lations of His late Majesty Kamehameha III he
submitted to Mr. Ten Eyck, American commissioner
in these islands the draft of a treaty, in tbe sixth
article of which he proposed a reciprocity of com
mercial intercourse between this Kingdom and the
Great Republic. Mr Wyllie subsequently pre
sented his views upon this important Hawaiian
question before a Hawaiian Legislature in 1852.
And at this early day, in the history of the
measure, be urged its negotiation, with great
clearness of view of its merits. I derived this
impression from a perusal of the report of his re
marks before the Legislature ; and also from a
perusal of his correspondence with Mr. Luther
Severance, commissioner of the United States, and
bis representations of the justice and desirability
of the measure to foreign powers, especially in a
despatch dated July 17. 1852, to tho Minister of
Foreign Relations of His Majesty the King of
In this communication the Minister of His Ha
waiian Majesty took pains to satisfy the Minister
of the Danish King, that in the contemplated
negotiation of a treaty of commercial reciprocity
with the United Sta'tes, there was no design to
discriminate in the proposed measure agaiust the
rizhts or privileges granted to Danish subjects in
the Hawaiian Kingdom, according to the provi-
8ions of the seventa article ot tne treaty witn uen--mark,
which says: j
" No Danish productions, or any other goods,
on board of, or imported in Danish ships, that can'
be imported by other foreign ships, shall be pro
hibited, nor pay more than those duties levied on
goods of the most favored nation." However, the
Hawaiian Minister's argument at this time rather
proved the necessities of this country and his
zeal in behalf of its agricultural and commercial
interests, Jhan the justness of his position in re
spect to the Danish treaty. He advocated a treaty
of reciprocity with America on tbe ground of
the needs of this country, owing to its peculiar
position and condition. and urged upon the
Danish government a kind consideration of those
treaty obligation of this country, which appeared
to stand in the way of reciprocity with America,
and he used this language along with other points
advanced in his despatch to the Danish Minister:
" On account of the high rate of interest lor
money, and the deficiency of labor, the sugar from
Java and Manilla caa be laid down cheaper in
Oregon and California, than the similar products
of this Kingdom. With a view to obviate these
disadvantages, tbe King passed the order in
Council, (Feb. 1852), offering to the United States
a special reciprocity in certain special articles."
This order was brought forward and declared
mainly through the inspiration of Mr. Wyllie.
Therefore we see that long before 1855, tbe
starting point of Chief Justice Allen in his re
view of tbe history of reciprocity negotiations, we
had tbe subject brought forward and discussed in
this country with an earnestness and intelligence
to which no additional force has been added by
any subsequent discussion.
When the first attempt was made to negotiate a
special treaty of reciprocity with the United States
in 1855, tbe great Hawaiian Minister, whose fame
I desire to vindicate, was almost the sole promoter
of the mission confided to Judge Lee. Wyllie
moved its consideration in tbe. Hawaiian Legisla
ture, he presented and urged it in the Privy Coun'
cil, he discussed it most fully and earnestly with
the American Commissioners Severance and Gregg,
as shown in bis dispatches of 29th May 1852, and
5th March 1S54 ; and in his position as Foreign
Minister he furnished Commissioner Lee with his
instructions, which were full and exhaustive in
their bearing upon the agricultural and commer
cial interests of this country. He commended the
measure as one of mutual advantage to tbe two
countries ; speaking thus in his report to tbe Ha
waiian Legislature of 1855: "The entire ex
emption from duties will be mutual ; tbe
benefit that will result to Hawaiian planters will
fall chiefly upon those who are citizens of tbe
United States ; and tbe natural increase in our
exports that may be expected under such an act,
will proportionally augment tbe consumption of
foreign goods, in the importation of which, the
United States have by far the largest share."
Mr. Wyllie made great efforts to promote tbe
i success of this measure, not only as mentioned
. b'it by soliciting and obtaining resolutions from
! agricultural and commercial boiiies then organized
I in tLis country. And be concludes Lis report on
' t!i subiect bv observing: "If under all these
f.ivorable aupic'S Mr. Lee succeed, as I hope he
' will, be will have eaincd an object of vastly
i cr.-att-r advanuze to ihi kingdom than ail the ex-
peuses which may attend his mission."
Surely in view f the part that Mr. Wyliie took in
the measure of reciprocity with the United States,
beginning his efforts in and continuing until
1855, and much later. Chief Justice Allen in his
reference to a " first effort " in lboo mignt have
given a larger credit to his ancient colleague, the
sage 01 luaeoanx, man mereij to mention cu name
as a member cf the Cabinet cf a young King, just
placed upon the throne, and who had no voice in a
measure mat was oroogni torwaru tor nis sancuon
by tbe old and experienced Premier, who had been
the mainstay of the throne of his predecessor.
But these remarks are only a glance en passant ;
as I trust some abler pea will at some future day,
do full justice to the memory of Wyllie, not merely
in reepect to reciprocity, but on account of his
unwearied efforts, attended with constant personal
sacrifice, in behalf of tbe country which cad placed
in Lis hands its public interests.
Surely in view of so much that was done for
this kingdom without adequate reward or emolu
ment, a grateful country in its distribution of favors
for services rendered, should not omit a monument
The next point in tbe review of the Chief Justice,
which has attracted my attention, ana which 1
tbink calls for a passiug word, is in connection
with the resumption of negotiations in 1874. Tte
Chancellor remarks tbat about this period, having
siient sometime in the tinted btates on his own
personal affairs, be bad an opportunity to inter
view the American ecretary or fctate, wno gave
him an assurance that he favored a treaty of reci
procity with the Sandwich Islands, which conver
sation being retei red at lieaa quarters nere, His
Majesty and Cabinet cordially acquiesced in his
view of the prospect in regard to reciprocity, and
at once appointed a diplomatic mission to renew
negotiations -for a treaty of reciprocity at Wash
ington. Now it occurs to me that many obstacles
stood in tbe way before this mission could be set
on foot. And the obstacles were or such a nature,
that not only the Chief Justice, but every member
of the government at that time, despaired of any
favorable issue, unless they were removed. There
was then in session a very wilful and contentious
legislature, which in its attitude, put a dead lock
on all public "progress, or improvement. Some of
His Maiesty s Ministers, said on tne street, at tnat
time, that there was no hope of anything being
done by the legislature in behalf of reciprocity,
immigration or any other important public meas
ure. And tbe Cnief Justice said in a conversation
held oa tbe evening of tbe 25th May 1874. that he
was apprehensive on account of tbe adverse atti
tude of tbe Assembly, and be trusted that no steps
would be taken to bring forward any resolutions
to favor renewal or negotiations, or a hill to pre-
raiify a treaty of reciprocity, unless there was very
strong assurance of success. Eut the steps were
taken by an active and zealous "lobby," and by
this influence mainly, as a fecore of members can
testify, was tbe temper of the Assembly softened,
and it was ultimately led to pass tne bin wbicb
ratified a treaty in advance, and so made it pcssl
ble. or sufficiently hopeful to warrant His Majesty
and the Cabinet to appoint a diplomatic mission.
Sic vos-sed non vobis, &c.
Another point I wish to say a word upon, and
that is the assurance of the Chief Justice, that this
measure of reciprocity was carried in the Amer
ican Congress " purely on its merits." Now tbe
merits of the measure, as understood by Mr.
Wyllie and other faithful men devoted to Hawai
ian welfare, were a perfectly equitable reciproca
tion of benefits in a mutual remission of duties.
a fair commercial bargain without any collateral
political issue of course the Chief Justice knws
that a collateral issue was Drought into this meas
ure which is said to have been passed "purely on
its merits," as the concluding- words of the 4th
Article of the treaty clearly show, in saying that
this government shall ' not make any treaty by
which any other nation shall obtain the same
privileges relative to tbe admission of any articles
lree of duty, hereby secured to the United States."
I must wonder that our senior commissioner
should have acquiesced in this concession, when
be must bare had under his observation in h's
early political days, tbe famous despatch of Daniel
Webster in respect to these islands, dated Uec. 19,
1842, wherein he declares, "as the sense of tbe
crovernment of the United btates, that tbe govern
ment of the Sandwich Islands ought to be re
spected, as an independent sovereignly ; and that
no power ought to seek for any undue control, or
any exclusive privileges or preferences in Vie matter
of commerce." Also tne words ol Jir. Abel Jt.
Upshur, Secretary of State, in his letter, July 5,
1843, who takes the same view, that the United
States will not endeavor to obtain any especial
" advantages" from these islands. And also in
view of tbe same position taken in this matter by
Secretary Clayton, and by Secretary John C.
Calhoun, who was the first American statesman to
accord a recognition of independence from the
United States Government to this Kingdom. Yet
in view of all this assurance on the part of emi
nent American statesmen, our Chancellor and the
Ambassador of His Majesty, could accept a stipu
lation, which as set forth in a report of a com
mittee on Foreign Affairs of Congress, presented
the collateral issue of ultimate political dependence
of these islands, on their government, as tbe chief
ground for their action. Mr. Wyllie, who con
tended all tbe time, so long as he served a Hawai
ian King, for identity of treaties with all powers,
as the best guarantee cf independence of this
kingdom, would never have consented to such a
concession ; and I feel assured that it would never
have been acquiesced in by any Hawaiian nego
tiator in tbe days ot Kamehameha IV or V.
But " cui bono" somebody Bays, all this com
ment on the treaty, which is a good thing for many
interests, and has I am assured, benefited mine,
although my production, wool, has been left out
of its provisions. It may perhaps seem wise to
some to take the good that comes to our hand,
without caring for results that concern other
people, and keep silence. But as I, like the Chief
Justice, feeling some weight of years, and having
even as he must have done tasted largely of the
vanities of life, we feel in our later days a more
earnest regard for the utterance of truth, for its
own sake, and regardless of consequences. Now
far be it from me to Lint, or imply in any way
that our worthy Chancellor has uttered anything
in reference to this subject, but the truth. Still it
is possible, that owing to the infirmities of human
nature, which beset even great men, that truth
may be impaired, when partially set forth, by
witbolding something, or a suppressio veri.
Walter Mirrat Gibson.
Lahaina, Jan. 3. 1877.
rMl E NEXT TERM OF MRS. COLEMAN'S
School will Commence January 8th, 1877.
EDWARD T. O'HALLORAN,
TTORXEV AND SOLICITOR. IS Al'-
-Im TUORIZKD to lend from $200 to $10,000 on Mortgage of
Freeholds, at lowest rates of Interest. O" Agents in London,
and in all parts of Australia.
OFF1CK on Fort Street, (opposite Mr. Ira Richardson's
Store) Honolulu. jaS
IS HEREBY GIVEN, THAT HIS EX. W.
L. MoahoDua has been appointed agent for the manage
ment of the lands of Her Highness R. KeeliJtolani on lbs Isl
and of Maui, except such lands for which agents have already
been appointed. All persons are required to respect hi said
W. P. LELEIOHOKU,
Honolulu, Jan. 5, 1877. (jaS 3t) Agent of R. Keetikolant
DISSOLUTION OF CO-PARTNEESHIP.
rinHE CO - PARTNERSHIP HERETO.
J FORE exUtin? between E. B. FKIKL & R. W. LAIN K.
known as the firm of FRIEL k LAIN, Grocers, is this day
dissolved by mutual consent. All outstanding accounts will
be collected and all liabilities assumed by E. B. Friel, who
continues the business at the old stand. No. 52, Fort Street,
Odd Fellows Building, where he win ce nappy to serre cus
tomers with the usual assortment of CHOICE GROCERItS.
E. B. FRIEL.
Dec. 30, 1876. lm R.W. LAINK.
KAPIOLANI PARK ASSOCIATION.
MEETING OP THE STOCKHOLDERS
X tL is hereby called for TUESDAY NEXT, January 6th, at
1 p. m. at the Armory, Queen Street. A full attendance is
requested, as business of importance will be presented.
ny Order u. UAti aklaae.
Honolulu, Jan. 6th, 187. (It) Secretary.
riMIE ANNUAL MEETING OP THESTOCK-
L holders of the Kohala Saear Company will be held at the
office of Messrs. Castle ft Cooke, on the 13th of January, 1377,
at 2 p. m., fur the Election of Officers and important business.
Per Order, J. V. COOKE,
ja6 2t Sec'y K. 8. Co.
fKMIE ANNUAL MEETING OP THE STOCK
8. holders of the Uaiku Sugar Company will be held at the
Office of Messrs. Castle & Cooke on the 13th of January. 1S77,
at 10 a. m., for the Election of Officers and important business.
Per Order, J. r. UOOK.K,
ja8 2t m Sec'y U. S. Co.
riMIE UNDERSIGNED II A VING TH IS DAY
Ja been appointed administrator (pro tern) of the estate of
the late Frederick Welch, of Wailukd, Maui, deceased, by the
Hon. A Fornander, Circuit Judge, Maui, hereby gires notice
that all person having claims sgainst said estate are request
ed to present the same to the undersigned within six months of
the date of the first publication of this notice or tbey will be
forever barred; and all persons indebted to said estate are re
quested to pay the amounts owing, without delay, to
- HENRY W. PANIKL9,
Administrator, (pro tern) of the estate cf F. Welch, deceased.
Wailuku, Maui, Dec. 27tb, 1874- jS 3t
Hawaii -p Caledonian Club.
Uonoli t.r, Jan. 1st, li77.
Ti fAe KiUi-jfof Lhe I'acxjic IbmrnircLil Advertiser :
Pear Fir : I am requfsJeJ by the Hawaiian
Caledonian Club to tender you the thanks cf tte
Club as expressed ia the following resolution
which wa passed unaniaiously at the list meeting
on the 29th ultimo.
- rtsch-ed : That the thank of tbe Hawaiian
Caledonian Club be tetiJrred to tbe Editor and
Publisher of tbe "TACinc Comkkkcial Akvkr
tiser " for publishing paragraphs which have
contributed materially towards tbe welfare of tbe
I may also inform you that at ttu- meeting above
named eight new members were enrolled; and a
committee was appointeJ to enquire into the ad
visability of holding a Gile-Ajnlan Bl" on tte
24ih May next ; said commiltee to report at the
next meeting the feasibility of the same and the
possibility of its success.
The tone of sentiment amongst tbe members
generally tends .to favor the formation of t A An
drews Ctniritable fund ia connection with the Club
when tbe means will permit, and a desire is ex
pressed to make the organization beneficial and
helpful, as well w social and entertaining. Fears
of non-permanence have been entirely dispelled.
1 am, dear sir, yours very respectfully,
J. M. Macdonald,
Secretary JLucalian Caledonian Club
Views of Bex. Hill or Georgia. A telegram
from Washington dated Deo. 9. says : In a conversa
tion to-day, Ilill said: If the people of this count
ry were not capable of settling the disputed Presi
dential question without violence, thry were not fit
to have a President, and ought to be governed by a
monarch. He said that be bad confidence ia the
wisdom of the people, and felt that they would not
sustain any movement likely to jeopardize publio
tranquility. If the representatives of tbe people her
in Washington could not settle amicably tbe present
difficulty, they ought to go home and give their con
stituents a chance to pat wiser mea ia their places.
For party purposes, he said he had been put in a
false attitude before tbe North in tbe late caovsst,
but those who know his record and his disposition
will bear him out in saying that no man deprecates
ultra measures more than he, or has more earnestly
determied to maintain tbe interest of tbe whole
Union. He could see no contingency growing oat of
the present situation, that would justify eather party
in precipitaing an armed conflict. Hill believes that
publio opinion will demand of Congress, a speedy
and peaceable solution of the whole question. He
thinks well of McCrary's 'proposition introduced
yesterday, for a Joint Committee of both Houses to
report some legal or Constitutional measure to meet
the presant emergency. Hill's views seem to be en
tertained by nearly every influential Democrat from
the Southern States.
IIIEREIIV GIVE NOTICE THAT I WILL
pay no debts contracted in my name without my written
Honolulu, Jan. 6, 1877.
(jaSSl) JOHN KXniAU.
ST. ALBAN'S COLLEGE.
ESTABLISHMENT WIIX nr
jag 2t OPEN ON MONDAY, JAN. IS. (-
ROYAL HAWAIIAN THEATRE I
Under the Patronage of llis Majesty the King, j
A Dramatic Performance
will be given, by permission of Commander 8. Long, R N.
By the Seamen and Marines;
OP II. B. M.'s) SHIP FANTOME, ;
On Tuesday Evening, January 9th,
For the Benefit of Kawaiahao Hoola
Boxes, $8.00; Dress Circle, (Reserved) $1 25; Parqaetle, $1.00
or runner particulars see programmes. it
D. PASS DE LEOiM
has Samples of the following Goods displayed.
GOLD & SILVER WATCHES & JEWELRY.
Fancy Goodw I
Stationery, Cutlery, Brush Ware,
GLASS WARE, tc, and
IS PREPARED TO TAKE ORDERS
From this date for
IIAMUUrtGEB BROS., & CO., SYDNEY.
It Address Merchant Bod Kaahamaoa Streets.
HEW ZEALAND INS., COMPANY !
FIRE t MARINE INSURANCE,
Capital, - - 1,000,000,
(With unlimited Liability of Shareholders.)
"SEE TO'T WELL, PROTECT YOCRSELF." Shakespeare.
INSURANCE AGAINST LOSS BY FIRE,
of erery description of property may be effected with this
company at moderate rates.
Merchandise, Goods-and Freight Insured
by steamers and sailing ressels. Losses can be made
payable in Honolulu.
CASTLE h COOKE,
ja6 ly Agents for HoDoIula.
Ex R. C. Wylie and Bonanza-
fJMIE UNDERSIGNED HAVING RECEIVED
ISTew Lenses !
Photographic Improvements !
Is now prepared to do
First Olsxss W ork
Portraits or Views !
Oo the most Reasonable Terms;
And hopes, by attention to business and pains-taking, to de-
serre the patronage of the public, and be able to please the
ALSO, FOR SALE, NEW FRAMES
In great variety, and at the lowest possible prices, at the
PHOTOGRAPHIC GALLERY !
64 and 66 Fort Street Honolulu.
II. I CHaSE.
Taxes of 1876!
DISTRICT OF HONOLULU, OAHU.
-AJOTICE IS HEREBY GI VEX T II AT THE
1 Books and Office of the undersigned will be POSITIVE
LY CLOSED, for payment of a bore Taxes, on Saturday.
January 20th, 1877. And all parties who bare not paid at
that date will be proceeded against according to law.
uty. u. Ltuc, i ax louec-ior.
Tax Office, Jan. 4th, 1977. Ja8 3t
A VOCAL CONCERT.
Under the direction of II. R. II. W. P. Leieiohoka,
Given at Kaumakapili Church
SATURDAY EVENING JANUARY 4,
For the Benefit of the Kaumakapili HooU Lahul Association.
ADMISSION Front Seats, tl.OO; back Seats, 60 cents.
Tickets to be had at A. 8. Cleg-horn Ca's.Kookoa Office,
and at the door.
Doors open at seren o'clock, performance to commence at
A MAX TO MAKE BITTER AS ix buullu
be made, is wantel to lake charge of a herd of Milch
Cows upon liberal terms. Apply to
sepie tf J. U. woou, ua unanu ATenue.
lilRS. II. SMITH AND MISS El'GEMA
l'J. McOVIRE take this method of informing the Ladles of
Honolulu and the pnblic generally, that they have opened a
Dress Makers' ShoD on Fort Street, No. 63. just opposite C. K.
TV llliam' Furnjtcre Ware Booms, where tbey will be prepared
to execute all orders in the above line. A share or your
patronage is respectfully solicited. d2 la
MESSRS. THRUM & OAT,
STATIONERS AND NEWS-DEALERS !
HAVE ISSUED THIS WEEK ON CAKD FOR HANDY KEFEKENCE,
THE STAMP DUTIES & CURRENCY ACTS
Just the thing wanted by every person doing1 business. iizc 10x22, Trice, 60 cts.
Mailed to any part of the Islands.
HAWAIIAN ALBIANAC&ANNUAL FOR 1877 !
Will be ready for delivery in the course of a week.
Advertisements received, and orders for copies will have prompt attention.
Expected Itfext IRTeeZs
OF RECENT ISSUE.
I mil i v in if pin i. msim i in,
From New York Direct, consisting In part of
JVTEW iyiKDICIEJAL PREPARATIONS
FOR DEBILITATED CONSTITUTIONS. ANI 1UKSCHIIIKI 11V THE I! CRT I'HTBI
ClANr), NAMfcXY i
Elixir Beef, Wine and Iron; Elixir Bark and Iron, Elixir Oentian and Iron, Elo., Etc, Pare Carbolic Acids, Atitl-Asthwa
Cigars, Medicinal Fluid Extracts, In great aretyi
GELATINE AND SUGAR COATED PILLS, EASY TO TAKE I
Copalva and Cubeb Pills, Co. Cathartic Pills, Citrate of Iron and Qaiuine, Ae., Ao , sold from one dtmt U mm fcandr4
and more; Beidlil Powder, (full weight) In glsss and tin) Citrate of Magnesia, Arnica Coartplaster, bjc.
SPOiVOES J SPONGES ! M1V GREAT VARIETY,
Most Approved Trti hbos, single and double ;
mm soaps. PSBFiiss, mm m k i
' Ivory and Shell Combs, flayrus. Elegant Toilet Powder. Teethlne- KIdk. India Rubtxr NIm.Im Ml.ktit.l.i.
1 1 Pomps. Byringes, Arnica I.tnlment, Purs Alcohol, Chlnrodyna, Kosodont, liudia Kxtract. Porous Plarler, Corn Plaster t'awiuhot.
U Ice, Boudoir Paper, Insect Powdert Genuine White Castile Soap, Uenaiue Drown foap, and
A. Great Variety or IMedicinal Sc Toilet yi ticlcH
Gargling Oil, so Kffectaallj Turd en Honrs ) F.)t Lotion, Spalding's Lmt, fplft &r., lr., lie.
del6 For Sale at DR. HOFFMANN'S DRUO STORE.
WOULD CALL ATTENTION TO THEIR '
m GOODS TO ARRIVE PEER CEYLON
CONSISTING! OF t
AMOSKEAG DENIM A C A-U it D TICKINGS. AMOSKKAG IILUK DRILLS.
Amotkeag Blue Bleached Cotton, Hickory Btripe, Langdon Bleached Cotton,
Vtica Mills, 4-4 Bleached Col to i, a very superior article. Perklu'S Mills 4-4 Bleached Cotton, the dMDNt sot tun la towa '
Extra line, Fine and Medium 4-4 and 7-8 White all Wool Flannels,
A Few Pieces Fancy Flannels for Children's Wear I
8-Card Hatches, Devoe's and Downer's Kerosene Oil !
Shield Iron, Hunt's, Ohio, and Boy's Handled Axes,
Axe Pattern Shingling and Bench Hatchets, Pick Mattocks.
Crow Bars, Coe's Wrenches,
Eagle No. 20 and No. 2 Plows.
XO Ac XI Bteel Plows, TTbeelbsrrows, Ox Yokes,
A Superior Assortment
Now much used In place
Axe. Pick, Matlock, Sledge and Hammer Handles, Scythes and Hnalllis, Wend Stirrups, Lamp Blark Cut Najta U ftll
Cut Spikes and Wrought Nails, AMERICAN ZINC and LKAI PAINT, CuPAL, DAM AH As CABRIAOsI VAB,NU)HKU
A CAREI't'LLT SELECTED INVOICE OF
KEROSENE CHANDELIERS AND LAMPS ! !
Chimneys of all stylet and sites. Lamp and Flower Pols, Brortvl Btsckst ClaruL
JUST RECBIVBD VIA OVERLAND MLROAO & STBAEIM
A SUPERIOR AftSORTMEKT Of
S H 33 Eh E" I3E.ilR.3Ili W i. 33L 33 I
Vis: Door Locks, Butts, east and brats, as.td. slsesj Padlocks, new stjrlei Hat and Coat llnr.ks. Hammers, Hatrbeu,
Adies. both ship and carpeoteri Holes, Lerels, Planes, new style and gauges (JimbU.-t Hits, Jean'og's bus, 410 le 10 10.
Hollow Angers, Patent Angers, JCxtenslon Bits, Bulcher Knires. Screw Drivers, Rlrels and Bars, Chisels, Awls, Hose Bibbs,
I. K. Hose, 3 -4, 1 1 3 and 2 Incbi Superior Amerloan Table Cutlery, worth examining! Axle Clips, Horse Nslls. BaMirt Metal
Box Uises, Cooper's Anvils, Hammers, V Croise A Lerellers.
A fine assortment of W W, Paint, Varni.h and Centrifugal Broth's, Feather Dustprs, Shoe, Miavlng, and Mstallie Hair
Brushss. A small bat floe assortment of TUIPLE PLATKU FLOYVXR TASK, Call Bells and Indivhlaal Ball Bolllas. A Mf
design. A few Infant Baskets, Moss and Toy Baskets for Christmas.
Tbe NEW SUMMER CIL'EEN OIL. COOK STOVE with OVEN and liROII.ER. The greatest.
Store out and sales made ahead of prodoction. '
A Snail AassriairBl SADDLERY, with Sample ordering cards. Adjustable Tables, just ihs thing for Ladies.
Hurricane, Globe and Signal Lanterns. Carriage Bolts, Kagle Brand, all sites) Mkre boxes with iMsaton's Haws.
Superior and fine asst. of House Paper & Bordering
Which can be seen at and for sale
Tbe New Charter Oak Lawn Mower, Sets Floral Tools
TO ARRIVE BY STEAMER,
A FEW OF DIKNTOX'S FINK.ST BAWN AND FILES.
17 The atbeTj Gssdi were Fsirrbned far Cash tit Ilaliwisa Prirraai.4 wawrlll .ar
I Sell ait satisfactory prices fer Cash er appretrd Crrait. . "
TMIE NEXT TERM OF THIS INSTITI'
TIUN will eommenoe Mondsy, January Sth. ls"7.
Persons able to Join existing classes can be admitted to the
school at that time. Any desired information may be obtained
apon application to
dJ0 2t AMA8A PRATT, President.
MISSILE. GORMAN LATE OF CHICA
GO, bers to inform the Ladies of Honolulu and the
public generally, that
SHE HAS OPENED A MILLINER!' SHOP
in Mra Foster's try Goods Store, Fort Street, above
Dr Etrehs's, having selected
A CHOICE STOCK OF GOOUS I
Latest American & French Styles
which are offered at Reasonable Bates.
DRESS MAKING OF THE LATEST STYLE,
hr Mra. M. L. Faaier.
Orders from the other islands promptly attended to. 123 lm
pERSONS WISHING TO ENGAGE INT11K
Cultivation of Coffee,
Can obtain Information by application to
H. N. GRtENWEI L. at
de9 tin Messrs. H. Dark lei J A Co ', Honolulu
Mors and Muls Collara,
Ame's Ht-I and Ppadas, round pointed
Hall's, Heed's and Ioor's uovels and Mpads, round pouted
3, 4, and In. hrliinjr. Mason's largs blacking.
Horse NaMs, Klnalry's Ats, Coooura Borings, '
Tinned Tax, S to 80 t ", Ot Bows, - and t lacWsi
Brooms, best and medium Katorq madei
uMTr OarJen Hoes, No. 2, 10, and 10-10 ftockrl.
Kitchen Marble Ware I
ot Porcelain lined Ware,
fur Lsdles nse.
ALLKX k bOBINSOX.
T"i52 M X ED II A V I W EcO M R
First-Class Establish mont,
' " PT?T to el aH orders ka his line with fteat.
ne.s and dMfttch.
He would also say that h aaa sc4 lhe .rrUxs of the
former employees ol the Latojry, whick 9lU b M sddlllonal
The tVork will 'oe Thoroughly Done !
And no eOVrt on his part will be spar ed to bring the Laatdry
in fsror with the public generally, jcr Terms moderate.
i JAMKB KKaTOff.
SEVERAL VrllV DE4IRA1ILE A M
3 Centrally kated
BUILDING LOTS, 1
Suitable for Family Residences.
Convenient COTTAGE in Good Repair, &c.
TO LET OR LEASE !
The Large PremUei No. 22 Alakea St.,
For a number of years on reasonable k-rros to a good tenant.
For farther partW'Ulart enquire of
no2& . J A MM LEMON.