Newspaper Page Text
. . L FRtojr. rcBRLAkr . is::.
Wl 'tatirilf,o ltitQ port, to record-th
Norwegian bark Matilda, oa th 6th. from Mtftcw, , toa,
for guano Island.; aCd one d-psrture, the D.Tenby for Port
land, O, ale on the 6th. The latter took ,437 23 worth of
d antra lie produce.
The ethner Fannie Ure and brig Eliae, foe San Fr.nei.to,
and barkectine J A Falkiobnrg for Portland ar Vtinr but
produce Bm orward Ho.!, owin- to the inlerruj.tion io the
coasting trmde from recent atormy weather amor, the c roup
The mad steamer ha, been expected to arrire from Pan
rranciaco ,ioce early ia the week, and the fener.II receded
cauae of delay i. the oon-arrir.l cf the Eogliah mail at that
city oa the uxual time.
" omT" B"e Robert, and Quickstep have been
conauereu out Irom Ban Francisco ao long, that the concta-
xun u exprenea mat they bar. been withdrawn.
Tha ihlD Bens-oIa. L&la from T.i iit mi i. , .
- - -"'-", is reportea, go
under th Hawaiian flag and shortly tail for Pan Fric1co
?nT or O XJ O LULU . il . I .
A R ft I V A LW.
S Hehr Pneokahl. Crtrke. from Hana, Man!
3 Schr Luka. Kaai. from Molokai.
4 flmr Kilaaea, Marchaat. from Hawaii and Maui.
"CBr nni. naianao, from Kooa, and Kau, Hawaii
hr Kamaile. C'lanev. from Uum u,.i.
bk Matilda. Mooaeo. li day. from Melbourne.
B M'a 8 t'aaloma. Com Long, from Hawaii.
, rowers, rrom JtaUko, Maui.
I Srhr Manuokawal. talus, from Newiliwili, Kauai.
ur iry vtuern. rent, irom JIanalcl, Kauai.
9 Kchr Nettie Merrill. Crane, from Lahaina. Manf:
9 Hcbr Warwick, J no Bull, from Kalaapapa, Molokai
OKI IIT V It S.
3 Hcbr Jenny. Nika, for Kona and Kau, Ifa
a rior KUauea, Marcnant, for Kauai.
Hchr Pueokahi. Clarke, for liana, Maui.
6XcUr Annie, Kalauao, for Kor.a Kau, Hawaii.
ft lint ah bovenby, Linton, for Portland, O.
T-iaarT.uka, Kaal, for Molokai.
S fchr Kamaile. Cluney, for Koloa and Waimea.
ft Nor bk Matilda. Monaco, for Eoderbury I (land.
V ESS KU.KX EC1 ED.
flaw bk Courier. Abloom, .ailed from firemen Dee 3. for
tliu..l..1 a a. r a a .
eU "tlVIUlU, 1J 11 IIBCaKHJ oc o.
Hw Ml K Mor tailed frutn Breiueft Nf 4, Jbr Honolulu,
V IS . aiTKJ aa. ,w.
VF.SSEI.S IN I'ORT.
O 0 hip Jamaaiawa, CoaaaaJer Claia. '
HIE M'a 8 Uponetx. Captain w Uhaa.kcfT.
II H M' 8 Fantooie, Commander Loiif .
A m Mia. btif Morniof Etar, Cblcord, repairing.
IJaw brtf Eliae. D W Permier, loadin.;. '
Aid echr Fannie Hare, G A Hare, loadinr.
Hhip Beo-ola, Hodgkina.
Am bktne lane A k'alklnbnrr, Ifahfcart, loadinf.
Fob "aw Faaaci.co Per City of ydney, Feb M :
Alcohol, deo 1 Oold-Flah, lank
Betel Leave., bx. .... 32 Lace, bdle
Banana., bach. 97 Orange, bkt.
Coffee, lb. T.799 Peanut., lb
Curio. pkg... 0 Sugar, lb.
Coin, ba. a Wool Sample., eae.
Claret, cs 3,Wbiaky, c.
Value Ucmealic 4AMi Foreifn....
Fob PoaTtaan Ptr Porethy. Feb ih
Brandy, cm 1 peanutt.lba.......
Coffee, lb tM'rkrilf, kn..;.L.i
MoUiaea. (alia 6.47 1
WtliK Uomeatic. . . .. $ 4,437.22 Foreign
WtsDwtao Poaaa Per Kilauea Feb 4th Geo C
McLean and aon. 11 R Ilitcheoek. D Kanniia. wtfa and rilld P
J arretl. T Wright, Rev E Bond, I Crownirgburg, E Bailey,
( V uaitev, cape Maaee, J u epreckela, A Vuuoii, Ke 8 E
uianop, jaa auamanu ana wue, and eu deck.
eFoa Kaoat Per Kilauea, Feb (ih Hi. Honor L McCully.
W U rknith, W C Parke, H P bickerlon, Cbaa UhrUliaa and
do, Mr JJctuaeger and about 43 deck.
Fob PoBTtia Per Doyenby, Feb th W MctTett and
too, K Bnrke.
iiiiT At Kohala, January 29tb, of diplheria, Emilv,
yoangeal child of C bar lea and Bebeeca Hart, aged three year.
and ten month.. " ui ancn ta tne &uigaom ot tieaven."
Swimming for Girls.
Hardly any pbyaical exercise ia more healthful.
aa Daraiv any u so sraceiui. aa Bwimmmr. iti
it is somewhat curious that we, who live in an
bland, and wbo can In no way approaco our
nearest Continental neighbours except by water,
ehonld glre eompamtirely littla attentioo to tbe
acquisition ot toe ark of swimming, forced by
. iiupciiiife necesvuy oi ciituuioiin.. tu oc
come sailors, if we would bare intercourse at all
with tbe outer world, we yet trust to tbe frame
work ot our good snips if we venture on tbe seas ;
and, if accident happens, few have so little power
ot keeping t beta sir en afloat as,tnose woo are
seamen by profession. It Is not so In 6tbof marl-
time nations. In Sweden er ?ry child is taught to
swim, as he is tangbt to walk. In. Germany also
we learn tbat all tbe people whose dwellings are
situate on the banks ot rirers are taught to swim.
as a necw sarr part of their training for tbe enjoy
ment of life. Why are we so much behind other
Bartons ; and why, especially, is it that gig Is '. ate
not tauzbt to swim as well as boys?
The answer to tbe first of there questions is.
probably, that it has not hitherto been tbe fashion
that swimminz should be universally taught.
Just aa thirty years ago a man wbo bad learnt bis
military arm was quite an expencucuu person, bu
now a nail wbo swims well is still rather remark
able. Ftill more remarkable is a woman who
swims well ; and Miss Peckwith, when she performs
one of her feats of swimming, either in tbe Lam
beth Ilalbs or in the broader area of the Thames,
excites as ranch attention as if she were a verita
ble mermaid, instead of being only the nearest ap-
proacb to it tbat a human being can De. ;
Yet, if we may judge Irom wuat we see at tne;
seaside, and what we can observe in the eompara
tirelr few swimming baths that are in London open
to wdmee. persons" of the weaker aax im to
bav ao insuperable objection to going into tbe
itir r ncr do ther hesitate to learn to swim, if
theycaa. fal (aaonera.; We hope that the day Is
rarjidlr amroacbinar when public swimming baths
will aa looter be oDened to women as a kind of
fay oar. and as tbe result of spaeial .arrangement
but as tbe natural sequence ef the existence of baths
in any place at all. We also venture to hope that
tbe day may not be far distant when the teaching
of swimming will be considered one of the things
which a woman may quite well undertake as a
means of earning a livelihood, and that by no means
a very poor one. At present we are bound to say
that on ef tbe taiags most u.ncuis to procure in
London is a eood female teacher for' women and
ffirla. Not Ion a azo an advertisement for a female
teacher of awimminfr. inserted in the columns of
thia Journal, produced only ont reply, while others,
inserted in other papers, produced none at all.
Women are slowly awakening how slowly only
those wbo are watching know to the fact that re
gulated chviical exercise as good for them as it is
for men ; tbat, ia fast, tor tbera, aa the mothers of
- v ?
the coming race, a weu-ueveiopeu pnynque is aa
absolute necessity, if the race ia to continue without
decrease of strength, ueaiiny mowers nave neauny
ehildrens, and children whose parents are an
healtbv have not a fair atart given them in the raoe
- . , . i i r iw
of life. The Old ureexa anew tnis, wu vivt.
womeo bad a training provided for them which was
to develop their bodies in the highest perfection.
We are a long way off yet. we fesr, from tbe daye
when regulated pnysicai exercise, timer m m
gymnasium, in the swimming bath, or in some
other way, will forsa part of the education of every
girl ; but we sea now and then fsint indications that
Light is about to dawn for ever on pur darkened
perceptions iff these matters. London Taper .
Tub Famine re Ison. Tbe famine ia Southern
u'utfm India has increased, and now Cctt-
Dies odclal attention exclusively. At Billory,
ilail.-aa Presidency. 50,000 people are employed
on toe relief works. At Sholapore, Bombay, 20,-
nnn heinir fed with cooked rice at the 'jovern-
ment expeose. CaUle are dying for want of fod
der, and many deaths of Caoljes have taten place
from starvatioa aad cholera. Tb Times of India,
under ilte Sholapore, 6th November, referring to
tha faminA in the Deecan. says it is difficult to
realise the distress. Yesterday 25 persons died of
imirinn anrl cholera. More than two lakhs of
.wnnl have deserted the villages la this district.
Tbrcnh tha citv about 25.000 nersons have passed
tn iba NLzam'a dominions. 40.000 cattle bare
been oOcislly passed over to tbe Nizam. Further
export of grain is stepped. Thousands wander
nnt knowing where, thinkioflr the famine to be
lcL - - "' ' - - - :- - -
Mr. P. Benson. Sr., gives some " Roolea for
Plaving onto a Organ," wiiicta baye been adopted
in many of our chorche. He eays : When a
Lim ia giren out to surg, play over the whole
toon before the aiogin, but be sure to play it eo
nobody can tell whether it's that toon or some
other toon. , It will amoose the people to geae."
Another " roole," if atrictly followed, will suc
ceed in confusing everybody, which is the prime
object io congregatipo einging : " Play tbe inter
ludes with the tooo without letting them know
when tbe toon begins.. This will teach tueznto
mind their birness."
Mr. Jamea Aytoun haa published a pamphlet, en
titled How to Settle the Eastern Question." He
proposes to band over European Turkey to the
Joint jpvenu&erjt of Austria and Russia.
THE PAOiriO ma ny the proportion of forest to other land is
! twenty-five per cent.; and in another tart of to
ll nmmfVitl Shirf te.-r ' daT'" Irr reference is made to the wise tree
VaillUlll I I Ull CVJUUII AlJti ilactinjt leeUlation of the KinS of tie Friendly
sa t ur n a y. fi:hr UA fi Y 1 0.
Tuk mbject oi Immigration is one of great
importance to every jrson interested in the
affairs of the Kingdom ; but to tbe native Ha
waiian it presents aspects which do not interest
the foreigner, unless be happens to be of a states
manlike or philanthropic mind. An immigra
tion solely for the purpose of supplying labor
for large estates is the least desirable, if indeed
at all det-irable. Any immigration of a labor
ing class solely till more of the employer
class and especially of small farmers are here
established only goes to swell the large estates,
which in French and English colonies have been
found difficult to govern and full of evil to tbe
As we understand the plans of the present
administration, so far as at present formulated.
it is their wish to try and increase the num
ber of employers, especially of small holders, so
that the competition which would naturally en
sue would give to the laborer a fairer chance
when brought here ; and so soon as practicable
such negotiations will be entered into as may be
necessary to make a trial of East Indian immi
grants, especially women. It is believed that
they will intermarry with the native Ilawaiians,
and thus it is hojved serve to increase and pre
serve the race. That such an idea is not wholly
chimerical, we think is shown by the reports of
the bnnigration Commissioners of Great Britain:
. ."In April, 1871, a census was taken of the
population of Mauritius. The result was to
show a considerable decrease during ten years
in what may be called tbe native population, i. e
tlie population of European, African and Creole
dee-cent, but an increase in the Indian popula
tion.' That increase however was almost exclu
sively in the number of females. The
resjnlt.is to raise the proportion of females' from
3G in 100 in 1861, to 52 in 100 in 1871.
Thus in' 25 years tho Indian population had in
creased from 35 to more than C8 per cent, of the
This was the result of encouragement to immi
gration, where the incentives to labor and thrift
are not what they are here, and where no special
effort was made to retain the immigrants as a
One sentence from the report on tbe island of
Trinidad will exhibit the result of East 'Indian
immigration there : '
" lhe number of strong healthy men who
would inevitably have perished from famine in
their own country, tbe number of women who
have been rescued from a life - of degradation
worse, than death, and turned, into industrious
wives and mothers of children, the troops of
healthy and intelligent children springing up to
furnish a valuable addition to the labor supply
of tho next generation are living instances of the
beneficial results of the system of immigration."
This report also shows tbat 4545 children born
of Indian parents during tbe preceding ten years
were numbered in tbe census. Now when we
add to the motive of providing a labor supply
the pressing duty to recuperate and save the
aboriginal race of tbe land, was not tbe memo
rial of March last right, which declared tbat
something must be done? A period may come.
and not very far off, when, if nothing is done
for the recuperation of the race, all hope of
its -preservation will have rjassed awav.
Waste is always reprehensible, but deserves to
be classed as criminal when the substance wasted
is a 'necessity of human life, welfare or pros
perity. Any one who should have wasted a
thousand sacks of flour at Paris in the beleagured
days of that city, would have met with a short
sbrift from the suffering inhabitants. There ate
two ways of committing waste ; one when valua
ble necessaries are willfully destroyed, and the
other when wo apathetically look on and see them
thrown away w Of the latter, we bave examples
at ; hand, whiclr we vrish'to point Out, In" the
waste of water. As we observed IaBt week
" without wood and water a country becomes a
f itiiiiiu a lew uiulu ui iuu uuvcruucui. xiou&c,
I i - C , . f XI- L 1
in the middle of at least a-hundred thousand
acres of" arable land, there are daily running to
waste say 8000 to 10,000 barrels of mountain
water with tbe exception of a small quantity
tbat goes to irrigate a few acres of rice land
while the thousands of acres tbat might be mads
to add a million : dollars to the exports of the
country produce annually only a few bides ! At
Waimanu a stream of water pours under the
public road into a gulch, in a body and with
force enough to drive a cotton mill or. to Irrigate
thousands of acres, while four other streams of
pearly equal size gush from the face of the ad
joining cliff. And all. this water this life and
soul of agriculture in Hawaii nei has been from
time immemorial rushing forth from its cavern
ous sources to mingle uselessly and unaprropria
ted with the salt waves of tbe ocean a waste of
millions. The force with which the water issues
forth attests tbe fact of a considerable fall ; th
quantity of tbe ever swift current indicates tbat
the reservoir from which it comes is a large one ;
and the equal force with which all these fine
streams issue from the hillside goes to show tbat
at some place, and not very far inland, they are
united in one magnificent subterranean river.
As it is the water runs to waste became, the
streams issue below the level of the adjoining
plains, and therefore cannot be used for irriga
tion. Tbe sources of these streams are indeed
higher than tbe lands that might be benefitted,
but unhappily nature has not in this instance
provided an open reservoir for man to tap ; and
so the water goes to waste.
While our newly appointed Commissioners are
about to depart for Hawaii to search for ways
and meant for the development of the resources
of that islani, wo bg to suggest tbat before tbey
sail a few hours some 4y xaight be profitably
devoted to an examination of the locality herein
mentioned, to the end that possibly soma plan
miht be devised whereby this abundance of
water running to waste so near home may be
utilised in tbe development of the resources of
this island. Undoubtedly Ilonolula can produce
men of engineering skill to whom it would not
be an insurmountable problem either to raise tbe
streams to the peede4 level or, what would be
better etill, to find and tap the main stream and
to divert its course on to tha now unproductive
plains of Ewa.
To all who bave eyes to see, it is obvious
enough that these islands are retrograding fast
from their former condition of luxuriant vegeta
tion, so that ws ar reduced to tbat last resource
of the aericultarahst to seek for water for
irrigation. Should an effort be made to uWi3
the above mentioned streams, and should other
water courses be made use of for irrigation, we
sincerely trust that government will take prompt
measures to make it obligatory on those wbo use
the water to plant a certain number of forest
trees' per annum, and thus insute agafnst the
supply becoming put off in the future. In Ger-
Islands. Our Ministry will certainly not be ex
celled in forethought by the ruler of Tonga. For
whatever may be tf-e abundance of water now,
or however rich and luxurious our fields may
become from utilizing the water, we must remem
ber tbat without the replanting and preservation
of forests near the sources of streams, those
sources will eventually dry op, just as the for
merly voluminous Kapena springs are now
dwindling from year to year. The streams at
Waimanu are tbe out-Sowinga from a reservoir
that is large because it is the receptacle of an
extensive surface of country, with its mountains
and forests, while tbe Eapena springs are tbe
out-flowing or a single valley, limited in extent
by the deep precipice of the pali. Nevertheless,
with the disappearance of forests and consequent
seasons of drought, tbe waters of Waimanu will
disappear as well as those of Nuuanu. " A
stitch in time," &.C.
In these days of spring weather on these isl
ands and of dread winter and its snows, icicles
chilly atorma and dead nature, in other lands,
how pleasant (to those wbo do not lazily lie in
bed) it is to take a walk. ia the early morning
even through the streets of tbe parklike town,
with its trailing vines loaded with fragrant flow
ers, its shrubs and roses and sweet lilies in their
early bloom. The ever busy and loquacious
mynaha play hide and seek among tbe branches
of magnificent shade trees, and the turtle-doves
coo their soft notes ol love, while the sleepy town
is just awakening from the dreams, sweet or
bitter, of the past night. Truly, our lines are
caatirf pleasant places," and impassive indeed
must be the soul that can be unmoved when all
nature around him greets the young morning
ww t It vxw Inn it, a it.u4u
" 7" . - . -1
lhere is no walk near the city, we think, thafTK
. Mt . 1 i - ' i II
win prove more pleasant tnan an eany visit io
the grounds of the Queen's Hospital. They are
undoubtedly the most tasteful and best laid out
grounds of which the city can boast. If any
fault can be found with them, it will perhaps be
in the stinted width of the walks, aa not corre
sponding to tbe size of tbe building and the ex
tent of (he t grounds. . The selection of plants
however is such as will very likely never be found
in any other grounds on these islands ; and one
of the moat pleasing features is the absence of
what a gentleman lately most appropriately
termed the " restaurant style of gardening "
referring to tbe useless and altogether tasteless
cutting up of grounds into all imaginable and
nonsensical shapes of . little plates, divided by
little walks very nice for cats to prome
nade in on moonlight nights with here and
there a few red or yellow flowers to imitate a
plate of red beet or stewed pumpkin or greens.
Happily the taste of Honolulu . society is above
such a peurile' standard, and samples ot tbe best
taste in laying -oat gardens may be frequently
seen in driving out King street toward the plains,
or up Nouana Avenue. Certainly no country
can show better evidences of refined taste in gar
dening than can be found here.
1k tbx December number of the Missionary
Herald, published by the American Board of
Commissioners for Foreign Missions, we find the
following article upon these islands :
' The reading public must hare seen, of late,
many indications of an unpromising condition of
affairs, socially, morally, and religiously, at the
Hawaiian Islands, for whose enlisrbtenment and
Christianization bo much has been done, and soj
.. ...r.ll j-, V j- A m..1..m .UairtnflniR. Tr Kna,
not . been easy to obtain precise Knowledge; air-:
lerent writers present dinerent views: ana tbe
matter haa more than one side to be considered
A very intelligent Christian minister at tbe
Islands, writine on this subject recently to the
Secretary of tbe American Board, notices tbe fol
lowincr as among the unpleasant facts of tbe case,
which must be admitted. (1.) A general feeling,
at present, of antipathy on tbe part of native
Ilawaiians azainst foreigners, amounting to hatred
of whites on the part of the vicious, while among
the better class of natives it is a suspicion and
distrust of x their white friends a fear to trust
them. (2.) A lamentable looseness prevailing
throughout tbe social order of things at tbe Islands
for tbe last thirteen years. (3.) The demoralizing
character of tbe popular literature or tbe day; espe
cially of most of the newspapers that have been
published in the native language for some years
past. (4.) A spirit or self-sufficiency on the part of
tbe Ilawaiians, noticed even among the native pas-
tors.which renders it difficult to exert an influence
over them. (5.) Tbe fact that some unfit and even
bad men bave been brought forward into the min
istry: as nastors of native churches. Hut while
admitting all this, be goes on to say:
" There is another view of the case wbicb seems
to me to be the more correct one. Within the last
ten vears the Hawaiian people bave been tried as
tbey were never tried before.' The record of
these years has been a strange one. Tbe political,
social, and moral foundations of tbe people bave
been shaken until tbev were reaay io iau. -a
tempest in a tea-pot,' you may sail it ; but never
tbeless, to those wbo are in tbe tea-pot, it is
fraught with weighty consequences. Never since
the days of Bingham, and Thurston, and Whitney,
has the eaase of Christ in Hawaiinei been called to
meet sorer trials, or tbe church of Christ to contend
with more subtle enemies. Never lias tbe nation
come so near losinr its independence, and its all,
as durinsr the last decade. And what with Rom
anism, and Ritualism, and Mormonism, and the
flood of infidelity that has come in upon tbe
country', is it surprising that tbe poor Hawaiian
should become somewhat bewildered and demor
alized? Is it not rather a matter of surprise and
congratulation that be has not gone under in tbe
eeneral unfaeaval of bis social condition? Tbe
love of national existence, the desire for advance
ment and improvement, tbe earnest reaching up
ward for a higher social level, never asserted it
self in tbe Hawaiian mind so strongly as it does
to-day. This out-growth of their better nature,
pushing in devious ways, often running in
mistaken channels, ia due under the blesssing of
God, to the labors oi your missionaries here; and
it will last as long as there is a Hawaiian people;
while the spiritual and invisible results of their
work will continue forever. And if you go out
among the Hawaiian churches to-day, amid much
to discourage, you will find ample ground tor en
couragement. There is pure gold among these
churches, and it mast be cared for, for Christ's
We have epaao torday to comment but briefly
upon this sombre picture of the present condition
of things at our islands ; but we are reminded
of tbe truth of the 6aying that one's worst ene
mies are often those of bis own household. We
except to the statement tbat there is a general
feeling of antipathy on the part of native Ilawai
ians against foreigners." The writer, whoever
he may be, is grossly misinformed upon tho sub
ject, aqd is to be blamed, ifa resident here, for
not being tatter Informed. The statement is
devoid of truth, and its publication to the world
is a grave injury to the people of these islands,
whether native born or foreigners residing here.
The ' lamentable looseness' in morals, while
truly to be regretted and lamented wherever and
whenever it appears, has not, to our apprehen
sion, been any more observable among the people
generally during the past thirteen years than in
former times. The principal newspaper publish
ed in tbe native language for some years past has
been the Kuoioa, and latterly the Lahui Hawaii.
Tbey may answer for themselves tbe charge of
' demoralizing character." The unsatisfactory
condition of native churches and pastors and their
" self-sufficiency,' may, we believe, be consi
dered &s a natural result of the ill-advised aban
donment f)f these islands as a missionary field by
tbe Americas Board in 1870. fifty years pf re
ligious teaching is pot enough to transform a
nation of idolatrous heathen into a well-ordered,
self-governing Christian community ; and the
jubilee was celebrated too soon.
The Subridy Question.
To the Editor of the Jr yie GwtraereiaX A Jt-f riistr:
Sib : The question of a grant of subsidy to
the P. if . S. S. Compaty on tbe part cf the Hawai
ian government has teen aVIy discussed in your
paper, and tbe views expressed against the expe
diency of any pecucitry aid outside of tbe privi
leges and immuniUfS at present allowed by
tbe government to '.be steamers, are, without
any doubt, endorse by the intelligent part of
tte population of this group.
Still there are two sides to this question, and in
fairness the claims f the P. U. Company should
not be disregarded entirely. On investigation of
tbe correspondence and the personal understand
ing bad between tbe late administration of thia
government and the agents of the line. I think it
will appear tbat the promise of a certain subsidy,
in ease tbe Legialaare should pass the act, haa
been made ia a substantial form and ia good
faitb. and whatever tbe views of tbe present Min
istry may be on ttis question. I firmly believe
that tbe engagemeits made by the government
under the late admnistration cannot honestly be
disregarded and set aside.
However much I tm personally and on principle
opposed to such sul&idy, I deem it of still more
importance tbat tbegovernment should keep faith
in tbe matter it I tm right in the ground that its
faith has been pledged. And on careful consider
ation it would seem to be just as well as politic to
pay tbe subsidy frm tbe Grot of October of last
year, ia accordant with the Act passed by the
Legislature, and ben tbe government to give
notice to tbe P. M Company tbat such subsidy
will be discontinued at-the end of three months
from the date of tie notification, giving at the
same time the well-considered reasons upon which
such action is based, X.
To the Editor of the Pacific Commercial Advertiser.
Dear Sir : There are many reasons why it is
undesirable to bave sc many oxen and cows and
calves out on tbe King and Beretania street road,
but when bulls are albwed full liberty there,
, Bhort di6tance b traverse to be in tbe
f tbe city, it is time some notice was tateo, ana
the owners were computed to remove them. The
public have a right to demand safety on the high
road, and with these ferocious creatures to be en-
countered at any time is not the life of equestrian
and pedestrian in jecoardy ? Some twenty or leS
years ago, when such.bings were treated with so
little concern in Caliornia how the papers rung
with dreadful accounts of horrible deaths from
attacks of these aninals! now numerous such
cases became until be authorities were obliged
to take the thing in land and put a stop to such
carelessness. Let Iloioluluans be warned by the
goring to death ot tha horse ia a milk wagon and
the narrow escape of the driver a few weeks ago,
and insist on a prope amount of precaution be.
ing used by the ownes or keepers of dangerous
animals as to where and how they are let run
loose. Yoirs. Safett.
Ma. Editob : Verj likely some or tbe readera of
tbe Advertiser will eevate their eyebrowa consid
erably at my aadaciy to- attempt a reply to the
criticism of my letter n the Advebtiseb of the 20th
by Walter Murray Gibon Esquire. However, I hope
you will permit me a space in your paper, audacity
notwithstanding, to correct a few errors. Mr. W.
M. Gibson says in his criticism that I " speak as a
partisan of the goverrment;" takes umbrage at the
remark, " the preseit Ministry has turned the tables
upon Jthe memoraliata " and remarks that three of
the Ministry, becaise tbey were of the number of
memoraliata turned the table upon themselves to
an extent that mast take the country by suprise.
an ex ten
y tisan of
sounds very atiange to me to be called a par-
the Ministry because I sincerely approve of
their measures, measures which I have advocated as
earlv as 16 or IS years aeo. I am not aware that I
have been at anv im the reorient of any favor or
particular notice by any Ministry, except in tne one
instance when I had succeeded in the in trod action of
the cultivation of rice into thia country the Ministry
withdrew from the Budget the former appropriation
for the R. H. Agricultural Society, drove tae from
what I thought then my home, and the Society into
dissolution and made a ruin of the gardens. I
never held any offic or appointment under any
Ministry, and now at the age of three-score and five.
I am very likely too dd and useless for any. So I
don't see where the partisanship comes in.
The tables could not be turned by the Ministry
upon the memorialists because they had been aignera
of the memorial, says tie critic. It appears to me
that when the present Ministers signed the memorial
they signed what they thought right, as of the
people, of the governed to whom no other coarse
was open but that of petition, and now as of tbe
governing power thej of course cease to be of the
number of memorialists their former aignatures not
withstanding, as they certainly could not well peti
tion themselves, and as one of their first acts of
office turn the tablet by telling the memorialists
we will act, but we :annot act without you ; what
will you do ? make tbe first practical move." Is it
to be wondered at that the prompt action of the
present Ministry upon the memorial should take the
country by surprise when it can hardly be forgotten
that the response to the memorial waa at first
rather a elightly bUckeye." My critic says that
the Ministry cannot indeed awaken any surprise
because the Executiva Committee of the Immigra
tion Society bad askel some fifty or more similar
questions from planter and landowners. There is
obviously a great difference in who asks these ques
tions, an energetically disposed responsible govern
ment or the Seoretary of a private Immigration
Society that has, as the Secretary states, asked those
questions as long aa three years ago, and not a ain-
gle Immigrant as yet except perhaps those valua
ble (?) additions to out population that come from
the bsracoons of Hongkong or Macao. There
would certainly have been much surprise in the
country if after those three years past some 3 or 400
families were working their 3 or 400 small planta
tions. The Secretary stata that a report was issued set
ting forth the oppor unities etc, etc., for favorable
settlements etc, etc. Having to my regret not read
the report from the able pen of the Secretary, I
doubt not that tbe mst kind invitations were held
oat to Immiffranta twmn to thia eonntrv hlent airfc
bamy Italian skies, where the palms wave their 1
graceful foliage, tbe banana unfolds its gorgeoas
lesvea and upon bratobes green tbe golden orange
glows, not to forget tie fig tree and tbe rich juice of
the grape ; great indtcements do doubt to any Im
migrant to exchange tn unsatisfactory existence for
Hawaii nei. The government circular sounds more
of bread and batter, tnd I suppose Immigrants like
mjaelf prefer bread and batter. To review Mr.
Walter Murray Gibaoi'g, Secretary of the Hawaiian
Immigration Society, farther remarks would extend
this article too much, and I cloae with my thanks
to my bonorabla Priio for having abstained from
the generally nngentltmanly habit of critics to criti
Hesmasx Acgotcs Fbedebjc de Holstieu,
A'oboJy in particular.
F01 LEASE !
THAT WELL FITTED AXD SUITA
BLE STORE for a EMail or Wholesale Business in Odd
fellows Ball. Arply to
W. C. PARKS.
J. O. CARTES,
A. S. CLEGHOEX,
o29 tf Trustees.
FOR LEASE, FOE ONE or MORE YEARS.
A VERT DESIRABLE RESIDENCE
on Beretania KMt. hetaw Richard, next to lha
ilL premises of Mrs roole. Tbe yard is roomy, well pro-
Tided wiin snade and Fro Trees. Tbe dwelling bouse is In
flrst-elass order, and contains two bedrooms and a parlor, with
a two room cottage adjoinkig. Cook hoase. bath hoase, Ac-,
with vater laid on. Tbe location is pleasant and bealtbr. re
ceiving tbe fall benefit of the bracing airs from tbe valley, and
Is within a few minutes walk of th 'Pwt-oi&c. far particu
lars s to terms, enquire of
H. 8. 8WI3TOH,
felO If Office fuperintesdent Water Works.
Wa clip the following from the Fiji Tiat$ re
ceived per Ciy cf Sydney :
The natives cf Kaalavu are almost ca the verge
of starvation, and though that seems impossible in a
country like this, where all that is necessary to keep
oneself comfortable can be obtained with so little
trouble, still the slothful habits cf the native. anJ a
little bad luck, do place them scmctimfs ia tbat
position. The condition cf that ialand is slifbtly
different from most of the New HebriJes. where, dar
ing tha last trip cf the cutter .jry Khza, wt are
iaformed sha could have been repeatedly filled with
yams bought at tha rate cf 2a. 6d. per toa. It might
pay to charter a vessel to bring a supply to Levuka,
where they would realize five or 6; or should mat
ters at Kaadavu get serious, the government ought
to procure a few loads to be distributed amongst
those who are abort of fool oa that island.
It aeems probable that the colony is to ke tbe
services of the steamer Star cf the South at tbe end
of the year, when the agreement at present existiog
between the government and the Star will come to
an ead. The subsidy now paid by the roveroment
ia 400 per month, and this amount, large as it
aeems, together with the earnings of the Star.
scarcely pay expenses; therefore, unless the subaiiy
ia further increased, the Star will return to New
Zealand on tha conclusion of her present contract.
Mr. Hawkins has been summoned and fined, for
supplying a Polvnesian laborer with a class of
Rata Tsveta Uli Ltkeba, Tui Nagau, tha well-
known mod ward chief, died about a fortnight ago
through the effects cf influenza. He was one cf the
highest chiefs of the Windward Islands, and held the
rank of Bull and Tui Nagau since annexation. The
Isrge yagona bowl out of which he only drank when
installed, is in the possession of a citizen. He was
married to a daughter of Cakobau, who succumbed
to the measles. Though ia great agony at the time
of death, be carried himself as a thorough chief, as
sembling the minor chiefs, took a last farewell sf
them, and sent his dying message to many absent
friends. He was truly one cf nature s gentlemen.
Tbe deceased was most hospitable to all tbe whites
who visited btm, but amongst his own people bad
the reputation of being a tyrant. His new yacht
the Ului-i-Lakeba (Head cf Lakeba) lately built for
him in Auckland is now due here
A late issue of the same paper says : We now
have much pleasure in announcing to our readers
tbat America baa also ber representative for the
. Samoan Islands at present in Levuka. Tbe Hon
UGilderoy W. Griffin has replaced Mr. Foster, who
lwas removed bv the Government of the United
states, as having been "
unfit to fulfil tho duties
I oi Dis position." Amen
merican papers sneak very
highly of this appointment, Mr. Griffia having
earned bis laurels, and, strange to say, possessing
the enviable . privilege of wearing them without
envy or detraction. This gentleman is an author
of no mean calibre, and we hope to bave an early
opportnnity of presenting a review of some of tbe
more prominent of tbe efforts of his genius before
The Empress Eugenie will make Florence a stage
in the direction of Rome. Sbe intends going to
tbe latter city to implore the Pope to lend his
support to the Imperialistic cause. His Holiness
leans towards the Comte de Chambord.
. The Jxws. It ia carious, not to say amusing, to
see how people resent tbe introduction of the Jewish
element into George Eliot's last great story. That
the Jews killed Christ is the principal thing that
many excellent Christiana remember about the ex
traordinary race. They forget that tbe race also
gave birth to Christ That Christ should be killed
by any people among whom he might appear was
inevitable, and had to do with human nature at
large. The exceptional and marvelous thing, speak
ing secularly, was his production. There can be no
reply to the tremendoua retort of the Israelite upon
whom tbe Christian had spatthat half Christen
dom worship a Jew, and the other half a Jewess.
Says Matthew Arnold : "As well imagine a man
with a sense for sculpture not cultivating it by help
of the remains of Greek art, or a man with a sense
of poetry aot cultivating it by the help of Homer
and Shakspeare, as a man with a aense for conduct
not cultivating it by the help of the Bible "
" Greece waa the lifter-up to the nations of the ban
ner of art and science, as Israel was the lifter-up of
the banner of righteousness." "The Old Cabinet;'
II ill ow Mecbaxic Encisb Co. No. 2, 1 1
February 0th, 1877. y
A C'ARD.-TIIE OFFICERS AD MEM J
BEKS of Mechanic Engine Co. No. S would return their moai
eartfcU .-w h ladies nthe who to gencrootly
furniihed flowers and awiited in decoraiiog their apparatus o
the occaiion of the Anooal Parade, Feb. 84, 187T. j
ATTORNEr AND COUNSELOR AT CAW,
NOTARY PUBLIC and Agent for taking- Acknowledg
ments of Iuitrumenti for the Ialand of Oahu.
No. 8 Kaahoraanu Street, Hoaolulu, II. 1. felo ly
ROYAL HAWAIIAN THEATRE!
CHAS DRBY..... ..PROPRIETOR.
A Charitable Purpose !
Saturday Evening, February IO,
The Performance will commence with the Couiioe
dietta, io two Acts, of
H IS LAST LEGS,
...... Ilenrj Maefarlane
, U B Bartow
Aria, fraas Ersaai, br
Te eooeiode with the amasing farce of '
KjT Poors opea at 7:30, Performance to commence at 8.
IN CASKS, FOR SALE BV
H. IIACKFELD A CO.
AT F. HORN'S SALOON.
65 Fart Street.
ur . ww . r
W flfpi 21,1(1 Ivmil IffP '
Of tbe following descriptions are mad to order In
quantities, from one quart to any number
of gallons, and
Deli verts' free sf Charge ts say Tart sf Uesulalat
Choc. late, Code, Green Tea, Almond or Orgeate,
,' Maraschino, Strawberry, Bssberry, Vanilla,
- Lemon. Nogeao, Pin Apple, Orange.
Currants, red aad black; Bam bee. Champagne,
Punch, plain; Roman Punch, Burgundy,
Rhine Wine, Cognac, Etc., Etc.
N. B -ALL FRUIT CREAM & ICES
MADE OF THE BEST PRESERVED FRUIT.
Aaa Mat laaltatiaa Flarars.
AU Plain Creams, on gallon $i 00
All Plain Creams, from two to Ore gallons, ft 00 per gallon
AU Flee Creams and Water Ices at f 1 per additional gallon,
with a proper qqantity of cakes included.
Practical Confectioner and Pittry Cook.
yw tKs. .. s. ( i.i:uh(ik a. rM II vi:
I'M to notify tb putl that omng fa tb L'.fwx of Mr J.
'OXTER UaSK.V. tkat foOewiaa ia a kfr aaaaruaw to
ecteet Uteir aacowaia.
Uooiala. February 1, UTT. t-i It
Mir. ( DLKMUKt) UrKkZHM lilSfcKK
icr u Ike poNic aa rvlieetee of aroata, aa well aa
coi-yut. etc. AH fcaainea eotrvauxl I htm will k arte nael to
woa i.tawa, Oaiciity aoj afcorae. VXe wan CeeS Srwn,
Ka . KaakasMw FUeei.
fcJta. ft. W. LAIXt
Uafr Sat, SfarMe Tow Barvaa, Hate CUM Swa, lie.
rlrte KiKralrt of U. I. NOLTK.
fri at Corner of Wnora ao4 Naoaaa tea.
T THE A DJOt'RN CP lM ll, M KCT
1NO oT lb Kofcala Foar Coastajr. beU Jaaaar? f.ik,
IsTT. the follow lef osVcera, for the r uit ear, were eierted.
Id wit :
J MOTTaITtI rRRMPIN'T.
AM LC ALLAN VlCS I'SKalDKNT,
SAM'L N CASTLE TKKASl'RBR,
J V COOKS -JSC-HAT AST,
DAM. SMITH l IITU.
j r cook.
Sec'v Ku&tla tafar Coaapaajr.
Ur A I fur KIT, MAUI.
crop op i s i e
c. Has waa a Ca.,
NOTICE TO TRESPASSERS.
A I.I. PERSONS A RE IIKRKBV rOKBII).
X. I'CN to ireapaaa ao Uw tao4 railed W AIM AM 41X1, an
the Akopuaa of Hoaoaliutl, iMatriet of Kwa. Oafca. ky tauia,
rattle ran on tbe aaaae. or by cattinf . or taking wood, ae aut
lor wild rattle, or banting oa aaid land.
Tbe boundaries of said land ara Oeoonbad as fciUawa "Om
Aina Hoolimalima am la John Meek. O ke Kala LIUl',
a me ke Ruta UONorLIL'LI, sna ka aoee saaaka, a sae oa
aoao makal N AN A ALU, ma ksbi aoao a aa KooUiaa. aaa
Huoolula. March It. 1I7S. mbUlf) J.M.CONKT.
LOOK OUT FORVALENTIHES !
Will shortly bo opened up ft fine yaritty
Sentimental and Comic Valentines,
order J with special reference to this season's reqali isaiata, by
Orders by mail faithfully attended to.
DICKSON'S MT GALLERY !
Ol Fwrt Street,'
MAY BE FOUND,
IN ADDITION TO
His Large & Varied Stock
PICTURE FRAMES. &o.
AX ELEGMT k EXTENSIVE STOCK
Rare & Beautiful Corals
n in a ft, Ravis, rifttLi An u plvh
Eare Specimens !
or tuk ':
FINEST PINK SHELLS !
1st Great Variety.
BKACTIFULLT MOUNTED, IN SETS t AMD
A URGE SUPPLY OF RARE SEA MOSSES
wwwmw wrn wwsr-wawawaM a n ariw a sa I
Or TBESI ISLANDS. CIVK CS A CALL.
Oregon Oats and Dran,
COLUMBIA RIVER SALMON.
I Barrel ! Hall Barrels! . v
JUST RECEIVED AND FOR SALE LOW.
JOR THE CONSTRUCTION OP
TWO AUXILIARY DUILDINC8 I
To the Queen's Hospital,
to be placed oa lb grounds.
FLAYS AXD SPKf IF1CAT10 AS FOR lXSFECTIOV
At the Offic of the undersigned.
Sealed Trader la fee haa Jew ta kina aa
ar before Feb. lOlh.
Bj Order of the Board ot Trustees of the Queen's HospltaL ,
F. A. SCIJAErCR.BecreUrv. '
Honolulu. Jan. 84, 1877.
WOJDERFl'L DISfOTIM. !
Or tlie -A.ge.
CALL AIVI EXAMINE,
FOft SALE AT
Ja27 2m A. I.. SMITH'S, Fart Sired.
Hawaiian AlmanaR and Annual
TMIK MOST COMPLETE NUMBER VET
published, and tbe best pamphlet to answer loreira ts-
quiries that haa been issued, as well a tbe fullest in Informa
tion for local requirements.
Prlre. SOcts earb, ar OOcI far farelsa small.
tZT Order Irom abroad ran be remitted In stamp.
TliKCM A OAT. PoMlsber.
J20-lm Honotalo, 11. I.
JUST RECEIVED PER KA MOI. AN
HEIDSIECK & CO.'S
Grand Vin Royal,
In Quarts and Pints, for Bale at Agents' rates by
B. II ACE r ELD A Co .
Bole Agent for Messrs. Ilcidtlerk A Co.,
KA MOI, AN
Ruinart, Pere & Fils Carte Blanche
IS QUARTS AND PISTf.
Fcr saie at Agents' rates, by
U. IIACKFELD k Co.,
Sole Agents for Messrs. Ruiaart Pere s Fils,
flXJIE UNDERSIGNED. FORMERLY WITH
M. Mr. Eckart, begs to inform cititens of Honolulu and tea
public generally, that be has taken th store on Fort Street.
opposite Odd Fellows Hall, (formerly occupied by Tbos. Tao
natt,) where he will gire special attention to tbe manufacturing
and repairing of all kind of Jewelry.
Particular attention giren to BDeii ana kbkui work.
rr Will guarantee satisfaction in all his work. Xs
Honolulu, Nor. 87, H78. (no26 m) WM. M. WENNfB.
uREGQ lJ II AfilS. SUGAR CURED
OlT OX TIIK tt'Atr OR I A (OA
aol. aa OVAl. MlllI I'M. Cava la
r ear la. Tb afcere rewanl viU b r4 S f
mm ! J. mutt surra.
FINE BRITISH IRON SHIP
OTTOS, POllEU OTHER GOODS
JpiNK XKWITrLBMir 'HINTS.
IMoe rUriped iVnlme. Veltet Carpets 4 Rai,
Hassocks INU CULinf, Towels, CouaterpaaM,
White Moleakios, Rklrts, Grraadiaee.
Foarvea anJ Tics, Klk UmLrrllaa, Maakets,
Crimean, OiforJ sod IUf ttta Shirts,
Flaoncl. Tweeds, ToacLos,
SADDLES AND DRIDLE8,
Swiss Mulls, Trlatod Lavs,
Waterproof Clotbinj, Victoria Lawat,
Dock Ma!lni, Lara Curtains,
BAGS, BAGGING, CANVAS 1
Tvloa, Laatbar Daltiag, Talat. Oils, Tlpee.
Wirt Rope, Cor m fated Roofiof ,
Bias Mottled Soap, Gait anlswd and Tlavars,
Fenoiof Wirs, Hoop Iron, Holloware,
Charcoal Irons. O-oa, Cutlery, Bar Iron,
Lea &. renin's Fa ace,
JAMS A1VO JELLIES !
Heoneasy's, Martell'a and Eobia'a BraoJy, la oaska
Fiaa fiherrjr, ia quarter casks and oases,
Geneva, Whiskev, Ram, Hock, Mosells, Aloobol, As.
Blood Wolfe & Ca'i and Ban' Ptvlo Als,
Edmaad'a Plf Brand Portar,
BOrfUET'S MI'OLKOV C1BIMT CUiarAwSK,
. Lalande'a Red Bar Claret, Duovllla's W.lshr.
I Atoord's vunea and Bpirita,
Silical Pa'm cos Paints i
Powell DulTVyn'fl Stoam Coal I
ON HAM D,
WESTON'S CENTRIFUGALS & ENGIKEI
And to Arrive, McOnie's Cl&rifieri I
rOR IlLR BV
-i THEO. H. D AVI CO.
THE OID CORItfER
Coffee and Billiard Saloon,
E8TABLISIHED IIT 1IS8
OrriCKfl tOR BALE A FIVE AJUORTMEIT Of
Light and Hard Freited
NATURAL LEAF TODACCO,
Fine Cat Chewing Tobacco,
AN ASST. OF CUT SMOKING TOBACCO I
. Aa4 a Larg Assortment of
BRIAR WOOD AND OTHER PIPES !
Tobacco Poaches, Pip "terns,
Amber ani Horn Month Plwra,
Pipe Buttoas, Cigarette Paper, i., sis.
II. J. KOL.TC.
Corner of Qacea and ffaaaaa St.
STOVES AND RANGES !
EX MAftY BkLLE JuEKT A ft U V. V. alLEEA If
th following list of Move and Sang.
DUCK'S PATENT -Ear W(4 orCt
MAGNA Cfl A RTA For Woud, star.
IRON CLAD-With Cast Iroa warm floset a
sapper i ist rrolr, a large family Mae.
SUPERIOR-!!! bolrs.a gd article.
ALMEDi-Jtil the artici fur aaualt families, rj
LAUREL, for Wood or Coal.
Thia Rang ts said s bar th Urg eat sal of nay f Us
yl oa th Pacifle coast. 4 slse.
Also, just at hand, a 0a aswortmeat af
Glasgow Stoves & Ranges I
Comprising th following list i
MISTRESS RANGE, 1, a. f
VICTREbS STOVE. 0, T. . I
' PACIFIC CAIIOOaKf
Msktog In ad on ot th most complete saanrtment of I lore
Rang, Are., Ae., rer oa sal la this Market.
gJT Every fttor warrantad.
r Hd XJ 3X 15 TU w
Material. Iloaa Water Closets.
Faacet. Lead and Iron Pipes, thet Lead, 1 1-2 1st lb , Ao.
Tsilat fVU, silaia aad laatyt Waasr CooWrs. A., A.
CALL AMD EXAMINE AT Ho. Eaabaaiaaa ltr
Ordars tress lh ether IsUads will bar oar best aUaotioa
and At lowest tgare. Ooods careful! p arkad.
ali ly J. NOTT m. Ca,
yW Oil-; I