Newspaper Page Text
C O 1 2VE E R C I A If .
, R IDA T. MARCH 22, 1978.
TH.ri. incest report are: P M "mi
ZUBdia. Iron, Sydney Tia AuckUnd on the Mtta. to ll
iul A" Co; Amer 3-nted echr Her. from San Francs
co he same da,, to C Brewer A Co; and the Amer bkt. Mon
itor co the 20th, from Humboldt, with lumber to C Brewer
Coi and today, the Brit bk Dovenby, wUh general merchan-ULj-
to Theo H Daviea.
The departure, have bctn-schr Loicta, fur the Arctic,
tradinz on the 18th; and the Zealand.a f w Eao Francisco, on
the 19th, -ith domestic produce valued at $97,263.-5; and to
dy the brij W U Meyer, by C Brewer Ac Co for San Francm
co with domestic produce valued at 115,673.95.
The P M 8 3 City cf New York will be due next Tuesday,
with Saa Francisco dates to the 13th; and on the same day the
S3 Peru:., from Callao fcr Hongkong.
The long continued drought Is seriously affecting some cf
our plantations-more particularly such as are situated on the
le:doriheUlaril-wbile these on the windward side re
port a fair supply of moisture. To some cf the fcrmer bow
ever, the recurrence tf the usual spring rains would now come
too Uie to repair the damage done by drought the past three
PORT Or HOITOIiTTI'g. HT.
c.i tr.K a fmtn Kahsla. Hawaii.
ir-?ir. w.': f m Krhiu. Maui.
IH ebr Warwick. Jdo Bull, from Kalaupapa. MoIokM
, . n v. : r..-un I anmhnrhlf. Hawaii.
1 Schr Manuokawai. Naiwi. from Nawiliwiii, Kauai
18 Schr Annie, naiua. irom
l7Scor Mary Ellen, Kuanoni, from Hilo, Hawaii.
17 Ptmr Llkrlike, Shepherd, from Hawaii Ac Maui
17 Schr Nettie Merrill. Hatfield, from Lahama
.e ir.t.n'iij.i Mlihi from Hanalei. Kauai
1 cbr .Marioo, Kiblio, from Koloa k Waimea, Kauai
IS V M 3 Zealandia. cnevaner, i u in ju-.-iu
-A f un u- frnin Naariliwili- KauaL
14 Am 3-mated rbr Hera. Merrill. 26 days fm 8 Fran
" 4m bktns Monitor, Emeon, 35 days fia Humboldt
20 ictr Kinau. AbuihaU. from Mokikai
"I ?chr Haunasi, Niks, from Nawiliwiii, Kauai
22 Brit bk DovtnLy. J Penny, 136 dsys Im Liverpool
Mar 11 Schr Haunani, Nika. for Nawiliwiii, Kauai.
16 Am schr Loleta, Ue-ter. tocruiee.
1 P M S Zealandia, Chevalier, for San Francisco.
U frbr Manuokawsi. Naiwi. for Nawiliwiii. Kauai
19 Stmr Likelike. Shepherd, for Maui ic Hawaii.
VJ Schr Annie. Kalua, fr Wailua, Kauai.
25 tcbr Waioli, Kaebu, for Kohala, Hawaii
20 !chr Pauabi. Mana, for Onoroea. Hawaii
iiichr Mary Ellen. Kuanoni. for Hilo. Hawaii.
UO Schr Jenny, Pake, for Nawiliwiii. Kauai.
20 Srhr Warwick. John Bull, for Kalaapapa. Mcloki
At fchr Ka Mol. Reynolds. f r Kabului. .Maui.
21 Schr Nettie Merrill, Hatfield, for l.ahaina, Maui
21 Wir Marion, Kib'.in, for Koloa 4c Waim-a. hauai
j2 rchr Kekauluobi, Malaihi. for Hanalei, Kauai.
3 eVhr Kinau, Ahuihala, for Molokai.
22 Am brig W U Meyer. Brown, fur Saa Francisro
Bcroar or P M 8S ZataSDia,CHf atic,ComaiiE
r .r, ,,hnraffe in Svdnev harbor Feb 28 at 3 pm, discbarg
icr pil-t at 3 45. Experienced light bead winds and strong
a w I J
.,.i,ri current until Three Kings were passed, wraoura
v,..k r.rw. i n m March 6. and received Auckland pilot
S.05 a m next day. Left same day at 4 p m, discharging pilot
at 5. Passed from east to west longitude on the 7th, and on
the 10th at 615 a ni paued Island of Tutuila, bearing east,
distance 12 miles. Crossed the equator on the afternoon of the
13ih in long 16340' W; from thence had very strong rr
trades and head sea. On the 17th at 8 am, lo lat 14 25'
long 160 42 W , paseii a fore-and-aft schooner paint, d white
- i. ... 4i . .UK Kl. i hnrilvr ami rnl letters, which an
Ojior m wuiic " m 1 . mw" J M
reared to be two names and a letter between. Sighted Coco
Head at 9 p m on the ISth. receiving pilot at 1 next morning
B, McDonald, Purser.
Fbom 8 Faascisco Per W U Meyer, Mar 1660600
bricks, 384 seU staves. 227 empty barrels, O.'J It oak pianK,
300 posts, 100 m shingles, 2000 ft lumber, 3019 pkgs general
Faow Accklakd Per Zealandia, Mar 19 8 logs wood, 10
krgs butter and 218 crates potatoes.
Faow Sas Faascnco Per Hera, March 19 019 ft bat
tecs, 830 m shingles, 1S05 pkgs general mdse
Fao Ei sea a Per Monitor, March 2175,000 ft redwood,
20 000 ft rustic. 30.000 ft siding and battens, 4U.UOU ft scant'
Im. 30,000 ft rough, 20,000 pickets, 20,000 T fc G.400 ra sbia
Fob Sai Faicisco Per Zealandia. March 19
Bananas, bechs ....... 625 Household Goods, pkg. 1
Betel Ltavrs, bxs 9 Paddy, lbs... 77900
Coffee, lbs 21297 Bice, lbs 14000
fruits, bxs 2 Sugar, lbs 1104959
Ferns, rkgs. .......... 3t
Value Domestic... $S7.2t3 45; Foreign $25
Fob 8a Fbicisto Per W II Slevcr. March 22
Bananas, bnchs HOISugar. It 742322
ConV. lbs 225 1
Value Domestic $45,673.95
Flos gA! Faaacisco Per W H Sleyer, Mar 16 S P
Adams and 9 Chinamen.
Fbow. Wiidwasd Pobts Per Likelike, Slarch 17 Mrs It
B yen ft and 2 children. Mrs Coleman and child, Mr Buchanan,
J P Pioo. Rev H Bicghsm. Capt Worth. W C Parke, L Sev
erance. Kdw Btl amy, C II Chapin. Capt Jas Makee, Col Z 8
P pa tiling. P C Jones. J D Ilavekost, Mrs McShane, Miss
Bowen. Mrs Hruhtailirg and child. Mrs Akoand child, C
tern ford, W C Wilder, A W Carter and 71 deck.
Fiom Stdscy Per Zealandia, Mar 19 E S Baker and 1
in the steerage.
Fob Wisbwasd Pobts Per Likelike, March 19 His
Majesty the Kinic.T Farrell. A W Carter, J Wight jr. Wm F
Moasman and daughter, i Holing, Rev S K Bishnp, Kaha
nu. Miss Kate Cray. M 1) Moosarrat. P Jarrett, M Colburn.
Miss N Corp. Sirs Crowningnurg, II Luce, B. M Hewett, O E
Hewett, Capl Jas Makee, Misses Julia and Annie Alexander,
Miss Mary J Alexander, MtsJK W ilder, Dr E ribumsnn.
Miss Shumann, Miss C J Ritson, T B Hascall, W C Wilder
anl about 85 deck.
Fob 8a Fbascibco Per Zealandia. Mar 19 A M Goth,
rie I'SN.R Barnrtt and wife. J G Ward. F P Beilany, E
BeUany. C A Chapin, Bliss M B Dame. D Manson, J K La
tham, W E Pack. W 11 Btarkey, A P Smith. Miss J Lyons,
Miss M B Smith. J Levy, wife and infant. Col Z 8 Fpaidiog,
wile and 3 cni.dren. Miss L Irwin, W R Watson and wife. Mrs
Hubbard ard son. M Lomba. J Gonsel, 8 Oonsalve. D Lopezco,
G Rodriguez, C Stein, wire and S children. G Adin. Geo Ton!,
T H Cuderwood, Sam Micronesia, A Bates, J no Ecargill, L
liock. Miss S Brown, J Sullivan, Hong Qaol
Fbosj EtattA Per Monitor, March 21 Chas Mervin
Fob cis Fbajcisco Per W II Meyer, March 22d G P
Adams, Chas Robinson, 8 A Wales
Blaisdcll Shaw In Wailuku, Slaui, Feb 26tb,by the
Rev W P Alexander. Wm A Blsisdkll, of Honolulu, to Cobs
A Shaw, of Han Diego, Cat O" San Prancisco and San
Diego papers please copy.
At Manh Held, Pa waa, March SI, to the wile of Mr James
Dailkt. In Calais. Maine. Feb eth.Axsai. Daile v. father
of Mrs C D Kinney, of Lahaina, Maui.
Gcisstai. At Koloa, Kauai, Mar 16th, J cam Gikrreso,
a native ol Guam, aged 61 years. Deceased has resided on
these Islands far the past twenty-fire years.
The New Pope.
Ioacbim Pecci was born March 2d, 1810, at Car
pimento of an ancient and illustrious family. lie
first studied at the Roman College and on leaving
this waa admitted to the " Xoble Ecclesiastical Acad
emy," where he paid great attention to the studies
of theology and law. The then Pontiff Gregory
XTI held him in high esteem, and in 1837 appointed
him one of his Domestic Prelates." In this posi
tion he displayed rare tact and judgment, and the
same Pope gave him the position of Apostolic
Prothonotary." In 1843, Monsignor Pecci was or
dained Archbishop of Damiette, and appointed
Papal Xuncio to the Court of Belgium; during this
mission he received the Grand Cordon of the Order
of Leopold. In 1846, he was appointed to the See
of Perouse and named Cardinal, but Pope Gregory
XVI dying, his successor, Pius IX, formally invested
Monsignor Pecci with the Cardinal's Hat, in Decem
ber, 18o3, and at the same time appointed bim head
of the Council of Rites and Discipline, a position
which he occupied until his late elevation to the
Chair of Saint Peter.
The expected marriage of Miss Hannah de
Rothschild, only daughter of Baron Meter Am
chel de Rothschild, to the Earl of Rosebery, a
Christian, has excited comment in Jewish circles.
In reply to a paragragh in the Jewish Times of
this city, the Baroness de Rothschild writes to
that paper in the following sensible strain in re
lation to such mixed marrigea: "It is to be
hoped that being a liberal supporter of the syn
agogue does not preclude liberality of sentiment
and also that the Rothschilds, as a rule, are not
so bigoted and narrow-minded as to disown any
known member who chooses to deviate from the
beaten path ; leaving all to follow the dictates
of their own conscience, they show no difference,
to those who may differ in opinion or in pratice.
Religion is between man and his God, and needs
A human interference."
Jfeese sentiments are eminently just. Certainly
Christian could not better state the principles
reb'sJous toleration and charity. Ex.
SATURDAY. MARCH 22.
We are requested to state, that unlets rain
tball fall within three days, the Superintendent
of Water will be obliged to etop off the reservoir
water for a portion of the day probably between
the hours of 10 a. m. and 3 p. m. If the resi
dents of the city could be persuaded to limit very
much, or forego altogether, the irrigation of
yards and gardens, it would probably not be
necessary to etop the water except at night, as is
now bein done. But when in the first three
hours of the morning the reservoir is emptied of
five vertical feet of water, it becomes impossible
for the Superintendent to keep water enough on
hand to ensure the safety of the city, or to sup
ply water for domestic purposes during the day.
In the unprecedented drouth which we are now
suffering and which has visited also all the
countries neighboring to us on the south it be
hooves our residents to husband the consumption
of water, as also to remember that the water
wasted in town is death to the native in the
valley, who sees with grim deepair his very food
disappearing and starvation etaring him in the
ALCOHOL vs. HAWAIIANS.
When aboriginal or savage races come in con
tact with civilization, there are vices as well as
virtues presented to tbem which are new, and the
dangers or advantages of which they cannot at
once be taught to know or comprehend. They
very quickly, for want of this comprehension,
acquire and practice the vices, for these are more
in coDSonanee with their previous habits ; while
the virtues, affording no present sensual gratifica
tion, are not practiced, although they may be
admired in a desultory way. Self-reetraint ie no
part of their ethics. It is a virtue strange to
them, because its advantages are not clearly ap
parent. Free indulgence in all their appetites is
something present and tangible, and having but
dim perceptions of danger to warn them of the
peril, they give loose rein to all their desires.
Disease and death quickly follow, and the rapid
blotting out of whole nations and tribes is a pro
cess going on in every part of the world. It is
to be seen among the Indians of America, Hot
tentots of Africa, Maoris of Js'ew Zealand, the
natives of New Holland, and throughout the
Isles of the broad Pacific. In Tasmania, or Van
Dieman's Land, the work is already finished, not
an individual of the aborigines is left ! Alcoho
his been the principal agent in this deadly work
For these direful results our civilization, be
cause it is superior, and because it furnishes the
means of vicious indulgence and sows the seeds
of disease, is responsible ; and we, the represent
atives of that civilization, can in no way divest
ourselves of that responsibility. We must, as it
is our duty, do all we can to restrain the desolat
ing tide by warning the people of their daDger,
The aboriginal inhabitants of these Islands, once
so numerous, have dwindled away to a handful;
their etrnggle for a higher civilization has deci
mated them. Legislation has been invoked to
save them from extinction; the fruits of the faith
ful and disinterested missionary labors of nearly
sixty years are seen in schools and churches, a
constitutional government and codes of laws, and
the ncceeeary machinery, executive and judicial,
for their due administration; but all these are
seemingly of no avail to btay the downward
course of the nation, and a few short years will
witness their final extinction, if the tide is not
Now, what is the duty of the exponents of that
civilization wbich has, apparently, wrought such
devastation ? To search out the causes, so far as
we can, and then suggest the proper remedy.
In the first place, we may tay that a general dis
regard of the laws of health is prevalent among
the natives; they need enlightenment upon this
point. A few brief medical essays upon the sub
ject adapted to the native mind, would cover the
ground. Proper parental and home-training of
the young should be brought to the attention of
parents, and their responsibility in the matter
duly enforced. But one great evil, which has
long had a foothold among our people, and which
has always led to another of even greater magni
tude licentiousness is the use of intoxicating
drinks. Of the destructive effects of this habit
upon the natives every one is aware, and conse
quently the sale to them of alcoholic drinks has
been forbidden by law from the days of Kameba
meha III. A wise public policy justified what
6cemed to be a restriction upon the constitutional
privilege or right of the individual, and the large
majority of native members of the different legis
latures baa always resisted all efforts for its re
peal. They saw it was better to deny their peo
ple a constitutional right than to allow them its
exercise, for its attendant excesses and consequent
evils would be beyond control. In this they
acted wisely, as we believe all will concede. But
is the law, as it now stands, effective ? No one
can claim that it is. We all know that a native
Hawaiian can get liquor if he has the money to
pay for it. lie canncc get it directly from the
icensed retailer or jobber, for they are restrained
by heavy penalties, and the risk is too great.
But there is a class of people among us who will
furnish it to him for the sake of the profit, and
who arc too sharp in their illicit traffic to allow
themselves to be caught. We allude more par
ticularly now to the lower class of Chinese shop
keepers; men ready to make a profit, even unlaw
fully, without scruple. We hear of ono of these
storekeepers in a country village who, if a native
buys a dollar's worth of goods, gives him a
drink; if five dollars worth, he gives a bottle of
gin. In this city, one Sunday, very recently,
a foreigner met a jobber in spirits and desired to
buy a bottle of gin. The jobber replied that he
would not sell a single bottle on a week day
much less on Sunday. The man then called a
native, gave bim the money, and in a few min
utes the latter returned with a bottle of gin,
which he said he bought from a Chinaman.
It is notorious, as we have heretofore shown,
that at auction sales of liquors, the principal
buyers are generally Chinamen; and it is also
well known, that the Chinese are not, as a rule,
themselves consumers. For whom, then, do they
buy ? John knows how to drive a bargain, and
be will sell to anyone who has the money in bis
hand ; if the law forbids, he will laugh at the
law, and sell. The testimony of residents on
the other islands is conclusive that throughout
the country districts large quantities of spirits,
(mostly cheap gin) are received from Honolulu
by Chinese shopkeepers and peddled out or dis
posed of unlawfully to the natives. Besides this,
there are natives who have acquired a knowledge
of the process of manufacturing intoxicating
drinks in a rude way, from the ti root, sweet
potatoes, oranges, bananas, and perhaps other
fruits, wbich afford the means of indulgence in
drunken orgies, wbich often lead to a good deal of
trouble, and not infrequently to crimes.
Thus we see that the law to restrict and regu
late the traffic in spirituous liquors, a law so
wise and beneficent in its intention, so necessary
for the protection of the people has become a
dead letter a mere farce. The police on the
other Islands declare that they are unable to de
tect the guilty offenders, or discover sufficient
proof to lead to their conviction. This is espe
cially the case as regards the Celestial violators
of the law, and their unscrupulous conduct in
this respect is another illustration of their unfit
ness as an increasing element among our people.
Knowing this last phase of the evil, we also
know how to combat it. Let the next Legisla
ture, so far as the buying and eclling of liquor is
concerned, place the Chinaman on the same foot
ing as the native Hawaiian. There are no treaty
stipulations to deprive us of this right of self-protection.
The Chinese Government protects, or
strives to protect, its people from the ravages of
opium ; eholl we not try to protect our own peo
ple from the ravages of gin? Prompt and de
cided legislative action is the only way in which
the evil can be reached ; and we are prepared to
advocate a law that 6hall inflict upon every of
fender a summary banishment from the Islands,
and all legal expenses of trial, conviction, and
banishment to be levied out of his own property,
if he has any. Such severity would be no com
pensation for the injury wbich be causes to the
The evil effects of the vicious use of opium,
which the Chinese have also imparted to some of
our Hawaiians, we do not touch upon at present.
This subject has been well ventilated in these
columns, heretofore ; and a recurrence to the
matter would be of sufficient importance to
justify the examination we intend to give it in a
The beat, all through the Southern Hemisphere
and Pacific Islands the past three or four montba
has been almost unprecedented. We read of great
suffering and even deaths among the inhabitants
from this cause. All the great rivers were fast dry
ing up, and stock were saffering for water. Their
summer and our winter seem to be have been very
Bimilar, though the heat with us has been more
moderate. At Bourke, South Australia, the ther
mometer reached 122 in the shade on the 13th of
January, and in some parts of the interior it went
up to 145 in the sun ! We can faintly realize such
a frightful temperature when we remember that
water boils at 212. The people console themselves
with the fact that heat is not the only thing that has
gone up hay having reached the figure of 150
per ton, and flour, 250! In New Guinea, the
plantations are all burnt up, and the natives were
suffering frightfully from the drought. The hills,
which heretofore at mid-summer, were covered with
grass a foot high, are now quite bare. The Rev.
Mr. Lawes, recently from that island, writes in the
Sydney Argut, that the great drought will cause the
next season to be an unusually hungry one. So it
will be seen that famine is to be anticipated. We shall
soon learn if this extraordinary weather has ex
tended through South America.
To the Editor of the Pacific Commercial Advertiser:
Sib: In answer to my communication which
appeared in your paper of the 9th inst. a corres
pondent of the Gazette declares that on behalf of
the Sheriff of Maui, he is " warranted in stating "
that so far as the prosecutions for working on the
Sabbath are concerned, they were forced
upon him by the oath of parties who are alone re
sponsible for instituting the suits." Now, however
possible it might appear that a common detective
or spy working for wages, and the tenure of whose
office is the Sheriff's gcod will, could force a prose
cution against that will, it is nevertheless far from
the probable that be should. Informers as a gen
eral thing are peculiarly plastic beings, and
chosi-n rathvr for their ease in handling than for
any stubborn merit of their own ; and those who
figured as witnesses in the case referred to. are
known and acknowledged as minions who act by
instruction alone. The man w ho laid the informa
tion is a constable, and the principal backer of his
testimony one who fills several offices in govern
ment employ. And, if I am wrong in saying also,
secret policeman, it is that I have been misled by
his frequent appearance on the witness stand in
prosecutions for the Government.
These men themselves have acknowledged that
their appearuncein the prosecution referred to was
not of their own volition, and I speak understand
ing wheu I assert that I have positive reason to
A.-71010 that the prosecution was premeditated by
the Sheriff a week previous to its consummation.
Since the last prosecution, threats have been
made that the watermen of the Pioneer Mills
would be arrested if they did not cease to water
on the Sabbath; but for some reason or another,
the thrents of the police have so far remained un
In regard to the prosecution itself, it would have
been of too little significance to require any notice
were it not that it is representative of a spirit that
has for a long time been evinced by certain par
ties here to add to and chuckle over anything that
presented itself as a hinderance to the success of
the sugar interest of Lahaina.
I avoid burdening your readers with a recita
tion of other acts which have been equally annoy
ing, from a confident feeling that one plain case is
sufficient to establish the necessity of appointing
to office only those who in the exercise of their
duty will not unnecessarily cripple so important
an industry as the cultivation of sugar.
The Coming Monopolist.
Tu the Editor of Pacific Commercial Advertiser
Dear Sir: I have read in your issue of February
9th. k brief but pointed article on the apparent and
probable currents into which the mercantile business
of these islands is sure to drift if tbiogs are ai.owea
to proceed as at present, and to me the wonder is
that no one had called attention to the shame and
disgrace before this time of day.
In all civilized countries the heathen has to con.
tent himself with a b&ck seat " as regards the mer
cantile business of the land of his adoption, but this
is to them the "Promised Land," nay, a very
" Paradise " for the celestials. The writer arrived
in this country about two years ago, with the object
of starting a general retail business, but in going
through the streets and lanes of Honolulu was so sur.
prised and discouraged at the siht of Chinamen
having such a firm hold on the business or tne t-apv
tal that he abandoned the purpose there and then
I next turned my attention to the other islands and
found that every nook and corner there was John
established firm as a rock, and independent aa a
prince, and disposing of rubbish at prices which ap
peared to me quite unreasonable; but was iniormea
that if any white man were to dare oppose him in
business prices would instantly come down so that
he could not meet exrjenses, consequently would have
to give up, when the monoply prices would be im
It is a well known fact that in this country busi
ness men require a liberal income to meet the many
and various calls on their means and substance; es
pecially if they be heads of families, European or
American: and if mechanics and others were alive
to their own interests they would give the white
merchants their individual patronage and not grudge
them a fair percentage of profits on sales ; because
they require it and the money thus gained is not
sent beyond seas or boarded up here, but goes into
immediate circulation, and all classes of the com
munity receive benefits therefrom indirectly. But
with the Chinese merchants the case is entirely dif
ferent, as they have no interest in the progress and
prosperity of this country or its institutions, except
to dram it ot its resources men leave it to me moiea
and to the bats for anything they care.
This growing evil must be as clear as noon-day to
every thinking man in the country; and the question
arises, what is to be done in order to avert the cal
amity wbich is approaching slowly but surely ? The
voice of reason answers, take an example from the
Colonies which are "stamping out" the celestials as
was done in England with the " cattle plague " some
years ago. Or watch the movements of the United
States Congress to combat the evils of Chinese mon
opoly which is bringing so much poverty and suffer
inz on American citizens at the present time.
One course is opeu to the Hawaiian Government,
and that is to cripple the aspirations of Chinese mer
chants by a system of taxation and license which
would take from them by force what others give will
To the Editor of the Pacific Commercial Advertiser:
Some few years ago a bill was introduced into the
Legislature, " For the better preservation of Woods
and Forests" and was promptly disposed of amidst
not a little of " pooh-pooh"-ing, etc.
Said bill provided for a systematic superintendence
of wood-lands and prompt, and severe punishment
for their wanton destruction.
Maui now proposes to urge the passage of some
law that will effectually put a stop to the careless
ness of those who build fires in the dry grass on the
slopes of Haleakala, and thus preserve our invalua
ble woods. There has becu a large fire burning in
the woods on the upper Elopes of our grand moun
tain, during the whole of this month. Now, while
I write, its columns of smoke can be seen rising
from the heavy timber, and where it will stop no one
can tell. We hear that the same thing is going on
on Hawaii, and we hope to have the support of
parties interested on that island to arrest the evil.
j Maui, March 15, 1878.
To the Editor of Pacific Commercial Advertiser :
The scarcity of water at present and the laws of
nature which affeot rainfall in general, are matters
of serious consideration and you deserve the thanks
of the community, for bringing this subject before
the public in all its aspects.
It is to be hoped that even those in authority who
entertained doubts, if trees attract moisture, keep
the soil from evaporation and the springs from dry
ing up, will gradually become convinced of their
error and use every effort within the law and within
their power, to stop the hitherto wanton destruction
of our forests. In this connection allow me to men
tion one instance to the point, worthy of attention.
If report is correct, Kalihi Valley is under lease to
natives who underlease the valley again to owners of
cattle for griming purposes, reserving the trees to
themselves for the manufacture of charcoal. By this
double process of destruction, it will be but a few
years more wlaen that valley will be entirely denuded
of trees and undergrowth and the springs cease to
flow. No doubt there are many instances of a simi-
ar nature al! over these islands which legislation
will find it difficult to reach and which the govern
ment cannot legally interfere with. Still it is of the
utmost importance that the laws of this country
should be strained as far as possible, within the limit
of constitutional liberty, co as to restrain men from
willful acts of destruction which in their true sense
come to be a criminal offence, because they grad
ually destroy the life of the land.
You have very judiciously brouzht manvcaar hp-
fore the public, where the destruction of the forpata
had turned a land originally highly favored with
luxuriant vegetation, into a desert, and we cannot
claim icrnorance thereof, if we fail tn
C - w - - - - w f V lurjgc l
Bivii)a firvr m a!m!1aa fata Tf ! mmA a. . !
lOiauuo w siiutiai v a la call IU CUUlCUipiAie
each result; let each therefore use his sphere of in
fluence to prevent them, and let the laws of the land
be bo framed that the health of this people and the
f .A a-,f (Kaaa ;.7a. 5 a. 1 1 .
iuiui v uepi i J vi iuvoc loiauuo uiuj LIU I UB CliUSD J
gered. X. !
LANDING THIS DAY
W71KOM Bhlne IIEKA, MERRILL Mnitrr,
AV from Sun t rancisco.
Golden Gate Extra Family Flour.
Golden Gate Baker's Extra,
njh23 For gale by BOLLES 4- CO.
To Planters & Agents !
3? L -A. 1ST S ,
8PEC1FIMTMS MD PRICE LISTS
Of all sizes, and for every description of
SI Ml! HEM !
fflirlees, Tait & Watson's
CAX BE HAD OF THE UNDERSIGNED,
GREEN, MACFARLANE & Co.
Of the Fine Briliah
One Hundred and Thirly-aeveu Day
A CARD WE THE UNDERSIGNED
beg to inform cur cu-tomeri and the public, that from and
after the 1st day of April, 1S78, we shall be compelled to
charge Ten Cenla per Quart for Milk. We regret
taocli having to make this raise in price, but are compelled to
do so io consequence of the khortuess of feed for our etock.
consequently the great increase in our expenses.
Honolulu, March 23, 1S78.
KICARDO A CHAVIEL,
WHEREAS, MT SON. WILLIAM FRU
NAN'A, bavin? left me. I hereby give public aoUce
that from this datei will pay no debt contracted in my name.
And I hereby caution all persots from purchasing from any
one but myself any horned cattle, horses, or mules, on pain of
being prosecuted under the law. ANION K FEL'NANA.
Honolulu, March 13. 1378. mh23 lm
THVO GIRLS FOR SOWING AND TRIM
MING DKEridtS. Apply to Mrs. A. MELLI3, or at tbt
Great Eastern Auction House. mb23 tf
IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT FROM THIS
date, the connection of Mr. H. J. AG.NEW, with the firm
of Dillingham & Co., is dissolved, and he has no authority to
sign the firm name or to attend to any business for the said
B. F. DILLINGHAM,
8. N. CAS ILK,
Trustee for C. E. Castle and her two minor children.
By W. R. Castle, his attorney in fact.
Dated Honolulu, March 20, 1873. mh23 3t
ON A DAIRY FARM. ON HAWAII. TWO
men, competent to take charge of a herd of cows to milk,
make butter, ic, &c. Apply to 11. N. GREEN WELL, Kona,
or to II. MAY & CO., Uouolulu. mhl63t
SALE OR LEASE.
TM1E PREMISES SITUATE ON NUUANU
Avenue, at present occupied by Mrs. 8. V. Von Pflster.
For particulars enquire of GODFREY RHODES, or CECIL
BROWN. tnblo 2m
A LL UNPAID WATER RATES FROM
r January 1st to July 1st, 1878, (invariably payable In ad
vance,) if not paid previous to March 31st, the end of the Bi
ennial year, will be liable to be shut off without further notice.
ROBERT LI SUM A IN,
March, 1878. (mh23 3t) Sup't Water Works.
CiSlfiD, EX ' OliftlCOE,'
WIRES, WIRE, MIEE I
Best Annealed Fence Wire, No. 4, S and 6 ;
WIEE STAPLES, OALV. FAILS, 10 & 12 in; SAUCE PANS, atttd. iiei;
PAINTS -A. 1ST D OILS!
IklLaS, EI STEHBL. ST. IPilUJILr,
tOT OF PtOWS, HOES, SHOVELS, SPADES, PICKS,
&C, &C-, &c, &c.
11 HW LOT OF SHELF HARDWARE, LITEMS, &C.
Wo guarantee our prices to bo as low as tho lowest !
WE HAVE TAKEN TI-IE AGENCY
KIDlll'S lIl'DllflSTlTIC SAFETY IMPS !
W33 II A VB
WATER ! !
A LL PERSONS HAVING IRRIGATION
J. Privileges from the pipes of the Honolulu Water Works,
are hereby notined that tne hours for irrigation from this date
till further notice will be
From 6 to 8 A. M., Only.
The Police are instructed to report all offenders; any In
fringement of the above regulation will subject the offender to
a summary deprivation of his water privilege.
R. LISHMAN. Sup't Water Works.
Office Honolulu Water Works, March 21st, 1878.
ADtiroved: J. MOTT SMITH.
Minister of the Interior. nh23
DISSOLUTION OF PARTNERSHIP.
TMIK PARTNERSHIP HERETOFORE
. existing between A. S. Cleghorn and J. S. Smithies,
under the name of A. S. Clegborn 4r Co., la this day dissolved
by mutual consent
A. S Cleghorn will carry on the business under the same
firm name, will collect all accounts due and assumes all liabil
ities of the old firm.
A. 8. CLEQIIORN,
J. a. B.MllHlt.3.
H. A. Widemann is authorized to sign my firm name.
A. S. CLEQIIORN.
Honolulu, March 1st, 1873. mh9 lm
PIANO FORTE TUNING & REPAIRING
DROF.J. L.HA NCIIETTE IS PREPARED TO
M. fill all orders in the above profession with despatch.
XT' Orders left at Messrs. Whitney & Robertson's Bock
Formerly of Chlckering & Son's Piano Forte
Factory, Boston, Mass.
Having had 20 years experience, feels safe in offering his
services to tne public. mbZ3 lm
IC. O. HAImIm & SON
BY THE MARTHA DAVIS !
NOW NEARLY DUE,
A SAMPLE LOT NOV ON EXHIBITION !
Which we Offer at " BED ROCK PRICES," and they are claimed to be
ABSOLUTELY SAFE, PERFECTLY CLEAN,
A Remarkable Invention, the uniecrml adoption of which ill render
impossible the terrible accidents to life and pj-ojxrti that have
continually occurred from the use of kerosene oils.
X IXT Gr "JE3L J. HVT cfc? C3
Well Worth nUeaoDing
A FEW OF THE NEW GOODS JUST RECEIVED
CASTLE &d COOKE !
THE GENUINE IMPROVED ARTICLE !
A PLANTER ON HAWAII WRITES VS
WE II AVE TRIED VOI R IMPROVED 1A RIS I'LOWN A M)RII)K OK THE IMI
TATIO.N STEEL ONES, AND FIND THEM bLTERIOR IN ALL KEfcPt-CTrt."
500 CS DOWNER'S GENUINE KEROSENE 6 mProvec ?lw wit Rolling Coulter and Extra Point, at Only Thirty Dollars f
300 Cases " Xoonday " Genuine Kerosene,
FOR SALE TO ARRIVE.
HALL'S STEEL FLOWS !
A CORRESPONDENT WRITES: "TOUR
A. NEW STEEL PLOWS ARK MI CH ADMIRED. I let
a Planter try your No. 15 Plow, he came back in an boar and
bought it. He. and all who hare seen it say,
It is the Best Plow Ever Brought Here ! '
Nos. 0, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 and 15,
OS HAND AND FOR SALE, BY
mh23 3t E.O. HALL & SON.
CORBITT & HACLEAY,
Shipping & Commission Merchants,
13 and 15 Front St.; 10 and 12 First St., Portland, O.
SAN FRANCISCO OFFICE, 202 SACRAMENTO STREET.
It ITER TO
Bank of British Columbia Portland, Oregon
First National Oold Bank .......San Francisco
Messrs. II. Ilackfeld k Co......... ...... ..........Honolulu
Mrssrs. Bishop & Co. ................... ...........Bankers
Messrs. Green, Macfarlane & Co.. .......Honolulu
Consignments of Island Produce solicited, on which CASH
AUVAMca niLLUGSiAUS. mh23 ly
Steel Moline Breaking! Vp Plo, Kagle No. 2, Paris No. 6 Plow, a splendid 2nd plow, and Juslthe thin for Rire Planters!
Steel Moline Horse Plows, 40 and 80; XI, XU and XOO Pleel Horae Plows, Cultivators, llors, Hakes, Caue Knives, Urub Hoes,
Shovels, Spades, Scoops, Oos, Mattocks, picks, fcteam Packing, Hemp, India Rubber and Asbeilus rHeain l'ackiug, Uabblll
Metal, No. 1 and 6j Fence Wire, annealed and tarred No. 0.
IVIItlJAItfS HCALT:h, TO WKIOII K(M) TO MHOO lOUNH !
Cast Steel Sledge, Coopers' and Masons' Hammers, Drivers, Mute and Ilurne Collar. Trace Chains, Ilames, Ptephta'a
Swivel Vises, Coopers' Vises, Anvils, Cut Nails, 3 to 60d; Cut pikes, 5 to 8 inch; Wrought Nails.
jX Fine Assortment oi iSliell" Hiirdwnro !
Machine Bolts, Cold Pressed Nuts and Waahers, a very superior make, as one trial will provej Imn Kcrews and Tacks, all
sires; Coe's Wrenches, 8 to 21 inch: Disston's and S. and J. C. C. has, all styles and sites; t). audJ.Slubb'i and Diastou'a
Files, all kinds and sixes.
Paints, Oils, Turpentine and Varni8h. Kerosene Oil Devoe's and Pratt's.
Eight Card Matches, Barrels Dairy Salt, Boxes Cube Eupar, Ooldt-n Gate Kxtra Family Flour, Hawaiian Hire, Oregon
Farina, Cases American Prints. Amoskeag Denims, A.C.A. and D. Tick, Cases F ine White Cottons, Pheriinirs, l)rlls, Blue,
and Unbleached. Agents for H. W. Johns Asbestos Boiler and Pipe Coverings, Aslx-slos Fire p'of and Hoofing Taints, just
the kind needed in this climate; Asbestos Steam Packing, assorted sues, superior to any other. Agents lr tha lilak bteaoa
Pumps, sices on handi 2, 3. 4 and 6, the best in use; the Blake Vacuum Pumps. To arrive, the Blaks Direct rWrvtm or Irri
gating Pumps, Just the thing for these dry times Agents for WHEKLKR & WILSON Sewing Machines, FINUfcK MANU
FACTURING) CO., WILCOX QIBBS Sewing Machine. We have the latent improved Machines of all the above celebrated
makes, and at the loweat living profit.
Agents for WOODWARD and BROWN'S CELEBRATED PIANOS I
ONLY ONE LEFT OP TWO INVOICES.
TO ARRIVE BY HE MYSTIC BELLE !
Firal Direct Veearl frosts New 1'wrk le Honolulu,
A LARGE INVOICE WELL SELECTED MERCHANDISE
AMONGST WHICH ARK CONSIGNMENTS OF
The PATENT BARBED FENCING W IRES, the VULCAN BRAND KEROSENE OIL, FIRE TEST, 120.
WATEIt ! WATER ! ! JUST RECEIVED I
HE INHABITANTS OF HONOLULU ARE
hereby notified that until further notice.
The Water will be Shut off Daily from the
AT 6 P. M ANI TURNED ON AT 5 A. M.
R. LISHMAN, Sup't Water Works.
Approved : J. MOTT SMITH, Minister or Interior.
Honolulu, March 7th, 1378. rohlO 3t
By the Undersigned, consisting of
A FULL ASSORTIW'T
CALIFORNIA SUGAR RAISINS
IN QUARTER. AND WHOLE BOXES,
per Hera, fresh and beautiful. For sale by
mh&S BOLLES ir CO.
RUITS, MILK. EGGS. Ate
For sale by
. Ter HERA.
BOLLES & CO.
CALIFORNIA PILOT BREAD,
KD A FULL ASSORTMENT OF FRESH
ml Cracker, In esses or boxes. For sale by
mh23 BOLLE8 ft CO.
EMM DRY GOODS!
Printf, Denims, Shirting,
Umbrellas, silk and cotton; Saddles, Quilts,
Ladies Hats, Moleskins, Towels, Long Cloths,
Clothing, Shirts, Scarves, &c, &c.
East India Rice, Iron Bedsteads !
White Lead, Zinc, Boiled Oil, French Calfskins,
OlflIES STORES !
Corrugated Iron, Bar Iron,
Fencing Wire, Holloware,
Hardware, Galvanized Ware, &c.
FOR SALE Br
THEO. K, DAVIES,
REWJlItT I STiPIE
JEST HEIEIIEII AO FOR SHE!
AT A. S. CLEGHORN & Co.'s
ENGLISH BARK GLENCOE I
Corrugated Slicct Iron,
8, 7, and 8 feet sheets;
Galvanized Piping. 1-2, 1 & 1 1-2 in.,
Tin Plates, assorted;
Sance Pans with Covers, asstd. sizes;
ALSO, CRO CKERY W ARE
Chambers, &c, &c.
mhJt AT F. A. BCHAEFEB L CO.'S
A First Glass Assortment
Swiss and Hamburg Embroideries,
Plain and Plaid Dress Goods,
Plain, Gros Grain, Black and Colored
White Crass Cloth, &c..
Offered at the Very Lowest
Possible Rates I
tS. GRANT, Manager.
OF THE CELEBRATED MANUFACTURERS
A. BORO, PARIS.
AUCHER FRERES, PARIS,
SHORTLY EXPECTED !
Per 13 a. X It 'Iolani,'
And for sal t tj
ID. nOFFSCnLAEQER k CO.
RECEIVED per V. II. METER A LOT
of Columbia Salmon for Plantation use. A yood artlcla
and at LOW PRICES. For sale by (oih23) BO LLCS it CO.
PIG & CHICKEN EANCH FOE SALE !
TMIE PIG AND CIIICKE.V RAISING ES
TABLISHMENT belonging to me, situated at Falama.
about two miles from town, basinets Is a rood paring one.
For further Information apply to Mr. J. WfclK, King Kireet.
mbSlro W. V. RAYMOND.
TO LET OE FOE SALE.
T1IIE PREMISES NEAR MUAXC AVE.
noe below the Uoyal Mausoleum, lately occupied br O.
B. Dole, q. Area of lot 2i acre.
nio inquire of s. B. DOLE.
PDTJLOA EANCH TANNEEY.
SOLE AND SADDLE LEATHER, TANNED
Qoai and Sheep Blclna, from the abort celebrated Tanne
ry, constantly received and for sale by
ihe UKEEN, MACFARLANE h Co.
NOTICE TO HOLDERS OF STOCK, &c,
On the Island of Maui.
AL.U PERSONS II A VI NO CATTLE,
I10K8K, Ac, grasing on the Wailuku or Walkapu
Common, arc requested lo remove the same, if not rom routed
f, i ah rr Ik. lal H.itf J.n. 1 7 M ..
pv. wM ... - - j ' Miwr bkiu uauv Big,
Cattle, Ac, found tresspassing will be impounded according to
laar. All neraons ariahinir to run ratll. ktt nn ..
. . n , w. t v . ..i. luiuiUVUfa
can do so by applying to
lifc.NKir COUNWKLL A CO..
N. ItNa rfrivina- Ilnrua r.lll. L.''?l .
on said commons without the permission of the said fj,ii
A Co., or tbelr authorised agent.
ON THE ESPLANADE.
TT TUE UNDERSIGNED UAH OPENED A
At the above place, where he will be found to execute all
order la bis line.
CHARGES REASONABLE I
Special AiieniUsi Glvea tm
Making and Eepairing of Caiki, Bath
Tubs, Buckets, &c, &c.
mhl6 lm AUGUST BTRfcnL.
RM ATT. PTT A Two t
TIXIE3 to suit. Received vtr Cleta." For a.i. i,
. BOLLU h CO.
IMIE WAILUKU VIXEVARDS, 5000
L bearing Vines. Aly to
fbiel k nuen.
OtS on the premises.
7.l,0?JLflKSI RA Ul'K KKMIJIE NOB.
Is and 160 Nuuanu Avenue. Apply lo J. II. WOOD.
Nuuano, or E. A. WILLIAMS, 64 Fort lit, o3tt)
THE MAKAI STORE AND ROOM OVER
al head in the new flre.nrnnr hniMin. .j t ... ..4
llotel I streets. Will be rented separately If desired
' Tt"7 v. Divan cn w ti'.
A CONVENIENT COTTAGE. IOT
'tuuo, enquire oi
J. 8. LEMON.
CALIFORNIA CLARET I
California SautCTncs !
IN KEGS AND CASES of 0u.ru J Hols,
OF EXCELLENT QUALITY!
FOK BALE AT
nh T. A. flCIIAKFER CO.'.