Newspaper Page Text
FRIDAY. JULY 5, 1ST3.
AmPST rair. hae fallen recently ro Maui, giving an
iietcs to the many important interest located on that
iud, and cf nsequent! v .rihtening the prospects and cheer
i the here, of the peoi le there. It may be stated, g-ner-y,
that the present year affords a good prospect of remuner
ve return, for every interest, commercial ami agricultural,
which ihe country is engaged.
-i!er com i notably scarce in general circulation, ar.d gold
. r,,t r.ttiful. bo that paper (silver certificate) has become j
; principal circulating medium. Thi condition of things i
eu:t ef the expansion cf the basines of the country by
inauguration of new agricultural enterprises. We need
import more coin; and we now see the folly of the policy
i;ch was adrocatei lo the A3mbly two years ago, of pt
g a duty on the importation cf silver.
It is reported that Mr Spreckles, the California sugar rner
ant, now on a Tisit cere, has stated in conversation that he
es the islands very well, and that, ir our people wil! allow
-a. he proposes to infest say a million and a-balf among us
ring tie next five years. That is the sort we need. We
hear it reported on the Btreet that a consolidation is on
; upis cf the Waikapu and Waihee Plantation properties,
a scheme, which if accomplished, will make that one of the
,st resiar.erative sugar estates on the Islands, and this is
.jir.p a good deal. Mr Spreckles, it Is rumored, is at the
ttr m of this proposed transaction.
-an Francisco quotations, per II W Almy, of June 15, show
tie change for Island staples. Prices of Hawaiian Sufrar
e given at ej-aSJc. Mixed China Rice, 3fi$3.50 per ctl.
o prices given for Paddy or Coffee.
The ship Ariel waa loading by J C Merrill A; Co, and would
ve immediate dispatch f t this port.
Ihe steamship Zealand :a will be due frr,m the Colonies en
ate fur Ean Francisco, on Tuesday next.
The arrivals for the week have been: June 2911 W Almy,
days from San Francisco; Jane A Falkinbur?, 16 days from
rtUn l. July 1 Jenny Pitts, 26 days from Port Gamble.
The only departure has been: July 1 Christine, for Han
ancisco, with domestic produce, valued at $60,313.17.
SAT UK DA Y. JULY 0.
We lvi tf rcmiiKl the iatroiX3 of the
Advertiser that :i new volume com
mences with the present number, and that
the subscription price is five dollars when
paid in advance that is, during the present
month of July. We take this opportunity
to return thanks for the generous patron
age we have enjoyed, whereby our sub
scription and advertising lists have steadily
grown. Owing to the latter fact we have
found it necessary to enlarge somewhat, by
adding an inch to the length of each col
umn, making in the aggregate one and a
half columns more matter than heretofore.
We assure our friends that we shall in the
future, as in the past, spare no pains to
merit a continuance of their support and
render our paper a welcome guest in every
household throughout the Kingdom.
A NEW MINISTRY.
out or HOUOLULU, H. I.
jrie 29 Am Lk W II Almy, Freeman, 13 days from San
SO Slmr I.ikelike, Hhepherd. from Hawaii &. Maui
3,j stair Kilauea liou. Marchant, from Kahului, Maui
prhr Kekauluohl. Malaihi. from lianalei. Kauai.
1 Am b't Jenny Pitta, taacs, 20 days irom rort
1 ?rhr Manuokawai. Naiwi. frm Hanamaulu, Kauai
rhr I.eaLi, Kaaina, from Kohala, Hawaii
Srhr Pueokahi. Ikaia. from Kohala
ii Sthr .Mary K Foster, Beck, from Kona k Kau.
4 S'.rur Kilauea Hou. Marchant. from Maui
4 Schr Haleakala, Puaahiwa, from Ililo. Hawaii
4 ?chr Pauahi, Mann, from Hilo, Hawaii
4 ?chr t." ilama, Puaahiwa, from Honokaa, Hawaii
4chr Kamaiie, Palmerton, fin Kona Ac Kau, Hawaii
4Srhr Jenny, pake, from Nawiliwili, Kauai.
4 chr Warwick. Jno Bull, from Kalaupapa. Molokai
4 Schr WaiUli, Kalauao. from Maliko. Maui
8 Schr Marion, Kiblin, from Koloa Az Waimea
20 Sri.- Waileie. Kalauao. fir Maliko, Maui.
2tt Schr Annie. Kalua, for Nawiliwili, Kauai.
:;0 Am bktne Discovery, Winding, for San Francisco
1 Hrbr Ka Mol, Seart, fur Kahului, Maui.
1Frhr Nettie Merrill, Hatfield, for I.abaina, Maui
1 Schr Haunani, Nika. f r lianalei, Kauai
1 Schr KulamaiiU, Mana, for Kohala, Hawaii.
1 Am bk Christine, for San Francisco.
2 Srhr Prince, Simerson. for Kona and Kau, Hawaii
J Schr Kekauluohi, Malaihi. for lianalei, Kauai
Ji9rht Marion, Kiblin, for Koloa A. Waimea, Kauai
2 Schr Leahi, Kaaina, for Kohala. Hawaii.
1 Schr Pueokahi, Ikaia, for Kohala, Hawaii
VESSELS IX PORT.
Haw tk Surprise, Curtis
Brit bk Madura. Stanton
Kaietia schr Vivid, Sweet
Itnt bk Chevert, Kindred.
Or bk Christine, Scholze. loading.
Haw bk Kalakaua, Traak.
Am bk II W Almy, Freeman, discharging.
Am bk Jenny Pitta, Eavans, discharging.
Fb.s S Faastlsco Per II W Almy, June 29 1,000
t sks fliur, 60 ska do. 150 bbls lime. 494 bus oats and bran.
redwood posts, 20,000 red brick, 613 m shingles, 2,011 ft
cedar lumber, 20 bxs sugar, 12 bbls do.
Faow Portlasd Per J A Falkinburg, June 29 781 sks
oats and bran, 11 bbls salmon. 73 cs do, 100 cs pilot bread, 2.'4
bbls headings, 66 bbls Ilour, 137 cords stave bolls, 5,38a bdls
sbtves, 4 horses.
Fbok Port Gamble Per Jenny Pitts, July 126.417 ft
dressed lumbar, 326,810 ft rough lumber, 100,000 m shingles,
1 cs iih.
Fob Sas Fasscisco Per Christine, July 1
Sugar, lbs Molases, galls..
Rice, lbs 71,000
Value Domestic produce....
F Man Per KiUuea-hnu, Ji'y 2l Samuel Parker,
M Beckwith, O Miller. ; Miner. Mm K Ilitchrcck, Mist
L Frear. F L Clarke, W fc Rowell. ieo W Wilfimp, V E
Kowell, A P Jones. J Crowder, F Schottz, Father I.eonore, 6
others and about 35 deck.
Faow S Faastl.co Per II W Almy, June 9 Dr J S
4milh. F Gem, II liossack.
From Portlaxp Per J A Falkinhurg. June "Jit Capt Dan
tmith, wife and son, R Brotherton, Young Lee.
Fbom Port Gamble Per Jenny Pitts, July 1 Ah Ching,
For Sa Francisco Per Christine, July 1 II Muller, J It
'ning, G 11 Pense, Capt Slocum, wire and 3 children.
Letter from Makawao.
Vo ihe. Editor of Pacific Commercial Adrirtiscr :
Fib : The weather in Makawao just now is Tery
eculiar, etrorjg trade winia through the day and
ain every night. The sugar mills are all in full
last, and the returns are as good as could be el
ected considering the extreme drouth of the two
There are about the usual number of drunks and
ghts; nothing new in that respect. The Chinamen
re laying in rather more than their ordinary
mount of liquor for the 4th of July perhaps,
.'esterday one express wagon brought from the Like
ike thirteen cases marked " Cognac Brandy " that
fas on the outside, what was within, aside from
bout 144 square drunks, would be hard to tell; and
et the government officers all appear to be in good
ealth and able to draw their salaries.
The last importation of Chineee from Hongkong
ppar to be of a better class than their predecessors
-many of them have families, and are members of
le christian church. I interviewed one Tsin Lie
ias Washington, in regard to Beccher's new depar
tre; he folded his hands together and rolled up his
7es like a dying calf and said, "Tsin Lie too na
.aa ! I told him those were exactly my views,
at u it was not popular here I hoped it would go
0 farther. lie then let me read his certificate of
Web. membership (in Chinese) and on the back
as a little Chinese poem Vhat ig home without
Moth there " to cookee and washee and steal your
hickens ! But after all, they are a hilarious peo
ie. " The giad circle round them yield their souls
To festive mirth and wit that knows no gall."
They are very fond of a little game, which I Le
er e is not popular in their own country, but they
1 play it here. It begins by mislaying or losiog
ieir hat in the morning, and otherwise killing time
I they can in going to work, and about 10 o'clock
ey all pat their hands on their "bread-basket"
id sing Rttee ! Risee .' until they get their dinner.
Maui is still ahead; the telegraph and telephone
e old here, " everybody has 'em" and we will
on have an invoice of Thonographs, and then if
b gentlemen of the II ub want to bespoken to, just
ve as a string of wire across the channel, and you
II hear what Maui thinks of you.
And now comes the word by telephone that Mr.
-encer (E. Maui Plantation) has met with an acci
nt in breaking the " pinion " or shaft that con
: 3ts the mill with the engine. Although it hap-
led yesterday, that is no fault of the telephose.
' . if there was even a telegraph to Honolulu, to
. .d word to have a new one made and sent np im-
diately, it would save all the cane at the mill as
U as what is cut in the field from souring. But
re as I don't suppose Mr. Dickey (the electri-
.-: f Boss) will even " manuahi " me a cigar, I will
: v no more about the telegraph, telephone or pho-
Makawao, Jane 27, 1878.
1 he Prhcilla sailed from Limerick, Ireland, April
- chartered for this port by Dr. Hillebrand, on be
. f of the Government. By the last mail, advices
.e received of her departure from Madeira for this
; with one hundred and fifty immi grants on
Ik rl, about one-half cf whom were women and
Idren. She may be expected about the last of
crtember. Her arrival will be looked for with in-
- ?et. as it will add another factor to the immi-
ko quest on, in which we all feel so deep an in-
i st, and which so vitally affects the prospective
; ; ness and welfare of the Kingdom. Our readers
remember that we have in the past earnestly
.sted the a, tent km of our authorities to this source
i supply cf labor and population , and the Prt-..-
i' cargo will ehowifotu- espaatations of their
lability and fitness for our wants ar likely to
ealiztd. Of their industrious aad frugal habits,
r love oi law and order, and heir domestic
. : tf eLarcter.as manifested in the family rela
, ;a tu roou.for rlontit .
The failure by the opposition in the Asssem
Lly to carry the resolution of want of confidence,
had led the general public to believe that the
Ministry were eecure of their positions lor the
present session at least. No little eurprise was
therefore felt when it became known on Tues
day morning, that the entire Cabinet had re
eigned. The immediate cause of this step is not
announced, and can only be generally stated
as a difference of views between His Majesty and
the constitutional advisers of the Crown. The
Cabinet Minieters, under article 42 of the
Constitution, are " appointed and commissioned
by the King, and hold office during His Majesty's
pleasure." It is but just to say of the members
of the retiring Ministry, that as individuals
they have the esteem and confidence of the
community at large; and especially is this true of
the late Premier.
The new Cabinet, which was officially an
nounced on Wednesday morning, is composed
as follows :
Minister of Interior His Excellency, Samuel
Minister of Foreign Tt' lations His Excellency
John M. Kapexa.
Minister of Finance His Excellency Simon K.
Attorney General Ills Excellency Edward
In these days of chronic change upon which
Hawaii seems to have fallen, it is hardly safe
to predicate much as to the future of any Minis
try. We may Eafely say however, that the new
government, of which Mr. Wilder is tacitly the
head, has in it decided elements of strength.
It is scarcely necessary to remind the public
that the new head of the Interior Department
an American by birth is a perfect embodi
ment of energy and enterprise, and although it
is understood that he hesitated about assum
ing the responsibilities of office, once in harness
we may expect a thorough and conscientious
discharge of the onerous duties of tbe position.
Mr. Kapcna, who has passed through the offices
of f lovernor of Maui and Minister of 'Finance
to the more . important post of Minister of
Foreign Relations, is a native gentleman of de
cided talent, well educated in the English lan
guage, and has had the advantage of foreign
travel. Mr. Kaai, the new Minister of Finance,
who now takes office for the first time, is
also a native Hawaiian, a member of the House
of Nobles, is conversant with the English lan
guage, and in point of intelligence and na
tural shrewdness is one of the foremost men
of the native race. Mr. Preston, the Attorney
General, an Englishman by birth, is a well
read lawyer, than whom there is none better
qualified to advise the King and government
upon matters of domestic or international law.
Ix;t us hope that the Legislature Assembly,
under the new regime, will proceed, without
unnecessary delay, with the transaction of the
business of the session.
The Fourth in Honolulu.
Thursday was one of those really beautiful days
for which Hawaii nei is noted, the rays of the
tropical sun tempered by the cool trade-wind
aDd an occasional passing cloud. Although
there was no attempt at a celebration on a grand
scale of the anniversary of America's natal day.
yet for that very reason perhaps, the enjoyment
of the day was quite thorough and general. Be
fore and after midnight of the 3d, band3 of youths
Young Hawaii and Young America perambu
lated the city and gave proof of their vocal pow
ers and knowledge of melody by serenading
prominent citizens. The Band wa9 also out on a
similar mission uLtil a late hour. At sunrise a
salute of 21 guns was Ered by a detachment of
the native artillery with a park of guns stationed
at the head of Emma street ; at noon 23 guns and at
sundown 21 again. The shipping in the harbor,
the Consular residences, and flagstafTs every
where, displayed the flags of all nations promi
nent of course bein? the stars and stripes, and
numerous private residences were decorated with
the red. white and blue." Stores and places
of business were generally closed at an early
hour, nobody (but chinamen) apparently attempt
ing any work on the 4th. The natives, as usual,
made a thorough holiday of it, indulging ad libi
tum in their favorite pastime of horse-riding.
From 12 to 1 o'clock, His Excellency the
American Minister Resident received the calls of
officials and others at his villa at the head of
Liliha street. England, France, Germany, Russia
Austria, Italy. Portugal, Chile, and other nation
alities were present by their representatives.
At the lunch table, which was sumptuously
spread, a number of toasts and sentiments ap
propriate to the occasion, were duly honored.
'The Day we celebrate," was responded to by
Capt. Thos. Spencer, of Ililo, who gave "His
Majesty Kalakaua," which was briefly and ap
propriately acknowledged by the Attorney Gen
eral. Major U'odehouse, the British Commission
er, gave the "President of the United States,", in a
few happily chosen words, followed by Gen.
Comly. who was equally happy in responding,
and who gave The Queen of Great Britain.'"
Mons. Dalos. the French Commissioner, returned
thanks for the toast ot President MacMahou."
The picnic at the residence of Dr. J. M. Whitney,
Pauoa Valley, attracted a large gathering of families,
including several hundred children. For these, an
abundance of good things had been provided by the
care and forethought of the ladies, and an extremely
agreeable occasion it was. After the little ones
and "children of a larger growth'' had fully en
joyed the feast of dainties, the Rev. Dr. Damon was
called to act as Chairman, and then there was some
Epeech-making. The Hon. II. A. P. Carter, who has
recently made the journey across the great continent
of America, was called upon and doubtless still felt
the inspiration of that land of which the poet sings :
" Land of the forest and the rock.
Of dark blue lake and mighty river.
Of mountains reared on high to mock
The storm's carver and lightning's shock,
My own green land forever !
Oh never may a son of thine,
Where'er bis wandering feet incline,
Forget the sky that bent above
His childhood like a dream of love !"
Mr. Carter made an off-hand address in his usual
ly felicitous manner; Prof. A. Pratt, of Oahu Col
lege, spoke eloquently on the influence of woman;
and interesting and appropriate remarks were made
by the Rev. Dr. Boyd. Rev. Mr. Bingham, Judge
McCully (who read Longfellow's " Launching of the
Ship"), Judge Hartwell, Messrs. Dole, Nott, and
Spreckles. Everybody enjoyed themselves thorough
ly, andof course none more so than the happy-faced
groups of little ones.
" Heaven lies about us in our infancy."
In the afternoontfrom four o'clock till sundown,
Berger with his band discoursed sweet music at !
the pavilion in Emma Square, giving, besides the j
standard American national music, some Sue oper
atic selections, which were much appreciated by a ;
large audience of ladies and gentlemen. In the j
evening there were Oreworks here and there at pri
vate residences, where the young folks kept up the
day; and an occasional illumination. Dr. Scott,
the U. S. Consul, received calls in honor of the
day. The cottage in the Hotel grounds, occupied
by Paymaster Carmody, TJ. S. N., and Dr. Rodgers.
displayed the Stars and Stripes during the day,
and in the evening was handsomely illuminated
with Chinese lanterns. A seleet party of ladies
and gentlemen enjoyed the dunce until a late hour
in the spacious hall over Mr. C. E. Williams' brick
store. There were numerous biaus and picnics
out of town. aLd a horse race or two at Kapiolani
Park. Altogether, the one hundred and second
anniversary of the declaration of American Inde
pendence passed off in Honolulu in a very rational
and agreeable manner.
rpUtinn now subsisting between the two nations
should be affected by that Treaty.
Lord Tenterden further stated that, apart from
the Treaty, there were two objects with regard to
which Her Majesty's Government might have ground
for complaint: First, the maintenance of the recent
augmentation of duties upon British goods; and,
secondly, the unnecessary denunciation of Articles
V and VI of the Treaty of lbol.
With retrard to the second matter. I pointed out to
Lord Tenterden that the withdrawal of the notice of
termination of those articles could not be accom
plished, except by a mutual arrangement, without
prejudging the notice as regarded Article IV, and
that I had already, on rsovember ytn, proposed sucn
mutual action to Lord Derby without eliciting any
re9tonse. Thi9 matter, too, inform me. na3 Deen
arranged noon the assurance cf Major Wodebousi
that it should not affect the notice regarding Article
With regard to the first matter, it depends par
tially upon the action of the legislative Assemmy
whether the tariff of 1876 shall be maintained or not
It was clearly beyond the scope of my powers to
make any promises regarding it.
One of the happy results of my mission was the
acceptance by the British Government of our expla
nations regarding the Reciprocity Treaty with the
United States, aad the assurance of that Government
of its desire that the operation of that Treaty should
not in any way anect our friendly relations.
I am quite convinced that so long as our legislation
and the execution of our laws shall continue to be
iust and eouitable toward that ereat power, these
friendly relations can be maintained, and that legis
Iation which can be shown to be for the best interest
of this country will meet with no unfriendly inter
Through my mission, a clearer understanding has
been arrived at with the British uovernment upon
all points, and it shows every disposition to respect
our views, and there has been no diminution of that
friendship and good will, which it was my constant
desire to promote. Lord Salisbury, at present Her
Maiesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign
Afiairs, in a dispatch as late as the 4th of May of
the present year, while expressing bis regret at tne
termination of my mission, informs me that Her Ma
jesty's Government fully share in my hope that the
termination of any part of the Treaty cf 1851 may
not in any way interfere with the relations of friend
ship which now happily so' Eist between Great
Britain and the Hawaiian Islanuo.
This dispatch closed my official intercourse with
the Government of Her Britannic Majesty.
On my arrival in Berlin, on the 8th day of
January of the present year, I communicated with
the Minister of State for Foreign Affairs, and was in
due course of time received, as I advised the Depart
ment, by His Inperial and Royal Majesty the Em
peror of Germany and King of Prussia, by Her Im
perial Majesty the Empress, by their Imperial and
Royal Highnesses the Crown Prince and Princess,
and all the members of the royal family; after which
my official intercourse with the Imperial Government
My negotiations with that Government were re
tarded by its reluctance to make a Commercial
Treaty without providing for the fullest equality in
respect to import duties. They, however, finally
acknowledged that the peculiar circumstances of our
position justified them in so doing, and an article
was framed by which it was agreed that the special
advantages granted to the Government of the United
States in consideration of equivalent advantages
should not in any case be invoked in favor of Ger
many. Certain considerations, which I have explained to
your Excellency, led me to desire that the articles of
a projected Treaty framed should not take the form
of a definite Treaty until fully approved by His Ma
jesty's Gevernment, and, consequently, a Protocol
was framed, of which they formed a part providing
for a formal Treaty of which they should be the
This Protocol was duly signed by the German
Plenipotentiaries and myself on the '23i day of April
By command of His Majesty, I had the honor of
tendering to His Imperial and Royal Majesty the
Grand Cross of the Royal Order of Kamehameha I,
which he graciously received, and consented to allow
His Imperial and Royal Highness the Crown Prince
to receive the same. I was then informed by His
Excellency the Minister of State for Foreign Affairs
that it was His Imperial Majesty's intention to send
the Grand Cross of the First-Class of the Royal Order
of the Red Eagle to His Majesty as a mark of his
high regard and esteem.
In conclusion, I beg to give expression to my
grateful sense of the many courtesies which, as His
Majesty's Envoy, I received at the Courts of St.
James and Berlin, and the many kindly sentiments
of regard and esteem which were expressed for the
Hawaiian Nation. I am deeply imbued with the
conviction that by the judicious and dignified exer
cise of the functions of Government, Hawaii may
maintain an honored place among the nations of the
world, which shall make it no slight honor to be
known as an Hawaiian subject.
With sentiments of high consideration, I am your
Excellency's fiumble, obedient servant,
(Signed) Henry A. P. Caktek.
Sl'ECl.t It XOTICKThp Mrmbrrtsf Ha
waiian Tribe, No 1. Improved Or.K-r f ltei Men, are re
quested to attend the next Council on FRIDAY EVENING
NEXT, as Business of unusual importance shall come up, in
cluding Installation of Officers, &c, c. Per Order,
It HENRY SMITH, Ch. of Rec.
8. GRAST. T. ROBERTSON'.
GKANT & ROBEKTSON, j
(Successors to A. S. Cieghorn & Co.)
DEALERS IN" FAM'V AXI) STAPLE DRY :
GOODS of every description. Millinery and Dress- I
making Department attached. Orders from the otlier islands i
promptly attended to. Corner of Fort ai d Hotel streets. I
J)6 iy j
ALFRED S. HARTWELL, '
COUNSELLOR AT LAW-OFFICE OVER
jv6 BISHOP & CO.'S BANK.
THVO EXPERIENCED SEWING GIRLS,
It APPLY AT MRS. M ELLIS'.
'lllie Undersigned, Appointed Agent
M. ot the land of Niuln, Kohala. Hawaii, belonging tu Her
Highness, R. Keelikolani, hereby forbids ihe running of ani
mals on said land, except the animals belonging to tenants,
which may be staked out. All trespassing on said land will be
prosecuted under the law.
j6 4t O K. PATCELEELE.
WATER PIPE, WATER PIPE, WATER PIPE
ISS IIEL'SSGE.V PURPOSES TO OPEN'
a school at No. 9S Beretania Street, opposite the Enicliah I
CDurcn, on tu .1st inst. All the branches or an ordinary
English education taught special claw lor German and
Music. For terms, A:c., apply at room No. 31 Uawkiian
SITUATION AS OVERSEER ON' J
Plantation, by a young 8cotchmsn.
ENU11RE AT THIS OFFICE.
WILLBESOLI) AT PUBLIC AUCTION
in the Government Pound, at Heeia, Koolsupoko, on
the 10th day of July, one red horse, white face, shod, three
white teet, no brand; one jack, brand unknown.
It P. KAU CUT, Pound Master.
SUPREME COURT OF THE HAWAIIAN
Islands, in Probate, in the matter of the estate el Jean
Joseph Kajinond, deceased. A document, purporting to be
the last will and testament ot Jean Joseph Raymond, de
ceased, having on the 22d day of June, A. I). 1ST S. been prp- I
sented to said Probate Court, and a petition for the probate I
thereof, and for the issuance of letters testamentary to Louis ;
Bernard, having been filed by Louis Bernard, it is hereby or
dered, that Tuesday, the 16th day of July, A. D. 1S7S, at ten
o'clock a. m. of said day, at the Court Room of said Court, at '
Aliiolani Hale, in Honolulu, be and the same is hereby ap- i
pointed the time for proving said will and hearing said appli- i
cauou, wuru aim wncre any pt-rsuu imereftieu may appear ana
contest tne said will, ana tne granting or letters testamentary.
It is further ordered, that notice thereof be given by publica
tion for two successive weeks in the Pacific Commercial Ad
vertiser, a newspaper printed and published in Honolulu. And
it ia further ordered, tli at citations be issued to the subscrib
ing witnesses to said will, and to the heirs of the testator in
this Kingdom, to appear and contest the probate of said will
at the time appointed.
A. IKASl'U JLUU,
Justice of the Supreme Court.
Attest: A. ROSA, Deputy Clerk.
Dated at Honolulu. U. I. June 22d, 1ST8. ju29 3t
List of Advertised Letters
EMaIMXG IN THE HONOLULU POST
Otllce, June, 1HS.
The KawaLhae and Hamakua Railway.
Taxation is one of the burdens which are
necessary to be borne by every civilized commu
nity, and the efforts of lavr-makera should be di
rected to make it as little onerous as possible.
No one interest should be favored at the expense
of another, but all should be subjected to a fair
proportion of the sums levied for the support of
the Government. This principle ia fully recog
nized in the 14th Article of the Constitution. If
any kind of property escapes the Assessor, the
amount thus going free is an addition to the
burden which other property has to bear, and to
that amount it is unfair and unjust. We will go
further, and eay that the owner of such untaxed
property, whatever its nature, who conceals it
from the knowledge of the Assessor, is guilty of
dishonesty to his neighbors and the body politic;
for in the first case, he shifts a burden upon oth
ers which he ought himself to bear, and in the
next, he refuses to pay the State his 6hare of the
expense incurred for the protection of hie person
and property. Personal taxes are very generally
paid, for people have but little chance of escap
ing them, and it is not to taxes of this kind that
we allude. We refer to property that escapes its
fair proportion, and in some cases goes free alto
gether. There are, for instance, large tracts of
land good land scattered all over the Islands
that pay but a small part of their just share if
they do not escape all taxation. A specific tax
levied upon lands now lying idle and unproduc
tive would, after a time, bring them into the
market, and open the way for new plantations
and industries to be started, thus increasing the
business and commerce of the country to the
benefit of tbo entire community, by adding to
the taxable property and proportionately dimin
ishing the burden which has to be borne.
The assessment and collection of taxes have
been simplified and rendered efficient of late years;
but there is room for improvement in these re
spects. The introduction of a bill by the lion.
Mr. Castle, last week, for amending the law as it
relates to corporations and stock companies, was
intended aaastep in the right direction, for the
country will not passively endure a system of
double taxation euch as has obtained under the
law of 1876.
Much of the efficiency of the law depends upon
the judgment, good sense and discretion of the
Assessors, and their duties being somewhat diffi
cult at times, the public will render their labors
more pleasant as well as effectual, by placing no
unnecessary obstruction in the way of a faithful
performance of their duties. The list of Asses
sors for the present year is a considerable im
provement in its personnel over that of any pre
We all admit the necessity of taxation to pro
vide for the exigencies of the State; and in all
well ordered communnities the burden is cheer
fully borne. The aim and end of all laws exact
ing this burden or tribute from the people should
be to make it fair and equal to all classes and in
terests, and then there would be no occasion for
complaint. In all cases where any unfairness or
favoritism is apparenor suspected, a rankling
sense of injustice is firmly implanted in the mind,
to thscyentual discredit and inju f the public
REPORT OF THE HON. H. A. P. CARTER.
Ncuanu, June 25, 1878.
To His Excellency Henry A. Peirce, Minister
Foreign Affairs, Honolulu Sir: In response to
your Excellency's request for a brief resume of my
late mission to Europe, I beg leave to report that I
was received with courtesy and respect by the Gov
ernments of Her Britannic Majesty and of His
Imperial and Royal Majesty the Emperor of Germany
and King of Prussia, to whom I presented the cre
dentials with which I was entrusted by His Majesty
With the former Government it was hoped that I
should be enabled to conclude an arrangement on
the basis of a Protocol, signed here by Her Majesty's
representative Major Wodehouse and His Ma
jesty's Minister for Foreign Affairs, which should
harmonize some differences growing out of the inter
pretation of the Anglo-Hawaiian Treaty of 1851;
and further, if it seemed practicable, to enter into a
scheme of East Indian immigration. I was instruct
ed to negotiate, if possible, a Couveution with her
Majesty's Government defining the conditions of such
immigration from the East Indian possession of Her
Majesty the Queen of Great Britain and Empress of
In regard to the first object, although I had the
valued assistance of Major Wodehouee, it was found
upon discussing the Protocol and Declarations based
thereon, that even with the best desire on both sides
to attain the object by such means any Declaration
which could be accepted by the British Government
in view of their relations with other countries coald
not be signed by myself without exceeding the limits
of my instructions and infringing the constitutional
rights of the Legislative Assembly.
I had, however, the pleasure of receiving the as
surances of Lord Derby, Her Majesty's Principal
Secretary of State for Foreign Afiairs, that my ex
planations of the peculiar circumstances of the com
mercial position of the Hawaiian Islands led Her
Majesty's Government, as an especial mark of
friendship and good will, to propose a mode of settle
ment, which he submitted to me. This proposition
involved a modification of our tariff laws, which
could only be made with the sanction of the Legis
lative Assembly, and I was obliged to point out that
objection to it. Owing to these limitations on both
sides, it became obvious that we could not meet the
wishes of the British Government without legislative
On the 9th of November I had an interview with
As we informed our readers several weeks since,
an association of gentlemen personally interested
in the development of Ihe district of Hamakua,
Hawaii, have employed Mr. C. V. Housman, C. E.,
to make a survey of the proposed route for a rail
way from Paauhati to ihe port of Kawaihae. We
I take pleasure in laying before the public the fol
lowing interesting and nigbly satisfactory report
of Mr. Housman :
Honolulu, July 1st, 187S.
Samuel Parker, Esq., Chairman of the Kawaihae
and Honokaa Railway Survey.
Sir, I have now the honor to hand you the
plan and profile of the Trial Line Survey, made
under my direction, from Kawaihae to Honokaa.
The natural difficulties of the island are too well
known to you for me to repeat them here ; suffice
it to say, that starting from a point but a few feet
above high-water mark at Kawaihae, I had to
ascend to an altitude of 2.905 feet in what an air
line would measure but 12 to 13 miles, and to
overcome tms rapid ascent it compelled me to
sweep round that portion of country lying between
Kawaihae and Waimea towards the valley separat
ing the Kona range of mountains and this section
of country, and. as will lie seen by reference to the
profile, at grades rising 115 to 125 per mile. These
grades are steep for fast running and heavy trains,
but they are unavoidable, in consequence of the
loose, rocky formation of the country, the total
absence of clay and vegetation, which would com
pel me to reduce all rises to a surface level. Ar
riving now on a flat, the line will pass through the
Waimea village on a natural formed grade of 53
feet rise per mile. Leaving the village near the rest
dence of Mr. Frank Spencer, it enters the vast
grazing lands of the Waimea Plains, following then
the contour line of the Kohala and.Waipio moun
tains, and with an a'.most imperceptible rising grade
and easterly slope we enter the woods for the Ha
makua Coast, increasing our grade to 60 and 75
feet rise per mile, till the line crosses Mrid Lane.
A little over one mile after crossing this road, I
was compelled to keep off to the right and in direc
tion for Honokaa. I have to regret that I had to
make this angle, for had I not done so the railway
would have passed through about 6,000 to 10.000
acres of rich cane land : but it was unavoidable.
for at this juncture the ground rapidly falls away
at a grade or not less tnan zuu leet per mile, in
creasing as you approach the sea. I would there
fore suggest that a good cart-road be made from
the village of Kukuihale to the nearest point of the
railway, say 18.000 feet.
From this point the line runa through the woods
and almost parallel to the coast line, and at grades
varying from 70 to 100 feet per mile fall, till the
lands of Paauban are reached, situated one and one-
Wurna, II A 3
Blackburn, Mth Anna
Uelford, Miss M A
Hecher, A II
Beckert, W C 2
Callaghan, J P
Campbell, D V 3
Dickson, M C
Foster, W II
Farrar, B F
Gelett, C W
Graham, A ?
Ilayne, Capt J C
Ilawes, Miss Millie
Johnston, J R 2
Johnson, 1) C
Kenncday, Mrs Anna
McQueen, Frank '.
Miller, J i
Nitsohe, Dr MkI
Namee, J C Van 2
Owend, R M
Paul, J II 6
Peterson, C R
Phillips, C 2
Pickering, J F
Potter, Capt A T
Smith, Geo A
Sheffield, C M
Straw n, C 12
Sturgis, T W
Toni, Geo 2
Vow lei, T
Lenoble. Aimi 2
Lamb, J C
Lyons, Capt II
Levy, Mrs J 2
Lomax, Mr Wm 2
Lovelace, J A
Parties enquiring for letters in the above list, are particu
larly requested to ASK FOR ADVF.RT!.KI LKTTERB.
ju29 A. P. BRICKWOOD, P. M. G.
Williams, Capt W W 2
Woods, B F ft
W olleys, O II
Wood, W S
THE IMIEKSIXEI HAVING HE K X A I'I'O I T Kl AGENTS FOR
THESE ISLA.M1N FOR THE
CELEBRATED WYCKOFP WOOD PIPE
Are now pr. pared to furnUh Planters and others will, thi- arti. le ,n ir.es rangn from 1 iii' he. to M Hu h-,, m u( ,
strength to resist any prepare that Iron ripe Will stand.
In offering this Pi f r sale the following advantages are i-Isimed for it over any Pipe in the world ;
First It is the Cheapest Good Tipe.
Second It is the most durable of all Pipes practically imperishable.
Third It neither expands nor contracts anil corrosion is impossible.
Fourth It is more easily laid can be tapped with nn ordinary auger.
Fifth It is more easily handled lighter in weight and perfectly tight.
Sixth It is not liable to get out of order.
Seventh When used for water it neither tastes of or can be affected by chemical ingredient.
Thousands Of MllCS of this Pipe have been laid down in the Eastern State and
Pacific Coast, and in every instance it has given entire satisfaction, and flattering testimonial to iti
have been given to the company by parties who have used it.
For further particulars and pricce, apply to
y ' fy
I AMERICAN fill '
P r r J
-1 i. i
H I -c i
V ' . ,r v - - ; . ' -.:-:v; -
TO PLANTERS, AGENTS OTEJEfl
CASTLE &d COOKZ
Would Call Attention to their Fresh Arrivals by
OVERT AIYD RAILROAD,
MYSTIC BELL, from HTciv York,
And DOVJ:iVY, from KiikI
ENL'IXE IMPROVED PARIS FLOWS, ROM. INC! C OULTER. ONL.V .'0:
do do do
do Moline PRAIRIK Q17EKN Brakes, 12. 14. 18 in.;
do Ames' Steel Morse Plows, XI, Xo, Xuu.
Genuine Moline Steel Horse Plows,
PHILADELPHIA ! !
Lord Derby, in which, after pointing out some of j fourth miles east of the village of Honokaa, and
the reasons which had led the Hawaiian Govern- ! 1 .293 feet above the level of tbe sea.
went to adopt the interpretation of the Treaty of j In handing you these plans, it is hardly neces
which it holds, and explaining the constitu- j sary for me to impress upon you the importance of
tionai ana other obiections to the rrorosea form ot railways iu mis cunuuj, iuc upuuwiu m mc
Declarations, I suggested that so much of Article IV
of the Treaty of 1S51 as formed a subject of differ
ence between the two Governments be declared in
operative by mutual consent, thus saving as much
as we could of a Treaty for which I assured his
Lordship we had a traditional regard, and had never
His Lordship expressed himself satisfied with the
intentions of the Hawaiian Government, saying that
Her Majesty's Government did not accuse the Ha
waiian Government of any willful neglect of its
Treaty obligations, and promising to give my sugges
tions careful consideration.
I subsequently had conferences with Lord Tenter
den and other gentlemen of tbe Foreign Office, in
the hope that some form of Declaration might be
arrived at which would meet our mutual wishes, but
with the same result.
Lord Tenterdsn. in a private" note to myself,
dated December 28th, stated that my propositions
had been carefully considered, but that Her Ma
jesty's Government regretted that they could not
entertain them, as they were obliged to consider j Cost of building depots, water stations, &c
them not only as regarded their relations with the j
Hawaiian Islands, but also their bearing noon the i
relations and engagements of Great Britain with
other foreign States. Lord Tenterden courteously
assured me that it was only on general grounds
therefore that they were unable to accept them. He
again repeated Lord Derby's assurances of the
the friendly sentiments of Her Majesty's Government
toward Hawaii, and that they fully accepted the
statement I had made in regard to the Reciprocity
Treaty with the United States, and stating that Her
M. ..-'. Tntpmmnii had no wish that tbe fr"nndlv
prosperity of the Hawaiian Islands of late years
has been in nothing more apparent than in the im
provements and enlargements of sugar production,
and railways on these Islands will yastly tend to
promote intercourse among the people, and thus
bring out of the variety of its component parts a
homoceneousness of thought and feeling in the
Below, I have the honor to hand my estimate of
cost, based upon figures sent me from railroad
men of the United States :
For 31 Milts of Railway.
1710 Tons of iron tracks 351hs. per yard $90,630 00
Fish plates, splice bars, bolts and spikes 10.000 00
Switches. Ac 600 00
Two 17-ton locomotives 17.000 00
Two first-class passenger cars 8.000 00
! Four box freight do 2,400 00
Two platform do. 1,000 CO
t $129,530 00
j Freight on above materials 6,400 00
... 75 000 00
Cost of sleeper and making road 250,000 00 i
$460,930 00 i
The distance between Paanhau and Kawaihae '
not being quite 29 miles by tbe surveyed line, we j
may estimate the cost of a narrow-gauge railway, j
equipped as above, at $14,000 per mile. j
I further beg to enclose a meteorological table
of weather on Hawaii during the survey. i
I am. Sir, your obedient servant. j
Chas. V. Hoismax.
4 XD AS YOU SEE II AVE PROVIDED
X.m. mvseir with one of those
ELEGANT SOLID SOLE
which will stand the Baggage Smashers, and which are only
to be had at the 3
STORE of M. MclNERNY
Where can be found any or
EVEIIYTIIIXG IS THE TRIM LIVE
Among which are
Ladies' 8olid Sole Leather Trunks, riveted edges;
Ladies' Solid Bridle Leather Trunks, riveted edges;
Ladies' Solid Leather Trunks, sewed edges;
Ladies' Elegant Leather Covered Saratogas,
Ladies' Composition Saratogas,
Ladies' Kmbossed Zinc Saratogas,
Ladies' Elegant Travelling Dressing Cases,
Ladies' Russia Leather Shopping Valises,
Ladies' Bags and Reticules in all sizes.
Ladies' Canvas Covered Trunks,
LADIES' STATE ROOM TRUNKS!
An article much in demand, stowing neatly under the stale
Solid Sole Leather Trunks, riveted edges;
Gent's Solid Bridle Leather Trunks, riveted edges
Gent's Leather Trunks in all sizes;
Gent's Bound Kdge Trunks,
Gent's Solid Sole Leather Valises,
Gent's Bridle Leather Valises,
Gent's No. 1 and 2 Boston Valises,
Gent's Patent Corner Valises,
Gent's Klegant Russia Leather
Gent's Shawl and Blanket Straps, Trunk Straps,
iourist ana Traveler's Bags and Valises.
In 'act everything in the above line a?id
at JBeei Rfjck Prices.
ALSO, JUST TO HAND !
AX ELEGANT LIXE OF
GENT'S SHOE WARE
Among which are the
CELEBRATED CORK SOLE GAITERS !
Just the thing for the wet weather.
The Neatest Style of Men's
Kver offered here. Among which are the celebrate K.rf
Slippers, and in fact everything in all well appointed Boot acd
All the above lines of Goods trill be Sold
at Prices to suit the Times.
Thrr Good are well kawH bt-rr mnA are 4
rrrsutinrnilntioa. Kvrrv Pair
TRY THE JOHN DEERE GANG PUN
WITH EXTRA POIXTS.
AfewJOIIX DEERE GAXG I'M) VS, at bottom rates, with extra points.
Heavy Goose Neck Solid docket Hofs, made to older, and the Ix-st ever li the inark'-t. Lane's 1'Uiil. r's line
Hunt's Grub Hoes, Hunt's and Collin's Ticks, I'ick Mattocks and An Maltorks,
Disston' Superior Cane Knives, extra quality; tins or Native hpaibs mud to Order. "J, 4. 1 i" t
Ames, Reeds ft Sanderson's Riovels and Spades, long A- ch'irt; Ox .wi s. 1, 1 ;. 'Jin ; o Vok-s. 4. 0 and 0
A w dozens Best Tip Ox Bowes made to Order; Canal and Wbeel llarr'iwii; UrimUloiieii; t'ut Nmls.Sto)
Cut Spikes, 6,7 and t in.; Planters' Hoe, Axe, Tick, 0, Alz, Sltd'e ami 1 1 mini, er iJmihII's, ut bottom rates;
BABBIT METAL, MACHINE BOLT!
Files, Spear and JarLw.n make; Flat, Round, Square, Round Hand Boston Mill Haw and Tr. 3 to 18 is
Coe's Wrenches, 6 to 21 inch; Centrifugal l'lates, from 4 to 14 Mi"et; Galvanized Wire Cloth, 1 to H mesh to II
Cooper's, Kngineer't and Carpenters' hammers; Iisson's and Spear Jarkson's Haws; Collars K llames, nil
Fence Wire, Galvanized and Black Annealed; Barbed Fence Wire, with Steel Barbs for rornmon wire;
Galvanized Corrugated Sheet Iron, " and 8 ft.; I'ipe Tongs, ripe Cutters. 1,2 ti I!; Ratchet lirills;
Trace and Ox Chains; Carriage Bolts and Screws; Mill Reflector Lanterns; IR Hose, i to 2 Its. ;
Leather Belting, 4. 8, 10 and 12 in.; Fence Htaples; Hoop Iron j, i, 1 4- li in.; Bright Iron;
Round and Flat Can Steel, Square and Octagon Nuts and Washers, all n .'; Cold I'unrli Nuts.
WKSTOAS Centrifugals and SI cam Kiiir,
lilaLr Strain and Irrl?atinc Vatnnm Pomp-, Vw llavrii Parlor Orpao, t M)1
Uhr-elfr K Wilson, Wilroi k C.lbb and Singrr Sowing .Mar hlaf s, from I0 to M ( toll
Downer's, Vulcan i. Dtvor' KrrofOf Oil, at LOMrtt Katr, (.uldrn (.ate and Star Mill :
PILOT BREAD, OREGON AND ST. LOUIS HAMS
&c, &c, A:c.
H01WLU UN WORKS CD
Sole Agents for the Islands, f r the
TUBE WORKS CO.,
IIoatoD, Mannrhasrl In,
HAVE NOW ON HAND,
And to Arrive Shortly,
Hsnvu Bark IOLAj
AN ASSORTED CARGO
OF NEW & DESIRil L.
ENGLISH. GERMAN & FRlW
BEST LAP WELDED
Wrought Iron Steam P ipe,
Consisting in part of
d:ry OOO IDF
Prints, Cotton., Woolens and ,lks, Cloth andBu. ksk
Handkerchief. Hosiery, Towel'., Cloth.ng,"h r.
IIsm and Baeginir. Canvas- "
Calf Hkius. Beltir.r and PrLi. -....t f
Powder and bhot, Printing and Wra;pl-
Tin. Zinr Iit
Corrugated R.H,finK, Fence Wire, Hoop
Yellow Metal nd Nail., cj
Corner of Fort and Merchant Streets.
CALV. WATER PIPE
From i to 7 Inches in diameter; and are now pre
pared to sell from the store or to arrive,
In Quantities to Suit Purchasers.
Carrying a Large Slock on Consignment, shipied to as di
rect from the Works at Lowest Bates of freight, we are
Prepared to Fill Orders Promptly and at
the Lowest Possible Rates.
HONOLULU IRON WORKS Co
Chamrmgn (rtn.n and Norweri. Uplrlts,
Cigars. Groceries. Kerosei,. oil,
Tailow Containers and Coal Tar,
K'd and Kire Bricks, futes,
For Sale by
in 3 4
LKT in centra! part '. A. C'iv.
Apply lv war r;,ptr o(
v-. fc. WILLIAM, 83 lort Kreet
J Wheeled Ox Cart of very tup-rior uikr; iut
...r , :K. ,j.i?) C MKKW KK CO
I'O LET OR FOR SALE.
t KUMIK PREMISKS XKAR X I" V A V AVI'.
i'OL'R- nue r-ow tl Koy.l Mu,ieuoi, Utelv ui..r.l n iL
t the eArt . l'le, Ki. Are of I 2 rre..
PACIFIC IRON WOR
kMtbrfkhad In Wo2. )
RANKIN, BRAYTON & (
ENGINES, BOILERS & MACH1
Of T.xer) Drsfrlptlen. '
XT Particular attention paid to
M GAR Ml M.S. VAt II M
Kefer in Honolulu to
III. .MSf u 'ki
r. p adaM
y 11 ii.k
A I.I, l't:ittM 4 UK W'AUNKI)
Um. lrnliii mr wlf mv nrriint, Wll