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SUPPLEMENT TO THE P. Q ADVERTISER, NOVEMBER 30, $3f&r
SAT Ml) A Y. yoVKMHER 30.
(Fnui Our Sj-.-it ".rrci-nil-ut-
OUR WASHINGTON LETTER.
Wasuisgtos, I. C. October 25th. 1873.
A 'dug I the first pi ice to which a visitor la taken by a
resident, when wishing to display the beauty, the
enterprise, the wealth of his city, is the Cemetery.
Ghostly mode of eotertaiumeut ; but singularly uoi
tcim!, s those will attest, at least, who have made
the tear of the Unite 1 States. Few foreigners escape
seeing Green wool. Mount Auburn, Laurel Hill,
Mount Hope, Spring Grove. Cave Hill, Oak Hill,
etc It ia also remarkable that each town thinks its
own "city cf the -lead" the raost tastefully arranged
carefully kept, and picturesquely situated. For ex
ample : At Washington we take just pride in Oak
Hill," and point cut to admiring strangers the effect
cf the terraced uercorUIs beneath which " the sleep
ers lie under ground," never forgetting that this
wocdlan 1 retreat, which we seek when life's cares are
ever, was the munificent glf cf cur venerable and
and beloved fellow townsman, W. YV. Corcoran.
Peculiar interest attaches not enly to the pretentious
modern cemeteries, but the heart ia drawn to the
lowliest mouldering way-side stone, and instinctively
we strive to discover the dimmed inscription which
may tell cf the battle lest cr won. The Mausoleums
cf the c! 1 world are the sepulchral custodians of the
arts, the cuntcms, the religions, the history of the
ages. The chief work cf the tourist lies among these
sail but useful memorials cf boastful humanity. Fol
lowing tLe custom above alluded to, I propose a stroll
through a cemetery, cot the Congressional," how
ever, as might be anticipated, where repose mny of
the Nation's illustrious dead, nor, in fict. to any
spot where a si;n cf regret is expected, but to the
IKAD LETTER OFFICE. .
What becomes cf all the letters that are lets', is
almost as staggering an arithmetical problem as
what becomes cf the pins. A visit to the Dead Letter
Office will throw much light upon the subject, for
Lcre, annually, more than a half million cf weary
travel-worn missives find renewed strength or final
rest. Under our first Postmaster General, Samuel
Osgood, the Deal Letter Office was a very email
branch cf the department; one clerk at a comer
table with a salary cf twenty-five pounds a year could
readily dispose cf all the work cf his office, and pur
ue cither literary or professional duties during Lis
leisure hours. But keeping pace with other devel
opments in this country, the Dead Letter Office Las
become an immense Bureau, which calls upon the
government for hundreds of thousands of dollars per
annum, and constantly employs ninety clerks, male
and female. The first Dead Letter was sent in 1777
from Georgetown, S. C, to Wilmington, N. C. Thi-
letter was held for five penny weights, two grains
postage. Eleven years cf the record of the Dead
Letter Office was contained in one small account
book, which is a vast contrast to the 18,400 pages of
ledgers, each page 10x22 inches, now annually con
sumed in recording transactions of the office. The
little yellow note book embracing the first eleven
years of official report was kept by one Ebenezer
Hazard, first clerk, and is almost as curious as the
account book of Benjamin Franklin while Colonial
Postmaster, which some enterprising individual has
A large number of elderly persons are at present
employed in this division, many of them ladies who
having met with reverses, arc fortunate in securing a
place where they receive good salaries, comparatively
light work and little fear cf dismissal. One striking
feature, in entering the rooms of the Dead Letter
Office, is the number of handsome, placid looking,
middle-aged gentlewomen bending over their desks,
opening, folding and re-addressing letters. Each has
a certain number of letters to examine daily, and
they frequently become so expert that their tasks are
accomplished often at a little past noon. A good
clerk is required to examine from 1000 to 1500 let
ters in a day. 10,000 dead letters are received daily,
nearly half a million per annum. The average
amount of money, postage stamps, etc., which, thus
finding no owners, fall iuto the government coffers,
is about sjol.GOO per month. The jewelry and other
valuable enclosures are very Urge and of an aston
ishing variety, but their valuo cannot be fairly esti
mated. During the year, 6120 applications were
received from persons desirous of recovering dead
letters. 2140 cf these were successful. A prominent
cause of the non-delivery of Utters intrusted to the
mails, is their unrnailablc character. When reading
the figures illustrative of this fact, one is not only
amused, but amazed at the causes of detention. Take
one year for example : Of the S6S.808 letters, 2'J8,
113 were detained for non-payment of postage;
58,r.S7 were detained on account of misdirection;
1G.470 were addrcsted to places at which no mail
service had been established; 1,503 had no address
whatever; 23,420 directed to persons stopping tem
porarily at hotels; 9,1 'jO were addressed to fictitious
names. As may be imagined, this immense mass of
matter is unwieldy, notwithstanding the thorough
organization which is being perfected under the su
perintendence and faithful services of the Hon. Ever
ett Dallas, Chief of Division. One of the agencies
acting most favorably for the diminution cf dead let
ters, is the uso of 44 request envelopes," which have
a printed form desiring the return of the letter to a
given address within a specified tire. For the in
troduction of these en elopes the department and the
public are indebted to the Hon. Jacob Collamar, ex
Postmaster General. The first year that they were
brought into notice, 50,000,1H)0 were used ; the de
partment supplying about one-third of the number.
This statistical glimpse may give a limited idea of
the work accomplished in the Division.
Until within the last two years Mr. Dallas' office
was lined with cases, where behind glass-doors, were
deposited many of the valuable contents of dea l let
ters. This obliging official, finding that the intrusion
of visitors became oppressive, requested that a large
room should be given him fr a Post Office Museum,
which request was refused by the ecoi.cmical mana
gers of the Department, and the collection of curious
had to be boxed away awaiting better days.
This was a matter of regret to all who bad examined
the cases. The first idea which impressed the behold
er was one of amazement at the variety of articles
which sane minds have intrusted tc such frail medi
ums as the mail bags. The first thing that attracted at
tentiou was the lustre of a sclitaire diamond, cf such
pure water that it would have gladdened the heart of a
connoisseur in gems, and it was with something like
a sympathetic heart-throb, that we pictured tEe feel
ings of the owner when realizing that this family
heTr-Iooni was lost forever, (having certain mental
convictioa that it was an heir-loom.) An elegant !
ring, with a small Mosaic centre, surrounded by soft j
gleaming pearls, was found loose in the mail bags j
poor wanderer; there was no possibility cf discover- j
in its rightful destination. Then there wns a fine 1
topaz wiUi the letter " I in diamonds, and an ame
thyst set in pearls, and numberless handsome plain
goid rings, watches aud chains, napkin rings, card
cases, luckets, sleeve-buttons, brooches and other
trinkets, sufficient to establish a jeweler in business.
From the mines of the west were nuggets of gold,
specimens cf silver ore, and fine moss agates. There
were prayer bcoks daintily bound in purple and gold;
euch as would please the aesthetic taste cf the " Rev
erend Cream Cheese;" near which were packs cf
playing cards, antique miniatures on ivory gazed
sadly at jou, looking forlorn in such mixed company.
Boquets of wax flowers, dried grass and pressed
leaves, Kansas grasahoppersand black beetles, and
oh, horrors, there were a dozen varieties cf snakes,
five of which had arrived full of health and life ia
tin cans, intended by some enthusiastic naturalist to
be sent to foreign parts. One grim joke in the way
of a live tarantula, was an offering from Texas.
There were ' garden seed " and various grain to
gladden a Granger's heart. There were carving
knives and hoes, sausage grinders and knitting ma
chines, false faces and 'babies' shoes, besides lovely
baby faces in every possible variety of dumtiness,
which ha 1 been with tender pride dispatched to
grandmother, aunts and other loving relatives.
There were laces, kid gloves, and tea-caddies. The
number of beautifully tinted shells was interesting,
but one cf the most valuable items was among the
coins, being a silver coin of the time cf the emperor
Maximius, dated A. D. C09. You could but laugh
at an apple ps.rer that had been franked by some
generous Congressman for a constituent, or grew
sad over an eld time locket, massive and carved, in
which was the burly face cf a soldier. On the back,
however, was an inscription that secured finally its
return to the family from which it had been stolen.
In old Englinh text it was ' Lucy Randolph, cbit
April :d. 1712. ae. 01. Mary Carter, cbit January
21et. 1770, a. 31 "
We anticipate the establishing cf a very interest
ing Museum in this department, and as this is " a
noere mention " cf some specimens we think they
already possess the nucleus for a rare collection.
Perishable cr unimportant articles are yearly sol 1,
and some idea of the number of the " lost '' may be
obtained in running over the maoy thousand articles
on the sale list
Among the employees in the office is an old clerk
appointed by Andrew Jackson. He is a very staunch
admirer cf the old hero cf New Orleans, and always
shows me a knife which President Jackson presented
bim at the time of his appointment. "It will lat
until I open my last letter," he says pathetically it
is little more than a wire.
There are very many amusingly addressed letters.
s you may imagine, one I recall was to " Luazer
Bliss, who married Robert Fant's sister, and is a fan
maker." Another was to "Ting Wang, bis shop
California. I do not think I can close without ref-
erance to a fiith-breathing letter addressed to "Dear
Old Santa Claus," in which a little girl told all ber
trouolea to that blessed hero of infant worshipers
She toll him her "old doll was good as new, and
not to mind her, because her dear father was hurt at
the mill, and her poor mother could cot make enough
with her sewing to feed all of them, and that mother
cried when father did not see ber, and if Santa Claus
could just bring a barrel of flour and some coal,
ahe would try to be a good little girl ail the year."
The best of it was, her prayer wai heard and an
swered, for the address on the letter attracted the
notice cf one cf the officials, and be went to see the
little petitioner found it an "o'er true tale" and
taking around the letter and a piece cf paper, not
only got enough money to buy all the little one de
sired, but a good purse beside. After this who will
fail to believe in that good genii Santa Claus ?
E. I. J.
The Fisheries Question.
It appears to be true that the correspondence
between the United States and British Governments
in respect to the rights and privileges secured by
treaty, to American fishermen on the coast of New
foundland, has assumed a serious character. The
following are the main points cf the correspondence
thus far made public. The recent award, alluded to
at the close cf the extract, was one of 5,000,000 to
the Dominion Government, for alleged damages in
flicted by the Americans upon the Colonial fisher
men. We have no doubt the matters in dispute will
be amicably arranged.
44 That serious correspondence has passed between
England and America touching the virtual nullifica
tion of the fishery clauses of the Washington Treaty
by Newfoundlanders is confirmed by the best au
thority. One of the fisheries which was secured by
the Treaty of Washington, and which it was impor
tant to secure, was what is generally known as the
frozen herring fishery; that is, the catching or pur
chasing, chiefly in Newfoundland, of herring, which
are there frozen and ard kept for bait. Hitherto,
to save time, our fishermen have generally pur
chased their herring from native Colonial fishermen,
but with the privilege of fishing within the three
miles' limit. They are generally catching for them
selves. They go from Gloucester about November,
and occupy several months in their business. Last
November the Gloucester fleet, about twenty sail,
went as usual to Fortune Bay, in Newfoundland,
but were driven from the fishing grounds by a very
violent assault from a large and excited crowd of
Colonial fishermen, who cut and destroyed some of
their seines and drove off the fleet, the crews being
unwilling to run the risk of a disturbance. Repre
sentations were duly forwarded to our Minister in
London. The English Government instituted an
inquiry, and recently Lord Salisbury communicated
to the United Stated a report from Capt. Sullivan of
the Cyrus, to whom the investigation was committed.
In communicating that report, the British Secretary
for Foreign Affairs used language which seemed very
distinctly to accept the conclusion of the report,
which was in substance that the Americans had no
ground for complaint, as they were violating three
local laws of Newfoundland first, in fishing on
Sunday; second, in fishing between October and
May; and third, in using seines in their fishing.
The alleged violence was ignored, and the report was
based upon what was said to be competent testimony,
but none of which was transmitted either to the
British Government or to the United States in the
communication from that Government. Immediately
upon the receipt of the dispatch from London, our
Minister there was instructed by Evarts to say that !
such conclusions of fact could not be received as
conclusive against sworn statements of our citizens,
until the British Government had submitted the
testimony upon which their officers relied to the
consideration of the United States; that even if
such a condition of facts presented itself, or justi
fied the charge of violation of law on the part
cf Americans, still there was a great difference
between the regular and judicial vindication of
the law and such a rough and riotous method
of its execution by a mob of excited fisher
men. But, waiving the consideration cf these
points until the facts have been properly ascer
tained, he was further instructed to say, with
earnest, distinctness, that the Lnited States
Government could not accept for a moment
the conclusion which the language of Lord Salis
bury would seem to indicate, as the opinion of his
Government, that the right of fishing secured to
American fishermen within the three-mile limit was
subject ia its exercise to such limitations as the
Colonial Government might see Ct to impose. The
very particulars in which these laws were said to be
violated were evidently such as would seriously
affect the value of the fisheries. Our vessels were
obliged to Csh when fish could be found. The
months excluded were the very months when alone
they wanted the privilege and the prohibition of
the use of seines was equivalent to the total prohi
bition of fishing. The shore fishery, which it was
the object of local laws to encourage and develop,
was quite a different thing from vessel fishing, and
what was judicious in relation to one was totally
inapplicable to. if not entirely destructive of. the
other. Such a limitation upon a treaty right was
unusual, and not to be justitied by views of its
own interest by one of the parties to the Treaty.
It was not permitted by the Treaty itself, and could
not be interpolated by coustrtiv-;;jn ; and. however
unpleasant it might be to delay the settement of
such questions touching the recent award as were j
now under discussion between the two Govern- :
meats, tLe United States must ask for a distinct ,
disavowal of a construction which left it very j
doubtful what advantages, i: any, were secured '
by the Treaty."
l:i regard to the av.'.ud. tL.e V. '.. i'V "!: ;
Washington speci.il says :
li is probable the question cf the Halifax award ,
will be reviewed this winter, whatever may be i
done about the ultimate payment cf the money, j
A claim is made by those who have been examin- i
ing the subject that taken the British bill of parti
culars exactly as it was submitted, it shows the
Canadians were entitled to only S 120.000 an
nually, or to an aggregate of $1,200,000 for ten
years. This is less than $1,500,000, instead of $3.
000.000, the amount of the Halifax award. And
against this it is claimed it would be fair to deduct
the special duties on fish and Csh oil remitted by
the United States for Canada. This item, of itself
would amount in the ten years to S3.000.00O.
That would make the statement from the British j
Commissioners" figures. SI. out) .000 in favor of the j
United S:ates. instead ot 5.000,000 in favor of ;
Great Britain. The gentlemen connected with '
this business will undoubtedly be called upon to
explain their conduct."
The amount ; the award i ci deposit in i
London, awaiting a final decisi-.r:.
The United States now exports about 200.000.
OOO pounds of cheese to E-.irvpe annually.
An eiitcr with nine unmarried daughters was re
cently made justly indignant by the misconstruction
his contemporaries put upon his able leader on
"The Demand for Men."
THE CIPHER ESS AGES.
TLe political world of the United States is
now being stirred to its utmost depths by the
publication in the New York Tribune of the
Cipher Dispatches connected with the Presiden
tial election returns of the States cf Louisiana,
Florida, and Oregon, in November. 1S7C. The
! revelations afforded by the translation of these
l messages Lave stunned the public, and pro
I duccd the deepest indignation in the minds of
all thoughtful people. Both the great political
parties went into the election campaign with
broad planks in their platforms of Reform for
the civil and political administration of the
government, and the jople. according to their
views, believed them both to be equally Bincere.
These dispatches show the public that the
managers of both parties resorted to fraud and
corruption. Mr. Tilien'a agents commenced the
game, and the Republicans were obliged to
fight them with their own weapons, op submit
to defeat. They had to meet fraud, subornation
and corruption, and they could do it only
with the same disreputable and corrupt means.
We shall be much mistaken if these infamous
revelations do not convince the honest masses of
the people that there is an immediate and urgent
necessity for a radical reform in the national
politics. The great heart of the nation is sound
on all the issues of the diy ; it is the disgrace
ful and unprincipled manocuvering and tactics
of the party leaders, their unscrupulous placing
of 44 bar 'Is of money where it will do most
good," that defeat the honest will of the people.
This state of things, we do not believe, will
last. There is what has been called a second
sober sense' in the American people, which has
manifested itself more than once in the history
of the ration, that will eventually sweep away
this tide of corruption, and the prominent lead
ers in it will be left on the strand of public
contempt, and their memories eink into utter
The New York Tribune of the 7th and 8th
ult. occupies a large portion of its space with
the publication of these cipher telegrams and
the translations of the ciphers employed, and
the method pursued in discovering the keys.
Apart from political considerations, it is most
interesting reading. The correspondence em
braces nearly four hundred dispatches, covering
the period between the Presidential election,
in November, and the completion of the count
in all the disputed States. In many of the
messages, a double cipher, or a cipher within
a cipher, was used, making a translation still
The Tribune had three experts or investigators,
working apart from each other, upon different
bundles of tho telegrams, and without inter
communication. By the keys which they worked
out they arrived, independently, at the same
conclusions, and there seems to be no room to
doubt the correctness of the translations.
Some days, it is proper to state, after the publi
cation of these telegrams and their translations,
Mr. Tildcn, in a card, denied all knowledge of
them, but his denial partakes eo much of the
character of special pleading, that it is not gen
erally accepted. It is felt that his disavowal
was kept back too long, and that an innocent
man would not have delayed a moment in an
indignant protest against euch damaging charges.
The disclaimer of Marble, who also denies com
plicity in the telegrams, does not touch the
point at which the eyes of the people are now
directed. They see that there was a deeply-laid
plan on the part of Tilden's managers to put him
in the White House by corrupt and infamous
means, and no amount of sophistry or denial by
any of the parties implicated will screen them
from execration hereafter. They are all politic
ally dead. New issues and new combinations
will bring out new men, and the old leaders will
be overlooked or forgotten. New party war
cries will lead the hosts to battle in the cam
paign of 1880.
To justify the foregoing remarks, as well as to
satisfy the curiosity of our readers, we give a few
of the telegrams, with their translations, as pub
lished by the Tribune. The following lias the
first reference to money:
T.u.i-A. (Fla.), IS. 1S76. Henry Ilavemeyer, No.
15 West Seventeenth street. New York: Ten
Jacksonville Jacksonville it requested eleven
place I have one Payne England notify twelve
lroni one. If four immediately Daniel as not I
you Italy. W. Call.
Tallahasskk (Fla.). November IS, 1S7C. Henry
Ilavemeyer. No. 15 West Seventeenth street. New
York : Have you provided five thousand three
hundred dollars telegraphic credit l'ayne, as re
quested from Jacksonville? If you have not,
place your telegraphic credit J. J. Daniels, Jack
sonville. Notify immediately. YV. Call.
J. J. Damkls.
The following is still more explicit, and to the
Talla., 2. Colonel Pelton, No 15 Gramercy
Park, N. Y. Certificate required to Moses decision
have London hour for Bolivia of just add Edin
burgh at Moselle had a any over Glasgow france
ree'd russia of No sig.
Talla.. December 2d. Colonel Pelton, 15 Gra
mercy Park: Have just received a proposition to
hand over at any hour required Tilden decision of
Board and certificate of Governor for $200,000.
New York. December 3d. Manton Marble,
Tallahassee, Florida : Warsaw here. Bolivia
Brazil. No sig.
New Youk. December 3d. Manton Marble,
Tallahassee, Florida : Dispatch here. Proposi
tion too high. No sig.
Col. Pelton, it will be remembered, is Tilden's
nephew, and private secretary.
The cipher, of which the following is a trans
lation, is not given :
Tallahassee, December 3. Colonel W. T.
Pelton. No. 15 Gramercy Pat k : Proposition re
ceived either giving vote of Republican of Board,
t.r Lis conference in Court action preventing Elec
toral vote from being cast, for half hundred best
United States documents. (For .50,0t0 in l S.
New Youk. IVc. !. "0. Talla.. Fla. Manton
Marble : Lima should important in once be con
cert council and letter if trust you then very no no
Warsaw can Cox done time him divided act only
Bolivia with and consult here. No sig.
December 4. Manton Marble. Tallahassee, Flo
rida : Telegram here Proposition accepted if
done only once. Better consult Woolley and act
in concert. You can trust him. Time very im
portant, and there should be no divided councils.
Here was the order to buy the Presidency of
the United States for " half hundred best United
States documents." The conspirators rushed out
ami ii leas ioo I-tie. The following dispatches
tell the story :
Tallahassee. Florid i 4th. Henry Ilavemeyer,
No. 15. West Seventeenth street. New York : Sat
urday William if power joined forty further twenty
have'Charles necessary be June you late ten si.
teen will with and six twenty 100 be against
secured tive from advise appear.
II. Ilavemeyer, New York : Powvr received too
hue. Twcnty-Sve ten appear to have joined with
Board aaiu'st contract from Saturday. Will be
prompt and advise you further, if necessary. Jane
Charles William. WouLiiY.
Tallahassee. December 5. 16715. Colonel Pel
ton, 15. Gramercy Park. New York Proposition
failed. Finished yesterday afternoon responsibility
(as) those. Last night Woolley found me and
said he had nothing, which I knew already. Tell
Tilden to saddle Blackstone (resort to legal pro
The steraer City tf Syirity arrived at this pert
oa Mot liy st, bringing dates from Auckland to
' rbe 12th inst.. nd telegranss from London to the
10th. The news, though brief, is very important.
- By the previous mil we learned that Russia bad de
; terained to increase her artny in Turkey to the fcr
; midable figure cf 200,000 men. It is reasonable to
1 suppose this determination coull t for no other
purpose than permanent occupation. This granted,
the notiaemtion cf Enz'ianl and Austria that they
have agreed cn ft treaty to compel ber to evacuate
! Turkey, in accordance with the Berlin Treaty, will
render it imross:ble for Rossi to retire ia the face
cf a threat. The alternative ia manifest.
The winter season is at hand, and it is not proba
ble that any important military operations will te
undertaken during that period. All the parties will
occupy the time before a campaign can be opened in
the spring ia gathering up tLeir resources and mat
ing preparations for the direful work of devastation.
This seems to be the prospect, if Russia does cot
recede from her present attitude. We look anxiously
for the incoming mail, due next Monday
The following are the telegrams :
Losdox, Nov. 7. England and Austria have no
tified Russia that they have agreed on a treaty to
compel her to evacuate Turkey, in accordance with
the Bn-hn Treaty.
The treaty referred to above, was made secretly at
the time cf the Congress, and corlained a proviso
that in th? event of Russia claiming, on the ground
of humanity, to preserve order anl to remain in
Turkey beyond the date that the Congress specified,
England and Austria were to undertake the police
. . ,n . .... ,
duties, and to compel nussia io evacuate. 1013 was
intimate! at the time to Russia.
Russia is fortifying Shumla, Silistria, and Widdin,
instead of removing the troops
Nov. 9. Four thousand Bulgarian militia have
massacred a larce oortion of the Mussulman popula
tion, and burnt several villages near Demotica.
Thi Times telegrams state that several thousand
of the former Russian officers acd soldiers have been
permitted to volunteer their services to the Afghans.
A Berlin despatch says it is expected in Russia
that if the English occupy the Smth of Afghanistan,
the Russians will occupy the north.
A St. Petersburg despatch says the F .ssian Gene
ral Staff has had printed several thousand copies of a
new Afghan-Russian dictionary for the use of army
Nov. 10. Count Schouvaloff, successor to Gort-
BchakofT as Chancellor of Russia, has left in the Liv
adia for London.
The Czar is in a precarious state of health, and is
not permitted to take part in the solution of the pout
ical difficulty. Probably a revision of the ' Berlin
Treaty will be proposed
Some hope of a pesceful solution of affairs seems
to be entertained, on the rutin r slender ground that
Schouvaloff is averse to a renewal of the war.
Madrid, Oct. 31. At the request of the
Advocate of Moncasi, a medical examination ot
the mental condition of the prisoner lias been
Later The doctors who examined Moncaei
consider him perfectly eane.
London, Oct. 29. The air is heavy with
rumors of the illness of Lord Beaconsfield, and
the cabinet has been summoned to consider what
should be done in case of his death. At the last
meeting of the cabinet he had a serious apoplec
tic fit and the presence of bis physician was
London, Oct. 28. A despatch from Berlin
says it has now transpired that a strong Russian
force was concentrated on the Bokhara frontier
until the close of the Berlin Congress, in readiness
to enter Afghanistan.
A Vienna dispatch says it is reported that the
Russians, far from resuming their retreat upon
Adrianople, are re-occupying places which they
had evacuated, especially Keshan, near the Gulf
A Simla correspondent denies the reports of
backwardness in the preparations for war. He
states that a valuable contingent of five thousand
men has been obtained from native Princes.
New York, Oct. 31st. Pope Leo X has ap
pointed Dr. Gilooly; for nineteen years Bishop
of Elphin, to the position of Apostolic Delegate
from the Holy See to the United States and
Canada. The statement that the Pontifical
Secretary of State will consult the British Govern
ment before appointing Cardinal Cullen's suc
cessor, recalls former reports that an understand
ing has already been arrived at between Great
Britain and the Vatican, with a view to pacify
ing Irish disaffection. The appointment, there
fore, is expected to have an important political
The Times' Washington special says : In a
conversation with Key, to-day, Nov. let, on the
condition of the Chinese in California, he gave
the following as the result of his observations
during tho recent visit to the Pacific Coast :
" The politicans are almost to a man against the
Chinese, and antagonize them bitterly. Mer
chants, manufacturers, farmers, and nearly the
entire employing class arc very fond of Chinese,
and prefer them, to any other laborers. They
epeak in the highest terms of the Chinese.
They say they are docile, obedient, obliging,
punctual, hardworking and faithful. They are
exceedingly thrifty and economical. They are
temperate in their habits, do not drink liquors
of any kind, cat very little meat, and live almost
entirely on rice. It is wonderful to see how
little a Chinaman can live on. Their economy
struck me as something marvellous. Large
numbers of them sleep in a single, ill-ventilated
room. They constantly violate the fundamental
laws of health, and yet they are seemingly very
healthy. I was astonished to learn that they
had no hospital. I was shown through the
Chinese Quarter of San Francisco by the Mayor,
and saw everything in that locality, but there
are a number of places here in Washington
fully as bad, if not worse, than anything 1 saw
in Chinatown. I also observed that the Railroad
Companies employed a large number of China
men, and found them excellent workmen."
The N. Y. Ikrald's Madrid special, Oct. 23,
says : The excitement occasioned by the attempt
cn King Alfonso's life, has not, by any means, died
out. The criminal, whose name is Moncasi, fired
from the sidewalk, in front of house No. 93.,
Calle Mayor, lie aimed too low, however, and
the ball "passed through the hand of a soldier
standing guard on the oppositeside of the street.
The King saw the flash and, with an involuntary
movement of his hand, checked his horse momen
tarily. He then rode tranquilly around toward
the palace. Several women who were Etanding
near the man who fired, pointed him out with
loud cries, and he wai at once arrested. He did
not make the tlightest attempt to escape- Ter
rible indignation was manifested among the pco
j lo. Attempts were made to wreak vengeance
upon the assassin when he was on his way to the
Gobierno Civil. Hence he wn3 soon removed to
the Captain Generalcy. The prisoner displayed
great coolness during liis commitment. Ho inso
lently drew a cigar from his pocket, which he
coolly lit and began to smoke. He is a very thin
man, of medium height, wears a 1 ght moustache.
Eastern Europe and Asia.
The c-jngratulatbris .n the hapf J an l pvact
ful results which were tivied tj fallow the
late conference of Eurojnn power held at
Berlin, have turned out t. be somewhat pre
mature. It is true the calamity involved in a
war between two such rowerful nation as Great
Britian and Russia w.n, Lr the time at le!ut.
happily a verted, but ueh a complete alteration
j of the map ff Europe as th? tr-y Conditions
! involved, could scarcely be exjic:-d to affrd
! satisfaction to all the cati .nahti !' interested in
j the division, and henee a cvntinuanee ot unoai
! ness. resistance and !!. -ished consequent u-n
j the occupation v,f territories as:ned tome i f
the contracting parties.
Austria was awarded a larre slice of countries
' lying contiguous to her Empire, and in the work
of taking possession of them haj encountered the
most determined resistance, so that her acquisi
tion of Bosnia and Herzegovina have cost her as
much in blood and treasure as if she bad conquer
ed them by force of arms instead of having had
them assigned to her under a peaceful treaty.
The determination and resistance of her new
subjects excite admiration of their efforts to ob
tain independence, although the well prepared
military power will prove too much for their
gallant etforis. An armed occupation will be
needful to fubdue and retain her new domain,
and with Italy 6-) anxious to grasp a goodly
portion of Austrain territory, the latter country
will be compelled to watch her ambitious neigh
bor, and will have a perpetual menace between
the risk of foreign invasion and the disaffection
and warlike tendencies of her new subjects.
Greece is also disappointed in her !;are of
the late division of crippled Turkey, and meets
with obstacles in securing even what was awar
ded to her, that these two powers assume a
hostile attitude toward each other, and England
will Lave a hard task in reconciling their differ
ences, which, however, the will be compelled
to do with her self-imposed guardianship of ber
Rumor assigns the protectorate, or in tlain
words the possession of lunis, to the rrench
Republic; whilst England is also credited with
similar intentions toward Egypt. A diplomatic
denial of such arrangements has been made, tut
this by no means make their accomplishment
impossible, and a general impression prevails
that they will eventually be carried out and that
they are almost necessary to secure previous
advantages accorded to these several nations.
A new difficulty has now arisen in Asia. The
Ameer of Cabul has lately been in most friendly
accord with the Czar, and under the, influence
of the Russian Embassy at bis Court has resis
ted the passage of a British Mission through
the entrance to his sovereignty at the Khybcr
Pass in Affghaniotan. Armed resistance necessi
tated the return of the British Envoy and suite,
and an insult so marked will have to be resented
by Britain to pcrserve her prestige and authority
throughout ber Indian Empire. This may
complicate matters between Britain and Russia,
as the aim of the latter for East Indian conquest
has been of the most marked character, and
Britain is more jealous of any interference with
what is called " the richest gem in the British
crown," than of any of her other colonial poss
essions. Indeed the securing ber highway to
and her communication with the East Indcs led
her into all the late European diplomatic ar
rangements, and her determination to make
these unassailable was considered by ber states
men and people a sufficient ground, if necessary,
for incurring the losses, the horrors and expenses
of a gigantic war.
It is to be desired that the hoea so lately
fondly entertained of a peaceful era for Europe
may yet be fulfilled. It is not, however, to be
concealed that the volcano has not been entirely
smothered, and that perilous times may shortly
arise to upset negotiations wbichso lately seemed
to settle the momentous question of peace or war
in favor of the continuance of the former. In
the interests of common humanity and of general
prosperity it will be well if the threatened cloud
can be made to pass away and avert the annihila
tion of human life and tne tide of human sutler-
ing which war, the 6courgc of humanity, so mer
cilessly inflicts with its cruelties and excesses.
Napoleon's Prediction on Russia.
Although the Russo-Turkisli war is ended, the
attention of the world is still directed to the scene
of the recent contest. In view of events now
transpiring in Turkey and India, the views of
Napoleon, while at St. Helena, expressed in 1817
to his surgeon, Barry O'Meara, will be read with
" In the course of a few years," said he, Rus
sia will have Constantinople, the greater part of
Turkey, and all Greece. This 1 bold to be as
certain as if it had already taken place. Almost ;
all the cajoling and flattering which Alexander
practiced toward me was to gain my consent to
effect this object. I would not consent, foresee- j
ing that the equilibrium ot Europe would he de
In the natural course of things in a lew years
Turkey must fall to Russia. Tho greater part of
her population are Greeks, who, you may say,
are Russians. The Powers it would injure, and
who could oppose it, are England, France, Prus
sia and Austria. Now, as to Austria, it would
be very easy for Russia to engage her assistance
by giving her Scivia and other provinces border
ing upon tho Austrian dominions, reaching near
to Constantinople. I he only hypothesis that
France and England may ever be allied with fcin-
ccritv will be in order to prevent this. But even
this alliance will not avail. France, England and
Prussia united cannot prevent it. Russia and
Austria can at any time cflect it. Unce mistress
of Constantinople, Russia gets all the commerce
of the Mediterranean, becomes a great naval
power, and Heaven knows what may happen.
She quarrels with you, marches off to India an
army of 70,000 good soldiers, which to Russia is
nothing, and 100,000 canaille, Cossacks and
others, and England loses India.
Above all other Powers, Russia is most to
be feared, especially by you. Her soldeirs
are braver than the Austrians, and she has the
means of raising as many as she leases. In
bravery, the French and English soldiers are the
only ones to be compared to them. All this I
foresaw. 1 see into futurity further than others,
and I wanted to establish a barrier against those
barbarians by re-establishing the kingdom of
Poland, and putting Poniatowski at the head of it
as King ; but your imbeciles of Ministers would
not consent. A hundred jears hence I shall be
raised, an 1 Europe, especially England, will
lament that I did not succeed."
The New American Silver Dollar.
The Montreal Star says : A Montreal mcr- i
chant the other day Lei J up i.ne of the bright,
new silver dollars just issued from the American
mint and launched forth in disj aragtr.g rennrks
na to its weight anl value a cn; j artd with Brit
ish and Canadian coi-i. PI ice. it in your ;-t
office balance,'' 1 paid. H-j did s . Now, try
and remove it with four of your silver quartus,"
I said. He j Ian ted four fresh quarters with the '
utni'.st c- nfidence on the scale. 'I he Eag'o !
wouldn't budge. Ho Ix.ktd iiot.j lus-cl.
" Now." 1 C'niir.u'.-d. ' throw i n a f-n cent
i:." lie did s. The much abused silver
dollar of Brother Jonathan remained immovable
as a rock. "Cast on a five cent bit now," I
saiJ. He did s. Not a hair breadth movement !
of the scale. " How i- this." he said, looking,
amazingly puzzled, cn 1 scrutinizing the dollar i
piece between his finger and thumb. Ji There is j
nothing wrong .with the eagle, Mr. T.," I said.
" You might j ut on other two or three cents in
silver, if you had such a coin, before you move
bim a peg." I confess I am puzzled," he said ;
I don't see why people should rail against such
a dollar as this. " 1 really don't understand the
" Probably not," I replied. ' Can it he possi
ble that that" Jean scarecrow over the line issues
weightier coin than fat Jot.n Lull ? he asked, i
" I guess it's so," I replied. I took the liberty j
of telling him. then and there, that the noble j
silver dollar he held in his hand was dollar f )T
dollar, 13 to 14 per cent, more valuables than the
English or Canadian silver; by the mint stand
ard's, 3 per cent, more valuable than cv.-n the fall ;
standard legal tender silver of I rar.f- .-; that the
European nations had never Coined (ly over 3
per cent.) their silver, compared with gold, -: :
such a generous ratio as America.
Indianapolis J.iurn.j! : Mrs. Tiltoti intimates
i that she will prerarc a history of her experience
with Mr. Richer, which she will leave with her
i uuinti'a fr'ift1 b.r t nblication after her death, j
: jf f-he lets this get out some public benefactor ;
A monopoly for preparing and selling opium ' may put her out tf the way before she g"ts it
has been established at Canton, and gold to a ' prepared, and thus relievo a long sulknng j
' cotiBo.it tec" for $140,000 per annum. public.
and has Lis hair closely cropped, lie admitted
the crime, and triumphantly declared himself a
Socialist and Internationalist, but when interro
gated as to who his accomplices were, denied that
he had acted in concert with anyone. He said
he came alone from Tarragona, purposely to kill
General Grant was standing, when the shot was
fired, at a window of the Hotel de Paris. His
hotel looks across the Great Central Plaze of
Madrid, directly down Calle Major. Grant who
was following with his eyes the" progress of the
royal cavalcade, which had just passed across the
Puerta del Sol before him, said to the Herald cor
respondent that he clearly saw the flash of the
assassin's pistol. The General had already been
booked for Lisbon by the night train, and there
fore could not in person present his congratula
tions to King Alfonso, but to Senor Silvera, Min
ister of State, who called soon after and accom
panied him to the railway station. Grant
expressed his sympathies and regrets that
he was unable to postpone his journey in order
that he might personally call upon His Majesty,
lie begged Siivera to convey to the King his
sincere congratulations on his escape from the
assassin's bullet. Minister Lowell, and Reid,
Secretary of Legation, called at the Palace yeter-da-.
and expressed their gratification at the
King's escaped. The King continues to make
light of the whole affair, but the popular indig
nation is still extreme.
One of Life' Shadows.
At 8 o'clock the other n orrorg a Second ftrret
wife foil. mod In r l.ubii,l dmnt the gate a
be Mil Mf.rtmg for down toon, and kiudJy tail
t hiia :
William, vou know l. ,w . Ur I nevd a blue
" Yes. dear." I e remarked, ' but yoti know
how hard up I am. As oon n I enn my
way clear you ha!J have the dro, and a new
hat to boot. Bo jnticiit, 1-e good, an 1 your re
ward hall be great."
Forty mmutt after that he emerged from a
restaurant with a big backet and a fioh de
bound up the nrcr. In the basket wa a chick
en, pickle, cake, fruit, pie, and a little of
liquid of a rich color, and he was jot lighting a
twenty-cent cigar, when hi wife came along.
" What ! you here !" be exclaimed.
" Yes, 1 was going to the market. Where are
you going what's in that basket?"
1 was going to carry this fish-pole around to
a friend on Jefienon avenue," ho xnodetly an
swered. And that basket ?"
44 This basket well, I wa going to take it to
the orphan asylum as a present to the children.
It is a donation from frix leading citizens."
William, I don't believe it.'
" Sh! Don't talk so loud !"
claimed. " I'll bet you are going fishing."
44 Mary, have I ever deceived you ?" he plain
tively asked. 44 1 never have ! As proof of my
sincerity, you can tAke this backet to the asylum
44 And I'll do it !" the promptly replied n
she relieved turn of it.
44 Mr.ry, hadn't you"
44 -no, nr. l liadn t : louu Deltcr Mirry up
with that fish pole, n the man may want it, and
be careful now you Hand around in the hot run"
She left him there. Ho watched her take the
car for home, and then he returned the fich pole
and crossed the street and taid to an ncquam
44 Tom, I'm suffering from neuralgia, and the
excursion is off till next week. Too bad, but
wc can never tell what a day may bring forth."
There were chicken and pickles and other good
things on the table at dinner, but he never
smiled. Even when bis wife wished the w a an
orpluin, if that was the way they were fed, he
never betrayed the gloom in his heart. It was
only when the handed him the bottle he had o
carefully tucked into the basket, and he saw it
labeled: "Good for little children." that he
44 Mary, it's nn nwful thing for a wife to get
the impression that her husband is a cold blooded
44 It must be," die replied, as fhe took t lie
other chicken leg. Detroit tree Trent.
The Broken Crescent.
A correspondent of the Iondon Tunrt gives a
pathetic account of meeting tho remnants of
Mehcmet All army on its retreat before the in
telligcnce of the armistice had been announced
Tbey were crowding into the small town of
ichataldja, wet, ragged, worn out, dispirited,
hungry and sick. At least fifteen thousand of
them were barefooted in tho rain and snow, and
their feet were wounded and bleeding from their
long and exhaustive marches. Among them
were many brave men whom the corrcsjondcnt
had met early in the war, and who were enthu
siastically bent on fighting the Russians every
day. Now they asked bim to tell them, " For
Alan's sake, when shall we hare peace?"
When told that an armistice had lieen agreed
upon, they exclaimed The mercy of God !" and
gave way to tears. They bad been driven before
the enemy day after day, and bad retreated by
mountain paths and through fearful defiles, en
during tho most dreadful hardships, and buffer
ing the pangs of unappeased hunger. The spirit
of these urave warriors was completely broken,
and their longings were summed up in the one
It was upon this remnant of an army, and in
this broken and wretchedly demoralized condition
that the Porte would have bad chiefly to rely for
the defense of the Turkish Capital bad not nego
tiations arrested the advance of the Russians.
The resistance of such a force would have neces
sarily been feeble. It is, perhap, the conscious
ness of utter exhaustion and a knowlcdgo of the
want of all recuperative resources that have in
duced tho Porte to accept tho hard terms imposed
by the conqueror. Mehemct All s broken army
is typical of the dilapidated condition of the
Empire. It is a ruin, nor do wo believe it to loo
in the power ofany of tho W cstcrn Nations to
reconstruct and give it the appearance of ftrcngth
and permanency. When Plevna fell the Crescent
appeared as a eymhol of owcr for tho last time
north of the Balkans, and the time in not far
distant when it will disappear altogether from
"fid pleasant at the close of day
And if your partner makes a miss ;
But if she gives your bhiri a thwack.
Her back ! .SV. uti Journal.
Paujs ExiiiniTioN. It in now (Oct. lo) offi
cially known that the awards to tho American
exhibitors at the French Exposition number 730,
namely : Ten grand prizes, 30 diplomas of honor,
134 gold medals, ilui) fciivcr medals and loG
honorable mentions. The aggregate is larger
than tho w hole number of American exhibitors
nt tho Paris Exposition of 1807 or at tho Vienna
Exposition of 1873, and is a larger proportionate
award to exhibitors than to any other nation
represented at this exhibition.
A copy of the Chinese Encyclojediat contain
ing in 3,020 volumes, ell important writings by
Chinese authors between 1100 B. C. and 1700 A.
I)., has recently been received at tho British
Museum. A commission of eminent scholars
wan forty years preparing and revising it. For
its printing a vast font of copper type was cast
by Jesuit Missionaries ; only one hundred copies
were printed, and then, it is Paid the tyr-es were
broken up. In spite of the consequent rarity of
copies f the encyclopedia, the labor of its pre
paration and the fact that it h an entire reposi
tory of a nation, its 5,020 volumes have been
bought by tfic museum for 1.50 ap iece.
Jl'-resy nrrea.-s to he cpreading fomewhat
raj idly in the churchc". The latest discovery J
it is that God's omniscience is widely d'-nied in
ti e Methodi-t Epif-cq.al Church. And the Lasiii
i ft .isdi-covor .ini'!; by the lnd f n'nil . is a
) i'i which has jus: been ublishe J by the look
Concern, in which it is nliirmd that "human
freed wu is incompatible with univ-rsal prescience,
and that it is iuipofcfiblc fjr A to foreknow
what is Contingent oti a will as free r.s flu own."
This would sc in t bo another ntttmpt at rov
ing that God is not to be bell rcsponsih ; ,r the
cn il' -s misery of a soul, on the- ground that, us
He does not kriv what any man's fate will be,
He is not to blame f or allowing beings to come
into this werll whose ultimate portion is an
everlasting hell. Dr. Huret, President of Drew
Seminary, has written an introduction to the
book, friom which it inferred that he, too, holds
this view and promulgates the same among the
students. Hardly a fair inference.
Italy and the Egyitiax Qi estion.-A fresh de
ment of uncertainty has been introduced in the
Egyptain question by the action of Italy in seek
ing for herself and other Mediterranean Powers
the right to rarticipatc in the administration of
Egypt. A dispatch from Borne says: As soon as j
the Italian Government was apprise-d of the inten- i
tion to give international character to Egyptian 1
a Imini-tration, it stnt rer reservations to tho
Khedive and to the Paris and Iondcri Govern
ment declaring tij-.it Italy shoull be considered in
the arrangements, as she 1 as many intercM to
protect in Ezypt. The Khedive rp!ied that
Italy's claim would be just if nn international
administration was intended, but though some
foreigners might enter the Cabinet they woull
have iio f ireign official character, and lie wa de
termined to maintain complete independence of
Egyr trui administration. England and Fiance
rei lied to Italy that the department of the En- !
glish and French subjects wa merely nn act of
courtesy, not of political significance. Italy
nevertheless insists that her rights and interests
be respected. An exchange of views continues.
Tmr i 'To,rv.--l.i!' mcsgp'r. wbea
Franklin wa-iy Itrinn2 In t-wpprr
for the prt, a 1 urgr tpjd int the stor
anl ifit an hour or to ire looking over tne
txM.ko. rtc.. i 1 djU- tnkinz on lit bi band
ackeJ the !...p-Lr trice
4 ne dolUr, wm the anr.
44 ne dollar." .! the loung4 " rnn f
uk- lrrtir..1ju" '
" No iodd, one dollar i the prie."
Anoilier hour liui' neatly sl when th,
lounger wvi 1 : .
U Mr. FranXhn at liouv-5"
44 Yen be i la.Jb printing office.'4
" I waul toih him," the 1 " "rr.
The viil-liay i io mediately informed Mr,
Franklin that a gentWw,tTs iiT the iU'r'
waiting to e Iwu. rranklin wasMxtti behind
the counter, when the lounger addrcvaod him
44 Mr. Franklin, what it the lowcttjou can
tk- for that book?"
44 One dollar and a quarter," the ready
One dollar and a quarter ! Why, your
young man ackol ine only a dollar."
44 True.4 aaid Franklin, 44 and I eouU have
better afforded to have uken a dollar then,
than to bare been taken out of the ofliee.'
44 The lounger nocmed surpried, anJ wihirqj
to end the parky of his own making aaid :
44 Come, Mr. Franklin, tell tut what i the
lowest you can take for it ?"
44 A dollar and a half."
44 A dollar and a half? Why, you offered
it yourself lor a dollar and a quarter."
44 Yes." wij Franklin. 44 and I bud better
Lave taken that price then, than a dollar anl
a half now."
The Wanhmgton Tot,i( Oct. '2', publishes
on iu editorial page an interview nn lh Ctunr
ueition with Colom 1 Frolcrick A. Iter, whom
it calls one of the inoct prominent citiaens of San
FranciiH'o, and w hoo utterance it endorses by
giv ing thciu rulogintie bond linen, such as "A
True Picture of the Chinaman," etc. No inti
mation i given thnt 1 toe is a paid agent of the
Chinese Six Companies, and bis statements thun
fortified by the i'oit't political influence, are
likely to bavo pome effect upon public opinion,
and therefore socio worthy .f 1cing brought I i
the immediuto notice of the people of the Pacific
Coitct, with a view lo their prompt correction.
The nature ol the statements is fairly indicated
It llm f itl.iU' in tV rt f rirl frim C li Ititnrkintar
ii. ... I. - ... i'. .. t i .... )
c pooition to t be Chi or coins?
Anwer by Col. Bee From thatclaa of penpl
who burned down the hospital in New York
ome years ago, and who were prominent before
the country when they destroyed depota at lUr
rinburg and Pittsburgh at the time of the July
Question How do the letter claaa of Califor
nia people regard the Chi none?
Answer They regard them as good citizens
and wish to encourage the immigration of the
Chine. I am rertuin that if the question
were put to a vote whetlier tha Chinese ehctlJ gw
or the Irish population that oppowoa them, the
verdict of voters, who hold say $200 worth of
realty, would be in Tutor of tha Chi none.
Bee alno informed the interviewer that Chinese
immigration never comes to California bound by
any aervilo contract, and that tha Six Conipanic,
though generally thought to 1 a secret, mysteri
ous association, are only a mutual protective as
sociation. In oonrlumon, he volunteered the
surprising information that the spirit of the
Chinese Government toward the Lnited Mates
is one of unbounded confidence and roapoct ; that
they look to our laws as a rmttern lor their Uov
eminent, and are willing to copy from us, and
that they aro willing to divert to ua the trad
...i.:i. L'C l I . i: . 'i-i i i
nuiiu j.iiiibiiu now iuoiioihiiim-h, - j ilia, nni
Bee, 44 it a great opening lor us, lor t hinese re
sources are almost illimitable. "
Am ik.nt Lamm Jeki. Mr. V. M. lismca
wen baa discovered among the contract tablets in
tho British Museum two document a of great in
tercet to ceoinctriciana. Attached lo two terra
cotta tablets containing deeds of sale ofeatates
near Babylon, Mr. Boacawen found two neatly
drawn plans of the estates in question, the firat of
tncae relating to tha sales of some land which
took place towards tho latter end of the reign of
Ncbucbadncuar. It represents an estate of about
eight and a-half acres in area, aud bounded on
tho northern side by the canal of tho goddnaa
Bunstuo. Tho nunc of tho owners of ull the
adjacent lands arc give, and tho greatest care i"
taken in gifing the dimenaiooa ol thrae plots ol
land. Tho whole ia divided into three pairs ol
paralklogrrtinK, and check dimeunions are taken
to test the accuracy of the work. A senu-eircu
lar portion on tho caat aide is iiiont carefully incaa
ured, hoth radius, and cireumlen neo being given.
1 he second plan in unfortunately hi a mutilated
condition, but tho remaining tortious bow the
same care und neatum aa are found In tliu per-
lect one. i bo deed ol sale hi Ins aecond document
in written on the reverse of the tablet and in dated
in the reign of 1'arius Ilystappea. The value-ol
these document" as bnnea by which to fix both
the linear and area lnoaouro in uro in Babylonia
is very great. Both theso documents form por
tions of tho now well-known series of the hi'iM
tablets. Mr. Boscawcn bopca shortly to publish!
these documents, accompanied by faeaimilea olr
the plnns and translations of the deed rclittii.j
to them. -Afhrmiutn.
The Bishop of London, un Epincopul dignitary
holding tho propcrct of notioin. is cntcrtainin;-
Nundryofhis American clerical brethren h hA
rleanant palace of lull ham. The Lnited Mate
biehops are among the most charming and de
lightlul of men, but ah, is thcro not always s
but? they have one fault. They all, to a man
moko in bed : and not only therefore aro poo'
Ir. Jackson's olfactory organs nightly tormen
ted, but bis mental leeiingaare likewise Imirowc
by tears for the safety of bis lunnidon. One
the many bishoj of Jerusalem is also in town
He is kind enough during his stay in a civilize
land to behave like a civili.ed mortal, hut who
at homo his afternoon recreation is snid lo cor
Ht of hitting in bin fhirt-alccves on tho roof c
bis houne and smoking a long hookah. Apropo
of cleric, hero is a story declared to be genu
inc. Spooking of some wine, ol which, b-d awo
by a pulling udvcrtiftemcnt, j,q Jmd laid in
goodly fctock, a fat old country rector said to
frierid, 4,I t'a joifon ! I could not tiowibly drin
it myru If, find as for my butler, no abaolutc)
rcfusta to touch it. S I sin obliged to dudi
bote it among my sick poor !
J'niMs or a Goon IIokm:. Wind, says un ol
horseman, is the grand secret of a fat lion"
GoJ lunga will cover a inultitudo of fault?
while, on the other hand, perfection ofslinpe An
form nre ijccm when the wind is out, Tl
ehit, there-fore, In all casc, should be large hi
eapaciou. It may vary somewhat in thnpe, to
cording to the Mrvi'e lo w hich the horni i I j I
put. if ho ia apt to be k' pt f r flow work in
i envy diawitig ihe (bct mny c, nearly ciieul
in f jna, bcfaii'! Ihi hn i otn lor s'reng'
and bulk to rcone and bear up tigaintt Ihe J i
Mire of the collar, while at tho Muue timo u
cient room i secured for that cxianxion of
Jun;: ciiued by d'w, regular woik. But il tl
chert is circular J t it be ut tho name, timo dce
or c!k; the lung may bo cramped. A horse wi;
a shallow cU'st is worthies lor uny purpoM
i he rule, then, is : l or u draught borne, tin
cular but deep chest ; but na you pasa throu,
the different degree" of kik-cJ up to the racer ot
trotter the chest will incrcaao in depth compare
to us roununcse, until, lor me ingtieat rule
creed, jou must take a client ns deep ns a grr
bound, and at the sai'ic time not lacking
And Yi.t Pkkiiai's Not. A Jewish cont
butor to the New York Sun suggeata a long
of possible things from Bcaconsheld's efforts,
foll ows :
Beaconsficl l ia n Jew ; Beaconsficld 1
negotiated thi new protectorate ; ryria, in whi
J'alestine nnd Jerusalem are located, is one
the Turkish r TovinecB that are placed under t
l!rit.,ih protectorate ; uccording to tho terms
tho protectorate, the governors of Turki
province i tiro to bo appointed with the npprov
o! the J.ritir.i govt rnmcnt, of which Beaeontifj
is the premier : the appointment of tho govern
ol yna, in wiucli ure J'alemino and Jcruaiile
will bo under tie! control of Benoonilic!
Eeaeou.-h'eld, will, therefore, bo tho ruling pov'
ut .Jerusalem over ancient 1 ulcalino ; ho v
place a Jew in the ollieo of governor ; tho J
will again riso to power ut the scut of tl
nncient glory; the laws of Moses and Ihe
Jewish system w ill be restored ; and thus
may discover the key of Beaconfitld's cast!
policy, and ncboU tho consummation of