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WILLIAMS, LLANCHARD & CO.,
Shipping & Cociinlvsion Merchants
18 C-llfrl Street,
,LZ T9 SAN IBASCISCO.
CORBITT & nACLEAY,
Shlpplc- L Commission Merchants,
13 and IS Front Bt-i 10 and 12 7'usl St., Portland, O.
8AS FRASC13CO OFHCI.203 SACRAMESTO ETEEET.
Coirnmnt of Island ProJoc solidled, oo wh'ch CAS3
APT A WIIX P MAPI. SBh33
A. P. EVERETT,
Forwarding & Commission Merchant
40S FEOST 8TE.IZT, COBSKR CLAT,
Partfeui aUsotiro paid to ConaJfnaaenta of Island Produce
THOMAS G. SNOW.
57 Ccniaerclal Street, Beftca, Mam.
Consignments of Island peodnes solicited. hII ly
COIXSELLOR AT LAW,
80S mS STREET, - WASIII.NCTO.V, D C.
II a j pnctifi In the opresn Court of tb Cnited Etates
sac ISM. U ssesaber of th Bars of the Bap em Coarti
f Arkansas; ,Iai m and Louisiana, sod author of "Maitm
tkt Rowta Cam. Ilhutrott."
Alt rod to cun la the HapreoM Cnort of the r 3, and the
General Land ufirt, and to the proaeeutioo of Caima against
tike failed t tales. jyU
J. C MERRILL & CO.,
JrraU rr tki Bs!ar Dispattk Llae f ratLets.
ADTASCK MADBOS CPSelOMMEXTS. tf
W. H. CEOSSMAN BRO.,
118 Chamber Street. NEW YORK.
Refrrvae Caatle A Cooke and J. T. Waterhr.B.e.
IlM ASD loCOMOTIVE WORKS,
CORSES OF BEiLE ASD HOWltD STS.
SAN FRANCISCO, CALA.
W. H. TAYLOR, Prest. JOSEPH 5IOOBK, Sdp't.
Builders of Steam Machinery
I.N ALL IT3 BB A SCUtS.
Steamboat, Steamship, Land
Engines and Boilers
HIQII P&E39CRE OR COMPOUND.
STEAM VESSELS, of all kinds, boilt complete wlih
Halls of Wood, Iron or Composite.
ORDINARY ENGINES compounded when adsbabl.
STEAM LAUNCHES. Barfea and gleam To eon
erected wita reference lo ibe Trad in which they are to be
employed. Speed, tonnage and draft of water guaranteed.
SUGAR MILLS A NO SCGAR-MAKIXG
MACHINERY made after the moat approved plana.
Abo all Boiler Iron Work connected therewith.
WATER PIPE, of Boiler or Sheet Iron, of any ice,
made la aniuble leoctha for connecting together, or theeis
rolled, paoched and packed for shipment, ready to be rive
ted on the ground.
IITDRACLIC RIVETING, Boiler Work and
Water Pipe made by this establishment, meted by Hydrau
Uc RlTei in Machinery, that quaility of work being far
anperior to band work.
SHIP WORK. Ship and Steam Capstans, Steam
Winches, Air and Circulating Pampt, made after the most
1ITMPS. Direct Acting Pnmpa. Irrigation or City
Water Works purposes, built with the celebrated Davy
Valve Motion, superior to auy other pomp. fc22 3m
ITuDIA RICE lYTILLi !
BISSIOX FIIE1103T STS., SIX FR1SCISC O, CiL.
mne inoia riceTTill. after six-
X IsI2t VEAkA of practical experience and Lmrr
Biert, is now the nearest to perfection of any of the Rice Mil a
f Ue world. In thoroughness of Ckansinr; and Poh-binr it
ataada enriraled: and in yield of Cleaned, Merchantable Bice
froaa Ue Paddy, produces from 5 to 8 per cent, more than
the Celebrated Mills of Amsterdam.
TUK1ND1A RICE MI LI. m now in Perfect
Running Order for ths
UCLIISG k DRESSING OF PA DDI' !
UN CLEAN ED RICE,
Prom taa Hawaiian Island, to which it is fpeciaMy Adapted
PADDY AND HULLED RICE !
Will RfCt'ut Trompt and Car'ful Attention.
WM. M. GRERXWOOD,
Seoeral Commission Merchant and Proprietor of India Rice
Let the Galled Jade Wince !
A TRIAL is IheONLY TEST !
GREAT REDUCTION IN PRICE
American, Cold Sc Silver
7ATC H ES, VATC HES,
A Pise BaoUog Case Waltham Silver Watch for 81 C
a. m 8
i eye f
Aa m m Gold WaUrh W-r "IO
m m m m 949
AM Ladies' Gold Watch, 50
Am m m . " a
"fAII ef tkbre Haiee mf Elgla WallbsiaM
Watcher, wilt atMls ail the aksv
; Prices for the aet CO slay a.
Every Watch Gaaraateea, ar the- Meary
Trntlt is Iflifflity and
.T. will Prevail.
Coop M. McINERNT,
co Sols Agent for the Waltham
Baxji8 79 Watch Co.
ii.OAL ! GOAL! GOAL!
New LaaaUas, Ex Bark
S7rh BrEST QUALITY WALLSEND STEAM COALS
waarepatr Sal ! QtAitlUci U Salt Partbasers at Law
est Sfarkest Rates.
Allea Ac Rabiaaaa.
JOTICE THIS I
I Pram A Hotel Street, between S uuaou and Port.
ffiSilAl Candies Manufactured
Promgat At hia KatabUshinent are warranted lo be
iiELca from all Poisonous Substances
f Ad are SOLD CHEAPER than imporra
IRA EICHARDSOH!(ommcrciHl Ibbcrtisrr
iJi'rect from Jjondonta f nc assortment of
GENTLEMEN'S SILK. LAMB'S WOOL.
Merino, India Gauze and Lisle Thread L'ndenhlrU.
Pnk, chaker Flanrfi. India Gauze, Lioea and Jean Drawers,
"pan Silk, Palbrirgso, Brcwn Cottno, Strip Cotton, Stripe
Merino, Portland Merioo, Silver Grey and Dark Grey Me
rino Half llose.
" Guiots," French Bilk and Cotton gurpender ,
White Cambric. Lavender, Black and Colored cilk Ties.
Baronet, Club House, Windsor. Black and Colored fiilk Scarf,
White. Black and Colored Eilk Bows,
Printed Cambric Ties.
Linen Cambric Handkerchief,
Linen Cambric Bern glitch Handkerchief,
White and Colored Eilk Handkerchiefs,
French tiik Umbrellas, (large and small.)
A CHOICE SELECTION OP
Craw a, Ceadraj's Cbardla's, Calpate's, (JosarllN,
Labia's, Plaaad's, Flee A Labia's
El marl's and Wrack's
Voniling in jxirl of
Bouaaet des Aloes. Otto cf Bose. Ijuence of Rose. Persian
Otto ol Bosea, W bite Bose, Moaa Rose, Province Hose, Essence
Bouquet, Crowo Bouqutt. Prince of Wales, Princes! Beatrice,
Princess Louise, Princess Alice. Dntchest of Edinburgh, Mar
quia of Lorne, Mstbiola, Hawthorn Bloom, Opoponax, Wild
I lowers of India. Marvel of Pern, Italian Violet. Wood Vjo
trl. Sweet Pea. 8wrt Briar, Oranire flowers, Oolden I.ily,
Lily of the Valley. New Mown Hay, Heliotrope, Tulips, Fran
gipanni, Jtondelita, Jockey Club, Viang Viang, 1'atchouly,
Podium. Mouseline, Eclaotine, Skating Rick, Sandal Wood,
Musk, c. In cut glass, gill and plain bottles, all siaes. from
Fifty Ceots to Tea Dollars a boule. Just the thing fur a
TOILET WATERS, VINEGARS, &c.
Can de Toilette. Ear de Cologne. Florida Water, Lavemler
Water, Verbena Water, Hungary Water. Honey Water, Toilet
Vinegar, Aromatic Vi&ejv, Cpoponax, Hay Bum, Ac.
PREPARATIONS FOR THE HAIR,
Barry's Trlcnpberous. IV r Irs Hyperion Fluid. Burnett's
Cocoaine. Oleocome, Bay Rom Oil, Peatarhio Nut Oil, Row.
landa A 8oo's Genuine Macassar Oil, Briedenbach'a Macansar
Oil. Lime Juice and Glycerine, Opoponax Oil, Pomade Vase
lioe. Crown Pomade, Bimmei a Pomade, Pinard's Pomade,
JTOR THE COMPLEXION.
Rowland's Kalydor, Bileilenbach's Kalydor, Milk of Roes,
Bloom of Vouih, Bloom of Roses. Vinagre de Rongre, Lubin'a
Blanc de Perle, Carry's Pearl Cream, Cold Cream of Rotes, Ac.
TOILET & NURSERY POWDERS,
Fay'a Velootine, Opaline, Pistachio Nut Powdrr. Eukonij,
Opera (Jem, Lily White, Violet Powder, Rice Powder, Love
Powder lor Sechtti.
I trrf Wood aad Paper Puwdr Uoxrs and Pair.
PREPARATIONS FOR THE TEETH,
Barry's Stlarfllina FloriUoe, Sci(lont, Tincl. Myrrh and
Borax, Rowland's Odonto. Orris and Chalk, Cherry Tooth
Paste, Crown Tooth Paste, Oriental Tooth Paste, Lyon'a Tooth
Tablets. Japanese Tooth Powder, Violet Mouth Wash, Aro
matic and Ladies' Cacbous.
A large and varied assortment of
COLCATB'S.COCDRAT'S. CROWN, COS
NELL'S, LUBIN'S, P1ESSE & LU BIN'S
Toilet Soap Tablets.
Containing the Mlowlog and many other kinds :
Rose, Otto of Roses, Patchouli, Trangipannl, Heliotrope.
New Mown Hay. Violet, Millefleura, Cashmire Bouquet, Jock
ey Club, Honey, Almond and Glycerine, Elder Flower, Oat
Meal, Lettuce, nice etarcn, ivenuer, resiacnio r ui uu eoap
Ambrosial, Rondeletia, Cold Cream, Pure Card. Musk, Sanda
Wood. Calvert's Carbolic. Chard ins Medicated, Pears' Cold
Tar, Junepar Tar, Glenn's Sulphur, Vandyke's Sulphur,
Pears' Transparent Soap Balls and Shaving Sticks, Lubla'a
Crystalized Shaving Slicks. .
Naples, Shaving Soap,
Gosnell's Ambrosia Shaving Cream,
Sewing Machine Soap,
Kitchen Crystal Soap.
Ivory, Pearl Inlaid, Celuloid, Florence.
And a full Una ol GOSNELL'S HAIR BRUSHES,
from Fifty Cents to Three Dollars and Fifty Cents each.
Tooth, Nail, Cloth, Shaving, A Btoe Brushea. Wbi
Ilnstl Mirrors. Dremias Combs. Etc.
HT3SSUIT GOOlSaB !
FROM BREMEN !
HAWAIIAN BK. R. 0. WYLIE
And consisting of a Large Assortment ol
STAPLE ill FANCY GOODS 1
Cottons. Linens. Woolens and Silks, New Trials,
Denim. Sheeting, Cloth, Buckskins, Flannels, Merinos,
Ac, Jtc, Ac.
Handkerchiefs, Hosiery, Shirts, Towels, Umbrellas ,
Shawls and Clothing. Blankets, Ac.
Bags and Bargir.g, Canvas. An
Invoice of Christmas Goods
TOYS, PERFUMERY, Ar.
CALFSKINS. STATIONERY, Ar.
FROM NKCFF.LD, BERLIN, Vienna Chairs,
Cutlery, Backets, Tubs, Saucepans, Corrugated RooCnjr,
Fence Wire, Uoop Iron, Tin Plates, Tin, Bar Iron,
Yellow Metal, Pipes, Zinc, Lead, 4C
Kerosene Oil, Camphor, Ac.
CROCKERY AND GLASS WARE !
DEMIJOHNS AND BASKETS,
Candles, Soaps, Sugar, Ac, Ac, Ac.
POWDER AIVjD SHOT !
Hone Rope and Other Cordage,
Priotirg and Wrapping Paper,
St. Paul's, Bavarian and Lager Beer,
Claret and Rhine Wines, Brandy, Gin, 4 c.
Champagne neidsicb, Thoreau, Etc.
Tallow Barrels Fire Bricks, Coals, Gambia, Barrels Cement
(OK SAI.I BY
H. HACKFELD & CO.
SATURDAY, APRIL 5.
REPORT OF JAMES SCOTT,
C. 8. COSSCL AT H0S0LCLC. H. I.,
EUUb to the Eftrt of the Reciprocity Treat
aetweea Dan all and the raited States, made nn
der Initrnttloas from the Treasarj Department.
LETTER FROM THE SECRETARY OF THE
TklasCKY Depaktmkvt. Office of the Secretary.
Washington, D. C, June 28, 18T8.
DeaeSik: I enclose herewith a copy of a let
ter Irom Mr. Philo S. SbeltOD. of BostoD, who has
been for many years engaged in the sngar trade,
in which be eipreswa the belief that steps are al
ready Leinj takon to defraud the revenue, under
corer ol the reciprocity treaty.
I will be greatly obliged if you will forward t.
me, aa soon as practicable, a report embodying
your riewa, and all information you can obtain,
respecting the practical operation and resnlts of
the treaty aa affecting the interests of the Unit. l
States. I desire particularly to be informed as to
whether sugars produced in other countries an
brought to the Hawaiian Islands and subsequently
shipped to tLe United Stated for free entry under
the provisions of the 'treaty. It is desirable that
such information as you may be able to obtain on
this snbject shall be forwarded to me before the
meeting of Congress, so that it may be referred to
in my annual report.
John Smkrmax. Secretary.
Dk. Jaxfs Scott.
U. S. Consul, Honolulu, Hawaiian Island.'.
REPORT OF DR. JAMES SCOTT.
United Statks Consulate.
Honolulu, II. I.. Au'tiet 9, 1678.
Mr Dear Sir: Your favor of June 28th last,
enclosing the letter of Mr. Pbilo S. Sbellon, of
Boston, expressing the belief that steps are al
ready being taken to defraud the revenue under
the cover of the reciprocity treaty between tbe
United States and this Government, is received.
You ask me to forward you a report embody
ing my views, and all information I can obtain
respecting tbe practical operations and results of
the treaty a affecting the United States." and,
particularly, as to whether sugars produced in
other countries are brought into tbe Hawaiian
Inlands and subsequently shipped to the United
States for free entry under the provisions of tbe
The reciprocity treaty between the United
States and the Hawaiian Government, in its
operation and results, is a bonanza to these
Inlands, especially tbe sugar-planters and rice
growers. I wish I could say it were so with the
United States. Instead of the benefits being recip
rocal between the two countries, we get nothing,
but are largely tbe losers, financially, as I think I
can explain to your satisfaction by figures and
In the year ending December 31, 1877. there
were bhipped from this country to the United
Sunar, 23,500,478 pounds; average duty remit
ted on the same .2 81-100 cents per pound,
by the I'm ted States
Kite, 2.C27.3-J5 pounds; duty remitted on the
time, 2 '4 cents per pound
Paddy, 2,571,987 pounds; duty remitted on tbe
same, 1H rents per pound
MolaHSes, 111,843 gallons; duty remitted ou
same. 6 cents per fillon..
Tallow, 135,651 pounus; duty remitted on
same, .01 cent per pound.....
Value of bananas, f 11,851 11 ; duty remitted on
same, 10 per cent
PeanutH, C4,tlG pounds; duty remitted ou
name, 1 cent per pound
rf 710,732 03
Total duties remitted 8:11,200 ai
The invoice value of the goods imported
from the United States to this country iu
the year endinf- December 31, 1877, wax... .$1,702. hu f2
The invoice value of goods Imported from
the United States to this country in the
year ending December 31, 1875, was 947,200 44
Excess of importations from the United
Ktates in 1877 over 1875 815,455 38
Difference between duties remitted by the
United States and value of excess of goods
imported from tbe United States to this
country In 1877 over 1875 13,060 93
You will see by the foregoing statement that the
amount of duties remitted by the United States on
Hawaiian products, under "the treaty, in 1877, is
15,UC0 93 greater than tho invoice value of the
excess of goods imported from the United Slates
to this couutry in thai year over the year 1875. the
year before tbe treaty went into operation ; or,
in other words, our country gave this country
in 1877, by virtue ol the treaty, 815,543 38
worth of her products gratis and paid this country
a bonus of 15,CC0 93 lor taking them.
OUR LOSS INCUKASING.
I remember, when the treaty was under coti-sidi-ra.tion,
it was urged - in favor of its adoption
that the increase of expottations from the United
States to these Islands would remunerate us for
the duty remitted ; but, so far, the results have
not demonstrated this theory to be correct, nor
will they in the future ; for, while the importa
tions to this country front the United States may,
and 1 have no doubt will, increase to some extent
every year during the coniiuuauce of the treaty,
the increase will fall far short ot the increase in
the exportation of the products of this country to
tbe United States, I would not be astonished, from
tbe enlargement of old and tho opening of new
plantations, if tbe exhortations of sugar, rice, and
paddy from this country would be more than
doubled in two years hence over what it was in
the year 1877.
SAID NOT TO BE A LOSjJ TO TUE UNITED STATKS.
It is said by interested pnrties here that it is
absurd to claim that the United States loses the
duty on the increased importations from this
country, as, without ths treaty, there would have
been no increase of importations on which the
United States could levy a duty. This might ap
pear plausible were it not tor tbe iact that, if this
country imported less of her free products under
tbe treaty, other countries would import more to
fill up the deficiency and pay tbe duties thereon.
Ia this event, tbe United Slates would save the
duty. Why, in the other case, tbe United States
do not lose tbe duty, I cannot see.
ANOTHER PECULIARITY OK TUE TREATY.
Of the S 1.762,805 82 worth of goods imported to
this country from the United States in 1877, $1.
100,642 52 worth were admitted free, under the
schedule of Article II of tbe treaty. As tbe de
mands in these Islands for each and all of the
articles contained in this schedule cau bo fully
supplied by importations from the United States,
and that, too, under active competiti n between
importers, the consumers here, ol course, derive
all tbe benefit from tbe remission ol duties thereon
by this Government. Not so with tbe sugar,
molasses, rice, paddy, tallow, and bananas ex
ported lrom this country to the United States
' free." under tbe schedule of Article I of the
treaty. They are only a moiety of thf demand of
tbe United SUtes, and sell to the consumers at
tbe same price as tbe same articles imported from
other conn tiles duties paid, giving to tbe Hawai
ian producer tbe full benefit of tbe duty remitted.
INCREASE OF DUTIES BY TUE HAWAIIAN GOVERNMENT.
Soon after tbe ratification of the treaty, this
Government, by act of its legislature, increased its
import duties on a long list ol goou3, including
nearly alt imported lrom the Lnited states, not
exempted by tbe treaty, lrom 10 to 25 per cent.
Notwithstanding the remission of duties under
the treaty by this Government, by this increase of
its tariff on dutiable goods, the customs revenue of
this country was increased largely over what it
was before the treaty went into operation.
I always thought that this large increase of duty
on dutiable American goods on the heels of the
ratification of tbe treaty, which admitted nearly
all Hawaiian products free into our country, was
in bad faith to tbe United States.
ENUI-AND's OPINION OF TUE LAW.
Tbe British Government having intimated to
this Government that it looked upon this increase
of duties, levied on English goods under this law
to meet deficiencies arising in revenue Irom the
reciprocity treaty with tbe United States, as an
unfriendly act toward her. and in violation of her
treaty stipulations with this Government, tbe Ha
waiian legislature, a few days ago. repealed the
law, and placed tbe duties at tbe anti-reciprocity
I have given you as concisely as I can the rela
tive financial results of the operation of the treaty
between this and our country.
Oue incidental gain from the treaty to this
country I have not mentioned. Since tbe ratifi
cation of the treaty the price of real estate, iu tbe
aeTftregate. has advanced 37 per cent., and sugar
and rice-lands 100 per cent. Half of one sugar
plantation at Lahai.ia. Island of Maui, sold at
$500,000 since tbe ratification of the treaty, that
could not have been sold before at S250.000 ;
and this is only one instance of many sales at this
It has been said that tbis treaty and large out
lay of money may be a wise stroke of policy on
the part ef tbe United States that it may be pre
paring the way for the ultimate occupancy or
possession of tbe Islands by tbe United States.
As I am not a diplomat it might be thongbt out of
my province to discuss this phase of tbe question ;
but as it seems to be involved in your inquiry, I
will give my views briefly.
In tbe four years that I have been residing hero
I have been giving some attention to tbis ques
tion, and must confess that I am unablo to con
cieve of any emergency or slate of things, now or
in tbe future, in which it would be to tbe interest
of our country to acquire or possess these Islands.
I bave arrived at this conclusion from tbe follow
ing reasons :
IsL Our country has now 3,400,000 square
miles of territory, les3 than one-third of which is
utilized, much of which has a tropical climate. If
we most have more territory with a tropical cli
mate and a foreign population, it would be much
better to seek that which lies adjacent to us. tbe
population of which could be as easily American
ized as the population of this country.
2d. These Islands are 2,103 miles from any part
of our domain. Their government in time of peace
would be expensive. They tave a ccast half as
great as that of the United States ; and therefore, in
time of war with a maritime nation, would bo a
source of national weakness to us.
3d. The Islands and climate are not congenial to
4th. The United States is tie natural market of
these Islands aince cur occupancy of the Pacific
coast, and, whether owned by us or not, the great
bulk of their products will be exported to the United
States, as they have always been, whether they are
admitted free or made to pay a reasonable duty.
5th. The Hawaiian race is rapidly decreasing and
their places are being filled by Chinese emigrants.
It would not be strange as matters now stand if in
twenty years the Chinese would be the predominant
nationality on the Islands. These Islands are a
paradise for Chinamen, not only as laborers, but for
One hundred years ago, when Captain Cook dis
covered these Islands, he estimated the native popu
Ution at 400,000. In 1S23 the American mission
aries estimated the population at 112,050. The
census of 18GG showed the population, including
foreigners, to be 62.9C9.
Tbe census of 1872 showed the native population,
including half-castes and children born of foreign
parentage, to be i2.8sO ; icreign population, 4,011.
Of the foreign population, SS9 were Americans, 619
British, 394 Portuguese, 224 Germans, 89 French,
1,938 Chinese, and 3G4 of other nationalities. While
the population of other foreign nationalities has not
materially increased since 1872, the Chinese popula
tion has run up to 6,000 or 7,000, and still they
come. The Chinese of these Islands are not all
hewers of wood and drawers of water." They are
acquiring property rapidly, and some of them are
among the wealthiest men on the Islands. They
control the rice culture of the Islands entirely and
part of tbe sugar plantations. Tbey bave entered
into the mercantile and all branches of mechanical
and other industrial pursuits of the Islands, on their
own account, with energy and success. Notwith
standing all these laudable qualities, I don't believe,
with thiir peculiar religion and notions of govern
ment, they would be desirable citizens in a repub
lican government, especially if tbey should be
dominant in any isolated part. Better, in the event
they should supplant the present dominant race, to
leave them under their own control, and make them,
if possible, friendly neighbors. With their energy,
industry and frugality.it would not be necessary to
admit their products free of duty to secure and per
petuate their good neighborship. They would grow
rich in competing with any other sugar and rice
growing country in tbe world in our markets.
IMPORTATION OF SUGAR, ETC., TO THE HAWAIIAN
Knowing the strong temptation there would be to
commit frauds on our revenue by importing to this
the product of other countries for exportation to the
United States for free admission under tbe treaty,
I have been watchful in that direction. So far, I
have been unable to detect anything to lead me to
believe that sugar or any other article named in the
schedule of Article II of the treat;-, the products of
other countries, has been imported to the Hawaiian
Islands and subsequently shipped to the United
States for free entry, under the provisions of tbe
treaty. Permit me to say, in this connection, that,
soon after the ratification of the treaty, there were
imported from the United States at this port, in
bond, 1,854,445 pounds of sugar and 376,993 pounds
of rice, claimed to be of Hawaiian production, in
several lots, and reshipped for the United States for
free entry under the treaty. The importers and
shippers of these sugars and rice claimed they had a
right to do this by the laws of the United States ; but
before certifying to the landing of the sugar and rice
I required tbe shippers to make out invoice certifi
cates for each lot in the usual form and append
thereto their oaths, giving the history of the sugars
and rice named therein. I enclose herewith a copy
of the oath appended to one set of the invoice certifi
cates, which is a sample of all, marked " Enclosure
AXOTnER RESULT OF THE TREATY.
Another peculiar result of the operation of the
treaty is that, while the Hawuiians export their
sugar and rice to the United States and dispose of
them there under the provisions of the treaty, they
can buy in our market, duties rebated, Japanese
and East India rice nnd the higher grades of unre
fined and lower grades of refined Manila, Mauritius,
Java, Central American and Peruvian sugars, and
import them here for home consumption at a good
The freight between Sau Francisco end these
Islands is from $3 to $5 per ton ; Hawaiian duty on
sugar nnd rice, 10 per cent, ad valorem.
Sioce the treaty went into operation there has
been imported into this Kingdom about two million
pounds of rice, mostly British India and Japanese,
and mostly through the port of San Francisco, in
A few days ago there was imported at this port a
small lot of sugar from San Francisco, in bond,
called on the manifest " Golden C " sugar, which
looks to me about tbe color of No. 18 or 19 of tbe
Dutch standard. I am not well enough versed in
the distinctive qualities of the grades of sugar to
any whether this might be successfully re-exported
to the United States, either mixed or unmixed, and
in Hawaiian packages. It is said, here, to be a low
grade of refined sngar. I forward you a sample by
express for yonr inspection. I understand large
quantities of this, and one or two lower grades of
sugar, are to be imported ostensibly for the purpose
of competing in this market with the higher grades
Most of the refined sugar used here is imported
from San Fiancisco, in bond.
RE-EXPORTATION OF SUGAR AND BICE.
From my observation and investigations I have no
reason to doubt that the rice so far imported has and
is being consumed by the Chinese on the plantations,
and otberwie, on these Islands, nor have I any
reason to say now that the lower grades of sugar
being imported will be used otherwise than for con
sumption here ; but their importation certainly
creates great facilities for fraud on our revenue
under tbe treaty, if the fraud could not be detected at
our ports of entry, as it would be impossible to
watch their movements in every part of these Islands.
The customs officers here have always assured me
that if any attempt to commit fraud on our revenue
under the treaty came to their notice I should be
informed at once. They understand that if fraud
should be connived at by them, it would be a good
reason on the part of the U ited States to declare tbe
treaty null and void, and tbis country has too good
a thing in the legitimate operations of the treaty to
run any risks. Stiil, this has not made me less
I respectfully refer you to a report I made to J. F.
Evans, Esq., special agent of the Treasury Depart
ment at San Francisco, September 25, 1877, to be
used by a commission appointed by the President to
investigate the customs service fU San Francisco, for
further information touching your inquiry.
I append hereto a statement of tbe relative benefits
of the treaty to the United .States and this country in
the first year of its operation, ending September 9,
1877, in a little different form from the one given
in tbe former part of this report for the year ending
December 31, 1877, marked " Enclosure No. 2."
I think I can safely say, in closing this report,
that no unrefined engar, the product of other coun
tries, has been imported into this Kingdom from
other foreign countries, or from the United States,
since the ratification of the treaty, unless the sugar
of which I send you a sample be unrefined.
Tbe large exportation of sugar and rice the first
year after the taking effect of the treaty, I think,
can te explained by the importation and exportation
of the Hawaiian sugars and rice before named in
bond, and tbe holJing back of these products in ex
pectancy of the passage of the treaty, as well as
some increase in tbe production.
Should I at any time detect anything having the
appearance of fraud under the treaty, I will at once
give notice of it.
Very truly yours. J. Scott, U. S. Consul.
Hon. John Sherman,
Secretary of the Treasury, Washington, D. C.
Enclosure No. 1.
Uxited States Consulate,
Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands. )
Personally appeared before roe J. P. Cooke, of the
firm of Castle & Cooke, and, after being duly sworn
by me, made the following declaration : Tbe sugars
named in the annexed invoice were invoiced and
shipped by Castle & Cooke, agents of the Kohala
plantation, to Jones & Co., of San Francisco, on the
bark II. W. Almy, Captain Freeman, on or about
August 3, 1876, from this port, arriving in San
Francisco on or about the 26th day of August, 1876
Said sugars were again shipped, in bond, from San
Francisco for Honolulu on or about the 26th day of
September, 1876, on the D. C. Murray, Captain
Fuller, and duly landed, as per debenture certificate,
on or about October 23, 1876, and now shipped by
Castle & Cooke, agents of the Kohala plantation, for
the port of San Francisco.
(Signed) Jos. P. Cooke.
Subscribed and sworn to before me, this twenty
eighth day of October, 1876.
(Signed) J. Scott,
(seal U. S. Consul.
Enclosure Jfo. 2.
Comparative Statement of the benefits resulting from the
Reciprocity Treaty between the United States and the
Hawaiian Islands', for the year ending September 9,
1877. the first year of the treaty :
Sugar exported from tbe Hawaiian Islands to the
United States, 30,494,553 pounds; average duty ouymf
.9 81-100 cents per pound, remitted, by the United
6late $1,023,39 51
Molasses, 224.4-JO gallons ; duty remitted on
same, 6? cents per gallon 11,026 67
Bice, 2.299,790 pounds ; duty remitted on
same, 2S cer.U per pound.. 1 57,494 75
Paddy. 1,418.943 pounds ; duty remitted on
same, 2 cents per pound '. 28.S73 86
Total duties remitted by United Statee on
sugar, molasses, rice and paddy...
. .tI,125,3.-9 99
Total value of goods imported Into this King
dom free of duty, nnder the treaty, ia the
year ending September 9, 1377
En-ess 163.234 06
This statement does not include bananas, tailow,
and other articles included in the schedule to
Article I cf the treaty adnitted free cf duty into tbe
It will le seen by the foregoing statement that
the duties remitted by the United States are S1C3,
234.06 greater than the invoice price of all the free
goods imported from the United States to this King
dom in the period named.
IrL e m: JO J Tu !
ISOJLJL.ES & CO.,
WOULD INFORM THEIR FRIENDS
and the public generally, that they have
Eemoved to their New Fire-proof Store,
Which has jait been completed, situated at the Old Sued,
34 Queen Street, where they have been makine large additions
to their stock of Ship Chandlery, Ship and Plantation Siore,
which make their assortment large and varied.
Will be hippy to have a call from their patrons, snd thc-y
will assure them that no pains will be scared to attend to their
wants in a satisfactory manner.
We have now in Stock: Cordsce, hemp and Manila, an as
sortment of sizes; Cotton Duck, Flax Canvas, Hemp Canvas.
Cotton Sail Ttrine, 5, 6, 7 and 8 ply; Flax Sail Twine, 3 aod 5
ply; Blocks, Oars, chieves. Hooks and Thimbles, Ac , Ac , all
of which will be sold at Bed Reck Price.
Wonolulu, Nov. 23d, 1873. jl 79
FOR SALE BV
noLi.i.s & co.
1VILMIXCTOX TAR. WILMINGTON
For Sale by
BOLLES & CO.
PAINTS AND PAINT OIL,
HUBBTCK'S PURE LEAD. HUB BUCK'S
White Zinc, Itubbuck's Pale lioiied Oil, Boston Spirits
Turpentine. For Sale by
jal '79 B0LLE3 & CO.
MIXED RUBBER PAINTS,
IIP ALL SU A DES. IV LARGE AND SMALL
IV LA RG
For Sale by
BOLLF-S 4 CO.
ANCHORS AND CHAINS,
VSSORTED SIZES. SMALL CHAINS,
from i inch to i inch, in quantities to suit. For Sale ly
liOLLES & CO.
flEEF. PORK, HAMS. BACON. CHEESE,
IMS. B At
F"or Sale by
JLS I.artl, ifC , 4 c.
BOLLES 4- CO.
A LARGE ASSORTMENT. NEW AND
IT ME NT
For Sale by
4 LARGE ASSORTMENT, INCLUDING :
JM. Koast Beef, Boiled Beef, Roast Mutton, Boiled Mutton.
Compressed Corned Beef, Pips Feet, Lambs Tongues, Beef
Tongues, Tripe, Fish Chowder. Poric and Beans, Codflah
Balis, c, &c. For Sale by
jal '79 BOLLES & CO.
CUTTINGS Si. CO.' FRUITS AND JELLIES,
San Jose Fruits and Jellies, a full assortment
jal '79 For Sale by BOLLES it CO.
DURE SPERM OIL. STRAINED AND FREE
For Sale by
JL from foots.
BOLLES St CO.
1 X QUANTITIES TO SUIT. FOR SA LE B V
BL jal '79
BOLLKS & CO.
TftTOON-DA V, DEVOE'S AND DOWNER'S.
11 jal '79 .
For Sale by BOLLES & CO.
CALIFORNIA CUBE IN 231b BOXES.
' Kegs of powdered suiar.
j:il 79 For Sale by BOLLES k CO.
BURNETTS FLAVORING EXTRACTS
4 FULL ASSORTMENT, FOR SALE AT
J Wholesale and retail by
j il '79
B01 LE3 & CO.
vrtVII.I.t roRDAOK. Auarteil Sizrs.
XV B which gives us a Full Assortment, tor sale by
BOLLES in CO.
AT MEAL, CRACKED WHEAT IN lOIb
gs. or Sale by
BOLLES & CO.
GOLDEN GATE FLOUR,
TOW LANDING EX DISCOVERY."
GRAHAM FLOCR, .
11 '79 For Sale by BOLLES & CO.
TEW AND FRESH FROM THE MILL
J.1 . Ex ' Discovery
j il '79
For 8ale by
BOLLES Ac CO.
I)RESTON AND MERRILL'S,
jal '79 For Sale by BOLLES dc CO.
rpiIE REAL ARTICLE OF EAST INDIA
a nuuiry m quart nome, assorieu,
jal '79 For Bale by BOLLES dc Co
t SGOOD AS ANY IN THE MA RK ET.
For Sale by BOLLES & CO.
Ia a mcdicino that was discovered by old Ntras
Eeutuand, who had been occupied in eick rooms and
with the care of sick people, for over fifty years. It
id made purely and entirely of Plant, Herba
and Roots, end Is exceedingly agreeablo and
pleasant to both the taste and smell, being warm,
aromatic and epicy. It id a r.iost thorough purge,
cleaning out tho bowels without pain, and without
nausea or eiekculr.g. It docd cot weaken, and leaves
the system open and free, never drying up tbe bowels
ofterwarda, as every other purgo that wo know of
docs. It can bo given to infants and invalids with
safety, and in every case of old or young, it ia guaran
teed to cure the worst cases of constipation, indiges
tion, and all diseases thst effect theBtomach and
bowels. It is, moreover, a powerful stimulator and
IN VIGOR ATO It OS' THE LIVER. Its
cSectsupon the blood and bnmors is something real
ly astonishing, and Is much moro immediate and
thorough than that of any other purilieryet discov
ered, having this great advantage, that when it has,
by its depurating powers, set f?o in the system the
poisons ot Scrofula, Salt Rhenrs, Malignant Ulcerous
Bores, and Cancerous gatherings or lumps, it instant
ly carries them out of the body by purging the bow
els. No other puritlcr docs this: with all of them
the patient rac:t tate pills, or some other equally
nan scons dose of physic, or if they do not, the poison
remains in the system, and goes back into the blood.
ItEUTLR'S LIFE SYRUP is exceedingly
pleasant to take, needs no second dose to purge tho
bowels, and doc3 all tbe work required to effect com
Barry's Pain Relief,
Purely vegetable; for nse Internally or externally.
Cnree In one miuute. Try It S Try It!!
AGENT F0ZI the HAWAIIAN ISLANDS.
dl4 ly eow
IROiV T RAILS.
(Hlrrlffs, Talt & VTakoa's Mate ;)
MIRRLEES, TAIT & WATSON'S
FOR SALE LY
TREO. H. DAVIES.
A Fine Addition
Ai MERCH AND
AND CONSISTS IN FART OF I
IJ4.LACE, DOWNERVS AND VULCAN KEROSENE OIL. SAFELY SAID TO HE THE
Amoskes Denims, Blenched & Unbleached Ftne Cottons. Urfdrn, Cttca at Persia's Bleached t nblearhed Tine Ccltons,
Pepperill 8-4. 10-4 and 11-4 Bleached and Unbleached Sheetli gs, Amotkeap, A. C. A , B. and IL TickltifS,
Strk Blue Drills, Bedf.rl Unbleached Sheetinr,
CORDON, HAMILTON AND PACIFIC PRINTS ! I
The GENUINE PARIS PLOW, and cheaper than evert Cut Sails, Sd toCOd; Cut Ppikes, , " and I luh;
Hunt's, Croestnan's and Boys Handled Acr, Hunt's and
. . -
i :i( n , iiorse ibiis, w bum i, . "
Ames'. Lanes'. Heed s and li's tnovels sn.l rpanes. i-nr
Coe's Wrenches. 6, 8, 10, 12, 15, 13 and 21 inch; Cane Kniv
Crin.Ui.n.e,. (did 60 to 300 ncund's. rtt ou'ali'.v: llorca Cast
. . ni.K M.nnp. W A ,1 1 1 L ami L
Pressed Spikes, 2 to 4 inch; Horse Nails, 6 and 7; Uold l're.sed at and Washers, Aiaciiine nous.
Steam Packing, Asbestos and India Rut.lcr; Bet H-irp Packing. Bst.tct Metal, c.
Centrifugal Plates, 14, 12 & 10 inch, Weston's,
HOUSE AND MULE COLLARS. WOOD STIRRUPS. ETC.
Sugar foru, (.rem Peas Coud?acd Jlllk, JItMnrra's Outers, ,n and Iho ponud; (urn Slartli, c, k.
.V Wow Coustsniuout of tlao
Celebrated Galv. Barbed Pence Wire I
JTT Plant, rs and others are row finding ut that a single wire even of this si) le In their common wire fences
makes a sure protection again! cattle.
A FEW PARLOR ORGANS, TO BE SOLD CHEAP !
A Few Chestnut Bod-room Sots, complete;
Blake's Steam, Irrigating 4 Vacuum Pump., 1 each-, O rP;e Ilull. r it Separator, just the thing for the Coffee planter
PALACil OIL, PALACE OIL, PALACE KIDSlfi OIL I
t" And pronounced by Pr. Stangenwald A VERY SLTERIOIt ARTICLE, and the Safest Sped
men of Kerosene Oil tbat has been sent to Lira for Examination. ' Flashing Test, 12U.2 F.; and Burning,
mhi5 79 For Salo by CASTLE & COOKE.
JUST RECEIVED EX 'ALICE HEED,'
IDiaroo-t from ISTe-vtr Yorls..
A SPLENDID STOCK OF NEW GOODS,
Bought At ' Hot torn " Prices, and Imported at ad KXTKKM KLV IO V rate of Freight, which will malde u to
SELL GOODS STILL LOWER THAN EVER BEFORE.
L A G L E iPLOWS!
Tclcgrapli Plows,' Steel Plows,
Plow Points, Plow Bolts, Plow Beams and Handler, Bteel Coulters, Ilames, Trace Chains,
Double and single Whiflletrees, Ox Yokes, Ox Bows, all sixes; heel Jscks, Phovels, Ppades, Crowbars, Msnurs Forks,
Trash Porks, !lay Forks, Spsding Forks, ft eel, Iron and Wooden Hakes,
Patent Rotary Harrows, Iliuge Harrows, with steel and iron teeth: Planters' Hoc, asstd. tisesi Garden Does, asstd. sites
Grub Hoes, asstd. sizes; Rice Hoes, asstd. sizes; Pick Axes, asstd. sizes; Pick Mattocks, Ax Mattocks, Oos, asstd. stres;
Bush Hooks, Grindstones and Fixtures, Wheelbarrows, Canal Barrows, Hay Cutters, Portable Forfrs, Blacksmiths Bellows
Blacksmiths' L' BRIGHT and Horizontal Self Feeding Drills, Bterens' Patent Swivel and Fixed Vises, Howard's Patent Vises.,
Blacksmiths Patent Chain Vises, Tuyer Irons, C. S. Handled pledger, Htone iimmers, Masons' Hammers, Drill Hammers,
Handled Axes, Hatchets, asstd.; Cane Hatchets, Ax Handles, Pick Handles, Bie.lge Ilundlrs, riatiters' Hoe Handles,
Oo Handles, Itake Handles, Adze Ilaniles, Hatchet Handles,
COUNTER PLATFORM SCALES, TO WEIGH 240 POUNDS I
Platform Scales, to weigh from 400 to 1000 pounds; Platform Ecules, Drop Lerer, to weluh from 1200 to 2500 pounds;
Douglass Pumps, lifting and force, iron and brass. The Largest and Best Assortment KVJCK offered for sale ia this market.
Patent Pulleys, with endless chain, asstd. sizes, to hoist 3, 3 and 4 Ions each, with one man power. Just what is needed la
every Sugar Mill. Two of these hoists were imported TO ORDKIl.
Bell Bottom Jack Screws, asstd. sizes; Hinges, all kinds and sizes; Butts, Locks, Screws, Jacks, Cut Nails, Cut Bpikas,
Boat Nails, Boat Rivets, Sand, Flint and Kmery Paper, Planes, Carringe, Tire ami Mnchinu Bulls, Nuts and Washers,
varnnKB npriugs, meei Alien, ubii paiem; iron Axies, nun
Store Trucks, asstd. sizei; Hinghnm Buckets, Sauce Pans,
Charcoal Irons, Ratan, Yard and Stable Brooms, Glue,
Downer's Kerosene Oil, Devoe's Kerosene Oil, Vulcan Kerosene Oil,
Tl'RPEXTINE, MAMLA COKKACK.-MH ALfOIIATE
a Filers stock: of shelf hardware
AND MORE ON THK WAY.
13- T wi.lt to citll special atteniion to our GOOD STOCK OP LAMPS AM) CHANDELIERS. Just
received ex W. H. DEITZ, from hew York and Ban Francisco, togeiher with a general assortment of Goods In our line con
sisting in part of t Mechanics' Tools, Paints, Varnishes, Brushes, Step Ladders, Com Broom. Water Ctolers and Filters
Stone Fitters, LOW PRICED; REFRIGERATORS, THK REST KNOWN) Fish oiobes, Rubber Hos,8 4 ply
" PERFECTION " LAWN SPRINKLERS, ONLY $1.50 EACH.
FOR CHRISTMAS, A.MEIDID ASSORTMENT OF PLATED GOODS!
THE BEST I X L Pocket Cutlery, Scissors fit Razors, .
ICT And Useful Articles, too numerous to mention. Can be had AT REASONABLK PRICES, AT THE NEW
BRICK BUILDING, XO. 81 FORT STREET.
DILL I N Grl-I M fe CO.
SOP PAYS TTOD TEL JE A UD I
SMALL PROFIT ON EASTERN PRICES.
TO PLANTERS, MILL OWNERS & OTHERS.
A. Fine Htoclc to JSelect from arul Uouglit nt Bot
tom Rates in England, New York,
and San Francisco, lyy
CASTLE &d COOKE:
PAEIS PLOWS, genuine improved, heavy, at lower rates tlran ever offered
STEEL M0LINE PLOWS, 12-14-16, "
STEEL M0LINE GANG PLOWS, at small advance above Cost
STEEL HORSE PLOWS, XI, X0, X00, complete.
GARDEN HOES, solid socket, 5-8 in. neck, stout blade, made to our order and sold at
HOES, Planter's, Lane's, best quality,
HUNT'S AND SIMMONS' AXE AND PICK MATTOCKS,
Hunt's, Collin's & Crojsmann's Handled Axes; Hunt's and Days' Axe Pattern Hatchets. N. l A- 2; ehinalln dot
O-os. American make, best Cast Bleel and heavy; Ame's, Reed's, Sanderson's and Dorr's R'd P't f hovel. a?iti!,J
Cane Knives, Disston's make, Improved styles to order; Canal Barrows, Wheel Barrows - rpauos,
Collars t Bnmes, Ox Yokes, Ox Bows, llin.. 2 in.. Wood & Iron:
Ox Chains; Trace Chains; Topsail Sheet Chains; Hoop Iron, Nos. 19, & ;
Ats'id Round k Flat Iron; Axe, Pick. Oo. Hledee. Hammer and Adz llamiio..
FILES a lull assortment for Machinist s use; Nails, Wrought & Cut. all sixes; Cut fiikes-
Bteam Packing, Asbesto's Packing and Hemp Packing; Fence Wire, Block, Annealed, Tarred A: Galvaniftd;
THE CELEBRATED BARBED STEEL FENCE WIRE I
A dispatch from Manufacturer says: "We are selling: at the rate of 80 tons Dailv
Which means 160 Miles of 3 Wires! '
Steel Barbs f..r the ordinary Nos. 5 k 0 Fence Wire; Anvils, Stephen's Vices; Cooper's Vices Ac
Cooper's Tools; Carpenter's and Builder's Hardware; A Isrgean.I varied Assortment ol beit maker's Km. a- n . ,
Best Cold Punched Nuts; Paints, Oils & Glass; A larje assortment of Paint, Varnish, llor.V BlaVkin? 1 hur.,(
Scrubbing, Centrifugal 6c Stove Brushes; ' "Qr"e- "'""-king, t hite ssfa,
FAIRBANKS PLATFORM SCALES. FROM 400TO 3,000 LHS.,
ENGLISH EI1STE SADDLES,
A Fto." Saddle Trees, I,a!r Girths, Bridles, BucU,...
Legal Cap, Bill, Letter & Fools Cap, Sole Fspers, Pens, Inks, Knvelopes, Time Boots, Pencils ftc
Staples, Denims, Bleached & Unbleached Cottons a: Drills, Tickings, Linen Drills Diarxru'p i
Sheetings, Ac, Corsets, Brooks' and Coats' Cotton Threads, Linen Threads; ' ' nnl,
AMERICAN WHITE FLANNELS, FINE MEDIUM AND SILK WARP,
Raw k Refined Sagars, Ssr.lines. Oysters, Salmon, Soap, Ilnwniian, Knglish & American
Warranted Pare 4-Full Weiplit Candles, California t anned Fruits, Assorted' Cnrb o!l
Cream Psrtar, Nutmegs, Burr.ei's Extract, Blacking, Worcestershire Sauce Ae
Weston's Patent Centrifugals; The Celebrated Blake Steam Trri
eating & Vacuum Pumps, assorted sizpq ot ot. , A11X"
Parlor Organs, several styles:
firs. Vnlnnn rmrl TIpittooo
, . "
FBOLV MEIV YORK
to their Stock cf
Iays Hatched, all stlr and numners. vinwnrr.
a . . S B Ik a VI aar S Inrk a SI I'll I fl I I (Jt.
i . . . - . . . , . n.
rianier- itorn ana j --- -.
s, best qualiiyi Trace C hams, T and Ptrap 'i'"' """TV
Jiantlles, -yJ IIOIC l'if rf, l ni .-. -, .... -. .
Hted. octagon and suuare, 6-S, 1 and 1J loch;
psieni; liorse IMHils, llr.rse Hlines, Mule Khoes,
Watih lfonrdx, Spring Clothes Pins. Clioi plnir Tr
ruske, Superior 8iires.
v vjv city kJXJ LLwXXI. rMTPQ
Kcrospno nii0T. '
nt lnmA04 -.
cat, mi.UK.rV; WftV.
i -,' i.