Newspaper Page Text
" satprdaV, MAY3T
The Perihelion of Mart. .
T Om Editor cf the Tatjit tnmrcial Advertiser:
Sm : Tbe planet Mars. ur nrrt neighbor
eUtet Icon th ma and lb fourth ia order Ert
Kerwry. Vrnn. lb Erih and Mart once in
fifteen yesr tbU planet Approaches th Eartb
wjtbia fotlj-Tea million of miles, at. in pti
belloa. wUb Eartb ia aphelion, cr farthest from
tb San, tad Mars at iia nearest. On Angmt
30tb, M77, ft lin Irom the San would pwj tbroufh
lira Earth and Mara. Now tbU happens; about
one in fifteen year, bat at th!- perihelion of
Kara the planeU Jupiter and Saturn were in a
f oaitlofl to exert an loduenc on this Earth and its
aurrtaadlaf altaestfl more than they can aza.:.n
lor some uuua cua ui j cat . iu uvwni . v .
vem, 1377, three of tbe saperior planets wer
hininj la the weatern skj. On NoTember 2J.
Mars eame wiihia three miautes of are of occtilt
lag rl3 3turo. At tbu time the pUrfeh Venue
and. Jupiter were within eight degrees of eacb
other, and the four were within an arc of seTentj
foit degree, ail ahiulfl wlti. great rplcodor an J
all in southern declination.
With tbexe preliminary observations, show in;
the po-titioos of the planet and their relations to
our Earth, one would be led to suppose that they
would exert an influence on tbe fluid element of
the planet we inhabit. As the basis of tbi theory,
we are Ml lain thai nature always seek an equili
brium, and any undue influence of the hesrenly
bodies oa tbe Earth would cause ft disturbance,
and when these fore s ceased tbelr action tbe ele
ment would exert an Influence on eacb other until
such aa equilibrium was established as existed,
before the disturbing causes were felt. We knor
that there have been great disturbances of the
fluid elements of this globe for th last two years,
and the enquiring mind of man will naturally want
to know the cause, knowing as we da that there "H
- .... t l - i
ft cause u aw ua tnoiniuui pucuvuKua ui
nature. To my mind tbe cause of all tbe extraor
dioary iurtarbsacet of the atmopbere and current)
of the ocean la la planetary influences ; such as
I i the great famine Ia Northern China, where no rain
j : I baa fallen for two years In a country where
drought was never known nntil two years ago.
And now cornea the cold wave, or a strong move
ment of the isothermal line to the south r its
normal , position. Snow and ice ia latitudes
where they bare never been known before.
Tie great current of tbe ocean deflected to tbe
souta of their natural limiu from two to three
hundred miles. Some unusual forces were acting
oa this globe to produce all tbU disturbance, and
It is natural to suppose that it as caned by plan
etary iofl tencc. . Perhaps some one wiser than
thd writer can advance a more plausible theory.
But to. my mial, the forgotten science of Astrolo
gy, coupled with Meteorology, may l-ad to some
astounding discoveries la future tims.
Anr one familiar with tbe laws rbat govern the
motions of this globe and Its attendant satellite
the ifoon, and it relations to the snn as tbe cmtrf
ani life-giving principle to all nalure to this and
all It. attendant satellite.,-. n7 one that has given
ial aubject a thourbt understanding, will readily I
1 observe the disturbing Influence that have caned j
' the anomalous movements of the fluid elements of
tals globe within the last two years, and probably
I come to th same conclusion with tbe present
i In this connection. another snbject occurs. Do
not these same influences have some effect on tbe
minds of the human family and all animated
I nature? It seems to me that such may be th
The ancient astrologers forecast tbe future
eer of individual by tbe pln-t that was in as
5 adant at their kirb, besiden putting great lre?s
' -a the signs of the Zodiac or month in wbicb the
Jta took plaee. Given tbe day of tbe month and
- particular hour, tbe horoscope was cast. Some
-" j,o hundred year ago this science was thrown
lato discredit by the absurd practices of professors
of the art, but to this day there are some credulous
I enough to believe that there are some mysterious
influences attending the birth of infants, and it is n
1 common saying that such a one was born under a
dO not Proprv" ii.-.w. th. .t.anrilitiVa of
lAaUology'iTSit la proper to ascribe some of the
'phenomenal disturbances alluded to to natural
Icinws, and to be able to predict, with almost cer
jtaiaty, the disturbances that will occur when tbe
'I Other planets exert an undue Influence on our
Dr. Knapp has written on the subject, and gives
his prediction for 18S2, In connection with tbe
perihelion of Jupiter and Saturn, but ignores the
late perihelion of Mars. I take the gentleman to
be aa astronomer, and if so, why did be not let us
ka o w all th e p articni ax. But, ontbecontrary.be
bids us beware of pestilence and all the ills that
flesh Is heir to, from planetary attraction.
Tti annrnarfc at the Earth In aDhelion to the
iplanet Mars in perihelion must have produced
j aome disturbance for tbe Eartb to come under tbe
direct influence of this planet, and in a few months
Ito be the whole diameter of the Earth's orbit farther
- ofl'. Whatever Influence may be exerted to dUturb
....ti;'Svtnfn th enrresoondlcir disturbances
iut .ww, - - r
Iwill be exerted ia restoring the equilibrium lost
;oy the first element of disturbance, and it is pos
sible that the reaction may be worse than tbe Crst
I Astronomy aa now known will dispel all of the
Illusions of direful calamities from planetary in
fluences, causing plsgnes, famines and other great
'catastrophes to the human family. As for four of
Ihe planets beiog la perihelion in tbe year ISS1 or
1882, It is an absurdity, for such an, event cannot
happen. Tberaeaa be no snch planetary influ
nces on this Earth as happened in 1877 for some
'centuries to come. The planeU Neptune or Uran
18 ia perihelion can have but very little effect here,
.hey are so far buried in space that no man ever
taw them without tbe aid of a powerful telescope.
Saturn and Jupiter no doubt exert some iufluence
a as when tbey are In perihelion. Tbe alarmfcts
ho are writing ia the papers about perihelion are
nea of no standing as astronomers for instance,
ne signing himself Astronomer Royal of Edin
Margh." We must confess that we had not heard
If him before. There is one Astronomer Rojal at
Greenwich Observatory, and I think that is the
Ctaly eae la Great Biilaln. When he and those
vtyd at the great National Observatories pub-
tbe world aa account of any change in tbe
- stem oat of tbe common order, tbe public
"place some confidence in what they ray, as
gv Uy know what they are writing about.
; f ai be an excitement got up to gather in
I Sot T n ,trenlBea hold on the ignorant
. alons. Perhaps the promoters believe in
j jberal collapse to take place in 1SS1. but
ey art still gathering gear to have after the dis
? Ijrbaae I over. Such excitements as Millerism,
', bicb wss got up In 1842-43 filled the insane a?y turns
!lta tbe ignorant and weak-minded ; and the scare
'iat ia aow approaching, backed by what tbe
literate suppose to be science, is like it. We
iust remember that those authors wbo are inciting
1 l are unknown as astronomers to tbe scientific
orld, and are no doubt chailatan. When men
;r,r? world-wide reputation as astronomers ignore all
; tea humbugs, tbe public can well afford to treat
1 Jalm with the contempt tbey so richly deserve.
j ! We will now observe as to bow the planets will
i! TVt situated In the heavens in tbe years 1880 and
fi 81. First Nentune. tbe outer and last discovered,
1847. Th'is planet was In perihelion in the year
. -1 it. ...i nariTtoilnn wilt he when it has
; m U, suu im u- j7v..v ..... -
Joipleted one circuit around the sun, which re-
urea 1C4 years. I tains; tins isci uipo!eii ci .-ep-ne.v
Tka planet Uranu was it aphelion, or
J thest from the snn. when Neptune was at its
l apr-ri.-tcb in Uranus revolves
T t!..- ,m ..lie- in S Tear Tl.at would give
I tu p"ii. li .n in jear 1S-.I. The annual move-
111,-iiK i-t i!.- i plain : in their orbits are fur
! Npvir,' turn tlegrrt-. and ten mfnntfs of arc;
) I't tt i I Mir d.rrre and forty-fo'ir minutes of arc.
f T);- t.-i T; :i of ilirs in the year U77 U well
j rem'-u.betfif. T!.i di.oes of three of tbe saper
i i r r ian t-', an J leaves Jupiter and Saturn not
! accf-.n!. l f,r. V.'here tLe would-be astronomers
fe froia t ge' f'.ur jps'rlor planets ia perihelion
in lis). I d not know. .corne of tbe writers in
th iiblio j i'lrni'n evidently do not know what
they are ri in abo:t : bat they shonld he care
fal and r. -f i-reite a net!c. alnrai.
V.'aiteh rr4ro Vt'fyt
if ix.tt.l i A;. til. Ie79.
;rriu tLr FrirnJ fr May. 1!T.J
Foreign Community at Hakawao.
lTLe flev. T. H. Rouse thus urites to the
c .1 - o t? : ti..rf j
I'uaor ui i iie oan r raiiciscu i acme unaer
date of February' 10th :
" You said, in recommending' the islands,
that it wa3 a good easy life for a minister.
But I have found nowhere a greater stimu
lus to study and thorough preparation. The
people are very intelligent, and well up
with the times. Private libraries are large,
and of the best books. There are several
good classical scholars in my congregation.
AH the leading newspapers, magazines and
quarterlies are taken, from the " North
American " and Bibliotheca " down. I
never, in any place, had so large an access
to the best current periodicals as here.
There are two good pastors' libraries in my
parish, besides private: that of the Rev. J.
S. Green, the venerable missionary recently
deceased, and that of Rev. J. Al. Alexander,
formerly of San Leandro, a choice man and
a most helpful ministerial brother com
pelled by ill health to leave temporarily the
ministry. Then, all these islands feel, in
the direction of intelligence and piety, the
spirit and influence of the old missionaries,
a few of whom yet linger Rev. V. 1. Al
exander and Dr. Baldwin, venerable and
lovely men, whose labors have been -especially
associated with Maui."
An Interrupted Story.
Old Bodkin likes a game of cucLre, but lie is
such an inveterate narrator of pioneer incident
that be often makes it unpleasant for others by
trying to play and tell a yarn at the same time.
The other evening be began a story just as he and
three others eat down to play a social game, lie
said: " It was In 184 'J that a family by the
name of Gobins emigrated from Greenbrier coun
ty, Virginia cut for deal to the glorious west
shucks, I never could cut anything bigger than a
ten spot. There were seven in the family; three
girls and fjur boys. Tbe girls were bright-eyed,
rosy-cheeked I pass graceful gazelles, and two
of the boys were big enough to handle their axes
and rifles d'ye turn it down? I'll make it
clubs and could Lelp their old father a right
smart chance an ace beats a king every time.
Play on a heart They wound slowly over tbe
Alleghanics, and finally in May, '49, crossed the
Ohio valley good enough ! Hearts are better'n
... . .- v. ft i - i.n i. ... .? : -i.i
Ceding to make that territor
h ,j , you don't nlav that on nam Mrtn
trumped the last trick their futnro borne take
it up; best we Lave got; lead, partner, according
to Ho vie. They got away out there in the wil
derness, and tbe weather was getting pretty bot
that's it ! Now we'll come tbe cross-lift on 'em!
Play on that bower ! One evening tbey stopped
near where a spring gushed up that makes us a
couplo more ! Dern my picture if it wouldn't be
j a good joke if we could skunk 'em the first game.
! They thought it would be a good place to camp,
ana the old man untiitcucd the horse well, well,
what a foolish play was that of mine; it let 'cm
have one on our deal and one of the boys ran to
the spring to get a drink pass it was one of
the hot spiDgs play, Capt.; don't be so unde
cided and when he touched his lips to the
water that's our tru-k ! boanood-trp and
yelled to the old man whose ace is that, eh ? I'll
Ealivate it with a trump bitch ujt and drive on,
dad. Hell's not a ball mile from here.' Ilow
did you come by these points? Seems to me you're
good counters if you cun't play much. Well sir,
it had the effect to diamonds? Haven't n vi
pass change the old man's opin'fl- T:r:.al?J
i r, i i . ?. l, - . -" ot A rkinsaw,
ana wmu b a r tfpaae9? uave a litlie one
i .1 .Ia.Ia.1 ttnwWB ftA (f illI Cmtmri '
Thus old Bodkin continued the same narrative
through fifteen games, and when the party rose
from the table at ten o'clock. Bodkin bad tbe
Gobins family away out beyond the alkali deeert
in the sage brush, with their horses stolen aod
two of the girls captured by the Indians the
boys following the Piutes with their rifles and
the old woman a raving maniac. And yet the
story was not more than half completed when the
party walked off on the narratoi. Madison Cour
ier. A Patriarch at Thirty-Nine.
THE FOINDER OF TDK ORDER OF TUE KMCBTS OF
The visit to New York of Justus II. Rathbone,
the founder of the order of tbe Knights of
Pythias, and Senior Past Supremo Chancellor of
the order, bos awakened much interest among the
officers a-.d members for this section. Mr. Rath
bone has not yet reached tbe prime of life, being
just 39. He was born in Decrfoot, New York ;
is tall, but not too stout, and is likely to live to
a good old age. He tells many stories about his
tours in the West, where the lodges be vieited
looked for a patriarch, and hardly believed tbe
young man before them was tbe originator of
their order. Concerning tbe founding of the
order, Mr. Rathbone eays that when be was 19
he was teaching Ecbool in Michigan. Tbe boys
were anxious to get up a sort of a dramatic enter
tainment, but lacked ladies to take the female
parts. To overcome this they wrote to a dramatic
agency in New York to send them plays with as
few female characters as possible. One of those
sent happened to be " Damon and Pythias," and
while reading it over young Rathbone thought be
saw a good chance for a secret brotherly organiz
ation. Ho immediately wrote out the ritual,
wbicb be carried in bis pocket for some years.
During 1SC1 be was stationed in Washington as
a military attache to the War Department. lie
gathered a few clerks of the different departments
together on the evening of Tebruary 15tb, and
after duly binding them to eccrecy, read the
ritual of the Knights of Pythias, which pleased
them so much that they immediately began to
found a lodge. Then came jealousies and conten
tions, which threatened at times to sap tbe
growth of the body. Mr. Rathbone fought
against odds, and finally succeeded in overcoming
bis opponents. Now the order numbers 110,000
members and has thirty-four Grand Lodges,
besides a Supreme Lodge. The initials of the
order are F. C. B., meaning " Friendship,
Charity, Benevolence." As a token of the
esteem and respect in wbicb Mr. Rathbone is
belJ, the Supreme Lodge of tbe world presented
him with a gold badge, which he carries with
bim. It has the shape of triangles centering on
a hemishere from wbicb projccT'he beads of five
spears, joined by a wreath of m rtle. On the
uppermost triangle is the word " friendship,"
and the date on which tbe first lodgcwas organ
ized, February 19, 1SG4. On the -"ht-band
triangle is " Charity," and the date o the or
ganization of the supreme body, and on .be left
triangle is ' Benevolence," acd the date of the
appointment of the committee to design and pro
cure the badge. On the border of the hemisphere
is the inscription, "To Justus II. Rathbone.
Founder of the Order." The badge is surmount
ed by a knight's visor, to which is attached a
blue 6ilk ribbon. Across tbe center of tbe rib
bon is a gold bar on which are inscribed the
words, " Fons ct origo." JN'ew York World.
Capacity or Louisiana fob Scoab raoDccnos.
Tbe Nw Orleans Picayune says : The sugar
lands of tue State, actually under cultivation at
present, do not exceed 150.000 acres. The crop of
this year is estimated at 200,000 hhds sugar and
300.000 barrels molasses.' Tbe region adapted to
cane growing covers an area of at least 1,600,000
acres of tillable land. With sufficient capital and
labor Louisiana can supply 1,000,000 tons of sur.
Supreme Court April Tens. 1879.
Continued from tbe lOtb lrutt. Mr. Jttbtiee McCnlly
prelliDC- His Excellency F.J ward FTmton. Attorney
General tut the CroTrn.
April loth. Henry Saa n. Edwin Thorn; action on
the ca-e. Tried by a nixed Jnry, bwt a'ter the evidence
ct Emeline (w), the plaintiff's wife, (callei by the defen
dant's cousm-I) bad txr a beard, a discontinuance tu
rnterad. A. S. Hartirrll for plaintiff, J. M. Dartdon for
PuuLalahua ti. Masurl Ptderozt; action oa the case.
Appeal from the Police Justice of Honolulu. This was
beard before the preUing Justice without the Interven
tion cf a jury a agreed between the parti e. and after the
teatimony waa adduced and the arguments of counsel
heard the case was submitted. A. S. Harfwell for plain
tiff, f. M. Davidson for defendant.
April 17th. The KinR . Ah Young Jfia ; iadictcd for
rmbezrUmt-nt. Cecil Brown, Deputy Attarney General
for the Crown. Ah Young Sin In person. Case tried by a
foreign Jury, who returned a verdict of guilty, three dis
aenting. There are two other charge aRainPt the pri
oner for embezzlement, yet to be tried.
The King vs. Thoa. McGiffin and Thos. Fearvn; charge
of larceny of canoe, appeal from decision of Police J no
tice of Honolulu. Mr. Bickerton, for the prisoners, a-ked
that they be discharged, inasmuch as they had been
charged before the Magistrate with larceny in tbe 3d
degree, whereas if any larceny had been committed at all,
they should Lave been charged with larceny in the 2d de
gree, the amount being above $25, and the larceny com
mitted in the night; and therefore the Magistrate had no
jurisdiction, and should have committed them for trial.
The Attorney General concurred with the defendants'
counsel that the case was not within the jurisdiction of
the Police Justice, and withdrew the cae. and the pris
oners were discharged.
The King vs. Ah Young Niu ; embezzlement. The
prinoner being brought np for judgment, the Court n n
tenced him to Iniprieoninent at hard labor for the term of
two years, and pay the ctts of Court, taxed at Sio.Oj.
Eahale (w) vs. Kila (V) ; libel for divorce on the ground
that at the time the clergyman married them he had no
authority to marry from the Interior Department. The
evidence having sustained the allegations in the petition,
tbe Court granted a decree of divorce absolute.
Malailua vs. J. W. Keliikipi, administrator of Makalina, de
ceased motion for a new trial Mr. Hatch, for the defendant,
argued bis motion for a new trial, which was granted by the
Court and the caae ordered 10 be placed on tbe Calendar for
the next July term.
His Excellency K. Preston, Attorney General, referred to
tbe death of Mr. Levi Keliipio, one of the catire members of
the Bar, which took place on Ibe 2oth day of March last, and
stated that during the time he had known bim, which was for
many years, be had always found bim efficient In bis duties,
attentive and upright, and moved the following resolution :
" Whereas Levi Keliipio, one of tbe members of this Bar,
departed this lite on tbe 2Mb day of March last ; It la there
lore, Rctolvtd, thai the members of this Bar desire to record
their feelings of respect to the memory of their late associate,
and to expreaa their regret at the loss our. native members
have sustained in the death of one of their oldest associates."
Chief Justice Harris stated that he sympathised very
strongly with the remarks made bf Mr. Preston and Mr.
Justice Judd having addressed the native members of the Bar
in the Hawaiian -anguage in commendatory terms of the de
ceased, the resolut on waa carried nrm. eon.
Under the beading, " An Emigration Scheme
to Copy After," the San Francisco Examiner
thus speaks of Hawaii nei. But it is in error
about the immigrants coming from England, as
they are from Madeira, though brought in Eng
lish vessels :
The King of tbe Hawaiian Islands has matured
a plan for worthy emigration to his kingdom which
Christian and more enlightened nations might profi
tably copy from. A few years ago coolies were
imported there. Already the King has learned that
tbey are a curse instead of a blessing. Consequently
be now wishes to rid the land of them, lie has
looked abroad for immigrants of suitable character,
end from England tbey will be supplied. He has
arranged with tbe well-known English house of
Janion & Co., which has branches in Portland, O.,
and in Honolulu, to bring out these Immigrants.
There will be about 10,000 In all. Two ships, tbe
Precilla and the Raventcoll, are now on tbe voyage
out with tbe advance portion tbe first with 150 and
the last with 400 immigrants, men, women and
children. They will be landed at Honolulu, and
from there sent to the various islands of tbe group on
which they will be provided with homes and given
employment, some on the plantations and in other
industries and enterprises. Tbe wisdom of the
Hawaiian King should serve as a lesson to the fanat
ics and false philanthropists at the East who advo
cate the unlimited immigration of coolies."
Oar Opium Trade.
Under the above title Mr. Samuel Mander, of
Wolverhampton, England, has re-published in
pamphlet form, a series of essays which origin
ally appeared in a local paper, and excited an
unusual amonnt of interest among the people of
England. Many have a dim conception that
there is a moral wrong in the traffic, but there
R?fift, c5pie who'uit'awuio fliu 'lAtdTaity of
the fearful curse wbicb a Christian people hate
inflicted upon the Chinese nation. The follow
ing is Mr. Mander 's first letter, taken from a
publication issued by the China Inland Mission :
Although to a number of persons something is
known of the traffic in opium which is being
carried on between India and China by the
British Government, I am sure that the country
generally cannot be aware of the true character
of that traffic ; of the dreadful wrongs it inflicts
upon the Chinere people ; of the total disregard
it indicates of our high responsibilities in those
regions ; or of the retribution which must await
this country, unless we repent and speedily put
away tbe iniquity from us. I am sure the coun
try knows not these things, or it would arise and
indignantly demand the reversal of a policy with
out parallel for iniquity in the world.
I propose, therefore, to set before your readers
a statement of tbe case, gathered from unim
peachable sources, thut they may form their own
opinion, and be induced to act in reference to the
traffic as becomes the citizens of this great coun
try, in which the responsibilities of government
are shared as widely as the possession of the
franchise is enjoyed.
1. Tbe opium traffic is a monopoly enjoyed by
the British Government of the growth of tho
poppy and the preparation of opium in India,
and its sale throughout India, China, and all
accessible regions of tbe Eat-t. It is a traffic
which bears immense profits, give eplendid for
tunes to numbers of merchants, and furnishes the
Government with a large portion of its Indian
retenue. Tbe Queen's Government itself is the
producer. It provides land, lends money to the
cultivators, receives and stores the whole amount
grown, and disposes of it by auction at periodi
cal sales in Culcatta to merchants who export
it to China ; and the proceeds of the sale are
raid into tbe Imperial Treasury. From a recent
Pii-linmonMrv ltltiA Ttnrtlr rtn tliA Prnrni nnd
Condition of India, we learn that the ne"tt opium j
in- iSTi.TO nnA..nt.t ir f7 r,-7 on .
the number of chests sold being 88,789. This
includes 49,455 chests produced in Bengal, and
sold at Calcutta at X139 per chest, the nctt pro
fit on each chest being 30 ; and also 43,009
chests produced in Malwa, a Native State in Cen
tral India, and exported from Bombay, paying a j
tax to tbe Government of 00 per chest.
The extent of land cultivated for opium is i
limited entirely by Imperial considerations in
other words, by the financial needs of the Gov- '
2. Ilow came the British Government in India
into this anomalous position of monopolist culti
vator and trader in opium? "Like the salt
monopoly, it was acquired by us among the
spoils of war. With other taluablo posoeesions
of the great Mogul, it was transferred to the East
India Company by Clyde's victory at Plassey in
1757-ithat period, however, opium had
yielded com jJjWvely no great amount of profit ;
but when it fellid,o the bands of the East India
Company, tho thrifty monarchs of Lcadenhall
Street soon discovered that there was here an ex
pansive eource of retenue." After farming it
out for a while the directors took the trade into
their own hands, and it has been directly carried
on by Government ever since.
3. Tbe export of opium to China by the East
India Company virtually commenced in 1773,
when they established a depot near Macao. It
bad been imported into that country as early as
the seventeenth century ; but, its use being re
stricted in extent, the injurious effects it pro
duced were little felt, and the traffic was of a
legal character. Tbe amount rarely exceeded
200 chests a year up to 1768, and the trade was
in the hands of tbe Portuguese. The taste for
tbe drug increasing, the importation reached, in
1776, to 1000 chests per annum. In 1781, Warren
Hastings, then the Goternor-Gencral, with the
concurrence of his Council, chartered a vessel for
the purpose of selling opium in various ports, but
farticularly in China." Fifteen years later (in
79G) the evils resulting from opium-smoking
in that country had become so notorious that the
Emperior (Ka King) resolved on utterly extir
pating thn tire. He 6entonred opium-smokers
on bia death-hed, that on the night of the prime I
to be punished by the pillory and bamboo, and
subsequently increased the punishment to impri
sonment, transportation, ana death. Henceforth,
the opium trade v as simply smuglina. But be
tween the avidity of the Chinese for our opium,
and our avidity for their silver, the nefarious
traffic soon grew to great proportions.
' Ibat this contraband trade was carried on
without incurring the penalties of the law was
owing; to the excess of corruption in the excutive
tart of the Chinese Government (Commons Re
port, 1783). Oar traders bribed the officials
whose business it was to preterit it. They could
well afford to bribe them largely, and they did
eo. In vain did the Government protest ; in tain
did it from time to time make example of some
offender; the love of coney wa3 stronger than
the fear of penal consequences. India continued
to snpply the fatal drug, and no pover eonld pre
vent its entrance."
4. The first tessel chartered by Warren Hast
ings was furnished with cannon and soldiers; thus
beginning the trade t i it armis, as it has eter
since been carried on. The transaction was
6trongly condemned by the directors at home, and
furnished one of the charges against Ilastings in
his celebrated trial in 1786. But they soon
changed their minds ; the chance was too lucra
tive to be neglected. While managing to pre
serve their name for honourable dealing with the
Chinese Government, the trade was furtively but
5. " By the year 1820 (when the number of
' chests smuggled into China had increased to
5147) the liking of the Company for opium as an
j article of commerce had grown into eagerness and
' jealousy of any rivalry ;' and henceforth they eo
applied themselves to the development of the
j trade, that before it passed from under tbe con
j trolofthe company, viz., in 1833, the import
into China was 20,000 chests a year, costing an
nually nearly three milliions sterling more than
- all she received from Great Britain lor her tea.
I G. In 1834 the East India Company was
! superseded in the Chinese seas ; tbe trade was
I thrown open, and almost every merchant con
nected with China, whether native, English, con
tinental, American, or Indian, was engaging in
this business against the earnest and repeated
protests of the Chinese Government. Year by
year the trade increased, till in 1838-39, we
smuggled into China more than 35,000 chests of
opium. Then began those more earnest efibrts
to suppress the trade on the part of tbe Chinese
Government, which brought on them the wrath
of England, and involved, them in two cruel and
disgraceful wars viz., those of 1839-42 and 1857
00, to which I shall again refer."
I From the Friend for May, 1879. J
Bayard Taylor's Successor as Minister to
Notices have appeared in American pap
ers that the position would be offered to Dr.
Thompson, who now resides in Berlin, and
in so many ways has served and honored
his country. We understand if it had been
offered him he would have positively de
clined, on account of the precarious state of
his health. We rejoice that President
Hayes has appointed a Minister so eminent
ly fitted for this responsible and honorable
position, as will appear from the following
notice clipped from the Chicago Advance:
" The Hon. Andrew D. White, who has
been appointed Minister to Germany to
succeed the late Bayard Taylor, is a native
of Syracuse, N. Y., his father being" a
wealthy and prominent resident of that city.
His collegiate studies were begun at Hamil
ton College, where he spent a year, and
finished at Yale in 1853, where he was
graduated at the head of his class, and took
first prize for scholarship and oratory. He
then went to Europe, where he was for a
time an attache to the American Legation
at St. Petersburg, and where he laid the
foundation of his present magnificent library.
On his return he was elected to the chair of
History in the Michigan University at Ann
Arbor, which he accepted after declining- a
similar position ottered him at Yale.ig.
to ill health, Mr. White rri,f1S63f
and spent six months in Europe. On re
turning to Syracuse he vas chosen a State
Senator, serving twotejg at Albany. He
met 3IiEzr--gilf f0Un(Jer of Cornell
ersity, at Ithaca. When the Univer
sity was organised in 1S66 Mr. White be
came its President, an office he has held
ever since. In 1S71 he was one of the
Commissioners to visit San Domingo. Dur
ing the same year he presided over the
Rpublican State Contention at Syracuse,
and in 1S76 he was a delegate-at-large from
this State to the Convention which nomi
nated President Hayes." -
Paving a Wife's Bills. The question of ex
actly how far a man is responsible for goods, etc.
furnished by tradesmen to a wife from whom he
was separated, was presented in the suit of Bart
lett, Berry, Reed & Co., against Edmund Waring,
which was tried before Judge Daly and a jury in
the Common Pleas Court of New York. The
action was brought to recover for two dresses
and some kid gloves, besides a loan of money,
furnished by the plaintiffa to Waring's wife in
June and August of 1876. By way of defense,
Waring urged that he had been separated from
his wife, and that he made tho latter a sufficient
allowance to provide for her necessities. Judge
Daly, in his charge, told the jury that when the
tradesmen supplies a married woman with goods,
with the expectation of having her husband pay
the bills, he takes the chance of three things
first, it turning out that these goods are not nec
essary for her or for ber condition in life; or that
tho husband has supplied her with all the money
which is necessary; or that although the goods
are suitable for her condition in life, she has al
ready supplied herself elsewhere with what was
necessary. As to the borrowed money, it was a
question, he thought, not free from difficulty
cither by the law of this State or by the law of
England. He considered it ought to be left to
the jury to say whether a woman being left with
out necessary articles by her husband, has not
the right to borrow money to procure them. The
Jur,y. brought in
a verdict for the defendant.
J. T. OHAYTER
WOULO 11 KG HEAVE TO INFORM HIS
friend aod the public, that te has opened a Commo
dious Brick Work-shop on Fort Street, next to the Custom
House, where tie will be found at all times prepared to do any
work in li ia line, Kilhrr front Ship or Sliorr. lie has
Received per Alice Reed,
From New Yo;k, a EI.KCT INVOICE of
Carriage and Wagon Materials,
nnd ia now prepare.! to make any kind of Vehicle
req'iireJ vn the?e Islands,
lie l.a on li n.il and t urrivc, fur sale cheap forcaali,
Family Carriages, Open and Top Buggies,
Business Wagons, and the Celebrated BAIN WAGON a
first-class article fjr country ue. Will gire special attention
to the Manufacture of Ox and Mule Carts, Dump Wagons,
Ac. Having hal ex'ensive expuiience in the above line of
work, he can assure his customers that for any orders with
which they may favor him. they will have a first-class article
at a moderate price. He will not be undersold by any one.
Will keep on hand a cood stock of Ox and Mule Cart and
Wagon Wheels, Ox Yokes, Chains, Tubular Iron Bows, tc.
His motto i. with strict attention to business, " A Nimble Six
pence is Better than a Slow Shilling."
Your patronage is most respectfully eolicitrd. All comniu-ni.-ation
by mail will he promptlv acknowledged. fe2-2 qr
If ES FOR SALE Br'
EOI.LES at CO.
IFrom tbe Friend for May, 1ST9.J
A Missionary's Monument. The late j
Dr. John Geddie, being then the minister of j
Carendisb, ia Prince Edward Island, gave
himself to missionary work in the South i
Seas in 1S46. He reached Aneityum in the !
middle of 1S-JS. For some years he and his :
family endured many trials and hardships
on that heatnen island.
In 1S52 he formed his first church in th
New Hebrides. A few years later, through
his effort? and those of his fellow-laborer,
Mr. Inglis, the whole of the population,
numbering 3,500, was professedly Christian.
In 1S63, by their united efforts, the Aneit
umese were supplied with the complete
New Testament. Dr. Geddie continued to
labor on Aneityum, making frequent visits
to the other islands, until June 1S72, when
he had a stroke of paralysis. He retired to
Geelong, near Melbourne, where he died on
the 14th of December, 1S72.
Quite recently a marble tablet to his
memory was placed in the wall of the
chapel where he had so often preached in
Aneityum, and on it are these words, worthy
of being printed in letters of gold :
WHEN HE CAME HEBE,
THERE WERE NO CHRISTIANS ;
WHEN HE WENT AWAY,
THERE WERE NO HEATHEN."
X. Y. Observer, lrtb. 6, 1S79.
Reading the foregoing notice of the Rev.
Mr. Geddie's missionary labors reminds us
of his visit to Honolulu in 1S47, when
makir"his circuitous voyage from Nova
Scotia is' the New Hebrides Islands, via
Boston, Cape Horn, and Honolulu, a dis
tance of at least 25,000 miles, equalling the
circumference of the globe. Mr. Geddie,
having been a settled pastor for eight years,
felt called to go " far hence" and preach the
Gospel among the savages of the South
Seas. He went forth with his family, in
cluding wife and two children, accompanied
by a lay missionary, Mr. Archibald. They
arrived in Honolulu passengers on board the
Eveline, of Newburyport, Captain Goodwin,
after a boisterous passage of 167 days. (See
Friend for July 1S47.) After remaining
on the Islands about two month?, Captain
Westfall, of Sag Harbor, gave them a gra
tuitous passage to the Samoan Islands on
board the whaleship Crescent. While here
Mr. Geddie visited the other Islands, and
before leaving published the following
" card ":
A Card. We, tbe subscribers, Missionaries from
the Presbyterian Cburoh of Nova Scotia to the South
Seas, have been compelled by circumstances to take
a circuitous route by way of the Sandwich Islands to
our prospective field of labor. Daring our . sojourn
of nearly two months on these islands, it has been
our privilege to receive numerous acts of kindness,
and to enjoy a degree of hospitality which lays us
under obligation to tender public acknowledgments
to His Majesty who kindly furnished ourselves and
our families with a free passage to and from Lahaina
to Ills Majesty's Ministers, Messrs. Wylie and
Judd; to Win. Miller, Esq., Her Brittanie Majesty's
Consul General, and to the Consul of France; to the
Seamen's Cbsnlain, and the American Missionaries
generally. F;case, gentlemen, accept our sincere
thanks accompanied with our fervent prayers for
your prosperity, spiritual and temporal. We leave
with many regrets, bnt still confidently hope that a
gracious Providence will smile upon our humble en
deavors to do our Divine Master's will.
John Geddie, Missionary,
Isaac A. Archibald, Assistant.
Honolulu, September 7th, 1817.
Banana Flour. The banana has recently found
a new use in Venezuela. It has the property of
keeping theeoH moist round it, ia a country where
flnrijptimp? rm rnin i1!q fnr mi.iirhs st it htm hppn
eT?'-?1 V gTve-IfeshneaaTaa well as shaUeV to file I "
couee plant, wnose cultivation nag oeen greatly ex
tended (Venezuela produced eo.OOU.UUU kilogrammes
of conee in loib). Ibe Venezuelans can consume
but little of the banana fruit thus furnished, so that
attention is being given to increasing its value aa an
export. At tbe Paris Exhibition were samples of
banana flour (got by drying nod pulverizing the
fruit before maturity) and brandy (from the ripe
fruit). Ibe flour has been analyzed by MM. Mar.
cano and Muntz. It contains 66.1 per cent, of
starch, and only 2.9 ofazotized matter. Scientific
Temperance in England. The Bishop
of Exeter (says the i1 3". Observer), speak
ing recently at Exeter, alluded to the politi
cal aspect of temperance reform, and ex
pressed his satisfaction that the question
was now making its way rapidly. At one
time he was the only bishop on the bench
who was a total ubstainer, but it was not so
now ; besides yhich they found peers of the
realm, men holding high o ce, and mem
bers of the House of Commons, all avowing
themselves on the side of temperance. He
endorsed the opinion ot Lord Derby, that of
all relonns the relorm of the drinking habits
ot this country was most important to the
working classes. Friend for May.
WHEN GOING CP FORT STREET, TAKE
a .hear into
Marchant's Cigar & Tobacco Shop
Where you will always find something new and ol the very
BEST QUALITY. lie ia now putting up some of that fine
Medicated Tobacco) that will not bite the tongue.
eaves no unpleasant amen, dui in ihce improves tbe Dreatn.
When carried In the pocket tbe perfume is equal to Lubin's
TAKE NOTICE A few extra pipes for the above
looacco. tacn person mould call and see lor himself, and
not lane any one eise wora.
Lots of Testimonials to be seen in the Store.
ESTABLISHED I3Q I .
FC.i THE HAIR,
Will positively restore hair to bald heads Tf here the
roots arc not .ilh-ely dead, -which Is seldom the case.
Will posi;!v.ly m:-.ke weak, thin aad falling hair
grow soft, gloej-y and long.
Will positively remove dandruff, and make the scalp
white, smooth end clcsu. As an decant dressing there
is nothing in Use world cqnal to it. Patronized for over
fifty years by .lie nobility of England.France.Gcrmany
nnd Spain, and all the first families of America.
Beauty Within the Beach of AIL
Gives a besntif al complex
ion, removes every blem
ish, and enables ladies of
Pearl OreamSty108"7 ,ot
for the Hawaiian Islands.
: DISCOVER V,
thi ly For s ite lv
LIME ! !
200 BHI.s. Krrrivfd
mhl) UOLI.K: & CO.
AGENT FOR the HAWAIIAN ISLANDS.
dl4 ly er w
E3. . EL&E -
tt a tt JUST
Fx M RTfI V D VVIS from Boston, EUREKA from
vV A'ei-.V Tm-gro
i ASSORTMENT OF GOODS IN THEIR LI
DOWSER'S KEROSENE OIL,
FRK.-H t ROM
CUT XAILS AXD
OalrU Cat Ni-., BaniIN-iU. N.ifc fall kiU. Prr.. Iron an.1 1 ho..;
Nuts.nJ Wa.her.Camc ana Tire IU.lt.. MacJUn Bolt., Boll n,L.
RlTPta, Grindstone an.l Fixture, iron ami na ..cm.,
CARPENTER'S TOOIJS OF JIM- KINOS.anJ the beM quality, Imtu.tio, Hatchet.. Hammer, -aw. aU
kind ami make; f r,iiare, RerrK nne, wood and Iron.
Good Variety of Disston & Sons' Tools.
- -- - j.' j ' . rasiTi-'-3!S!1-., 2. -: - "- -J,''rda- '
All .ixe.. from Cio. to 1 iia.
Breaker. Acknowledged by all
- .,! ..wv-un f,r this market,
country. These Flow, are i
TwonearyHIn lOU BI-K O A NG PIXJ VS. made Extra Stout for a im lanui
UiLl-'S FURROW I'l.OW, now quite exten.ively nfed on all lha UlandM
STEKI- SIDE PLOWS, Harrow.. Cultivator., Hoee of all kii
'fhovel., .padcn. Rake., Kay Fork.,
Hice nook., rout noie uigK"r,
Planet Jr. Eorss Hoa.
fitt.l'AVlZF.D ROOFING. 6 and 7ft.
rre Wire. No. 4. 6 and 6; Hay Cutter.,
Churn. Ice King Refrigerator.
Double Back Chain. Trace C
C.,t sterl. Corn Broom., Stable and Yard Broom.. BqmiRwa qu """'V , L
Ho.e,many rf them new. A fine a.sortment of Clo he., Market and Picnic Baa kef, nnd Ba.ket. tor all rnce.
Cocoanut and Rubber Door Mat., all .iie. and kind.; Falrbonk . Sc-le., all .tee. and I kind. ke. Writer..
Clothe. Horae.,- Douglas Pump, all .tee. Bluthour Force Pump., an aortment of MaileiM Tlnwara of tha
be.t quality, including Bake Pan, Drinking CuP., Prer.e Kettle.. Bucket. Coffee and Tea Pwa, Wa.h BmIm, .
Bracket 8aw.. Ox Bow. tt Yokes, Single, Double Triple Whiffletreea. Diwton'. Collina C,ne KnlTe.mad.to order.
Iron Handled Matchet.T G.U'd 'Bucket, 10, 11. 12 and 13 lnche.5 Cotton Wate. Lard Oil. A. rery full a.aortinent of
Shelf linrdwnre, Lock, of every description. Door Bolta, Window Spring, and Fa.t.. Door Ecrapera. A apU-odld
UllCr,.HC, - -
Heed fo Barton's
California Leather of all kind, French and Philadelphia Calfskins,
WE HAVE JUST RECEIVED A GOOD LINK OF
STOVES, RANGES & CABOOSES,
From the Barstow Stove Company Foundry, in Providence. These Stovea
are acknowledged throughont the Cnita8tate. to be unsurpassed in quality
and finish, and tuey nave given universal sausiucum on ine.e ibmuhuiutc
past twenty years. '
BOSTON 8-CARD MATCHES, also Hawaiian Card ar.d Block
Matches in case, ol 25 grot each, and packed in quarter grou papers, aiin
ilar to the Eastern matches.
IRON PICKETS for Garden Fence. The most ornamental and servica
ble material for fences to be found in town.
can and English make.
in great variety, Pocket Cutlery
Pieces Mosquito Net Lace, 90in.
Huhbuck a White Lead and Zinc in casks, also Colored Paint, of all kind,
in .mall tins, Atlantic and Salem White Lead of the best quality, Gold Leaf,
Coach. Furniture Copal, Damar and Japan Vanish in one to fire gallon cans.
Beat Boiled Linseed Oil, Painter's Stock and Tools of all kinds.
XT Gooil. received by Bteamer and Veftel fresh every
from the Ka.t npii Kuynpe viiXLipgfrp ,
All the above Goods aud a Thousand oilier
TUBULAR MILL LAMP!
sTS JUST WHAT IS WANTED IN TIIE
JL Sugar Mill., or any oilier mill, when a good light i.
nwrtert. We have imported and sold a number or these
SUPKRIOR MUX LAMP? during the past two years, and
They Have Given Perfert Satisfaction,
and are pronounced to be
THE BEST MILL LAMP KNOWN.
FOR SALE BY
apG 2m DILLINGHAM Si Ce,
CARRIAGE PAINTING !
J . T. CHAYTER
l-VOULD INFORM TIIE PUBLIC THAT
be ha. secured the services of T.
who is acknowledged to be
TIIE BEST CARRIAGE PAIXTEK IX TOE CITY !
Any one wanting work done in that line will do well to forward
their Carriages to my shop next the Custom House, where they
will be promptly attended to by Mr. Harrison, who ha. had
many years experience in painting in thi. climate, and will
warrant ni. work not to crack or blister, but look well with
ordinary care Ibr a reasonable leneth of time.
Send on your Carriages and bave them m.de to look like
new. J. T. CHAYTEK,
apI2 lm Carriage and Wogon liuililer.
HAVE BEEN' APPOINTED
FOR THIS KINGDOM,
AND ARE PREPARED TO FURNISH
any .ire, the carrying capacity varying from 1 200 to
7.500 pounds. We have imported quite a number of these
Wagon, for Plantation use daring the past year, and they
prove to be
Just the Wagon to Suit the Requirements
of our Planters.
We have now in stock some tt thee Wagon, with li inch
Iron Axle. Will carry from 4 ,000 to 4,.iOO p.nudt,
P5 Sin DILLINGHAM t Vm.
There is Always Two Sides to a Story,"
BUT FOR ALL THAT THE UNDERSIGNED
IS rREl'ARKD TO GO TO
ANY PiiRT OP THE ISLANDS
PHOTOGRAPHIC VIEWS OR PORTRAITS,
In First Class Style, to Order,
-V"t roasouablo prices.
C5f TERMS: Cash or Draft on Honolulu at the time th
Negative, are taken. Orders promptly attended to.
122 y II. L. CHASE.
PARLOR ORGANS !
Good Time to "Buy !
PRICES VERY LOW!
CALL AND EXAMINE
CASTsLK &, COOKE'S
line, -ill do weU V, pire . . call. We :iaK""rt5iSd "to
aire fcstimate. on W.irk and Uutmntee it to ian,i n.. i,..
Steam or Ktna.
Efl & SM
Sin Franeieco an
d late arrivals from Europe,
TUE RKr irs CHk .
SPIKES OF ALL SliKKS :
Copper, Iron rt TinnM Tarfc,
, Lug nenm, uin a bom nmm .
w ho have ufed them lo be by lar tha beat breaker lo lh
aud do the work belter than aoy other rlowa iwed here.
I kloJ., Nek.. Matlock., -
tfpadinj and fra.h Fork. J", and Snatbea,
A lew more of those
CELEBRATED PLANET. JR.. HORSE HOES !
IRON AGE CULTIVATORS,
DIRECT FROM TIIE MANCFACTCREB.8. '
These bave been much improved, and are the k"l weeder. ever Intro
duced here. ,
long; GalvM Nail, and Screw, and le.d Washer. Ibr Rooting, Aaaealrd
tter., Corn eheller.. Portable Porftea, Blower., Blaekamllh. Bellow., Anvila,
Drill.; a very full aaaortment oj Blacksmith., Knglneera and Maaone' Tool.,
. M:nr' l eather Pre.erratiT and H.rneH. Oil Blacking. Zinc Wa.h Board
r. Mounted Grind.tonea, T and Strap Hingea, Iron and Braae Ball, of all klnda. Mingle and
Chain., Home and Mule Collar, and Harae., Plow llaroe... complete, a few Bread
n' and Rising Sun t?loTe Polish, Road Bcraper.. A One aaaortment of Black llarae
7 L . . .!-! .!! .1.. W 1,
Silver l3lated Ware.
Shoemaker' Tools of all kind
of the best Amerl-
Month from Ran FrancUco and Overland, al.o by direct Vessel.
Articles not mentioned are for Kale Cheap by
. O . XX .A. Xj 3Li5cft?23 O 3VT
P A V I V I V V O .M M K K C I A I
BOOK AND JOB
No. 10 Merchant Street,
In Ackmioirleiljetl to rosses the Jit si A sort
ment of Hook and
JOB PRINTING TYPE,
Of any Other Office tn the Sandwich Inland,
Well Adapted to the Superior Printing;
POSTERS OP ANY SIZE!
PLAIN OK FANCY COLORS.
A L 8 O
Tax Lists, Lease.,
Bhnp Bills, Circulars,
N K V H fA P K It 8, IMLL.IIKA II H,
Ball Card.. -Concert
Bills, Blank N.e..
IloaJ Notice., Din, La,ig
. School Uep(,ri, Pries Current
Ministerial Reports, Pamphlets, Books I
Tax Bill., Lrrturcs, Bond. Briifs.
Concert Tickets, FeMival Tickets.
Steamboat Tickets, Excursion Ticket!.,
Deposit Check., Fl.lppinjr Itecelpl.,
Insurance Policie. Criti Urates of Depooit,
Certificates .f flock, liills of Kxchange
Tafti n every style.
Order, of j:xerclM.,
' Bank Notices
Show C.-ii-.lft !
Rewards of Merit,
Dry Goods Tags,
E.i i is f raw.
ANY KIND OF WORK IN HIS LINE
NOT PPKCIFIKD AllOVK,
Will be Executed Promptly.
With ample Materials of Newest Styles
NO. I 'C;"' 'num.
-Tr.-" -- ' .mi promptly executed.
1 , Ni ipjrjii". ill .