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IFIO COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER SUPPLEMENT, JUNE 21, 1870.
1 -. V
THE ? A C r I
man 1 1 (til uuil uxl .
OUR NEW YORK LETTER.
Nrw York. .M.v 1-7J.
1 h'j T-iltu.i'le tri.il i ctvlc I, t'nc curt nn Jr!ij
.') . lni.t;r.iMc c2crit--.il lanv. Iiri;!l7n. !; cny
t t 'tiirclic", M hrciiiui: I..in.r ( :wmiui?:i;i- !
ti.r. I'm ice l.iulj, ei.e !.a tut uj i:i full l.re !
tins ciaWs fil frailry ol clerical liunmn j
Lrl Urougham'tf uiaiiia tuat tic truth i a lie j
I'crsintcti in, f junl illustration in Ilecchcr's cn, I
in tlie minis of thousands of young men and
women. The imposing lly ul ort'.Jox ch.-ry-tikcntwho
riid for the trial of 1 alunde, callcJ
theuueWes the mcfrscngers of ijjd. an 1 the trial,
the court of Christ." Vet they uii thiu?
whi..!i WouJ-i uot b't toI.-tate 1 iu a olice Court.
They lt their temjer-, hiackuaided eich
other, niudc hr.g tainblin, -. tr.tict j-eecbes,
ueionel c tcii otherV imti-.--, an 1 indulged iu
f ers jnaliiicr, w hith t!i civil charts wouM l ave
rebuked, and runinhed n contcmjit uf court. Thee
men are not ignorant, they come from the Col
Irgei anl the eeuiir.arits txjr iIy for the p ur
jmc of preaching and illustrating religious truth.
1 Lear that many Christian men and women are
weeping OYcr this humiliating Lubincrs. I
toll you tiicse Christian ministers were all
humbugi," aaid a young man, the other day, t j
young woman, whoi life is all good and beauti
iul. " They are not Christians," the retorted,
they are the money-changers who Lave again
got Int the temj Ie ; and vce need a new order of
men who will drie thcoi out." The llvangtlut ,
the I'rtsbyterian organ, lot all jaticr.ee at the
rrfu-al ot a Lrly of religious leaders, rset in
' solemn judicial council, to ing the hyiun,
" Hleflt be the ti: that hind," and on the con
trary, meeting tho propo-iitio:! tu d t), witli
laughter. The XuUott ray, rvUi of tl.J C-l:llii-try
of the dfenro w.ia Woitiiy ol tiic Jesuit
fatlicrs in lh worst days." 1 am t!ltliat i
noted infi lcl " Las subscribed and t.ror.ores to
circulate G(),0() copies of the complete trial, a-,
the beat argument n v cxmting ugunst the l'r -tostant
church. 1 write thU in sorrow. i't yA
men and women are profoundly agitated by this
ecandal. A leading clergymen, who took tij part
in the trial said to me, " thejr undertook to put
Talmadge Co trial, but they have put the church
generally on trial. The cccular prc Lave a
perfect right to pitch into u. We, the clergy,
iuu!-t no'w Le treated like other men; we
must Le juJged by the standards we ourselves
rai-c. li we Cnd it is better for religion, better
for the world, that we M t out, and let better
men take our places." The great mistake was in
putting Dr. Talmadgo on trial. The Presbytery
refused to listen to the advice of " worldly" inen.
ISack of Talmadge was an immense congregation,
and a million readers of his ecruions. llTat
inadgs's force was meretricious or vicious, it
would upend itself in time ; to regulate him was
uprcmelj fxI:e!i ; Lis congregation arc now
fanatics, and instead of brethren dwelling in
peace in Drovklju, there exists a va-t mast uf
men and women bubbling over with hatred to
wards each other, while above them all is the
dignified i'rechytcry, pulling back the valves and
letting ily a torrent oi human weakness and pas
sion. Out of all this, good will come ; reforma
tion is the order of the day. Under the cold
and just criticism of the secular prcrs, the
clergy will improve ; for they luuet change for
the better in some respect?, or their prestige is for
ever gone. One of tho very best eign is, that
the religious press follows the secular in sharp
attacks upon the absurdities of the trial. At this
very moment I read that the minority of the
Presbytery Lave Hied an apical to the ytiou;
and they state among other things, thai the vote
of the majority was inconsistent and fitted to
bring religion into contempt. What can our
poor laymen say, if eighteen orthodox ministers
rise up and accuce twenty-lour other orthodox
ministers, of such miserable bueiuers? As the old
preacher darkey said, when he found that some
une had taken all tho money out of the contribu
tion box, ' IJrtdtti), ilar am some great moral
lesfon a lyin about liero some wiiar."
The financial situation ol this country is not
easily explained; trade improves slowly; "we
are walking ou the bottom rock ; '" the merchants
feel better, but are making littio money ; special
lines of manufacture are showing considerable
vigor. After all, tl money rate is the best inuica
li jn of trade. On good security, it is worth only
3 per cent., wttieii uie.ins f course, that people i
rc uirai l to risk it in any tiuainers operations.
and we have had a touch of
time extravagance. It mast
cd. however, that we have
uant currency. Hie griJ, silver, and pajr
in circulation counts up nearly a thousand
million of dollars. The natural mult or such a
redundancy in the medium of exchange, would be
a general r isc in prices. The hard times have
forced the transportation companies icto the
closet, economic management. The results are
iur ri-ing; whik- the freight rates have been
lowered, the csr-enscs of carrying have been
luwvrvd cull greater proporiion. Two lead
ing railroad figure out that the coot of carrying
a ton of freight a mile is less than one-half a ant.
The re.-ulw are following. Corn that was rotting
in th. Went, can now reach the Atlantic Coast,
and the vast granaries of the Wct can soip grain
with pruSt. These adjustments of trade come
ouly alter a long and ruinous period cf disaster.
Even willi the low rates which enable the farm
ers to dj well, the carrying companies can
make- iiuiiej. To we are getting out of the woods.
Tho old Erie railroad after being robbed for
twenty years, is re-organized, and ii now earn
ing enough money l' pay G pr cent, on i.ne
hundred millions ti dollars. The elevated rail
road of this city have turned out tine
bot.anzars." One of them, the N. Y. Ele
vated, cost alout four millions, auJ divides
about teh millions of profits among the pro
moters : Cyrus . rield taites no mean share
cf the plunder.
You have already heard of the great " Negro
Ex'kIus " from the South to Kansas. The de
failt I will r.ot rer cat; as usual the iuattcr has
been over-estimated. The newspapers tojk it
up and discussed it fully: now they arc rather
tired of it. Many negroes emigrated, but the
number was over-estimated. We, who know the
negro pretty well, predicted at tlie start, that
the exo'Ius " would soon come to an end. The
average ortherner knows no more about the
negro, than he knows about the Hawaiian. This
is a broad assertion. It is true. You know the
English and French are separated by a channel
twenty miles wide, yet for centuries they have
knowu little about each other. So it is with
North an l South in America. People pick up
information from newspapers. Now newspaper
correspondents arc rapid travelers, and by neces
sity, are nuperficial observers. The northern
people have yet to learn that in admitting a vast
horde .-f blacks to tho rights of the ballot, they
have put republican institutions to a terrible
train. I do not here say that it should not have
been done. I state only a fact. The Anglo Sax
on was several hundred years in training for self
government. The blacks, without any prepara
tion of any kind, are given the power of sover
eignty. The negro is just beginning to find out
the money value of his vote. For the next half
century there will be a spectacle of venality and
corruption in the negro vote at the South which
will discourage those who have faith in republi
can government. Now, when a shrewd ngro
leader tells his people that if they can only reach
Kansas, cacti man will receive land and money
from the government, they believe it, and start.
The h-aders made money out of the business, acd
a ,iut thousands of negroes swarmed over the
steamboats singing we's a gwinc to de pro-
mied land." It waa not until crowds of them i
did reach Kansas, and found that their chances 1
for support in that state were less than in the
South, that the exodus" stopped. Undoubtedly
tho negro has been bulldozed," but people are
mistaken ia tuppoeing that he feels very badly
in being deprived or the ballot. He really don't
know what its value is. and he usee it as an ig
norant man usee it. That the negroes begun to
emi-rate because they were dented political
''V .-I 7 I 111 .... I - a J" . . r '
i ri Biiit iii a-fr iikiiin nia vtrniniiii iiifir TNTr i . . .
. . i I. , ..- A dispatch from I.amni in a Drift, dated May i and the priests, and to make an equal division of
cent- tonishel etcryJj; the Westminister I ,3lh tImt er ic9 fcIl0w lhcr0 arc four Zulu all lands.
Lan o I,,rdon i.,k . million-. Ihere has been armic:, in tl,c c:l9tern , f ZuluUn,j jcgigneJ ! ne i,ad sympathizers and agents in all circles
g.an.I. .weeping r. , ,he value of all the rail- tJ cntcr ie co,inv - : of society, from tho highest official to that of the
.y ccur.iR-. lir.t m.rigage bond- vT the viu' flinoS Up T n , : humblest peasant. The boldness of his writings
leinlui' line have cone ni from 10 to GO rer , Sr 1 mlksuiec, June 8. Alexander Solo-' , ' - . , ,
:. Cotton ha, fcf L price, nithij a ieff. the attempted assassin of the Czar, was ! Jufi
(cw m.nch., about u cents per ,.uD The con- yesterday Convicted by the Supreme Tribunal of J TjT ?nd edom?" ran?dlv snruun all
a . i ....... .. . i t itn fr m r t i iiiivti iriiia.in i in. unr.nrn iAn t . t . & n i -
yritilfca ii, in my opinion, very nbsurJ.
"rci jloti anl ignorant, l.o bflieTcl what was
I'ilJ liifu about Kniir.n. ntvl lie Ftnrte-1. It liar
f.ccn a ead Lu?incia. The other day I heard of a
';rovrd lankec who was dririnj quite a trade in
K-liin to nrroc at 2-3 ct. each, the labels of
c!.iujgrc bottles a certificates of etoek in a
railway. Lit jcar there wa cont-iJemLIe enii
Stati n frvin Charleston, S. C. to Liberia. Tlie
r.'.-n.fi r..w in i: the life in a rniif-ed land.
Hut t!. tuiV-:!i :-nt n ended, and tl.u? who
r-n-J;cd I.ibi.-rii nr: pick of it. '1 he ulure T-eople
:f ti: ; jutL'.-m .tu:-" ate r.-illy emiratin;; t j
li.c N.utliwc-t, as fast as they can t-c'A out. They
woulJ glidiy txjLare the wurn out soils of
Virginia and Jkiuth Carolina for" the rich bottom
lands of Tex.n. It is only joverty that keeps
thciu at home. XV. S. A.
lc-r 'it' Xcw 'VorJc. .ftni IT.
IJo-ton, June S. Advices from Vermont and
New Hampshire show a heavy frot lat niht,
with much damage to croj .
OrrtJiw.t, I i., June 2. General James Shields,
late United States Senator from Mi.-s uri, died
6u Uenly in this city at 10:20 la-t evening.
New Vorts, Jur.c I. Minister Stouzhtn. who
Las just returned from Kuii. sail to a ll-rald
reporter that the ditlieulties in Bussia have been
greatly exaggerated by the correspondents of
newrapcrs prolcssing to date their letters from
St. Petersburg. A lev miscreants, who think
th'"y can gin Something by assassination, are
bar.de 1 together, but their numbers are insignifi
cant and their r urposcs are wicked. His opin
ion, based on observation, is that tlie mass of
the people are foil 1 of their Government and of
their Kmperor, and that the army is loyal.
Ni.w Vork, June 4. It is stated in recent
German papers that the plan fjr Continuing the
proposed cable between Sjii Francisco and Voko
harua t Tien Tsin an 1 thence to Pckin, China,
wa making good progrc.-. The junction of
the Chinc-c liri'.-S with the creat Siberian ttle-
pjarh lii.c, porhajs at Kiachta, would then bi
only a ucsti ;n ot tisc. Ail of this progress,
ar.d the prosiect in cnscquence of the events in ,
7. :.if vi, ti...: the electric wire will shortly cn- j
compass the Cape of Good Hope from St. Vin
cent, thece; seeking for a connection with. India,
justify the Lope that several of the larger gaps
still existing in the submarine nctwoik of tele
graphs covering our globe will soon be filled up.
Wit... IT.- "rt ir,i r- tti 1.
. . Jti -
l, T.J, "-V- L u VV . -
that the appliCAtw has been allowed for Lis in-
1 m thnmcl .u?0."i,1?
Las solved the problem of the divisibility of the
ciectric current lor ordinary lighting purposes. I
Minute cai-Jlcs of lamp-black are used instead of
the ordinary carbon pencils. The inventor i
claims that with the less expensive form of carbon
(.ainp-olack) used in the manufacture of his
points, it would be psr-iblc to light a parlor at
hum one-fif th to one-eighth, the -cost of gas for
the -same purpose. Ilo has recently produced
carbon that lasts fifty hours, and has nearly dis-
Ccncd with the trouble of renewal, found to
e so formidable in the Jablochkoff light. Ex
perts speak of the invention with the highest
enthusiasm. It will soon be exhibited publicly.
Washington, May GO. An expedition by the
American Colonization Society will leave New
York on June 14th, when the Monrovia will sail
direct for Liberia. The Society has applications
from 500,Ul'O persons for passage and homes in
the LiUrian Republic, thus showing that there is
some deep-seated cause impelling the colored
people to seek a change of re.-idence. The num
ber of emigrants sent will depend upon the
amount contributed. The chief difficulty of the
Society is to restrain those who are not likely to
succeed and be useful, and to obtain the
means for settling others.
Fred Douglass wants the colored people in the
Siuth to stay where they are, and wait patiently
for the dawn of the resurrection morn.
London, June 8. A dispatch from Calcutta
reports that riots have occurred in G odavery dis
trict of the Madras Presidency. Local papers
dignify them by the name or a rebellion.
A considerable forc has been engaged in sun
pressing the disturbance.
London, June. 8. Official di?jches from
Cape lowu. dated May 20m, are puolifhcd. In
one. Lord ChcIinford states that tin: advance of
Colonels Wood aid Newdegate would commence
in ten days, but a dispatch from General Clifford
says that no date can b-j fixed for the completion
of the preparations because- of difficulties met
with in obtaining transportation.
A special from Maritzburg eays that the report
of the death of Major Chard and Cerewayo's
nrotMcr Dabniaiuaze are ucnied.
the old war- ! his civil rights he was sentenced to death. Solo
be remember- j icff, during this trying scene, maintained com
a supcrabun- ! I'Ictc Composure, only a slight tremor being no-
iiceao.e wnen inc iium oi execution was rued.
At 5 o'chck in the aftern-Min the sentence vi the
Court was carried into eff.ct.
15i.ut.iN, June 7th. In consequence of the
growth f the Russian and French armies, and in
vu;w of the increase of revenue by taxation, the
government is considering the advisability of
increasing the atniy, for which purpose the gov
ernment ask a perpetual grant from Parliament.
Stcj s have been recently taken to increase the
circulation of liberal newspapers in ti e Prussian
army. The troops have been formally prohibited
from reading such publications and the barracks
arc to be searched regularly for objectionable lit
erature. This is the way Nai-oleos III gave
Rocuiort's paper such extensive influence. Pub
lic evils that are unable to stand criticism should
be cured and not covered up.
London, June 4. A Berlin correspondent re
ports that another man-of-war has been ordered
to Samoa for the protection of German interests.
Catk Town, June 7th. The Zulu King, Cete
wayo, on the l'ith ult. despatched on envoy to
Colonel Crealoek, asking him to send a European
to di?cus terms ol j'ate. John Dunn accord-
insty went to Cetewayo s kr;
, returned, negotiations bavin"
Lraal, but has already
lfT f '1 i 1 I Ili!. flirt
Kritish refuse any terms but unconditional sur
render. Cetcwavo's good faith is doubted. It is
thought probable that he will shortly throw his
whole strength against the lower Tugela col
umns. The contemplated rat id march against
Cetewayo s kraal at
Alundi has been abandoned, i
Transport difficulties are increasing, owing to the
scarcity of grass. The health of the troops is
improving. It is reported that Major Chard, '
who distingaised himself at Roorke's Drift, has
died of fever. It is rumored that the Zulu com- '
mander, Dabulmanzi, while on his way to sur
render to the Rritish, was intercepted and killed.
A great fire at Gray town destroyed large commis
London, June 4. Official reports from Cash
mere say that it is impossible to exaggerate the '
distress which the famine is causing there. Tho
Maharajah of the province, at the urgent request
of the Viceroy oflndia, is proceeding to Serioagur
to superintend the organization of relief. Three
thousand five hundred tons of grain arc in transit
to the valley of Cashmere.
London, June 3. The Paris corresponJent of
the Times reports that it is understood that M.
De Lesseps will soon issue a prospectus, inviting
subscription to the Panama canal project, and
will go to the Isthmus himself in September.
The L'nitcd States delegates arc disappointed at
the rejection of the Nicaragua route.
New York. June 4. A cable dispatch to the
. raid from Pari, date! the 3d, says: M. De
Ivesseps has already commenced the formation of
a company to constuct tho tide-level interoccanic
canal from Colon to Panama, across the Isthmus
of Daricn, the route selected by the International
Congress. The company which obtained tlie Con
cession fron the Government of Colombia, and
made arrangements with the Panama Railroad,
will turn over their charters to the new organ
ization for a proper consideration, so that the
new company mav start lairly and squarely.
A first subscription of 400,0iH),0X francs will
be opened simultaneously all over the world
about September next. It is to be an essentially
popular loan, without Government aid or guaran
tee. The amount of the first subscription, of
which ten per cent, is to be paid on subscribing,
will M. De Lesscps expects, be mote than covered.
Nathan Appleton will be a director of the com-
pany, and will be delegated to open subscriptions
in the United Slates. M. I)j Losseps goe to
Panama, via New Vork. to take out the first
spadeful of earth on January 1st, 1SS0.
London, June 1. The Portuguese Cabinet Las
resigned in consequence of internal dissension,
and Ansel mo S. liroomcalz. Councilor of State
and progressist leader, has been invited to form
n new ministry.
Lisijon, June 1. It is announced that the late
Ministry, before its retirement, concluded a treaty
with Great ISritain looking to tlie suppression of
the slave trade, the development of commerce and
the civilization of Africa. The treaty provides
for freedom of commerce and navigation between
the adjoining British and Portuguese colonics ;
declares the Zimbczi River free to the commerce
of the world, and grants Great Britain facilities
for the passage of troops and munitions of war
across Portuguese territory to South Africa.
London, June 3. Baron Lionel Nathan Roth
schild died to-day.
London, May SO. A telegram from Mar
itzburg, dted May 14th, says : There is excit
ing news from Tugela, on the frontier nearllelp
makaar. On tie 11th of May a great battle took
palace at a point between Thringpost and Sinha
walla. A powerful Zulu chief named Matcona,
with all Lis people, numbering some thousands,
had resolved to surrender to the British. He j
I was ioined bv Dabal Manzi. Cetcwavo's brother.
who commanded the Zulus at Gingibolovo, and a
remnant of that army, its chiefs Laving kept
away from Cetewayo since their defeat through
fear. When neariog Thringpost they were un
expectedly interrupted by a powerful force, sup
posed to be commanded by Cetewayo, coming
from the northward. A fearful conflict ensued,
resulting in a great slaughter of the Zulus who
wished to surrender, and they were dispersed
and driven back. Matcor.a escaped. It is re
ported that Dabal Manzi was killed. King Ce
tewayo, elated with Lis success, and apparently
learnmg that Lord Chelmsford's columns have
made a forward movement, Lus summoned all his
followers and taken a strong position at the fork
of the White Umvclosi, at its junction with the
Black Umvclosi. At Lis back are soma of the
highest knjwn mountains of Zululand, densely
wooded at their base. The country in front is
swampy. Here tho King evidently awaits the
Rritisn. Native scouts stato that he has de
clared that be will never surrender. lis is be
lieved to Lave collected all bis available forces, and
raids into Natal are now feared. A bridge across
theTogelais now available foiyJigbt transport
Colonel Pearson, who lias been suffering Iron
v,""i.1iSiiiil """ "
cter, is better J5imies Hwu-buukIiuU
vails. The Boors in Transvaal are quieting
J(Jwn Colone, Crealock'8 Column had some
i ekirmishing. with unimportant results.
( - '
Its Undeblying C-U'ses and Ke
jiarkable growth. .
. It has generally been supposed that Nihilism
is of comparatively recent origin. An elaborate
article on the history of the movement in the
New York Herald shows that while this is true
as regards its present name, it has in fact existed
i revious io too accession oi emperor .Nicuoias
1., in 182-j, free ideas had a foothold in Russia, !
11 . 1 - ,
and a secret society, whose object was to dethrone
the Emperor and substitute a constitutional
Government, witlr Nicholas's cider brother as its
head, afterwards known as tho Decaboisty or
Decembcrists named after the month in which
a revolution occurred at St. Petersburg, in 1825
numbered many members. On that terrible
day, December 10th, the principal streets were
red with the blood of the victims. The leaders
and members of the society who were known
were cither hanged or banished to Siberia.
Hundreds, however, were unsuspected and others
escaped, all or whom afterwards were dilligently
employed in propagating their theories.-
Uctore long journal called Kolokol or " Bell."
devoted to the movement, was established in
London, of which the proprietor and editor was
the famous red revolutionist, Ilertzen. The
editor's ideas were exalted, and possessed of
great powers of language he soon acquired a
wonderful influence over the Kussian youth.
His journal was secretly read and hidden away
as though it were a treasure of incalculable value.
Ilertzen published a nuuiber of papers enti
tled Letters from This Side," in which were
given minute accounts of the most secret a flairs
of the Government and of the Czar and his fam
ily. The editor accompanied them with his views
and hopes of tho future of Russia. These letters
are said to be true in their statements of the
smallest details, and on that account are valua
ble to historians. Ilertzen desired to bring about
a representation of the people, to destroy every
member of the Czar's family, the titled aristocracy
workin in harmony with those under his
direction. These gradually advanced in liberal
views of matters of government, and adopted
ideas that were more in accord with the new era
of which they believed they saw the dawn.
These ideas first found expression in the Sorre-
' mcinnik and Rushote Sloivo, two popular journals
; that were suppressed about ten years ago, and
! the writers sentencod to hard labor in the mines
; of Siberia. Among these were Czcrnyshevski,
! author of What Fo Do, and Mikhailoff, a poet.
i Other Nihilist leaders of that time were Antono- 1
: vich, Dobnoluboff, PissurcfF and Nitehauff. The
! last was in 1870 given up by Switzerland to bo j
i tried for the murder of Ivanoff, a Nihilist who i
: betrayed the secrets ol the organization.
Ketwcen 1858 and 1872 the press enjoyed com- I
i parative freedom, which the Nihilists used to
t their advantage. The women became as cn- ;
i thusiastic missionaries and tract distributors as j
were tho men. The more easily to enforce their t
theories, and to show to what extent they were ,
willing to sacrifice for the cause, many ot them !
i cut off their hair, dressed themselves as peasants, !
I and engaged in the most menial employment. A
wealthy Priuccss named Tombooskoie, who
I moved in court circles, was found instructing :
j peasant washerwomen. Some of them studied '
successfully and necvinm doctors ot medicine.
They declared themselves dissatisfied with the ,
existing position of women that of a well j
dressed doll and demanded the rights which ;
men enjoyed, and an opportunity to become use
ful members of society. They ignored the mar
riage ceremony and became wives without the
performance ot any legal formality.
A series of letters under the title of Confes
sions of a Xew Generation in Russia were pub
lished in 1864, in which the writer for the first
time applied to the representatives of new ideas
the name Nihilists, derived from nihil, the Latin
word meaning nothing," and the name given
in opprobrium has ever since been retained, and
has become a terror to all in authority.
Sinee 1870 their number has increased with
astonishing rapidity. It is said that in the
schools even the girls have nearly nil become con
verts, and no restrictions or persecutions have
been able to shake their fidelity.
The members are organized into circles, which,
when the number reaches sixty, are subdivided
into ten circles of six persons each. By so doing,
if discovered by the police, only a few are likely
arrested. These circles meet ostensibly for social
purposes merely, but tbey seek to secure converts
from every class of society officers, common
soldiers, the middle class and peasantry. The
mystery which envelopes the movement doubtless
induces many to become members who otherwise
The members make periodical contributions of
monej as they are able, which is used for pur
chasing arms and the propagation or Nihilistic
ideas. Each circle sends out an armed agent for
this purpose. It is said that in every large town
or city there are so many circles that ir the Gov
ernment really knew the number it would be
more seriously alarmed than it is.
Anybxly und everybody arc not admitted as
members. Candidates must be recommended as
entirely trustworthy, upon whom reliance under
any circumstances can be placed. The candidate,
after satisiactory investigations, is voted for in
full meeting, and two votes will reject. In fact,
if satisfactory evidence of disqualification is pre
sented, one vote will reject. When admitted, the
candidate takes the following obligation or oath:
I, A. li., do solemnly, before the altar of my
mother country, promise and swear that I will
never disclose, under penalty of death, any of the
secrets of the " Russian National Secret Society,"
belote any agent of tho tyrannical Kussian Gov
ernment, having the Czar at its head, or any one
whom I do not actually know to be a member of
this Society : that I will sacrifice my lile and all
that is sacred to me in the struggle against the
bloodthirsty tyrants and oppressors of the Kussian
peof le; that I will obey and execute every un
animous decision of the Circle without hesitation,
being reJy to sacrifice my life, and regardless of
any personal danger I may encounter in so doing.
I know that we must be readyo fight in the
name of the liberty of the Ilust-ian people when
the moment of arising shall arrive and the grand
sign be given -calling all to arms. 1 do solemnly
swear that 1 will resist, in case of an attempt to
arrest me or any member of the Society by the
Government agents, with whatever weapon is at
my disposal at the moment, without fear or re
gard for personal consequences; that I will not
recommend any new member without the knowl
edge that be is a true friend of the Russian peo
ple : that from the moment 1 become a member
of this "Secret National Kussian Society," I re- :
gard myself as the sworn enemy to the Kussian
despotical Government and begin to act against it
by every means I can command.
Besides their own members in case of a general i
uprising, the Nihilists couDt on the assistance of
the men so-called Old Faith men who number ;
about 14,000,000. These religionists are as
bitter in their hatred of the Czar as are Nihilists,
and declare that he and Lis family are the agents
of the devil. They can all read and write, are
liberal in their ideas, and have the friendship of
the peasants. They are found from the Astrakan
to the White Sea, but are more numerous about
the Volga Kivcr.
The Nihilists are desperately in earnest. They
are seeking the release of the Kussian people
from the despotism of a Government who rcgad
them as little above the beasts of the field.
While we condemn the methods of assassination
they employ to secure their ends, we must ad
mire their courage. The Hussions are notorious
ly a brave rcople, and the Government finds them
no less brave in dealing with tyrants at Lome
than with foes abroad. The Czar is not likely to
suppress them by such barbarism as has been
displayed within the last few weeks. Their ideas
of a Republic arc crude, but it is possible that
they arc as capable of ruling themselves as other
people arc. One cf the not improbable events
of the near future is the overthrow of the Rus-
i sian Empire and the establishment cf the
There is a bill before the Missouri Legislature
which provides that a qualified voter who fails or
refuses to vote for- tbroo., consecutive State
elections shalf be deemed guilty of n-mjsde-aueanor,
and fo"rfeit bis right-to hold any office of
honor or profilTinfler the State. '
Grant, Sheridan and Sherman. 1 diave
studied those three men Grant, Sheridan and
Sherman for a good while, and I will tell you
how I classify them. I liken Grant to Caesar.
You look at the lines on his face and observe the
general contour and you will observe something
of the Csesar there. Sherman reminds me of
Frederic tho Great ; there is tho same eccentricity
and nervousness and occasional sourness, but
working out big results, as Frederic did. Sheri
dan has the electrical qualities of Napoleon. I
doubt very much If there ever was assembled on
the field of war three more striking characters
than those. Colonel Ihrie.
The progress of Japan for twenty-five years has
been bo great, according to a Springfield Repub
lican letter from R. Henry Davis, who is now re
visiting that country, that the inhabitants speak
of the "new era" as an entirely distinct period.
I lately stood." he says, "on one-of Japan's
mountains and looked over to the inland sea and
down upon several cities, connected by newly
constructed railroads and telegraphs of the most
approved methods, and saw the fine postoffice
buildings and the excellent and commodious
school-houses, and witnessed other signs that
tj,;9 people have borrowed largely from those
nations called civilized and Christian ; but my
eye searched in vain for that which occupies the
eye searched in vain for that which occupi
central spot in every New England village tho
church spire." The toleration of Christianity in
Japan is a thing of recent date, and only within
six years have missonaries been safe from per
Ezekiel Hayes, the great-grandfather of the
I'resident, was a successful mechanic in Connec
ticut, nnd kept a number of apprentices. It
is said that sometimes, like apprentices in all
ages, they felt that they had long work and 6hort
rations. At one time a new cheese was put on
the table whole. It stood uncut for a day or
two, Hayes saying at each meal, That is a nice
looking cheese. It is a pity to cut it ! " The
boys thought this was growing rather monoto
nous, and planned to show their sentiments. The
blacksmith had one day got a bar of iron nicely
heated, and laid it across the anvil to be cut into
proper lengths. Tlie boys, with chisels and
6lcdges, were to cut it off. But no hand was
raised. Haves asked why thev did not "strike."
One of them replied : That is euch a nice bar j
ofiron.it would bo a pity to cut it. Ilayes
quickly saw tho point, and shouted, with a
laugh, " Strike ! boys, strike ! The cheese shall
be cut ! "
In 1688 a certain monk, named Perignon, was
made cellarer of the Benedictine Abbey of llaut
Villiers, a little hamlet on the banks of the
Marnc, about five miles from Epernay, who was
a perfect godsend to the wine-bibbing world.
He was the first to marry the produce of one
vineyard to that of another, to find out that a
white wine which would keep good could be
made from the blackest grapes, instead of de
generating, like that obtained from white grapes,
and to substitute cork as a bottle stopper for flax
dipped in oil. Just at the close of the seven
teenth century he achieved his final triumph of
producing effervescent champagne. Why it
sparkled he knew not, but the secret spread over
the country, until in 1878 the official returns of
the manufacturers' 6tocks in the champagne
district, as given by the Chamber of Commerce
at Rheiui?. is 70,183.863 bottles. In England
the taste for dry champagne became general
nearly 100 years ago, and the demand was then,
ns now, for Sillery. Russia takes it eweet and
strong, and the French and Germans like a
sweet light wine.
To Sugar Planters.
tl It. VOOI II Kl. RE PRESENTING I he
famous Iluu-eof Mr-.H l'ON TI FfcX A; WOOD, Su
gar Machinery makers of London wi.l visit pur lies or confer
with planter on their estates to take orders, furnish plans and
give any information to parties desiring to order sugar ma
chinery. Address with C I5BEWER & CO.
NEW STORE, NEW PRICES,
i:XIESINEU, I.MPOKTEK. A -N U
Having opened a FURNITURE STORE in Honoiu
lulu, invites the puhlic to inspect his Stock of Goods, A L
NEW, and of the LATEST DESIGNS, which he
proposes to sell at lower rates than the puhlic have ever before
been offered. He is also prepared to do all kinds of work
that pertains to the business.
011 mid 8oo liis
PARLOR SETS, 1IXIG ROOM SETS,
PLAIX FIRMTIRE OF ALL KIDS,
OFFICE AM STORE CHAIRS,
AND MATTRESSES OF ALL KIND3.
tf-r California and Eastern made Furniture of all kinds and
styles at the Lowest Prices.
F. H. WILT,
ja25 6m On Hotel street, two doors from Fort street.
Ne Plus Ultra Spring Bed
ONLY FIFTEEN DOLLARS
So Cheap that all can have it, and yet
THE BEST IN THE MARKET
XT Try one, and il not satisfactory, money will be refund
ed. On exhibition and for sale by DILLINGHAM & CO.
mhl or of the manufacturer, B. T. FARRAR.
TIIKOLI) KSTAHI.ISIIEI) lll'Sl-nr-
HoureoT A. S. CLtOHOKS CO., sit
natetl in Witimo. Hamakaa. Hawaii, consist of
a StoraJHl a I'wrliinr Ilofwe. almocl new. A Iki, S'-orr lloate.
Cook Hoax, &C-, niih a Urg- o-l w;ll arlectnl Mxk ct
A Wo, a biUneet.! lease t-f WaijOo VutUy for a term f 13
years, eomjwisins an arra of me 3.000 oe, admirably
adapted, for KiceT Sa?ar culture.
Alio, lease cf Miilixi, wb.rh comprise sevt-ml iuar.d
acres of wood land. Tina is a rorv chance t-r n - . -liin
tJ go into Sugr or Kk-e, in one of the mnjit Jrirjliv c iium
in the Kingdom.
r'or particular, apply it
Mtctt A. S Cl.KittlOilN II n..,u u.
r to J. K . ULl. Ilini.ui.
V ai.i . March 13 !i. W. ti.triJ
llK (LirrKR BB1T1SI! KARR
ia Hi days froa Glasjr,
COMPRISING A FULL LINE
EXPRESSLY. FOR THIS MARKET
IS yOW BE1G OriT.RED FOU SALE
a I th offices of
Gr. AV- ZSracfarlane So Co.
A. W. FiElRCEC0.,
(AT THE OLD STORE)
Queen Street, Honolulu, H. I,
WHALING GEAR 0F( ALL KINDS,
WhalebonU, Iioat Stock, Anchors, Chains,
. Hemp ami Manila Cordape, Duck, Naval Stores,
I'aints and Oils, Brass and Oalvanized Marine Hardware,
ttailniakerk' Goods, Boatbuilderg' Hardware,
Hay, Oats and Bran, Etc., Etc.
Would inform our friends and pntrons, that we have now on
hand the most complete and varied assortment of
SHIP CHANDLERY !
SHIP & NAVAL STORES,
and otlwr Goods in our line, to be found on the Sandwith Il
andf; and having a new lease, for a term of years, of the old
stand, so lonsr and favorably known by the people c f the
Sandwich Islands, and by the Masters and Owners of Whaling
and Merchant Vessels, aud with our New Fire-proof Store and
Store-house near by, giving us unequaled facilities for keeping
even a still more complete and varied assortment of all the
Goods in our line, lare additions to which we have ordered
from the United States and Europe, all of which we offer on
tlie most favorable terms.
Coils 6 Threads, Coils 9 Threads, Coils 12 Thread.
Coils li loch, Coils IV loch. Coils 1 Inch, Coils i Inch,
Coils 21 Inch, Coils 2 Inch, Coils l Inch.
Coils 3 Inch, Coils 31 loch. Coils 3 Inch, Coils 31 loch.
Coils 4 Inch, Coils 41 Inch, Coils 41 Inch. Coils 5 Inch.
Cutting Falls, Manila Holt Rope, Sisal Rope. Bale Rope,
Hay Rope, Manila Lath Yarn, Galvaniied Wire Rope,
Wire Seizing, Deep Sea Lead Lines, 60 Fathom Log Lines,
Lines for Patent Log, Signal Halyards, Fish Lines.
1J inch, 11 inch, 2 inch, 2i inch, 21 inch, 21 inch,
3 inch. 31 Inch, 31 inch, 3 inch, 4 inch, 41 inch, 5 inch,
6 inch, 6 inch, 01 inch, 7 inch, 71 inch, 8 Inch.
RATLIN' 12 thread, 15 thread, 13 thread, 21 thread.
SI'OXVARX- 2 yarn, 3 yarn.
SEIZING 6 thread, 9 thread, 12 thread.
Marline, Houseline, Hambroline, Rounding, Russia Bolt Rope.
Nos. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10. Ravens, Drills, ic
Merchant Navy, all numbers-, Long Flax, all numbers;
I'arslin Yard, Hemp Twine, Cotton Twine,
Whipping Twine, Sail Needles, Roping Needles,
Packing Needles, Beeswax, Sailors' Palms,
Sailmakers' Seaming Palms, Sailmakers' Ropins Palms,
Sail Hooks, Galvanired Iron Clews. Galvanized Thimbles,
Brass Thimbles, Open Thimbles, Thimbles for Wire Rope.
Sister Hooka and Thimbles, Flags,
Anchors from 40 lbs. to 2400 lbs. Chains from 1 in. toll in.
Capstan. Windlass Gear, Brass Boat Compasses,
Brass Ship Compasses, Tell Tale Compasses,
Ritchies' Spirit Compasses, No. 1;
" No. 2;
" " " No. 3;
SheathiDg Felt, Yellow Metal, Sheet Lead, Fog Horns,
Lilly Irons, Grains. Cork Fenders, Holy Stones,
- Capstan Bars, Handspikes, Mast Hoops, Lead Figure,
Corn Brooms, Hickory Brooms, Ratan Brooms, Cocoanut do.
Pump Leather, Rigging Leather, Galvanized Boat Nail,
Galvanized Scupper Nail, Galvanized Cut Nails,
Galvanized Sweed Iron Tacks, Composition Nails,
Cut Nails, 3d to 60d; Finish Nails, Iron Tacks,
Copper Tack., flat heads; Copper Tacks, round neaus-,
Wrought Boat Spikes, Handled Axes, Wood Saws,
IlaLd Saws, Claw llalchets. Shingling Hatchets,
Hammers, Screw Wrenches, Top Mauls,
Caulking Mallets, Caulking Irons, llawsirg Irons,
Uawsiug Bee'les, Jnck Planes, Smooth Plane, Litis,
Bill Stock?, HulfS, Nail Gl nlets. Spike Oitnlet.
Handled Urad Awl, ?crew Driveia.CoM Chisels,
Chain Punches, Copper Punches, Marlin Hpikes.
Flat Files, Half Round Files, Saw Files, Grindstone,
Grindstone Fixtures, Brass crew9. Iron Screws,
Hasps and Staples, Copper ire. Brass Padlocks,
Iron Padlocks, ComiosUion Port Hinge, pairs;
Composition silrap Hinge, pairs;
Galv. Iron Row Locks, Ualv. Iron Ec!aii K Pin
Locust Belaying Pins, Hickory Belaying Pin, Lizards,
Fair Leaders. Parrel Trucks, Mast-head Trucks,
Serving Mallets. Serving Boards. Chain Hooks,
Hay Hooks. Gilv. Boat ilooks, Galv. Jib Hanks.
Wood Jib Hanks. Wood Pumps for Water Casks.
C jlv. Screw Anchor Shackle. Chain hackU s.
Anchor Shackles, Ship 3cra.-.-rs, Rigging Screws,
Wrist Shackles, Patent Link, Oars, from 9 to ti feel;
Sculls, Deck Buckets.
Metalline Blocks, patent; RIn?ks. common:
Blocks, iron strap, patent; Blocks, r-pe ittrap, patent;
in--Vij, rope strap, common: Snatch Uiocks,
i.i.tks, wid score lor main itlieet:
Blocks, liirnum viiae, for jib sheet; Patent Sheaves,
Common Sheaves, Dead Eyei. Hearts. Hulls Eyes.
PAINTS, OILS, ETC.
Raw Oil, Boiled Oil, Kerosene Oil.
Whale Oil, China Nut Oil, Lard U;l,
Woodward's S:gnal Oil, Tar Oil,
Bright Varnish. Black Varnish,
S. Turpentine, Coal Tar, Patent Dryer, Red Lead,
White Lead, Bl.ick Paint, Green Paint, Red Paint,
Yellow Paint. Blue Paint, Metallic, dry; Lamp Black,
Chrome Y'ellow, Chrome Green, Prussian Blue,
Burnt I'mber, Chinese Vermillion, Copper Paint.
Totash, Concentrated Lye, Sal Soda, Glue, Putty, Chalk,
Black Lead, for aheaves; Tar. Pitch, Rosin, Oakum,
Pitch Mops. Flat Paint Brushes. Round Paint Brushes,
Varnish Brushes. W hitewash Brushes, Marking Brushes,
Pencil Brunhes. Stove Brushes, Shoe Brushe.
Dust Brushes. Long Handled Tar Brushes, Floe Brushes,
Seam Brushes, Scrub Brushes. Sash Tools,
Log Books, for 120, 210 and 330 days; 14-second Glasses,
Patent Logs, Steel Shovels. Scoop fchovels. Rubber Oilers,
Brass Oilers, Lamp Feeders. Lanterns, Side Light, tin;
Side Lights, brass; Fresnal Signal Light, zinc;
Kresnal Signal Lights. I'raw; Cabin Lamp.
Lamp Wick, balls; Kbit Wicks, d- z.; Lamp Burners,
Lamp Chimney. Cptron Waste, lbs.; Bath Brick,
Brown Soap, r'alt Wat-r Soap, Cups and Saucers.
Tumblers, Knives an l Fork. Sjkxkis, Chopping Knives,
Chopping Trays, Sieves, I'olTVe Mills, Dut Pans.
Wash Basins, Mincing Kr.tvs. Blubber Forks. Boat Board
Boat Timbers. Boat Knee, limit Nulls, nil sizes;
Mast Ilingr-s. Steering Braces, etc.
Whaleboats, Whale Irons, Whale Lances,
Brand' Bomb Gun. Brand' Bomb Lance.
Perry Davi' Pair. Killer, Pierce's Magnetic Truss.
Beef, Pork, Bread, Crackers, Preserved Meats, Fruits,
CALIFORNIA HAY, BRAN, OATS, &c.
PLANTATION SALMON I
OR SILK AX LOW KATK IN Hl'A.V
TlTlttj to anil by
Janlltf t iSTI.K JL COOKK.
OREGON FLOUR !
FOR gLK BV
t'AVri-K A. COOK K.
JUST RECEIVED !
FROM THE COAST,
GYRUS NOBLE WHISKY
la Bottles, Drmljohos and Flasks.
SOUR MASH WHISKY
A N U
Kentucky Favorite do.
IN STONE B0TTLKS.
Very Fine CSrllsr
IN STONK JIGS.
And 50 Half Bbls. of Good
i.s last was purchased in Louisville, Kectuckv,
from His DISTILLKR1,
AND WAS TWO YEARS OLD I
When it left New York City on the ship " Sovereign of
the Seas." that lately arrived in Sau Francisco,
via Cap Horn.
BEING DOUCHT IN BOND!
And shipped direct to us. we do not pay the Iter
nal Revenue Tax, and o are able to s ll
WHISKY CHEAPER THA 1Y HOI SE IX THE CITY
Call and Examine.
apl2J MERCHANT STREET. 3rn
RECEIVED PER MtUON !
BARRELS AND HALF BARRKL8 OF
BARRELS AND HALF UABRELS OF
Barrel and Half Barrels of PITT LARK
Salmon sT2?o,t !
BARRELS OF 00URAN8 !.
ALL OF WHICH WILL BK
Sold at Very Low Rates!
ap26 3m E. C. McCANDLESS.
J 1ST RECEIVED PER FMKIMG,
BARRELS AND HALF BARRELS
FOR SALE LOW, BY
e. c. McC a x m.F:ss.
rem: ojv .a. Tu i
BOfJ,E & CO.,
OILl) INFORM THEIR. FRIENDS
and the public generally, that they have
Removed to their New Fire-proof Store,
Which ha just been completed, situated at the Old Stand,
31 Queen Street, where they have been making larfte addition
to their stock of Ship Chandlery, Ship and Plantation Stores,
which make their assortment large and varied.
Will be happy to have a call from their patron, and Ihey
will assure them that no pain wilt be spared to attend to their
want in a satisfactory manner.
We have now in Stock: Cordage, hemp and Manila, an as
sortment of lile; Cotton Duck, Flax Canvas, Hemp Canvas.
Cotton Sail Twine, 5, 6, 7 and 8 plyi Flax Sail Twine, 3 and 5
ply; Block. Oars, Shieve, Hocks aud Thimbles, 4c , 4c, all
of which will le wild at Be l Rock Frices.
onolulu. Nov. 23.1, 183. I"l '
mmril.MINUTO.N TAIL UILMINOTO.N
For Sale by
EOLLLS t CO.
nGEF, PORK, II A MS, BACON, CHEESE,
4 MS. R A(
For Sale by
MM l-tti, c , c.
B0LLE3 If CO.
MIXED RUBBER PAINTS,
F ILLSIIADESIVI-ARGE AXW SMALL
Packces. "or iale
OIL ! OIL ! !
IJl RE SPERM OIUSTRAIXEU AND FREE
trg foots. B01.LE3 CO.
4 LARGE ASSORTMENT. NEW AM'
For Sale by
BOLLES fc CO.
The Genuine Article,
ExCrusader,from Hongkong Direct
A FEW TIIOL'SAXDI PCT CP IX BOXM
A of 1 OO. 200 and SOU, J LsT LANUbD and
rr il, BOLLts K tu.
IN BOXES OF 500, 200, AND I OO EACH,
jheoenuine Article. For . ale by pQLLES 4r CO.
NEW ZEALAND POTATOES,
IKR LAST STEAMKR FROM AISTRA.
LI A. For .ale by my 24 BOLLES r CO.
BREAD. CRACKERS. &c.
-rKOICM liKKAl), PILOT BREAM, SA-
J loon Pilot Bread in canes ana qum t ,vi.
A full aBortmtiit, or Ba t by
BOLLES &. CO.
VtLlt'ORM A Cl'IIE IN 251b BOXES.
Kees of powdered tuear.
jal ';9" tor Sale by
BOLLES k CO.
EXTRA MESS BEEF !
IN IILK BARRELS FOR FAMILY ISE.
Pii Pork in 1 and 4 bbls. per Steamer. For sale by
mhl 8 BOLLES & CO
4 LARGE ASSORTMENT. INCLUDING X
J Uoat Beef, Boiled Beef. Roast Mutton. Boiled Mutton.
Compressed Corned Beef, Viaa Feet. Lamb Tongue, Hef
Tongues. Tripe, Fish Chowder. Pork and Beans, Codfish
Balls. c, fcc. For Sile by
ii 7i aoLLsa co.
A Monitor Horse Power, new, .
Tattra' Improve paU.nl, with fcbaA and Fly-wheel f'i
For Ono, Two o.r Four Horses I
JtHT THE TILING ICR
JPuiiipiiier oj" Htvwinjr I
iLSO.rCKSII CALU'OKMl UAl AD LltlU,
By rveoi Arrival -
JiOO Hbl. Fresh Linie.Chenp.
apl9 ru HIVE V CO. J
Something New Under tho Sun !
M. J. ROSE, KING STREET,
Tooting Hit Own Horn !
nA VI XG JUST TURNED OUT A XKW
rtyle ol UL'MP WAGON for Ik Wlmarlo Sur Co.
No one to ay one word about It. Something; mrlul Int I'law
t at ion. It turn in l- apac than m two- lift ri earl.
Width of hind tire, inchest front, 4 torbeel fcuill lif ht, bat
very Unrig. Those wWhing to -rnd In tart order, and wtah
(beta go out on t.ae, would da writ to da It Immediately, or
they rua.t Hand back and wait I heir tain.- mUk
Waiter Tight Boots,
AT iVAf irS BOOT & SHOE FACTOM,
KING STREET. ,
AIYT HIL-EGrAIMT FIT
Order from the other Island promptly executed. mbt tf
LUriTBEIt ! "
Ex Marlha Davis from Boston
"Wo Havo Just Received
AND ' :
.OFFER FOR SALE,
SUPEBIOIl EAStEHX WHITE PIKE.
Windows and Blinds,
White Knateria I'ine, 1, U. H, 1 nd 3 Inch,
lat nnd turf Growth Aah, U, 1 J, 2 and S lock.
Illack Wlaal, I, 2, 21 and S Inrh.
V bile VaI, I In. fur carrlae ue.
Cat Kaila,allie. . '
Cat ead Wr.kl Split re, from (totloetu
Wroa.hl Nalla, 2, 21, 2, S and 4 Inch.
Cnlaaisr4 Nulla, 4d., 10.1.
A Complrtt AsMrrtntfat f
PAINTS m OIL.
A (oraplfte Aftftorlmtat of
Also, by Late Arrivals,
.adders, House Steps
Corrugated Iron, Brushes, i
WINDOW & PICTURE CLA88,
All of which we offer for aale Low.
LEWKRS A. PICKHOV. . ,
WM. WELVIVEU & CO.,
WOULD MOST RESPECTFULLY INFORM
the people of Honolulu and the Island (eoerally, that
they not only manufacture any and , j
AH Kinds ol Jewelry.
1 I Tt K C T
FROM EASTERX MANUFACTORIES
Finest SOLID JEWELRY;
Finest Gorham Silver Ware
AND ALLORADKH OF , ,
I'irect from the Factory, and which will lie aold at a aalf'
advance over the coat price, and GUARANTEED. j,
THEY HAVE SECURED THE SERVICE
FIRST HASS MM MAKER1
and will guarantee the Repairing and Cleaning of '
all Watches left to their care. V i '
Engraving Executed in any Sty .
AND IN TIIK BEPT MANNKR. T;
We would take tbi opportunity to return thanks for p
pntronKe. and solicit a continuance of the aarae.
Orders from the other inland solicited, which will rece(
careful attention when directed to our care.
WM. WENNER & CO., t
rort Ptreet, opposite Odd Fellow IU1-
V. O. Vox No. 20.
7X DISCOVERY. FOR SALE BV
al Vi ItOLI.KS At CA
REST ON AM) MERRILL'S. ..
X jal '79
rut K3ic ui uiiiubo m. v.
BURNETTS FLAVORING EXTRACT
A FULL ASSORTMENT, FOR SALE
X V " balesale and retail by
Bf.l LES A
HAMS. BACON AND LARD.
IX FIVE AND TEN POUND HAILS, V
M. Sale by
mj21 - B0I.1.K3