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PACIFIC COMMERCIAL, ADVERTISER SUPPLEMENT, NOV. 22, 1879.
SA Tl'RD A Y. iVO V EMBER 22.
our new York letter.
New Vobk. Oct. 17. 187'J.
Some month ago 1 uik occasion to write you
rrMin); ihe terrible tinnctal depresflion of the
Country. Tu-dT. valk through ISroadwav nd
Bruad at reel makes me eufrect the aoundneM of
mj statements, ana lead me to the conclusion
taat all of ua have been dreaming. I confer
ttat I liardlr believe the evidence of rn eves
aii cnangcj. i'roreriiT ' Das come like a
spring fruntiet. Tbe hard times are forgotten.
Lust night 1 heard a bank president av, " We
are mad ; tJe merchant are mad ; ererjbodj is
mad; everjbodj i ctxj mad!" The flush
timea have returned. The stock market ia like
a night of aurora boreal is ; values flah np like
light along the bunion ; values flaub up above
the horizon. Then manj values flash up, till
Dow a thousand value, like so manj brilliant
streamers, each more daring than tbe other, leap
up to the zenith, filling tie financial skj from
base to dome with dazzling splendor. Tbe aver
age increase in railway securities is more than
fife hundred millions. Iron bas doubled in
price. 1 aua told bj a Urge dealer in railway
iron that enormous sums ate being made by ra.il
waj officials at the expense of tbe roads which
thev control. Advantage is taken of tbe rise in
prK-e of merchandise, lie told me, as a single
instance, thai the president ol one road negotiat
ed miiIi them for the purchase of 12,000 tons of
Steel rail st $15 per ion. Jual as the bargain
was com- udel and the contract was to be signed,
the uiaiket lor steel rails went up about $1 per
ton. The railway president then said that really
be was not hujring tle rails fur the road, but for
bii own account; and thereupon the contract
was executed with him as an individual. Recent
ly the contract was Id to a third party, and the
profit realized wan $120,IHJ0. It is need lews to
Bay thai il tne price ol mils had fallen the rail
way would bate been called upon to eland tbe
loa. Canes of this kind are not uncommon.
Nearly every ailicle of merchandise has rapidly
iocreard Jn value. Workshops are busy ; fac
tories are running day and night ; merchants are
behindhand in their orders. three months ago
traders could not get rid of their goods. Now
they cannot meet tbe supply. 1 can hardly ex
aggerate the wild condition of trade. It munt be
remembered, however, that the markets have
been bare. As there was no demand there was
so supply. Iron bas gone up enormously be
cause there was no stock on band. If the mills
bod been running on lull time there would have
been a sufficient supply. As people bad made
op their minds thai there was to be no more
trade, they kept their storehouses empty.
No one seems to know bow this boom com
menced. No one seems to know bow it will
end. The prudent predict trouble. The hopeful
predict glorious times lor ten years. The finan
cial writers are dazed. One thing is certain, we
have soil an enormous amount of paper money
in circulation. The legal lenders are out to the
extent of nearly four hundred millions, and while
tbey are at par with gold they are still in circu
lation. I doubt whether we can call ourselves
out of the woods until we are strictly on a specie
basis. In the meantime, and until we reach that
basis, we shall be subject to panics and business
will oe unsettled. Aside from the great rise in
values of properties of good character, wide
epread speculation is going on, not only in worth
less railway securities the " cats and dogs " of
the street but in mining affairs, 'scores of com
panies are being formed to work tbe gold and
silver mines in Colorado, Utah, Idaho, and New
Mexico. The majority of tbe mines are worth
less, and are managed by men who know nothing
about mining. As usual, the people who invest
in them are of tbe confiding sort, and unable to
stand tbe loss. As nine-tenths of the business
men nere are quite unwiiiiog to accumulate
slowly, and expect to become rich at once, it is
almost impossible to check this kind of specula
tion. It seemed at one time that the bard times
bad taught our people a lesson, and that we
should find them conservative and sober. But tbe
majority forget as soon as tbey learn. Many men
said to themselves, " If we bad only saved money
in previous years, we should have bridged over
the bard times. Let us not be caught again."
And now they are being caught again. At tbe
opening days of tbe milliners tbe dresses were
more extravagant than ever, and the shops which
deal in luxuries are crowded.
Tbe political situation is uncommonly interest
ing jutii now. Although there is hardly an iue
betore tue rile, there is intense energy in all
politic! wiu.re. This city is tbe centre of the
business, a Tilden lives here, and here tbe pre
liminary wotk for the next Presidential campaign
must be done. ASUin are dreadfully mixed up.
Tbe Democratic party is split up, Tammany
bolts. As I once wrote you, the issue between
Tammany and Tilden is. Is Tilden square "
So thoroughly convinced is Tammany that it will
become a miserable tool in Tilden s hands if be
be elected, it determines to upset all Democratic
precedent and bolt. Tilden bas made overtures
enough. Indeed, be will make most any bargain,
but Tammany won't ttuat him, bolls away, and
probably throws the election into the bands of
tbe Republicans. And on the other hand, the
Republicans have nominated Cornell, a ma
chine " man, and bave bargained with Tammany
to divide the spoils in the Legislature. George
Wm. Curtis, one of tbe purest of tbe Republic
ans, bolts the machine ' ticket in an open,
manly way, and be will have some following.
Edward Cooper, the Mtyor, is an able man, but
wanting in UwiMon of character, lie puts down
figures, but does not add ihein up. His caoe pre
sents an exo Hem illustration of the way a decent
man may get hiuine-f covered with mud. He ia a
gentleman, a merchant. Lie is put up for office
by a combination of aoli-Tammany and Repub
lican. Cooper thought thai they were patriots.
But they wanted the spoils only. Tbey elected
bun. lie fell gratelul, and was under pledge to
belp thre men. Tbey demanded all sorts of dis
honest and unreasonable things. Cooper was
astonished. My character will not permit me
to d t Una," he said. Damn your character,'
tbey replied, we didn't elect you to show off
your ciiaracter. We elected you so you could j
. & . -
give us a cnance to gruo viiy money. t'oor
C!r ! lie now knows wlwt it is to be a poli
tician. He ai at .iggerieds with the men who
elected him. laughed at by his friends, and re
gaidedaaa fool by many shrewd men who do
But understand bis embaraosuients. As I see him
riding bp town, his sad, worn face tells the tale
ol disuppom went, though he be Mayor of tba
fil great city of America. -
You bave doubtleM peen the accounts of tbe
erection, by Cjrus W. Field, of a monument to
Mrfjr Aodie at the poi where he was executed.
There bas been some angry talk about it and
some very bad words said. Probably it was not
in very gxxl taote for Mr. Field to undertake tbe
business ; but be is unusually fond of sensations
which hate a tendency to make him the central
figure, and be has low of money. Cut the
" sacred memory" of the Revolutionary heroes
who ought Andie w now in jeopardy. Paul
ding, Van Wart and Williams, of course, are
looked upon by every schoolboy aa the incorrupt
ible patriots who brought in the spy. One of
oar papers said the otbtr day that tbey were no
better than ihieves, and certainly bad nothing to
boast of in the way of virtue. To this one of
Van Wart's descendants replies, quoting a certifi-ea'-e
of good character given oy tbe neighbors of
these men. This has brought out a letter from
4Jenerl Kin, daied IS 17, and the minutes of
tbe debate in Congress oer Paulding's pension,
in which Col. laluiadge took part, lie and
Oneral King bad charge ol Andre after the cap
ture. He cooies-ed everything to General King.
Both of thee officers say that tbe captors were
cow boys' who were ready to plunder either
the British or American armies; that they
robbed Andre of bis watch and all hia money,
and were periectly willing to release biro, if be
would pay them. As they feared he would not
kevp In word and send buck the money if they
lei bitu go, Uey concluded to band bim over to
the Continental-, but ii was well remembered
that tbey said nothiog about his watches and
money. However, for half a century we bave
believed that these men were incorruptible
piriots. and we may well go on believing so.
A.d.e was a finely bred, open-hearted, genial
fellow. Pcple d-j not forget it. Mr. Field says
ru erected was iu iu u-.m. .
i...i;n,. Kanda over the DIOOOT
tween American, and Englishmen; but it is quite
evident that the Americans are not ready to
' Tuli item regarding historical truth leads m
i to refer to a remarkable article in the North
I American regarding the relations of Napoleon III
! to tbe United btatea during the civil war. It now
I appears from the Confederate archives that Na
I roleon, instead of feeling kindly towards the
North, was bitterly hostile. He was not only
willing, but anxious to break the blockade. He
repeatedly abked England to join him, and Eng
land as often refused. He was not content with
refusal. He tried to get at Englibh statesmen in
a private way, and left no stone unturned to
secure their aid in breaking up the United States.
The English government bad only to eay the
word, and tbe fleets of the two nations would
bave riddled our makeshift navy in a week.
During this period, and after the war. the Amer
icans bave felt quite friendly towards France, but
kept up the most intense hatred towards Eng
land. Nine-tenths of our people believe to-day
that England acted infamously in ber relations
with us. She did let the Alabama escape. We
said it was because she was unfriendly ; and now
it appears, by tbe most positive testimony, ob
tained from these Confederate archives, that she
was friendly enough, or fair enough, or wise
enoazh not to say that word which would bave
crippled the power of the North and established
tbe Confederacy. So tbe troth comes out slowly.
and we find that we bave wasted much time in
bad feeling. W. N. A.
The Cabal Massacre.
THE MTntDKX Or
The best story of the Cabul massacre is the
following, taken down from the lips of one of tbe
survivors and furnished to the London Standard.
Says the writer : I bave just had a long conver
sation with one of Sir Louis Cavagoari's servants
who escaped ; be and three others are, as far as
known, the sole survivors of the hideous massacre
of which, doubtless, you bave been already in
formed by wire. The particulars of tbe case are
as follows : At about hall-pant a. m. on the 2d,
crowds of armed Afghan soldiers were perceived
running towards the ICesidency. Sir Louis
Cavagnari must bave expected something, as be
ordered all the Sowars inside and had the gates
closed. Sooo a mob of about 4,000 men bad col
lected. The gate was broken down, and in a few
seconds the Sowars, though they fought nobly,
were borne down by numbers and massacred to a
man. A few soldiers, with the four white men.
met the assault of the infuriated throng, who,
wild with fanaticism and the exultation of feeling
their prey in their grasp, ewarmed to the attack.
No flinchiDg, no wild firing was to be seen in tbe
gallant little band that met and repelled the
attack. Again and1 again did tbe Afghans, like
a recurring wave, forced on by tbe pressure of
those behind, vainly essay to win their way into
the house. Each effort but increased the heap of
slain that fast accumulated round tbe houe.
Cowed by their reception, they withdrew to the
cover available from walls and houses, and from
their vantage ground pouted a bail of lead into
every opening in the building. Gallant Hamil
ton, so lately adorned with the Victoria Cross,
adorned it with bis heroic bravery. He exposed
bimself undauntedly to tbe hottest fire : for a
time be seemed to bear a charmed life, but at
length a bullet pierced bis heart, and he, fighting
nobly, fell. Dr. Kelly ran to bis aid, and a bul
let speedily laid bim low, too. Jenkyns was the
next to fall. Cavagnari, still unhurt, cheered on
the gradually-lessening band ; his presence in
spired all. Cheerfully and resolutely they dealt
out death to many a treacherous Afghan. Cavag
nari would strike while be could ; he ordered the
treasure-chest to be emptied into the court-yard ;
his fire momentarily ceased. The Afghans,
yielding to their greed, and thinking resistance
over, crowded to seize the glittering rupees. In
a moment our men concentrated their tire on the
crowd struggling for the plunder. A fire more
infernal than before was soon reopened by tbe
attackers, and now, to their other misfortunes, the
magazine of tbe defenders exploded, and the roof
was set on fire. With numbers reduced by half,
fire within, bullets from without, nothing daunt
ed, each man stood to his post ; but the reduced
numbers told ; a sudden rush of the enemy gained
the door ; that feeble barrier gave way, yet no
sign of fear was shown all met their death
A surging throng filled tbe room where Cavag
nari, a jemadar, and three natives were. Cav
agnari "s revolver spoke three times the death
knell of as many Afghans, and then a blow from
a heavy Afghan knife laid bim low. His mur
derer did not long survive. With one blow of
bis sabre tbe jemadar swept off his head. A few
more such blows he made.'and then be lay beside
his master. Uut one cscaed the narrator of
the tale to me ; be hid in a htb. Tbe roof was
now blazing ; a part Imd fallen on the dead body
of Cavagnari, so tbe crowd did not wait to search,
hut dragging the bodies of the killed from tbe
burning house, they did not search for any con
cealed persons, and so my informant escaped. lie
was a man who was thoroughly conversant with
the Afghan tongue, and, being a Mussulman, he
managed after bis escape from the house to piss
; bimself off as a Cabuli. Ihe bodies were treated
with all the unmentionable indignities which
j Asiatics inflict on their enemies. From 8 a. u.
I tdl 2 r. M. the attack on the Residency continued.
' Yakoob bad plenty of other troops besides those
: that attacked the Residency, yet be made no al-
tempt even to send them to the rescue. Dad
' Shab, the Commander-in-Chief, found a sufficient
! reason in the elting of a couple of stones at him
not to interfere. Yakoob's son, a mere boy, vis
ited the scene of attack, but being politely told
: not to interfere, could not conquer his feelings of
I sympathy with the slayers of the Kaffirs, he, too.
. did Dothiug. One noble man there was, a Mol
lah, (a Mussulman priest.) who sought Yakoob
during the attack and begged him to interfere,
. and reproached bim with thedifgrace of killing a
; friend and an Ambassador ; but Yakoob said :
i ' 1 can do nothing. It is stated that all was
Yakoob's design, and the seeming mutiny of
I troops was hut a skillful cloak lor the murderous
! act of his own origination It is strange that, at
I the massacre of McNaughton, of the former Mis
' sion, a Mollah had. similarly reproached the
Ameer, and that bis words were the means ol sav
ing the lives of George Lawrence and others of
the mission who had been seized and were mo
mentarily expecting their death. No such good
fortune was in store for our unfortunate country
men. The Darien Canal
Its Probable Efeect Upon the Commerce or the
World when Completed.
To the Editor of the yorth-PaciJic Daily
News Sir : In every maritime country, and in
every centre of maritime commerce, a great deal of
interest will be felt in the International Con
gress which assembled :n Paris on the 15th day of
July, for tbe purpose of discussing and adopting
tbe plan and route most practicable for an inter
oceanic canal across the Isthmus of Panama.
The President of the Congress will be the
world-wide known Monsieur Ferdinande Les
seps, of Suez canal fame, to whose genius it
would almost appear that Providence bas intrus
ted and reserved the mission of aheriDg tbe geo
graphy of the globe for tbe benefit of mankind
A powerful company for the promotion and
carrying out of the inter-oceanic canal has long
been formed in Paris, ptesided over by an Ital
ian General, Signor Stefano Turr, and has lately
made a convention with the United States of
Colombia, which gives it the right to cut and
own a navigable canal from the Atlantic to the
Pacific at any chosen point on the territory of
the republic, for the term of ninety-nine years.
Tbe agent for the company in this convention
was a captain in the French navy named Lucien
Napoleon Bonaparte Wyse.
Tbe Suez canal presented for its principal ad
vantages those of bringing Europe and Asia
nearer to each other, especially to the evergreen
Spice Islands, of which Sumatra is the queen in
the same manner as Cuba is of the West Indies ;
and to return to the Levant and south of Europe,
more particularly to the cities situated on the
classic shores of Italy, the ancient commercial
prosperity wrenched from them by tbe discovery
of Yasco di Gama.
The Darien canal, which will unite the wa
ters of the two grand oceans, the Atlantic and
the Pacific, at the latitude of ten degrees north
of tbe equator, would receive from both sides an
ample amount of wind, and for space offers to tbe
toiling navigators an immensity, sparing them
tbe long and dangerous voyage round Cape Horn.
At tbe proposed outlet of tbe Darien canal into
tbe Pacific is found at a short distance the great
antarctic current of cold water, which bas its
direction from south to north all tbe year around.
It washes tbe coast of North America, goes
through the Straits of Behring, enters the polar
sea. and then ends its course among the ice of
the arctic circle. On the Atlantic side is found
tbe great equatorial current of warm water
known as tbe Gulf steam, which comes from tbe
sourthern hemisphere, runs all along tbe coast
of South America, enters the Carnbbean sea,
crosses the Gulf of Mexico, and in tremendous
volume finds lit way through the straits of Flor
ida to the eastern Atlantic, and freighted with
tropic warmth, carries a soft and pleasant cli
mate to the British Isles ; thence goes to miti
gate tbe arctic cold on the coasts of Sweden and
Norway, and finally, like the antarctic current,
also enters tbe polar sea and plunges beneath the
ice of the arctic circle. These two currents,
with steady winds on both sides of the Darien
canal, are very advantageous for sailing vessels ;
while the tide of the Red sea, from Suez to Aden,
which runs from two to three miles tier hour.
and being without regular monsoons is very dan
gerous for sailing navigation, rendering it al
Tbe Darien canal will extend for half a cen
tury to come tbe existence and utility of sailing
ships, and will in no way endanger the merits
and business of the Suez canal, for the reason
that between Europe and the far East, via tbe
Red sea, everything is transported by steamers,
which carry passengers, treasure, mails and
light and valuable merchandise worthy of tbe
high price of rapid transit.
Tbe Darien canal will be of equal advantage to
both Europe and Asia as the Suez canal has been,
but will be detrimental to Africa. AH the raw,
heavy, cheap, but necessary, productions of Asia
and of Oceanica, for Europe and vice versa, have
to go through the long, tedious and costly voy
age round the Cape of Good Hope. By the
Darien canal, when open to navigation, the dis
tance will be much shortened, and consequenly
the time as well, while the prices of transporta
tion and of produce will be reduced.
America, of all parts of the world, will be the
most benefited by the Darien canal. The United
States and Mexico will at once have their Atlan
tic ports in immediate communication with those
on tbe Pacific slope, and San Francisco will be
come the clearing house of the Pacific. There
publics of Central and South America on the
Pacific coast, especially Guatemala, Peru and
Chile favored with very fertile soil, benign cli
mate and vast mineral resources, will undoubt
edly take a prominent part in tbe great com
mercial development of which tbe Darien canal
will be the lever.
The Darien canal and tbe trans-Pacific cable
will be the vital arteries of the commerce of the
universe. Tbey are two of tbo grandest possi
bilities of the present they will be two of the
grandest facts of the future and they are an im
perative necessity for all. Ihe magnitude of
these two enterprises ought to infuse enthusiasm
in governments and peoples. Yours, etc.,
1'elcing, 2od Maj, 7b. C. C. Moreno.
Per " D. C. Murray," Nov. 19.
Chicago, Oct. 24. Lieutenant General Sheri
dan has consented to act as Chief Marshal on the
occasioqof the reception of General Grant on his
arrival in this city on November 12th. A grand
civil and military procession will escort the dis
tinguished guest from the depot to the Palmer
House, where, after a formal reception by tbe
citizens, be will then become tbe guest of tbe
Army of the Tennessee.
New York, Oct. 25. A World cablegram
says : It is rumored to-day, and the recent public
speeches as well as the private conversation of
Lord Salisbury give the rumor consistency, that
tbe British Government are disposed to enter in
to a direct alliance with Germany and Austria.
Objections are made in the Cabinet on account of
the bad e fleet such an alliance might bave on
British relations with France.
Ten millions of gold belonging to tbe New
York Clearing-house Association are lying in the
vaults of tbe Bank of America. As soon as the
vaults bave been enlarged $15,000,000 more will
be added to the deposit.
Memphis, Oct. 28. No new cases have been
reported within tbe past twenty-four hours.
Citizens continue to return in large numbers.
Merchants report marked improvement in busi
ness. Tbe weather is clear and pleasant.
Garden Citt, L. I., Oct. 31. Major General
Joseph Hooker died here this afternoon.
London, Oct. 27. The inquiry into the massa
cre at Cabul is proceeding. The Ameer's father-in-law,
the Ex-Governor of Cabul and the Minis
ter of Finance are under close arrest. A corres
pondent at Simla writes : The idea must be aban
don that we intend to stand aloof from the in
ternal affairs of Afghanistan. It cannot he too
soon published that we mean to remmn in tbe
country. Those who now resist us will not here
after be left to settle accounts with a future
ruler. Tbe correspondent indicates that tbe ten
dency of opinion at Simla strongly favors a pol
icy of disintegration rather than an attempt to
set up a strong central government at Cabul.
He points to tbe fact that Herat-Candahar and
Afghan Turkistan remained tranquil under their
petty chiefs months after all control from Cabul
had been withdrawn.
Cabul Oct 20th. The five men who were
hanged for complicity in the massacre of the
British Embassy, include the Catwal of Cabul, the
head of the city Mollahs, and two generals, odo
of royal blood. One of tbe generals, it is charged,
dragged the head of Major Cavagnari from the j
British Residency to Balahissar.
Berlin, Oct 27. Intelligence from St. Peters
burg has reached here that a new revolutionary
party in Russia baa distributed the first number
of its journal, entitled The Will of the people.
It declares war against tbe Government, and its
tone is very violent.
Madrid, Oct 28th. Official statistics of re
cent inundations in Murcia show that four-fifths
of tbe arable land was ruined and 3 ,000 per
sons missing. .
London, Oct 23th. An arrangement bas been
concluded between the Oriental Steam Naviga
tion Company and the Pacific Steam Navigation
Company, Liverpool, under which the two com
panies will run steamers fortnightly between
London and Australia direct, commencing Janu- :
ary next. The magnitude of the trade and tbe
increasing degree in which the Australian colon- !
ies are attracting settlers and visitors is believed i
, - r . . '
tojustny mis extension oi tne enterprise.
London, Oct 28th. Michael Hicks Beach,
Colonial Secretary, in a speech at Birmingham,
referring to the agitation in Ireland said ; ' It
is clear that a most dangerous agitation is go
ing on in Ireland which assumes the magnitude
of an Agrarian agitation of the worst type."
Rome, Oct 29th. General Garibaldi bas writ
ten to the President of the Italia Irredenta Com
mittee as follows : " Some persons talk of peace
and friendship with Austria. Peace! Yes;
since we have not the courage to drive her out of
Italy ; but friendship with Austria would be
a sacrilege and a lie."
London, Oct 29. Cardinal Manning will
leave London for Rome on November 6th, to en
deavor to win the assent of the Vatican to his
long-cherished scheme, which by admitting cer
tain changes in the external organization of the
Catholic Church in England, will facilitate the
return to Catholicism of an important group of
Adolphus Rosenburg, of the Town Talk, was
sentenced to-day to eighteen month's imprison
ment for publishing defamatory libels againet
Mrs Langtry. and to six months imprisonment
on each of tlie indictments charging similar of
fenses against Mrs. Cornwallis West and Lord
Londesborough, and at the expiration of his im
prisonment he is to be bound over in his own
recognizances in 1000 fur good behavior for
eighteen months. Justice Hawkins regretted
that he could not add to the sentence hard labor.
These sentences are concurrent with tbe eigh
teen months' sentence in tbe case in which Mrs.
Langtry was complainant, and therefore bis
whole term of imprisonment will be only eigh
London, Oct 29. A Berlin correspondent ex
plains that the absence of any reference to
European politics in the speech of Emperor Wil
liam at the opening of the Prussian Diet yester
day, was due to the fact that foreign affairs are
the exclusive concern pf the Empire, and their
mention would be out of place in a speech from
tbe Prussian throne, and that was the reason that
do reference was made to certain vexed questions
of school and State. Tbe policy would seem to
lie in tbe circumstance that no legislative step
in these directions is at present contemplated.
London, Oct 31st. At yesterday's Confer
ence ot the .Evangelical Alliance, at Edinburgh,
Dr. White, of New York, gave an interesting ac-
cjunt of what is being done in the Southern
States of America among the freedman, to pre
pare them for Christian work. He expected,"
he said, that in a few years they will be able
to provide such a supply of Missionaries as will
do more to Christianize Africa than could be
done by any European agency with white men."
London, Oct 31st. There ia a great stir at the
Clubs to-night, over the action of the Govern
ment concerning Parliament, and the best-informed
Liberals believe it prefigures a sudden
dissolution. Tbe Government bas determined
not to give up Afghanistan, but on tbe con
trary, it is probable that they will shortly take
possession of Herat.
Madrid, Oct 31st. The abolitionists are pre
paring for a great meeting in favor of sincere
measures for tbe emancipation of slaves in Cuba,
and Cuban representatives in tbe Cortes and Lib
eral orators and statesmen are invited to assist
in the movement.
Berlin, Oct 31st. The Progressists abstained
from votiDg lor President in the Lower House
of the Prussian Diet.
Naples, Oct 31st. Small streams of lava flow
ed from Mount Vesuvius yesterday.
Hygiene and Typhoid Fever.
Dr. Samuel Peters of Cohoes.N. Y. in a recent
paper on Typhoid Fever, read before the County
Medical Society and published in the Medical
Record, objects to the present method of relying
so entirely on powerful antipyretic drugs in its
treatment, and recommends more earnest atten
tion to proper alimentation and hygiene. Among
other things he says :
Antipyretics are not neceesary in a large num
ber, perhaps we may say in a large majority of
cases of typhoid. We know that the disease is
self-limited, that it cannot be cut short, that heat
is an inevitable symptom., that we are to support
early the otherwise rapidly wasting body, that
digestion and assimilation are fortunately on tbe
side of the patient. We may therefore lean con
fidently on the excellent hygienic rules wel'-known
to us, avoiding drugs and all strong agencies as
much as possible. 1 cannot help thinking these
are truisms; some of them very old, none of them
really new, yet well worthy of our thought and
One point of the first importance in the man
agement of a case of typhoid fever, is the selec
tion of a large, airy, quiet room. If any point
in hygiene is important, it is that of perfect quie
tude. No person should be admitted except the
attendant and physician. A few strange faces in
the room for only a brief time will very likely in
sure a restless night and higher temperature.
Even friends and intimate acquaintances should
not be admitted, though they promise to remain
silent. If my patients have no other luxury they
can and shall have this one. Grant it, and a
careful attendant and the thermometer will sure
ly indicate a lower scale. Next, always prepare
everything for disinfecting immediately, all ex
cretions and soiled clothing before they are re
moved, to effectually prevent further spread of in
fection. In the meantime carefully seek for the
Bource whence the patient was first infected; a
search which will be often rewarded with success.
Lastly, assure the patient of ultimate safety,
speak to him confidently, count the days for bim
and encourage bim.
Cleanliness is all important. Especially should
the teeth be often thoroughly cleansed from sordes
and foul secretions, which would otherwise be
left to form a continual fountain of putrid, pois
onous matter. This is to be done by the atten
dant, if tbe patient is unable to do it for bimself.
The position of the patient should be often
changed, to aid in preventing hypostatic conges
tion of the lungs and other organs. This little
manoeuvre is unquestionably of great utility
much more than the time it takes to mention it.
Even the brain, 1 believe, sometimes suffers from
this hypostatic force of the blood. I further be
lieve the weight of the various organs may dis
comfort and injure them, when the patient is al
lowed to maintain one position for weeks. The
heart certainly cannot afford this.
In regard to alimentation, I need scarcely say
it is immeasurably important. It is a radical
principle of typhoid therapeutics, based upon ex
perience and the combined testimony of the largest
number of those most experienced. We would as
soon thiDk of saving a man's life without tying or
compressing a severed artery, as to think of treat
ing typhoid without diligent support. Rapid
waste is steadily and surely going on from begin
ning to end. Combustion is intense, involving
the tissues everywhere. As Niemeyer well says,
No sort of exercise will use up the body so
rapidly as a fever does, and most fatal cases of
fever are due to insufficient material being fur
nished for the replacement of that used up."
" Food and sustenance," says Aitken, " are the
preventives of delirium, and the best stimulants
of the nervous system." Invariably do we see a
patient who has been well fed, get up from a
typhoid fever but little emaciated. More than
this, such ones convalesce more rapidly. There
can be no doubt in the propriety of even crowd
ing the patient to take nourishment, especially if
be is listless or refuses. I am sure by so doing
many a life bas been saved.
Tbe kind of food bas been a subject for much
discussion, but it is now pretty generally settled
that milk should form tbe basis. It is at once
abundant, cheap, always ready, no cooking pro
cess needed, and it contains all the elements of
support and nutrition which the system requires;
nature's own compound, and like herself perfect;
adapted to all ages, as well as every stage ol tbe
disease. It may given clear, or, perhaps, pre
ferable with lime-water, and if it produce a ful
ness at the stomach, failing to digest properly, it
may be aided with pepsin, as recommended by
Dr. W. U. Thomson, of New York. The quan
tity should be, if possible, from three to six pints
in twenty-four hours. I once bad a case, a lady
of large frame and plenty of adipose tissue, who
drank every day four quarts by measure of clear
milk. I was frequently inquired of as to the
probability of ber recovery. 1 answered that sbe
could not die, because she was able to appropriate
so much nourishment. She recovered, ot course !
For the diarrhoea there is probably nothing
equal to a milk diet, and as a support to the ner
vous system it can scarcely be surpassed. It
must not be forgotten, however, that it fails to
agree with all cases; that it' required in some in
stances to be given in smaller quantities, the de
ficiencies to be made up in other food. Occasion-
ally a case wili be found wherein it must be dis-
J 1 . .1 I - J 1 &
continued altogether. Very rarely indeed, bow
ever, must this happen. Solid food, as before
said, is often agreeable, such as tender meats,
stale bread, etc. Grapes and peaches I have al
ways found acceptable, notwithstanding their in
terdiction by Liebermeister.
Beef-tea, so fashionable tbe world over, is at
best poor stuff. It easily ferments in the stom
ach, and must then surely increase the diarrhcaa
as well as the tympanitis, by filling the intestines
with gas (ZietDssen, Johnson, Liebermeister) and
further, we know it contains little nourishment,
I bave generally found eggs objectionable also,
especially if taken raw in the lorm of egg-nog.
Inunctions of the whole cutaneous surface, sev
eral times a day, with fresh cocoa or olive oil.
with or without lime-water, are highly useful.
Many are aware of their beneficial influence over
the extreme beat of scarlet fever. They aro equal
ly valuable in typhoid fever. They reduce tbe
heat quite perceptibly; keep tbe skin moist, open,
and active; sheath the sensitiveness of the cutane
ous nerves, and thus promote rest. I fiod they
are highly praised by Dr. Thomson, of the Uni
versity of New York, who has marked a fall in
temperature of from one-half to a full degree.
He f urther believes it relieves the thirst by " re
storing the functions of the skin, which enables
it to add water to tbe system when needed, as
well as to abstract it when the circulation is too
full." He is quite sanguine in the belief of its
good effects also in cases of general anasarca
when the skin is tense and thus rendered incapa
ble of parformiDg its functions. Furthermore,
be thinks these inunctions prevent bed-sores. Dr.
Edward Warren also indorses these views fully.
A physician may find some use for drugs to
subdue now and then an excessive diarrhoea, or
cough, or active delirium, but many believe with
myself that in fevers and most other self-limited
diseases tbe old maxim is appropriate. " Throw
physic to the dogs."
A long list of names could be appended to the
above sentiments, but we will close with the ex
cellent words of Dr. Aitken: "It is, above all.
necessary to guard against the habit of trying al
ways to be doing something." Journal of
A beet sugar factory in Bangor has 120 em
ployees and uses 200 tons of beets a day.
IJMFTT BALES OF BEST NAVT OAKDM.
Wot Sale by
BOLLK9 Sc CO.
Not in the Bible.
A resident on Bush street who had a horee to
sell was directed to a citizen of Ninth avenue
who wanted to buy, and after a little talk the
two made a trade. The Ninth avenue man gave
an old horse and $28 in cash for the other, and
everything seemed perfectly satisfactory. In a
day or two, however, tbe Bush street man return
ed and said :
"You and I made a trade tbe other day !'
tYes," replied the other.
"You are a member of the church, 1 under
stand." "I am."
"Well, that horse you traded with me has a
spavin, and you never said a word about it.
What sort of trickery is this for a Christian man
to engage in ?
The other entered the bouse without a word,
but after a minute reappeared with tbe family
Bible, and said :
Mr. Blank, here is my guide and consolation.
I bave read this book through and through, and
if you will take it and find where a Christion ;
man is required to point out spavins in a bore ',
trade I'll buy you a better horse than you ever :
The Bush street man went home with new '
thoughts in his bead, and he has said no more '
about tbe exchange. Detroit Free Press. j
At Ching-men-chow, nearlchang, China, there
is a coal district of 75 square miles, which has 10
beds, one of which, only 100 feet below the sur
face, is estimated to contain 1,200,000 tons.
riMIE rMK.RSIGXEI IS NOW PRK.
1 PARKDtofill Orders for Complete seit of Hawaiian
Ferns, unmounted, on short notice.
Price $10.00 for the Sett or 115: or smaller setts of
25, $2.50; 30, $3.00; or 50, $5.00.
The Specimen are beautifully preserved, retaining their nat
ural green, and moat of the varieties have a portion of the root.
Orders Ur Mailing Mail Include Postage
mhl TH03. O. THKCM.
" There is Always Two Sides to a Story,"
BUT FOR A LI. THAT THE UNDERSIGNED
IS PREPARED TO UO TO
ANY PART OF THE ISLANDS
PHOTOGRAPHIC VIEWS OR PORTRAITS.
In First Class Style, to Order,
w roasoiittlalo priooej.
62-TERMS: Cash or Draft on Honolulu at the time Ihe
Negatives are taken. Orders promptly attended to.
Ie82 ly II. L. CHASE.
THE HAWAIIAN BARK
Ifc . O . W Y L. I E2 ,
M. RKEMNN, Master.
Has Just Arrived from Bremen,
122 days Passage, and Is now discharging her !
Cargo of New Goods i
VARIETY OF MERCHANDISE
IN KVfc'RY LINK.
bove Goods are offered to the Trade AT LOW
RATES and on LIBERA L TKKMS by
oc4 H .H I ACI K FE LP&CO?
An Invoice of GENUINE
MADEIRA WBftJES !
DIRECT FROM MADEIRA,
3?er Ship "Eavenscrag,"
IN BOND OR DUTY PAID !
Gr. "W. jVIacfkrlane fc Co.
TMIE UNDERSIGNED, AS A MEMBER
of the Staff of the Hawaiian Government Surveying Party,
having carefully examined personally most pans of the sever
al Islands of this Kingiiom, now respectfully offers his services
to Sugar Planters and others who may require
and other modes or transport, as a purchasing
A cent or Advising Kngineer.
lie proceeds direct by this steamer to Boston, U. S. A., and
having every facility for so doing, will furnish, on application.
Plans, Specifications aod Estimates of Cost for Iron
Bridges, Iron Houses, Railways with Bridges
and Rollins; Stock of 111 Descriptions.
Also, Machinery of Every Description
for the Manufacture of Sugar and Cleaning and Preparing Rice
for the Market.
Address in Boston, LINCOLN CABOT,
Civil Engineer, Room 0, Ns. 131 Devonshire Street.
P. 8. Inquiries addressed to C. T. Cunck, in Honolulu, will
receive prompt attention. my24 tf
Good Time to Buy !
PRICES VERY LOW I
CALL AND EXAMINE
CASTLE & COOKE'S
22 FORT STREET.
& . 31 A G N I N
HAS JUST RECEIVED
ANOTHER MAMMOTH PURCHASE,
BOUGHT FOR CASH.
A fine line of Wool Blankets, worth $12 a pair, selling at (9.
Fine Lonsdale Cotton worth 18 cts, selling at 14 cts.
Pride Fruit of the Loom Water-Twist Cotton worth 18 cts, sell
ing at 14 cts.
Pride Heavy Brown Cotton worth 15 cts, selling at 12J cts per
White Sheeting, 10-4 wide, selling at 35 eti per yard.
Brown Sheeting, 10-4 wide, selling at Zi cts per yard.
A One lot of Dress Goods, worth 50 cts per yard selling at
Fine Waterproofs, from 75 cts to $1.25 per yard.
A fine line of Turkish Towels, worth 9 per dos, selling for $4.
100 Marseilles Quilts, worth $10 each, selling at $8.
100 Marseilles Quilts, worth $5 each, selling at $2.50.
100 Marseilles Quilts, worth $4 each, selling at $2.
A nice assortment of Black Velvets and Colored Silks great
reduction in prices. Also,
A fine line of Ladies' aod Genu' Hosiery.
An immense assortment of Men's, Youths' aod Boys' Clothing,
Custom-mads, which will be sold at greatly reduced
Gsnts' Suits from $12 to $20. Youths' Suits from $8 to $12.
Boys' feuits from $2.50 to $6.
And also a large assortment of Gents', Youths' and Boys' Felt
and Straw Hats, and Gents' Silk Caps and Boys' Velvet
A very fine line of Ladies' SDd Children's Kid Shoes and Slip
pers will sell them ss cheap as they were ever sold be
fore in this market.
Also a fine assortment of French and American Prints
French Prints sell at 121 cts per yard; American Prints
sell at 10 cts per yard. All these Prints warranted fast
colors, aod very nice patterns.
A fine assortment of White and Gray Flannels at Low Prices,
and a fine line of Colored and White Table Damask.
These Goods were selected by 8. MAGMN himself, for
cash, and will be sold accordingly. The Public will do well to
give him a call, thereby saving money. se20
JUST OPSEIESlli t F"OBL SLILiK
O. HALL & SON,
A SPLENDID ASSORTMENT OF
SILVER PLATED WAREr9
nnm tt n tut rirtr vn
FORKS and SPOONS,
WITH PdTKUT PORCELJI19 LlttllHJSt
Frnit aod Cake Dishes,
Tafcle Casters Is Great Variety,
Padding Dishes with Covers, Tea Sets with ffrM & wlthsst.
Ire Bowls, Water Sets,
Jewel Caskets, Salad Dishes,
Waiters, Batter Dishes, m
PlrWle Castors, Jardealers,
Goblrts, Caps, Frnit Ralres Tareeas, Ollre Boats, Stare Dlshrs,
Great Variety of Articles, Useful & Ornamental,
MAXT OF THEM IX ELEOJXT SILK LINED CASES.
XT The above Articles ars of the
CHRISTMAS & WEDDING, OR BIRTHDAY GIFTS !
COIsTTIjXJTIOST OF1 THE
Grand Opening !
M ELLIS F1SIIEL, Proprle-l.rs,
3lT THE. I JR. 2NT
MW GOODS! iEW GOODS ! NEW GOODS ! !
TO-UL1T ! 1 1
Corner or Port axxd. Hotol stn.
RATE IN QUAN-
TITIK3 to suit
jan 11 tf
CASTLE Jk COOKE.
HONOLULU FIRE DEPARTMENT NOTICE.
The Fire Tower Bell will be Rung
AT 4:30 O'CLOCK.
On the Last Saturday Afternoon of Each
Month, Till Further Notice !
Per Order. CHA8. T. GULICK,
(nl if) Bec'y H. F. D.
Nov. 1st, 1870.
Pacific Iron Works,
SAN FRANCISCO. MANUFACTORIES OF
Sugar Mills, Engines. Boilers,
EVERY DESCRIPTION OF IRON WORK
In Connection with Sugar Plant.
For Trices aod Terns, Apply to
E. P. ADAMS,
myld"9 Agent for th4 Hmirai.no IUdU.
MANUFACTURERS AND IMPORTERS
I) E M C K I P T I () H
PARTIES IN HONOLULU,
or other parts of the Islands,
DESIRING FURNITURE !
CAN BATE THEIR
Orders Filled at Lowest Rates
By application to Mr. E. F. ADAMS. Queen 8tseet,
who has our Descriptive Catalogue with Prices.
O jST HA. 1ST I !
It Store of L. W. HOPP, King St.,
Black Walnut Bedroom Sets !
Black Walnut Sideboards,
Black Walnut Dining Chairs,
Oak Cane Beat Dining Chain,
Cedar Bedroom Bets,
Pine Bureaus, Ac, e.,o.
E. P. ADAMS, Agent for Haw'a Is.
nrr vrnn ttt nn f
bib v iiit w ultra
different Patterns and Sizes.
Vases, Toilet Sets,
Syrap Cops Spool Holders,
MARK and HOST DESIRABLE PATTERNS, and ars wtU
CHARGED FOR LOOKING jTJ if
23 "XPSZ flTQT? Trs f f
LEWERS k DICKSON,
Importers and Dealers in
LUMBER AND BUHDIM MATERIALS
Boards, Scantling, Batten, Toofued am) Groovs, 4.
REDWOOD IiUITIBEfT t
All Kinds of Seasoned Stuff.
EASTERN WHITE PINE,
SECOND GROWTH ASH I
BLACK WAHDT BOARDS & PIAKK,
Port Orford Cedar,
KOA BOARDS AND PLANK
On Hand, and
SAWED TO ORDER!
A Full Assortment of
Paints and Oil,
from 12 to 34 feet kxxf ,
At Lowest Market Rates !
LEWERS & MCftSOIff.,
tLAw- r 1 1