Newspaper Page Text
Fmu.tr. sortxiiKi: 21. un.
CiaiirM of all klnU still cuntinurs Jul! a natural re
ult of Various ratines. The Interruption of the nnual
trade winds prevent produce frutu codling in, and there
hav Iff a two holidays thla week. The arrival of the
Diail steamer on Monday will for a time ;tve new life t
our now quiet street, bnt we cannot look for real activi
ty Id baninexi iirrln nntil the lartf rr of sugar whii h
la now bfina mannfartiire-l on the plantation ahall Le in
the pruces of shipment t niarki t.
We har some talk on the street to the effect, in view ot
the annuunremeut by antborlty that C tvu (iiKxln, hm
manafactnreil Into iluthiuz. will be admitted tree of du
ty under the Iie-ii rwity Trtaty, that th.-fe w lx have
heretofore paid duties on that clans of gixxla are entitlrd
to have the same refunded. On thia point, while not
peaking "ty authority," we have been given to under
stand from reliable aonrcea that the government will de
cidedly decline to entertain any such proposition.
W have bad no arrival from abroad during the week,
witk the single exception of the mail ateamer Australia,
from the Colonies, with 166 packages of general merchan
dise. The departarea comprise four 1 amber barks In
ballast, for Oregon and Washington Territory ; the H. W.
Almy, with domestic produce valuej at t47.005.ld, and
the Anstralla. with the same valued at 131.923.34, both
for Sao Francisco.
PORT Or nOUOLULU, II. I.
Kov 24 P MS AoMral.a CargilL, from Svdney
38 Baiarea sea Vivid. Ecg.uh, 13 dys fm Fanning 1
n .4 st bk H W Almy. for Eao FraoaUco
X . 21 Asa tklne Catherine Sud I-n. Ioll, fort Blakely
'SI Am bk Pruni, Paitm. fr Departure bay
24 P MSB Australia. Cargilt, .r fn Francisco
20 Am bs Jenny Fit. Sievert, for Purl Gamble
27 Am bbtae Jos Perains, Johnson, lor Port Gamble
Vrwrls for Hw.lsHsi fretsn Fwrritfa for la
Am stm City of Svdney, fan Franriaeo, due I ec 1
Am ship Oea Butler, Newcastle, .NiW, kadirg Oct li
Bnt sp U Utilizer, Lnodoo via 8t Michael, sailed from Lon
Ger bk Aogv, Cardiff, doe Nov 20-25
Brit bk Lady Head. London, due Nov 6-30
Brit bk Cum, Liverpool, doe Dec 1-4
Brit bk Norkam Castle from Claag-w due Dee 20-26
Ha bk Hawaii, Booth 3e Islands
Brit bk CoaisaC Liverpool, sailed Jaly 30 via Valparaiso
Am bk Helena, IHew Castle, doe
Bnt bk Tokotea. Sew Caitle. loading 8pt 28
Am bk Arkwright. Sew Castle, N ft W, loading rVpl 9
II aw bk Kale. Bremen, doe Feb 6-10, 1180
Am bktn) Discovery. (Jan francisco, due Nov 26-30
Am sell Claoa fpmktk ima rraaetwo. via H1I0 loading Nov 1
Faoni Vtaner. New Caatle, due Lee lb-M
Jm tern VY L Beebe, .New Caatle, due Dec 26-30
VESSELS IN I'OUT
Haw bk Kalakaoa. Jenka
Am bk Cyane, Hanson
Bnt bk Viola. Price
lias egtna Poeaare, fur sale
Am topsail sen Lnleta. Dealer
Am Kb Jca Wooiley.
Haw sch Julia A Loos;.
Haw arb Giovanni Aptani. Gillry
Bkra Laara R Bamham. Phillips
Am tklne Ella, Brews,
Am bk D C M array, Ritchie,
Am h bk Paciflc. Know lea,
Kaiate sch Vivid, English
AL0SG THE WHARVES.
The Am bk D C Murray, is at the old Cutotu House
wharf; she baa her cargo all out, and la now laid on for
9a Franci.ieo to sail with dispatch.
The Raistra sch Vivid, front Tannin; Inland, is at
J adds wharf, overhaaling ringing, kc.; she will return to
Tannlnga Island, on Monday next.
The Am tktna Ella, at Brewer Co'a wharf, is loading
for Saa Francisco, to All some time next week.
Tha Am wh bk Pacific, ha hauled in to the EnplanaJe,
opposite) the Custom Honae, to discharge bcr Oil.
The Am bktn Laura R Burn ham, baa hauled to the old
8 teams hip dock, where aha will load with the Oil from
the bark Pacific, and will sail for San Francisco, some
time next week.
The Am bk Cyane, la loading at the foot of Fort Street,
for San Francisco, for which port she will sail in a day or
The P M S B City of Sydney, will be due from San
Fradeisco Monday r at with U S Mails.
FAXYlSoa Ulasd. Loading Nov. l;tth Brit bka Adelaide
and Ironaldea. the former to sail in few day for Eu
rope. Report of 8 8 Anntralia, W Cargill, commander. Dis
charged pilot off Sydney at 3.45 p m Nov 6, with a moder
ate breeze and fine weather; had light unsteady winds
with dull cloudy and smooth sta np to the 10th. Was
boarded bv the pilot oil Auckland at l.'JO a m of the 11th.
After receiving the New Zealand mails, paaaeugera and
cargo, caat off from the wharf at 3.15 p 111 same day. dis
charging pilot at 3.40 ; pasaed Tiri Tirt at 5. .Light winds
and calms prevailed up to the 1Mb ; anally weather with
frequent ahowera prevailed on the Hitb. Croesed the
equator at noon of the 1'Jtb In long lftt17-W. Freh
breeze with dnll cloudy weather prevailed up to the 24th,
1 boarded by pilot off Honolulu at i a lu mat uaie.
From Sydney, per Australia, Nor 24 8 cattes butter,
100 boxes soap, AO Backs oats. 20 pkgs mlsc mdse, and
1046 in trauiuta.
For San Francisco, per U W Almy. Nov 222013 pkga
an gar. 764 pkgs rice, ii bnchs bauanas, Xi pkgs codee.
IXimesUc Value 4705.1S
For San Franaclaco. per Australia. Not 243174 pkgs
sugar, 119 bags rice, bn hs augar cane, 3M bnchs
banana. 4 bores specie, 20 pkgs miec nidsc. Domestic
For San Francisco, per II W Almy, Nov 22 -Albert
Miller, John Oauaand.
From Sydney, per Australia. Not 24 F A Solomons,
Donal Anderson, J F Pickering, and 2 Chinese, 32 pas
senger tn transitu.
f For San Francisco, per A antral ia. Not 24 Mrs J A
Hopper, and daughter, B C Knrta and wife aud child.
Him Uxzle Chinmin. D W FoUrer. tl W Page, ('apt N
Rohae, Robert Lewera, R Aubert. L Benanl. W II Miller,
and wife. H R Hollistrr. 8 Roth. Mrs W Blaisdell. W B
Oreentteld. Mlas Zoe Uayton. John Malden. B Caiutin and
on. R Carolan. D L tiifford, R liiiges. W Farmer. M
Laahy. C BetU. J Hbarratt. J tiartland. Arthur Hedg
rwlck. Mrs Mat hens and child. F btarke. i ttharatt.
For Canton, per Ho-Chong. Not 21 Max C Ettinger. L
Ooodfriend, F steward, and 42 Chinese.
From Fanning bland, per Vivid. Not 27 rail and
For Port Gamble, per Joe Perkins. Not 27 George
Pjutstt At Bishop 'a College on the 22d Inst. RkseceA
BsATBica PnivETT. aged no.
SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 29.
la accordance with established custom and in
reeponse to the invitation of Gen. Comlj, U. S.
Minister Resident, American citizens general!
rejourning or residing in Honolulu, observed
Tboradsj last, tbe 27th instant, &a a daj of
ttankagiving. The stores and places of business
of leading American bouses were closed. We
noticed two American vessels in port, out of eight,
that recogniaed tbe Lj bj a dicplaj oi bunting,
the -Etfa, of San Francisco being profusely deco
rated. At 11 a. M. a large concourse of American
residents assembled at the Fort street Church for
Divine Service. There was a Uii sprinkling of
other nationalities, among whom was II. R. II.
the Lleir Apparent and His Excellency the
Hawaiian Minister of Foreign A Sain, and sever
al of tbe Foreign Consular corps.
The services commenced with a Tuluntary on
the organ, followed bj singing the doxology.
Praise God from whom all blessings flow; Invo
cation; reading of the 12Sth FBalm; Singing by
the choir; Prayer by the Rev. Mr. Frear; Sing
ing by the choir and congregation of Mrs.
Hemans beautiful hymn:
The breaking waves dashed high
On a stern and rockbonnd coast.
And the woods against a stormy sky
Their gisnt branches tossed."
l"be sermon by Rev. Dr. Damon was somewhat
ut of tbe beaten track of tbe ordinary thanks
pring discourse. Taking his text from Luke
6:33" Give, and it shall be given uato you,"
the speaker proceeded to give an exceedingly able
and interesting dissertation on Reciprocity, as
exemplified in the present times throughout the
world. First, in Commerce; second, in Science;
third, in Literature; and fourth, in Christianity.
It will readily be seen that the materials in any
one of these subdivisions are ample for a discourse
in itself, and consequently only a brief but com
prehensive review of each was made. Towards
the dose, the Reverend speaker alluded some
what fully to tbe "Chinese question," which has
attracted of late so much attention in the East
-ru I'nlifornia. While it is a question in some
mindJ whether the Chinese invasion, with which i
beae Islands are now threatened, is a legitimate I
ause for thank-giving, or constitutes a fitting ;
aabject for fasting and prayer,-we all know the I
rosy hae it assume in the eyes or a few among ,
us, prominent among whom is the alway. entha- j
Jjuti3 and genial preacher of our Thanksgiving !
.w urCFMtrT law.
m?rmun. Af-iJe from the more than ontent?d
riTercnctj to the rop.-ctivc influx of Cliineoe. the
di0'iur!e was an excellent one. which we fcbould
like to eco printed.
At the cni'lu.-iun of the wrmon, the grand an
them, tx fatuili.ir to every patriotic Atuerican
'My country, 'ti of thee,
Sweet land of liberty,
Of tht-e I sing !"
was given by the choir, the whole congregation
joining in with an enjiiiut-i that made the
After fernioti. dinner, in the tAA New
Holland Thank-giving rule. We Lave New
Eoglaiid housewives here, and last Thursday
many a table gtoaned under the burden of roaet
turkey aud goose, plum pudding and mince aud
pumpkin piee, aud other creature comforts all
eugeeiive of subsequent indigestion and possible
nightmare. In tact our devil appears to have Lad
full punishment for overfeeding, as witness the
following painful effort of his muse:
Nay. bl 1 me not my griffs disclose.
N.-r Jt-fta my mauaeri rouh.
More brtskt I cannot dare not take;
Of (stuffing I've enough.
Perbapa 'tis viaious of my yonth
That meaicry'a piriion brings.
Cut O, UK-thicks I tra'e the cause
To more substantial wing.
Enough ! I come, ye druifKtfct clerks !
Comiouiid your pills of blue;
Prepare the bandage fur my brows.
Ye beauteous handmaids true
For now tulKht athwart my breast
Khali nightmare brooding sit.
And up and down my chamber floor
Shall phantom turkeys flit.
The physicians of this city assert that its oani
tary condition, to which attention has recently
been particularly drawn by the prevalence of
lingering fever, o fur from improving is going
from bad to worse, and that a great deal of eick.
ncHS prevails. This fact will be our excuse for
reverting again to the subject of sanitary reform,
upon which we Lave written at intervals in these
columns during the pat five or six years. By
some, the ill-l cihh that has prevailed in Hono
lulu of late jears generally in the form of low
and lingering fevers is chiefly attributed to the
in create of trees and fchrubbcry, excluding the
sunlight and air from dwellings, together with
the irrigatiou consequent upon an abundant sup
ply of water from the government pipes, creating
a continual dampnee and unwholesome exhala
tions all over the city. That these causes may
Lave something to da w ith the existence of mala
ria and fevers, can be fairly argued, but they can
hardly be the only ones, for the town of Lahaina
is deeply ehaded with heavy groves of trees and
shrubbery, continually subject to irrigation, with
a large surface of pond water and swamps within
its limits; and yet we have heard of no malaria or
fevers as prevailing there.
Cut in the opinion of many careful observers,
the chief caufce of the malarious fevers of Honolulu,
(as we have more than once before a seer ted) is
the foul condition of privies and the absence of
sewerage, or any means of carrying oil filth. ILe
disposal of the refuse of the human body is an
unpleasant subject to consider, but it is a very
important one in connection with the subject of
the public health. It was so regarded by the in
spired lawgiver Motes, in Lis sanitary instructions
to the children of Israel. In the 23d Chapter of
Deuteronomy, 12th and 13th verses, an ordinance
is declared, which it would be well if observed at
the present day, and was most especially import
ant in a camp of 44 six hundred thousand foot
men " in the warm climate of Palestine. And
in the warm climate of Honolulu there can be no
question but that tbe neglected privies are rapid
ly ruining our once exceptionally salubrious cli
mate. They are the plague spots of tbe city.
Many of 6uch festering pits, in the heart of the
city, have been poisoning the air for years past.
In many if not all of the large cities of Europe
and America a system of drainage exists by pipes
running through every etreet and leading to every
dwelling house, so that the filth of the city is car.
ried off, by occasional flushing with water, into
some contiguous river or the sea. If this system
of cleansing is perfectly carried out, and no foul
air can return from the pipes into the houses, it
will do the required work, and should be all that
is needed. But this is not always the case.
Sometimes a poisonous gas exhales from a waste
pipe into a bed-room; or people have been struck
with disease when affected by gases coming from
a removed or repaired waste-pipe as in the case
of the Prince of Wales, who nearly died of a dan
gerous fever after lodging near a leaking waste
pipe cr it may be that the neighboring stream
or harbor is rendered putrid and exhales malaria
on account of the accumulation of foul discharg
es. All thcee things are to be taken into consid
eration to cay nothing of the cost in money
when any one suggests a system of sewerage for
The plan of returning human refuse to the
earth, like the simple regulation of Moses, is no
doubt tbe best calculated to preserve the public
health by the prevention of malaria. The longer
we delay in taking some general action in this
matter, the worse will become the sanitary condi
tion of the city.' Let us not wait until tbe in
creasing mortality forces action, but let the au
thorities act at once. Under Section 281 of the
Civil Code ample authority is given, as follows:
44 The Board of Health shall make such regula
tions respecting nuisances, sources of filth, and
causes of sickness, within the respective districts
of the Kingdom, as it shall judgo
necctary for the public health and safety." And
herewith we beg to make certain suggestions for
sanitary reforms in the direction indicated, which
if carried out, will in our humble opinion remove
the principal cause of malaria and disease:
All privy pits that have been open and used
for a number of years, should be at once filled
up. New pits should he dug, say seven to ten feet
deep, without walls of stone, brick or plank, so
that the surrounding soil of the walls shall help
to obsorb and defecate the impurities cast in. A
barrel or box should be provided to stand inside
or near the bouse that covers the pit, thia barrel
or box kept filled with dry soil, provided with a
scoop of aDy kind, with which to cast, every time
tbe place is used, a small quantity of dry earth
into tbe pit. New pits should be dug at stated
periods, and tbe old ones filled in.
The dry earth closet system, as explained in tbe
Scientific American, is no doubt preferable to tbe
above, but involves tbe carrying away of the de
posits, facilities for which our community are not
at present provided with.
The plan proposed will require more time and
labor than in tbe careless past, but we and our
families will be healthier, and the atmosphere of
our city will be purer.
The Coming Perihelia of Planets.
A pamphlet has recentlj been published in Lon
don, entitled Lite from the Dead," which is des
cribed on the title page as'A National journal ad
vocatiag the identity of the British Nation with the
Ten Tribes of Israel." In this pamphalei is pub
lished Professor C. A. Grimmer's paper on the
Coming Perihelia. The Otago IPUness (New Zea
land) gives tbe paper entire, consisting of three
chapters, and occupying several columns. Tbe
writer prophesies that " from ISSO to 1889 will be
one unirersal carnival of death. No place on
earth will be entirely free from plague. The Paci
fic Coast will not suffer anything in comparison to
any other portion of the globe. Tbe coincidence
of those planets in perihelion will always produce
epidemics and destructive diseases. Three of
these planets are maliGcs. and Jupiter, although a
benrfic. produces evil through Association; or tech
nically, by conjunction with the others. Diseases
I a OaBlDCWJ OI It."'
will !peai,the nature of which will baf3e the
skill l the most eminent physicians. Every drop
bf W4'er in :he earth, on the earth, and above the
eauh. will t more or less poisonous. The atmos
phere will L- foul with noisome odours, and there
u ill !-but few constitutions able to resist the
coming secure; therefore prepare, ye that are
coti!.u:ution.i!y weak, and intemperate, and glut
tonouH f..r onn'a last borne tbe grave.' From
the fir Hit t!i pestilential storm will swei-p, and
i-s hist -irueg't' will end here in tbe far west In
542 and IjC5 ihree of the planets, two of which
wvre lii.iiincs (Mars and Saturn), were in peri
helion, aud Jupiter, though a beneSc, brought evil
tuioiigcb a-i'iution. Now 542 and 1665 were tbe
woist piai.-,--! as of which the world has any re
Cord. From 542 to 548 it has been estimated that
from 75 000 OoM to 120,000.000 victims suffered
d-ata by the plague. ( "Gibbon's History." vol.
iii. chap, xiv ; also "Cousins' History Rome," vol.
ii.. t . 17s! )"
H-ie i s .ni"thing applicable to Honolulu : -Unless
correct sanitary measures are taken before
lfefiO th- plague will be devastating large cities on
the Atlantic eo.!-t of America. America will lose
more than iiiteen millions of inhabitants if tbe sew
ers oi h-r cities are as imperfect in 1889 a.s they
are to day. The drainage of every city must be
. perh-cted to entirely escape from this monster who
: fattens ii loiil matters and feasts on the decayed
: accumulations of stuffed sewera. All vaults should
be cleaned, and the strictest sanitary measures
adopted and tigidly enforced. Have we so soon
forgotten the 15,000 who sleep in their graves, two
thirds of whom would be alive to-day. bad clean
' line.-s predominated in those cities instead of rot-
tenness oil which the yellow fever thrived. Mem
I phis and Granada have sewers to-day that are
; clofffred. and vaults filled with refuse matter with-
I in two feet of tbe surface. So has Honolulu.
. When "ociety becomes too lazy, or wilfully negli
! gent in cleuuliiiess. it ought to be afflicted with
Mk. Kditok : This subject is one in which (ill
; the pi-nph' of atiy land are more widely interested
' than any other ; for as a rule they are all liable to
! be taxed and a just taxation for tbe support of
' the necessary government is as universally con
ceded to be proper. The amount of taxes should
be limited to the necessities of tbe government and
; equitably distributed among tbe taxpayers. In
tbe language of the Constitution : Each member
. of society has a right to be protected by it tbe
I government in tbe enjoyment of bis life, liberty
! and property, according to law, and therefore he
shall be obliged to contribute bis proportional
, -bare to the expense of this protection." The Con
; stiiution is the fundamental law of tbe land. It
j defines tbe principles of government, and any law
: enacted which violates tbe principles of the Con-
; stitution is void, or any rule of administration
. under any such law Is void. Any law or rule so
construed as in its practical application to contra-
vene any principle deGned in tbe Constitution.
' which is the supieme and paramount law, is void
and unconstitutional. " Proportional share" in
tbe Constitution no doubt means that all shall con
i trior te alike, it one man is taxed 5 on a carriage
' every other man should pay So on a carriage. If
j one man is taxed one ceut on a dollar, every other
man should be taxed one cent on each and every
; This is paying - bis proportional share." It is
; equitable, and conforms to tbe principles defined
in tbe Constitution. But suppose tbe law should
! impose a tax upon A's carriage of $5. and S3 only
j on B's. and A should be taxed two cents on every
j dollar, and B but one cent on every dollar, and so
i n. it would be plain that each man did not con
tribute his proportional share." and tbe law im
posing such unequal taxes would be unconstitu
tional. It would violate its plainest principles
Tbn Minister of Finance is authorised under the
law to make rules for tbe Assessor and Collector
Not only do the principles of tbe Constitution call
tor equality in taxation, but tbe Supreme Court
has decided double taxation to be unlawful. It
violates the fundamental law. If. then, any law in
its fair construction and application, imposes di
rectly or indirectly a tax greater than the J per
Cent, prescribed by the law on one, and not all. it
is unconstitutional and void ; and if the Minister
of Finance promulgates any rule for tbe adminis
tration of bis department which in its observance
compels any tax-payer to pay more than the rate
imposed by law, he violates the Constitution, as
held by the Supreme Court, and as is apparent to
any intelligent man. Every man understands very
nearly what be is worth, and on that basis what
his tax or proportional contribution will be. If
be knows that be is worth only fg 1.000. but is taxed
for 2.000 under color of law. be knows that he is
wronged, that injustice is done him. and the ignor
ant as well as the intelligent know it. The
ignorant may not know that tbe wrong done him
is in violation of the fundamental law as well as
tbe intelligent man. but be knows be is wronged,
and feels it as keenly.
If a law carried into execution violates any pro
vision of the Constitution, then the law is uncon
stitutional. The law of 1876 in certain cases may
and does do this (as it appears to me). Suppose a
plantation woith $100,000 has upon it a note and
mortgage for S50.000 ; it is evident that the owner
can have but $50,000 of property in tbe plantation,
but be must be assessed under this law for $100.
000. Besides this, the owner of the note and mort
gage must be taxed on $50,000, as it is solvent,
with good security. If tbe planter has personal
property amounting to $25,000 or 850,000. this
may be deducted and make up the deficiency in bis
property in whole or in part. But if he has no per
sonal property, he must pay on the whole, though
be is worth bat the half, and as tbe law declares
Botes to be personal property, its owner must pay
the taxes on $50,000. This application of the law
of 187G violates tbe equality principle of taxation
provided for in tbe Constitution, as it appears to
the writer. No case has yet arisen under the law
to call for tbe judgment of tbe Supreme Court, but
cases of its application have occurred within his
knowledge, resulting in over-taxation to a consid
erable amount. Notes and other evidences of
debt are personal property under tbe law. but they
have no intrinsic value. Their value depends en
tirely upon tbe contingent claim they give to
property having an intrinsic value. A note against
a man without property is of little value. It is tbe
property of tbe debtor which gives value to tbe
note or other evidence of debt. It is the contin
gent interest in the property, though it may re
quire process of law to perfect it, that gives the
debt any value. The debt has no property value
to the creditor, except as it is evidence of a con
tingent interest in property lying behind it. If tbe
property then is taxed, the creditor should not be,
lor the debt. If be is taxed for it. the debtor
should be allowed to deduet tbe amount of bis
debt from it. This has been the usage in this
Kingdom till tbe law of 1876, and it was substan
tially jmt to all, and continues to be the prac
tice, except in cases to which that law especially
applies. The tax laws of this Kingdom need re
vision, in the opinion of many ; or perhaps better
still would be a new and simple code carrying
out tbe equitable principle of tbe Constitution and
ding equal justice to all.
Perbiip it would be better that all properly
should be taxed, wherever found in the jurisdiction
of tbe Kingdom and receiving the protection of
the laws, leaving the debtor and creditor to ad
just tneir own matters ana relations, the party in
possession of tbe property only being responsible
to the government. This would be just to both
the government and people and leave the relations
of debtor and creditor to those alone who are con
cerned in them. It is not to be supposed that any
code, however simple, will cover all questions
which may possibly arise. There will still remain
the necessity for competent officers and by this I
mean both intelligent and upright. Whether the
system of Boards of Appeal might not be advan
tageously modified, I do not now offer an opinion,
but as constituted, it is doubtful if they are gener
ally qualified to decide questions beyond the sim
plest ones of fact. I trust that the coming Legis
lature may do something to improve the working
of our tax laws, bringing tbem more into harmony
witb tbe equitable principles of tbe Constitution,
and as any beneficial change can only be hoped
for from careful thought and information on the
general subject by a thoroughly competent mind,
I hope the Cabinet will appoint the Attorney
General (whose piovlnce it would seem to be) or
some other suitable person t. committee to give the
subject special consideration ; and tbe Chamber of
Commerce might give valuable suggestions it in
vited to do so. They are practical men of business,
having in their several capacities a large portion
of tbe taxes to provide for. and tbe largest pecun
iary interests of tbe country requiring protection.
In speaking of laws violating the Constitution
being void. 1 did not mean to intimate that they
must not form tbe rule of action to all to whom
they apply, until tbey are pronounced unconstitu
tional by the Supreme Court.
Yours truly. A Taxpatkr.
London, Oct. 25. Tbe Berlin com-spondfnt of
the Daily J'etcs states that Russia is preparing
two great expeditions, one from Orenburg for
Turkestan, under tbe command of General Kau'
mano, and tbe other from tbe army of tbe Cauca
sus, which will converge upon Afghanistan, and
a.'8'ist tbe rebellion tribes there to resist tbe Eng
lish troops. A similar rumor ia published in
CXWutur ui me ti ui i
Drunkenness in Sweden and Norway is cored in i
the following manner : Tbe drunkard is rut in pris
on, and bisoaly nourishment is bread soaked in wine.
Daring the first day the prisoner receives tbe bread
and wine with much pleasure. On tbe second day
tbe food is not to acceptable. After that he takes
his food with great repugnance. In general, eight
or ten days of thia treatment suffices to produce such
a disgust of liquor that the unhappy man is com
pelled to absolute abstinence. After leaving prison,
his drunkeness is radically cured, with an occasional
exception, and tbe odour of liquor produces an in
The new capital or Fiji. Private letters re
ceived from Fiji by the s. s. Sura state that Sir
Arthur Gordon has taken preliminary steps with the
view of establishing Suva as the cspital of Fi?i.
Two hundred and fifty coolies have been sent to con
struct the necessary works for reclaiming the fore
shore, water supply, roads, &c. The Government
surveyor found fresh water available for the supply
of the town from a branch of the Tamiona River.
Vita Leva is by far the largest island in the group,
possessing a splendid harbour at Suva, where the
largest men-of-war can ride with perfect safety
daring the hurricane sesson. The principal sugar
and coffee plantations are on this island, on the Re
wa and Navana Rivers No less than five mills are
in work, or in coarse of erection, and samples of the
coffee grown have been forwarded to Melbourne.
List of Advertised Letters
f CHAINING IN THE GENERAL FOST-
IV OFFICE, Honolulu, November, lsT9.
Anderson, August It
Agratt. G C
Blaovett, Capt, 2
Baum. ii P. 3
Baritow, Ma;or J. A
Blake, Geo L
Barton. Mrs Gee E
Beasley, Leonard M
Baldwin, Prof 8 8,1
Clark, R C
Coaler, Mrs Ellen P
Cooper. Frank 11
Cngsbell, Misa Marian
Child, B V
Chapman, W A
Camron, A M
Croat hy. James
Iu Bois, W C, 3
bemnead, E O
Davis, 11 H
Davidson, J N
Davis. Wm, aliaa u lofty '
Fowler. Geo W
Fichtenkamp, G W
Fernan. An tune
Foye, W U
Goodman, W G 2
Gray, W C
Gray, J M
Glee son, J
Ilarnson, F, 2
Ilaughton, J, 2
Heubben, Mrs Capt
Howie, Joseph G
H or ton B
Ilancbett. J L, 2
Hatfield, Capt 2
Horsey, Mrs S
Irwin, Wash B
Jones. J G
Justice, P C
Kavanagh. Mrs Rose
Kehoe, John J
Lathrop, G A, M D
Lansing, Geo J
Marshall, E F, S
McSplenchin, Miss F-lIeo
McLean, i U
Michand, E A
Moody, A H, 2
Maurrer, F A
McDonald. Neil, 3
Mailer. Henry, 2
Mann, S A
Miller, James K
Maginnis, O Q
Newton, Mrs M E
O'Reilly, James R. 2
Peterson, Chas R
Pervia, K W 8
Parmenter, Gilbert, 3
Pitcher, Mrs 3 E
Kiley, Mr J G
Kowe, K C
Reioers, T H
Kobinson, Samuel. 2
Kainjou, Samuel C
Koas, Capt J
Reynolds, I H, 2
Rant, W C
Rose, O J
Standaah, Dr Albert
Smith, Misa Mary, 2
Scbvcnberg, E, 2
Shaw, C J
Smith, Henry M, 3
Steward, R U
Spencer, Isiah D, 3
Suplee, Prof t D
fcmitb, Charlie K
Pmiih, Capt Jack
l.'pp, Adam, 2
Williams, J R
Wayne. E C, 2
Williamson, J C
Williams, Chas A
Warren, Mrs Nellie
White, Capt Geo
With, C F
Williams, O P
Whitney. Capt B
Wallace, M J
Ken yon, J F
Korb, J G
Partiea inquiring for letters In the above list, are particu
larly requested to ASK FOR ADVERTISED LETTERS.
It A. P. BRICKWOOD, P. M. G.
D. W. CLARK'S JEWELRY STORE
I HEREBY GIVE NOTICE THAT I AM
NOW SELLING OUT
MY ENTIRE STOCK
In order to dose business before the
1st DAY ofJANUARY, 1880,
After which period I intend
Leaving the Kingdom.
I not only offer my
Entire Stock of Goods for Sale !
Large Fire & Buglar-proof Safe,
ard Various Other Articles,
Embracing an Klf-?ant and Complete Set of
Bed, Bedding. Pictures, &c.
FOR SALE OR LEASE
New Bricli Building
I now occupy, situate on Merchant Street, Hoo.olo.la.
If the Building should not be sold by the Slst day of Decem
ber, 1S79, it will be
LEASED FOR FIVE VEAES, BIT SO LESS!
I desire particularly to notify all persons who have Watches
Iclt with me f r repairs that they are all ready for delivery;
and if not paid for and taken away by the owners before the
1st day of January next, they will be suld at PUBLIC AUC
TION for the charges against them for repairs.
Tbe Foregoing Advertisement la
BONA FIDE AND NO GAG
As I have determined to close business and quit tbe
Kingdom at the date specified, without fail at
XJ" All persons indebted to me, either by note, book ac
count or otherwise, are requested to make payment before the
1st day of January next, or their accounts, will be placed in
the hands of a Collector. n29 lm
A remarkable report comes from Russia that tbe
Government have granted entire liberty of worship
to the dissenters from tbe Greek Church, who num
ber 12,000,000 of its subject.
Lord Suffolk, in a speech to farmers at a plowing
motcb dinner, told tbcta that if matters were as bai
as Mr. Chapman made them out to be, then the land
system bad broken down altogether, ao j it would
no longer support tbe three classes depeodiog upon
it, but there must be a grt and radical change in
the' tenure of land, in the mtooer of purchase, the
law of entail, and tbe law of settlement. He. how
ever, did not think that things were so bad as they
had been represented.
Fully 500 merchants, brokers, and clerks, atten J
ed the second meeting of the Business Men's Society
for the Encouragement of Moderation, which was
held in the dinning-hall of Earl s Hotel, New York,
on the 28 rd August. The members pledge their
sacred honour not to drink as a beverage any intox
icating liquors stronger than wine or beer, and those
only in moderation." The secretary stated that
since tbe organisation ot this society in April last
the pledge has been signed in good faith by 11,000
NOTICE TO THE PUBLIC.
j riiHE UNDERSIGNED RESPECTFl'LLV
! .-' I inform the inhabitants of this City and the Islands gene
, rally, that he has been appointed Agent by the Fricdlander
uroa. to luinu ail orders for Enlarged Photograph Pictures and
Frames. (n29 tf) CHAS. BLACKBURN.
TOR SALE CHEAP.
1GOOD WIND-MILL.. I BRASS PCM P. 8
Iron Tanks, capable of holding 500 galluns each; 1 Solid
Frame, for above tanks: also. Pipe Work. Connections, etc.,
complete. This Mill can be seen in working order by spply
ingto (n2tf tf ) 11. J. AU.NEW.
VKATLT FURNISHED ROOMS. SUITA-
1 BLE for Ladies and Gentlemen, at No. ftKukui St. (nyit
HI V WIFE. MRS.
AUGUST A SMITH.
1.1 M having left my Bed and
Board without last provoca
tion, I hereby inform all persons that I will not be answerable
for any debts she may contract on aud after thia date.
U--9 3I PE1ER SMITH.
FOR SALE OR LEASE.
'THOSE VERY DESIRABLE PREMISES
M situated on Kaahumanu Street, nearly opposite the Bank,
consisting of two large and commodious stores, suitable for
either wholesale or retail purpoaes; also a large floor above,
with good back yard accommodation. If not disposed of pri
vately, they will be offered at public auction on Tuesday, the
30th day of December next. For further particulars, apply to
p3)M CECIL BROWN, Kaahumanu cL
i 4 BOUT 1500SIIEEP AND 4000 GOATS,
1. now running on Kaupulebu. North Kona. Hawaii.
Apply to II. N. GREEN WELL. Kona, Hawaii.
npHE NEXT REGULAR MONTH L.Y MEET-
ING of the above Company will be held ON MONUAV
NEXT, Dec. 1st. A full attendance ot the members is request
ed, aa business of great importance will be transacted.
X7 All members in arrears not making an appearance at
the above stated meeting, will be liable to expulsion.
It Per Order: W. K. 11 E It RICK, Treasurer.
MUSIC HALL ASSOCIATION.
TM1IS ASSOCIATION BEING FULLY OR
ganized, a Board of Trustees elected, and Charter applied
for, it is resolved to place the Capital Stock at $25,000, with
the privilege of increasing the same to $50,000. Fully one-half
of the former named sum has been already pledged in sums of
$100 and upwards.
All residents in Honolulu and throughout the group, who
have not yet subscribed, are cordially invited to join in this en
terprise and send in their subscriptions to the Secretary of tbe
Association. The subscriptions will be converted into Shares
of Stock aa soon as tbe Charter is perfected.
n29 3t J. A. UASS1NGER, Sec'y.
YYURIXG MY" ABSENCE FROM THIS
M-M Kingdom Mr. l.Ii Peck will transact all my business-
NOTICE OF COPYRIGHT.
BE IT REMEMBERED. THAT ON THE
26th day of Nov. a. D. 1879, Tlios. G. Thrum, of Hono
lulu, Island of Oanu, in accordance with Section 3 of an Act
"To Encourage Learning in this Kingdom, by Securing the
Copies of Charts and Books to the Authors and Proprietors of
such Copies," approved on the 31st day of Dec. a. D. 1884,
has deposited in thia office the title of his Book The Hawai
ian Almanac and Annual, a Uaud-Book of Information on
Matters Relating to the Hawaiian Islands, Original and Se
lected, of Value to Merchants, Planters, Tourists and Others,
carefully compiled by THUS. G. TI1RCM the rights of which
he claims as owner and proprietor.
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto aet my hand and
caused the (Seal of the Interior Dspartment to be affixed at
Honolulu this 26th day of November, a. D. 1879.
(.Signed) SAM'L G. WILDER,
n29 2m Minister of the Interior.
FA Ml LI IS IX WANT OF A GOOD TURKEY
for Thanksgiving Dinner, can obtain the ssme at the
Family and Metropolitan Markets.
For Christmas, we shall have on hand the beat of Tur-
krys. Chicken-, Pi;a. Sic.,6c.r.., at the above Markets
semi your orders in time. u. WALLr.il.
Honolulu, Nov. 22, 1879. n22 2t
REAL ESTATE FOR SALE !
TALUaBLE LOTS AND DWELLINGS
T For Bale in desirable portions of the town .
WILLIAM O SMITH.
J. M. DAVIDSON,
A TTORN'EV AT LAW.
Jr Office over Hibernia Bank, corner of Market and Mont
gomery Streets, San F'rancisco, California.
A DWELLING HOUSE IN M't'AMI
Valley, containing ten rooms, servants' houses, horse
and carriage stables. Also, three acres of good pas
ture land. A great variety of fruit trees and a larjte flower
garden. Government water In M on. The premises are in a
good condition. Address: P. O. Box 169, or enquire of
n8 S. M AON IN.
''UK PREMISE! BELOW NUI'ANC BRIDGE.
lately occupied by Hon. H. A. P. Carter rent. J700 per
annum. The dwelling has bi-en newly painted and papered
throughout. Enquire of
n8 tf A.JAEGER.
A BLACKSMITH'S SHOP. WITH OK
thout the Tools, on the Bay Morse Premises, llotel
treet. ror particulars, inquire of
G. W. U OUGHT AILING,
'MIE BRICK-STORE AND PREMISES
B on Qui-en street, belonging to Dr R W. Wood, at pre
sent occupied by the undersigned. For terms apply to
se V7-tf II. HACKS KLD & Co.
TWOBl'ILDI.VGSI.V A GOOD LOCAL
ITY, suitable for business purposes of any kind. Kent
reasonable, and further information may be obtained by
applying at the Pantheon, corner Hotel and Fort sts. see tf
1MIE RESIDENCE OF THE LATE E. G.
ft ADDEKLY, a short distance above the first bridge, on
Xuuanu Avenue. The M Is nearly half an acre in size. For
further information enquire on the premises. n'Zl 2m
a HO VS E A N D LOT I N K A P A L A M A.
kj-:: For particulars, inquire of
JSiiL nl tf II . II ACKFELD & CO.
MIOSE PREMISES SITUATE IN II I LO.
opposite the Court House, suitable for a first-class lloiel.
All in good order and repair. Apply to
J. II CONEY, Honolulu,
fe8 79 orC. RICHARDSON. Hilo.
t YOUNG MAN. A CAPITAL WRITER.
Xa and Competent Copyist, desires a position as
ant Book-Keeper, or solicits Copying Address:
n8 lm WKITEK, care C
NOTICE TO TAX PAYERS.
A MEETING OF THE BOARD OK TAX
APPEALS will be held at the Pulice Court Koom, Ho
nolulu, at 10 o'clock, a. tn on Monday, the 1st day of Decem
ber. 1879. for the hearing of all appeals from tbe asues'ment of
taxes for the District ul Honolulu, Oanu.
W. C. JWtS,
Police Justice and Chairman of the Board of Tax Appeals,
Honolulu, Nov. 10th, 1ST9. nol6 3t
BV VIRTUE OP A DEED OF ASSIGN
ment mdo October 2Sth 1S79, t.y f. II WILT, then
doing business in Honolulu as Cabinet Makerand Upholsterer,
of aU his Stock, Tools. Accounts and IVipcrcy of whatever
kind, for the b-nefit of his credit irs otice is hereby given
to all parties concerned to pres-nt their claims duly authenti
cated, and parties oig to make immediate payment to l. H
PETKRSON, Collector for the Kstate.
nol THOS. Q. THRUM. Assignee
UA RE CIUXCE FOR INVESTMENT.
Wanted by September lt. of this year. $50,000 to
f 6J.0OO on first mortgage, on a first class Sugar Plantation,
valued at f 2O0IRJ0.
The crop of 1890 will be from 1000 to 1200 tons. 'Will com
mence taking off 30O tons in October. 1571. The Plantation has
150 laborers, and is well found in Mules, Cart. rc. Machinery
in first cluss order, and can crush sevea or eight tons per day.
For further particulars apply to the undersigned,
juo8 A. J. "AKTWKIGnT.
ST U A V I VG
KM I3TRATOH of the Estate of WILLIAM F
late of Honolulu, deceased intestate. I hereby notify all parties
who have claims against the said tstale to present the same
within six months from this date, or they will be barred.
E- C. DAMON.
Honolulu, Nov. 13;h. 1S79. nol54l
riMIE UNDERSIGNED HAVING BEEN
M elected Assignees of the Kstate of Chun Kau ol Hono
lulu, Bankrupt. Notice is hereby given to all persons in
debted to the said Chun Kau, to make immediate payment to
C. 8. Bartow, at his faiesroom, Honolulu. ny person own
ing articles, of any description, which have been deposited
with Chun Kau aud now in possession of the assignee may
obtain tht same upon proving ownership.
C. B. BARTOW,
mtlS W. C AK ANA.
tr.v y-A- .--: !,,
W. BCSH WOt'LD RESPECTFULLY
call the attention of the public to his
FINE and CHOICE SELECTION
FROM SAN FRAKCISCO& EUROPE
AS FOLI.OWi ,
Golden Gate Family Flour. .
Graham Flour! Corn Mral.
Oat Meal, Cracked VN heat,
HOMINY, AVENA, &c, &c.
Tins of Wine Crackers. Sd,
Milk, Boston, Waf r, Nicknack,
Ginger, Graham, Jenny I.lnd Crackers,
Also, an Assortment of Crackers,
From the Celebrated Factory at Cambridge
THE FOtLOWING SPICES
Ground Ginger, Allspice, Cloves, Sage,
Thyme, Sweet Marjoram. Mixed Spice,
Cinnamon, Cassia, Pepper,
English and French Mustard, tit.
Worcestershire, pints and half pints;
Tobasco, Mango, Relish, Imperial,
Mushroom, Anchovy, Tomato, etc.
Mixed, Gherkins Unions, Walnuts,
Olivra, in oil; Olives, plain;
comprising a full assortment of
American, English, and French Pickles!
Green Cornt String and Lima Beans,
Succotash, French Peas, finest quality;
American and English Peaa, Mushrooms,
Truffles, in tin and glass;
Turnips, Beets, Unions, Tomatoes,
California, Island and Oregon Potatoes,
A FULL LINK OF
Table Pie Fruits-
In tins and glass, such as:
Peaches, Pears, Plums, Apples, Cherries,
Apricots, Grapes, Gooseberries, Rhubarb, o.
Amrrican & Knglish Jams & Jellies.
a complete assortment, in 1 and 2) pound tins;
Chocalate Crvani, in jars; Menier Chocolate,
Kpp's Cocosi, in 1 and J Knnd packages;
Coffee and Milk, in tins; Cocoa and Milk,
Cranberry Sauce, in glass aud tins;
Apple Sauce, Condensed Milk, Eagle and American brand;
Potted & Devilled Meats & Game,
Ham, Tongue, Duck, Chicken, Turkey, Partridge,
Salmon, Lobster, etc , etc.
Preserved JVTeats :
Mackerel, 1 and 2 lb. Salmon. 1 and 2 lb. Lobsters,
1 and 2 lb. Oysters, 1 and lb. Clams,
1 and 2 lb. Liboy McNeil's Pressed Corn Beer, Tongue, Ham,
Spiced and Plain Pig's Feet, HAM SAUSAGE, in Una;
Cooked Spiced rleef, in tins; Minced Meat,
Sausage Meat, Oxford and Cambridge Sausage,
ltoat Turkey and Chicken, Roast Mutton,
Beef, Assorted Meats of all kinds.
Biehardson & Bobbin's Bourd Turkey and CbltLtn,
something new in this market.
Herrings, preserved and smoked; Codfish Balls,
Boston Baked Beans. I lam and Fish Chowder,
Tins of Cooked Ham, Roast Pheasant, Grouse,
Assorted Soups, in 20 different varieties;
Russian Sardines, in glass; Pickled Ssrdines,
Sardines, In oil; Sardines, in mustard i
Pate de foi gras, Sardella, Sausages, and other Meat Delicacies,
in great variety;
GUBE SUGAR & ISLAND SUGAR!
Pea Flour, Split Peas, Pearl Tapioca, Barley, Sago,
Maccaroni, Vermicelli, Hooey, in glass, half comb;
Candies, Orange, Citron and Lemon Peel,
Almonds and Raisins, in bottles;
Fresh California and Kdam Cheese,
Plum Pudding, all aisea;
EXT R A CTS Lemon, Vanila, Cinnamon, Orange, Straw
berry. Pine Apple, Celery, kc.
G EL ATI N E In Large and Small Packages.
DC R ET'S S A LA O O I L In Pints and Half Pints.
DR. KITCHENER'S Celebrated Salad Cream.
Cl'RR V I O V D E R In Tins and Bottles.
Corn Starch, Laundry Starch. Salt, in bags and bottles;
Celery alt, Baron Liebig'a Extract ol Beef,
RAISIN S Layers In J and lb. boxes.
Sultana Kaisins, in tins and Jars,
Currants, in 4, 7 aud 14 lb. tins;
ALDEN DRIED FRUITS,
Pitted Cherries, Dried Huckleberries, Dried Blackberries.
Plums, Fears and reaches.
Barrels Fresh Cranberries
Maltby's Prepared Cocoanut,
Hams and Bacon, Smoked Beef and Salmon,
Eastern Codfish, 6 and 10 lb. Pails or Lard,
Brown's Cider Vinegar, Golden hyrup,
Hawaiisn and Blue Mottled Snap,
Candles, etc.. etc.. etc.
ALSO Bbls and half bbls Beef, Bbls aud half bhls Pork,
Bbls and hair bbls Salmon, Kits Balmon Beiliea.
Kits Mackerel, Kits Sounds and Tongues.
My Stock Comprises
Too Great a Variety
to be enclosed in a Newspaper Advertisement, and
. which I am determined to
Sell at Lowest Market Rates !
FOR CASH !
A LIBERAL DISCOUNT will be Made.
m: y goods
Warranted to be Fresh
and in every respect First Class.
CT Orders from the Other Island respectfully solicited, and
great ore will be naed in packing and shipping same.
A. W. BUSH, No. 52 & 54 Fort St.
Endless Wire Ropeway
riillK UNDERSIGNED HAVE BEEN A P
1 pointed '1 Agents for th Hawaiian liUn 's for A. B.
lUUidle-s Iron and l Wlr Ropa of vy dwrlptton.
Patent Fndliws Wlrs Ropeway r transport .. of tires,
Merchandise, fusar, Ifiifrar Tan. c V haw m keen ap
pointed 'le Agents for the Calilornla Wlrs Works C
We hav just received ror distribution fc eoplea of It
" Mechanical Miner's tloide. Transport at loo of Ore and otnef
material by means of tu Kndleas Traveling Wlrs Rot. Ilalll
die's Tat', t Kn.1ies Wire Ropeway, with suggestions aa to Its
We w.-uid re.rrtfuHv suggest to our Planters and tneir
Areola that tlalli.lie's Wirw Rope Tramway Is Just what tbey
want for the transportation of Cane, and also fc carrying
fugar lo the landing, and transporting supplies from the land
ing to the Mill.
ntJtf DILLINGHAM Ml CO.
OFFERED TO FAMIf S
NKVEB BEFORE - '
Sold in thin Ma rk
Anti-Dyspeptic Cocoa or Chocolate Powder
Guaranteed to contain nothing but
Cocoa of tho Finest Quality!
IT 13 THIC MO?T
For Children as well as lor th Strong and Healthy. Haa
EOTR TIM ES the strength of Cocoas thkkensd
w ith Sarch , 4 o. It will bear tha
STRICTEST CHEMICAL INVESTIGATION
Keeps in nil ClimnteH.
XT Direction to bt found ttitk fork Tim. JCt
I ALSO OFFER TO THE PUBLIC
Hudson's Extract of Soap,
The best thing known for washing and cleaning Clothe,
Linen, Hands, Floors, Paint, China, Glass,
Plate, and all kinds of Kartheuwart,
A. VV. BUSH,
No. 62 and M, Fort Street.
A RARE CHAKTGZ2 !
XlS 3 3E3 1T T iS !
GREAT REDUCTION !
IN THE PRICK OF
During the IMythtys)
JSJT THOS. LACK'S,
ap!2 NO. 40 FORT STRKKT.
Co-operative Tailor Store,
Fort Street, Mclntyre's Block.
Another Invoice Lot of
Diagonals, Broadcloth, Doeskins,
Serges, Tweeds and Trimmings,
Jsisl Hccelvrd, ti Hark Viola.
FRO M ENGLAND.
Our Stock contains the Finest and Best Helected Material for
Suits ever imported in litis Kingdom.
Tweed Suits for $30.00 !
Cannot be made elsewhere for the money, and just
tbe thing for this climate,
Stroig, Dorablc, Cool, .Fell Made,
Stylish and Perfect Flttlag !
Country Order filled with our usual promptness and dispatch.
ONE DOLLAR STOItE.
UOLIDAr G00DSF0R OXEDOUAR!
The Splendid Btore, No. 68 Fort Street, (iatel occupied ty
tbe California One I'rkce Bazar)
Has been Leased by G. P. Wells,
WHO WILL OPEN TBI BAMB
AS A ONE DOLLAR STORE !
and Fancy Goods.
Don't Ask the Price, Each Article i SI.
NOS. PROM 1 TO lO. COTTON SAIL
TW1NK, 6. a, 1 and -ply, Murray Ibi. "d?y.
4 "V I