Newspaper Page Text
PPP.7 Or HOlJOZ.TJZ.TJ. H. I.
I'ICID.X . MMitlt l.. 1?-1.
Wl have uuibiii,' to r jort in the condition of Lu.ii- !
new. The fresh outlrrV of tb- i-mjIl-pox f-pilu;ic on -feeturday
and Sunday la-t, ad.lid mm b to tl.e gre
apprehension previoii-lr enuriaiiied as tu it ir-'l :
nd the public baa ako during the : li Lirii aitat -1 !
6y various report about the crom t of (lun-.-e iltiiil i
by tbe Board of ImmiSTation at the quarai.tiu'- tvtV
liiLxuenU. With communication with tbe other ilauI
all bet est off for tsttn;;er traffic, at.il the town trade
paralysed by tbe epidemic, we raunot her for any Im
mediate change is tbe condition of buine-
The refusal of the Chiaee who hare been in quaran.
tin to enter Into labor engagements at ccrrert offer fcas
caaaed aome perplexity to busineM men and tbe Govern
ment. The caraes of this were discussed at a raoetir
cf the Caaatbe of Commerce held to-day, as rrpirtcl
la another column, and we tnrt that tbe committee
LXch ban undertaken the task cf smoothing over diffi
culties will be racceMfal in their efforts.
The erportfl for tbe week have been tbe W H DimondV
cargo for Saa Francisco, Tallied at $8T,RT0 and some sun
dries, and coin, per Mee-Foo, for China, Talued at JT.VX.
The W H Meyer and Kalaiana have arrived f roia tbe
coast, bringing the usual assorted cargoes. Tbe uew
steamer Iwalani, intended for tbe trade with tbe eastern
and southern coata of Hawaii, arrived in port to-day,
welcome addition t our tt am fleet, hhe also brings
cargo and aome paenger. Tbe Knrela arrive.! t"
day with a cargo of ceala.
. In oar Shipping Notes will be found a li-t of 1 part
urea for the first two months of thia year, showing tbe
value of domestic exports by each vwL This hliow a
total value of 77.5.1 OC, for tbe two months. I'p to thi
date during the praaent month tbe value of exports ha
haa exceeded f jOO.fJOO.
The decision juat given by the Full Court on certain
referred points in tbe action, " Welch v Spt-uter," a
copy of which will be found on our fourth page, is of
importance to tmxinea men and to every one wbo may
find it necewary to give a power of attorney to au a'-tt.
Tbe Judges here hold that the wonL. t' tran?a-1 all
business appertaining to tbe T. Spencer's Plantation.'
are wide enough, and at the same time petrihc enough, to
enable tbe attorney to enter into a complicated contract
as to tbe mode of liquidation of an old debt, involving
restrictions on tbe manner in which tbe most important
part of the business of the plantation, viz : tbe realiza
tioa of Its prod are, was to be conducted. Tbe court of
European countries are very strict in cou-itming Pow-n
of Attorney, and this tendency influence so t-trnnsjly tbe
decisions of Judges in the British Dominions, tbat the
drafting of Powers of Attorney is altuoot a specialty in
the Colonies. In no British Court would the word re
lied cn ia this case be held to authorize tbe trana tion
oa which the verdict in tbe case under review turned
unless they were acrompanied by collateral intm tions
ia writing under tbe band of the person granting tbe
Power of Attorney, defining with aome clofw-nes tbe
character of tbe agreement into which be was prepared
to enter. In the present rase, so far from such intruc.
tions being forthcoming, there Is evidence that a written
document approved by tbe defendant, and signed by (or
for) bim, was ia existence, embodying a different agree
ment to that signed afterwards by his attorney and much
more favorable ia its character. The learned judge
rightly say that the defendant cannot plead tbe more
favorable character of this agreement against the sub
eqnent action of his attorney, because in hi pleadings
he repudiated it. lest it should bring bim within tbe
Statute of Limitations. But tbe fact that they consider
it existence, with the defendants' signature attached to
it, as having no bearing on the attorney's ubeju-nt
action shows bow wide an Interpretation our judges are
prepared to give to the general clause of a Power of
Attorney, and should be a warning to all men bow ea.-y
it is to confer the power of ruining you on one whom
you merelv Intend to constitute your general aent in
matters of minor importance. The law as laid down by
the decision before us renders special clauses in Powers
of Attorney necessary in this country to limit thr
authorities granted by them, whil-t in other countries
they are ia use chiefly to extend them.
M. r ;; .hi
.r K:jiies ifou. Irom fc.anaiui
1 : - I.r IVaiehu. from Kuan
j. tuir l.el!us, from Molokai and Maui
I : Srhr Nettie Memll, from Labaina
IT -trur Juies Mskee, from Kauai
IT -i. br Varion, irom Iiamalraa
I .' - Lr Lnka. from Kobala
! f4i.hr J ennr, from Nawili wili
Svur Cien heigrl. from Waianac
Msry lorwter, from Punaluu
u 14 Aia dchr WH Meyer. Howe, 13 days from S F
l'y Stum wbsler Befvidere, Manter, irom a cruise
i:-Ham bk Kalakaua, Jenks, from San Francisco
c Ha-m sticr Iwalani. Cutler, 10 days from S F
If-Asn bktne tare ka, Nordberg, 30 dys fm Nanaimo
l-.rer Str L-dia, China
i"-.'.a bkta Kate Flickenger.Toung, 23 dys frm P O
M b 1J Scbr Mte-Foo, for Koolau
14 Schr Kob P.oy, for Koolau
14 Scbr Kapiolani. for Ewa
14 Stmr Mokolli. for Koolapapa
15 Stmr C R Bishop, for Nawiliwili, etc
1o Stmr Kilauea Hou. for Eahului
15 cbr H'aiehu, for Koolau
12 Pcbr Kau
1? Schr Nettie Merrill, for Labaina
Melt r. China stmr, Mee Foo. Cunningham, for Hong K
12 Am bk Jeooy Pitts, eseivert, for Port Townaend
12 Am bktne San Luis, McDonald, for San Francisco
1J Am btoe North Mar, Morehouse, for Port Towned
1 ' Am bktne W Li Dimood. Hoodlett, for San F
1; Am steam whaler Belvidere, Manter, for cruise
FOREIGN VESSELS IS POUT.
Jaluit briglne Nicolaus, Thomas
(itrrman bk AUilania. Mobrmaou
Am bk 1 C Murray, Havens
or bk Lady LampMin, Marston.
Am b(.'tne.'ifeiiH-rian, Winding.
Am bL, Martha Hideout, Uicklx.rg.
For San Francisco, per W H Dimond, March 14 Ci
Stocklty. Mrs Geo F Wells. Miss Cunning, Mrs M Morris,
Mrs Lake, Capt Blake, wife and child. James Oldireq,
C'h Lienawcnaux, Miss Wilkes and child, Miss M A Bice.
From San Frsncisco. per W H Meyer.March 14 C F A
rtroud, Kaufmann, J H King and 2 children, Misa Anna
From San Francisco, per Kalakaua. March 17 James
Ntt, wife and five children, Cbas A. Prindle, A Morgan,
John Lustrum. Cbas Muller, E S Smith, John Hirnscber.
For Hong Kong, per Mee-Foo, March 12 to Chinese,
and 17J paeugers in transit from San Francisco.
From Fannicg's Inland, per Vivid, March 12 A Sales.
From San Francisco.per Iwalani, March 18 J Simmons
and wife, R Liiubarth. E Ueatberly, Mark Hannah, Jas
i- innin?. Lewis t'owler. and 5 Chinese.
The fallowing list of domestic exports from January
1st. 1S1, to Feb 18th 1881 inclusive, show tbe vessel in
which and the port to which the goods were exported
It should be borne in mind that the amounts represent
the value of domestic exports only.
D C Murray..
J U Spreckels
.torm Bird ...
City of Sydney
W H Meyer
H W Almy
A ustrai is . ,
A P Jordan. ,
City of Sydney
J A Falkinburg....
.ISan Francisco f!3.ra 21
. ! i annings Isl d
rran-i.co 43.."T.s .'
! ;.."4 w
! 52.:04 7
j 5.7l M
' 70.J-.iO .V
HI) 4lM ItH
Veasiele far Iloaalalu frosn Fwrelga Port.
Aui blttie Kate Sudden. Bates, Newcastle, N S W.
Am bk Fdward M iy, Johnson. Boston
Am bk fhet-hire, Batchelder, New York
Am tk Highflyer. Schumann. Liverpool, via St Michaels
Am 1'i'tiie Morning Star, Bray, South Sea Islands
Am chr brlilia. Port (iambic
Am Birk Harvest Heine, Matsoo, Departure Bay,
tier k Musca. from Iirammen
Oi r bk t'eiu-r, Kohlfs, Bremen
Hau bk Kale, Ablbron, Bremen
Haw bk Hawaii. hitney. South Sea Inlands
P M S S City of New York, Seabury, Sydney, overdue.
Am ulir Compeer. Birkholni. Port Uamble
R M S S Zealaudia, Cargill, San Francisco, due
Bolivian bk Nicolas, Oray, Nanaimo
P.eport of scbr Vivid, Capt Cawley. Left Honolulu,
Fi b 17, wind WNW, weather pleasant, and bad continu
ed fine weather wltb good breeze an the way to t annings
I-dand. making tbe passage in 6 days and 18 hours.
Heavy sarf on at Fannings' Island; so after landing
mail-., we stood around and dropped into Whaleman's
Bav and discharged cargo. Sailed again from Fannings'
Iland for Honolulu, March 1st, wind variable from N to
SK. with heavy rain and sea. Had continued bad
weather to tbe Islands, and arrived in Honolulu harbor,
March 12th, 10 days passage.
BeiKirt of acbr W H Myer, Capt Howe Sailed from
Sau rranriftco March 1. wind N and NW, weather
i li a-nut. Took trades in 27 N, longitude 130, and
kept them right along. Made Coco Head, March 13th at
! p in. and took pilot on board at 6 a m on the 14th; 12 i
Beport of bark Kalakaua, Captain Jenks Left San
Francisco, March 1st, at 2 p m, wfnd N, moderate,
wtather pleasant, took ' trades " in la: 24 X. Ion 133,
bf avy swell from N. Sighted the Island of Molokai at
10 a in, and hove too off Diamond Head at 11 p m on the
ICth. Took pilot on board at 7 a m on the 17th, and
arrived in port same date. Carried ekysails clear
through; 15 3 days passage.
Report of bark Eureka, Captain Nordberg Left
Loyal Roads, Feb 2Gth came through Straits of Fuca
with SE winds; on the 27th passed Cape Flattery First
'J days out bad a series of gales from SSE, S, and SSW,
followed by light winds and baffling squalls, afterwards
WNW winds, with rain squalls, which finally increased
to a Hurricane, accompaulett wltn a heavy cross sea,
which croke over vessel in every direction, and washed
away portion of deck load and stove in water casks and
bulwarks, was compelled to run before the wind for two
ays and also compelled to jettison the remaining por
tion of deck load to save ship. March 10th, tbe wind de
creased to a moderate breeze, but heavy sea still running.
Took - trades " in latitude 2tt 9 N, longitude 131 W.
Thence to port light wind; sighted Molokai, March 17th
at noon, and arrived it Honolulu, March 18th, at 8 a ni.
yoiiays psssge all wen.
I 1 PORTS.
SATURDAY, MARCH 19, 1881.
Her Majesty the Queen, as President of
the Hawaiian Sanitary Association (Aha
hui Hoola Labui),accepting the cooperation
of the Hawaiian Working-men's Associa
tion, (Ahahui Poola), and of the Hawaiian
YoungMen's Association (Ahahui Hawaii
opio), and with liberal contribution from
the royal private purse, will aid in the erec
tion of a new hospital, under the direction
of the Board of Health.
Queen Kapiolani is engaged in the pre
paration of clothing, and many conveni
ences and comforts for the sick poor, suffer
ing from the epidemic; and Her Royal
Highness the Princess Regent, and Her
Royal Highness the Princess Likelike are
cooperating in this noble work.
Her Majesty the Queen Dowager, and
Her Highnesss R. Keelikolani are also
giving a generous aid and attention to the
care of the sick poor at this time.
A cotempokary in his last New Year
salutation put forth the following declara
tion of principles in regard to editorial
comity and discussiou : " We would rather
say to our oponent, 4 come let us reason on
the matter let there be no acrimony be
tween us let us settle our differences
as gentlemen, and not as coal-heavers. We
greet our brethren of the Advertisek,&c.,
with this motto (" There is a way of doing
things,") and we hope that the coming j
year may prove that political discussions
can be carried on without any mud throw
ing and personality."
But from time to time, since then, and
especially in his last issue, he indulges to
an extent that must disgust his sensible
readers in ribaldries of personality. This
is no doubt his idea of gentlemanly cri
ticism ; and proves his quality. Not fine
sentiments, but conduct, proves a man's
We have through various channels, and
on many occasions in past years ex
pressed our admiration at the heroic, self
sacrificing, true Christian life of Father
Damien, the Pastor of our lepers on Molo
kai ; and did not by so doing aim to secure
for him any notice or reward ; feeling that
his merit, which could only be appreciated
by his God and Redeemer, was immeasur
ably beyond any reward or laudation of
this earth ; but one who has the present
direction of a neighboring sheet, says, that
when the " next deal for crosses comes
round," that Father Damien should be
remembered as (,no one could possibly
compare his claims to the Advertiser
Trumpeter, the Anglican Bishop, and
others, who have been decorated." Now
the evident purpose and aim of the writer,
was not to honor Father Damien, but
in order to have a dirty fling at the worthy
and eminent Anglican Bishop, under whom
at one time the writer referred to, was an
The Chinese stmr Mee-Foo brought an $3,000 cargo to
this port on her but vtit conaietlug of tlour, provi.-ioo
The bktne Wrestler was to sail front San 1 rani i o for
Honolulu, at an early date. She will cr me consigned to
Messrs F T Lenehan k Co.
The bk Harvest Home, from Departure Bav, for this
port, coal laden, put into San Francisco on the 3th iut..
to repair pumps.
The Rosario brings a cargo to Hilo, consisting of 1:
bbls floor, in m bricks, 51 in ft lumber. Sou bbls lime,
130 bbls cement, etc valued at $92)o. Tbe Eosario left
San Francisco on the 6th Inst, for Hilo, but when out
side the heads, she coUided with the bk Kival bound to
Astoria- Both vessels put back again to port, tbe K
rio with bowsprit carried away, and tne Rival with
Tbe Alia of the 8th Inst. says. " We have coh1 autho
rity to state that the steam whaler Mary and Helen has
Been purchased by the I'nited States Government, and
work will soon be commenced on her to ht her out for
the proposed expedition in search for the Jcannette and
the missing whalers. Orders have alreadv been received
by those now in charge to discontinue the labor of fit
ting her out for her whaling voyage, as originally in
tended, and the vessel will b turned over to the Guv
ernanent as soon as all necessary arrangements are pt r
Captain Nordberg of the Eureka, which vessel arrived
at this port on the lntb inst, from Departure Lav, reort
"Petenced a regular hurricane in about latitude
3,5 . accompanied with mountainous aea. Tbe force of
the sua. which broke over the vessel, carried away the
deck load, stove in bulwarks and water casks, and did
other damage. The captain reports having bad a -rouch
deaf all the round trip, having lost maintopmast on the
The bktM WH Dimond. sailed on the 13th Inst, for
San Francisco with a, goodly list of passengers and a
large cargo. Tbe cargo Item were distributed an fol
lows t 1 .2-10.2X7 lbs suirsr. Tilnnl mt :n :i i in. i-..
bags. taj31 80; bananas, SO bunches, til.
Captain Cawley of tbe schr Vivid, reports tbut the
Giovanni Aptanl was daily ei pec ted at Fannings' Inland,
wbea he left. The Aptani had gone to Humphrey's 11
aad for naUvee; after bringing them to Fannings Island,
the vessel would then go to Washington Island for a load
oi cobra, and from thence return to Honolulu. The
German bk Eodolph bad sailed from Fannings' Inland
for Hamburgh with a load of guano, on March lt. Tbe
British bk Lugar. waa loading at the Ixland on tbe
4L0XG THE WIMRVES.
The D C Murray is at the Likeliie's wharf, and will
sail to-day at noon for San Francisco, with a goodly llt
The Martha Rideout is yet discharging at the Fspla
nsde. and will not sail before the 22nd inst, for the
The Lady Lampeon ia at Brewer s whsrf. and is being
loaded with despatch for San Francisco.
The Kalakaua la at the Old Custom House wharf dis
T R Forster k Co'a new steamer, the Iwalani i at tbe
Esplanade discharging. The passengers pay Capt ntler
wiupumro. particulars oi wnicn may be found in
Agenta and owners of coasting vessels do not 1 xk wit
111 ar" fvor upon the mandate of the Board of Health.
compeUing crews to atay on board the vessel :t hey Msiro
that it injures their business, as men will not sUy in the
employ of vessels enforcing the rule, and without sailors
ne vessels cannot be sailed. l
- - - ""miw w iapiain iTutier or the Iwalani.
an4 Mr. Simmons, a passenger, by that vessel, for files of
From San Francisco per Kalakaua, Mar 1740 cs bread.
i"o tins crackers, 14 15 pes lumber, Allen & Kobinson
i.'h) Mi-ks flour, C coils rope. 1 pkg blocks, 2 cs cigars, 40
cn apples. 950 sacks grain. lot canned goods and groc, 50
naies nay, i ni ddis salmon, M cs Deer, Holies ax Co. :
ji.'t siw'ks grain. 'J coops fowls, 57 pkgs canned Roods. A.
v I5uh ; Ji bales sugar bags, loo Una matches, F A
Srhaefcr A: Co ; 2o scks flour, tUOscks grain, lot canned
g'KMj and groceries. H E Mclntyre k Bros ; 30,500 bricks,
l l bales bay, 4)o scks flour, 130 scks grain, 2J scks coal,
M bdls iron. 1 patent water-closets, 1 cs crockery, lot
inisc iihNi-, F T Lennchan Co ; 6iW scks grain, 1 pkg
harness, Laine 4 Co ; 270 sks flour. C F Wolf ; 52 boxes
dried fruit, 1 bbl glaxsware, 5 bdls paper, 38 buckets. 63
pkgs hardware, 5 prs bellows, S bdls plow beams, pkgs
uror, i jikk" crocserj ware, lot agricultural in-
i-trunients. Dilliugbam k Co ; 1 cs cigars. Hart Bros ; 3
cs cigars. Wing Wo Tai ; 100 sks flour. F. P Adams ; 8 cs
chairs, C pkgs furniture, 4 cs nidse, C E Williams ; 16 cs
glassware. Mi Lean Bros ; 200 sks grain, Macfarlane Ac
Co ; 12 cs sewing machines, 1 cs guns, 2 do shot, 1 do
cartridges.:! do guniowder.l pkg oil stoves.l pkg tobacco.
inos Lin : ii pegs sewing mens and md.se, a L, Smith :
sks potatoes, t. j inxton ; 4 horses, W Levy ; 1 pkg
vaccine matter. Hoard of Health ; large lot of grain and
uilc nul.se to order.
From San Francisco per W H Myer. March, 18 10 pkgs
dry Roods. I'iO boxen crackers, M i'hillips ic Co : 9 pkgs
psints snd oils. Dillingham k Co; 34 pkgs paints and
ous, b iKga learner. i ecks horseshoes. 17 okL's bard-
ware, 4 bdls brooms, E O Hall k Son ; 25 pkgs paints and
oils, 2 boxes brushes, 100 kks flour, 182 sks barley, 37
oaies nay, i o pkgs canned, goods and groc, Allen r
Kobinsou ; 8 pkgs saddlery. 16 cs harness dressing, 1
do next's foot oil, 1 bale whips, 3 rolls leather. W E
roster; 20 bales printing paper, F A Schsefer k Co ; 6
c pasteboard, 1 do paper. M Dickson ; 35 bbls beef, 15
no pork, io kits salmon bellies, A J Cartwright ; 20 pkgs
ury yMi, 3 pags samples, 11 man Bros ; lot groceries
provisions and canned goods to May Co. Hart Bros.
V ing o Tai Co Hop Ylck Co and Grinbaum & Co ;
1 dumb waiter. Interior Dept ; 1 engine, 1 cs fittings. 20
cois asueytos. 1 governor. 100 scks barley, 135 bbls
salmon. 2 pkgs. C Brewer k Co ; 100 bales bay, 10 bbls
tar. 10 bales oakum, 4 doz brooms. 350 sks grain. 20 pkgs
mi.ic mii.-e, a v fierce Co : 1 cm butter. Bolles ft Co
it, pt drugs, k aicKK'ben : 43 cs boots and shoes, 14 ca
dry goods. M S Grinbaum k Co; 100 sks flour. 20 cans
cracktr. 19 cs chimnles. Waterhouse t Co; 10 boxes
railroad spikes. II Uackfeld 4r Co : 1920 r w posts. 70
baUs bay. b sacks grain, W Levy ; 1 horse, P C Jones 5
12 pkgs furniture, 1 range, pkgs household goods, Capt
: I kgs samples to order.
From Ssn Francisco, per Iwalani. March 18 1 bx
machinery : 1 crate stove bricks, and a lot iron, tin and
copper sre. J Xott Co; 7 ca boots and shoes. Hugh
Mat kay: 4uo ft well pipe, 1 bx rivets, J Ashley: 6 ca dry
good. M Phillips ft: Co; 4 cs cottons, 313 scks grain, 2 ca
canned fruit, lul scks flour. 2 cs brooms, 42 cs provisions
snd groceries. 1 bg corks. 1 cse blind fastenings, 7 pkgs
windows and blinds, J T Waterhouse; 1 bx glass, 57 pkgs
paints and oils, 10 cs glue. 10 bbla saah weighta, 80 kga
nan, niuur & co; 400 scks flour, 100 cs crackers, 700
x-ks grain. 30 scks potatoes. 12 cs cheese. H Msy ic Co;
31 cs crackers. H Hackfeld ic Co. 1 cse boots and shoes.
3 cs fornishing goods, M Mclnerny; 4 ca hardware. Hall
k Son; 7 cs dry goods. Hyman Bros; 100 bales bay,209 ska
grain. 120 scks flour, 4 tons coal. 10 bdls and 15 bars iron,
n it irwin & co; mlsc mdse to T B Forster s Co.
From Nanaimo. B C, per Eureka. March 18 (80 tons
coal. T H Davies k Co: 109 scka potatoes. Capt Nordberg.
For Kan Francisco, per WH Dimond. March 149851
pkgs sucar, 1340 pkgs rice. 50bncbs bananas 1 bag specie.
isomesuc vaiue, f--u,ya ou ; foreign value, &tto.
For Hong Eong. per Mee-Foo, March 125 pkgs mdse.
1 ptRe stiver coins, foreign vaiue, y.o.
Our readers will learn, from the extend
ed report of the case which we publish to
day, that the Government avoided a
decision on their rights in respect to the
Chinese who are detained on the reef, by
obtaining a surety for the first three men
who took out a writ of habeas corpus, and
thus relinquishing their custody. We
think it is to be regretted that the definite,
settlement of a great question of national
polity should have been thus avoided.
We venture to say, had the Attorney-
General, ad interim, been a practising
lawyer, such a method of avoiding a judg
ment on a matter of so much importance
to the community, would not have been
taken. We are informed that the blank
form of security is filled un in the hand
writing of the Deputy Attorney-General,
showing that the Government was the
party that moved in the matter. We
should not have felt it necessary to draw
special attention to this matter, in view of
the fact that a second case is pending in
which the opposite views of the detained
Chinese and of the Government have al
ready been argued by Counsel, had not a
question put to the court at the close of
the proceedings yesterday, betrayed the
intention of the Government to again
evade a judicial decision by themselves,
finding a surety for the six petitioners.
In the interests of the public, we would
strongly urge that this should be made a
test case , and that the position taken up
by the Government should be substanti
ated as legal or at once abandoned.
Tne question of tne hour at present is. where
(Jliy Of Htm lore? This steamer la nn fin
due, and it ia conjectured by many that she has become
The Zealand! la iue thia evening from San Francises
with the eastern malls.
The bark Kate JTUcklnger arrived this morning from
Port Townaend. with lumber consigned to Hackfeld a;
Capt. Ravens carries a valuable, if not a lare cargo
away In the D. C. Murray to-day, all stowed in the cabin!
Jan 31 Stmr Ho Chung, hence January t'th
Feb 33 Bk Kalakaua, 20 days
22 Bk Discovery, 20 days.
23 Schr Boaario. 21 days
r R M 8 Australia. 7 days
ii Schr Claua Sp.-eekela. 16 davs
Mar 1 Bk H W Almy, 1 days
1 Ektne Ella, 17 days
Fen J3 k Lizzie Marshall
t - - VSTTOWf A, B. C.
?S Bk Lfm Iredele
0ru.. In this city, March 13th, J. CKelu after a
r""niui uineas. which be bore with Christian fortitude.
jw?1'"0' Limerick. Ireland; about 70 years of age
r-amra in mis city since 1852.
nASTow in this city, March 17th, 1881. C. 8. Bajttow.
u. iue state 01 ew York, born ov. 10, 1818.
BEna.-in this city, March 18th. of heart dia
heby a. BEEns. a native of the State of New York,
... . V?e , 22 a resident of these Islands.
Aged 43. He leaves a wife and four children to mourn
Jones. On Wednesday, the icth inst. at 1 PJf.. at her
A ' ' Ji aemoe, tne beloved wife
wa . v,. vvuco, aDcu so Cir".
11EAVT OCGAB J1ACHIXEBT SALES. We leATIl
that 3Ir. G. V". Macfarlane, -while in San Fran
cisco last month, wade some large sales of
Mirrlees, Tait & "Watson's Machinery to the Ha-
kalan Sugar Company, and Colonel Clans
Spreckels, tor his Maui estate. The former
U'i"o ;.uiiuacu un; irumpieic 1U ion Sngar
plant, now lying on the wharf, T-hile the latter
rum-hawed on order from Glasgow, a 20 ton triple-effect
and a largest-sized mill, engine, gear
ing, cane carriers, etc., the purchases embra
cing in the neighborhood of $100,000. Messrs.
'idemann and Pratt, also purchased last month
for their Olowalu Estate, a large 26x54 mill,
gearing, engine, etc., all of this celebrated male
cf machinery. A vessel to leave Glasgow in
March, was to bring Mr. Spreckels machinery
for his Mani Estate.
The Rev. A. O. Forbes has visited the
Small-Pox Hospital on the reef, and wants
the public to know it. In his published
letter he says, he is " in favor of fairness
and an honest regard to truth ; " and in
speaking of his observations, criticises the
statements of this journal in our report of
a visit to the Hospital. He speaks of
tight and cleanly buildings, and ample
supplies of food, the only objections being
to the physician in attendance at the Hos
pital ; and yet such was our report, which
stimulated him to go, and have a say in
the matter. And then he refers to "water
splashing into the small-pox cart;" and also
says, " tuus vanisnes tne story about
wave washed graves, and bleaching bones
exposed to view," in a way that would
lead a reader to infer that we uttered such
remarks. All of which is untrue, and
either his own invention, or a repetition of
street talk. We spoke of finding water at
a depth of three and a half feet of sand; but
are now assured, that it is reached at two
feet, and at a depth of three feet, coffins
stand in water as stated by us.
We know of several clergymen of diffe
rent denominations, who have visited the
quarantine hospital, who have not wished
to publish the fact, and we reverence their
devotion to a sense of religious duty ; but
when a Minister of the Gospel makes such
a visit in order to proclaim his zeal and to
champion officials, who ought to be well
able to take care of themselves, he must
expect such treatment at our hands as his
partizanship provokes. His letter is un
fair, and by no means exhibits " an honest
regard for truth "
and sensibly affected by any social changes;
we find that wages are to-day a trifle above
the rate paid previous to treaty times, and
also that as a result of the rise in wages we
have an accession in numbers of that class
from California, to an extent much exceed
ing our requirements. There are now in
the islands many mechanics and laboring
men who are looking in vain for employ
ment. For those that are employed, the
rise in wages over the rates of former years
is more than counterbalanced by the en
hanced cost of living. Such necessaries to
the poor man as house rent, beef, mutton,
pork, fish, milk and firewood, cost nearly
twice as much now as they did four or five
years ago. For sugar and rice, the two
staple articles of Hawaiian produce (and
about the only articles of household
necessity that we do not import), our peo
ple pay to-day about a third more per
pound than before the treaty came into
operation. Groceries from abroad, such as
hams, bacon, canned goods, potatoes and
onions, maintain their former rates. In
articles of dry goods and clothing, certain
lines that cme in duty free, are a shade
lower in price than formerly, but the re
duction is hardly appreciable. All those
which we have mentioned are matters of
necessity, and directly affect the pockets
of mechanics and laboring men, and have
a tendency to render them oblivious of the
great benefit to all which it is said by some
has been brought about by the operation of
Then again, if the working man has been
able by industry and economy to acquire a
small property a homestead of a house
and land, and some personal properties,
such as household furniture, goods and
chattels, it is found that the tax on this
was raised by the Legislature of 1S76, from
one half to three-quarters of one per cent,
avowedly for the purpose of supplementing
an anticipated falling off in the revenue con
sequent 011 the remission of duties under
the treaty. For the same purpose tbe
Stamp Act of 187G was imposed, whereby
every imaginable species of legal document
from A to the end of the alphabet, is re
quired to be stamped in order to its validity
at a cost of from 1 to $25 each.
Thus, to the apprehension of the working
man in his own case at least, the treaty has
by no means proved to be the " boon " it
was expected to be.
The planter then must surely be the for
tunate man who has been enriched by the
treaty. It was in his interest primarily
in the interests of agriculture and indus
trial pursuits generally and of sugar plant
ing in particular that the Government
and the people of these Islands labored
year after year in spite of repeated failures
to obtain the coveted convention with the
United States. Now, while it is an admit
ted fact, as stated before, that some of the
sugar estates have been saved for the time
from bankruptcy by the treaty, (and it is
also a fact that the owners of some others
took advantage of the buoyant market and
"great expectation" by selling out soon
after the treaty became a law) it is never
theless true that the cost of plantation
labor is generally more than double now
to what it was in 1875,five or six years ago,
so that the cost of production is largely in
creased. And when we come to add up the
charges freight to Honolulu; storage and
cartage here; freight to San Francisco;
3iu"o cartage mere; insurance; com
missions both in Honolulu and San Fran
cisco and the extra three cents (more or
less) received by reason of the remission of
duties will be more than eaten up. Doubt
less if the planter was so situated that he
could himself bring his crop to the metro
polis and here dispose of it for cash to ship
pers and purchasers from abroad as was
done to some extent in former years he
would realize a much better net price than
by the present system of disposing of it
through second and third hands at a cumu
lative expense. But being unable to dis
engage themselves from the old-time sys
tem of business through " middle men,"
they fail themselves to reap the long covet
ed benefits of the treaty.
If then we conclude that neither the
working men nor the sugar planters are
financially any better off by reason of the
treaty than they were before its adoption
wno,it will be asked, does reap the benefit?
The question is easily answered, and in
lewworas: ine real beneficiaries are the
middle men," the sugar refiners of San
Francisco, and capitalists generally.
" Unto him that hath shall be given."
But the subject grows with the handlia
furnish occasion for a future
While ftjixy crediting the Reciprocity
Treaty, as we did in our last issue, with
having by its operation largely added to
the aggregate material wealth of the
country, it remains to examine into and
note, as far as present space will permit,
the effects, direct or indirect, upon the
different classes of the people of these isl
ands which have followed upon the inaugu
ration of reciprocity four and a half years
To begin with the foreign laboring class.
the mechanics, who are most immediately
are nearlv 1500 Chi
grants in quarantine. Their time of de
tention has expired, or is about to expire ;
and all this host of Chinamen may be
turned loose in our already over thronged
Chinese quarters in town. But it i3 to be
hoped that those gentlemen who proposed in
an .application to Tung King Sing the Pres.
of the Chinese Merchant's Steamship Co.
to engage about two thousand Chinese
laborers, will be ready to take th-se
people direct from the quarantine to
their plantations to meet their needs of
labor, and thus relieve our fair city of such
an unwelcome addition to its population.
We quote from Dr. A. Trousseau, an emi
nent French physician, and father of our
Dr. Trousseau, from " Lectures on Clinical
Medicine," in relation to vaccination.
'Transmission took place more readily
when the virus was humanized. The ac
tion was more powerful than that produced
by inoculating the human subject direct
from the cow."
Whatever theory we adopt, the fact re
mains, that vaccine lymph taken direct
from the heifer is Ipss nr.;
- Kuau tllttt.
which has been humanized."
"Dr. Sunderland of Barmen tried to get
cow-pox by inoculating the cow with
small-pox. He covered a enw wiri,
woolen blanket taken from the bedding of
a man who had died in the suppurative
stage of a case of small-pox. Not only did
the cow wear the blanket for twenty-four
hours, but it was after that fixed along the
manger, so that she could not avoid
breathing the miasmata which it exhaled.
After some davs th omv nna
drank a great deal, and had fever ; about !
fourth or fifth day pustules appeared upon i
the udder and other soft parts," and the !
pox was fully developed.
" But small-pox in its passage through i
the system of a cow is not transformed In- 2
to vaccinia ; it remains small-pox, and re-
turns to the original state of small-pox j
when re-introduced into the human
And on the subject of transmission of !
other diseases through vaccination he re- i
marks. " My opinion on this point admits
of no modification. Abstain always from
taking lymph from a diseased subject ; "
and as stated elsewhere,from any unknown
source. At lAipara, Italy, a number of
children were vaccinated with lymph in
tubes which came from Cauipo Basso.
Twenty-two children were vaccinated with
this matter. These children were born of
healthy parents. The vaccinal poek was
followed by characteristic venereal ulcera
tions The mothers, most of whom
suckled their infants, contracted syph
ilis from them. From mothers to
fathers, it extended to other members
of the family and community."
Before this inoculated disease was stamp
ed out, there were about 300 cases, and So
From the above we learn, what terrible
results have been produced by improper
vaccination. Our community has no doubt
suffered terribly on this account. There
should be no experiments in vaccination,
and our health authorities should com
municate with the health authorities of
enlightened nations, who have devoted so
much attention to the vital matter of a
true animal vaccine lymph.
When small-pox epidemic afflicted this
Kingdom in 1853, the Government at that
time in correspondence with the Govern
ment of Great Britain on the subject of the
epidemic received a valuable donation
of vaccine lymph from the General
Board of Health of London. Lord Wode
house in a note dated Nov. 15th, 1853, ad
dressed to Gen. Miller, British Commis
sioner in Honolulu, says : "I am now
directed by Lord Clarend on (Foreign Sec
retary) to send you herewith a packet con
taining vaccine lymph, which the Board
of Health has supplied in compliance with
His Lordship's requisition, and I also en
close a copy of the letter from that Board
accompanying the vaccine matter, giving
some directions for its use. His Lordship
desires that you will present this vaccine
lymph to the authorities in the Sandwich
Islands, in the name of Her Majesty's Gov
ernment." This was accompanied by the
following letter from the Secretary of the
London Board of Health.
Thk General Boaed of Health, )
Whitehall, Nov. 1G, 1853. )
My Loito: I am directed by the General
Board of Health to acknowledge the receipt of
your letter of the 15th inst., transmitting, by
direction ot the Iarl oi Clarendon, an extrac
from a dispatch addressed to his Lordship bv
Her Majesty's Consul General in the Sandwich
Islands, and requesting to be furnished with a
supply of V accine Matter, for the purpose of
being forwarded by the first opportunity to those
In reply I am to inform you that the Board
have obtained a supply of vaccine lymph, from
the National aceme Establishment, which
have the honor herewith to forward to your
Lordship, and 1 am to state that in the trans
mission of the accompanying pac ket, it is of the
utmost consequence that it should be protected
from heat and moisture, as a combination of
these will render the matter utterly worthless
It is therefore recommended that it should be
placed in the private writing-desk of an officer
going to the Islands. If it be unavoidably1 sent
by post it should be enclosed in a zinc box, as
affording the best chance of arriving uninjured
The lj-mph is forwarded in three differen
ways, and directions are enclosed. There is
sufficient in the hands of skilful operators to lay
tne foundation lor successfully vaccinating
whole nation in a very short space of time.
The first set operated upon must be children,
as a matter efficient for other persons is not
capable of being re-produced m adults. One
child successfully vaccinated, will supply lymph
lor 2UU otner persons. In the process of vac
cintaing from the patient, however, it is im
portant in order to avoid alarm to both mother
and child, that they should be in a room
separated from the crowd waiting to be
operated upon, who shall be introduced one by
It is not desirable that the packet should be
opened before it reaches the operator.
I have, Ac,
(Signed) C. MACATJLEY, Sec'y.
The Et. Hon. Lord Woodhouse, &c, &c, &c
The receipt of the lymph, was acknow
ledged, as shown in the following letter.
by Prince Liholiho, who afterwards became
King Kamehameha IV.
Office of the Eotal Coitmisskwers f
ov Public Health, J
Honolulu, Feb. 18th, 1854
. Tl . 1 , , , .
sjia; x nave me nonor to acKuowledge your
communication of yesterday's date, containing
copy oi tne despatch. JNo. of If. li. M
Consul General, copy of Lord "Wodehouse's des
patch, No. 7, to H. B. M's Consul General, and
copy of the letter of the Secretary of the Board
of Health to Lord Wodehouse, bearing date 16th
lhe prompt interest shown by Her Britannic
Majesty's Government, in the sufferings of the
people of this Archipelago, under the visitation
oi tne small pox, is another proof of the
humanity and sympathy, that that Government
has always manife sted " towards the Hawaiian
Nation. As a member of the Health Commis
sion, l can assure you that the Vaccine Lymph
could not have arrived more opportunely; for,
(although a supply had been previously received
iue propagation of which, we trust that all,
I- ucmiy an, oi tne native race are now pro
tected it will greatly facilitate the execution of
a law which the Commissioners intend to recom
mend to the Legislature at its approaching ses
sion, for compulsory vaccination, founded, so
far as its rovisions are deemed applicable to the
circunistnces of the nation upon the British
law for the same purpose.
Too many thanks cannot be offered to 11. K.
M's Consul General, for having called the
attention of his government, to the ravages that
being made by the small pox in this country,
but I feel convinced that no expression of grati
tude on our part will be so welcome to him, as
the inward satisfaction he must feel in having
done a good act, and assisted, under ' Divine
Providence, in preventing disease and death.
I have the honor to be, Sir,
Your obedient servant,
Chairman of the lioyal
Commissioners of Public Health.
To His Excellency, E. C. Wyllik,
Minister of roreign Eelations.
And in view of this benevolent spirit o
the British Government shown at
that time, and entertained no doubt
at this day ; it would have been
well that our authorities at the outbreak of
the present epidemic, had presented the
needs of this countrv to obtain a virus cr
lymph of genuine quality, not only to the
British, but to the French, American, or
other Governments, which have main
tained at great expense establishments for
the development of genuine animal vac
GRAND PAGING RAGE,
SATURDAY, MARCH 19th, 1881,
Mile Heats, Best 3 In 6,
FOB A PUBSEOF 850000 !
JOHN WEIR enter- ?Un
TIIOS". MrCLKLI.AN enter RICK.
Al?o, or between hents.
Grand Running Match Race
FOR A Pt'RSK OF ZOO.
Gift IIS enters.
milKPASSENGERKOF THE STEAMER
IWALANI, just arrived from fan Francisco, take tht
method of publicly acknowledging and thanking Captain R
D. CTJTLtlt for bis uniform kindness and attention to them,
during the voyage. We recognize in Captain CUTLER an in
telligent and courteous gentleman, and an able Commander;
always attentive to his duties, and ever striving to make bis
passengers comfortable. We congratulate the owner of the
IWALANI in having procured the service of a gentleman so
eminently qualified tt fill the position of Commander, and we
bespeak f r them a very liberal shire of the public patroonge.
(Signed) R. L1MBOUTO.
Honolulu, March 18th, 1881.
in. TVortlx Kolialo I
milE UXDERMGNEP BEIKG OBLIGED
M. to leave the islands offers ror sale, in lot to suit buyer,
THE WHOLE OF MS PROPERTY IX X0RTII
Consisting of Cane and Pasture Lands,
Houses, Buildings and Wharf, Horses, Cattle,
Cane an I Uorse WagoDS,
Building and Wheelwright Materials,
tiEXERAL MERCIIAXDISE. FIRXITrRE, &t., If.
XT If not sold by the 1st day of June, the above will be
offered at Public Auction.
ror terms, c, apply to
m arl9 2m S. ST A 1 N ES. Kohala.
SPECIAL BJOTICE !
LOO CHIT SAM
FIRST-CLASS WORK AT
FOR 5Sa.T,E !
OXK-KIGHTH INCH HOOF IRON IN THE
FOLLOWING 81 Z ICS .
1 inrli, 1 inch, IA (nth, 2 Inchr. and ii lnrhfs.
THE ABOVE IS
in Quantities to Suit,
by J. H. BRUNS,
at hi Cooperage on the Esplanade.
-E3C. ZLVE. MOORB,
104 Fort Street, over Mellis' Store. (marl9 '81 ly
T O 1 E3 T !
ft NICE COTTAGE ON BERET A NI A
M. Street, between Victoria and Piikoi Mtreets, lately occu
pied by the undersigned. This Cottace contains eight rooms
nd a kitchen. Government water laid on. i ne yard Is very
Servants' Cottage, Carriage House, ana several very nice
Flo Stalls, Chicken House, c.
For particulars, apply to
marl91m U. J AGNEYV.
8. C. 4LLKB. g ,
AT ROBINSON'S VllAK
LUMBKRand all kinds of MriLilJ'1 ''
Pair.l. i'i. N'lils.&c, Ac. ' ' '';
UKNT8 FOR HCHOOK,
Honolulu. Ha will in . I-Ka
OFFER- FOR VMR
The Following Goods, Just Eeceivt t
GREAT BRITAIN & FRANc; q
j i i
Baskets of the Celebra-
Green Seal Clinmpaf
l QUARTS & ri.TN.
A Few Cases of
A FEW CASE or
ET THE PUBLIC KE1 Nf A V A R K Til AT
the Epidemic still continues in our midst, will not he sur.
prised to heat that
Pickering's Presentation Concert is
Postponed until Healther Times.
THIS GIFT CONCERT IS BONA FIDE.
and will take place. Therefore, holders of Tickets may feel
secure about their investments in this Concert.
A NO JEWELERS,
;VO. 82 N U IT A N V ST R E ET. WE ARE PRE.
11 l'ARr-D TO 1U
FIRST-CLASS WATCH AXI) CLOCK REPAIRIXG !
O" And also have superior facilities for the Manuhcture of
Jewelry in European or Chinese Styles.
THE FINEST EVER IMrRTftll
HERE. AND HIGHLY It FX'O Mm ,;lul
FOR MEDICIN AL I KK. IgU
A Few Cases of Genuinf 1
CHATEAU LA Fife
Brine i Crude above 3 Mar iu qujIR).1 Hl
f inest mid oidrM Brandy Icuohi
thf Trudf. my
cases of tht. rFn ali.oi
Leading Brand la all the lUrUj cj
IVIARTELL'S V. S;
(VERV SUPERIOR Ol.llj
NEW ARTICLE ELKCAXTL
BELLED AND CAPSlLKM.
Cases of Very Superior'
HOCK, CLARET, OAUTEt
And Olhrr Light Wiaes, j1"
or which Will be Offered at WrjilVi
C. W. MACFARLANE &
ACCOUNTS DUE AND OWING TO
the PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER Office on
to and including the 30th day of August, must be settled with
J. II. Black only. And all indebtedness op to the same date
will be settled by J. H. BLACK.
Honolulu, August M, 1880. se4 If
a i -
A HOUSE TO RENT, CONTAINING AT
rSL least four large rooms, besides kitchen and out-houses
(V2G ADVERTISER OFFICE
T. B. MURRAY AND C. T. H.th,
as Carriage and Wagon Uuilders, has lieen riliooMhe I
tual consent. .AD?
Honolulu, February 16th, 1881. Id.
TO LET. dj
A FINE LARGE COTTAGK. COST0m
INO Parlor and Thnw lied Rooms. Uinlng R'W.n.
Pantry and Kitchen: also. Carriage Home and Hubiru. -i
ated an Nuuanu Koad. just above the First Uridf. m
Cunha'a residence. Fur former inlormation, enqo A
HART ItKOs, al the Asior Hnt, Buii
Honolulu, February lfllh, 1881. J lie
Royal Hawaiian Planters' Assoc -ito
WE ARE REQUESTED TO RTlCut
in tbe Hon. Secretary' absence. MR. HI!
Placed his services and office at the disposal of ..i ;
tion, and has consented to receive all cotnmuiiicsMK'n i
afford all suob information as may be desired m "-a a
applicants. W(l ,
OFFICE IU KA1IIUMAMI STU"
SPECIAL NOTICE. ?t
'0 THE SUGAR MANUFACTI RE Plau
A the Hawaiian Islands.
offer his set vice as a NUGAR DOILKKt bor lat
twenty year experience In that opacity In otbrf ldwi
and thre in this. He fels competent to fill the r.
any Boiling House in this Kingdom. on h'
Good References Given if KadlD'on
w waw a A v
a22 8m Address Bo 1?r n.i nmm. Ha
VOTTPT" H. i
v r1,!IP-F,,RM OK HONO ON CO- .
E. fcilii In Jewelry, in Honolulu, Oabu, llawill5t
Is composed of the following member t Chuff Os I
CHL'Mfl Mli ,
SITUATION AS DAILY
Acquirements: Thorough English
assmt witn Aeeme wort. Address:
ft'26 U. O., Advertiser Office
ind Music. Would
W. LISIIMAN IS AUTHORIZED XO
sign our firm name, by procuration, from thia date.
, . , C. Vf. MACFAKLANB
Honolulu, January 17tb, 1881 jm
t the I
NEW LAW OFFICE.
sellor at Law and General Land Agent and Collector,
will practice in art Courts of the several Islands in the King,
dom Office first room over the store of billlnnham Co .
Fort Street, Honolulu. n
FOR HONGKONG !
THiS A 1 STKAMSHIP
L YDI A.
2000 Tons Register, PAULSEN, Commander,
Due here on or about Saturday, March 19,
IMMEDIATE DISPATCH FOR TUE ABOVE PORT !
6p- FOR FREIGHT OR PASSAGE, apply to '
WM. G. IRWIN Ai CO.. ,
mar 19 AGENTS
OAK PLVjSTK !
From Oaie ( Eight
Long Lengths for Sale in Quantities to 8uit
by TIBBET8 k BOREKgQN.
HAWAIIAN TRANSLATIONS !
fTMIB UNDERSIGNED IS FREPA Rrii rn
.am. Translate, with Accuracy and Dispatch, and X. p
LEASES, MORTGAGES. fc
.ru, ..ugiun to Hawaiian, and tiee vtraa. Resident.
47 Emfc. etreet. Msy be found at the Government L?i
brary daily, from 9:3 to 12 o'clock. 'Dl u"
THE UNDERSIGNED HER RUT
all parties who have left Watches, Clor M, Jewelry, or other
article with CHUNG nOY, No 8". Wuuann Street, that he
will d ik pose of the same at auct'A if not called for before the
expiration of TH REE .JIONTHS front this date.
LOO CHJ- AM & CO-
Honolulu. March 17th. 1881. - fS-' msrlQ lm "
The Undersigned call attention to all
ROOMS & HOUSES
peclally to their advantage, a my '.ntenilwi H 'aUon
Both in California and t'he ColoniC1'
all Vest els,
ande.tabllsU a line of business on. netM m ibb'.' '
IT" Patronage solicited at on cs Call or eddre -..j ,
n. JOfcKPH ai. WIBKMAN. l I
omce, 87 Merchant 81 ret . opposite ihe BiokS,. 3
RE-OPENING OF If
" wuru 10 present tne same wit
amy aumenticated. and wil
Vl wi" foreTrT burred; and all
" "iai are requested to make proi
i?" "lTmoiiUS ri"
By the Kind Assistance of Numerous Friends. U1 t
Begs to Inform tbe fuhlic that tb tout's
I ri. r li
WILL BE seri-fji
her Attomev. N. 97 M.k '. r2r.w. ,t . .
Hooolttla, Feoraary I9tlwi "otiolur, I
MARCH 13th, 1881.
Sy The Table will be Supplied with th TmM - I ,
the Reasoaable Price, are Hoped o Eosure f
Ireea a Oenerou Public. it