Newspaper Page Text
PACIFIC COMMMERCIAL ADVERTISER, DECEMBER 31, 1881.
CLEARING OUT SAM !
H. TV. SEVERANCE,
HAWAII A fOVIX AND COM M 1SSIO
Mt.Ki IHNI, i.-i C ..lornis Slrert, tan fraDcisro,
ES & LIQUORS
WILLIAMS, DI2I0ND & CO..
Shipping A. Comciiion lierchaiits.
QENTLEMEH'S & BOYS' CLOTHING
A MEW LINE OF DKY GOODS ! !
All ill esc Goods lYIust be Closed Out "by
lYXarcIi Itfext, at
109 FORT STREET
The "Original Belfast"
- y . j : -. u -
Ginger Ale !
THIS MARKET 1
TUB UNDERDOSED II AVE TO II AND
World-Renowned Beverage !
PER TBI fcl LaSCELOT.'
G. "BIT. ElilCF'ilLjRIii.BIIH: S CO.,
SOLE AGENTS FOR THE HAWAIIAN ISLANDS-
Ginger Ale I
E4PECI ALLY rR SPARED fort
No. 2 I S Ca Ufa ruin lrfl.
l SAN iKANCly'JO
aco. r. curria. uiibmt rumn.
GEORGE F. COFFIN & CO.,
uippiG ixd toajii5Sio ar.Ecui.NTv,
No. 13 Piae Str-rt, Union B.ock,
5JARTICCI.AR ATTENTION GIVEX TO
flitir.4 Hawaiian orJrrt, acd aatialactii.a guaranteed.
JOHN HARVEY & CO..
C it) I MISSION .MERCHANTS and WOOL.
Uxft-raw bank of Monlml.
jalT si Cah advances on Cooslgnnriit
SAT l" II DAY
I EC KM P. Ell 31, 1SS1.
Suspension of Chinese Emigration to
The following important
t. emigration to Houolulu,
Las been issued bv
i are cunning and wily, and utterly unworthy of !
' any trtt6t being reposed in them. 'The llitn-wo- j
Lai rm may be quoted an an example, who char
tered a German ship for the conveyance of emi- :
i grants : a charter-prty was drawn up, but no ;
; money was pid. Strict injunctions were sent to '
'. tins lo-cal officials to peremptorily arrest and
I deliver up the absconding debtors ; but even up
' to the present time there is an unpaid balance,
j If these artful and tricky traders with their many '
artifices found no difficulty in deliberately swind- j
j ling trader, how much hss difficulty would they I
find in swindling poor Chiucse people, who bor-
I row money from theui. The regulation that etui-
A. P. EVERETT.
Forwarding Jt ioiuniisMon Merchauf
403 FRONT STREET, CORNER CLAY
fariicular attrt.tin pari to Cini.(Dmro:nf IalaoJ fruJui.
V. H. CROSSMAN i BRO.,
r li i I ii L( tiiitl CuiiiiiiInhI 11
M K RCHANT S.
114 Ch.mbrr. Street. NEW YORK.
hrtrrract Castle A Cocke aoi J. T. Walrrbuuae.
"ftjm tboroueh LnowU-Jg of th" natural lax which
em the 0irraiiDa A dig-?atioo and nutnlloo, ana by a
earrful application t.f tlm fine iromniea of mr-recin
rom, Mr. Fp- ha rr.v.Jrtl our bnakrant table! with a
dllratrly fJ.Ti.rr l twvrrKe which ma aare na many heary
doctor' bit . I: i l.r th-r Ju.J ci .u one of auch articles of
dirf ll.at a r'r,.ia'h.n atur i;raJally built up aulil
lr .t. rrmuli Inrmi.l evrrr t-n.lcnr lo diwue. IJumtrnla
of ubtli mal.tdiei are floatii:(f arounl na rea.ly to attack
wn-r.-fr wi-r n a ink -iint. We may eacape many a
fatal abaft tr keeping nurKlin wrll furtifird with pure blood
aoJ a prp-rly nouriihd frame." San article in Iba Civil
Male limp'y with lx.ilit.jc water or milk.
Skl only in parkets, labellej ;
JAMES EPPS & CO.,
Europe and United States.
fill AJD COMPLETE ASSORIJIEJT
WHS, ALES & SPIRITS,
Hennessy Brandy, all Qualities;
BOl'TELLKAU BRANDY", alt qualities
MARTELL BRANDY, allqaal.tiej;
ROLYKR. COLLET A. CO. BRANDY.
the orernjr-ieccral of the two KwaDe Pro- '
Tincea : j
Iu, Treasurer of Kwin-tur.g, issues the follow- '
Oa the 5th Oct.. the writer received a d.spatcb ! "llent cocrses either to abolish the regulation
from II. E. the G Jvcrnor-General of the Two I reIftt" proTidiug of passage money by the
grants mu.'it pay their order passage is truly what.
prevenw me swinajicg o: cntnese mercnauis, ana ,
cannot adicit of any compromise. Consul Travers '
dearatch, howeTer. states that there are two ex- '
UOROVILLE & CO. BRANDY, all qualities;
JCL.ES ROBIN i CO. BRANDY, all qualitiea;
II ACT KB A R 4c CO. BRANDY, all qualiliei;
MARMIESSt: Si. CO. BRANDY, all qualities;
Jl'LES L.EFRANC 4i CO. BRANDY, all
And various other kinds of Me
dium and Common Brands.
Cutter &. Co. Whiskies, all Brands;
KENTLCKY FAVORITE WHISKY.
O. F. C. SOUR MASH.
KflSS CHOCOLATE ESSENCE, Jot Afternoon
JUST RECEIVED !
FOR S A L K,
DVKKTISINU AGENT. 21 MERCHANTS'
EXCHANUK, Sn Francisco, California, if authoriiej
lo receire adTeriiaementa for the coluumaof tbia paper,
FOR THE CELEBRATED
Iat. P. FISHER'S
Ruoma 20 and 21. Mercbama' Exchange,
California Street, San FrancUco,
17 Y. B Idrertlslnz Solicited for all
paper robllhfd on the ratine Const, the S ndn lch
lalaods, PoI)ntsla. Mexlr.in Ports, Panama, ulpa-
ralso, Japao, Cbioa. ew Zealand, the Instrallin
Colonies, the hatrrn States and Korone. Files of
nearlj etrrj ewspaper Pnbll-hed on the Patifle
feast are kept Constantly on Hand, and all adver
tisers are allowed Frre access to them darlns Bns.
ne Honrs. The PACIFIC COMUF.KCI1L iDVFC-
TISEE U kept on Cle at the i:fJire of I.. P. FISHES.
Bbls. C. R. Salmon,
Ebls. Skeena River Salmon,
LARGE RED IVll AND T.
Hf-bbls. Fraser River Salmon
PACKED EllK FAMILY I IE.
Bbls. Naas River Salmon,
BRIGHT RED AND I'l'I.L WEIGHT.
Bbls. PLANTATION SALMON
his own mmi 1
CYRUS NOBLE WHISKY
ALL QUALITIES AND AGES.
.A.lso, Sole .Argents
Reuben Earley5s Whisky
From Lou nTille, Kentucky. Both Brand being til
known for there unurpasej excellence
KEY BRAND Gllfft
lu Smi.ll Hollies. Stone iag and Large Squares,
J Uallon 1'ackages:
HautuiHii Jt CO. PRIZE MEDAL. GIN, very
utmn muu oar,
Brd X. eelebralrd OLD TOM GIN.
Wallrr'a SCHIEDAM and SCHNAPPS,
Dmnirl Vl..er 1 Son's erlebrnlrd "GRAY"
STALLION" brand efCIX
For Ibe Celebrated anil World-Renowned
CASKS OF SAME IN PINTS AND QUARTS,
CoiLstaiitly 011 Ilfiiicl
PICKED IO ORDER.
E. C. McCandless,
'UtUlubllU. Mcv- 'sit oi iia
0 reading of the vehicle of the nations of the
Aof'uae World, we learn that their chariot wheels
were made of solid blocks of wood, similar to those
mad op by the schoolboy of to-day in bis first
tJ..n at carriage making ; and it most be ssid,
notwithstanding the progress mads in the means of
locomotion in theso modern times, Iba primitive
oli J block vhee'a are still in use in the wine grow
iog Islaods of the Eastern Atlantic, and on the
coast of Africa. However,
M. .1. ROSE
in bis tstaMisbment on King Street, offers the
finest specimens cf modern art in carriage manu
facture. He presents the farthest remove from the
solid block, in the production of the most perfect
combination of lightness and strength iu his
wtirrls, and offers the most surprising results of
vehicular mechsniim in his admirable
Beale and Howard Streets,
HAN IKANCIe'CO, CAllK'UMA
r. II. T11LOK,
IN A LI IT 6 BKANCIIK.S.
I .11 11 1 c CarfN, and
j iYative Expresses.
ENGINES AND BOILERS,
High Pressnre or Compound.
MR. ROSE imports the best of Eastern
timber, and executes all orders in the
most thorough, workmanlike man
ner. He has also opened a
rJO 11 10
lOJIfOIIUBlE .1ITMUE 'HARNESS
EVER INVENTED : and will 11 orders for
FOR SXJSTVI?s TstO j Fine Single niicl
the IoiibIc Harness,
IV ET II E K a Alt 11 E T.
So Easy : IVicely
Adjusted to the Shoulders
AND PRESENTING AN
STK4.M VESSELS ..I all kinds, built cuuiplrte with
Hulls of Wood. Iron or Cunipcile.
IIRDIMRI ENGINES com poo tided when advisable.
STEAM I.AI'NCIIES. Barires and rteaut Tuk con
structed with reference lo ll.e Trade in wt ich tlicy are to
be employed. Speed, tonnage and draft of water guaran
teed. MIMR MILLS AND SCGAR MAKING
.MACHINERY m nl- after ti e most approved plans.
Also, ad B iler Iron W-ik connected ll.rrewith.
WATER PIPE, or lu.ilrr or flieet Iron, of any site,
oia le in smuble lergih f- r conr.ectmir toceilier. or sheets
KolirJ. Punched, and fai-krd for Shipment, ready to rw
n veted on fie ground.
IIVDKACLIC Rl V ET I . Boiler ork and Wa
ter H pe made ty tills Lstabliolimenl. Riveted by Ily
raul Riveting" Machinery, that qual.ty of work beins
lar superior to Land work.
SHIP WORK, fh'p and fleam Csp.Uns. Steam Winch
es, Air and Circulating I'umps, made after the oiit ap
PI" MPS. Direct Actinit Pomp,, f.ir Irri (fa lion or City Wa
ter Worts' purposes, built with the celebrated lavy Valve
Motion, suerior to any other pomp d27 eU-ly
(GENTS for Wortbing'.on Duplex Steam Pump.
Ami all Iciiifls of
IN Cl-HE IOC IIA VETO
Dofl" Coat and Vest !
A LARGE AND VARIED ASSORTMENT
FOR AI.E r
A. AV. IlICIIAUDSOX & CO..
d 10 Im
Corner r .ft aa.l Sierrhaal at.
IS HE Hi. Uf GIVEN. Til AT HAVING R E
larnt to ui" H-ailm,1 e-.r.al;y saprlol my
aaiacM. I fcer.by rsvoae ail Fow-rsV t.o ap
4a tnla dau.
C1LBCR r VTAci-a?
SjbuIiUu, taps. 3, HIL "Htf
As we are frugal in our style, we can
afford to sell cheap. Tou can go farther
and fare worse than by calling on
EV2. J. ROSE.
aag-.T7.tf s. 7. al 81 KlL STRUCT.
JDll. W. Do FRIES,
IAS LEFT FOR THE OTHER ISLANDS
FOR SALE TO ARRIVE,
12 Well-Bred Fresh Calved Milk Cows,
NOW ON HAND AT THE KALI H ! RANCH.
TlilHTl' HEAD PLHTATM MllES.
U b aWtn froaa Uooolula bcUi FCBSL AR V
1 r..aoTun:eaiioos will be a:mld lo. tor klza.
.l. Tl Hrrchaot Btrerl. aoi (i
Haw allaa Hotel.
Received by every veel from the Atlantic Ports.
G'l Tl AI AN I3Ii:H)Il
ALWAYS ON HAND.
IIr IKK A VO POKTElt
IN PINTS AND QUARTS.
GUINNESS' DUBLIN STOUT !
IN PI SI'S AND Q IT ART?.
S EC E K E Y !
CLARET WINE, in casks and hf-casks ;
CLARET WINE, in boxes, 1 dozen each ;
from $3.50 to $25 00 per dozen.
DUC de M0NTEBELL0 CHAMPAGNE,
pints and quarts ;
BURKE &. KINNAHAN'S
IRISH WHISKY !
SCOTCH WHISKY !
Wm. Rank:n -fc Son's
B A T A V I A ARRAC.
BITTERS OF ALL. KINDS.
I.I ME JCICE,
And lOO Other Things I
TOO NUMEROUS TO MENTION, ALL OP WHICH
WILL 33 IC SOLD
Lowest Market Rates !
BROWN & CO.,
14 MERCHANT STREET.
P. S Orders from the other Islands
oc8 Promptly attended to. j
Kwang, gtatiii tha: lie had received the follow
ing communication from Mr. Travers, the Her
man Consul :
" I have to acknowledge t!.e receipt of Your
Excellency's despatch, with reference to carrying
on emigration to Honolulu on lines similar to
those employed in tbe case of Cuba, bj issuing
certificates troni the Customs to be stamped by an
officer deputed for the purpose, and by modifying
the general register to individual registers, as be
ing more suited to the present state of affairs. 1
have a!o received forms of the register and certi
ficate. It appears that a certificate is to be issued
to each person, with which he may land, and
wlneh, further is to he examined by the Chinese
Consul, wh will undoubtedly be able to deter
mine wi tlier r not the person holding the certi
ficate i! t!ie same ns was examined by the Customs ,
Auttiontu's. I nis will put a stop to the mal
practice of emigrating under assumed names,
leaving no loophole open, and is exictly what I
expressed a decire for in h former personal con
ference with Your Excellency. Tlie owners of
German ship;:, being desirous (or the establish
ment of some mean? for thoroughly cxamiDifg
emigrants, w ill he only too happy to act in accor
dance with the various regulations, so that a
rigid examination may lie held by the officer
deputed for that purpose, and that the emigrants
may go of their own free will. Hut as to the
stamping of the certificate only when it is found
that the passage money is not borrowed, I differ
in opinion from Your Excellency, though in what
we both said on the occasion of a farmer personal
conference, as to the general circumstances of
Chinese Immigration, we were not much at vari
ance. The class of people who emigrate are for
the most part those who, having no means ol live
lihood m their own country, go abroad, where
fore I fear that it would be a difficult matter to
get them to pay their passage money before Htart
ing. If a laboring man has 50 .or CO dollars
ready money and saleable property, he never
dreams of coinz abroad. The rresent class of
emigrants are in the majority of cases poor or in
difficulties. If they are to act in accordance with
the despatch under answer before they can emi
grate, they will as a necessary consequence be
deprived of any means of borrowing. For sup
posing a person tries to borrow from his security
or some firm, he must deposit something tangible
as a guarantee : otherwise no shop would consent
to a loan. There are. however, charterers, who
have agencies in Honolulu, who might perhaps
consent to a loan. it not, then it is to be feared
that a private agreement will be signed and
an exorbitant rate of interest charged. Tbe pres
ent regulations established by Your Excellency
were onginnlly intended for the benefit of the
coolie ; but by insisting on a thorough enquiry as
to wnettier tlie passage money has been paid and
not in any way borrowed before allowing any
emigration, what was an excellent idea is now
completely marred. Your Excellency cannot fail
to know that emigrants are for the most part poor
or needy, so that there are two courses ppen,
both of which are good in themselves either to
abolish the new regulations or to prohibit emigra
tion. If Y'our Excellency is bent on enforcing
the regulations, then there is nothing left for me
but to prohibit German ships carrying Chinese
passengers. For the passengers, having to hand
over their passage money at tbe time of tbe ex
amination by a deputed officer, it is to bo appre
hended that the majority of them will borrow
money by signing a private contract, or if they
have no money, they have only to say when
questioned that they have already paid thetr
iare, which again will, it is feared, give rise to
emigrating under assumed names. This will be
merely deceiving the Wei-iin, so that the stamp
ing of a red 6eal is not sufficient proof. After
due consideration oftheo two points I have come
to the conclusion that this is not free emigration,
and so cannot allow -hips to carry emigrants em
barked under such circumstances. If Your Excel
lency is willing to agree to the Charterers making
a temporary advance of tlie passage money till
the emigrant arrives at the port, the Charterers'
agent in Honolulu can find out where the various
emigrants live and receive payment from them.
But Charterers will naturally be careful not to
rashly make advances, for in this case only a
P'romise is made by tlie emigrant on arriving at
his destination to pay back, after ho has found
occupation and signed his agreement, the passage
money out ol tlie advance on his wages. In
determining the place, nature, and duration of his
engagement tlie emigrant ishis own master; it
is uo concern of the Charterer. In that part of
the regulations which speaks about tho emigrant
providing in full his own passage, it is not exnli-
cuysiaceu mac tue passage money is to De prepaid.
it tne emigrant rcimourses tne Charterer out of
the advance-of wages given him bv his employer.
this repayment is out of the emigrant's wages,
which is his own money, and so he can be said to
have paid for his own passage. The establish
ment of the new regulations, under which a rigid
examination is necessary, is to prevent tbe
enticing away of people for the purposes of sell
ing them. Tlie non-adoption of t.iese regulations
is not tantamount to non-preven:ion. The cir
cumstances of Honolulu and Cula are not the
same. The petition of the foreigr and Chinese
firms in the former place to one of tlie high offi
cials of the place, and his answer, together with
the petition of the merchants to the German Con
sul stationed at Honolulu, have been transmitted
to Y'our Excellency for your information. Look
ing at tbe statements of these various documents,
it appears to mo that the Chinese in Honolulu
are treated in the same way as th3 countrymen
of other nationalities there, their status being ex
actly the same as in Hongkong, Annam, Saigon,
and Singapore. In numbers the Chinese are
comparatively uioro numerous than any other
nationality in Houolulu, and as to Chinese mer
chants, there are over thirty flourishing and re-
epectable firms. Your Excellency need hayc no
suspicions : tue evil of selling people positively
does not exist in Honolulu. The Chinese mer
chants of ti e place, on learning that the state
ments in the representation of tho Chinese Con
sul, Ch'cn, were untrue, in conjunction with the
foreign merchants, presented a counter state,
inent, giving tlie true facts of the caee.
If the Chinese are maltreated, they ought to pe
tition for an enquiry. If Your Excellency were
to allow two or three well-known firms in Canton
to take the ijionopoly of securing emigrants, and
regularly chartering ships to convey them, in this
way there would be no breaking of regulations.
Y'our Excellency , may remember that on the occa
sion of a former personal interview, I not only
touched on the subject of certificates as being
the only safeguard against smuggling emigrants
away, but also mentioned lists which the 6hip's
captain would take with turn, and the certificates
which the emigrants would take with them, both
of which would be presented to the Chinese Con
sul for him to examine; and that on the return of
the steamer the Consul ought to send a report,
giving a list of emigrants examined, and of the
engagements entered into by them, for Your Ex
cellency's information. As to the examination
of the ship by the Chinese Consul, it is absolute
ly necessary that he should board it in company
with the German Consul to give him the neces
sary authority. The false and misleading
report of ConusI Ch'f-n shows him unfit for his
post, and doubtless the Chinee Government will
send an officer-to substitute him."
Tbe Governor General finds that the regulation
requiring Chinese emigrants to pay for their or
der passage has been in force for long, and is any
thing but new. it would be impossible to rasniy
decide to alter it, as this would give rise to other
abuses which would spread. The despatch under
acknow ledgment said ' that the charterers ad
vancing the passage money is only to enable the
emigrants after reaching their destination to
make good their debt out of their wages. The
charterer has nothing to do with the determina
tion of the nature, place, and duration of the
emigrant's engagement, in which matters lie is
his own master. " The words appear as if Con
sul Travers had entire confidence in the Chinese
merchants vbo charter ships, as being perfectly
faultless. But in reality this class of merchants
emigrant or to forbid Chinese emigration. It is !
impossible to cancel the rvgulation referred to j
above : but as Mr. Travers says, emigration to :
Honolulu may be temporarily trohibited, to the !
j end that the various evils miy bo finally put a .
Kivy Wf auu iiia. uu cuu ui uuuuic uiiij uu e.ttcu.
On the receipt of Consul Travers' despatch, a coin- '
munication was addressed to him in reply, that j
he might let the vessels of Germany know that i
they can do longer carry Chinese to Houolulu. j
Notice waa given to the C. M. S. S. Co. to stop ;
their boats from engaging in carrying emigrants i
to Honolulu, so that there might be no ground
Ninety Per Cent of Jmot tom Cane !
Wc find in ti e London Ttu. t of Not. 7th tba
folliwing highly intreKtio;r dew Option of aw
jMem ol sugar tnanufa.'urc, .Hereby 90 ff
cent! of juice is extracted '" "ugar cane.
lIo.NNKHN'a buTM orSu .. MAmrrAcrris.
Ti c production of cheap nugar in the Colonies Is
the cause of considerable competition between th
uianulactureis of beet root and cane sugars, mod,
owing to certain defects in tho ordinary system
of cane sugar manufacture, th beet root maker
at present have the best of it. It would certainly
appear to be au anomaly that ewlomal sugar, ia
its already manufactured condition, should re
quire to be remelted and boiled in England. The
natural course would be, if possible, to product
white refined sugar on the spot where the cao is
grown and at one operation, while the juiee is
fresb and io the most favourable condition for
treatment. The defects rHerred to as existing in
the ordinary system are, in the first place, that
not more than from CO to C5 per cent, of juice is
extracted from the cane by a single crushing out
of the 90 pr cent, it contains ; in the seoood
place, the comparative slowness of the procM
allows timo for fermentation to set up ; while, io
the third, animal charcoal is required as a filter
ing medium, which involves both expense and
trouble. This matter has, for some years past,
had the careful attention of Mr. F. A. Bonocfio,
an old sugar grower of Mauritius, and he baa sue-
....l..l : .j . . - '
for excuse : a c .mmunicatinn w:. also -ddr.d " ,u .u.l!u,nS a J"C Ol CaOO Sugar IfllUU
to the officers deputed to excessive steamers at T'U'f Wj overcome all the above
Whampoa for their guidance. In addition it is i tZ ?Z' ? Foiuisc.to shorten the proco-s of
necessary to instruct the Treasurer to communi- ! ' "" " a", iwnneun do-.
- unit aim auua&iiutra) lor i l
cate with the officers under his jurisdiction, to
issue notifications forbidding for the present emi
gration to Honolulu.
The Treasurer, on receipt of these instructions,
communicated tbe order to the various officials
under his jurisdiction to issue notifications, as he
himself now does, to temporarily prohibit emi
gration to Honolulu, in order to put au end to
the various malpractices which have sprung up.
Let cot tho jicople disobey.
A special proclamation.
Kwong-sii, 7th year Sth moon, 15 day. (7th
Women at Fifty.
It is absolutely untrue that, under tolerably fair
conditions, a woman is (if we may repeat the crude
phrase) played out " when she has seen forlv-
five. If all goes well, or even not very ill,
a woman takes a new departure at about fifty.
It is preposterous to assume that a woman of
mature age is likely to be behind her growing
daughters, or hty. growing sons, in effectiveness
of intellect, inaptitude for "subjects" new or
old, in general brightness and susceptibility. In
what might be termed quality," in the French
sense of the word, she is, upo tho suppositions
we have just made, so much the superior being,
that if the daughters, and the sons, too, do not
feel it, there is something wrong with them. .
It is the mistake of giddy adolescence, or sand
blind conceit, to suppose that a woman of fifty
cannot be exquisitively beautiful, cannot com
mand a man throughout the whole range of his
nature ; cannot take up all the gladness of life,
and beautifully radiate it again, for him and for
others. In all this wc are, of course, leaving out,
with a Bad heart, the miserable life of the very
poor. But even with the poor the general rule
holds, and among them some of tbe pleasantest,
brightest, handsomest women are women of ad
vanced maturity, but released from the pressure
of the cares and toils which young children
bring. Such women may even be observed to
take a fresh start in mental growth ; they read
more, and, mixing more with men, pick up
general knowledge, and become more agreeable
companions than ever. These remarks become
more strikingly true as we carry our "eyes up
wards in the scale of money and culture. Kahel,
who was always ill, wrote at fifty years of age
that she felt in most particulars just as she did at
fourteen or fifteen ; that she had, on tho whole,
the same opinions and inclinations us at thirty,
only that the background of her life was richer
with gathered experience and well-connected
thought. She laid etress upon tho connectedness,
meaning, no doubt, that sbo could take bird's
eye views better than in earlier life ; aud Bhe adds
that at her ripe age a joyful yearning or tendency
to look forward had sprung up in her. which was
a kind of echo of the feeling of early youth. Of
course, every woman is notRahel, but it was cer
tainly no fault of hers to expect too much of tho
young ; why, she asks, should they believe the
old? " Wrinkles arc no testimony. '" No ; but
one may add that they can believe for the
work's sake, '' and in spite of prejudice of near
ness, apprehend a little of what Kahel meant: and
what is exemplified in the lives and letters of
numbers of women of ripe age. Not to qu 4c
other ladies of great ability and culture, take a
very ignorant old country dame, William God
win's mother. She puts auccages " for sausa
ges, and had, on a whole, a hide-bound sort of
intellect ; but what wise, hearty, lively, penetra
ting letters she writes ! Tho cold Godwin, him
self fo'riy-five, says at her death that he felt as if
he had now no one to counsel him ind take care
of him. But to go to a type common enough,
something between Dame Durden and Rahcl. take
the mother of Frederick, in Mr. Coventry Pat
more's " Faithful for Ever ; " you may moot her
any day in ordinary society. Nothing can be I
more Deautnuiiy wise than her letters ; und
though it is true that a poet writes the felicitous
things for her, yet the poet has something of
Kichardson's truthfulness. Such a lady had no
need to ask for toleration from clever young jico
ple. But to pass to another point.
What did Gcraint do for his wife Enid ? "He
compass 'd her with sweet observances and wor
ship. " It is one recompense for the many draw
backs of civilisation that it has increased our
power of doing for women what this rough knight
did for the lady, ar;d seems likely to increase it
still more. That the beauty, as well as the
health, of women should be kept, end to the
utmost possible stretch of years, is no fantastic
object ; and it must be remembered that what is
nominally good health may be separated from tli-
beauty. There is something in the old, prover
bial phrase of beauty-sleep " that is to say,
more bleep, or, to put it broadly, more resifuloess
of life, is required for beauty than suffices for
bare health. This we must not forget. Much help
has been brought to the lives of women by w hat
science has taught us as to the care of children.
Is there no danger that this and other benefits
should be partially neutralised by new exaction
on other lines? There is, of course, plenty of
luieuess, wiiu vacuity ana uissipation to spare ;
but tbe ideal we net before us for women has,
surely, too much drive, stretch, and worry in it.
Children, and young jeoplepast childhood, are
unquestionably suffering from the sudden pressure
of the new regimen, and they lose bloom of soul
much earlier than old-fashioned folks can bear to
think of. Scientific ladies some of them, at all
events are apt to put down these criticisms as
mere fancy ; but it is to be hoped that the women
doctors will not take the hard-headed view of
euch topics, so far as they concern women. There
is some fear of this, however. And even what is
poetic in our lives, in the new mood of civilisation,
with regard to women, has something strained
and artificial, perhaps essentially low and irrever
ent, about it. But we must take care high and
tender care of all natural springs of gladness in
life. If we tap these in haste or levity, no cul
ture, and no aesthetic trickery, will help us.
what he calls a pulpcfactor, " w hich consists
of a series of vertical saws, which rapidly cut the
bundles of canes into slices. The cut cane fails
into a disintegrator placed beneath the saw frame,
and in which the cane is quickly reduced to a fine
pulp. It is afterwards paused between a pair of
rollers aod tho whole percentage of the juico ex-
,uu' al'o juico is wjen mixed, gallon by gal
lon, as it is produced, with a pn per proportion
of lime and passed over a continuous prepara
tor, " which consist of a long and broad tablo
having a corrugated or furrowed aurface heat
being applied underneath. There are a aerie of
pockets at intervals in tbe corrugations and las
the juice flows along, the impurities held in sus
pension aro deposited by gravity and become col
lected in the pockets, or catebpia. from whinc
they are cleared out at intervals. The juice
travels backwards and forwards for a long dis
tance through tho corrugations, finally arriving
at the outlet in a favourable condition, both as
regards quality and temperature, for titration,
ihis process is effected in a filter specially devised
by Mr. Bonncfin, and which consists of a scries
of metal rings, covered with indiarubber,. and
placed horisontally in a rrcss. Oyer each alter
nate ring the internal diameter or which is
12iu. is hung a filter cloth made of pure unspun
cotton of the finest fibre. The rings and cloths
to tho required number, which varies aocordiog
to the rate of filtration desired, are closely pressed
and held togothcr by screws end the syrup Is
pumped into tho press. It passes through the
whole series of rings and clothe, tbe solid impuri
ties being intercepted and retained by that por
tion of each filter cloth which covers the opening
in the ring, while tho syrup passes by oapillary
attraction through the surrounding portions of
the cloths, and is delivered in a perfectly clear
and pure condition at the outlet. The nuro juloe
as it leaves tho filter press is conducted cilber to
the ordinary vacuum pan or to the more rapid
and cflective evaporator and concentrator design
ed by hir. Bonncfin. la the evaporator tbe juice
is rapidly deprived of such water as it may con
tain, wnile in tho concentrator it is as rapidly
brought into the condition of sound sugar, f All
these operations, from the time thecano Is placed
in the pulpefactor to the moment when it leave
the concentrator in the form of crystallised sugar,
it is said, do not occupy more than one hour, us
against some six to 12 hours with the ordinary
process and its attendant drawbacks. In abort.
Mr. Bonncfin claims to extract the whole of the
saccharine matter from the oano. to prevent ler
mentation, to thoroughly clear the syrup of all
suspended matters ready for filtration, to Com
pletely purify tho juice by filtration, and to make
direct from the cane only pur whit refined
sugar. A successful demonstration of the capa
bilities of one portion of the apparatus namely,
the filter press, was recently given by Mr. Bonne
fin ut the New Sun Works, Burdctt-road, Bow,
and the whole process of manufacture expUim-d
by the working drawings of a sot of machinery
now on order. A number of sugar manufacturers
Character of the Malays-
Postal Affairs in. Si am.
The Siam Advertiser of Bangkok, pub
lishes a very interesting" speech of I lis
Majesty, vhe King of Kiarrj, addressed to
"Princes, Nobles, and .Representatives of
Foreign Powers," from which we extract
the following interesting statement in
respect to the primitive state of corres
pondence in the land of the white
" When Siam is connected with fortiin
countries by telegraph it will be necessary to
have some convenient means of forwarding
correspondence, such as exists in all countries
that have post offices. At present iu Siam every
one has to send his own messenger, a waste
of time and labor, and the more that corres
pondence increases the more will the incon
venience be felt. We have therefore resolved to
institute a postal system in Bangkok and ex
tend it gradually to the provinces as best we
can. It will be diffienlt to organise a iostal
system in Siam, and Siamese will hardly under
stand its use and advantages, and will have
their doubts about it until it is firmly estab
lished. It will certainly riot yield revenue to
Government, for correspondence in Siam is too
limited. We introduce it now because wfi wiuh
for it in connection with our lines of telegraph
and because we believe it will promote the interests
Hugh Low, !:., Resident of the; pro
tected Malay Htate of Perak, in a letter to
the British Colonial Hocrttary, received by
last mail, says: .
"It is difllcult for any ono except on
actual insjK-ction and enquiry to believe
that in four years, Perak ha become ho
settled U9 it now undonbtedly Is Crimea of
violence are very rapidly diminishing:
thefts among the Malay opuIatIon have
almost disappeared, and nearly all the
crime committed in the Htate is now
traceable to Chinese immigrants.and I les
than in any country witli a similar popula
tion. The Malay population which In all num
bers about. 5(3,(;:52 has never been accustomed
to regular labor, or to work for wages, A
marked improvement in them is visible,
and by bringing to bear upon them through
thidr ehlefs und in accordance with the
usuges of the country, gentle pressure in
tbe w ay cf requiring, for their own good.
j a certain amount of cultivation, I have no
iouit mat lime will turn them Into an .
agricultural race similar to the Javanese."
The policy thus Indicated by President
Iw, of "bringing to bear upon them
(Malays;, through their chiefs, and in ac
cordance with the usages of the country, a
gentle pressure," is tlie true policy to be
carried out, where European and Asiatic,
or Polynesian are associated, and when
wisely administered, the Hawaiian will
flourish and increase, even like the Malay.
. . r
Tigers Around Singapore.
We clip from the Strait Timet of.
October 31 :" Inspector tie Fontaine going
yesterday to visit the out stations under
his charge, observed a woman running
for dear life from a well where she had
been washing clothes. She had seen a
large tiger near by. Tho Inspector examined
and sure enough, there were the fresh
tracks of the beast only a few minutes before.
The Inspector started home by the Chang
hie road, when he heard a tremendous
crackling in the brushwood Just behind
him on the roadside, and in turning beheld
a large royal tiger bounding across the
road. His horse bolted at a tearing pace,
and could not be pulled up UH near the
seven mile stone, after a run of four miles,
during wnich M. de Fontaine luckllv
managed to keep his seat." . ,
Just imagine a royal tiger ' bounding
across the Waikikl road, or in any other
suburb of Honolulu. A picnic in the
vicinity of Hingapore must furnish a
peculiar zest of danger.
The French as Sun- Canal Bcildkks. The
French, after completing the Sues Canal and com
mencing those at Panama and Corinth, haye now
taken the initiative in another great cutting across
the Isthmus of Kraw. on the Malayan Peninsula,
which stretches southward from Pakchar. on the
frontier between tbe Malayan States and . Siam.
southwards 500 miles to Singapore, and is at iu
narrowest breadth at the former place. Tbe
tance across from the Indian Ocean to tf nd HbotoRrsphs of
Sea is only fifty miles, and it ma' be "0 at lhe mc" ot
journey both from England and w, L. okeen, a
at least COO miles. The Lond o. w. macfaklask a co.
It is certain to be accompl' t JullN KOWLEB t0
and it is essentially a sch'
ried out under English i
Kraw canal affords one -.
ternal means of comm '
UCJKUUCIKICO, flU j
of one of the pr ..