Newspaper Page Text
PACIFIC C O 31 M E U C I A L A D V ERTISER, JANUARY 21, 1882.
is not si:lijxc; oi."..
Wor Giving XJp the Dry Goods Businc.'is !
$21,500 WOHiK GF MY GOODS JDST RECEIVED !
i y Tin-: r.Asr s'j'ka.mi;h.
wi... n. .4 ?i t
I Ilu Ul l illl M ."..UiM4
MY STORE, CORNER of FORT and HOTEL STREETS,
iia.s p.i: iintlv i:i:kx i:i..uvn.b am kn lamed.
More Room, More Goods.
More for Your Money lhan Elsewhere I
r ciif Li wrr I T. m -iny c.;.t r Ho i can t-II them iu the KinzJ"ti
Berlin Zephyrs 15 Cents Per Ounce,
I2T For Facts, all I ask is for you to Come and see for Yourself- JB.
CALIFORNIA OWE PRICE BAZAAR!
CHAS. J. FISHEL. Corner Fort and Hotel sts.
NEW YORK, CALIFORNIA, EUROPE AND THE COLONIES,
OFF !- II FOIi SALE
AT THE LOWEST MARKET RATES !
THEIR STOCK OF NEW GOODS !
.JUST ()IJKM:i), SU1TAHLK KOK
Country -Stores d Plantations !
LARGE ASSORTM'T of DRY GOODS !
ftTluta ol Lit Sjlt-. aod anj narrow, fft rl'ra; llti l-eiiim. S-t.-l riprr-. IliTrtK-k. Lfi'f i'lil,
Brima Liiarn Drill. I'ure Limrn, M.Vin.. llrownaml Whit Cnidix. Tu'kmgi, Turk-y licil. Vliii- M ijul NVuingj,
Towlinz arvi Tol. MV Whftr ail Hrown e'stou l!a!f-hi?t L in Krrat Tarirljr, at rry low pricr:
BLAKr HInk-. t hitr aiul Ka.rr K!nir!'. Fari'-jr tr Woolen, Koiiit: White Woolen. 3 4 Miil.l;
Hlu aixl firy H'n IIUn't, W hilr I 'Hon Kl.inkeia, Vfr-n lti-n-K. a!: ,v wrigKl.; Woolen X Cantn f'Uunrl.i,
i'aperry Maw, Veltrt Kile, .Mn nnd Kux. In.ln U ithr It'ill anj rt !eii finri.
OritlloN, OirtliK, Siiddle Olotlis, A"liips, &c
Sole and Saddle Leather, Tanned Goat and Sheep Skins I
Cru.Umty . hatfci f. ! r.Mi. tl.e well. know n W A I M K T A X N FR V . J. !'. Parki-r. Pio.rl-Mr;
lill.O I'ASM.RV, f. ! I.jmin, Pr..ri.i"r.
Beautiful Lines of New Plated Ware, Wonderfully Low !
Fans, Purses, Bns and Albums, at Astonishing Prices !
i IV A 7ST I ArrC I-LIHS.
ACZ.'iTO FOr: TS-iE CCLLBRATCD
Durham Lcng Cut Granulated Smoking Tobaccos L Cigarettos
CIiiARS -Hav.m. a..d Haili; CIGAR HOLDiRs , jTtcrsch.tuin).
CIJARSVTE lULT.tS. IIEEI'CilAUM PI?E?.
r.rki n vo.d ri?S. clay pipes. c:icrry stevis,
A USER MOUTHPIECES and TOBACCO POUCHES.
Galvanised IJuckeis, Tnl.s and T3a;in.
Boston Card Matches,
Zinc, Paints and Boiled Oils,
Kerosene Oil and Downer's Oil.
A CHOICi: ASSOKTJl'T OF UKOCEKIKS,
IVh.kiuk f Jl!.. Jn. T !-'rnit. T.-mii.. M vt-I, Hk I K-ai..
IVli-.l r.-ii-i l.-t. i:rin. I , C m: ?r.l n-, L.lrr. jar i.l Is-wott.
Ilriiilil llvA. Full Weiuht iMantalioii Salmon,
IN III KUKI.S AM IIAI.K IliUKKI.V
DKALI1KS IN AKI KINDS OF SOAPS,
TOILIir Mil IN. a ifrU!n: I'M V. MtHJI.K!i MU tHrt-fcnr hat- in a bo.
i4 riJ to tLr larrfal
f'rf Mrr. (Jarrn aaJ Ktaliani.inn Mrrcl. liuiultli. II. I.
: IMIKKMIiM I' H lV(; PI li.'ii -
Ulrk n,. II i:..liiu. r. .r..I l.. r ,:r i.n in-
BL KHiriHNii II-!.. K .-il Kl.iJ I'.i IN KM in !
,j h,,n !.-. n.l tu y iri: allrnti n n l.u-ii.-. C - A
aixk n.l k rh:. 10 tun'.riii' l I'-nv- tS ,t r. lr...
rc-ir4 .JS 1")
i i: . I': WII..-ON.
-T r 4T TT fi T T TTT T ;
il S 11. VII,MI IIA VI i I'KIICI KKI)
AT KH.-ONUI.K Kr.-.
JSTO PAY ASKJvD !
Arte ). Well Voik.
igon and Carriage Wor.t,
Bridge Work. etc. etc.
Done by Experienced Workmen I
at katej that iLL
Defy Comietltioil !
X.F Don"! Ii'rjet tb hof. uj.p. it ! rr ar, i ue J-r
avbw Uku' tlsBiof M.lla '
j7 S ly
chas. c, Wilson.
b U U
fH i ig...vi..i.i
HTIJIHTi'll III UUIIUllIIll
'f. rr..l lrn.
Tinnnl Ir. u
srlfrtinz of .-aJ. f..r tonalr Ord.r at oar fire j
WING VVO TAI & CO.,
. , A -y- -j-, i
l"1 v K ?T -A. -Li J.1j :
! At tf.ir Fir.-Drv.f tcrp. ni.iite Moimin'. Nuaauu ilreei. '
Fri.K LINK OF I
; J A PAX and CIIIXA TKAS, i
Koth II th ami t Prirrd. arronlinK to Uaahtjr.
INo-l fall at. uf Plantation Supplies, all kinds.
Ali).wila a l.tKCK STUCK OP RICK,
id. y hriii,: Aj-iii l.-r iT.rre Uutlioo.
lfi- oft!iof HU1 ILK IMULOU S(KFKS Irf !
i,iuy winc wu tai co
FINE CHINA IMTTIfa'G.i
White China Matting I
OF TIIK VERV KFT Ul'ALITV.
, Call Early, or it Will All
Be Gone. t I
W I N C VV O TA I &. CO..
. all &
Cases Hennessey Brandy.
Cases De Laage's Brwjdy,
Cases Jules lloleur's Brandy,
Cases Boutellieur fc Co.'s Brandy,
Casks Hennessey's Pale Brandy,
Cases Burke's Irish Whisky,
Cases Kinahan's LL Irish Whisky,
Cases Burke's Scotch Whisky.
Cases Cutter No. KtOK Bourbou Whisky.
Cases Kentucky Favorite Whisky,
Cases OFC Four Mah Whisky,
Cases Green Case " Key" Gin,
Baskets Stone Ju;j Gin,
Cases Ked Palm Tree Gin,
Cases Red Anchor Gin.
Cases Benker Gin,
Cases Best Cockburn's English Port.
Cases Best Dutf Gordon's Sherry Wine,
Cases Best Extra Dry Sherry,
Cases Genuine Madeira Wine !
IMll'tRTSAMI PINTS, Jkc.
Casks Budmeiser's St. Louis Beer, quarts
Cases Anheuser's St, Louis Beer, quarts
Casks St. Pauli's Beer, qunrts nnd pints;
Cases Foster's Ale, quarts and pints;
Cases Bass's Ale, quarts and pints;
Cases Foster's Porter, quarts and pints;
Cases Burek's Porter, quarts and pints.
THE ABOVE GOODS
OF FIRST Quality
And will be sold Reasonable
TO SUIT THE TIMES.
F. T. Lenehan & Co.,
POUY STABLES ! !
Imported Stock !
Vaocouver. the Beneficent Nuvigutur, F'iret
A fpiriled and ImrJy animal from Sf nnish Amer
icu into the Ilandd ; and the original Spanisli
Anceritor.t havt produce! in this day, a hardy,
enduring and useful
KTative . Horse
That ennnut be heat fur certain qualities.
A Coofl fsl:m1 IIoi'nc
Such n we have heen receivine lately from the
rich pntturc plains uf Hawaii and
Invariably ITixidL ! !
When well broken, keeps in grod condition on
Pinall feed, is senerallj healthj-; and will last as
a good, useful working aniuial
For Ovcr Thirty Yo:irx
V!'ei your eor-tly Imported llrse is o.jken
.'rndt"d-r,iff ar,,i UW'J "P ,,e',,re ho '8
i riiiei-ii i riim urn
THESE ARE FACTS !
We ran mjji Iv a Kind, Well-Formed,
and I f-elul
of Native Stock, fur less than half the cost of an
IMPORTKI) ANIMAL, and THAT WILL I()
TWICE AS MUCH AND I'KTTKI W011K.
C'ire us a Commifsiun fur a Good Island
AND WE WILL GUARANTEE SAT
Horses Boarded by the Day, Week or
Month. Horses Bought and Sold.
A SI'I.KMHI) ASSORTMENT OF C.klt-
Have just had built coiue Llil LA1
AND WELL FINISHED CARRIAGES MOST
SUI1AI1LE FOR LADIES.
Ladies will fiod our SADDLE HORSES Su
perior to any in the City, botli for Genllene.-is
REASONABLE RATES and SPECIAL CARE
taken of Stock entrusted to our care.
N. li. Those Boirding their Horse will not
; BE CHARGED EXTRA fr DOCTORING or
Horses Broten to Saiiie or Harness !
Pony Livery and Sale Stables,
King street, nearly opposite Betbel. d'24
i x J v
i . . . .
J. I - : S
NOTICE OF PROPOSED AMENDMENTS
TO THE CONSTITUTION OF THE
To Article 01 of the Cunstitutiou granted by Kauiel.a
lueka V on till 20th day of August l!Vi in aoctrdaii'-e with
Article 80 of Maid Cuiititiitioii.
Sn-Tios 1. That Article 01 of the Coustitu :iou gruuted
by Hi Majesty Kamehameha V on th i'Oth day of
August 14 be and the .same im hereby anieuiled in at'o-.
dance with Art.cle Hi) of xaid Coititution, by Ktrikiug
out the words five huudred " aud by Muliwtitutiuf; there
fore the words two thousand " aud by trik:.UK out the
nor ls -'two hundred and iiity" and substituting there
fore the words one thousand " ko thht the Article shall
read a follow:
Article HI. No person e ball be tillable for a Kejir!
Keuta?:ve of the iK'ojde, whu m insane or au idiot; u r
U'..es. he be a male subject of the Kingdom, who Hhall
tntve arrive ut the full ot twenty-one years, who shall
kn. v how to read aud wiiie, who shall understand ac
counts, ami shall have been domiciled iu ti e Kingdom
for At l.-ast three years, the last of which hall be the
year immediately preceding hia election aud who shall
own renl estate within the Kingdom of a clear value over
and above all incumbrances of at least two thousand
dollar, or who shall have au annual income of at least
least one thousand dollars, derived from any property or
some lawful euiploymeat-"
1 1 ereby certify that the foregoing Bill passed its third
reading iu the Legislative Assembly of the Hawaiian
Islandx on the nth day of August A. V. 1HHO.
oc iH.3ra JAMKS M. MONSAI1RAT. Secretary.
To Article H6 of the Constitution granted by His Majes
ty Kamehameha V., on the 2oth duy of August A. 1. 1SC1,
as amended and approved on the l lth day of May, A. U.
lsr.s, according to Article so of the Constitution.
That Article m. of the Constitution be and the same is
hereby amended so as to read as follows :
Sk rios m',. The Hepresenlati ves shall receive tor
their services a compensation to be ascertained bylaw,
and paid out of the l'ubllc Treasury ; but no increase of
compensation shull t.tl.e etlert during the year iu which
it shall have been made : and no law shall be passed in
creasing the compensation of said Kcpescntatives beyond
the mini of Five Hundred Pollurs fLr ench rssiou. "
I hereby certify that th- foregoing Hill passed its third
reading iu the Legislative Assi-mbl) of the Hawaiian Is
lands ou the ilth day of July. A. I'. lHH:).
.k-JIi :lai JAMES M. MOXSAltHAT, M-crctary.
JO II II. UUOWX, Iu-pecmr uf VY eight and
.Measure.-, fir the IsUnd ofUi.hu. U3 lleretunia Street.
Order may be left at Ihe Police Matiun. ' july9,81,tf
Opinion of the Attorney General on the
Laws of Election.
HoNOLVI.r, Dec. lJth, lUstl.
T.i His Kxoellelicy
11. A. 1. Cakthb.
Minister of the Interior.
In reply to your inquiry as to the manner and tilling,
iu accordance with the law, the second voting place,
designated iu any election district I have the honor to
That only in those election districts where there is
more than one District Judge or Tax Assessor or School
Superintendent, can a second board of Inspectors be
Section 0, of the Laws of 1M, p. 1, designates the
Police or District Justice, the Tax Collector aud the Tax
Assessor, or in their absence, agents appointed by them,
to be the Inspectors of election.
Section 7x2 of the Civil Code, provides that the Min
ister of the Interior may appoint more than one voting
place iu each district, and shnll designate the Inspectors
.f election from among "the Justices. Tax Collectors,
and pchool Superintendents " in the district. The diffi
culty arise when there is but one judge and one tax col
lector in the district. They are made by the law of lMofl
the Inspectors of the first Votiug place. If there should
happeu to be more thau one of these officers, together
with a Scjnxd Superintend!. ut there is no difficulty iu
(resting the second board of Inspectors.
But it appears, that in several districts such officers
cannot be f.iund. In such a case, my opinion is that you
cannot legally create a b..rd of Iuspectors for a second
The Inspectors for the first votiug place may appoint
agents to take their places, during their absence, but the
absence contemplated by law is one which may be due to
sickness or unavoidable deteutiou. They are under
obligation to attend at the votiug place. The Minister
of the Interior cannot appoint the same persons to act iu
two widely separated places at the- same time, nor can
Inspectors appointed by law to receive votes at the first
voting place, aVaudon it and receive the votes at the
The law designates the Inspectors for the first voting
place, and the Minister has no control over them. If,
therefore, there are not Justices, Tax Collectors, and
hchool Superintendents in the district, aside from those
already holding otjice as Inspectors, from whom sec
ond board cau be cfeatcd, it is my opiniou that the sec
oml bi ard cannot legally constituted. If it were, and
the Inspectors Wtr1; persons not authorized by law to act
the votes cast at such a place would be illegal, and if the
election wt re cout jst.-d. would probably be rejected by
It appears that, eret.tore, it has been the custom to
designate a second voting place, and appoint persons who
were not qualified by law, to be the Inspectors. No
doubt it has been a matter of great convenience to the
voters to do so, and the failure to designate such a place
will put them to great inconvenience. But, after careful
consideration, I am convinced that such a practice Is
illegal, and might invalidate the election of candidates
for the Legislature. The attention of the next Legisla
ture will be called to this defect iu the law regarding
I have the h "Uor t- be,
Yo'.ir obedient servant,
W. X. AKMaiUoNu,
The election of Representatives to the next Legislative
Assembly, will take place throughout the various Elec
tion Districts of the Kingdom, on WEDNESDAY, the 1st
day of r'ebruary next.
The rolls at the st ver! place of election will b open
ed at s o'cK v k A K-, ca the Uy ?ovt named, ai.J cl. ba!
at 3 I'. M .
The It.;! . uiij, llkits ait di&lLkt.d lot liiidiiio the
. It, til Ms.
District -f lll'fJ Court House, Ililo
IiiMvctor i f Et. t;ou.
t. W. A.H.pai ." rv'.ice Justice
I. . ever:i. e Tax Assessor
Jos. XawaLi Tax Colieetor
District of Hamakua Court H' UcnoVaa
Inspectors of Election.
J. I. Miau District Justice
II. A. L U:n Tax A.esi. r
Chas. Williams Tax Collector
District of Kohala Court Houe, V aiuiea. S Kohala
Iuspectors of Election
S. li. Mahuka....
. . .Tax Collector
And a second Polling Place at
Court Huse North Kohala
Iiis'eitcrs ot Election
H Johnson District Justice
D- S. Kahokauo. .
District of North Kona School House, Kailua
Inspectors of Election.
J. Cl. Uoai lii District Justice
District of South Kona School House, Hookena
Insixs-tors of Electien.
C W. P. Kaeo District Justice
I. II. Nahiuu Tax Assessor
John Nahiuu Tax Collector
District of Kau Speucer's Store H juse, llouuapo
Inspectors of Electou.
J. U. S. Martin District Justice
.H. M. W hl'.uev Tax Assessor
J. Kauhue Tax Collector
Distric of I'uua Court House, Poholki
Iuspectors of Flection.
J. W. Naeole
District composed of I.ahama, Olowalu, I kumehame and
Court House Lahaina
Inspectors of Electiou
J W. Kalua.
S. E. Kaiue .
District composed of Kahakuloa and Kaanapali.
School House Honolua
Inspectors of Electiou.
District beginning with aud including Waihee and ex
tending to and including Uonuuula.
Court House Wailuku
Inspectors of Election.
H, Kuihelaui Police Justice
T. W. Everett Tax Assessor
tV. H. Keanu Tax Collector
District beginning with and including Ilamakualoa and
extending to and including Kula.
Court IIuum Makawao
Inspectors of Election,
W. K. Mossmau District Justice
i'. 11. Havscldeti Tax Assessor
A. Fomaudcr Tax Collector
District begiuning with and including Kahikinui and ex
tending to aud including Koolau.
Court House Haua
Inspectors of Election.
8. W. Kaai District Justice
P. Kawaiku Tax Assessor
P. Kaniai Collector
District of Moloiai aud Lanai
Court House Pnkoo, Molokai
Iuspectors of Election.
8. K. Eupihea District Justice
J. Nakaleka .....Tax Assessor
J. Kaluapiuaole Tax Collector
Aud a Second Polling Place at
School House Kaohai, Lanai
Inspectors of Electiou.
S. Kahoohalahala District Justic
K. YV. Meyer ....School Agent
District or Kona - Aliiolaui Hale
Iuspectors of Electiou.
R. F. Kickerton Police Justice
J. E. Hush Tax Assessor
G. H. Luce Tax Collector
District or Ewa At Waiauae School House, Hououliull
Iuspectors of Election.
W. O. Needhaiu District Justice
Frank Brown Tax Assessor
A.Kanhi Tax Collector
District of Waialua Court House, Waialua
Inspectors of Electiou
8, K. Mahoe
J. A in lira.
District of Koolauloa School House, Ilauula
Inspectors of Election
J. Kaluhi District Justice
H. Kauaihilo -Tax Assessor
Paukialaui Tax Collector
District of Koolau'Hifco Court House, Kancohe
Iusjiectors of Election
J.L. Kaulukou District Justice
T. A. Lloyd i Tax Assessor
W. C. Lane Tax Collector
District of Waimea School House, Waiiuea
Inspectors of Election
J. Kauai District Justice
I. 11. Kapuuiai Tax Assessor
A. Kauksu Tax Collector
And a second Polling place at
School House Niihau
Inspectors of Election
tiro, dnv District Justice
J. II. Ksika Tax Assessor
E. Kahale Tax Collector
District of Puna Court House, Lihne
Inspectors of Election
S, R.Hspuku District Justice
J. U. Tucker Tax Assessor
A. W. Maioho Tax Collector
And a second Polling place at
Court House Koloa
Inspectors of Electiou
J. Kardy T" Assessor
Kev. J. Y. Smith
District of Hauulei Court House, Hanalei
iuspectors of Election
J. Kakina District Justice
K Pniki Tax Assessor
W. Lovel'i .'.....'. Tax Collector
And a second Polling place at
School House Auabola
Iuspectors of Election
J. H. K. Kalwi District Justice
Jaa. Bush... . Tax Collector
S. W. Wilcox School Agent
W. N. ARMSTRONG,
Minister of the Interior, ad interim,
Interior Office. Dec. 13, 1H81. d24-6t
F. II. OEDING,
BKC.S TO INTIMATE TO
HIS CUSTOMERS, AND
84 KING STREET,
Next to Mr. Burgess's Carpenter Shop,
where orders may be left at any time
of the Day or Night.
TKI.KIMIOME MMBKK. 8
Milliner and Dress Maker,
FORT STREET, HONOLULU.
IS CONSTANTLY IN RECEIPT OF ALL THE
Latest Novelties in Millinery !
Comprising the Nere Style in
Hats, Ribbons, Feathers, Flowers, Lares, ie., kt.
Wboe taste and skill are too arell-knowa to require any
recommendation, is still in charge of the Millinery and
Trimming Departments, which is a sufficient guarantee that
work will be done in an artistic manner.
THE DRESS MAKING
Will be under the immediate supervision of Mrs. Wilkinson,
whose reputation for accuracy and neatness is well-knowa to
the ladies ol Honolulu and the other Islands.
Or made '.o order. Also,
Ladies' and Children's ReaJy Made Clothing. Zephyr Shawls,
Silesiani". French O -enadioes. Silk Stockings, Lace
Handkerchief, Japan Tidfea, rc; xc.
A Fine Line of Mourning Goods
Conatnotly ea hand.
M RS. V. hopes by strict attention to the wants ol her
patrons, moderate terms, and furnishing only first-class arti
cles tn her line, to merit a share of the public patronaje.
SATlKLi.VY JANUARY 21. ls-J.
I.ktteu No. 72. London, Dec. 0, 11.
NEW BOOK ON HAWAII.
" From Sword to Share; or a Fortune iu
Five Years at Hawaii," by Captain H.
W. Nicholson. In this book the authoT
eudeavors to depict the advantages to be
pained by Englishmen, who may desire to
liud a new Lome abroad and who co to
Hawaii. He gives a good deal of inform
ation about the islands, their population,
laws and manners, and social life at Hono
lulu, none of it. however, very new. In
some 30 pages of statistics Captain Nichol
son then undertakes to show how a certain
capital invested in Hawaii in sugar planting
has been. or might be : it is all the satue on
paper- quadrupled within live years. Ou
so attractive a subject he ought not to lack
readers, aud as the book is also aptly illus
trated by photographs, some of them of
Hawaiian Princesses, it is also of consider
able value to intending travelers. A daily
paper speaking of this book, says: If all
that it claims for the Hawaiian Kingdom
be correct, the country is one which could
not easily be iinprove'd upon, aud it is but
fair to say that proof is offered for all the
information ; so that altogether tlu laud
which King Kalakaua rules over, has
THE PANAMA CANAL.
Recent news from the Isthmus having
been very conflicting on regard to the pro
gress of work on this canal, it Is of Interest
to hear that at the Paris head-quarters
there are no signs of discouragement. At
a meeting of the consultative commission
convened by M. Lessepa last week, to con
sider a series of questions prior to beginning
the main works, the replies of the com
mission were all favorable to the rlars to
the company's engineer. Mr. Reclus, has
sailed to-day, for Panama, and will Im
mediately commence work. The Isthmus
will be attacked at three points simultane
ously at Colon, on the summit of the
Culebra Range and at Panama.
At the last meeting of the Aiithrojiologi
cal Institute, the following papers, relating
to the Pacific, were read: On the affinity
of the Melanesian. Malay and Polynesian
languages, by the Rev'd R. Rodington ; and
on Fijian riddles, by the Rev'd L. Tison.
The last volume of the proceedings of this
society also contains an interesting paper
by President Tylor on the geographical dis
tribution of games, in which he draws at
tention to the games of Polynesia and
America, as proving that the drift of civi
latiou from Asia, reached these regions,
before they were known in Europe. The
draughts played at Hawaii and New Zea
land are not the modern games of Europe,
but apiear to be a variety of the ancient
classical game, which is still alive in
Egypt to this day. It may have reached
the South Sea Islanders from Eastern Asia
together with kite-flying at which they are
expert, and which they perhaps had before
the comparatively modern time, when it
reached Europe. Wallace mentions that
"cat' 8 cradle" is known all through the
Pacific, and that once, when he was trying
to amuse some natives with it, they took
the string off his fingers, and to his aston
ishment did many complicated figures quite
unknown to him.
At the Liunean Society a paper was read
some time ago by Mr. F. Smith, on new
aculeate Hymenopteia from the Hawaiian
Islands, collected by the Rev'd T. Black
burn. The author stated that the general
aspect of the series is certainly North Amer
ican, with a mixture of a few South Amer
ican forms. The ants are most diverse in
character, some being cosmopolitan in their
range. The house ant of Madeira is com
mon in Hawaii, and the little European
ant (Ponera Contracta) unexpectedly turns
up there. Mr. Keane has re-published his
paper, read before the British Association,
on the relation of lndo-Oceanlc and Indo
Chinese races and languages, with notes on
the Polynesian races. Excluding the dark
races iu the area embraced, the author
maintains that there exist only two distinct
types, a yellow, or Mongolian, aud a fair,
or Caucasian, aud that all varieties arise
from the greater or less preponderance of
either. lie finds also only two distinct
forms of speech, the monosyllabic, spoken
vario tono, and the polysyllabic, sokeu
recto tono. Mr. Keane's theory is striking
and original and seeras to fit into nearly all
of the British fleet in the Pacific will be
changed next mouth. It is therefore prob
able that Rear-Admiral Stirling will not
be able to pay his long-postponed visit to
Honolulu in the Triumph. Rear-Admiral
Algernon M. Lyons has just been appointed
Commander-in-chief vice Sterling. He will
leave England on the 2nd prox. for Panama
to join his flagship. Captain Aitchison will
accompany nim as his flag-captain aud
Paymaster Geo. Liddell has been selected as
his Secretary. The Triumph was in port at
Coquimbo on the 2nd instant.
A TACIFIC ISLAND.
On the passage from Levuka to Yokaha
ma the Detached Squadron touched at
Pleasant Island, or Nawodo, a solitary coral
reef to the west of the Gilbert group, in lat.
037 S., and long. 168 E. An Englishman
was found there living with the natives.
He gave the name of William Harris, said
he was a native of Yorkshire, and that he
had lived on the island for 38 years. He de
scribed the natives as a dissolute set, drink
being obtained from the iuice of the cocoa
nut palm. They are also constantly en
gaged in civil war, and he expressed re
grets that no missionary had ever come to l
this island to convert ineui.
Further details of the loss of the German
S. S. Quinta have now been received. This
vessel sailed October 2nd from Hongkong
with a carjro and 120 Chinese passengers for
Saigon. On the 7th the Quinta was wrecked
during a terrific typhoon at Tiuhosa, Island
of Hainan, and was attacked by over 100
pirate boats, containing 8 to .12 men each.
The crew and passengers, however, succeed
ed in reaching land in safety, whereupon
the pirates sacked the steamer aud then set
heron fire. The new White Star steamer
Coptic sailed from Queenstown ou the 17th
ult., arriving at Sandy Hook ou 2nd inst.
She goes to the Pacific for future business.
The Atalanta, which sailed Nov. 3rd, from
Liverpool for Honolulu, has been spoken on
the 12th in the Atlantic in lat. 49 N., and
9 W. long.
A Canton Riot
From thi Correspondent of the Hong Kong Daily
Canton, lbth November.
I have to record a riot, in connection with a
religious tbtablibhinent, of more than ordinary
importance, as it has resulted in the partial de
struction of one of the finest monasteries in this
city, namely that of Cheung Son Te, or the
Temple of Longevity, a building well known to
foreigners. This Buddhist monastery and tem
ple, situated in the Western Suburb, occupied
some fifteen acres of ground, and 'as one of th
fineht edifices of the kind in Canton. At the
buck of the temple is a large pond or lake and
an extensive gardeu in which the monks about
one hundred in nninkT raised vegetables and
fruit for their own consumption. The inmates
ol the establishment, however, fairly well blessed
with the god things of this life, had grown fat,
lazy, and corrupt. Instead of being devout the
monks were licentious, and it had for some time
been a matter of notoriety among the natives
that they were anything bat suitable spiritual
guides for their wives or daughters. The monks
had in consequence been in bad odour, and
several disputes have occurred between them
and the people during the past four years ; their
goings on were not quite unknown to the Au
thorities, for only recently a proclamation has
been issued prohibiting women from going to
worship at the monasteries. On Tuesday the
long smouldering indignation of the populace
was fanned into a flame. Early on the afternoon
of that day several women were observed to en
ter the Monastery temple to worship, and several
hours elapsing without any sign of their reap.
pearance, the watcher. hoso nmulsTs had ang
mentHl in the meantime, Ik .me Knpit'ioUH, nd
Ix-gHU to make a noisr, i-oluing in uncompli
mentary remarks al-otit t lie ji: i--itn. 1 ntually
they entered the temple i ul demanded from the
prieots there tho product. ;j i f tLo voiutu, aud
angrily drew attention to t jToelamatioti then
posted on the Temple vV.Ih foibidJit:g f male
to worship there. This r .p. st nnd a demand
for admission to tho inner piirt of the njoiiuntery
were both flatly refused by the monk, who Lad
assetr.bV.l in f.-ree. l!ij.:h words then ensued,
and from thi the mo, nil tho tune increasing
in numltri and fury, Kgnn to stouo the. priet.
The latter, who had armed therunelvea with
knives and bamboos, attempted to drive bwk th
crowd, and iu the Mrutxle wounded ".evcral per
sons. By this time the mob had become very
lare and very augry, breaking presently into
unrestrained fury, pelting the luoukn, breaking
everything they could lay Lauds on, and threaten
ing to destroy the utire li:ildin. A body of
soldiers arrived on the scene, but they were
powerless to suppress the riot, vhith continued
until three o'clock on Wrdnenday morning.
About six o'clock en Wednesday morning the
mob resumed the riot, their nnmWra having
doubled, and proceeded to pull down the pre
mises, admittance ht inn nainbet n denied to
tlrom. The two side rHi jc of building were
torn down, the rioters all the time maintaining a
terrific hubbub, and uttering loud thri atnof Teu
geauce against tlu priests. About three p.m.,
In iu impatient of slower method of detrac
tion, they t t tiro to tlio re'iuaiuing biuljiu,
and when the file engines arrived they were not.
allowed by the mob to approach within reach of
the flames, nor were the otijs permitted to h-t
sounded. The conflagration raged until about
l.'M p. m.. by which time more than a thirJ of
tho monaster' wit destroyed. All the valuable
ornaments from the temple, the fittings, furni
ture, and ev-n the vestnientw of the pib-sts mere
carried ont by tho eager rioters and burned.
During the search made by the rioters, in one cf
the apartments women's clothes, shoes and orna
ments were found, and the discovery elicited
roars of indignation from the excited crowd.
The priests, alxiut twenty of whom were injured
iu the struggle with the jteople, took flight when
the temple was broken open, and acattered iu
different directions. AIout a ttcore of the rioter
were wounded in the fray, and one wa ehol
dead by the soldiers when attempting to tpiell
From iume Arte,. Dt. 2tid, 1881.
England it wienis has just Income possessed
of a new and vast territory. Borneo after having
been partially brought under tho dominion of
that nineteenth-century hern Rajah Bhookk U
now destined to becomo a new Last Indian King
dom. Mr. Dent the eptilciit China merchant
has bought all tho royal rights of the resident
rajahs, and having formed a trading company
has obtained with curious facility it in said, a
special charter of incorporation from Lord Klat
bkiixkv. The new company in plain English Las
been constituted the reigning powci iu Borneo
with all rights aud privileges, political aud trad
ing. It cau make war or poauo, extend or cur
tail its territories, raise coal or minerals, encour
age immigration, and act in every way as a royal
power. Probably all this is ho much the better
fox Borneo, Pi spito tf tho anxious forebodings
of certain ultra-philanthropibts in this country.
It is quite clear that a peaceful struggle for pre
eminence in Polynesia is imminent among Euro
pean nations. The Trench iiio exceedingly ac
tive in the Pacific, their movements in Tahiti
and thcrcalkouts are watched, nnd canvassed with
considerable asperity, mid vast dreams of colo
nial ambition are. imputed to them. To thoso
who know the French as colonists, this desire to
extend French influence in the southern sens will
give no great access of alarm. But it is well that
Oreat Britain should not surrender nil at onco
her principle of colonial extension, and what
ever the responsibilities entailed by what is
practically tho annexation of Borneo. Thcro
will bo many to defend the move.
The writer in the IIm ." tc, has evidently
been inaccurately informed, as tho charter refer
ed to only effects certain territories iu North Bor
neo. Its importance, nevertheless is shown by
the fact that the Spanish Government has doom
ed it ncssary to protest against it. En. V. 0. A,
Why the Hawaiian Treaty was Made.
(From the San Francltco Merchant Dt. 24.)
It is somewhat strange that some accomplished
Eestern etlitors, like the editor of the Chicago
Tribune, with the Congressional reports of tho
discussion on the Hawaiian treaty ready to their
hands, should maintain tho idea that the pretext
for the Hawaiian treaty was Hint it would furnish
raw sugar to the people of this slope cheaper
than other portions of the United States had to
pay for it. If that had been the expectation,
moment's reflection would lruve shown that it
could not be realized. The treaty could not
bring aliout such a result nntil the Islands pro
duced more raws than our Pacific Klopn consump
tion and commerce demanded. While we con
tinue to draw a single cargo from other places,
say Manila, the cost of that cargo laid down here,
duty paid, must necessarily 1 a factor in fixing
the value here of all the raws Imported from tho
Islands. When the Islands, if over thpy do,
produce more raw sugar than we can refine, con
sume or dispose of in our domestic trade, the
surplus production of raws will find its way to
the Atlantic Coast, and its value on the AtlauMc
side, in competition with Cuban nnd other su
gars, l jss the cost of additional transportation,
will fix the value of all the Island raws disiKmod
of in this market. At least that will be so un
less, like tho California millers, who often make
one price for flour for consumption and lowe r one
for exportation, the planters should agree amongst
themselves to sell for tho Eastern side of tho con
tinent cheaper than they would for the Western.
To do so might seem unfair to us, and perhaps
it may never be done ; but a practice similar to
this obtains not only among Europenn manufac
turers but among American ; and we think the
editor of the Tribunt will find many among its
own subserilx-rs who will give him plausible ar
guments in defence of the practice.
The United States certainly did not give up its
revenue pn Hawaiian raw sugar primarily to
cheapen sugar on this coast. It gf.vo np its rev
enue on Hawaiian sugar, firstly, to stimulate
production ol a staple so valuable for health in
adults, and absolutely necessary for children,
the supply of which is inadequate to the people's
needs, and so it might be chcaoem-d the world
over. Secondly, to i;ive the Islanders euch ben
efits by our generosity that they would come
more aud more under American, and less and
less under European influences. Thirdly, that
their prosperity would excite the ambition of our
Spanish speaking m ighlwirs, and induce them to
pray for similar treaties on similar conditions,
and so divert $700,000,000 of export trade from
European inaimfaetHrers to thoso of the United
States. Lastly, that the Pacific Slope might
build up a valuable export commerce and be en
abled to pay for its sngar in produce and mer
chandise instead of cash.
SOUK Vl'LCARITIKS Or" Goott SociETr."' Ak-
ing questions, private and pcraonal, in one vulgar
habit, and telling your hukinesH, which no one
wants to hear, is another. Anking the cost of a
present that has been made to you, "pumping'' a
servant to hear what has been given bj way of
parting vail, loud talking in public, hard ttaring
at the table, insolent dn-rcnpcct to h unhand,
wife or brother ; bowing teni'it-r in trifles and
making secnen in public, ehowing an embarras
sing amount of fondness and making love in pub
lic; covert enccrs, of which people can Bee the
animus if they do not always understand tbe
drift ; persistent egotism, which talkci forever of
itself, itself, itself, only itself, and cannot even
feign tbe meat passing interest in another ; de
traction of friends, and it may be of relations
a husband telling of his wife's unpleasantness, a
wife complaining of her husband s faults; the
bold assumption of superiority, and the servile
confession of infinite unwortlnness. All these
are signs and evidences of vulgarity vulgarity
ol a far worse type than that which cats with a
knife instead of a fork, and says "you was,"
and other ungramaticalitics. In fact, true vul
garity resolves itself into that central poiot of
evil selfishncps. The unelfifli can never be
really vulgar. They may be uncouth, but they
cannot be more, while the bci top-dressing of
manner to be found in the whole world cannot
make tbe substanco retiucd where that one foul
canker of egotism and indifference to others lies
e.t the heart of things. Tlu Queen.
There," she exclaimed, thrusting the paper
at bim, and pointing to a paragraph which stated
that tbe first thing the Marqnis of Lome did on
meeting bis wife was to kiss her : what do you
think of that?" " Poor feilow 1" muttered the
ill-natured husband ; I supposed it's one of tbe
penalties of holding a public position." BrooL