Newspaper Page Text
V AC I F I C CO M INI MERCIA L AD V E 11 T IS ER, P E 11 II If A R Y 11, "1882.
H. W. SEVERANCE,
niAVjiio o rt. mm dmmixsiov
MU( lUJlt, St C:il.ii. rtrert, tan Frmrrr,
Cl.(nruU I J Room . ng T
WILLIAMS, DIMOND & CO..
Shipping A. Comalion Merchant,
I 4lirrala Hire I.
mti SI 8A- I RANCIrCO.
la. r.rorru mimr pncri.
GEORGE F. COFFIN & CO.,
SOIPPLXC A.D COHMIvlO. Mi:BC.ilTS
No 13 fia dir-t, I'm B -.
PARTICfl.AK ITTKMION GIVKX TO
Cuing Btnuu order. il uiuUnica soarsrt-d.
JOHN HARVEY & CO.,
1UMMI.SSIO.V l . KCII A NT mm WOOL
llnmillan. I' mm An
krw l-eak ,f Montreal.
jalt 91 Cub alur ou Couirfuu.-ft
W. H. CROSSMAN 4 BRO.,
w It 1 1 l 1 n it ' nilHHio it
M K II C 1 1 A X T K .
118 CkMkM Mrtrl. NKW YORK.
AWt nr. Cat A f.'ooa anl J. T. Wal-rhflu...
f . 11
JOHN FOWLER & CO.
VKi: HRKPtKED TO FI.'RSIHII L.A.M
jut Estasarc f' euel fortaMe Tramways. wih or
wuboat car or Inenowlvea. eprcially adapinl for baft
rMaotaorns. Pvrsaaiwnt Rails-., wun m.tive and cm.
TrvtKt Knslor and K -a l jmo(iti. feiearo IToorhioir
at4 Cultivator Machinery, f-.rtable Me am fcngivra for all
purpose. V imlinf EntitM I f liu-'.ra.
Ca atosjay. Ub lliwslran.ni, Mkl and ft. .i" graphs of
thai .smvsr Plant ao.l Machinery may trfn al the olfirra of
W. L fiStf: arvl
G. W. MACrKLANE A :,.
aaa;'10 If Agmis fcr Jobo fowler at Co.
o u.vtkfi l con r ) i:t i s .
tborocutS knwlcJg nf th natural ! which J
era th eperana of d g ti.n aiwl eatnii-xi. and by a
artful application f lh fln inr.in of weu-aeiec-.sst
rrxm a, Mr. Eppa baa provid-.it oar breakfast tables will) a
trUVlly-BUnret earver.- which Baaj save as mail heavy
aVie-aas-'e billa. It U by tb Jl.--oa at of uch article of
4iat I ha I a constitution nf be gradually boil! up smlil
strong enowa-li lo r-it tti tewtenry in duraae. Hundred
of subtle wnlavtie ar floating around aa ready su ailac
bfrT-r Ibrrr la a wrah point. Wr may racnpe many a
fatal abaft by ktrrpinf w-II rlifid with I'ure blood
and a properly iwlRbl frame." few article in the Cirti
Mad simply llk boilioj wi.-r or milk,
gold only la packet, Ubellol
JA.AIES 32PPS cfc CO.,
JU Eri'3'3 CHOCOLATE ESSL.1CE, or Jfttrnon
U P. FISHER,
VIVKRTIiG Ail EXT. 21 MERCHANT'
EXCIIAMUK. tma FraocLco, California, la aulborixcd
to lartite adrrrtleSAenla tut tbe column of this paper.
Tj, P. FISHER'S
Rooms SO and 1 1 . Merchant' EschacfC.
CaiUornia fltrert. San Francisco,
ST X. B. A4f f rtl-slnr Solicited Ur all .e
pafr Pikltjhrd the Fatlfie Ceal,thf S idwlrh
ItUasN, Pl)hfiA. Jlfilra Prts PhUuBu, n!p.t
rtlx, Jap, Chla. ."w Zf!a4, the litrIUa
f oUhlrK, the Kjotera StalM aad Karopr. Ille of
earl eierj ewppr PahH-hed the Paflflc
Ctat are kept f eataatlj Ilaad, Jad all adtrr
tler are aliened Tree arre t then daring BaM
HADear. The P1C11IC COIPIKEf 11L IDIER
Tlsrit U kept as file at the office ( L. P. FISIICS.
TRADE MUM k EXPORTER !
Martels Eeriew & General Prices Carreut !
fuhU.h.l M"OtMy. an.1 ia Erflwh. ladi.p- twl.te
fn Parrbtaers C'alinenCal ti-mlm; (ires W bowr
aa. Prra, an-i Dkihwk allowed, of
Wloea, Bro.lir, frearrd rrorbkoa. Fancy GjoJ,
Mi.l.nery. Ire-a M(erals Bit PirfteUio.
J"it'. Vr. tcl.e. Ciuck. R-l Imitatn.O JcWcUy.
B- aca and !ho. Perfuaaery. T. 'lo-xrapbs,
Ptuxuraplije and hlMinf MairrMb
rcienUna ami HKI lotrumrot. Draj. Ckcmica!a. -
PWmaratMical frpr.l , nimnrj, fwt.
S Ik. Vami-naa. Pa.uta. r"pr lUnjiny. lc , Ktc.
Alan Prk-e. Caero of Pna'aee. Urkt Rlrta. Notice, on
Indnutrtia NoaeiUwa. Trl Iifri:ince. etc.
ANNUAL. CBCBIP ri'N Sa P tl t'nioo, aad 8
for other Countries.
MJn or-lera payable b f.KOK-H W ATIR-' oo Pariaor Loo-
drn. or tUm fiU4a!eat la any bjcal enmrj pote
U-L'XP.lIU I.KT f KRS RKrt SKlt. S
TVtRANCII TliOKJOI RXALk REJ-OHTtK.
It. atiar d icaoroi, raru. ro
Beale and Howard Streets,
a.x rs$ri', CALUORMA
W. U. T11L0K. ... Pre.ldrat,
JOS. HOOSR, - - aprrlaCeadfBl,
IX AU. ir BKAXCHE.
ENGINES AND BOILERS,
High Prroarr ar fompaaod.
XKhM VtHKI. ill all kinds, loilt complete will
Hatla af Kool, Ino r Composite.
ORDIN t Kl CCIXHHe..mp.u.le. wb. a a.lriaabie.
TCiM ,Al-NCIIK. nres an.1 h.io Tuitc.a
stroeted with rfcrnee l the Trade in wl h tbey are !
a eaaployeil ?pel. r'unape and draft of water iran
red. ...jtR MII.UH M MC.AK MAKING
' . . . . ... r.. .m.tatrr . se.1 flan.
l Av II I r.n s . .
Aao, Alt B iler Iron Work eonnerted therewith.
WATER HIHK.of Eoler r Sheet Iru0; Jf any iiae
da ia suitable bmelb. f .r cnoect.ns o-rtner. or Sheets
II oiled. Pancbed. and Packed .r ehipmeot. ready lobe
eted oa the mrul.
II V V R A V 1.1 C K I V r.T I N ti . Iiler V. ok aJI W
lrt pip mad by thla :tlibaeul. Kiteted by liy
raol: Hietln Mehinery. that oality f W'k I"in4
Sar swi"i Ii ir b band w-arfc
H II I P V O R H . b and elan Cp.Un. fle.m inch
es. Air and Crcitiattn( rump. mad after the most ap
pro; jd plaaa.
oliu pJ. Direct Aetlo Taivp t Irrigation City Wa
ter Works' purpose. b.l with th- relebcale.1 ly alse
Motion, superior l tJ other pump dI'M I'
ifiCtTlbr W..nbiaif"'"Dode iwaa Paojp
TO IlillilUs, til.
J-mki ir.. mkkcii ir. (;i.im;iiu,
riiAM.nN i i.
I. ii lvr aV-i the ,urc!i r I !,:(.ia'.it A a:l Vi-.d? '.i l!r -Uli
tn I C-..li-.ciit.l fJ . .N. fi!i l.-r 2 .l rv-i' ;r!-f.
.t r.tra niUr lr-l.rj t ;;n rt i.j Kariip,, '.r
J Uvcrrd j ai.. (i ut aih -iutv I -r aici'i a'-cr.iti "t
Ho'iulala i1 jefj (r l.r. my litin''.inlfliMl.y ri-oi.Unri,
payable i- L Ld-n r ."jri fri.rlv?" ; r be w i! ilnr 1! jo
dajs ffh" ar.in.t nhru.- t rr-r trj:n tfono a u B.-.i-rf
of oih?rwie. to tuit tlr r-iuc'iicr rf bur.
Mt-.-R- M M G.IRU'IN C'.. II -,;.jin
II N' W . L.GKELN. i! , )..:a u.
U N J.S. WAI.KKR. ii-Ku'o.
THE AOR I B A.NK.'L n :te-!j. L u .
aSTEW (JPEX1NG ! !
FASHION STABLES !
s. :i l'uiM weal la .No. 2 Fuiac
.. Mad . OS lllel St.
Express :.Tos. 7. 9, 32, 34, 53. 91, 193.
First Class Horses and Carriages
T- fit-iit at r.y Jlo-.r -f th-; )y Ni'it.
All Orders Promptly Attended to-
TrlrBbsar Nw. I tH.
Parncuiar .1. r.i,o p,i 1 t II .rdio Ilre by the ll.y
Week or Moi.'b. oc.l'lf
JAS. C. HAYSELDEN,
ARCHITECT & BUILDER,
it.M)i.i.'ii;, ii. i.
A N I
Detail Drawings !
Made co a'licati n and l b rt no ice
Estimates Given on all Work
Connected with tlie
b-lh r it !: iii
IRON STONE. BRICK, CONCRETE.
BRIDGE OR WOOD WORK.
V .l i, 11 any prt of ll(e oth- r liurnln to KMJMATK
and lKAW FI.ANf fur prui.wi.M
Mill Works, Bridges or Residences
Modification of Old Buildimj a Sytciality.
First Class Work Guaranteed
CHARGES MODERATE !
AHbRt-: JAS. ii. H lY.SKI.OEX.
f.re of Architect . bmUI-r,
9 O Wilub A Co., Ilono'.alu. 11. I. DoJ9 ly
TO THE PUBLIC !
mU'-K HAVE KKCtMI.V OI'KXEP 'I II K
prennea at N. 1 H Nuuii.u .'.r-fet, intending t-i curiy
on hainrs as
PLUMBERS, GAS FITTERS
Our Ionic eiperier.ee. MECHANICS warraaU ua ii -ir
that our te renture wiit m-.-it S waul b.i.g fell lo this
All Orders we may be Favored With,
Attended to under our own . Persoaal
And executed io Iboruuirh, c -nn-ele.it ami worktuau'iikd
n.anner. oo the rooat bpprored Sanitary principles.
BY STRICT APPLICATION to BUSINESS
ME TRL'Sr TC MERIT A
SHARE OP PUBLIC PATRONAGE !
And we ball at all times endeavor lo g.re our Pa-reus
the u-ui ri saiieUction. bKU in rfeciio ol
Work and Moderate Charg-4.
IIoilo"l lxix O"o"fc XVx'l.
B1TI1S. U ITKR CLOSLTS. UASII OOULS, Kir.,
ALWAYS ON HAND.
lipecUl Attenti- n ien I t.e Ctlinj up f he frl'RIN'l
FIKI.U OAS MACHINE.
BROWN V Hill I.I.I VS.
Plumbers. Gas fitters and Cl-ersn.itl.s.
OH-"'" T. Ler.eJ.an Co.. No. lt Nuuar.o St. dc3 3ui
A IMcw Departure !
MIK r.MK.RMfJNKI MKtiS TO INFORM
bs Fronds anl fatrons, that lie baa r.rated L s o.il
oo Fort atrrel.rtar l-ucat- I'laning .qui, " ,c'
arge and Commodious Premises
t.cia!:y boill lor Mm.
( ii Kilauea :S t i- et !
B k of the Chlncac TKeatre. anJ ru-it l L -'
Vareb.ae. where be h tecry I iiilles to
Carry on I I is Business
Boat Building and Repairing!
IN ALL If UliANCHK
.Vn' liTiiicl of Boa(
M.lE T 0:IKR ON MI'KT NoTITK
Repairing Promptly Attended to,
Al Mod.r.te Kl Th-r-ojh orkmatialiip tiuaranter.l.
,,l')f:i. H. D. RYAN.
1 herrliy ne pnUlc u-ILetbal I WILL NOT I.. r -.p.,,,,,1,1,
l tbr l ubllc bnl!iey. UUr-lM t
lUltUr. f.fcf UF. iSllu.rfsl uif N-w
htrr.l. ( a... l-I! s new bnit lli.,. ' Jf Pud ll.e
, rt.u.m. f i' l W.lu.it ..d LOX I I.KI.P
I-iao. s and Hriu aii-l rv. rv ,i-. n;.iuu ju-.. -,u.r.l.'i---
raiut.u,'.. l:l. A:i.r.!vj,.a
t Lr.iu.. M tt.. A. future I ran.. nia!- tj irt.r.
All klu.t f 1'U-trtre Ftamra au.l ornl. M ill Iiii-.
l-.ra- k.t-. Hat lim V-. Wbat-.i. t-. Mu-..- Mnii-N. Ac. at
rue bitb. rt- iiijVtj'.wu iu Honolulu.
Wr a! bare tbe Three Ij aillliK S. win :. Ulin.
r. john : vr. juiin : : sr. joax : : :
Tb. . uty tiia. bu.e ruutiitic l" th i)H witii..ut eliaii,;
iurf th. dir., ti"ii i f the st'tl.
M i;iM.ni M: M iavi: u:ij. : : m-himh if i.i :
AM K.M i'.'AN ! AMI KI' AN ! ! AMtKlC.W ! '. '
The Ur.-t aiil l.-.-t a.-ort:in nt i f i; I' ( r nll
M lrrlnl) f.-r the h'-liilay ira li . MT F- rt rt.. I. ii- lnlii.
I..IH j' t .MK OKI till A Tl V K K.kNS
at WFl.I " Ml'!IC srKK IwT. 11J. au-l 11". furl M.
Ii. I J tf
IilM -Nc OO.,
('ararr Kcirl & llolrl alrerla.
Are Constantly Receiving New Additions
FINE AND VJELL ASSORTED STOCK
ZD XT y G- O O 3L S
K k Nt' V fJOOO'. Nl I.K. MIIXS
,UI and KM UK OID Kill F-.
Following are h. few of the Leading Lines :
i French. Fne'-'h ivl Ain:r:ru in all clr..
I bina P'ik io all c-lor. Pouter r'llki.
j Oenta' l'oiiee ?i;k rb rl. Fine :lk I i"Ki!iirt,
Lin- o Usu, I ai,c Mu.Iiru, f.ilf r.c'.
I.a.liea Hue t uuerwrar.
FILL Ai-?tKrMKNr OK
Men'i and Youths' Clothins, Hats and Caps.
fr'l'l.l. Sri T! AT l.V l'KIC-K.
JUST RECEIVED per DISCOVERY
Frina i and Trimruin.
La.l,. .' Fancy No ktiei. al: rnk.r .
Lace E.ljr n; ly errry teamrr-can sell er low;
hit- lf Hoods I -r l.-idn-s.
Aiwrliuect iJ. u llard-errh.ef f- r Cliri.tm.
Uthrr I bri(mas O k!.
Come Quick lbr BarjrairiH !
Allibeaboea,ebeina.Vdal the -r lrWFT MAR
&KT RATE.-. (e!T 1) Uo BIM I i
f EHILl'AKY 11. ISSJ.
The Chinese CUssics.
i.uML'l IL'S AX If MEXCIL'S.
t.'hwaii I'aou, Mfiii"; Meiicius, fcaid to
him, "I IkiJ an audit-uee of tlie King. The
King told nie that he loved music, and I
was not prepared with anything to reply to
him. What do you pronounce about fhat
love of music? " Mencius replied. "If the
King's love of music were very great, the
kingdom of T'e would be near to a state of
Another day, Mencius. having had an
audience of the King, said, " You, O King.
I have heard told the ottieer Chwang, that
you love music; was it so?" The King
changed color, and said, "lam unable to
love the muaie of the ancient fcovereigns ; I
only love the music that suits the manners
of tlie present age."
Mencius aid, " If your love f music
were very great, O King, TVo would bo
near to a Mate of good government ! Tlie
nui-dc of the present day is just like the
miiMC of antiquity, in regard to effecting
The King aid, ''May I hear from you
the proof of that?" Mencius asked, "Which
is the more pleasant to enjoy music by
yourself alone, or to enjoy it along with
others V ''To enjoy it along with others"
was the repiy." "And which is tlie more
pleasant to enjoy music along with a few,
or to enjoy it along with many." "To
enjoy it along with many."
Mencius proceeded, " Your servant begs
to explain what I have said about music to
you, O King. Novyou, O King, are haviug
ruiiMe here. The people hear the noise of
your bells and drums, and the notes of your
rites and pipes, and they all, with aching
heads, knit their brows,, and say to one
anoth r, 'That's how our king likes his
music ! Hut why does he reduce us to this
extremity of distress ? Fathers and sons
cannot see one another. Klder brothers ami
younger brothers, wives and children, are
separated and scattered abroad.' Now you,
O King, are hunting here. The people
hear the noise of your carriages aud horses,
and M-e the beauty of your plumes and
streamers, and they all, with aching heads,
knit their brows, and say to one another,
"That's Low our king likes hunting ! liut
why does he reduce us to this extremity of
distress ? Fathers aud sons cannot see one
another. Klder brothers and younger
brothers, wives and children, are separated
and scatti red abroad.' Their feeling is from
no other reason, but that you do not give
the p-oj)!e to have pleasure as well as your
self. No.v you, O King, are having muvic
here. The people hear the noise of your
bells and drums, aud the notes of your rifes
ami pipes, and they all, delighted and with
joyful looks, say to one another, 'That
sounds as if our king were free from all
sickness! If ho were not, how could he
enjoy this music ? ' Now you, O King, are
hunting here. The people hear the noise
of your carriages and horses, and see the
beauty of your plumes and streainers, and
they all, delighted and with joj-ful looks,
say to one another, 'That looks as if our
king were free from all sickness! If he
were not, how could he enjoy this hunt
ing? Their feeling thus is from no other
reason but that you cause them to have
their pleasure as you have yours. If you,
O King, now will make pleasure a thing
common to the people and yourself, the
Imperial sway awaits you."
The King, fceuen, of Ts'e, asked, " Was
it so, that the park of King Wan contained
seventy square let " Mencius replied, "It
is so in the records."
"Was it so large as that?" exclaimed
the King. "The people,'' said Mencius,
"still looked on it as small." The King
added, " My park contains only forty
square It, and the people still look upon it
as large. How is this?'' "The park of
King Wan," was the reply, "coutained
seventj square (n.p.) lc, but the grass
cutters and fuel-gatherers had the privilege
of entrance to it; so also had the catchers
of pheasants and hares. He shared it with
the people, and was it not with reason that
they looked on it as small? When I first
arrived at the borders of your State, I in
quired about the great prohibitory regula
tions before I would venture to enter it;
and I heard that inside the border-gates
there was a park of forty square lc, aud that
he who killed a deer in it was held guilty
of the same crime as if lie hail killed a man.
Thus those forty square, le are a pitfall iu
the middle of the kingdom. Is it not with
with reason that the people look upon them
as large? ''
The King Seuen, of Ts'e, had an inter
view with Mencius in the Snow I'alace,
and said to him, "Do men of talent aud
worth likewise find pleasure in these
things? '' Mencius replied "They do ; and
if people generally are not able to enjoy
themselves, they condemn their nuperiors.
Fur them, when they cannot enjoy them
selves, to condemn their sujicriors is wrong ;
but when the superiors of the people do not
make enjoyment a common thing to the
M-ople ami themnelves, they also do wrong.
When a ruler rejoices in the joy of his
people, they also rejoice in his Joy ; when
lie grieves at the sorrow of his people, they
h1m grieve at his sorrow. A pyrupatliy of
joy will pervade the empiro ; a sympathy
of'sorrow will do the same. Iu such a state
of things, it cannot he but that the ruler
attain to the Imperial dignity."
The King said, 'May I hear from you
what the true royal government is?"
" Formerly." was the reply, King Wau's
government of K'e was as follows: The
liu.-baiidmeii cultivated for the Ooverunieut
one-ninth of the land; the descendants of
officers were salaried ; at the passes and iu
the markets, idrangers were inspected, but
the goixU were not taxed ; there wero no
prohibitions resjecling the onds and
weirs ; the wives and children of criminals
were not involved iu their guilt. There
were the old and wifeless, or widowers ; the
old and husbaudless, or widows; tlie old
ami childless, or solitaries; the young and
fatherless, or orphans; these four classes
are tho most destitute of the people, and
have none to whom they can tell their
wants; and King Wan, in the institution
of his government with its benevolent ac
tion, made them the first objects of his
regard, us it is oaid iu the Hook of Poetry:
1 1.- ri h may e-t tUruiijjti.
Jliil alas ! lor the iiiinerable aud solitary. " '
The King said, ' O excellent words!"
Mencius said, ".Since you, O King, deem
them excellent, why do you not practise
them?" "I have an infirmity," said the
King; "I am fond of wealth." The reply
was, " Formerly, Kung-lew was fond of
wealth. It is .-aid in the Hook of Poetry :
Hi- r aie.l bin ricks, and filled bis grauaries ;
He tied up tlrleil iro lutoua aud grain
In l'tt"iiili .s h&n and sacks.
That hi- miu'lit catlit-r lii l'ct'l'le together, aud jjlurify
With b... and arrows all-Jil.layed
Aili il.i. i and ) ark, ud balUVaacfc, laro stud
He 10:11111, ii,-, ,J hi iiiarcll."
In this way tho.-e who remained in their
old seats had their ricks and granaries, and
those who marched had their bags of pro
visions. It was not till after this that he
thought he could commence his march. If
you, O KiiiLr, love wealth, let tlie people be
able to uratify the same feeling, and what
difficulty will there be iu your attaining
the Imperial sway?"
Mencius sai l to the King .Suen of Ts'e,
O Kiug, suppose that one of your Minis
ters were to entrust his wife and children to
the care of his friend,- while he himself
went into TV oo to travel, and that, on his
return, he should find that the friend had
caused his wife and children to suffer from
cold ami hunger how ought he to deal
with him?" The King said, "He should
cast him oil."
Mencius proceeded: "Suppose that the
chief criminal judge could not regulate the
officers under him, how would you deal
with him?" The King said, "Dismiss
Mencius again said : "If within the four
borders of your kingdom there is not good
government, what is to be done?" The
King looked to the right and left, and spoke
of other matters. " You, O King, have no
i nt i mate Ministers even. Those whom you
advanced yesterday are gon to-day, and
you do not know it." The King said, "How
shall I know that they have not ability, ;
Hud so avoid employing them at all?" ;
The reply was: The ruler nt a State ad- '
van- e to office men of talents and virtue
only as a matter of necessity. Since he
wid thereby cans. the low to overstep the
honourable, and strangers to overstep his
relatives, may he do so but with caution?
When all those- about you say This i a
man of talent and worth,' you may not for
that believe it. When your great oificers
all say, 4 This is a man of talents aud vir
tue,' neither may you for that believe it.
When all the people say, 4 This is a man of
talents and virtue,' then examine into the
case, anil when you find that man is such,
employ him. When all those about you
say, 'This man won't do,' don't listen to
them. . When your great officers say, 'This
man won't do,' don't listen to them. When
the people all say, 'This man won't do,'
then examine into the case; and when
you find that the man won't do, send him
A Constitutional Government for Japan.
Tlie following Imperial ilucrte is p-ibli-bed ia
the Japan Mail :
We, fitting on the tlir ine which has been oc
cupied by our Jmili-.iv lor over 2 501) Teri, iind
now eicici-iiij, in our own n:imc ui.J rih:. nil
the auth jri'y and p iwcr transmitted to us bjr our
We h ive lun Iind it in view j-radually to
establish a in-.tituti in;il f iria of government to
the end that the jrtMceful jiermnnencc of our
dynasty may be assured and our successors pro
vided with a rule lor their guidance.
" It is with this obj-jct in view that, in the 8th
year ol Miji, wc established the Ctc-nro-In, and in
Uic 11th year ul Mciji authorized the formation
ol Local AeL-iuhbes, thus laying (he foundation
lor the gradual reform winch wi contemplated.
I'lio'o our acts mn-t convince you, our subjects,
ul our determination in this retqcct !rom the
" Sjbiems of government differ in different
countries, but sudden and unusual changes can
not be made without great inconvenience.
" Our ancestors in Heaven watch our acts,
and wc recognize our responsibility to them for
the faithful discharge of out high duties, in ac
cordance with the principles mid the perpetual
increase ol the glory they have bequeathed u.
We therefore hereby declare that we phall,
in the 23d year ol Meiji, establish a Parliament,
in order to carry into lull effect the determination
we have announced; and we charge our subjects
bearing our commissions to make, in tlie mean
time, all ncccfsary preparations to that end.
" With legird to the limitations upon the Iui-
ficrial prerogative, audf the Constitution of the
'arliament, we shall dccidt) hereafter and shall
make proclamation in due time.
We perceive that the tendency of our people
is to ndvnnce too rapidly, and without that
ih,uht and coiicideratiou which alone can make
progress enduring, and wc warn our subjects,
liigh and low. to he mindful of our will, and that
those who may advocate eudden and violent
clianis, thus disturbing the peace of our realm,
will lall under our displeasure.
" Weezpressly proclaim this to our subjects.
''By Command of His Imperial Majesty,
(Signed) Sanjo Sanetomi,
First Minister of Stale.
" 12th day, 10th Month, 14tb year of Mciji.
(12th, October, 1881). "
The Mail remarks : ' Apart from the great
fact it announces, what strikes us most on reading
this rescript is, that it is at once aa evidence of
change and of stability. Of change, because it
promises Japan that, having passed from the
wretchedness of feudalism to the comparative ex
cellence of a liberal bureaucracy, ehe shall now,
at a fixed and not very remote date, asoend to one
of the higheMt types of polity a Constitutional
Government; of stability, because beyond all this
transition is discernible tbe sacred majesty of a
Monarcl-,whosc throne rests on the religious fait h
of bis subjects.
" That the terms of this rescript will meet
with universal approval is most unlikely. Fore
most among those who are sure to cry out against
it ii4 an unnecessary procrastination of tho na
tion's maturity, are the leaders of the Secret So
cieties the men who, seeing them elves in
competent to struggle to the surface in times ul
social tranquility, would lain stir up some tide of
disturbance for the sake of the wails its waters
may drift within their reach. To such as these
the last paragraph r the Imperial decree is spe
cially addressed. Tha Emperor tells his subjects
to reflect before they strctcli out too eager hands
towards a goal that precipitancy can only tend to
make more distant. They are not denied though
admonished in so many words, but the construc
tion of tho rescript cannot fail to suggest such
reflections. Its opening sentence carries the
minds of the people back to tho ages when social
freedom and political rightu were dreams that had
never visited the happiest sleeper, and bids them
draw a contrast between those evil diys and. these
later years of progress, which has naw come
within eight of us bourne. Japan is not to dis
sociate herself from her past. The law-abiding
reverence which, under the rule of one hundred
and twenty-two sacred monarchs. has grown into
an element of the national character, is nut to be
set aside r desnised but rather to be strengthened
by the contemplation of the channels into which
the Emperor's hereditary beneficence has been
directed. The reins of power were reassumed
fourteen years ago, and not to be held henceforth
by an autocrat, but to bo placed so soon as might
be, in the hands of his faithful people. If tho
achievement of the purpose that obtained at the
restoration has been somewhat delayed, the
gradual and unswerving steps by which it has
been approached, leaves no room to doubt its
ultimate consuuiation. Of those steps the nation
is reminded as an earnest of things awaiting it in
the immediate future. The programme is certain,
but it must be deliberate. Those whose voi es
have reached the throne from all quarters i f the
Empire, praying that the nation's expectancy may
60on be satisfied, can now look forward to the de
finite realization of their hopes, and it will be
for them to prove by their temperance and discre
tion that the period of their probation may be
shortened; while those, on the other hind, who
find delay intolerable because it prolongs their
own insignificance, are reminded that any advor
cacy of sudden and violent changes " will
inevitably incur the Imperial displeasure. '
Carious Particulars about Suicides.
Professor Morselli has just published a book
uoder the title of Suicide ; n Essay on Com
parative Moral Statistics.' The following ex
tract is from a review of tho work :
44 The analytical ' j art of Professor Morselli's
book commences with the p.iinful fact that 4 sui
cide has continually increased from the beginning
of the century, and goes on continually increas
ing in almost all the civ ilized countries of Europe
and of the new world.' He also holds that 'the
eertainty of the figures and the regularity ol the
progressive increase of suicide, from the time
when statistics were first collected to now, is such
and so great, even in respect to countries differ
ent in race, religion and number of inhabitants,
that it is not possiblo to explain it otherwise than
as an effect ut that unusual and complex influence
to which wc isivc tlie r.ame of civilisation." The
m st noticeable feature of the returns of suicide,
of which great numbers are collected and woiked
up into elaborate tables iu this work, is their
wonderful regularity. In this they surpass the
statistical returns of births, deaths and marriages.
This fact, observes our author, has been used by
many great statisticians to deny the reality of
independent human actions, and to declare that
the same laws exist in tlie moral as in the physi
cal world. It is wonderful to note, amid all the
diversity of causes which lead each individual
man or worn m to suiude, the unfailing regulari?
ty ol the rate per thousand per annum n the dif.
ferent nations. With ictjvet to tlie geiieral in
crease before mcutiutied it i:as to be remarked
that tlie returns from England and Wales form
an exception to this rule. They do not decrease,
but they show no noteworthy tendency to rise.
From this it would seem that there is a maxi
mum to the increase and that when this is at
tained the increase is cheeked. But without de
nying the significance of this exceptional case,
which is indeed the more exceptional from its oc
currence in a country which unce held such a
fatal notoriety for the frequency of its suicides,
the aggregate of all the returns supplies a law
which is thus formulated by u ir author.
It is ' that in the aggregate of the civilised states
of Europe and America the frequency of suicide
Bhows a growing and uniform increase : so that
generally, voluntary death, since the beginning
of the century, has increased, and goes on in-
erea-ing more rapidly t!,an the geometrical ug
aientatiaD ..' the popuUtiou and of be general
But it is t be remarked that the regularity
observable in the return., is i.ot tUawf uniformi
ty. Each staie has its own euL-id-. rate. n it
has its static iu-al rates of crime, marriage and
growth. ai;,l population. Ttiij. vamng rate in
different eta'es afford- the invr-i i,ator data
whence he is able to conclude, or m least con
jecture, the weight whien el-mate, rare, culture
and the other elements ut natural bfc have ... this
particular phen ouienon. The various influence
are examined by our author, bv whom they are
classed under the heads of 1." Ciwtnico-Natural
Influences; 2. Ethnological; 3, Social; 4, Biolog
ical and Social Conditions uf the Individual; 5.
Individual Psychological Influences, or determin
ing motive.-. To the common eve the litter ap
pear as the sole and sufficient causes, but bv the
scientific inquirer they are viewed as beir,g"coni
paratively of little importance.
' Giving out attention, then, first to the cos-uiico-natural
influences, w.e find these include
climate, with respect to w.iich the maximum of
favourable influence seems found in Europe at
ab out 50 or Iati-ude. The higher average of
suicides of the different states is found in those
provinces which are nearest tl e area of predi
lection.' ' Seasons and mouths are viewed as
influence on suicide. Season is anown to have a
very p.werful influence."
Earthquake at Tongataboo. Tbe mission
brig John Wesley, Iroui the New Hebrides, reports
that on the night or November 24 a severe shock
of earthquake was felt at Tongataboo. It was by
far the bcaviest shock experienced there during
the past twenty years, i'he John Wesley was
the only vessel anchored in the harbor at the
time. The shock was felt in an alarming manner
by those on board, but on shore the whole island
undulated the ground rising and falling with a
progressive motion like the waves ot' the sea,
making it impossible to stand. About lour miles
from the town of Neukalofa a large valley was
formed, where belore it was a level plain. The
weather two days before the occurrence was ex
tremely hot and sultry. S. M. Herald
Indian Coolies. The Government of South
Australia is about to take a decided step towards
the solution of the difficult problem ol providing
" cheap labor " for the Northern Territory. In
the past, Mennonites from Southern Russia,
Japanese, Kanakas, and Chinese have all been
suggested as desirable immigrants, but the pro
jects fur their introduction by the State fell
through, although the Chinese have succeeded in
obtaining a pretty firm looting by their own un
aided enterprise. Now that the sugur-giowing
industry seems likely to be established on a largo
scale m the North, the Government has deter
mined to despatch. Major Fergusaon to India to
try and arrange for a regular supply of oiolie
labor. .4 ustralauan.
How to Teach Reading. At a recent meet
ing of the St. Louis Pedagogical Society, the
question of readiug in the Public schools was
exhaustively discussed. One speaker wished for
reading with emphasie without stopping to spell
or explain. Reading, he thought, should be
taught in a manner similar to music. If music
was taught like tbe present system of reading,
the learner would be stopped at the end of each
chord, and questioned on the history and phi
losophy of music before going to the next chord
to obtain harmony and melody. Another teacher
said that often in his reading-classes be gave the
pupils newspaper and magazine articles to read
silently at first, and afterward aloud, such parts
as were peculiarly interesting to them, thus cul
tivating instructive reading. He claimed that
the best results aud fairest tests in reading were
obtained in instructive rather than in voice cul
ture reading. S. F. Bulletin.
The Visun roa Girls. A correspondent
writes to the Queen: " I do not know whether
it made much way in the provinces, ot which my
acquaintance and experience ere small, but in
and around London for twenty miles round there
is hardly a family, blessed with an average en
dowment of girls, in which one of them is not
learning or destined to learn the violin. I even
attend the practices of concerts given bv many
amateur musical societies iu and around London,
and generally find young ladies among the rank3
of the violin players. On all sides there is abun
dant evidence that the movement is general and
strong. The vi lin dealers and masters tell the
same story, and I cannot doubt that ten years
hence the violin will be far more common iu the
hands of younj ladies than it ever was in former
days among their fathers and uncles."
JJitsintss rt . mmts.
E. S. CUSHA.
RETAIL WINE DEALER.
TJ .N ION A 1 O t X,
.V THE RE JK Of HJfrjIljy (j .42.ET V E BUILD-
m LU, AO. 23 MERVHl.ST STREET.
jail 1 81
ED. HOFFSCHLAEQER & CO.,
M PORT Kit kU CW.MIs MKR-
JL Oil A .NTS.
Corner i: fori tu,l Mrrcliaol Strert.
j in I 81 ly
MRS, J. SIMMONS,
t'TIl P IT I I IIITUI
U1I IlliUh ll lL II
m ff-i i K U & 111
No. 31 Beretania Street.
M AN UF ACTOR Y and BAKERY,
Prartital Confectioner-, Pastry Cook and Baker,
No. 75 Hotel itreet, between Nuuanu and Fort.
jn 1 81
ticneral Busiucss Aacnt
! Collects AcCOIIIlt-S
Kent Room & House.
HONOLULU, H. I.
8 8 KINO STKKKT, OVER LVNCU'S 8H01t STORK.
A Nl- -
SPECIFICATIONS DRAWN UP!
Mrrhnaicul and Sutrrrar'a Drnwght
ing Dane, wnd Pinna Caaiirarlrd
frmu Flrl.1 alri.
FROTH, ITtLUX, tKR)IA., SPAMSII,
POUTltlllSE 1X1 CHI.XKSE.
Letters and DocumentH
Written In tbe above langoaf'a.
XT A I.L. TRANSLATIONS t liA R1XTKEU
Iind ItecorclH Hearched and
noli) Ioeliiit"ti- lt;u"itterecl. 3m
Ill v E RECEIVED A ' 1 SOW OFFER
f..r sale, bundles HOOP IRON of the fillowing- sinf: 2xr ,
2x1-16, lixl-18 Alao, oo hand sod for sale.
Eastern Shooks, Molasses Barrelj, all sizes;
Sugar Kegs, Jtc. Made to Order.
j. II. BKL'XS,
jaS8. 5 Kplnad.
fair A very Urge'Hsrtrn-.'iit of tine white ein
tiubroiJvius ut figures never offer e.l before, nt
Chs. J. Fi'HM-s" rcrt LAi; stoi.k.
PORTABLE OU PERMANENT
1"V f'l. LKGTIIS. II Ik. VAHI
J for ails ti arrive --r luk ol Atwrcorn frtxi
W. L. :Kf:K.. or
ti. . M A I TAULANK i Ct.
AfrtiU U.- Jntn foalcr Co.
KISTLER & SMITH,
NO. 69 H'fTKL PTREKT.
Plumbers & GrwiIttoi-4,
UE ALEKS IN
Stoves & Ranges,
T1X, SHEKT 1UOX Hl COPPER MIRE,
Keep Cor.tar,ily on funJ a Lurje tu l Superior i.irluinl of
tALVIMZElf lUOY aud LEAD PIPE.
I HAiE THIS DAY ESTABLISHED MYSELF
GENERAL COMMISSION AGENT,
Dealer in Dry Goods, Hardware, &
F. D'A. MARQUEZ.
IIOM' . I'U, RAl'i II A W All.
Aujuat 12th, 18S1. aogg7.6
IT I R, E ! !
Macntair i. I i Uan Safes,
Eire-proof, Hie i. Burglar Proof, L Burglar Proof,
smaller sizes constantly mi huixl.
Orders for Large Sizes Filled at Shortest Xotlce.
Old Safes Taken in Exchange.
Babcock's Fire Extinguishers !
Platforrt., Dormant, and Combination Ream Scales!
2ZT For I'ricea and Circulars, write to
C. O. HKKGKK,
General Agent for tlie Hawaiian Ialanda.
E. B. THOMAS.
BRICKLAYER & BUILDER.
1ARTICUL..R ATTEXTIOX PAID TO
getting Steam Boilers. Furnace, linker' Ovens and
Kangei, and all Winds of Heating Apparatus. Alao, Variegated
Concrete Sidewalks. All Work entrusted lo me will lie execu
ted promptly, and on reasonable terms.
Address through the Post Office Jan 1 81
Notice to Travellers!
MR. EE. F, WOOD
HAS BEEN APPOINTKD AGENT AT
MAHUKONA and KOHALA
S. F. IIOMIU' TIIUSFItE tO.
OFFICE AT OR. WIGHT'S STORK.
EaT" Baggage landed from the Steamer
and Delivered as per Aaddress:
S. F. & HONOLULU TRANSFER CO.
"Big Collar " Harness Shop
C . HAMMER,
8G KING STREET
PRACTICAL HARNESS MAKER!
Fine Single & Double Buggy Harness
Concord and Mule Harness
Plantation Harness of all sort3,
Riding Bridles, Saddles & Whips
Currycombs, Brushes, Saddle Cloths,
And erery necessary fr stable nse at
BEDROCK PRICES for CASH
HOT Repairing of erery description done in the best possible
Manner, with the best material", at lnw-st workmen's rates.
All Work Guaranteed or Exchanged
SS- Look for the 11 Big Collar"
jal 81 t
SIGN OF THE GOLDEN BOOT,
At No. 144 Fort Sit-rrl. opposite tbe
NEW GOODS !KEY GOODS ! !
riMIE I'XDERSICXEI) H.tSJI'sT REOKIVEU
al direct from f hi'del.bia nl I a iiornia Manufacturers,
a Terjr Superior Arsortment of
Ladies',. Misses and Children's Shoes
Gentlemen's & Youth's Boots & Shoes.
IN GREAT VARIETT.
ILL THE ABOVE .IT LOW PRICKS FOR taSH
FIRST GLASS BOOTS & SHOES
FOR LADIES, GENTLKMEN and CHILDREN.
GIVE ZUE J CALL !
STIIAXtttt TO SAY
Vickery's Fireside Journal
Has ilie I.arp st Circulation of any I'ictorial Paper on the
Islands. The intnci-tirg fkeichea and i-tor.e con
taine I iu Each Nuicb. r are il tlie moat instruc
tive nature, an.l the
Large Sixc Chromos
Kxcels anything erer giren away in this line.
Each Subscriber For Si. 25
Receive monthly a piper for a year, and with the
first number the Two Handsome Chromos.
XT Over 400 new Subscribers since November last, and
orders are daily coming iu.
JoSEPiH. WISKMAN, Agent,
jail 3m Office, 27 Merchant street, Honolulu, II. I.
IS? Thirty-two pieces all wool dress goods for
only 25 cents per yard, at Chi. J. Fishkls' popu
mJmk . mM big i- tj
JUST RECEIVED !
rx tteceiil Arrivals, a Urje Lot of CHOICa?
OAT?:, lilt A V, IIARI.EY.
C OR. UROl'M it KI EV.
II IT. KT. ' '-' KTC.
riiirli f rilil S.1I a I ')W f KentUt la
Tnn YOU f 1M.
AI.Mf, EX K A 1.1 K U a. TWO OF
Putnam it Co.'s Spring Brake
Carts, Easy, Light and
and rf i Mich SipfrUr to Ihf Onllaar) Tw
Wlirrlfd Carts as a Light Bn;z)
I., tn an Ox fart.
xvinii: & co.,
EST I. AS I OK.
Gcr mania. XVIarlict,
A IS EW IEIAKTUKI2
AM) 1RI.S1I, AEULY MIDF. EVERT HIT.
Oar Customers are informed that we
TO PAY SPECIAL ATTENTION
BRANCH of OUR BUSINESS,
Will Guarantee to Please with Our Goods
GIVE US A tMLL !
RAUPF & SCHRAEDER,
sel7 ly 85 lli-l .trret.
IESI'KCTEUI.I.Y INFORM THE I'l.'U-
tIC that they hare purchasrd the Establishment
NO. 127 EOIIT ST.,
KNOW N A3
S. D. Burrows' Planing Mill
And ar now prepared lo carry oo t'..e business f
Contractor & Builder
Under the rorKratlre Dam of
137 FORT ST., II O NO l.l 1.17.
And thai by strict attention lo liusiiit-si they will b. war
ranted In reducing prices to a standard that will mass It au
inducement for all parties wishing any work In ihelr Hue lo
give them a call, and they will use their best endeavors to giva
Planing, Shaping, Taming,
Band and Scroll Sawing,
Doom, Safch, Clludi,
Door and Window Franim,
Brackets, Ballastcm, SI airs, Etc.,
Hade to Order
MOULTDINGS &c FHSTIS1I
ALWAYS ON HAND.
rr All orders filled on short nothf , and Jabbing ur:optly
Mouldings made to any pattern without extra charge for
PRICE OF MACHINE WORK, 81.00 TO
$1.50 PEH HOUR.
CT O.ders from the other Islands promptly filled. Plans
aud specifications furnished to order.
C. J, II A RDKE.
nol2 1y II. F. UEKTELMAMN.
HIS OWN HORN !
By reading; of tbe vehicle of tbe nations of tho
Antique World, we learn that their chariot wheels
were made of solid block of wood, similar to those)
made up by tbe schoolboy of to-day ia bis first
effort at carriage miking ; and it must be laid,
notwithstanding the progress made in the means of
locomotion in these modern tifin-s, ibe primitive
solid block wheels are still in use in tbe wine grow
ing Islands of the Eastern Atlantis, and on tho
coast of Africa. However,
M. J. ROSE,
in bis istabliebment on King Street, offers tho
finest specimens of mo'lern art in carriage maou-
mi-iure. tie presents toe nnnesi remove from ins
uii'i uiuua, iu me prouHuuuii ut i no mom pencoi
combination of lightness and strength io hlig
wheels, and otters the most surprising results of
vehicular iiiectiunistn in bis admirable
.11 ule Curt, fiiil
MR. ROSE imports th.fe beat of East.rn
timber, and executes all orders in the
most thorough, j workmanlike man
ner. He hias also opened a
and jwill fill orders for
Fine SiiWlc :in
Anl all Iciiid or
As we are frugal in our style, we can
afford to sell cheap. You can go farther
and fare worse than by calling on
IV.. J. ROSE,
aug27.tf 8. SI A 83 USQ STBXET.