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r R r tat - A t "C 1 T T C TV i .r
r p T P O r M 1
PACIFIC COMMMERCIAL A'D VERTl SEU, APRIL -22
Ckxekai. IVt Ornrr.
Hoxoiclc, Atril 13. 1 .
Sib, Maj I he allowed to a.sk space ia the
column of jour valuable jonrmtl for the in
rtioD of the accotnpanrin,; treatise rn jtH
xuattara from the atle p-n of onr t.n,mau, Mr.
After careful jruftal ot the !.., us ript. I
deem that the publication of the h.iU;i will I of
great Talue to the public.
I hare tLe honor to be, Sir,
your oWtli-iit nervant,
Joas M. Ktcixt,
To the Honorable Walter M. Mlmi. Editor of
the Iciric Commercial Aiv,.lti,m:, H .n
lulu. H. I.
DUTIES, SUGGESTIONS, AND INNOVA
TION'S RESULTING FROM THE UNI
VERSAL POSTAL UNION.
Ittbodcctoet Nrw Dents Imposed ox the
AlMrxItTBATIOX Bt THE U.MOV.
To Iht Honorable PutlmattT-Gtutral, JIoho'uIh :
Si. The conxtitutiou of the Universal Postal
Union now real I j univna!, for, outsi.l.- of the
Australian colonics, only two civilized countries,
via and Costa Rica, reinaiu ont of it lun
justly been termed the motit wonderful and must
important event of history. It wonld be us less
here to insist on the advantages which Lave
caused the success of the Union, and realized
the difficult Laak of blending and hartuoiiiziiiK
the different, sometime eotitlictiuy, interests ot
bo many nations. These advantages are chiefly
that all the membera nre ilac-l on the haine
footing, no matter what may be the difference of
population, territory, or wealth ; and that the
uma regulations are applied everywhere with
tbe name guarantees for the public
The first general result of the Union is, that
all the postal administrations who participate in
it have teen enticed, if not morally bound, to
adopt the beat improvements and extensions
which may exist in any other country, and even
to accept thing to which they had hitherto ln
constantly opposed. Hence, new prospects and
duties are imposed on all the Administrations,
who vie with each other for modifying their old
internal regulations, so as to make them accord
with the new international ones, and for intro
ducing entirely new features, beneficial both to
the Seats and to the public. The progresses of
one impose themselves on alt the others, and
now, in this branch of public services more than
in any other of our modern times, the a.la,'c is
found true : "He falls back who does not keep
up progressing. "
The entrance of the Hawaiian Kingdom into
the Universal Postal Union has, consoqncntly.
thrown open on the Administration yon so ably,
intelligently, and progressively direct, these new
duties and prosjwets. the most imjvortant of
which is actually the study of all the improve
ments the postal services here ore snsceptible of.
The sentiment of this obligation has led you to
aak me to study the different features of the postal
services abroad, and signal the points which
might appear susceptible of being imitated or
introduced ia the Hawaiian service, at once or
la a near future.
This task I now undertake, after a cureful ex
amination of the Regulations of the different
States, and a diligent perusal of the valuable
documents and information contained in that
excellent organ of the Universal Posted Union,
the journal L' Union Fottate, published at ISern
with much talent by the worthy " Rureau Inter
national." The most remarkable feature of the modern
pout-office is that, whilst the main object of the
institution was and is still the safe and rapid
distribution of letters and correspondence of all
nature (the true "mail matter"), the actual
tendency of the times is to adopt and include
in its services ssjAisy. which, under the shape
of presenting more adequate intermediary for
communications between the pnblic, will also
pro luce Joes or commissions, in fact anything
which will be a gain of money to the Adminis
tration as well as a benefit to tbe people.
Thus, we have seen the postal transactions,
from the simple act of carrying letters, gradually
1 To distributing articles of value, papers,
mall samples, larger packages of merchandise ;
2 To collecting drafts, bills, etc., and taking
subscriptions to national and foreign publica
3 To remitting money orders, receiving
money on deposit, (savings banks) and lastly
emitting letters of credit.
Accordingly, to follow the universal move
ment of the age, the task of a Post-master Gen
eral is not only to attend to the perfection of the
workings of his department, but also to be ou
the look out and ask the Government to be
allowed to adapt any idea or tuggeslion which in
accomodating the public and helping the com
merce and transactions of the country, will also
be a source of revenue for his department.
Here, however, according to modern views,
the purely financial side of the I'ostal Adminis
' tration. the ambition of keeping the receipts in
advance of the expenses, ought not to be the
chief object of a Postmaster-Generlal's attention,
and this is specially true since the Universal
Postal Union. A frequent consequence of the
accession of second class countries to the Union
has been an augmentation of expenses, together
with a decrease of receipts. This however, must
not stop a Postmaster-General for two reasons :
1st. That experience has already shown that this
depression in an otherwise well-orgauized
admirdstrution is very soon ended, the advant
ages of the system and the augmentation of traf
fic resulting from it very quickly increasing the
revenue so as not only to cover the expenses,
but to bring in a constantly increasing net profit
to the Government. 2d. Because the advantages
derived to a nation from increased postal facili
ties are such that it is a question, not only
whether all the receipts of the service ought not
to be expended for tbe nse and improvement of
the same, but also whether it would not 1hj l t
ter to pay fer it out of the public finances so as
to carry the service to its highest point of cr
fection. even at the cost of a deficiency, inas
much as the taxes paid by th-a jn-ople for this
purpose would be the most equitable of all gov
ernment taxation. Thus the journal L' Union
PoUl says : "The fact of raising or reducing
the postal rates or the postal expenses is a
financial question which concerns the Govern
ment more than the Postal authorities, for it
belongs to the Minister of Fiuauce to kuow
whether in order to maintain the financial
balance of the Budget, the Post aiutbes source
of revenue or not, or whether it should not more
nrperly be a charge on the State, similar to the
"T, the Navy, the administration of Justice.
etc.si ja many civilized countries, from
natural anQltie, the Pot-f&ce has never
been a P&;itirntion. ami nevertheless, even
in the poorest St-w governments think it
their just duty to kce,: np ,.,. in,rrore jt a
much as possible, and -sijjttJj the people
cheerfully pay their share of for thu .
pose. Thus Greece. Russia, an. -. uav. a
yearly deficit in their postal services. J - - w .,
as the United States h.ve. The modest l- i-,
lie of Columbia counted in lTS an excess of t .w
peoditure over th receipt iu the it.il depart
ment of about )O,0t 0. and yet this same conn
try did not hesitate to venture into perhaps
. - - - . a .
further sacnttces to belong to til L niversui
I'ostal Union. I don't expert however, that in
Hawaii the present situation will !e much
changed by the accession to the Union. New
expenditures will be incurred, it is true, but nts
new receipts will be mad, socially if the Gov
ernment promptly introduce some of the mat
urgent improvements which can be uctrd
from the experiences of other countries. Many
other desirable features and propositions will
come as soon as pessible, but in their trine, fr
it is not a necessity to make at one ull the
modifications possible. All the P..st-office
Administrations of the world havu proceeded
gradually or partially, and their efficuncy
baa improved with their prudence; new sug
gestions have often been tried between a few
local Post-offices only before being adopted
Ixtxbsai. Sebvice-s, Monopoly.
The first question which naturally presents
itself to the attention of the Hawaiiati Adminis
tration is that of tbe Pottul Monopoly. AH gov
ernment reserve to their Postal Administra
tions the txclutip right of carrying and di
tributing the correspondeuc of the public, and
al ns of this privilege, the more
more tv-rfet t are the fostal in-.fi.
tr.tiotjs. Heavy penalties are edu ted against all
unlawful currying or distribution of articles f.ill
n. g tmd. r the postal ivileg.. Here it seems
that tj:ore striiigent prohibition f.,r currying
I. tiers f rom one ilmd to unother, outside of the
Tost-ojlice ouLt to be enforced, except in ca--.es
where the Post-office does not ufford the public
all th" ine-kin of satisfactory transmission.
The rext question is the treatment of the
x.iaiU on thtir arrival and departure.
Reception or Mails.
It does not seem that anything can be sug
gested, from the practise of foreign administra
tions, to improve the actual mode of reception
fr ..m the steaiuers. The mails are sent for as
so.ii as the vessels are within reach, and landed
with uil the rapidity compatible with the man
a.;eii.er,t of the boats, the crews of which well
d--. rvethr thanks t the public, especially in
it, of had weather, late arrivals, etc. Thesort
nUo stems to be conducted with intelligence
an. I so as to employ the activity of all the forces
Only one thin might be suggested to alleviate
the unavoidable crowding of the public at the
listributiug windows on mail days, when every
person who has Uot the privilege of u letter box
Is eager to be served first. This would bt- to
follow on a very muail scale, the example of all
large towns, where oue distinct distributing
window is attributed to each letter or a couple
of Utters of the alphabet. Here, the actual dis
tributing window at least, if not the two front
windows iuiht, by some outside perpendicular
riti.-'ngs to separate the public, be divided into
two sections, i;iid a ceitain number of letters of
the alphabet, indicated outside on the top of the
win. low, to be attributed to each section, with a
Kpei-ial clerk in attend nice, whose duty it would
! not to serve people calling for their letters at
the wrong window.
Honolulu1 Letter Cakkieks.
The next thiug well worth the most urgent
attention of the Government would be the dit
Iribulion of mail matter in town by rftt'ributon or
" That the employment of a sufficient number
of carriers to ensure frequent communications,
by post, between residents of a town covering a
large extent of territory always results iu a large
profit, has amply been demonstrated by expe
rience ; Furnishing the means whereby cor
respondeiH e may le reudily distributed, acts as
nn incentive to the writing of letters which
otherwise would have remained unwritten ; '
The free-delivery service, as a whole, has be
come ( iu America) a source of revenue instead
of an item of exj;iise.' " Such are the terms
iu which the town-delivery system is charac
terized by Postmaster-General Th. L. James.
(Annual RejMrt. Washington, lrtM")
It i-t su peril nous to enumerate the disadvan
tages of the actual state of things here, but it
will le projMT to say that Honolulu is, in this
respect. In a worse condition than the smallest
village iu Europe ; and I think that, if not an
alsolute necessity for this community, it would
lMr a most successful and. at any rate, interesting
r-xjeriuicut to undertake the distribution of
letters, 1m ginning at first with only one distri
bution a day. To produce at once the greatest
amount of usefulness, the trial ought to include
the whole of Honolulu territory, town and
snhnrlss ; these hist Ix ing exactly the parts that
would be the most leiiefited, and would give the
greatest receipts, by supplying one of the most
decided wants of all the residents who live the
farthest from the center of the town.
The Honolulu territory might be, for this pur
msc, divided into five districts : Honolulu
central, right ami left of Fort-street ; Nnusnn
Avenue, np to Queen Emma's residence ; Palama,
up to Three-mile House ; Waikiki Reach ; and
Makiki anil Manoa, up to Kamoilili Church.
To Wgiu with, two letter-carriers on horse
back might be deemed sufficient for the work ;
aiul if the Government were unwilling to furnish
or maintain horses. I shall very earnestly call tbe
attention of the authorities to the fact, officially
recorded in the journal L' Union I'ottale, that
during th'. past year, iu a great oi'tny localities
of the Rritish Kingdom, to give relief to the
letter-carriers, who hitherto made their rounds
on foot, and to accelerate in a very notable pro
jsjrtion the distribution of the mails, Tbictcles,
i.e., three-wheel velocipedes, have been furnished
by the jHstal department to the carriers. Tri
cycles have u I so been adopted with success in
different cities on the European continent, and I
hope that after such examples and authorities
Ijefore ns. I shall not be deemed visionary, to
suggest that the thing might be tried here with
just as much reason, on the level streets and good
roads of Honolulu. Velocipedes are, to say the
least, as fast as horses, they do not require feed
ing and they are not supposed to break as often
and as irremediably as horses die. Moreover the
novelty of their use would most likely help to
secure the services of good carriers.
If the Government were unwilling to make the
trial of local distribution on the ordinary terms
of drop letters, vtz., ou the free delivery princi
ple, wnicn l osimnsier-iieuerai James proclaims
1 . .1 t A
to im3 a sure source oi revenue-iuey migui reu-
der the receipts more apt to cover the expenses
by d. ciding that nil local letters, the senders of
-io... no... .y "
j.iiiuic itwuriiira, u ..i,
oe prepaid ny a uouo.e i.e., io crui .
and evidently nobody would refuse to pay an
u...u.u v. -
ponuence oeuig immeuiaieiy auu me.jr c.e-
livered. ... . , .
jio.eo.v. ...v- e,o.o..s ... "-""i-rv". " . "
present have to pay eacu tneir own uisinouiors.
and who, notwithstanding, have their work clone
iu a very inefficient way, and within only short
distances from the othces, would probably bo
quiie wioiiiy uiu.....,.
liable mode of delivery and thereby a greater
number ot subscribers, by giving up their pre
sent mode. They then would gladly adopt the
intermediary of the regular, faithful and respon
sible i)stal letter-carriers, and turn over to the
post office, in the shape of a slight postage on
each puer, the money they are now standing
for their private carriers, thus helping the postal
authorities to cover the new expenditure. Tho
distribution of onr local papers might be paid
lor to the jost either iu the French mode, a
special lvost.ige stamp being affixed on each
paper, or in the English or American style, by
contracts, payable monthly.
As the letter-carriers would also have todistriuute
foreign mails.in w hich i many articles insufficiently j
prepaid may have to le paid by the receivers, to
avoid delays that might occnr from the difficulty
of getting' the change, I shall remark that iu
Rritish India, it is forbidden to the letter-carriers
to deliver the taxed corresjioudeuce, except
against payment in ready fractions of money ;
thev are not allowed to wait for or to make the
small change, but iu case the receiver not Wing
able to find it himself, the correspondence is
carriel back to the office and kept nutil the next
Letter-carriers are generally Iouud to carrt a
stiK-k of usual iostage stamps, which they sell
to meet the public wants.
According to the rules based on long ex
erience. it has always been found that, if the
wearing of a uniform is not tiecessary for the
post.d officers iu the office, it is best to insure
protH-r consideration to letter-carriers by a clear
distinctive sign, generally a hat or cup of uniform,
like th- soldier's ; furthermore they are to be con
sidered as sworn public servants, and eventually
ui.iy W called on outside of their service-hours
to lend a hand to the police forces.
The institution of tsistal letter-c arriers in 1
Honolulu would naturally lead to the iutrodu.-- j
tioii of isolated U'.'tr box-1, to receive the letters ;
to !. mailed or distributed iu town. These J
boxes would have to te regular! v visited and
' -ied (twice a day from the first) by the letter- ,
twns i'heir daily round trips, though in large
i ' .' f'"i7tsines is often independently done
by Hstai diffrrt-ut from the letter- :
Two general kiuds . . .
I foreign countries : the stt.h- IT vail it.
1 rural puri-osc. shut by a door k'; usually for
cojtei.ts of which are taken onl tykuJ the
able to handle the lttters.which from the bo
I direct into the bag carried by the agent, aud thi
bag shuts automatically w hen taken away Irom
i the lox and can bo opened only nt the central
; office. This is to prevent robbery of letters,
i Two systems have been invented on this auto
; m.itic principle : the Swedish, very complicated,
expensive and easily put out of order, aud the
Italian, the adoption of which I should recom
mend, if it was deemed necessary to use here
I such costly contrivances.
i The question of the isolated letter-boxes
i brings us to say a word of the moutts into which
' the letters are thrown in nt the Central Post-
office. Two are now in use without any special
attribution : letters for the islands or for the
foreign mails are dropped iu promiscuously. If
we were to follow the example of other countries
)U this matter, the public would be required to
make themselves a preliminary sorting (which
would help fhe work of clerks) by merely re-
all are very j
mj even a th
s-rving one of the mouths for the internal letters,
and th-1 othr specially far theforeign m.iil with
proper indicati..n outside, as to their separate
use. Another mouth might sjn-cially be njieiied
for the late hVtrt of whii h we sh ili trent here
after. The special attributions of the different
mouths, unimtMjrLaiit in ordinary tiuiei. would
be very Useful in the hurried tidies of mail days,
and wheu the office is closed.
I STF. li-LsLA N l DLsTHIBL'TION
Alout the inter-island distribution and over
IsjkI services. I have found iu the foreigu practise
only two suggestions noteworthy. That those
services might be extended and improved, is not
doubtful, but the acting according to the wants
of the different localities is the best guide iu the
matter. As to what regards the material posi
tion and welfare of the postal servants on the
other islands. I shall refer to the part treating of
the po-tnl forces.
The most important suggestion aMut Inter
island communications to be derived from foreigu
examples is the creation of what I shall be
allowed to term flailing ifxcn. The invention
of rapid communications by railways and steam
ships has necessitated in all civilized countries
the institution the " route ageut " service and
miting post-offices, "bureau umhulauts," viz.,
places in the railway cars and on the ships,
where Selected postal servants handle the mail
matter, anl prepare the different packages that
are to be leit at intermediate loiuts. IJy this
means, on a railway or on a river or coasting
line, correspondence from one point to anothr-r
can be immediately distributed without going to
the extremities of the line. An application of
this system would be very useful here, on board
some of our local steamers for the iuter-islaud
communications, and letters from Hawaii to
Maui, or tice-vtria, could be distributed without
having, as now is the case, to pass through
Honolulu. Probably, at first, one officer would
be sufficient for each trip ; and perhaps, for
making the trial, he might be selected among
the officers of the ships themselves, properly
compensated by the Postal Administration, and
responsible to it. In support of this innova
tion, I shall only refer to one of the most power
ful arguments in favor of the letter-carriers ;
" f u nishiug facilities for the quick distribution
of mails acts as an incentive to the writing of
letters which otherwise would have remained
unwritten." Moreover, in reference to this very
same " route agent " system, the General Super
intendent of Washington says : " All the records
of the Department show that every increased
facilities for the exchanges of mails have been
followed by an iuerease of revenue .ir greater
than the expenditure " . . . " the expense
of salaries to the route agents is more than made
up by the augmented revenues."
Iu prevision of the accession of the Hawaiian
Kingdom to the Convention of lh.s,0 on the
Parcel Pott, as will be seen further, it will be
necessary to give to the overland messengers
extra facilities for carrying enlarged and heavier
mails, aud exact from them more regularity than
shown at present. It will, therefore, be well for
the Administration to study what features could
be introduced here of " Messager.es " or "Dili
gences " system of Europe such as principally
worked ou a large scale by Germany and Switzer
land, or of the exprfMB mailt, as practised by
America, or again of the Indian Carrying Agency,
or "bullock train." It does not seem impos
sible that iu a short time some of those messen
gers who now ride upon the best aud easiest
travelling roads of the islauds, between the luost
important localities, might be furnished with a
very light car instead of a horse only. On these
cars, one or two seats might be managed for the
public, and the fare, whether going to the Mes
senger (American plan) or to the I'ostal Admin
istration (European plan) would help to pay the
expenses and maintenance of those postal lines,
whilst better and quicker communications for the
mails and convenient accomcMhition for the tra
vellers would be insured. And if regular strate
gical roads or tramways were established around
the islands, it would be the duty of the Depart
ment to see according to the European examples,
whether for the good of the public and the in
terest of the Treasury, all these new arteries of
communication ought not be used by the post,
not only for the transmission of mails, but also
for the regular conveyance of travellers.
What the People Say.
We invito rxpreiuiinnii of opinion from tbe public upon
11 ubjerts of general lutrrent fur innertiou under this
lirad of tbe Advebtiseu. tfiu b couiinuiiii-atiuus nboulil
be authenticated by tbe name of tbe writer as gua
rantee of good faith, but not necessarily for publica
tion. Our object is to offer tbe fullest opportunity for s variety
of popular diacuaaion and inquiry.
To all imjulrera we kball endeaviw to furnish Informa
tion of tbe moat complete charai tor on any subject iu
which tbey may be interested.
Editob, The system of transporting
, nluterial by IueaUlJ of nu euaesi traveling wire
has been well and thoroughly tested during
th t , m ( ,0) uudt.r a variety of circniu.
stances which nave proved its economy, simpli-
citv and advantages.
The .Elldless Ropeway" introduced in the
18?1 bv Mr Hallidie has been in operation
for ten years (IU) ami proved itself in every way
tbe most r.iiaule economical and simple mode
of conveying material of all descriptions that
can be conveyed in reasonable sized packages.
The principles of its operations will bear the
trictMt criticisiii, and an examination of the
same . 8kinstl aml S(.jt.utiiic mechanics will de-
monstrate the great advantages over the many
1 methotls now in operation for similar purooses.
Its mode of operation may be briefly summed
as follows : "An endless wire rope is supported
at intervals of from 150 feet or more on grooved
wheels or sheaves, which are secured to the
ends of cross arms elevated on suitable posts or
towers about sixteen (1C) feet above surface ob
structions of the ground. The bights of the
endless rope are placed around eud sheaves, or
grip pulleys, placed horizontally, one at each
extremity of the Hue.
The endless rope is thus passed around hori
zontal eud sheaves or grip pulleys, and is sup
ported betwoeu these end sheaves at proper inter
vals, on beaming sheaves of such proportions that
the friction is reducod to a minimum. The office of
L enJ of ,, u u tr.uismit power to or
I f a. ma iriu oinlLuu i mo Cft lk t lllil fitrkA I'llitir
I It' II J tUC VtlA4l xr,9 a.uia.v uu ' viijli'i
! slip iu tho grooves of the pulley and the speed
: of the rie can be regulated by it. The conveyers
I or carriers used for moving the material, the"
form of which is regulated by the character of
: the material to be moved and attached to the
i rope by means of steel clips of peculiar form at
distances regulated by amount of material to
: le removed.
j It will be seen that when the rope is set in
I motion, either by . gravitation or other motive
, power, the rope moving at an uniform rate of
i speed of about two hundred (200) feet per miii
' ute, it will carry with it the conveyers, which
' can be loaded as tbey pass, and at the point of
of discharge are unloaded automatically.
In the adaptation of this system for trans-
porting canes, that ortiou of the line required
; for loading, is brought to within easy reach of
; the persons who place the canes in the coutain
j ers as they pass. Ry placing the containers
: fiftv (50) feet apart each containing two hun-
J dred (2O0) pounds there will be delivered every
j minute eight hundred (S00) pounds or tweuty
i four (24) tons per hour, or two hundred and
forty (240; tons in ten ( 10) hours.
When the point of discharge is lower than the
point of loading the ropeway will run by gravi
tation if the angle of descent exceeds eight (S)
Special necessities exist for the use of the
Hallidie system in all couutries where the
obstacles to railroads or other methods are diffi
cult to overcome, or when a cheap and certain
line of transport is required to work at all times
and is not effected by heat, cold, or rains. A
mile of rtqeway consisting as it does of an end
less cable, it w ill be seen that while one side is
approaching you the other is receding you, and
can be so arranged, movinz in auv direction.
fuming any angle and virtually serving the same
as two iz) miles of any other means of
lion. In other words, in a mile of
iu length- 'u, the roie is in reality firo miles
After two Weatern" m
they got together for an athVpters bad fought,
affair, and before they gut thro chat over the
and sailed m ; and the man who golT got mad
tbe ring licked the winner of the figftved in
pieces. And it just disgusted his fiiends to tnJo
he did it alter they had paid their bets. Makes
a difference with a man's fighting whether lie's
mad or not.
1" The best Percale shirts, extra ccffs . and
two collars, for only $1 50, at Chas. Fishels'
No-tick U bcrf-by fcivm that I. B. PicTEaaoa. Eaq.. ia
arpoino-d Annuat Pootmaater tienral and Chi( Clark
of the Pot'. Department of tbia Kingdom.
JOHN M. KAPENA.
Approved : Poatiusatar Oancral.
'. N. Akxaraos-o.
Ml alitor of th InUrior.
Gen. P. O.. Honolulu, April 10th, 13Ji. apM at
OffiiI.il notification Laving ba made to tbia
Lepartmei.t by Hrtri Fear, Conaul aad Cooi-
tuiioner of i raa.-e. that, by virtu of powera conferred
upon bliu by the Freer b Counlar Regulation, be baa
HoiuteU Mjijk. Loci GciBtuT to all tba Omen wf Act
inrf I'haucelier of the ' reach Legatlou In tbia Kingdom.
Notice is hereby given, that tbe aaid Xioua. Louia
Ouibert Las been rei.-gDieJ a Siting Cbaacellcr of tba
French Lerfatiiu, aforai.l. au.l all persona are required
to take m.tice of tuia fact, aud reapect bia authority
accordingly. w. L. OBKEN.
Minister of Foreign Affair.
Department Foreign Affairs, Honolulu. April 11, lgs-J.
J. E. Keaweahawaii h beeu this day appointed Pound
Master for the Dixtrict of South Koua. Inland of Hawaii,
vice Kaaip.isa, resigned.
Ooverneaa of Hawaii.
IUlo, Ftb. 23, ls.
V. N. AKMaTBoxo.
aps3i Miniater of Interior.
We, Kiui iu, by tbe Grace of Ood, of tba Hawaiian
Inlands. King, it., proclaim :
'1 bat it is Our pleaK.ire. in pursuance of Our Constitu
tion, tbat tbe Members of tbe Legislative Aaaembly of
Our Kiugdoiu do a&aeuible, at tbe Legislative Halt at Our
Capital of Honolulu, for tbe dispatch of public buaineaa,
at 12 o'clock noon on SATl'KDAY, tbe 29tt day ef April.
A.D. Eighteen Hundred aud Eighty-two.
Givcu under Our Royal Sign Manual, at Our
i'alace lu tbe City of Honolulu, thii 21 at
Seal day of February. ISHi, and th Ninth Tear
of Our Kelgu.
liy tbe King :
Tbe Minister of the Interior,
W N. ABSsiiasa. U '
Honolulu. H. I., Feb. lltb, lSS-i.
JOH II. UKOWV, Inspector ef Weight and
Measure, for tbe lland of Oahu 103 Beretania Street.
Orders may be left at ibe Police Station. July9,l,tf
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List of Licenses Expiring in April, 1882.
1 Wing Wo Tal it Co, Nuuanu Street.
1 Aliua, WaJewa. Ewa
1 M Mclneray, cor ort and Merchant Sta.
1 Look Moon. Miller Street.
1 11 Ehlers & Co. Fort Street,
'J i B Smyth, Moanalua
i Akaihuua. Waikiki-kai
3 Vim yuon, cor Maunakea aud Queen 8ta
3 Ah Leung, Xuuauu Street,
3 Akeong & Ah ITook. Beretanla Street.
6 Dillingham & Co. Fort Street,
tf U Hammer. King Street.
7 J J Weik. King Street.
7 J Xott Co, Kaabumanu Street.
8 Woo C'boug & Co, Heretauia Street.
9 Huiobaua, Kabana, Koolaupoko
9 Pupuawa, Late, Koolauloa
10 Chung Faa, Nnuanu Street,
11 Kun Wa. King Street, l'alama
11 Ching Hing Cboong. Nuuanu Street,
1-2 Goo Kliu. Nuuanu Street.
14 Seu cnong. Nuuanu Street.
13 A Kraft. Hotel Street,
15 M Dickson. Fort Street,
IS Long Kee, Beretania Street,
19 John Goveire. Kalibi. Oahu
20 Kwong Man Yuen, Nuuanu Street,
l G B Koekoe & M B Kookanaloa, Puaaluu
21 Sing Hop Sing. Hotel Street,
26 Abo, Waiau, Ewa
27 Daniel Hauley. Valley Home, Nuuanu
2S Sn Ping. Alakea Street,
30 Ting Sang Tong, Maunakea Street.
1 T H Hobmn. Kahuluif
1 C ti Dickey. Paia, Uainakualoa
14 J Grunwald. Kipabulu, Mana
15 M U Correa, Kipabulu, Hana
27 C'bong Sum, Lahaina
1 Tin Vik Tong. Hilo
6 Fac C bong. Niulii, N Kobala
7 A wans, Hilo
21 Apana Uapai. Hilo
22 On t'bong k Co. Haualel
23 Ja M Gibaon. Hanalel
-25 J M Wright. Kolos
5 Nee Shin. N Kobala
6 Chang Sun, Lahaiua
M Woo C'bong k Co. Beretania Street, Honolulu
If. Williaui Jobnaon. Hotel Street, Honolulu
19 Apana. Kukmbaele. Hainakua
2C IngChou?, Kapaia. Lihue
27 Aloiau. Kapaa, Kawaibau
2S Nam ChoDg i; Co, cor Maunakea & King 6U, Honolulu
PORK BUTCH KR.
20 Ao, Piihonna, Hilo
-2S Tin Young, Kaneobe, Koolaupoko
22 Kaawa, Hilo
1 Wing Wo Tai A Co, Nuuanu Street, Honolulu
11 II Hackfeld k Co, cor Queen and Fort Streets
4 M Kepoikal. Wailuku. Maul
12 (1 S Piukbaru. Koloa. Kauai
13 E P Adams. Honolulu. Oahu
23 T J Hayaeldeu, Kobala. Hawaii
4 Lokana, Molokai
2 Akai. Molokai
t Ahoi. Waikiki i
2 -7. Waialmi
2i Hoi . Laalna
8 J R Holt f. , Kona, 6&- HS.
11 Kila, Haiku, Maui
GOVE U X .11 E T LOTS
On W ednesday. May 3rd. 1.2. at 12 M.. at tbefr. Lt eu-
!l,n"'or AluoUa Hle. wil fc'H at Public .;,cti..n,
BllLDnt LOTS OX kTLlOKlHl I PLUN.U1S
St'i 117 A YD 118 OX THE yilktSlDK
OK Ll.MLILO STBKCT. lfEr
PRICK, 3i0 EAf.'l.
Alao UE LOT of land containing 5 ST-l.O acre
mauka of and adjoining Lots 404 and 4o.i. ad per Govern
ment Survey klap of Kulaokikua PUiu. I pset price
One-fourth rash and the balance in i.ne. two and three
yeara. with interest at 9 per cent per aumiiii and ui rt
gage on the property. M . N. AKMS TkONci.
Minister of Intrru.r.
Department of the Interior. April I. li.;. j i it
SALE OF GOVERNMENT LANDS,
Ou WEDNESDAY. April 2;th. at 12 Ji., at the irvut en
trance of Aliiulaui Haie. will be mlJ at public auctiou.
12 BUIL.D1NQ LOTS. IVoa. 21, 222, 223. 224,
225, 226, 24e, 247. 24S. 249, 250 and 251, situ
ated on Beretania, Keeauaioku, and Young:
streets, Kulaokahua Plains, at au upset pri. e of
TtRMS; One-fourth Cat-b aud tbe balance iu one, two
and three yearn, with iutrret at 9 percent, per annum
and mortgage on tbe property.
M. N. ARMSTRONG.
Minister of Interior.
Department of Interior, Mar. 21st. 12. 'siarC". 3t
DESIRABLE INVlilSTIIENTS, EXE
CUTORS' SALE OF REAL
KV VIK r I K ith" AN OKDKK OK Sll.i:
URlNftl) mi the 2H: h d-ty ( March. 1SS2. ly the
Hou. 4. Francis Ju.ld, Chief Jail. c of the Supreme C-url,
iUinf a Ju.ljeia t'rble. Tbe un.lri purl will sell at
Public Auctiou at tht front door of Aliiulaui Hale, at 12
'clock at noon
ON WEDNESDAY, APRIL 26th. 1882-
for cash, on ax. cutioa of the Title De. il All th 4 !!
of Land atuate ou King I reel H.inolulu. within 15 miu-ile
walk of the Pil nffi.-e having rrotitace on King street, nearly
oppuaite th" reaiileoce of the late Joph Cooke.
Lot 1 Ha a frontage to Kim trert of 93 feet and a depth
running S.W. 193 feet ou the Fuuiri side m.d ..u the S K.
aide 212 feet and in the rear ou the 8E l f-et.
Lot 2 A.tjoins Lot 1 and fronts mi King ilreei 93 feet witn
depth of 212 feet along Lit 1. and u the nmkai fJe iW f . et
and '231 6-10 feet along fence adjoining Ijine to King atrret.
Lot 3 Also fronton on King ' reet, 91 feet with a depth "f
131 feet along the fnce ru ining along the Lane to angle of
fence Thence S K. 77 feet along the tnakai p .rtiou oflhi
Lot aloog fence. Thence 142 6-10 fe t al.ng Lot 4 to King
Lot 4 Frout on King street. 96 feet running S.W. 161
8-10 feet, thence runniug N.W. 9tf feet .mg the tnakai por
tion of tbe Lot; tbrcce N.K. 142 feet to King street.
Title perfect Deed at the expense of the purchaser
Maps and Specification can be seen on apphcttiou lo
JNO. E. BARNAUL),
Clerk Supreme Court and Executor of the Will of usin
March 20, 1SH1. apl 3l
Be it known that tbe Government Pound formerly lo
cated at Hookena, South Kona, Hawaii, Las been removed
to the land of Kealia, In South Kona, Hawaii, near the sea
shore, by the Government road, where tbe Pound Master,
t. E. Keaweahawaii, will attend to all busiuens connect
ed therewith. Kekavlikc.
Governess of Hawaii.
W. N. AuilSTBONG,
ap8 3t Minister of Interior.
xyi. iJ. ROSE
NEW ltOlE--OTTEllIXG TIILTII!
MA XT YEA RS AGO, WHEX I WAS AN
apprentice in '47 and '43, we shop boys used to go Conn
banting down on the South Brapch of the Karilan River, near
Cull'a Mills, Near Jersey, go one night we tracked an old
Coon to s large Sycamore or Buttonword tree, we found
where tbe old Coon went in. The bole was about one hun
dred and aeventy feet from the ground. " Hold on Hose, can
not you take off a few inches oi that." No. I don't think I
can unless that Carriage Maker that established a Carriage
t-nop in Eighteen Hundred and xty-ftve in Honolulu, if
be coiiie d .wn four or five years, I then will drop f.om foe.
to five feet At any rate the ho'e aas so high that mine of us
boys could get toil. We called on the owner of the tree and
he would not allow the tree to be cut. We heard the story,
and our blond waa rtirie.l. to we mustered a party of about
fifteen of the beat of US boys and went for the old Coon. Wa
were bound to have him anyhow. None of u boys could
climb up to the bole, ao we werepuuled what to do, Anally we
gazed out the hole where the old Coon was. so high up In the
great tree, snd we not having the grinning capacity of the re
nowned David Crockett or the musical powers to charm, we
resorted to atrategy. Yea, as Artemus Ward would say,
alrategv my boy. Three boys were dispatched lor a large
bottle of petroleum oil Hold on l.oke, we hd no petroleum
them days." I mean tbey went f r a Urge bottle of Turpen
tine, and five boys went for the largest poles to attach tngethet
to reach the hole. The bottle of turpentine was bung to the
ei dot the pole, and then raised i.p tu Hie hole, anil thrust
partly into il, we Ibtn took a shot gun and shot the bottle to
pieces, the contents ran down into tbe tree, hut no Coon ap
peared, we Iheo attached a lighted torch and raised it to the
Then came a bust ( thu .ilert' g sound,
That Coon, Oh. h. re whs he I
Aak nf the fl.ii).- tht leped sr. u ul
That hole, in iheoid Uuitonwood tie.-.
He Cme learl.ig not with a bound.
At oue awful leap, he reached the grouud.
And found himself in ItOSK'd Sllol. where
We May Go and Sec
Those iice Cnrrhmcs
ROSE IS UUIsLOIXG !
We Are Turning Out All Kinds of
TOP PHEAT0NS, BUGGIES,
Everything that Runs on Wheels
ALL KINDS OV
OS HANI) A NO FOR SALE.
Spokes, Hubs, Felloes and Bent Kims.
IROJST and GOAL
Having a large Lot of Coal ou hn I. I am b.iuml to get
rid of, at the LOW KT SPOT PRICKS. Also,
ALL, KINDS OP IRON
Having a Large Lot on the way.
All Kinds of BLAOKSMITHING
DONE AT SHOUf NOTICE.
Artesian Well Worlx
PROMPTLY ATTENDED TO.
Ia fact, everything that is made of Iron, Wood Work, Paint
ing, Trimming, Plating, llso,
ALL KINDS OF HARNESS !
Saddles, Bridles, Collars, Uames.
I HAVE A CHOICE LOT OF
English and American Saddles. Curry Combs, Whips,
ia fe:t, is ti .am I IrtKle rti o-:ita ni:i4
I HAVE FOR SiLE LOTS OF
Blue Rock and Carrier Pigeons,
Nice Berkshire Pigs,
Brown and White Leghorn Eggs, Three
Dollars for 13 good,thealthy Fowls,
I also have on bind a Urge lot of
O -A. T FISH,
Imported by me at great expense from the Deleware Kiver,
which I keep to CIVIC AWAY. Parlies having Large Ponds
who wish to stock tbem with fish. They will do well In
br.ckish or fresh Water. Anyone wi.hing these fih will
please send direct to me. and lhy will be supplied.
Snaps as King strrtt, No. 73, 7, 79, M and S3-
N. B- All Kinds of FISH NETS constant
ly on hand and For Sale Cheap.
' apla if
A LL BILLS DUE TO THE CNDERSIGN-
-Si c 1 1 , uiiu. DCrnHlf UlUI'll 1:'.TH will ha nlH.l
hand of s Collector for recovery
iiTvvrn s. nn
. . -. .... V. .
1 KSSRS. BISHOP Ai CO.. OF HONOLULU
llM are duly appointed my Attorneys, in fact, to act for
me throughout tbe libwa iian Kingdom during my abs-nce.
IIokolc . April 18,1883. splatf
A case of Palmer & Co. 'a Giuger Ale will
do yon more good than a two .weeks vacation.
Try it. adv.
FOR SAX FRANCISCO.
rilK Al AMEItlCAN HfclUANTlNK
Will hve Quick Dispatch fjr Above Port-
r.-r Freight Vge. app'f to
p22 UM. li. IRWIN CO., "'
FOR S A N F IJ A NC I CO.
T'lK Al RM.. l.'RK
Mi-iiRl ANN. Master,
i Will Have Ira-ueiiite Dispitch f r the
; Above Tort.
J For Frriaht r Pr-. -. y t
j ap.-J K. A. II A a Fr K A CO. ent.
Ti. K r.SK A HUiKKMlNE
8ISCO V K it V,
Will IIivj Iaim.'iiite Dispitch for the
F.r 'reihl it .si:e ppl IJ
arJ- II. UAlKtFIU.V C., Agents.
FO ; NEW YORK DIRECT !
Tile: Al AMKK1CAN KAKK
NEWEl L. Master.
Will have Qui;k Dispatch for above Port.
For Freight or Passage, pply lo
marll tf II. II tCKFKLU k CO.. Ageula.
A. FRANK COOKE,
CORNER NUUANU & QUEEN STREETS.
II O ll LL' LI', II. I..
TV Gr ENT O II
TIic Followiiitr Iacltcts
V A I Kill',
M A I .!.,
V AIM ALU,
K A. LUNA,
KA MOI, tm E N. MKUKU
FLAG :-Red, with White Ball!
PACIFIC MAIL STEAMSHIP COMPANY
FOR SYDNEY VIA AUCKLAND !
TI1K SI'I.KNIHD STKAMSIIIP
CITY OF SYDNEY,
UILL LFAVK FOK TIIK COLUMN
ON OR ABOUT MAY 14.
For Freight and Passage, apply lo
II. UACKFKLD k Co., Agents.
Poi San iT'i-n.ncisco.
TIIK SPLENDID STGAMAtllP
Will LEAVL HONOLULU FOR SAN FRANCISCO
0 OU A DOIT Mil 8th.
Gaod far Shipment per Nirnmrr rnss mw
be Slorrtl, Frr of Churice, In the Kireprwof
Wnrehoiiae near the Strntater Whnrf. mar 4
or Europe via New York.
KSTA I1LI8II ED 1840.
Two Sailings Every Week
H10JI XEW YORK EVEBY WEDNESDAY,
1'BOM B0ST0X EYEBY SATIBDAY.
RATES OF PASSACE:
CAHIN 80 sad tslOO GOLD
A cr or linn to Accommoilatlun.
BKTIRV TICKETS ON FAVORABLE TERMS.
ST E Kit AG E 28 CURRENCV
Uood accommodations can always he secureJ on application
WILLIAMS. PIM0ND k CO.,
JA3. ALEXANDKK, tan Francisco,
9 State Street, Bostnn,
VKHNON II. IIK0WN 4 CO..
4 H iwlinK Green, New York.
Notice to Passengers Irom Australia, New Zealand ani Ilono
lulu Tbe Cunard Line afford more than usual facilitiea to
through passengers from Trans-Pacific Ports, the frequency of
its sailings precluding all pssini.ity or delay In Near York.
XX tloo-l AcconiniodHiinns always reserve.l.
VERNON II. UllOYVN k CO..
marl 4 Howling Green, New York.
H. EV). MOORE
123 FORT STREET.
GOODS DELIVERED IX AXY PART OF THE CITY
SOLICITED AND PROMPTLY ATTKNDED TO.
TELEPHONE 35. ap 6uj
W. M- Solace
WISHES TO INFORM THE PUBLIC
that he has opened a
In connection with his Old Etahlihinent,
Ths Eureka Teirp erases Hsuss,
No. 7 7 Maunakea Street, Also, keeps on hand
A CHOICE SELECTION
TOBACCO and CIGARS,
Pipes and Smoker's Materials,
Cool and Refreshing Drinks.
Late Eastern Rapers
by Every Mail from the Coast. apl lm
BOOK AND JOB
GO AS YOU PLEASE
THE PEOPLE'S LINE I
The Lino of New Omnibusses
And ai.l W.e . U of . Termini a,c.linf
,(, S he-lnle Time Tahle f ..un.l Ih-IoW.
OUR CITIZENS GENERALLY
Will tni Hi' "'l"'"
,i great i:i:rii
And lb Mlowinf Will pro llm slat-meiil.
I ,t Tli Husse ar new, comiu ..liu ami ma le f .r coif..il.
SsJ-Competiit an I e.erie... f J Ihivei only eiiipl 'e l.
ard-The ctir.-s s.il.cile,! are leal Ihau one lialf ihe r KU''
4ll-Tha Bu will pr uopllf an lime. areurJinf !
KifflitTiekciw For SI.OO
Any Isirt of t!it Town !
WITHIN TIIK CITY LIMIT.
TIic Isity HoiiieteaI,
On Nuttnu Valley, will be one Teriuliu. an J
W. G- IRWIN & CO.'S OFFICE
Cnruer Fort u I Uu.-eu streets, the oth-r Terinlnu.
TIME TABLE I
Nuuanu Valley Route.
CP TRIPS i Lene IV. ... Irnlo X fit.' C.I5, T,
8 and 10.30 A. M. li.O.',, 2, 1, 5.10, 0.30
ad 9 P. 91.
D0' TRIPS i Leave Pat)N Httin Ifiitl, Nuoana
Valley, 0.30, T.30, .M and II A. M.-li.lS,
2.30, 1.10, 5.10,7 and .20 P. M.
SUNDAY TIME TABLE !
CP TRIPS t Leatfs IV. C. Irwin & Co.' 0 and
10 A. 91. 12.10, 2, I, C30and Kl$ P. 11.
DOWN TRIPS t-Lfave Pt)' lluuirMfjid .30 and
10.30 A. M. 12.15, 2.30, 1,30, 7.10 aud
9.10 P. SI.
Beretania dt Punahou St. Route.
CP TRIPS 1 Leave . V. Irwlu &. C.' C..I0.
0.50, 7.15 and 10 A. SI. 12,05, 2, 1.15
5.10, 6.15 and 10 P. .V.
DuV TRIPS t Leave Ponabun Street C.30, 7.3
8.20 and 10.30. A. 91.-12.(5, 2 30, 1.30,
5.10, 7.10 and 10.20 P. M,
SUNDAY TIME TABLE!
IP TRIPS t Leave the SUbles, corner lurt aad
Hotel street, fur Punalion Mreel, Louj
Branrb RalliM. fare 50 ft., LaIIim Included
A. M. C.30 to HalklUI; .I5, 1.I5 and
12.15. 2 to WalUU, I to WalLUI; 7 and
8.30 P. M.
D0UX TRIPS t Leave Punahou Street 8, .3)
and 10.30 A. 51. 12.1ft. 2.30, 5.30, 7.15.
aud 9.05 P. 31.
JAM ICS II fill II. PropriH-w,
apl4 tf Oil.ce Pat.lh.-oa Hiahle. corner fort 'M t
f$l JUST RECEIVED fftf
(I'KK I.AUV I.AMI'r0N),
AT SO. 114 roRTSTRKRT, Kr.r IIOTKIs
A large assortment nf
GENT'S, LADIES', MISSES' & CHILDREN'S
BOOTS, SHOES & SLIPPERS.
also a fine select ion (,f
RCSSIAX I'BIVCKSS SLIPPKKS,
LITEST STYLE OF OPEIiJ UPPf iw.
These Goods are of the LATEST 8TYLK , the FlNKr
QUALITY ever Imtrted Into tkua Kingdom.
PLEASE CALL & EXAMINE
the goods before purchasing eliewbere. perft ct
FITS QUARANTkEU at Price, which Defy Co,npe,i,lun
TK FOLLOWING NAMKI, PKHSOVS
are the members who constitute the Ci!,,... i
by tho name of "TIIK MOA N A LU A A N n if L,1', n V k."0,",
INQ ASSUCIATION,'Ming ,lne.., mKA,1'"'1 1KU
bl. Island of tbu: "usinei. at Moanalua anl Kali-
KKOIIOU.IKO Ml KOI il
MlKA N L I
r i I nrrr .
A N TON K
PA A V KLA
rnvrvi u u
a .n,-.rv n Ltl
TT I I w . . .
K A A II AN UI
I a ra r t .
S2"WAKAi' I M K A iiiii
MELELI1LII AIKULAM WHJ WAIUNEAUA of K.
kaan aana kA"J"ia l"
KAINAPAU ' Mifn 2
UAEIO K A A II A N U I (w) of W,,lu.
I. K XI XT A r a UfiF.. vw r . ... .
Honolulu, April 11,1882.