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C O M M R c x A L AP VERTISEn, APRIL 22, 1882.
jf jrciga JllarriistauRi:.
H. W. SEVERANCE,
. WILLIAMS. DIMOND & CO.,
ShlppiDg Cocimi.vsion UerchnnK
to. r. corria.
GEORGE P. COFFIN & CO.,
SHIPPIJC ASD ConJIISMOV SlECUIlYrs,
So 13 PIm itm, Unio B!urk.
P?-T,jF,?,'AR TTK.TI. C1VH.N To
BUin( Hawaiian order, and ulul.rtro guaranteed
JOHN HARVEY & CO.,
COMMISSION MERCHANTS and WOOL
-Bank of Montreal.
Cash advances on Comignrcent
W. H. CEOSSMAN & BEO.,
H h I p p 1 n if and C o m m I m m 1 n
118 Ckawkcra Siren. NEW VOKK.
lUfereoeeCaatle Cooke and J. T. Wat-rhou-e
JOHN FOWLER & CO.
ARE PREP RED TO FLKMMI l.As
ad Eat sate for Sleel Portable Tramways, with ..r
r or aocoano'.tves. apeetally adapted for fufc-ir
Plant aliens. Permanent Railways, with locomotive and cr.
Tract oo Koaiaca and Road Locomotives. Kina I'kmghinc
ad Colttvaiinc Machinery. Portable Steam Eouinta for all
purpose. Winding Engine, fir Incline-.
Catalogue, wit illutration. Models an. ph'itorrai-ha of
to above Plant aod Machinery may be seen at the office of
W. L. GREEN anl
O. W. MACPAKLANE 4- CO..
Agenla fcr John fowler Co.
GRATEFUL COM FORTIXG.
EPPS'S 0 0 G 0 A B
Br a tkorotif h knowledge of the natural Ua which g - '
em the eperatuxia of drgration and nntriiion. and b a f
carefal application of Ihw floe prnprr.ira of wellcipctrd
"-" -KV" mm pnnaKu oar oreaBraai tanira with a
delicately-flavored beverage which nay aare oe man heavy
doctor' a bill. It U by the jadieioaa u of ach arlirira of
diet Chat a eonatitatloo asav be gradual'? boill up antil
troef enoagh to reaiat every ten.leaey lo dweaae. Ilaruirnl
f anbUo iala.Hea are II aiin( around aa ready to aitark
wkcrrver there la a weak point. We dm; ecpe many a
fatal shaft hy keening oararlTra well IWtifird with pore bt-xl
aod a properly aowriehed frame." See an cle in the Ciri
Made aiaplT with boiliog water or milk.
Sold only la paekete, Labelled t
JAMES EJPS & CO.,
Al XrVTS CHOCOLATE ESSENCE, or Aftrrnoon
f 1 I t-M
CORN KK OK
Beale and Howard Streets,
BAN rSANCISCO, CALIFORNIA
W. II. T11LOR, ... Presidfnt,
JOS. HOORE, ... SiperlDtrndrnt.
IX ALL ITS BRANCHED.
ENGINES .AND BOILERS,
Gl?h Prrssire r rmpnd.
OTElM TESSEUS of all kind
a. l-oilt complete wi:h
ilalla of Wood, Iron or Compoetie.
ORDI.V1RT RXCI XESeompownded whrn adviaaMe
vTCiM f.AirXCIIEN. Barres and Steam Tntta on
atroeted with refcrence to tl raue in wr.ico iaj mr .o
bo employed. Speed, tonnage and draft of water gu..rao-
.CfliR MILIJ AND Sl'C.lR .MAKING
MXL'IIINKKIT made after t.e moat approved plans. .
Alao, all B Uer Iron VTerh connected therewua. :
WATER PIPE.of Boiler or Sheet Iroo. of any r, '
made in eaitable tengiha pur connecting toa;ther,or hvl ;
Boiled, ranched, and Packed for Shipment, ready to be j
eted a the ground.
ilTDRACI.IC RI V ETI N'f. Boiler Work a.id Wa-
ler Pip mad hv thlo Eatabli.hnarnt. Kireted by Ilr-
IraolK. Uvettag Machinery, that qual.l, of work be.,.,
mr aaperior la hand work.
811 1 P WORK. hlp and Steam Cp.tana, Steam Wiach
ea. Air and Circulating Pamp. made after the moat ap
HUMP-. Direct Acting Pompe. I Irrigation or City Wa
ter Worka' parpoaea, built wh th- eelebraled Davy alve
Motioo, aaperlor to any other pomp. aJT, si ti
46KXT1 for Worthiogtoa Duplex Steam Pamp.
La P. FISHER,
AVrRTIMXO AGET. 21 MERCHANT'
IK. a rranciaeo, Cal.ton.ia. la authorial
to receive -'-BwnM 4 (B cotaaanaof Ih.a paper.
I. P. FIS n: tel s
A T.TTPPTTQnTH flfirrjnv
IS 3. -
1 (cn n-C." .
J SO asd SI. Merchant.' Eicbanre.
1 M.-hr NettrMka,
H.:hr Malolo. i
- .-nia tftreet. gas Fnoriaeo.
I H. or KekaaliK'
SallfitfJ for all hut-
lt hT Laaa, for Kae
i.C (af.the S adulrh
A pel 1 Br bi Earl Daibooal. Jarvt. t
Ji a it Zealaa.Ua. VI ebber. f. the
rOREIOX VK.H1KLH I V I'U.lT.
Aaa ak Asuy Taroer Xewell
Am acbr Ida Hchaauer, Hpenrrr
Mlaatooary bg M oruing itar. liray
tot bh LUAtm bwtla. MuUnard
Uer bb Atalanta. Uobrmanb
Am bk toreat tjuevn. V tn.lini
Aa bktne Amelia. New hall
Am bk W U Altny. i mato
Aoa btno Cooaoalo. Ilowani
Aaa bkuva laacovvry. rirnm.o
VaU Ciarclt4 frowa fr'arrigai
Ceyloa. B.yaa. Franre. doe.
Edward May. Liverpool. April. W Ma.-farUue i-
k rnrne-a Abbey, B.t.n. Airtl. U Lrrwrr A
U B it Triumph. Chile, dbtn
Ana gunboat Iroqawna, dbtfl
Bk Stella. ew York. April. t'atle t'.mke
Bb Adolpb, Bremen. Jnoe. 11 Uat-kfrld A C..
Bk Paradox. Bremen. Jane, ii Ha. kfr. k I o
Br ah Fiona. Nevreaatle. N.-W. due, lis Me.-farlau.- h t'
Br bk Pttaeilla, Neweaatlo. S' H W. May. W ilder A Co
An whLf bk Enropa. crutae. doubtful
Aoa whlj bk Hunter, cralaa
Am whl4 bk Jueephino, crui-M.
Am wbi bk aaaan. cruise
Am whig bk sea Hanger. rruie
Am whig ba tamboul. cmlao
Tern Emma Claud I oa. San Kraw-io t Hil.i, April
Bk Kalakaua. Ha a Fraatiaeo. April. S. haefrr A C
Bktne Eureka. Sao Frau.-Wu, Apul
Bk Celbanaa. &ta Francisco. April. I 'a.tle k Cuke
Bg W U Irwin. -San I ran. lx . April
Bktaa J A I alkinberg. Sau Fraocia. i. April
Brig W li Meyer.tfao Fran-i.i. April
Bk Kale. Bremen. July. 11 He. kfelj A o
liar Moaarrb. LlverpwuL via Azr. June
cor Julia, -outh Beaa. May, A F Cock
PMO Aaarralla, Colonlea. May frth. Ilu IfrU k Co
Bk Joaephr. Cardiff, Jaiy. iiackfel.l A Cu
! sioiis on
j liC ltioilS
; tiou with
C3- ZEST ZO
BS 1r M A
JJe to inloi-m the Public-, that notwithstanding their
itniiK-nso AITjTIOX TRADK A rK, their
ASSORTMENT- QE- GrQQQS
I. as Complete us ever, having received larjze shipments Hx
" ATALANTAy ' D. C. MURRAY,
FULL LINE OF CEBTLEMEM8 AND BOYS CLOTHING!
WHITE A XI) CALICO SIIIHTS,
A l?1 LJS OF
S o m
TO. r- STRAW,
r3 WO OL an
rUncJIASllllS IX THE TRADE nifimJ It very muct to the.h
iilcanti'je by tvumining our stock.
Sie fe S18 JaJalifbmia St.,
Have the I.AR E5T and
Staple asa 3Pa2i2f Si?3iee3?ies
Andf.ora ihcir knowledge of ISLAND TRAD and REQUIREMENTS
are batter PREPARED to fill orders than any other House
in their Line. Orders from all the Islands will be
promptly, carefully and faithfully
FILLED and TORWARDED.
I A verj- large assortment -f tine white em-
j embroideries at tiguies never offered before, at
j C'hs. J. Fisiikl-h eorrLAit ktouk.
LOOK THIS !
CtH AS. II. VII.SN II VIXi; HROCl'RKO
J aonie k'trl-Llaaa llre .-h-ers. if now n-iarel to do
j FIRST-CLASS HORSE SHOEING
AT KKrOM'.I.K KT
. TTZ J IVJ a t R-51 a IM2-S.
; 5 i- X. 3 .1JL i JL JnLJLJLai 2T
r.ll Its Iiraii(?hes
Artesian Well Work.
Wagon and Carriage Wcrk.
Bridge Work, etc. etc-.
J III I 1
, Hq.q jw tXPeNenCed WOrKITien I
. w v J r
AT HATtrt T1JAT WILL
.ILL I IS A Till II. "KIIKIl.
I7 lon'l f tl-t ill- Hii
ah-.ve l.ci' I'l.n M.lla.
,.pj.r..ite o;' r'
ore d.K.r i
CHAS. O. WILSOM.
WING V0 TAI
o'i I land
F O I i
At t!i'ir f it' tu f Sior-.a'-M..n:.m
i t'l'I.L LI XK OI-
Sin im tr-ct.
.muN and CHINA TI'AS,
K-rtir'i" an I U.a IViccl. a.--ordiiig t.Qaility-
Ihofali ait. ef rianttipa Snplir
l!'iri..n U -I a l.lKi.r.
ihry trinrf .g - 'r-e .Ui.l.t'o-.
i frw tv.xJf run riui.o
1 Sf SEF.NS left
WINN WO TAI Al vo
- .COAL, COAL, COAL !
LCv, - . l::il.E1..Iahl,
- , r
ll WIN. Ili.KN" AiT- INTKK
"niS IOr tne HnVV 11 IS anflSl
of all killJsCK CLi:nTl
IICCJ Of Such meahVvVVrni 1 IFRIFC;
our large Chinese popu"r.".TT?
felt ; au.l the Advertiser AtA,..ui.a.
anxious to upply
j tlesiJeratuin, linve imported a very complete
j plint for publishing notices, reports, posters,
i or any other kind of publication iu Chinese,
I Sanscrit, Arabic, .Javan, or any other written
, character or script, and for designs of all
Aiming to accommodate the facilities of
j the offiVe to the requirements of the public,
I the charges will be moderate.
j F. II. II AYS ELD EX,
.Mannger P. C. Advertiser Co.
A Dr dso to arrive,
44 LADY LA MP SOX"
i j-t t w j AT ) f 'i
DENIMS, SHEETINGS, and a
rxioxd- COTTOX S II HITS,
w yi i -jfl z
d CA SSI ME R E !
NUMEROUS TO MIXTION
BEST A SORTMENT of
JAS. G. HAYSELD.N,
ARCHITECT & BUIL0ERt
IIO.01.ULU, II. T.
A S 1
Detail Drawings !
M ule on a.lic li- n and at thrt no ice.
Estimales Given on all Work
Connected aith the
Win liter it be in
IRON, STONE. BRICK, CONCRETE.
BRIDGE OR WOOD WORK.
Wi.l visit any part of ll.e other Island to KM'IM ATE
and HK.MV I'l.ANS for pr.io,e.
Mill Works, Bridges or Residences
Modification of Old Buidituji a i'ptciality.
First Class Work Guaranteed
CIIARG 1 :S M O K KR AT K !
A 11RKSS ; J AS. G. II X SKI.DKX,
Care of Architects Hitild.-r,
S G. VflLDKB it Co . lluno'u'u. 11. I. uovld ly
IL ifcw Departure !
g III-; Vxin iim;nki bkc;s to inform
3 i a r'r.eiide ard I'trirna. iliat lie ha vacated t.i oM
lrCiniM- oi. t ort Mrert. rar l.ucat' l':t"iiy Mill, and has re
tu'.vcd to a
Large and Commodious Premises
fc.pfcinlly built for t.iui.
On Iviljvnosi Street !
IKi-lc i.f the f"l.l.:re Theatre, and n-xt to L me'a
Warrh'U-r. w'.ne he h:is every f-il.ti- to
on I I is Business
! Boat Building and Repairing!
IN A I.I. I IS PUANCIIKs.
! AaiiA 2 V i i i 1 oi T3o?it
M AUK T OKDl.lt ON SUoKT NOTICE.
I Repairing Promptly Attended to,
At M!erte Kalra Tlu-rough V ori. inanahip (iu irariterd.
I n .l'J , H. Q. RYAN.
I lur. by j,ive ptiLliL- n..ti.-e that I WILL NOT be to
WC t.,llie wiWio whfU t!i.-yt;o lstwh.reau.lra
tiiirict-. LKIOUK calhuK at my New Store, 1T fort
' Str.-t.(Caiui.I.rIl'l.ewb.iildins).wht-rlh will find tbe
, ............... i..n.i iv.i. .,t .,..1 low Fitirvn
Furniture. Tarlor S t. I-entitf'". Maltrasses. tie.
' Piaii.m and Oran tvry d.f i ni.tiou .f M!iii-Bl
tut ri lia'idi--. raintini;.-'. rrif.Tavini.'s. Albr-i'type
I t!-..-f. Jkr.
l'ii tiirt- Fraiiie ma.le t. rilr.
dominate lit,ni11' 'r l',1',,r,? I'rann-s and t i.rnioe .Mouldings.
the intelliKencVc"1 k.-v. w i.at:.. ts. Musu- stands, k.-.. t
I rani- and Ci.rnioe Mouldings,
represented by theH- D Houoiaia.
party purposes iliat the TljTs, ". nr. Sewina Machines
rule. Here surely was
iiB - iiiuii oi .-5iaie SOVelgHli'.va without .-limits-
iail already been asserted with arms
iiaiiu, ani iu vain and ho the representa
tives of the wealth and intelligence of the
State, in tin ir unrepresented condition,
made a virtue of necessity, bore the op
pression with patience, until the ignorance
and mismanagement of the creatures in
power became so glaring, that the natural
governing element of the State was permit-
-TLD ! : .'
The American Anti-Chines? Bill Vetoed.
PivsiJeiit Arthur on tf.e 4th inst. vetoed
the Iiiil to rt-uiate Chinese immigration
j which h:; p;t-d both IIoiws of Congres.
hy Mi-.-Ii iniN! ;n;t majorities. In eninnm
! nieatii.'jr hi.- decision to the Senate the
I'ivsident e!t a message of such length
that we can rn yfmd space for tle subjoined
i extracts whk-h, however, .'contah1- the sub
j stance of hi argument. Apieiiaed to the
j ui(-agi' was a memorandum fn.m the
! Chinese Ambassador wljose opinion in re
gard to the Kid had been sought. This
memorandum raised objections to the Bid,
i lr,t. Because the term of twenty years was
uureasoiiub'e, and therefore, not in neeortl
: witli the treaty. 2 i. Beeause tiie iuc!u-i.on
; ff 'killed labor" in the l$hi was an addi
; tion both to the words and the intent of
the treaty, od. Because the regulations as
to registration and p:ts;.orts was a vexa-
; iious discrimination against Chinese sub-
j jects. 4th. Iiecau.se the Bill if it became
j law won'd prejudice the intelligent
class in China against the United States
I (iovernnient ami tlieir people " whom tliey
i 'now greatly admire and respect." 5th. lie-
cause there was no provision in the Bill for
I trs4nsit acrfl!.s tilt. United States of Chinese
j subjects residing in foreign countries,
j The following extracts and abstract con
I tain the substance of the President's
" To the Sen it- : After careful consideration
! of the Senate ! i . Xo. 71, entitled. 'An Act
i to execute eei ;.vutr stipulations relating to
j the Chinese," 1 herewith return it to the Senate,
i in which it o, iia.Ued, with my objection to its
! passu ge.
" A nation is ju.-tiried iu repudiating its treaty
j obligations oi.iy when they are iu conflict with
a great and p nauiount interest. Even then all
I possible ami reasonable means for modifying
! or changing these obligations, bv mutual agree
ment, should be exhausted before resorting to
he supreme riht of refusal to comply with
i them. These rules have governed the United
i States in their past intercourse with other l'ow
I ers, us themselves one of the family of nations,
j I am persuaded that when Congress can feel that
; this Act violates the faith of the nation as
j pledged to China, it will' concur with this view,
and will endeavor to tiud another Act which
j shall meet the expectations of the people of the
! United States without coming in contact with the
j rights of China.
! "The present treaty relations between that
j l'ower aud the United States spring from the
antagonism which arose between our paramount
t domestic interests and our previous relations
under the treaty commonly known as the IJnr
liugume Treaty. This conferred upon the Chi
nese subjects the right of voluntary immigra
tion to the United States for the purpose of
curiosity or trade, or as permanent residents,
and was in all respects reciprocal as to citizens
of the United Slates in China. It gave to
voluntary immigrants coming to the United
States the right to travel there, or to reside there,
with all the privileges, immunities or exemptions
enjoyed by the citizens or subjects of the most
" Under tha operation of this treaty it was
found that the institutions of the United States
and its people, and their means of obtaining a
livelihood, might be seriously affected by the un
restricted introduction of Chinese labor. Con
gress attempted to alleviate the condition by
legislation, but the Act which it passed proved
to be in violation of the treaty obligations, and
being returned by the President with his objec
tions, failed to become a law. Diplomatic relief
was then sought. A new treaty was concluded
with China, without abrogation of the Burlin
gr.me Treat. It was agreed to modify it so far
that the Government of the United States might
regulate or suspend the coming of Chinese la
borers to the United States, or their residence
therein, but it was ngreed that it should not ab
solutely prohibit them, and that the limitation
or suspension should be reasonable, and should
apply only to Chinese who might go to the
United States as laborers, other classes not be
ing included iu the limitation.
" This treaty is international, not reciprocal.
It is a coi.c.""ssion from China to the United
States, and is a limitation of the rights which
she was enjoving under the Burlingame Treaty.
! It leaves the United States, by its own act, to
determine when and how we will enforce these
limitations. China maj therefore, fairly have
the liyht to expect that in enforcing them we
will take good care not to overstep this grant
and take more than has been conceded to us.''
The President goes 6n to say that the Act, while
reciting the opinion that ' the coming of Chinese
laborers to this country endangers the good
j order of certain localities thereof," is itself much
j broader than the recital," and " acts upon resi
j dents as well as immigrants." Its provisions
i also are not framed for "certain localities," but
j are to be operative throughout the United States.
lie goes on to say : I think it may fairly be
accepted as an expression of the opinion oi t on
gross that the coming of such laborers to the
United Suites, or their residence here, affects
our interests and endangers good order through
out the country. On this point 1 feel it my duty
to accept the views of Congress.
"The first article further confers the power
upon this Government to regulate, limit, or
suspend, but not to actually promuit tne coming
. v 1 i - - 1 " il
of stu-li laborers to or their resilience in the
United States. The negotiators of the treaty
have recorded with unusual fuluess their under
standing of the sense and meaning with which
these words were used, as to the class of persons
to he affected ly the treaty. The Americans in
serted in their draft p.ovisions that the words
44 Chinese laborers " should signify all immigra
tion other than that for teaching, trade, travel,
study and curiosity. The Chiuese objected to
this, that it operated to include artisans iu the
class of laborers whose immigration miht be
forbidden. The Americans replied that they
could not consent that artisans should be ex
eluded from the class of Chinese laborers, for it
is their very competition of skill and labor in
cities, where the Chinese labor immigration con
centrates, which has caused the embarassment
and pupnlar discontent.
The examination which I have made of the
treaty and of the declaration which its negotia
tors have left on record of the meaning of its
language, leaves no donbt in my mind that
neither of the contracting parties, iu concluding
the Treaty of l.SsU, contemplated the passage of
an Act prohibiting immigration for twenty years,
which is nearly a generation, or thought that
such a period would be a reasonable suspension,
or intended to change the provisions of the Bur
lingame Treaty to that extent.
" I regard this provision of the act as a breach
of our national faith, and being unable to bring
myself in harmony with, the views of Congress
oii the vital point, the honor of the country con
strains me to return the Act with this objection
to its passage.
' Deeply convinced of the necessity of some
legislation" on this subject, and concurring fully
with Congress in many of the objects which are
sought to be accomplished, I will avail myself of
th? opportunity to point out some ether features
of the Act which, in my opinion, can be molli
fied to advantage."
lie then points out that there are classes of
Chinese who now enjoy the privileges of the still
unabrogated Burlingame Treaty, inferring that
these should be excluded from the operation of
the Act. lie shows the difficulties attendant on
the enforcement of the passport system, but
adds that, if that system is deemed necessary, it
is still undesirable and unnecessary to cause 'the
Chinese entitled to the protection of the Bur
lingame Treaty " to register themselves. He
refers to the absence of provision for the transit
of Chinese across United States territory to
which his attention had been called by the Chi
nese Ambassador. He then proceeds as follows:
" T hive said that ?ood faith requires that the
United States suspend immigration of Chinese.
laborers for a less period than twenty years, x
now add that good policy points in the same di
rection. Our intercourse with China is of re
cent date. Our first treaty with that power is
not yet fortv years old. It is only since we ac
quired California and established a great seat of
commerce on the Pacific coast that we may be
Md to have broken down the wall which lenced
pers. -neient monarchy. The BurUnganie Treaty
leagues in 1 1 T -followed. I nder the spirit which m
matteratfew r" thosands of Chiuese laborers
, , 7,1 -;,y States. No one can sav the
came before the Holt jV-d by their work. They
But as Conimissioaei - V,al in constructing the
thority should be jiBi Haiku. mIuT Atlantic with the Pa-
. T'rtpinf lire 11111 oi
them. Tbe time has uow come when it is sup
plied that they are not needed and whn it is
thonJ.t by Congress and by those most ho
4Uutcil uith the subject that it is best to try t-
t,-fct aieug withont theui. There may, however,
be other set tious of the country where this spe
cies of h.bor may Ve !ulvauts;"eonsly eiuploycJ
withof.t interienng with laborers of our own
race. It may be the p:.rt of wisdom, as of t;oo,l
faith, to rix the h lu-th of the eljv. riliietitai j t ii.-vl
with reference to this fact.
L;..rietue has shown that the tr..dc of the j
East is the k-y to n itioii.tl wealth and iiitlnt iue. I
The opt liiu of China to the commerce of the
world has benefitted no section of it more than i
the States on onr own Pacific slope. The State j
ot Caliiorma and its maritime ports especially,
have reaped enormons advantages from this
source. Blessed with an exceptional climate, eu-
; joying an unrivaled h.irbor. with the riches of
the cree.t agricultural and mining States near it.
and the wea'th of the whole Uaioa pouring into
it over its lines of railwuy, .San Francisco his an
incalculable future, if our friend y and amicable
relations with Asia remain nndisturbetl. It ueetls
; no argument to show that the policy which we
i now itmrvtci ts a.lnnt l.i- Ax.,t
j dellcy to repel the Oriental nations from the
i United States, aud to thrive their trade and com-
uierce into more friciadlv hands.
" It may be that the great and paramount iu
texsts of the protection of our lalor from Asiatic
competition justifies us in the permanent adop
tion of this policy ; but it is wiser in the first
place to make a shorter experiment with a view
of hereafter maintaining permanently only such
features as time and experience may commend.
" I transmit herewith copies of papers relating
to the recent treaty, with the accompanying con
fidential message of President Hayes to the Sen
ate on the 10th of January, 1SS1, aud atso a copy
of th memorandum respecting the Act herewith
returnee!, which was handed to the Secretary of
State by the Chinese Minister in Washington.
Signed Chkster A. Arthck.
Washington (D. C), April 4, 1SS."
Naturally, the veto on this Dill has caused
a great senation In the United States and
especially on the Pacific Coast. The East
ern papers almost all approve the Presi
dent's conduct in the West the disatisfae
tion is so great, and the disappointment fol
lowing on the jubilation caused by the
passage of the Bill through Congress so
bitter, that the incontrovertible points made
against the Bill iu the message to the Sen
ate appear to be looked upon as mere idle
talk. A wide-spread agitation was imme
diately commenced in the States on the Pa
cific slope, and a convention to devise the
measures next to be taken was about to be
called. The question of passing the Bill
over the President's veto was put iu the
Senate on April 5th, when the vote was
" ayes, 29 ; noes, 21." The required two
thirds majority not being secured the de
feat of the measure thus became complete.
The Public Health.
(From the San Francisco Aetrt Letter.)
The public mind is greatly more exercise d by
the veto of the Chinese bill than it is bv the
loss of six hundred lives bv preventable disease
We may surely anticipate a score or so of public
meetings to denounce the action of the Presi
dent, but none will be held to arraign the Super
visors or question the actien of the Board of
Health. The fact is that, while all American
citizene have been educated to take a deep inter
est in political questions, nothing has been done
to teach them the economy of health. And yet
the competition of the Chinese is neither more
keen nor more fatal than the fight with death.
The one cuts down the income of the family just
as surely as the other perhaps more so. Think
for a moment of the tax inflicted upon the labor
ing family by a case of typhoid fever. The doc
tor's bill, the nurse and laundryman, the medi
cines and costly foods, to say nothing of the
loss of services and anxiety of mind. What is
Chinese competition to the household which has
lost the father from pneumonia or the mother
from puerperal septicoeuna, induced by a poi-
mtoned drain ? The cost of the extra funerals
this year has already passed a huudred thousand
dollars, to say nothing of the cost of mourning.
On this score alone the city tax for preventable
mortality is at the rate of half a million yearly,
or more than snmcient to put tne sewers in a
safe condition. Unhappily, however, no one
considers the economy of health. Death has
been so habitually regarded as inevitable that
no extra or unnecessary mortality is likely to
arouse the people to the extent of their suffering
and loss, or to make them take a lively interest
in the reform of sauitary administration. And
yet the mortality returns of the past three
months are enough to startle; the most apathetic
from their sanitary lethargy. The death rate is
nearly sixty per cent, higher than it was last
year. Sixteen hundred and ninety-one persons
have already died. The annual death rate is
28.88 per thousand, or nearly tlouble what it
should be. It is no exaggeration to affirm that
nearly 600 persous have this j'ear been murdered
ly preventable disease.
It is not Chinese competition nor the poverty
of the people. It is not the badness of their
dwellings, nor want of clothes and warmth. It
is neither the qualit3" nor insufficiency of food.
It is not the rigor of the winter, nor the vicis
situdes of the season. None of these have
cansed the appalling result ; but simply the ig
norance of the people on sanitary questions.
This ignorance is reflected in the laws and gov
ernment in the Board of Supervisors, in the
habits and customs of the people If the culti
vation of physical health formed a part of edu
cation, and was put on an equal footing with
intellectual education, no laudlord would dare to
make a house drain without proper ventilation.
No Supervisor would dam to make sewers with
out sufficient fall and proper outlet, and the
Coroner would be ordered to hold an inquest in
cases of death from typhoid fever, in oreler to
fix the guilt upon the murderers. Xo better
evidence could be afforded of official ignorance
aud incapacity than the resolution of the Super
visors requesting the advice and opinion of the
Academy of Sciences. Have they not already a
Board of Health, whose duty it is to assist them
in this strait ? Why not refer the matter to
them ? Why not defer to their opinion and
carry out their wishes ? We fear the Board in
question does not possess the confidence either
of the Supervisors tr 'the public. It is, iu fact,
a clique without influence or power. It exer
cises a little mild patronage in the interests of
the predominating party, but it is powerless to
reform the sanitary administration of the city,
or remove the monstrous evils which have been
created under the existing charter. The appeal
to the Academy would be a laughable, were it
not a lamentable, evidence of sanitary ignorance.
The learned Academicians are requested to sug
gest some way to remedy the escape of sewer
gases. Just what is not required. The problem
is not how to remedy, but how to facilitate the
et'-ape of sewer gases. If the Supervisors had
ever seen a sewer, they ought to have found out
that it is by necessity a channel for the trans
portation of foul water; that no sewer can exist
without sewer gases. Not all the Academicians
of San Francisco can prevent the formation of
sewer gases, but they will render a great public
service if they will teach the Supervisors the
importance of sewer ventilation, whereby the
evil may be reduced as much as possible.
But the Academy can confer upon the com
munity a still greater boon. Let the committee
appointed to consider this question put sanitary
science in the very first place in the future
operations of the Academy. At the present mo
ment it is the subject of paramount interest of
which the public are profoundly ignorant. Let
geology, etymology, astronomy and other com
paratively useless subjects give place for a time
to sanitary science. The Academy has recently
received a noble gift. But the stuffed animals
and the fossils of the past will not save a single
life. They contribute much to the intellectual
cultivation of the citizens, but they will not
teach any one how to live safely in an unwhole
some neighborhood. Surely some millionaire
mi"ht be induced to pay a lecturer to discourse
on the gcspel of cleanliness and health. Let
the Academy invite an exhibition of sanitary ap
pliances, and diffuse information with respect to
the precautions against impure air, impure
water and adulterated food. Let it be shown
that the most practical science of humanity is
the knowledge how to live, and that this eve-ry-dav
business is not beneath the attention of
Once again do we repeat that sanitary reform
must come from the people themselves. With
out the wide diffusion of sauitary information
charters are useless and laws will fail. Th
Nuisance Inspector is powerless where he acts
in direct opposition to the wishes and habits of
the people. The evil he remedies is created as
soon as his back is turned. Let the Academy
report that sanitary knowledge ia the best scav
enger and the best remedy even for sewer gas.
" IE FAITHFUL WATCHMAN SELDOM S !
eaaa r - --r M -r. ,immi 3 V IT! i i 7? "i ! -1 ft 1:
60 FCIiT STHCET.
to go h'
io jc tbe
to inform his patrons and uil
o Keep pace wuli ti.e lime-, it is nrcj
lo go Kaat to avail hira-M-lf of Hie VAST IMPKOv EMt.Mvm .-iv.e au .
iojc tbe last S mi. HavL.g Jone r-o. Le bs jus1 returned with
iisi'iAVi! iHiproreim'iit am! lurentioii
For tbe Rrpaiiioa- id
He is .rrpirej to m !.e e verv ,M rt ,i. t.r a Watch tun ruiy o r-,v.,rr.. on ,.-,. ,..r.....
ing the u:i"ueces.ary aipenite aud delay f eiidmg to the Cotst.
.K.:V II, lo. aud 1Mb
American H'atck Co
Nickrl, Adiuslnl. I'atent
RrKQlalar In or
Applrton, TraCM Co
Oil! Ailju-lid. Patent
P. S. Barttttt
Oilt, 4 air Jrvt-U in
Gilt. 2 air Jrarla in
Oilt, 1 Jewris, I tic. n
B W. R.tymond Elgin
15 Jewel:., Fate it Regu
NAUTICAL INSTRUMENTS !
' fLKA.i:i and RF.PAIRF.I).
He imports direct from tbe Best Factories Watches and Clocks of eery Stylo aol Pattern, from lie
Serviceable Clock at SI. 50 to the Elegant Time Piece at 825.00; and by IU YI(. AN'!) SF.I.MM; f'U
CASH, he is enabled to ofler to the Public T11F. L AT F.ST XOVELTIKS AT 30 PF.U I F.NT. ui.dcr the unual
Honolulu Rates. He lias likewise brought
An ISlegaxit St o els of Jewelry, Comprising
1-adiiV Fine Gul l Nrck Cu.lu, L. dies' I'm? O il.l in Cameo, Turquois, Amethett, Coral, Tearl, e , In th newest anj
ni'ist atlietio dt alalia;
l.adira' Fine Gold Shawl, Hilibon and Cu(T Tint, Ladies, Fine Gold Kar ai'd Finger Hltiga, l.ookeU. Charms. Hra'-rii la, Han
dles, ThimbUa. ac.
Gents' Fine Gold Chains, Seal-., Rings. Pins, Ptcdi, Sleeve L'nWa, lee ,
Children's tine Gold Car-Kings, l inger Rings, Meek Chains, ate.
He guarantees a sneedr and s ire deliver; of every Watch left with lilill f"r Repairs, anl variant that all Wal.-lim shall
lie aent out iu First Class Kniiiing Order.
He is the rOI.K AG KMT fr iho-e Klrgitnt show Cases, so well known as DICK-OV Si. UKIl S V. 'S M IO
TA I. . M V ILXL'T SHOW CASKS. Simples and Illustrations or the vrl u Styles, log -iher wiih I'rn-v
Usls. ran be seen ut the ''lore. Every Caa? delivered in perfect order. Fitly per real ilep Mil at time of ordering.
D W. CLAliK will be pleased to exhibit his new and coolly Mschlu-rr and .'took 1 1 all cu ners. whither they are buyers
or otherwise. m rlHtl
JVo. 103 Fort Street.
Ladies Attention Solicited
,"f RS. W. II. WILKINSON Isr-ga Irnrrls
I'M state lo her numeroai friends and patrons, both in Ho
nolulu snd on the various Islands, that she has Just returned
from California, where her time has been spent in selecting one
of the most complete and choicest stocks of
LADIES' and CHILDREN'S
Thut have ever been exhibited in Honolulu. This Ele
gant Varied (to-k embraces
jUI the Latest Styles of SPRING HATS !
Including the Impcriul Trimmings and Ornaments in
A Line of Elegant I BENCH FLOWERS
Of moat exquisite beauty.
A Beautiful Assortment of DRESS SILKS,
Ribb ins. Fans, Ruchinga, Laces, Lisle Tnresd Hose and
Gloves, Lace Mills, fancy and plaint Bella, Ac.
In addition to the above I invite my friends to call and see
my fashionable Dolmans. Listers and Ready Made Puita, Al
Children's Department for CLOTHING
Which selection ia unique and stylish. A most supe
rior line of imported
Hats and Bonnets, Morning Shawls, Veils.
Parasols, Dress Shields.
Silk and Hrm-slitched Handkerchiefs,
Buttons, all In full supply.
DON'T DELAY YOUR VISIT !
All my prices are reasonable and carefully considerei
to suit the times.
My friend on the various Islands will trust their Orders to
my care, all of which will he attended to carefully and
MRS. W. H- WILKINSON,
mar24 tf 13 Fort Street, Honolulu. '
A FINE DISPLAY !
Jill. I.V.NCH. Raot hihI ShormaUrr, King
street, baa just received a
33 e a u t i l'n 1 i ne
Gentlemen's and Youths'
BOOTS AM) SHOES,
Which have been carefully selected from the
O" Now is tl.e time to select from a Fine Aasortment of
Boots and Shoes. PRICKS RKASON Al;LK. niar25 3m
THE ROYAL ST. JOHN !
Only 11 it c li i n c iTIadc
RUNS EITHER FORWARD or BACKWARD,
And continues to tew ia the same direction.
213 3L X " 3
NEW IV1USIG STORE
IOT FORT STREET.
Notice to Travellers!
ivm. Bl p, wood
HAS BERN APPOINTED AGENT AT
IYIAHUKONA and KOHALA
S. F. k IIOXOIULU TRASSFRE (0.
OFFICE AT DIt. WIGHT'S STORE.
Baggage landed frdm the Steamer
and Delivered as per Address:
S. F. & HONOLULU TRANSFER CO.
ES "AOLISHED 1874.
pur. LIC IN
THE II WWII IAN t sUNl'.S, Til AT
i . 1 lie 1l Ov.irme.l a
;.. ,, 11 a aim ,lur
R-firiin ot every kin I rt
and Swiss Walch !
I. ady Elgin
Kxianln llal.-inr-a, 16
Jew. I Ladwa' Mre
Jrwla Stem vr
Kkani'ri llalauor, T
Gilt, 7 Jearla, l:aii
(li!t, 7 J.-srela. r'in
DR. C. TROUSSEAU
BKCSTO NOTIfV Ills KltlKMI THAT
he has rauroed practice in Honolulu
RESIDENCK AND CONSULTING ROOMS 7Va. 18
I'UNCHHOWI, STUKKT. Oppoaiie tl.e Makal gata
of the Queer's Hospital. Consulting hours from il a M tilU.
riT TELKPIIO.NK Xo. lOJ. apOlm.
KST.t III.ISII Kl) I8.'0,
J. W. KOBERTSON & CO.,
(Successors to II. M. Whitney. )
IMPORTING AM M I MFA( TlltINU
Hta I loners. News Dealers, Publishers, ar.d ISook binders.
Na. 10 fend 81 Merchant Eirect, Honolulu, II. I. Jala ly IS
JAMES M. MONSARRAT,
4TTORKKV AM) 11 1 V NS I'.I.I.O It AT
Urn. LAW. Becial attention piid In the negotiating of
Loaoa, Conveyancing and all matter appertaining to Ileal
VOTAILl IT HI.IC mm a
ConHtiisslonf r T Deed for the btxie of Sew York
OFFICE i No. 27, Merchant St.
HOKOLL'LC, it. t. jaril II
RICHARD F. BICKERTON,
Attorney and Counselor at Law.
JI0.KV to LEI on SI0B1 (JACKS of I UKKIIOI.DS.
nr OFFICK. NO. 40 MF.RCII ANT UTrtEKT.
my 16 HO
HOLLISTER & CO.,
DRUGGISTS & TOBACCONISTS !
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL.
60 Nt.uana Plrert. Honolulu. Inir4'82 ly
A, B. ROWE,
General Blacksmith & Wagon Maker,
BAY HORSK IREMISES, BOsF. LANK,
(Rear of Houghtailing'a Faloi.n.)
SPECIAL ATIKXTION TO HORSK HDOK. NO
and I do all work myself and having low rental, I
guarantee First-Class Work at low prlcos. tnar25 3m
. HTJ5AM CA.rVIAT
MANUFACTORY and BAKERY,
Prartical Conferllonrr, rat.try foot and L'akcr,
No. 76 Hotel street, between Nuu-nu and Fort
Jtn 1 81
E. S. CUNHA,
RETAIL WINE DEALER.
I.Y THE REAR OF HAWAIIAN GAZETTE BUILD
INU, AO. 23 MERCHANT STREET
jan 1 81
McCHESNEY & GITHENS,
LEATHER, HIDES AND TALLOW
-A. Gr .TrJaJLNX rJL It 27 X"I
ROYAL SOAP COMPANY.
UlEEN STREET, II. I.
IT TO HE KNOWN THAT
J. WILLIAMS & CO., 102 Fort st,
(fncresaors to M. I'ickson.)
I li o t o fx i" a. phortj.
ARE H K E I'AKKII TO lo Fl RST.CI AM
WORK O- ALL KINb"
Special Attention given to Children !
WB ARE PREPARED TO DO
ALL KINDS OF LARGE WORK I
MINIATURE TO LIFE SIZE I
Kither in Crayon, Water Colors. India Ink or Oil
Photos Colored, etc.
that of. he be.tUal.erie.ofl.an rrancirco .ntt le.sX"' '
A great varietr of I.lm.d Vie.. Coriosilie. It in.
Coral from all pan. , f , .,;iflc. .w!, vl wtsie. !nn
felVT.CharK" '"""''" .-ti-l-ctlon guaranteed.
f 11 17 J- WILLIAMS & CO., Proprietor..
WO CHONG & CO.,
Boot & Shoe Manufacturers,
. uuanU street, between Hotel and King i
BUTTON BOOTS, SHOES & SLIPPERS !
For Ladie., Girl, and Children. A perfect lit tuaran.
teed and warranted to last three lime. .1
long as imported shoe wear. Also,
MEN'S and BOYS' SHOES and GAITERS
Made to order frr.m tbe Beet Material.