Newspaper Page Text
' n-J Mrs J r Monu, Mr H C Mai. MrO MniU,fr
The SlUtBtu B. Ail -
PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER, DECEMBER 16,
t e '
r 5iiLii COWS
FOR SAIK !
300 Good Milch Cows
t'OR ALK IX LOTS OK
Not Less Than 20 Heads !
- Steam Clarifiers of 500 gallons,
Steel Rails, Id pounds;
Sugar Coolers, Simple Belting.
Helvetia Laces, Tuck Packing,
Hemp Packing, with or without India Kulber
Babbit Metal, Barbed Fence Wire,
Mining Steel, Hoes, Pickaxes,
Cane Knives, with or without hooks.
Hand and Smith Hammers,
Shovels, Axes, Jackscrews,
Vices, Steam Pipe Biush,
Patent Steam Pipe Covering,
Lubricating Oil, Cement,
Fire Clay, Fire Bricks,
Sugar and Coal Bags, Twine,
Manila Kopc, all sizes ;
Medium and Pilot Bread,
C. R. Salmon in barrels (new catcb), dec.
FOR SALE BY
H. HACKFELD & CO.
TU 25 13
1IOLLI6TER & CO.,
Wholea&Ie and Retail Druggists.
JAS. G. HAYSELDEN,
ARCHITECT & BUILDER,
noxoivcjxvu. ii. i.
Detail DrawinQS I
Made on application and at aoort bouc.
Estimates Given on all Work
Cooorcted vitA th
Whether U be In
ISON STONE. BRICK. CONCRETE.
BRIDGE OR WOOD WORK'
Will any Prt of Ihe other Island to KSTIM ATK .
W4DK1W PLAN foe proposed
Mill Works, Bridges or Residences
MtdiAeatUiu f Old BmiUinyt m Sec
First Class Work Guaranteed
l!aS4s JA.H. C. IU1SELDEX,
Wat Architect ft Sulkier
H. W.ldcr Cx. Maaoial. H. M If
CAKES ! CAKES!!
New Year's !
FOR S A-XJS
...... .v.i. limCK fTHM.
. v ---
BOTH ORNAMENTAL and PLAIN
FntlT.POUXD, SPOXCE, ClTilO.
. .- Ol.'ll UlNfK
Alan, for Mia HOK y
- nhristmas and New Year's
A Very Large Assortment
yanCy Sugar Toys I
r..nniM ia that
tax of lUPOKTr.D CANDIaJ.
Th largest sort Greatest .
STOCK OF CANDIES !
SEVE11AL THOUSAND of POUNDS,
1, J.. - 8T,llcILT
aw 41 -a, at
vz rtieem Candy r.ctory Bakery.
POE SALE !
. piciilKT ASO ROOMY
m, . .air. of BVQO MAHai-SW ALD, af. D.
Wednesda laat. December 13tb. the Hon. W. E.
Gladstone, Premier of England, completed bU 50th
anniversary as a member of Parliament. It was only
a fw years Ago, doriufj DivrAeli's premiership, that
j-uncu iook 0CCA810D to deride Mr. GlAdtoue, And
Aaf?getd thAt he A4 a proper "Bill" to Us thrown
oat of rarhAmcnt.
The Mynah Lirdi, though Terely decried for
criin urpreUAtions, Are recognized by farmerg as
renuering Krj0d erTice in the detraction of CAtter-
pilUr Ajid grubn of all kind. It h- been re
uiarked by several cultivator throughout the Koo-
Iao aide of th ialand. that thU year iuce the
JtrnAii iias been outerred throughout the count rv.
everything thAt the destructive grub called pet-lua
oj nAiivefl, and tut little black army grub or
worm, liAve not been Men in Any quantity, and
consequently pature ia Abundant everywhere. And
the cultivAtion of pot a toes, cabbage, and other
vegetable product, has been more than nnally
ucceaami. tut Jtynan ia recogniaed a a blessing
te the farmer. And beside, he i an excellent
ecivenger. Ha will tupply for thi country the
excellent sanitary service which vulture, buzzard
and crow render in other countries. -
The CoronAtion Committee of the Privy Council
hail a meeting yesterday, and hAve Agreed upon a
general outline of proceedings to take place on the
lztn February next And succeeding days. It is
designed thAt the coronAtion and succeeding fes
tivities will occupy About ten dsys. The plan of
a pavilion lor the coronation ceremony, and or An
Amphitheatre for the use of spectators, have been
agreed anon. PrepArAtions for the event Are fully
and careiuny made. And we lee I assured thAt An
event of such marked public interest, thAt Las
awAkened so much CxpecUtion And discussion, will
be cArned out fully And effectively In All its detail
within the limits of the cost authorized by the
LegislA tire Assembly. There will be in Addition,
no doubt, certAin Amount of voluntary concur-
rence in this important national affair on the part
of loyal citizens. The occasion, we doubt not, will
reflect creditably anon the trablic BDirit of the
nation and the loyalty and liberAlity of the people.
Mr. O. Vf. Pilipo, is thus spoken of by Mr. At-
kiniutn in his paper : Pilipo is a gentleman of
purely native blood, and ha great experience in
all native matters. He is a fearless supporter of
nativo right) ; be may be regarded as a typical
IlAWAiian of the old native school." In the same
paiter Atkiniton publishes the following: "Ixdio.xa-
tiom Mcetixu at hoeiu. It seems that the as
sessor (the same Pilipo spoken of above) with a
total disregard or bis oath, and in a manner that
entirely disqualified him of honesty, has placed a
mo.it fictitious value upon all the property in the
district. In the majority of cases he has more
than donbled the valuation of previous years and
has been utterly devoid of Judgment in the matter.
It is now time that such ridiculous action .-hould
come to an end. We think thAt Pilipo has
ground for libel Against Atkinson on account of
this statement. But perhaps Atkinson feels that
the indignation meeting at Kohala Against his
friend Pilipo, like the indignation meeting of the
Kanniakapili church (when Pilipo was pastor) some
time ago, bad sufficient ground for its action to
warrant the statement. Nevertheless it is not
nice for Atkinson to double-deal with his friend
What the People Say.
v. invito expressions or opinion front tue public upon
11 iiujwu of general Interest lor losertioo uiuler ttiis
bead of the ADVKKnrR. Such eomtnuulration should
be sotbantlcatod by tbe limine of tba writer as a gua
rantee of good faitn, bat not necessarily for publica
tion. Our object Is to offer the fullest opportunity for a variety
01 popular aiscuasion ami inquiry.
To all Inquirers we aball endeavor to famish Informa-
uou 01 tne moat complete cnaracter cn any subject id
wbicb tbey may be lnterested.1
II. Editob. In reply to jour anonymous cor-
rettpondent, I will ask him if brewing is not a
profession, what is it ?
There are, no doubt, many beer-makers ( bat
bow many brewers will we find among them)
who Lave " picked np " the making of beer by
seeing how it is done, and go about their work
the same as a cook would make a padding, so
much of this, that, etc., bat do they know the
component parts of their production, or -tell
whether a beer will tarn oat good or bad, and
correct it when all is not going satisfactory. I
have seen many brews go down the sewer, simply
because the brewer did not know at what rate
tbey were fermenting. It takes as long to be
come an expert brewer as it does a good physic.
lau or lawyer. I confess I learn more every
brew I make.
As regards specific gravity, I stated it in the
must aim pie manner. The Euglish standard
sccharoiueter is computed from a barrel of 32
gallons tbe American barrel being 30 callous.
When beer is weighed it ia commonly spoken of
uh being so many pounds. Spirits when tested
by the hydrometer are reckoned by percentages,
being lighter and beer heavier than water.
As your correspondent wanU to know the pro
portions of ingredients contained in ale, I can
only answer that it depends on the specific gravity
of the same, bat I will undertake to brew an ale,
not to weigh more than 26 poo n da by the
succharcmeter which on analysis shall be found
to contain 33 per cent, saccharine, 15 per cent.
hops, alcohol, glucose or starch, tbe other 50
per cent, being water. So if half only is water,
where ean the 14 ounces to the pint come in, a
pint containing 16 ounces. I am, etc..
Benjamin L. Lee.
Mb. Editob: In Tuesday's Adttbtise3,
you have an article copied from the New York
Sun. headed "New Englanders Dying Out.''
The writer says the first census of 1S30, ten
years after the missionaries began their work (in
tbe Sandwich islands,) loana a population oi
130.000. now dwindled in 1SS0, or in fifty years
to about 40,000.
This is spoken of as since their Chnstiamza-
tion. The true number at tne last census oi
1872. was about 50.000. but the process of dimi
nution had been troing on before the mission
aries came, and so far as we can judge from such
data as we have, with great rapidity.
Captain Cook in 1778, estimated the population
at 400,000, an $timalt supposed to be too large.
Forty-two years after, in lsu. tne population
wns tttimmUd at IMJ.WHJ. in lfwu, or nny-iwo
years later, the census gave 130.000, and fifty
years biter still, we find the.decay has gone on
... a S W f AAA ! - lAKi.,fM
steadily leaving oniy ou.iaju remaining.
Cook was an observing man, bat in his brief vis
its, at tbe most populous points, to which the
natives crowded from all quarters to see the won
derfol strangers, it is evident that he could form
no reliable judgment of ihe number ol mnabi
tants on the islands. That they were populous
the multitudes which he saw, and the extended
Cultivation could not leave a doubt.
And when missionaries nrst travelled over tne
islands, the large fields lying waste 'AiailijaYe
evidence of having at some tim,JJV"espast
been highly cultiTated, as well aiMji: . ?5uica--
tions, pointed to a niucn larger population at
some former period. We reas n from the known
to the unknown, and as we know of the deca
dence between the first and the last census, and
observe the evidences of a denser population at
a former period, so we are prepared to accept
the testimony of the great navigator as to tne
rxmalousness of tho islands being largely in ex
cess of anything from 1S20 to the present time.
and that the process of decay had been going on
for a long and unknown time, before a mission
ary ever set bis feet upon the islands, or Chris
tianity visited these shores. The writer says :
" It is well-known that $inet .their unnstianiza
tion, tbe people of the Sandwich Islands have
fallen off rapidly in numbers." If Cook's esti
mates approximate the truth, if the unmistak
able evidences of a much denser population are.
to be at all relied upon it is pretty clear that the
decadence bad been going on long before the
gospel shed its light upon these shores. Chris
tianity indeed did not arrest the rapid decay
which was. and had long been in progress. It
no doubt would have done mnch to this'end had
the people listened to, and obeyed its vitalizing
precepts. If they will do it how, there is hope.
If they win live pure ana temperate anu uutus
trious lives, there is hope. If not, I believe they
are doomed, neither immigration or anything
else will save them. Their physical constitution
has become so far impaired that it may not be
capable of renovation, but reform is their only
hope. If they will live purely, temperately aud
industriously, they will at least promote their
own happiness and manhood, even if they fail to
save the life of the nation. I subscribe myself
their sincere friend. S. N. Castle..
Honolcxu, December 12, 1882.
You write a beautiful hand. . I wish I
had such a hand," said Mr. Flasher to a
lady clerk at tbe hotel. " Am I to consider
this as a proposal ?" asked tbe bright lady.
WpIK pit -vp a if mv wife ii willino to
j j ..0
let roe off," replied the acmplished Flasher.
The perforniAnc on lat TucsdAy evening At the
Music Hall, bv tbe Honolulu AmaUur Dramatic
Club, wak. at was anticipated, a brilliant success
The hone wat filled at an early hour, every seat
being taken, and-a lar number of extra chairs
called for. Promutlv at 8 o'clock an introductory
piece ,' Italiriuie a .Vger was performed by a qnin-
.t ,f rw.iii. n.i v;.il.nflloa and the piano. The
nlarinz was very jrood. and at its conclusion the
Mesdames Adams and
Bickertou, as ii.f Ora-j and -Vur, in the pretty
raimfelitftt in one act --4 Silent Pro ector. These
two ladies sustained their parts with much ease and
gracefulness, Mr. Bicker ton's Xtacj being a very
finished piece of acting. Me-:rs. Brown. Holds worth
and Bickerton were well up in their parts. Mr.
Brown as Quentia Qiickfidjet being very good,
while the ' make np " of Mr. Bickerton as Xobhler
was admirable. A violin and piano duet from "La
Fille du Regiment." Afforded An Agreeable inter
lude pending the rising of the curtain on the comic
operettA Trial by Jury, which was well rendered by
the Amateurs. The leAding parts were tsken by
Miss B. Parke as the the too charming Plaintiff.
Mr. Purvis, the Defendant. Mr. Atkinson, as
.Usher and Mr. Swanzy as Judge- The play is too
well known to call for any description of the plot,
and we can only say that it was well rendered. The
acting was very good, there being much more in
the movement of the little play than in the music
Mx. Atkinson ma le a capital Usher, and the fair
Plaintiff and her atttendant bridesmaids made, as
might have been expected, a complete conquest of
Judge, Jury and audience.
But we venture on a few words of considerate
criticism. Ve say Mr. Atkinsons " L slier was
good, ne realized the blustering subordinate offi
cial in Court, as though to tho "manner born.
We were inimndiatelv reminded in the Usher of the
Bos'n in Pinafore, and tho Sultan in the Happy
Man, for notwithstanding remarkable differences
of costume in these three characters, we recognize
the same bumptious individual that rendered so
effectively and naturally the swaggering, boisterous
The performance of the "Silent Protector,
and of "Trial by Jury," suffered by comparison
with the previous performances of the Amateur
Musical and Dramatic Club. Pinafore, and the
Charades, ami Bluebeard, are associated with so
much impressive scenery, and have so many strik
ing situations, that it was unfair to present the
later operetta and coined ie tea in such contrast
However we ought to le thankful for lyric and his
trionic favors from our Amateurs. By the way, we
feel inclined to drop the term Amateur, when we
witness such effective characterization as produced
by Brown and Bickerton in Quentin Qu'ukfidyct,
and Xiit Xohbler ; and by the ladies Bickerton and
Adams in Niincu. and Lilian Orau ; or listen to
such a voice as that of Miss Parke as Plaintiff, of
Mr. Purvis as Defendant, of 3Ir. Swanzy as Judge,
of Mr. Walker as Plaintiff's Counsel ; and of all
the ladies and geutlemen who constituted Brides
maids and Jurymen. We need not send abroad
for professional performers. We have the talent
here, if we could only persuade it to more frequent
performance. Our Amateurs, as we perforce
must style them, called forth a first class Honolulu
audience, a crowded house, and they pleased every
body. Manager Atkinson, please keep your hand
in, and keep our musical and dramatic talent up to
its fine artistic quality ; and let us have more opo
rettas and comediettas. We leaxn that the per
formance will be repeated next week (Monday) for
the benefit of the Athletic Association.
We commend to our renders the following ex
tracts from an article entitled " Washington
Malaria and the Catching of Cold. " by S. O
Busey, M. D., and published 111 ilie Bulletin of
the National Board of Health :
" Malaria and tbe catching of cold are un
doubted factors in the causation l disease, and
the morbid in inifeatations from both causes are
frequently mi much alike that differentiation of
eauHe i not always easily made. Plivcisiani as
well as liiviuen constantly rni"i:iku the effecte of
one for tho-e ol the other, and the ills that ufoict
us are oftentimes attributed to the unavoidable
aod baneful influences of atmospheric contami
nation, when in fact they are cauoed by the
catching oi cold.'
" As yet malaria has not been isolated as a de
fined clement or quantity, recognizable either by
chemical reactions or microscopic characters. It
is true that Klchs and lhomassi-Lrudelli have
announced the discovery of a bacillus malaria,
but the more recent experiments! investigations
of Sternberg, relating to the cause of malarial
fevers, fail to establish tho active agency of these
organisms in the causation ot tneni in man.
though many circumstances Mayor the hypothesis
that tbe etiology of these fevers is connected
either directly or indirectly with the presence of
these organisms or their germs in the air and
water oi malarial localities.' Notwithstanding
this want of positive knowledge in regard to its
true nature, numerous well-known lucts and cir
cumstances have established a belief that a poison
is generated from decomposing vegetable matter
under a combined influence of heat and moisture,
which, when introduced into the system, either
through the respiratory organs or alimentary
tract, will produce certain forms of disease, which
vary in intensity, lorm ana type, according to
the yirulenco ol tue poison, temperature, amount
absorbed and individual susceptibility. For the
present discussion this definition of malaria is
sufficient, and excludes all other deleterious ema
nations and morbific agencies, either chemical.
gaseous, or parasitic.
" Ihe development of this poison is lavored by
marshes? mure especially when containing mixed
salt and fresh water, and resting on a substratum
of limestone, clay or mud; by swampy, undrained
and delta lands ; extensive excavations ; newly
turned soils; rains after long-continued drought.
and consequently low-water level; careless culture
of soil ; neglect ol cultivation where vegetation is
luxuriant and is permitted to decay on the sur
face ; and in lact by the requisite combination
wherever present, ol the essential elements high
temperature, moisture and decomposing vegetable
matter. Nor can it be doubted that it may be
diffused in the atmosphere, and transmitted by
winds and water-courses to non-malarious lo
calities. " The circumstances which hinder or prevent
the generation of miasmata are high latitudes,
high elevations, drainage, sunlight, sandy or
porous soil, and cold ; of these cold is the most
powerful. The first fall of the temperature below
the freezing point in any malarious region arrests
the pricei-s of development, aod it does not re
commence until the temperature again ranges con
tinuously during day and night above 5ow rahr.
Malarial diseases are rare beyond tbe sixty-third
degree of north latitude and the fifty-seventh de
gree of south latitude. The nearer the equator
from either ol these lines the dx-eascs increase in
frequency and intensity. These limits are. how
ever, greatly aflectcd by the duration and high
average of summer beat. Ilirsch has shown that
tbe average summer beat is a more potential in
fluence than the average annual temperature.
High elevation presents many curious exceptions,
probably depending upon geological formations.
Strata cf soil or other impermeable geological
formations which ebstruct or prevent the perco
lation of the water, and retain it in a loose sur
face of soil or in deeper layers containing decom
posing vegetable matter, are frequently the cause
in many malarious localities. In such regions
subsoil drainage is the only effectual preventive.
Sewers, with water-tight conduits (as they ought
to be in all cities) for the conveyance of the filth
and storm-water, cannot accomplish much to
wards soil drainage. Ihe cleavage or impermea
ble strata caused by the necessary excavations
may facilitate percolation to a limited extent, but
is altogether insufficient in those cities standing
upon soils where tbe conditions exist wbicb ren
der soil drainage necessary.
" Miasmata are generated more rapidly and
the poison is more intense during night than
during sunlight, and a humid atmosphere and
rapid evaporation favor its production. Hence
the salutary influence of solar light is modified by
tbe moisture of the air, the rapidity of evapo
ration and the total movemerft of the wind. '
If not demonstrated it is very generally be
lieved that the' soil of malarious regions contains
the malarious poisons in great quantity, even
during the season when malarial diseases do not
affect human beings. It is also believed, and
Performance of "Trial fcy Jury'
I medical topography supplies abundant amrmativa
testimony, that tuoict euosous, wuu euriace ex
posed to high temperatures and rapid evaporation,
present all the conditions necessary for the gen
eration ot tins poiiwo. in eucn places me ground
air may become contaminated and the poison
may be gathered in tbe strata of air near or on
Ground air is perhaps neither a less potential
nor a less frequent factor than ground water in
tbe causation of disease. The popular belief is
that the atmosphere ends where the grouod be
gins, but tbe fact is that tbe pores of the earth
when not filled with water are filled with air.
Tbe quantity varies according to the nature of
tbe soil. Ihe greater its porosity the more air it
can contain. Rubble soil, gravel or sand will
hold about 35 per cent, of its mass of air. The
degree of humidity of a soil represents the amount
of ground water, and soil saturation begins at the
lowest limit of tbe air. Ground air contains a
larger proportion of carbonic acid than either the
atmosphere or the ground water, and, at a few
feet below the surface, even more tban ia usually
found in badly ventilated dwellings. Tbe quan
tity is greater during tbe. winter tban summer,
and increases with tbe depth, except during the
months of June and July, when tbe percentage
is lnversed. Pettenkoffer concludes from his in
vestigations that the soil ia tbe source of this gas,
and is yielded by it to tbe ground water and
ground air, most freely to the latter ; and he be
lieves that it finds its origin in organic processes
taking place in the soil, lluxley, Haeckel and
others have shown that organic life exists every
where in every porous soil, as well as at the bot
tom of tbe sea. Tbe more porous the soil, the
greater tbe quantity and more rapid tbe diffusion
of air; tbe more active tbe processes of decay and
putrefaction, the greater the development ol low
organisms and tbe more abundant underground
life The ground is not only permeable, but the
air it contains is in constant motion, produced by
the pressure of the atmosphere and wind against
the surface ; by differences of temperature ; by
any and every cause which can produce move
ment ; and by the general law of diffusion of
gases. Ihe leakage ot coal gas Irom street mains
has frequently been known to permeate the earth
beneath the street, penetrate walls, vaults and
foundations, and escape into dwelling" at con
siderable distances from the leak. So, also, has
the poison of disease been transported by under
ground conveyance. Whatever impurities and
pollutions may contaminate the ground air will
be diffused by the current and constant change
going on. It may be impregnated with noxious
emanations generated either on or below the sur
face. All forms of filth, the excreta of animals,
and the processes and products of putrefaction
collected upon or under the surface, or deposited
in vaults, cesspools or pits, constitute foci from
which deleterious exhalations are disseminated
throughout the ground. In cities and other
places where people are massed in large numbers
in circumscribed areas, the soil water and ground
air will be, to a great degree, unfitted for the
purposes of human life by such poisonous, and.
oitentimes, disease-bearing emuvia. J. bey are
more detrimental to life when received into the
system through the ground air tban when con
veyed through the atmosphere, because more con
ccntrated, and mixed with larger percentages of
carbonic-acid gas. When exhaled into the free
atmosphere they are more easily diffused and
diluted, are blown away by the winds, and,
probably, more speedily oxidized and r ndered
inert. But how can the ground air reach us?
Currents are created by differences or tempera
ture, and will be in tbe direction of the higher
It should then constantly oscillate up and down
towards the atmosphere and into the earth, for
tunately lor human life it does th s, and in the
process the earth is ventilated, and the dele
terious constituents of the ground air are diffused
into space, cut this movement and change of
air between the atmospbero and tbe earth is only
partial, and is influenced by many conditions and
circumxtances, such as tbe currents and force of
the wind, formation of tbe soil, amount and fre
quency of precipitations, degree of soil humidity,
and depth of soil saturation. It comes to us
when least expected, and when least resistance
can be offered to its influences. It comes with
high percentage of carbonic-acid gas, with rela-
tiuely high humidity, and, perhaps, laden with
tbe germs of disease. It comes in our dwellings, in
our sleeping apartments, during the hours of rest
and repose, and ia most apt to do so when we are
most securely protecting ourselves from the ex
ternal atmosphere, either because we fear its in
jurious contaminations or its chilling influences.
It comes under the surface, passes through the
earth, and the permeable walls, foundations and
Boors of our houses, and poisons the air we
breathe. Every house unprotected bv foundations
and walla impermeable below tbe surface is a
draught-flue for tbe earth. The penetration of
tbe air through the earth is promoted and facili
tated by every such house. The warmer the air
inside, and tbe more securely protected against
the external and free atmosphere, the more rapid
the current of ground-air through the foundations
aod ground-floors of such dwellings. It is a more
constant evil during the colder than during the
warmer seasons, because of the greater difference
between the temperature of the houses and of the
'ihe air, both inside and outside of dwellings.
is always in motion, though this is not always
manifest to our senses. Ventilation is effected '
by the constant interchange due to motion pro
duced by differences of temperature and by the
force of the wind, and is regulated by tbe porosity
of tbe walla and the size and number of the aper
tures and architectural openings. Tbe difference
of temperature and tbe force of tbe wind fre
quently supply the insufficiency of the one or tbe
other. By these means spontaneous ventilation
ought to be sufficient for the purposes of health.
proviaea the greatest cleanliness and abstention
from superfluous pollutions are observed. There
are, however, many circumstances and conditions
which interrupt and impede this necessary and
" Ventilation and draught are not the same.
Both imply motion of tbe air. Ventilation is tho
necessary change of air in a closed space taking
place without perception of its movement.
Draught is the motion of air made manifest to
sensation, and differs from wind only in intensity.
(Concluded next week.)
A Yorkshire Tale;
Fifty years ago the laws were not so thoroughly
enforced as they are now upon the wild ranges of
England caned tbe Yorkshire Holds. Few or
the busy dwellers in populous London have any
idea of their grandeur in a winter snow-storm, or
of their beauty when an August sun pours down
no rays upon stretcnes oi waving corn, mat lie
like sheets of gold along the ridges, fringed above
with dark fir plantations. During the Great Ex
hibition of 1851 a few friends and I took a real
holiday for once in our lives and went for a week
te see the wonderful things in London which the
papers were so full of. We saw all that could
be seen in that time, and we did not lose a mo
ment, 1 assure you. ' But, after all, 1 saw nothing
like our grand old hills. It was tbe first time
that most of us had been so far away from home.
Aly tale 7 U, yes, that was what I started to
tell you, but that was twenty-five years before
our London visit, when I was a young man.
farming a hundred and fifty acres of land. I bad
occupied the farm about two years, renting at
the same time a house in the nearest village, two
miles away, for my wife and two children. The
farm buildings consisted of a large barn, which
went by the name of the Ked Barn, it being built
of red bricks ; an old six-horse stable, thatched
with whins; a fold-yard, paled around, and two
or three wood-sheds. A good-sized bouse and
better outbuilding were being built; .but none of
them were far enough advanced to be habitable
for man or beast. A plantation of ash and spruce
trees sheltered tbe farmstead from wind and
storm, and it was situated high up on the hill
side. Returning borne rather later than usual one
Saturday night from our market town, a distance
of twelve miles, I was told by the man who came
to take uiy horse that an accident bad happened
up at the farm that afternoon.
" Wbat is tbe matter, David 7" I asked.
" Roger has run a fork into his foot," was the
Roger was one of tbe horses. It anrjeared. on
further questioning, that one of the large steel
forks used for stacking in harvest time had been
carelessly laid upon tbe stable-floor, and Roger, a
tarm horse, had run its prongs into his foot. The
man thought it was a serious wound.
" What have yon done to it 7 was my next
Sent off for Coats." Coats was tbe veter
inary surgeon for tbe district
" Has he come?"'
' No, sir; be has gone to Melby."'
Melby, I knew, was eighteen miles away across
country from Coats' home: and after that journey
be would not feci inclined, at 11 o'clock on a cold
winter niht, tj start again for another sixteen
Turning my horse's head. I told David to go to
bed, and 1 would ride up to the red barn.
"Shall I sit up for your horse ?"' he atked,
yawning, tired from a long day's exposure to cold
No ; no one need wait for me," and I started
Fifteen minutes brought me to my 6 table-door;
but I paused to let my heated mare drink from
the pond close by. and as I stood I caught a mur
mur of. human voices within the stable. Sur
prised, as not a man lived at the steading, I tried
the door. It was fastened from the inside. I
knocked, 6till holding my horse by the bridle,
the thought coming across my mind that Coats
niuet have come straight here, without waiting
for any one to assist him. There was no answer
to my first summons, so I knocked and called
again more loudly.
" What d'ye want?" demanded a gruff voice
from the inside.
" Want? I want to come in, to be sure. Wbat
are you doing there, I should like to know? Open
the door at once J"
" Likely '." was grunted back again, " when
we are just warm and settled after a nasty, cold
Now 1 knew who my uninvited guests were.
It is not every one who knows, or knew, of tho
existence of n cla-s of mendiennts, familiarly
known among us nd Wold Rancers," a pest to
the farmers, and a great dread to the inhabitants
of outlying farms. They were constant pilferers,
nd rarely would work, although often applying
for it. None of tin-in were ab vo poaching, and
most of them had been in prison cotne time or
another. A few professed to be hawkers or some
sort, but the majority of them begged from door
to door. We had no policeman nearer than ten
miles, and his face was almost as strange os the
Shah's in our district. These lawless wanderers
rarely travelled alone, but were generally accom
panied by a numerous following of women and
children, a horse and cart or two. often a donkey.
unu two or inree do".
My vicitors were in n particular hurrv to
comply with my reiterated demand for admit
tance, and their loud snores were most irritating
to hear from the outside. Asain I vigorously
pommelled the door with an ash sanline that I
carried in my hand, and loudly stormed at their
obstinacy. It was no use, as a growl was all the"
reply I g a. As determined to get inside as they
were to keep me out, I went back a few paces,
men uasneo open the door with my root.
The moonlight just shone in "with sufficient
light, to enable me to see what a strnnce lot of
bedfellows weie grouped together among the
straw; and the looi-e horse-box was at the end of
the stable, right through the thick of them. I
ordered tlieiu one and nil to turn out. An Irish
man who went by the name of " Dead Ned"
lilted Lis fierce, shaggy face, and dared me, in
strong language, to attempt to disturb them.
" But my horse," I reasoned ; " I must see to
But reason was drowned in the opposition of a
dozen hoarse voices.
I was young then, and reekless of danger ;
more than I am now, on tbe wrong side of sixty.
Incensed, I drew back from the open door, slipped
the bridle over my thoroughbred's neck, and
struck her sharply a'cross the flanks with the ash
sapling; it wns the work of ao instant. She
bounded into the stable door, and no sooner were
her hoofs heard on the threshold than every
creature inside leaped up, the startled men, wo
men and children rushing out pell-mell.
I lost no time in striking a light after their
quick exit, to sec after the wounded animal,
leaving the one I had ridden to follow her own
devices, which she did by going outside again.
The foot was in a serious state, and evidently
" Coats will never come to-night," I thought,
"and something must be done," and to foment
the swollen foot was tho only thing that I could
I went outside again, allowing the disturbed
women and children to return to their straw; but
requesting Dead Ned and some of the others to
beat some water. We drove three thick stakes
into the bank, close beside the pond, crammed
plenty of Micks under life iron pot, and soon had
a blazing fire. When ihe water was hot enough
for our purpooe wo carried it into the stable and
fomented the wounded foot. The process eased
the pain, and after half an hour's fomentation I
wrappcu ii up in ciotns saturated with some
healing oils which were kept in the stable. Ono
of the men held the flickering candle, stuck on
the top of a lantern, while eight or ten more were
grouped around, watching the proceedings, and
giving occasional assistance. As I was bandaging
the foot, 1 Ciiuglit a motion or sign, not intended J
lor mo to fee. it was a signal from Dead Ned
who, I perceived to my horror, held in his hand
the heav3 iron gavelock that we had used to
hammer tiic stakes into the ground to another
of his fraternity. Like a flaeb it cime over me,
how could 1 have been so reckless, so foolhardy.
as to trust myself ulone, and unarmed, among
li. is ruuiauiy crew i
1 grew hot and cold- by turns as 1 remembered
that 1 carried in my breast-pocket one hundred
and sixty pounds. It was a large sum, you
think, lor a firmer to have about him ; but, you
see, it was not ray own. I hat year I held the
office of Income Tax Collector, and I bad taken
the money with me to market to pay to the Gov
ernment Commissioners. I had made a mistake
in the hour appointed, and was too late, for they
were finished and had gone; consequently I
brought the money back, intending to forward it
on Monday. The occurrence had passed out of
my mind before reaching home ; then David s
news completely put everything else out of my
head, until I caught the gleam of evil in Dead
Ned's eye. It was not so much the physical
harm I feared as the idea that they would not be
content with stunning or murdering me, but
would rob the senseless body; and what would be
come of my wife and children if my goods and
chattels were sold to repay the lost Government
taxes Y liy, they would be turned out into tbe
wide world homeless and unprotected. Ihe bare
thought made me tremble. I must not let them
suspect that I had seen their signnls. Ob, the
agony of that moment !
Making one venture for home, wife and chil
dren, as well as life, I carelessly dropped the
horse's foot, telling them in a loud voice to keep
the candle still until I fetched some more string,
and walked out of the stable as deliberately as I
possibly could. Once out, I looked for tbe bay
mare that had carried me up. She was leisurely
nibbling grass a few yards from tbe door.
"Jess, Jess, good lass!" I cried, softly, and
very gently approaching her, as I knew that if
she bolted it was good-bye to life for me.
fortunately 6he allowed me to catch her, and
not a moment too soon, for my unwelcome visitors
had followed mc, and a glunce at their low, vil
lainous faces, as 1 dashed off. proved that they
were full of rage at thus being baffled. Tho vil
lage clock struck one as I entered my home in
safety. I paid a second visit next morning at
four o'clock to the wounded animal, but leaving
my pocket-book at home this time, and going
neither alone nor unarmed. Tbe birds, however.
had flown. If the ashes of the stick-fire and tbe
bandages on the wounded horse had not borne me
witness, I should have been inclined to fancy that
last night's narrow escape was nothing more than
a disturbing dream, a bad attack of nightmare;
but these evidences were there, and it had been
Two years afterward I saw in our weekly pa ' tr
that Dead Ned and two of his companions had
been transported for manslaughter in a midnight
scuffle. Our Second Century.
The young womin who sneeringly re
marks that men are all alike, generally
shows her sincerity by taking the first man
that offers himself to her.
At the watering places, when a girl keeps
up i flirtation with two beaus, they say she
drives a tandem, and tandem flirtation is
described as peculiarly exciting and difficult.
The great difficulty is in so arranging the
the blinkers that each arrival may imagine
that he is in single harness.
See here !" yelled the farmer to the
city chap who had just fired into a flock of
ducks on the pond down back of the house.
" Those are not wild ducks. Those are
.domestic ducks, sir." " Can't help it, sir,
if they are,'' answered the city chap, calmly
reloading. They're just as good for my
The Eomaatic Story of Two Ohio People
Eleven years ago Charles H. Martin and
Martha Spencer were married in this city
After their modest wedding- the young peo
ple with their joint savings, bought a small
farm near Oberlin and became residents of
Lorain County.where they lived for a year
Martin was then attacked with the Western
fever in its most acute form, and selling bis
farm, started for the Neosho Valley, Kan
Mrs. Martin was left in Ohio, intend
ing to remain until ber husband should re
main until her husband should locate t
farm and send for her. Martin, when he
struck the boundless West, caught the fever
in dead earnest, and for six months was
sick at Osage City. When first prostrated
he wrote for his wife, but the letter never
reached her, and shortly before his recovery
be received his own missive through the
dead letter department. He wrote again
but received no response, and when able to
travel started for Ohio again with a much
lighter purse. He went to Oberlin nd
found tht his wife, after waiting vainly for
a letter from her husband, tml gone to
Chester to her aunt's. To Chester Martin
proceeded at once, and there ws informed
that tbe aunt had occupied a lot in tbe vil
lage cemetery for four months,and th.t Mrs.
Martin had gone to Cleveland. The anx
ious husband came to this city and adver
tised and searched, but in vain. . Heart
broken and discouraged Martin again de
parted westward. He lost what little money
he had remaining and roamed about for two
years aimlessly. The Black II ills excite
ment caught him, and he was one of the
first to stake out a claim therein. lie
located several in succession, selling them
in turn to new comers, and at the end of
three years found himself worth in the
neighborhood of ten thousand dollars, which
he invested in a stock ranch in Southern
Kansas, and settled down to the life of a
Last Monday he again appeared in this
city, in response to a letter sent him. and
was reunited to the wife from whom he had
been seperated for nearly ten years. After
the death of her relative, Mrs. Martin hd
not gone to Cleveland, as. was thought, but
had gone to Painesville. There she re
mained a few weeks, and, taking what little
wealth she inherited from her aunt, started
for Kansas to seek her husband. She re
turned three months later, and has ever
since made Cleveland her home, supporting
herself by sewing. She was informed of
ber husband's search for her here, but ail
efforts to discover a trace of him through
letters to the West were fruitless, nd she
calmly waited for events' to occur. Her
patience was rewarded, for early this month
a letter was received at Chester from the
long-absent Martin, asking if anything had
been heard of his wife.
The last few days have been spent by the
long-separated pair in renewing the court
ship of their youth and receiving the c n
gratulations of th friends gained by the
lady during her eight years' residence on
the West Side. Next week they stirt for
Florence, Kansas, near which town Martin's
farm lies, and where his check is good for
What to Teach the Children. Teach
hem-lAbA-puiite. Teach them that there
is nothing but goodness of heart, of so much
durability as a pleasing deportment. They
will lose the ide filer awhile, that it is
smart to be pert and boisterous, and take
pride in being little ladies and gentlemen
Teach them to say, How do you do ? or
'Good morning ' to everybody they meet
with whom they are acquainted ; never- to
contradict, whisper, hum, beat a tatto with
the'fingers on the furniture, or loll round in
lounging attitudes in company ; to say
Yes, ma'am,' -No, sir,' What, ma'am ?'
If you please,' and 'Excuse me,' if it is
necessary to pass before the rest ; and never
to do any of the things for which it is
necessary to ask to be excused
unless it is absolutely unavoidable
Not to toss things instead of handing them ;
not to eat with a knife ; not to meddle with
things that belong to others ; not to listen
to anything not inter M for their ears ; not
to refuse to give the whole to a visitor when
half will not do. A polite child is the bes
of companions ; but a rude one is atroub!e
some nuisance, and will find himself learn
ing at eighteen or twenty things which
should have been taught him when a child.
A pretty hair-pin box is made by taking
four of the small Japanese fans, which are
about four or five inches across. Tie the
handles together close to where they join
the fans. These handles make four little
legs for the box to stand on. Catch the
fans together with a few stitches of black
thread, and yeu have a delicate, but very
pretty, ornament for the dressing table. If
you use fans a trifle larger than those men
tioned here, a small pasteboard box can le
set in, and so it can be used to put small
articles of jewelry in.
Crowds are honest. If yon complement an
individual man to hia face, he'll pretend he
doesn't like it; but tell an audience that it is
with unspeakable pleasure that you appear
before such a fine-looking, intelligent-looking
body of men, and you will be applauded to
It was evening. Three of them were
killing a cat. One of them had a lantern,
another held the cat, and a third jammed a
pistol into the cat's ear and fired, shooting
the man in the hand who held the cat, and
the one with tbe lantern was wounded in
the arm The cat left when it saw how
matters stood, and that ill-feeling was being
An Arkansaw editor, in retiring from
editorial control of a newspaper, said, It is
with a feeling of sadness that we retire from
the. active control of this paper; but we
leave our journal with a gentleman who is
abler than we are, financially, to handle it.
This gentleman is well known in this com
munity. He is the sheriff!"
His Fi W M Glbwm. Koirlpti Affairs. lruin r
His Ft Hlmon Ktloa Kaal. tinantf)
Hia Kx J K linh. Infrlur
II In Km Edward rrion, Attornry-Gfurral
Hon Alrwrt F Jri.td, Cliir Jnatic
Hon V MoCulljr. Flrat Aaaoclale Jualioa
Hon B H Anatln. Hrroud Aaaoriata i attic
J K Barnard, Chief I'lrrk
T eiuinu In Honolulu, FUat Monday In January
April. July and October
lion R F Bickarton. Matatrate
His Ex J O Donilnis
Xioartl of iluon tlan.
Hon C K Bishop, President
I I) Baldwin, Inspector Ueneral or Schoula
W James Smith. Secretary
13onrd of IIilth.
His Ex W y Ulbsoa. Fresldeut
Tr U Trossesu. Port I'uystrian .
F It Harselden, Secretary
John II Brown, Agent
Hoard of Iminlitrstlou.
His Excellency John E. Bush. President
,, Waller M. Oibaoo
8. K. Ksat
Hon. A. S. Cleuhoru, Ineclor-Oenerl Iiuiulgraata
llou. J. S. Walker
Hon. J. M. Kapena
John 8. 8uiltUIs. Secretary
W F Allen. Crtllector-Oeueral
E It Hendry. Deputy-Collector
Capt A r oller. Harbor Master
Captains W. Intyre. W Uabcock, I P tiberXierd, Pilot
J K Morrill Port Mirev
Auditor-(jfiierai Hon. J. H. Walker
PepartliK'iit F'orriiru Atlaira C P laukea. Chief Clerk
Department Interior J A llaaiiinwr. Chief Clerk
Depart uirut Finance II Brown, lioirinlrar
Department Attorney-Oeneral. Autone Koaa, ( lerk
Professor W D Alexander, Surveyor-Ocneral
Curtia J Lyons. Assistant-Surreyor
W C Parke, Marshal of the Kingdom
Parld Dayton. Deputy Marshal
Thomas Drown. KivlNtrsr of Conveyance
M Hsrsu, M D Phyaiclan to the Insane Asylnna
C B Wilson, Knperlntetident Water Morka
Office hours from 0 a to to 4 r M ; un Saturday they clot
Postmaster-Oeneral. Hon John M Kietia
Assiataiit Poatiuaster-Ueurral, I U Peterson
Tbe Post OlIW Is In Men haul street. Ordinary oftlra
hours, It t K tn 1 r at erery day, except Vuudsy. W hsu
mail steamers arrive alter ollice hours, or on Kimdsjrs,
mails are aortedas sHn aaih-livered, and a Rrueral delivery
made. Letters are not delivered In Honolulu by carriers,
but must be enquired for at the delivery window of tba
Post Office. Private boxes are obtained by application to
the Chief Postiuaktcr I annual fee, fii.
Malls for Foreign Countries are difpstched by tba reft
ular mail packets of th I'aclOc Mall Kleatusblp (Vuuaty.
Note When aallinfl vessels leave Honolulu for Ha a
Frsncisco at datea which render It probable that Ihsy
will reach that port before the next mail steamer, mai la
for America are rtispatclieu ly them.
Mall matter must be deiosted In the nftlce one hxi'b ba
ft ire advertised time of closing th malls to ensure trans
United fitate of America, Dominion of Canada aud
Mexico : Letters, 6 rents per ox : postal cards, X reuta i
newspapers, 2 centa per 'i oca.
Japan, porta In China having 17 P IT Offices i Htrails Set
tlements and Manila t le tters, 10 centa per H ox ; Poatal
Cards, 'i cents newspapers, 3 cents per 'J oxs.
I rest Itiitain, France, Germany and all other U I'll
Countries and Colonies ; letters, 10 centa per H ot pos
tal cards, 3 cents ; newspapers, 2 cents er 'J oza.
Australia ami New Zealand ; Itters, 13 rents oaws
apers, '1 cents each, irrespective of weight.
HeRislratiou fee, 10 reuta.
IteKistration fee If return receipt Is required IS centa.
For Hawaii Tuesday, per Likelike, 3.U0 r at
For Hawaii (Kona and Kaul, per Iwalanl, every third
Monday aud every third Thursday, 3.30 r It
For Maul Moudsy. per Eilauea llou, 9.30 f m ; Tueaday,
per l.ikelike, 3.30 r at ; occoaioually per lhua
For Kauai Monday, per O It Bishop, ir Thursday,
per James Makee, 4PM
Stands for Vehicle plying for hir have bn fixed aa
On Queen street, corner of Fort street
On Queen atreet, coruer of Nuuann street
On Merchsnt street, coruer of Bethel street
On Merchant atreet, corner of Fort atreet
On KitiR atreet, coruer of Iti chard street
On Hotel street, corner of Fort atreet
On Hotel atreet, coruer of Nuuanu atreet
On Hotel atreet, opposite Hawaiian Hotel
The ratea of fare are i
For tbe inner area, ssy to or from any point botwese
Beretauia atreet and the Harbor, aud between Punchbowl
atreet and the Hiver. HH rents each person.
For lonuer dlstancea In towu, say to or from any point
between the hecotid Bridge, Nuuatia road and the Harbor
and the M What Cheer Hons " on th ICwa road aud th
lineot I'nnahou-street 25 cents each person.
Children under three years old are free j from thca to
ten years old, half fare.
Tim Hates For oue passenger for the fli at hour, f I j
for each additional passenger, M) cents for each addi
tional hour, CO centa pur passenger.
Drivers are not obliged to take a alngle passenger for
ordinary fare beyond the two-mile limit No wagon la
licensed to carry more tban four person Including th
Note Tickets of the vain of iiH cents can b ob
tained at th Government ofllces. . These are legal tender
for all hirings of licensed vehicles.
lTire Dintrictei of Honolulu
No. 1. Hounded by School, I.iliha, inAtl, and Punch-
I bowl streets
, No. 2. Bounded by Beretauia, Klliba, chool, and Fort
j No. 3. Bounded by King, Beretania, aud Fort atreet I.
j . No. 4. Bounded by water-front. King and Fort atreet.
No. 6. Bounded by water-front, Fort, Klug, and Illchard
j No. C Bounded by King, ort. Beretauia, aud Illchard
No. 7. Bounded by Beretania, Fort, Hchool, and Punch
No. a Bounded by water-front, Richard, Beretania and
No. 9. Bounded by water-front, Punchbowl, aud Vic
No. 10. Bounded by King, Victoria, aud I'llkot atreeta.
No. 11. Bounded by Pilkol-atreet, Wilder Avenue, and
No. 12. District beyond Punahon-atreet.
No. 13. The Harbor.
Engine Company No. I Corner King and Bicbard eta.
Engine Company No. 2, aud Hook aud Ladder Company
In Bell-tower liiiilding.
EitKiue Company No. 4 Corner Nuuanu aud Beretauia
lOiilne Company No. li King-street, between Kunauu
and Manuakea streets.
Pacllic Hose Company No. 1 King-street, bet weeo Fort
aud A lakes streets.
Fire Msrslisl Jsmes W. M 'Outre office. Bell-tower.
Secretary Fire Department C. T. Ciullck ; office, cor.
ner Kaabuuianu and Queeu atreets.
Honolulu I'lriv 1c)nrtmont.
Chief Engineer John Nott.
First Assistant Ilobert Leweri.
f eroud Aasistant Charles li. H'llsn?.
Xire Alarm Hisnalst.
The Fire-ward number struck on the bell at Tower np to
and including No. 11. Nos. 12 and 13 are struck with on
tap, followed by two or three.
IlawallanCoitnoIl No. (1HO, A.mr
lcnii I'uloii of Honor.
C. H. Eldridge, Commander. Meeting ulght. second
and fourth Thursday In each month. K. of P. Hall, next
to Beading Room, Fort-street.
Oceania Council No. 777. American
Lett-ion of Honor.
Geo. I,ucas, Commander. Me. ts on the first nd third
Tuesdays of each month, K. of 1. Hall, next to th Head
ing Rooma, Fort street.
Alfrerolm JotlKc, I. O. . T.
Frank Godfrey, Kecretary Meet every Monday nlgbfet
Knights of Pythias Hall. Fort-street, at 7. bo o'clock.
Crerge W. Ie Usx Pet, Ka. 4ft. O. A. R.
R. W. Ialne, Post Commander. Meeta on the Monday
night preceding tbe third Tbursdsy of each month, K. of
P. Hall, next to Reading Room. Fort-at
Cssrt l.naalilo. K. OOOO. A. f). F.
E. A. Hart, Chief Ranger. Meeta on the second Tuea
day of each month, K. or P. Hall, next to Reading Room,
Sf.amkn's Rkthkis Rev S C Damon, Chaplain, King
street, near the bailor's Home. Preaching at 11 a at.
Heats free. Sabbath Hchool before th morning servlc.
Prayer meeting on Wednesday evenings 7H o'chick.
Fobt Htrkft CiitBCH Rev J A Cruzan, Pastor, corner
of Fort and Beretania streets. Preaching on Holiday at II
a M, and 7 S F x. Habbath School at 10 A M.
St. Airw'i Cathedra!. Kngliah services j Right
Rev tbe Bishop of Honolulu. Hawaiian services; Est
Alexsnder Msckintosh. CM Holy Communion, 9 HO i
Mstins and Sermon (Hawaiian); 11 Matins; Litany and
Sermon (English); 4. Evensong (Hawaiian) ; 7 :Kl, Even,
song and Hermon (English).
Roman Catholic CHcacn t'uder the charge of Moo
seigneur the Right Rev Hermann, bishop of Olba, sa
sisted by Revs Regis and Clement. Service every Hun
day ; Mass at fi, 7 aud 10 a at ; Vespers at 2 and 4 pm.
Artesian Ice Worlio !
Office at r. I.'. Foster', Tort street.
ARK PREPAREDTOUELIVKR IN LAItSC
or small quantities
A Superior Quality of
ARTESIAN ICE !
Anywhere in Honolula.
Price low and Quality L'aeorpasaed. Orders can b left at
ihe works or at the office, and will be promptly attended to.
ORDERS FROM THE OTHER ISLANDS sd dressed to th
ARTESIAN ICE WORKS or W. E. FQ8TKK, wltTb lilted!
Telephone Nos. 1 10 or 1 1 1.
jie20d 3m - Proprietor
2T I continue to Bell cretona at 25 eeni per
yard, A very amall asnortraeut left at Cms. J.
FlSHELa POPCXAB BTOBE.