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PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER. MARCH 31, 1883.
.MARCH 31, 1S-53.
IIahdlv anything trur.-pi;es in this
community by which some individual is
Inconvenienced that i- not seized uj.011 by
the opposition Irci us a grievance against
the Ministry. An attempt of this ort has
been made in connection with the deci-ion
given by the Judges on the application of
Mr. Clarence V. A-diford for admiion to
the Hawaiian Bar. As will ! x.-en by the
report we give of this judgment in the
present issue the difficulty which stands in
Mr. Ashford a way originate in the change
made last session in the law which regu
lates the naturalization of foreigners in
this kingdom. It has always leen neces
sary that the candidate for admission to
the Bar here should, prior to his admission,
become a Hawaiian subject. This rule is
common throughout the world, and, so far
a.- we are aware, it is only in certain parts
of the United Htates of America that a con
trary practice obtains. As the Chief Jus
tice remarks, in the judgment under con
sideration, It cannot le said "that the re
striction of a right to practice law in our
Courts to subject is unreasonable." There
Is no reason to supise that this community
cannot furnish from itself all the lawyers
who are necessary for the conduct of its
business and this the more .so, that in this
country the practice of conveyanciug i not
confined to members of the legal profession.
As a matter of fact, about eight foreigners
have been admitted to practice law here
during the last ten years, and several of
these are no longer here. We cannot,
therefore, discern any probability of incon
venience arising for the community gene
rally from the present condition of things.
If others see this in a different light it is
still not merely unreasonable, but abso
lutely foolish on their part to make the
matter a ground of complaint against
Ministers, and to jeer at the Attorney
General on the assumption that he has
Just discovered, and is much discomfited
by, the effect on this particular matter of
4hA t finnrfn In ilirk liu f nntlirnli-
As a matter of fact, the cry that the pro
cess of naturalization here was too easy
under the old law was first raised by the
very journal which now makes this ungen
tlemanly attack on the Attorney-General.
The cry was raised, and niade much of, by
the opposition Press, and the new law passed
through the Assembly without exciting
any" adverse comment from any journal.
It was however opposed In the Assembly by
Ministers, who contenuea that it snowed a
disposition to run from one extreme to
another. It passed however the Assembly,
being no doubt moved in a great measure by
the fears which had been purposely aroused
by our contemporary. It has yet to be
shown that the restrictions it imposes will
Injure the country or prove oppressive to
Individuals. For our own part we think it
too strict to be suitable for a country
whose great hope of progress lies in ac
quiring poiulation from without. But its
Incidence is moderated by privileges which
aliens possess here, which are denied to
them hi many other countries, and as it Is
now the law of. the land, we are not pre
pared to demand any change in it until fair
experience of its working has leen had.
(From the iMiUy.)
" Wi propose a peaceful eolation of the diftictil
ties by purely legislative mean.'
So says a contemporary, with naive
simplicity, offering the inference that other
method navs Deen tnougnt about, ana
planned but are abandoned as manifestly
impracticable In this free country, which
small as it is. has been formally admitted
Into the faoaily of nations, with three of
the srreatest nations on earth for sponsors
The "difficulties" referred to are manifestly
how to get rid of the King's present Min
isters, and how to alter the Constitution so
a to take power out of the hands of the
King and the popple, and centre it
in an oligarchy of those capitalists, who,
foreettlnz the existence of any Deity save
th great-God Mammon, believe that they
"have made the country."
Well, this "peaceful solution by purely
lecrijjlative means" is just what the present
Administration would have them try. No
body in this land is more anxious to see :
f ood representation of the planting interes
n ilio ifUlnttiri? than are His Maiestv
ireent Ministers. This "peaceful solu
tion " is precisely what the Premier tointei
to in his reply to the memorial which the
lManterAsociation presented tothe King,
We are half inclined to Indieve that what
the Minister said was taken at the time for
chatr. but it was meant In sober earnest
enough, and intended as a well-merited re
buke to a handful of men who, for no al
leged reason but personal dislike, asked the
King to dismiss a Ministry which had the
confidence of the King ami or the people
and of the people's representatives. The
Premier showed the memorialists then the
way that was open to them the " peace
ful " and constitutional way, which, in
every free country, is adopted iy every jm
lltical jarty which seeks to acquire the
reins of power. It is curious at this late
day to see one of their organs gravely put
ting this "solution" fortli as 11 it were a
new discovery. But the old adaire " Better
late than never," still holds good. We are
glad to see the craziest of men, when we
rind them "clothed and in their right
It may not be out of the way to remind
these people that if they want to capture
the electorates they must put forward some
thing like a programme tiiat will find favor
in the eyes of the elector. Money will not
do everything although it may Ik ioteiit to
inflate men with an undue sense of their
Importance to the body ioIitic. This thing
was pretty fairly tested during the late
election. "Influential men " as this editor
would have them, tried their utmost to se
cure what they deemed would be "atrood
representation" in the legislature." They
were busy with their means and their in
fluence, in opposition to a candidate that
was not spending money, hiring carriages,
or using any of the similar method by
which the capitalists' influence i brought
to bear on an election. .Should it le retort
ed that the "ignorant masse" are led
away by the wily tongues of the dema
gogue and that "property" inconsequence
cannot secure it legitimate influence in
the councils of the nation, -what can we
reply? Will you alolish the constitu
tional onjer of things so as to put power in
the hand of a class? If such a "peaceful
solution" as this could Indeed le attained
in peace it could never Ik? maintained in
tst-ace in a country where men have Ik-cii
trained to lilierty a to a birthright.
We put it to the OpM.ition as a challenge.
Use all constitutional remedies that le in
your jower. That we are well assured is
what the government desire. Ix.-t us have
a fair and square and honorable liiriit on
the constitutional questions on which we
differ not a fight in which detraction and
malicious insinuation are the only wcajxuis.
SOMirrillXO Is always being said about
the foreign "society" on these island,
and. It would seem, from the general tenor
of the remarks, that it is like the little
girls rorld and doll, "hollow and stuffed
with straw." We grant that it is some
what mixed, but we hold that in that
respect it resembles a judiciously coin-
iintie I lemonade ; it is agreeable enougn
in tins eliinatr, and ail the better lor a
light dash of spice. Of coursetheie are
tho-.,- to be found here, as elsewhere, who
make themselves ridiculous by their parade
of their pretensions to rank, but tins class
ike the r-oor, we alwavs have with , and
with them those who make even greater
efforts to keep "in the swim," for, as :-jh-n-stoi!
says there are no persons so .solici-
ii!- about the preservation of rank as those
who have no rank at all.
Then there are the "genteel '' mttnbers
of the community. There probably is no
word used to describe a tertaiii phase of
society that defines it so well ns the word
genteel. It suggests the idea of a strenuous
effort to cover up something uncouth, or to
put the false front of fa-hou ujon the bald
pate oi common lire. 1 he eneermgs" in
Our Mutual Friend were genteel. liazlctt
gives his opinion of this class when he says,
there cannot be a surer proof of low origin,
or or an innate meanness or uisnositiou,
than to be always talking and thinking f
Those who may fairlv claim to be mem
bers of "our best society " are as a rule dis
tinguished by being nlwav natural mid
always the same. It makes but little differ
ence to them whet tier they be rich or poor.
In either case then daily life is marked ly
the display of that genuine politeness that
.lakes their presence a pleasure to all. Na
turalness is the feature that distinguishes
them, for they know, as Locke says, affecta
tion in any part of our carriage is lighting
up a candle to our defects, ami never fails to
make us ie taKen notice oi, e.tner as want-
ng sense or sincerity.
There be those amongst us of whom
travelers speak, and they are the ultra
fashionable. There is no objection to their
existence that we know of, except that
they lay claims to be received into and in
cluded amongst our "good society" iieople
because they are fashionable. Such a claim
is of course, very absurd, for i: wearing the
latest style of dress was a sutlicient pu-s-
Iort to admit one to good society we would
all be applying for the entree.
Finally we nave, as constituting y lar
the largest element in high life amongst
the foreigners residing here, that class who
look upon the land and the people thereof
as theirs, and their descendants, because
their forefathers were here before tliem.
Thus "good society" as seen by the passing
traveler is made up by pretenders to rank,
the "genteel," the really polite, ami the re
presentatives of the ancient regime; see;i
through the glamour induced by a long
residence on the islands it simply looks
Planters' Monthly has lately been
Kproi osing the introduction of a little ani
mal iroin India caned me mongoose , as
A destroyer of rats. jie is a famous
ratter, surpassing the cat or the ferret.
lie is described as a lively little urchin,
about the size of a weasel, as having a
snaky IkmIv, vicious looking claws, a sharp
nose, a villanous eye and looks iikc "mur
der incarnate." In speaking of his action in
capturing rats, it is said that he crawls sin
uously up to his victim until within easy
distance for a rush, and then strikes with
unerring aim, snapping the rat just at the
base of the brain, lhe rat has not time
even to smieak, so sudden and deadly is the
onslaught. Wherever the rat can enter the
mongoose can follow. Thus as a ratter this
lively little Indian is incomparable, but
the trouble is lie will not confine his opera
tions to what is deemed his legitimate
business. Some writers have endeavored
to save his credit as a poultry destroyer,
but a naturalist, who has carefully observed
his characteristics, says that lie is a general
destroyer, not only of everything under,
but of many creatures over his size. hen
in a cage tfie sight of a small living crea
ture made him frantic and whenever lie
escajKMl, as he sometimes did, he made a
sensation in the poultry house. The
mongoose is not content with maurauding
forays in the yard, but he seems to pervade
the house when domesticated. His man
ner for getting into objectionable nook
and hole is most perplexing, as for in
stance the leg of a pair of trousers or a skirt
with the owner In them, quite come up to
his views, as a desirable place for roost or
forage. The rat is unquestionably a great
pest of the cane and rice planter ami
grain cultivator in nil parts of the world.
The rat est wa deemed so serious
here some fifty year ago that an en
lightened ami enterprising Commisioner
of the Hawaiian Government, sent in
quest of Chinese coolies, deemed it a judi
cious venture in Ix-halfof the agricultural
interest of the Islands to procure a species
of snake famed as a destroyer of rats; but
the Hawaiian jieople, whose sacred soil lias
been kept free from snakes and toads by
some patron saint equal in' influence to St.
Patrick, conceived a holy terror of the
snake, notwithstanding his imssible utili
ties,and passed a decree that Hawaii would
have no snake in her plantations. The
destruction of rats in the cane-fields was
hardly deemed a sufficient compensation
to the Hawaiian mind for the probable
presence every now and then of his snake
ship in the thatch of the Hawaiian hnlc-
ftili. And we think that if the mongoose
e as well understood as the snake, he will
be as objectionable as the tempter of our
first parents to the popular mind. This
terrible Indian ferret is said to take a fancy
to fasten on to lamb and suck away their
very life-blood; and who know if lie may
not take a fancy once in a while to a baby
in its cradle.
Moral : Better the evils that we wot of
than venture on exeriiiicnts for cure that
will land u we know not where.
Wk have occasion to notice the influence
of a work of art upon a people In observing
how Hawaiian are aflected by the statue
of Kamehamelia I, now standing in front
of the Government building. Ihere has
nt passed a day, since its erection, when
there has not been crowds standing by
ami around it and engaged in a steady
contemplation. As we have often
passed by and stood near on such occa
sions, we have heard frequent remarks
made by those contemplating the statue,
and were especially struck with one expres
sion uttered in the Hawaiian language,
which was substantially as follows : " Wil;
the chief let his people the?" This was the
utterance, no doubt, of an anxious, patriotic
soul, who, having been oppressed in h art
with the 'requent statement that his nee
was pissing nway, was now aroused by the
sight of the grandly projortioned hero with
his brilliant helmet and clak of sover
eignty upon him, and felt an awakened
hopefulness of heart, that the spirit of the
great man of his race, who occupies so
prominent a figure in the history of his
country, and whose form is now set up in
everlasting bronze rn the capital of his na
tion, will watch over the destinies of his
people and be an inspiration leading to
renewed life and to a strengthened aspira
tion for continued national existence. The
statue is an ever-speakina history; an In
spiring poem, and a song of everlasting hop
to the hearts of Hawaiian-;, an I we speak
o this, not to set forth how, possibly, a
simple H-ople may be led by a superstitious
influence to attach undue reverence to a
work of art, but to show how a weak, suf
fering and declining people may be aroused
to a renewed hopefulness and to a better
determination to stuve for the improve-1
ment of themselves and their fellows, by a
work of art which embodies great and noble
qualities and a pre-eminent success.
Comments have appeared in opposition
journals on the decision of the Supreme
Court by which it is ruled that Mr. Clar
cnee W. Ashford is not an eligible person
to be admitted to practice law iu this King
dom. The statement is made that Un
learned Attorney-(ieneral is now very much
surprised to find out that no one can be ad
mitted to practice law here except Ha
waiian citizens" (subjects?) A law to this
ellect having been in force before the
Attorney-General himself practised in this
Kingdom, we fail to see why he should be
surpn.-ed. It is true a law was passed
last session altering the conditions upon
which an alien foreigner can become a Ha
waiian subject, ami as a natural coihi
quence it will affect iersons who arrive
from other countries desirous of practising
law. In the decision of His Honor the
Chief Justice, subscribed to by his Asso
ciates, it is stated: " We understand it to be
universally the practice in other countries
to admit as attorneys none but citizens "
(or subjects;. This being tLe eas- how can
the statement that "Mr. Ash ford is a
British subject" be correct, inasmuch ns
Le practised law in the State of Michigan,
and was also admitted to practice In
the Supreme Court of California. In the
judgment it is statnl that the applicant at
the hearing filed his affidavit that Le was
born in the Dominion of Canada, and is a
British subject." If Mr. Ashford main
tained his British nationality during his
study of law ::t the University of Michigan
and "also whilst practicing at Lansing,
Michigan, it would appear that he had not
complied with rules of the Court in Amer
ica. To say, "Now ILat the Supreme
Court Las decided that a law debarring a
British subject from earning his liing in
this country is constitutional, it behooves
the British Commissioner to make enquiry
by whatright a Hawaiian I.egisl ture makes
a'iaw in derogation of rights guaranteed to
Knglishnien by a solemn treaty," is only
another instance how the opposition party
will catch at straws in order to make trou
ble, or start a question in diplomatic circles.
That there may be no misunderstanding
about the opinions of the Chief Justice and
his associates on this subject we reproduce
the decision in full.
KosceoConkling's ability and shrewdness
have been questioned by many, but that he
was a truthful man, and knew a good thing
when he saw it, is apparent from the fact
that he avers that " the smallest country
newspaper is worth more to its country
.subscribers in one month than its price for
a year, and does more for its neighborhood
for nothing than any high official does for
his munificicnt salary."
Mr. Cha-. Titcomb, whose death was
noted in the papers a few days ago, reached
these islands in the bark Lyra that was
wrecked in the "false passage" in ls;50.
Captain Chadwick and "Long" Thompson
who kept the Bay Horse " here for many
years were also in the Lyra. Mr. Titcomb,
who survived the rest, started the raising of
silkworms on Kauai, but owing to the
strict Sunday laws that forbid the natives
gathering on that day the leaves of the mul
berry tree on which the worms fed, the ex
periment was a failure. At least that was
the story that he was accustomed to say had
been " concocktailed " about the subject.
Tue Si. James Budget, for January 5tl, ptatea
that the "King of Portugal lina hud the Ajuda Pal-
. . . t . IT:.. f 1 1
acc tins town residence, wnere iving ivaniKaua
was received), connected with the Lisbon Tele
phone Exchange, and lie may claim tj be the first
huropean monarch who lias oeome a fuoscrioer
to a public telephone exchange." We beg to in
form our London contemporary that His Majesty
King Kalakaua has been a subscriber to a public
telephone enterprise Ions anterior to liia Iloyal
brother of Portugal, and thus establishes in this
respect the superiority of Royal Pacific enterprise
over that of European inonirchial enterprise.
In this community, where poisons can be
bought without any awkward questions be
ing asked, and where, in many families
baking powders audsoda are freely used by
cooks who are not chemists the following
clipping will be of interest: "San Fran
cisco, February, 27. A special from Mil
waukee, Mich., says that a cook in a log
ging camp 50 miles from Saginaw used
strychnine for soda, by mistake, in making
biscuits, and that 70 lumbermen were
poisoned to death." Two questions arc im
mediately suggested by the i erusal of the
above. J low many loggers were not pois
oned and did the cook escapo to tell the
Caroline Island is a small patch of land
lying in latitude 10 south, longitude 150
west, being 8 degress due north from the
Society Islands, and 10 degrees due west of
the Marquesas. It is in the centre of the
path of total obscuration during the eclipse
of the sun that will take place May lGth.
The Caroline Islands, with which this event
seems to be associated in the minds of
many, are located on the equator and sixty
degrees west of the little spot to which astro
nomers are now hastening. In this connec
tion it is curious to note that the cost of
observing this eclipse on this out-of-the-way
spot will be greater than that incurred in
fitting out the expedition under Columbus,
ten times over. The object is about the
same; that of locating new worlds.
Week days, in the morning between half
past live and half-past six o'clock, the
principal streets of the city present a very
bustling scene indicative of a very gratify
ing condition of thrift and enterprise gen
erally, especially among the laboring por
tion of the community. A multitude of
men comes from every quarter of the city
an I hastens towards the wharves or the
other places where they find daily employ
ment. There is an air of life and energy
about their movements which shows that
they have caught a share of the predomin
ant spirit of industry and activity which
characterizes all the business and even the
social atmosphere of life throughout the
world in this last quarter of the nineteenth
Now that the trade winds have become
re-established let us hope for the season
it is in order that residents of Honolulu
should beware of colds. The entirely un
precedented series of calms and southerly
winds during March have done much to
ennervate people, and when the cool breezes
sweep down Nuuanu valley they affect
those who expose themselves to them very
unpleasantly. But they are none the less
welcome, if it were not for t icir influence
Honolulu would be a very unhealthy place
to live in. If the sultry south wind pie
vailed here during the entire year it is safe
to say that it would be more than un
healthy, it would be pestiferous.
It has been decided that the original
statue of Kamehameha, which was lost at
sea and subsequently recovered and brought
to thiscountry, is to be set up in the Kohala
district, the birthplace of the Conqueror.
This statue suffered some damage, as might
reasonably be expected after the burning
and foundering at sea of the vessel, on hoard
of which it was being transported. It lost
a hand and received some fractures In the
royal cloak, but otherwise the body of the
statue is unhurt. The Chairman of the
Monument Committee has engaged Mr.
Young, of our Honolulu foundry, to take
the statue iu hand and repair it, so that we
hope soon to see the restored statue of the
gr at hero finally set up upon its pedestal
The Daily 'Times Telephone, published at
Eureka, Humboldt, California, comes to us,
and is a bright newsy slice!. From its
pages we learn some items of interest iu
regard t Kurvka. In the first place we
note that there are no less than twelve so
cieties in fu'l blast iu the town, from which
we argue that the Eurekaites are as fond of
secret organizations as we are. Ileal estate
seems to be in request, and we notice the
sale of one acre for $2500, "sold and con
veyed upon the condition that fermented
and spirituous liquors are not to be manu
factured or sold thereon, and in default of
said condition the said land reverts to the
original grantor." A clatisa that might be
inserted iu some conveyances here with
benefit to the community. A noticeable
feature is the number of advertisements of
timber claims being taken up. there being
no less than '2l such notices in a single issue?
of the paper, covering over 35,b00 acres of
Passing by Bucas' steam mill, we noticed
a block of wood which, upon examination,
proved to be a cross section sawn from one
f the " Monkey pod " trees lately cut down
lo make room for Mr. Campbell's new
building on Fort street. We remember
when in ls.70-1 Mr. W. W. Hall grew quite
a large number of young trees of this
variety, and they were planted in various
localities down town. Many of them have
i ln-en cut d-wn since then, and quite a large
number of ox yokes were made from those
that had to be removed to make room for
! Messrs. 13. (). Hall and Son's brick store.
! The wood is of a compact grain, light and
very tougli. Jt seems to be almost im
possible to split it, ami for yokes and other
articles requiring the two elements of
toughness and lightness it is unequalled.
The size to which these trees have attained
in the twelve years of their growth is
astonishing. The trunk of one that we
measured had a diameter at the ground of
thirty inches, and at fifteen feet from the
ground measured fifteen inches. The
branches were very massive and wide
spread, and the whole tree was valuable,
not only as firewood but for manufacturing
purposes. The- "heart wood" was large
compared to the whole bulk, easiiy worked,
and susceptible of a high finish. An acre
of land pi juted with these trees, say ten
feet ap it t, would contain say six hundred
such trees, that in ten years would be
worth, as firewood, at per cord, at least
S500O, all of which, les-s the interest on the
cost of the land and fencing, would be clear
gain. There are large tracts in the close
vicinity of Honolulu where these trees
could be grown, and we commend the sub
ject to those who wish to lay the founda
tion of a handsome income in the near
We have received the following pretty
piece of poetry with arequest to publish the
same. We do so with much pleasure, but
as the "s" box in our minion font is
empty, we arb obliged to set it in "old
Acroll" the funny field fhe went.
Who if our fovcreijrn lady ;
Fho faiil, Fuch dayf were never meant
To waftt- iu corner! fhady."
Flu? wi.uld not tal.y a tingle nay,
Exeufing or l.nying.
'Come out." flio raid, '-and turu tho hay,
IJeca'.ife tin- fun i fUini:ig."
Hut not livu iniaut'.-F work waf done,
V.ru ilefalcationf tried i.er :
DicU'f line and Kato'f niergi.-d into one,
Au J Jacli lauft tafiu the cider.
Wiiih' f.)!ii-.? would 1 iter. fonu woufd play,
And fume would ivft alreadv
' Alaf !" flio fi.4-i.-d. for all I fay,"
I cannot l;e-?p yo i ft-.-ady."
Acroiy the field thuv fwept a tija
Of vi.icef. f-uigf and laughter ;
Fhe l;ept her line with honeft pride,
I followed I'll -nt after.
We left the othei f far behind.
O'ermaf tired by the weather ;
And tinifhe-d where the rofef bind
The further hedge together.
What made we bold foine wordf we fpnke
lly chancv?, or file nee fueeter ;
While all the fninnier foundf awoke.
And fang in tender metre.
I only know, af fate clVayed,
I won her fweet reiigning ;
Nor did fhe blame me that I made
Hav while the. fun was fliimng.
The breaking down of quite a Bection of the
(dd Cufctoin-lmiiso wharf, leads to a word or two
concerning the too common practice of piling
large quantities of coal, brick and, as in this cace,
ballast upon our wharves. It should be remem
bered that the wharves, being built on piles
placed ten feet apart each way lorin platforms
really whose bearing Btrcngth is weakened each
year by the combined action of fresh and salt
water, bo that, in a comp watively short time, tho
structure will not bear but a tithe of the weight
that it would when new, even if it was evenly dis
tributed over its surface. When it coiuos to dis
charging coal, or bricks, or ballast, the weight,
augmenting with each bucket-load dumped on
the pile, comes ver one spot, thus unduly increas
in" the strain on the tiiahers". Coal is compara
tively light, but " shingle " ballast, made up of
rubblo 6tone, mixed with gravel and sand, like
that under which the wharf gave way yesterday,
will weigh nearly, if not quite two hundred
pounds to the cubic foot. Thus a pile ten feet
high made by dumping from buckets, would
have a base of about thirty feet in diameter and
would contain not lar from tvo hundred tons
weight. No small pressure to bring to bear
upon, at the most, four piles that have been in
placo for sixteen years.
The time is drawing near when it will be
part of the duty of the police to "haul in"
the stray dogs. The canine population of
Honolulu is no small one in point of num
bers at any time, and just now it is very
numerous. Before, then, the number is
materially diminished, we hope to have a
" dog show They are very popular else
where, and their effect is to improve the
various breeds of d-'gs that are worth keep
ing, and to keep down the numbers of
worthless curs. We are of the opinion that
at tho time the Agricultural Society have
their proposed exhibit, including a "bench
show" of dogs, that there will be quite a
large number on view. Of course prizes
should be offered for the best dog in each
class ; and these classes should be arianged
with a view to meet the requirements of
the case on these Islands as for instance :
Class A 1 : Kdible Bogs We would place
these fir t, for we believe that in all ex
hibits of the resources of a country the food
products should take precedence. This
class should embrace all the varieties bred
for the table, and exhibitors should be re
quired to have not only the living speci
mens at the show, but they should prepare
roasts, stews, fricaset-s, ragouts, and relishes
for the judges, in order fiat the prizes
might he awarded with due judgment.
Class B would include the barkers. We
place these second n the list, because we
believe that, in the opinion of the native
dog-owners at least, the dog thai can make
the most noise take precedence immediately
after the edible canine. This class would
be divided into the nocturnal and mid-day
barkers, and yet it would include the frantic
yellers, spasmodic alarmists and the melan
cholic moon bayers. The committee ap
pointed to award prizes to this class should
be instructed to judge of the merits of the
contestants as the inspectors of cork trees
do in Andalusia by the amount of bark.
Class C would comprise sheep dogs and
" herders " generally. And here would be
aflbided an opportunity to exhib-t the two
classes into which sheep dogs can be
divided. No. 1 would include all dogs
trained to drive sheep tinder the direction of
the shepdierd. No. 2 all that much more
numerous class that drive the gentle wooley
creatures .n theii own account. Of course,
facilities should he offered for both classes to
display their skill a number of sheep being
provided for that purpose and as the
present price of wool is very low, the ex
pense would not be very great. The
'-Herders" would be one of the most in
teresting classes exhibited. In the first
place it would probably be found that in
their make up there was not a single hone
that belonged to any one breed of dogs, but
that the doctrine of the survival of the
fittest has been carried out to the last de
gree. Tin- j .ints of excellence to be noted
in this sub-class will be the hyena-like jaw,
tlie deer-like limbs hide like that of a dead
i x. and eves like a wolf. The test of excel
lence will be the number of times the dog (
will allow itself to be uraggeil around a
circus ilng while hanging on to a bull's
('lass I) might comprise the " Highway
men." These would comprehend all
' vagrom " curs, and ni ght be gathered
from the streets at night. Their distinguish
ing characteristic would he their wearing a
hide like a worn-out army blanket and a
woe-begono expression. Among them we
would place the slinks, slouchers and
scavengers, and the whole should be hung
immediately after the exhibition. The
Bat, Bud, Scotch, English, and Skye
terriers should be arranged in lines on
benches near each other, and the balance
of the lot in another apartment.
We believe such an exhibit would be full
of interest, and if a prize was offered for the
ugliest and most useless specimen to be ob
tained lu re, the list of competitors would
be a very large one. Bet us have a Dog
It is amusing to hear once in a while s me of
the excuses that complaisant, easy-goin natuies
love to ure in extenuation ol the indulgence of
idleness. Everyone must have heard the remark
that the clim tie will not admit of s -vcre exertion
or continued application to certain tasks in the
case of J. articular individuals. Many personal
sins of omission and negligence arc daily charged
up to the weather by thoc who really have
nothing to coinplaui of on account of any ihin
except their own (imi 1 and languid nature- In
dividual habits u-oially have much more to do
with the eapibiliti,- and feelings of people than
is generally fully realized A regular exercise
and temperate diet with a little detci minat i. in lire
all iliac is usu.i'.'v needed to make a great
majority or people.1. have the bogus tyranny of
6-jia ciiuiate and weather. Nothing can be more
plainly ludicrous than the plaintive tone nnd
dexterity with which a martyr oTa hot dtv or an
unusually ck.1 one excuses himself ani hi lazi
ness or procrastination.
The top layer of earth with which
Las been covered , serves the double
vouij .icu.-ij; uie ncwiy laid meiai, ana deadening
ti e round of pawing vehicles. S quiet was it
yesterday on that street nenr Merchant, that the
eteaui roller could be distinctly licard as it pasted
up and down tmoothing iff the work.
Those who are not accustomed to rising
early probably lose many more sights, as
well as many more advantages, than they
are aware of, which the early riser enjoys.
Among the most pleasing of these sights
which a devotee of Morpheus would be
most likely to miss is the harbor and ship
ping as it appear in the refulgence and
tranquility of a calm, clear morning just
ere the full flood of the beams of the sun
breaks over the hills or mountains of Oahu
in the eastward. There is usually then no
stir along the wharves oramong the vaiious
craft upon the waters of the port, save
that here and there a solitary spectator of
the serene phenomenon of nature appears,
perhaps, upon the deck of some vessel, or
loitering leisurely along the Esplanade.
There is a pleasure in contemplating every
cheerful aspect of nature, which seems to
impart a kind of elevation to hearts of re
finement and sensibility. During the day.
under the oppressive, realistic light of a hot I
sun and in the turmoil, dust and hurry of :
business, the wharves and shipping cer
tainly lose much of that attractive sheen
and beauty which the mellow rays of a
fair dawn invariably cast like a veil of en-
ciiant meiit a rou i nl them, llieii the prows
of the great ships, the masts tinted at the
top with golden beams, the nets of the fish
erman spread out to dry, the small i shing
boat, the native canoe, the placid water
and the rough quay and docks, are endued
with the poetry of nature and speak of the
sentiment of its charm and loveliness.
A great deal of interest has been awakened in
Europe by the exhibition at the R yal .Aquarium
in London ot a h'r uie, hairv little hen. g claimed
to be the misrong link between the human and
animal cieati m, of which we have already m id--mention.
Krio, as lhe eicalure is named,
is described ac h very bright lnokin int. llient
girl ol about .-even years of age. Site was -; u g b i
in a forest near Laos iu Siam, and br..iigfii iu
Eeland by a noted traveler and urini. Mr.
Carl Dock, a Norwegian, who ha been exj I uing
ISiam ami states to the iioiihea.-t. Hearing in
various quai ters of the existence ol a race ol hairy
people, riuiilar in appearance to a family kept at
the court of Mand il iy. he oQcred a rewa d lor
the cflpiure of a specimen and secured thin crea
ture along with a male (hat api-e.ued to he
her father. Tne eyes of the clidd are large,
dark ami lustrous; the uoe is flattened, the nos
trils scarcely showing. The cheeks are la; and
pouch-like, but tho chief peculiarity is lhe strong
and ubundant hair all over the body. On the head
it is black, thick and straight, ami grows over the
eye-brows and is continued in v hiker-hkc locks
down the cheeks. The rest ol the lace is cov
ered with a fine dark, downy hair, and the
shoulders and arms have a covering of hair from
one to one and a half inches long. When we
commented upon the remarkable- creature in a
former Usue of the .Advertiser, we were led to
associate this remarkable hairy semi-human being
with certain remarkable wild women described
in the romance of Biksamana. Those beings arc
t lie ereat ion of imagination and we have over
looked tl.e statements i act as recorded in a
lecture delivered by Mr. W . M. Gibson bclore
the Geographical Society of New York and as set
forth iu a book entitled The Piisou of Wcltev
rcilcn or a Glance at t' c Ivist Indian Archi
pelago. In the lecnir-t and the book there is a
lull and particular description of it hairy race of
human beings only capable of impelled articula
tion, and found in lhe swampy recessess of the Is
land ol Sumatra. Much skepticism at the time was
entertained ol the description of these people by
the traveler, but the Dutch writer De Sturler has
confirmed the statement niide by Mr. Gibson,
and it has been declared that a similar race was
to be found in the interior ol the vast continental
island ol Borne . Now we have confirma
tion of these statements about these wild hairy
people to be found in the fastnesses of lhe ieat
Malay islands, by the account.-, now well authen
ticated of hairy wild races lound near Laos
iu Siamese territory, a parent c unlry of the
Plaster Sunday was fully celebrated last Sabbath
in the churches by appropriate services during the
day, and more especially in the evening.
At Fort street a full Praise Service attracted a
large congregation, that completely filled all the
seats. The interior of the eiiur.-h was beautifully
decorated with flowers and greens. In front of tho
pulpit platform was a' superb cross of scarlet
geraniums standing on a bed of white lilies, and
on each sides were groups vt lilies and ferns. On
the front of the choir gallery were crosses of white
roses, while tho front of the urgaa was al.so
decorated with clusters of lilies.
Tho Service opened with a Voluntary from
Schubert's Symphony in Ji minor, which was fol
lowed by an Anthem, Invocation, llesponse, and
tho reading of the 8.5th Psalm. The congregation
then joined with the choir in singing a hymn.
After which Mr. Crozan read a Scripture lesson,
and the choir sang the Anthem, " Christ lieing
raised." A Prayer was then followed by the
beautiful solo, " My heart ever faithful," sung by
Mrs. J. 12. Hanaford. Mr. Cruzan then made the
announcements of religious exercises for the week,
and then followed thet Anthem, ' O, be Joyful,"
and the hymn, "I know that my llcdcomer lives."
Mr. Cruzan delivered short address, iu which he
spoke of Christ's rising from the dead, and of this
great fact changing the day observed as Sabbath.
The concluding Anthem, -'Thanks l e to God,"
was the tinest in the Service, and choir and organ
united in rendering it with great feeli. g and
po-.vor. After the Dismission, Mr. Jones, the
organist, played a fine Postludio as the congrega
tion left tne cliureli.
. 11 sit - n.l re-.v nro-f1:! r:i 1 fl.r wnrvwu u-.i-
r--Miducted iu the morning bv the lev. Alexander
Mackintosh and the llev. George Wallace, the ser
mon being preached by the flight Kevtiend ISishop
of Honolulu. In the evening the l!ev. W. A.
f' jin read the prayers, the lessons by the bishop,
a'ud the sermon was delivered by the Kev, George
Wallace. In the morning there was a very full
congregation, and the evening services were also
well attended. The rear of the chancel was elab
orately decorated with white roses and lilies, ferns
and various kinds of cvi-rgi-et ns. In the centre
was a cross bearing the letters I. H. S., and imme
diately underneath rivo garlands of ros.es and lilies.
l)u the left side of the chancel were the words ' If
ye be risen with Christ," and on the left. " Seek
"those things that are above," the whole forming
the text selected by the IiUhop for his excellent
and appropriate sermon. Above this text were two
emblems, six pointed stars in evergreens, one con
taining the letters representing Alpha and Omega,
the other, Christ. The text, "Christ, our Pass
over, is Sacrificed for us. Therefore let us Keep the
Feast." appeared across the archway iu front of the
chancel. The morning service included Siw.-cial
Anthem. Grand Chant. No. 1 ; Special Psalms, 2.
57, 111 ; Gloria, Grand Chant. No. 1 ; Deuni.
Dykes in F.: Iirnedictns. No. 20; Anthem. "Christ
Being liaised ; " llvmn before sermon. 1U7; Offer
tory Hymn, 114. After dismis-ion there was Holy
In the evening prayer service were introduced.
Special Psalms, 113" 111. US; Gloria. Grand
Chant ; Magnificat. No. "i ; Nunc Dimittis, Tonus
Peregrinns. No, 4 ; Anthem. - Christ Being
liaised:" Hymn liefnre scriii'.n, 110 : Offertory
Hymn, US. and Processional Hymns, 10G. 3S."i.
In the Unman Catholic Cathedral, Faster Sun
dav was observed by the celebration of mass at C
ami 7 o'clock in the morning : during the Masses,
the church was crowded, and several hundred peo
ple of all nationalities partook of the Blessed Sacra
ment of Holy Communion.
At 10 o'clock, a Pontilical High Mass was cele
brated by his Lordship the Bishop of Olha. with
Bev: Clement Everai'd. as assistant, Ilev. Sylvester
Stappers as deacon, and Bcv. Itaymond Delalande
as sub-deacon. During this Mass the following
programme was very effectively rendered under
the leadership of Mr. H. P. Ka-le, with Sister
AleiJa of the Convent of the Sacred Hearts, as
organist : Kyrie and Gloria Demon ti : Yietimae
Paschale; Credo Haydyn : llegina Cm-li. 1st La
bat de Serene: Sanetns Mozart's 2d : Agnus Dei
Demon ti. The forenoon services were ended by
the baptism of 11 adults and 1 3 infants. The
evening service commenced at 3 o'clock p.m. by
the conrimation of the parties baptized iu the
morning ; and also of about 23 others, after which
the b'osary was recited, a sermon preached by the
Bev. Father Clement, the rendering of the follow
ing programme, under the same efficient leader
ship of the morning : Begne Tc-rrc W. C. peter ;
Begina Coeli 2d Lambillot : Tantum Ergo Lam
bilot. This was foilwt-d by the benediction of the
Blessed Sacrament, after which the choir sang the
Laudate Dominum. the congregation recited the
Litany of Lorena, asd then dispersed. The deco
rations in lace and artificial flowers were the handi
work of the Sisters of the Sacred Hearts, and were
also contributions of natural flowers.
CALENDAR FOR THE APRIL TERM.
Iliwaiiaa Jury Criminal Cases.
HIS EXCELLENCY ATTORNKT-GtNKUAI. PRKSTOS FOK
Iicx vs. Hailar.ia, Kumckotm and K:uii.
Hex vs. Kaai, Kawika and Leo. Malic
ious injury-. Appeal from the Police Jus
tice of Honolulu.
Iicx vs. Wm. Auld. Common nuisance.
AjH'aI from the l'olice Justice of Honolulu;
Y . 11. Castle for the prosecution, John
Uussvl for defendant.
Paulo vs. I). Malo W. II. Castle for
plaintiff, 11. F. Hickerton for defendant.
In the matter of the will of Puhakala,
w., deceased. Appeal from the decision of
Mr. Justice Austin. F. M. Hatch for peti
tioners, K. Preston for contestant.
Villi vs. Ainoa. Ejectment. Cecil Urown
for plaintiff, W. 11. Castle for defendant.
Kalaniula s. Ijonoacn. Ejectment. J.
Russell for plaintiff.
Ololoino vs. Kahawaii. Ejectment. W.
L. Holokahiki for plaintilf, W. K. Castle
W. C. Achi vs. Kaluna, w. Trover. Ap
peal from the Police Justice of Honolulu.
. C. Achi vs. Kaluna, w. Action in
assumpsit. Appeal from the Police J list ice
of Honolulu ; W. It. Castle for plaintiff,
John ltussell for defendant.
Kumulu vs. Lovell. Ejectment. New
trial oidered; S. 15. Dole for plaintiff, W.
It. Castle for defendant.
Aiiirust I'nna and Oscar I'nna, doiii
business under the name of the "liana
Plantation" vs. J. K. Haiiuna and others
tradintr as the Mokai Sugar Company.
Cecil llrowu for plaintiff.
11. II. Ruth Keelikalani vs. Commission
ers ot Crown Lands. Ejectment. 1. A.
Thurston for plaintiff, E. Preston for de
fendant. Mahukaliilii and l.uukia, his mother, vs.
Hikaalani Hohron and E. C. Hohron, her
husband. Ejectment. W. It. Castle for
plaintiff, Cecil Hrown for defendant.
Kola vs. John II. Paty. Ejectment. Ii.
A. Thurston for plaintilf, W. R. Castle for
W. Ii. li. Moehonua vs. W. M. (Jihson.
Ejectment. It. F. 15ict:erton for plaintiff,
Y. 11. Castle for defendant.
VOli V. I i X JCKY CIMM1XAL CASKS.
Rex vs. Koni Kwei. Importing opium.
Appeal from the Police Court, Honolulu ;
W. R. Castle for defendant.
Rex vs. (ieorge Davis, Win. More ami
..iiaries i ayior. nignway roimery. jonn
Russell for More and Taylor, F. M. Hatch j
for Davis. ;
Chen Hoe Nam vs. Ey Sin Moi.-As- ,
sumpsit. W. 11. Castle for defendant.
Manuel Eoho vs. Anin. Ejectment.
R. Castle for plaintilf, F. M. Hatch for
V. Alan vs. W. C. Parke. Trespass.
R. Castle for plaintiff, E. Preston for
F. Horn vs. ('. M. Cook. Action on
case. F. M. Hatch for plaintiff, Cecil
Brown for defendant.
Rcnton, Holmes & Co. vs Jane S. Reed.
Assumpsit. F. M. Hatch for plaintiff.
S. J. Levey vs Henry Charmau. A
sumpsit. Ii. A. Thurston for plaintiff.
B. Tenorio vs Wm. Brown. Appeal from
the decision of the Police Justice of Hono
lulu. W. A. Whiting for plaintiff, J. L.
Kaulukoti for defendant.
Yim Qutm vs Cum Chun, otherwise Eum
Kee Sam. Appeal from the decision of
Mr. Justice McCully, in hankruptcy. W.
It. Castle for plaintilf, E. Preston for de
fendant. Knlaookekoi vs Ivtihele, w., and Kia Na
haolclua her husband, I). Kahanu and
others. S. B. Dole for plaintilf, E. Preston
for the Minister of the Interior; F. M.
Hatch for Kahele and others, files a de
murrer which was argued and sustained,
with permission to hrinjr a new suit or
amend the original hill; Mr. Dole noted an
appeal to the Supreme Court in Bunco.
Queen Dowager Emma Kaleleonalani vs
Chas. H. Jtuld and other Commissioners of
Crown Lands. Appeal from the decision
of Mr Justice McCuIIvat the January term.
W. R. Castle ami F. M. Hatch for the
plaintilf, E. Preston for defendant, up
pellants. Kapela and others vs Hoohoku. As
sumpsit. E. Preston for plaintiff, J. Xa
wahi for defendant.
Theresa Cartwrijrht vs A. J. Curtwright,
jr. W. It. Castle for libelh-.nt.
Kekuewa vs James Keau. W. E. Holo
kahiki for lihellant.
Joseph Perry vs Majrrle Perry. W. It.
Castle for lihellant.
Isabella Muire vs John Muire. W. R.
Castle for lihellant.
Kamila vs Uilama Antone Punanaro.
W. L. Holokahiki for lihellant.
Paikumu Poku, w., vs Kaleiwohi, k. J.
Russell for lihellant.
John Ena, jr. vs Eilia Piikoi. J. L. Kau
lukoti for lihellant.
John Paniani vs Mahiai Moku. Eibel
lant in person.
In rc Petition of Clarence W. Ashford for admis
sion to the liar.
Uekore Jidd, C.
AND AlSTIN. J. J.
Opinion of the Court by Judd. C. J.
The petitioner represents that helms pursued
the prescribed course of study in the University
ol Michigan. U. S. A., from which institution lie
graduated in March, 1880 ; that he was soon
alter duly admitted to practice ns an attorney
and counsellor at l.lw, and Solicitor and counsel
lor in Chancery in all Ihe Courts ..f Record in
the Stale ol Michigan, and has practiced law for
about one year ut Lansing. M.ch., and on the
28th Auu-t. 1S.S 2. he was admitted to practice
in the Supreme Cum t of Ca lilorni i ,
In C'.inpli iuc:! witii Kule 2i f this Court, the
petitioner priented a c.-rl ili.Mtc ol good moral
character. The certificate t. resented are satis
factory t the Court. But the Attorney (jeneral,
who w:.s called in hy the Court, suggests t?mt it
does not appear that the applicant is a Hawaiian
subject, and the applicant at lhe Itcaring filed his
affidavit that he wis born in the Dominion ol
Canadi. and is u Ihiii.ii subject. The law in
reli-n-i to the admission ot prai-t itioners to
the IJ i r i- Section 1(1(35 of ihe Civil C de, which
The S i ironic C uri el. ill h ive power to ex
amine ami admit as praet i . ior.ei s in the Courts of
Record, such persons, hem.; ILiuaiian subjects,
ol good moral character, and hiving taken the
pre-crihed oat !i of office, ae said Court mav find
qualified lor lhat purpose."
It is suggested by the Attoniey-fJeiicral that
the law easts upon the Court the duty of re
fusing U admit the petitioner to practice, lie not
being n Hawaiian subject. Until the Act of
1S82. the naturalization of alien foreigners was
an eay matter, it requiting from lhe applicant
that ' he stale his intention to become a perma
nent resident of the Kingdom, nnd lhe Minister
of the Interior in person, or iho.ufi his chief
clerk, wa- authorized to admin.st or the oath of
allegiance ii satisfied that it would bo for the
good of the Kingdom ; and that surh foreigner is
not of inim ;ral c! aracier, tn.r a rc'ugee from the
justice of s niie other country, nor a desc-rtin
sailor, marine, soldier, or ..meer. (Civil Code",
Under this law all attorneys hitherto coming
to this country from abroad became naturalized,
the Court rcrpiirin. without quc-li in. from all
a'ieu foreign anon..' :.pplin to be admitted
that they exhi'dt r . n,K C .on tneir ceniOcaies ol
But on the 27th July, 1SS2. an Act was passed
bv the Lz-jfi-hiiore ol this Kingdom, authorizing
the Monster the Intel i .r, w 'uu Ihe approval
ol the King, upon the application of any alien
foreigner who shall have resided within the
Kingdom five year or nn.r - next preceding such
application, stating his intention to become a
permanent resident of t he Kingdom, to adminis
ter the oath ol utleg'aneo to such lorei"iier, if
satisfi. d that it will bc for the good of the King
dom ; ai d that such loo igner own, without en
cumbrance, tax ihle red estate within the King
dom, and is not of unmoral character, nor a
refugee from justice of 6ome other country, nor
a deserting sailor, marine, soldier or officer."
r... .i.ai ina roii tiw,!, r 1
Under this law it nun. " - , ntii h.
cannot become a imbject of thu K'nf" rc.
has completed the full teru. of tij 3J
idence here, .nd is sble tilion
requirement, or the Act. It ur "jjjof ,!,
tr- counsel t .-t thi- Act - ,fl he B-r
Court from ben reinforced by shor.e,
abroad, and t'i i
... is rriuiru
the pre-nt lo -o.'in - n,:kcT that
-Pre be true, for ,t V' flV0
ft doieo iucmier.
any attorney irotu aimmu . " 0
yekrs of inaction in this kingdom in ordtr w
entitled to prari.ee in our Courtf. ,,...::
But the law is imperative none but Ihiwaiun
subject- can be admitted to practice " "
are not to construe an Act of the Le,ii.tauri
. . . i tfijremr.
out of existence wunoui roovi
is said lhat as this fect.oo iuoj
does not ay that none Dui rn.se w -
Hawaiian Mihjects are to be admitted to rrc,,ceJ
the Couit is thereby prohibited from admitting
ih-r who are nol fubjecu. Tins construe! ion
would make the provision we are conidcriK
tneanintli-s-. We regard these worde " bcin
lU.i!.n subjei-i" hs creating a condition pre
cedent, and m imposing the limitation upon lhe
Kencrl t.weis of the Court to admit practiti. it
ers to admit none but mbjecta. We understand
it to he universally tho practice in other countries
to admit n attorneys none but citiicne, and line
has been the course followed in this country
without question until the enactment of the low
link int: tiaiuiahsatioii difficult.
Hut it is sa id that this law is merely directory
and not mandatory. We do not eo under
stand it. Statutory requisitions aro deemed
directory only when they relate to otne immate
rial mt'cr, wheie a compliance is a matter of
conveni--: ee i.it!-er than of ubstance."
Pfli.pl.- v. Si-'....rin.M iiorii 19 Hub. 558. Judge
Cooley say ilmi I fe particular provisions of a
statute are lo bc regarded w di'ectory merely
when they ar- nivin dirccii ins which ought to
be followed, hm not as limiting th? power in
respect to which ihe directions are Riven, ao lhat
it cannot be. clTeciiiiilly exercised without obserT
iiii them. Cooley Const. Lim. p. 14.
There arc cu-e where whether n statute waa
to be regarded us merely directory or not waa
made to depend upon the employment or fail
ing lo employ lo-gutive words which imported
that the act should be done in a particular manner
or tine, and not otherwise. The use of such
words is ..Men very c nu luivo, that the statute
was not destined to b: mandatory."
Ih. p. 75 nnd Potters Dwnnis p. 221, 227.
The provision-we arc now considering m-cius to
us to bo compuUory and lo leave no diccntion in
the Court, none of ihe adjudged cases vtc can find
sustain a contrary view.
Ii is said that the Acts referred to are not
encroachments upon lhe judicial authority; that
,,,,. , , .,.,, ,,n ...
ujllo0 , bc .dmim-d to practice before it.
, , .... ., s
trtifttfniL il tm lliulv tf ltiflnirl tiiuiJitiit ttiA
i,:,,.!;,,., r,n,,llla i r,M,r:r,in ,.,-. it !,,-. if
reasonable, and wc cannot tuy that the restric
tion ol a riuhl to prueiico law in our Court to
subjects is uiiiciikoi.uMc, however inconvenient it
may be. The case would stand diflt icnily if, by the
operation of the Acts 1 1 the Legislature, unfit
persons should bc thrut-t into the liur of tbo
Court, or the Court and community altogether
deprived of the advantage of n bar ol ptofessionsl
See mutters o' (Joodell 20, Am. Reports, 42.
Numerous re entices nre made in argument to
Treaty stipulations. For cxiilnpV Act 2 of tho
British Treaty, that " British subjects in tide
Kingdom shall enjoy the same exemptions mid
privileges as native subjects." From the context
it is evident that this lehrs to privileges respct
ing residence nnd trade in this Kingdom, and not
tothe privilege of pracismg liw. Also Hlh Act,
id.. Where the rntht is guaranteed of free and
open access to Ihe Court ol Justice, lor lhe .rose
cution and defense of their just rights, and the
liberty of emf I oying in nil causes the advocates,
uttorneys or agents of whatever description whom
they think proper," etc. This secures the right
to employ counsel, n right not recognised in
ancient times, but we think it dcB not mcsn that
any person not a licensed attorney can be forced
upon the Court as a practitioner.
We are therefore obliged to bold that tbo
petitioner, not being a Hawaiian subject, cannot
he admitted to practice ut this Court.
A. Francis Jidd,
Benj II. Austin.
A. S. Hartwcll for petitioner, Attorney-General
Preston per contra.
Honolulu. March 21, 1883.
Bkfoke His Hoxok Judqk McCully.
Thursday, March 29th. 1883.
The Kin? vs. Robert (Jrieve. Appeal
from the Police Court of Honolulu. Mr.
W. R. Castle, for the prosecution, admitted
us proved that the defendant did not know
the Hawaiian language, hut supposed that
the document wan an olllclal one aad so
printed it. Mr. A. ti. Hartwcll appeared
for defendant whose presence was waived
by consent of counsel. Ry consent also the
evidence in tho case as given iu the Police
Court was taken to he part of this case In
favor of his client, want of knowledge of
the obscurity of the document on the part
of Mr. Orieve being the chief matter relied
on. Mr. Castle iu reply referred to the
wording of the statute under which the
prosecution was instituted and contended
that defendant as director of a printing
establishment was rei-ponsihle for allowing
tne publication of an obscene document
eyen though he had no knowledge of Its
obscenity. The learned gentleman under
took to cite authorities and hand them to
thi Court in writing. His Honor reserved
Ii. S. P. fJonlett vs. 1 1. S. Tregloan. Ap
peal from the Police Court of Honolulu. Mr
Hatch appeared for plaintiff, and Mr. Rus
sel for defeudadnt. Mils is a case of dis
puted accounts. The plaintiff being a tailor
working for defendant hy the piece. Tho
evidence of the two principals in the dis
pute was taken and counsel then argued to
submit statements of accounts to thu Court
and the case was submitted.
Wk wsre afforded the opportunity, yesterday of
examining a portrait of the Chief Justice, Hon. A
F. Judd. painted by thu wHl-known artist Mr
Strong. The picture, which ix ijenrv in lvb
represents the Chief Justice iu morniiiL' dies
,,,, K,,v s,uPi pint in iroin oi IIH jurtty
cottage in Nuuanu valley. His favorite black colt
" Prince Henry " is thrusting his delicate mazzlo
into his master's outstretched hand, andacouplo
of pet Chinese duck have come up to see what
they can get. A partial view of thu cottage is bad.
and above the foliage of bv.sh and troo two graceful
"royal palms" give a tropic look to the scene.
The perspective in the picture is Most excellent
and there are one or two groups of flowering plant
that are beautifully elaborated. Mr. Strong bag
caught, in the bright blue sky and In lhe aoft
shadow of the picture tho jsjculiap buoyant
atmospheric fleet so noticeable here on a flno
clear day. and a-t & portrait the face and figure of
ths Chief Justice are very good.
Mr. H. A. hritxs requested ns to rail and ex.
amine his new Patent Master, that he is now rMv
in to thu ceiling and wall of the lecture room i'n
Kann.akapili Church. We did so, and were at one
impressed nith the convenience and utility of Mr
Uurns' invention. In tho preparation of thii
plaster certain chemicals ar combined with lime
and hair, and the composition spread iu sheets
three-eights of an inch in thickness, and of ajj,.
to lit the timbers, studding, floor Joists, etc
which it m desirrd to cover. In the present in!
stance these sheets are made i-iul.tr... I,. .,-.
inches in size, and to prepare them for ff..i..
to the timbers holes
h are drilled in 11
We would say that the sheets ... i
to fit any space with as much ease as a half-inch
board. One surface of each sheet is finished
smooth, so as take wall pajs-r or a coat of paint.
1 he other side is purposely left rough in order tl at
The nails with which the sheets arc fastened on ara
of composition with large heads, and will not mat
and discolor the plaster. It ill be se, i, that no
lathing is required to which to f:. ,.., l,; ..i '
nnd neither can it bc dislodged by l-coming Haked
It l W,lu, In.i. .1 . .. ..
...... ........ inrouii tin; ll uir
applying tut- sheets to a brick
or stone wall. a.
quantity ot tin- material in
prepared r( tho
msteiicv of mortar, which
I td i i t f ut .1 ... j
wall the sheets are applied p, the soft surface, and
... icw minute will have united very solidity
VU- tested tlio strength of some of the sheets after'
they had been nailed m tl.n eeito... ' r
l.rie.l o. .i i " " ur.
..., niiuii xney were, in
., V. m.ucea that they did not
crack at all
. . : i,.iufciy uouie. ut wrr.
tough enouL-h to t-nii ,.t .i, . .wer
ii-ii me nan wna inv..,. i.. i .
buried in the
, r. ' "c uawieaa ueinor
mibstaneo. In point of cost Mr
us that . t.i.- . MT'
and hard f.iui, 4i" Jucse. "eet
. . "Ul quite, as cheap y as br
the old method, taking the cost of lathinK etc
IVvV- TV"' ' We ,,are no oubt but t at the xfew
style of plastering will prove to be of great