Newspaper Page Text
O O JVT mi ly r r-i. F v
PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER, MAY 19, 1883.
SATURDAY . . .
..MAY ID, 13.
The lime Is not far distant, we trust,
when the growth of fibre-making material
on these Islands will become an important
Industry. Experience elsewhere has shown
that to do so profitably cheap labor must be
employed, which, in ourca.se means that
we must wait awhile until existing con
tracts with immigrants now working on
plantations ball have been worked out by
the laborers, when they inevitably will, in
the majority of cases, be looking about for
some means of obtaining a living without
Tbe probabilities are that for some time
to come there will be a demand for more
labor on plantations to take the place of
those whose contracts expire, and that as a
consequence, plantation labor will not be
obtained at much cheaper rates than are
now being paid, but there will be greatt-r
atteation paid to other industrits by Uiom
who prefer to earn an humble living inde
pendently than to be working for some one
else at higher wages. Chief amongst the
Industries which w ill attract the attention
of many will be thegrowth'of fibre mate
rial. Not to supply any "great local de
mand, tut for exportation to the United
flutes and Europe. We have already
called attention to the value of our indige
nous fibre bearing plant.-, and we know
that our soil and climate is capable of pro
ducing Immense quantities ot others that
may be Introduced.
From Mexico can be obtained the .seeds,
roots or cuttings of the lechugilla," the
"maguey" and the palma criollj," three
pl&vtz which are attracting much atten
tion In Europe anil the United Htates.
They grow throughout Mexico at an eleva
tion of not less than a thousand feet above
the sea, and as that Implies a habitat here
of about the same elevation, it will be Keen
that they would ocenpy grounds not availa
ble for any other nub-tropic.stapIe. From
the Eritiah Trade Journal, (from which we
quote largely) we gather the following de
tails as to the character of these plants.
Xhm lechugilla, or small lettuce, afford a litre
like th Manilla a-graM4. The fibre is coarse and
Strong, from 14 incbe to 21 inche in length, and
U used in making sack, mats, rope, and brushes.
The infujd root h4 itronff detergent properties,
and cannot be excelled r cleansing wooden cloth
ing. It tend, also, rather to net than displace
eelors, and articles likely t fade may with safety
be washed with an infusion of this root. This fibre
iatheixtleof commerce, and u already exported
ia aorae quantity from Mexico to the I'nited States
and eUewhere. The majjuey, or tbe agave, or tbe
century plant, aa it is variously called, is as
abundant as tbe lechugilla. Tbe cajeta. or heart,
yields aqua miel, or wort, which, when fermented,
become what is known as " pulqne." This mild
intoxicant is, as everybody knows, tbe national
drink of Mexico. Pulque trains run daily to tbe
large cities, and the Mexican could no more think
of dipasing with his potation of pulque than the
English laborer of goi'i wlunmt hi- toxr ,The
rc-u cajeia, or newt oi me nam, is caiwui
.. ....i .n -.iM
. . I i , A I. . . . , A. ' , .
a hqaid which j4Dti distilled, is known as ' vino
de mescaIil-a strong, spirituous liquor, as clear
an'LeCTorlcus as pure water. The leaves of tbe
maraey serve anoiner purpose. nen wrung tuey
give a juice which is a sovereign antiscorbutic, anil
is used with excellent effect for scrofulous diseases.
The fibre of the maguey is much finer and a great
deal longer than the fibre of tbe lechugilla, and it
is not uncommon to find it from five to six feet in
length.' Tbe Mexicans weave it into fine textures,
and shoemakers use it to manufacture their best
thread. It is also sometimes wrought into orna
mental bags and baskets, and then tinted with
various colors, tio far, it seems, no machinery has
been invented or, at anr rate, tbe Mexican people
know of none suited to break, hackle and prepare
this product. It is tow prepared in a cumbrous
way by hand. The maguey, it should lie noted,
grows at present without anything in tbe haje of
cultivation being required. When the hearts are
cut for the purposes of distillation the leaves are
generally left strewn upon the ground, and fibre
that might be advantageously used is left to rot.
Of the third plant mentioned the palma criolla
it may be said that it grows quite as abundantly
aa the maguey. The, fibrous leaves are used to
thatch the ordinary Mexican jacal or hut, or, if
straw be employed, then tbe loaves of the' palma,
after being heated, are torn into strings and use J
to fasten tbe thatch. Such strings, indeed, con
stitute the common twine in country places, and
are generally used for tying purposes. The fruit
of tbe palma is a kind of date, not greatly
relished, but occasionally eaten. When distilled
a sort of aguardiente, or rum, is produced. There
is. indeed, quite a large distillry near Salinas.
This plant or tree, has excited much interest of
late, as it is of a fibrous nature throughout trunk,
leaves and all and experiments are being mado
with a view of manufacturing paper the milium.'
There is no question but that the cultivation of
thcte fibres on a largo scale wrya'id open up a
source of wealth which, in. country less favored
with mineral resoura'jsthan Mexico, wonld le
eagerly seized jptni and rapidly developed.
It will beseen from what we have quoted
thik-Vilese plants subserve other useful
purposes besides yielding valuable fibre,
but considered In relation to that product
alone we think we are justified in saying
that their Introduction here would prove a
success not only in the sense that they
would grow well, but that their valuable
properties will afford an opportunity for
Industrious men to make a comfortable
living for themselves and those depending
From the Daily.)
An Authorative Denial.
We take pleasure in laying before our
readers the United Htates Minister llesi
dent's letter, in which he clearly and suc
cinctly sets forth the fact well-known here
that it would be practically impossible to
manipulate Chinese sugars here with ;:i
view to their exportation as Hawaiian. In
view of the charges made by Belmont and
Ids associates, and their demand for an
Investigation a sort of smelling-into-the-matter-corumittee
it is gratifying to learn
that the Uovernment of the United Slates
should have made those inquiries through
Its Representative here, and we are satisfied
that the reply of the Minister will satisry
his government of the charges, and put to
shame those who so recklessly advanced
them to further their own ends.
1 Special Dispatch to the CoMtnereial Dnlle in.
Washington, April, 10.
During the past week, there have been many
inquries made at the customs division of the
Treasury Department by New York merchants
concerning the letter recently received by the
Secretary of State and referred to the Customs
JJareau bearing upon the charge by Congress
man Belmont, that the Ilonolulans and Hawaiian
Islanders generally are exporting Chinese sugar
to this country contrary to existing tariff laws,
as the letter gives some very interesting points
concerning the Hawaiian sugar trade with the
United States. Several very imperfect and incor
rect brief abstracts of the letter from our Jlir.
it ter at Honolulu have been printed, but it re
mains for the liulletinto lay the full trxt of the
letter Itefore the merchants, who .ire so deeply
interested. It is as follows :
LCGATIOX OF THE UNITED STATES, (
UONOLCI.C, ilarcb 5, 13S3. )
Hon. Frcd'k T. Frclinghugsen, Secretary of
Slate, Sib : Agreeably to your instructions,
embraced in dispatch No 14 of December 13,
JSS2, I have the honor to report that I have
otade a careful examination of the rep-esenta-tku
made to your department to the effect that
' Chinese sugar is taken to the llawaiiau la
lands and exported thence to the United States
s the product of those Islands, for the purjK.se
of securing the advantages of our Keciprocity
Treaty with Hawaii of 1S7.."
My investigations Lave been directed to the
-establishment of definite conclusions in respect
o three general inquiries applying specially to.
tie twelve month. en-ling December 31, 1882, j
and inferential! to previous ye-ars, under th
Treaty, as well as to tbe present, namely:
1. VoulJ it have been reasonably possible to
make such shipment and rr-xhipraent of Chinese
sa:ir4 without Uetection?
'2. WonM it hare been profitable to make bucu
shipment and reshipment of Chinese sugars, an I
evasion of tbe payment of duty being the ole
purpose and consideration?
3. -llave such ahipinents and re?hipmenU of
Chinese ungars really been made?
In relation to the first inquiry, I beg to state
thr.t tut four Teasel from Chinese porta report
ed at the Hawaiian Islands dnricg the year 1532,
as shown by the following exhibit, courteously
fnrnished by the Collector-General, together
with a statement of the commodities discharged
by them :
Purt of Eiitiy at) J
date of arrival.
..Honolulu. July 11, 1S2
. HuDOlulu, Oct. f. lvi
.Honolulu, Nov. 2. l-i
.Honolulu. Nov. 21,
Viriel. Port from
Cr ilmr Triumph Hontckoni; .
-r Lark I'leho HongkoDg-
iiratmr Madras Hont:k .cg.
'r Lk Liiutine Hougkoug
From these vessels the following commodities
only were discharged : Clothing, shoes, dry
goods, earthen and Chinese ware, mediciuen,
matting, furniture, dried fish, preserved vegeta
bles, fruits and provisions 'no sugars), fancy
goods, laquered ware, bamboo ware, baskets,
hardware, tools, China wmea, samnsoo, cigars,
tobacco, tea, nut oil, paper and stationery, cam
phor wood trunks and pieces of stone.
It will thus be seen thut but four vessels from
Chinese iorts reported to these Islands in 1832,
and that fcjgars were di-wharged by none of
them. This statement embraces all the ports of
the Hawaiian Islands. Hence, if Chinese sugars
were landed iu any ort of the Islands in
it must have been so done illicitly and without
the knowledge of tbe customs authorities.
In relation to the possible clandestine landing
of sugars, I beg to direct especial attention to
the fact that there is but one ort in the Ha
waiian Islands where freights may be discharged
without the- aid of lighters. That port is Hono
lulu There are seven other recognized ports
where freights may betaken in and discharged
with the aid of boats or lighters, namely, Hilo,
on the Island of Hawaii ; M.ihnkona 011 the
Island of Hawaii ; Kawaihac u the Island of
Hawaii; Kealakekua on the Island of Hawaii;
Kahulni on the Island of Maui ; Lahaina on the
Island of Hani, and Koloa on tbe Island of
In addition to these ports are a number of
small inlets in the island channels, where
freights may be taken in and discharged in sm ill
barg"t when the weather is favorable.
TIm-sc inlets are utilized to a considerable ex
tent by planters in removing their sugars to iu
l.ind vessels for transportation to Honolulu aud
other ports for invoice and shipment to the
United States, and so difficult is it to make these
landings that freights can be removed to and
from them only iu daylight and when the chan
nels ar- calm.
There are eighty-one sugar plantations on the
Islands, fifty-four of which mill their own cane,
and right custom sugar mills. Of these planta
tions and mills, thirty-nine are on Hawaii,
twenty-one on Mani, eighteen on Kauai, eight
on Oaha and three on Molokai. Very few of
these plantations are isolated. As a rule, they
are grouped in districts favorable to cane grow
ing, where a common port or inlet, at greater or
less distances, serves them all.
As steamers and sailiug vessels are con
stantly plying at short intervals between these
sugar-producing islands and Honolulu and other
ports of shipment, and as no vessels large
enough to be of service could enter any of these
ports or inlets nud in broad daylight take iu or
discharge in lighters or barges a cargo of sugar
or any considerable portion of it unobserved, it
follows that the illicit landing of sugars un
detected could be accomglishftd only through a
widespread conspiracy of the planters; a pre
sumption which I cannot ask you a moment to
The second iuquiry "would it have been pro-
I " .1 V V. .
t i . Bt ,v,;ml,t
utable to make such shipment
of Chinese sugars, an evasion of the payment
of duty being tbe sole purpose and considera
tion? ' has already been partially answered in
referring to the difficulties of the undertaking.
And in this connection permit me to add (1)
that the difference in the strength, granular
structure and general appearance of Chinese
and Hawuiian raw sugars is so marked that tbe
former could not be made to pass for the latter
under competent and honest inspection without
at least, an equal mingling in quantity of each
and a regranulation of the combination; (2)that
the mills neeessnry to this process are, possibly
with two or three exceptions, from one to five
miles inland, nnd (3) that the laborers employed
in the lightering, hauling and reworking of the
Chinese sugars could not be kept in ignorance
of their character, and their silence would Lave
to be nnrchased with increased wages or othr
"considerations affecting the profits of the law- j
Were it possible, then, to land Chinese su
gars undetected in Hawaiian ports, in order to
evade the light Hawaiian tax of ten per centum
and our own duty of from two to two and a
half cents per pound, the expeuses of handling
aud working, as follows, would have to met:
1. Lighterage to the shore, probably at night
and under unfavorable circumstances.
2. Loading aud transportation inland from
one to five miles.
3. Mixing and working in vitli Hawaiian
1. ltesackiug, reloading and retrausportn
tion to the fchore.
J. Lighterage to the vessel.
The xpenses of these services would vary
somewhat at different ports and under different
circumstances ; but, on the whole, it would be
under most favorable conditions that the profits
would exceed the evaded duties.
In answer to the inquiry, "Have such ship
ments and reshipments of Chinese sugars really
been made ? " admitting them to have been
both possible and capable of profit, I desire to
call your attention to the important fact that
the gross sugar product of the Hawaiian Islands
in 152 was not in excess of, but rather be
low, the estimated aggregate yield of the acreage
under sugar cultivation.
According to the latest exhibits, the total area
of lands planted in cane on these Islands is
2'.MX) acres. As cane matures here iu about
eighteen months, the number of acres cropped
in 112 may be placed at 25,000, which yielded
a fraction over 57,000 tons of raw sugars, all of
which, with the exception of less than two tons,
was exported to the United States. The average
yield per acre, it will thus be seen, was a little
short of two and two-tenths tons; nnd that aver
iige on 20,000 acres, which is light for thes
islands, accounts for every pound of sugar pro
duced and exported in 18i2.
Again, for more than a year the United States
Consnl here has exacted from shippers the pro
curement of separate invoices for the sugars of
each plantation, and the exact places of product
are stated uuder oath ; so if Chiuese sugars h ive
been shipped illicitly from these Islands in 1SS2,
every invoice naming them has borne a perjury
upon its fuce.
It is manifest that no such shipment and
treatment of Chiuese sugars could be made with
out the knowledge of m:my ; yet the charges
that I have been instructed to investigate have
been neither repeated nor credited here.
It seems hardly necessary for me to say in
conclusion that I cannot believe that Chinese
sugars have been in the past, or are new,
brought to these Islands and rcshipped to the
United States as the products, of Hawaiian
plantations. Very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
Roixiin M. Dagoatt.
Tho Department of State, the Secretary of the
Treasury and the customs officers here express
entire satisfaction with this clear statement by
Minister Daggett, and their future actions will
bf based npon the facts the letter sets forth.
I S. H.
A New Quarantine Station
In all sea-ports controlled by civilized
nations, the importance of having a safe,
commodious station where all cases of con
tagious diseases can be isolated and proper
Iv treated is fully recognized. At this port
i we have goo 1 buildings established on the
- - . , -1 1 .....
reei wiiere oruinaruy, uangerous uiseases
can be isolated, but, we are still of the
opinion mat me question 01 proviumg u
' "... . , . , , 1:4 : 1 .
still more isoiaieu locaiiiy, wiiinu easy
reach of the harbor, should be discussed.
Such a location is found on the islet called
Manana, which has just been thorough ly
surveyed, with its surroundings by Captain
Jackson of the Government Survey Office.
According to the survey of the east coast
of Oahu, and the coast between Coco Head
and Diamond Head, during which numer
ous soundings have been taken, and the
whole of the outlying rock-dangers care
fully and accurately ascertained and noted,
it has been ascertained that there is excel
lent anchorage for tolerably large vessels
on the south-west (side of the little island
referrea to tue eieptn or water varying j
from 4 to 8 fathoms, at tbe anchorage it
beinjj on average of 4. The anchorage is
vrell:siielterel by the Island which has
been found to bo larger than anticipated
containing about eighty acres, and rising
to the height of five hundred teet. There
U a goxl landing place on a sandy beach
on the fouibwet side of the islaud.
ami from thence the land rises gradually, a
large area being located iu a shallow de
pression, evidently Uie bowl of au extinct
The island is about one and a half miles
from the lauding at Waimnnalo, and can
be reached from there by a boat in half an
There is no water on the island, but this
want could be easily supplied by a con
densing apparatus, or by supplies" brought
from the main land.
The advantages as a quarantine station
that the island possessesover the present site
are: First, it is more completely isolated.
Secondly, it is so located" that a south wind
is not nearly so likely to carry the germs of
disease to the iuhabitated portions of Oahu,
and thirdly, it is more elevated above the
sea-level, and subjected more directly to
the trade-winds. It is farther away from
Honolulu to be sure, but we do not know
that that is an objection, we do not think it
is. As we .said iu the beginning, the sub
ject of utilizing this spot for the purposes
indicated is worth consideration.
A Gross Subterfuge.
The venom with which our friendly criti
cisms of the Y. M. C. A. have been met
by a contemporary is rather beneath notice.
It is certainly discreditable to the merest
pretention to candor and respectability in
journalism. The articles which have called
forth such a paltry storm of personal malev
olence were written by one who has been
elected to membership in the Y. M. C. A.,
and who has only the highest legitimate
success of the association at heart. Indeed,
it was only with a view of pointing out
some of the defects which have made the
Y. M. C. A. more or less unpopular and un
admitted failure, so far as its proper in
fluence is concerned, that he has gone to
some trouble to investigate the details of
management, so as to be able to give accurate
and conscientious aid in the way of point
ing out defects which have been pesistently
ignored and which mu.-t be remedied
before the association can prosper. If he
has erred iu any particular, if he bus hurt
the feelings of auy individual, more than
was necessary for the good of the associa
tion, he is ready to atone for any error. It
has been said that the members of the Y.
M. C. A. Employment Committee can
make no defense, not that they have none
to make, but that they are subjected to a
kind of martyrdom. This is absurd and
false. If the gentlemen of the committee
can refute the charges of inefficiency, which
seem to be admitted by the confessions of
one of their number, Mr. li. F. Dillingham,
any reasonable amount of space in our col
umns is at their disposal. Those contem
porary sheets that have sought to defend
the Emplo3-ment Committee have, in re
ality, cast the most serious reflections upon
its personality. On behalf of the coi m it
tee they have assumed for its several com
ponent members a high respectability and
an unquestionable past record, and they
have asked the public to discredit the
charges against them n a committee on
account of this alleged personal respecta
bility and honorable record. Now, this is
unmistakably an eflbrt to make the prestige
of reputation cover and excuse, present
delinquency. The public has of late, in the
United States and elsewhere, been ac
quainted with many rogues who have la
bored for years to conjure up a reputation
under cover of which they have perpetrated
embezzlements and all manner of frauds.
It seems to have been the policy of default
ing cashier and trustees in the United
States to appear devout, honest and paying
members of some Christian Societey in or
der to consummate, their frauds. Instances
of this sort have been so common that pub
lic opinion will no longer permit alleged past
respectability to screen present action from
scrutiny and thorough investigation. And
the attempt to do this by the assumption
of tespectability which our contempdraries
have applied to the members of the Y. M.
C A. Employment Committee lays them
open to the suspicion of a very gross sub
teifuge. The Madras.
The Madras, one of a number of ships
engaged in a general passenger carrying
business, loaded up at the port of Hong
kong with Chiuese coolies for these Islands.
By coolies we mean Asiatic laborers moved,
from place to place as such, theyjurfToeing
" passeugers '' in the ordinirfy acceptation
of the term, for it can tre'shown that they
arrived here "wilTTout the means to support
themselves unless they obtained immediate
employment, They were in the same cate
gory as those on the City of Tokio, of whom
the purser upon being required to collect
the hospital tax of 52.00 per head said that
he was satisfied that he couldn't lind
amongst them an average of $1.00 per
head. This immigration was a specula
tion by somebody in human muscle. The
Captain of the Madras chose to take on
board his vessel not a very large one
some 750 of these persons, to manage which
were seven Kuropean, but not a single
Kuropeau surgeon. In a letter to the Presi
dent of the Board of Health he states that
the ordinance or regulation of the Hong
kong Council forbidding the exportation of
Chinese to these Islands, had, during the
absence of the Governor General been re
scinded, and that licenses to vessels to carry
away emigrant were being granted prior to
the public official notice of the rescinding
of the ordinance. The Madras, and all the
other vessels, came here without due notice
with their coolies. The Madras arrives oil
this port, and the captain signs a bill of
health in which it is stated, no person on
bvard my vessel has been seized by a con
tagious disorder, nor have I heard of any
such disease on board of any. vessel that I
have spoken on my way to this place.
No per so a has died or been sick
of a contagious disease on board
my vessel during the last six months."
It is true that Captain Bradley wrote a let
ter about the same time, explaining that
he had two smallpox patients on board ;
but in view of the contradictory statement
at that time, and subsequent ones, we are
satisfied that that was by no means a true
disclosure of the state of the case. At any
rate, the Board of Health, in view of the
past sad experience of thecountry in regard
to smallpox, was totally unwilling to al
low any infected ship to enter this port.
What is the usual practice in dealing with
infected vessels? Do we not know that in
many such instances ships are anchored
outside ports for sixty or even ninety days,
without any communication with the
shore except under the closest surveillance.
Yet the Madras has had every reasonable
opportunity of communicating with the
shore. The captain has come to our
wharves and chatted with agents and
others ; the vessel has received recruits
and coal without difficulty, and the captain
has had an opjwrtuuity to seek whatever
medical aid he required. He, of course,
having no confidence in the Chinese doctoi s
od board, who have evidently assisted iu
concealing cases of smallpox amougst their
country-men has had a foreign physiciau,.
Dr. Trousseau, to wait upon him in eon-"
sequence of his own ill health. The lu
inpeaiis on the vessel becoming apprehen
sive have been vaccinated by the l'ort Phy
sician, and the oiler was made to vaccinate
all the people on board, the Board of Health
being now supplied with a large amount of
bovine virus (.ordered long before there was
any apprehensions of smallpox invasion)
sufficient to vaccinate some thousands of
Admitting that there has been suffi
cient reasons for admitting the vessel
inside the port and quarantining her
passengers, it must be reraembeied that
the quarantine ground has been engaged
several weeks with passengers from vessels
who had prior claims to attention. There
were those from the Oceanic, Coptic and
City of Tokio who had to be cared for. The
passengers on board the Glenelg, although
reporting no suspicion of disease aud
found by the Port Physician perfectly
healthy, submitted to a two weeks quaran
tine on board without a word of remou-
strance, or any unnecessary newspaper
discussion. We fear that the Madras may
possibly have flittered from a too great au
anxiety on the part of somebody to rush
into print. Several ships have arrived
Erior to this one, where their agents have
een prompt to make arrangements and
give bonds to meet expenses, it being ac
cording to law in this as in any other
countries that the vessel is the chief se
curity for quarantine expenses.
Iu view of these facts how perfectly ab
surd Is all the balderdash we have read
about ' inhumanity,'' "horrible barbarism"
etc, indulged iu by those who do not appre
ciate the force of the language they are
Is the March number o: the Agricultural
Review whk-li is the journal of the Amer
ican Agricultural Association, is a report
ofan interesting ad J 1 ess by Capt. Milton
I IJirfo it ri Purn ami l"Virr futturo"
which contains some noints of vital im- !
portance to those who have introduced this -valuable
food fish here.
After referring briefly to the extraordi- ;
nary interest which is being manifested i
upon the subject in the United States (it !
being reported that fully fifteen thousand j
persons are already preparing to engage iu !
the carp industry in that country, he says : j
"A very large proportion of these ventures ,
will prove failures, and the business to
some extent be brought into disrepute, !
because the mass cf those engaging in it !
will not do so wi h that degree of system
which is required to lender any other busi
ness a success. In most cases the carp will
be plauted in waters already containing
varieties of the; same family of fishes, viz.,
Cyprinidae, with which the carp will be
sure to hybridize, and their progeny will be
entirely worthless. In this way many
waters will become stocked with worthles's
fish, which will cause an outcry against
carp. No one should undertake the busi
ness except in ponds 1 repared expressly for
the purpose, uuder the direction of those
versed in the business, and in no case
should other fish, not even minnows occupy
the same ponds with food carp." !
The Cyjirinidac mentioned by the captain
are represented here by the ''gold fish."
Our streams, and ponds especially, swarm
with them there being more to be found
here iu those localities, probably, than in
any other place outside of China. As is
well known the gold fish is almost worth
less as food, the flesh being soft and taste
less, hence, the task of keeping th6 food- '
carp from hybridizing with their near rela- .
tives will be, we opine a very difficult one.
It will not suffice to simply draw off all the
water standing in ponds prior to stocking
them with carp, if the new supply is to be
obtained from our surface streams. The
"fry" of the goldfish are sure to come iu
with the fresh water, and even a very few
once admitted will, in an astonishingly
short time increase and hybridize. Even
supposing that a pond is filled with water
from an artesian well, presumably free
from fish eggs or small fry, the introduc
tion of a single male or female gold fish
into the pond at any time would endanger
the value of the whole lot. We write in no
carping spirit, on this subject, but we wish
to warn those who are endeavoring to in
crease the food supply of the country in
this direction that they will have to exer
cise undying vigilance to keep up the
quality of this most valuable fish-food.
In this connection we would suggest that
it might be worth while to try to improve
the quality of the flesh of the gold fish
itself. The chief objection to this fish is
that its meat is soft and tasteless. Might
not this be remedied, by some such course
of feeding as is pursued to harden and
"sweeten" pork? Captain Pierce in the
lecture from which we have quoted boldly
maintained that "carp should not be fed at
all until nearly ready for the table, and
then in feeding vats or live boxes where
they can be kept from the earth." Finally
he predicted that "carp would ultimately be
sent to market alive, in tanks or tubs of
water, ami so kept until sold for immediate
table use, when they would be killed and
bled like poultry."
This idea whs received it is reported
with laughter; but if those who grinned at
the prediction could visit our fish market
or those in Havana, th Azores or the Cape
de Verds, they would witness that very
idea carried out daily. It remains now to
SaliatoefffeedSj Cwould' hgeonour
regarei eo leeeiing wouiei nave on our
"A Parallel Case.
Governments everywhere are constantly
assailed about delay in this, that, or the
other thing which, being a hobby with the
critic overshadows all other things in his
mind. Such complaints are constantly be
ing made against our own Government,
and, with the same breath they are accused
of spending too fast, and not spending fast
enough. To the simple fact, which we rea
sonably have supposed every one could re
coguize, that the work wh.oh the assembly
sanctioned to be done by the aid of two
years revenue, and a large sum of borrowed
money, could not be accomplished in a few
months, these critics seem to be wholly ob
livious. The following reply of Mr. Glad
stone's to opponents who accused the ad
ministration of dilatoriness in regard to a
certain promised measure, might be made
use of with but a lew changes of words by
our Hawaiian Premier, both in relation
the imperatively necessary attention to cer
tain matters, especially the matters of
finance, which inevitably delays other
tilings, and to the foolish complaints with
the ways of previous governments which
are sometimes hazard by our political
Speaking iu the 1 louse of Commons on
April 17th, the subject under discussion be
ing Local Government Reform, Mr. Glad
stone said :
Tbe right honorable gentleman complained that
my honorable friend behind mo proposed an
amendment which is in the nature of a dilatory
plea, and ought, on that account, to be rejected by
the House. There is. no occasion for a dilatory
pla on this question. We have been told from the
opposite bench that there is a great zeal on this
side of the House for a reform of local govern
ment ; and vre, on this side, have never scrupled to
say that we deem it an essential condition of any
satisfactory and comprehensive measure for the re
adjustment of local taxation. I doubt very much
whether the right honorable gentleman is wise in
provoking a comparison of the relations of tbe
present and past government respectively to the
subject of l i'.-al government. ("Oh!") It is
psr.ectly true that wc hare htea thre year in of
lice, and it is -perfectly true that we hare intro
duced n bill for the reform of local government ;
hat have w lost any opportunity for introducing
r pushing forward such a bill ? (Cheers.) What
was the session, and what the period, when there
had been time to procure the favorable discussion
of such a bill? (Oh ! " cheers, and a voice "The
Afhirrnation Bill.") The House knows perfectly
well that our tirst session commenced well in the
middle of Ma-, and that even in that session a
large portion "of time was occupied with Irish af
fairs (ironical cheers) of the most urgent character.
C)ur second session was givan almost entirely to
affairs connected with the condition of things in
Ireland, such as were almost without precedent.
(Ironical cheers.) And then again last year, when
we did not scruple to advise the delivery from the
Throne of a speech positively holding out the ques
tion of local government aa a principal subject to
engage the attention of Parliament, once more im
perative uecessityconnected with the state oflrelaml
intervened. (Laughter.) It was absolutely, there
fore, and notoriously, beyond our power to submit
this great and comprehensive subject to the con
sideration of the House. Whether that is the case
of the late government I am not sure. I am not
aware that any great exigency in Ireland or else
where, or any great works of legislation in this
Huutte stood between the lata government and the
most effective handling of the great subject of
local government. It has boen inability and not
want of will inability from the irresistible pres
sure of imperative demands that has prevented
what I will not hesitate to say would have Ix-eu
the redemption of the pledges that we hud given
when, in addressing the constituencies of this coun
try in 1880, we held up local government as the
subject that ought to engage the practical atten
tion of the present government. There is no ques
tion of a dilatory plea except where there has been
delay, and there has been no delay, except where
time has len appropriated otherwise which might
have lwen given to tho discussion."
. Ckedit is due to Mr. W. Wond for his judicious
arrangement of the carriages which gathered about
the Music Hall last Thursday evening. Over
seventy vehicles were drawn up in such a manner
that all were convenient and none W6ie In th
w&t oi eacn oiuer.
E DESIRE TO CALL THE ATTENTION OF THE PUBLIC TO THE
Just received per Steamer Atergeklie
rer impoited to this Kii cdcm snd which
In offering tLefe goeds for sale we take grtat pleasure in ii.frrminj: the Lndiis vi Hrnclulu oi.d of the Ulier Islands inai r n.v.
anticipated every w-nt in their line, ond ore now pn pared to s-how them the tl oni-j-t lu.e f tio t!s ecr cHeied for sale here , ri
been carefully selected by a member of our Firm I rem the eiy latot stocks ol tl e hading Houses cl London nd 1 ana. with reie
eiu-e to the particul. r necessities and requirements of this rcmmuniiy. . . ..
Many cf the articles referred to are of the vtry latest and most unique dot-km?, nnd as the venture is niiinly experimental to
the wants of our ladies, they may be rcgi Jed as meiely sample lots Indies will do will therefore to cull early, as the poods vuu
disospd of as soon as possible, to make room for our extensive stock of goods for the city and country tiade.
We wish to call particular attention to the following Grand Exhibition pieces from the world-fmed Manufactory of
Messrs. It. P. Daniell & Co., of London,
the suipassin l-autiful examples of their workmnn:diip. having attracted the notice and admiration of Napoleon III., who granted
the Senior Daniell free and exclusive lermissicn to rt produce ire ni tho old n.tdels ct the Goemmiit works at Sens. It is not sur
prising therefore to note that this now world renowned house have taken every first prize medal at nil f ihe great International fcxiwDi
tions on the Continent for the past twenty years.
TLe piece de resistance of this art collection is a
Superb Prometheus Vase
and cover of turquoise blue ground, and colored majolica, with emblematic figures at sides, nnd the chained I'roinethein and vulture,
most elaborately and beautifully wrought on the cover The above is the identical piece that secured the first prize at the great
Paris International Exhibition of 1868.
Some idea of the vaiue of this work ot art can be foni.ca .'roin the fact that it underwent fifteen separate trials befote arriving at itJ
. r..i .... -c r 1 mm li.. i f .u .1 - rtit in tr. n ncrouilt of th
severity f the heat to which it is exposed in
tints is marvel of artitie skill.
There will also be on inhibition a
Pair of Magnificent Vases
reproduced from old Sevres models, gianted to Mr. Daniell by Mis Imperial Majesty N'rpoleon 111. 'lhey nre cf lose nventiirinc tint,
surmounted with exotic birds of most brilliant and beautiful plumage, nod elaborately and richly finished in gold ornamentation, wilh
eleoantly e-red ebony pedestals with n:irb!e tops and crimson plinths. Also a most exquisite
Table Center Piece
in turquois and gold, with pnrian supporters and shell pUteaux for llovvers and fruits, very rich y ornamented in gold. This piece
fro in old Sevres' examples fr great exposition specimens, and has taken the first prizes at all competitive European Eihibitiiona
The above mentioned pieces will remain on exhibit on at our Show Rooms for two or three weeks, after which they wi'l be sent
to San Francisco and New York for exhibition and sale.
In addition to the foregoing there are some smaller pieces in the same line which are deserving of especial mention, notably
A Life Size Cockatoo
with wings spread, flower holders at sides nd chastely finished in ornnmentation. This s a most surprisingly effective piece, and the
coloring is so faithful to Nature as to be realistic in the extreme. Also
One Jnrcliiliere with satyr handles most exquisitely decorated in mottled colors and gold aventurine with two etonized tri
pods, with pedestals and crimson uttrecht velvet stands for same. Also
One Toniici JnFdilliere on four feet blue ground and silver embossments aft r Egyptian patterns
( ne rillfre Tll'c3.iniere ,n l'ersian turquoise blue, with elephant handles and square pedestal for same with elark green
One Esquimaux Umbrella, Stand n majolicr. with life-like re reservation of a seal in perfectly natural
colors. This is h most artistic piece of workmanship.
One Tall Pedestal of mazarine ground with most graceful and imturilly colored leafage. A very handsome parlor ornament. Also
One Tall Pedestal in turquoise, with graceful and nicely colored festoons of fruits and flowers intertwined
TWO Ribbon Flower Vases of most unique design with maznine ground and gold ribbons and gold Jnpanese fprays.
Garden Seats. -
j Beautifully decorated with naturally jplored
nanusome garuen orname.uis-.,.
Flower Pots and Stands
Of rare and beau;,ful design, with mazarine ground and colored clematis with birds beautifully embossed. All of the above mentioned
j re very difficult pieces to produce on account of the various combinations of color required, necessitating separate firings for each color
produced. Some ot tne pieces i.ave siiiit in tne Kim as many as eignt times, s:o that when a piece is brought snlely through the Iinug
process, the value is quite apparent. We wish again to call especial attention to
n Pcelain placqucs. by well-known European Artists. The one is a Marine 1g90 by Balliu. in Sepia, and one of the best examplet
r . . . i.r..i i.:u j : t. i i . -... . . r
oi mis mosi uencau- aim wuuuenui mm, wnitu is nuw uiiueigmu aucn a sp-riieu revival in ine uiiueu stales anu tiurope. the draw
ing in this picture is exee, tionally gooel. and the Chiar-oscuro effect very cleverly handled.
The other repre.-ents Co.-ist ir-'cene by Mirtino, which is particularly noticeable for its free ond unconventional treatment, and the
delicate distribution of tints. These nre the first Etchings on porcel in ever exhibited in Honolulu, and a le well worthy of a visit.
The following choice r.iticles of ,
Brie a Brae
In Vlnjolica and Glassware will afford sme idea of the variety in this line, viz : Flower-pots and St nds of all de.-cription arid de
signs in all colors, and beautifully embossed with fruits and flowers; Glass Cente r Flower V; ses in all colors with pUteuux- Parian and
Bisque figures ; Cabinet Ornaments ; Jewel Boxes; Perfume Cases ; Venetian Ware in beautiful designs ; Colored Majolica brackets
of varied patter s; iMandnn Tea l'ots in green and gold; Exquisite Barbotine Vases.with raised flowers; beautiful j.s:ortnteiit e.f
Vases of the choicest designs ; Menu Caids and Slates ; Flower Baskets, etc , etc.
China and Glassware.
A large line of the choicest hi tides of China nnd Glnssware of the most varied deriptions as fo!lovs : Brenkfatt, Dinner and Te a
Sets of all patterns and designs, including a few dessert ond tea services of the finest quality nnd most exquisite decoration.
One Stag Center Piece
of most elaborate design and finish a magnificent table ornament Elegant Toilette Services embossed
, of birds and flowers; Salad Bowls. Champagne B-ttle Holders; Champagne Cups; elegant Crystal Candelabrns wilh prismatic pend
! ants and silver m untings, Cabinet Dessert Services; Punch Bowls, Claret and Lemonade Jugs; Soup Tureens, Bottle Sb nds
: Gume Dishes; ch ce Strawberry end Ice Cream Sets; beautiful Tankards; Fish Bowls; Gl.ss Filter; I ickle' Dishes Spirt
to Miu3 , vi uiiiwoi iiu v , u i j i iiin.01 vuo , i m. n, tjiiciiy. vn n i nun iiuuor lasses ol the vfrv la tc st nat-
! terns, and a large assortment i.f Chandeliers ai;d Lamps of every description. Also a srm.ll invoice of beautiful Irridescent Glassware
comprising Tumblers,. Wine Glasses, Fish Bowls, Flower Stands, Watrr Pitcher?, etc . etc.. etc. '
we have a beautiful line of genuine bronze goods,
animals, etc., also a tne assortment or single pieces
also a tine assortment of siru
handsome Medallion Placques, Prepsing Mirrors,
A small invoice of ladies wear of the finest material
- - . . i T ' i . i r . . 1 1
Mgn i cresses aim iiu.-rrur, u nui ujmm uiicui
llonevcomn nnawif vim a large line oi ine um-si i.nitii
I lUCTl 1 I mill cn..o. uiu.ixin u"i fo.
anu iaucjr jimns iu nvrrcsi-ucoifciin , mimu viciviims
...i.itr.r I n iHnu a, wi "1 i c i c 1 1 1 .n.rv in I iiTTi.ti i'o I .t-i cim ,i i (.,... n.,.i vj.ti- , r .1 I....- .. .....1 . . . i - , . . . - - , uiiii k iiii. ,i..i l t
: and Scotch Tweeds of the most stylish patterns, from the celtbiatcd houe of WILLIAM WATSON & SONS and a' few t.i. .4- i t 'Klih
I Coatings. A large assortment of Clentlinien's I'riderwtar, comprising finest Fawn Merino Undershirts aud Praweis SLetlanl I 1 i."! '"'r I)ia'-''"'1
. Thread, India Gauge, and a varit d ni:d extensive line of Gent's superior Woolen ejverfhirts in fancv l.atterna and al! pLLm ,1 .1 i""11' .', ,!nn. LiJ
I suits in Woolen and Cotton. ' 1 ' C " r" Br,l '''den. AUo a few bathing
Beautiful silver and gilt Mirrors, Jewel Boxes, Chandeliers, Candelabras
cigar stands, tahle ornaments 111 large vani-ty, portmurittouK. 111 Morocco and l;r.-ia. Iu -ticiiW h. I' rfunu- Cartn flower va I 1 , ogonie liqueur and
Porcelain and China Placques with rich velvet frames ; a ninall lot of waler colors and chromn-li Olographs nuncrior mi r' ' rain,1'1 J! ,,n'ir i"ely painted
make, a fine lot of bisque and parian figures ; cabinet and wall ornaments ; a tine assortment of Marcus Ward A Co s 1 1 T 1 -rn " m1 r K"aw,e" ot fineit
plush, Morocco, Russia and richly brocaded, of all Hizs ; stereoscopic views and a small lot of colored lhotoirraihi of l I 1i ,V iI,un''ited alburna. ia
work baskets, writing desks, ladies' bags and baskets of all patterns, beautifully lin.-d with silk and satin and exauisitHv 1 p Z ,,ea,,tiful women ;
flowers; elegant portmonaies in pearl, shell, morocco, and plush ; letter caxes ; paper knives and weights fancy ink Kti.n VI- Wi- rau1 f'guret. and
chair tidies ; handsome glove and handkerchief sets; photograph frames in vlv-t ai:d leather; fancy tables - fai v 1 V c""hion ; watch pocket
and Gent's traveling bags with most complete fittings in ivory and sterling silver. A verv superior invoice also an iVrLn t n'H K.t of Ladies
ered, lace, feather and richly har.d-paintfcd, and an endless variety of most useful ond ornamental articles to mimerous t ssortment of fam --embrolj.
Brussels and Axniinster Caijeti of the choicest and
hnetit Wool Skin M its and tapestry Squares, anil a
I nM.tl .-.f Li.li.j Ami -.... , Tv.f.m ear ftt
.1 Miuaii ui lauiu im k i'". " '
a ciiou-e mi oi iiiiiiuhL-1-un.-ii iui i imu - .,....
- ..l.r -t Tt n :.t. T1; . rwl fl.vn.l
jwirini to un iiiiiiiwfTi.
A full line of the bent English aad French Groceries
A few Cottags Piauus. of
superior mauutaoiure aim
and mand !i!i att.n- mi.-iit
iilaving si-Iectimis rr-iui
Two of Folder's J'atent Boyal Hansom l aw, oi tne
IMiilidehthia. ainl othr lead
-"- ''- 1
this cumnmnity, we will dispo-e of tbe s.une at a very
comfortable vehicle will entirely nnrimio
draught of horse, and wear and tr, this ?tyle of
Fresh Imperial and Cornish Sardines ; Sprat a Ia Sardiiiu ; fate de foiegras, 'hami.iiruons. , m,w.i ..... ... "",''" Uuiet A ( if?., a. foil,.-. .
i Lea Perrins Worcestershire- Sauce ; eiiford Sausage in large and small 'ins; Cheddar-loaf Cheese; boxes Ta1.! m. u 1- ,IIT'lnK- Copland Fliglish 1MV
! Harvey, Beading, Bf-efsteak. John Bull and Begent ; aborted Jams r,nd Jelli.-, ; Pie Fruits of a!l vri. tie, ami i'rai,,, "f uceHMiuhrom
: in Iff. tins ; Superior French Oiii.e Oil and J. A J. 'Vlman s Celebrated Mustard, 11 0 M"J"n "f very Superior Cnrrie !,,,
from I.omlrn. ccmprifinp te largeM ai d rnrst
will le r.adv lor Exhibition m cur bale? Ko
the tiling. Tin- ci lof combinations are strikingly effective.
chrysanthemums and pink tied ribbons
Two Superb Etchings
carefully ..elected from the lef,t btoeka in 1'urin, among which
or Mythological, Scriptural and Poetical Subjects ;
Statuettes of anc-ient and modern celebrities,
and description c lapiimng Plain and Fmbioideicd
. r . T- 1 . , 1 . ..
ui ims .cu&mgH ai.ti i am i.ric j ru 1 1 tit :P. Also
anu ami ru- 1 1 ni:utt r lii
, iv a JIHII. Till It l Killl J U I I J I 11 I U T U ISCI
uu riinrus ; i;in-M nim.iiv r.iujiicis i,i n color
Rugs, Mattings, Etc.,
latest patterns, and a large line of tho fine
mall lot or Ileal .Manilla Matting
tl: . : .
lh,s invo.ee was
Vavi Ssrinn 4Mlr l -a. , lnt.V.a a .. .1 . . . . . ii-ii.
'' , - di 11113 ami lidl l rUK 11 Ose. lil.il
, 1 inai iic iiiiiiren ui f'iiiin'fu :.... .
laii.v Ifr'ifilnO C .. .
v.. - ,. in; nirsi pam-riis. i ins invoice IS without except iI tl f ":. ii - un J colore, aud
1.r.V... I 1.4 -
hi kiik koCnJh
from the well-known houses of J
. T. Morton, Crcac anJ m....-.n .......
PIANOS, MUSIC-BOXES, ETC.
xuii rioii ieu's ; aM i. a I -irge hnj of tho fines
lr. - l:iiesf and nirs'
i in- iiiif
latest and most improved manufacture. This is tho
in citify of the Unite! States. With i.a .9 :
- - - in, iiiv f u 11 vi lUli
roi:ouahle fiare and upn the most favorable term
nn 1110 view of
j'mwui uiisau-iaciory moues or convevance. I
Hansom is unequalled.
JN I a c-tfai-la iTe Se: C
ARRIVAL Or uuit a
varied Msorlment, Uooas iiui . jmitu"
11 s cn Tburfday next. May 1 th.
nd the delicnte bandlino; ol
Also ditto on cehdon ground. Are very
hare sii:e vuy ni ei b group of figure,
. birds. at:en, CuMlelahra. lienk Weight
Hiiperivr French C lock in bronze aidfilt
xew vei v h
White t kirt iVm ';t.,
. - .""n, . .in null)
C l.f Rillc-. hiiitt. I t
- l..d Wbiie mil.,. iMd t, a , y Vlll llw
r , m . ' li . I .
I Ul 1 1) 8 1 1 1 -I) tO 11. Q
wants cf this iiin,i ,. . ....u
and widths' l.il'k dlf
Mecli.ml. FhtLTime. n.l
. - - IKtUIUIII
with beautiful hand-naintino
st Saiidrincrlmtii v;...i... .
i iiii I?, elver
selected with great rare ind
d Heal Lugg, alBO
cutinot fail 0 te sp-
n ci ,..1 ..... I . . ; , . -
1U o I Olill-t ll I.f all ...:...: . .
1 I U .
the bet make, with burn. fluts fi
1 Instrument ever impertf-d to !
- H); jot
verv c, i , ..
. . By' of If
introducinir t).- t' : h" eitfiimvelT used in
is, assured that
1. - 1 . .. -..n.uyiftUUII OI
e 1 1, v a Mil rnnu'.,lA m
r comfort of riding, room' .
BEAVEK BLOCK V i
t s I,
piiii ' anotnier .- - 7
' ' L .. n n wnnra r . . il . N . V
HnUneg for th
... a, a... a, mmva. i i i . u . v . .... a - .