Newspaper Page Text
PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER, JULY 7, 1883.
SAT l TIiW
The New Tax Bill.
Tl.. ..uur I . iv- llli.lt-r M'll it'll assessor" Of
i.v i.. m-.Vt. tl.. ir i tni u- tlii? year
i- something iure than a men- digest and
rr.,.n.in.i nf former law.-. It clmiL'n
the in. Menre of taxation in -veraI ways
an.l in regard to some of it- provisions -x-
rl. n.-e only can enable us to ju-ige
i fnr the better or for
, II r. n v . - -
On looking over the statute of last seion
the tir-t thin? that triks u- it the absence
of the time honored Ux on hre. In fu
ture hoi-e- are to be treated like at y other
I . r-.-nal property, and t,xi-.l ad valorem.
Tl.i-change is d-cidodly -iiilub!. I here
was. no --n.wr iu taxing the owner of a
hor-e worth ?K in the same amount as
was mirf-l on the man wh- -tall ion
t .M him three or foir thousand d dlars it
who'e imported rarriage l.-or-e won!. I -ell
any day, for Anthcr change iu the
law ha-, .lone away with an injustice which
!,: often been .liM-u-el iu our columns.
'1 hi- is the double taxation of money h nt
on inortirat'e. Heretofore land paid it- tax
to it-, full value, whether mort gag-d or not,
and in the -aie w here a mortgage exi-ted,
the lender of the money had al-o to iay a
tax on his iuv--tnient. Such aa arrange
ment was a curious anomaly in the law be
cause the way iu w hich the tax on personal
property was as---ed was exactly the np
p .-ite, the taxpayer being allowed to deduct
from hit ostensible io--ievdons all that he
might owe to others; those others being ex
ported to return the sums owing to them
as taxable aet.-. A sweeping change has
been made in this imiortant department
or our ti-.al system. In future per
sonal properly and laud are to be
taxed according to the same method.
The man who is ostensibly in possession of
either has to jay the taxes on them, and is
not allowed to deduct any debt from the
total value of either. Iu the case of laud
burdened with a mortgage a provision has
been made that the proportionate tax on
the value of the nortgage shall be a valiJ
claim by the tax-payer sgainst the niort-Tlii-
iiiiivi-ioii will, no doubt, iu
pra. ti.-e. become of no avail, as eveiy
mortgage will, in future, as numbers of
them do now, contain a clause throw ing on
the borrower the payment of all taxes.
Thus the n-w law puts an end to that
double taxation," against the injustice of
which. tLe Hon. S. N. fastle and others
used to inveigh so energetically ami with
siinu.h :-,. I cause. Hut if it does this
oni. .uul it seeuit not unlikely in the
ra-e of per-onal prot-rty to let some people i
otf too ta-ilv, and to burden some too
mu. h. However large the stock a trader
may find it necessary to carry he has to pay
tax on the w hole or it. On the other hand
debts owing to a man are no longer reck
oned among his assests. To the average
trader this nriy make but little difference
-he !!. bal.lv at no time owes a great deal
more than is owing t him. Hut to the j
owner of a factory or a plantation the ,
. I. m in the I iv means a severe increase
i n taxation on personal property
except iu i
the few, very few, cses in w hi.-li the in
dividual owes no man anything." fu
the other band those who-e business it is to
lend Money to trade in debts, and uch evi
dences of debts as bills, 110(94 and drafts
oettu likely to get otTfar too cheaply, l'er
haps this in ay be a small price to pay for
the advantages the new system undoubt
edly i.s-. sses, as to this, experience will
give us some iueai of judging, and until
tite Act h is hail a trial we refrain f-oni any
Tut: Government has taken e-pecial pains
in complying with an invitation extended
to it by th- Government of the United
States, to make an exhibit of products and
natural resources of the country at Huston
next September, to obtain from planters
and others, who have it in their power to
contribute, samples of our leading products,
-.licit as w ill show w hat we are doing and
what can be done.
To this end the Miuister of Foreign Af
fairs, acting by request, as special commis
sioner for these I-lands, has sent agents to
the other Islands for the purpose of linking
collections of pxhibits. We are glad to be
aide to announce that these gentlemen
have been very successful in receiving
pr.-mises of co-operation on the part of al
most alt the planters who have engaged to
send direct, or through the Planters' Iibor
and Supply Company, their sugar, rice,
sugar cane.and other samples, in time to be
forwarded to Koston in the latter part of
this month. In view of the fact that the
Commissioners from the Government of the
I inted States came out here, as it might
be, our enemies, and went away our
friends finding as they did (and as we
knew they miisO, the charges brought
against us of fraud in our treaty dealings '
with the jiower they reprcseut.sl an utterly
groundless and mendacious as they could
possibly be, we may reasonably conclude
that the treaty (with whose terms we have
strictly complied! is safe for some time to
come. Hut.we shoul'ljon no account relax our
etlrts to show our great and good neighbor
that we are thoroughly in earnest in our
wish to deal with her fairly and above
We have the opportunity to show w hat
Mre make in the way of sugars; the quality
of our rice; the fancy wood, aud fibres of'
the island, and we will have the chance
given us of having our soils, rocks, soft :
corals, etc., aualyzed, and their capabilities t
rejorted upon by thoroughly competent I
This in itself is a matter of great import- j
ance to nil cultivators of the soil, and we j
hope that either through the foreign of- ;
lice, or through the Planters I,a.r and
Supply Co., the soils of the various planta- ,
tions will t sent forward.
The sooner this is lone the better, a it
Is very desirable that the exhibit should go
forward iu the next steamer for the Coast. 1
"Oct of your ow n mouth shall ye be
condemned." The Gazette say, speaking
cf our rennrks in la-t Saturday's i-sue con
cerning Mr. W. X. Armstrong, "that it
is, a mean ami contemptible thing to tling
uch opprobrious epithet against a gentle
man who I not here I defend himself."
What has the Gazette say concerning Mr.
Armstrong's opprobrious epithets against
the Kin tht were recently published by
l.iui in the Southern Workman, the King
not being there to defend himself?
- The man who lend'
get it back.
his influence lardy
" The Judgment."
The Hev. Ciuan's sermons are always
lively, often elpi.-nt, and .sometimes ex
treim ly original. All of the-e character
istics distinguished his address last Sun
day evening. The reverend gentleman in
troduced his remarks on -'The Judgment
by reading som passages from Revelation,
whi.-h he unhesitatingly pronounced
'highly figurative." He proceeded to
cite some of the prophetic utterances ol
Christ as recorded in the New Testament,
and brielly showed how they had been ful
filled. Jesus had told his disciples that the
Tempi at Jerusalem would be so entirely
destroyed that not one stone should
he left upon another. And iu 70
A. the Holy City had been
taken by Titus; a soldier threw a fire
brand into the sacred structure. It wascou
sum. d by tire, and one of the subaltern of
ficers of the conqueror plowed up its very
foundation iu his quest of molten gold that
had run into the crevices of the rocks
Hut these facts are merely illustrative of
the general manner iu which the prophesies
of Christ had been fulfilled. The learned
divine reminded the audieuce that he Lad
seldom corrected the ordinary English
translation of the Bible in his public ad
dresses during the period of pastorate in
Honololu, but he fuud occasion for notiug
an error in elucidating a passage where
Jesus speaks of the destruction of the
material world. In this iu-taiu-e, iustead of
the words "material world," "the age," or
dispensation of things'' was clearly the
meaning of the original Greek. There is
nothing iu the liible, he said, which indi
cates that the entire material world will be
annihilated, except in a single passage,
which he cited, and then adduced ample
arguments to show that even that was
probably not to be taken as indicating the
absolute annihilation of the universe, or its
totjj destruction by fire. After thus show
ing instances 01 error in iransianou auu
pointing out the re.i: arkably figurative na
ture of the Scripture in many places, Mr.
On in came to the immediate subject of
his d. scours-, and brought forward sam
ples of the "exceeding coutiadictious "
of the liible iu regard to the Judg
ment and the Judgment Day. He
Mentioned the notions of ancient divines
iu even fixing the place where the judg
ment was to take place, as absurd. Iu his
pin on, judgment is passed upon men
when they do right or wrong; when they
place themselves upon the right or left of
Christ, among the sheep or among the
goats. As to judgment after death, people
iu the next world will only be what they
hav. been in reality iu this world. The
good and bad are separated in the hereafter
by their own choice just as they are here.
A man's character is his Heaven or his hell,
an.l whichever he chooses he will carry
with hirn wherever lie goes.
These aud other similar liberal interpre-
tatious of the Scriptures were the striking
features of .Mr. Cruzan's sermon last Sab
bath evening. Ouly a few years ago such
opinions would not have been considered
orthodox by auy considerable Christian or
ganization, nor would they have been re
ceived by a Christian audience as anything
short of actual skepticism. Aud the fact
that they are not only enunciated here by
. iPvfilii.iif iiiik! arki I. lift ititin PAiitltf n -
r. ...... aFta.cuu; .-
cepte.1 by an orthodox congregation, illus
trates the great change that has taken
place in niHtters of religious belief. The
great scientists, reasoners and free think
ers, con-idered unbelievers, aud the pro
gressive leaders of modern orthodox Chris
tianity, appear to be approaching unity of
The Care of Hawaiian Girls.
There is no one thing that wiil conduce
more to the future growth and happiness of
the Hawaiian, and to the nation at lare,
than the caring for, and good moral and
physical training of the girls of the nation.
I'a-t experience iu this and all other
land has proven that as the wives and
mothers of a nation are so, are its people.
Here, on these islands, the necessity for a
careful continuous supervision of the young
females is more pressing than elsewhere.
We know that the home life of the average
Hawaiian is not one that meets the re
quirements of an age that looks with jeal
ousy upou any lxity in the morals of its
females, and the danger of the young of
both sexes growing up with feelings of in
difference (to say the least) towards purity
and virtue, is infinitely greater here than
Those who in a very few years will be
calb-d upon to be the wives of the young
Hawaiian, ami mothers of the race should
be able to find iu proper homes the training
they need to fit them for' lives of usefulness
111 the future. Such homes are to be found
iu the Feiuale Boarding Schools now es
tablished on Oahu and Maui; aud we hope
ere long more will be founded, uutil their
number will be equal to the accommoda
tion of the young girls throughout the
The obligation will theu rest with the
parents l place the girls where they will
be cared for, at a really less cost per auuum
than they are to the parents while at home,
and with manifest advantage to themselves
and the nation at fari'e.
Onk of the best evidences of a well-established
government is shown iu the full
permission that is accorded to an un
scrupulous press to be occupied with abuse
only. The new-paprr scold and the journal
istic hue and cry have no hindrance; there
need oe no check but the check that may
be occasioned by public opinion; ami, us
sometimes, public opiniou is careless or in
different, the press scold and vililier is
allowed free scope to give vent to the
venom of his thoughts, whLh, although
incapable of moulding or shaping any
oiiniou, satisfies a certain sensational taste
and curiosity. A substantial opposition
maintained by men of knowledge and ex-jK-riem-e.
aud dealing in facts and correct
arguments must necessarily have an in
fluence: but w hen paltry men, mere ama
teurs iu the handling of types a :J the
jouruaiis; ie jeii. lash themselves into a
heat a would-be reformers aud renovators,
j they merely serve to amuse the careless
, curio-ity w have referred to, and do not, in
; in any sense, manufacture auy public opin
iou, do not establish auy platform of prin
ciples or help to organize anything like a
This is fully illustrated iu the condition
of thmgs here. These noisy, scolding, vili
fying amateurs of the press that have been
belching denunciations and prophesyiug
"political earthquakes" for a year past are
doing the same thing now and with the
same etlecl ; it has no basis in truth or in
the convictions of the masses of the people;
it i a discordant din aud nothing more.
Vox ct pnrtcrca nihil.
The Glorious Fourth.
The celebration of the Fourth of July
lis, in theeity of Honolulu, marked a new
era in the relations existing br-t"ee!i th
lnited states and the Hawaiian Kingdom
It was remarked by some of those who
have witnessed many celebrations of the
dav here, that this is the first instance
where the Hawaiian people in Honolulu
have entered heartily into the spirit of the
occasion, uniting with the Americans iu
the sports and festivities of the day.
Amongst the Americans themselves
there was manifested a cordiality am
fraternity of feeling that was very pleasure
able. The large and attentive audience
that filled the Hotel grounds" and halconic
applauded the patriotic sentiments an
songs lieartily and honestly. We attribute
this feeling of unanimity amongst the
Americans in a great . measure to the
prudent and patriotic course pursued by
Mr. Daggett, the American Minister Resi
dent, who has, we doubt not, subserved the
purposes of his Government in fostering
and maintaining a spirit of friendship am:
hearty accord with the people and Govern
meutof these Islands, and in keeping alive
legitimate American interests.
His Majesty and his Government joined
heartily iu the observances of the day, and
the large audience were very enthusiastic
in their appreciation of the great, manly
American sentiments so eloquently ex
pressed by Dr. Kuth, of the United States
Navy, who, as Orator of the day, must
have felt gratified at finding his remarks
so cordially responded to, not only by the
Americans, but by every Hawaiian present
The new era that we have indicated was
marked in the "day's celebration by the
development of the existence here of
small but well defined party of Americans,
who have shown, by their withdrawal
from any part in the day's proceedings,
that they only cared for the Fourth of July
so far as they could control its observance
This small party, now so-clearly defined,
has been signally rebuked. Their efforts
to throw cohl water upon the celebration
were a ianure, meir influence in tnat re
spect a nullity.
The spirit of patriotism iu the American
is stronger than anyone man or party of
men, ami it will always triumph over party
or class prejudices, and ever keep alive the
memory of the Xatal Day of the great
Hawaiian Fisheries. Y
Mrs. K. M. Beckley, the Curator of the
Hawaiian Xatioual Museum, has prepared
a pamphlet on Hawaiian fisheries ami
methods of fishing that contains a great
deal of matter of a very interesting nature,
relating to what was once a leading indus
try of this people.
Prior to the introduction of beef cattle,
horses, goats and sheep 011 these islands
fish and other marine animals furnished
the Hawaiians with almost all the apimal
food they had; hence it is not strange that
we should find that there were very many
ingenious methods in vogue for the capture
of the deuizen3 of the sea, the fishermen ev
idently studying their habits closely, in
order to secure them more readily.
Very many of these methods have been
abandoned, partly iu consequence of the in
troduction of modern appliances, partly on
account of the giving up of many supersti
tious ideas that led to the capture of some
varieties of fish that were not strictly
speaking food. As for instance the huge
tierce shark called ' nuihi ' was captured
with infinite toil, for the reason that it was
suposed that every part of its bones aud
skiu conferred unflinching bravery upon
From tl.e Gilbert Islanders who have'eome
here lately, the Hawaiian fishermen got
the idea of catching fish in basket traps,
and it is a little curious that while the Ha
waiians came very near hitting upon this
simple plan themselves, they never de
veloped the trap, simple as it is; while at
the same time they had methods of their
own that were uew to theGilbert Islanders.
Nowadays fishing is not practised by the
Hawaiians alone; but the Chinese have
gone quite largely into the business, and
they use purely modern appliances. Hence
it is that Mrs. Beckley's little brochure pos
sesses an interest aud value that will cause
it to be sought after by the ethnologist as
well as the general reader. It has been
published under the auspices of the For
eign Office, to accompany the exhibit
lately made in Loudon, and it is an ex
haustive and well-written work.
Government B nds.
The Gazette of last Tuesday states "that
ten thousand dollars worth of Government
bonds were oifere.l on Mou.lay at HO. "
This is ouly another of the many falsehoods
that our contemporary so frequently in
dulges in. From the paragraph above
quoted people would infer that the
Government had made the oiler stated, but,
as far as the Government is concerned, it is
utterly without foundation nor do we sup
pose for a moment that holders of Govern
ment bonds would make any such offer or
any such sacrifice. The whole statement is
in every respect one of the Gazette's un
Health Department, Honolulu, H. I.
Monriiti Klpv,bi for Ji.it, ldsl.
The tutnl number of deaths reporteJ for the luuuth ut
iaixn It. distributed a follow :
I uJt r 1 cr.
from 1 tj i
Krwuj 5 to 10
From 10 to 20
FroLu M to 30. . . .
f. From 30 to 10.
l! From JO to 50 .
3 From M to CO.
1 From 00 to 70.
Males 24 Female
South Sea llauJ...
2a, Great Britain
6t"nited States America.
C OF Deth.
. 1 Disease of brain
. 2 I emsc of Lungs
. 4 Disease of Liver....
. 5 ICxhaustion.
. 1 G AUreuo of Foot. .
. 1 Hemorrhage
. 4 Leprous Lysen;ery.
. J Old .
. 2 i'sralTu.
. l,cDkD3WU ..
Intra of heart
C'aucer of Stouicu. .
CjvriRiTlvi Monthly at jktlitt.
Juur. hTi. J- ith JJ June, 1SS1, deatu.
June. 1ST... dc(us tl Juue. 1-S2. deaths.
June. 1 930, deal u .. 40tIune liJ, death.
lKTd. sr Wabds. fjb Month.
1 1 ; a 3 4 s 6 7 a 9 u n 1 1 n
Death out-iiJe ritT liiaits
1 3 1
Jso. U. Eajws. Agent UoirA oi Health.
When a man gives you his baud he does
it out of friendship. Wheu he gives you his
foot it is quite another matter.
A much abused editor wrote to his
brother journalist calliug him an ass and
thoughtlessly signed himself 4'Youts
Women have more streugth in their
looks than we have in our laws, and more
power in their tears than we have-in our
A Church Sociable.
It bad become quite the fashiou, iu the littl
villago iu which I ouee resided, to get up what
were cidled " church sociables," the idea being
that the pastor would announce from the pulpit
that on the following Thursday evening (general
ly) a ' sociable would be held in the vestry of
the church, " and ul are cordially invited to at
tend." Theu the UJies of the church would ask
some two or three of the younger ones to take
charge of the arrangements, which generally con
sisted in the providing by the ladies for those
who miht come, a little to eat in the way of
cake, cookies, etc., and a cup of coffee, or, eve,
on extra occasions, a dish of ice-cream. They
were enjoyabl little affairs, there being some
music, the recitation of a poem or a selection,
and a good deal of quiet conversation, spiced
wit1! a little gossip. The refreshments were, of
co use, a secondary consideration. At least we
alays supposed they were, until it happened
that we found out "quite the contrary," as
Sairy Gamp ouce said. It happened iu this
Three young ladies sisters Kitty, Jeuuy and
Sue, were asked to take charge of thiugs ou one
occasion, brin assured that " all you hav g.t
to do, dears', is to arrange the flowers prettily as
they are sent iu, au i make the coffee (it w-ill all
be sent to the church with the sugar, creaii and
some eygs to make it rich), and cut the '.ukes
and tlx them iu the plutes with the cookie aud
sandwiches. You are not to provide anything
yourselves tell your mother for if yoQ will
ouly fix the thiu -,s, t'att is quite us muoU i-s we
can expect you tod.." Now, the elder 2f the
three prided herselt on her skill iu making nice
coffee, and so, on tii.-t appointed day, the three
rode down to the church, taking with them just
a few dowers, for fear there might Got be
enough sent iu. And a very wise precaution it
proved to be, fur, besides theirs and one more
little bouquet, there was uot a single bud, sprig,
spray or blossom sent iu. These having been
displayed to the best advantage, the ooffee was
duly prepared, aud then thuir attention was
called to the eatables. They fouud three very
nuderate sized loaves of cake had been sent iu,
aud with all their care they despaired of making
these do for the fifty or sixty whom they might
reasonably expect would be there to eat. There
stood six high piles of plates, uud their hearts
sauk within them at the prospect. Finally, lata
in the afternoon, one of tha matrons came iu,
r . v ,r ' ' i i
here is a dollar which Mrs. gave wtth which
to get some little thiugs we might need, aui
we'll send the boy down to Saul's (the crack
caterer of the town) and have him seud us a lot
of sandwiches." So a largo tray was provided,
with a uioa large napkin to cover it, and the boy
was scut off. Before he got back the people be
gan to come, aud when ha did return, there, iu
the middle of the tray, c:)ueealed by a corner of
the napkin, was the dollar's worth of sandwiches.
Dear me,'' said Kitty, is that ull you got ? "
' Yes'm,' ' answered the youth.
" Didn't you fall down and drop about half of
" No, mum," was the reply; " Mister SjuI he
said that was mre than he used to give for a
44 Well," sighed Kitty, 4 this will never do.
What shall we douext, Jenny? You slip into the
other room and tell Mrs. J to please come
So Jenny watched her chance, and called Mrs.
J out. and when she came she exclaimed.
" Good gracious, Kitty, is that all you've got?
Why, what are people thiukiug about, I wonder.
There is uot enough for half the folks in there,
and we must get something else."
Just then goad Mrs. L came into the
room, and, grasping the situation at a glance,
said, " Well, I never; here, Kitty, call that boy
right here, and here is some money, and you tell
him to go to Soul's and get another dollar's
worth of cake aud two dollars' worth of sand
wiches, and for goodness gracious' sake tell him
to hurry, for we cau't keep the folks waiting
much longer, or they'll be just ravenous aud go
home dis 'listed. "
So they bustled about, aud a little more than
an hour later than usual the young ladies had
the plea mre of helping out the rich coffee.
(Thank goodness there was enough of that, al
though one leading citizen who came iu late had
to take a cup that had been sent back). They
pressed the cake and sandwiches ou everybody,
taking if the truth were known -a little sweet
revenge by usking this one if they coe'd uu get
1 rm ,4' auother piece of cake or a saudwich,"
long after they knew the last crumb was gone.
It was apparent to everyone that coffee was the
ouly drinkable to be had that eveniug, aud so
when one bright young man asked for 44 two
glasses of lemonade,'' naughty Kitty replied
" certainly," and went off. She was back iu a
moment with a couple of glasses of sweeteued
water, which she gave to tha young mm with
the remark that if he found it rather flat, he
could step outside and hunt up a lemon or a lime
to put iu it. Those girls induced another youug
man to swallow five cups of coffee, excusing
themselves afterwards by insisting that if he had
had one less he would have goue away saying
that they were " mean."
The next morning not a soul made their ap
pearance to help the girls clean up things, and
the only consolation that they received was that
they were splendid housekeepers, aud that they
were real good to do so much with so little.
Now, the moral of this little story is, that if
these 44 sociables'' should be introduced into
Honolulu, we would advise that those who get
them up, and call upon others to help, should
be careful that all things are provided iu due
It is now settled that Waikapa plantation will
be incorporated as a stock company, and the
Privy Council will, on Monday, vote on granting
a charter to its owners, application for the same
now being on file iu the office of the Minister of
the Interior. The shares are fixed at $100 cash,
and the capital stock at 250,000, a very reason
able sum, we should imagine, to capitalize this
tine property at, which includes an undivided
half interest iu all the laud known as the Waika
pu commons, the other half of said land being
owned or controlled by Col. Spreckels, for the
Hawaiian Commercial Company. These com
mons are said to contain the richest soil for cane
growing to be found anywhere ou these
islauds, but they lack water, which can only be
had by a system of expensive ditches, connecting
with the mountain streams.of Wailuku and Wai
hee. Rumor has it that the Wailuku and Waikapu
estates are to be consolidated. Should this be
the case, we know of uo other stock that would
command such prices in our market as Waikapu
& Wailuku Consolidated. Par has been offered
for two blocks of fot.O'JO worth of Waikapu
stock, but has been refused, the owners not be
ing desirous of parting with any shares. We
learu, also, that Laupahoehoe estate is to b in
Rain Fall for Jane.
The rain fall for the month of June at
Mr. T. H. Wood's much in Nuuanu valley,
amounted to 3.76 inches. There were but
ten days upon which rain fell.
6i?". Thirty-two pieces au-wool dress goods
for only 2'i cents per yard at Chas. J. Fish el's
SUPREME COURT. JULY TERM. 1883
Before Chief Justice JadJ.
Before Hi Honor the Chief Justice and As
sociate Justice Austin.
Monday, July 2d, 1SS3.
The Court assembled at 10 a.m.
The following members of the Bar were
present : Messrs. E. Preston, W. A. Whit
ing, Cecil Brown, Lorrin Thurstou, John
Russell, R. F. Bickertou, F. M. Hatch, W.
R. Castl,e, W. O. Smith, J. M. Monsarrat,
W C. Jones, S 'B. Dole, Aiitone Rosa, J.
L. Kaulokou and S. W. Mahelona.
After the Court had been formally opeued
by the Marshal, Mr. Preston addressing the
the Court said, ou this occasion, the open
ing of the Term, we all miss one familiar
face, one form, that is, our late Clerk Mr.
Barnard. The members of the Bar and also
the Court held the deceased in the highest
esteem. Some people might think that the
duties of the Clerk of this Court, were not
onerous, but when it was known that he
had to record and make up the judgments,
which in other countries in done by the at
torneys, it was evident ucli was not the
case. After eulogizing ou the estimable
character of the deceased, Mr. Preston
moved that the resolutions which he held
in his hand, aud which had already been
presented to the Court be placed on the
records of the Court.
Mr. Preston then presented the following
resolutions, and made a similar motiou in
regard to them, which the Court ordered to
be carried out.
We the undersigned otlicers of the Court wish to
place tlinour humble tribute to the respect of our
friend the late John E. Baruaid. Clerk of the Su
Some of uh have been acquaiuted with him siuce
A. D. 1850. but oui more intimate acquaintance
commenced iu the mouth of February A. U. 1S54,
when he was appointed Clerk of the Supreme
Court. That acquaintance has coutiuued to the
time of his death with the exception of the interval
that he was absent from the Kingdom.
The late Mr. J. E. Barnard resigned his office on
the 31st day of December, A. D., 1HG4 aud departed
from here to reside iu Zew Zealand.
On the 21st day of July A. D.. 1871, he returned
to Honolulu aud resumed his duties iu the Clerk's
office of the Supreme Court, Chief Justice Allen
being absent from Houolulu at the time, and on las
return Mr. Barnard was appointed Deputy Clerk
on the 1st day of August A. D.. 1871 and continued
to perform the duties of &aid office until the 1st
day of October, A. D. ISTti, when he was appointed
Clerk of the Supreme Court, aud continued to act
aud discharge the onerous duties of said office up
to the time of his death, winch occurred ou the
I 23d day of June, A. D., 1S83.
j in ,,u our intercourse with him we have found
; him at all times courteous, kind and altable in the
I discharge of his duties aud we feel that in his
.lentil v( hiivp milefil lost u trna ami sincere
When such a career closes it is well fur the liv-
iutr to gather up such memories of his life as will
be worthy of remembrance, lie was upright, hon
orable, benevolent and kind.
We hope aud pray that his mantle may fall ou
one who will emulate aud follow his example, and
that he will endeavor to win the estvein of those
with whom he uiav have intercourse.
To the widow of our late friend and his family
we tender our heartfelt sympathies iu this hour of
their sad bereavement aud may our Ueaveuly
Father in His infinite goodness watch aud protect
tha widow and the fatherless children.
W. C. Pakke, Marshal,
David Dayton', Deputy Marshal,
Henry Smith, Deputy Clerk,
W. L. Wilcox, Interpreter,
T. Nathaniel, Copyist of the Curt.
His Honor, Chief Justice Judd. said in
reply, that whilst he was absent in Maui
attending the Circuit Court in that district,
the news of the death of the Chief Clerk of
the Supreme Court came to him. Though
the deceased had been iu feeble health for
some time previou-, and had been sufferiug
from painful attacks of disease, yet the
news came as sudden as the news of 'death
always does, and he felt equally shocked as
though it had been unexpected. He was
unable to reach the capital sooner than
Saturday, owing to the Court business on
Maui being uncompleted. It is a little sin
gular that a few weeks ago he had arranged
with the Deputy Clerk that he should act
as Clerk at this term iu order to acquaint
himself with its duties and to afford Mr
Barnard the leisure tie imeJj i t- mate up
some work which was in arrears, aud to
this Mr. Barnard I cheerfully assented.
The late Mr. li truard was not only a
zealous and valuable servant, hut lie (.the
Chief Justice) looke 1 upon liim as an es
teemed and personal friend. In view of Mr.
Barnard's tailmtr health, His Honor had
planned that the deceased should accom
pauy himself and family ou their visit to the
couutry during the forthcoming vacation,
as he had done last year.
His Honor alluded iu a most impressive
maimer to the conscientious tideiity oi the
deceased to his duties. It was his custom
to come to the office long before of
fice hours, aud to remain ut his post loug
after every oue else had left, in order that
his work should be properly kept up. hit
was remarkably well-fitted for the office he
held, having received au early training iu
Great Britain; where, perhaps, above all
other couutries, the system of training for
official duties is the most complete. He was
a man of large experience, acquired during
a resideuce iu ."South Australia, New Zea
laud aud elsewhere. At one time he had
acquired a large fortune, but iu the vicissi
tudes of life he had lost it. One could form
au idea of the number of years that had
elapsed since he left England, wheu it is
known that he stated he never saw a rail
road in that couutry.
His Honor testified to the deceased as a
true Christian, it was apparent in his daily
I. fe, that his character was that of a con
sistent, honorable, Christian gentleman.
The Court misses him and it will be diffi
cult to fill his place.
The Court thauked the Bar aud its offi
cers for the sympathy tendered, and now
orders that the resolution be entered on
the records of the Court.
The Chief Justice informed the members
of the Bar there were forty-nve cases ou
the calendar besides the divorce cases. The
Court would sit in Banco to-day (Monday),
aud to-morrow (Tuesday). There would be
uo Court held on Wednesday. On Thurs
day, the business woull commence with
. i r ...Uta I I 1 1 I V fl I L I i :i I I I I II II Mill VH I
Lovell, be contiuued until uext term. J
Messrs. Smith & Thurston filed a demur
rer to the plaintiff's declaration in the case
of Johu Richardson vs. Robert Grieve aud
A. T. Atkinson, and they say that the said
declaration is not sufficient iu law. Where
fore, the said defendants pray judgment,
and that the said plaintiff may be barred
from having or maintaiuiug his aforesaid
action against them.
Mr. Prestou, counsel for the plaintiff, ob
jected to argue the demurrer this day, on
the grouuds that he bad not been duly no
tified. His Honor set down next Saturday fore
noon for the argument of the demurrer.
The Court adjourned at 3 p. m.
Tuesday, July 3, 18S3.
Francisco Ferreira. charged with rape ;
Kauhana, charged with assault and bat-
tery ; plea, not guilty. I M. H itch for de
fendant. Joseph Woodward, charged with house
breaking ; plea, not guilty. J. Russell for
Iona, charged with embezzlement ; plea,
not guilty. J. 1. Kaulukou for defendant.
Kikaua, charged with polygamy ; plea,
not guilty. J. L. Kaulukou for defendant.
Quay Ong, charged with larceny iu the
2d degree ; plea, guilty. Seuteneed to two
years' imprisonment aud fined S100.
Nim Lock, charged with embezzlement;
plea, uot guilty.
The Court adjourned until 1 p.m.
Thcksdat, July 5.
Francesco Feweira, who had pleaded guilty to
a charge of rape, was sentenced to G months im
prisonment. before Hawaiian Jury.
Hauhaue, second officer of the S. S. Iwa
laui;" was accused, on a charge of maiming, with
putting out the eye of oue of the crew of that
vessel. The accused was acquitted. Mr. F. M.
Hatch appeared for defendant. ,
Joseph Woodward, lately a clerk in the employ
of Hollister i Co., was. charged with breaking
into their Fort street store and robbiug the till.
The money said to be taken was fouud upon the
accused, several days after the occurrence, rolled
up iu packets, uud he could give no account of
how it caue into his possession, The jury re
tired at 3 p. m. and at (J o'cluk brought iu a
verdict of guilty. Prisoner will be sentenced to
day. Mr. J. Russell for defendant. Mr. A. Austin
Whiting prosecuted on behalf of tha Crown in
the above cases.
Fridat, July 6.
Joseph Woodward who was found guilty of
housebreaking was sentenced to eighteen mouths
Aiona, charged with embezzlement was sen
tenced to eighteen months imprisonment aud
The two civil cases set down for hearing yes
terday were both postpoued ut the request of
WHAT THE PEOPLE SAY.
We iuvitr xr"iuu of upiuiuii from the (mlilie upou
ll Hiibjfi'lM of geui-ral lutert-st lor ms, rtiuu muter tliis
bead ol the ADVKunshit. Sui'u coiuiuuuit'atiuns -.lion Id
be autheimcatej ly the na.ue of tlie writer ax a gua
rantee of y-oJ faltli, but uot uecensarily for iiubhca
tiou. Our object is to oiler tlie fullest oportuuity for a variety
of popular discus-lion aii.t lu uury.
We are uot to b uu 1. rtoo 1 as uecessarily euitoraiiig the
views set forth iu coiuinuuicutioux puiditlied uu l. i t Im
To all iuquirera we shall endeavor to furuUli luforiua
tiou of the most complete character ou auy subject In
which they may be iuteresteii.l
Ma. EmToK : Liberty of the press is uuiverully
recognized as ou of the m.)t sacred rights of a
constitutional government. Through it are es
tablished the right aud opportunity of criticizing
actions ou the part of the government as well as of
the people, aud undoubtedly by a proper aud
prudeut exercise of this privilege the interests of
truth and justice are furthered and the liberties
of all concerned protected.
Auother merit is that au " untruinmeled press "
reflects the seutimeuts of the faction it represents,
aud thus a community is uot long ignorant of the
elements contained within it. As long as there is
freedom of thought iu au intelligent community,
so long there will bd differences of opinion con
cerning the problems of the day, and so loug as
all men cannot be brought to see through the same
transom mere win exist in sucu a community an
opposition press," or at least an oppositiou party
When such a press is satisfied with truthful criti
cisni and supports a policy of fair-minded opposi
tion, even if such a policy is based upou coucep
tions, it will hold a deserving place in the
estimation of honest patriotic citizeus ; but wheu
it so far forgets the dignity of its musiou as to
degenerate into a cynical sheet, content only with
heaping calumny upon the heads of public
oiheers and of the government, it simply reflects
ihe caukered spirit of disappoint crabbed
office seekers ; it is about time that the better class
of the community, to use an ordinary phrase, "sit
down upon it."
In its issue of last week the Saturday Ve-ss pro
i .. .. . . i i . -i . i , ,
uuies Mtcrni ai ku ieH nnuer me Kt-mniauce of au
attack ou the King and His Ministers which for
vulgar Hcurrihty surpass anything yet produced.
Seemingly unsuccessful in its poiicy of opposition
the Saturday Prrs.i has thrown off the guise of hoi)
arable journalism aud now resorts to methods riv
aling iu their baseness the most sensational dema
agogic sheets. The article entitled "The begin
ning of the eud " set.ms to he one great effort to
concentrate as much low personality within
given space as language is capable of expressing,
while under the heading of " More Suuday Head
ing, " a good article from your paper is so ier
verted by insipid attempts at wit and personality
producing such a chaos of blasphemous ribaldry
as to disgust the most indulgent reader.
After such a display of drr titer retort it behooves
a careful public to ask itself whether the reins of
Government could safely be entrusted to a faction
that stops uot at methods, be they ever so base, to
further their ends. Au impartial reader cannot
fail to draw the line between the action of the
"Government" and the "opposition press " in
this controversy. Wheu we compare the course of
the respective editors, the query forces itself upon
us, " who is the gentleuiau? " As far as thf writer
has seen, tho AuvKiinsEu has never sacrificed its
dignity, has never resorted to those detestable
methods of peccant journalism of which the others
have been guilty, and whether they will or not all
honest citizens must confess that throughout, the
bearing of the Aiveiitisi;h has b.-eii markedly gen
tlemanly and generous compared to such exhibi
tions as that ou the part of last Saturday' Pre.
I We have received several communications on
the above subject but think the interests of the
public will best be served by publishing only
oue. Li. I'. C A.
Mr. Eoitob: The number of applications of
divorce made at every session of the Supreme
Court of each circuit of this kiugdom is cer-
inly most astonishing, and the more so be
cause th- inevitable divorce " u viuculu matri
monii " is pronounced in neui!y every case. A
lawful wife petitions for divorce ou the grouuds
of adultery of her husband, or i n- other causes
stittd. The husbaud ouiy too glad to ac
quiesce iu the wife's petition puts m appear
ance. .No questions are asked and all is "tout a
fait accompli" aud this U. wherein nine cases
out of ten the petitioner herself is living in a
state of adultery, aud consequently, under any
rational laws, entitled to no relief, for she her
self does not come into court with clean hands
she negatives the equity tu ixitu,
I aui led to write these few iints iu view of a
case which was heard n few sessions atio. after
1 ... I. . I . , ...
wuicu mere was a geuerai excu.U;e witn par-
ties and fresh knots tied, perhaps also, soon to
t - - - .
be untied oy aid of Supreme Court juris":ction
and connivance of the parties.
Every petitioner should be compelled to sat
isfy the judge by her or his j evid.nje, cor
roborated iu some material respect of her or his
mode and plau of living since the deflexion of
respondent front the path of rectitude
before the court p.iss on to the granting of
the relief sought Yours,
Ta: K.niohts of Pythias, an order which now
numbers over 6,000 members ou the Pacific
coast, have heretofore been without an official
organ, lo meet this want a semi-monthly jour
nal has been established in San Francisco. The
Triangle, the first number of which, issued May
15th, is extremely creditable to both editor and
publisher. . The Triangle is published by Geo.
F. Neal, No. 415 Montgomery street, and edited
by S. B. Carleton, both of which gentlemen are
favorably known to the fraternity.
Mr. Tmtoii is nmking many h Unions to Lis
sugar woik-.. Ho has torn down the old mill
building-, u-i l envied in th.-ir phioe a very larga
structure of wood ,.iJ nii. The to mills that
formerly gr.ni ,, f; cute h ivc bweii takeu down,
and a v. ly l.uge thiee-ioUri mill erected OU tin
makai t.i.le of tho old mill. A long can a carrier
is being built, ou whi.-h th? cane is dumped fioui
the railway cars. The vaocuiu pan has been
raised and is to be eularged by putting iu a two
foot band in the centre. A double effect has
also been added; also a mixer. The works, when
fiuished, iu a few mouths, will be ubout the moat
complete of any on the islands, and will take off,
easily, sixtoeu tons of sugar per day. The cost
of additions to the works will amount to $100,
000. The rail , vny is iu good running order. Th
cane uc-ver looked better, and th crop this year
will be ilulnclisf.
The li.Jid Supervisor, Captain Taylor, has
beeu doing some good work ou the roads. The
mill roud, where it joins the road along the
beach, has been extended to twice its former
width, aui properly drained. All the refuse
from the sugar works runs through covered pipe
right into the sta.
The sanitary condition of Lahaiua is, in all
respects, tirst-class. Dr. Curpeuter has beu
doing a grout deal of good, and has had lately
three quite bad cases that he has beeu successful
with. One whs a gun-shot wouud, auother uu
arm that had to be set two weeks after it had
been broken, aud a case of fever that wus very
low ou his arrival there, wss the thit J.
The people were rather astonished aud de
lighted with a sight of the electric light JispluyitJ
by the Iwuluui when she touched iu there lust
week to land Mrs. Turtou and pnrty. The whole
shore line was brilliantly illuminated, aui thu
effect was very beautiful.
The examiuatiou of St. Cross school p.issei
off very successfully last week. The exumiualiou
of the Union school takes place ou the 10th iu
stitnt. Wain-Kir, Maui.
There is but little going on here that may be
called "news," the ton bein,j the ssujj quiet
little place it always has been. Chief Justice
Judd having completed the work attending this
term of the Circuit Court, has taken a short trip
to Makawao. His Hauor received the first news
of the death of the lute Chief Clerk of the Su
preme Court through thu milium of a letter
applying for the vacant position!
Mrs. David Crowuiugbu rph, who had been iu
feeble he. ill h for some time pist, died here ou
Saturday Ii- (June 30), uud was bulled ou the
following Suuday. At Kahului the schooner
Auue is leudy to leave for the coast, haviug
tikeu a cargo on board of ub"Ut GOO bug. At
last reports (Monday p. m. ) she wus waiting for
Mr. S. E. Ford, au old resident of Wailuku,
goes iu her to his former home iu MicLigau, and
Cuptaiu Wilbur, the pilot uud harbor master,
also takes a ruu over to the coast for a short
During his absence Capt. Heyuol Is will act a
pilot aud harbor mstjr at Kahului.
Tho Glorious Fourth will b duly celebrated
at Kahului by tWe "boys." They have got a
hundred dollars worth of fireworks, aud intend
to have a good time. Iu addition to this, those
at Spreckelsvdle give a bull ou Tuesday evening
to properly usher iu the 4th, aud iu Wailuku ou
the day there will be some sports.
The " J. D. Spreckles '' is ubout half dis
charged, and will bein taking iu suar very
The Volcano of Kilauea.
Visitors to these islands, as well as lesidenfs,
will bj pleased to leutu that s 11110 improvements
are contemplated at the Volcano House and its
surroundings. Wm. Jordan, the present owuer
of the properly, proposes to tied a new house
for the sulphur baths, the present one being iu
a sadly dilapidated stuie; he is also growing veg
etables, that his table lnay be well supplsd dur
the year, making the ground i level, aud en
deavoring to make arrangement iu Hilo by
which he cau keep a regular supply of mules
there to obviate the present difliculty that tour
ists experience in obtaining horses, charging
theia reasonable prices.
We hear that the lakes are very uctive just
now, and there is every probability that tLe two
will soou connect, liy uo means the least inbr
esting object to be sten there is the forest about
a mile from the back of the house; here may be
fouud wild strawberries and raspberries gowiug jit
profusion, native berries that uie very palatable,
ferns of all kinds forming a dense undergrowth,
parasitical vines climbing arouud the luie and
beautiful forest trees. The thermometer legis
ters now from 50" to 70", the mornings bring de
licionsly cool and invigorating. Smokers would
do well to pay particular attention to the Htute
of their tobucco pouches and cigar cusus, these
luxuries being iiijottaiiiMhlo there, and He would
recommend persous visiting the crater by uii'ht to
be sure of their guide, and each and every one to
provide him or herself with u lantern and stout
Experience teaches u that the best way to ar
rive at Kilauea is from Kan, leaving the steamer
Iwulani ut Honuapo or l'ah.ila, if horses can be
procured theie, the distance beiug nhorter and
the road less wearisome thau ou the Hilo ide.
The services of a guide are nowhere required, as
the track is plainly marked all the way and it is
next to impossible to get off it. We
would suggest to tourist that they provide for
the inner man before starting, and carry a bottle
of water for occasional refreshment during the
ride, and wo would not recoiuiiK ud those going
from Hilo to remain over i "'ght ut the Half-Way
The Myrtle ltowit,g Club is the first boat club
ever organized iu this city, wr believe. Last
February some of the most energetic youug gen
tlemen iu town entered iut the project of geltiug
up the club, and it is now iu a thriving coudi-
tion. Every evening th members practice iu
the harbor, and a laudable spirit of euteipiise is
manifested iu the manly sport of rowing. The
club owns two boats, one of which was donated
to the organization by Mr. Jorg Ashley. They
also have a iieat boat house down on the Espla
nade, with rucks for our and other necessaries
The club deserves eucouragement. There is uot
enough life and enterprising activity uia.juj
young men iu spurting matters, as u general
thing, in Honolulu, but th? members of this club
have taken the matter of rowing in hand with
the evident iutenliuu f making tlje sport popu
lar, end we are confident they wili succeed. It
would be well if another rowing club could be
organizd to compete generously with tbs MvitU
Rowing Ciub. Competition iu sporting mutters,
as well us iu mutters of busiuess, ulwuy pro
motes and invigorates, when it is entered into
with a friendly desire to excel. But whether an
other club is organized or not, the Myrtle Row
ing Clu'j is btund to succeed, for it is very judi
ciously managed and has the best wishes of the
whole community. The following is a list tj
the officers of the club and the names of the
crews: Captain, James L. Torbert; Assistant,
W. T. Monsarrat ; Secretary, A. M. Brown; Trets
urer, Alexander Robertson. First boat's crew:
Jas. Torbert, J. Roth well, W. T. Monsnrrat, A.
W. Carter, W. D. McBryde. Second boat's crew:
W.C.Parke, Jr., J. Babcock, A.M. Brown, L.
Trobert, A. Robertson.
A" -T .