Newspaper Page Text
PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER, JULY 7, 1883.
y y AUTHORITY.
XZW r "SYA
School Net ice
, .n .f the
II. .1 l.iiU,
Ll.l-n dj. - L-n.l- . I
. . i.i a - ( il' Or Jii:-ii , Julv -j'.tn i
.t imi ; Ua tr. iiy luly -i.tn. at
f tel..i ''' ' - l-
j j'l-lui k. n. on ea h of the .J,i i..iLieJ ai.u
-'.jttiiT v;ti-ii ill est fend to il ji.jy the
; tf -September text on Lii ii date a tew teiti
gB.rd?r of the board of Ldu- iie,n.
Ipi w iii-tiaiio. July oth 1"3J
School Vacation Notice.
..I .. . .......... ..-.tf r.f
hii.- -eh-v-U thr iij,! .t tl.e King-dotu. will
rndfr.i Friday, n.e .'.:!. -,f .iuiv
t:.e lTth of .-Hroteii.L uct,
f.r tert.1 will l.-'3-4ji.
I1 W i.- SnIIH
:e-l etary .
Ls,pt. ct it;c alio, Jul Oth, l-s'J.
' Bureau of Immigration Ordinance-
Iu purnn-e of the provi o( -i Act ol the
Legilative Afaebibly. approved on the thiitieth
J l .f nfmLr. A. I). l-.Ci eiiIltl"J " Art Act to
pryvide for tha iinportatiua of lb.ier- eiid for the
- ncour axemen I "of iiriiniratioii," and of an Act ap
fcrovtd on the 23rd day of June. A. D l-O enti
J .i.ed "An Act tj uxten 1 the A the Bureau
iwe it ordwuned Ly Hi-i Maj-ty iu Fnvy Council
on the recoBimeudatiou of the Min.-tcr of the Inte
rior, and th Bureau of Imiui?;rati'ii follow-. :
Wherea-t. It U adviiable tit t.rd r t prtc-i-f th
pabLic froiu th -prrud of -.uta-ji-ii- d--a-.e- that
itnuiiraut arriving in tui. tviu.jnt. nciiia oo-
'J L..' . J .. 0 . ... J.- .... .. . ,
adriiabU that a plac- !. ul l provided for
them, where they can be protected fr i ttie t.pt-ra-
tionH of de-iuiu k--ii au I ac ui.ii-. lJte.l with
aiuble fowd and lodin. until they -.hall have
U a rujble tint to secure -.uiibh- employ
Ttierefore, be it ordained: First. On the arrival
f any ship or vei-cl at any port of thi- Kingdom.
having fifty or more iiniuirant'. on hoard seokiu
mploymeai in thi Kinjd-.ia. -aiJ n.iuiirraut
halLiot be landed from any wu jb ship or ves-.'-l
-aatil permission to d ' -hall hi.e bet.i ;iinte.l
few thit President, ttr bv u A.ciil 'A ilit Board oi
Second. Wheu inch prriuj i-.a i- obtained the
cmaandiug tlicer of the ve--.l, bringing said im-
. . t. .11 .-.... . . . t. , 1 1 t cn r
place provided by the L -ui.i I Irtmigiation 9
may be indicated by the Aent ji :b Board of Im
migration a- afreaid.
Third. Any officer of aiiy ve--cl b u..;in; !r-..n-grantf
a aforesaid, who shall land ii - any ui h
pMaer or iiumiran t- to he landed and auy per
son who shall aid and aLet in thelaiidtn of any such ,
pnger .'r immigrant wuuoul the prmi--tion
aad otherwise than in thi iunaur a- iu the two :
preceding articles provided r. hali be liable to .
pay a tiue not eicediu tit? uui f O.is ThonsJiid
Dtfllart. on conviction b.-ior-.- atiy Police or Iitru t
Fourth. All immigrant lauded in the place ,
fcfore-taid shall b? ubje(t to thi iu-.pectl-.ii of the .
Agent of th Board f Health, and ! -iUi-h ordr-r-t '
s the Board f H.-iUnrui. make in trie iut-re-r j
of the health f the lunuti autt or that ul the ,
Fifth. Proper Interpreter- and fa- iliUc -.hall t
be afforded by the C .nd ol Immigration to enable (
all Hub iuiiu:b'railti t luake elic;at.'eiient fw their
erviccs. nuderstaudiiijly anil fairly, aui au- .
thonty i h-reby gien t' tli- Board of Imu.i- j
gratioti to prevent all tmautuoi i.cd intrusiou ujhjIi .
ich iuimit:raul9. arid to take -u.-h ruea-uie j
may he conducive to the comfort. i.-i onul clean- ;
Uue and good order ! .i. h immii!it while
residing IU the .-aid la.-v p.viled. I
SlSth. On the cli.ice'nt ny such luiiui
grant to labor mad-. while at the place uf .;e-iaid.
verf e.nployer siiail pay a fee of rive dollar for
each imiuii;raut eii4'fd bv him which shall be
applied by the Board of lmmi ration toward the
expense of the liiaiateiia:i.e of the said plce and
of the iiuUiiKraul therein.
seventh. Immigrant not dc-irmg to make en
gagement for labor shall before leaving thedelot,
nrmh t the lreideut ! the Board of Immi
gration sati-faclory evidence- that they will nut
become vagrant o a charge ou the coniinuuity
for their support.
Eighth. Thi oi-duiance dliall lake eAect oil it
publication in one or uwre newspaper publl-hed
Do Lie at Iolaui Pa lacs tbi- Ittri day of January,
oV. V. 1331. KALAKAL'A En.
By the King :
H. A. P. CAKft.it. Miui-t:r oi Iuieiior.
a, 11 tf
All Water Kate no due and owiug uiut be
paid at the oiS' e ol Honolulu Water Works, foot
of Xanana treet n or l-efore June 30th. 1S53.
Otherwise the privilege will be -uspended without
Approved CHAP. EES WILSON
John E. Bash. Supt. Water Work.
Minister of the Interior.
UoMoLt-i.i-. Jane 1. Is!. junl tf.
Ir ha plea-ted Hi Majety the King to appoint
the following gentlemen t. be s-.e3-.ler t f Hi
Privy Council of State:
Hon. Bejuamin Hale Au-tin.
Hon. Paul Puluhala Kauoa.
Hon. II laka Kuihelaut.
Hon. John Lot Kaulukou.
Hon. Gaor-;e W. MacfarUtic.
ii-LA.t Palace J;i. i't ia. 1:3J.
je23 dlt w3t
Board of Ileal tn.
By order of tfyo.o.ird the attention of the public
iepecially .-aUeiw rfjulatiou adopted by the
Toard f)ct.lr . 7 .
1. Every packet 'i,, ve-t.-el arriving off the
port of the I-lai..l- ,j u Hir led b the Port
' Phyaician. who i- to r.;Ke jrou Hy the crew
and pa-uer. and if ti-irsJ tint li .oiitagiou.,
r iufectioa -1 ie ei-t- ,,u L,ard be hall e'rant
to the captain a certificate f. .j ettVi t ! UJ' if
ot ao atiried. he -ball order the V.Ut to anchor
the veel oucide the harbor. a..l B-ard of
Health l.all ba not. del .f the f.-n i Pilot
shall briui a steam packet in-ide the L.rW,r until
the Port Thy-ician ha giveu bmi hbert.t to do.
(Uy wrd.-r f the Board.)
The attrition of the public i i callr to
Chap. o9 .f the Penal Code u I folio u. e.tlon,-
S. ri. II. "The B-iard f Health may from tune
to time e-fabUh the iiurant.ue t- be performed
rreU arriving at anv p.rt of the Kincrdom:
SE-rio . "An .cLi" . J-lon a
fa, to .abroit t quaraut health and
e th ouarantine crou.
ot the quarautn. -
which shall be the i r1
and ale for the L-enetit of th-s i-ubli.- treasury."
Skuos 2t. " All uptu-ei incurred on acconnt
of anv r.-o. ve--t:l or rd- under any quaran
tine rcfc'a'jtii.ttn shall b.-paid by -nch pc-rs n. ves-el
or o-..iii f-f 'jcb es--l or tjds r-iectTelT."
'lie roj.l-W'l of Ho n .lulu is hereby de-ign-ateJ
a- -j-.iirauliiie :iuii.l."
P. H. HA VrELLEN,
-Tftry ( the l!-rd .f Health.
TrfK f;. II Airi' 1-r-on-. hav;
a, Tax A-- r- f r the taxation
Kwiij liti f r the yer liM :
S. K. haU
iistiR-n of the
E. Kekoa j
George I11 j
J. P. Kaciauoha j
. J. Stnpr.lebwn j
. . J. G. Hoapili j
D. H. N'ahinn 1
G. W. C. Jon
T. K. KaaiLili
y ti I.
.M -l'.lru and Itiiai
J. A. Kaukau.
. O. E. liichardnn.
. . . J. K. Hanuna.
. . S. K. Kupihfa.
. F. H. Hav ldm.
. J. L. Kaulukou
..I. W. Kaapn.
S. K. Mahoe.
Ewi and U"aiiae
Koolauj.ko . .
Hanalt-i . . .
.las. W. Bush
JNO. M. KAPEXA.
Minister of Finance.
i i .-a-iii y
List of Licenses Expiring in the
Month of July, 1883.
1 rin.au br-, Ucrrhaiit St. Hon .lulu
1 Kur.i Wo Ul Krf, Nuu iuu St. Honolulu
1 IU Liavies, Kahuuianu t, Honolulu
1 Wu:. Wo CimciR o, Kaueobe, Koola-poko
2 .u? Miu, bliiha St, Honolulu
a H ji.i 1 i. .-or .uutLU St, liouolulu
7 M W Mcl'lie-ney, i Sou, gu-fii Sr, Honolulu
T M it l orn-is, Uot-l t, Honolulu
10 K nsrio 7.els, i-ur Kini; an l Maunakea Ma, Honolulu
11 Jose-.b A Loa-, cor Piiu. hbowl and Baretunia Sta, Hon-
11 VViuou Wu. Niiuauii -t. Honolulu
la i hHUg llun. Punchbowl St, Honolulu
It John lire l o, Nuuiuu Si, Honolulu
l' l.oo Puy. cor Mauuakea and Kini St-t, Monwlulu
1; 1. U .-ieMjTi. li X l o. School St. Honolulu
16 Nee l-e. ltereiania St, Honolulu
14 Marn hum; 'Vong. Nuuiiuu Si, Hcaolulu
l'j Henry May k ', l"ort .--t, Honolulu
lcj Vui-u hoiirf Ji t o, Kiui; Mt. liouolulu
19 lluoux You I.uu;, Urretsr.it St. Honolulu
c K AkjuM. Laie, Ikoolaulua
-,'l Kuu Vou Kee, Kiu-St. Honolulu
;a li- i lioiifalves Hotel -T, Houol.,1.1
'Jl .1 C l.il l t-i. Kiu.' St. 1'ttlauia. liuuoiu'.u
al wo.. Kim. cor lort and Hotel Sts iioiioluiu
ICH ltickey. IIs-uakuapolLW
:i All. Kaluaaoa. Aivlokal
il I) V KsiDbUai, Kaupo
1 1 Akeui. Mailuku
It lu Sprei'k'-l.-s Kabulut
IT Ak.na, Wailuku
1-4 Wo u- Ham, Makaaa
la Lira Kon Ke, Kiialiulu
J t Kwou:' Yuen, Kaiku
Jo T' U9 iiug. Kasuspsili
I v. Wsi 'liimu. Ku
." : i I.uuk, lmkil. N KoLala
i. -.i. ( hap 3c cuniie Hakapala, N Eehaia
1 . vV if Davi. North Eona
1. UokeMU, Nsalel.u. Km
1 t ha W illiam. KukuiLaeie llauiakua
0 I 11 llamliui;. Kilac. Kona
j h Kim Ac bun?, Kaiopilu. N Eohala
1 H . Oreenwell. Ealukala, Eeaa
I ti-cj Chun, Ksiopilu
: oi- Ah hum. Kaiopllu
.o J V Mill. Hilo
jl Aiu.i. Hatuakua
-2t Akau. Koliauaikl. N Kohala
-', J H Halhdav, llouokaa
J3 t'V Aiooa. lllio
JC KauTack Mu. Katoiulu. Kuhala
-.C t heu Na, Niulii, N Kohala
M C Y Alona. Puuahoa. Hilo
a Hourf Tai, coi Nuuana and Uerchant )ta, Qonolu'u
11 f K Akana, ban, Koolaaloa
12 Mokeau. Msolehu. Kau. Hawaii
It Ku Hilo. lias-ail
li bin hoy. Hotel -t. Honolulu
11 Quoni" l-"oii6'. i'aia. Makawao. Maui
-Jl Wi CIiol.- Maunakea St, Honolulu
1 H vii-so brws. ilirthaiit t, Honolulu
ITU I'avit-s, Ksatiuioanu tfr, Honolulu
I j Ucnty Hit x Co, Fort St, Bonolutu
1 I tore htin la. I.shaiiia, Maul
1 J I Alult. Wailuku, Maui
T J It Uali.day, fiauiaki.a. U.wail
a Jiiu ( row. Honolulu
!4 lllemskulc, Hilo, Uaw.iil
II U b Malimu, Hilo. Hawaii
-'J sniuiau A Eldert', Hilo. Hawaii
11 Chun Ho. lotbaina. Maui
Jo Win Eo, Eapaa, Eauai
li W C Pt.ox k, cor Hotel and Nui aou il", Honolulu
IS f I TLorntou, Kingdom.
1 I VV Kualaku, Fi-h Market
S K C UcCarnlles. KtU Market
la I E I.jon, Einabulu. Maui
IS t'a. h atiaoa, Kooluuoloa. OtLU
'al Mr Kaiuaka, Wailuku. Ma n
Directory of the Police Department of
. . . W. O. Parke
. . David bav ton
Maui T. W. Everett...
i Hawaii L. Severance. . . .
Kauai S. W. Wilcox
F.Aa and Wmujt
K00I4 liloa .
. Auakalea Kauhi
. . . J. A. Kaukau
S. D. Kapeno
Molokai and Lanai
North Hilo . . .
South Kohala . .
North Kohala .
D. B. W'ahine
ii. F. Sauford
....... G. P. Kamauoha
. .1). Makainai (Acting.)
D. U. Nahinu
Puna J. M. Kauwila
Nawihwili W. E. H. Deverill
Lihur S. Kaui
Kawaihau G. B. Palohau
Hanalei J. Kakina
Koloa J. W. Alapai
Waiiaca J. Kauai
Ij- rror'i- .le I'tx-eauie. No. 121. A and A S K, meeU
on Kinr -t la-t Mod in each month.
Hawaiian No. 21, V aod A M, meet cor Fort and Quet-n
-t- dm Mou-lay in rah month.
Uoal Arch hapfer meet in Hall of Le Progrea de
l'i Vnuif ev.'ry VI Thuradae of the month.
1'omman.lrry of Knight Templar meet every 2d Tbura
uy iu th month.
K arueharueha Ixxt-'e of rerfe-tion No. 1, A and ASK,
ru.-t at Hall of Ie Tro-re de rtk-eauie every -ttb Tbur.
dav in the tuonth.
Nuuauu Chaj.rer of Bo 'roix. No. 1. A A S R, me t
t hall ol froar.v ue rih-rauie nr-t Tburlay in the
Aleviu-l.-r Lahohho Council ol KadOah, A A ASK,
me.-t on third Monday of attentat mouths from Irb.
Kv-.-1-iot No.l, I ( U F, meet each Tue.lay ia Udd 1V1
low Hall. Fort trf t.
Potvue-ia Encampment No 1. I O O F, nieeta at OdJ Fel
low' UaU rTery art and third Friday in each month.
Harmon t No. J.IDO F, ruet eaih Monday in hall of
K--. l.ior ixtdjre.
t'aliu .No. 1. E of P. meet each We4neday at Hall.
Campbell Block, tort t.
Hawaiian Tr.be No. I, Improvcsl Ordr of Red Men
mtrt.t everv Friday at hail of K of P.
Court Lunahlo No. fc.OW. A O F, meeU at ball of E of
P otil and fourth Tuedar ot month.
Mortiiuir Star Lolife. No. 1, Enufbt of Jenisalem. me?t
rvr -T Inuay evrninsr at hall on Maunakra t.
ilaaja.taa Council Ne. MJ, A L of ii. met on the 34 and
a-c miri(-of each month in h li"' asf ri Inn Hail
Orranie Coam-,1 No 7;;, A Lof .
third I ueUr-f rwh month in "thi -
ireorire l'eromg rost No a
Eniu-ht. of Pyth a on the thigJ"
- - k" 'H,.Xal.I
' T?n-irf nf tha Aient fur the BoatOU Exhi-
The following is the report of Charle h. Buck-
Und. the Government a-Tcnt for the Boston Exhibi
tion to Hi Eicellencv, the Minister for Foreign
I left Honolulu on 23th May an 1 arrived at -Mi
hukona on JOth m l at thi point commenced my
observation- in the Kvhala Di-trict. The land
near the coast for the tir-t eiht or ten miles is
rocky, poor, -and of no value for cultivation, but
gradually improves until the .plantations are
reachtd. arid h-i s i- it-; .iperioi-ity mau.fe-.t, ei-T-tcikll
in tit gl.lt. he-, wheie both native- and
Chinese cultivate the t.:ro bina.ia and t eta'ole
to a larger extent than iu any oth-r disti ..-i iu the
. , . , ; .. . . ..-ii, : ir. l.
Liana, l here aie -ii -.li-.m mm. - !
tamely the Halawa. Niulii. Kohala, Star, Hawi
:.nd Union, all of which promied contributions
' for the exhibition. Fro:.i Niulii mill will be eut
! a specimen of Silica taadi from the cane rind. The
j water supply in Kohala i go.id au 1 planting is
' generally prceeded with iu June, July and Aug
j n-t. There arc C. 010 acre-of land in thi district
, under cane cultivation, th-crop for thi year will
! amount to 7.100 ton of siijfar. The area uuder
j cultivation could not well be iticrea-ed to any very
! great extent without considerable outlay for c-lear-'
iug the hih laud-.
j On the road ta W limea may be found a few va
' rietie of fern- and native wood- before reaching
j the undulating plains at an elevation of two tliou-
-and feet. Here i- au excellent view extending
from Kona 1 Kohala aloug the coa-t. of the Kohala
' mountain and Mauna Ka inland. Maui and the
i tea na the other -ide. The plain, which extend
for a distance of about eight mile, appear he-t
adapted for giaziug purposes. Over the moun
tain the track are very rough and precipitous,
interspersed with steep gulches, full of rocks and
stoues; the wood at an elevation of from four to
hve thousand feet are tilled with cattle. The dis
tance from Kohala to Waimea is said to be twenty
six miles, but the Hawaiian mile i generally reck
oned in a straight lini without making any allow
ance for undulation. Some of the resident. of
Waimea upon whom I called were unfoi tuiiatt-ly
away from home, but I hope to obtain from Mr.
Petti Noah ome interesting native specimens.
I The variety of the wood in Kohala is -mall and it
i is a lino-1 impossible to obtain auythiug of Ethnol
ogical interest. The climat-' of Kohala should be
favorable for shsep raising and wliat irowinj,
while iu Waimea cereals ami vegetables niiht be
cultivated with advantage.
From Waimea to Maua, a distance of nine- miles,
the greater portion of the road is over the Waimea
plain, which are occupied by cattle, the latter
part gradually rising till Mr. Samuel Parker's
house is approached. Here at an elevation of .'1..100
feet is one of the most healthy climates on the
island ; in the early nioiuiug everything appears
fresh and vigorous ; there i a picturesque pano
rama: Mauna Kea, always suow-capped, riiug to
ld,300 feet above the sea level iu the background,
the Waiuiea plains and Kohala mountains in the
front, to the right aud left a glimpse of tho sea on
each side of the island. Iu the garden are tiopical
aud English dowers growing in profusion -ide by
aide, scenting the air with their sweetness. I no
ticed many old friends, the rose, heliotrope, gera
nium, fuschia, lily, jessamins, pink, gladiolus,
lemon-aceuted verbena, besides- varieties of begonia
and ferns. Mr. Parker is said to own aud lease
300.000 acres of land aud own about Jll.UOO head of
catttlo. probably more.
From Maua to Houokaa, twelve miles, one rides
two-thirds of the distance through a dead forest
with an occasional glimpse of verdure iu the form
of living ferns; thi changes suddenly to the very
reverse, the native trees adu vine look fresher by
contrast, the grass is long and luxuriant, the cat
tle seem to be the picture of health and some
native bird are heard overhead. I was told that
from twelve to tifteen varieti.-- nf native wood
mat be found here, including the sandal wood
which is becoming very scarce : most of these
woods are specially adapted for making furniture.
Honokaa is naturally hilly with precipitous dirt's.
some two hundred feet hi-'h, -u the coast line.
About l.oOO acre of laud aie utilized for growing
cane which is manufactured at the Honokaa mill.
which will produce this year ! -) (on of ugar.
The climate of Hauiakua is very hcaltliv, being
tempered by the trade winds in the day time aud
by cool laud breezes at night. Cotfee aud tobacco
grow wild, but ute not cultivated t anv extent.
Of fruits may be foajJ toe 1 x'Uat mango, orange,
limer citron, lemon, banana, breadfruit, tamarind.
mountain apple and guava, tut- latter, near Kukui
haele, leing of unusual sie and sweetness : there
are six or eight vai ieticsof the koa tree. also tiieohia
and sumac in large quantities; the wild turkey,
pigeon and plover are somewhat numerous, and
the Caliioruiaii quail especially so. The road to
Kukuihaele. nine miles, is lined in places with the
guava, orange and sumac trees: there is also a
tract of couutry uncultivated which would lie
suitable for cane culture when cleared. This will
probably eventuate shortly as a new 'government
landing is being built at Honokaia. At Kukuihaele
was the finest cane I had yet seen on Hawaii, aud
what was still more noticeable lias the manifest
care bestowed iu the cultivation of the growiug
crops. The out put from the Pacific Sugar Mill
for this year will be 1. 000 tons. Mr. Kay. the
manager of the mill, has imported, for stud pur
poses, some Durham cattle, aud also intends turn
ing his attention to the raising ot poultry, pigs
aud vegetables in large quantities for shipment to
Honolulu. The water supply i here better than
at Houokaa ; at both places are good cable land
ings whence produce is shipped by schooner to the
Tw miles from Kukuihaele is the Waipio valley,
shut in ou three sides by cl ill's from 1,000 to l.oOO
feet high, the fourth side opiiiing with a long
stretch of sandy tx-ach ou to the sea. The ap
proach is by a good though steep road, lined with
tropical foliage ; the tir-t view of the valley, with
streams vf water falling some 1.500 feet over the
perpendicular clifl's at the back, is one of the
finest imaginable. The level ground between the
hills is utilized for growing rice, there being three
plantations producing from one and a half to two
tons of rice to the acre, each crop occupying the
soil for five mouths from the time of the lirst
cultivation till it i cut. Waipio is chierfy iu- j
habited by Chinese aud natives, many of the latter
being engaged iu tishing.
Two miles ou the Hilo side nf Houokaa is the
Paauhau Plantation and mill. The plantation has
under cultivation 1.230 acres of caue, most of
which, judging from its appearance, is of superior
growth and quality. The mill, under separate
management -aas already produced 300 tons of
wngar. and lefore the end of this year will in
crease the amount to uearly 2.000 tons. There
still remains at Paahau a large area of good un
cultivated ground. Six mile further ou is Paauilo
Plantation cultivating loj acres, aud Haniakua
Plantation 1.010 acres. The caue from both these
plantations is mauufactuied at the Hamakua Mill,
the produce from which, will be l.nOO tons this
year. Here the water supply is more plentiful, and
steam plow are used that easily get through ten
acre a day. From Mr. Aioua was received a
promise of au exhibit of rice grown at Waipio. On
the road to Ookala is the commencement of the
ranowned steep and uumerous gulches that con
tinue until arriving at Hilo. The foliage is most
luxurious and beautiful showiug the fertility of the
soil, which, for the tnot part remains in its na
tural state. A near plantation is being established
by the Mes.-rs. HorneY who are also making con
siderable improvements and repairs on the roads.
Particulars of the Ookala Mill have not yet been
received, but I may mention that its landing, by
good engineering skill, has been rendered as per-
J: j s is pos
js is possible, considering the natural rug-
e coast. J-rli.k, will b re-
ditiou of tli" roads rendering even horse travel
ing somewhat dangerous iu places. At the Ha
kalau Plantation there are two mills erected which
will manufacture this year 2.000 tous of sugar ; the
area under cultivation is at present 1,200 acres,
but this is being augmented. The soil here, and
in fact, throughout the Hilo district, is composed
of volcanic matter mixed with vegetable mould.
The component parts of the soil aud Hie sugar
manufactured are ascertaiued by analysis ou the
plantation. From Hakalau to Hilo, about sixteen
miles, there are seven plantations, the land appear
ing to be specially adapted for the growth of the
sugarcane, being less hilly and less covered w:th
the natural shrubs, couse ja .irlv n t retailing so
much expense for clearing : tli-- water -uppiy is
also abuudaut throughout the year, so much so that
some mills ate driven by water power, and the
roads are infinitely superior. ""t:i- is ilumed to all
these mills by water supply thus effecting a
considerable saving iu their annual expenditure.
The Honomea Plantation comes first with
500 acres under cultivation, aud produc
ing this year 500 tons of sugar; then
Pepekio (Mr. Afong's property) with 1. 000 acres
and a 1.500 ton crop: Onomea Plantation COO acres
and 000 tous of sugar; Papaikoii, "00 acres aud 900
tons; Paukau. 000 acres aud 600 tons; Waiuaku
was not ascertained, through the absence of the
proprietor; the Spencer Plantation with 530 acres
and 9osj tons. The total area, iu the Hilo district,
producing caue is about 0000 acres and its total pro
diice for ab. ml O.ooj tans of sugar. It must
of course be understood that a large proportion,
about two-thirds, of the acreage in every district is
either growing caue for next year's manufacture,
being plowed or planted. In the towu of Hilo is
the only tanuery ou Hawaii, the- leather manu
factured appears to n of a very superior quality.
The Hilo district, as a whole, is in my opinion the
best adapted for cultivation owing to the richness
of the soil, the excellent water supply, and its nat
ural advantages in being comparatively free from
any dense forest growth for a considerable dis
tance inland. The tishing industry is carried on
to a considerable extent in Hilo which would
probably be the best place to obtain specimens of
deep water rishc for the museum collections. I
was fortunate in seeing a specimen of the Oolu.
about two feet ill leugt'i aud of most exquisite
tints, including all shadj of blue, salmon, and
green. Another good method of obtaining scien
tific collections would be through the agency of
the schooners trading to the various islands, as
many of them have and embrace the opportunity
of tishing while at their respective anchorages.
Throughout Hilo, fertilization of the soil has been
commenced, bone meal being cliiedy used iu the
proportion of half a ton to the acre and generally
with noticeable effect, especially ou the rattoon
crops; in Kohala. on the o'her hand, bone uieal
does not appear to suit the requirements of the
soil, where the experiment has beeu made. Be
yond Hilo is the Waiakea Plantation from which
no information was obtained, owing to the ab
sence of the manager. Two miles beyoud is a
dense forest of indigenous trees, the undergrowth
being particularly dense, reaching almost to
one's head when riding. The land beyond is poor
and rocky, showing almost au entire lack of vege
tation. I have heard, throughout the island, that
the cane crops this year average from two to six
tons per acre, in a few iustances even m i re; the
former quantity for plant can-, is unusually low,
aud generally accounted for by the very dry sum
mer experienced last year yet it may be pirtly
owing to want of manure, iu places where the vir
gin soil has been used for year uninterruptedly
without such assistance, or to occasional scarcity
of labor, reuderiug it difficult to strip the cane as
frequently as is desirable; for it seems only reason
able to suppose that caue will suffer by allowing
the dead rind to remain on it. just as much us
tlowering plants and shrubs do when the dead
leaves aud blossoms are uot removed; but it is a
question for experience to prove, whether the extra
expense so incurred will or will not be repaid by a
corre-potidiug increase iu the crop.
The greater part of the country, ou the way
to Kilauea, is formed of volcanic rocks, on which,
with very fittle soil, ferns aud shrubs appear to
flourish. Here I noticed many wild ducks and
strawberries. The thermometer at Kilauea rarely
exceeds 70 iu the hottest part of the day. and I
should think this locality well adapted for stock
raising aud breeding. In the woods may be found
iu profusion the wild strawberry and raspberry
also the native ohelo berry which is very good eat
ing, the pulu fern which grows to au unusual size
and is u-ed for feeding pigs, and about seven
varieties of woods, all of which were obtained for
the exhibition iu addition to ferns, specimens of
lava, sulphur aud the red clay so valuable to
painters. It appeared strauge to see ferns growing
around and doe to the cracks iu the earth which
serve as a means of escape for the pent-up gases.
When starting in tha early morning a good view
wa obtained of Mauna Loa. 1 -1.000 feet high; the
first part of the road to Pahala lies close to the
edge of the large extinct crater, then for eight
miles over the lava and deep sand known as the
desert : after passing through the desert one
comes to u lar-;e tract of grazing country until
reacl.iii;: the Hawaiian Agricultural Company's
ranch, which possesses some 5.000 head of cattle, and
200 horses besides mules aud jackasses. From here
to Pahala. seven miles, the laud seems well adapted
uot only for grazing purposes but also for the
growth of caue. c;iffee. cocoa, etc. The Pahulu
Plantation, which also belongs to the Ha
waiian Agricultural Company possesses a twenty
live ton mill, the largest ou Hawaii. There are
2.000 acres under cultivation, 1.001) of these lieing
planted by the company and 1.000 by Chinamen
on shares with the mill ; the crop for this year will
be 3.000 tons of sugar. Here may be seen a curi
oUs'mi -iture of labor comprising, as it does, native
of European countries, Chini. Manila. Chili,
India, the Azores and the American negro. The
location is very pretty, the hills iu the background
gradually sloping down to the sen.
On the way to Hilea, distant about eight miles,
the lava may be seen cropping up to the surface
rendering the track rather rough for triveliug
about half way across is a kuleaua where the
orange, sweet potato, banana, pineapple, aud mi
kana grow lavishly without care or culture. The
first thing attracting attention at the Hilea Planta
tion is the stone foundation on which the mill is
I built ; this stone comes from a quarry, on the
plantation laud, about one-third of a mile lonj
aud 300 to 700 feet wide, the depth has uot been
ascertained, the stone appears to. be of a very su
perior quality, is easily worked aud is thickly im
pregnated with olivine. The plantation cultivates
1,030 acres, and the crop for this year will amount
to 1,200 tons of sugar ; the mill seems fitted with
every conceivable labor-saving kind of ma
chinery; several thousand goats are reared here for
food. The manager, Mr. C. X. Spencer, very
kiudly promised to send a sample of the building
stone referred to and specimens of the native
woods from this district. " An excellently-made
macadamized. road of fonr miles, with the unusual
sight of mile posts, brings one to the Honuapo
Mill and Plantation with an area of 1,000 acres and
a probable crop of 2,000 tons, and two miles
further ou is the Xaalehu Plantation with 3,000
acres aud 2,000 tons estimated produce for this
year. These two plantations are both owned by
Messrs. Spreckels A; Co., and are more geuerally
known as Hutchinson's Plautatiou ; the first grade
of sugar manufactured is of such a quality
that it is sold in. the San Francisco market, with
out refining, as grocers' sugar. Here are the best
saddle horses' on Hawaii for general plantation
use, and the greatest possible interest seems to be
taken iu the welfare of the laborers who have an
evening school, a band and numerous well-kept
gardens. In Kau the' water supply' is good, the
soil very rich and productive ; its chief drawback,
however, is the hilly nature of the country, some
of the cane growing at an elevation of -2,500 feet.
( buTV'Ut J "k is ove' JTti;-. extent by
i pop& ""-sfcle on tne -
ihe onlv one,
- shipped in
ing specimens of the Olonau or native hemp, Ko
wali or jalap, Auhuhu and Pooola, poisonous
shrubs, Kuminui, a poisonous fish also used as an
antidote to other known poisons, Haanewa vine
and Popolo root used medicinally, coffee and to
bacco, the bark of the bread fruit, which is used
for reducing swellings or bruises, a piece of the
Pahoa rock, u-ed by the natives for sharpening
their stone implements, necklaces made of the Koa
shrub aud Wiliwili b-ans. brail aud hats made by
the natives from the cane tops, the cayenne pepper
plant: also the following woods, namely, the Koa.
Xaia or Aaka. known more generally as the bastard
saudal-wood. Ohia. Sumac, and others indigenous
to the country. Others I heard of that are said to
be obtainable only in Kauai or Molokai the Au
huhu poison, used by the natives iu fishing; this
is a weed which is pounded up and thrown over a
school of fish, killing some and stupefying others,
but curiwu-ly enough it in no way imparts any of
its poisonous properties to the fish, the flesh of
which when cooked is perfectly wholesome and
nutritious; the Hana moss, a rank poison found on
Maui, a species of taro, which is mixed raw with
water and taken internally when the settlings are
poured off. acting as a powerful purgative. There
are said to be in Kau some dry caves, formerly used
as burial places for the natives, which contain
spears, masks, gods, kapa cloth, adzes, etc., in
a Imudanee but their exact location cannot be as
certained. The iguatius beau has been found on
the coast of Kau and is supposed to be washed
there from Peru; al-o the native hemp used for
making uets aud tishing lines, acknowledged by ex
pert to be the must durable in the world; the
Wauki tree, the bark from which peels easily and
with the outer riud taken oil would make excel
lent paper: the Popolu herb very efficacious in
healing sores, and the ginger plant which thrives
Iu Kona my observations were limited, but on
all sides I heard of the extreme fertility of the soil,
which produces all the tropical fruits profusely,
aud of excellent quality without care or attention.
The island of Hawaii is ninety miles long aud
a little over seventy mile wide, and contains an
area of over 4.000 square miles; of this. 30,000 acres
or uearly fifty square miles is utilized for cane
growing. The produce of the island for this year
will be over 30.000 tons of sugar divided as follows:
Kohala. 7.500 tous; Hamakua. 5.200 tons; Hilo,
0,000 tons, aud Kau S.800 tons; ia Kohala there are
six mills at work, in Hamakua four, iu Hilo
eleven, and iu Kau four; Kohala cultivates 6.G10
acres. Hauiakua. 5.400; Hilo. 9.000 and Kau, 7,GoO.
These figures are compiled from information re
ceived at the various plantations and show that
the Kau district will undoubtedly be thi year the
most productive iu proportion to its cultivated
area and the number of its mills. There is cer
tainly more laud ou Hawaii available for'caue cul
ture, but most of it is not without its drawbacks
such as want of water, the extensive clearing neces
sary, the formation of roads and its height above the
sea level. Tropical fruits do well but are not culti
vated to any extent, neither are coffee, cotton,
grapes or tobacco: coffee it is said will uot pay its
expenses, but I could not ascertain that the exper
iment had been tried with sufficient careorforany
lengthened period. Planters generally prefer na
tive labor, if obtainable, especially for working
live stock; Chinese labor for mill work and Port
uguese labor for field work, though the Chinese
are equally good; the almost unanimous opinion
is however tho t Chinese labor is best adapted for
this country and it is much cheaper than the
Portuguese. I wa impressed with the desirabil
ity of connecting the different islands of this group
by cable to facilitate the transaction of business
aud transmission of news; the telephone has been
erected in some parts of the island by private en
terprise and its great utility is much felt.
Iu conclusion I beg to express my appreciation
of the general kindness and courtesy shown to me
throughout the island of Hawaii.
XJK1TI1KK 1IIK CAPTAIN OR AGIO NTS
L 1 of the ('Upper Ship Shannon will be responsible for
any debt contracted by the crew without their written
order. jiin2Mf j O. W. MACFAKLANK & CO., Agent.
-teHiuei Lihelike will leave Honolulu each Tuesdav at
1 r. m.. toiicliluit at I.HhaiUH. MaalacA i'ay, Makena, ila
hukona. KHWKilice, l a -yiiliocuoe azid Hilo
heturulux will touch at ail tee above ports, arriving at
Honolulu each 1iiu;lity a. m.
iHK I.I IkM r fr; V ILL LU4VK HfCR
VVH KK at 4 f. .v.. and NO Freight will bit received
after :i p. m. Due notice if fi'-en of this rule, and it will
be carried out imvl'i WILDER CO.
Oceanic Steamship Com'y.
Notice to Shippers.!
ri'H K NKW WAKEHOVShS Or IHb O. S. S. CO.
J. ore now completed. Merchandise intended for ship
ment by vessels of the above line will lie received ,free of
storage, and receipts issued ior same.
Insurance ir. nifii kandise while In the VrarrbuuBtt at
Wrn. C. Irwin & Co.,
H. C o.
PACIFIC MAIL STEAMSHIP COftiPANY
For fij n Francisco.
THK ttKLKNDID rKAM9HIr
Will Li. AVI HONOLULU FOR SAN FRANCISCO
UN OB ABOUT JULY 26.
FOR SYDNEY VIA AUCKLAND,
fHE SPLENDID STEAMSHIP
WILL LOVE FOR THE COLOMF.S
OH OR ABOUT JULY 8.
For Freight ana Page, apply to
H. HACKFELD4 Co. Ageon.
Gaads tar bi pineal per Sienner can now
br Sfared. Krr of ChnrHe, io (be Fire prof
Warrbtnxarr the Siraoirr Wharf, mar
MKSiRS. H HAl iFKI.D CO. are oov prepared to ia
ue KK rCKN TICiKTS boiw een Honolulu aud 8au Frao
Cisco far $125 the round Irip
A. FRANK COOKE,
Corner Nuuanu and Queen Sts.,
HOIf.OILULU, H. I.
The Following Packets:
WAIEHU, TT WAIMALU,
MlLOLO, Zjj KALC.VA,
fAXA, .SSSSS JULIA,
K.A MOI, EH UK A I. - t
At the Old Stand, No, 8 Kaahumanu Street,
im3 GOFFER & SHEET mm WORKER,
PLUMBING, in all its branches;
ARTESIAN WELL PIPE, all sizes;
Vucle Sam. Medallion, liichinuiid. Tip Top Palace, Flora. Mny, Contest, ttrand Price. New Itival.
Oper, Derby, Wren. Dolly, Gypsy, Queen, Pansy A Army iiaiigt s. .Mjrna Chaiia. Puck. Su crior,
Magnet, Osceola, Almeda. Eclipse. Charter Oak, Nimble, In wood .V I.:iiindi Stoves.
Galvanized Iron A Copper Boilers f0v Pauses. Granite Iron Wuic Nicl.i l Plated A Plain,
Galvanized Iron Water Pipe, all sizes, and laid
on at Lowest Hates ; Cast & Lead Soil Pipe.
use aFumisliing; Goods
ALL KIN" IDS:
RUBBER HOSE ALL SIZES and GRADES
Lift and Force Pumps. Cistern Pump. Galvanized Iron, Sheet Cupper Sheet Lead
Lead Tipe Tin Plate. Water Closet, Marble Slab ninl P.iwls, Fnuiutlcd Wa .h stand.
Cliandeiiers, Lamps, jLaiitenis
u ij i,
G ElNTGrLTlNrGr &o CO.,
5 Nuuanu Street, Honolulu. II. I.
AUENTfl FOR THE
Rime 41-t " M-tQxro
All Size iu M
WOULD RESPECTFULLY ANNOUNCE TO HIS Kit I EN DS AND THE OENE
ral public that lie lim ojt-ncil a "t dub
New Stove & Uoilsc Furnishing Il;ir;!w;in Store 7r;
IN CAMPBELL S NEW BLOCK. 1"?"""
Opposite S. G. Wilder & Co.'s Lumber Yard, about JULY 1st, N p'-
WITH A FULL LI IMS OF STOVES, c.C1,
MVWUaf W-a. . atVAawW W VAM sj UAA asW M. dUWOVU) Al V lit
. New York ; and also from Liverpool per " Oberon."
By the 1 Discovery ' I have received the following Stoves & Range3
Ik I if A IX Jk 17 . " Zaifa A Six Hole
MJM. VVAm m m OVKN,
' Hawaii,' 'Aloha' and 'Oahu' Ranges
AND THE WELL-KNOWN'
RIC I T M o iisr id r ngkh; !
Built to Stand Hard Work.
Wrought Iron Ranges
-Large Assortment of
Mouse Furnishing HardwarqJ
c Aie, Aie, ate.. . twa, IX
Well Casing and I-iydraulic 3?ipe
'2-Jto 0r4iuand Wor of AU.Zind in inv Line promptly attended S """N.,
and HALOES I
i i rv ji: I "
!) ;i 1 i-f in
KVl It V HI! TION Or
SHEET METAL WARE
i i.i HhicJ ir Mi.Ir tij Order.
TiuiilKi. Pliiinljii. Giiittiw, Etc.
oiiti aclt-it Icii .
Water Pipe ami rifting,
-i It- Affiit tu tin l-iaLiiM fur the
4 Montague ' Range
All Si zi a iu Murk ( ii cuius an J I'llcaa wu ap-I-11
Kan-re with UKuILINO IIKAHTlI.nl LAKUK 30-iccb 'L It
beini a u-n f-alure In a family Rang -ToilMb
for Plantation Use
, ot tb
- .sv;jj . .
- . . - w '