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PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER, SEPTEMBER 15, 1883.
... SEPTUM IiEIi 15, 183
An Explanation Required.
We Lear that a nm of live dollars r Lead for
every CLint-e ImuiKni.t land-d "" under the
new contract with the I". M. h. - at'd O. A O. S.
S. Co-;, i to 1 I ai l t; Mr. F. II. Ha.wldeu -nd
that this start rueiit j, rcv n to the I'. M. S. .
Co. in San Frar.ci-eo.
If true a mo t searth.ii;; uve-t..itioii is neces
sary to the r'.a -ri why thi s.;m should bo pa;d
to Mr. Hay-el b n. TU public tl.iuk that it i- a
CiC.n.i-iori"f-r the .i.un-,p,'j granted.
What I... or had Mr. IIay-.-'..l..ii to d with the
unruly-ration f this country?
I'c ill will iiot be content without th" fulie-t
ir.l ri..aret tipl-iiiatlon wl . ' '.y are entitled
What r'turr. W Mr. Il.iy-I len give for this
-"-.in that h- i- f. receive?
- he r f iv- it for l irr'- !f ?
Oat of who- l" ket- l sum coiue thaj
Mr. Hawld.n i- to recci.e .
The member of tL'i I;.r. - f Immigration an
caiiid u"ii t' -tp!iii t!u- matter, in ju-tice to
thfcrn- Iv -.
I: tli--r- nt sutiieii nt money to import
I'ortii::' larer-, tin- lii.it ib-irablv clas fr
the country K't' rally, how can money U- found
fjr the importation of ('Lint.-:-'?
Our authority is nii'iie..ti., liable. We, in the
name. f all 1 1- -1 men. d'-marid ait explanation.
An explanation is due to the community, anil, in
ju--ti" : to Mr. IfaywM-n. no time -houM 1 l--t
iu making on-.
'I he- ibove statement of the I'ullttin is ut
terly without foundation, aii'l U clearly
a malicious attack ina.le for ulterior
political purposes. Theaiiimus of the whole
thing i-only too obvious. If the "au
thority is uiiriuestionable,'' why fefiouM
information he witheM from the public?
Why should not the names, of those who
arv said to sustain the allegation, ap
pear at once? Because thcie is no one to
.sustain this injurious &tory and it has
no foundation, a.s Mr. Hay.seldeii (the party
over whose shoulder -ttielody el.se is to be
struck.) most emphatically and unequivo
cally asserts in his letter, addressed and de
livered to the editor of the Ilullelin, which
we publish below:
Honolulu, .September 13, 1HS3.
To the I'ditor of the Daily Bulletin.
Sir : I have read the editorial in your is
sue of to-day under heading of "An Ex
planation Inquired, " in which is con
tained by necessary implication, the charge
that a corrupt bargain or agreement be
tween me or some one on my behalf, and
the aqents of the I M. and the O. & O. S.
S. Cos exists, whereby I am to receive from
said companies a bonus or gratuity of $5
(five dollars), for each Chinese immigrant
landed on these shores by said compauies
under an alleged concract with the (ov
ernment of these Islands.
I emphatically deny the charge, and
state that it is utterly without warrant in
fart, nor has any conversation on this sul
ject occurred letween me and any other
person r .-rsons, such jis t give the
.-lightc-t color of truth to such an insinu
ation. I have al-o to request that you will, in
your earliest issue of the HnlUtin, make u
complete retraction of the charge above
I am, Sir, re-tH tfully yours,
Fkli. II. IIayskldk.v.
From the Bulletin. Sepr. 14.
Mr. V. II. HivsMi n has forwarlt.l us it letter
rr.aciititi a i'nuiIt'te retraction f a eapposcj
hart which appeared in orir y tenia v' issue iu
ait rJiturial art;-h; under tli bca-Hu f An Kx
pUtiatin lU-ijuircJ. "We r iei.t that a letter i
written by Messrs. Haclf hl A C'o..to the agent iu
San Francisco ,f the V. M. S. S. Co., which was
read an I nhown t Cwl. Claus Sprccktls by 3Ir.
OIaI. stating that a sum f five dollars pt r head
tun. I If paid t Mr. 1 1 ays. Men f.r cverr t'hina
liainin landed h-re by that cimpany. This letter
was sent to the a-nt of the 1'aeiiic Mtil Stear
hhip Co. in Saa Francisco.
Messrs HacLfcM A Cw. must explain by what au
thority they uetl the uaiue i.f Mr. Haysehleu iu
tat l tt. r. a Mr, IlayntMcn 'ates that he never
hid any runvcr.satiou on thi. subject with any
other jtsi or .T!on Our anthurity for the
information i ('"lonel Claus Sprcckels who pub
lishes over his own denature the facta we have
We have received a copy of the following
letter, which appears in to-day's Jiulletinz
Mr. Eiitok of the Daily Bulletin:
Please publish in your to-morrow's num
ber that the statements made to-day in your
editorial do not agree with the conteni ; f
certain letters written by Messrs. II. Hack
feld & Co., to the agents of the P. M. S. S.
Co., in Han Franci.-eo.
Furthermore I will state that Mr. Hay
selden'a name did not appear in the corres
dence referred to above.
II. F. Glade.
Honolulu, September 14, 1383.
The public must judge between the can- j
tradictory statements of the two gentlemen
above. The name of Mr. Hayselden
has been brought before the community iu
a very wrongful way. There is not a par
ticle of proof to establish the charge that he
or anyone else had entertained the consid
eration of or even had listened to a corrupt
bargain, and if there is any proof that such
a proiHsition was ever made the party pro
posing may be liable to all the penalties
of the law for endeavoring to corrupt a pub
Ergotism and Leprojy.
Ergotism is the name commonly given to
a disease which arises from the use of flour
made from rye or other grain which is af
flicted with that form of smut known as
the "erdot" oT "spur" of rye. The follow
ing remarks on the similarity -f some of
its symptoms to those of leprosy as devel
oped in theae islands are taken from a let
ter recently addressed to the Government
by His Majesty's Envoy at Washington.
'Iu conversation recently with a homeo
pathic physician (Dr. Chan. B. Gilbert) of
this city, he was tnick with the resem
blance of some of the syptoms (of leprosy)
to those of ergotism and suggested experi
ments with that medicine. I was unable
to say whether that had leeti tried, aud re
ferred him to Dr. Fitch whose address I
A to the probable eflinacy of such
treatment iu ca.ses of real leprosy I cannot
form an opinion, bt I was struck on read
ing in '-The Encyclopedia of Pom Murteua
Medica" by Timothy F. Alien, A. M.. M.
D., of the Homeophatic Me I ical College ,
New York, published by Boericke A Tafel,
14." Grand street, New York, by the symp
toms produced by eating Jrye bread made
from rye affected by the smut from which
the ergot is made. It is .-upposed to be a
fungus as you are doubtless aw.-re, and af
fects other plants besides rye, and in cer
tain seasons favorable to its development
lias produced epidemics known as Kapha-
bia, ivrieoeiKianiviieii ew., v...v
traced to tLc ue of rye flour poisoned by
this fungus. These symptoms are so rdmi-
! Iar to those of several cases brought to my
notice as leprosy while I was President of
the Board of Health that I have bee led
to consider whether in some cases they
may not have been produced by similar
! caii-es, viz.: The eating of food poisoned
by some blight, or smut such as affects the
coffee In Kona ai.d the mangoes, oranges,
and even taro in different parts of the is-
! lands and thus account for some of the
cases of so called leprosy which puzzle the
anxious and enquiring miiid to account for.
If it should be found that such cases occur
more frequently in districts where such
blight or fungi exist and less frequently in
proportion to population, where foreign
food is more generally used. as I think like
ly, it would add another reason f'-r careful
investigation for such cuu-.es.
","oine of the symptoms of which I speak
which were traced to smutty rye flour were
'gangrene of the limb.-, which became cold
! and discolored and lost all sensation. The
' Hubert and toes becoming flexed, drawn on
i rigidlv. The feet and fingers being lost by
gangrene. The person lo.-siig all sensation
in the extremities though not losing the
power of motio". Partial paralysis of
liinbs, weak voice, loss of nails from fungus
and toes, hands, feet, ears aud nose swell
and become purple, sometime convulsive
twitchings of the muscles. I remember
ca.ses of children in whose parents uo sign
of leprosy was apparent who had many of
these symptoms and which I was very re
luctant to treat as lepers; and by this and
other authorities now shown me which
show that .such symptoms have been pro
duced even only fifteen days after eating
poisoned bread I am led to observe that cer
tainly the subject is worth careful examina
tion. In the book I hae quote 1 the subject is
treated under the h;a 1 of S scale C niutuin
in vol. . The .skin symptoms are very like
those presented iu cas.s of so-called leprosy
at least to the unprofessional eye.
'The great importance of this u'iject to
our people must he my ex! is for ad Iress
ing you upon a subject which of course I
cannot bring professional kuowlege to bear
upon. I have no doubt but that some of the
professional men in the employ of the B ard
will be willing to examine the subject of
the fungi or insects infesting certain plants
and fruits in the islands with regard to their
e fleets upon the health of th se who eat
" While I have written of t !u rye smut
as a fungus I am. aware that different theo
ries are held, some ascribing it to punctures
by iusects (for the p:i pose of depositing ova)
others pronounce it a moroid growth, no
doubt in the works at your command in
Honolulu you will find Sf.-riU: Cji'iutum
treated, but that of course eau only suggest
the io.ssibiIity of similar prisons existing
in the islands, as I 1j not suppose that par
ticular one will be found."
Iu a subscqueut letter Mr. Carter expres
ses the hope " that the attention of persons
qualified to observe the ellevts of eating
blighted fruits or vegetables in the islands
will be drawn to such effects, an that mi
croscopic examinations of such blights .will
be made either in Honolulu or iu this coun
try;" and adds. " it lias been suggested to
me that if they are to be made iu San Fran
cisco, or here in the East, branches or twigs
of the bush or tree should be sent iu order
that the examination might be thorough
The Minister of Fouigu A Hairs, writing
in the mouth of June to Messrs. Hoffnung
and Co. of Eond mi, represented to them
that the immigration of Portuguese from
the Azores would have to be suspended un
less the heavy charges incurred by the
Government could be largely met with
loan funds, he setting forth furthermore
in his communication that according to
the act of the Legislature the. measure of
immigration could only be properly carried
out by the help of the national credit, and
if funds were not available under the act
the Government must not cousent to pledge
the ordinary revenue of the country forcar
rying out schemes of immigration however
important. This correspondence of the
Minister is well known to His Majesty and
the other members of the Ministry and has
their full approval and sanction. It may
ke unhesitatingly said that no one has
taken a deeper or mon active interest in
the matter of immigration than His Ma
jesty's present Minister of Foreign Affairs.
He strenuously advocated the measure in
1SS2, when through his initiative an Ha
waiian Immigration Society was first or
ganized. And the members of the Legisla
ture of 1SS2 can attest his continued zeal
and interest in the matter, when he with
others of the then opposition party strove
to save a bill, proposing to provide $000,000
for immigration, which bill was a ministe
rial measure, and after much endeavor he
prevented the indefinite postponement of
the bill. Subsequently, when he took of
fice he advocated earnestly the measure be
fore the Assembly, and S"00,000 was voted
for immigration, but '"to be provided for by
The Government will carry out the meas
ure of immigration to the full extent au
thorized by the Legislative Assembly, but
only in the way and by the means also pro
vided by the Assembly.
The Flowerdew Affair.
A contemporary makes the following
statemeut: "Mr. Gibson was thoroughly
cognizant of the action of the Minister of
the Interior; for the document (a letter of
permUsiou to lay tramways dated
Jane 3oth, 1SS3) which Mr. Bush
signed, was first presented to Mr.
Gibson for siguature, and he excused him
self as not being properly appointed to sign
for Mr. Bush, the latter being on Kauai at
This is an unqualified falsehood. It has
no foundation whatever in fact. It is only
another instance of the malicious inven
tiveness of a menJacious print. The docu
ment referred to never was shown to Mr.
Gibson prior to or after its signatures by
the parties who were engaged in getting i t
up. His first knowledge of its existence
was obtained while he temporarily held the
position of Minister of the Interior ad in
terim. He was entirely surprised aud an
noyed to discover such a letter iu the office.
The object had never been discussed in Cab
inet Council nor in any conference of Min
isters. There never passed a word of con
versation between Mr. Bush and any of his
eolleagueou the subject. Upon iovestiga- i
tion iu the Interior Department after this
discovery there was found among certain
private papers a rough draft of all the sub
stantial points of the letter of Mr. Bush to
Mr. Flowerdew dated Juue 30th. And
some paragraphs of said letter are a verba
tim copy of this rough draft; which is in the
handwriting of Mr. Flowerdew, showing
clearly that hs not merely suggested but
actually dictated to Mr. Bush every point
of the said letter of Juue 30th signed by Mr.
Bush and which agrees to give Mr. Flower
dew unreservedly and without guarantees
such sweeping and important concessidns.
As rcgaris Mr. Gibson's alleged knowl
edge of the concessions made by Mr. Bush
it has this foundation iu fact: On the occa
sion of a sociable gathering an 1 musical en
tertainment at the Hawaiian Hotel one
evening in June last, when the band per
formed, Mr. Gibson was in attendance, aud
after being seated for some time on the bal
cony, was invited to the room of Mr. Flow
erdew, an English gentleman, said to be
interested in street nPw.ivs. During the
visit Mr. Gibson certainly expressed his
appreciation of an enterprise for providing
one or more of the streets of Honolulu with
horse cars, but he mentioned at the same
time the objections and difficulties that lay
in the way, and spoke of the endeavor of
certain parties to obtain a concession of the
kind from the legislature, to which the re
ply was made that no subsidy in this in
stance was sought, and therefore, as was'
considered, there was no occasion for an
especial grant or charter. The purpose of
the projector was simply announced in this
instance, and no promise or assurance was
given by Mr. Gibson. He expected to hear
the matter further discussed anil supposed
that tho projector would call upon him to
present more fully his enterprise, but, as
we have intimated above, Mr. Gibson did
not have another word of conversation with
Mr. Flo. verdew on the subject, nor a word
of conversation with his colleague, Mr.
Hush, on the subject, and his first intima
tion that anything was done in the matter
was the discovery of the letter signed by
Mr. liush, which Mr. Flowerdew had dic
tated ami the original draft of which exists
in his handwriting.
Infrequency of Crime.
For a city of 10,000 or 1-S,0t)i) inhabitants,
consisting of different people from every
part of the globe there have been duriuj the
past year fewer arrests cjinp.ira lively in
Honolulu than in any other saap rt city in
the world. Xow this is an undisputable
fact which speaks splendidly for our resi
dents. It shows their peaceful, amicable
and law-abiding character. Owing to the
extreme difficulty for criminals to escape
from our ocean-guarded shores, there are
very few who violate the laws who c in
manage to elude the vigilance of the au
thorities; so we may safely reckon that the
Police iCourt record of the city shows very
accurately about what proportion of the
population are criminals. By taking a cur
sory glimse at the record we find that, of
th" small number of cases recorded, the
great majority are only trivial offenses.
This is a showing which any city ought to
be proud of. It indicates a high degree, not
only of morality, but also of culture and in
telligence, for we almost invariably find
that, where the perpetration of vice ami
crime is reduced ton minimum, refinement,
wisdom and virtue thrive. While our na
tional fabric is rising in commercial im
portance and prosperity, and obtaining a
higher recognized position among the inde
pendent states of the earth; while Hawaii
is being accorded well-merited, high consid
eration and dignity as the sin ill b it vigoi
ous sister of all civilized, self-governing na
tions, it is not n paltry recommendation to
bring before the world that as a nation the
people of these islands ajre comparatively
free from social disorders and crime.
During the months of June and July Chi
nese immigrants were arriving at the port
of Honolulu iu unusual numbers and dis
proportioned to the then requirements of
the country. His Majesty's Government iu
Council taking the matter under considera
tion! did by resolution protest against the
further introduction of large numbers of
male immigrants into the Kingdom. This
protest received due consideration, especially
on the part of the British authorities of the
port of Hongkong, whence the unusual
stream of immigration proceeded; and the
unwelcome influx was stopped. Since then
His Majesty's Government, taking into
consideration the future requirements of the
various industries of the country, find con
sidering furthermore the large number of
departures of Chinese taking place yearly,
has rescinded their former resolution in re
spect to Chinese Immigration, and agreed
that a limited number shall be allowed to
enter the Kingdom iu accordance with per
mits to be granted and that such immi
grants be conveyed to the port of Honolulu
in vessels whose superior accommodations
and perfect sanitary arrangements offer a
guarantee to the Government of the health
fulness of the passengers. Permits will be
continued only so far as these conditions
are complied with.
A statement is made by a contemporary
journal that "arrangements had been
made for the introduction of about o,C30
Chinese laborers per annum in to this coun
try. " This is not true; but the Govern
ment has decided to permit about 500 to be
lauded here within any three months, and
it may recall this permit at any time, there
being no contract or arrangement what
ever, for any definite period or definite
number of immigrants.
There has Leen considerable private dis
cussion about the character of newspaper
influence in Honolulu during the past few
days. Almost universally the most decided
and yet contradictory opinions have been
expressed, but we believe that all must con
cur in admitting that a genuine journal is
and ought to be a particular and constant
friend of the community wherein it is pub
lished; it ought to be an exponent of every
man's rights, a leader in the progress of the
times and a faithful chronicler of events.
A " mere newspaper" occupies no mean
sphere, and a living, honest, faithful journ
al, conducted with wisdom and moderation
is entitled to the respectful recognition of
all the component classes, creeds and races
of a city or a commonwealth which it serves
with loyalty and devotion. That a period
ical may be a public foe there can be no
doubt. As the most useful and beneficent
of all the handmaids of civilization the per
iodical press has, however, been accorded
the highest encomiums, and if, in a few
paltry instances, she has proven false to her
calling, and sown discord, contention, abuse ;
and rancorous feeling among the members
of a community the egregious error in per
verting her from legitimate utility and the
true high standard of exalted journalism
leaves an everlasting mark of dishonor, not
upon the fair fame of all the periodicals of
any community, but upon the features of the
miserable individual who ventured to put
the gall aud veuoin of his own mean mind
upon the pages of a journal.
An upright, intelligent journal is a friend
to all the people, a defender of popular lib
erty, a promoter of domestic harmony and
fraternity, a disseminator of intelligence
and also constitutes a clear, concise history
of contemporaneous eveuts. Aud this is
what the Pacific Commercial Advertis
er aims to be. Iu every respect it is devot
ed earnestly to the well-being, prosperity
and happiness of the residents of Honolulu
and the whole people of the entire King
dom. And therefore we may confidently
trust'to the generous public for a kindly ap
probation of our efforts from day to day to
serve and please and instruct, aud if we fail
iu any minor particular to answer the re
quirements of genuine journalism,
we hope it will be rememb. red that all
things conducted by human judgement are
liable to err. Cherishing good-will towards
all and enmity towards none, we shall speak
fearlessly indeed, but always with m view
to the public benefit and from patriotic,
honest.amiable, fraternal motives, although
our judegment is not infallible. And we
hope to merit the generous consideration
and kindly, liberal support of nil.
A contemporary takes exception to a
commercial article which appeared in a re
cent issue of the Advertiser, and then
proceeds to sustain the said exceptions by
mere assertions which are not supported by
any logical conclusions. It is always an
easy matter to shj- that a thing is thus and
so without giving any reasons. Our con
temporary states the the firmness or vacil
lation of the Government in the manage
ment of internal affairs ' has Nothing what
ever to do with the investments of business
men." Now if this is a fact would it nat
urally follow therefore, that business men,
as such, would have ''determined to invest
their money to good advantage in spite of
the mal-administration of the present Gov
ernment?" The very fact that our business
men have determined to invest "in spite of
mal-administration" shows that they must
have taken into consideration the extent to
which such alleged mal-administration
would go before they could have ventured
to lay out large sums in commercial enter
prises which even they considered could be
successfully brought to an issue in spite of
all the vacillation or mal-administration of
which the present Government is capable;
all of which is equivalent to the statement
that we made in the commercial article
under consideration, viz. : '
"Leading business men are not afraid to expend
large Minis of money in iuvestiaenis, which it is
generally considered will result in a pro'it or a
loss, according to the wisdom and tirnmess or the
vacillation of the Government in the management
of internal a flairs. The fact that such investments
have been, and are constantly b.-iug maJt; by men
of great experience and foresight, shows c melu
Mvely that there is at bottom a lirm conthb'iice in'
the integrity and strength of the present adminis
tration and executive powers of the Kingdom."
It is the ill-judged policy of a certain de
tracting element to conceal by words even
their own confidence in the integrity and
ability of the Government but at the same
time actions speak louder than words and
the eagerness which they betray to invest
in everything in this Kingdom that offers
them an opportunity, reveals a confidence
at bottom which they take advantage of at
Our contemporary goes on to ay that
"the true merchantile estimate of the prcs
est admiiMstration may be seen by the last
report of the Stock and Bond Exchange
where the Government bonds are
quoted at $75." Now, "this state
ment is at variance with the truth."
Certain Government bonds, in this
repoit referred to, are indeed quoted at
$75, but the true mercantile estimate of
the present administration cannot be based
upon this quotation from the fact that there
were no sales at this rate, and the bid is
understood to have been only a nominal
one, w hereas the bonds could not have been
purchased for less than their par value.
Such "misleading statements" as those of
our contemporary are entirely harmless for
they are palpably absurd and demonstrata
The capital city of this Kingdom has rea
son to be proud of its life-like, daily appear
ance of bustle, business activity and indus
trial thrift. On every hand the most casu
al observer cannot fail to note the most
gratifying evidence of an unprecedented and
substantial prosperity, which has been
most conspicuously developed during the
last year or so. Within that period we
have seen the city undergo great changes,
not only in its exterior appearauce but also
in its commercial and social aspects. In
every part of the suburbs residences have
been built. Old store buildings in the heart
of the town have been torn down and iu
their stead larger and more substantial
structures erected. Mammoth warehouses
have been built and shipping facilities
largely extended. New enterprises of every
conceivable description have been under
taken with uniformly successful results, nor
has anything occurred to detract in the least
from the promise of a like future growth.
This enlargement of the city and extension
of trade lias been attended wit:i a display
of individual energy and progressive enter
prise which have modified the very spirit
of life in our metropolis and given Jt some
thing of the business push and social liber
ality of opinion that are to be found in the
greatest commercial centers of the world.
There is not a city iu existence which can
claim a greater degree of prosperity during
the year past than Honlu!u. Nor is there
a city in existence which may look forward
with confidence to a more flourishing future
than our metropolis of the Pacific.
The Legislative Assembly in 1830 adopted
by unanimous vote a resolution recom
mending that his Majesty appoint a lx'oyal
Commissioner to the states and peoples of
Polynesia, "who shall represent the en
lightened, humane and hospitable spirit of
our Government and people to the kindred
states of the Pacific ocean." This Commis
sioner was authorized in consequence of rep
resentations being made to the Government
that abuses and mal-practices in the name
of the Hawaiian Government had taken
place in islands of western and central Pol
ynesia, His Majesty's Government has
recently carried out this recommendation
of the National Legislature. The Govern
ment has been led furthermore by various
appeals and representations from chiefs and
people to direct attention to the condition
of several communities in Polynesia and to
endeavor to serve them by such action as
will be deemed appropriate. Hence the
Government has made a protest and an ap
peal now published by authority and to be
submitted for the consideration of the great
and enlightened powers of tb world who I
have interests in the Pacific ocean. This
protest has been forwarded to His Majesty's
Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Pleni
ipoteutiary at Washington to be by him
laid before the Government of the United
States, and it has been forwarded to Eu
rope and will be hauded in persou by His
Majesty's especial envoy, Col. Iaukea, to
the Foreign Ministers of the Governments
of Great Britain, France, Germany, Russia,
Austria and .Italyf aud to other powers it
will be forwarded through other channels.
WHAT THE PEOPLE SAY.
Wo tuvite expressiuiiii ot opinion from the nubile upon
11 subjects of general interest for insertion un ler tn-3
head of the Apverti.-ei:. Such communications shoulJ
be autheuticRteii by the name of the writer as a gua
rantee of goo t fnitii, bat not necessarily for publioni
Our object is to otter tlie fullest opportunity for a vaiiety
of popular discussion au;l lu j.ory.
We are not to bo un lerstoo I a necessarily en.loriiui! tae
views si-t forth in communication! published uu ler this
To all inquirers we shall endeavor to furnish iufonu
tiou of tin- most complete character ou any subject in
which thev mav be- luterrste.l.i
Second Series. Letter No. 1 About the
Mr. Editor: I have been out of the way of
newspaper discussion for some tiiu ou uecouut
of family cares that hive ve much engrossed
ihj- attention. There is no hoiii so ordered or
fortified that it enu kep out care aud all wear
aud tear through friction of tampers and the nec
essary duty involved in the providauee of the
domestic ways ait 1 m.itns. Now the most ab
sorbing and exacting care of all is a sick child, a
tender-bodied, restless little one, that tosses
about aud moans and cries in its cot. When you
hold such a darling sufferer iu your arms and
feel the hot little hands laid up n your bosom
and clinging to you for help, then all that tilers
is of woman aud mother is concentrated in an
agony of feeling, and iu supplication to the Giv
er and Taker of life when you pray only for the
pivcious existence tied to your heart-strings,
and yon are utterly oblivious of all the j irri-ug
iuterests and clamor of the world. I have just
passed through such a period of suffering and
anxious waiting aud tremolm ; of sai, o t' iu
all is well, aud amid the peace i,- ;ouip laying re
stored health I return to my obs.-rrati jii of the
turmoils of the world aiound me, and cannot re
frain from noting so:u. parti. -ul irs of public
events from my womanly point of view.
O.v the Political Situation.
It seems to uie that .some folks want t b.dit
tle and d.'gia l i our Kia. His M tjes'.y's royal
dignity aud sovereign position, hniore I by all
the great powers of the wort I, is sought to be
made the piptet of a b.irro 11 wraagl . N w,
could sucji an intiuetice, an 1 under siuh rircuiu
stance.s, pivv til, then it w juld b iittiug to say
that when tti noble min-of-vvar ordered by the
Emperor of Russia to proceed from Cr mstadt to
Honolulu t b.iaring a special envoy and the
brilliant insignia ot t!u Imperial Order of St.
Alexander ot Nev.sky for the Sovereign of Ha
waii, that ta - Iai;-ri il clavoy should be direct
ed to Cunlia's s.iloo.i aul there present to its
habitues, th- Imperial m -ssage aud honorary
distinction Now strange to say that in this mat
ter the saloon h is struck h iu Is witii Fort street
Church, not with tile large majjrity of its socie
ty among whom I am h ippy to uu.u'ir m my
valued friends, but with its lea hug lights; its
Sabbath School lender. s th it the tvatig of
the prayer meeting mingles with the barroom
jinjle of glasses wh 'ii the G ver 1 luitt of King
Kalakaua is proposed to b set 110 or put d .vu.
Ahlpolitics bring together strange bed fellows!
What is to happen no.v wh'u the Puat in and
the liohirmiuu aud the wonted boozer of the bar
are ready to crib tog -t ier ? It is this,
the public spoil is the common game.
The Government harvest is near at
hand. Their struggle with a short iu-
come is about over. The financial gale is nearly
weathered, aud within thiee 111 mths the Gov
ernment will be in receipt of over one half mill
ion of dollars from t ix?s, custom-; aud other
sources, aud then it will bj pleasant play to run
the departmsuts at Aliiolani Hale. And so now
the "outs'' ami those that want some special
jobs in immigration or oth?r m liters to suit
their views, intrigue for the management of pub
lic affairs just on the eve of flush tiuifs; aud if
they were iu p nver wheu-tlie money comes pour
ing into the treasury would they not exclaim,
"See wh it a ii 1 luci il sajaji whsa tht) right
men have hold." This scramble for pelf und pow
er is deplorable. There is 110 honor or principle
in the whole agitation that now affects the busi
ness community of Honolulu. What is the
character of this agitation? It is the brawl of a
barroom, Aud is the Hi.vaiiau King to ba badg
ered, and the H iwaiiau throne bandied about by
such an influence ? I trust not. It ought not
aud will not be so; for at the back of King Kal
akaua stands the loyal people, foreign as well as
native, who though they 111 ay not hive the
largest purses, have the strongest arms aud the
firmest hearts. Mks. Nkgcs.
Mr. Editor : Your neighbor the Bulletin says
in its issue of yesterday that " the true estimate
of the present administration m iy be seen in the
last report of the Stack and Bond Exchange,
where bonds are quoted at 7." This is a
gross, malicious misstatement. Every sane
business man knows that he cannot buy any
Government bonds under 100, and there are
none in the market for sale under that figure
and the writer challenges any holder of Govern
ment bonds to offer them at 7o. No sir, there
are none to buy and the writer iu the Bulle
tin knew he wrote what was untrue when he
meant it to be inferred that Government bonds
were only worth 75, because soma political
soreheads had said that they would not give
more than that sum for them, lis kue those
men lied if they said so. This is oaly another
sample of the miserable means used to discredit
the Government and try to make it appear that
the administration are responsible for the low
price at which Government bonds are quotsd.
These people just decry the loan and say it is
not necessary, then tarn around, and a.s it were,
blame the powers that be for not realizing on
the loan which they kDow cannot by law be sold
for less than par. J. J.
CLIPPINGS FE0M FOREIGN PAPEaS.
D. 0. Mills' Gift to California.
D. O, Mills has preseuted the State of Cali
fornia with a iu iguitii'en t statue representing
Columbus at the court of Spain The Capitol
Commissioners, on behalf of the St tte, hare for
mally accepted the statu?, and it will be placed
iu the rotunda of the Capitol. The figure is of
the finest Italian m irble and uiue feet iu hight.
It is regarded as an exceeding fine piece of art,
aud the cso: is estimated to be at least $3-3,000.
Handwriting of Great Men-
The Duke of Wellington's writiug was large
and forcible, without attempt at decoration.
During the last ten years of his life, however,
his writing was indifferent, and often illegible.
None but u compositor is a newspaper office, ac
customed to all sorts of hieroglyphics, could
possibly decipher tne characters. A letter of his
to a minister in Lord Derby's Cabinet has not to
this day been unraveled. Nine out of every tea
of the Duke's letters treasured by autograph
hunters were written by hi3 Secretary, Mr. Grey-
ville, who wrote a hand very uinch like that of
the Duke iu his best days. Lord Brougham's
baud betrayed much anconquerublo restlessness
of impulse. His manuscript was a mass of
hieroglyphics, and according to Dr. lliukiin:p,
in all Mr. Clowes' extensive printing establish
ment in London, there was ouly one inuu com
petent to grapple with it, and he often gave it
up in despair. The bold and careless freedom
of Byron's handwriting compared to the ele
gant little prettine&s of Tom Moore's, reveals
very clearly the peculiar qualities of the two
poets. The elegant precision of Mix. Icinaii's
penmanship, aud the free but clear and intelli
gent abandon of L. E. Laiidon's, were equally
characteristic of their mental peculiarities. The
royal family of England have ueii rally written
good, clear and free hands. William IV. wrote
a remarkably plain, mid legible hand, and that
of his brother George was showy and tiueut.
Queeu Victoria has au elegant signature. Locke
says the faster a m iu writes the slower otliers
read what he has written. Napoleon could
write fourteen pages a minute ; unfortunately,
however, each page consisted of eight blots and
a splutter. Some of his lines to Marie Louise
appear as it scattered ovrr the lU-tmisci i pt by
the explosion of a bomb-shell. The manuscript
of Horace Greeley, the American statesman,
was veiy ilhgible. A wa once observed that
the sentence "Virtu is its own reward," writ
ten by Greeley, was rendered by tu t co.nposit r
into " Washing with s ap is wholly absurd !"
Another story runs that Mr. Greeley was once
applied to for the character of a servant whom
he had dismissed for dishonest practices. Some
time afterward 'the m iu met Mr. Greeley and
thanked him for the character he had given him.
"Why,'' said Greeley, ' I candidly said you
were a thief.'' ' Well, sir, as it was impossible
to read your letter, it was construed iuto a re
commendation, and I got the situation.'' Lon
Patti's Welsh Castle.
The accounts of Patti's Welsh castle, t'raig-y-Nos,
read sum thing like the story of en
chanted palaces iu fairy-laud. This beautiful
residence of the charming songstress, situated
iu the Swansea Valley, surrounded by moun
tains on every side, cost, with its furniture,
$300,000, and entails an annual expense of
$20,O)0 to keep it up. C'rai -y-Nos castle con
tains twenty luxurious chambers for g .tests, a
dining-room filled with shelves which groan
under their weight of silver plate ; a couserva
torjj green-house, superbly furnished parlor,
drawing-room, billiard-room and wine vault,
when du are 6,000 bottles of the choicest wines,
and it is surrounded by a beautiful park. The
stage is never mentioned there, and no music of
a professional character awakes the echoes, for
Patti never practices, except for" a half hou or
so just before an engagement. Here she is only
a rural hostess, rising early, liding, driving her
own ponies, and leading a quiet country life,
which delights her impetuous nature. She un
derstands, too, the art of eutcitaiuing, and with
the greatest people of England us her guests,
leaves them to follow their own desires iu the
matter of pleasures aud to do whatever is most
agreeable to themselves. Iu this enchanted
spot Adelina Patti must find a nepenthe for
everything that was hard ftud disagreeable in
her life as the Marqiso de Caux. Exchange.
Sale of Lease of Government L nd.
On Monday, October loth, 1HS1, ut the front en
trance of ALIIOf.ANT HALE, at 12 o'clock noon,
will lie sold at public auction, the b-uso of all that
tract of Government Und sitif.it I iu IvVI'ElvlT
aud the udjaccnt lands, Hilo, llnviii. aa 1 in. dad
ed between PA PA A LOA and M.VULU v ml be
tween the Royal Patent Grants already issued of
lands along the sea shore and a line 011 the uiauka
side parallel with and two miles distant from the
sea coast, being about a mile aud a half square ami
containing 1200 acres, morj or loss.
TERMS. Lease 15 years; upset price $Sdi) par
annum payable quarterly in advance.
Further particulars may bo obtained at the Laud
Office of this Department.
ClIAS. T. (il'Ul'K,
Minister of the Interior.
Interior Office, September 12th. 18S i.
Sale of Leases of Government Lands-
On Monday, October loth, 183.1, at the front en
rance of Aliiolani Hale, at 12 o'clock n t:i, will bj
sold at public auction the remain ler of OPEA aud
HELEAU 1 and 2, and also the remainder of AWA
PUHI, niauka of Govji-nni mt road, situated about
two miles north of Hakalau Plantation, in the Dis
trict of Hilo, Hawaii, coataiiii abiut 105') acres of
which at least 150 acres is good eatie land.
TERMS. Lease 20 years; upset price $100 per
annum, payable quarterly in advance.
Oil AKLKS T. GCLICK,
Minister of the Interior.
Interior Department, September 13th, 18S.J.
Sale of Government Land-
On Monday, October 15th, 189), at the front en
trance of Aliiolani Hale, at 12 o'clock noon, will lie
gold at public auction, that portion of AWAPUHI,
District f Hilo, Hawaii, which lies makii of the
Government road, containing an area of about 20
TERM8. Cash; upset price 150 for the piece.
Charles T. Ot lick,
Minister of the Interior.
Interior Department, September 13th, 1881.
Sale of Leases of Governmjnt Lands.
Oj Monday, October 15th, 1881, at the frout en
trance of Aliiolani Hale at 12 o'clock noon, will be
sold at public auction LOT 15, situated on FORT
STREET. ESPLANADE, HONOLULU.
TERMS. Lease 5 years; upset price $: KM) r an
num, payable quarterly iu advance.
Chables T. Gcmc-k,
Minister of Interior.
Interior Department, September 13th, 1881.
f Tr-imtm Aa. I n i a ST.. 1 ) 1 . . . ct t .
..vfj.v. . ... , . . auu A 0 I., iiieeia
on Kinsr at last Hou in each month.
Hawaiian No. 21, F and A il, meets cor Fort and Uuein
ots nrsx jiouuay in eacn mourn.
Pav.I . k.V. I ... ... . . . . r ,
l'Oceanie every 3d '1 hursday of the month.
Commandcry of Knights Templar meet every 2d Thum
day in the month.
a. aineuaraena Lxxure oi i-enection o. I, A and 8 U
niMetii lit Hall of 1 l'm.rM Hi. PlWani. ....m. ti
. j -.LU AUUI
day in the month.
ivuuanu i napter oi nose uroix, o. I , A A fs K, meet
at haU of Le Prog.a de l'Oceanie Unit Thursday in the
meets on third Monday of alternate month from Feb '
i , ii ii r '. '. . ' xirearay m tlii fel
lows' Hall, Fort atreet-
L" ... v 1 r. rt ...
"j ... i""''. ;'i,iuu r, meet at Odd Fel
low HaU every tirt and third Friday iu each month
it. .... .... vA t r i , . r.i , . , i ...
Excelsior Lod ' ,uwx: eacn Monday in hall of
ll&hu Hn 1 IT rf X . 1. ii, . .
C.mpU.U'. kock7FortVt. "eauewiy ... Hall.
HftVttiitn TfI Va I 1 I , ... .
.. . " "io"i uruer oi Krj( Men.
moeta every Ir nday at hall of K of P.
trt.iI'U w'l 06'00"' A at haU of K of
P second and fourth Tuesday of month.
iU!?? tar V?0;,1' Kn'3t "f Jerusalem, meet
every Friday evening at hall on Mauuakea ut.
-,KUaQ Con.n'-il,x- W. A fu of II. mta on tho 2d and
ast Thursday of each month in Kni jhU of Pythias Hall
tJf S-mC UouacU No 717. A L of H. meeu on the first aud
third Tuesdays of each month in hall of Kuights of Pythias
Ueorye V beLonaj Port No 45. Q A K, meets in had of
Knighu of Pythias on the third Thursday of each mouth
iP3 h 1 T "'t in Knights of
Pvthia' Hall evern Monday aurht.
BY OKI.KJl OK W. ALSXIN Wtllriv.i
luiiitntrator ol the csUt.t t K 4 r A 1
will aril at public auction 1, .4,1.,., '"" "'I,
Mak.wao.ou W K I . Ksi A V, the 1 ''l';.'
A. V. list, at lOoVlock.V. SI : " ' 'l""'t ,
Tair Working Oxen,
5 ( ow and 'al vp!-,
10 Sid.lle llors.li,
3 Ox I arts,
I Carriage Home,
1 Sil.gle llarue.-a.
ronsmtiu? iu part a f-Jluwg
Koa Chei-i, l-.t .. Ktc.;
1 Meal .afe,
1 Iron safc,
Stove and Furniture,
Lot or crockery.
I r 'I t run Cash.
w, y. Moss.iav
In Chambers, Circuit Judge, Second Ju
dicul District. Hawaiian Ialiuds
IIS I'iiOUA'I'K i
)i:ol'FJ( AITUCATIUX IIAVIX.i W.I.N Hill,
Willi this Court bv (.ei.rie K. vtO.r ,,f vi......
euar.li .11 f the minor cloldreu. f II. II M.ifliii,.,i KuL
Maui, deceased, aokinir thai I.I- accounts be aiiia.vri
and he be dicliare.l. X. tl.e i h. lrby tiven t .
whom 11 niav conrs r.i that
Saturday, September 29. 1883. at 10 A. M ,
Al ilie Court-hoiiM- in Walluk. Is the time and !. ..!
for hearing said letiti. 111 and ail) obj. r-liou that mat l,
made thereto. AUK. KEUXAN lK,
ucml.Judu'v, Sissiud Judicial iMtrict. II
September I", lSsa. eU,.ltw
In ChambeiS. Circuit Judge, Second Ju
dicial District, Hawaiian Islands.
IX hioha i i: i
1)P.OI'KR Al'I'LIf WION lUVJXii 11KKX HI 111
with this tmrt by li.-o. K M;ner, ol Mkxw...
L'uaidiau of the minor child of Wm Uutherf.ini, ot Mala
wuo, SJaul, deceased. ur-U..n; ihat his accounts l arov. l
and lie be discharged. Nonce is h rebv iveuto all whom
it may concern thnt
Satuidiy, September 29, 1883. ut 11 A- M-,
At the ( iMir'-lioiiHf iu Wailukii, is Ihe time aud lc- it
for hearing said j etitiou aii.t nnv obji-cllona that utav I.f
ma le tlu-reio. Allll. FKKNANDKIt.
Circuit Judfe, Ksfiud Judicial Dm rlcl, II. 1.
Si t.-mber In. lnl. m-IVJIh
'ill.:r: IS III.HK1IV 1.IVKX TO A I.I. 1 KltSoNS
1 that at a uie.-tin held in Honolulu, on the :id day I
Auuust, lMs 1. of the Muhttcrilii r to the . lock ul U.e Wa.
K Vl'l ist UAH COMPANY. It win vited to accept a char
ter of ifici.riiarntii.il, gran- ,j to t.iem and their a-socim...
aud Kuiict'Ksora oil ler lae corporate name and att le ol tl.i
WfcCiapu Sugar Company, on the i:itli day of duly, lsn.i,
and Unit said 'urlNtatioii. under fcaid t tiorter. thereui im
organise 1 itaclf and fleeted the following ofUcera ol the
President II TV Corn well
Viee-l're-id. lit Win. H. Cum Well
Treasurer Henry Marfarlain-
Nccittary ami Auditor John Rubbln
Notice is farther K'V. n that, pursuant to the tern n f
toil 1 i-ha.ter. u No M.tckbold.-r aliall individually be, liable
for the il'-M of the corporation bcyeud the amount
which may bo Cu-i upon the Hilar ir ah are held 1 r
o n,-. by himx'd'. '
ael...t JOHN KORI INS, H. reti r .
I'uitisl State Minister Kcxidcnt, His l.xci lleucy ItoJlin M
Il.iccl t . lic-udcucc , Hawaiian Hotel.
Kic'laml, Commissioner and CoimiiM Jenei al, J Jl Vi. .
In, il.se. Itesidetice, l.liil.l.l Hllei t
France, Consul mid Couiiiii-uiioiier, Monsieur Henri l-i,
KeMdt lice, JVeretania Mreet
Chancellor French I K'O.on, .tlotisicur lieoive I1.11I1, ,h.
Portugal, Consul and Commissioner, A t'.,- hoii.i ( ;ii.
varru. lti sidi uci , Aluki.a un i t
Consuls, etc., Honolulu.
Italy FA K tin, 1. r
ti. i man Kiupirc, Sweden m.d .Norway c OIh.Ii
l.i mum W (liana, Maui) A l ima
I'eiu A J I m1rml,t
Net herlMTids and Jielitim John II l aiy
I'niteil Males 1 A Al Kiiiity
Mevieo (I ., f j ain ; i It V J.ame
AuMro-ilunfa: y II F Olmle
Kii-h-iji 1 Vice 1 oiiul, J I'tl.i,, 1
Jlritish Vice-C.uiMil ...s T H iJavio
t'l.ited States ( Vice Coiiniil; F J lla.tnn;,
1). iimark Actim II It Mactarbine
Japuii. oiiimer. lal Aeiit J 1)1 arter
; S otiHuhir AtM-nt (liilo, Hawaii) T isjm n,. i
' (Ka)iului, Maui) A F H.. I.
" " (.UahukoiM. Hawaii' C I. W itf.a
Diplomatic and Consular Agents.
WH-hinirtoii, lC Hou. II. A. P. Cait. i
B-lniiKlnii, 11 C Hon ,1 Mott Smith, Ci.iiiiiokmii r
riutr;)' r Affitirrt uml Oiimuh (irtirrul.
I .ond' m, Falkland Mauley HopLm.
Valparaiso, Chile . . iJavid 'I Iioiiom
I.iiua, Peru Hubert j
Bremen, tieiniaiiy J ; pfliiti-r
Paris, t rance ...I- Cuilili dc Paiadu
,iilt (JrHtrtil :
Sydney, New South Wale
Sweden and Norway ,
Hriiswls, llelir ...Ferd
CoM-nhaircn, Ileum irk
Ottnwu. Cum oi l
I Uiik, Ireland
Falm iiith, lairlaud
Ili'euie.i, I i em in ii y
Portland, lircK.iu .. 7.
San l-rauci-xo, . 'alit'.niia.
I i noa, 1 luly
Hoston, M ihh (Acting).
(ilat;iw , Scotland
Ota!?.., New .calami
OrAiid Duchy of lladen lladen
M. IIh.uiii... Victoria
K.liiil.uivli and 1ciili, Scotland ......
Hamburg, Herman y
Queensland, A utr ilia
Colon, C ft Colombia
Auckland, New Zealand
HobHrt t own. Tasmania
K H Allen, .1,
A W w, f,.r
" A Hur. r
de Caniiart d'Uainal.-
y f Johnson
" Sej iiiliur
J" F Mulier
H W Heveian. e
''siii de Mandmt
Finest de lioiwmc
.Kaj.hM. l dc. I.urhi
hdw ard M Un wcr
.... V letor Kchonl.erur
Sylvanus f 'mshy
........ .K () Jlitchaniia
. . . ... Victor Forifc, J r
Fdward F H eber
Henry K Cooke
"It Cruf.k-.li urik
Cliaa F Stoles
A P Rum
Hubert W Jaiiiuli
. .J Johnstone Keswick
John K Mu inner
. . . . . I -foil "le A Cohru
A Kurt .ha la
John M llesaone
...lilchard J Murphy
D II Hclimiill
.N M T I reer
i ... ... .Jainea Ftaatr
Al adeira. ,
Victoria, Hntih Columbia '.
Cardiff and Swansea, Wales
Newcastle, N is W
Iluudee. Boot land
Lisbon. I'ortmral ,
liankok, Siam ,
PiiMt d, Finland
Fran kfori -on-Maine
Haiilaz. N is
Directory of the Police Department of
Marshal V. C. Tarte
Deputy Marshal David Dayton
Maui T. W. Everett Waikapu
Hawaii L. Kevcranc- Hilo
Kauai H. W.Wilcox I.iline
Ewa and Waianac
. Anakalea Kan ! i
. . . . Jesse Aniara
. ... 11. Kanaihilo
Kaanapali . . .
Molokai and Lanai..
II. New ton
J. A. Kaukau
K. D. Knpcno
. S. V. Chillinj,'rtli
North Hilo D. K. Makuakai.e
Haniakua D. F. Kanford
South Kohala Vacant
North Kohala O. 1. Kaniauolia
North Kona D. Makainai (ActinR.)
South Kona D. H. Nahinu
Kau E. Smith
Puna J. M. Kauwila
Hanalei . .
Waimca . . .
.W. E. H. Dcvcrill
G. 11. Palohau
BY A RESPECTAULE 8INULR OENTLEM AN'. A
large, airy aul uicelv furnished room, within nv
minutes' walk of the Po -toiice. Address "X. Y ," u'