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PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER. SEPTEMBER 15, 1883.
WiiKr.EAs, Hi Hawaiian Majesty's
Government being informed that cer
tain Sovereign and Colonial States
rrorxc to annex various Inlands and
Archil ela'4oe of Polynesia, does here
,v -olemnly protect against such pro
jj.t.s of annexation, as unjust to a
-.Imi'le and ignorant people, and sub
versive in their ca-e of those conditions
f.,r favorable national development,
which have been ;so happily accorded
r the Hawaiian Nation.
The Hawaiian people, enjoying the
l!'.-Mirr- f National Independence
, ontiniTed by the joint action of great
and inairnaniinon States, ever ready
to atiord favorable opirtunities for
self-government, cannot be .si lent about
or inditiVrent to acts of intervention in
conti'Mioua atid kindred groujM which
menace their own situation.
The Hawaiian ieople, encouraged
bv favorable joliticaI conditions, have
cultivated and entertain a strong na
tional sentiment, which lead-s them not
only to cherish their own political
state, but also inspires them with a
desire to have extended to kindred,
vt lo favored communities of Poly
nesia, like favorable opportunities for
And, whereas, a Hawaiian Legisla
tive Assf-mblv. expressing unanimously
the spirit of the nation, has declared
that it was the duty of His Hawaiian
Majesty's Government to proffer to
kindred ieop!es and States of the Pa
cific an advisory assistance to aid them
in securing opiortut.ities for improving
their rolitical and social conditions.
His Hawaiian Majesty's Govern
ment, responding to the national will,
and to the especial appeals of several
Polynesian Chiefs, has sent u Special
Commissioner to several of the Poly
nesian Chieftains and States, to advise
them in their national affairs.
And His Hawaiian Majesty's Gov
ernment, si making for the Hawaiian
ICOpIe, SO happily prospering miuugn
national indeiKindence, makes earnest
1 A.' ,.r.nnllllififtj rf IVllv.
several ikuiu iuihiuuihi.v.j
ncsia to enjoy opirtunitieri for pro
mid self-irovemment,! and will
Guarantee to them the s;imc favorable
among the Nations in behalf of sister
island" and groups of Polynesia.
Iiv order of His Majesty in Council.
" WALTER M. GIBSON,
Minister of Foreign Affairs.
Iolani Pala- e, Honolulu, August 23,
List of Licensss Expiring in the
Month of September. 1883.
t I r. Wo. II.Arl !r- t, tl a 'li , .
J K C McC . II. Nuu t--. U uo..tt
t L HrU. r. Nbuju.i trtt, U-u la u
L. Ahon. Nuuatia mrr-t. Uwoitlu
i k o K-. y iern utrtx-t. Homdnlit
i .. CU..n-r I ... Nauana .trrct, H .nololu
i Wau Man siu'. Xuoul i.trn-1 Honolulu
, H..t-y Cu, UodIu!u
11 K Mclutjre lit cruer tort an 1 King llr.t
; I tr rtA K-rt trert, H .uololu
nJA Dim, U-.I.-1 rfrert, UouolultS
M.-Iu Br.j. Nuitua lrct, llouulula
r M. lnrrnv, ntwt. Ilmjlula
11 1 U Uu-y, H"' tret, ilunulnlii
11 UanuU Nuuutt -tivet, HanoluU
I U.Si LuJ- C. ll.Ul.tr.t, lloo-U'.u
li iau. .Nuuanu Mrevt, Honolulu
14 Yuan S"r rc. Kiu rfrvel, Hooo.ulu
Ii M hrk-nt, .art rtrr. t, Honolulu
M Yu. !. Mi'!l
I J Hu Sin. Sanna trvrU Uooolalu
I Vu . . llt-rrUni. street, Uon iluto
1 A A H .ntsoa, Kort .trwrt Honolulu
"j .utuur .UriUl.U.--reUu- iloBolaln
il Kruwa rfcillip. Kiu. tfl, H u.jlala
Thoiu Ya. l-lel tret. Uou rfata
JJ P.u K--. Hon Httlo
Van k-o c Co, 11 .til .trert. Hon ilalil
:. Konn Yu Kr. Maam.lur. irt, Uoaolala
J4 J T U WitcrliuuM, ucen trert, Uoaolalu
J C Y Aion. llouok, UBinka
1J Kwoog So hoo? It ii : Nmlil. N KBl
H O Hei,'Bra,Kplii, Hil'
It Kra Turner. Wkiubiau, Ko
It Kl, Hilo , , .
is lan Ob Co. I-auiUK.-U. Hilo
ft Ktxikiuf, North ltoliiU
-JO Ah Leg. l.upuoB-, Uil
a) C 1 Aiani. NVnipio, Hmkn
II Le Chr, Ksiopttu. N KohU
j.t C SprwWeli Co. UAkalM, Hilo
i; Taiu Ting, Hilo
I T Vna, Pi. Mkwo
U A S C leghorn & Co. LahiB
lu Akamukoi, Ksmalon, Molokal
14 kxmi Cbonj Cb a, Kahulm
19 r Aiu. Uiku
ft oi K. BX, NVailakit
Si U M Ve.
id I' UiachMI. 'iime
aJ AU Cbock. Kapaa
1 Aibj hn ilybre, KckaUa, WaiB.-a, Kamai
1 bl Awa. Pahala. Kau. Hawaii
I Wut H.wkuanui. Knkmhaele. H tmakaa, Hawaii
1 Ak Uivi. N Kobal, H iu
i E t.' M-H'aQillr", NO'iauu itr--t. Ilonulul-i
11 ilo Wo. K tpaau. N Kobsls. IIwaii
11 Aaokock. ltaue. Kaoii
11 Kaiwi, Kahtilut. Maut
It Kob Sao Cnon-f Co, Nuilii. X Kghala 'Hiwii
1 AUnu, Wnbr, Mui
16 Akou. Waipio. llamkua. Hawaii
(' I.AUodi, Waiobuao. Ka i. Hawaii
1 C Y Aioo. Miuuakf m street. Honolulu
J Hop SiB X Cj, Sauaua utreet. Honolulu
4 guoa Fuoij, Paia. Makawa. Maul
i .lime Kaai, N Kobala. Hiwaai
II Kekanuna. Vaibw. Maui
11 .Vpto. N kobala, Hawaii
11 Kaiamabiat Aiaaa, Waianae. Oau
li Loan Kaltofrn. Waima. Kaaii
H iia Park-rr. Uaiuakua. Hawai
il K li Waller. H jU-1 tret. Honolulu
15 W Mi audUrt, Fitb Market. Honolulu
i-; W P B HrawT. Iaka. Maui
i I V Pae. North fclohala. Hawaii
St Man 11x3. Koolaupok-K h-j
J V -U kaluuv, Klpahulu. Waii
I'OKK BLTC liKK.
4 t h'iDi'r, Ibtina. Maui
It W C Jobcm. Kan, Hawaii
It ia A Mi, Wailako. Maui
14 Lx Yaa Co, Kapaa. KUatl
A John Klebard3B, I-abainv, Maui
1.' Haupt, Hoaululu, Oabu
3 Uo Vrenlrabitrx, UoboIiUu, Oabm
t it Kanoha, Labaioa, Maui
5 W 11 Holtae.4. Uamakoa. Hawaii
7 W : BortU-a. Hil. Hawaii
IIS Eaai. Ubae, Kauai
Ji K Jooe, Molokai
4 -I Kuialenai, Waimea. Kauai
KauieU. Waialua. Oab
14 1 Kimn. Kaapo, Maui
1 M S Maale. Waibre. Maui
SUM cCulIy. II jo 4ula. Uiba
H. 'i ill AutJO. HjnuUlu, Oaha
A iia-1 Uau04, Uooolula, (ah
1 Ak Pao, Soath Koaa, Hawaii
WHOLES A LK.
- Wo Coaa ft Co, Xouu Mrei, Haaolala
appeal to the Governments oi great
and enlightened States, that they will
the inalienable rights of the
opportunities which liave maae iiawau
prosiH?rotis and happy, and which in
.itrt ln?r national spirit to lift up a voice
50 HollUterfc Co, Nuuann atreet, Qooolnln
J Biabop tr Cj, corner Mcrcbaat and Kaabninann straeU,
LA HA AC.
27 B B Erhulai. Puia, Uavaii
77 X FolJl, Houolulu.Oabu
Tax Appeal Boards-
The following jrnouM Lave been ajpointeJ
KemLers of the Tax Appeal Boards for the year
Ewa and Waianac
. . . . A. S. Cleghoru. J. ifonauli
S. Prevere, S. K. Kubano
J. F. Auder-ton, J. Kaiaikawaba
J. Kaluhi. J. L Naili
A. Lloyd, J. 'W. p. Kameaaloka
Labaina . . .
Wail 11 Vu . ...
Makairao . .
T. C. Forsyth, 31. Makalua
T. V. Everett, V. S. Maale
W. F. Mossman, C. K. Kjpule
J. Gruuwald, J. Gardner
MOLOKAI AND LAXAI.
C. II. Parker
F. F. Sc'imsea, J. Kea.iuakini
K. I'ytroft, J. N. Kamoku
G. W. C. Jones, F. Bipi
J. Kuaimoku, S. Kino
. .. .U. 'tn:k,J. lialuapo
.. . J. W. Kii.J.iui. L. 1'aal.iki
II. L. Sheldon , J. Kalai
. Henry Cooper. r- Sandford
Kuloa ..... ......
. . .T. T. Kalcoue. S. N'amao
. . Josia Keatvc. J- H. Hanaike
Wm. lirown. J. 1'iiui
. .U. 1$. Mcheula. 1. Kauaii'
Nakapaahu, J. l"p:tp
Minister of Finance.
Healed Tenders will he receive. 1 at the Interior
Ltepartment until the First Day of September, A.
D. HSJ, at 12 o'clock noon, for supplying Oahu
Prison with ti'Xi lbs of Hard Paiai, more or less, per
week, to be delivered on suc:i days as the jailor of
Oahu Prison shall direct, for JJne year from the
first day of September, A. D. ISSi. Suu'.i Paiai to
be of the best quality and subj.-ct to the approval
of the Marshal.
The contractor will b'j required to give bonds in
the su:n of $1,00') for the faithful performance of
the said contract.
The Minister does not bind himself to accept the
lowest or any bid. CH VS. T. GULICK,
Minister of the Interior.
Irtiaoii Otrtefi, Augusts, lxil. augllvtf
I5y virtue of theauthority vested in the Justices
of the Supreme Court by Section 860 of the Civil
Code, they have appointed William Foster, Es
quire, to be Chief Clerk of the Supreme Court,
vice John E. Dirnard, deceased.
HENItY SMITH. Deputy Clerk.
Honolulu. August 7th, 1S3J. ug27dlt w3t
The salj of L ;ane of Eqilanaiti lot on the North
corner of Fort au I Allu-n streets, is postponed ua
til further notic.-.
Ity Ordor of ths Minister of tlio Interior.
Mnir Intldrats r the lire.
If anyone could h ve witn-issed th-j conduct of
every individual w'it turned out at thi samm jiH
of the tire alarm .Miuiiy tii!it. h; w.iuM liivc
been able to rj.uirk miiiy iutTiti i n;.-ets of
human nature. At the first s i.iu l of t!i bl some
people sprung int thi strjjt wit i it st ipjiu- t
rerleet for a m i.HMit or t j do si in iu-'i as clothe
themselves proprIy. Soiuj of t'.v.tj huty fello vs
tamble.l over sil.nvalk or ran lit 1 1 u.i p xts au 1
one was actually s :ju e uiu ; i i vi 1 1 1 lilis: i
with the corner of a bjiMiuj aro.i 1 1 .v.iica lie was
endeavoriug to run. Tjn;rji u 1 1 ; u'i I i j h i-.-: ?
were oft -'il mrd or Ijss d. "live 1 : ehvi i nit i:ij ;
which w.mld aot havj tr il,l.-l i in .-3 .1 ;lili ;r it
p -r-u, an 1 tluy arriv.: 1 at t i : tir j iu a : it ; of
e vhau-iti n .vhio'i nr-v -tit -.1 thj u fr..u b.-in' of
auy greit in. An it'i-jr class of i.i livi 1 ills wjrj
prompt Ij rep:id t t'.ic alir.n. bat t!i;y wji-j
calm and orderly iu their m vo:n,'iits an 1 retahi 1
absolute self-p lisesiion. Tiimu iiisu arrived in
good season at ta i ;. y : t'l !i 1 1 ti n s 1 t leir
movements s t'nt 1 1 ;r-- :i t e.itireiy play s 1
out when thev reie'i; 1 t'l plaej vv'.u.-j t i -y -o
required. A thir 1 a i 1 u it a 1 irj ; c". i ; ti p-le
hesitated wheu t'.ievaeirl t'l : al n-.n. I' i ; did
not know wheth-jr or u it it nb;tt t- ve.it out
bat at last c :iu cree.ii i ; f irt'i w.i ;:i t.u .ll i n is
w jre extiugiiisli ,-d. NJir the seena of the tli-t isIlt.
th?re were th; usual :i.uuhr of iucid i:iti au 1 ac
cidents which would certainly sjem cjmical on any
occasion except that of a tire. One man caught
hold of a piece of fence firmly fixed in the ground
a good safe distaae; fr u t'l : tire a 1 1 struggle I t
remove it fur a uini'! t -v i. uttering distracting
appeals for assi,tau-: s '.n : -. ti found out tint that
paltry piece of prij.-r; vi u : iu d in ; ;r. X;ar
the burning buil line; ricj sjvjnl Urgja il juitrf
deep holes and inti tiii; sj .;. il of t'is iu 1 1 who
were fighting the il i-n m, ie ;i I ; itly. fell, bit oaa
youth, who was mircly a i cseital s;ieciatr, uu
dertook to jump aorns ou-j of t'ie exeavatio:n
and sprang headforeai tit iutJ the very cjiitei- of it.
There was a crash, a groin au I tln i a railtitu le
of naming maledictions isu-3 1 fr i-i t'ie pit. fol
lowed by the gralual appearanc . of sqiilchral
form cover! wit'i dirt, bruised aa I hatlss.
Among the other people that got a little beyond
the control of their own wits was the bumptious
reporter of a contemporary, wh with characteris
tic affrontery dove around with his cane, annoying
those who were actively en jag j 1 in struggling with
the flames by asking f r i u r n itiou, which it w is
impossible for them to give. This coolie quill driver
got so thoroughly befog jed that uithing but his
invincible "cheek" and persauil gredges survived
the general wreck of his uudeveloped iustiDcts,
and he is said to have rush?.! lieadloag into the
private apartments of a lady living in the neigu
borhood of the fire without giving due warning,
under the pretence of seeking information.
1 Sladeat's Duel.
A correspondent writing from Germany, gives an
account of a duel between two students. It seems
that tatre was some difficulty in discovering the
place where the combat was to wear. Uut final
ly a servant girl at a country inn indicated the lo
cality where the contestants were stationed and
soon two men were seen "confronting each other,
with their right hands extended straight over their
heads. Their left arms were tied behind their
backs and goggles over their eyes. The men were
padded everywhere except their heads, which were
left uncovered. At the appointed signal thoy be
gan cutting at each other with lightning-like ra
pidity. Neither seemed to try to ward off the
blows of his opponent. As soon as one was cut
the soconds ran between thorn and knocked up the
swords. The doctor exaruiued the wounds, staunch
ed the blood, and the tight was resumed and went
on uutil the doctor decided that further fighting
would endanger life." This certainly seems Tery
redhmjons. There are many good reasons why du
elling should be considered an extremely perni
cious and evil praotioe, aud yet there is a certain
class of men, it would seem, who can only be cur
ed of a loathsome tendency to abuse private indL
viduals wantonly, by having a little of their bad
blood drawn from their systems.
Vb Baaght the Mia Ufa.
A man in the country caught a mud hen and sent
it to a gentleman in this city. Tae lattsr exhibit
ed the bird in his bar-room aul told his friea Is it
was a twenty-five dollar m ekin j birl froai tiie
Coast. An old resident of Honolulu bought the
imparted monstrosity for a good price and solj it
to a third party, who paid handsomely for the rare
in-portation and don't kn3w wherein he has been
cheated yet. Or in fact he has not been cheated, for
a native mad hen is as good as a foreign raised
mocking bird to those who don't know the differ
ence between the birds.
Dig Dajesty on Tenperaiee lddress at Kaima
Ilia Majesty the King, Wednesday, at Kauinaka-
pili Cbarcb, addressed, in the native ton sue, a
largo attentive audience on the subject of temper
ancc. His Majesty arrived at the Church at about
30 minutes past 7 o'clock p. it. and was occoinpa
nied by II ;s Excellency the Minister of Foreign Af
fair who attended His Majesty to the rostrum and
occupied a scat during the address beside 11 is Maj
esty. After some preliminary singing at about
twenty minutes of eiht o'clock, Mr. Heury Wat-
erhouse, Chairman of the Comittee, who had in
vited His Maiestv to deliver an addre, rose and
requested the Kin to i-peuk.
Then His Majesty addressed the large audience
Itbe house b;-iug tilled to its utmost capacity) and
for half an hour held their clos? attention. P.e
peated and loud enthusiastic applause frequently
interrupted His Majesty'. remaka.
The different interpretations attached to the
Enlirh word temperance was explained, showing
that that the expression which indicated modera
tion carried out with a great deal of immod
eration in the practice of some. His Majesty pro
posed temperance in contradistinction to excess
and trusted that the Hawaiian people would real
ize the dinger of the free use of ardent spirits.
The H:yal orator said there were three principles
which should animate us in miou a c iuse.J tlm so
briety .f life; and these weio. rirt : The love of
God; second : Tlie love of one another and third,
The love of our country. Iu discussing the points
Ixraring upon tho welfare of the ic(ple he said that
the ancient Empire of Home, the most eminent
. a uiivtv t v -- ' '
1Mlffer ou earth, gave supreme attention to the
c;4re ()f tLe LeaUU of the 1eople to the maintenance
of the family and to the care of children; and in
illustration His Majesty presented to his hear
trs a very full aad interesting version of the story
i.f Cornelia, the eminent Itoman matron, who.e
husband was loaded with honors au l whoso man
sion was a repository of wealth; ar.d when some
ladies called upon her and
to be shown all her precious
jewels she gave an order to a slave
who led into the presence of the astonished visit
ors her rive little children, she saying "these are
my jewels." Hi Majesty then pointed to the
many little ones present saying "they are my jew
els," and as further illustration of the mighty Ko
min spirit that cared so practically for her people,
he quoted her ancient maxim, "Sulus popnli sa
pre ma est lex," the health or salvation of the peo
ple is the supreme law.
At the conclusion of the King's address there
was prolonged applause. Then some general dis
cussion took place in regard to the appointment of
a president and committee of a proposed new tem
peraucc organization, after which the Chairman of
the meeting, Mr. Henry Waterhouse, requested
His Excellency the Miuis-er of Foreign Affairs to
speak. Mr. Gibson arose aud addressed the as
sembly briefly iu the native language. His remarks
were received with great attention and repeated
When ho had concluded there was a little discus
sion by members of the audience and then the
meeting closed with a benediction. As His Maj
esty retired through the church, accompanied by
Mr. Gibson, a hymn was performed by the choir,
and the audienco remained standing.
There is so:ne cjiiiplaint among plau tars to the
effect that some of their cine lan Is appear to be
giving out prematurely. In one case it is said that
a piece of laud on Hawaii has produced only four
crops and that th J last ous wis u t over hilf as
g ood as tin tirt. It s! : u !i')l J t i it if a lit
tle in ire cire ,vi u;; i iiil w i il 1 u it he ex
hausted so s leu. On t'l s s i j e;t of presarvin j t io
richness of the soil ail miiiria; w? quite th .
following fr n ta : A lUrili 1 1 S i;ir PI i it u-:
Yo i emu it outinu; t.i'ciu i o T cc iti u lies you
put more mineral in irter bice i-it the soil than
what- your crops have re:uivel. Hut plants re
quire iuore than pure niii;ri! f i 1, or mineral
substance per se t i s nitrei m ut als i be sup
plied. The amount of this substance must to a
certain extent be regulated by the nature of the
crop, it may be presented to the roots as nitrates
of pvtash, soda or ammonia or as sulphate or
chloride of ammonium, or it may be iu the shape
of animal or vegetable matter containing nitrogen
so as to decomp no in tho soil. Sugar cane re
quires a much li Jjrent treatment iu its manuring
froit otho-crops. Nitrogen is supplie 1 to the ce
reals and others for the purpose of augmenting the
quautity of albumenoids, and this always increases
the f.ir nition of starchy matters in the total crop
while it deereases tV percentage of starch in tho
grain; but the small ameuut of sugar remain t
about the same. Hence the minimum auiouat of
nitrogen capable of causing tho full absorption of
the phosphates silicates, Ve.. should be only in
cane manure, an! abuulance of healthy humis
compounds should exist in the soil for the supply
of carbonic acid to the roots, the leaf of the cane
not biins i liberally a.ippliol with sto.natia as
some other plants arj for ahurptiari of carbonic
acid from the atmosphere. If t J- much nitrogon
eois matter be suppli)! ti heilt'.iy growing canes
a larger quantity of albumen will ba formed; not
only at the expense of the sugar that should be
produced, b it giving a juice nnre difficult of clar
ification. The salts of ammonia exist largely in
the juice of rank canes aud wliere extremely large
quantities of juice are treated by the lime precipita
tion process as at Yengirie aud Milliquim, the lib
erated aru lieuia from even well cultivated canes
s ev lved iu a lirj! a u int. It i oalv of lite
that tho writer his estiblished definitely the exist
ence of th;e silts iu can i jaice, and is not aware
of any-other chemieil writer on cans juice having
noticed ttieir existence. Thoy possess" tho power
of combining with both tho cane and invert sugars
and forming deliquescent ci .up muds, and have no
doubt often been an unknown source of annoyance
and loss to the sugar miker iu the old jr processes,
not being decomposed by the lime iu defalcation,
not yet volatilized during beiling as the re-acidifying
juice will always f erm lactate of ammonia,
'etc. In tho deposits at the bjtt mi of clarifiers as
used for the lime, the triple phosphate of magnesia
and ammonia may be readily met with. But as
stated above a juice of this kind if possible must
be avoided and to do so do not use too much am
monia in the cane manure.
Wiseman vs. Kerr.
On June 13th last, Mr. Wiseman and Mr. A. B.
Kerr joined partnership in a venture, and opened
a restaurant and soda water refreshment stand at
Kapiolani Park for that day; the day being the na
tional holiday (Kamehameha day). The stand
seemed to do a flourishing business and by 4
o'clock p. m. everything in the culinary and drink
able line was sold out. Kerr gave Wiseman to ud
derstand, on the following day, that only S139 was
taken in altogether, Kerr having conducted the
stand. Wiseman objected to taking this amount
as the gross receipts for the stand, as the expense
account showed bills amounting to $200. A month
passed and Wiseman, not getting, as he claimed,
satisfaction, brought suit for a settlement. The
matter was heard liefore Hon, Judge Austin in
chambers aud tho trial has just terminated by the
decision of the Judge, who has estimated tho saltan
at $500, and that Kerr is indebted to Wiseman in
the sum of $237 over and abevo all bills brought in.
Houokaa, Sept. 7, 19S3. We are sorry to have
to announce the death on last Friday of It. P. Kui
kahi. a late member of the Legislature and a very
influential man amongst the natives in this dis
trict. He loaves a wife and one cljildt lie was
possessed of considerable real estate and had al
ready completed a fine residence at a cost of nearly
The weather for the past week has been very
warm with good showers at night.
Messrs. A. S. Cleghorn A Co. have erected and
will open a fine new store at Paauilo this month,
which will be a boon for foreigners residing at that
plantation; hitherto they had to come to Honokaa
to purchase their goods.
The last and only Chinese store at Honokaa hell
a large auotion sale on last Saturday and we an?
derstand they intend to clo30 oat their entjra
i Blaze Amoig the Waadea Balldlags.
Effltaey of the lire Department.
At about fifteen minutes past midnight the tire
alarm was sounded last night. Almost instantly
there was a multitude of people rushing into the
streets. The fire department turned out with
great promptness and proceed 'd towards the light
of the blaze which issued from a small frame
building used as a barn aud situated on the Waiki-
ki side of Kichard street between Merchant and
Queen streets in the rear of the residence of His
Excellency W. M. Gibson. The first to
arrive at the scene of the fire was His
Majesty the King, who rendered excel
lent service end materially checked the flames
at the first by turning ou a stream of water
from the garden hose in Mr. Gibson's yard. Fire
engine No. 1 soon arrived, and the other fire com
panies came in quick succession. The building in
which the fire originated was filled with hay and
surrounded by small wooden dwellings. The blaze
lit up all the premises for some distance around,
and there was for a time great danger that tiie
flames would be communicated to some of the
many larger wooden dwellings near by and cause
great loss, but the promptitude and efficacy of the
Fire Department soon prevailed. The fire was
got under control speedily and in less than an
hour from the time the alarm was sounded the
flames were all subdued.
The fire is supposed to have been the work of an
incendiary. Abont 9 o'clock in the evening before
the tire a large bone was thrown through the win
dow of a building in Mr. Bolster's yard, which was
occupied by a colored man, and it is also supposed
that some tramp may have been sleeping in the
barn and accidentally set the fire by lighting a
pipe or striking a match for some other purpose,.
The barn which was entirely destroyed belonged
to Mr. A. Bolstor and was not insured. It was
tilled with hay but there were uo animals in it.
The loss will probably not amount to more than
from $300 to $400.
It is amazing to note how "rumors," as they are
charitably called, often originate in this city aud
what moustrous proportions they rapidly assume
although based upon the most absurb and palpa
bly false impossible grounds. We might recall
some instances, which have come to notice lately
in our midst about as absurd and ridiculous as the
following little incident recorded in the Hong
Kong Daily Press:
Yesterday an absurd story among the Chinese
had the effect of crowding the Magistracy com
pound and Arbuthuot-road with some hundreds
eager to see a prodigy said to have been captured
by tho police. The origin of the sensation seems
to Lave been that three women were arrested on a
charge of kidnapping, one of whom bears a name,
or a nickname meaning in English the great rat.
As she was being taken to the station, some people
who knew her raised a cry that the police Jhad ar
rested the great rat. A number of persons, who
were unaware of this woman's title, were seized
with an impression that the police had captured
some extraordinary rat, and the most absurd ru
mors went about with great rapidity, causing the
crowding at the Magistracy we have mentioned.
One story had it that a monster rat has been cap
tured weighing twenty-six catties, and another
storv was that the creature was a rat fairy, a mar
vellous animal which had, among other powers,
that of changing itself into any form it pleased. It
was lK-lieved that when arrested the rat fairy was
disporting under the form of a huge rat with a wo
man's head, and the bcaat was going to have its
pranks put an end to by the magistrate, who
would stamp his seal on it, and then it would have
to remain in the same form in future, no further
change bung possible. The police and the officers
of the court could not clear off the crowd, who
choked the court and its entrances and kept up an
incessant noise iu the hope of seeing the rat. His
Worship, through the interpreter, informed them
that no such rat had been caught. The crowd re
ceived the statement with incredulity, and hung
about the court iu gradually diminishing numbers
long after the business was done.
Debt Of Englaud.
The enormous public debt of England concern
ing which we publish the following statistics was
incurred principally in promoting various schemes
for the public preservation and the general benefit
of the whole nation :
Tho problem of reducing the national debt has
become an important one in England. For many
years the Government has been content with very
small annual diminutions of the principal; but now
the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Mr. Childers,
proposes to enter on a more rapid reduction. He
estimates that by means of the terminable annu
ities he proposes to create, the debt in twenty years
will lie reduced $3GO,O00,O0a. Mr. Finlaison, the
Actuary of the Debt, by working out the matter in
detail, finds the figures will be only $505,000,000.
In 1833 tho English debt will be reduced $25,883,
000. Mr. Childers further hopes to utilize $23,
000, 030 in free revenue yearly, to reducing the Na
tional debt a plan that could be imitated with the
greatest success and benefit iu this country, where
business men see the Treasury engulf thousands
and thousands of dollars a month for revenue and
over 2,000,000 a month in silver dollars. The
question of reducing Great Britain's debt has long
beeu a financial nightmare. In 1817 the debt was
$1,230,000,000. Since that time a period of sixty-six
years the reduction has been only one
eights. In August, 18C5, our National debt was
$2,331,530,291, and on June 1st, 1833, was $1,338,
229,050, a reduction in less that seventeen years
of over $1,000,000,000, or at an averago rate of $3,.
10C, 013 a month, or over $60,000,000 a year the
most remarkable and successful funding operations
in the historv of the world, Exchange.
Ilaxlej en Fish.
As Hawaii is represented at the International
Fisheries Exhibition, in London, our readers will
be interested to know as much as can be obtained
in the way of information concerning it. Our own
exhibit has attracted considerable attention, and
is displayed in a very prominent position iu the
buildings occupied by the various articles apper
taining to fish and fisheries, whioh have been sent
from al parts of the world.
One ef the leading features of the exhibition has
been addresses delivered by eminent scientific gen
tlemen on the subject of fish. Among the most
important of these, .iu its way, .was a lecture by
Prof. Huxley, which is too long to be re-produced
but which a foreign contemporary very briefly al
ludes to as follows:
" Professor Huxley's address was full of curious
information. An acre of good fishing ground, he
said, will yield more food in a weok than an acre
of the best land in a year. He drew a vivid pic
ture of the moving 'mountain of cod,' 120 to 130
feet in height, which for two months in every year
msves westward and southward, past the Norweg
gian coast. Every square mile of this c ilossal col
umn of fish contains 120,030,000 of fish, consuming
every week, when ou short rations, no fdver thin
81), OO0.Q0Q of herrings. The whole catch of the
if irwe.jiaa fisheries never exoeeds in a year mora
than' half a square mih? of this 'eid m inntain,'
aud but one week's supply of the herrings is need-
1 to k;ep that a ere of cil from stirviug. Loudo n
might be vitualled with herring for a year on one
day's consumption of the uncaught col."
There are in this city a large number of young
men employed as bookkeepers, clerks and other
similar callings in this city who are comparative
strangers or are at least far from home and its in
fluences. It is to often the habit to treat this olast
of young men without much consideration and
deny them anything like a hearty and friendly re
ception, such as they would receive in their native
lands and at home. Without doubt it is a bad
idea for anyone to neglect to practice proper court
esy and social kindliness towards all who are met
In the everyday relations of life. By exhibiting a
genteel and friendly spirit towards those who are
among U9 and far from their homes we may in
some measures supply much tha: is lost to them
in home influence.
His Ex W M Gibson, Foreign Affairs, rremler
ills Ex John M Kapena, Finance
Uis Ex C X (iulick, Interior.
Ills Kx W 1 Uibjou, Attorney-General ad interim.
Hon Albert F Judd, Chief Justice
Iftin L McOulIy. First Associate Justice
Hon B 11 Austin, Second Associate Justice
William Foster, Clerk.
Henry iSuiith, Deputy Clerk.
BV s-ittmga iu Honolulu, First Monday iu January
April, July aud October
Ilou It V Uickertou. Mailistrate
J Jo:iril of Fiilucntiwik.
His Ex V M Gibson. President
D D Baldwin, Inspector elierl of Schools
J nine Smith, Secretary .
B-:.rd of Tiealtn.
His fx W M Gibson. Presidrnt
Dr G Trosseau, Fort Fhysician
Dr. G. W Farker, Secretary.
John H Brown, Agent
Board ol Immigration.
His Excellency C. T. Gu!ick, President (ex officio).
Walter M. Gibson
,, J M Eapena,
Hon. A. S. Cleghorn, Inspector-General Immigrant
Hon. J. S. Walker
Hon. Godfrey Rhodes
John S. Smithies, Secretary
Auditor-General Hon. J. S. "Walker
Department Foreign Affairs C P Iauka, Chief Clerk
Department Interior J A Hassii: -, r. rifpf Clerk
Department Finance F.S.Pratt . -r
Department Attorney-General, An' ... .....-. Clerk
Professor W D Alexander. Survey -.General
Curtis J Lyons, Assistant-Surveyor
W C Parke, Marshal of the Kingdom
David Dayton, Deputy Marshal
Thomas Brown, Registrar of Conveyances
M Hagan, M D Physician to the Insane Asylum
C B Wilson, Superintendent Water Works
Office hours from 9 a M to 4 P m ; on Saturday they close
Postmaster-General. Hon H M Whitney
Assistant Postmaster-General, I B Peterson
The Poet Office is in Merchant street. Ordinary office
hours, 8am to 4 p M every day, except Sundays. When
mail steamers arrive alter office hours, or on Sundays,
mails are sorted as soon as delivered, and a general delivery
made. Letters are not delivered in Honolulu by carriers,
but must be enquired for at the delivery window of the
Post Ome. Private boxes are obtained by application to
the Chief Postmaster ; annnal fee, $6.
Mails for Foreign Countries are dispatched by the reg
uiar mail packets of the Pacific Mail Steamship Company.
Note When sailin? vessels leave Honolulu for Pan
Francisco at dates which render it probable that thsy
will reach that port before the next mall steamer, mails
for America are dispatched by them.
Mail matter must be deposted in the office onx hour be
fore advertised time of closing the malls to ensure trans
Postal ititt ps.
United St.ites of America. Dominion of Canada aud
Mexico : Letters. 5 cents per )$ at ; postal cards, 2 cents :
newspaper., 2 cents per 2 ozs.
Japan ports iu China having UPC Offices ; Straits Set
tlemeuts and Manila ; Letters, 10 cents per H oz ; Postal
Cards, 1 cents ; newspapers, 3 cents per 2 ozs.
Great Britain, France, Germany and all other II V IT
Countries and Colonies ; Letters, 10 cents per oz: uos-
al cards, 'A cents ; newspapers, 2 cents per 2 ozs.
Australia and New Zealand ; Letters. 12 cents ; news
apers, 2 cents each, irrespective of weight.
Registration fee, 10 cents.
Registration fee if return receipt is required 15 cents.
Governor of Oalat
Uis Ex J O Dominis
W F Alleu, Collector-General
E R Hendry. Deputy-Collector
Storekeeper, I Q Tewksbury
First Statistical Clerk. Warren Chamberlain
Kecoud Statistical Clerk. George Markhatn
Entry Clerk. Charles K Stiliman
Capt A Fuller, Harbor Master
Captains A Mclntyre, W Babcock, P P Shepherd. Pilots
J It Morrill Port Surveyor
Guards J Markham, U II Mossman, R M Fuller, R Par-
For Hawaii Tuesday, per Likeiike, 3.30 P M
For Hawaii (Kona and Kau), per Iwalani, every hird
Monday and every third Thursday, 3.30 p M
For Maui Monday, per Eilauea Ilou, 3.30 fx ; Tuesday,
per Likelike, 3.30 p M ; occosionally per Lehua
For Kauni Monday per C U Bishop, 4 P M ; Thursday
per James Makee. 4pm
Stands for Vehicle plying for hire have been fixed as
On Queen street, corner of Fort street
On (Jueeu street, corner of Xuuanu street
On Merchant street, corner of Bethel street
On Merchant street, corner of Fort street
On King street, corner of Richard street
Ou Hotel street, corner of Fort street
On Hotel street, corner of Niiuanu street
Ou Hot.;l street, opposite Hawaiian Hotel
The rates of fare are :
For the iuuer area, say to or from auy point between
l'.eretaiiia street and the Harbor, and between Punchbowl
street and the itiver. 12 Vi cents each nerson.
For lonaer distances in town, say to or from anv point
between the Second Bridge, N'uuauu road and the Harbor
and the " What Cheer House " on the Ewa road and the
line of I'nnahou-street 25 cents each person.
Children under three years old are free t from three to
ten years old, half fare.
Time Rates For one passenger for the first hour. $1 1
for each additional passenger, 50 cents j for each addi
tional hour, 50 cents per passenger.
Drivers are not obliged to tako a single passenger for
ordinary fare beyond the two-mile limit. So wagon is
licensed to carry more than four persons includlug the
Note Tick' ts of the value of 125$ rents can be ob
ained at the Government otllcea. These are legal tender
or all hiring of licensed vehicles.
Skamen's BurHEL Rev 8 c Damon, Chaplain, King
street, near the Sailor's Home. Preaching at 11 a m.
Seats free. Sabbath ScujjI before the morning service.
Prayer meeting on Wo la; iday evenings 7)4 o'clock.
Fobt Street CuunoH Rev J A Cruzan, Pastor, corner
of t ort au l Beretania streets. Preaching on Sunday at 11
A M, and 7)4 P M. Sabbath School at 10 a m.
Sr. Andrew's Cathedral English services ; Right
Rev the Bishop of Honolulu. Hawaiian services ; Rev
Alexander Mackintosh. G.30 ; Holy Communion, 9.30 t
Matins and Sermon (Hawaiian); 11 Matins; Litany and
Sermon (English); 4, Evensong (Hawaiian) ; Y30, Even,
song aud Sermon (English).
Roman Catholic Church Under the cbaige of Mon
seigneur the Right Rev Hermann, Bishop of Olba, as
sisted by Revs Kegis and Clement. Services every Sun
day ; Mass at 6. 7 aud 10 A M : Vespers at 2 and 4 p M.
iTire Districts of Honolulu.
No. 1. Bounded by School, Liliha, Judd, and Punch
Xo. 2. Bounded by Beretania, Liliha, School, and Fort
No. 3 Bounded by King, Beretania, and Fort streets.
No. 4. Bounded by water-front. King and Fort streets.
No. 5. Bounded by water-front. Fort, King, and Richard
No. 0. Bounded by King, Fort. Beretania, and Richard
No. 7. Bounded by Beretania, Fort, School, and Punch
No 8. Bonnded by water-front. Richard, Beretania aud
No. 9. Bounded by water-front, Punchbowl, and VIc
No. 10. Bounded by Kiuv, Viotoriaand Piikol streets
No. 11. Bounded by Piikni-street, Wilder Avenue, and
No. 12. District beyond Punahou-street.
No. 13. The Harbor
Engine Company No. 1 Corner King and Richard sts.
Engine Company No. 2, aud Hook and Ladder Company
In Bell-tower Building.
Engine Company No. 4 Corner Nuuanu and Beretania
Engine Company No. 5 King-street, between Nuuanu
and Maunakea streets.
Pacific Hose Company No. 1 King-street, between Fort
and Alakea streets.
IIoiiol ii lu Fire Department.
Chief Engineer John Nott.
First Assistant Charles B. "Wilsoa.
Second Assistant M. D. Monsarrat.
Fire Marshal James W. M'Onire ; office. Bell-tower.
Secretary Fire Department, Henry Smith.
Fire Alarm Signals.
The Fire-ward number struck on the bell at Tower up to
and including No. 11. Nos.T2 and 13 are struck with one
tap, followed by two or three.
Hawaiian Council vt, A. mer
lon ii Ltloii of Honor.
C. U. Eldrldge, Commander. Meeting nights, secon-i
and f.nirth Thursday in each month. K, of p, If a,ll. pXt
to Reading Room, Fort-street.
House Flags Carried by Inter-Island and
Foreign Steamships and Sailing "Vessels-
P M.S. S. Co. Swallow-tail; with horizontal atripes of
e.l. white, blue, white, red.
O. S S. Co. Square; white grounl.red border. In centre,
red stnr, encircled by blue ring.
Boar 's and Honolulu Line. C. Bbf.we.i k Co. Sqsiar
blue, red. an. 1 blue horizontal stripes.
Pioxf.eu Line, T. II.-Davies Sc Co. Hawaiian flag with R,
C. J. Co. iu white.
New jx A?fn Uo,molold, Casile & OaoaE. Squar
American ea$le on a blue ground.
Dlspatch Line. F. A. Schaefeu ft Co. Square; red, with
white Maltese Cross in centre.
Bkevex Live, H ackfkld & Co 3quare. white; red
horizontal stripe above and below, red cross in
Isteb-Lslaxd 3. S. Co. Square; white ground, with upper
border red, lower border blue. Red ball in centre
Wildeb k Co. Square; red ground with TV in white in
Srna Kilaoea Hoc Square ; white, with blue horiiontal
stripe above an 1 below Blue H in centre.
STM4 Waimanvlo. Squire; red border above and be.
low. Red W in centre. m
F- WoADEXBcna Square; blue ground, white ball in cen
tre, with W iu red iu white ball.
A.F. Cooke. Square; red ground with white ball in centra
W. F. Williams. Square; blue, with white square in
Alles Jt Robinsos. Square; white ground with upper
and lower borders blue.
Macvarlase k Co. Square; checkered in white and blue
Thb Nettie Me brill. Old flag, square; blue ground
with white T in centre. New flag, burgee, blue tri
angle above and below, witb red point, white atar
in the red.
Thb HaleakaLa. Red burgee.
i F. Colbces. Square; red, white and redj horUontal
stripe, with C in blue in centre.
At the Old Stand, No. 8 Kaahumanu Street,
TlfJ, COPPER k SHEET IRON WORKER,
PLUMBING, in all its branches;
ARTESIAN WELL PIPE, all rizes;
STVES and (FIANCES !
tucle Sam, Medallion, Kichruoiul, Tip Top, Palace, Flora, Mav. Contest, Cirainl 1'iw'c. New llh tl
Oper. Derby, Wren. Dolly, Gypsy, Queen, Pansy Army hand's, MaRiia C l.arta, Duck, Sm ri, .r.
Magnet, Osceola, Almeda. Eclipse. C'harter'Oak. Nimble, In wood .1 Laundry Stoves.
Galvanized Iron A- Copper Uoilers for i:angf, Granite Iron Ware, Nickel Plated A Plum,
Galvanized Iron Water Pipe, all sizes, and laid
on at Lowest Rates ; Cast & Lead Soil Pipe.
Mouse Furnishing Goods !
BUBBER HOSE ALL SIZES and GRADES
Lift and Forco Pumps, Cistern Pumps, Galvanized Iron, Sheet Copper, Sheet Lend,
Lead Pipe, Tin Tlato. Water Closets.. Marble Slabs and PowIh, Fnumeled Wusli Stands.
Chandeliers, ILamps, JLanterns
GENTS' FINE FURNISHING GOODS,
V II f II A r"3k ML' JM ill I fll " X
Or. hrMGTTNGc fe CO.,
5 Nuuanu Street, Honolulu. H. I.
AGENTS TOR TIIE
WOULD UESPnCTFULLY ANNOUNCE TO JIIK FIIIKNIJH AND THIS OK Nig
ral public that lie lias opened a
New Stove & House ViiriiisIiingJInrdwaire Store
IN CAMPBELL'S NEW BLOCK,
Opposite S. 0. Wilder & Co.'s Lumber Yard, about JULY 1st,
WITH A PULL H.IBTH OF STOVES,
Goods . per " Discovery " frorn San Francisco, from
New York ; and also from Liverpool per Oberon."
By the 'Discovery1 1 have received the following Stoves & Ranges
fc EaV A .1 14 A IT A " 2ii... A fix Hole lUtnse with UROILINU 11KAKTII anil LARQK VM -Inch
iaV OVEX, being a new feature in a family Kange.
'Hawaii,' 'Aloha' and 'Oahu' Ranges
AND THE WELL-KNOWN
Built to Stand Hard Work.
Wrought Iron Ranges for Plantation Use
Large Assortment of
Ate., fce., fee !
"Well Casing and Hydraulic Pipe
Made to Order, and Work of All Kinds in mv Line promptly attended to.
P. O. BOS 294. ju2t
Stovs and Ranges.
i:vi:nv ii'ritirTiN or
SHEET METAL WARE
ii-V'i-1 On llaiid or Maile to (rir.
J&gjA Timnnrr Plnmhinir ttntiprinrr Flo
Water Pipe and Fitting,
Hole AfenlH in tlieae IMamlx for l In-
' Montague ' Range
Allriiz in f-tmk. ( Irrularn and I'iI h on (.