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Handwriting of Great Men-
The Duke of Wellington's writing was large
anl forriWe, without attempt at decoration.
ruriu th l it t. n year of ius life, however,
hi writing w,s in.l.S- lent, an l often illegible.
None bat ciMujxskt',r is a newyjmper office, rc-cn-itome.i
to I1 s-.rt.-i of hieroglyphic;, eouiJ
p's-iblr l-ciph-r tue chariic-ters. A letter of Lis
t' a minister iu Inl Derby's CiAbinet has not to
this d-iy b-m unraveled. Nine oat of every ten
of the Duke's 1 tti rs treasured by autograph
hintf-r- were written by bin Secretary, Mr. Grey
nlle, who wrote a Lund very much like that of
th! Dnke in hij best days. Lord Brougham's
hand betrayed much nncon.ineriibltj restlessness
of iispnls';. His manuscript was a mass of
hieroglyphic;,, and according to Dr. Bliukinsop,
in all Mr. Clowes' extensive printing establish
ment in London, there was only one man coin
petent to grapple with it, and he often gave it
np in dehpair. The bold and careless freedom
of Fyron'u handwriting compared to the ele
gant little pettiness of Tom Moore's, reveaU
very clnrly the peculiar qnilities of the two
poets. The elegant precision of Mrs. Heinau's
penmanship, and the free but clear and intelli
gent abandon of I. E. Lundou's, were equ.illy
rharacteri.-.tic of their mental peculiarities. The
royal family of England have generally written
good, tlear and free hands. William IV. wrote
a remarkably plain and legible hand, and that
of his brother George was showy and ducat.
(neeu Victoria Las an elegant signature. Locke
s.iT- the fa.-t r a tu in writes the slower others
read what he has written. Napoleon Could
write fourteen pages a minute ; unfortunately,
however, each page collated of eight blots and
a t.I.itt r. Suiii; of h:s lines to Marie Louise
appear as it M attered over the manuscript by
the explosion of a bomb-shell. The manuscript
of Horace (Jreeley, the American statesmau,
was veiy illigible. A wag once observed that
the sentence Virtue ia its own reward," writ
ten by Greeley, was rendered by the compositor
into " Wahiug ith soap is wholly absurd T'
Another story runs that Mr. Greeley was once
applied to for the character of a servant whom
he bad dismissed for dishonest practices. Some
time afterward the Uiu met Mr. Greeley and
thanked him for the character he had given him.
' Why,' said Greeley, I candidly said you
were a thief.'' ' Well, sir, as it was impossible
to read your letter, it was construed iuto a re
commendation, and I got the situation.'' Lou
An American Heiress-
speaking of love and marriage, writes a 1'aris
i-ntrecpondeiit, reminds me that I must tell yon
about the sensation which Miss Leslie Aver,
daughter and heiress of the late Dr. James
Ayer, of patent medicine fame, has been giving
us. Itianmui-li as Miss Ayer has a fortune of
bont ?.",tH),fK.M, all the fortune-hunters of
France have been fixing their longing eyes upon
her for some time. This young lady and her
pile have received no little attention in the most
uri.-tocrutic and fashionable circles of Paris, par
ticularly from that boss match-maker, the Prin
c ss De Sagen, iu whose ' matrimonial book "
are recorded some of the most aristocratic names
iu the peerage as aspiring to the hand and for
tune of the heiress of the great American patent
medicine man. If Dame Gossip speaks the
truth, this young American girl was very near
Iwromiug, through the aid of the aforesaid Prin-ees-(,
a royal bigness and a kinswoman of the
ame royal f.u ily wdich has given us the sweet
tuor.-M-l oi s-aud.il in Spain that I have already
r lted. When Miss Ayer arrived in France
this year she came accompanied by the prestige
of the most romantic adventure. The story
goes th.it a young Lieutenant in the Italian
army, the Count Bettini, a handsome young
fellow only 2'i years of age, had last Winter sent
a bullet through his heart on the doorstep of the
American lady's residence. A letter was found
on him in which he declared that he had been
driven to this rash act by the refusal of the
beautiful young American to accept the heart,
hand and broken-down title which he had offered
her. It seems that Miss Ayer had only seen
this titled suitor four times, and had not discov
ered that the Same she had kindled in the heart
of the Italian was of so violent a nature. Bet
tini bad taken the precaution to warn her of the
eitremlty to which her coldness was driving
him, and the letter was accompanied by three
photographs illustrating the probable appear
ance of the writer after he had wade the ac
quaintance of the contents of a Colt's re volver.
If this way of wooing had the merit of origin
ality, it was entirely too soft for the practical
good sense of Miss Ayer, who very properly
handed the letter and the photographs to her
brother, and the Italian Count was invited to
aiake himself scarce. This he did by carrying
out Li threat. There Is nothing practical aV out
vour thoroughgoing Itali in. Chicago Times.
Edison as an Operator.
"KcHsou useI to work the other eud of a
circuit with me,'' said au operator," and I
knew him when he wad in Memphis some
thirteen or fourteen years ago: lie always
looked ratty and never spent his money on
t lothe, but the reason was that he was al
ways tiokerioff with some new contrivance
or other, and spent hi money iu paying for
material to work out his inventions. He
used to take press in Memphis". He was as
fast as they made 'em, and his copy never
gave a telegraph editor a bit of trouble. He
had a way while waiting for copy of draw
ing caricatures, illustrating the character
of news he was getting and patting them
along in the spaces of the copy he sent into
the press. This made one of the papers up
there, I lorget which, red hot, and it open
ed on him and had a good deal to do with
hi- being Sred hy the manager. Kdisou
didut want the fool editor to print his fun
ny pictures in hi tejegrapb news. He only
drew tbeni for his own amusement. When
he went to Boston with his yellow linen
Lreeches on in the middle of winter, the
manager of the office, finding he was an ex
pert, hired him to keep the repeaters in or
der. Kdin worked a part of two d.iys and
then was caught by the manager of the of
fice fooling with some coutrivauce of his
own. 'Thought I hired you to keep those
repeater in order,' said the manager. You
did,' said Kdison, 'but I've pat a kink or
two into them that will make them keep
themselves in order.' From that day bis
Ttune was made-" Exchange.
VOL. XXVII I--NO. 13.
A Model Girl.
I saw a girl come into a Ptreet-car the other
day, though, who had, I was ready to bet, made
her own dress, and how nice she did look. She
was one of those clean, trim girls you see now
and then. She was about 13 years old, and, to
begin with, looked well-led, healthy and stroug.
She looked as though she had a sensible mother
at home. Her f;ice and neck and ears and Uei
hair were clean absolutely clean. How seldom
you see that, there was no powder, no puun
on the smooth, rounded cheek or rirm, dimpled
chin ; none ou the moist, red hps : none on the
shell-tinted, but iioi loo .movUI ears v uum on
the handsomely set neck rather broad behind,
perhaps, but running migty prettily up iuto the
tightly corded hair. And tU hir ! It was of
light chestnut-brown, and glistened with p(-cks
of gold as the sun shone it, and there was not a
smear of oil or pomatum or cosmetic on it ; there
was not a spear astray about it, and not a pin to
be seen in it. As the yiri came in and took her
seat she cast an easy, un mbarrassed glance
around the car from a well-opened gray eye,
bright with the inimitable light of good con
dition, such a3 you see in some handsome youug.
athletes who are in training. There were no
tags and ends, fringes, furbelows or llutteriug
ribbons about her closely-fitting but easy suit of
tweed, and as she drew off oue glove to look iu
her pur.-e for a small coin for fare, I noticed
that the gloves were not new, but neither were
they old ; they were simply well kept, like the
owner and their owner's hand, which was as-lid
hand, with plenty of muscles between the ten
dons and with strong but supple fingers. It was
a hand that suggested at the sauin time worn n- i
liuess and work, and I was sorry when it found I
a nve-ceut piece and had beeii regloved. One
foot was thrust out a little uru the slats of t la-
car floor a foot iu a good walking boot that
might have plashed through a rainstorm without
fear or damp stockings and an eminently sen
sible boot ou a two and one-half foot, with a
high instep, a small, round heel aud a pretty
broad tread. The girl was a picture, from head
to foot, and as she sat erect, disdaining the sup
port of the back of the seat, but devoid of nil
appearance of stiffness. Perhaps the whole out
fit to be seen, from hat to boots, did not cost
10; but I have seen plenty of outfits costing
more than ten times, or even twenty times, that
which did not look one-tenth or even one-
twentieth as well. If our gills only knew the
beauty of mere simplicity, cleanliuess and
their fascination ! Exchange.
liana. Maui, Sept. 12, 1SS3. The Roman
Catholic Mission have commenced building a
church at Haua on a piece of ground donated for
the purpose by Mr. Unna,
The Kip Uultt plantation h is t ik 'ii a d 1-1
boom and has 3.) acres of plant, an I I V) a.-ivs
A few years ago the U. S. Government made
small appropriation to bring E-.ilish spar
rows t the St is t Tmiu-itt the i-tt?rpil-
ars, and tr3.; 1) r.:r-. T.i -sa bir Is hi.'f "multi
plied so rapidly th it th-j State arr- air i ly w-ll
stocked, anl th ; w ir'c of exter nin iti i :' r i
caterpillars h is b i carried on with vi ; r Uy
these little workers. At a very small esp -.is 1 1
this Government, sir $GX), 3,003 of thes.j birds
could be brought frou th States, aul-v.-ry
island could b well st -kel whil" th- riva-s
of the caterpillar which is injuring s. nvija of
our new cane would cease.
Nawiliwili, S.'pt. 13th. The new mill at W.u-
mea will begin grin ling next M n 1 y. Ther--
is a fine crop of e m r.? i ly for milling at that
place. At Wai.ilua th ; .u iteil.il for th- n'ew iron
bridge has all arrived au 1 work on the lmt.nf nts
is almost fiuished. Itesidents are delightd with
the prospect of h iviug a de'ut way of er losing
this bad stream and qnioksaul mire at tiiis
point. All over the il iu 1 tin mills witli a fe-.v
exceptions are not grinding nor wiil tliv gener
ally commence for two or three m niths y-t.
Planters are generally engaged in putting iu
cane, lhe weather is most lav.vaoi-- t the
growth of the crops now in.
Honakaa, Sept. 12. 1333. Mr. Citis f). Mil-
r is erecting his new dry fluaie, this is a thrt-e
board flame with rollers placed oue foot apart in
bottom of flume and is said to work well.
Mr.Thos.M.V.IIart who has been in chargo of
Mr. Holmes' store for th:- last year go's to 1 i
nilo next week to take ch irge of A-. S. 'Cleghorn
i Co.'s new store. Mr, Hart's ability as sales
man i well known, and we wisii him success in
his new undertaking.
Tne weather for the last week has been unu
sually warm und calm.
Doctor Greenfield moves into hi new prem
ises next week.
Girls' Equipment for Self Support-
No one will dispute the assertion that any
given girl may some day have herself and per
haps her family to support, and yet our schemes
of education for girls are framed precisely as if
this wete not and could not be true. As a rule,
no provision whatever is made for such a con
tingency iu the education of the giils : no recog
nition whatever Is given to the fact that the
chance exists. Ve shut our eyes to the danger ;
.we hope that it will never come, and we put the
thought of it away from us. Iu briof, we trust
to luck, aud that is a most unwise -1 was about
to say an idiotic -thing to do.
Each one of us has known women to whom
the mischaucc has happened, and each oue of
us knows that it may happen to the daughter
whom we tenderly cherish ; yet we put no arms
iu her hands with which to fight this danger ;
we equip her for every need except the sorest of
all needs ; we leve her at the mercy of chance,
knowing that the time may come when she
whom we have not taught to do any bread-winning
work will have n. cd of bread and will know
no way in which to get it except through de
pendency, beggary, or worse. She can teach.
Yes, if she can find some politician to secure an
appointment for her. She cau prick back pov
erty with the point of her needle ? Yes, nt the
rata of 75 cents a week, or, if she is a skillful
needle-women, at twice or thrice that pittance.
' I see that there is hail five feet deep in
Iowa," said a Wall-street broker to a bar
keeper. ,4It's a great pity," replied the
cocktail conjurer. 44 Why so ? '' asked his
customer. " Because it's a shame to supply
bo much cracked Ice to a prohibition State."
HONOLULU. HAWAIIAN ISLANDS, SEPTEMBER 22, IS83.
Cane Sugar and Beet Sugar.
Quite receutly it has come to light that cane
sugar and beet sugar, which have always been
looked up-.n as identical. arj in fact quite dif
ferent. The t -nus sucrose an I betee have ben
used to d -siguate these two sugars for two iso
meric sugars th-y ,:, -rtaiuly are, if all we hear
about them be true. They show the same com
position iu a hundred parts, the same percent
age of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen, and yet
their properties are different. They act differ
ently in the polaiiscope ; their sweetening pow
ers are different. Tar- superior sweetness of
carte sfly.-ir, as compared to leet ngar. has been
well known for some considerable time past to
those who are intimately acquainted with both
sugars, though the general public has not yet
been made aware of it. As to their relative
sweetness it is found, of course, that as 4' tastes
differ,'' opinions vary as to the amount of dif
ference ; but with all persons who have any
faculty for tasting worthy of the name, and who
have tried the to sugars together, nothing can
be clearer than the fact that beet sugar does
not sweeten so well as cane sugar. But, though
individuals may differ in their judgment in this
respect, here is a test which will be considered
t .lerably conclusive : At Mr. Gregory's College,
m ar Blackpool, where a large number of youths
are educated, and where the boarders are not
stinted in their allowance of sugar or auythin
else necessary to life, it was found that when
beet sugar was substituted for cane sugar, that
' for household purposes it is at least 30 per
cent, inferior to cane sugar' Several other
similar instances might be cited to show that
wherever ueet sugar is used instead of cane
sugar, more of thi former is required.
There has not yet been time to investigate
minutely into the different solubilities and
chemical reactions of these two kinds of sugar,
but it is already known that they act differently
on polarized light. And iu this respect a very
curious fact his como prominently forward,
namely, that as the polarizing power of the
sugar increases, its sweetening power dimin
ishes. This shows, of course, that as regards
the commercial analysis of sugars, the polari
scopo is an instrument which cannot possiblj
teach the exact value of a sugar. It appears
very probable that betosr- or beet sugar holds au
intermediate place between cane sugar (sucrose)
and dextrose or dextrine.
" We venture to think," says a modern writer
on this subject, that beet sugar is a depraved
sucrose, that betoso stands midway between
sucrose and dextrose, which last may be con
sidered as a depraved bcto.se, which has got so
low iu the scale of sugars as to be affected by
the copper test (thus resembling glucose).
Though it has nearly half as much again of 4 po
larisoopic strength ' as its stronger parent be
tose, it has not much more than half the sweet
ness of the latter, and not very much more than
one-third of that of sucrose," as will be seen by
the following table :
lereeof Pilari.stion. Sweetness.
I'tire li xrrose
,.10:j (ICR. TOdeg.
....117 de'. 40de.
Now, the question arises whether any amount
of rt fining can biing these different varieties
iuto one kiud of sugar. Up to the present time
nothing has been brought forward pointing to
such a conclusion. In the next place, we may
ask whether the different processes of extraction
from the caue now used in the West Indies all
yield the same sucrose. We have certainly met
with cane sugars having different degrees of
sweetut ss, some of which may have been par
tially converted into betose. This is an import
ant subject which deserves great attention, both
on the part of the manufacturer and consumer.
The Great British Channel Tunnel-
The ICnglish liberal public have recently
been paying high honors to John Bright.
The great Quaker orator has now been in
Parliament a quarter of a century, and un
like other public; men, he has not grown
more conservative with advancing years.
He is as ardent a liberal as he was when he
first entered public life. He resigned from
the (jlad.stouc ministry because he could
not conscientiously approve ol the bombard
ment of Alexandria and the unprovoked war
upon the people of Kgypt. Iu his answers
to the congratulatory addresses of his ad
mirers, he took occasion to refer to the pro
ject of uniting Great Britain to the Conti
nent by means of a tunnel under the chan
nel which separates Kngland from France.
The enterprise, which would be of incalcu
lable benefit to the business interests of all
Western Europe, and most of all to Great
Britain herself, has been opposed by all
classes of public men in Kngland, because
they fear that the tunnel, if constructed,
would put the British islands at the mercy
of the various armies of the contenental
Mr. Bright ridiculed these fears as being
chimerical, and pointed out the imaiense
commercial benefits which would follow
the connection between the British railway
system and that of the Continent. Sir John
Hawkshaw, a famous engineer, states that
! there are no engineering difficulties in the
construction which could not be easily sur
mounted. It could be finished in eight years
and the cost would not exceed $40,000,000,
He estimated there will be 2,00:,000 passen
gers passing through it annually, and that
the freight business would not be les than
1,200,000 tons. The income, he estimates,
would be nearly $5,000,000 annually, and al
lowing forty percent for working expenses,
there will be a piotit of nearly seven per
cent. The tunnel will be nearly one hundred
and eighty feet below the bed of the chan
nel, and in case a war should break out it
would be an easy matter to make it useless
to an invading force. It does not require
any great amqunt of imaglnatin tq show
how important would be the practical an
nexation of England to the Continent of
Europe. True, a vast rmount of shipping
would be rendered useless, but then the
transportation of passengers aud merchan
dise would be cheapened, and much valua
ble time saved. The powerful material in
terests involved will necessitate in time the
construction of this tunnel, and when com
pleted, it will be one of the wonders of the
world. Demorest'a Monthly.
The Worm Turns-
, From the sterner sex and from the sterner
members of her own sex, poor defenseless wo
man has received au enormous amount of revil
ing for her corsets, her high heels, her bustles,
her tight shoes, aud the thousand aud one other
things which she imagines make bar more
charmiui'. All this she has endured up to the
present, and with saiuly patience, but, at last,
even the worm brought to bay will turn and rend
his accusers. And the peculiar thing about it is
that seems to have some some reason on her
side. She tells her critics to remove first the
bea.mfrom their own eyes, and then they will
be better qualified to judge of the size of the mote
which is obscuring their sisters' vision. Her
first point of attack is the starched shirt front.
This we surrender at once. And so on until wo
are reduced almost to the condition which Eve
succeeded in making improper for Adam to ap
pear in on the day when that wretched couple
indulged too untestrainedly in a vegetarian diet.
Then it was that woman first provoked the dress
discussion, and it has remained with her a fruit
ful topic ever since. Up to that time there was
no question as to what was and what was not
"rational'' dress. But Eve listened to the
Worth of her day, and here we are after centur
ies of evolution, each sex wearing a fashion of
fig leaf which the other knows to be ridiculous,
and yet are no nearer a solution of tho vexed
problem than were our unworthy progeni
tors ou that November afternoon when they
were evicted from the Garden of Eden. Is there
no compromise possible ? If wo 3'ield points on
our side, will our daughters, wives aud sisters
meet us half way ? Will the abandonment of
the hiiih hat purchase abstinence from the flower
aud feather-trimmed monstrosities which fur
nish the milliners a luxurious existence ? Will
the giving up of starched collars, cuffs and shirt
fronts gain the abolition of an equal number of
starched skirts and lace-trimmed petticoats ?
Will our return to sandals mean death to French
heels ? Will our absolute desertion of barbers
secure temperance iu the use of rice-powder aud
arsenical solutions ? When these questions are
answered in the affirmative we will give iu our
allegiance to the new order of things, but until
they are we shall cling manfully to the right to
encase our bodies in stiffened linen and torture
oursnives in uny other way we may see fit.
The Modern Age for July.
CIRCUIT COURT THIRD JUDICIAL
Chief Justice J udd Presiding W. Austin
Whiting for the Crown Criminal
At the the September term of the Circuit
Court of the Island of Hawaii, Third Judicial
District, begun and holden at Waiohiun on lion-
day, September 10, A. D. 1833, the following
criminal cases were on the calendar and disposed
of as follows, viz:
CASES TRIED BY FOItKIOM JCltr.
Ilex. vs. Akau, p. Selling liquor without a
iceuse. Ou appeal ; verdict, guilty ; sentence,
fine $250 and costs. Smith Sc Thurston and Wr.
O. Smith for defendant.
Rex. vs. Aki, p. Selling liquor without a
iceuse. Uu appeal ; a nolle prosequi was en
tered for the Crown, as Aki was a partner of
Akau. aud the evidence was the same in both
cases. The Chief Justice, on consultation, con
sidered that justice was satisfied by the sentence
of Akau. Smith JSr Thurston aud W. O. Smith
Rex. vs. I., p. Selling liquor without a li
cense. Ou appeal ; defendaut deceased.
Rex. vs. Sylvester. Illicit manufacture of in
toxicating liquor. Ou appeal ; defendant ac
quitted, under the direction of the Court, as
evidence insufficient. Nawahi for defendant,
CASKS TRIKD BT NATIVE JURY.
. Rex. vs. Kaiawa, k. Robbery ; indictmeut ;
verdict, guilty ; sentence, two years with hard
labor. Kapalu & Thompson for defendant.
Bex. vs. Ku k. .fe Kaloo, k. Assault and bat
tery with a dangerous weapon ; iudictment ; ac
quitted by jury. Nawahi & Thompson for de
fendants. Rex. vs. Garcia, Rex. vs. Joe Dal Terea, Rex.
vs. Kabalepaaole, k.; larceny on appeal. W. C.
Jones for Garcia and Terea ; Nawahi for Kaba
lepaaole. These cases were continued to Sep
tember term, 1884, on motion of defeudaut's
counsel. I do not consider that the Crown cau
obtaiu a conviction. The defendants are all
under the age of fifteen, and the evidence is con
flicting. Tae boys were warned by the Court to
bo on good behavior during the year, and are
Awa vs. Smith and Mokeau vs. Smith. These
were civil suits brought against the Deputy
Sheriff of Kau to recover liquor seized by him.
W. O. Smi;h and W. A. Whiting for defendaut ;
W. C. Jones for plaintiffs. In the case of Mo
keau, a verdict was rendered for the defendant,
and some seventeen cases of liquor oondemued
aud forfeited to the Government. In the case of
Awa, the defendant, under instruction of his
counsel, surrendered the liquor some ten cases
as the evidence tended strongly to show that
the liquor was not fqr sale, hut for private use.
These cases were properly Government cases,
aud were conducted as such.
Among the monarchs of the earth there have
been at all times dowa to the prosont day profound
students of various branches of science. One of
the moat illustrous examples which history records
of patient and enterprising study pursued under
most unusual circumstances is illustrated iu the
biography of the Russian potentate Peter the
Great. But in contemporary times there are mon
arch not loss fond of study. It is said that the
present Emperor of Brazil is well known as a stu
dent of astronomy, and he says, in comparing the
present comet with that of 1843 " I observed that
of 13i3very well; it was tot so remarkable for
brilliancy of nucleus and tail, but it appeared to be
of much greater length. I saw it with ths naked
eye, near the sun, on February 23, a phenomenon
which has been seen in that" aud the present comet
only. Some days later I examined it after sunset,
and for beveral hours the tail nearly reached the
zenith, while the head and coma were not far from
the horizon." The royal love of study is also il
lustrated by His Majesty the King of
Hawaii. His Majesty's love of nautical science is
well known and Hia accomplishments as a practical
commander of all kinds of vessels shows the re
sult 9 of great and patient study.
;;. : ii .:ihL:tir:
- 2 - .
Meeting to Form a Trades to I on.
Pursuant to the call of a committee a meeting
was held last Saturday in tl. : ! of the Ha
waiian Hotel to take the ini; nteps towards
forming an amalgamated tra I.-, uaion. This pro
ject has long been a matter of earnest considcra
tion among the thinking laboriug men of Hono
lulu. For some time the necessity of co-operation
among those who faithfully and honestly toil for
their bread and those who sincerely sympathize
with the boin'i and muscle of the land, has been
felt on accouut of the aggressiveness of capital
upon the rights of poor but able and valuable
workers in every field of industry. As a conse
quence of this very unanimous feoling among la
borers, they responded in largo numbers to tho
call of the committee. Not only was the room
generously provided by the hotel management,
crowded to its utmost capacity but .the corridors
and adjoining apartments were rilled with those
who earuo to participate iu the movement and
spectators. The assembly was duly called to order
at about 7:30 o'clock and Mr. J. H. Goldsmith
elected temporary chairman.
I pon taking his chair as president of the assent
bly Mr. Goldsmith stated concisely the object for
which the meeting had been called. Then upon
motion Mr. Charles Carson was elected secretary
and Mr. George Cavenagh assistant secretary pro
The Chairman then called upon the gentlemen
present for short advisorv addesses in regard to
the purpose of the meeting and the most advisable
order of piocceediug. Iu response sevoral brief
but pointed speeches were delivered by Mr. Burns
and other experienced men, the purport of which
was substantially as follows
Workiiigiuen, artificers and common laborers iu
this country have been from time to time subjected
to various impositions which are too well and gen
erally known to require at the present stage of pro
ceedings any detailed specifications. The real in
terests of employers aud employees are common
Working men do not desire anything but simply
what is justly their due. They do not form a com
bination to injure those who give them employ
nient. They unite only to guarantee the rights of
both employers and employees; to protect individ
ual working men, who may uot have the means of
defending themselves from the unfair advantages
which avaricious wealth is sometimes inclined to
a.. , . . .
iah.eoer us most faithful servants. As to the
necessity of organizing a proto;:tiva uu ion in Ho
nolulu, no oue could truthfully deny it. In uniou
there was strength and in no country under the
sun, could mechanics and laborers escape occa
sional gross wrongs except hy mutual fraternal
support and intelligent co-operation. All working
nieu of whatever profession are bound together by
a common tie which they cannot ignore without
involving themselves in trouble and loss, and sub -
jecting themselves to any injustice or indignity
which capital, in its heartless grasp for further ac
cumulations, is only too often inclined to commit.
It was believed to be the intention of all the work
ingmen and their immediate friends engaged in
this movement to unite fratornally and make
themselves felt as a power for universal right and
justice between employers and employees, under
the laws of the land. Much a determination no
one can oppose without incurring the suspicion
a had motive.
Upon motion it was resolved to appoint a commi t
mittee to draft a conititution and procure a place
and fix a time for a futin-j .meting.
On the first of those committees the following
gentlemen were appointed by vote: J. H. Gold
smith, George Cavenagh, Z. Y. Squires, James
Wallace, J. Burns, W. B. Reed, C. Carson.
Committee on place of meeting: T. P. Murry,
William Cuthbert, George Buckley.
Over one hundred and sixty men have iudicated
their desire to become msmbers of the proposed
association and as soon as a constitution is dra fted
the committe on place of meeting will issue a pub
lic no tiee, ad the organization will be completed.
For the Eight.
Joaquin Miller, the well-known aud popular
writer and poet of the United States, recently de
livered an original poem before the Press Ass ocia
tion of New York City, which w reproduca bilow.
It is a noble, generous tribute to the faithful Jour
nalists, who quietly toil for the public good, all
over tho civilized world, and yet who are seldom,
if ever, properly recognized or rewarded by the
public. By way of introduction the celebrated
writer says: " A sentiment of those of us who toil
at night and send forth thoughts with the rising
sun that bear no name; thoughts that are fashion
ed for the Christian world while it dreams, certain
of protection, with no other army than the unarm
ed editors to guard it and guide it in the righ t."
The builders of cities, of worlds are we,
The unnamed scribes, aud of unknown worth;
For we are the kinsmen uf Progress, and ho
. Prince that we honor the whole wide earth.
Nor gold, nor glory, nor name we claim
We ask but the right, unfettered to tight;
To name a wrong by its shameless name;
To slav the wrong for the love of the Pight.
Tho sentries of cities, of worlds are we.
Each standing alone on his high watch-tower;
We are looking away to the land, to the sea;
We have only a lamp in the midnight hour
Then leave us the right to fight or to fall,
As God may will, in the front of the fight,
Unchallenged, unquestioned for the good of all,
For tho truth that lives, for the love of the Right.
The givers of glory to nations are we,
The builders of shafts and of monuments
To soldiers and daring great men of the sea;
But we are the homeless, strange dwellers in tents
With never a tablet or high-built stone.
Yet what care we who goes down in the fight.
Though we live unnamed, though we die unknown,
If only we live and we die for the Bight ?
There are brighter things ia this wurld than gold,
There are nobler things iu this world than name
To silently do with your deeds untold,
To silently die unnoised to fame.
Then forth to the fight, unnamed and alone
Let us lead the world to its destined height:
Enough to know, if but this be known,
We live and we die alone for tho Bight.
There has of ten times been talk abiut getting a
short-hand reporter in this city for the purpose of
taking down speeches or recording testimony in
courts. According to an article, which has recently
appeared in several foreign scientificpapers however
"the art of short hand is. it appears, to be super
seded by one of the queerest inventions on record.
The fevolution is to be effected by means of a ma
chine called a "glossograph," which consists of six
levers, forming a sort of cage, each communicat
ing with a tracing-pencil. The use to be made of
the "glossograph" is rather curious. While the
orator or lecturer is holding forth, the reporter is
to repeat the words of the speaker with his tongue
in the cage. Thus the quickest conversation, some
London journals tells us, may be taken down with
ease. The ludicrous aspect which thw new inven
tion assumes may be an obstacle to its adoption,"
says the Scientific American. We do not think
that its ludicrous aspect would deter na from us-,
ing it here in Honolulu providing it did. good, work
and. was cheap.
A .;!: ! If:
WHOLE NO. 14-2f.
The Reciprocity Snirar Caiup.ni).
This company, located at Mokae, Huua, Maui
started to plant cane in January 183:1, aud by April
1st had planted 114 acres. Thev will have 140
acres of cane to grind in March. 1SS4, and expect
to plant 200 actus of cane this year. lhe present
crop it is estimated will yield from .100 to 100 tous
Their cane, which is long-jointed Labaiiiu. certain
ly looks fine. The water supply is from nu unfail
ing source aud is carried three miles from the Mo-
kaenui mountains, and supplies all the Iioum-s of
the plantation. The lands require no irrigation .
The mill is an right ton oue, and the building,
which is in course of erection, is 120 feet lung by
42 wide, with a down hill grade so that a pump will
hardly be required. .The company have gone to an
expense of $4,000 to make their landing and wharf
a good one. Tnis enterprising company have al
ready erected thirty-eight houses and are still
building. The laborers, Madeira and St. Michaels
Portuguese, also natives, have neat houses in sep
arate quarters with eating and bath houses for
each quarter. No expense has been spared to jnako
their lalwrers comfortable. Mr. Cummings, the
manager, inspects each room every week and a line
is imposed if the rooms are not kept neat and clean
by the occupants. Though the work has been dis
couraging in some respects the land leing covered
by big guavas and stones, their labor will soon bo
repaid, and this once roughland proves to bo rich
soil. Mr. J. F. McCrosson has been engaged as en
gineer for the plantation. The stockholders have,
in Mr. Cummings, an efficient, energetic manager
who is thoroughly conversant with his businces.
Whj Wool ia Poor Condition Does Not Sell
The Han Francisco Merchant makes the follow
ing remarks on wool which we commend to the
attention of such of our readers as are interested
in the wool industry :
Wool buyers this season are taking for the most
part nothing but well-handled wools, and neglect
ing such as do uot conn; up to this standard. The
quality of wool makes little difference, as all sorts
are needed; it is its condition to which we refer.
Many wool growers make complaints of not being
fairlv dealt with bv commission houses, although
the latter may be doing everything they can for
them. When a buyer opens a sack and finds the
fleeces full of tar, paint or other foreign matter,
although the wool may be satisfactory in other ro
spects and the price reasonable, he passes the lot
by, knowing the great risk attending the manu
facture of wool in this condition. Thi-i is difficult
to sort, and some of the tar or paint is very likely
to be overlooked it gets into tin? cards and breaks
down the wire, going through into the yarn aud
into the cloth, and if of light colors tho goods are
ruined, causing great loss to the manufacturer.
Such wools must be used for a lower class of goods
and sold at less than their actual value would '
if in proper condition. If growers, knowing these
facts, persist in using tar and paint when there are
satisfactory substitutes not injurious to the wool,
they must abide the consequences. Wool commis
sion houses should call their consignors' attention
to this, or the San Francisco wool market is likely
to be seriously affected.
Milk and Tomatof.
It is not generally understood how valuable milk
aud tomatoes are as articles of food. Both of these
we have an abundance of in this country and as an
example of the very good results which have come
from their use in cases of sickness, we quote tho
following from an exchange: "About a year ago
General Robert C. Schenck was said to bo dying of
Bright's disease. The physicians said so. gave him
up, and the people of the country in which he had
been bo long and often honored, got ready to re
ceive the announcement of his death. But the
General is still alive to point his finger at the doc
tors; not only alive, but in good health, having
quite got the better of the fearful disease that was
wasting him away. The. change in condition was
simply the effect of a change of diet. He had been
a generous liver. He came down to milk and to
matoes. He ate nothing else for a year. Now he
is all right again, and may eat of whatsoever ph-as-eth
him with impunity. There are men who will
need the full expression of the moral this experi
ence implies. Such men are fit to die of Bright's
disease. But it seems, after all, that half the ills
that flesh is heir to may be averted by a proper re
gimen. The character of food we take and the man
ner in which we take it are the prime causes of
many of the worst disorders from which men suff
er. Uieting is too little understood. There is not
enough attention given to the choice of foods and
the care of cooking. Let the stomach be rightly
attended to, and the brain aud other vital func
tions in which disease lodge will have less room to
harbor the vagrant enemies of life and sweet oon
Saturday evening there was a very plea taut
event at the residence of Mr. Alex. Bolster, whose
daughter, Miss Martha D. Bolster, was united in
the bonds of holy matrimony with Mr. Kobert H.
Donnolly, of Sydney. The ceremony took place at
7:30 o'clock in the evening, the Reverend Father
Damon officiating. About thirty young friends of
the contracting parties were present and after the
marriage congratulations were offered, many beau
tiful and valuable wedding gifts were presented to
the happy couple. Among the more noticeable of
these were a large heavy silver butter salver, elab
orately wrought, with knife presented by Mr. Em
erson and Mr. Duff; a gold necklaco and locket
presented by Mr. Osgood; an elegant toilet set by
Miss F. Lack; a superb bible by Mrs. Damon; a
handsome set of silver teaspoons with holder by
Miss Alioe Lovo ; a lovely toilet set by Mrs. S. B.
Whitney; a nioe set of silver napkin rings by Miss
S. O'Neal and a unique pair of fine gloves by Mrs.
Burgess ; a handsome brooch from Mrs. Shcppard ;
a family bible (illustrated) from her father ; aud
a silver-plated cruet-stand from her grandfather.
A few memberaof tho Hawaiian band were present,
and from eight until eleven o'clock the merry com
pany passed the happy hours in dancing. Then a
bountiful repast was spread before the guests and
the thoroughly sociable and convivial company
did not disperse until almost midnight. Mr. Don
nolly and his fair bride have the respect and best
wishes of all.
1 Gorgeoit Saasft.
Last Sunday night the sun set amid a flood of
unusually gorgeous light. The sky in the West
first seemed charged with a white brilliancy like
that emitted by an electric light. Gradually, as
old Sol " descended towards the sea, the oolor of
the heavens became more variegated and more
pronounced. All the hues of the rainbow were
developed by degrees and the scene became exceed
ingly lovely. The whole we3t ern sky blazed with
the flood of glory, ever assuming new and rich del
icate tints until the sun " like a hero went head
long to its grave," when a glowing light of ro
sette hue gathered over the departed orb which
had no sooner disappeared from, view than
the moon arose in the East, "to follow forward in
the path of bright departing day." In theae gay
and, beautiful tropical sunsets nature seems to as
sume a gala dreaa that almost mocks the compara
tively paltry magnificence of man.
1 K 1 .' I I . I r
Spncr tiieBtun',1 n,
Si u h rt il l
1 1 i,
ft Lines. ( tn.lf i :ir !: ) . .
1 1 l.idi t. ( one inrli , .
21 Line. i,l m m iiirlic ;
."ii l.,ni ii. (tlirre (in. i.
48 l.inen. (four do ).
i 1 'H r'l , . . ,i
1 II) ill,
2 4 u ; .-i
3 i"i .' ( o 7 ; i
4 HO II CI' In i 1 1
fi (10 !d (in 14 i 'i
Co 12 i J ll n
12 CO .U .i Ji I " 1
IS m Mi CO 4'i i
ITT AiTT.i6"r ren-il-ni: Iti t l i- I n i r ti i- i
pHy for cheir can! l y encicciric (in " I i r I
Pnntave Stamr-n fir puch nnicurit if ( i t. l i
" :i.. II i
cM will lx inserted m p.r whrvr l;,l.!,-. f .r tin- line k I f
IT- Puinrg Chi-.I. kI.lu noKAin rci. a ok, !
Ilownl rtiiTounl from thepr r-Jl-", nt.ii ti an' r tn.i u
aavertisrmt'nts wl.cn nij (,r chury i ijunrtrri r .
Single ropit-i nf lhe Aptkktik. Ti n C i t. In ', ! i i, rim',-.
Fifteen Centi; ty the dun n. One Idillnr
J)Y OIini.lt OF W. AI S1 1
y miniftiator ol tho tt!i'..
will it'll at public unction, to ihi
MnkHwao, on WEI .N KSIiAY, tin
A. 1. l-ts.'l.at 10 oYlcrk X M :
i Km a
lujl.est l i.l.'.i r. i,t 1. n
I 'lli tiny of S. j 1 1 !;i 1 !'
fl pair Working Ov-n,
5 l ow aud 1'alvrn,
10 Saddle Horse,
;l Ox C'artH,
1 Carnage Hume,
1 Single Ilartit sji.
('OUSl-.tiDT- 111 .Hit ai Mlcw-a '
Koa I'lickt, Etc., I to .;
1 Meat Safe,
1 Iron Cafe,
Stove ninl furniture,
Lot or Crockery.
IT Ternii I'aali.
w, r. mobsman-,
PUBLIC iOTI( i:,
lu C hamber. Circuit Jiidae. Sera... I ,
Dlalricl. Huw-Hli.m I.IuikW.
juwitit Al'I'LICAllON IIAVlNll Jil.lN
I ii I i.
nu una court tiv A
in that this Court appoint C..niiiiJH!ou-rH t , , ' '
divid and set apart In. ahare and inter. Ht , '.h , ' ;
Maui II. I., covered hy the Knii una No. 4.7;,:., ,-,,., , i i
i W IU"r0 f"1Iy InUi.v.il l u., ,,1 . ,
i .. a, oi JJnuii, .Miioi. i,r.i .
Therefore. Lollee Js brr. l.y k: veil to all -a. ,! ,
k.,dI,ropu.,dp.rt.tiuu...,d more e.p.cnl.y ,., .N,,,,, ,.
Court will " ,"'".'""4; ,'" ' K. llanui.M, ih,.' t:.,
court ill ait at the l ourt-lioin-c in liana on
MO!IAV. OCTOHKK 3i!l. ISS3, AT J 1.
For h.i purposij of hearing the aaid pi'tilloinun I nm ..i .
tion that may be ottered tin ret... 4
... A lilt. riiliNAM.I ;
In Chui.ibrr..Cirru!l Judisc, Sroi.. .1 .lt
Oiatrirt, Hawaiian I.IhuiI,
J- , . . 'e, not.. la hereby given to all lnt -t ( -,t. I ,
Haunna, hani.kl, KaUn.ho.i. (W ), ll. K. ,,,,, , ., .
Keoahu (W.J, that thin Co.ut will ,t at liana on.-lo '
MO.Ml.t t'lOCTOIICU I NHIil, . T lo v.,
For the uro of hearing nail pftilina a-i I .. . j
tiona that may bo offered thereto.
. ., , , A lilt. FOilNAXM-.l;.
tircu't Judge, Secoinl Judiiial ijiHlrJ.-L il I
I.ahaJiia, Aiifiust 2H, lsS.1. ?. , . ., , Y
In Chambers, Circuit Judge, Sccoiul Ju
dicial District, Hawaiian Id mils.
Juori:jt ai'I'Licatiox iiavi.no m ix inio
...,T V .'," C!,rt by ''eorK J-:. Miner, of AII. ,-a, o
tr uardUn f the. minor children of H. . ruilliu, of hnipl
Maul deceased, asking that hii a.cunts Iu ,.,, ved
and he be. discharged. Notice i h. re by i iv. , I . .,11
whom it may concern that
Saturday, September 29, 1883, at 10 A. J,:.,
At the Court-In. use In Wi.ilnka, in tho time an I i J u .
lor hearing eaid petition and Miv objection-, th-.t env . ,
made thereto. Ap,J 1-J ; s a. l , :t
Circuit Judge, P.i-oii.1 Judicial intuit. l ! I
Jiepteinber In, 1sm:j. , -
In Chambers. Circuit Judge, Scconl Ju
dicial District, Hawaiian Islands.
in Pitou vi n.i
IJi'.Ol'EK Al'l-I.IOATIUN lUVIXii lihl .. llltj
with tl.iH Court by Oeo. ;. Min. r, .,1 M.k.iwao
guardian of the miuor child ( f Win. Hiith. rf nl, ..) M.ika'
wan. Maul, d.-ceaaed, asking that Inn account-, be a, i n Vi .
and he he diacharged. Not,.-,. 1K hi Teby civ. nt-. i.il whom
it way concern that '
Saturday, September 29, 1883, at 11 A. Id.
At the Court-house m Wailuku, ii the time und 1... net
lor hearing said petition and any obje I Iona that mat- I c
made thereto. ,hk. I EliXANULlt,
Circuit Judgn, Heeoinl Judicial Im rK I, II. 1.
September 1'). lns:l. .rli-Jlw
1W11UK 13 III.UEMY OIVi:N TO All. UPSON
Ii II I.IIEHY OIVr.N TO
tnai at a meeting held in Honolulu, on 1 he ;M ilr.y .
August, IMS , of the. ubcrih(-rH to the do k ol tl.e VAI
KAHC SCO A It CO.Ml'AN Y, it wan riled to a. c , t . hm
ter of incorporation, granted to them and their k
and aucceasora under he corporate name and at) l of tl..
Walkapu (Sugar Company, on tho Mtli day ol .iujy, Iv.a.
and that aaid corporation, under raid charter tin ii iip'.ii
organized itself and elected the following oillcer-. o tl,.
President Ilen.y ('miik.-li
Viee-I'reaidcnt Wm. II. Criiw-ll
Treasurer IIr,iy Ma-1 ,rlan
Hecrctary and Auditor lohn l;.,l l,n,,
Notice is further given that, purHuunt to t!,etiii..i if
Hbid (-bai ter. " No at..( kholdi r Hlmll individual)) bi-i.a).;.-for
the d.-bta of the corporation beyond th'e f.uiomjj
which may be due upon the uhare or alian-H In I l cl
owned by l.iiriHclt."
el.',-41w JOHN KQIUUNS Hn iitiir)
JAMKS Ill'XX, MKRCIIAXT, Gt.AM.OW,
L'n.lertakea the purchase and ihiptoeiit of all liu.ln of Hi.i
lh in.1 Continental O-.oda, and will be glad to r'-c iv.. Or. I' i .
at rates either Ireeon 1'iard at shipping port in Rump.-, or
delivered e ahlp (hut iriih duly for buyer's a"c.uiii; at
Ilaniihilu. Such Orders may be awuinpitiiud by r:rn i tatic- .. ,
piyableia London or rt.ir. Francljco J or he will lr:t' it .;o
d-iys aig-ht airainatconnrnied credits from Honolulu IUi.I.i .
or othersriM?. to t th onvenl;ure of buy en.
MKSSRS. WM. O. IRWIN k CO., Honolulu
HON. J. 8. WALKER, Honolulu.
THE AGRA BANK, (Limited), London.
CONCHEE & AHUN0,
IMPORTERS & GENERAL DEALERS
China Goods and Merchandise
OF KVKIIY UKHCRIITION.
Always on Hand Sc For S:ilo
Clotba, Chinese Crepei, fiilk Handkerchiefa
Dress Bilks ia Ureal Variety, Lacquered War
rancy nori ana move uoxei,
Iroryi Tortoiae, Bbell and findle Wood Pana,
Tiger Claw Jewelry bet in Uold,
Camphor Wood Trunka, Fine China Teas,
Kalian Chairs, Chins Ma'tlnjr,
NO. I IlVWAIIAJST JtlOM!
XT STORK at No.
109 Kuuanu sod No. 8 8 Ki.it
WE. THK UNDERSIGNED, II EI It 9 Ol J HI. LA J i.
IIAKtOLK, deceased, do hereby forbid all p( rotn
from trespasalng over or upon our land a'. I'olut.ui, La.
haiua, Maui, the same as described In B. I No. 1,71.
Kuleana, No. 6,528. We alao utrlctly forbid all auwala
from running through nai l land. In witne nj.r.nl'
have hereunto aigned our names. JoF.L HAKl oLJ",
Honolulu, Auguat 32, 18 au-.S-wlm
A. BCRN8 AND THOMAS MCI LEX IIA K
thla day formed a co-partnership In the i laler I B
business and are now ready to do tho beat kin 1 of w n k
at tho aborteat notice. A nolo addrevae 1 to tin m
tiiroogh the postofflce will receive prompt attention.
11. A. BCKNH.
y31-3mdicr THUS. MTLLlN.
i i r:
wiiii iijiatoiirt oy A. I XN.V. for tho rt ,
l"o. ' ""7"",n- Maui. II. I., p.,..,,;- tl,.,. 1,,,,
Lou.t appoint l-oimuiHsiom.,. lo partition, .Ini .- , ,
apart and, i,harr, share, oi int. r.t. as tl,.. i.. Man .
i'Mn H'i""','," owner, may have in a c. i t on . ,. t ..i
"t'. nt "'l ""M"'. """' filllilo-rnl,, 1 .., I. .yal