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PLANTERS' LABOR AND SUPPLY CO.
Fall Text of a Paper read before the Meet
in? by Mr. Koelinj. on the Manu
f tcture oi Sugar by a New Process.
Ih- unnu:l meeting f the Planrern'
.abor uinl Supply Company was an-noiipn-l
t t.ke place at 10 o'clock A. M.
M.ii I ay, tut as there was but six or eight
members prent at that hour, it van deci
ded t aijourn until Iz'Vi p. M., at which
hour about rijhteen Mliareholilers gathered
n-l tl meeting was du!y called to order
by Yit President. I. C. Jone9. Jr., upon
whom, in the ab.sence of Col. Z. S. Spald
ing the Presideut of the Association, the
duty of presiding devolved. While the
Secretary, Mr. K. Adams, was calling the
rni; ff-veral additional members arrived.
Miiiy firms belonging to the association
were represeutol by proxy, and it was
touud that a quorum was present, and the
chairman declared the company ready to
proored t business making a few supple
mentary remarks in regard to what had
Un done since the last regular annual
meeting- Among other things he said
that much money had been vpeut by the
Trustees during the past year, but he
Jiouht that upon examination of the
Treasurer's report it would be found that
ih large expenditure had been Judicious
arid r-'ei ary.
Then the iniuutes of th . last special
meeting werr read by the Secretary and
The next in order was the annual report
of the Secretary which was read and ap
proved. This report was very lonx aud
verbose. From it we learn that the Trus
tees have heiddur'nj? the la-t yar thirt
eight r.e:ial meetiug Keprewiirlivts
uf the rice intertsU on the c Islands have
contributetl ii.fXw towards securing he
perpetuUy of the present treaty, and y"t
they had been i o'ifkd that iu case it was
found . ecessary to sacrifice the interests or
rice growers to aecure the interests of aut;tr
producers such a course would be pursued.
Some details In regard to the commiion
of the Hazard as a labor security vessel
aud particulars about the tulssiou of Messrs.
Bailey aud Baldwin to the United Stes
were given aud a sensible letter from His
Majesty's late Minister to the United States
Mr. Allen was read. Col. Z. S. Spalding
who is now iu the United States will re
main at Washington during the coming
winter and look after the matter of the
trvaty for the company.
The Secretary interspersed his report
with some remarks iltticidatiug it, and
mentioned the fact that Mr. W O Smith had
'beeu employed to edit the plauters' Month
ly at a salary of $50 per month. The Se
cretary also announced with expressions
of profound regret that the firm of W. G.
Irwin & Co., Mr. John D. Spreckels and
Messrs. G. W. Macfarlane& &o. have with
drawn from the Planters' Labor and Sup
ply Company. This annual report was
adopted without amendment and ordered
to be printed.
The report of the Treasurer was called for
but it was not ready but will be read at the
It was then decided to call for the re
ports of the various committees but the
chairman of each aud every committee,
that was represented at the meeting de
clared that he was not ready to submit a
report but would try Ul have it ready to
day. ... ...
Mr. C. Koeling of Hanalei then submitt
ed the following article on sugar manu
facture which was read before the meeting
by the Secretary.
To the Planter's Labor and Supply
Co. a entlemen: If we cast a glance
udoq the manufacture of sugar in the Sand
wich Islands, and be candid in expressing
our opiuious, we will have to admit that it
has hardlr Dassed iU iufaucy, aud looking
at the present peculiar situation with a
iew to the future. I think It is tue uuiy
of every one to help to elevate this Indus-
try. Anything that will lend to uo so
should be tested as t iU merits and I take
liberty to Introduce the subject of Giffusion
for discussion duriug thU session of the P.
L. A S. Co
To help the ugar industry materially it
would first of all be necessary to turn our
attention to a method of extracting the
lulcti iu the augar cane by which we would
t enabled to obtain all sacharine matter
contained in it.
The most practical method known at the
nrent time U the Diffusion process, or
more plainly speaking the extraction of
harine matter by water pressure, uy
thi method the trash which Is now used as
fuel would be worthless as such all sach
a.rina matter being extracted, but would bo
ofnnaI value as a manure. The cost of
coal as a substitute for trash would much
.lnond uoon circumstances but the sur
plus of sugar obtained would be so much in
A A. A 1 I
r h nwsent amount that the item
m h. nnlv & secondary consider-
L.tafMt. .lance upon the beet-root
sugar industry of Germany.
By their former method of extracting the
sacharine matter, which was done by hy
draulic pressure and centrifugal force. Ger
many groaned under the duty imposed by
the government and could not keep its
own: but since introducing this new pro
cess, the beet-su jar industry not only holds
its own but has far distanced all other beet
sugar countries in the world, while the
government taxes them about as much
aain as under the old process.
In 1S70 Germany produced about 350,000
fas; last year about S0,000, aud for the
next season is expected to produce about
What was it that enabled Germauy to
produce tkbi enormous amount of sugar?
Nothing but the new process which allow
ed of extracting all sacharine matter out of
the raw materia!, hence so much greater
the profit. I shall now try and put down
In flgares where our gain would be under
the new process :
L'ajar cane as we all know contaiss about
yr- y y y y
VOL. XXVHI-NO. 17.
85 per cent, of juice; 15 per cent, of vegeta
ble matter; total, 100.
By our present system we obtain about
C5 per cent of the juice in the cane, 20 per
cent remains in the refuse and goes out to
the tr&sb. houses; there is a loss of over one
fifth of sacharine matter. Suppose that by
our present method a runs juice
enough to make .on tons of sugar per day,
the same amount of cane, if worked under
the new process would give us twelve tons.
If we reckon that one ton of coal is sufti
eient to manufacture a ton of sugar we
would need twelve tons of coaI per day at
$22 per ton, $144 per day for fuel; but as
most of our plantations have to use from
J to ton of coal or its equivalent In fire
wood together with tha trash to manu
facture a tou of sugar by our present meth
od this would reduce the above figure by
, or $9G in excess of what it costs us now,
but the value of two tons of sugar stands
far above the outlay for fuel.
Should more evaporation be necessary
this would not amount to more than ton
of coal per day.
The additional cost of dry iug, etc. would
not amount to much.
No more men would be required in the
boiling hou.e under the new process.where
as th te.Ti power necessary at present
would e - educed to one-third as the cutting
or slit cane tfoes not require near as
-. :'ich power. Hero we have another gain
vhich ought to be taken into considera
tion. The additional evaporation mentioned
above might be necessary for two reasons:
First. Tt Is possible '.hat by a run of 12 tons
one clarifier vs. 50" gallons of water would
futer the Juice during .he night as the Dif
fukti Battery uld have to rmi slowly all
nig'ut to prevf it acidity.
Second I. is possible that the density
might sutler Vj that extent as the Diffusion
process does uot adn.it of obtaining a juice
of the same density as by our roller sys
tem but would -obably remain from to J 3
(B) below that. Both of course could only
be verified by actual test.
Now something of the nature of Diffusion
First of all it would be necessary to cut
or slice tue canes in to pieces of J or J diatn.
To do this the cane is drawn upon a carrier
and enveyed to a cutting or slicing ma
chine in front of which is an arrangement
consisting of rollers which can be set as
desired, and which force the canes towards
a quickly revolving disc, set with suitable
knives which cut the canes as required.
The cuttings are then transported iu a
mechanical way to the Diffusion Battery,
which consists of simple cylindrical con
tainers of about 100 cubic feet capacity
from 10 to 14 iu number, erected as to lik
ing either in one or two rows couuected by
suitable piping. Iiieh container has on its
top an air tight closing door, used forhuiug
it and level with the bottom; but on its
side another air light door used for remov
ing the refuse.
Inside the containers aud below the side
door is a perforated false bottom to prevent
the cuttiugs from entering the pipes.
There is between each two containers a
cylindrical juice heater where the juice is
heated iu passing from one container to
another to just the degree wanted. A water
container of about 200 gallons capacity is
wanted also aud ought to be placed about
thirty feet above tue battery to give the j
Suppose No. 1 of the conlaiuers is tilled ,
with cuttiugs The door is then closed ,
air tight and water let into it until the test
.... a a
valve shows that all air has Deen expeueu.
We then fill No. 2 aud repeat the operation
with the addition of opening the connect
ing pipe between them when the pressure
of water uiou No. 1 will loree its now
somewhat sweetened contents into No. 2.
If No. 3 Is filled we operate in the same
wRv. and the luice would then flow from
l iaU) o ailj fro,n there into No. 3,
aQd jn tuj3 way we keep OI1 untn we uave
filled nine or teu containers by which time
the juice will have reached its normal
density, and is then by the water pressure,
which is equal in all the containers run
throueh a connection pipe into the clari
fiers where it then can be worked iu the
usual way. Now we make a test of con
tainer No. 1 by withdrawing some of Its
fluid content, and If we find that no uioro
sacharine matter is present we disconnect
the water pressure from No. 1 and connect
No. 2. Open the bottom door of No. 1 and
discharge its contents after which it is
ready for refilling. Iu this way we keep
on. The work is very simple and any com
mon sense man can work it with ease.
I shall point out in short how a Trial
Station could be erected and profitably con
ducted. Suppose the necessary funds were 60,-
000 to $SO,000. The machinery I should re-
commend to be purchased iu Germauy. A
skilled man to conduct the business, en-
gaged there also; the machinery to be erect-
ed on one of the most suitable places, water
and steam given them against recompen
sation. Also, the sugar cane sold them at
a stipulated price. When the battery is in
operation the mill should agree to receive
the Juice and manufacture it into sugar
allowing the Trial Station a due profit, and
as I would recommend to erect one of 10
tons capacity per day, if successful, the
plantation allowing of such erection would
be the first oue to profit by it.
Mr. President and Gentlemen of the As
sociation, In the foregoing I have endeav
ored to show you the workings and the pro
fits of this new process, which I hope will
be realized in the near future, but it be
comes a very important question now, as to
how this new process should be thorough
ly tested, and its merits for" the planters
and Government ascertained.
There is but oae way and that is to erect
a Trial Station where this process can be
tested, aud I should recommend this honor
able body to bring a bill before the House
of Representatives at the next session and
HONOLULU, HAWAIIAN ISLANDS, OCTOBER 20, IS83.
ask for an appropriation of a sufficient sum
of money for the erection of such station.
In Germany where there are many re
sources of revenge it is thought absolutely
necessary to have such stations, and they
are entirely conducted by the Government.
Any inventor of machinery or in chemis
try in fact anything that is said to help the
suar industry is allowed to prove his in
vention as to its merits and thereby protect
the individual plauter and manufacturer.
The Hawaiian Government whose reve
nue is mainly dependent "ii the suar in
dustry should not hvsitaie to give it
all the support needed. Iu conclusion
I may state that Germany the birth
land of Diffusion has not one factory work
ing the old method.
Yours very truly,
ClIAS. Koellino, Manager.
After the reading of this paper Mr. Koe
ling replied to sjiue questions of several
members ngardiug the proposal t test the
new method of extracting sacharine matter
from cane. Some general discussion follow
ed in which Mr. W. II. Bailey, Mr. W. O.
Smith, Mr. Young, Mr. S. 1. Dole an I Postmaster-General
Whitney participate 1. On
motion a committee consisting of Mr. lvoe
ling, Mr. Baldwin and Mr. Youn was ap
lointed to investigate an I report on the ad
visability of making experiments in the
new method of sugar manufacture treated
of in Mr. Koeling' s paper on the subject.
Postmaster-General Whitney then read a
letter from Col. T. L. Austin of Hilo, re
commending to the society Mr. Tucker, a
visitor to this city who has recently made
minute investigations of the culture of
cane and manufacture of sugar iu Jamaica.
It was voted thit Mr. Tucker should be in
vited to attend the meeting to-day and par -ticipate
in its deliberations.
Mr. W. O. Smith spoke about a case re
cently decided by the Supreme Court of
these Islands wherein it has been deter
mined that a minor shipped under certain
conditions could not be compelled to abide
by the terms of his contract. In this con
nection some discussion arose as to where
the blame lay iu this matter and the chair
man, Mr. P. C. Jones, Jr., arose an I declar
ed that Mr. Smithies of the Interior Depart
ment was very impudent.
A motion was male to lay thd m itter o f
contracts of minors before the President of
the Board of Immigration through a com
mittee but most members present instautly
declined to serve on such committee before
the motion was seconded.
Mr. J. B. Atherton made some very sen
sible remarks about minors on contract ser
vice. Mr. Bickard said that Portuguese labor
ers were very expensive aud will not pay
uuless some provisions are madj to compel
the children to work under contract as they
On motion the meeting then adjourned
; until Tuesday.
i (Concluded on Fourth l'agc.)
Comments Upon Captain Webb's Death.
A colonial writer commenting upon the
recent death of Capt. Webb at Niagara
Falls says : " Died Abner as a fool dieth."
Such must be the verdict on the facts of
poor Capt. Webb, who lost his life in
shooting Niagara." His rashness is de
plorable, and except as an example of
British pluck, which will do and dare any
thing, one can fine nothing to admire in
the incident. I suppose rashness must en
ter into all dangerous enterprises, whether I
they be swimming the rapids, ascending
some inaccessible alpine peak, or leading a
forlorn hope against a storm of shot and
shell, and it is because we have men who
value glory more than their lives that we
maintain our proud pre-eminence among
the nations; but in Capt. Webb's case the
game wasn't worth the candle. There is a
glim humor, purely American, in the man
ner in which the incident was narrated in
the 'Frisco mail summary. We are told
that " the refusal of the railroads and
hotels to have anything to do wiih what
they called 'going to his his death' rend
ered the affair financially a failure." Very
creditable this to the railways and hotels,
but the journalistic idea of bringingsuch an
event to a fluaucial standard is especially
characteristic. The man died, but if the
thing had paid the shrewd onlookers would
have been consoled. It was, however, a
financial failure." What an epitaph .n
a poor wretch, who if he w3 a fool was a
gallant one, and paid the penalty of his
folly. This little touch remiuds one of the
Hebrew mother whose son tumbled out
of the gallery and broke his little neck.
In the midst of her grief she did not
lose sight of the main chance, but as the
rhyming chronicler hath it, thus addressed
the manager :
Then I mntit haf my tunish back, you know.
For Moshcsh has not seen the show.
iffraj at tbe Hawaiian Hotel
Sundav afternoon there was a little fracus
iwtcron the cooks at the Hawaiian Hotel. The
ta.rties in the row were the Chinese second cook
nd a Spani-ih first c wk. The Chiaituaa it seems
YiA wn the Cuiues; Church to sjc some chil
dren baptized, and is remarkable for his piety. On
hirnir tiitlie lljt.d toUeiu sot dinner, the
Spanish firat co k reproached him with some dere
fiction of duty. T.u-re Ins for some tune been
some small feuds between the two, and words have
frequently passed between them. On this occasion
wrr.l4 eama to blows. The Celestial took a knife
and the Spaniard took a chair. Before ihe China
man could get his work in, the Spaniard hit him
over tbe head with tho piece of furniture and cut
a cash in his cranium, about two and a half inches
long. This brought spectators to the scene of the
disturbance, which was speedily quelled. The
Spaniard was handed over to the authorities, who
lodged him iu the btation House where no
inained a short time until bailel oat. he
1 Chinaman was placed in the hanUa Dl'.
McGrew who soon stitched up tho gash
wi.w.1. l.nwpver. nroved to be only a h wound
so tht no seriou9 results will ensue.
Sir. George Dele, manager of t he Kapau planta
tion, is in this city, to attend the meeting of the
Planter' Labor and Supply Company.
The Coronation Ball at Moscow-
The following description of the coronation
ball, which took place when the present Czar
w;is crowned conveys an impie.ision of gr.nl m
aud iuaruihceuce tint his s. l 1 :a Iv-tn sin
" Th.-re proh ibly ucvt r w is in the annals of
uitioiiiil festivities t'litniliout the world any
Court b ill like tu;it given iu etlcbr il ion of th
Cz.ir'.s coronation. The magnificent saloons,
the halls of St. George, St. Alexauder, and St.
Andrew, filled with Imperial, liyal, aud diplo
matic c b-'irilies, :iu I 1 idics of . very rank, ; II
iu Iiussiau Court ostaiae, aa.l lit up with
thousauds of waxlights, and sparkling with
iuiues of wealth, were euough of themselves to
m ike a marvellous sight. Added to this you
had only to leave the gold aud jewels, which
where dazzliug even toaccustouicd eyes, and go
on to the balcony, stretching the whole length
of the P.tlaco front, abve the Kremlin walls, to
be struck mute with wouder at the panorama ly
iug beneath and beyond, scintillating with mil
lions of lamps aud colored tires. Preceded by
heralds and masters of ceremonies, the Emperor
advance 1 in the uuiform of a general of the
army, leading the Empress iu a kakoschnik of
diapered pearls, surmouated with fourteen
eujrmjus pearls, increasing in sizo towards the
center. Her Majesty wore the national Court
robes, decorated low ou the shoulders in coral
velvet and silver embroidery, with the blue rib
bon of St. Andrew, worn for the first time by a
lady. The Duchess of Edinburgh was iu pale
gold tissue aud dark fur. The Grand Dukes
and Princesses, Princes aud Graud Duchess fol
lowed iu profusion, all the ladi s wearing silver
or gold tissue, llussiau lace, aud jewelled dia- i
dems. Each time the Polonaise made its round
partners were chauged the Emperor conducting
the Queeu of the Hellenes ou his nest appear
auce. The belle of the bill after the Empress
was certainly the Countess de Beaucharnais,
sister of the late General Skobeloff ; not an ab
solute beauty, but oue of those big.eyed, dark
haired, attractive faces, with a marvellous fig
ure, for whom men commit follies and women
invent scandal. This lady was dressed in a
Kussiau dress, the cut of which dates from early
iu the sixteenth ceutury. It was cut low off the
shoulders, with long hinging sleeves, pleated to
t'uj el I .v, wit'u a pointed stomacher, aud skirt
opening beneath over the uuder petticoat. The
fabric, heavily brocaded and embroidered, look
ed like chasjd met ii, as its long traiu fell rouud
her feet iu singular folds. Her kakoschnik was
festooned with pearls, diamonds, and huge
round emeralds ; while rouud the entire corsage
pearls and emerald medallions set off her pretty
shoulders to perfection. A simple veil of tullo
was fastened with gole plaques behind the tiara.
Other costumes, were equally attractive without
being so perfect in ensemble. White satin and
deep black furs, marrou brocade over cloth of
silver, embroidered iu Byzantiuo patterns of
every line, pale grey moire trimmed with rare
lace, furs of every rarity, but above all parures
of jewels eclipsing every Court iu Europe or
Asia. I never imagined there were so many
enormous emeralds above grouud, while dia
monds in tiaras, rivieres, collars, and mono
grams at last seemed numberless. The whole
of the offerings ia dishes, plates, aud salt cellars
were displayed on tables, while near tho thrones
raised on their golden steps, cushions bore ou a
sideboard the crowns and regalia used the day
Honokaa, Hawaii, Oct. 11.
Au.iu ptwst was held yesterday at Paauhau,
on the body of a Chinaman whose remains were
found in a clump of bushes on the roadside. The
body had evidently lain for some ten days oi
more, as it was in a decomposed state ; no
,rks of violence could be found on it. Iu
his pocket was found a purse containing 20
cents, and some papers. He is supposed to be
a cousin of Akana, Manager of Pepeekeo,
Hilo, and it is stated by Chinese residents here
that wnen last seen on his way from Hilo, he
had two drafts ou him from Pepeekeo Planta
tion. For so far, his death remains a complete
A carious case of theft came up before the dis
trict court last Saturday. Two natives stole and
carried a distance of some ten miles, about three
hundred yards of wire fence, dragging it behind
them on horseback. The wire belonged to .Mr.
W. H. Rickard, and not content with stealing
the wire, they took the loan of his horse to haul
it with into the woods. His Honor, after hear-.
iiig the evidence, thought a change of air neces
sary for them, aud committed them to tho care
of Mr. Wm. Buckle, one for three years and
$1.23 fine, and the other for two with a similar
fiue and costs. We hope that Mr. Buckle's es
tablishment is well supplied with beef, for thest
two young men have the name of beiug well
supplied with that article of late years, and il
report is true, without any drain on theii
The weather in this district continues very dry
Mr. Frederick Wittrock of liana Plantation,
leaves Oct. 10 for "one year's vacation in Den
mark and different points in Europe. Mr, W.,
has been on Hana Plantation for 10 years.
Kalamoko, a native of 50 year3, on returning
home from potato drinking, fell down a gulch
some 30 feet, instead of taking the bridge, and
receivod a compound fracture of Lhe femur and
internal injuries, which will cause his death.
The new Catholic Church at Hana is complete,
alsothe new Government wharf.
'We Ve having heavy rains, and caae is look
ing w 1.
Protection t BisinesS Hen Coder the Law.
Some months ago oue of the regular peddlers
between this port and San Francisco was accused
in the Police Court here of selling goods without a
license. He pleaded guilty and was fined $30. A
day or two ago another one, nnd-jr like circum
stances, was fined S23. Bath of these men have
been for a long time bringing merchandise of all
kinds (aud they are still engaged ia the business),
which they dispose of about town at a much
cheaper rate then regular dealers possibly can,
because they no license or other co3ts.
The cost of wholesale license is $100, and a
retail license $51. There are several of these
peddlers whojlefraud the Government every day,
and it ought to be stopped by an enforcement of
the law and not by so small a fine as $30
which should have been $250 at least if the Laws
are for the protection of regular dealers and not to
offer premiums for illicit peddling.
A Sumptuom Chapel.
There is in Lisbon an ' Hution known
as the Misericordia, v . - object is to
alleviate all hinds of div r. One peculiar
duty which the directors undertake is the
care of criminal?. From the time tlvt the
death penalty is decreed tiie criminal is
allowed three days to prepare for death.
During this lime he is in charge of the
Miscericordia. When the hour comes he is
clothed by the brothers in white, a cord is
put round his neck and crucifix in his hand,
and accompanied by a priest on either side,
he proceeds to the place of execution. Con
nected with this establishment is the
Church of St. Roch, which contains prob
ably the most sumptuous chapel in Christ
endom. The story goes that Don Juan V.,
struck with its bareness and the fact of its
dedication to the saint of his name, re
solved to make it a marvel of splendor. It
was erected in Rome regardless of cost, and
when completed, put in St. Peter's, where
the Pope first officiated on its altar. It was
then shipped in pieces to Lisbon. The wall
on the outside of the principal arch is coral,
the arch of alabaster. The pavement is rich
mosaic, inlaid with porphyry. The altar
steps are of porphyry and bronze, the rails
of verd antique. There are eight columns
of lapis lazuli, their bases being alabaster
studded with amethysts, their capitals
bronze. The altar is of lapis lazuli, jasper,
aud amethysts. The lamps are of exquis
itely wrought silver. The chapel is further
enriched by entablatures of high art in sil
ver and magnificent pictures. Napoleon
contemplated the removal of the whole to
France, but before it could be arranged his
star waned. Ex.
The Novel ''Bread-Winners.''
A curious story comes from Cleveland, Ohio,
in regard to the anonymous novel, " The Bread
winners,"' begun iu the August Century. " Tho
manuscript of the story," says tne New York
Tribune, "is sail to hive been found in the
desk of the late Leonard Cue of that city, the
bachelor million aire and munificent founder of
the Case School of Applied Science. He was a
man of amiable character, of fine culture, and
of remarkable natural abilities, but his life was
so clouded by oust nit ill health and by a sin
gular constitutional shyness that his talents were
unknown even to his own towuspeople and
hardly appreciated by his few intimate friends.
He wrote poems sketches and tales for his own
amusement, rarely publishing anything but au
occasional in itheiuatical paper in the trans ic
tious of tho Smithsonian Institution. The mau
xcript of 1 The Bread-Winners ' was found
death, several years ao, in a
mass of other documents, and only recently ex
,.ii.i l.e hi friends and executors. It was
put into th.? hands of a competent editor and
prepared for the press, and then submitted to
Mr. Gilder, of tho Century, who at once ac
cepted it for public.itiou iu his magazine, de
claring it one of tho sa-o.igest stories which
have ever com into his hand. The persouages
are rather thinly vciiod portraits ot Mr. Case's
friends -the h i being generally recognized as
Colonel William H. 11 irris, a retired army offi
cer, whose house aud groan I are accurately
described in tho first chapter of tho novel."
The following exquisite lyric, depicting Burn's
o-..t;,. t. i..;n lmirs in his last illness as
recently been found in Kilmarnock. It is anony
mous, bat is believed by competent critics to have
been written bv Motherwill, who cherished an
almost idolatrous admiration for the great Scottish
The sun lies clasped in amber clouds.
Half-hidden in the sea ;
And o'er tho sands the flowing tide
Conies racing merrily.
The hawthorn hede is white with blo;m.
The wind is soft and down,
And sad and still you watch by me.
Your hand clasped in my own.
Oh ! I t the curtain bide, Jessie,
And raise my head awes,
And let the bonnie setting sun
Glint in on you and me.
The world looks fair and bright, Jessie,
Near loving hearts like you !
rut puirtith's last sifts summer love,
And makes real friendships few.
Oh! bless.f.1 though midst our despair,
There is a promise made,
That in the day the rough wind blows.
The east wind shall ho stayed.
A few short years, and those I love
Will come a'-jain to me.
In that bright realm without a sun.
That land without a sea.
Oh ! wilt thou gang o'nicht, Jessie,
To inv forsaken hearth,
And be as thu hast been to me,
The truest Mend on earth?
Sae sweetly in your linnet voice,
You'll sing my weans to rest.
While Jean will lay her weary head
Upon your loving breast.
Oh ! what is fame : Its wrath of rays
Cools not the fevered brow,
Wil't tell his name in coming days,
Who whistled at the plough.
And wrote a simple song or two.
For happier hearts to sing,
Among the shining sheaves of corn,
Or round the household ring.
Yet would I prize a bubble fame.
If but mine artless lavs
Bore thy sweet deed and lovingness
For future time to praise.
True souls ! I bless the poet's skill,
Which won a friend like thee.
Whose tender love twix't Home and Heaven
Is with me constantly.
What art thou? mysterious beatiug !
Still thy little stroke repeating.
Xight by night and day by day,
Fluttering in perpetual play
Through the arteries, when the veins
Beat with joy or throb with pains ;
Striking measured signals now ;
Silent moment ! what art thou ?
Moments were to be confided.
Still to count them as they glided !
From the Maker of thy frame
First my living impulse came.
Thou, the dial of His power !
Wilt thou never strike the hour ?
As for me, I still must play
Till I measure out the day.
And that day is fast declining ;
Soon the sun withdraws its shinitig.
Time departs on rapid wing,
Night, disease, and death to bring :
Then I rest my work is done,
And the round of life is run ;
But till then I make no stay.
Press me not awav 1 awav !
W. E. Colli, D. P.
WHOLE NO. 1429.
. All reccipes for longevity seem more or less dis
appointing. If they are not disappointing in their
failure they are still more disappointing in their
snecesM. Th? iu in who attains leu,'tli of days ap
pears to h.iv - alway- thrust up n him that most
disagreeable adage ivmcriiing h jmi aud le chan
dclle. I am quite aware that this reflection is not
precisely oiiginal. but it is once more forciblv sug
gested by a lveently published work entitled "How
to Prolong Life." Such'a book naturally deals for
he ni(.t part with dietary and general hygienic
. . . . - , . i. . i.
principles, ana it. ! t-oursc. implies mm
jriuciph s h.-uld b adher -d to from the begin
ning, and not suddenly alopted at a mature age.
This is satif.i.-t ry t . in;- personally, inasiniicii us
t ar once su.4e-.ts the iptiting idea that I am too
old. But it al... sugests t V i lea ot traint. i
misdoubt th- t .-i-tins -at lis iv.n-that is say, iu so
far as the theory of cause and effect is involved.
It is triumphantly asserted that Mis'iiil Noiis, oi
Bogota, San Salvador, who modestly owns to being
ISO years of a??, but is de:-l ire.l by his neighbors
to bo much older, eat- meat only ti -ea month,
whilst several person-. ...f f i m I'M to is me
chiefly upon cereals or vegetables.. 1 should be
sorrv to doubt that Mignal S lis has attained the
very unsatisfactory s lnblanc of immortality, but
at the same tim it is not n c.-ssarily attributable
to the fact to it h eats meat only tvie3 a month.
He very pos-ibly
u't.-il'-r while his teeth
as ted, and would, if c nutted. ! the last person
in the world t wi h t ut liii enforced abstinence
should be thro-vn a a .tumbling block in the way
of people w.n like their hvf and hay.) good diges
tions. At a iy i.U w'nt-wr Mignl in iv nave
achieved in tu ' way ..f I . ig.-, ity, iia is t viuenuy
ashamed of his p u f rm au --. Either he has stop
ped the monotonous process of counting years, or
he is still a victim to that unworthy sentiment
which leads certain ladies to remain perennially at
the age of t-.v Mity-five. IL' h is put his foot down
at ISO and refuses 1 1 budge, tlieivuy auoruing a
f t i would-b - imitators that hi; docsn t like it.
If further warning is needed it is surely lounu m
the instance quoted by the Mark Line Express of
lady, who, iu ardent pursuit of length of days by
fruit diet, -'fell from an apple tree into wiiicu sue
had climbed at the age of 112." The Express of
course means to convey that ought (for the bene
fit of the grain trade) to have been iu search of
cereal ! and not of fruit, but the example may be
taken dill" rently. It is only r-iccntly that we
heard of the death for tlio tiuru time, uy me
way of the original of Mrs. lieeeher Stowe's "Un
cle .Tom." He died at the age of SM odd, his death
having been in general opinion accelerated by the
ill usage he was subjected to in his youth. For
tunate negro ! If he thrived so well upon his bill
of fare, our hot joints and occasional bottle of port
cannot be so very deadly after all. Exchange.
M. ire abe In San Franrlsro.
Most of our readers will remember Mr. Maecabo
who performed several times in tins city not long
since, aad who gave such general satisfaction as a
nublic entertainer. That gentleman, according to
last accounts is still in San Francisco, where he
has been ever since lie left Honolulu, and where
be has won the highest praise a nd attain cd emi
nent success. In regard to his performances on
the Coast, the News Letter says : Fred. Maccabe's
entertainment is a decidedly peculiar and amusing
one. As an exhibition of talented versatility it is
most remarkable. The different impersonations
are assumed with great cleverness ; some of them
are splendid bits of character. The most amusing
feature of the bill is the burlesque melodrama in
which Maccabe assumes all the different roles, and
invests each and all of them with a clear personal
ity. Tho best sustained character is that of a
London aria singer, which must be seen to be ap
preciated. An entertainment of this kind is new
to tho public here, but abroad it is a popular sort
of show. Maccabe is the original. Imitators have
been many in number, but there have been but
few that could bs considered as rivals. Maccabe
should remember that he is appearing before an
American audience, who like new things, and are
nnir-k to catch the point of any witticism. The
I - -
preciseness of Miccaba's manner, and tho deliber
ation with which ho getK off his fun, is indicative
of tho fact that ho is more familiar with a staid,
slow. English au lience than with a " fly " Amer
1 est Rural Kesideaee.
Mr. James Olds has one of the neatest residences
in a beautiful retired locality, that can be found in
this Kingdom. The homo that he has built so
neatly is situated on a small promontory by the
seaside at Kaneohe, ou the other side of this
island. It is not large, but spacious enough to be
convenient, and finished nicely outside, but on the
inside no pains or expense has been spared to
make tho utmost comfort with tho richest orna
mentation. On tho w ills of tho cosy abode are
many choice oil paintings ana engravings mat
have been selected with groat taste, which shows
that Mr. Olds has not only judgment in building,
but also is somewhat of a connoisseur in artistic
matters. On one side of the little eminence where
tHe residence stands there is a small valley,
through which a stream from the mountains
ripples to the sea. From this stream, through an
artificial channel, the water is brought on to the
sloping bank between the house and tho bottom of
the neighboring valley, so as to irrigate a choice
selection of floweas, plants and shrubbc ry, which
flourish there Inxuriantly. Mr. Olds has a pretty
little pleasure boat near by, which he can launch
at any time into the sea, and everything about the
premises is convenient and romantic. Foreigners
visiting this island will find themselves amply
repaid if they pay Mr. Olds' place a visit in making
a tour of the islands.
A Benevolent Asportation for Inmarrled Perssns.
One of the most singular of philanthropic or
charitable associations has become thoroughly
established in San Francisco. We clip from the
Xews-Ltter the following description: "The
Universal Benevolent Association of California
(for unmarried persons) is an institution which is
founded upou such correct principles that it com
mends itsolf to intelligent and discerning judg
ment as an instrument calculated to serve a great
purpose in the economy of social organization, and
also because it appeals to every sentiment of busi
ness thrift which human nature possesses. The
design of this institution is to provide eaoli of its
memliers with a marriage portion on the occasion
of his or her undertaking the care? and responsi
bilities of married life. This it does in precisely
the same way and upon the same principle that a
fire or marine insurance company pays for do
stroyed property, or a life insuranco society gives
an equivalent, and even more, to a person's sur
vivors for the value of a life. The Uniuersal
Benevolent Association has now been in existence
for a little over two years, and yet its success has
been so great that it is already as firmly estab
lished as other institutions which have been in ex
istence for half a century. It has a membership of
about 9,003, and has paid out to its members en
dowments to tho amount of $10,900 with only
thirteen assessments. Tho fullest information in
regari to this Association can be obtained tt th
head oce. 1033 Mission street."
Honolulu, Hawaiian l-dnnl--
Ratos of AdvortiniJir
Sr-' n:Mireil in
6 Lines. (!mlf inch)
12 Line, (one inch)
24 Lines, (two inches)....
38 Lin. (three do.)
48 Linen, (four do.)
1 ir 1 III.
? C I il
i'l' ( 0
$1 m $-j on $:i oil
; 1 1 1
a 4 i f
4 oo ea 7 fii
6 on 7 M ! "
I'D 10 00 1." Mi
10 00 14 CO 1 0
12 oo 5 oo -:z ro
2C 00 24 CO f (i 0
E0 00 45 Oi; 7o CO 1C0 C3
Cr Adrertierf residing in the Fa'tern fmtl Sir!.
Postsge Stamps for uch amount a they wich to rv "id th-vf
card rill be inierted at per above lnwe. tor w;e ncie ram i. r
XT Huainess CsrJs. when psrm re Tfn. re
allow! a dineount from thene rat-1, which are fi r trr.n'i rl
sdvertisementa when paid or charged qunwrly.
Sinple copiea of the A pvkrtisfb. Ten Cent wh-n rl.nrpej
Fifteen CenW; by the dot en. One Iollar.
Late Sunday night a native, named Nie, w;is
found dead near the Wh.it Cheer House, on the
road to Palama. Win n t man was last seen
alive and. to all apix-arance. well, he was i n horse
back ami going out of town. Thi ..as about two
hours before he was found dead. A native womat.
also reports that she saw Nie a little while bi f.u.
he died, and that he went under a tree ; loiig-i.Ii
the road and took otr his garments, and d u.ced in
au insane manner. As the horse which th man
rode was standing near by tho corpse in n it was
discovered, and as tho body only lx ai s some marl. s
on the back that were evidently made by contact
wi th stones, iu all probability the deceased can
to his death by falling from his bor e. Nie was
hard case, having been frequently in the l and of
the prison authorities for discipline an 1 of n die. 1
for drunkenness. A few weds ago h'- fell fr-in
his horse while under the influence, nnd .astiin. .1
severe injuries, which it is presumed may h iv.
boon the cause of his death. Before 1 if w i en
tirely extinct some natives found him Isying
Homo rocks, and reported the matter lit the Police
Station. Some policemen were at once dispatched,
but when they reached the spot where the im in
lay. be was dead.
The "Nation's Ward.
Amongst our items from England we nothv
with pleasure the success of Matthew MjUhIiii.
who, it appears, has carried off the principal pii.-n
at Dustouo College, England. Mr. Makalua wa
one (if tho boys sent out by Government lol'.n--land
to learn professions, and was funniily a
pupil of the Rev. Mr. Swan, at tho Bishop s Col
lege. Another boj t'-om the same school, we hear,
is making a name f r himself in Italy, though pr
ticulars are rather meager. It is a lit Co wor'hy
of remark that both these boys are hi If whites,
which makes it still more creditable to their coun
try and their school, besides upsetting the hitherto
settled theory of the mental inferiority i f I uif
whites. This school appears to bo iu t;ieat and
growing request, t eing overcrowded, in .pito if
late additions to b lihiings.
S. M. CAllTKU. S. F. ;llH IM.
S. 1YI. CARTER & CO.,
KIN'U STREET, - -J IIONOM' 1. 1 . l. I.
Kr.TAll. lJF.At.EltS IV
Fire Wood, . ....
uoai ana x ecu.
TT. WOULD NOTIFY Till: rt. UI.H ', AMI 1!I hi:
Keepers iu Particular, that we k-i p n Iiiim 1 Mi l
or sale in iiaatitia to suit jmri Ici.-ut ainl nt l.oe-
Koln, fuel, as follows :
Hard and.Hoft Wood,
Oil u t . y I nr l!' :
( likicoal. N.8. W., Newcastle tNali!,
Kcoti-h Coalsjimd the
Olel.ratcl WellingloiJMiu j
IVjisrture Hay Vuls ;
Alo, lllic k-niilir ('
The above can lie ordered by telephone oroth. i !
immediate delivery Ruarantecd.
Tki.ki'Uo.nk No. non.
Wo Also Keep in Stock
California and New Zmlioi l .
Uarley, Whole and tirouml ;
Wheat, Corn Whole and Ctn.-l, I ;
Bran. Middlings tin 1 -U r V. d
fX7 Or.ler the above through
Telephone No. 187,
And we warrant quick delive ry, and full welclit (iii, is
from the other Ilanda rc!h.-I1 -d.
Ftt K K D K Lil VK U V
to all parts of the city.
Rcmomber, 8J2 Kin Si rtjot.
C7 And Telephono No. 1 87.
S. M. CARTER & Co.,
LEGAL TENDER QUARRY
AIlEPItEPAltED TO Ft" UN IS 11
S ' r ONE
I5ALL VST FOIlsSfllPS.
13 lac Id and Beach ISand.
D TJ.M P CARTS
Always oo jhand to; fill orders stsuort n'.tice and ut
KKMEMUi:i:THE NCMHEK :
8 2 KINO STR K K I
CrgT Telephone 187. seft-t
The Honolulu Iron Works Co.
HAVK on HANI), NEABLT C0MPLE1ED, AXH
For Sale at Reasonable prices,
1 Combination Galloway and Tubalur Steam I'.oiier, .' !
fet long by 0 f.;et In diamuter ;
1 Do. do., l'jjf feet by C feet :
1 Galloway Boiler, 10H fet long by C f - t In diameter.
Also, for sale, one good second-ban 1 Continuation
Boiler, 23 feet long by 6 fe t In dlamf ler, itb 70 f.-et ( f
Smoke fctack; been in ue four years; almt si U'xil un
All kiad tf Boilers, sny nlze, male to or.!er t short
Tho Honolulu Iron Works.
r:rgfr MJtjaateg'igtary: -- - - -
mm w. .,'T Iff fr
. . .,..W.W1.,.PW.