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PACIFIC COMMERCIAL ADVERTISER, OCTOBER 20, 1883.
PLANTERS LABOR AND SUPPLY CO.
Tuesday's Session Discussion on the
Lib;r Question Election cf Trustees.
.'. i..- t.n,' v-11 ( .ill- 1 f.) r r l. r I y the noting
IV--i I.- .: m. i-ci'iry f 1 th? roll.
Ti. u ! .-! ' it t-'-n in- iaV-rn represent
ir.: l'..T"7 .-'.i -i :i 1 t!i-r CL tiiui iti b-clarei
ti. . i -. i i v .-, .r -. !.t ;m 1 c t!I-T uptri tlio
S- : irv i . ft; i 1 Ui: mirj:;t'- of the iu; tiu
v. -f -. ! iy, v a;, 'j Mi,il,:n;. Ti5 iiiir.nt-jT wtr
tL-:Ti -rr -.. t' 1 ar.il ai j r jv 1.
TL-- rp )Ti of tL1 Tr-i-ur-r of tho A-soi-i itioii
rra r.c-r.t us orl'T. an 1 Mr. I'utv, wh'-n callcl
up j-. by tii i CI; una n. ;r rn.tlT rfoii 1-.'J by
ro i Kr. a J tii.'- I r- i .r. fr.rn which it appears
t.. -t tii: t -f-ii up-:, hr f ,r tUj year Live Wu
i1.rY vi:iI biv.-. biJance orer anJ
.t'r. ve .ill r r-.-: j.t s i f $4,0'I 1 which i-i ItOW
1 .... ;r. r;-L p X ".. Tho f:ipns of sup--
r'.:..' th- I. int r-." .M.titL'y for the- Tear hns
I. u ? V. J -,t.u I th- .ini janl reiliz-J from tb
Jjli'iwH il'V''l OS. Till Tr-aur.-r's r-p-jrt
wb .i-' ' p 1 by a unvi! i i . votJ, but a coiii-t;.i;r-
r.( t!.r. e. i'i''ul.. ii C. It. Ki-bop
nr. i i ; If. l f; u; -p.-ll.t- I t .HI lit th:
,t. r;;it i - I; i r- 1 i.y ti.- Trf-.t-ur-r.
Ti.- n- it l'-j r : I .-1 w.ts t ?- . tii tioti
of tl..tt- -u tr-i-i s l-'i yt-ir. Tin-
( 1. iii-n i:. i- i I (:.- I t f th- h-i-. o-.-i ttioii yiv-f-r.'.i:.'
t'l-ir !!::. t .1:1 i iat l ; .a-. 'i(--i
tUmi-. . S -ia.u :i !! w re n t i.i 1 1-.- but -.ifh
in- t:." r j.r- - lit j..-. 11 t w rit.: up u a pi''re
i f j :p--r t.f r. 1 ;n - of thf-.i wli'i wvr; his eTfjii-t-f
r ? . ' f .1 tru-t , iri-1 nft.-r iul r-in th-
iri -.vit'.i t'i- l. irni). r of V-)t--l tii tt li- was uii
tiri 1 t- M-t, it in.i- 1 t : 1 r -.lip t .i c':ii::iitl-je of
thr-, : -!! ii-rin j of Mr. Wt.itti y, Mr. Ath rt -u
.tu 1 Mr. Willi cm. wli -.v--r. appint-:-l t .t:t :n
f--ii-rs r f tl.o ! . ti-o. Tii- thirl-' 11 m iu'-r-
vrf. (.li? iiir 1 ti.- hi,!ti'-t U'i::il-r of vit' s wi-r-
t- 1..- ..! !-rt.-.l. Whih; the b.iilotn wc-rw
l-ir.,' ---i r.t- 1 t!.- i ty, 0:1 th-r Moti wi of Mr.
W. II. Ilul-y, ,.ro- ! I t . Iw.ir th r-port.-. of
th- s-V r.il -t ill lilii' ::llH.tii-f .-.
Ti.- c- :iiinir: u i.ih r, of which Mr. S. T.
Al- -.-i ! r v. t-. ur:n in. was first call l ni-jii
t -r- i rr. Mi. Ah ? u: !-r b-'in ahsent, Mr. W.
. S i.ir!,. t i.- .-f t!.- c ..:ii:Htt ? r -1 1 tho r-port
ia v.-hi -h i' i-. t it 1 t!i if 1 10 r i-i now much
11 .!- p!-.it:f-il t!i tu it w is n y- tr a;4- an I c j:U-l
l-i o: t 1! i.-- I .it l-;s f .rl.it nit pries. Yt-t the
ror.'l.tior. of I i' ,r i-. ?i t d!r th r .1 iti-f i tory.
Th- a lv. t.t f r-iin-.s-- w is hiil-l with favor.
Ti.- r ..uu.itf--- nr.- i.f th-- -.j.ini'Ti that more
1 ih i- r- in- iiit- 1. Whtl th . Chim sc are by
ti ta ins h i 1 pf th? I'ttun-jse are rou--.I
I r- I th -I. -t :il:li 5,'h a!- the mo-.t t-xpeii-iv-
Tii- ip:- -' i-n w is a-iknl whfcth.-r or not
w- -!i ! I fu- .r th - i'.tro In -tion of Chinese
Mil- -, n! n an 1 p nait th'-an tr f ttle in the
r tn r 'f h t r-p'.rt f irth-r a!!. ,'.-s th.t I'rov-il-'MO
!i I it-it 'r lain th it a white man should
p- rf r-!t i- r .1- I ib-r in th tropins. Although
th iull ix -.f ('iii'ie h il I.- !i hail.-l with j y,
tl-ri- li 1 I h - r. a 1 a I -pi t- r .1 lfli n in the
pri '-- nf '.v 1 s 4-1 f, I. it if rn'ih ni re cni! I
h- br-.n ;ht n. r la-' .ifitrr, it wis bfIi- .-.l that
th- t i; s ..f a ; s -n'. I b ; villi -i-at!y re la 'e I.
A--it n-- h ill" th- pr--vit r it- of wa-s was
!-r-1 a-, th- pr p -r aaiiant thit n'.tbt to.
n:t r -ts of iu ra!itv Wt-re
t l!. Ml l.l' I
li--"- hi tl c i:a
.!:ru -1 1 I 1 Ih 1
ru in th- case h re Chi
li r- with nt wir-s. It is r.--t
ii-. vi. -rimi Mt be urj-.l t
.t . witli th-- C:iin-se lveru-
la ik .ii".- i'i .' '11
i.i -a t h iv- 'hi a- - !..!. r is f-iiii- h-r-. .n.-rve a
t :-; 1 a-: i r - 1 1 1 r t t Hi. I th'.'U whvli th it tornl
.- v 1 1 a r --lap I th-jai t j return t their
a if . I i" 1:1 1'-" a ue v tmtrn-t. Tii-: re
port j: - ! 1? s th I n;rh t trj it of the ipi- s
ti -i ..f I ;: 1 rs in ! is :i!t 4 'tb-.T a very v-xtt Ul
ri-v- v -.t th .-..'.j .-t fi--.r:i a pUlittr's point cf
vi- v ft i a - ,)'. I by t!ie ni-i im thr;i-U
tii- 1: . i 1' f .r 11 iliti.-i, art I th-.-u foil ve I a I-ju
li.. . i: 1 ; r ir I t th-: suhj-.- t of lab. r.
Mi . W. II It tit--v i-)j t I t the intrjluf
d 'i : ' i.n-s I ' r--t4 oi! tb- I .f m rtcoia-1U--1
I I r. t.t - iin aif t-'.-'.s report.
Mr I l I 1:1 -lira. lit-. I llp-n the ulk-i-J
arriii-.ii ti-.wlii-h t a - II 1 .v ui 1:1 lov-rnmi-nt
hi l 1 a 1 i . w- r- ':i i'.i.!,' or iatei l-l to in ike
with ta- ..t.i---' i .v.-i-aiiicut anl askel for
alifin ! fif r:a t'i n in relation tiwliatthis
1 1 v in ft vis ili-.p-',l t il about the
la itr. r.
Ml Th i. II. Pivi-s aris- ail sii-1 that
aei.Miili'i t th- r rr-sp on leui? wbivU ba.l ap-p-
:r-.l in th !'.'. AfVK;:Tts:.T: on t!ie subji-i-t
it .v is I n'.ly th i irp :' ta ,.--; -it II 1
wahtt a i'a. ai-.tr i".i a ti irry iat t :f-i-t the
arr iiijj -iii-nt s whiv-ii h 1 1, a''rliii t th-se
s in- publish- I h;tt-rs, alr.-aly b;-niaile re-sp-ottng
th1 i-Ur buti in of Chinese iin ni
qrants. Mr. S. It. I) !- s ti I that the planters ba.l it in
their powt-r ti -aipT the Cain mi -a to ship
ai uor ling t his fi ii -f ; uti 1 th it as! ny as they
foull yet wurk with nt sinin,; a contract at
s hih.T nte if wi.jes (as w.u often the case)
than th-y e .il 1 y-t unl-r contract, they wouhl
-f hu-v! pr.Jt-r not to -s-bip."
Mr. W. II. Iliekari m .ntioa-.l the fact that the
Chinese b ive prat '-tite societies ors ui-J for
the p;jrp--e .f e: irtin; eair:ujis rates of
w.i;es fr :.i plant rs. Un l-r th - system atlopt
.l by thes,-' '.-!-.-,u il assignation the few who
worked w-r fit ihl I du'tt it fro.i; the pi inter
ettrapiy to 7, ipp rt all the imtiy loaf-rs that
ha l to be n: aint tin- 1 in i U-ness. Am n- the
lea l r-. in t!i -s.- s ). ii ti s w-re the lo.'al Chinese
Bt or- k' ;v rs. Tii- pe tker believed that there
lrcr.i jjeneraily as mmy lilting Cainmi-a
around a plant ition -m there wire 1 iborers, and
thought tii it plant. -rs ouht t-i e mioine to ppi
f?ct thoni selves aiinst si-h an napo.sitio.i of
the Chinese. A -en-rat oaibina'.i m like that
of the pi mt-rs .,f K i iai was re . 111a ;n 1 :
Chiaita.m wurkin by the day anl not nn.Kr
contract receive fro'.i 'JO to 52f pr in iath
which i- c ::-i h i-I c nbit 1:1:. Tiii only
rc 11- Iy i-. to b - f ill 1 in an a ;.e e neat aai J!i
the pi in!-rs in th-e mntry, to .Cabli-.h a uui
loim a id no h.ta-e tble rate f w.i-s. On this
su'iij.-ct the in -ui -r re."o;a:n-n l.-.l that a
a stion' r . .1 1 ii in -h .at I be in 1 1 .
Mr. DtLlwin w is of the opinion thit the mat
ter i-f Chines lab-.r and the rate of way-s to be
paid cannot be r.-nlate I in a centr il place on a
uniform L.is-.-s for all the isl m Is. The Chinese
wonld from vario'.s causes n t very cleir. work
in s iue places at less rates th m in oth-rs.
Mr. P.ivi. s s.ud th it s :u , districts were popu
lar an 1 oth' rs the re verse w.th laborers. The
reasons cf this wi re nnspeeifie, and be thou-ht
th 1 -t way t s-ttle the whole niesti.n was by
a-jrot-iu-j n-'t to employ anyb ly as a labire-r on
a pi iiitati a un'-ss i.y contract. This arrange
ment ) al l ..i-.il- be made general, bnt any
oth-r w o il I 11 it be likely to work well.
Mr. Iv-kIu-. ti I that on Iv m ii laborers
"hipp-d" frt-ly iiTitil they learned that they
conl 1 t Lu'h-r wi;-s on the other islands.
He favored a yn-ral c . iii.iu.it i u to r-rjulate
Mr. S. IS. I -I- rati- vnn-- observations on
the remarks of the f mn-r speakers.
Mr. I'nn 1 said that in the 11. i-hborhood of his
l.Iaee 1.11 M ini th-re wer- many va-rant Chinese.
Mr. W. II. Ii ii!-y moved thit a onimittes of
thre- be appoint --1 for th" purpose- of conferring
with th- ivrrnnient on the nutter of re-ul.it-in--,'
Cliin.-se immigration and I tbor rates.
Mr. W. O. S nLti: siil th it the Minister of
Fort i-Ti Alftirs ha 1 to!.I bi:u that arrangements
couM be m i l- with the Chinese Government
to brin- Iaboiri here and compel them to work
under contract until the left these Islands.
A committee cf three members, of which 3Ir.
TV. II. liailcy v-ii Chairman, was then ap
poir.to l, in accord with the motion.
Messrs. Wilcox, HalsteaJ, Atkins, Baldwin
and Itickard were api'ointed a committee to
regal -its day labor.
3Ir. W. C. Smith then offered the following
resvl-.tion . "IU solved, That the ccDtinuritioii
of I'ortnguise immigration is of vital import
ance to the be.-t interests t f the country." He
then made a short speech in support of Lis
Mr. Tbeo. II. Davies i,aid that be would sup
port Mr. Smith's resolution, but the the fact was
that the treatment which the planters had re
ceived from the present Government" has been
very liberal, and no fault could be found with
its a-tion, and be tLotiijbt that the Planters'
Association should uphold the Government in
tnis matter, tnd &i a society express .approval
cf tbe action of tLe Immigration Department.
The ieoluion was then odojtexJ.
A very able report on machinery was then
read by Mr. Baldwin, which was accepted by
the mee ting and ordered to be printed.
It now appeared that the tellers of tbe election
of Trustee-, wer- ready to report the remit of
the ballot, mi l in due form Mr. II. F. Glade,
Mi. II. 1. Lal lwiu, Mr. George N. Wilcox, Mr. I.
C. Jou..-, Jr., Mr. S. I!. Dole, Mr. J. li. Ather
toii, Mr. W. II. Bailey, Mi. It. Halstead, Mr.
W. O. Smith, Mr. A. l.'nna. Colonel Z. S. Spautd
ing, Mr. II. S. II urtw.-ll and Mr. J. II. Soper
were-U.-t laied elected. Number cf votes cast,
1 1,'jYJ. 'I'm n the mo ting adjourned until af
ternoon. iriKKN'JoS .sKsoION.
At two o'clock tho Association" again con
vened, and was called to order by Chairman
lone-., who announced that dui ing recess the
new Trustees had elected officers for the ensuing
year, and the new Secretary-elect was requested
to read the list, which was as follows : Z. S.
Spauhhng, President; S. B. Dole, Vice-President
; P. C Jones, Treasurer ; W. O. Smith,
S-cn tary ; J. B. Athertou, Auditor.
On the motion of Mr. Williams, a vote of
thanks was extended to the retiring Board of
Trustee s, and Mr. S. B. Dole, the new Vice
President, took the chair.
Several m- mbers then discussed the machin
ery report of Mr. Baldwin. Afterwards, lion.
II. M. Whitney, Postmaster-General, submitted
the report of the Committee on Cultivation,
which was an interesting article.aud was duly ao
o-.-pted and ordered to lie printed by tho Associ
ation. Following this report the re was another dis
cussion on the subject of cane culture, which
was participated in by many members. Re
garding the cine bon-r, Mr. Richardson, of
Waiauae. sai 1 that be had killed them by burn
ing the refuse on the ti Jds which were iu-festtd.
Tbe Committee 011 Forestry submitted their
report throughthe Chairman, llia. C. It. Bishop.
The report was long and interesting, and was
Some other miuor business was transacted.
and then the meeting adjourned until Wednesday
Wednesday's Sessiom Mr. E- A Macfie'c
Report on the Manufacture of Sugar.
Oa Wednesday at 10 o'clock a. M. the meeting
was called to order by the President. Twenty
members wer- present. Tb picMdiug officer
after the roll was called asked for the reiiorts of
committees overlooking the fact that the min
utes of the previous meeting had not been read,
But after a little discussion this matter was
thought of and the Secretary read the record of
the preceding meeting which was amended and
approved, not without much eliscussiou in regard
to the duties t.f e-ommitteeS that were appointed
at the last session.
As the last subject umb r discussion when tbe
association adjourned on Tuesday afternoon was
the report of the Forestry Committee tbe Presi
dent asked for remarki upon this topic.
Mr. W. II. Bailey thought that some new
kinds of trees might be introduced to advantage
and commeiited briefly upon the kinds of trees
that grow here Lest.
Mr. Williams said that the Government
should take the matter in baud as it was one of
vital importance. Coal is now being Used too
extensively and the want of wood is already a
verv -'re-at drawback. It was very desirable to
have trees planted for fuel in tbe future and to
have some measures adopted for preserving what
forests we now have. He would suggest that a
committee should be appointed to confer with
and rex-resent to the coming Legislature the
needs of the country in this respect, and fur
ther ask for proper legislation iu regard to for
Mr. Baldwin moved that the trustees be em
powered and instructed to confer with the Leg
islature on tbe report of the society concerning
the matter of protecting and preserving our for
ests and promoting the planting of trees. This
uiotiou was duly seconded aud carried. Mr.
Baldwin then .spoke in regard to tree culture,
and said that eucalyptus aud teak would grow
finely in many parts of theoe islands.
Mr. Halstead remarked that there was so much
rosin in eucalyptus that it would readily burn
green, and that therefore it was dangerous to
plant that tree txteUMvely.
Mr. Rickard said that tbe forests of Hawaii
were dying out very rapidly. As trees became
more and wore scarce in some districts of Ha
waii it seems that the fall of rain was less fre-
ipieiit aud less copious, and be believed that
heavy timber contributed towards causing a
greater quantity of rain to fall in sections ad
joining theoi. Betwee 11 Waimea aud Hamakua
the forest which could not be penetrated with
out a guide only a short time ago could bo
crossed by any one with a wagon now. What
f.-w trees were left were dying out very rapidly.
The President s.id that it had been suggested
that a large committee represeutiug all the dis
teets of these islands should be appointed to
investigate the cause of the decay of forests. He
thought this would be- a good plan.
Mr. Baldwin did not thiuk this necessary, how
ever. The report of the Committee ou Transporta
tion was call-d for, but Mr. Rickard. the Chair
man, was not prepared.
The Committee on tbe Manufacture of Sugar
then were called upon to report, and Mr. It. A.
Maie resjMjnded on their behalf. The report
which he rea l epeneil with a general survey of
the important subject and dwelt at length upon
tbe various different processes of manufacturing
sugar and extracting the juice from the cane.
Experience bail shown that multiple rollers ob
tained the greatest amount of juice from cane,
but still they Lad come bad qualities. The eliff u
siou process of extracting juice which had been
so ably presented by Mr. Koe-liug was the only
method of getting all the juice from caue. Al
though this process is old as applied to beet sug
ar manufacture, yet it bad never been applied to
any considerable extent to the manufacture of
sugar from cane. The diJusion process, howev
er, bids fair to to supersede all other methods.
The history of the discovery and de-velopmeut of
this process was given briefly. Diffusion is
about to be applied to the manufacture of sugar
from sorghum in the Uuited States. Mr. Macrie
at this point submitted to the president of the
association a sample of ugar manufactured by
the diffusion process. It was whiter than any
made on these Islau Js and could not be imported
to the United States free of duty under the Re
ciprocity Treaty, on account of its high grade.
The report on the Manufacture of Sagar conclad- I
ed with a paper written by Mr. Koe-liug on the
subject of sugar-boiling. The whole report was
excee dingly interesting aad the subject ably pre
sented. It was accepted and ordered to be
Mr. Baldwin at-ked what statistics had been
give n relating to the mud fress, to which Mr.
Macfie r-plied that he had not been able to col
lect full and satisfactory statistics in that regard.
Mr. Baldwin then called upou the meeting for
infoimati- n in regard to the granulation of mo
lasses and gave his own experience in the mat
ter. The question to him was whether it would
pay to get the most out of the first and each suc
cessive boiling, or to let much remain in the first,
to be extracted in "the lnt boilings. Mr. Koel
ing gave his experience and believed that it was
best to boil molasses to proof.
Mr. Rickard said that he had intended to con
tribute to Mr. Macfie's report but a letter on sugar-boiling
which he had prepared, had been
left at home through the dilatoriuess of a letter
carrier. In regard to the mud press, he thought
that it preserved everything iu the shape of
saccharine matter. Anothe r advantage of the press
is that it req'iirer : lditional labor to
run it ucccrdiijg to his e-xpeiieuce. Iu all re
spects the- press was considered a success.
Hon C. It. Lishep said that Mr. Isenb-rg, on
Kauai, would shortly have some new iron presses
Mr. Williams said that many who bad the
mud pre ss were careles.s about skimming, and
did not therefore get tbe full benefits of the
press, He thought that the habit of graining
the " second " molasses was not the best, bnt it
should be boiled to proof.
Mr. Keoling asked tbe price of a mud press,
ami was answered $1,000.
Mr. Tbeo. II. Davies made some very felicit
ous re-marks on tbe subject, and Mr. Baldwin
gave some useful aud interesting statistics, men
tioning a method adopted at Kaiiaa, on Kauai,
by w hich juice was first reduced and then run
through the clarifiers.
George Dole, the manager of Kapia planta
tion, said that this method had been learned
from a native of Peru, and, after a thorough
trial, he cousidereel it the best.
It being now a little after noon, the meeting
adjourned to meet at 2 r. m. again.
An unusually large number of members was
present in tbe afternoon. Tbe meeting was
duly called to order, aud after a little prelimi
nary discussion, it was voted that Mr. Tucker,
who was present, should be requested to address
tbe meeting respecting bis experience in and
knowledge of sugar planting and analogeous in
dustries in Jamaica,
Mr. Tucker then came forward and began by
describing the kinds of cane which are grown iu
Jamaica. They were gene-rail' small and in
ferior varieties, some of which only grew to a
length of from two to five feet. The methods
of planting in that island were similar to
those iu vogue here. In this matter of
planting he had noticed one thing new
there, however. That wns the use of a
crowbar to make holes into which the pieces
of cam- were inserted. It was claimed that where
elroutb was e-ommon this "crowbar" system was
very generallj- iu vegue in Jamaica. In case the
weather was too dry for the first joint nearest
the surface to sprout then at least the second or
third would grow, iu dry seasons undoubtedly
cane thus planted had an advantage over that
planted by the usual method.
In Jamaica they have a peculiar system of ma
nuring. A number of cattle were placed in a
portable pen cove-ring two acres of laud. The-s-e
cattle were regularly feel and the waste fodder
allowed to accumulate ou the grouud. From
time to time the pen is removed until a large
sized field has all been covered. Theu the grouud
thus enriched, is plowed up and planted.
Many sugar estates in Jamaica have been re
oeutly, and are now being converted iuto fruit
ranches because raising cano has not and does
not yet generally pay well. Mills on the Island
are generally driven by water power. Some caue
districts are irrigated; many are not. The la
borers there are mostly coolies. The population
of the Island is oSG,0l0. Labor is far more
scarce and hard to obtaiu there than here. The
Jamaica negro would not work if he could help
it and could easily cut down a banana tiee and
dig up a yam. With this fo id lu fills himself
without labor and 1 ivs down aud sleeps. The
speaker did not blame the negro for this but it
was rather hard ou the plauter. One trouble
with laborers there is that the Panama canal
ompany offers all negroes 1 2-j per day,
hereas.the planters could not afford to pay
much more than half that amount. Caue culti
vation is carried on there very much as it is here,
except that oxeu are larg-ly used. Soil is very
rich and heavy.
Iu regard to tho muugoos Mr. Tucker rea l a
long account of its habits from a pamphlet and
then gave some of his owa observations respect
ing the peculiarities of the little animal and what
it has done in Jamaica. Formerly before tbe
iaungoos was introduced there rats damaged
cane crops to the value of -500,000 per annum.
Although the mungoos was not introduced uu
til 1872 the rats and small vermin as well as
snakes on the Island has beeu almost extermi
nated. If oue of these catlike animals gets hold
of your finger it never lets go until it is killed.
They prefer to live away from the habitation, of
man, aud never eat flesh, but suck the blood of
the vermin which they kill. If bred in con
finement they are not worth anything as ratters.
It is a mooted eiuestion whether or not these
mungoosc-s follow rats up trees. When Mr.
Tucker was in Jamaica he received a letter from
the Government of that Islaud stating that the
mungoos never was known to attack children.
In answer to m any questions put to the speak
er by various members of the association, he
said that cane in Jam lie. 1 is most all white and
seldom falls down or gets tangled up as it does
here. The climate there is much hotter than it
is here, which however does not injure the growth
of cane. The month of August is in that part of
the world thi wannest period of the year, and
then th-j thermometer st.iuls at DO3 due is
there raised at an elev.ttiou of UOd feet. The
cinchona tree is largely raised iu the uplands
where it grows to perfection and m itures iu from
five to seven years. This tree is usually planted
ou sidehills aud rough 01 uneveu lau.ls which
would otherwise be worthb ss. Steam plows are
not used ou the islanf tiec iuse no single sugar
estate is large enough to affjrd to buy one. The
largest plantation there. only produces 700 tons
in a season. A hundred ton plantation requires
two hundred laborers, m.'re or less, to take care
of it. Canes in the fields there are very weedy.
Grass for st ick which flourishes b -.t ou the is
land is of the kind called guinea."
Mr. P. C. Jones stated iu connection with the
subject of grasses, that a sort of ' guinea'' grass
teed had recently beeu iutroducel iuto this
couutry by Judge McCuIly, which had beeu sent
by him to Kau, Hawaii, and there planted. It
had grown well ai?J in ulo good promise thus far.
Hon C. R. Bishop sud that this kind of grass
ought to be nure generally iutro.bieed. He had j
no doubt but that it woul 1 prove valuable to fee-d '
Mr. Whitney, speaking of new varieties of caue
said there was on his land a new kind that seemed
to be a cross between the Lahaina and some other
Taricty. It grows finely, has long joints and if
it proves to be proportionately full of saccharine
matter, it will be a very superior sort of cane for
cultivation. He has now of this new variety
about two acres.
Mr. Davies remarked that not long ago he im
ported some thirty or forty new varieties of cane
which have been planted on the plains, and he
would invite the gentlemen present who were
experts in their knowledge of caue to go out aud
Mr. 1'. C. Jones said that he had imported
some new kinds of oaue not long ago aud given
them to Mr. Bailey, who was not present.
Mr. Whitney Btated that Mr. Bailey had in
formed him that these canes of Mr. Jones' were
not promising as well as those which we already
Mr. R. A. Makfie recommended that the asso
ciation should have a garden in Honolulu to ex
periment with caues and manures.
Mr. Bishop thought that it would be a good
plan to have all varieties of cane introduced
T. 11. Davies thought that hew caues should
be distributed all over the islands, and favored
Mr. Macfie's plan of establishing a garden for
experimental purposes in Honolulu.
It was moved and B'ieouded that a vote of
thanks be extended to Mr. Tucker for the in
formation iu relation to caue plautiug an I other
matters iu Jamaica, but the Chairman deferred
putting the question because of au interruption.
The committee appointed to audit the Treas
urer's account reported fiudiug it correct. This
repoit was adopted and duly placed on file.
Tho Committee on Transportation reported
through Mr. Rickard, who made some pre
fatory remarks, stating that he was very sorry
to say that his report did not suit himself, and
would not, he kuew, suit the Society. Never
theless, many interesting details about trans
portation of caue were given. Flumes, where
water was plentiful and the land lays right, are
undoubtedly the best. Railway and portable
tramways were considered preferable on level
soil. Cost of transportation on railwaj's was
probably the cheapest, where water was not ob
aiuuble and flumes could not be used to ad
vantage. A letter from Mr. lilaisdel, manager
of Kaalea plantation, was read, in which the end
less tramway was described as the best and
cheapest where water cannot be obtained
for flumes aud the grouud is too rough for rail
ways, but the rope tramway system was consid
ered by the committee not portable enough and
too expensive. Mule teams as a motive power
were next considered - with faveir. The report
was on motion accepted and ordered pri u ted.
George Dole spoke about the wire tramway sys
tem in use at Kealea and condemned it as too
Theo. H. Davies thought also that tramways
were very expeusive us meatus of transportation
costing about three or four times what has been
stated iu Mr, Blaisdel's letter.
After Home minor business had beeu trans
acted the meeting then adjourned until to-day
at 10 o'clock a. M.
" Are editors us superstitious as theater
actors, and sailors, aud railroad men ?" asked
the Old Subscriber, sitting down in a Queen
Anne chair, aud putting his feet timidly under
a center table inlaid with Mexican onyx.
Yes," said the solemn editor, ' they are.
Ever since newspapers were invented, by Oadr
mas, journalists iu every department havo had
superstitious beliefs aud ideas peculiar to their
profession. Now, there's the managing editor.
If the first mau who comes into the private of
fice Monday morning is a man who wants to go
to Congress, and has un editorial article three
columns long, written by himself, showing how
the country is lost unless he is nominated in a
minute, the manager is gloomy all day, because
he doesn't believe that article is going iu the
paper. No reason for it, you know, only he is
just superstitious cuough to believe that tho
manuscript will be lost in the waste basket ten
feet deep before the author is half way down
stairs. Then, there's the leader-writer, too. If
be found his pen sticking in the paste, he'd Sus
pect Dan down iu the office in a minute. When
he finds his desk opened and all his pencils
gone, he suspects his proof-reader ; and when
the paper comes out dated February 32. he sus
pects the iuaker-up.' And another thing : if
he picks up a pen by the wrong end, he will
turn it around and say something before he will
write with it. I've talked with him ubout it,
but he won't give any reason for it. As for the
news editor, you see that mountain of exchanges
ou his table ? Well, before you get down stairs
that young man will lean out of the window to
watch jour appearance at the counting-room
door, aud he will say, 4 I'll bet a dollar that old
cuss stole the Boston Transcript and the Denver
Tribuue.' He is superstitious about everything
that happens and every man thut comes in. He
believes it bad luck to drop the scissors down the
elevator well. Did it once, and they straddled
right iuto both eyes of a regular advance
payiug subscriber, who was looking up to see
the elevator come down. He believes in Mas
cottes. Gets five letters a week from somebody,
and tbe boys believes he has one. He won't
work on Sunday or the Fourth of July, Says
when a man works on Sunday it ia a sign he's
loncsee. If he wants to get anything out of
the library when he is sitting at his desk he
crosses the room before he takes down the book.
Crosses it again before he sits down. If wc run
out of paper, the pressman believes it is a sign
that the paper won't be out. If a printer usks
for money before pay-day it is a sign he hasn't
been on the paper quite a week. t is also a
tign that he'll never do it again. If tbe press
man asks a printer for a dollar it is a sure sign
that the printer hasn't a cent. When the fore
man finds a handful of pye in with his quoins,
and picks up a sidestick and starts down the
room making loud remarks, it is a sign he is go
ing to (and for) the devil: Oh, a newspaper of
fice is the most superstitious place you can come
'And yourself,'' said the old subscriber,
''Now, do you believe in any of these things ?"
"I ?" said the solemn editor. 'Oh, I believe
it's, aboqt time '
Tbe old subscriber nodded thrice, put ou his
hat, rose to his feet, and the old one and the
solemn one passed slowly, but not too slowly,
down the winding stairs. Robert Bnrdette in
A Princess as a Milliner.
Ever since the Fishery Exhibition, when
the Princess of Wales appeared at the fair
in a simple dress and a small capote bonnet
trimmed by herself, the English milliners
and modistes every man and woman of
them have experienced the liveliest in
dignation. But this war in their hearts
will not proeiuce a revolution, or in the
least olfset the example the royal lady
chooses to set. English women adore their
Princess, aud will certainly adopt such
styles as she may introduce or acknowl
edge. Nor will the effect of the simple toilets of
the Princess of Wales be confined to the
clear-corn plexioned daughters of Britain,
With the growlug tendency among fash
ionable cireles in Jsew York for everything
English, it is safe to conclude that English
style in dress will prevail to a great extent
here during the fall and winter season. Of
course our own dressmakers and milliners
will fight an innovation that means :i loss
of dollars and cents to them, but many la
dies will welcome it just for the novelty of
the thing, and surely it will proven blessed
boon of comfort to innumerable heads of
families with recent unpleasant Wall street
experiences in memory.
Ample; proofs havo been given since the
advent of that innocent little capote bon
net, which fust fired the English milliners'
heart with revolt, thut the Princess is de
termined on a new order of thing and that
her example is alreatiy doing its perfect
work. She appeared in a white muslin
dres?, simply trimmed with lace and wear
ing a small white bonnet, at the garden
party given by the l iince and herself at
Marlborough. The ladies in attendance,
for the most part, weie attired in shoit
morning tlre.-es. 1 tie Princess mid daugh
ters wore crimson cashmere dresses, with
Jersey bodices, black .--ilk stockings and
high boots. At the (ioodward meeting,
where heretofore plain toilets have been
few and far between, tbe Princess wore a
dress of lark, navy-blue silk, exceedingly
plain and devoid of ornamentation, and a
black straw bonnet simply nitonicd with a
small plume ot bright eariet le-atlic-rs.
Even w ben tin- oeca-ion is such as to le
maud an elegant toilet, simplicity of style
characterizes it. An instance of this is the
toilet worn by the same royal lady at the
recent drawing-room, where she presided.
This was of white velvet and white satin
trimmed with small pearls; the train was
of tlie same materials and drawn together
with white roses resting 011 gieen leaves.
X. Y. World.
(Treat men are eccentric That may be j
accepted as au axiom. I fancy the truth of
the matter is that we are all eccentric, every
ne of us, but that since we are not great
men as a general rule nobody takes any no
tice. Some people seem to fancy that the
proposition will read as true from the either
end. ' Eccentric men are great." It does
not, of course; but that's neither here nor
there, they think it does, and so far as they
are concerned it does. This is the only reas
on I can find after careful research, for the
strange behavior of, for example, our fa
mous political trio that have been the
amusement of the House for some little
time probably saving some poor soul from
dying of ennui. Of them anem. Christian
ity has oi late years looked witli sucli favor
on athletics as to give 1 ise to the' phrase
" muscular Christianity," possibly enough
first Used iu careless i 10113; so that it seems
a strange thing to hear a minister gravely
talking from his pulpit on the demoralizing
effect of- Horseracing ? No. Boxing? No,
not even boxing but Football ! Laugh,
my readers; but it is a fact. I cannot ciuite
recall the reverend gentleman's own words,
which is a pity, but what he said was to
this effect : that three promising youths (!)
of his congregation had left Lyttolton on
the Sabbath morning by steamer, with Hags
flying, band 1 h ying, and crowds cheering,
blowing a bugle, Really I give him credit
for a good imagination. Most pulpit deliv
erances are so h void of this that I think I'll
make a pel iodieal journey to "sit under"
one who possesses the faculty in so high a
degree. Besides, his taste ; and his logic!
The three promisingyouths did the blush,
I wonder? were silting in the church when
the precious sentence wns uttered. I'd have
laughed in their place I know. I'd have
taken the trouble to loek up the report,
which is a thoroughly reliable one, and I
find all the band" concernetl was one bu
gle, blown by ' Peister,'' hever he may
be. I have seen his name attached to Foot
bull notes( 1 fancy. This is a pretty gone!
flight. The Hags were tbe Hags of the two
Unions, Canterbury anel Otago, and, of
course, I hove of the shipping, which every
man (ef the world) knowsare regularly elis
playetl by way of go-to-meeting finery on
the Sabbath elay. Aud now, ''blowing a
bugle,'' I confess this beats me. How thrcie
youths couhl manage to blow one bugle,
however promising they may be, is beyond
my intellectual powers to understand. Mrs.
C. suggests that tliey blew by turns, but
women know nothing of logic. No one
could say they "left Lyttelton blowing" in
these circumstances ; and besides, my re
poet says, Poster's bugle; ami presumably
with Poster rests the glory according to
our friend, I suppose, the eternal tlisgrace
o f the performance. And then to draw that
beautiful meral from it all the demoralis
ing in flueuce of Athletic Sports ! ' Lord,
what fools we be.'' Civis.
I'rlurcsS Kaiulaui's Itirtlidiy Fete!
A splendid entertainment was given by If. Ih H,
Princess Likclike aud II n. A. is. Ch-ghoru at their
residence at Waikiki, on the afternoon of Tues
day, October 10, which day ,vai of the eighth birth
day of their daughter the Princess Kaiulani. Tho
very largo party of young people- present was out
numbered considerably by tho grown up children
who came by invitation to oM-r their congratula
tions on the happy occasion. Th-; grounds which
surround tlu house are ahv.i ly justly celebrate 1
for their beauty, and they never looked better
than Tuesday when their lovely shades and
pretty openings were filled witl ladies and chil
dren, gaily and many most handsomely attired.
There must at one time have bien at least three
hundred visitors present, anl when many had
taken their departure others were still arriving.'
Thanks to tho untiring care anl thoughtful
arrangements of thu genial ho.-t an 1 hostess bath
youug and old enjoyed themselves thoroughly.
His Majesty the King was present, as ii duly
bound to wish many hippy returns of the day to
his little niece. So also was If. It. II. Princess
Liliuokalani, aud a very large number of the
leaders of society iu Honolulu. Tin lanai had
been fitted up as a dancing room for tho little
folks and presented a very pretty sceiu wh :n they
gathered therefor a quadrille or a waltz. Jfodt
of the guests took their departure as the hales of
eveniuj; began to fall, but a considerable number
of tho elder ones staid totitiisi uji the festivities
with a dance. Altogether no more enjoyable party
has been given in Honolulu. May the young
Princess iu whose honor it was given live to cele
brate a happily some scores of birthdays.
je Progres Je I'Oeeiiuie, No. 121, .V au.l A S It, meets
on Kin st last Muu in em-li mouth.
Iiswaiiau No. 21, l" mid A M, meets tor Fort ami (iuetn
sts first Monday in eaeii mouth. '
Royal Arch e.'haj.ter meets 111 Hall of 1.- roHrrtis tie
1'Oce-aaie every 3'1 1 hursilay of the mouth.
(Jomuiandery of Knights Templar meets e-vi rv 21 Thurs
day ia the mouth.
K amehame-ha lodtre of I'eif.t-tiou No. 1, A ami . IS IJ,
meets &t Hall of Ie i'ro-rres de l'Oi auie every llh Thurs
day iu the mouth.
Nuuituu Chapter ol l!o-w e.'n.i.x. No. 1, A (X A S it. nm-t.s
at hull of le Pi-ogres ue I'O.-eaLiie lir-l 1 'ln!rsliv In the
Alexander Liholiho foaii.-:l of Ka-Io-h. A & A i I:
mt on third Mouday of alternate mon-.h-tnun IV-l.
Excebaor No.l, I UIJ p, m-t-ts each t'i:e-!;.v in 11.M p't..
lows' Hall, port street.
Polynesia Kiii-uiupuiciit No 1. I O o K, m, ,.;., t si.l p,-'-lows
Hall ever" tirst and h:ri Pri.Inv in .cii in.. ii;"i '
Harmony No. 3, I i O p. m.t-ts et.-h .Mou.-.iv in hall of
Oahu So. 1, K or P. i,iee!.s ei. !i . -P..-ul , v -,r II i'i
Campion' B'ock, Pint st. ! ' J"'-
Hawaiian Tr:hu N. 1. I inprire- 1 Or l. r of It-1 V.-n
mei-U every Friday at hall "t K o' p
I 8eeoul aJ fowrlli Tuesday ot monUi.
Lmj our i.o i-e. .No. I, Km-hts ..f ,It-i n.-al.-iu. i:
. eveum at imii t.n Maiiimia-a t
OlJcI f a vU '"-i" 1 !U Knouts t Pythias Hall.
OWTut? S nn SaJ"' A L of U' mt n the first and
uSant&TL? hmonth in hall of K,iifTht of Pyth.as.
Xw TyH51M t,he,Uilrd Thursday of each month.
PvtWHah''8 " 1 - T "oetH in Kniehta of
rrmias nur..rn Monday night.
fIo. 105 and 107 Fort
:Post Office J3ox 38.
LYCAX & JOHNSON I.;ivc just received a 1enuf ifnl lot i f Wuhi Strit up.
holstercd in ik, Silk :nnl l'ltisli, l'lusli mhj Hair C'lctlt. llau-t inth aud
Kejs, that tliev will sell ut the lowest prices, possible.
L VCA X & JOHXSUX have just received by 4SSuez" a large assortment of
Folding Steamer Chairs that should he inspected by every on contemplat
ing a sea voyage.
AT LYCAX & JOIINSOX'S can he found all of the latot Music just re-
ceived lv Suez," nnd Australia."
LYCAX & dOUXSOX have a large assortment of Baby Carriages, Swinging
and leocking Cradles, Cribs, ami high and Jow Chairs for the little folks.
LYCAX & dOIIXSOX have some very cheap and some expensive Bed-room
LYCAX & JOHXSOX have the only assortment of small Musical Instru
ments in Honolulu.
LYCAX & JOI1XSON have the onty assortment of PIANOS and. ORGANS
to be-found in this Kingdom.
L CAX & JOHNSON sell n ore Pianos than all the other dealers because
they sell cheaper, sell on the installment plan, take old instruments in ex
change, and lease them allowing the rental to be applied on purchase.
LYCAN & JOHNSON keep everything iu the Music line.
LYCAX & LOIIXSOX have the celebrated Herring Pat, Fire and Burglar
proof Safes to sell.
LYCAN & JOHNSON keep constantly in stock the largest assortment o
Book Shelves,-Clock Shelves, side and corner Brackets, &c.
LYCAN & JOHNSON have a large assortment of Center Tables and every
thing to put on the Center Table.
LYCAN & JOHNSON have the only assortment of Japanese Vases, Japa
nese Dishes, Fans, Screens, &c, &c.
LACAN & JOHNSON have a large stock of Toys, Dolls, Tool Chests, Doll
LYCAN & JOHNSON have the only large stock of Picture Moulding and
Cornice Moulding to he found in Honolulu.
LYCAN & JOHNSON have a very large assortment of Paintings, "Water
Colors, Engravings and Chromos that they will sell below auction prices.
LYCAN Sc JOHNSON have in their employ Mr. W. G. Wood who is tLe
only professional house decorator in this couutry. If you want everything
to harmonize, consult him.
LYCAN & JOHNSON, Manufacture Lambroqin's Cornices and keep Cornice
Moulding, poles and rings in Brass, Ebony and Walnut.
LYCAN & JOHNSON will furnish estimates for the complete or partial fur-
nishing of residences.
LYCAX Sc JOHNSON sell and rent Chairs cheaper than anyone else.
LYCAN & JOHNSON propose to sell all goods bandied by thein at only u
fair profit, and not at the high ligures usually asked for goods in their line
LYCAN it JOHNSON have the bet Sewing A achines for family, and man
ufacturing purposes aud sell them at from 20 to 4,r each.
LCAN & JOHNSON have all goods plainly marked, aud will deal justly
by everyone. Answering all of their correspondents and shipping gootis
to the other Islands promptly, and do all in their power to please in price
may 10 wtf.
. J. JLEVEY & CO.,
Wholesale and Retail Grcctrs, Odd Fellows" Euilding, Foit Street. HcboJuU
HAVE JUST RECEIVED,
Per S. S. Hankow from London and S. S. Zealandia and Brig
antine W. G. Irwin from San Francisco,
large and vailed hhsoi tun-lit of
EUROPEAN AND AMERICAN STAPLE AND FANCY
Wlii. h cannot fail to please the- most lantidious. We havr on hsud a fine M-lecliao of chute
Teas, IPotted Meats, JHsh, Game, etc.
A f--w ol wh.eh are mentioned below:
Tins Artichokes, Potted Shrimps,
Cocoa, Bottles French Pickles,
Bottles Chili Colorow, "Whole Cooked Quail,
Mackerel iu Tomato Sauce, Souserl Mackerel,
Fried Smelts, - Anchovies in Oil,
Stuffed Olives, Truffled Sardines,
Broiled Chicken (very nice), Lime Fruit Sauce (a new article),
And a Hundred Other Articles, Too Numerous to Mention.
Alao on huiid a fresh lot of
ROBERTS' CELEBRATED FRENCH CANDIES.
Whick Will be Sold at Seventy-Five Cents per lb.
Goods delivered free to any part of the city, and particular attention
given to orders, both from the Islands and city. Telephone No. 21.
EN G-LING- & CO.,
5 Nuuanu Street, Honolulu H. I.
A'iENTS FOR THfc
Superior" Stovo Dea,er" in
, . pucmuoa.
janlJwly TELEPHONE 311.
Street, - - - Honolulu.
fJ'olephorie N o. .179.
T MO T ICSES.
Mackerel in Oil,
A OA TjTi.
otovs and Ranges.
EVKBY DESCRIPTION OF "
SHEET METAL WARE
Ou Hand or Made to OWUr. -
, TiDniM PlMMmr. Gntterw, Etc.
Water Pipe and Fittings,
Sole Agenta In these Ialagda for th-
AU Sizes in Stock. Circular aod Price n p.