Newspaper Page Text
m d iftc Ming.
X HEW EXCElAlOaUl
The night had annk nn Chappaona,
Tne wind was knn- tbe lr w"
ia forth tbe farmer vent in peace.
With thia deriee cm hi rail i
' "11a gotof Wert!"-
jlii paata were abort, bia boot rnn dows.
Bis Ml hat maabed In at tbe crown.
And Ilk a aqneaking CArt-wbeel rang
The accent ot that well known tonga!
" rm going Wert I"
In White Hooae window bright and warm,
lie dream be aeee Clysae' una.
Then yank hU trooaere higher and higher.
Bint neely ont, and arreame in ire:
" -I'msotojWeatr ,
"Dont try that dodger John Cochrane cried,
The Free Trade boys will tan your bide !"
Tpon Ua noae a tear drop ahinee,
lie wipe i t on bia sleeve and whines :
Beware of Uioae who're read your book I"
" Tonll know them by their recant looks ;"
Tbta waa a "aorehnidV partine cry;
A silvery role replied : " You lie f
" I'm coins Weet 1"
A alcepr "cop" that morning found
The cJdman aeated on the around,
Still clinging to hia carpet-bag.
Which bore thia motto on lta tag: -v
"I'm going Weetl"
There. 'neath the Franklin atatne, aat
Old Chappaquack in bia white hat.
Like bnntaiuan resting from tbe hnnt,
While from bia lipa eocaped a grunt :
"I'm going Weetl"
i i a.
He Knew Hi a Like: Bk.
This story comes from Bangor, Me.: Near Ban
gor, iu a little villa;;", there lelt, many years
pine by, a lay ineuiuer, who kept week days a
country strr, ami on Sunday lie would preach
or. exhort .aroriml amnn the neighboring towns,
where hi? ctinld find a vacantJiul)iit.
Hewa a-m.T.i of limber touj-ne, and conldsell
lanitea notions aim preacn 1110 uuspei very
It waa lits way to load np a wagon and peddle
all throngh Ihr country, lrating his store in the
charge of hia wife during his absence.
Finding himself, late in the week, npoa a cer
tain time, too far from home to get hack, and hav
ing sold ont his load, wicb at that time consisted
of dried apples, which, by tbe way, were a little
wormy, he gave notice that he would preach the
next day, which was Sunday, to the people.
Many gntln-red to hear him. His text was:
"And by their fruits ye shall know them." He
bandied this tulijrct in his usual gallaut manner,
and, closing up his sermon with a glittering par
agraph, hr repeated the text. "Yes, my iheuds,
and by their fruits ye shall know them."
Jast at this point np jumped a retail grocer in
the place; who had dealt with tbe exhorter the
night before, and said, loud riidngh to be beard
if tbe chnrch bad Iwen twice as large: "Yes,
friend, and by the worms in their dried apples,
Tbe Wrwrng Maaell.
A high officer of the Sons of Temperance pre
sented himself, with the smell of grog ho Lad
been drinking njon him, at the door of a "divis
ion" for admission, and was waited upon by an
Irish sentinel, to whom he gavo the password,
when the following passed:
"8ir," said he, "an'-ycz are Mr. O'WrigU, the
Grand Worthy Patriarch of the State of Khaiu
tucky, I do be aflher belavin."
"les,"said Jim, "you are perfectly right, my
inana ; ont wiry no yon asK tne question I
"To tell you the truth, then, sir, and shame the
divil," said Pat, "yez do be havin' the right pass
word for a Son of Temperance, entirely; bat by
the Holy Virgin and the blessed St. Pathrick, yez
got the wrong smell!"
"If thejnry do b.lieve from the evidence that
the plaintiff and defeudant were partners in the
grocery, and that the plaintiff bought ant tbe de
fendant, and the defendant paid the note by de
livering to the plaintiff a eow, which he warranted
not breachy; and the warranty wos broken by
the breachiness of tbe cow, and he drove the cow
back and tendered her to the defendant, but he
refused to recieve ber, and th defeudant took her
home again and put a heavy yoke on her to pre
vent her jumping fences, and by reason of the
yoke sue broke ber neck and died; and if tbe ju
ry believe that the defendant's interest in tbe
grocery was worth auythiug, the plaintiff's note
was worthless and the cow good for nothing, ei
ther for beef or milk, then the jury mnst find out
-for themselves how theywill decide tbe case; for
the Court if she understands herself, aud she
thinks she does don't know how such a d d
ease should be decided."
The Atlanta (Ga.) Constitntion relates the fol
lowing: "Not loug since a gentleman in a neigh
boring County, noted for hU pleasant manners
and waggish disposition, bad a christening scene
at his house. Baby about eight months old, was
to bo christened, and tbe friends were gathered
to witness the spectacle. The minister, turning
to the father, asked: 'What is the child's namer
It had not been named. The husband turned an
inquiring, mischievous glance on his wife, who
smiled in return. With Hashing eyes he said to
tbe preacher: "Name it after Langston he's my
nearest neighbor!" One" can fancy the uproar of
laughter which greeted this announcement."
Specik CuitRREKCT. A distinguished Confed
erate leader, who had passed some time in Mexi
co after the colapse of the "cause perdue," fonud
his way hither right gladly, and put up at the
St. Charles. The morning after his arrival he
rang for John and sent him for a cock-tail, giving
him a Maximilliau dollar. John had been victim
ized before by designing strangers, and was care
fully ou his gnnrd. Giving a glance at the shin
ing piece of silver, ho gave his bead a shrewd
shake, and laid the medal upon tho table, remark
ing, with considerable dignity: "Thef don't take
utdalt for driuU at thh ger bar!" Drover,, Harp
er'e Magazine for September,
Ax American minister of fine descriptive power
was on one occasion preaching about heaven; and,
to show the absurdity of Euiannel Swedenborg'
on the subject, drew a graphic pictnre of the
Sweuborgian heaven, with its beautiful fields,
fine horses, cows, and pretty women; and, in. tbe
midst of bis glowing description, a good old sis
ter, carried away with'scene, went iuto rapture
and exclaimed "Glory! "glory! glory!" The
preacher was so disconcerted" that be paused,
seeming hardly to know what to do, till tbe pre
siding elder in the stand liehind him cried nut to
.the shunter: "You nre slruititig over tbe wrong
Oxce up'in a time, at a donation party, when
all the company were seated at the supper table,
a young person of the male gender, addressing
- one or his species at the farther end of the table,
aid, " Mooes, just start the milk this way. if you
please." One of thi young ladies, eager to be ac
commodating, seized the cream-cup and handed
it to her next neighbor, with the remark, "Mv
"name is not Mom-, lnt I ran start the milk;"
which created a momentary smile, pendingVhich
he retreated in good onler.
AT a Sabbath school meeting-held in Pleasan
ton, Penn.. after the recitations had been conclud
ed, this dialogneocrnrred:
Superintendent Well, children, what is the
subject of onr lesson to-day !
Children Judas Iscariot, sir.
Superintendent What kind of a man do yon
think be wast
Small boy I think he waa "dead beat," sir.
MEMBER of School Board Well, Thadv Brana
gan, do yon go to seboolf Thady Bedad, I does,
every blessed niornin. M. of S. B. And do yon
write! Thady Begorra. I does, barrio' when I
does wrong. M. of S. B. And ilo yon read I
Thady Sorra a rade. M. of S. B. What do you
do. then ? Thady Arrah. sure, I only goes to"th
achnle dhure for Tittles for tho pig, bnt I nlvir
goes into the Intarlor. PcJ.
A Powerful Pill. An itiueraut quack doctor
in Texas was applied to by one of Colonel Hays'
rangers to extract the iron point of an Indian ar
row head from his head, where it had been lodged
for some time. "I cannot 'strack this, stranger,"
aid the doctor, "bekas to do so would go nigh
klllin' yon;" but I tell yon what I can do; I can
give yon a pill tbt will melt it in yonr head."
THE following is a ynnng minister's idea of the
expansive nature of tho human mind: "Yes, my
friends, tbe mind of man Is so expansive that it
can soar from star to star, and from saehelite to
aaehclite. and from seraphene to seraphene, and
from cfcetTvlieam t cberrybeam, and from-tbenea
. to tbe eswtre of the dome of heaven."
ABoaeor.juat a Wbitei Pine hotel being about
t'deprt, said to a waiter: "Boy run np stairs
to Ifo. U nd bring down my lmggsge." " Wbar
im vonrtatggagrvmassa.andwhatisitf" "Why,
Jthree p(tla, a pack of cards, a bowie-knife and
a abirl Tasfll find'them nnder my pillow."
AW Irishman, with a heavy bundle nn bis shoul
atawriwing on the front of a horse-car, waa asked
why he.did not set his bundle nn the platform.
J3ai replied: ''Bejabers, the homes hare enoggh
te4rge.. Ill carry tho bundle," "
.for tie f arwft.
A Ifius Ira Yeedlag .
A correspondent of tbe Maine Farmer having
made the statement that among the valuable les
sons that the past wiuter bad taught him in fee
ding stock, was thecAuvictioii that be has hereto
fore "fed nearly doable the amnnntof hay nee
ded," another writer for the same paper com
ments as follows on his remarks:
If feeders have learned, as many no donbt bave
done, that it is better to feed less bay and snb
stitnte meal or some other concentrated food in
place of tbe bay withheld, then the lesson will
not be controverted; but if they mean what they
say, that tbey bave been feeding too much hay
to the stock, have been giving mncb more nutri
ment than was needed. it ia nnite another thine.
I bave learned no such lesson. I have learned
(from tbe experience of others) that stock can be
wintered can be kept alive on much less hay
than has usually been fed to them.
When yon want stock to grow during the win
ter, oxen to lay on fat, cows to give an abnndant
flow of milk, yon moat give them something to
do it with. Muscle, fat, milk, nre all in the feed
given.be that grain or bar. It comes from no other
source, and can be obtained in no other way. A
certain amount of nutriment digested and assimi
lated in excess of what is required to sustain
vitality. If yon desire rapid growth, much fat.
or an abnndant flow of milk, yon must feed
liberally, and at the same time feed such food as
will keep all the organs of the animal in a heal
thy, active condition, that they may be enabled
to digest and assimilate the irreatest possible
amonnt of food. Milk producers understand this
well, and yon have not heard them say they bave
learned to keep their cons on a small amount of
They all feed shorts, and feed them not to save
hay, bnt to make their cows eat more hay.
Shorts are healthy food, and promote tha health
and activity of all the organs of digestion and
assimilation, and thus the cow is enabled to con
vert more" bay into milk. I hare been feeding cot
ton seed meal with the greafest satisfaction. It
saved me no hav, but it gave the cows a voracious
appetite, and that appetite, created by a healthy
digestion, converted a large quantity of hay into
My expedience has taught. me, and last winter
cmiunncu.'U, luai me pnuii in Kccpins hkick
comes from tbe feed digested and assimilated in
excess of what is reqnired to support vitality,
and the more we can get a single animal to digest
and assimilate, and therefore convert iuto the de
aired product, the greater tbe profit.
ffBteaf Onls far Fraujtea
In answer to the inquiry, " What shall we grow
in tbe place of com fodder f " I wonld snggest
tbe sowing of oats pretty thickly, and cutting
when first in tho milk, so ns to hate them saed
as green and full n povdMc. Stunt them under
coter, and it will bo found that more good food
call lie raised to the acre than of any other know u
grain or grass. That oat straw U of great value
has long been proved, and allowed to be of near
ly equal value to hay when cnt green ; adding to
this grain, say fifty bushels to the acre, would
give nearly a toil of the best of food, on w hich
not only does yonng stock grow thrifty and large
and tbe condition of work bones improve, bnt
with bran or meal it is one of the very best things
to feed cows for milk and butter.
Having a certain amount of milk to supply
daily last fall, I used every means to keep up the
quantity and quality, and tried almost every
variety of feed. I found positive evidence that"
corn tomier was tne worst 01 an, even at no cost,
while sbeaf oats, cnt green, were a cbeap feed at
forty cents a dozen bundles of average sire. The
corn fodder was good( full grown, and well cured,
but I would not feed it to cows I wanted a good
supply of milk from,-if I could get it for nothing.
The only feed found superior to oats was clover,
cnt in first bloom and well cured, with four ears
or com anu jour quarts ot oran once a niy. vn
this a fine snpply of butter may be looked fur,
and a cow to do her very best.
It may also bo said in favor of oats that they
are easy to grow, nice to handle, and the most
wholesome and nutritions food for stock, poultry
and bogs included, are early harvested, and the
land left in good condition for clornr, which
should follow. Cor.Uural World.
Paaltrr-IIaaiae far the Farmer.
The cheapest way to build a fowl-bonsn and
give the greatest amount of ground rooni (which
is what counts with poultry) is to make but one
roof and have that meet the ground. The buil
ding should be nine feet wide at tho underpin
ning, and nine feet high at the highest part.
This gives aa much floor room for the fowls to
move about lu as it tlie walls were Ingli on .all
sides of the structure, and with great economy
in building materials. There should be twelvo
doors in toe building, besides the small openings
under the windows for the use of the-fowls, and
tbe ventilator uear the peak. Three board floors
in each end, the tallest being for the attendant
to cuter, aud the other two for ventilation in ex
tremely hot weather. The doorways of tho board
doors arc furnished with another set of doors
made of lath.
When the board doors arc all open in hot weath
er aud the lath doors shut, there is a tine
circulation of air, and when the house it to
be tle.iued, the lath doors as well as the
others may be all opened. It may .seem as
if there was an over-plentiful allowance of doors,
bnt we have tried as many to a building with
satisfaction. There is nothing we hate worse
than a hot, pent-up house for fowls in July. To
make the house as warm in winter as it is cool
in summer, keep all the board doors closed but
one, aud have a packing of straw between each
lath door and the corresponding board door, ex
cepting, of conree, the tallest pair of doors where
the attendant enters.
Haw Plant Apple Trees.
It is astonishing how much diversity of opinion
there is and has been about the distance apart to
plant apple trees. After an experience of fifteen
years, I would plant apple trees not less tlian
twenty-four feet apart, from that to thirty-two
feet. Apple trees planted sixteen feet apart,
when they get large enough to bear, are found by
experience to be entirely too near each other, tbe
limbs Interlock', and it is difBcnlt to get through
the orchard with a wagon ; aud the want of light
and room canses the .leaves to fall from the
lower,limli and the ether trees become unheal
thy. Young orchards should be cultivated like a
corn field nntil the trees begin to bear, and there
ia no better crop to grow among yonng trees than
corn. Let the row of trees have the ground of
the row to themselves, and then cultivate the
row of trees the same as a row of com, but let it
stand, as it forms a protection to the trees in win
ter. After the apples liegin to bear, seed the
ground to clover clean, no blue grass or timothy
mixed with it mid don't take tbe clover off for
hay, bnt either turn in the hogs or cut the clover
anil let it rot under tbe trees; and whenever the
clover gets crowded ont by blue grass or timothy,
5 low it up and seed down again with, clover,
his is not theory with me, bnt it is based on ob
servation ami successful practice. 7otra 'Uomt
itead. ferlakage m Frail la Drrlmg.
In the letter from Charles Aldcn (owner of the
new fruit-drying machinery) which was read be
fore the late bort'cnltnrar-niceting at Rochester,
N. Y., be states that a bushel of apples weigh fif
ty pounds; that the cost of cutting and preparing
a bushel for drying is about fifty cents; and that
a bushel will yield nine dried pounds, two pounds
of which are cores and skins, which wbeu dried
find a ready market at six rents per pound for
making jelley without sugar or boiling anew
product. One bushel gives seven pounds of good
dried apples, which sell regularly at twenty cents
per pound, making, after drying, $1 25 per bnsbel
of apples, with cores and parings.
It will be understood that these dried apples
are creatly 'superior to common dried apples.
made by exposure to weather, flics, ore.- Toma
toes, being very watery, yield only turee ponuus
dried per bnsbel; but two dried onnces are found
to be wonal in substance to a one nnart can. and
will make as much br addfnc one quart of cold
water ami stewing properly. The evaporated to
matoes sen lor seventy-nve cants per pouua.
Peaches yield seven pouudsfrooi a bushel, one
pound of which is skins.
Pick Vp Tfcw Apples.
In the early season apples begin to fall, mostly
those that have in them a worm, and if gathered
day after day future benefit is gained by preven
ting tbe exit of the larva of the worm, and at the
same time tbe apples fed to horses,' rows, dec,
are high acceptable and nutritions as food. We
have all our fallen frait, from the size of a hickory
nnt, gathered and fed ont to onr stock. Bat now
soon will come more mature specimens, and yet
with the worm in them. These, if gathered, are
valuable for the making of vinegar. No good
cider can be made-frnm tbem anymore than good
wine can be made from poor grapes, but a good
vinegar can be made, and it is perhaps at market
price, say four or six dollar a. barrelf thirty
two gallons, more profitable than cider, while tbe
gain In the prevention of insect, in orchards by
meins of gathering this imperfect frait is beyond
estimate. "All orchardists should see carefully to
this item of removing readily this early, wormy
I setting out young orchard, always register
tbe varieties immediately in a book where ther
may be referred to in a few years when, the .trees
commence Deanng aiul iljer toe JJMJci are.los..
and the namca forgotten. "
Duv jftniy 00!..
TIC HA.TlwXA.1, BEatOCaVACY.
tTbe following very clever daguerreotype of tbe LecUa
toraof lliaeuun. and we might add of tie"SaUonal"rnl.
era Uiroocbnat the. country, baa been banded ns for pnbU
eation. ltlaalife-liknntrliir l ! ha ao considered br
an who nave witnessed their cuadsctia tbecoowilaof tio
Bow do Xatiooata wark'for lie State t
Hera tbey ataad Mastering,
And there tbay ait clnaterUs,
lHvldlag r asBMeriag.
And rnariag and bvrinc.
And drinking and stinking.
And jarring and sparring.
And wrangling and Jangling. t
And Btrnszling and jaggung.
And straining and fcagaTag,
And apiag and scraping.
And amirking and obirkiBg.
And fibbing and cribbing.
And vying and lying.
And magging and bragging.
And ranting and canting.
And taunting and vaunting.
And babbling sad gabbUng.
And thnndensg and blaaderug,
And capering and vaporing.
And damarittg and stammering.
And snivelling and drivelling.
Shining and drifting
On factioa'a wild aea ;
Aa mobs ma) decree.
And screwing and jewing and daing.
na suammiag ana inmmlng aod cramming.
And gabbing and blabbing and grabbing.
And teaching and preaching and screeching,'
And scowling and growling and bowling.
And battling and rattling and tattling.
And ruffling and scufling and snuffling.
And voting and noting and quoting.
And apeahing and wqa-ating anil aneahing,
Haranguing and stinging anil whanging.
Attacking nd hacltinand packing.
And sallying and ralling and dalljlu;
And Ottering ml chattering :ud tuna tiering:
And floatlnz and aecntin? ami ahoctin? and anontinz.
And snipping and dipping and alippin and tripping.
And rambling and aluniu!l.g cud craiuMin antl gauib
And mobbing and anobting and Jobbing and rnbUng.
And slaving and craving mid brai inz uid rat ing.
Proposing and glocieg and proving aud doxlnt. .
Denouncing and trouncing and nouuciin; sud laninilog.
And winking and blinking aod tliriuking ami pliuklor.
And hurrying and scurrying and ilurrjo and worrying.
And leerins and sneerinz and teerinir and "llearuie."
Turmolhng and boiling and tolling and foiling and apollng,
atistaking and waiting and bating and rating and prating.
And uttering andmutteringand aputiering and stuttering
Forestalling and calling and bawling and brawling and
ealluia and maulin-
And rumbling and mnmbling and jmnbling and "rumbling
ana ininuuug anu aiumuing ana iiuuoiing.
And so never-ending bnt always contending
Public time, cah. and patirnce profiit-Iy miaapendlrg.
Tooth and nail at riVltttc, aaarling early ami l-lu
And thia way ILe Katii bain work for tbe State!
ii iMi m
GE0BGK WAtiUIXtiTOX'H KI.rCTIO.V
Aaid Itaiy lie Uecrire' the ."Vcwa.
On Tuesday morning, the 11th of April, 1769, a
venerable old gentleman, uilh line c.e, an ami
able countenance, and long, white locks, rode in
to tne lawn oi Jiount crnmi, coining troin Alex
andria. Tlie gentlemen of the latter town ac
companied him. It was between 10 and 11
o'clock. A negro man sallied ont to take the
nags, aud the old gentleman, entering the man
sion, was received bv Mrs. Wasliintfiii.
"Why, Mr. Thompson," said the good lady,
"where are yon from, and how are your people!"
"from -cw lorn, madam, ausiverru tlie uiil
man. "I come to Mount Vemoa upon a good
errand for the coiuitrv. at least. The General
has been elected Pret,idcnt of tbe United States
under the ucn" Constitution, and I am the bear
er of tho happy tidinpi in a letter from John
Langdou, President of the Senate."
Tho General was out visiting on his farm, how
ever, and the guests were eutvrtaiued for two or
turee Hours as we take rare of our visitors in tbe
country ow-a-dnys. Agists of the General's fa
vorite Madeira, iuijiorted in the cask, was" not
the woretprovi&ion made for them, and tho cheer
ful gossip of .Mrs. Washington, who had known
Sir. Thompson aud visited his house in Philadel
phia, helped to enliven the time. This grave
and respectable old man was the liuk between
the new Government at New York and the new
magistrate at Mount Vernon. Charles Thomp
son had been the Secretary through all its event
ful career of the Continental. Congress which
had directed the canse of the Colonies from des
ultory revolt to independence and to union, and
now he had ridden over the long and dillitnlt
roads to apprise tha first President of the Repub
lic, of the wishes of bis countrymen. At one
o'clock General Washington nxle into the lawn
of Mount Vernon, in appearance what Cnstis; his
adopted son, has described. An old gentleman,
riding alone, in plain drab clothes, a broad-brimmed
white hat, a hickory switch in his hand, and
carrying an umbrella with a long staff, which is
attached to his sadde-bow. The umbrella was
used to shelter him from the sun, for his skin
was tender and easily affected by its rays.
Washington greeted Mr. Thompsou with grave
cordiality, as was his wont, inquiring for his fam
ily, aud, divining already the object of his visit,
broke the seal of John lliugdnn's official letter.
Dinner followed, and while the visitors retired
to converse) or stroll about tbe grounds, the
President-elect wrote a letter to the President of
tho Senate, and sent it forthwith to the postoflicc
at Alexandria by a servant. Tho letter read as
"Mount Versox, 14th April, 1730.
"Sir I had tbe honor to receive your official
communication, by the hand of Mr. Secretary
Thompson, about 1 o'clock this day. Having
concluded to obey the important and flattering
call of my country, and having been impressed
with the idea of the expediency of my being with
Congress at as early a period as possible, I pro
pose to commence my journey on Thursday morn
ing, which will be day after to-morrow."
This done, the rest of the day passed in con
ference between Washington and his wife, in tbe
preparation of his baggage for the not unexpect
ed jonrney, while, meantime, tbe distinguished
guest was amused by the yonng official household
in the library and gronnds. There was auothsr
female dear to the newly-elected President, and
he kept her filial remembrance at tho very mo
ment of his greatest promotion. It was growing
late ill tbe evening of the day on which our chap
ter opens, when Washington mounted his horse.
and, followed by his man Billy, nxle off into the
woods of Virginia with speed. His destination
was Fredencksunrg, nearly forty miles away,
with two ferries between one at the Occoquan,
the other at the Kappahannock. His purpose
was to see his old mother, now almut cX) years of
age, and drawing near the grave. It had been
long since he had visited her, bnt he could not
feel equal to the responsibilities of his great of
fice nntil be should receive her blessing. Few
candidates for the Presideucy in onr day would
leave a warm mansion, filled with congratulat
ing friends, to ride all night through the chilly
April mists to say adieu to a very old woman.
Bnt thus piously the administration of Washing
ton began. He passed old Pohick Church, of
which be was vestryman soon to tumble to ru
inscrossed the roaring Occoquan, and by its
deep and picturesque gorge, where passed the
waters of tne tntnre dioouv nun itnn, ami uy
night he saw the old chnrches of Acquia and Po
tomac rise against the sky; he saw the decayed
seaport of Dnm fries. In the muming be was at
Fredericksburg, and bis mother was in his amis.
Marches, perils,"victories, honors, power, surren
dered tOrthat look of I helpless love, too deep for
pride toetjqw.wrouf u its tears, ana tne rreiuent
of the aew'Sfato waa.tober a new-born babe
again."" bo -dearer, no'jrreater. vHo-as Just in
time, for she bad, but Ihe' abort season of summer
to live,' and; lilce many dying mothers; life seem
ed upheld, at-four-score and Ave. by waiting love
nntu he shonldcome. History is ceremonious as
to'what'pjiasedbetween them, bnt tho parting
was "solemn and touching, like tha event. ( " Yon
will . 'no Tnore,"said she;"? raX-great age
and disease warn me that Ishallnotbe long in
this world. But go, George, to fulfill tbe destiny
which heaven appears to assign yon. Go, my
son, and may heaven's and yonr mother's bless
ing be with yon always."
Passing from that dear, pathetic presence, the
President-elect perhaps did not hear the plaudits
of tbe people in the streets of Frrdericksbnrg.
He rode all day by tbe road be had come, and
reached Monut Vernon before evening, having
exhibited bis power of endurance at the age of
fifty-seven by riding eighty miles in twenty-four
hoars. His good wife bad made all ready; the
equipage and baggage were at the door next
morning, and leaving Mrs. Washington and most
of the household behind, he set ont for New York
at 10 o'clock on Thnrsday, the 16th of Aprils ac
companied by Thompson and Humphreys. The
new State was waiting anxiously for its magis
trate, Grorge Jlfrrd Tmrfnd.
After flonndering through ancient and mod,
em lexicons of living and dead language, fur a
month or two, in qnest of a single word to lr4v
cribe tbe male population of the country fit for
military servicefJ.the English have at lebgt fa. dis
covered in some of their old dictionaries, of long
gone years, jnst what they want. t is the name
"manrrd," frequently nsed two or three centu
ries ago to express the fighting population.
The Chicago Board of Education have decided
by motion (hat theyouthfnl mind of that city
shall no lounger say "colon" and "lead-colon,"
bnt "primary and secondary colons."
JcsncK consists in doing no, injury to men;
decency, in giving them no attract,
zd mi Hxm.
JLa-nnr-fli" - aaa
triiBS Fwat I
Mkasubiko Grain. By the United 8at
Standard 2150 cnbic incbea make a bushel. How,
as a ciibic foot contains 172d inches, a bushel is
to a cnbic foot us21Q to 1729; or, for practical
purposes, aa 4 to 5. Therefore, to convert cnbic
feet to bushels it is necessary to multiply by fonr
firths. Example. Maw much grain will s bin
hold which is 10 feet long, 4 feet wide, and 4 feet
deept Solmtion.V) multiplied!')' 4, multiplied
by 4, equals 1G0 cubic feet. 16V multiplied by
fonr-fiflbs, equals 128, the number of bushels.
To Mkasckk Graix os thx Flook. Make
tbe pile in the form of a pyramid or cone, and
multiply tbe area of the bale by one-third of the
height. To find the area or the base, multiply
tbe square of its diameter by tbe decimal .7854.
Example. X conical pile of grain is 8 feet in di
ameter and 4 feet high. How many bushels
does it contain T Solution. The square of 8 is 64 ;
and 64 multiplied by .?d54, multiplied by four
thirds, equals 83.776, the number of cubio feet.
Therefore, 83,776 mnltplied by four-fifths, equals
67.02 bushels. Answer.
To Ascertain tub QuAjenrr of Lumber ix a
Loo. Multiply the diameter in ficica at tbe
small end by one half the number of inches, and
this product by tbe length of tbe log in feet, which
last product divide by 12. J2raavjle. How many
feet of lumber can be made from a log which is
36 inches in diameter and 10 feet longt Solution.
36 multiplied by 18 equals 648; 648 multiplied by
10 equals 6484; 6134 divided by 12 eqnala 549.
To Ascertain the Capacttt or a Cistern
or WELL. Multiply the square of the diameter
in inches by tbe decimal .7854. and this product
by the depth ill inches; divide this product by
il, and the quotient will be the contents ill gal
lons. Example. What is the capacity of a cisteni
which is 12 feet deep and 6 feet in diameterf
Solution. The square of 72, thediameterin inches
is 5134; 5184 multiplied by .7854 equals 5S6297.44,
tho number of cubic inches in tbe cistern. There
are 231 cnbic inches in a gallon, therefore 586297.
41 divided by 231 equals 2538. gallons. To re
duce the number of gallons to barrels divide, by
31 and one-half.
To Ascertain- the Wiadirr or Cattle nv
Measurement. Multiply the girth in feet by
the distance from the bone of the tail immediate
ly over the binder part of the buttock, to the fore
part of tbe shoulder blade, and this product by 31,
when the animal measure more than! and leu tkan
9 feet girtk; bv 23, when lr Han 7 and more taa
5; by 16, when Jen Jus S and more than 3; and
by 11 when let tnaumj. Example. What is tbe
weight of an ox whose measurements are as fol
lows: girth. 7 feet 5 inches; length, 5 feet 6 inches f
Solution. Five and one-half multiplied by seven
and five-twelfths equals forty, audt hfty-seveu
seventy-seconds multiplied by 31 equals 1264.
A deduction of 1 pound in 20 mnst bo. made for
half-fatted cattle, and also for cows that have
had calves. It is understood, of conrse, that
such staudard will at best, give only the approxi
Measuring Land. To find the number of acres
of land in a rectangular field, multiply the length
by the breadth, and divide the product by 100, if
tho measurement is made in rods; or by 43560 if
made in feet. Example. How many acres iu a
fiahl which is 100 rods in length by 75 rods in
width! Solution. 100 multiplied by 75 eqnals
7500; 7500 divided by 160 eqnals forty-six aud.
luiiricvii-oijktrcuiun. iiori. i -
To find the contents of a triangular piece oftri
land having a rectangular comer, multiply tbe
tuo shorter sides together, and take one-half
Measurement of Hay. 19 cnbic yards of
meadow bay weigh a ton. When the hay is taken
ont of old, or tho lower part of largo stacks, 8 or 9
cubic yards will make a ton. 10 or 12 cnbic yards
of clover, when dry, make a ton. Hay stored in
bams require from 300 to 400 cubic feet to make
a ton, if it be of medinm coarseness, and greater
or less quantity, varying from 300 to 500 solid
feet, according to its quality.
flow to Slake Backwkcal Cake.
Tho season for buckwheat cakes has arrived.
A writer in tbe Jmrrirua JgrinltHralitt recom
mends the following method for making cakes:
"The finest, tenderest cakes can bo made by
adding a little unbolted wheat or Graham flour
to the buckwheat. Less than a quart will do.
Mix with cold, sour milk, or frc-h (not sweet)
buttermilk, which is best. The soda (cinptjings
are dispensed with.) when put in cold water, will
not act satisfactorily. Hake at once; the heat
will start the effcrveseuee, and as the paste rises
it will bake, thns pre. en ting it from falling.
Hence tho culminated point of lightness is attain
ed. Thelkittcr rises suuwynnd beautiful, ami
the pancakn will swell to almost undue dimen
sions, absolutely the lightest "iTSit tenderest that
can lie baked, with not a touih of acid. More
;alt, honeer, must be aiidrd fn.in usual, to
cun:itenirt the ton fresh taste when soda alone is
used. Tims the bother of emptying is all dis
pensed with. Pancake in this way can lie baked
at any time and on the shortest notice. We keep
onr Hour mixed, the Graham with the biickuhrat,
ready for use."
To Keep Cider Swkkt. I saw an inquiry in
your paper to know bow to keep cider ns sweet
as it comes from the press. I have seen a great
many different was tried, but none I think
equal to scalding. Sometimes yon may lie fortu
nate enough to find a cider maker with a large
kettle at the press. Ifsopntiii the cider as it
comes from the press, bring it jnst to boil, bnt do
not let it boil. Skim it; fill the barrel to within
an inch of the bung; then bnng it tight and keep
the air entirely out: and at Christmas vou will
say yon never drank snch eider. You can scald
it at liome In brass or copper kettles, onn boilers;
but never in anything iron. Do it as soon as it
conies from the press. Cider, put np In this way.
win oe as nice tut Jiay as wnen nrst opened. u. J.
How to SIake Tomato Figs. Ponr boiling
water over the tomatoes in onler to remove tbe
skius: then welch them and ulaeethem in a stone
jar. with as mnch sugar as yon have tomatoes,
ami let tnem stanu two nays; men pour on tne
svrup. and lioil and skim it nntil no senm rises.
Then pour it over the tomatoes, and let them
stand two days no before : then boil and skim
again. After the third time they are fit to dry, if
tne weatner is gooa; u not. let tnem stauu in tne
syrnp nntil drying weather. Then place on large
earthen plates or dishes, and put them in the sun
to dry, wntcn win take anonta week, alter which
pack them down in small wooden boxes, witb
fine sugar between each layer. Tomatoes pre
pared in this manner will keep for years.
Farmers and others who are exposed to wet
and cold wonld find tho following composition
very valnable as a protection and preservative of
their boots. It is also excellent as a dressing for
harness: Veatsfoot oil, 1 pints; lieeswax, 1 mine;
spirits of turpentine, 4 onnces; pine tar, 1 ounce.
Melt and mix together, and stir nntil cold. Spread
and mb this composition over the leather while
it is damp; leather will absorb oil and grease bet
ter when damp than when dry. For the soles,
take pine tar and rub it in before the fire until
the soles will absorb no more. Three or fonr ap
plications' will lie needed. The durability of the
soles will be much increased.
Remedy for Agck. There must he some jjood
brandy, black pepper and a piece of flannel large
enough to cover the bowels handy. When the
chill is at its height, let the person go to bed.
Xow lex some other- person dip the flannel in the
cold brandy. Don't wring ont the flannel. Spread
it on the table, dnst it nrrr witb the pepper ont of
the castor, then spread it orer tbe bowels pepper
side down ; at the same time jrire half a wincglass
fnl of the brand? and half a teaspoon fill of the pep
per to drink; this mnst be done when the chill is
at its height,
How to Cleanse Water. The editor or Hall's
Journal of Health has often, in ancient times,
"settled " Mississippi water, and made it look "as
clear as abell." by tying a bit of alnm to a string
and twirling it around for a few seconds beneath
the.. surface jf a glassfnl. The same authority
fnrtber , states that if a Inmp of alnm as large as
the thimblo joint is thrown Into foor or fire gal
lons of boiling snap-amis, the senm runs over and
leaves tbe water dean and soft and nsefol for
For removing greasy spots from any fabric,
nse tbe ammonia nearly pure, then lay white
blotting paper over the smt and Iron lightly.
In washing lace nut about twelve drops in a pint
of warm suds. To clean silver mix two teaxpoon
fnls of ammonia in a quart of hot anils. Pnt in
your silverware and wash, rising an old nail brnsh
or toothbrnsh for thepnrpose.
-s GOPTTXQ-Ijnc Mix thirty grains of extract of
logwomi; sere grains of-rrystal .and;-Italian
onnee of water. Boil till diamlved; tben, while
stirring well, add thirty grahui of glycerine, one
grain of ehrosate of potash; previously dissolved,
and four graina of powdered gum arable.
How to 8top a PinnoLK i Lead Pipe. Take
a tenpenny nail, place the square end upon the
hole, and hit H'two or three slight blows with
hammer, and tbe orifice la closed aa tight aa
though yon bad employed a plumber to do it at a
cost of a dollar or more.
Scald ripe tomatoes and pnt them In a dish
with bread rrnmba, layer aver layer, seasoning
with salt and red pepper. Have tb bread rmmlis
on the top, and bake three hours. Tha result is
called "scalloped totnatnea." " r
WM. M. SHEPHERD,
IVcar Snlhwct Corner PaUic Square,
SIGH" OF "BED FRONT,"
Drug:, Books. Stationery, Psrtory.
Oils, Paints, Putty, Brushes,
Pure fines anil Liprs for Medicinal Purposes.
Also, a Largo Assortment of
WALL PAPER AND WINDOW SHADES.
Goods Sold for Cash Only.
July II, ISTS-ly.
"CITY DRUG STORE."
SOUTH SIDE PUBLIC SQUARE,
TROY, ----- KAJNTSAS,
JDx-uigrs and HVIeciioiixos,
FINE CHEMICALS, FANCY GROCERIES,
SCHOOL BOOKS .AJViD "WV. H. lA-i.TL,
Lamps and Lamp Fixtures,
MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS AND MUSICAL MERCHANDISE,
4 Paints Oils, and Window Glass,
And a Fine
Wines and Liquors
Physicians' Prescriptions and Family Recipes
Carefully compounded at all hours of tbe
M. R FISH & CO.,
soirriiwcsx cor.'vkr of puiii.ic square,
The Only Eiclnsively Dry Goods antl ClotMni House in Donipliaii Coity,
Keep nn hand, at all times, a full a'feortment of
DRY GOODS, CLOTHING,
nxroTicxLNris, hats, oa.t's,
A.Tica. G-GXXts' "7 -i-ra-a-a iaatti -i-t-ig GOOdS,
Which they sell at prices that defy competition. The latent styles of
Ladies' Dress Goods and Gents' Clothing-
Can always lie obtained at tlirir ntoir. T1i.t tnk COUNTKV 1'liODUC'i:, nt- the murkft price, in
exchange fur Goods.
Fall aud Winter Clothing Made to Order.
Call and sou them, before purchasing; and remember the place!
S. W. Corner of Public Square.
Jul v 11. l2-ly.
;l u m
l-H LOWER SAW MTT T ,,
M MTE CLOUD, KANSAS.
A COMPLETE SUPPLY, CONSISTING OK
1- Sash, Doors, Blinds, Shingles, lath, &c.
CLINT. O CHARLEY
J TAYLOR ORTOX.
J. C WATEElL&iC.
LUMBER, LATH, SHINGLES, DOORS,
Sash, and Building Material of All -Ends,
A.t the Lowest Cash Prices.
Office and Yard, South Fourth Street',
ST. JOSEPH, 3I!C.
July It, 1873-iy.
Lumber, Lath, Shingles, Doors,
Lime, Hair, Cement, Easter Paris, Saturated and Plain Building Paper.
The Finest Assortment of Building Material in the City, at the Lowest Cash Prices.
B ASB OFFICIO AT THE KAILsteAa BF.POT,
Jaiyii.w7.ir. ,TROY, KANSAS.
I' WILL ba la Troy errrr Vooday, to receive applies,
tiona for OoTmawat Bowaty. natter toe lata act of
Cmftti alaosrlaart.Util Uowaty. (froat Una wba
aava not applied.) act ofJolj IMC, U tleae bavlag bees
nielKHa lur aiiiaz appucauoa, 10 roe ma 01 snaarr.
lta. E. W. STRATTOlf.
TaT X. BUIXAKD wiakaa to Botlfr the dtiseaa of
Hi Walla daws, taat he kesaa taaataatlyoa fcaaa a
aTI!yverytaiac tat TeaSahla Use. BeUabUto
"pHr n ""' He fays Cash tor Paaltry. Efra and
Yefttablea. aad seSs at a aawJa ftawL Store aa Uaia
Street. ar the Post 0e. ' ' lsafnal. .
Tec CARDS. nCKBTR, BtASaOl, CDtCtrULTO, ,
MS I the Ckttf taaee. '
came t Uw CUtf aW.
Prescriptions carefully CompotmiU'il at all hours.
for Medicinal Purposes.
day or uiglit, liy an Experienced Chemist.
b e b , v
Anrat 8. 1S72.
J. B. BE1CXAKD.
AGENTS WASTED TOB
Bv J. aAEnrCK..Uie aaUMr of the worM-funou bosk
"Tex Sights di a lUa-RooM." "Tntta Tun ix A XLis
Taur." la the emwaing work of the author' life, aod old
Arrataaar theyaeTtr knew a book toarll like It. Oae
agent anldtl rejpiM In thne dare; another la half a dav.
BeanttfaHv heaad and fllamtrated. Extra terms tn stent.
Apalyto Y, A. HUTC1I1XSON & CO, S2 X. Sixth St,
n sin" i hi minimum m i immnii.
GDIR WUPDKJ 0YI& JEkVUIXX,"
Ttmn'SaittumC'KAmjunrn ultbnted-BagHah .pajatlag;
and - --- -All wk are It. want It
a sac. Apply TAIXET 'PtTBUSOTSa CO," St.
ijovm, MO. rujt.
ra The Old BellaM aad Paialar Tawwawih
KB Exprva Bute
To Saint Louis '
ASD AI.L POINTS
EAST! NORTH! SOUTHS
NO CHANGE OF CABS
M SL loii: to Jew Tor.
AS3 CTBt2 rtSSUL UTT CHB
THE MISSOURI PACIFIC RAILBOAtt
IS EQUIPPED WITH
Elegant Day Coaches!
Pullman's Palace Sleepers!
Miller's Safety Platform!
Patent Steam Brake T
rAai Eaalpaarat efarmaaalrtl hy any thaw
.late ia the Weal.
Try It! Try It!
A. Jk. TaLIMCaT,
General Soiterintendcut. St. Lauia.
E. A. FORD.
General Pauengrr Agent. SL Loaia.
V ROUTE EAST.
TUG Only line Bnnnins Tlronili Cars
NEW YORI, CHICAGO, CINCINNATI 4 LOUISVILLE
1872. SUMMER SCHEDULE. 1872.
- FOUR TRAINS DAI1Y !
7:30 A. M. Day Express.
Tltnmsh tn Xew Tork. Chicago, Cincinnati and Lcrols
ville Daily except Sunday.
4:45 P. M. Accommodation.
Fur all Way Station Sally except SuaLry.
6:15 P. M. Fast line.
With Pullman'a Palace Rleeiilnj Car through to Sen
York. Cincinnati and Lniville DAILY.
6:45 P. M. Chicago Express.
With tLnrnjli fSrejiinj Car Daily except Saturday;
Tickt t Office, '. 100 X. Fourth St- corner Cheatnnt, St.
W. E. JOXES.
Weat'n Paaa. Ac't.
CKAS. K. FtlLLETT,
ileal Tat. A ;en I
STEEL RAIL! D0UBLE TRACK.
Tne GreatSnortLine fromCineieafi or CoImnDns
Harinff 87 ( HO .Tlilrt. iv. arrWiuc Oxe Team In
SbtIms 50 aftllrt-, anil arriTfnx 6 Horcstn ADTAataU
Soring 77 nil, an.1 arriving el Uoces in ADViircat
o Tairc true Qocmst.
THE GREAT IEOU'eAILWAY BRIDGES!
Orer the. Ohia Hirer at Parkrrabara; !
Bellalre, are Completed.
SIOISXIXG AXU XIOIIT LIXF.S OF
Are run on thU lEnute from Cincinnati or Colamons to
Halttnuire and Wahingtin City,
AV-JCT IX.O XT 3C CHANGE.
Tiy thia Konto yon aTol.l-AI.1. OMNIBUS TUANSFECS
Tickrta fur sale at all Ticket Offices South ami WeU
L. JI. COI.K. W. I. SMITH.
Uen't Ticket Agent. ataatcr Tran.port'n.
Ihltiraorr. Mil. Baltimore. Mil.
IDJIET B. JOKES), Grnl Pan. Ag't, Cincinnati,
THE GKEAT THRO0OH S0UTHEBN ft EASTEEK
Kansas City, St. Jo. & Council Bluffs
3IILES TIIE SIIOBTEST TO
IP MILES THE SIIORTEST TO
Prom OMAHA and ths WEST.
Malting it the. Best through Una to
2 Daily Express Pateeager Trains
Leara aCaaoorl Krsy Daft sspgaita Oaata,
UsUafcQUICX Tiara, and THMVOK COnTBCnOKS
for ihe abore nameil eitlea.
OUR Ct4a Vornin Eipr -v b elegantly equipped with
comfortable Smoking Cars and ralace Coachea.
OVJl 43 Xlght Expreaa, with
Pullman Palace Sleeping Cars.
Miller's Safety Platform, and Coupler
OX ALL PASSENGER TRAIXS.
Paaacngera who coane West, t1 other line, shonld re torn
hy this note. Erring them an opportunity tonaaa throogh the
heanlifal and fertile Taller of the Miaeoort, tknruh rns.
ingCitie and thrirlng Village. "
ASK FOR T6TJB TICKETS VIA THE
Dibs GitT, St Ja t Cowca Blu-t ttraBfl Llae.
Ticket for aale at all General Ticket Office.
1.C.B1WU, A. L.HtjrKIXH.
Genl Paaa. Ag't., Cenl Superintendent,
St. Joseph. Vo. r SL Joseph, Mo.
lVorth Missouri Nursery
CORSTiUTLT 8SHAHD i GM OBTMfflT OF
WHOLESALE AJTD mETALL.
ome ortifg fmimm
Hi . -C a. MCa31aT., WaK. MV