Newspaper Page Text
SOL. MILLER, EDITOR AT PUBLISHER.
THE CONSTITUTION AND THE UNION.
i TERMS-$2.00 PER ANNUM, IN ADVANCE. ,
VOLUME XVI.-NUMBER 23. i
TROY, KANSAS, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 28, 1872.
WHOLE NUMBER 803.
THE HCQVCl TO A u-XKW VEGF.?.D.11
ItT MOWAKU CLTXLOX.
And mtin be t In thr mad to Eom.
With hrr hnDry vr on " RTwit white dome,
MiixlltM or riot and ruin at home,
Suinc t ), "Let me be
Jfehold, I m that wwIuJjr
And haffppg ber bead frota aorrst shame
At tbe crvTn; diitb.inor of her name,
Wliil tb Kuminera wrutand tbe winter came;
And, iMine. tb wurld aald, I tbU she
Tbt wan calll by tbe name of Italy I
yr be trallrtb ber splendor in tbe dnat,
A nd titr aword in the acabbard cetteth mat ;
And trulj In her may do mau trust ;
And it idiall only re-member-) lie
lrreaf l-r, that abe waa Italy.
Bat ahe, with ber bead between ber kneea,
Vw moved not for any of tbeae
jyiinochra, clustering thick aa beta;
(HIT she said, "ow let me be,
&x Home Is riven from IUly.
-1 am but a utiiTer nn of trif;
Hat iu ? no inore deliant in lifei
IUtius no more delJa
I m a a ffsJoos and i
lam asaJalooasndunluTed wife;
And tliriti and quiet are not for m
Nurr r4 s at tbe iirart oi luiy.
And now the darLnnts bad come ajnre,
JiMtfur wut from before Iier face
1 br tUinz sh4 bad area for a little apace.
And ilw 1 nbe had hoped when young and fir.
I'rainttt were budj for Italy
Wlirn. stidden. an tnerflowioK light
lUrir.linl tW fUrltneM from the night
And mad it brighter than the day is bright:
A ud she bid ber eves : 1 1 Is not for me,
Fallen, for&aken Italy!
llmi steadily to ber tartlt-l -ar
.Answered a small ruler, still and elettr,
" ltisn, for uell oranr U near!
iUnan to thine own. for thrnt art she.
That is failed by tho name of Italy!"
She hioLni, and the pate were opened wide.
And tbe Irys of Peter were at ber side.
Ami the clory had clothed ber like a hride;
And the dome was alight. Is this fr me !
Ah ! then ouce more I am Italy!
Ah one In a dream she entered, weak;
Jtut tbff linseU ber on lip, and chin, and cheek;
And all were too clad for any to apeak
Wrapped In wonder that Home should be
Safe in the arms of Italy.
Walt a little," she whtxpera low;
-The tide will come and the tide will go.
It will cite us liberty in it How;
Since w all cathered together be.
The rest shall be added to Italy.
She will put ber crown upon ber bead ;
Mm w ill smooth the silk of her bridal bnt ;
She w ill co out proudly charioted.
I'eae and plenty for her shall be.
Since Koine has been civen to Italy.
AN AUTHENTIC GHOST.
Tin- unfailing interest w hich attaches to a well
authenticated ghost-story not to speak of tho
rinialk robust expectation that, from each fresh
ififririnienoii as it occurs, shall be boni a theory
ofrxpiaiuitiou lhat may cover much that is fore
gone riiniislics a siiincieiii excuse ior couiiuu
iuf In arrt ami chroiiicla. if wo may not ana-
ijsc, fciuise itijsienuu girniuiimouwi mvn
our ordinary 'life, ami vanish, leaving only, ac
cording to circii instances, a perplexed recollection
or an inuistinct tear.
If haunted housus are as plentiful in London
itself as mime persons assert, it may really be
come necessary to insert in leases a vhort condi
tional clause, having reference to this form of
disturbance. The incumbent of a West-cud dig
trict was but recently consulted on tho subject
if a large house, but a fen- hundred yards from
Ib-lgrave Square, fr"m wu'cu tenant after tenant
bad departed in despair, and in which no serv
ant could be jiersunded to remain. Not to men
tion mysterious noises, "spirit'' hands were both
felt anil seen. The fact is at least curious lhat
in that, in this house, sevaral years since, a now
Irfuuct spiritualist society held occasional meet
ings. Another very large house, in a fashionable
street, had to bV given np by the lessee, a distin
guished general officer, at a considerable eacri
Ine, his lady's rest, and indeed his own, being
IK-rjietiially broken by smothered shrieks, of
which it proved impossibleto ascertain thecanse.
Hut, of all the spectres of our time, none have,
in amount and. character of testimony, exceeded
that of II, personally investigated by the writer,
a fen- weeks after the commencement of the dis
!t was in a letter from a friend residing in the
neigliliorhood Sir V S. that the writer receiv
ed intimation of certain occurrences at II., so re
markaUe, jet so authentic, as to justify a visit
of iniptirj- to tbe sjsit.
The pretty, setpiestered village of II. is situa
ted a fw miles from llugliy, and consists only of
n few small dwellings of the cottage class, the iu-
naoiiaiiis oi men appeareil Isitu clean, solier,
and intelligent, with manners which might have
done honor to a more HiUshed coiiiiiinuit)'.
' in mis linage iiieii, jiareu luu .mi, icoi, a Jirs.
E Knelili, ageil sixtv-seven. Hum and bred in the
Iplare, she had marriej, late in life, a iierson of
F some means, who, dying, left her in easy cirenm-
' stances for person of her rla'ss, tho cottage in
which she resided formiug a isirtiou of her own
proiiertj-. She was. however, of a most iiennri-
mis disposition, concealing to the 'utmost her
means ot subsistence, and denying herself the
necessaries of life to such an extent as to bring
on the illness of which she snliseipuently died.
Dnriiij: this illness she was Minnlied with all
she needed by her nephew. Mr. It art, a farmer,
ana was uursoit liy ber neighbors, .Mrs. Holding
aim iirs. (inmn, her habits retaining sncli Horn
upon her that she, ou one occasion, preteudiug to
Is? is'imili's, sent Sirs. Holding to beg for a six-
lence to piirchasa brandy.
As her eud aimroached she lwtrayeil tio mental
disquietude, but when turued in her bed by her
two attendants, expressed an opinion that she
should not survive that night, adding that she
trusted it would pmvu so, and that before anoth
er she would be in paradise.
Mie did, in fact, die that night, Having a suon
time before, left vvrrrthlnc. by will, with the
rxcrtitorship, to her nephew, Jlr. Hart.
Ainontu aner the liiucral, 3irs. itoiuing aim
her uncle, who ncciipiwl the cottage adjoining
that of the deceased, which hail been shut up,
were alarcinl hi- loud thulium airainst the naiti-
turn wall, slauiming of doors, ana annum asoi
furniture violently thrown about. This last cir-
rumstanco was the strangest, seeing that evtrj--thing
hail been removed from the building. Bnt,
m entering the house, all was quiet.
These noises generally commenced about 2
o'clock a.m., (the time of the old woman's'death),
Jmt sometimes earlier, and causnl so much alarm
that Mrs. Holding declared they could never
licar to go to bed till eleven, an unheard-of dissi
pation at 11, in order that, when they did retire,
fatigu might enable them to sleep throngh it all.
One night, however, the noise was so fearful
that Mrs. Holding got np and went in search of
her uncle, who was abseut. His consolatory
commdut was simply:
"Well, missis. I do believe there's our Missis
Kncbb come liack ! "
On the Uth of April the family of a respectable
It ot A.irtl I HO leiiiiiiA i a rviH?caiiic
med A-ccIetou. tcmpl by he
iut the disturbed house.
letou informed the writer that she oc
.iirs. Accieiou iiuormeti ine wrucr mai sneoc-
.iipicd . W-m. i which the old woman
K ta thecciiuiga 3'trepr leaumg
to a sort of loft among the rafters.' Accleton was
.nuchfrom home, but the eldest child.a girl of
.,e"' 11 '.? """., l" a t"";r alMnt lUn
uneu from her mother.
On one occasiou, soon after they entered, Mrs.
A. was awakened, about two iu the morning, by
a tremendous crash in the room below. Think-tii-
it was her husband, who bad gour to Ililmor
ton feast, she called out: "Oh, so you've come
jiome at lost. I can hear."
No answer was retnrueil, bnt the noises were
renewed, at intervals, until 7 o'clock, when tho
husband returned. .
Similar souuiht were heard nearly every night,
but nothing was seen until odo night, or rather
moraiug, about two, the elder Accletona were
aroused by loud shriek from the child:.
"Mother, mother! There's a woman standing
by my bed, a-shaking her head at me."
The parents saw nothing, hut the child persist
ing, Acclctou got up, and approached the bed,
"Jionseuse. nonsense, girl. It's only yonr
mauler's cap and gown hanging ou yonr bed."
(This was not the case, it being merely said to
pacify her.) t r
The girl, however, reiterated her story adding
that tho woman wore a white cap and mottled
gown, and waa very tall. (The deceased, Mn.
Knebb, was five feet eleven inches in height.)
All was now quiet until about four, when ths
child, who had been lying with her face to the
wall, shrieked out again in an agony of terror:
"Mother, mother! Here's that woman again!"'
She declared that the visitor had awakened her
by turning tbe corner of the sheet over her face.
Tte apparition was seen by the little girl in all,
even times, and her health, the.motber declared,
had been seriously injured by the nervous shock,
though, " by the blessing of God, aud with youth
on her aide," she wonld now get over it.
She waa a pretty, blue-eyed, intelligent child,
with a frank, infautine manner, the reverse of
cunning. 8he told tbe writer that the spectre
came with a low laughing, or singing voice, was
surrounded by a " brown light," stood erect with
folded hands, and gazed at her in a bold, firm
Up to this time, some degree of incredulity ex
isted among tho neighbors as to the child's state
ment, a feeling nover partaken by the mother.
Hut all doubts were soon to be set at rest.
Mrs. Accleton, whose mother was sleeping with
her, in the absceuce of her husband, was awak
ened ouo morning, at two, by a sudden light in
tho room. In an instant, the idea of the spec
tral presence crossed her mind, aud she at first
closed her eyes, resolved not V see it,, but, re
"1 said to mjself," she related, "the Lord's
will bo done. 1 never did her any harm. With
that, I lifted my head from the pillow, aud there
she stood, at the bed's foot, and 'set' me as firm
aud proud as if she was alive. I looked at her
full live minutes. Then I spoke to my mother,
who was awake, and told her there was Mrs.
Knebb. But she only said, 'Lord help us, don't
see it!' audshu pulled the clothes over her head."
Mrs. Accleton had previously declared her iu
teutiou to address the spirit, should it appear;
but her courage proved unequal to this, though,
she added, it moved towards her with a gentle
and appealing manner, aud even slightly touch
ed the bolster, "as though it would have said,
'Speak, sjieak.'" The form and face were dis
tinctly visible in a misty light; it was beyond
question the presenfmcut of the deceased wo
man. Mrs. Itadburn, a dcteriuiucd-lookiug dame of
about threescore, who had enjoyed the, danger
ous honor of partaking of Mrs. Accleton's couch,
stated that sho was aroused one night by a pres
sure on her elbow. The room was so light that,
mistaking it for dawn, she prepared to rise, when
a clock struck t ho, and she the same instant Ik
came aware of the presence of the apparition. It
stood between her and tho window. "Patches
of light" were about tho room, all the witnesses
alluding to coruscations of some, description,
which always accompanied tho spectre, as it
went "tlusteriug" through the apartment.
A very well-mannered and intelligent woman
was Mrs. Griffin, before mentioned, who hadi.1
nursed the deceased, aud iienornicd the last uni
ces to the dead. She, too, was aroused at the
same hour by the. same cause. Slie, however,
possessed more nerve than her neighlmrs, for
though conscious of tho presence of the appari
tion, she determined to baulk it.
"I 'sleered' mj- eyes through tho room, sir,
and said, ' My old wench, you shan't know I'm
seeing of you.'"
The spirit, however, exercised some compulso
ry power, or curiosity did, aud Mrs. Griffin saw
the spectre, looking " hold and impudent," and
wearing a dark mottled gown, and a double-bordered
white cap, in which she was dressed for
The usual brownish light was visible, pervad
ing the room, and sending streams or "ribbons"
of lustre towards the portion of the ceiling where
the trap-door was situated.
AH these parties referred to the moaning noise
made by the phantom, and compared it to the
constant moaning made by the deceased during
her last hours.
The most extraordinary feature of the story
has yet to be narrated.
The circumstance of streams of light pointing
always towards the before-mentioned trap-door,
coupled with certain conjectures, engendered by
the deceased's miserly ways, induced a suggest
ion that money might lie concealed in the loft
above, and an appeal being tuade to Mr. Hart,
the nephew and executor, he proceeded to the
house, and, assisted by Mrs.AccIetou, who held
the ladder by which he reached the trap, and
crept into the loft.
It was totally dark, and the candle wasthrire
blown out by "the eddying draughts liefore ho
reached the inner reresses. Presently lie called
out that he had found a parcel, aud tiling down
into the room n biiudlo of old deeds.
A minute later ho cried ent again, and hastily
descended, bringing with him a large bug, se
cured with twine, and covered with dust and
cobwebs. On opening it, notes and gold were
found to a considerable amount.
On bring asked if ho did not appear surprised
or elated at such a discovery, Mrs. Accleton re
plied that be displayed much agitation, shed
tears, and said that "now ho trusted the poor
sonl would rest in peace.''
The expectation was not immediately fulfilled.
Three days, indeed, elapsed in quiet,bnt on the
fourth, the noises recommenced worse than ever.
Mr. Hart now proceeded to examined more
closely into the affairs of the deceased, when cer
tain debts were discovered still existing against
her estate. These were scrniiiously satisfied, af
ter which (the dead year, as Mrs. Badburn "called
it, being up) all disturbance ceased.
Such are the facts'of the It. ghost, detailed, by
those questioned, with all the appearance of per
fect sincerity and good faith. Tbey were un
doubtedly respectable, aud seemingly religions
persons, impressed with a deep revereuce for
things divine. It may have been but fancy, still
the idea certaiuly crossed the writer's mind, that
the wonderful visitation to which these poor peo-
Ele believed themselves to have, been subjected
ad had the etTcct of somewhat refining their
coarse natures, and imparting to their language
and manner a sort of dignity not usually charac
teristic of their class in life.
Understanding that the reverent rector of B.
hail expressed doubts of tho story, the writer in
quired as to this point.
Yes. ves. sir." was the prompt replv. " Mr.
G. may say so, and think so, but seeing is believ
ing, and not twenty Mr. G.'s can convince us,
four sane people, against the evidence of our own
eyes apd ears. Mr. G. Is a very good gentleman,
but he has not seen what we saw."
Sap-crsliliea in 1MI.
The following story is reported from a village
near Ilchester, lit Somerset, Englaud:
"A well-to-do fanner, who has always borne
the reputation of a shrewd man of busfuess, a
few weeks since hail the misfortune to find a
strange fatality breaking out among his herd of
cows. A veterinary surgeon was called in, and
every precaution taken, and the remainder of the
herd were in a fair way of recovery, when sud
denly the farmer became suspicions, and insisted
; ,. , . . . xr. .- .-
'" a",i,'y"eul'0r"J;rA,lnr",d ihom.l .ml sWt
fr i?,TZ. ".-2-,'.
I nat ne ana ms cows nan oeen - o eriuuKeu, ana
l ; , i ...!,i. r ...... !,.. i l.nll.wl- tl...
' jcau.alion VZ
?'. The remainder ofthe h'l levered, ami
, e.r nv rt-mttntabjthef.
I skiilf the re'rinary snrgnT but to the sue-
cess of the weired ceremonial prescnoeu oytne
THE Lncknow Time- says that in Pekia a news
paper of extraorninary size is published weekly
ou silk. It' is stated to have been started more
titan a thousand years ago. In 1327, a public of
ficer caused some false information to be inserted
in the paper, for which he waa put to death.
Several numbers were iu the royal library of
Paris, before the late troubles.
TUB idle hour U the devil's opportunity.
THE. AMid AND THE CSIL.D.
.TKAXSUTCD ST B. W. LOSCniLOW.
An aosd with a radiant race.
AboTe m cradle bent to !k,
Sensed lib own Imaee true to trace,
As in tbe waters or a brook.
" Ilrar child ! who me rrannklrat an,"
It whispered, "crane, O come with me!
Happy Ugttber let as (a.
The earth unworthy ia fur thee t
Here none to perfect Ulna attain t
Tbe aool in pleasure eonring lies ;
Jor Jiatb an nndeTtcoe ef pain.
And even tbe happiest hoars their elgha.
"Tear dth at every portal knock ;
Never a djy aereim and pons
From the o'orohadowlnj tempest's shock
Hath made tbe mnrrow'a dawn arcar.
"What then, shall snrrowa and shall fcara
Come to diatnrb ao pare a brow !
And with the bitterness of tears
These eyes of aaure troubled grow I
M Ah. no! into the field of apace.
Away shall thoa escape with met
And Froridenra will grant the grace
Of all the daya that were to be.
Let noone in thy dwelling cower
In avmbr vei,tmenta draped and veiled;
Bnt let them welcome thy last hour,
Aa thy first momenta once tbey hailed.
" Without a cloud bo there each liniw;
There let tbe crave no shadow cast ;
Where eue aa pure as tboa art now,
Tbe birest day ia UU the last."
And wavlns wide bis winsa of white.
The angel, at these words, had sped
Towards the eternal realms of li-ht !
Poor motherl see, thy son l dead.
JAJfKfl COBBM BK.t.tKTT VM. THE
(From the Journal of the Telegraph.)
Ill editorially announcing the death of its foun
der and proprietor, James Gordon llrniiett, the
New York Herald says: "He was ever ready to
give his earnest .and Hiwerfnl aid to the establish
ment of steamship lines, railroadsaud telegraphs,
which he recognized as the great missionaries of
civilization, aud the life-blood of a perfect dailj
uewspaper." As to the late Mr. Jlrunrtt having been a pat
ron in the establishment of steamship lines and
railroads, we havc.no knowledge, and therefore
will raise uo question, lint as to his merits as a
promoter in the establishment of the telegraph,
we propose to submit the following well known
incident, which will enable ur readers to judge
with reasonable certainty :
It will be rcruetnbercd that the first liue of tele
graph established in the United States was the
cxiicrimcntal line between Washington and Bal
timore, for which the means was furnished by
Congressional appropriation out of the public
treasury, which was completed in the spring of
1444. Kurt her government patronage was pre
vented bj- the advice of the Postmaster General,
who, in his ri'isirtto Congress, declared his belief
that the telegraph, although an interesting ex
periment, could never become of practical value,
and the very mislcrate ofl'er of Prof. Morse, for
the sale of his entire invention to the United
gtates government, was declined.
The mily resource for its future development
was in an apjieal to the enterprise of tho business
men of the countiy. In order to bring the in
vention to the attention of the business interests,
Mr. Kzra Cornell (one of tbe founders, and still a
director of the present Western Union Tclegiaph
Company, who had superintend! A the erection
of the Washington and llaltimorelinc, opened for
exhibition a short line of telegraph in Boston,
rinding but little encouragement in that city,
the exhibition was soon abandoned there and
transferred to the city of New York, where au cx-M-riiueut:i!
liue was opened in tho autumn of
1B44, for exhibition to the public. The line ex
tended from Xo. 11J Broadway to a point just
alwre the present Metropolitan Hotel. So little
attention did this wonderful invention then re
ceive, even at the modest admission fee of one
shilling per bead, that Mr. Cornell and his as
sistant found it extremely difficult to maintain
themselves in the most humble manner, upon tho
entire receipts of their exhibition. Sleeping on
tho chairs in their exhibition nwm, tbey ofton
fonnd it necessarj- to go to bed suppcrless.
Without tho means of paying for advertising, the
daily papers were besought to notice the exhibi
tion editorially. Kindly notices were given bj
the Erprm aud miuj Post, as well as sonic of
the other papers of the day, but not a word could
the Herald be induced to say. Finally Mr. Cor
nell sought an interview with Mr. Bennett, and
solicited his attention. He was met by the very,
frank statement from Mr. Bennett that bo was
opposed to tbe success nftho telegraph. In Mr.
Bennett's own words, he "had at great expense
established his expresses in such manner that he
could beat all ef his rivals, ami if the telegraph
were once sccccc'fclly established he would lose
Within two years Mr. Cornell hail the proud
satisfaction of demonstrating to Mr. Bennett the
value of bis then unsle of transmitting important
news. During the year 1843. mainly by the
effort of Theodore S. Faxton and his associates
of Utica, a company was organized for bnildiuga
telegraph line lictwccu New York and Buffalo.
The section bctween'Xew York and. Alliany was
built nnder the snperintendenry of Mr. Cornell,
aud was opened for business at the eud of 184C
Gov. Young's aunnal message was transmitted
to the Legislature at- noon. At that hour, a
Herald messenger, with a copy of the message,
left the capital our horseback, provided with re
lays of fleet horses at short, intervals. Riding at
break-neck speed all night, he reached White
Plains (to which point the Hailem railroad was
then in operation) the following forenoon,, where
a special locomotive was in waiting to bring him
to tbe city. What was his surprise to meet at
this point newslsiys selling copies of the New
York .Erprreaof'tbat morning, containing Gover
nor Ynnng's message in full, which hail been
transmitted by the despised telegraph. Thus
Mr. Bennett's' enterprise was at a single blow
completely annihilated, and the t el r graph was
successfully established in spite of biscuillingiu
differcucc. , "
A VALCAWJ5 relic of antiquity has, says the
Levant Herald, lately been discovered iu the
grounds of the Russian pilgrim's monastery out
side the walls of Jerusalem. It is thouolith cnt
of a single block and only half complete. From
a description in the history- of Flavins Josephns,
it is believed to be a column intended fur the
decoration of the ancient Temple of Solomon, bnt
that, as the column split whtlo it was being
worked, it was left unfinished, the lower part of
it remaining in rough nnhewn state.
Th monolith, which is abont thirty-nine feet
ia length by six in diameter, will certainly prove
an object of keen interests to arclnrologists; and
it if to be hoped that it will be retained in a
plaee'of safety-, the pillage of monuments of an
tiquity in the East lieing now systematic.
Alluding to the emigration of thirty Celestials
to study at Yale, a correspondent says:
"The Chinese Freshman flying bis leisure kite
upon the college grounds instead of carrying off
midnight -rates and nailing up obnoxious tutors;
the Chines Sophomore freding npon frugal rat,
instead of lariSlllDir nt mnnev nixm . vut"-
WW tho "chto Junior making his own
''''thing, instead of niak ug the fortunes of de-
-fenlM bailors, and the ChincseSenior preferring
to translate Coufucins into English rather than
oiiirt wun tlie traditional ueiiooi c i"i
nili utterly confound the traditiousof Yale and
provoke undergraduate hostility to Chinese
Drarco the entire war bnt one act of sacrilege
was committed on the tomb of Washington. One
soldier wishing to connect bis name with that of
tbo illustrious dead, etched his ignoble initials on
the rcophgus of Washington by means of some
sharp instrument which he introduced through
tnegrating. With this singular exception, very
one who has visited the spot has treated it with
i w tTl!L?iS0,!!cUt' fter lifetime of
dent TUebes, and he is devotina- a tutful aid
ago to, the anHrmty of thimbles, -
A.1BCBOTBS F PtTafLIC JIEX.
BV COL. J. W. FORJCKV.
On the 19th of March, 1791, President Wash
ington wrote from Philadelphia to Gen. Lafayette
as follows: "My health is now quite restored,
and I Hatter myself with the hope of a long ex
emption from sickness. Ou Monday next I shall
enter upon your friendly prescription of exercise,
intending at that time to begin a long journey
to tbe southward." He baa been invited by
many of the leading characters of the Southern
States, who promised bim every here the cordi
al and enthusiastic greeting which two years be
fore marked his triumphal progress through New
Englaud. The carriage iu which he travelled
was that in which be usually appeared on pub
lic occasions in Philadelphia. Ths carriage was
built by Mr. Clarke, of that city, and was care
fully preserved in a honse built especially for its
reception, where it remained for half a century.
It is described as " a most satisfactory exhibition
of tbe progress of American manufacturers.'' It
was drawn by six horses, carefully selected for
their handsome appearance and endurance.
Washington started from bis residence, in Mar
ket street, at 12 o'clock ou Monday, the 21st of
March, 1791. Mr. Jefferson and Gen. Knox es
corted him into the State of Delaware, and there
left him. Major "Jackson, one of his private sec
retaries, accompanied bim until he returned to
Philadelphia, the capital ofthe nation. He ar
rived at Annapolis, Maryland, on the' 25th of
jiarcu, auu remaineu iwouays. lie stopped at
Georgetown; thence proceeded to Mouut Ver
non, where h remained a week; thence to Fred
ericksburg, Virginia, where he dined with his
old friends and neighbors, recalling, with Chan
cellor Wythe, the oceuesof his youth aud early
manhood. The pally arrived at Richmond at 11
o'clock on Monday, tho 11th of April, where, as
at Annapolis, Washington was received with
acclamations and public illumiuatioHs. They
visitcd Halifax, Xewltcrn, Wilmington, and other
places in North Carolina. Leaviug Wilmington,
Washington was rowed across Cape Fear ltiver
In au elegantly decorated barge. He arrived at
Charleston, South Carolina, on Monday, the 2d
of May. Charleston uas then the gayest of cit
ies. Milliners aud tailors corresponded directly
with inventors of dresses in Loudon nud Paris.
Women preferred French fashions, and often im
proved upon them. Gentlemen were partial to
blue, the product of their stanle. iutliiro. Panta
loons had lieeu introduced aud were wum by 1
buiuu oi ine younger men, out in a lew years
were entirely laid aside, aud breeches resumed.
Duels were frequent. " Drunkenness," says Dr.
Ramsey, '-was the enpimic vice." There were
periodical races, hunting and fishing, luxurious
dinners, followed by dauciug and music. The
Due do la Rochefoucauld Liaucourt observed that
from the hour of four iu the afternoon tho people
of Charleston rarely thought of anything but
pleasure. Tbey had two gaming houses, both
constantly full. The inhabitants had acquired a
great knowledgo of European manners, and a
strunger partiality fur them than' was found iu
New York. A foreign style of life prevailed.
This view ofthe inner society of Charleston is
interesting a the key to a future largely con
trolled by thu political opinions there nurtured
and disseminated. Here the President had a
royal greeting. A twclve-oared barge, command
ed b- thirteen captain of American ships, con
veyed him, with several distinguished gentlemen,
from Hadrill's Point, snrioiiuded bj- a lleet con
taining an instrumental band and a choir of sing
ers, which treated bim with triumphant nirs and
songs on his way to the city, where he was re
ceived bj- tho Governor, the Society of (lie Cin
cinnati and the military, amid ringing of bells,
tiring f cannon, and public acclamations. Ho
remained a week, the centre of affection ami ad
miration. At the corporation ball two hundred
and titty ladies w ore sashes decorated with his
likeness. A part of their head-dress was a billet
or bandeau, with the inscription, "Long live the
President," ill gilt letters. Ho sat for his por
trait to Col. Trumbull, the same that now adorns
the City Hall ill Philadelphia. Ou Monday, tho
Dili of May, he left Charleston, accompanied by a
committee from Savannah, aud was escorted ou
board a richly dccoiutcd lioat, lowed down the
river by nine sea captains, dressed in light blue
silk jackets, black satin breeches, white, silk
stockings, and round hats, with black riblsnis,
inscribed, "Long lire the President" iu goldci.
letters. Ten miles from Savanuah they were
met by other barges, in one of which the geutle
nien sung the popular air, "He Conies! the He
ro Comes!" Here new honors and festivities
awaited him. He passed onto Augusta, where
the populace rapturously received him; return
ing into South Carolina, visited Collumbia, dined
at Camdeivpasseil through Charlotte, Salisbury,
Salem, Gniltord and other towns in North Caro
lina, and arrived at Mouut Vernon on the Pith of
June. Ou the last dly of that month he started
for Philadelphia by way of Frederick, York aud
Lancaster, aud arrived at the Presidential resi
dence about noon ou the Cth of July, having been
absent nearly three mouths, during that period
performing a journey of ,8c7 miles. It was said
ofWashingtou that "no man iu the army had a
better cyo for horses." This long tenr was a se
vere test ofthe capacity of his steeds, and before
reaching Charleston he wrote to Mr. Lear, his
Secretarj-, "that though all things considered,
they had got on very well, yet if brought back,
they would uot cut capers aa tbey did ou setting
ont. My horses, especially the two I bought just
before I left Philadelphia, aud my old white one,
are much worn down, and yet 1 have one hun
dred and fifty or two hundred miles of heavy
sand liefore I get into the upper roads."
While the President was in the South, Thomas
Jefferson and James Madison were making a tour
iu the North. They proceeded to New York, sail
ed up the Hudson to Albany, visited the princi
pal scenes ofthe British General Burgoynes mis
fortunes, at Stillwater, Saratoga, and Benning
ton, Fort William Henry, Fort Ticenderoga,
Crown Point, and other memorable Revolutiona
ry places. Jefferson amused himself with his
g'nn aud hook and line, and indulged his strong
taste for natural history.
I recall these facts to show that the custom of
Presidential journeys did not originate with
President Grant. The example of Washington
was followed without censure or exception by all
his successors save Mr. Liiicolu, who was con
stantly at work in a midst of a great war. Eigh
teen hundred aud eightj'-seven miles iu three
months was regarded as an extraordinary feat
in 1791 ; and if the most hopeful of our-statesmen
had then predicted that tbe day wonld come
when a successor of Washington would preside
over thirty-seven States, with a imputation of
nearly forty millions of people, and travel from
Washington City to the Pacific and back, by way
of New York and Philadelphia a donble dis
tance of seven Uionsand miles, with plenty of
time to see and converse with the masses, all in
one month he would have been denounced as a
The couseqneuces of a selfish, grasping policy
arc evident in many cities and villages of tho
West. Although many are confident that their
propertv is certain to increase in value in time,
it is well to recollect that good citizens are the
best acquisitions that towns can receive and a
policy that prevents tbemfrom settling in a town
ship is death to the future of that section. When
any person offers to purchase building lots for
actual nse, it is much better for the parties who
control the ground to sell at dominal rates than
to ask terms that prevents the purchaser from
investing. Eastern men of small capital are often
disgusted with the grasping policy of many
corporations, and many towns lose a class of men
that compose the real working force of the East
bv refusing to sell ground at reasonable figures.
Most of the parties seeking locations for manu
facturing are not men of heavy capital, and natu
rally they M-tk the sections where lands will not
take all their surplus funds at the beginning of
their enterprise, and thus the country to the
i west is being filled with many who naturally
would prefer to remain nearer tbe great centres
of trade. Many promising townships are thus
strangled in their cradles by tbo selfish policy of
At Lanark, Illinois,' is the oldest warehouse in
.. it waa built in New Orleans sixtr-ono
i years ago, and, after standing some time, was ta-
cento pieces ou -sT ---
did service for several years. Thenco it was
moved to Savaniiab,wberefor yean it revived
and shipped many a boat load of goods. Its last
T1TZJ-Z-. i -..v where it now rents for 1300
i move waa m tioi -
WliUN W11.1.TKE. KXD COMEI
BTO. W. HOLMES.
Wben legialatora keep the law.
When banks diapenae wttb bolts and locks;
Wben berries, whortie, rasp and straw.
Grew bixser downward wroegh the box.
When he that arUeth boose or land
Shows leak in roof or flaw in right :
When haberdashers chouse the stand
Whoae windowa has the broadest light :
When preachers tell us all tbey think.
And parly leaders all tbey mean ;
Wben what we pay for, what we driuk.
JTpim real scape and ctifiVe beau ( s
When biwrera take whaMltey wnnhl ctav.
And dtsTtiira give what they Would take;
Wben city (allien, eat lo lira.
Sive w lien they fast for conscience aake;
When one that hath a horse on aale
Miall bring his meitta to tbe prof.
Wilbisit a lie fir every nail
That 1...I.U the iron on tbe hmf:
Wben In the nsual pLiee for rip
Unr cloves are stitched with special care.
And enartled well the wbafe-houe ti-
Where first umbrellas need repair;
When Cnba'a weed have quite forgot
The power of auction to resist.
And claret bottles harbor not
Kucb dimples as would hold your fist;
When publishers no longer steal.
And pay f,r what they stole before;
Wben tba first locomotive wheel
KidU through the lliNMac tunnel'a bore;
Till then let t'uniftilii blaze away. .
And Miller's saints Idow up the glebe;,
lint Hhrii voii set- that 1!mms day.
Then order jour ascension rube!
TIIK TI1IRTV.FIFTII PABALRbL.
IVarrmlive T nw Kxtraeraliaa-rr Riajemtieej.
Beadle, In tbe Ciucitmatl.Csuihn rciaL
REAVKR, Beaver Co., iJtab, July 1-1, 1872. '
Having now reached the point hero I turn
north for the- summer, and leave the vicinitv of
Ilio-soiitl:cni railroad, some general statements
u-mii the country it traverses may be of interest.
I left St. Louis on the 21st of March, designing
to go thence to the Pacific as nearly as possible,
on tho line of the thirty-fifth parallel railroad.
It seemed impossible togetauy certain informa
tion iu advauco of the facilities for travel op aid
near the route, and tho only jHiiut of which every
one assured me was, that the trip would lie lftnii
toilsome, aud dangerous. But iu all my Western
wanderings 1 liavu observed that, contrary to
tho usual law of optics, dangers lessen as one
draws near them. The three hundred miles of
railroad already built carried me as fur as Viuitu,
in the Indian Territory, whence I penetrated
some distance liejond the Arkansas river, but
there all advance stop-ed. There, was positivrly
lio way to get over the section of-road between
there and the Rio Grande without au extensive
On the southern bonier of that Territory 3
stage line runs as far west as Fort Sill,- but from
that point the difficulties wonld be equally great
to New Mexico. Hence I turned straight north
to Kansas; then straight westtoDeiivcr.aiid near
ly streight south to. --anta Ke around three sides
of a parallelogram for fifteen hundred miles, to
come ngain upon the line ofthe road at Galistco
Creek.. Thence along the Hue, traveling most of
the time in siht of surveyors' stakes, 1 reached
Port Wiugato iu n little less than two hundred
miles. There, after passing the summit of 4he
Sierra Mail re, the road bears a little to the south
wnrd, and at Defiance, Arizona, I was fifteen
miles north of the line. From Defiance to tho
Moqui tonus, lraviugnut the departure to Canon
do Chellej- and the "City of Sawed Stone," my
course was uearly straight west, and that of the
road a little southward; and at Moqui, us nearlj
ai I can estimate, I was forty or fifty miles north
of tbe line. The road continues to bear a little
south of west, and crosses the Colorado at a place
called the "Needles," not far from Mohave. But
in)' Navnjoe companions declined to go any
farther ill that direction at this srarou. Tho
sIo-e westward is great, with a corresponding
increase of heat, and the Xayajocs-ra race of
mniintaiueers, native to a singularly cool and
bracing climate can nut endure the beat' of
Southwestern Arizona nearly so well as a white
man. Besides, two days southwest, of Moqui
would have brought ns into the Apache country,
and the two tribes lieing hostile, tho Navajoes
only go that way in large parties. The Apaches
trade extensively at tho Oribay village of Moquis,
aud my Navajoo companions declined even to
visit there with me. Theucc my course to this
place has been northwest, aud farther away from
the road. In October I shall begin at San Fran
cisco, and follow the lino eastward to the Colo
rado, all that part being quite accessible; and if
other Indian guides can be obtained at Mohave,
or a partj- formed, I may be able to conclude
the line to tho point I left it, as the Apaches are
never tronbelsomo after the snow falls.
Tho last six hundred miles of my journey I
have made ou horseback, most of the time with
no companions but Indians, and here shall leave
my horse and take the stage for Salt Like City.
The general result of my observations has not
been a disappointment to me, as my expectations
of this Western country were not so high as
those of some who have never visited it; The
first section of the road through Missouri travers
es a good country', with the exception of that np
on and near the Ozark ridge, formerly described.
The second section, iu the Indian Territory,
crosses that fertile strip which is two to three
hundred miles wide, west of the Missouri liue,
and stretches from the Grrif inf Mexico two hun
dred miles iuto British' America. This great
slope, intermediafe between tho high plains, and
the line of States jnit west of tbe Mississippi, is
tbe only large section ofthe west which answers
to the rosy" views of the expectant pilgrim.
There are the rich", green fairies, tho rolling
pastures aud fertile vales'" the. clear, strong
streems, and free homesteads, which .constitute
the West of political ruroauce. And moat people
who "go west"-go just far'euongh to get an errn
neone idea of nil the region bej'onel;. they only
visit tbi,fertile strip, in Eastern Kansas ST Ne
braska, and conclude thatvwith the exception of
a few mountain chains,-the, country is the same
all the way to the Pacific, it is nimcnit to con
vince sncli that in the west are ntter.deserts, so
large that a-New England State might lie located
in tnetn anil only pass iora respeciaoie me
The thirty-fifth parallel road rnns, abont the
same distance through this fertile sfrrjj as the
roads do in Kansas and Nebraska ; and in much
the same manner, the good tillable. land yields
gradually to the "plains" proper. This last sec-'
tion, from two to four hundred miles wide, may
possibly have one acre' in fifty tit for cultivation
by the aid of irrigation. A large portion of it is
good for grazing; bHt grazing lands rarely baild
up large cities, and for the-purposes of specula
tion all that portion of tbe road between longi
tude 100 and the Rio Grande may be dismissed
from onr snmmarr? t ' .
West of tbe "plains" comes tbe first mountain
ons region, which is practically of.no valne in
our calculation ; and the next section is'the Rio
Grande Valley, deducting the Jonrnad itl ilmer
to (" Jonrney ofthe Desd") and upper lands, fit
ante, for mature" this oasis mav bn set down as
three hundred miles long and ten miles wide, of
great natural fertility. As the Valley ofthe Nile
is Egypt, so we may say war, ine mo uraiwe
Valley is three-fourths of New Mexico. The rail
road line bisects this tract, leaving nearbrjhree
fonrtbsofit south of tbo poiut of croaung, and
at that point, as regards towns or town sift, was
tbe ouly chance for speculation I have seen on the
whole route. Tbe road, running nearly, uraicni
west, reaches the river at Bernalillo; it then
rnns down the east bank throngh Allsqtierqus
to Isletta. and there crosses the river and pro-
I' ceeds westward. One of these three places is to
be a very importanlfcity, all of them will be con
siderable towns. The chances as to location ap
pear to lie iu favor of Isletta, as the natnral f-
trrpol of all the valley south of it, but Albuqnei-
que has the start. Its population is set down at
eighteen hundred, while the otner two navo ies
than a thousand each. They are stereotyped old
Mexican towns, mnd walled,dry, hot and sleepy;
bnt Bernalillo differs from all other Mexican
towns iu having a number of shade trees and
showing some signs of taste and adornment. It
is the residence of quite a nnmber of wealthy
Mexicans. Santa Fe I consider entirely ont or
the question; though: iu inhabitants ere pro
perly indignant at my estimste of heaaand their
Cwi. ttlppear, turn entirely out of tbe track
of any railroad, and destined to slow death. All
the signs indicate to me that its population is
much less thau it was ten years ago, and that it
must continue to decrease for tbe next twenty.
Leaving the Rio Grande, we eiiter the "Ameri
can Desert," which continues with but Tare
oases all tbe way to and bey oud the Colorado.
This route is like all other routes lupine respect:'
Any road across the contiuent .jiust traverse a
desert region from, four to eight hundred miles
wide. Tbe Union Pacific enteis nuon it about
Laramie, and. deducting the Salt Lake. Vallex,
and perhaps two or three others, continues in ft
an me way lo ine sierras, ine .Northern Pacific
'strikes it at the Xaunita Trrm of Dakota, and
theuce barrenness is the rale aiidTertiliiy the
exception tn the entering of Washington Territo
ry. This road enters it at the Rio Grande, and
traverses it to Southern California. But this liue
has two advantages. The desert country is
more narrow, and the natural route better. 'The
whole region between the Rio Grande and Colo
rado, from latitude 34 to 2zF, is a grain! plateau,
or rather a succession of plateaus, falling off
eastward aud westwanl frein the summit of the
Sierria Madre, broken' across by wild gorges aud
abrupt canyous, with accasioual forests and con
siderable tract of grass, but practically worthless
for agriculture. Here ami there in Western New
Mexico is a small valley where half a dozen sec
tions by the aid of irrigation, sustain a miserable
Mexican hamlet of a few hundred pco'ple; aud iu
AriziKtna there are larger tracts on the San Juan
aud Colorado Chiquito.
The mountains about Fort Wiugatr alemnd in
tiinlNT. On thei Navajoe Reserve I crossed one
splendid forest fifteen miles square, aud south
west of Moqui, on the slopes ofthe Sail Pnincis
co and White 'Mountains, the road runs. through
a heavily timbered country for over fi,fty miles.
All accounts agree iu representing that the tim
ber there is vey fine aud the country well water
ed. ; In their best das, liefare their last war.
when the Na Mi joes were the wealthiest tribe in
the lnonntains, thej- i.sturednnrly a mlHion
sheep and gnats between Dead Man's Canyon
sixty miles west- of tbe Ri Grande nud tho
junction of the two Colorados, about' all the
country could sustain. Many large tracts of
grass are found wlthwut water, several oi wnicli
we crossed. But making-all jsissilile allowance
for timber, gross aud water, at least half, if not
two-thirds of this vast section .threehuiidred by
four hundred miles ill extent, four times the size
of Indiana is utterly worthies and irrrdci mable,
uninhabited and forever uninhabitable. Certain
ly it ran not average one. acre in a hundred lit
for cultivation. It has some advantage over
most of these deserts; nhere I traveled there is
very little alkali, and the climate is not disagree
ably warm. During the entire time I was with
the Nnvajocs my hardships were less than they
bave often Ih-cii ill the same amount of time on
railroads. The absence of alkali added greatly
to my comfort, and the nights were nlwujs cool,
the days often relieved bj- a pleasant wind. At
the end of a ride of six hundred miles ou horse
back. I look back to it with recollections of
novel enjojnieiit. I lived with the Indians with
feelings of ierfect security, and bad everything
done for my comfort promptly and kindly. I
never saddled my horse once during the timo 1
was with them, and only cooked enough to show
them how. In short, the journey was one of
more romfort, nud with more humor, sociability
and kindness than one could have lielicvcd pos
sible in the companionship of barbarians.
Hiee f Jlereaewl.m.
Palmyra is one of the many' lieaiitiful and
thrifty villages with which Central and Western
New York alMitinds. It lies twenty-three; miles
east of Rochester, on the direct N. Y. Central R. It.
In addition to its own inherent exrellcucrs, it
has fame as the location where th.- notorious
Joseph Smith originati-d that gigantic iniMsture
"Momionism." Miinj-ofthe elder citizens re
member him aa a lazy hoy, of a shiftless family,
employed ns a day lalsirer. He, with his father
lirfore him, was tilled with superstitious notions,
of which the whole country gave evidence iu tho
numerous holes dug by them to find hidden
treasure. Joe was in the habit of carrying a
mysterious stone in bis hat, by the light of which
he professed to see iuto the earth. Wheu nnly
aboiit eighteen or nineteen years old, he profess
ed to find the golcilrii dates. The bill is near
I'aluryra, a small, conical hill, and ths bole is
still pointed out, wo believe, which waa dug to
obtain them. With tho plates, ho professed to
find a iair of spectacles. I- which he was enabled
to read the mysterious writing. This he could
do and professed to do In tlie dark, lie would
sit in a dark room alone, and read alone, aud
Sidney Rigoon, his accomplice, iu another, wrote
dowu what he delivered. It was suspected, how
ever, that Sidney, who was a fanatical minister
among the. "Disciples,'' and had some 'education,
was author as well as amanuensis. Smith had
no education. No one ever saw these plates but
Smith. He satisfied his dupes by showing tbcin,
as he said, in a canvass bag, and affirming that
the Almighty would strike any one dead who
iircsumed to look npou them uncovered, except
"Martin Harris, a farmer of the town, worth
some $10,0(10, was eednccd to furnish the means,
nlmnt $5,000. for" the pnblication of the Mormon
Bible, which was printed in Palmyra. Harris'
farm, which waa hypothecated for tbe pnrpte,
still goes by the name of the "Mormon Farm,"
and is now advertised for sale, as we saw in the
Palmyra paer. Martin Hams is still living in
Salt Lake City.
P. II. Pratt, from Ohio, the citizens say, gave
Smith the first assistance. He was passing
through Palmyra on the canal, and heard of tbe
wouder, and stotqied to inquire and esponsed tbe
cause. He and Rigoon gave shape and influence
to the movement, and made its first head-qnar-ters
at Kirtland, Ohio, where they lived. The
imposture gathered strength, and soon Smith
and his lenders bad wealth in ahnndance, and
the vagabond boy became a prophet. Xortkm
itTrar Revival Baal Trick mt the Here.
On Wednesday evening last the colored people.
who sre holding a revival meeting in Hauscom's
block, met with a terrible fright, aud were
strongly r.minded of their latter end. It seems
some mischievous yonths prepared themselves
with a composition used in theatres for producing
red and blue lights, and climbed to tbe roof of
tbe building, in whirb is a sky light looking down
into the colored brethren's sanetnm satictornm,
or boly of holies. While the adored orator was
drawing a fearful picture of the sinner's doom
while burning words of eloquence were pouring
from his lips while elucidating the terrors of
hell and eternal damnation the bays let off their
lights directly on the congregation, and a fearful
scene, ensued'. Brave men screamed, pious col
ored ladies fainted, and their whitened conuten-.
ances proclaimed their fear. Surely enough tbe
Lord or tbe devil bad mm among, them, and
snch a getting down stairs never before wss
seen. It was a leng timo liefore any of tbe
frightened ones could lie Induced to return, and
several to this day declare that the whole thing
was real, and was a warning to sinners tn pre
pare for glory. Akron Tiste.
Mr. Jaue Paktox bas just published a small
biography of George Washington, in which is
published tbe following letter written by tbe
first President to bis nephew, Bnshrod Washing
ton. Times change, ana tbe last President has
adopted a strikingly opposite policy to that of
his illustrious predecessor:
"Yon cau not doubt my wishes to see yon ap
pointed to any office of power or emolument in
the new government to the duties of which yen
are competent ; bnt, however deserving yon may
lie of the one yon have snggrsted, ynnr standing
at the lor would not justify my nomination of
ysu as Attorney to the Federal Court iu prefer
ence to some of tbe oldest and most esteemed
general court la wyers'in yonr own State, who are
desirous of this appointment. My political cou
iluct in nominations, even if I were uninfluenced
by principle, must be exceedingly circumspect
and proof against jnst criticism, for tbe eye of
Argus are npou me, and nn slip will pas un
noticed that can be improved into a supposed
partiality for friends or relations.
The preacher who divides bis sermons into too
many beads will naturally find it difBenlt to pro
cure attentive ears for all of them.
TBE great unknown people who never adver
-THK TLvrtLk. CHURCH ROVXD THE CO-NUR.
"Ur. Joseph JcaVraon. wh made tho appUrati,a to the
elergTman to officiate, aald that he nvretled the publicity
that had bem p, to tbe affair both f..r the aake of reus.
loo and in view ofthe feelinea of the bereaved famile. f
appears that the rWrrjrman Drat consented to allow the fo,
ST . V,fr?,plr; ,nm 'la church, but when he learned
that Sir. Holland had been an actor, he withdrew hla r,
senu lie added that there waa a little church around the
corurrron his. when funerals of sctora had taken place,
and where he advised Jlr. Jefferson to make application.
?! i.rBlr,!B. if? w'"-,h' characteristic and almolt puetic
u 'VSM'.J IU -M-D"r " ,h UtUe church around the cor
ner. Jlersiag.lmupajwr.l ,
- Eriag him not here, w here our aalnted feet
Are treading the path k glorv ;
JJrlng him not here, here our Maxtor sweet
,. . EP-aU for us His .Uirr.
i Ge take bim where '.uch thin",' are done.
' I"n"U'henit "I the comer)
Vi.w . re !-"7 -""-i r"oni- f,,r we have none.
To that bttie church round the corner."
So sjfake the holv man ef tsl
III another man. hi brother
"hose cold remains, ,re thev sought the eoiL
Had only saked that at Christian rite
-' 'mJi boV u"',u h "ne hoe li-bt
i,i Brethren, love one aiu.ilu r "
"sdonl.v asked that a pravrr 1- r.t
,!"? ?u wt u ! j-in the .leid.
VI hilst bis .plrlt looked, with Mippluel eves,
-searching r,.r Cod thmicloHit the .Mr.
Hut the prust frowned Xn." .n 1 hi. brow .as bare
Of love In the i;ht of the no-truer.
And thev looted fr Christ and f.smd Hiov here I
In thai little church round the comer.'
"- 'V"" P?"1 "a. 'il achin- fret,
W e tread life a U.I few isices.
. wi.mav bT """ accent sweet.
-Vn.l klsto the end, f .n. fJrr.
wiii ,I?u,y " Inuln-"""nier.
In r",l..Tr,!3rn .'"'' ''"L "! ne "I" are re
5. .. """"t ora pious prt.., !,,,
Hut in .ms .rnjlf nook Crtl rZv. ,,r I
Some UtU. church ruu J aVUr"
ssasw Rlfleaf Urntnck. ......
M.cr i Ike HeiMIe JliiVeT"
Kentucky has from its first setttcm,-,.. i
ted for the skillful use of thu rillc. i ' "
times, when large game was plentiful, it wa
considered a great sin to wasto a drachm or p,,w.
dcraiid half iiirtiiiuce ot'U-ad without gelling for
them a dear or a biitl'.ilo. And when the largo
game were driven from the forest by advancing
civilization, the hunter who went out for a
ines.1 of squirrels, was considered a bungling
iiiarksuiaui if ho brought in one of these lit
tle, animals that was not killed ley lieing shot
through the head. The shots of ths early hun
ters, however, were at short distance!. Tho bafc
falo or deer was rarely killed at a distance great
er than : hundred yards, and fifty yards was con-,
siden-d quite far enough for bringing down small
er game. The rifles of tho early pioneers were of
the most primitive pattern, and, with the round
ball that they projected, were uot capable of be
ing madectlcctivn at long distances. Tho far
shootiug gnus were the invention of a later dav.
Among those who have acquired fame as skill
ed users of the rifle, both at long aud short range,
none in our State, uor, perhaps, anywhere -ls.i,
ever surpassed Dr. C Graham. Ho was never
known't issa Initial,, or ilr.-r at any distauro
ill which the nniural could lie seen; as for squir
rels, uo matter how high up iu thn tree they sat,
nor wlmt distance lie stood from the tree, all that
be wanted was to sec the bead. This little ob
ject seen, tbo rirle was leveled, the sight drawn,
and dowu came the squirrel with a bullet-hole
through its head.
Ami as fur target-snooting, and tho shooting
of turkeys, placed at a fixed distance to lie shot
at for so much persliwt. the doctor never hail Ills'
siqieriur. He could ring the bell or take the
bull's rje every shot at the distance of two hun
dred v arils, and if turkeys were placed much
short of four hundred jards they stood a ioor
cliance for life liefore his unerring ball. He wan'
generally ruled out of turkey shootings where ho
was known, from tho fact that he killed them all
liefore the jxiorer marksmen could have any fun,
and no one would bet against his shooting at a
Tho Doctor, for more than half a century, did
his good shooting with a ritlr. to which, in later
days, lie gave the uauieof "Bluchtr." Old Illit
clier was as much a companion to him as "Old'
Bctsj-' was to Davy Crocket. Ho loved it aa a
parent loves his child. After use it was always,
cleaned with scrupulous care and laid away for
tho next occasion. It was kept ns bright inside
as burnished steel, and the sights were always in
an unerring line along the barrel. This famous
ritle has a barrel tbirty-thrt-e inches long aud a
born nine-sixteenths of an inch, earning thirty
two round halls to the pound. There is nothing
prepossessing in its appearance, except that the
workmanship, though plain, in evidently oftha
At last this renowned rillr. has found its way
to the Museum of the Public Library of Ken
tucky. The Doctor says be has grown too old to
hunt any more and he wants bis ritie to be iu tbe
Museum which be himself started, and to tbe in
crease of which he is now devoting the last years
of his life. His rirle hangs in the Museum byth
side of tho first one that D.ii.iel Boone brought to
Kentucky, and there are but few things ill the
vast collection which attract more attention than
these rirles. They are dally liHifccd itisin by hun
dreds of tiersons, nud it is not likely that tbe in
terest taken in them will ever abate. They axe.
curious things in the midst of curiosities, aud it
is to be hoped that the rifles of some mora of onr
old pioneers will snon find their way into the
public museum, and take their place by tbe ahtet
of these. There in room there for others of tbe.
same kind, and nothing could be more intees..4
ing than the guns with which Logan, and Sfcsrl)r,
and Kenton,' and others, who fought tbrZ-IuMasV ,
aud slew the deer aud buffalo, when Kestackw.
was a wilderness. .
The Nkxt Comet. Enck's comet is now on it
way towards the perihelion, which It will reach
in January next. The comet has been telescopic
ally visible for some time; but it is not an object
of special interest to those whose vision is unaid
ed by instruments. It bas a very short period
only three yearn aud a qnartcr. Tho least dis
tance from the sun is 25,000,000 miles, of abont
the average distance of Mercury- Tho greatest
distance is &7,OO0,O0O miles, or more than four
times that nftho earth. Tills comet is principal
ly of interest because its period of revolution hss
diminished to the extent of alsiut three days iu
the past eighty years, a fact w hich generally ac
cepted as funnelling the best proof of the theory
that the regions of space are filled by material
"ether" capable of retarding the motion of the
bodies composing tbo solar system. Of course)
this resisting medium would prodnce sn annual
effect npon tbe comet of a few tons in weight
that wonld not be experienced by onr eartb in
iu the eonrse of thousands of ages. But tbe re
sult, though long deferred, is none the less inev
itable earth, planets and comets will be eventu-"
ally precipitated into the sun.
Tin gipsy parliament, which meets once every
seven vears. aud consists of delegates from all
the countries of Europe, i exiiected to- assemble
soon near Canst at t, in uenaany. lusiunga
this nomadic race iVono Jos. Rembard, whe baa
reached tbe venerablo age bf ninety-eight years.
He bas had seven wives, ami is tbe father of
forty-five children. There are in Spain .abont
40,1X10 of these gypsies; iu Knglaud more than
13,C0): while Austria ha 37,000, and Steklovia
aud Wallachia are tbe chosen home of nearly
200,000 more. Their religion has been the subject
of m neb unsatisfactory discussion. Perhaps tbe ;.
Hindoo saying, "Threare seventy-two religions
and a half iu the world, the hair being the religioir
of tbe Jbats (or gipsies,") comes as near to a
correct definition as any.
Is A deserted shop ia PittsfieM. f"? "
rests on its block ait anvil that bas ? a'J
for more than three hundred years. " "oapa
to day as it was iu 1533, when BJJSSS
after welding for tbe JEEL
srzx2s a ttsws s .
ids Mccstors had made during generation, iw
rim rXTJa PUntagene. grew , r of
JwWb-t U-.rf work without &!
""f.'!. ! :iit for th new worhi. A deft
wUtSntUrtolh. settlements, .ad Lit
yvil an heirloom to bis .lescendcnts.
A noble heart, like the sun, sboweth it,
greatest eoemtsmaace ia Its lowest estate.
invil ia ban.1 aiicu ior iue u