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NIILEB, EDITOR AND PUBXISHEB. y
THE CONSTITUTOR AND THE TJNION.
i TERKS-$2.00 PER ANNUM, IN ADYANCE.
VOLUME XVIIL-NTBJDBER 12.
TROY, KANSAS, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 10, 1874.
WHOLE NUMBER, 896.
m i i
"OkSKATlOV OF THE OSEEK
ff rm &ou)tain boys,
,,,(1, isV PtaittlntrgJaufht Sntmttr Jit,
Si -wa" tvrtom?WHPeiK v M wen.
I UUC aUCLXIXaX.
sKxember's wooda are freeb and green,
jcptemlxr't iU are bright:
opiimber'a early morning giowa
frith its encrimeoillng light;
n-er upland slope, a dewy film
I. vaporing beauty clings,
gon u the radiance fanej Tell
Ocr human proepecta ninga.
Serene afar the purpled eonea
Of tie Green Moon tains stand,
LiU watchmen, armed sentinels
ScroM alar Champaign a Jill lake
Spreads eat its arare abeet.
Washing IU wood-engirdled horti, ,
Washing the mountain feet.
The foliage of the lifeless groves
Droops o'er tbe Thousand Ialea;
ad 'mid those IsUs of emerald green,
Tbe Mae lake sleeps and smiles.
But hark' a sound, a mnffled roar.
Like distant thunder In tbe skies:
jUd lu! white curling. ae the smoke
It is. it U tbe cannon peal.
It U tbe smoky breath or war;
It la tbe battle-, mattering roar,
And far and wide or Vermont hllla
That laram sounds again,
O er tbe Oreen Mountain a piny aide.
O er upland, glen, and plain:
From .tpl " the ffl hilla.
Oerbioilet, grange, and farm.
Th. .winging brll.. with frantic peal,
Kiel out the barh alarm
The bnnter in tbe luncsnme wood
Turn, from tbe red-deer chase.
C,raM arm bw ne in hi. hand,
lad mil tbe battle-place;
Tbe Mur in hi. leaky Wt.
Fs: op 'me arsee. washed atranu,
Witb homed paddle aetk. the shore.
To ii.in tbe mustering band.
The Israer in tbe harre.t field
Drops Mjtbe and sickle keen.
Jorsslrs tie plow, and lesres the steer,
a nild his corn HeMs green t
And. tniel Uojr " '" uaak,
And deer-skin ballet sack.
Mutches hi. Continental gun,
And seek, tbe battle-track.
The tocsin sounds, tbe tramp of men
Fill.jrllow road and Tillage atreet;
Tbe Die it. .tar. and tripes.unfuids;
Tbe life i blown, tbe dram ia beat;
And onward, with Impetuoua haate,
Mantrr tbe hardy aona of toil;
Of daring look and giant frame,
Tbe aioewy tillera of tbe aoll.
Ilipb on a green and breezy mound.
U erboking Champlain's ahect of blue,
Tbry catberrd for the bloody work,
Coiliaciplined, Tet aternly true;
Swearing come fife, come death, their sworda
Ked aepakhrea aboald bewl
Tbe lirnm sounds a hundred boata
Li. drawn njton the pebbly abore;
Bat utroog arm. launch tbem to tbe ware.
And nrj;e thrm with the laboring oar;
Till two with Macomb'a Alea they stand.
Where I'reTust'e batteries roar.
And well thune brave New England men
liaintain'd their gTound that day.
Before the w ilheiing atorm of .hot
That tore their ranka away;
Bat steadfast 'gainst tbe bayonet-shock,
Tbey stood in firm array.
Meantime the fleet of England cornea.
Gun boat and galley Krim.
A dark flotilla, o'er whose decks
Tbe meteor atandarda swim,
Wbrre Uownie, on hi. frigate'a deck.
Mid smothering anwke. and cannon blast,
t klaluiain'd hi. conntry'a honor well,
ItaUtled a beroVdeatb at last.
aaditauntlena through that cannonade,
McUonougb'a Toice rang out,
r.U triumphantly arooe
QvIumbLa a victor-shout.
0 ud that evening ann abone down
On broken .par and bloody deck ;
The .tarr'd flag flying from each mast
The EnglUh fleet a helpless wreck!
On Prrrost, with his bleeding ranks
Kerhng and broken In defeat,
1 hile fierce the rugged mountaineers
follow d tbeir aaa retreat!
f elect gimi
THE HOY WHO HAD NO FRIENDS.
A TALE OF A FAST GENERATION.
BY KZF.K1EL JOXK8, ESQ.
ivniucn-rnK dfjicos's son is introduced a
BOV THAT HAD FRIENDS; AND IN WHICH WE
TAKE LEAVE OF THE DEACON'S WIFE.
Jump we a few years. To follow the adven
tures of our sceral heroes and heroines too
cloaely, would male a atnry as long as tbe Co
luui liiad an iuflictum winch ee solemnly promfse
tbe reader not to impose. It him suppose Jonce
fairly quartered in the West, anil fairly forgot
ten in the East, by all save two, the mother who
felt her lore increase with bis absence, and little
Margaret, who, in ber accumulating cares and
reponsibiIitie, missed sadly her ouly confidant
aud adviser. JJnt it is strictly pertinent, and es
sential to our story, to tell how and why those
responsibilities had thus early gathered' abont
the little orphan.
Mrs. Deacon Underwood had absolutely "fret
ted oat ber soul case." Excuse the homely ex
Jiresaion no polished phrase were half so ex
pressiie. A continual habit of seeking sotue
tfiitig of which to complain, and at which to
Scom, had so attuned her mind to discord, that
nothing could strike it as pleasant or harmoni
ous. To Margaret, this continual complaint
and hectoriug bad become as a matter ef course.
It had een ceased to annoy her, oo her own ac
count ; bat as she grew older, and perceived how
it embittered the Deacon's otherwise placid tem
perament, and how it wore upon the woman
herself, she had learned to pity her benefactors.
Benefactors they were: the Deacon without qual
ification his wife with the single draw-back
mth which tbe reader most be by this time fully
Lung imagining fictitious griefs, or magnify
ing trides, Mrs. Underwood had at last encoun
tered a real sorrow. Her only child, a favorite
aon, tow bom allnsion has been already made in
tins story the life of ber life tbe only human
being in ber circle at whom she had never scold
ed, aud to whom she bad never spoken nukiudly,
rrpaid her solicitude by ingratitude and neglect.
At college, he learnwd to regard her as a country
person, to whom he was, to be sure, indebted for
xnie early uursing before he could go aloue, aud
aim fur some little suffering endured in bis be
half; but all three trifles he considered as more
than oiW by tbe obligation which circumstanc
es imHivd upon him of acknowledging her ac
inaiutance ; and he was furthermore folly of the
opinion that'll became her to pay for the privilege
"f calling him sou, at a rate somewhat onerous.
Tliee sentiments be was so far from taking pains
conceal, that he was at no little trouble to
"ake ber pretty distinctly understand them ;
particularly when he abused ber becanse his
father would not mortgage his farm to find the
Tonng gentleman in pocket money a course
nich niaguauiinnus yonng uieu are very apt to
take in their wisdom. Toituring the mother to
"pen the father's strong box is a truly ingenious
and generally effective mode of proceedure.
SjHiie of the vonng man's college friends had
"He trouble in'plaring things in what they call-
Ibcir true light before the yonug collegian.
showe.1 him that be was bound to see life,
,'?,rSaiidthe gaming-table, and etceterajn
cludwl that life was not to Iks seen without
Qonev that parents are natnrally bound to de
fy themselves salt that their children may drink
champagne; that the heir is only spending his
n iu driving his father to the poor-house ; and
that theqnickerthatcousnrainatinn is effected, the
ojper all parties will understand their position,
luder snch hopeful tuition, Henry Underwood
""nneuted his mother, tillhisextiavagance broke
"er heart; and after two "rustications" for mis
tttM." at ""H""!:6. cme home expeu-ed. His
""nbhr took to her bed, and never rose again.
And now came into exercise the affection of the
"ttity.giri for her mistress; the aosiduotxt care,
tbe patient 'watching, the invariable sweetness
of temper, never ruffled by the petnlantexactions
of the invalid. Like the very genius of order,
Margaret presided over the bonsebold. All went
on as qnietly as if a loud or cross word bad nev
er been ottered in tbe house, and the honest
Deacon, in tbe simplicity of bis heart, blessed
the child that so little confusion disturbed the
invalid; little suspecting that nnder ordinary
circumstances, or without the absolute need of
stillness, the noise which bis better half was wont
to make, conld possibly be dispensed with.
Bnt a quieter honr still, came. Mrs. Under
wood bad secured her sou one afternoon from his
idle amusements for she was dying, and he felt
it xenc. Bitterly did he reproach binself with his
neglect or so una a parent anxiously did be
struggle to convince himself that he had not be
fore knmen ber danger he could not avoid tbe
consciousness that be might have known it, bad
be bven bnt a thonNandtb part as attentive to her
situation as the orphan child, who was bound to
ber by no ties of blood, bnt who was grateful for
the privilege of a menial's sitnation, while he
bad hardly thanked her for descending to the
grave fur him! And if tbat boy, amid bis grief,
promised all bis dying mother could desire, he
did well, aud from good promptings, however
carlessly be migbt sometimes have furgutten the
pledges into wbicb he entered, for when he thus
smoothed ber dying pillow, he was sincere and
she died happy. One hand was held by her bus
baud the other by ber son. Each she pressed
iu her last straggles. Tbe father and son were
too much afTected to neep Margaret's childish
grief, not less sincere and deep, found vent in a
piercing shriek. The last glance of the dying
woman's eye was one of gratitude to the orphan ;
ber last smile for in death she smiled effaced
tbe recollection of all ber petulence of habit but
not of malice, and enshrined her memory iu the
HOW JONCE GREW AND TltUOVE ; AND HOW JUDGE
LYNCH AND THE INDIANS CONVERTED BKItKY'S
SQAT INTO BEItBVSVIIXE.
Men are sometimeslike trees not only will they
endure transplanting, but they profit by it. Par
ticularly is tbit the case when the removal takes
place In-fore tbey have grown too old to learn
new babits, and to accommodate themsolves to
new associations and circumstances. Now, our
hero's escape from hisuupropitious surroundings
at Hardscrabble took place precisely at the age
wheu he was best fitted to go into training as a
pioneer in tbe wilderness; and inasmuch as be
left behind him nothing, the Bnrrender'of which
becould be supposed cry bitterly to regret, be en
tered npon bis new life witb a zest unalloyed.
He loed "tbe grand old woods;" his spirit was
elevated by the freedom of uutrainmeled nature;
and tbeoiitgusbingsof his unsophisticated won
der were not cramped and terrified into silence
li' I'e'ty individual tyranny, or that worst and
most despotic of all slaery, tbe crushing con
tempt of his fellows. He had triali and hard
ships, it is true; but tbey were manly ones, and
in tbe true equality of a new settlement, tbey
elevated bim to a common consequence with the
men who shared the privations and dangers of
pioneer life in the woods. Every one oil the
bonier counts one; women and children een
have tbeir imHirtant posts to occupy; and a
stalwart young chup like Jonce SmileyU" long
er cowed, abashed ami epirit-lirokeii, but confi
dent, ingenuous and elastic, bat, of course, a
prominent iiuortaiiee in the village of Iierrys
ville, so denominated from our emigrant friend,
wbo was tbe first individual who, iu that vicin
ity, "stuck an axe iu a tree."
Loug before Oerrysville rejoiced in tbat title,
it boasted the more euphonious one. of Berry's
Squat. Start not at its inelrgauco, for accord
ing to tbe transcendental idea of poetry, tbe
word squat is exceedingly poetical, as regular a
tinkle from the rill of lirlicoii as ever babbled
on poet's tongue. Ralph Waldo Emerson says
that tbe first man wbo called another au ass was
a fool; and hence it is evident tbat the man wbo
dubs a fellow man by that complimentary title
is merely quoting poetry. If Emerson is right,
if there is anything in pithiness of language, in
appoeiteiiess of figure, and iu preguaut meaning
ill one simple word, "squat," as applied to those
wbo sit down miinvitrd upon Uncle Sam's land,
is certainly poetry. The word is already the pa
rent of others, and maybe jet oi many more.
Beside the obious "squatter," which is render
ed "one wbo squats," we have "absquatulate,"
from the Latin particle "ab" from, or out of,
and "squat," before discussed, mvauing, to re
linquish a squat, or get out of another's squat or
jour own as soon us possible, and perchance as
covertly as'niay be. Absquatulate baa been n
new coinage as mncb iu favor with defaulters,
as the coinage of tbe U. S. Mint and, indeed, af
fection for tbe one would appear naturally to
be connected with a predilection for the other.
To return to our friends. Mr. Berry was most
certainly a sqnatter, and so was bis wife, and
Jonce and tbe children all were squatters. In
tbat respect, the Eastern population has the ad
vantage of tbe Western only in the fact that our
ancestors, or those under whose title we in tbe
East live, did our squatting for us, a couple of
hundred years ago, more or less; while the fath
ers of recent Western settlers, having neglected
to do tbis good turn for tbeir children, tbe chil
dren are compelled to do it for themselves.
Squatting, in tbe abstract, is only improving a
tract which might else remain unimproved, with
the understanding that whenever tbe tract does
come into the market, the rqnatter has a pre
scriptive right to bny at the government price,
whether there be a pre-emption law or not, ap-
filicable to tbe case. If there be a pre-emption
aw, all is well and good; if not, the common
law of tbe border, "shich supplies statute defi
ciencies, settles the case we allude to tbe code
generally spoken of as tbe code Lynch; infinite
ly more simple than the code Napoleon, thongh
tbe little Corsican made simplicity the proudest
feature of his famous body of statutes. And the
code Lynch bas another recommendation which
is peculiar to itself, as belonging to no other.
Not only docs it snpply the deficiencies of the
common statute law, bnt it supplies the lack of
officers of tbe laws of the land, where those laws
are supposed to be in force. This unwritten law
has been fearfully abnsed; but witball the euor
mities committed iu its name, it is a fact un
questionable tbat more mischief would have
been done iu its absence.
A "squat" becomes, after the cabin is erected,
a recognized property by the customs of the
"squatters," and there are even nice rules which
distinguish whether a man's squat covers a
whole, a half, or a quarter section. Brother
squatters never interfere with tbe claims of
brothers, aud when Uncle Sam pots a tract in
the market, it is a thing understood on tbe tract,
if nowhere else, that the "squatted" sections
have already a purchaser, who is not to be com
pelled by any competitor to pay a premium up
on' the land; the eligibility of which, by "sqnat
ting" thereon, he has made apparent. Conse-
Sueutly, many speculators who travel West lin
er tbe delusion that tbey can take immediate
advantage of tho explorations of the squatters,
are shortly uudeceiied upon their arrival; for
an attempt to bny over one squatter's head is
pretty snre to make the whole community rather
troublesome neighbors, if, indeed, it does not
proenre from them a ride nut in tbe easiest
method of movement known iu these davs of
progress. The only way"if proceeding, if you i
nnutl man on ine laim you wiso to pnrcnase, is,
first, to ask him", "What will you take for yonr
squat t and if tbe bargain between yon and
the settler can be sealed, his claim becomes yonr
claim, his former defenders are yonr defenaWs,
and lie "totes his plunder off," 'and "bodyacions
ly absquatulates" himself, to go and squat else
where, and create a new claim, for some one else
to buy. I
Several years' culture had made "Berry's"
Sqnat" a beautiful clearing, and its situation on
thi bank of one of the great tributaries or a '
great river in the West caused our friend's es
tate to be regarded as one of the very best in tbe
Territory. The political managers, moved upon
by the fact that many of tbem were directly inter- I
ested, no less tnan by the natural anvuigo ..
tbe place,determind thattheCoanty Seat should
inclnde onr friend's sqnat; bnt as a preliminary,
and before they let tbis intention be public, tbe
attempt'was made to buy out Berry's claim. Bat
they happened upon the wrong customer..
In tbe first place. Berry himself was not one of
those who squat "as a profession, and prefer
ring wild adventure and border life to the ap
proach of rivilization, are ever ready to sell out,
when a fair offer is made. He bad set up his
family altar in tbe wilderness, and made it blos
som about him as the rose. Successive comfort
after necessity, convenience after comfort, and
luxury after convenience, had been added to the
homestead. His children had grown np there
about him, and already, in bis miud't eye he had
portioned them off upon tbe liberal tract which,
after tbe usage of tbe country, be bad appropri
ated; and for which, thanks to his frugality and
industry, and with the proceeds of certain "vil
lage lou" which he proposed to sell, he would
now be ready to pay Uncle Sam. . ,
And in the next place first, indeed, in Berry's
thought, it would have broken his old wife's
heart to part with a home which, at first tbe
scene of privation, inconvenience, and sorrow,
bad now become the home of comfort, peace, and
plenty. Everything abont her had a history
aud an interest; this, as the memento of their
home in the East, and of their wanderings on
the road; that, as tbe creation of necessity, to
supply some remembered convenience in her fa
thers house. Every smoked timber in the lit
tle cabin seemed to have a history; every tree
seen from the door bad its associations ; the very
moon which shone upon their Summer evenings,
appeared to tbe little family to be tbe moon pe
culiar of Berry's Sqnat, and a different luminary
from tbe one which shines nu other places.
And our old friend Jonce, at tbe opening of
tbis story, a boy who had no friends now a
stout young woodsman, who asked no friendship
except a "fair fi Id and no favor" he to leave
Berry's Sqnat! He to leave Little Muddy Creek,
where in boyhood he bad trapped musquash, and
Big Muddy River, which he had forded, on ne
cessity, at the very most perilous point of the
Spring freshets I lie to quit the vicinity of tbis
spot, w here he shot the great "b'ar," and that,
where he treed tbe "painter!" Ho to leave the
yellow corn to be harvested by others in tbe
clearings where his own right arm had levelled
the forest trees! He to abdicate the second
home, where the sagacity of Berry had induced
him to "sqnat" over laud enough for tbem both!
Never, until death bade him relinquish all earth
ly possessions, would Jonce Smiley surrender
what be considered hisabsoluto property as ab
solute as if tbe formality of taking out Undo
Sam's patent had already been performed.
lint tbe tract was declared in market by ad
vertisement; tbe Land OSlce was opened, and
Eastern a"d otherspeculatoes hail already mark
ed the Berry Squat. Jonathan accompauied his
old master, and were present, equal to the sale;
and other squatters, both from tbe vicinity of
Berry's Squat, audfrom.all tho country for many
miles about the office, "were along." Berry's
tract, as the most eligible, was first ounced np
on, aud tbe strangers, nbo had in vain attempt
ed to induce the holder to "sell bis squat," came
prepared to buy and re-sell it over his head.
Thebargain was'all but consummated, poor Berry
baviug maintained an irresistible silence, while
tbe terms of the sale were carried above bis
reach. Tbe principal agent in the business was
just ready to receive his coirlpleted papers. He
was a young lawyer from the far East, and was
flush with the then current and undisputed bank
notes. He bad observed tbat tbe squatters bail
one by one disappeared, all save Berry, who lean
ed disconsolate agaiu-it the door, as if about to
lose bis all; and Jonathan Smiley, who paced
rapidly before the bouse, as if be thought that '
by so Going ue niigui arrest tne cruel escneat ot
iiossessioiis. br all hackwood nsaue honestly
theirs, upon payment to the Government of tbe
standard price. The oung lawjer, with an in
definite feeling, half fear, half bravado, was hre
itatingly hurrying tbe Government official. A
sudden and terrihe war-whoop rung in bis ears,
and starting to the door, he saw there assembled
what, at first, seemed a party of ienadVIudiaus.
Even his unpracticed eyo was not loug in dis
covering that tbey were amateurs; ami their
true character, tbe absence of tbe squatters who
were present in tbe early part of thedav, left
him at no loss to divine. And now, while the
stranger watched, conirueuced a very amusing
and significant little drama a drama wbicb ap
peared less to interest Jonathan Smiley, than
did the varying expression of the speculator's
countenance. Tbe principal chief declared that
one of tbe subordinates hail driven another In
dian from his wigwam, aud turned his squaw
and little ones into the woods shelterless; that
he had gathered and burned bis brother's stand
ing corn, and pnlled up his fish snares ; aud ask
ed what should bedone to the false brother with
a snake's heart f And thereupon the brother
aforesaid, against whom all these terrible charg
es were made, was fallen upon in make-belief
pnuisbmeut, which would have been any thing
but make believe to anybody but an iron-framed
sqnat tut we ineau Indian. His heart was
supposed to bo cut ont and bis scalp to be cnt off,
and divers other pleasant dhertiscmentA were
enacted upon bis supposed-to-be suffering body.
"Who are these people l"1 inquired the lawyer.
"Well," answered the Land Officer, who was
not green in the West, "I allow tbat I don't
know bnt may bo if yon co-ild find some of tbe
sqnatters who wero here to-day, they perhaps
might tell you."
"What do they mean by tbis nonsense!"
"Wall it don look like nonsense, stranger,
that's a fact, and here again I must allow I can't
say. But if you'll jnst close tbis here bargain, I
don't know anybody in these diggins who is
more likely to find ont than yon."
"Is there no force here to protect an American
"There's a heap of force to Fort Independence,
a hundred miles down, but I reckon, stranger,
you've an idea of building barracks for them on
the Big Muddy, where you are going to bny, and
to get them to 'list for life I"
The Indians were by this time seated in a
knot, and chattering in a worse than Pottawa
tomie tongne over a half-barrel of whiskey. Two
younger ones soon joined tbem with a split tree
trunk, some fifteen feet in length; aud the whole
group fell to work npon it, preparing, with
tbeir knives and hatchets, one edge, as if to cut
cheese. There was an odd twinkle in Jonathan
Smiley's eyes, as the work proceeded. Mr. Ber
ry looked sad, but still said nothing.
"What is that I" inquired the lawyer.
"Why," answered the Land Officer, "that is
what in these diggins they call a rail; you come
from the big settlements, and what they call
such things thar, I can't say."
And now the culprit Indian was placed astride,
and tbe rail raised npon the sbonlders of tbe
others, amid a tremendous whoop, but certainly
with rather more gentleness than would bave
been done in a boa fide transaction. Tbe young
speculator's agent waited no longer; but with a
very ill grace, resigned his bargain.
The tract was entered in the names of Mr.
Berry and Jonathan Smiley, and the amateur In
dians suddenly disappeared.
"Mr. Underwood !" said Jonce, coming forward
and offering bis band.
Henry Underwood, for it was indeed the Dea
con's eon, feared to do less than take tbe offered
hand, but declared at the same time that he
could not recollect our hero.
"Prabablv not." said Jouce. "It's a long time
since we met but perhaps you'll remember .
'"Perfectly, now," said Underwood; "bnt it
strikes me you are in a lawless bnsiness!"
"Silence, stranger, on tbat jnst now, and jnst
here. If yonll take a woodman's invite, you'll
spend the night with us, and we'll talk it all .
over at our leisure." I
"But my money " . ,
'Is a great deal safer here than it wonld.be in
Philadelphia. I'll answer for tbat with my life, j
It isn't a wholesome country for thieves, where
Indians, snch as yon've seen, hannt the woods.
By this time, the sqnatters had reappeared.
Underwood was snre that be saw some red
"grim" imperfectly removed from their faces,
and hn nniiml th.t thoa- made verv free with
tholate Indians whiskey, and farthermore, that
herseerned to be laughing and chatting togeth-1
". jnst aa if t bev had been figuring in something (
over which the ,M not lantfh sufficiently.
2fc' t Wiu,.";'e eoongh to hold his tongue: and
rrMe behind Jonce to Bern's 8qnat. hereafter to
be known in thi, hi.tor2 BeSyariUe.
ji. CHAPTER EIGHTH.
XT-ISX GEOWIXG CHAPTER, ENDCtO WITH AS CS
T1MBLT FEOST ro. rxLTlAH V
vur j K.un.osuec. mna so. or course, do
Deacon Abijah Underwood, and Peltiah Perkins, I
and Pi-Itiah's son John, and tbe Deacon's band
maid Margaret. The latter had become sole and
sufficient manageress of tbe Deaeon's household;
and always once a day, and sometimes twice, at
muni and eve, the Deacon, in bis fervid and
somewhat lengthy prayer, ueggea mar. neaven
"would remember iu mercy the maiden, who
was nnto thine unworthy servant even as a
daughter. Never was daughter mure devoted
and grateful, never was father more sincere and
pure in his affection than was Deacon Abijah
Underwood for onr heroine. Perhaps he was
the more attached to ber, because that his son
Henry nut only "hadn't some how the faculty to
seem to do, and to get along like some folks,"
but was sadly deficient In respect and kindness
for his parent; seeming to regard him rather as
a bank, and himself, the son, as a Director, who
had the privilege of borrowing whenever be
conld get it, and charging the loan to "sundries."
But tbe liiggetpoDd .will, after a while, run
dry, if there is a continual out-going, aud no in
running. By his expenses while studying law,
and his increased expenses while be professed to
eracticn it in a town near Hardscrabble, Henry
nderwood reduced his father's capacity to help
himrnutiltbe old gentleman was hardly able to
help himself. The truth was, tbat Henry had a
great many expensivcamuscnients. In Summer,
e rode on horseback with the ladiea; in Winter,
he got up large sleighing parties; be was er offi
cio manager of country balls, and this, by the
way, brings us to the heaviest item of his im
moderate expenses. He bad taken a fancy that
nothing conld be cleverer than to be a soldier
captain, bnt as be saw no very sure, shorts or di
rect path to such preferment through any chan
nel then existing, lie determined to make a path
for himself, to hew out a road to tbe glory, and
walk into it. His hewing, by the way, he did
not propose to do in any blood-thirsty manner,
but by the more peaceable mode of erecting a
company of fair weather soldiers from among
the rough material existing in the town where
bis office was situated, and where, by a legal
fiction, he was supposed to practice law. As he
agreed to become responsible for tbe equipments
of all wbo conld not pay "jnst then," it did not
take loug to place bim at the head of the Bung
town Jefferson Guards; and now behold Capt.
nenry Underwood at the very height ot bis am
bition, ordering nniform drills once every week,
and quotidian undress exercises. Nothing ever
was like it the Captain was in his glory, and
each individual volunteer soldier felt tbat tbe
whole destinies of the Republic bad now indeed
begun to press upon bis sbonlders.
Capt. Unnerwood, with tbe good of his corps
at heart, made frequent visits to the metropolis,
to learn fencing aud tactics, pugilism having
been a prior acquirement, and one of his classi
cal studies. While mentioning his accomplish
ments, it is proper also to sy that he was no
poor violinist, and that be bail also a very fair
idea of the accomplishment of wrestling. But
neither soldiering, junketing, fencing, wrestling
or fiddling, made the country peoule f.incv bim
an exceedingly good lawjer; and wheu bis fa
ther did send some cases to bim. and the Snuire.
his father's friend, undertook to throw iuto the
Captain's bands a portion of the practice which
age induced bim to wish to relinquish, that prac
tice fell into bands already filled with swords,
scabbards, fencing foils and fiddle-bows to say
nothing of the milling gloves, and the nine-pin-allry
balls. Of course Hie cases fell through, or
went by default, clients fell off, and Capt. Henry
Underwood, Em., fell buck more frequently than
ever, upon what he considered his military chest,
bis father's strong Ihix.
But, as we said before, the biggest pond, con
tinually lowered without refilling, will rnn ont.
The Deacon at last fonmJiirmself left with bnt a
few hundreds of ready cash in tbe world ; and
this, one day, he placed in Henry's hands, say
ing: "Now, Henry, you'ie got it all it's the
prodigal sou's portion, the least and the last.
I've told on afore, 'not a cent more do yon get,'
bnt while there was anything to take, you've
sucked it out of me. Now you've got the whole
biliug, you needn't come back to tbe kettle
"But, my dear father"
"Dear yonr grannj don't try that wheedle,
for it's no manner of use, now I tell you."
"You mustn't misunderstand me. 1 don't want
to leave you destitute. Surely, tbis farm "
"Ob, it ain't mortgaged yet; aud while I live,
I don't mean it shall be; and when I die, it de
pends npon yourself whether you get any of it
to raise money on or not. You don't get tbe
whole, any bow just remember that; and two
bites to a cherry is quite a small division. You
have got yon destiny, and now I reckon you'll
have to try wbetheryon are to be asbiftless lout
as long as yon live or not!"
Henry saw tbat bis father had told him tbe
tnitb; and with many protestations of regret,
aud promises of amendment, be departed. His
jig was np in tbat corner of tbe world, and
beuce it happened that Jonce and the reader
have the pleasure of meeting bim at Berrysville.
Leaving him there, we return to Hardscrabble,
and to tbe very time when Henry received his
last donatinu. as above related.
Peltiah Perkins's son John had now grown
qnite a mail in his way. He could cut as big a
swathe witb bis scythe, and drop and cover as
many potatoes as auy man iu the Township;
and what, perhaps, contributed as mnch to bin
own good opiniou of himself, as all tbe rest put
together, he conld take his morning dram, bis
eleven o'clock and bis fonr oclocker, with a
punctuality nnexceeded. He was about to en
ter tbo Deacon's bar-room to perform one branch
of this duty, when he overheard, through an
open window, the conversation between father
and son, which we have given. As he stirred up
his Sauty-Crooce, as be called it, be thought to
himself, "two bites to a cherry not a bad uor a
blighted one, nyther. Wonder if I can't get my
teeth in on one side, somehow! Margaret is not
bad looking" at tbat instant she passed, and
smiled in astonishment at what Peltiah's hope
ful son intended for an affectionate leer, be, of
course, mistaking ber look for a glance of love
reciprocatory. "She looks as if she'd have me)
but then, again, she might not there's no know
ing." And he said alond, "A leetle drop of
Stougbton's bitters in here, Deacon, if yon
The glass tossed off, as. Yankees invariably do,
as if it bad been a portion of disagreeable phys
ic, to be swallowed in a hurry before it was
smelled, Peltiah's son went forth to meet Peltiah
the father. Ou bis way ont he met Margaret,
and honored her witb another look, in addition
to which he hazarded the remark, that it was
fine "growing weather." "To grow fools," Mar
garet was tempted to add, bnt forbore. The
girl had been attacked witb attentions by every
yonng man in town, Peltiah's son John except
ed ; and she perceived, from experience in snch
matters, that he was abont to try bis turn bnt
what led him to it. she conld not imagine, jnst
then. She bad nmformly rejected all not tbat
she was romantic enough to suppose that she
was keeping a t me heart fur Jonce, and tbat he
on his part was preserving a heart to match, for
her. Sbe had outgrown snch childish nonsense;
but although sbe did not perhaps know it, bis
ideal did fill ber thoughts w brn she least fancied
it; tbat is, tbe abstract ideal of snch a man as
Jonce would be likely to make for her practi
cal memory of bim was as a boy wbom every
body abused, while she, when a child, loved and
Many days and many weeks indeed passed,
during which Peltiah and his son John held fre
quent couversatinus on tbe snbject of John's
projected attachment. They .atished themselves
of the pecuniary advantages of tbe scheme,
conld it but be consummated; and tbe only
study was, how to commence the attack, and
whether to make the first demonstration on the
Deacon's blind side, or tbat of bis ward, Mar
garet. An accident at length decided the plan
of a campaign which had puzzled the two tacti
cians so severely. Meanwhile John kept np bis
ogling at Margaret, and his sententious passing
remarks, till he brought her fully to the opinion
that he waa exaotly the most disagreeable brute
sbe bad ever encountered.
There came to Hardscrabble, in a Boston pa
per iu the shape of "Extract of a letter from the
West," an account of the frustrated speculation
recorded in the preceding chapter. The writer
nm-.d to be neutral, while, in fact, he waa one
of theveryspecnlatorsfoiled br the sturdy squat
ter-. The lulu" wsshiu miusudud uuuer toe
direction of two desperate meD, named Jonathan
Smiley, and Berry; and tbe lengths to
-v"sie3 Lyneh-law were earned were represented
to be equal to the length of two ropes, one ronnd
the purchaser's neck, the other encircling the
carotid of tbe Land Officer, accompanied with a
threat to ran both np, if the sale was not can
celled. The letter ended with an emphatic query,
"can onr Government permit such things!" The
reader very well well understands that no "such
things" occurred; and as to what did then, and
does still happen, the only remedy Government
has, is to defend by law the claims which tbe
pioneers of the forest otherwise defend without.
Tbe Deacon's faith in Jonce was considerably
shaken by tbis highly wrought 'story, till be
consulted Margaret, and she said she should be
lieve nothing nntil she heard tbe other aide
Captain Underwood's name being, by the way,
nnmentioned iu tbe letter rather a sign that he
did know wbo wrote it, than that he did not! Bnt
Peltiah Perkins and his son John fattened each
an inch on the ribs at the narrative, and tbe wis
dum of father and son decided tbat here was tbe
very Introduction so long desired, to the siege of
Deacon Underwood's Margaret, by Peltiah Per
kins's son John.
Accordingly, that very evening, after family J
prayers at tbe Deacon's, Margaret was struck
agnasi oy jouirs apparition, ins batr labori
ously waxed down, his boot well grca-e.l, hlsSnn-day-go-to-mcetitig-coaton,of
a week-day evening,
all were signs indubitable of tbe nnruoseof his
visit. Margaret certainly felt no palpitation of
tne neart tuerear,, out sue uui teei a palpitation
of the fingers, for sbe longed most earnestly to
box his ears. The Deacon, a malicions old rogue,
sure that he should leave his friend Peltiah's
hopeful iu good bands, retired that night a full
half hour earlier than his wont.
Margaret's blood boiled witb indignation while
John recapitnlated, aggravated and paraphrased
the story of the day. Her thoughts ran back to
I the time nt which Jonce left Hardscrabble years
ueiure, ana tne mean-spiritea lie torn uy this
same John ou that occasion. She recollected, too,
bow- bis father, at the occasional good reports
which came from Jonce during his absence, bad
striven to contradict and annul them; and while
she conld not trust her tongue to defend Jonce,
bad she cared for John's good opinion, she longed
to have him qien tbe preliminaries of bis busi
ness, that sbe might bring his stay and his hopes
to a speedy period. Bnt tbe crafty suitor had no'
intention to give her that opportunity.
There came, at last, a pause in the conversa
tion; or, rather, in Johns malicions volubility,
for Margaret had said nothing. She waited till
out of all patience fur him to say the word but
he wonldn t. "Beantiful roses, tbem ont there,"
at last he remarked.
"Beautiful," said Margaret "Why can't yon
go ont and get me one, Mr. Perkins 1"
"Now, how kind-a-roul that Mister is," said the
lover. "Say John, and I will."
"Do, then, John, that's a good fellow!"
Tbo delighted John went out at three bounds,
fully determined to venture on a kiss as he pre
sented the dower. He gathered a handful, and
snatrhed a blushing peony by tbe way; but if he
found no tboms ou the bush, he found one at tbe
door. It was shnt, and fastened, and he on the
wrong side, and without his hat. Ho heard Mag
lau?h at tbe otien wiudow.
"Now, come, there, I say," he said, advancing
toward ber "this is upwards of considerable too
She chucked his hat in bis face, and closed the
window. A moment after, be saw her light in
ber chamber. HepicLed up a stone, but recollec
ting that there was no Jouce in town to lay the
broken glass to, contented himself with acciden
tally breaking down Margaret's pet Burgundy
rose-bush with his clumsy heel, and went home
with the strings of tbe bag to hold, and two fleas
in each ear. . . . .
(TO BE CONTTNCED.)
THE "GOLDEN" WEDDING-DAT'.
Since faat I stood where now 1 standi.
And quickly aa the aunbeama, cay. -"
On filldeit wings flit o'er the land.
Have seemed to glide these years away.
Till now, my "golden" wedding-day.
The dark clouds of adversity
Mv oath hare often sfaadowe
My path hare often shadowed o'er.
And onlv gloom appeared to ma:
na onir gloom api
But then Prosper
And poured its fight npon mj way.
tut ope a iu atore.
The earth looks fairer now to me.
The aky aeema of a lovelier hue:
The blrda to sport with greater glee.
And warble jojone lays, all newj
The ana to pour a brighter ray.
On this, my "golden" wedding-day.
My heart feela Juat aa Toong thla time .
Although id age is drawing near
Aa when my life waa at its prime!
And. obi bow joyoae aeema this year.
Let all be batrnr z
For 'tia my "golden" w
Let all assemble round my hearth.
And joyfal words sn4 welcome tfowt
Let every honr ho ruled by mirth.
And all their senga af Joy bestow
And let me kindly wish and pray.
For each, a "golden" wedding-day.
And by tbe changeless lore Ismenae,
Of Him who holds at Mia command
All jpow'rs and all lntelllgenta, ""
Within a fairer, brighter land.
T7 all, I trust, assembled, may
Enjoy haber wedding-day.
JCirVCOt.- A.1D VBK E-flAPCCIPA-TlO.t
The Hon. Gideon Welles, in tbe December Cal
ory, gives a long and serious chapter on "The
History of Emancipation." He traces the idea
of tbe proclamation of freedom as it culminated
in necessity and passing through Mr. Lincoln's
mind, and describes tbe Cabinet meeting in
which the preliminary proclamation was read.
Tbe President said that "not till all other meas
ures and expedients failed had be come to the
conclusion tbat tbis element, which was arbi
trarily used against us, mast be brought into
the Union cause."
Haiug reached that conelnslon, his decision
was fixed and unalterable. The act and all its
responsibilities were his alone. He had prepar
ed tbe paper wbicb be waa again about to read
without advice or assistance had pondered
over it for weeks, and been more confirmed in
the rectitndeof the measure as time passed on.
There had been momenta wben be felt awed and
overwhelmed by tbe gravity and magnitude of
tbe subject and of what might follow, bnt his
way was now clear ue knew he waa right.
Among other things, he said, in a subdued tone,
he had looked to a Higher Power for aid and di
rection. He had made a tow tbat if God gave
ns the victory in the impending battle, be would
receive it as an indication of tbe Divine Will
tbat it was his duty to go forward in the work
of emancipation. In a manner half apologetic,
he said this might seem strange, bnt there were
occasions when, uncertain how to proceed wben
it was not clear to his mind what be sbonld do
ne bad in tbis way snbmitted tbe disposal of a
snbject to a Higher Power, and abided by what
seemed tbe Supreme Will. Events at Sharps
burg had confirmed and strengthened his origi
nal purpose in regard to emancipation, and he
nau no nesiiaiiou in issuiuj; iuib piDinuiu., wi
der; the Statesinterested wonid decide for them
selves as to its consummation.
Tbis was not the only occasion when he mani
fested tbe peculiar faith or traits here exhibited.
It waa donbtlesa to be attributed, in a great
measure, to the absence of early religious cul
ture a want of educational advantage in his
youthful frontier life. In tbe wilderness of In
diana fifty years ago there were few churches,
anil only an occasional wandering preacher fur
nished tbe sparse population with rode religious
instruction. Although his early opportunities
for religious improvement bad been few, there
was deep-seated within him a feeling of depend
ence and trust in that Supreme IntelligeDee
which rules and governs all.
Anna Dicetnson saya that it'ts aa ranch as
she can do to resist tilting her chair bjck and
putting ber feet on tbe window sill. 'Onr only
objection is tbat her shoes might fall off and kill
aotns innocent horse standing nnder the win
dow. BaooxxTN believes that 8odoai aOomorrai
were naughty places.
POSIIJfC Ay OI.D COIPLE OX niSTOB.
(From tho Detroit Free Preaa.1
On the train the other day were a Tery confid-
s "" sum a very innocent oia lady, i nay
had passed away five-sixths of their lives hidden
away behind the hillsof Vermont, and.werego-
"s " '" -"iicuigau on a tisii m ineir son.
Aftsr a little skirmUblne round, the eld rami.
man pitched into ma abont tbe "crops,", "sUe,"
and the weather, and when I found how innocent
he was, I gave him all the Informatica-Iconld.
All at once, as we rode along, tbe wife caught bis
ami aoiu catiaiuicu.
" Look ont, Samuel, or yonll be forgetting that
place where they fit!"
a uo oiu mau cpiaiuea. ne sam tost a yonng
man who came down from Cauada with tbem tuld
nim to tooE out tor tne battle field of Braddock'a
defeat as soon as be left Detroit.
I was going to reply that tbe yonng man was
an infernal liar, bnt the old lady seemed to bave
set her heart on seeing tbe spot, and the old man
was so anxious, that I could not bear tadiaan.
point tbem. When we got dow.u iuto tbe woodsy
x poinieu one tne -oaifie-neia," aud tbey put
their heads out of the windows aud took in tbe
"Think of it, Hanner!" exclaimed the old man,
as he drew in bis bead; "think of tbem Injuns
creeping through tbem woods and shooting Mr.
Braddock dowu dead!"
"My soul!" replied tbe old lady, seemingly
overcome at the idea, aud she kept ber eyes on
the woods nntil I thought she would twist her
We cot aJoii2 all richt for abont five miles
more, and thl'ii tbe old man wanted to know if
we weru t down pretty near the spot where Te-cuiiis"J-fcit.
"Where whatf I yelled, and he said that the
same young man had informed him tbat the rail
road ran close to the identical spot where the
creat Indian warrior fell aud slept.
" It'll be a powerful favor to me an' Sam-oel if
veil point ont tbe spot I ' urged the old lady, plac
ing her namt on my arm.
How could I go back on what tbat brazen yonng
man bail said I Tbe old folks bad made np tbeir
minds to see the spot, and if I didut show it to
them they might worry fur weeks, and tbey might
think tbe yonng man had lied, or that I wasn't
nsted in tbe historic spots of my own State,
r forgive me. but about a mile farther on I
pointed out a bill, and said:
" Behold the last resting place of the great Te
enmseh!" "Tbiuk of it, Hanner jnst think of it!" ex
claimed the old man; "right there is where tbey
"Merry! but it don't seem possible!" she ejac
ulated, and she had to get ber snuff box before
she conld recover from tbe shock.
The old gentlemau said he had a particular in
terest in seeing the sjiot, because he knew tbe
man who killed Tccumseh used to live right by
"He mnstr have been an awful Injun!" broke
in tbe old lady, "for tbe young man said hedidn't
die till they bad cnt off his head, and feet, and
bauds, and blowed the body up with a barrel of
I wanted to get away after that, fearing tbat
something worse was coming, but she insisted
upon my taking a pinch of snuff, and so I kept
my seat. We were just beyond Brighton, when
the old man came at me like a steamboat, witb:
"Now, then, bow fur is it to tbe spot where
they found the Babes in the Woods!"
I wanted to get out of it, but bow conld If
Tbat young man bad deliberately lied, to those
nice old folks, aud I hadn't tbe moral courage to
tell em so, and tbushautsimaKealiarot myselt.
It's awful to deceive any one, especially a good
old man, and a fat and motherly old lady, on tbeir
way to the tomb.
"That's yes that's tbe spot!" I said, as we
came to a dark piece of woods.
"Think o that, Hanner!" he said, his bead out
of tbe window; "tbiuk of them babies being fonnd
"Yes, it was fearful!" she replied "seems as
if I could almost see them stabbing about In there
There was another historic spot of which the
joug man bad told tbem, bnt tbey bad forgot
ten it, and I was never more thankful. Tbey
kept quiet until tbe brakeman yelled out "Lans
ing," and then the old man bobbed np aud ex
claimed: "Lansing Lansing why, here's where they
bung Turn Collins, ain't itf
He explained tbat Tom Collins, a Chicago des
perado, had murdered eleven old women, and
drank their blood for his liver complaint, and
after being honied for miles and miles, bad at
length been captured at Lansing, cnt to pieces
by the infuriated populace, and then left bang
ing to a tree.
I had to point ont the tree. It was a tree near
tb depot, and tbe tail of a kite bad lodged in its
"There's whar they bung him, Hanner!" said
the old man, stretching bis neck.
"And there's some cbis sblrt left yet !" exclaim
ed tbe old lady; and as I backed ont of the car,
tbe good old man was remarking that he was go
ing to ask tbe train boy if be didn't bave tbe
pamphlet life of Tom Collins, so that tbev conld
get farther particulars. M. Quad.
si iSb-i 1
Death mt the Original ''Arkaaiaaa Traveller."
Yesterday afternoon onr city was shocked
over the news of tbe death of Col. Sandy Faulk
ner, who died at his residence on tbe corner of
Commerce and Fifth streets, 2 o'clock, of gastric
It is well known throughont tbe Southwest
that Col. Faulkner waa the original personator
of tbe "Arkansas Traveller," and it was bis pride
to be known as snch. Tbe story, it is said, was
founded on a little incident which occurred in
the campaign of lfMO, when he made tbe tonr of
the State in company with the Hon. A. H. Sevier,
Gov. Fnlton, Chester Ashley and Gov. YelL One
day, in tbe Boston mountains, tbe party ap
proached a squatter's for information of tbe rente,
and Col. "Sandy" was made spokesman of tbe
company, and it was npon his .witty responses
the tune and story were founded. On tbe retnrn
to Little Rock a grand banqnet was given in the
famous bar-room which used to stand near tbe
Anthony House, and Col. "Sandy" was called on
to play the tnne and tell the story. Afterwards
it grew in popularity. When he subsequently
went to New Orleans, the fame of tbe "Arkansas
Traveller" hail gone before him, and at tbe ban
quet, amid clinking glasses and brilliant toasts
he was handed a violin by the Governor of Lou
isiana and requested to favor them witb the favor
ite Arkansas tune. At the old St. Charles Hotel
a special room was devoted to bis nse, bearing
in gilt letters over the door, "Arkansas Travel
Am AauWat Corps.
A Prince Edward Island correspondent gives
what nnroorts to be the particulars of the finding
a eorme. sn noosed to be tbat of Sam Belding, a
sailor, who died a hundred 'years ago, and of
wbom there are traditions anoat no iue jsianiu
A man waa plowing in hi field, wben suddenly
bis team was brought to a stand-still by some
rnt anbatance. A neighbor happened to be in
tbe field at the time, and tha two men witb pick
and shovel, soon unearthed what had the appear
ance of a human form, wrapped in some dark
kind of matted stuff, sod liberally covered with
;h The two men orjened the awful looking
package, and fourd it to contain tbe re mams of
an ancient xua.iu.. -.,. w.m- - e -
of preservation. There was a stnped Test or
shirt, buff breeches, or a skirt of a curious kind
of material: a red woolen cap; on the feet was a
pair of jack booU; around hi waist waa a bag
with ancient daggers and pistols. Upon examin
ation it was fonnd hat the material which en
veloped the body was composed of birch bark
and coal Ur, which rendered the package ber
meticaL In a little iron box. enclosed with the
body, were some silver coins of tho reign of Queen
At a recent sale in Zieglersville, Berks County,
Fa a wagon was sold .that had been .standing
inntr unnnirh In one Discs to nermit a walnut tree
about five inches in diajpetet to grow op through.
tbe bed of tae wagon.
THERE it m man In Dnbaqne who la eo afraid of
hydrophobia that be keeps his bat fa.oE.
raada how to proceed In ease bol MMea.
The brown leaves rsatls la the wind.
And goldea la the oak-tree's crown,
Xha red beech, drops ber ripen 'd xnaat,
Aad e&estnot baars cosre ahoweriag doara-
Sepieaeer's ttaa la oa the woods.
Aad garser'd la Poooca'a wealth;
Tho squirrel thinks of tnatex rest,
Begins to store hit ants by stealth.
Qom art the rosea, erinaoa flowers
That eroara'd the Ttxztu brow oNnae;
aVnd where tbe ntghtingala) hath lent
The robin pipes hla mellow taaav
Ons touch of frost la oa the blades
Of grass, beneath the toreat-tns.
Close In his lair the dormouse Ilea.
And nestled In her cell, tha be.
The laat geraniums still abed
tha manor-lawn a scarlet glow;
Th queen chrysanthemum hath donn'd
Her robes oT Winter-rose and aaow.
The latest breath of Summer siir - -
Cooa tho loaves and In tho air;
It shakes the cones assl tho lira.
And atralght n goaa, we know sot where.
So oft a glaam of sunshine past,
Keakinea again in mans laat days : .
Summer aad Winter amilea and tears
Wiser than ours are Heaeen'a ways.
TnB AttERICA.X CACCCsU
Am Utslorlcat-PellllcRl Jlanographr br Dr.
Tbe caucus, as it is well known, is of American
origin, and was first organized during the sturmy
political days that preceded the breaking out of
the American Revolution. At tbat time popular
deliberation with regard to tbe qualification of
candidates to be supported afthe polls for pop
ular offltas was considered of the highest impor
tance; and f,,r this purpose, as well as for dis
cussion of te exciting questions of tbe day,
he,P "ere h1-. mre ' formal i- beir
character, n whUu men and meaure were free
ly handled. There i, no ,illbt tIlat we owo
much to Samnel Adams for tbis part of onr poli
tical machinery; and , tou.-i.tins ,he purity of
his character and loftinewof his purpose, we
have a right to infer that the design of tbis or
ganization was to euligbteu the people.with re
gard to their duties, aud to fumi-h them with
the best means of protecting their tights and
privileges. The suggestion of tbis plu Samuel
Adams had undoubtedly received from his father,
wbom be had probably attended in his child
hood audyoutb at snch meetings, and from whom
both in public and private be had drawn so much
of bis inspiration as a powerful, popular leader;
for we are told by a cotemporary of his tbat:
"More than fifty years ago, Mr. Samnel Adams'
father and twenty others, one or two from the
north end of the town where tbe ship bnsiness.
was carried on, nsed to meet, make a caucus, and
lay tbeir plans for introducing certain persons
into places of trust and power. When they had
settled it, they reported, and used each his parti
cular influence witb tbeir own circle. He and
his friends would furnish themselves with bal
lots, including tho names of tbe parties fixed
upon, which they distributed on the days of tbe
election. By acting in concert,. together witb a
careful and extensive distribution of the ballots,
tbey generally carried the elections to their own
mind. In like manner it was that Mr. S. Adams
became a representative from Boston.
John Adams frequently alludes to these meet
ings as exerting great pow er for good in bis day,
and it is generally conceded tbat throngb the
instrumentality of tbe caucus, aa managed by
John aud Samnel Adams, John Hancock was in
duced to take the stand in behalf of the freedom
of the American people and colonies, which has
given his name an immortal place in onr history.
The calicos, indeed, was the nursery of American
independence..TIie importanco wbicb attached to
the caucus in tbo revolutionary period of our
country continued through the trying years of
constitutional debate, and during that era in
which two poxerfnl controlling parties, which
have divided onr people during almost our entire
history, laid down the principles for which tbey
contended with so much vigor and with snch
varying fortunes. From the caucus sprang the
declaration of party faith; from thecanens want
forth numerous appeals to those lu authority for
tbe good of the country; from tho canrns the
name of candidates for State and national offices,
legislative and executive, wero sent forth to tbe
people. From local affairs it advanced to State
and national; and as the sphere'' was enlarged,
and the range of party increased with population,
thecanens widened into conventions, as the best
method in which selections could be made of
those who shonlddirect the policy of tbe country,
in snch manner as the popular voice expressed by
the majority might dictate. It is through the
caucus, either in primary form or in convention
that tbe American people have made tbeir utter
ances and selected tbeir leaders.
Tbis system, intended for so much good, born
of so noble a canse, dedicated by a struggling
people to so High a purpose, demnnils all me care
of those into whose hands its organization falls.
If tbe elections are to be held sacred, the caucus
which provides for these elections should be sa
cred also. If the ballot-box should be protected,
the eanens sbonld bo protected also. If
tbe people bare a right to demand an nn
molested exercise of their privileges In the town
hall and wanl-room, the party bas a right to de
mand the same exercise in tliecanens-room and
the convention. Wben we consider that in these
nrimarr meetincs the people fiud their most im
mediate opportunity to express their views, and
tbat in tbem they meet to confer as heirs of that
political faith which the caucus represents, it
must be manifest tbat any evasion of snch an
assembly is a wrong, equal to a disorderly in
vasion of a cbnrch assembly, or to a violent ob
struction of the fair popnlar expression at the
polls. It is, therefore, with intense pain tbat
yonr committee find it recorded against tbe im
mediate popniar assemu'y oi a iree people, tne
temple into which onr revolutionary fathers fled
for protection, the school in which they learned the
rudiments of freedom and free instiutions, that:
"Tbe caucus system is often converted iuto a
contrivance for the distribution of offices among
men more distinguished id Intrigue than for tal
ent, who, by combination and mntnal support,
and by servring each other's turns, are often
raised to offices, and sometimes very high ones,
for which, apart from a eanens oomiuation, tbey
would hardly have been thought of as candi
dates." si ispi m
A Defeat CaastMal.
A sociable Lincoln County candidate, develop
ed during the late canvass such a marvelout
fondness for children, particularly when their pa
ternal ancestors were invested with the right of
suffrage, tbat he invited any number of fond
mothers to send their littles ones to see bim when
the election was over. Imsgine his delight, Sat
urday last, wben sixteen well equipped detach
ments of vociferous, red faced babies, beaded by
aa many smiling and complacent matrons, ar
rived at bis boose, loaded down with baggage,
and prepared to stay a week. As he was defea
ted at the race, he did not deem it necessary to
dissemble, so he bolted and barred tbe doors, fatv
teneddonn the windows, and sent s messenger
to inform the impatient and restless crowd out
side tbat his bouse was bis castle, and that any
attempt to invade it on tbe strength of what
ever he may have said or done daringbU candi
dacy, would be resisted onto death. The invad
ers tbooght it prudent to retire, and the desper
ate candidate mercifully escaped a. visitation
which threatened to overwhelm hira TaifttU
vilU (3" C.) Eipntt. v
WedxesoaT a couple of lovers from tbat in
definite, region, known as the "rural districts
were coming down Meridian street. Wben tbey
reached tbe Circle tbey concluded it would save
time to "cnt across." In tbe absence of s i gate.
"Hank" leaped nimbly over the feoee, n,1"
gallantly helped Mariar over "& "ft
excited by a description "Rnffc., "Sa
"BooghwidgraTeykri. where "Sh!
is ent in the shape of wiomen. with rj
In'-Haronnd." probab'y f 'oded2l2
tnerpi.,. Tbeo they went to the amtzQMjtr
S. whr. "ariir demanded golden .yrefcTa
Van'u I rSnd.D.eouldn'tgetthat.sbetboogbt
iV is nothing for Arb-ooa Rirls to own five
thooaudbeadofeaiUeaodUn tbonsand aJwep ;
bat paase, yonng man. 8hestnmpjaroandTaro
footed, spltt through her teeth, and -playm-
"lone" hand of eoehre.