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title: 'The Weekly Kansas chief. (Troy, Kan.) 1872-1918, October 19, 1876, Image 1',
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SOL. SILLER, EDITOB AXD PUBLISHEK;
VOLUME XX. NUMBER 18.,
At Sew London. Connecticut, then is enva-stone
which bran thU Inscription :
"On the SOlh of October, 1781. fonr thousand BritUb fell
upon thU town with fire n4 award. Seven hundred
Americana defended the fort for a wbole dav : bnt in the
erenlnc bont four o'clock. It ni taken. The commas
oer of the beaiefed delivered up hl sword to an Enrlisa.
man, who Immediately stabbed him j all hU companions
were pnt to tbe aword. A line of powder waa laid from
tnemagsiine of the fort to the am. there to, be lirhted.
there to blow tbe fort op into tbe air. William Hotmail
who lay t far distant, wounded by three strokes of tbe
baronet in bis body, beheld it. and said to one of his
wimiiueairwaas.-wnowassuii alive i 'We will endeavor
to crawl to till linei we wUI csmpleUly wet the powder
with oor blood s thus will we. with the fife that remains
In oa, save the fort and majcatlne, and perhaps a few of
oor comrades who are only wounded.' Be aloes had
strength enough to accomplish tbla noble design. -In his
thirtieth rear be died, on tbe powder which be overflow,
ed with Us blood, ills friend, and seven of his compan
Ions, by that means had their llreo preserved, ifers
The tenitl of thia Inturrlntlnn fi.a inmrtiM tt,. ift-
low iuc lines:
ThroDgh an cnclouded Antnmn tier,
Tbe psrtlBjc ftanbeanu ail.
On the battle' wreck, which strew the jjnrand.
By yon low rmrapart wall.
There, from tbe morn till eventide,
A true and fearle band,
'With a bmt of tbe Ieagi.er.nff foe have fought
For their own loved native land.
In vain. In rain 1 she flat: that waved
Tbst shattered rampart o'er.
Hath sank and lu folds are trampled now
In Its brave commander's gore.
There's a blazing torch on the river's bank
And a lone black line la aeen.
Winding up the green slope, thronh the broken gate.
To the Open magazine.
Beside that fate, on either hand,
A group of the woanded lie;
Cleft down bj the sUel of tbe brnUl foe.
And left In their Mood to die.
One blast from tbe bloody victor's trump
One spark from tbe torch below
And the monnd, in rent fragments and dust to the sky.
With tbe dead and living will go.
A white and moiatesed brow
Is lifted tram the sod
"Oh, for a minute's strength, to rise
One minute only, God 1 "
It cannot be : bnt jet.
Each dying nerve Js strained.
And he trails his limb in agony.
Till the fatal spot U gained.
Bent o'er the sulphury line.
On bis weak and quivering arm.
He fttrirr to brush Its grains sway.
With his stiff and bloody palm.
H wrings the purple drops
From his torn and reeking vest.
To mingTe with the falling stream
From his bare and heaving breast.
Bis freezing eye-balls glare
Along the broken train :
Xow, let it come t now, lei it cmit !
I $hoil not die in vain."
On streams the flashing Are
Up mse the smoky cloud :
And every pallid brow bnt kUt
Is down in terror bowed.
Jfo tbnnder.bnrt Is heard.
As tbst fearful train Is fired :
Against his scorched and blackened corpse.
Its fury has expired.
The bright red ataln lies yet
On the green, nnwitbernd grass
FVr the spot which that patriot blood had wet.
The lightning could not paas !
A HEATY STAKE ;
HOW THE GAMBLER WAS ODTWITTED.
A man, tidily and respectably dreaded in a
black frock coat and dark trowsers, had come
regnlarly for some evenings this was the sev
enth always at the same time and at the same
table; bad for a while looked on the game, and'
at last drew a linen bag ont of his breast pocket,
and staked it ou a card. On the first evening
the card bad won, and be shook the bag out up
on the counter, to count tbe money. There
were twenty-eight Spanish dollars, upon which
the banker quietly ennuted ont to him the same
sum, and the gentleman walked with bis gains,
withont venturing a second cast.
On tbe second evening be came again, staked
as before, and lost. Qnite coolly, however,
withont even a look of discontent, be opened the
bag, shook it ont it contained exactly the same
sum as on the last occasion then rolled it to
gether, and thrnsting it iuto his pocket, left the
saloon. On the third, fonrth and fifth evenings,
the same thing occurred. Tbe gamblers got
used to the man, and amused themselves with
his odd ways. Agaiu be lost, exactly as before,
always taking the bag away with him.
On the sixth evening and so exactly hail ho
kept his time, that tbe gamblers said, langhing
to each other, "It can't be eight o'clock yet; the
eight and twenty dollar mau is not come." He
again appeared, staked as nsnal, and once more
lost. Tbe bar keeper who dispensed bis wines
and spirits just opposite to this table, could not
forbear lanirliinz aloud as the straucer shook
out tbe money in bis business like way, as if
paying a regular debt lor some employer, ram
er ehan gambling and throwing away bis money. ( j.
Tbe seventh evening came) it was a full miu- y3.
nte past eight o'clock, aud one of the gamblers , 24.
said, laughing, to the other, "Wo have nsed him as.
too badly, we have frightened him away;" when 26.
bis comrade pointed over his shoulder, ond there J 27.
was the man in tbe black frock coat, making his 28.
way to his acenstomed place, where some who 9.
bail happened to meet him there'before readily I 30.
made room for him, and where he qnietly took j 31.
his seat, paying no sort of atteution to the whis- I 32.
pered jokes and laughter around him. Until
precisely a quarter to nine, he gravely watched
the plsy, and then brought out tbe well-known
linen bag, setting li upon tbe dence, which was
at that moment turned tip. Two cards were
drawn, without the derice appearing now the
ace fell upon the left; aud on the right a
scarcely perceptible smile played on the bank
er's lips tbe dence! The stranger tnroed pale
as death, but- without uttering a word upon his
change of luck, hesttetcbed ont his hand for the
linen bag, and was nntying it, as usual, to count
tbe dollars, when the gambler said : . . . .
"Let it be, I know bow much there is in it
eight and twenty; am I not right!"
ox., said the man. Quietly, and shook out
. .,.,, i 1. .,. a..... ..:.. 4.
the silver upon me lame, .uo,... i. u.K ...
"j -.. th. .liver rams 9. roll of close v wrap- . ?
rS Wid gamblers,
ami the. bystander, crowded up, full ofsurpr.se
ntltl li:i "- 1 it
"It is my stake," said the man, with seeming
jtidifference, and nntied tbe ribbou that held tho
bank notes together.
"Hold! that wont do," exclaimed the gambler,
throwing down the cards. "That is false play.
Yon have counted ont on y eight and twenty
dollars, the otber evenings.
i.fi. iov reneated the man, witb a threat- j
euing frown. "Prove it to be false play. Did I
not pince the bagjnst as it lay there, upon that
card f ' And did yon make ony objection to tak- I
iiic it nnopenedl" . I
xur.. t : 11 -:,.l.f If ts .11 fnir." Crteil 1
.. i.J '.i.nJ.r. nlivarareadv and eager to take
' . , I ... .U...1. a i.l smr to t.lCe
part agaiust the professional gamblers, who, t
stanners, amsisicauj . -- .---
,Mr ' V. .r !-.7-l Mn.1,taM Wlin.
nart against tne proiessnmai i;.!,.".., -;
thevfeel Quite convinced, do not play qnite lair,
nlihonb they cannot resist the la-scinaiion m
the rambling table, bnt return agaiu and again
to be cheated out of their money, as long as they ,
have anv to squander there.
'5e basstaked and won it, aud he must have
it." they said.
How much is it 1
th.Tramider who bad whispered a few words to
Sb.' '"How mnch is ttf .,
"ri1V eitTht and twenty dollars in silver,"
be replied slowlv. and tbe others langrjea ; "tneu
bere, in bank notes-one, two, three, " .
six, seven, eight hundred dollars, aud then,
"What, morei" m.n
"A small bill of exchange on Smith & Fennetl
as good as gold, accepted and all. tha money
only neeaa irtcning lor inree iu"-
V&ZZr .iSlS" .T. 7tZ T the cambler. '
starting nP from the chair.
.rrnnrmmth chair. "Are you dP
That is altogether near four tbouoaud dollars.
euan uoi pay mat."
"Shall joa nott" said the stranger, indtenant-y-
"Would yon uuave taken it, if I had lost
To besnre, he would! Of conrse! Wonld
he take it f Ah, all they cairjjet. they take, aud
a little more!" exclaimed a number of voices.
He must pay. There is no help for it."
'GeutIeuien," protested the gambler, in the
ram hope of obtaining a vote ia his favor, "gen
tlemen, every evening in the Jast week that
geotlemau has slaked"
"And every time lost' interrupted one of his
bearers. "I have been nrpunt tvKi ti-n..
and hove also heard It from others, that he has
never in a single Instance made thHeast objec
tion to paying."
"But that waa utile .1. nait --,. :u
dollar" ' ' ' .""j-.,".
"Anil what If it had been as many thousands!"
"Only let me sneak ." remntMtul th- mm..
i.i.."i. i.-j ...i. "',.--:v--"--- ,--
O bad turned rieariie n4tfwanr1 iMml.11
all over. 'It was bnt eight aud twenty dollars
" " u upou ma isuie, ami me pa
pers held back. Three times already I have
won the same sum from him."
"Prove that I had a cent more than the eight
and twenty dollars in the bag," 'said the stran
ger, contemptuously. "Sach excuses a that
won't serve your turn."
"Why did you not keep the bag, eompanerol"
langhed a Spauiard, who Mood by: "we keep all
that is set ou the card."
"If he bad lost again, uotbing more would
have come out of that confounded linen bag,
than the- trumpery dollars," said the gambler,
'That is very possible, bnt you can't prove it,"
returned tbe lookers ou. "You most and shall
"ill be banged if I do!" said tbe gambler, fu
riously striking his clenched Bit on the Uble.
"It- is a new sort of rascally trick that they want
to come over me witb, but they've got bold of
the wroug man. I won't pay."
' "You have won a hundred dollars from me in
tbe last half hour," exclaimed a tall Kentucki
an, preasiug forward over the shoulders of the
others, "and I had to pay up to the last cent ;
if you refuse to pay him, you mnst fork that Out
"And mine too." And mine." And mine,"
cried many voices together. "I too have lost."
"I lost five and twenty." "I a pound of gold.
Out with it, if you won't pay."
A brother grtubler now caiuo up from a neigh
boring table, and SMike in a whisper to his mi
lucky comrade, whilst tbe tumult was increas
ing round tho table; the other coutended earn
estly in the same tone for several minute, but
yielded at length to bit persuasion, ami they
both took tbe money to count over apain, care
fully examining the bank notes, as well as the
bill, which was drawn ou oue of tbe first bank
ing bouses in tbe city.
- There was nothing to be said agaiust either
the one or the other, and whilst the stranger,
who bud qnite recovered bh equanimity, sat
quietly looting on, as if the bubub was no con
cern of his, the gamblers counted nut' to him the
money be had won, almost stripping the table
of tbe heaps so ostentatiously piled up. Part of
tbe payment couBisled of several packages of
gold dust, which the strauger, before accepting,
cut open, examined carefully, aud then weighed
at the counter just opposite, where he also took
a glass of brandy. He fonnd ail correct, and dis
posing of the gold in various pocket", he shook
what remained into the mysterious linen bag,
pnt tbe papers and bank notes into bis breast
pocket, andcourteonsly thanking his zealous mip
Iorters, who returned bis greeting with a thun
dering cbrer, be left the saloon.
His quondam fi lends laughed and talked over
the occurrence for a while, and of all prewiit,
there was scarcely oue, probably, who did not
feel pretty sure that he had played false ; that
he bad bis bank notes and bill in the bag on the
preceding eveniugi, ready to be produced ir he
sgould win; bnt this they did not call dishonest
it was a clever trick. Tbe gamblers seize up
on every advantage, fair or unfair, that comes
in their way, and every oue who had his wits
about him would look out for himself.
THE OltEAT A-TIEKICA.-V FA.TIII.V.
From tbe Chicago Tribune.
The admission of Colorado-makes the twenty
fifth new State added to the Union since tho
War of National Iudependence.
Tbe original family who united July 4, 177G to
form a nation of oue people, were:
No. Free State. No. Slave States.
1. New Hampshire. 8. Delaware.
'2. Massachusetts. 9. Maryland.
3. Kbode Island. 10. Virginia.
4. Connecticut. 11. North Carolina.
5. New York. Vi. South Carolina.
6. New Jersey. Vi. Georgia.
The following States have been admitted in
the years set opposite each name:
14. Vermont (from Now York) 1791
15. Kentucky (from Virginia) 1792
16. Tennessee (from North Carolina) 179G
17. Ohio (from Northwestern Territory) .. .Itj02
18. Louisiana (bought from France, It);!).. 1812
19. Indiana (from Northwestern Territory). 1816
, 20. Mississippi (from Georgia) 1817
I 21. Illinois (from Northwestern Territory). 1818
Aiauauia iiruui ueurgia-.------..-. ..-ioa?
Maine (from Massachusetts) 1&0
Missouri (from tbe Louisiana purchase) 1821
Arkansas (from the Louisiana purchase) lStG
Michigau (from NortbwesteinTerritory)l837
Florida (ceded by Spain, 1820) admitted 1845
Texas (trom Mexico) auuexrd 1845
Iowa (from Lousiana purchase) 1846
Wiscousiu (from Northwestern Tcrrit'ry )1848
California (Couqnered from Mexico) ...1650
Minnesota (hair from Northwestern Ter
ritory, half from Louisaiaua purchase) 1857
Oregon (from England by treaty) 1859
Kansas (from Louisiana purchase of
ACslJO stss Bssssh .esateist lOOs
West Virginia (from Virginia) 18G3
Nevada (conquered from Mexico) ..1SG4
Nebraska (from Louisiana' Purchase of
Colorado(partly from Louisana purchase
aud part couqnered Iron Mexico; . 15o
Territories remaining to be organized into
1. New Mexico, orgauized 1850
2. Utah, organized ..... . .... 1850
3. Washington, organized ....... .. 1853
4. Dakota, organized.... ........1861
S8 18 S IwOhl
District of Columbia, seat of Government 1790-91
Tbe Taunt of the Bloody Shirt.
For one I accept t be banuer of t he bloody shirt.
I am willing to take as onr ensign tbe tattered,
worn-out old gray shirt, worn by some gallant
ITiiion hero, stained with Ilia hlfiml as be irave nil
hi, ife fr bis couutry, and shonlder to shoulder.
elbow to elbow, stepping to the music of the old
drum taps, we will move forward, eyes front and
our faces to the foe, to victory again tinder tbe
hallowed banner of "the bloodysbirt. Let those
wit., ilMsirM mareli nn.tMr thrt ltUL- Hsivnf triviaiill
..r ttiu wtlit. flttf. ttF mir.lilina. f..w m T IIWetlfc
or the white flair of cowaid
u. ,uv ,.u..v HHt, ... ........u. .... .u, . ,..
1,1. .:,!. Il...ll.lt. .I.i.l O V-., LflKi. .Inl
wjtb pride the "bloody shirt." Not by this do I
u tio .u '") " ' ".' -
mean that we desire to perjietuate the bitterness
ne uesiro 10 ierjetuau9 lue umciiicss
bnt so lone as tbe Democratic party
of tne war; 1
prefers to honor those whose only claim is their
record of hostility to the Union, and so long as
country, just so long as we will march under
"the bloody shirt." When they purge their par
ty of the leprosy of secession, and present candi-
-dates whose records are fair during tbe times
(.when the country ueeded men to maintain its
honor, then we will bnry the "bloody shirt" iu
lUe grave with tne tionoreo: corpse who wore
and not before. Gtn. Harrison at Grttnttitrg.
Oxe ToviPKtss. of Kane, llinois, refreshes him
self from a gourd which isl ten years older than
the Declaration of Independence.
In Indiana a promise of marriage is void if the
wedding doesn't come off within a year from tbe
time or the engagement.
Ah. Tom. my friend, 'tla Autnmn! Don't yoa see
Tbfl faded bloMoms bow their beads and die I
There, hear tbe applea falling from the tree,
Ae friends are falling near to yon and L
See?onder man with cider applea paas.
A heavy load for that poor hone to draw;
Tom. wilf yoa drink yoar cider from a glass!
To me, 'tis sweeter coming through a straw.
Let's drink it now 'tis aweet, my dear old friend s
Let's drink it now .'tis harmlees apple juice;
For if we wait, 'twill set ns op on end.
And make na to oar friends of little nse.
Tbe chestnnt-barrs Jack Frost has opened wide;
There co tbe boys anaUlng to the wood.
When Winter winds sweep by tbe bright flreside.
The cbestnats and tbe bnttenmta'are good.
Long years ago before we grew to men
Those tangled bashes oft we're travelled throngh ;
The woods are smaller now than they were Iben ;
. The circle ofold friends is smaller, too.
The hosiers labor well in yonder field;
Another husker on tbe fence doth rest;
The hollow in that tree some corn wtrald yield :
Wise squirrel, be, to store with food bis nest.
How is It. Tom. with yoa and I, to-day!
Onr Aatumn nesreth, with its toil and strife:
nave we been wise, and treasure laid away.
To be enjoyed in the hereafter life !
THE NIEGE OP VORKTOW',.
The autumn of 1780 found the British in pos
session of most of the Sontbern States. Charles
ton had fallen, South Carolina bad beeu over
run, Virginia was threatened, and the victorious
Gates, advancing to tbe succor of tbe patriots,
bad been totally destroyed. But the savage pol
icy adopted by Corn wallis to secure bis conquest,
was ultimately tbe cause of bis ruin.
He issued a proclamation, sequestrating the es
tates of all those not included in the capitula
tion of Charleston, who were in the service or
actiug under the anlhnrity of Congress, aud all
others who, by an open avowal of liberal prin
ciples, or other notorious acts, should show a
leaning to tbe colonial authorities.
At this juncture Marion appeared; tbe militia
flocked to bis standard ; and the success of the
partisan war carried ou by him aud Sumter rais
ed the drooping spirits of the Whigs.
tue appointment ut ureene to tlie command
of the Southern army, aud the brilliant aflair at
Cowpeus, still further exalted their hopes; so
that even tbe check at Guilford Cuurt House
failed to dishearten them. Indeed, tbe result of
that battle was almost as unfavorable to the
llntisa as to tbe Americans.
In a few days Greene was ready to renew the
contest; but Cornwallis eluded his grasp, and
reached Wilmington, ou his way to Viririuia, ou
the 7th of April, 17dl.
Tbe Americau leader, finding it impossible to
bring his enemy to battle, took tbe bold resolu
tion of marching into South Carolina, and thus
forcing Cornwallis to follow him or abandon his
The British general, on receiving intelligence
of this movement, hesitated, but finally deter
mined to pursue bis first desigu, and overrun
By this daring step ho would place his army
in a couutry not yet wasted by war, atpl where,
ciMisequeutiy, supplies woniu be plenum! ; wbile
if he should succed in reducing the colony, the
subjugation of the other San t hern States would
inevitably follow, no matter how fortnnate
Greene, in the meantime, might be.
For a time succis followed every footstep of
the foe. Cornwallis, advancing rapidly north
ward, had united himself to tbe British generals
Philips and Arnold, as earl v as the latter end nf
May; while La Fayette, who bad been despatch
to succor Greene, lint bad been arrested by the
enemy 011 the James Kiver, was preserved "fiom
capture only by bis energy and address. At
length a junction was effected between him and
Wayne, and subsequently a detachment led by
Baron Steuben still further increased his forces.
wallis, ami that general, now somewhat weak
ened, retired to Yorktown.
Tbe wbole of tbe French allies and two thou
sand of the continental line weredetailed for tho
expedition, which Washington determined to
lead in person ; the march of the troops was con
cealed as long as possible, whilea sufficient force
was left to defend the. Hudson; and so complete
ly was Sir Henry Clinton deceived, that the al
lied forces bad reached the Delaware before he
lecame aware of their intention to move south
ward. The brave continentals traversed now with
far different feelings, the ground over which they
had fled a tew3'ears before, ilbprovisinued, poor
ly clothed, and marking their footsteps with
blood. There were before tbem tbe prospects of
reducing a formidable army, witb but little ex
pense of blood aud treasure, and thus revenging
their own wrongs aid redeeming their country.
They had already eluded Sir Henry Clinton, and
a tew uays wouiu prooauiy enauie tuein to sur
round Cornwallis. They marched on with high
hopes, cheering their way with songs, and before
the end of September bail reached Williamsburg,
111 me iiiuneiiiaieviciniryoi tue toe. Meantime,
tbe French fleet, in pursuance nf tbe concerted
plan, had reached the Chesapeake, wbile Corn-,
wallis, too late aware of tbe net in which he
was iuvolved, had been assiduously occupied in
strengthening his position.
Having funned a junction with La Fayette,
tho allied army, commanded by Washington in
person, moved down from Williaiiisbnrgb to
Yorktown, and ou the 30th of September occu
pied tbe outer lines of Cornwall!?, which that
general had abandoned without a struggle. Two
thousand men were detailed to tbe Gloucester
side, to blockade that post. The investment was
It was not, however, until the night nf tbe
Gth of October that the Americans broke ground,
within 1,600 yards of the enemy's lines, the in
termediate time having been employed in bring
ing up tbe stores and heavy artillery.
By da break tbe trenches were sufficiently ad
vanced to cover the men. In less thau four davs
a sufficient number of batteries and redoubt
had been erected to silence the fire of the enemy.
Ou the 10th, tbe day 011 which the British with
drew theircaunoii from tbe embrasures, the red
hot balls of the allied batteries set fire to an
.ncusu irigate aud three large transports lyiuc
iu the harbor. ' fc
Ou the night of tho 11th, the second parallel
was opened, within300yards of the British lines.
Tboae new trenches were flanked by two re
doubts iu potsessiuu of the enemy, who, taking
ail vantage of the circumstance, kept up an in
cessant and destructive fire.
It became necessary to carry these batteries
by storm, and the 14th was fixed for the purpose,
one redoubt beiiiir assigned to the Americans aud
me omer-to tue rreiicb. A noble emulation fired
tbe soldiers of the respective nations, as they ad
vanced across tbe plain.
La Fayette led the continentals ; the Barou de
Viomiuel commanded his contrymeu.
The redoubt entrusted to the Americans was
carried at the bayonet's point, the assailants
rushing ou with such impetuosity that 'jit Tap
pers .bad not time to remove tbe abba sand
Tho French were equally coarageous and suc
cessful, though, as their redoubt was defended
by a larger force, tbe conquest was uotso speedy
aud tbeir loss was greater.
Cornwallis was now reduced to extremities.
II is watts vi ere crumbling nnder the shot of tbe
nrst parallel, aua in another day tbe new trench
es wonld ien fire at half the distance.
In this emergency he resolved on a sortie, hop
ing thus to retard tbecompletiou of the batteries
in tbe second parallel.
Tbe euterpnse was, at first, snccesful. and tbe
tno batteries fell iuto tbe hands of the foe ; but
the guards from the trenches immediately hasten
ing to tbe assistance of their fellow-soldiers, the
enemy were dislodged and driren back into bis
Tbe same day the second parallel opened sev-
, . . """"" l'aranci upeueu sev- i
erai 01 its uaiicnes. n was uopeu, mar, uy morn-
ing, every gnn might be brnnght to bear. I
A capitulation was now tbe only resource. Ac-I
cordiiigly, at ten tbe same forenoon, Cornwallis
beat a parley, and proposed a cessation of bos-
tilitiea for one day, in order to agree on terms
THE CONSTITUTION AND THE UNION.
TROT, KANSAS, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 19, 1876.
for the surrender of Vorktown and'Gloncrster.
asoiiigTou grantea two unnrs tor cornwallis to
e his proposal : and that uo time miclit
erost.se.it in bis own. "
Tl,. ...... nr l.o llph . , 1 .,
it probable that but little difficult- wonld occur
o miontl ,i, io ....-., Kcnciai IClHienilg
in adjusting the terms, Y ashiugton consented
to the cessation of hostilities. Oil the ldth, the
commissioners from tbe two armies met; but
evening arrived before they could agree, excepl
on a rough draft of the terms nf surrender. Tbes.
however, Washington caused to be copied, aud
sent tbem early next morninir to Cornwallis. de
termined not to lose tbe slightest advantage bv
He further informed Hie British general that a
definite answer was expected by eleven o'clock ;
and that, in case of a snrrender, the garrison
must march out by two in the afternoon. X
resonrce being left,' Cornwallis signed.
It was a proud day for tbe war-worn troops of
America, when the richly appointed soldiery of
"Britain marched ont with dejected face, from
their works, and in profound gileucu stacked
their arms on the plain, in presence of the con-
qnerers. But no unmanly exultation was seen
among the aliies. With decent pity they gazed
on tbe spectacle, reserviug their congratulations
for their private quarters. But there, the re
joicings were loud and fervent, and the gay
Frenchman from the Loire joined in triumphal
sortgs with the hardy sons of Xew Euglaud, or
the more enthusiastic Virginian.
By the capitulation, more than 7,000 prisoners,
exclusive of seamen, fell into the hands of the
allies.. Aiuonj; the captives were two irenerals
and thirty-one field officers. The army, artillery,
arms, military chest, and public stores were sur-
icuucim in itiisuniKiiin, wuue me eiiips ami
seamen were assigned to Count deGntsse, the
In addition to those made pri"'ners at the
capitulation, the loss of the garrison, during th.j
siege, was 633. The allied army lost about 300.
Tbe whide fotce, including the militia under
Washington's command, was sixteen thousand.
The siege occupied eleven davs to the opening
of the treaty, and thirteen to the signing of the
On the very dav when the canitnlatinn was
signed at Yorktown, Sir Henry Clinton sailed
from Sandy Hook with seven thousand men to
relieve Cornwallis ; but on thu24tb, when off the
Capes of Virginia, having received intelligence
of tbe surrender, he altered bis course for New
This brilliant result was achieved cliietlv Iv
the energy and wisdom of Washington. A delay
of one week would have frustrated his plans,
relieved Cornwallis, aud protracted the war, per
haps, for years.
A.-V.MVKRMAnV OP TnR NUIIK RMlER
OF RE.XEKAI. CO It .ITU' A 1. 1. 1 AT
This day, (the 19th of October,) is the anni
versary of the surrender of Cornwallis at York
town, which was tbecrowningglory of tbegrrat
struggle f our fathers for. independence, aud
consummated that glorious design. In connec
tion willi the associations of tho day, the follow
ing article, eopied from tho Boston '-Columbian
Sentinel"1 of September. 1790, must be read witb
more than ordinary relish, for tbe reason that it
adds new lustre to the name nf the great Chief
tain whose prudence and sagacity never failed
him iu" the darkest hour of the eventful struggle
which secured our independence:
.From the Columbian Sentinel of September, 1790. j
It has been controverted wlmtlier tlm f,nln
of Gen. Cornwallis was the result of a plan pre- I a''"P'' and signed the Declaration of Inde
cnucertcd between Gen. Washington and Count P"leiice. which was fully promulgated ou the
de Grasso: or" rather. wheHier'tlm nrrivnl .ifd.,. I 4th of July, 177C -The Ha'l still presents. a f.,r
Count in the Chesapeake was predetermined and
expected by Gen. Washington, and consequently
an me preparations to attack New York a mere
fnetse to decieve the enemy ; or whether the real
intention was against New York, and the siege
of Yorktown planned upon the unexpected ar
rival of the French fleet iu the bay. The follow
ing letter will set tbe matter in its true light :
Mount Vi:i:xox, July 31', 1788.
Slit: I duly received your letter of the 14lh
inst., and can only answer you briefly and gen
erally from memory, that a combined operation
of tho land and naval forces of France and Amer
ica, for the year 1781, was preconcerted the year
before; that tbe point of attack was not abso
lutely agreed upon, because it could not be fore
known wbcro the enemy would be most suscep
tible of impression, aud because we, having the
command of the water with sufficient means nf
conveyance, could transport ourselves to any
spot with the greatest celerity; that it was de
termined by me. nearly twelve months before
baud, at all hazards, to give out, and cause it to
be believed by tho highest military as well as
civil officers, that New York was the destined
point of attack, for the important purpose of
indncing tho Kastern mid MiddleSlates to make
greater exertions in furnishing specie supplies
than they otherwise would have done, as well as
for tbe interesting purpose of rendering tbe en
emy less prepared elsewhere; that by these
means, and these aloue, artillery, boats, stores,
and previsions were in seasonable preparation
ti move witb the utmost rapidity to any part of
tho continent; for the difficulty consisted more
iu providing than knowing how to apply the
military apparatus; that before the arrival of
Count de G raise it was the fixed determination
to strike the enemy in the most vulnerable quarter,
so as to insure success with moral certainty, as
our affairs were then in tbe most ruinous train
imaginable; that New York was thought to be
beyond our effort, aud consequently that tbe on
ly hesitation that remained was between an at
tack npon the British army iu Virginia and that
in Charleston, and, finally that, by tbe interven
tion of feveral communications, and some inci
dents which cannot bo detailed in a letter, the
hostile post in Virginia, from lieing a prorirional
and strongly expected, became the definite and cer
tain object of the campaign.
I only add that it never was iu conteuipjatinn
to attack New York, unless the garrison sbonhl
first have been so far degarnished to carry on
the southern operation as to render onr snecess
iu the siege of that place as infallible as any fu
tnre military event can ever be made: fori re-
eat it, and dwell upon it again, some splendid
advantage, whether npon a larger or smaller
ecalr, was almost immaterial, was so essentially
necessary to revive the almost expiring hopes
aud languid exertionsof the couutry at the crisis
in question, that I never would have consented
to embark in any enterprise wherein, from the
most rational piau and accuratecalcuIations,the
favorable issne should not have appeared to my
view as a ray of light. Thefailnre of an attempt
against the posts of the enemy could, in no otber
possible situation during the war, have beeu so
fatal to our cause.
That much trouble. was taken and finesse nsed
to misguide and bewilder Sir Henry Clinton in
regard to the real object, by fictitious communi
cations as well as by making a deceptive pro
vision of ovens, forage, and coats in his neigh
borhood, is certain. Nor were less pains taken
to deceive our army, fir I had always conceived
where the imposition does not completely take
place at home, it would never sufficiently succeed
Your de"lre of obtaining trntb is very lauda
ble. I wish I had more leisure to gratify it, as I
am equally solicitous that the undisguised verity
should lie known. Many cirenmstauees will un
avoidably be misconstrued and misrepresented.
Notwithstanding most of tbe papers which may
proKrly be deemed official are preserved, yet
the knowledge "f innumerable thimrs. of a more
delicate nature, ia confined to the perishable re-
raembranceof some few of thepreseiit genertion.
With-esteem, I am, Sir, your obedient, humble 1
servaut. G. Washington, j
Because it wonld be easy for tbe Count de Grasse, in'
.w4te ntlwU t
vemenuy loc.cn 10 receive ".
The Burlington Jlateleye has beeu investiirat-
ing this reform business.- It reports: John Kel-
ley calls it "r-refar-mm," Geo. W. Jnlian calls it
lll'UUI, WIEUHN.U. ..----wu a...... , l-lll IU,
iion. jonn jiornssey cans is -rnuurni," unaries
1- rancis Adams calls it -reiawm." Unas Tweed, '
with bis Spanish accent, calls it "ra forme," Bill '
Allen lays back tbe top of bis head and calls it
"ref-o-o-oa w-awrm I" ami the American people, I
with a correct appreciation of its nature, call it j
A STH.X. DAT IN AUTUMN.
i 1 '""t" w1"1" thmogh the woodlands hoarr.
' .".; swi.vv " w PSIT,
t.i liv.. . -z", v'.r." .,. " """
nn hear wvsliAaa nf wIasv
.., ..Kv m mcu vi ucaillj, UUCS SWay.
How through each lov"Sl, familiar path she lingers,
.p-nelr smiling through the golden mistT
T!!L..B!V,l,e T,M S! W"B hr dewy Ungera,
Till the cool emerald tnrna to amethyst.
Kjndline the faint stars of the haieL shining
To light the gloom of Autumn's mouldering balls,
WUh hoary plumes the clematis entwining.
Where o er the rock her withered garland falls.
wrm lights are on the sleepy uplands waning.
M"'ctn dark clouds along the horUon rolled.
Till the slant son beams throngh their fringes raining,
llathe all the hills in melancholy gold.
Tbe moit wind breathes of crisped leaves and flowers
In the damp holbiws of tbe woodland sown,
Mlocllng the freshness of Antamnal showers
With spicy airs from cedar alleys blown.
Ilesis. tbe brook, and on the cambered meadow.
,Vhf.T frltaw fern-tufts fleck the faded ground.
With folded bds beneath their palmv shadow.
The gentian uods, in dewy slumbers bound.
Upon those soft-fringed lids the bee sits brooding.
Like a fond lover loth to say farewell.
0 with shut wings, through silken folds Intruding.
Creep near her heart, his drowsy tale to telL
The little birds npon the hillside lonely.
Flit noiseless!- along from spray to spray.
Silent as a sweet wandering thought, that only
hliows its bright wings, and softly glides awsy.
The scentless dowers, in the warm sunlight dreaming,
j ?" " bf"tlie their fullness or delight:
2?ni bTnar" V" tranced wood soft airs are streaming.
.Mill as the dew-rail or a Summer night.
So, .In my heart a sweet, unwonted reeling
Stirs, like the wind in Ocean's hollow shell.
Throngh all iU secret chamWrs sadly stealing.
1 et finds no wo.ils Its mystic charm to tell.
THE STATE IIOl'MII-1 770-170
Tho erection of this edifice was be-nn in 1729
and completed iu 1731.
7M. The two wi were ail!
ded in 1739 '40, and it was then one ofthe larg
est and most costly edifices for civil purposes in
America. Previous to its erection, th sessions
of the Legislature of Pennsylvania were held at
iirivate uouses. menrst purchase or grounds
for tbe building, included only abont half tbe
depth of Walnut Street. In 17C0, the other half
square was purchased, aud tlm nlinl t..
enclosed in a heavy brick wall. John Vaughn, I
who came from England to reside in Philadel- f
puia, piaumi tue groniius with elm trees and
shrubbery, in 1783. Afterwards the brick wall
was removed, a, tuo pr,.set lleat iroll rajiin.
erected in its place. (This is the railing recent
ly removed.) The cost of the maiu building of
tho State House and its sleenle was -ilmnt Z4 .
000. Tbe stvle of tbe structure was ilireele,! I.i-
I)r John Kearsly.Sr.. the same amateur a7cbi-
tectnrul character, as the Christ Church. The
glass and lead sashes cost S-'SjO. The glazing
was done by Thomas Godfrey, afterwards cele
brated as the inventor of tbe qnadraut.
1 be interior decorations remain as originally
designed, and, for the production of so early a
time, are very line; ami those of the main ball,
embracing a richly panneled ceiling and a heavy
cornice, supported by fluted columns, will strike
the eye as exceedingly beautiful. Tbe ornamen
tation over each dour leading to the "Hall of
Iudependence" 011 tbe east, and the "National
Museum" on the west, is florid, having a central
medallion from which the face of one of the
Georges projects in bas-relief. The eastern
chamber, which is a sliriuu to every American.
was the theatre wherein was proposed, debated,
I n'H possible to retain it, its original appearance. I
T,, portraits of the signers embellish tbe walls, !
perpeiuauiig not. only tue uces 01 those lustor-
l niPll. II I IHKL-I nl I'm:iIm Klttir, In.....n
and Sully. John Hancock's chair, and the table
on which the immortal document whs signed,
stands on a dias at the western end ; Hush's fino
statute of Washington, adorns the northwest
corner, :11m tue 0111 cliaiulalicr nsed by the Con-
:..... ....I 1 . ..;, - . ,-. .- ..
- . - -.- ----
liueiiiai isoii'rress is sun pennant lrom tne cell-
itreof I ho celling The western chamber, for
many years the Common Pleas Court-room, is
11111, .1 museum ui Historic relics, ui tuese IT
contains a large number, both rare and curious.
Among thrui are the ale mug of John Paul
Jones; a china cup, with Washington's efilgy,
made before Braddock's defeat; fljg of the 1st
regiment Pennsylvania militia, lost aud recap
tured at Bntndvwinn: the chairof James LoL'an.
first possessed by William Penu, with the in-
script , "Fruitful for recollectious;" sit and
muse; the chairs of Colonial Justices; bed-side
table; relics of the battle of Germantown; the
original stamp imposed under the celebrated
stamp act of Great Britain, iu March, 1765,
which led to the devolution, and tbe charter of
Philadelphia. Upon the second floor are two
chambers, now used by tbe Select and Common
Councils, tbe westermost being formerly tbe
State Hall of the first Congress. The lobby ex
tended then from this chamber to the eastern
end of the building, aud in it were confined the
Americau officers captured by tbe British at the
disastrous battle of Germantown. The original
steeple, being decay ed, was taken down in 1774;
and the present one erected in 1823. On the
ground flixir of the steeple, surrounded by a net
work of iron, to prevent tbe ravages of relic
hunters, stands the famous old bell, hanging
npon its original 8iipmrts. It was cast and im
ported fnuii Kiiglaiid iu 1752, purposely for tbo
State House, but was cracked iu testing it. It
was recast by Isaac Norice, a member of tbe Col
onial Assembly, wbo inscribed on it: "Proclaim
liberty, .throughout all tbe land, unto all the in
habitants thereof." This old bell did, nn tbe af
ternoon ofthe memorable 4th of July, 1776, pro
claim that liberty which the Colonial Assembly
had just declared. Subsequently it was again
fractured, aud is mm- sacredly guarded as an in
valuable relic of oar early national existence.
Land He Lite In.
m 1 sail .
A Relic of Revolutionary Days.
A valuable relic is in the bands of deputy
sheriff Thos. Shanks, which if It is as represen
ted, is certanly to be prized very highly by its
owner. It is a gold, double cased, open-faced
watch, with very peculiar carving and design
on the back, showing that it is, at least, as old
as it purKirts to be. Ou the inside the maker's
stamp appears "E. Halifax, 1769." Inscribed
in German text on tbe iuside of the case is the
Gilbert Mottieks dp. Lafayette,
Lord Cornwallis' Capitulatiou,
Oclr. 17, 1781.
That snch a "watch was presented by Washing
ton there is no doubt. The valuable astdstance
rendered by the French patriot at Yorktown was
appreciated by Washington, who pnplicly thank
ed tbe dist inguished young officer, after the cap
filiation of Cornwallis.
Tbe engraver, like artists of tbe present day,
seemed to have made an error in the sjielling of
Lafayette's name, where it reads "Mottiers," it
should be "Moties;" bnt that fact is hardly suffi
cient to raise a doubt of its gennincness.
Tbis watch Is clamed by Dr. John B.Ford, wbo
loaned it some time ago to a gentleman named
C. Woolford, who took it to Mendel's jewelry
store on Market street, for repair, and obtained
a loan of $-J5 thereon. Sir. Ford then procured
a writ of recovery for the watch, and Mr. Shanks
served tbe same, and now holds the property,
snbject to a suit. If Mr. Woolford doe. not
contest Dr. Ford'- right, the watch will be given I
to the claimant, who is willing to give $1,000
bonds to secure tbe possession of tbe relic
The intrinsic value of this watch is probably
less tban 100, but if it is tbe watch made
historical by its presetation to a great patriot,!
Washington, IU value is certainly very great.
. nm -,. . .
Lord Cornwallis did not i
lose bis military reputation and standing by bis ( have differed in minor matters, I never was ny
disasters in America. He wa4 appointed, in 1790, thing else. Now, more tbanever.do I believe
Goverrer General of India, and by bis victories
over Tippoo Saib, acquired high reputation. In
SCIAJ, IIC 11.9 ..Bl, M(-VIM1U WW , WW, ., .1111,,
where he meu atunazepore. itie marneu in IJU9,
a lady oriarge fortune, wbo, it U said, died of a
broken heart, in consequence of bis engaging in
tbe Amerieaan war.
The election of 1S72 killed Horace Greeley, but
a goose recently passed safe over Niagara Fall.
THE WCBKE.'tDBK OF CSBXWALLM.
BV C1URLES F. BROWX. (ARTEMl'8 WARD.)
It was enstomary In many of the inland towns
of Xew England, some thirty years ago, to cele
brate the anniversary of the surrender of Tni
Cornwallis, by a sham representation of that im
portant event in the history of the Revolution
ary War. A town meeting would be called, at
which a company nf men would be detailed as
British, and a company as Americans two lead
ing citizens being selected to represent Wash
ington aud Cornwallis in the mimic surreuder.
Tbe pleasant little town of W , in whose
schools the writer has been repeatedly "correct
ed;" upon whose ponds he has often skated;
upon whose rich orchards he has, witb other ju
venile, bandits, many times dashed in the silent
midnight; the town of W- .where it was
popnlarly believed these bandits would "comn to
a bad end," resolved to celebrate the surrender.
Kival towns had celebrated, and W deter
mined to eclipse them in the niot signal maimer.
It is my nrivileire to tell hsiw v "...
ed in this determination.
The day came. It was ushered in by tbe roar
JIT lllllut-...H I ! . . (a .
i ii i ' nuguigoi tne village cnurcu
bcll, the squeakiug of fifes, aud rattlinrr of
People poured into the village from all over
the country. Xever had W experienced
snch a jam. Never had there been such an on.
siangnt npou giugerbread carts. Xever bad
Jjew England mm (for this was before Neal
Dow s day) flowed so freely. And W 's fair
daughters, who mounted the house-tops to see
the surrender, had never looked fairer. The old
folks came, too, and among them were several
war-scarred heroes, who bad fought gallantly
at Monmouth and Yorktown. These brave sous
i ui .o ious no pari in tne demonstration, but an
f honored bench nas set apart for their exclusive
u.o mi me piazza ot one amitn s store. When
J?',W.ere "ra" 'fjl' o
was to smir out
I " "'".J ". !3, ?. ''"
ew Kn.lmi' tins
way, ifHou please." It was limmrht r..ri..T-i,i.
At precisely 9 o'clock, by the schoolmaster's
new "Lepeeu" watch, the American and British
forces marched iu to the village green, and
placed themselves in battle array, remimliii" the
spectators of the time when
"Brave Wolf drew np his men
In a stvle most pretty.
On tbeplslnsof Altrabam,
Before tbe city.
The character of Washington 1,1,1 u.n ..:....
ed to 'Sou ire Wood, a well.tii-.lo .iil ;,,noi;..l
farmer, while that of Cornwallis bad been giv
en to the village lawyer, a kind hearted bnt
rather pompons person, whoso name was Caleb
'Squire Wood, the Washington of the ocean-
tnii final ris-fr !!. ...- . . ...
in preparing hUforce, Vnd H hi .ta5.r K
ha.l emptied not onlv his i, r,?.i f.'.L,!
of most of bis aids. The nniunii.n ,...
..T a ..afl sw.. ..s-ws.s, v... ..aw-ru
tifying as it mnst be to all true Americans
blushing as I do to tell it, Washington, at the
commencement or the mimic struggle, was most
unqualifiedly drunk. "B
The sham fight commenced. Bang! ban"!
bang! from the Americans bang! bail"! bang!
lrom the British. The bangs were kept hotly
up until the powder gave out, and then camo
the order to charge. Hundreds of wooden bayo
r.etg flashed fiercely iu the sunlight, each sol
dier taking very good care not to bit anybody.
"Thaz (hie) right," shontcd Washington, who
during tbe shooting had been racing bis horse
wildly np and down the lino; "thaz right! Gin
it to 'em ! Col their tarnal heads off!"
"On, Romans!" shouted Cornwallis, who had
once seen a theatrical performance, and remem-
tlnll nn t.i
The fiaht now ceased, the otinosim- r.irera wr
properly arranged, and Cornwallis, dismounting,
prepared to present his sword to Washington ac
cording to programme. As be walked slowly
towards the Father of His Country, be rehears-
1 - .. ,-fcfcvM uo ijail lUUlllHtl
en tue little speech be had committed for tbe
occasion, win n tl lll.i.,ri..n. l-;.... i . ...
bear it. was makitiir desi,ernt (T,,r,. , t,.. 1..
saddle. Now be would wildlv brandish his
anrnnl. nml ,t,vmn-l ...... -... . .v
.. ..., ...... ...... unfj cnjio ;uiiin- ou di.
u....,v " .", HUH IUDU
he would fall hihIiIhiiIv
forward on to tho steed's neck, grasping tbe
mane as drowning men seize bold of straws. He
was giving an inimitable representation of
Tooi'les 011 horseback. All idea of the magni
tude of tbe occasion bad left him, and when be
saw Cornwallis approaching, with slow and
stalely tstep, and sword hilt extended toward
"WbaVu devil you want, any (hie) how!"
'General Washington'" said Cornwallis, in
dignified and impressive tones, "I tender yem
my sword. I need not inform you, Sir, how
Tho speech was herecnt suddenly short by
Washington, who, driving the spurs into bis
horse, playfully attempted to rnn over tho com
mander of the British forces. He was not ier
mitted to do this, for bis aids, seeiug his unfor
tunate condition, seized Ibe horse by the bridle,
straightened Washington up iu his saddle, and
requested Cornwallis to proceed with his re
maiks. 'General Washington," said Cornwallis, "the
British lion prostrates himself at the feet ofthe
"Eagle! Eagle!" yelled the infnriated Wash
ingtoii, rolling of bis horse and billing Cornwal
lis a frightful blow on the bead witb the flat of
bis sword ; "do you call me a Eagle, yon mean,
sneakin' cutst He struck him again, sending
dim to the ground, and said, ' I'll learn yoa to
call me a Eagle, yon infernal scoundrel !"
Cornwallis remained npon tho grouud only a
moment. Smarting from Ibe blows be had re
ceived, be arose with au entirely nnlooked for
rccuin rauou uu me part in me lailen, and in di
rect defiance of historical example, and in spite
ui mi meu ui uom nations, ne wnipped the im
mortal Washington nutil be roared for mercy.
The Americans, at first mortified and indig
nant at tbe condnct of tbeir chief, now began to
sympathize with him, and resolved to whip tbeir
mock foes in earnest. Tbey rushed fiercely up
on them, but the Brit'sh were really tbe strong
er party, and drove the Americans back. Not
content with this, tbey charged madly njion
them, and drove them from tbe field from tbe
village, in fact. There were many beads dam
aged, eyes draped in mourning, noses fractured,
and legs lamed it is a wonder that uo one was
Washington was confined to his bouse for sev
eral weeks, but he recovered at last. For a
time, there was a coolness between himself and
Cornwallis, bnt tbey finally concluded to join
tbe whole couutry in laughing abont the sur
render. Tbey live now. Time, tbe painter, has effect
ually whitewashed tbeir beads, bnt tbey are
very jolly still. On town meeting days, the old
'Sqnire always rides down to tbe village. In tbe
bind part of his veDerable yellow wagon Is al
ways a bunch of bay, ostensibly for tbe old
white home, bnt really to bide a glass bottle
from the vulgar gaze. That bottle has on one
side a likeness or Oen. Larayette, and upon tbe
other may be seen tbe Goddess of Liberty. Wbat
tbe bottle contains inside I cannot posiiively aay,
bnt it is true that 'Sou ire Wood and Lawver
Jones visit that bottle very frequently ou town
meeting days, and come back looking quite red
in tbe lace. When this redness in tbe face be
ITl.Z. .1 1,1, 1? ", 11 generally oe
t . '" b !? '. abort dialogue like
comes 01 me mazing kind, as it generally does
..... ... """,. .,,, ,,; ...
"Them days is over, 'Sqnire Wood !"
Aud tben tbev laucb. and Jocvselv punch each
other in tbe ribs.
What Gex. Basks Says. I am . t?.nnt.it
nut and out a Republican. How mnel, .. L.J
that the men of the Republican pa'rty should be
men of principle, true, permanent, and .hi linv
A TaOTaRTtTE AGWEEitEs-rJeflerson Davis,
Theodore Tiltoo, and John S. Phelps, of Mistoa
n, are going to sign a tripartite agreement folly
exonerating each otber, bnt pledging them
selves never to travel by night aar more. Br-iii7f1l.2aieayc.
"""' '"" uemic nieais ot iue Thespian bellig
erents; "011 to tho fray! No sleep till niorninV
'Let emit ail tbeir bowels," yelled Washing
ton, "and down with taxation nn !.,"
- 52.00 PER ANXUX, IN ADYAKCE.
IWHOtE NUMBEK, 1,006.
WAn?l tfc S.ttmn"r '"? have died away.
Jwft.'ES'.te 5sed their green a.
. - ui wo a Jinj Tu
wnh"raf. M" bHef Md
When iT "?.Jrf riht
XJte the summers last farewell. "
A?!. .,!! &SE2U?
By the bre.a .f ui ruL?gije.,Uld
The hair clouds, in the mellow llrhi
Float with the sephirs by "
Where tho far-un" mountains mUtr h-l-v.
. yifgiing with ihTikJr'1 e
For the gent le voice of the dying year
i rorn forest and eonav plain.
And his spirit forgets its pain. '
TS-V0T'r Vi ' tllng gloom.
That saddens the gazer's heart
For soon shall the Autumn's varied bloom
lrom the forest trees depart:
ti. !?t5i' ? TWrt "J the eddying air.
Their beautiful tints are fading fasL
And tbe mountain tops will shod be bare
And the Iudlan Summer will soon be piat.
I From Us Teledt Blade.
THE JVAMBV LETTERS.
.Tame" '" " c-'-" -r II X. "
Coxfedmt X Roads,
Wicii is i.v tub State cv Kiwti'ckt, ,
Sept. 16, 1876. J
, ".tafcraagratedeelof waio aud tare to bo a
leedin Dimocrat, more than I feel I kin stand, at
my . ,m,-, Ym Irtlckelerly ex Baacom is wat
nu his likker more and more every day. On In
snffisbent sustenance it's impossible to watch all
the pints, aud keep all the abeep safely In tbe
fold. I m longin for tho eleckshun and InoiKer
?,e" "?..$1. ft?at fefo"n", Tilden, .0 that in
tiv both oualilv and nn.ntii.
My last trubble wuz my wnst, and It took me
a entire day to git it straiteued. Pollock and
Joe Bigler bed got hold n v a Noo York Dimocrat
ic pajier, one wich I bed been qnotin ez authori
ty, and went from oue bar-room to another and
red it to every Dimekrat iu the village, Tbey
,evTn.-JJe,,etraled "'. and before I got In,
bed ditfoosed ther pisen in that sakred precinct.
It contained long articles sbowin that Tilden
our standard barer, wuz committed, sole aori
body, not only to bard money, and immejit re
sumpshen, but that he wnz a reformer av the re
rorminist kind, goin so fur as to pledge hisself
not to pay a dollar uv Suthern war dames, never
to re-establish nigger servitood, in any form, aud
never to appint to offis any but them ez wux fit
tid Tor It, and sich ez woodeu't steel.
i,, iyidiv tbi8 whn" 1 WUI ont. organizin a
hundred DimocraU to go over Iuto Injeany to
vote in the iutrest uv reform hi October.
. i . ' . ''.lner wuz 'rnbble. I wns
surrounded by a hundred indignant DimocraU.
demaud.u uv mo wat I wnzin to do about
"I am for reform sed Deekin Pogram, "but I
am ago,,, to be paid for them sweet poUters.
and them fence rales wich Fedrel pikkltszed!"
I am for reform," sed Captain McPelter, "but
I want pay for ,bem bosses wich John Morgan
seeze.1, wich he woodeni hevduu but for Ftslrel
slnm'sible rore'iuT"" aTennent Cl
"lam for reform," sed Issaker Oavitt; "but
rbUdfrlck'Jni,"ef l Ca"'' Co-ter "
.,ak!".t.U,r T, ??: l mi!ea 8a'' '"! pensive
snnle at therchild-Iike inuoseuse, and moSntin
stump, aildresed em. "
"My frends," I remarkt, dnz water ever Bit
higher ban Iu founliu-hed I I. a Cbrischu evw
better than tbe Ten Commandments f (Then I
bed to explane to em wat tbe Ten Command
ments wnz.) Did yoo ever know a party to rise
abuv the sonree nv iu streuthf It's all very
well for this vile sheet in V,-. V...U 11. !.VA
bard money, thur.for tbe bloatid bomlholders nv
the Dimocrisy tber waut It, but do we t Not any.
V e want paper, and lota nv it, and we're a coin'
iV he.TJt-v,.W"t kiu ttfo Eean do ' reaooViu t
I , , P'moen'r any streuth tberf Jist eunff
to hold the postollisea iu case tbe Dimocrisy elect
a I resident. But wbo electa tbe Dimocratlc
lVesdeii f Wo nv Kentucky, uv Virginia, ur
ilarj laud, and n v Georgy. Maaiachooslta wauU
bard mouey, but is our beloved Tilden goitrbsck
on Kentucky, wher be hex fronds, for the sake
"Z jffMchuoat wher he hezu't a corporal's
' "Andapeekiu uv the payment nvthe clames
nv Deekin Pogram aud Captain McPelter, How
is the Guvenneut agoin to refoose Itf Ain't we
the Dimocratic party-we, aud sich ez we, from
theSutbeni States f Will ther be a member nr
Congress electid in the South whose constituents
didu t loose feuce rales, and mules, and sweet po
uters f Ah, my frends, when Sherman swept to
the sea, be didn't realize wat a det he wuz pilia
up. wich bis very sojers will bev to pay, when wo
Kefoniiers git controle agin. Possibly bed tbem
soljera kuowd that they'd bev to pay for them
sweet polaters, with tbe costs nr collecshnn.
tbey woodeut bev gobbled so many nr em. Our
Representatives will be safe on this nnUHn
and ez the Northern Reform Dimocrats will git
ther whack iu, they will be satisfied nv tbe, lus
tis uv the dame. Wat else her we to eonsider
iu the matterf
"And ez to the offis, wher does Samyooel Til
den git bis support from iu bis own SUteT Is it
out in Delaware County, wber tbe peeple make
ninch uv skool-bouses, and chnrchea, and sich,
tbem twin destroyers uv Dimocrisy f No! Bax
ter street and sicb is bis strenth. Is John Mor
risey, and John Kelly, and Oaky Hall, and Boss
McLaughlin, a snpportiu nv him' Mcthiuks
they are. Hev they experienced a change nr
hanr Hev they got so good in ther matoor
yeers that they won't take a offis, or see that
tber frends hev em f la Tilden agoin to take his
tone from Delaware County, or from tbe cities
wher be giU bis majorities f
"Ob, ye nv little faith! I am ashamed nr too.
Don't trubble abont tbe spiles till yoa see the
tbeeves opposin ovbim. Go borne and repeat.
I ort to wash my bands nv yoo, bat , I -will star
and leed yoo awhile yit. Go home, and be con
tent witb wat yoor leeders are a doln. The Dim
ocrat wicb ask. questions is lost."
And tbe Deekin and 1 went into Baseom's, and
after takin a drink or two, and lamentin.Bob In
cersolls infidelty. aeneraieil. Th. nn. ,.
got to pay for tbe likker, and left it to be charg
ed to me. Bascom stopped in tbe midlenr a de-
iiuuaiaaucn nv tne tttpuulikins for bevin on the
stamp sich a impious retch ez Iingersoll, to re
mark that takla likker and gittin oat without
payinfuritwazsd d outrage. I think every
thing is nte bere now. We renoo oor strenth
like tbe eagles.
Petroleum V. Najbt, Reformer.
Loud Cornwallis. I remember, says the
author of "Traditiou of tbe Revolution," seeing
at a distance tbe illumination nf tbe city of Phila
delphia, on receiving the clad tidings of Lord
Cornwallis' surrender at Yorktown. Congress
was tben in session, late at night, and. their
messenger, oo receiving the despatches with
the news, ran to deliver tbem in the- highest
excitemeut and joy. He bad scarcely entered tbe
hall, when be foil dead with apoplexy. The
news of tbe snrrender was immediately mads
known at tbe gnard boase, and the relief taking
place shortly after, tbe watchmen next going
ont, were full of it. Being all Dutchmen,-tbey
went through every part of the city erylng,."Baa
twelfe o'clock, and Cornwallis es dagen." A
gentleman from Charleston, wbo was then ia
biladelnbia, bearing the nnosnalcry, called ont
the window to the watchman, asking "Did Ton
say Cornwallis Is taken!" "Yaw fVas the only