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SOL MILLER, PUBLISHER AND PROPRIETOR.
DEVOTED TO THE INTERESTS OF DONIPHAN COUNTY. Our Motto: "Talk for Home, Fight for Home, Patronize Home."
SUBSCRIPTION, S2.00 PER YEAR, IN ADVANCE.
VOLUME XXYI.-NUMBER 49.
TROY, KANSAS, THURSDAY, MAY 17, 1883.
WHOLE NUMBER, 1,341).
THE LO ST CITY.
BT ISAAC M'tXLLAT
I A Urge city nee stood here: it name I lost It his
tory unknown. For renturie ft Lu lain a ct-mplctely
buried u If covered villi the lav of Vest-vloa. fry
traveller from Yzabal to t'autlmala Us I" "anF
three hour of It. jtt there ft lav like the rock-built cltv or
Edom.uuTUited, unsongnt. and otterly unknown.
piutu' Jtararchet in Central A triea.
A rained city! In the heart
Of the deep wilderac-s of wood
It stands, immured !it wwom ftt
Of passing traveller intrude.
The grove primeval, year by scar,
Aboce the ot renew their blooui ; .
Year after vear. cart down their wealth
Of faded "foliage o'er ft toml.
Altar awl Mo! here arto,
InM-ribed with blcroglvi.bic strange .
Column aad pyramid sublime.
Defaced bv renturie of chaos.
Here, Hoi from their pedestal
liplaced by route of mightiest girth .
There, bv a close-embracing branch
Half lifted fa tbo air from earth ;
Or, frooa their station prostrate thro n.
Their huge proportmca strew tbe grotto!,
With rise and bramble overgrown,
-With luteilaclng creepers, bound.
o sound of life ! save, when at eve
The Indian machete eleve the wimd.
Cr step tbe Indian damsel by.
Singing to cheer the soUtnde.
Xo sound save when the sobbing breeee
Sigh through the forest dim arcade.
Or hriU call of the ml macaw.
Or t-arrot' gabble Id the glades ;
Or when the monkey' chattering troop
Ghde o'er tbe tree top tn their rare
Like wandering spirit of the dead
Haunting tbe ruin of the place.
Kgypt' odossal skeletons
Of temple and of wondrous sbt ine.
In thennvatered sand repose.
Where hot the tropic Summer shine
I tut forest IoeIy awl immense
Entbrood these ruin from the sight.
And with tbetr tangled Irarriers guard
Tbcon bidden secret fno the light
Tradition bath no tale to tell.
And knowledge no record to give
Of those who reared these ancirnt mall-
Of tbe lost me that hen did live
Xo remnant of that rare of M
Sim ive, it hKtorr to nnfuM.
All demJato tltene ruin ret,
ULe larae that In mkl (can rtTl
Her name etlaeelt lM-rmatsorthrowu
And none rrMaiuin of tle mU
That unre Railed in he r, to relate
l'rom what fjr-dUtaut jort be came
Whither he ioi!el, ami what her fa I
And what ber natiu and b-r nanii
l!nt only may codjm tore Rues
Tbe tatuinl tvry of the plate
And from thee watinz ruw "
."onto knowledge of the lanioheil rare
Hon tlir Hon Mr. TallboKo na ItoTfiied
on Hi Landlady.
Mr. John Illalrs, of C'liflord ti.tla.', Shfp- i
lierd's Ittibli, ami u!mi if LiticnluV Inn, hail t
amasMl a Iittlo im;Mrty an ib-tk t a well
known barrister, nlm afti-rwant brcamo hup ttf j
Her Majesty ! juJkPj? a''" wlien tlip latter left j
tbo beueli for another place, where there are mi J
rrimiualM tn le tried, Mr. John I tin ties iuxesteil
his nainj; iu a tnausion in Pi nil i to, ami tixtk
in gentleman loderK. lie vrn an limit!, miii
lle fellow, in Kjnte of the legal hoeiety he luil
mingled with, ami had mice, on hU own resjKin
sibihty, lent a Mraiige gentleman, who had
railed in lm employer ahieiice, and rejmciit
rd himself as a friend lmiu the country who
had ht hit railway ticket, thirty shilling.
Nor wa Mrs. Mailc, his wilt, a woman hy '
any racam tilted to take iu lodgers hut rather
the revero. Uc wiof a nerroiis teinM'rinent, '
easily cajoled, and tlU more easily frightenrd;
and as to abstracting othrr jMHiplo't tea and mi
gar, not tu sjieak of coal, her toiiscieuee wui o ,
tender that she would ha iv described such irac-
ticca aa thieving. She was an erellent cook, J
and though now in fairly gMil circumstances, '
did not think it derogatory to herseif-ivHct i
toB'wiAttn more tlelicale ojierations of the cui- i
nine. Her clear houpi were leond the ilrcami j
of any hotel proprietor, and. lo'saylruth, would
hac put to hhame mo-it of the clubs; theliltle '
delicacieH the could wrvi up for bnakfat were ,
things to think of Wfore ou got up in the
morning; while her flippers, though eipially
dainty, were forgotten when you went to bed.
Her houe was as clean asttoap could make it,
and fnrni.-hed, even to the linen, in a iiriuner
that astounded per-wnis who, nrcastotucd to '
lodgings elsewhere, could not understand why j
their ieet did not obtrude Ieyoud the upper
bhcetf or their pillonn were mi much thicker
than a pan-cake. j
She had her weaknesses like the re.-t of the J
world (have you and me, reader), but ihry were i
all venial ones ; the chief, erhaps, was a -onie-what
unreastinable respect for the aristocracy '
of her native land. This (icrnliarity however, j
(which, moreover, washbared by her husband),
had never led her to wt her cap at an aristo- j
era t, and as the wiw now five and fifty, it was .
not likely tliat it ever would, or, at all event, i
that any mischief should result from it.
The tinst gentleman who was no fortunate as j
to take aparttnentH iu the house of this worthy
-couple, was the Hon. Kollo Tlantagenet Tall
ItoiM, the son of an Irish viscount, Iord Cam- i
leopanl, bnt who had inherited, to judge by !
lis want of ready money, vrrv little beyond a j
snftgnificent brogue and a noble spirit of inde
pendence. Accntomed, as without doubt he
Iiad been in the halls of his ancestors, to every
luxury and refinement, this jnnng man (for he '
Mill looked young, thanks to a constitution I
that defied the effort a of a bomewhat dissipated I
career had yet not a fault to tind with Mrs. '
IUadet1 domestic arrangements. That was one '
of the traits by which she recognized hi birth
and breeding; jour ordinary lodger, Mio had!
lueu told, was always picking holes iu this and
that, and hauginguu the Itell-rope. The Hon. I
Kollo gave very little trouble, and what he did
give wasaccompauicd with a smile o conde- j
Mcending, and a niauuer m urbane, that it was '
quite a pleasure to wait upon him. He was
not easily put nut, except by any application i
for money on the part of tradesmen or even cab- j
tiny i J thce were what he termed "disgusting j
detail,"' and when they were forced upon his
notice, he had a way of lifting his eyebrows
which was very ctlectnc; Mr. Wades, who
had a strain of poetry in her natute, paid it re
minded her of a man pained by the weight of a
coronet. The pain, however, did not last long, '
for almost everything was Mettled for him by
herself, and put dow n iu his monthly account.
Of course he inhabited the first floor, ntid liv
ed on the tost of everything that money or
rather Mrs. Wades credit could procure. His
smoking in the draniug-nioui was a blow to
hrr, tocause of the new curtains, but Mr. Tall
boise, the felt, was not a sort of a gentleman
one could remonstrate with; it was some com
fort to know that he smoked the very be-d of
eigars, or at all events the most expensive,
which she had an excellent reason for to tug
convinced of, aud that if his champagne occas
ionally disagreed w it li him, it was not the fault
f tho'vintage. He paid Mrs. ltlades the com
pliment of dining at home instead of at his club,
because of her clear soups, which he pronounc
h1 to to a good as tny he had tasted at the pa
ternal table at Catle Macgilicuddy.
At the end of the first month, "Mrs, ltlades
brought np with his breakfast things, neatly
follies I on a salver, hislittle account; he took it
from her with a gracious expression of counte
nance, and carelessly looked at the total
which was iu three figures, and not small
"My dear Mrs. ltlades, ha said, "yon and
your husband icnt haveln-en cheating your
selves; the amount is perfectly ridiculous.
4It is quite correct, sir, she auewerctl mod
estly; aswepaj ready money for everything,
the items perhaps are less than you niry have
'Less, my dear madam! I positively feel as
if I was robhiug you. Moreover, there is no
commission. I must insist npon remunerating
you for the loss of the interest of j our money.
lt ns sav T jwr cent, for th three months.
llut there is but one month, sir.
"True; bnt my custom is to settle all these
little matters at the end of the quarter. Your
coffee this morning is positively perfection;
and he took up the new-paper in his jewelled
fingerns, to intimate that the interview wa clos
ed. Poor Mrs. ltlades would much rather have
had Mr. Tallbaies check, but her power of. re
sistance were unable to cope with such aristo
cratic manners. To repeat an application far
money to an honorable iu a dowered dressing
gown, who had just praised her coffee, was be
yond her strength; something told hrr that it
" woulitevoke that lilting ot tMe eye-brows tnat
had so often tillt-d hersonl with pity for the
wretches who had prodnced it. The excellent
woman was a snob t the baektone, and she re
tired. "What V im-uited Mr. ltlades, who va
waiting iu the back sitting-room to take Mr.
TaUboise check to the bank, aud who could
read couutenauccs if he couldn't read charac
ters, has he not paid V
No, he hasn't. He says he always settles at
the end of the quarter, and togs you will put
on 5 percent, for the hitt-reM of the money.
llot that won't do, yu know, exclaimed
Mr. ltlades; it really won't. And he has giv
en an undertaking to settle monthly."
"You had totter speak to h':m yourself, then;
bnt mind yon are very civil, John; say it's
uuthiug tohim, ofrotirse, but that it's a'good
lnmp of niotiej tor surh as joti to to out of
It was quite unnecessary in tell Mr. Itlade-i to
to civil. He was a small aud geutle-mannered
man, whose verj" aspect seemed to apologize for
intrnding liis preenee atiyw4jerr, tnnch les on
the privacy of an honorable. He went np-etsirs.
and knocked timidly at the drawing-room door.
Mr. Talll wise, who was in the tobacco stage of
his repast, removed his cigar in astonishment,
and suffered the smoke to wreathe itself above
his welMirnshed head like a halo.
"Mr. Blades, is it notT
Yes, my lord I mean, sir; It Is about this
little account. If yon could find it convenient
not that I mean to be pressing it is nothing
to you, I know, hut it's a good lump
''One moment, Mr. Blades, Interrupted his
lodger, with frigid dignity. "It's nothing to
me, as you say ; the sum to which you allude is
a mere 'bagatelle; but I am not accustomed
here his evehrows went to work as nsnal to
to pressed for money. My principle and it is
invariable is to pay my bills quarterly. If
yon insist npon it, I will settle this matter at
once" here fie prodnced a gigantic check-hook,
"bnt mark me, in that case I leave your apart
ment this evening. Yon would prefer my re
maining Very good. Be so good as to touch
the toll. I have quite finished.
The last remark referred to the breakfast
things, but itstone gaveit a wider significance.
Mr. Blades found himself in the back parlor
without quite knowing how he got there.
I could do nothing with him," he said ; "he
would have left the house if I'd pressed it. He
is snch a masterful sort of man."
"He accustomed to command) thata where
it is," said his wife, admiringly. ,rvYell'weve
got the money to go on with, and 5 per cent,
for three months will pay ns handsomely. He's
open-handed, like all the quality, that I will
say; I do believe I might have got 10 per cent,
for the asking.
Here, at least, Mrs. Blades showed her sagac
ity ; she might have got 10, or even SO per cent.
just as easily as 5.
On the day before the three months expired,
the Honorable Kollo Tlantaganet Tallboiseleft
his apartments rather suddenly, thereby saving
himself the annoyance (which his sensitive na
ture had always so much resented) of being
asked for a sum of money, which on that occas
ion would have amounted to tfK). I think, un
der the circumstances, that after a decent inter
val, during which they waited for a communi
cation with enclosure from their aristocratic
badger, Mr. and Mrs. Blades were justified in
writing to Iord Cameleopard, of Macgillicnddy
Castle, (the only reference he had given them,)
to inquire as to the whereabouts and solvency
of his missing relative. The chagrin of the
worthy couple may to conceived, on their re
ceipt of a letter by return of post, to say that
his lordship bad no relative by the name of Kol
lo Hantageuet Tallboise, ami knew of no snch
If the story had ended there, the case had
tocn a common one of mere credulity and im
jtosture, Mr. aud Mrs. Blades would "have paid
(?) for their ex pi rience, and fur the acquaint
anceship of a iersou who, as the) both agreed,
had behaved (up to a certaiu poiut) as like a
nobleman's sou as could to; bnt they had not
done with Mr. Tallboise yet.
Kxactly a mouth from the date of their lodg
er's departure, some old friends came to dine
with them, in conseqdence of an invitation
which they hail never sent. The next day some
more frieuds, not so intimate, arrived, with the
same object; and on the next about twenty of
their acquaintances came quite as unexpected
ly to enjoy the hospitality of luncheon. Later
tin, that day, there was another evening party
at their house, of atout half the people they
had ever know, and of a good mauy whom they
didu't know. "Supperat twelve, was in the
corner of the cards of invitation, and written in
the same hand, evidently a feigned one, as the
forged letters. Mr. and Mrs. ltlades were ho
pitable folks, hut as they only had a cold joint
of Itcefin the house and a few eggs fur their
own consumption, these 120 persons or so had
iiecessaaily to be sent empty away.
This went on for weeks, till they found that
life, with so much involuntary party-giving,
was growing Intolerable. Who could to play
ing them this cruel trick I and why! were the
two questions the consideration of which wore
this worthy pair almost to thread paper. The
secoud, however, soon found an answer. The
following note arrived, in the well-known
handwriting: "If von do not insert the follow
ing advertisement, I will pay the fifty guineas
all rigV, J. It.,' iu the lail$ Trumprterot next
Tuesday, you shall see what you shall see. Tbo
maimer ! paying the money can to afterward
arranged. All I wish to be assured of for the
present is that yitti have a willing mind. Ven
geance. That there should to a jterson who wanted
fifty guineas of 'J. B. or auytMHly else, if he
could get it, was not beyond nil human expe
rience; but that he should also want 'ven
geance, was inexplicable.
Ii or Mr. Blades reviewed the incidents of his
blameless life for a single case in which be had
incurred the resentment of a fellow creature, iu
vain; he could only conclude that he was the
victim of some malevolent tnautac. He con
sulted a legal friend (one Mr. Joshna Figgins)
iu this extremity, who recommended that the
required advertisement should be inserted, and
a trap laid for the apprehension of the offender;
but here Mr. Blades exhibited a somewhat unlooked-for
determination of character.
"I will never promise what I don't mean to
tterforui," said he; "let the wicked creature do
his worst." Nevertheless he looked forward to
Tuesday, and afterward, with very melancholy
On Wednesday morning at 11 o'clock, his qui
et residence in Pimlico was besieged hy a crowd
of females no less than eighty in all who had
all come for n cook's place which had been ad
vertised that morning, on very advantageous
terms, in the Trumpeter.
Crtat cools, small cooks, lean cooks, tawny cooks
Brown coots, black cooks, gray cooks, brawny
and an immense variety of plain cooks, throng
ed the thoroughfare, demanding compensation
for their disappointment aud their retnrn fares
by train aud omnibus. Mrs. Blades, though a
totter cook than any of them, felt herself whol
ly unequal to the situation, and had to appeal
to the police.
The new lodger on the first floor had heart
disease, and protested that if such a thing oc
curred again, it would be the death of him.
Iu the afternoon, another letter arrived :
Your licit recent Itm will take ido.cn on Tues
day, between 10 aud 12. All the 'wanteds in t
tlie JrmmjHtcrate invitetL. vengeance.
Aud they came about 450 of them filling up
the entire street. The new lodger left (palpita
ting) at 30, for a less desired, however, infe
rior, place of residence. By the evening post
came another letter: "I hope you liked it.
Your next grand reception is fixed for Sunday,
from t to 12. There is only one way of avoid
ing it. Advertise to Y., 4Iwill pay the 75.
All right. My terms are raised, yon see. Ven
geance, Before the Sunday came round, however, an
other dispatch arrived: "I have invited 1,000
persons t wait upon yon Wednesday. Ven
geance. It seemed as if the wretche's fury was so un
governable, that he was obliged to relieve it
by constant correspondence; and Mr. Blades'
theory of his being a malevolent maniac deriv
ed so far, some corroboration.
The graud reception, held in spite of them
selves, by this unhappy couple, was on a scale
of unprecedented magnitude, aud transformed
their ordinary quiet Sabbath into a saturnalia,
"We shall certainly be indicted for a nuisance,
under the Disorderly House Act, 17 and lr?, Vict,
c. 4, s. 1t, muttered poor Mr. Blades, quoting
a scrap vi uibuiu icgai learning.
The worthy pair had each betaken them
selves behind one of their drawing-room cur
tains, from which, nnseen, they con Id watch
the maddeniug crowd of place-seekers in the
"There he is T cried Mrs. Blades, with sud
den vehemeuce; "I see his face. That's the
man tbat lias done it,
'Where, where! cried her husband, leaving
the shelter of the curtain in his excitement, and
thereby evoking a yell of execration from the
Bnt whatever poor Mrs. Blades had seen, it
was too much for her. "Blind, blind P she
cried; "the Hon. Tallboise T and went off in a
The remark at first was set down to some sud
den burst of regret at having been deceived by
the aristocratic blandishments of her late lodg
er; but npon her resuscitation, it appeared
that, while scanning the street, the poor wo
man's frightened glauce had happened to fall
on a window at uo great distance, where, insuf
ficiently hid by the blind, peered forth a face
she knew, lit up with a certain fiendish exulta
tion. That this gentleman had set a-going the
proceedings which afforded so much amuse
ment, was a conviction that flashed npon her
at once, and from whicJ she never swerved.
"She will take her affidavit, said Mr. Blades
to Mr. Figgins, who was once more summoned
for a consultation, "as that is Tallboise. and
that he wrote the letters."
"Very good ; we shall have to prove it, how
ever. We have no proof on the fellow, except
as to the money he owes yon, and which yon
may take jour oath you will never see. He
ain't worth powder and -hot in that way."
Then is he to worry ns to death, like this P
cried Mr. Blades, pointing to a ueat little note
which had just arrived from "Veugeonce" giv
ing notice of another "grand reception.
'Well, he can be prosecuted for an annoy
ance, of course; but where von'll have him
tost is for attempting to extort money by
"But that's transportation for life, isn't itP
exclaimed Mrs. Blades, pitifully. I am sure
neither John nor I could sleep comfortably in
onr tod if wchad sent a fellow-creatnn and
j such a nice, gentlemanly person as we used to
think him, toyond the seas.
Mr. Blades, who, if not au angel in top
i boots, was a sort of early Christian in list
slippers, uodded adhesion.
"It's not transportation, said Mr. Figgins,
4 do'v "Just leave the matter in my hands,
and I'll see to it.
j On Monday morning, a detective' had taken
I the ground tloor apartments or the house in
which the enemy was located, and before noon
the same day, had found an opportunity to sift
the contents of his waste basket. He found a
letter In fragments, which he pasted together,
and in which the "words "reception and "ven
geance occupied prominent positions; and to
jure the business of the day was concluded in
the nearest police office, tbo (late) Hon. Rollo
Plantagenet Tallboise made his apiearance in
BT W. II. UOWEtXA.
The mate. Inscrutable race of ttc-e.
IT. IK Jtowtts.
first thou to garnub April with tbj-ruby fringes,
Lat to adorn the cray November day :
Spring' motive on thy crimton signal hinges,
And Winter tarries till thy leasees;
"Neath tbe broad splendor of thy Terdant Summer brsnebe.
Lie cool repose, and son forgetting ease.
And music, from tbe wind that Idly chance
To haunt thy bough and honey-cumbered bee.
8nmmr's vidette. warding: tbe ainUtrt approaches
With which old Winter cover hi retreat.
Thy arm are proof against bis rode encroaches.
And wild flowers bluasom grateful at thy feet
No muteness thine, but rife with subtle eloquence.
Thai voice thy every change from anow to snow.
Not to the ear, but to the finer tense.
Thy pulsing message of promise go.
If men were tree, and I the happy arbitrator.
Wa left to male my choice among tbe trees,
I should select thy race, abjure the greater.
And say to fate, "Let me be one of these.'
Then should my Springs burst over witbperennial sweet
Dea, Tbe Summer find me, glorv of tbo plain.
And tba old age of Autumn bring complete neaa.
With pomp and beauty I should end ray reign.
SERVICES OF THE NAVY ON THE MIS
SISSIPPL Al sm4 BrUw Virksbnrs; The Cauiry Dis
appointed that TIcre W ?imt Done bv the
Fleet After the Cnplnre r.Vw Orleans, bat
Without ))d Cause Far-meat Accom
plished All that Via Passible.
(From the Cincinnati Commercial,)
After the brilliant battle in which Farragut's
wooden shins passed the forts below New Or
leans, and the subsequent capture of the city,
it was hastily assumed that the river navy
would immediately reduce all the fortified
laccs on the Mississippi, and tho great river
m again free and safe for ieaceful commerce.
The expectation was unreasonable. The coun
try was ignorant of the actual state of the case,
and because the navy did not perform impossi
ble things, many came to regard it as an in
active, useless arm of the service, which was
iieglectiug great opportunities for crippling tho
Confederacy and hastening the close of the war.
A brief statement of the facts will show how
unjust such judgments wire. Had the jtolicy
of tho War Department toen somewhat differ
ent, not censnre, bnt praise) would have lx-eu
bestowed njion the officers of the navy. As it
was, tho praise was due, for their work was
well performed. The casu is well illustrated
by the situation of Com motion Footo at Fort
Fillow. With (ten. 1'ope's army on the laud,
the fort could have toen taken in four days, but
when the troops were withdrawn its capture by
the fleet alone was impossible.
The same was true of the strongholds below.
Farragut might pass and repass the batteries,
silencing for the time the guns which his shot
and shell could reach, and as there was no co
operating land force, so soon as the vessels
withdrew, the guns, If dismounted, were re
placed, aud the works strengthened so as to to
come more formidable than to fore. Iu one
sense, it is true, our tleet could and did control
the river. Farragut con Id pass up and down at
his pleasure, aud though lired at from every
spot where a battery could to planted, he could
drive the enemy from his guns aud pass on, to
to fired tiMu in the same manner when he re
turned. He had no men wherewith to hold
these fortified points, and the consequence; was
that he might spend the season in running the
gauntlet of batteries from New Orleans to Vicks
hnrg and back, only to find on each return that
the enemy's works were stronger than when he
passed them before, while his ships would, of
course, receive some additional dauiage In every
fresh encounter. Whenever his fleet came with
in range of one of these batteries, which were
simply earthworks mounting heavy gnus, the
Keoeis lunietett wnai tlamage tliey could; and
when the fire from tho ships became tu severe,
the gunners could shelter torn selves from the
shot, and when the vessels were gone the earth
forts were soon in as gotd condition as ever, or
additional guns were mounted so as to make
them stronger than to fore. So far as t lit navy
could do it, the fortified points on the river
were cap tn red more than a year before their
final fall that is, their batteries were not so
formidable as afterwards, were silenced often,
and had the proper laud force been provided,
the Mississippi would havo toen opened to a
peaceful commerce more than twelve months
before it was actually clear. This Is not stated
with tbe intention of blaming any one, but to
relieve Farragut and the Navy Department from
any nnjust censure.
It is an entire mistake to snpposc that noth
ing of importance was accomplished by tbe
navy on the Mississippi, tot ween the capture
of New Orleans aud the fall of Vicksburg, to
cause the other fortified points were uot taken
and held. Tbe labor performed by the squad
ron from May, 18G2, till July, 163, told heavily
upon the resources of tho Confederates. The
operations of the squadron up ami down the
river, and all its navigable tributaries and bay
ous, and then along the coast to Galveston, in
tercepting supplies, and cutting off in all di
rections the sources from which the Kebels
drew the support of their armies, bore very
heavily upon their cause. The work, it is true,
was mostly a series of anno.ving skirmishes and
expeditions, that, separately viewed, seemed
small, but they cut off, far aud wide, the im
portant chanuels through which the Confeder
ate troops were fed and supplied with the mu
nitions of war.
The destruction of saltworks, the intercepting
of droves of cattle from Texas, the breaking up
of little centres of trade in the secluded bayous,
tbe capture of a small steamer or a blockade
runner these were very small things compared
with a great battle, aud yet these were often
tho very causes why a great victory was won;
they provided tho means by which the fruits of
victory were secured. The aggregate of tho
work of the navy in the years following the
capture of New Orieans was a ft, a very im
portant part of tbe operations of the war. To
these general statements some particulars mnst
to added, in order to show the character of the
fighting, in lrG2. tot ween the fleet under Farra
gut, aud the forU and batteries on the riv
er. As has already toen stated, these fortifi
cations there were less formidable than when
they were attacked in the following year.
Early in May, lid, tho licet proceeded np the
river. The Brooklyn and most of the gunboats
steamed past Baton Kongo without communi
cating with the shore. Ou the 7th of May, the
Iroquois was ordered to go up the river, anchor
abreast of Baton Koiige, and demand the sur
render of the city. The place was surrendered
and held only temporarily, because there was
no land force by which it coo Id to occupied.
Natchez was also surrendered, but for the same
reason could not to permanently held. Atove
and tolow Vicksburg the river was open to our
fleets, bnt every day additional guns were
mounted along the shores, not ouly with the
intention of rendering the gunboats gradually
unserviceable, bnt with the hope of disabling
and capturing some, while at the same time
they intercepted transports and passenger boat,
and made the most energetic efforts to keep up
the trade with the west side of the river, from
whence they received their supplies. They
wrought constantly also, in increasing and
strengthening their more permanent fortifica
tions, hoping tbns to seal up tbe river. Bnt
the Government, and especially the Navy De
partment, pressed hy the public sentiment, that
the river fleets were doing little or nothing, was
very anxious that another important blow
should be struck on the Mississippi, and it was
decided that a naval attack should to made on
Vicksburg, hoping to supplement the victory at
New Orleans by another nearly equal in impor
tance. Because wooden ships bad passed the
forts at New Orleans without destruction, it
was believed that they could demolish the for
tifications at Vleksbnrg. The nature and posi
tion of these defenses were not well understood
by those who had never seen them.
Farragut knew them too well to advise that
they should be attacked. In his "report," he is
carcfnl to sav tbat he did it "in obedience to
the orders of the Department and tbe command
of tbe President. lie hail had some experience
already in fighting these hill batteries. After
the first passage np the river in 31 ay, it was
said that some earthworks were being con
structed at Grand Gulf. Two gunboats the
Wissahickon and I tasks, were sent to examine.
They found a formidable battery of rifled guns,
defended bv some five hundred men. Here, in
a short action, these vessels were hulled forty
two times. Little or no damage conld to in
flicted in return, for the battery was located
upon tbe bluff, where it could not be effectually
reached, while a destructive rdanio fire was
ironred down npon tbe ennboats, against which
they hod no defense. Commander Palmer, of
tue Iroquois on ivranu nun, on ine win oi
Jane, Isiii, wrote to Admiral Farragut: "I fear
we can not injure tbe batteries on the hill, and
are have no remedv azalust their tduaztnz
shot." This shows "very clearly the nature of
the work required cf rarragut in attackin
In order to judge of the prospects of success
in tbe proposed attack, one mnst call to mind
the situation of Vicksburg, and the extent and
location of its fortifications. As is well known,
the town Is at what may to called the head of
a sharp tond in the river. Its batteries extend
ed for three miles along the river, and were so
placed as to expose a vessel to a raking fire to
soon as it came within range of the rifled gnns;
then a direct fire from water batteries when
abreast of the city, and then to a raking fire
again from other batteries until out of range.
The batteries were placed, some at the water
level, or nearly so, some half way up the bluff,
and some on the top of the hill, nearly 300 feet
above the river. Farragut must have known
that there was hardly a possibility of success,
and yet be conld not disobey his orders.
So little had he expected such au order, that
he bad taken the most of his fleet down the
river. His coal boats and supply boats were
also with him below. It was found also that
ait attack would to utterly useless without the
aid of the mortar fleet, which was then at New
Orleans. These mortar vessels seventeen in
number, had to to towed all the way from New
Orleans against a current of atout three miles
On the night of the SGth of June, the mortar
vessels were placed in position, nine on the
right hand side of the river going np, and eight
on the left. The distance of the mortar schoon
ers from the batteries ranged from one and a
half to two miles. On the 27th, the mortars
were engaged in firing1 upon the batteries and
the town, for the purpose of determining accu
rately the range. On the morning of the 2?tb,
the preparations for the attack having toen
completed at 2 a. m., tbe signal was made" to
weigh anchor, and the whole squadron proceed
ed up the river. At 4 o'clock, the great mortars
began their dull, heavy roar, that shook the
land and water more like a slight earthquake
than tbe discharge of gnns and lines of fire
arched over the ships marking the course of
the immense missiles, thirteen -inch shells, that
went crashing into the batteries. No more bold
or gallant feat was performed during the war
than this. If Farragnt had not been acting un
der positive orders, he might have toen charged
with rashness and waut of sound judgment, in
attempting to steam past three miles of batter
ies, in triple rows, at point blank range, and
this with wooden ships.
Almost at the same inomeut, when the action
was tognu by the mortars the first gun was
fired from tho shore batteries, and this being
returned hy each vessel as it came into position,
the action soon became general, and the rapidi
ty and severity of tlw tire was scarcely excelled
by the more famous battle of New Orleans. Iu
fact, the fire of the Vicksburg batteries was
more dangerous than that of the main fort in
the tight tolow, because of tbe plunging fire
from the guns on the side of the hill and the
batteries on the top. Fourteen steamers aud
sixteen mortar-schooners were thundering from
the riverr with every variety of gnu, from the
thirteen-iuch mortar aud tue eleven-iuch cau
tion to muskets and rilles, and these were an
swered by heavy guus nearly on a level with
the water, sharp-shooters in ambush, by bat
taries midway up the bluffs, hy batteries on the
top of the hill, and by field guns planted In tbe
streets. The vessels tbat passed the batteries
were uuder tire atout one hour and a half, and
how they escajted destruction is a question not
easily answered ; still it may bo solved in part,
lu the eatly part of the battle, the gunners on
both sides had uu guide in aiming but the flash
from each other's guns. The heavy smoke add
ed to the darkness of the moruong, and the hill
batteries, as is usual in firing from au eleva
tion down, aimed in general too high. These
facts account, iu jx measure, for the compara
tively small damage which tho ships received.
Yet this damage was, in the aggregate, by no
means small. It was evident that a short peri
od of such service would disable or seriously in
jure every ship In the fleet. A portion of the
squadron had passed tho forts, and that was
all. No ultimate object had toen gaitied like
the occupying of New Orleans, nor wero there
any means of compelling tho surrender of the
enemy's works. Tho forts and batteries of
Vicksburg were as strong and dangerous as to
fore; in fact, they were made stronger after
eah attack. Had the fleet continued to pass
and repass daily those Vicksbnrg fortifications
until eyery ship had toen torn into splinters by
shot and shell, nothing would have been gained,
as matters then were, except to show how gal
lantly our sailors could fight. Admiral Farra
gut did all that could to done. He passed ami
repassed the batteries. Had there been a proj
crctwqteratiug land force, there is good reason
for tolieving that Vicksburg would have toen
In this battle there were seventeen killed and
thirty wounded. Tho ships were badly cut np,
tolb in hulls and rigging, the squadron was di
vided, a part above and a part below tbe bat
teries, and tbe same ganntlet was to be run
again with similar results.
As the mortar vessels were moored along the
t'dire of a thick wood, several attempts were,
matte to surprise and burn them. But a portion
of this wood was a marsh, and upon this and
his tiwn vigilauce Porter depended for safety.
He kept a lino of patrols about one hundred
yards from the river, to prevent any secret ap
proach. At one time, two regiments were sent
into these woods to attack and if possible de
stroy the flotilla. The guns and mortars were
kept in readiness for such an attempt, and as
soon as the pickets were driven in, fifty guns
and mortars opened almost at the same moment,
throwing into tho woods and swamp grape,
shrapnel, canister, shells aDU" round shot. Con
founded by this sudden shower, that hissed, re
sounded and thundered through the thicket, the
assailants fell into disorder, and floitnderiug in
the mud, hurried away, leaving guns, knap
sacks ami cartridge-boxes behind, and some
men stuck fast in the morass.
Thus, through the pressure of an iujudicious
public sentiment. Admiral Farraimt was or
dered to attempt the impossible, and thus the
navy was uuuervaiueti, oecaiisej it couki not,
perform a battle miracle.
The next article will show what wooden ships
can accomplish in a battle with an iron-clad.
and an account will also be given of some ex
cursions of tho gunboats into the country,
wnere, tor a time, tuey were penneti np.
C. B. ItOYNTON.
CZassip Concerning the Celebrated Kdltar
Hi- Farewell Y fait la the Trihaae Osnce.
Among the writers of the Trilac we might
see Horace Greeley himself, a strange combina
tion of philosopher, philanthropist, and rustic
oddity, whose unique personality rendered him
tbe most Unions man in liis profession ; who
lMissessetl some of the most valuable and splen
did of human qualities and endowments and
whom l nave seen in iiroauway, Molding up one
leg (with the tronser-top tucked into his old
hoot) in order to throw the core of au apple,
which he had just eaten, underneath it and
across the street. What a capacity for work
that man nail, to ue sure: lie wouia come
slouching into the sanctum (as Americans call
it) with his head depressed and his pockets
stuffed full of newspapers, talk awhile, and
hen sitting bolt upright, with his desk and
hand on a level with his nose, would write and
write, nntil his arm succumbed from mere phys
ical exhan.stion. One page of foolscap in fifteen
minutes was his rate of production invariably
thrown on the floor, to to picked np by the at
tendant. His copy was about the worst in the
world; indeed, there runs a story that a dis
charged employe of the Tribune obtained anoth
er situation by exhibiting as a testimonial of
merit a letter from its chief editor denouncing
and abusing him. But John C. Kobinson, "the
lightning proof-reader," who "got offG0fi words
In a minute, conld always decipher it, even
when Mr. Greeley himself was unable to do so.
His enormous spasmodic industry caused It to
to said, in tbe office, that he sometimes "wrote
up" the whole newspaper, and that folks were
it lad. occasionally, to net him out of the war.
That was effected at last, and only too tragical
ly. Poor Horace ureciey: wnatanenu was tits:
I know nofa sadder storv than that of his final
appearance iu tlie much-loved, familiar office of
ine jnoMJtr, tue scene oi an nis past giones. it
was after his crushing defeat in that rash, ill
considered attempt at becoming President of
the United States the outcropping of personal
and political ambition altogether unworthy of
him, and of which he had, till then, never toen
suspected. Dismayed at his failure, and the
consequent falling off in circulation, tbe stock
holders of the TribuMe had "ruled out" one of
his editorials. "I have received orders' "aid
honest, sorrowful Tom Hooker, the foreman of
the composing rooms "to no longer recognize
von as editor-in-chief, Mr. Greeley." Grasping
his old comrade by tbe hand, Horace answered,
"Tom, is this my reward Good-bye, Tom; I
shall never darken the door of the Tribute
a sain." And so it proved. He went away a
broken-hearted man. This was on the th of
November, 1872, and in less than a fortnight tbe
newsboys were crving, '"The death of Horace
Greeley"" Correpodenct Lontlon Life,
Ax Ou Battle-field of the Plaixs. Two
miles from Mandan has been found a vast burial
ground of some pre-hutoric age, which embraces
fully one hundred acres nd ls filled with re
mains of some giant race. Tbe ground has the
appearance of long trenches filled with bodies,
borsc.s pottery, etc The pottery is of a dark
material, beautifully and delicately finished,
and as licht as wood, sbowinir the work of a
people skilled in the art, and in a high state of
civiliiation. The burial groaud is evidently
the scene of a grand battle, where thousands of
men and horses were slain, and marts tne rest
ing place of some pre-historic nation. An old
Indian, on being asxea nao iney were, saia oe
knew nothing of them; they were there before
the red man. Fargo irgu.
Evecv Friday, the passenger train from the
north comes over tbe road nearly empty. It
was the passenger train of that day which was
destroyed at Tehachipa. pass In January lost,
more than forty persons losing their lives.
Kern Chanty Cchforntam.
Geokge Wasiixxgtox, at the time of his
death, owned" a distillery. So says the AVffoisZ
An old man sits in a high backed tluir
Before an open door.
While the sob of a Summer aftero-n-a
FaU hot aero th floor;
And tbe drowsy tick of an ancient riot k
lias notched tbe houroffwnr.
A breete blows tn. and a breete blows out.
From the scented Summer air j
And It flutters now on hi wrinkled brow
And now it lift hb hair:
And the leaden lid of hi eve droops down.
A be sleep tu hi hign backed chair.
The old man sleeps, ami tbe old man dreams ;
Ilia bead droop on hi breast,
ITI hand relax their feeble bold.
And fall to hU Lap In rest :
The old man sleep, and in sleep be dreams.
And in dreams, again is bleVt.
The vears unroll their fearful roll
He la s child again ;
A mother' tone are in bis ear.
And di ift aero hi brain ;
He chase gaudy butterflies
Far down tbe roiling plain ;
He plarkl tho wild rose In the wiktd.
And gathers eglantine.
And hold the golden buttercups
Beneath hi sister chin ;
And angle in the meadow brvuk.
With s bent and naked pin :
n loiter down the grassy lane.
And by the brimming pMt ;
And a aighescapeo hi parting lip.
And be wishes it were nine o 'elm k
And the morning never dull.
Dressed on L
Hrr kb is on hi brow
A Summer breeze blow in at the door
With the to of s leafy bough j
And tbe hoy I a white-haired man again.
And hi eye are tear-nlled now.
A SOLDIER'S SENSATIONS WHEN EN
GAGED IN BATTLE.
Whenever yon can find a soldier who, under
fire, aims low, and shoots to make every bullet
wound or kill, you find fifty who aro nervously
thro wine awav ammunition, sccmim to reason
that the renorts of their mnsketH will check nr t
drive tho enemy. And vet this nervousness I
need not be wondered at, forthevare plajinga i
game of life or death. i
At Malvern Hill, seventeen sohliers tolonging
to an Ohio regiment, took cover in a dry ditch, !
which auswered admirably for a tifltvpit. A I
Georgia regiment charged this little band three
times and wero three times drm u back. The ,
fire was low and rapid, and the loss in front of .
their guus was more than one huudred killed iu
ten minutes. Kegimeuts nave iteen engaged for I
uu hour, without losing half that unmtor. The j
fire of this seventeen was so continuous that
McCIellan forwarded a brigade to their support,
believing that an entire regiment had toen cut
At Mine Kun, the writer was just in the rear
ofaew xork regiment, which was suddcnly
attacked. A single company of Confederates, t fortune would have it, I hail not been out
cut off from the regiment, aud dodging around i n'te than a quarter of an hour before I treed a
about to rejoin it, suddenly detoiiched into a! fut cwtn, and in the pulling of a trigger he lay
field, and found itself face to face with the dead at the root of a tree. I soon whipped his
t'uion regimeut. Fighting commenced at once. I hairy jicket off his back, and again bent my
A regiment fought a company, both lving down way toward the shanty, and walked up to tho
for cover. I lav so near a Third Sergeant that , 1,-jr l,t Ilot a,",, f,r thi'1 ti,ue,1 "-1 a!f ? lIa
I could touch his heels and I watched his fire. cu f "J constituents at my heels. I threw
Every time he pulled the trigger he elevated lwn the coon skin upon the counter and called
the muzzle of his gun at an angle of fortv-tive I f'ra H"" f rilMI. and Job, though busy in
degrees, instead of depressing it for the enemy 1 baling out mm, forgot to .point to bis chalked
lying down. I saw him repeat this operation ' "' regulations for he knew that a coon
fourteen different times. The man in front of was as good 1 legal tender for a qnart In the
him fired as many bttllrN plump into a stump ' ust a4 New Wk bulling any day m the
in his frout, and the man on tbe oilier side shot 3'ar , , , , , ,
into tho ground atout ten feet awav. Others "3Iy ions tit ueiiU nowMlocked abont me, and
must have tocn wasting bullets about the same rnl 'huzza for tniekett 'Crockett forever,'
way, but tho little company was shooting to I a-m linding the tide had taken a turn, I told
kill. Iu that ten minntes of fighting, the New-, eni several yarns to get them in good humor,
Yorkers suffered a loss or thirty-six killed audi and having soon dispatched the value of the
i ii i . ,.-- -fuiti I wilt fiitt n nil tiirtnnteil tli stniiili it It.
wonuucti, ami men a oavouei cnarge uounieu
them back, and opened" a gap for the little
band's escape. I walked over the ground, and
fonnd one dead and one wounded Confederate.
Not a gun, blanket, knapsack or canteen bad
been left tohiud.
Any soldier will no doubt tight totter under
cover than he will in the open field, but cover
does not always insure good fighting. At Pitts
burg Landing, five thousand Fiiioti soldiers
skulked under the river bank, safe from the
enemy's fire, and many of them threw their guus
luto the river, rather than fire a shot. Again,
at Yellow Tavern, five of Custer's men, dis
mounted and lying behind a fence, held five
companies of cavalry at bay for twenty minutes.
jind killed twenty-four men, and this without
getting a scratch m return.
At Mine Unn, a Union regiment went into the
fight with sixty rounds of ammunition iter man,
making a total of perhaps four thousand bullets.
This regiment was placed tn act as a check t
any advance of the enemy iu a certain direction.
They did not see thirty Confederates during the
whole day, and yet it was twice mure supplied
with ammunition. It fired away at least twelve
thousand bullets, and vet only killed two Kchcl
One cool man will do more execntion with his
musket than thirty men firing at random. Oue
mnst have a will strong enough to crowd down
all emotion, and oblige his hands to cease trem
more than one hundred are fighters. These
bling at tue woru. (Jill ot every regiment, not
shoot to kill. The others shoot at random, and
kill only by accident. Thirty cartridges would
last a good fighter for all day's tight. The or
dinary soldier would fire out his sixty iu an
honr and a half, and likely enough have his eyes
shut half the time when he pulled the trigger.
A member of tho Second Michigan Infantry hit
tbe case pretty well at Blackburn Ford. Whcii
the skirmishing began, he counted his car
tridges and said :
"Just sixty of 'cm, and Fit lire three a mi u
nte, and havo these fellers licked tu just twenty
minutes to a tick Detroit Free Pre-.
la Method ism on a Decline ?
A regular meeting of tbe Methodist Ministers'
Association was held to-day iu Wesleyan Hall,
Ilev. S. L. Gracey in the chair. Kcv. Mr. Crow
there, of the Ontario Conference ; Kev. Mr.
Peasely, of the Halifax Conference; Kev. Dr.
President Cook, of Clallin University, S. C:
Kev. Mr. Cooper, of the African M. C. Church,
of Cambridge, aud Kev. Mr. Anderson, recent
ly appointed to a Swedish missiou charge in
Illinois all were introduced, and made brief
Tbe topic assigned for consideration was "Is
the Methodism of to-day, as taught in doctiiuA
by its ministry, and as practiced in the life of
the church, inferior in any respect to the .Meth
odism of former years ? Will a return to any of
the features of former j'ears add to our power
and success f
liev. Dr. Sherman, of Lynn, was the first
speaker, aud argued that, while Methodism is
totter in some respects than in past years, there
has nevertheles, toen a decline in many nays.
The denominational intcusitv and love are not
so great as they once were. The spirit and op
erations of the ministry are not so satisfactory
as in the past, when the chief end of all work
was to save souls, and not to preach learned
sermons which conld never have their effect.
The hand to hand work in tho pastorate has
fallen off, and there has toen a decline In the
material or the preaching; faith, salvation.
holiness, being themes all t.o seldom iianuieti
tb earnestness. And the flexibility of the
thodist system has decreased in a sad degree,
nn;i n..ienn f-ie til if tbn fMinreh 1.m nt
urea tbe shell that incloses it and is pressin
u. ....... vv ... -. -. --. .-"-
harder and banter against it, and show a spirit
of tolerance, it will split into many parts.
Kev. G. 8. Cbadbourne followed Dr. Sherman,
and said that the dnty of urging rcpntaneo is
much neglected. He said, further, that while
people once fairly bellowed for mercy at the
throne or Got, thev now go in the altar or re
pentance smiling. Ie believed in thon con
verts who felt that God was angry with them,
and who approached Him with tears streaming
from their eyes, and no half-way faith. Ktei ial
punishment, said Mr. Chad ton nic, was onco A
mighty weapon, and has now, nnfortnnately,
been laid aside. Unlversalists declare we are
afraid to use it, because our toliefs have
changed; but we have never made an admis
sion like this and should again take np the
truth, and sound it with trumpet voices.
It was voted by the meetiug. that Mr. Chad
bourne continue on expression of his views, at
the next meeting, and that Rev. Frank Wagner
also be Invited to speak. 'oto Traweript,
The Fibst American' STErnEX. William
North Steuben, the son of Jonathan Steuben,
tbe Bevolntienary soldier to whom Baron Steu
ben gave his same, is now living in Santa Clara
Co., California, at the age or 74. The original
name of Jonathan S teuton was Arnold. Short
ly after tho treason of Benedict Arnold the Ba
ron was reviewing the regiment of which young
Jonathan was a member. Hearing by accident
the name of Arnold, he called for the man who
bore iS and, on seeing him, said: "Change your
name, brother soldier; you are too respectable
to bear the name of a traitor.' "Whose name
hall I Uke, Generair Take any other mine
is at yoar service," was tbe reply. The offer was
accepted, and the first American Sterfben was
nsheredinto existence almost by accident. Tbe
present Mr. Steuben was torn oa tbe "Stenton
Tract,win Oneida County, New York.
A Wixd Storm's Texmexdoc FoRCE.-From
an article upon the velocity and pressnreof the
wind, published in Longman's Magazine, it ap
pear that no reliable data are at hand for ar
riving at any very exact conclasion with regard
to it. Sergeant Finley, of the Signal .Service,
states that "the velocity or the wind within the
cloud-vortex is vorioasly estimated at from 70
tocXK) miles on honr, the average being SM
miles. The margin involved is startling. It Is
thought that a velocity or ctJO miles an honr
corresponds nearly to three-ran rths of a ton
pressure to the square foot. Tbo instruments
now in use entirely fail to measure either the
force or tbe velocity of the wind long before It
has reached extreme itniiis. s-sicojo iera.-
Tnouxs Jetfejisox was en unconditional pro;
CB0CKETTS COON TBICK.
The Trirk that Elected the Killer af firis
alieo la Caaare
In IrJZ Crockett was elected to Cougres, In
this canvass he played the famous coon-skin
trirk. which he relates as follows:
"Well, I started off to the Cross Koads, dres
sed in my hunting shirt, and my rifle on my
shoulder! Many of our constituents had assem
bled there to get a taste of the quality of the
candidates at orating. Job fuelling, a gander
shank Yaukee, who had toen caught somewhere
about Plymouth Bay and toen shipped to the
West with a cargo of codfish and mm, erected a
large shanty and Vet up shop for the oocasion.
A large posso of the voters had assembled to
fore I arrived, and my opponent bad already
made considerable heallway with his speechify
ing and treating, when they spied me abont a
ri tie-shot from the camp, sauuteriug along as If
I were not a party in the business. 'There comes
Crockett," cried one. 'Let us hear the Colonel,
cried another, aud sol mounted the stump that
hat! Ireeii cut down for the occasion, and began
to bushwhack in the most approved style.
"I bad not toen np long, to fore there was
such an uproar in the crowd, that I could not
hear my own voice, and some of my constitu
ents let me know that they conld not listen to
me on such a dry subject as the welfare of the
nation until they had something to drink, aud
that I must tre.it em. Accordingly I jumped
down from the rostrum and led the way to the
j shanty, followed by my constituents smmting
I 'huzza for Cnwkett, and 'Crockett forever.
"When we entered the shanty, Job was busy
i dealing out his mm in a stIe that showed that
lie was making a goHi uays woric oi it, audi
called for a quart of the tost, but the crook
ed critter returned no other answer than
by pointing to a board over the bar, on which
he had chalked iu large letters, 'pay to-day aud
trust to-morrow.' Now that idea brought me up
all standing; it was a sort of cornering in which
there was no back out, for ready money in the
West in those times was the shyest thing in all
natnr, and it was most particularly shy with
lllC on that occasion.
"The voters, seeing my predicament, fell off
T" the other side, and I was left deserted and
alone, as the Government will to when she no
longer has any office to bestow. I saw, plain as
day that the tide of popular opinion wasagainst
me, aud that, unless I got some rum sjteedily, I
should low my electiou as sure as there are
snakes in Virginny and it must to dono soon,
or even burned brandy wouldn't save me. So I
walked away from the shanty, but ic another
fiwess wn mini inu .- t ruirmi u, aim nut,
snouted -huzza for Crockett.' Popularity
ttouiruiur-t tii-jitriius on u tnj siitiiii uiuiirr, in
deed; in this particular it depended upon a quart
of New F.tigland rum, and no more.
"Well knowing that a crisis was at hand, I
struck into the woods with my rifle on myshoul-
iier my test irieim in time oi neett ami, as
i ; ..,.....-..-..-, ...... ......
I nt oppositimi, and a clear-majority or the vo-
kit' HMf'mtit 1IIV, lurnu niidt A uu t" uuii iu
the good of tbe nation. Before I was half
through one of my constituents moved that they
would bear the balance of my siieecb after they
had washed down the first part with some more
of Job Snelling'.s extract of cornstalk and molas
ses; and the question being put up, it was car
ried unanimously. It wasn't considered neces
sary to tell tho yeas and nays M we adjourned
to the shanty, and ou the way I began to reck
on that the fate of the uatiou pretty much de
pended on my shooting another coon.
"While sta'udmg at tho bar, feeling sort of
bashful while Job's rules and regulations stared
me iu thef.tre, I cast down my eyes and discov
ered one end of the coou skin sticking between
the logs that siipiwrted the bar. Job had slung
it there iu the hurry of business. I gave it a
sort of quick jerk, and it followed my baud as
natural as if it had toen the rightful owner. I
slapjK-d it on the counter, aud Job, little dream
ing that he was barking up the wrong tree,
shoved along another tot tie, which my con
stituents soon diiHis("d of with great good hu
mor, for Mime 'of them saw the trick, and then
we withdrew to the rostrum to dUcus the af
fairs of tho nation.
"I don't know how it was, but the voters soon
tocame dry again, and nothing would do bnt
we must adjourn to the shanty, aud as luck
woulil have it, tbecotm skin was still st'eking
between the logs as if Job had set it there on
pnriHisn to tempt me. I was not slow in raisin;
it to the counter; the ruin followed, of course,
and I wish I may be shot if I didn't, before day
was ovtr, get ten quarts for the same identical
skin; ami from a fellow, too, who in those parts
was considcrd as sharp as a steel trap ami as
bright as a pewter button.
1 his joke secured my election, for H soon cir
culate I like smoke among my constituent, and
they alio wetl with oue accord tht the man who
could get the whip-hand uf Job Snelting In a
fair trade could outwit Old Nick himselt, and
was the real grit for them iu Congress. After
the election was over I sent Snelliug the price
of tho rum, but took good care to keep the fact
from the knowledge of my constituents. Job re
fused the money, and sent me word that It did
j Mm good to to taken in occasiotally, as it serv-
ed to brighten his ideas: but I afterwards learn
ed that when he found out the trick that had
toen played on him, he put all the rum I had
ordered in his bill against my opponent, who,
toing elated with tbe speeches he had madeou
the affairs of the nation, tould not descend to
examine into the particulars of a bill of tbe ven
der of rum in a small way. Foret and Strenm.
"UNCLE TOST DEAD.
Tbe Iter. Jasiah Ileasoa, the Her af .
Nlsife'i Celebrated fovel.
I'I'Ksuex, CaXaIia, May C. The Kev. Josiah
HeuMin, the original of Mrs. Harriet Beccher
Stowe's Uncle Tom, died t onlay at tbe ripe age
of ninety-four. Ho retained his facnlties to the
last, ami was a powerful cxhorter at church
meetings amoug people of his own color. He
was torn a slave in Charles County, Maryland,
and in his infancy was separated from his father,
and u few years later from his elder brothers
and sisters. He aud his mother remained in
Montgomery County, Md., on the plantation of
Isaac Kiley, whose confidence he gained by pro
tecting mm in many drunken brawl, and by
caring for his estate. After the slave had reach
ed manboud his master tocame bankrupt, and
tearing that ins negroes wonid he sold, he per-
! suadetl Joiah to lead them to the estate of hit
j brothsr, Amos 1 Fairy, in Kentucky. The faithful
i nezro safely conducted twenty-one slaves. in
, .",.,--- .- , -.-ii ' IS.
ciuoiu ma uuii iid auu inn emmrcu, a ins
tance of nearly l,l"J miles. In Kentncky his re
ligious faith which his mother bad installed in
to him deepened. And without toing able to
read, he became a preacher in tbe Methodist
Episcopal church. uch was bis character fur
truthfulness that he was frennentlv allowed to
leave tbe State on church business, and even to
go .North on Jus promise to return. At a ile tho
dist Conference in Cincinnati, in l, be ob
tained gifts amounting to .75, and some time
after arranged with his master to purchase his
freedom for t,."i00. He paid the money only to
find that he was the victimof a trick, and would
have to pay J"0 more. Soon after he was re-
soivcit to escape ami, alter much iiangcr ami
many hardships, made his way to Canada with
his wife and four children. He then found work
with t he fanner of Dawn (New Camden). Upper
Canada, and soon acquired some property, and
tocame the leader of hundreds of escaped slaves.
He took an active part in "the underground
railway," risking his life mora than once, by"
venturing into Kentucky. In 11, after his
elder son had taught him to read, he visited
Kngland, carying introductions to niaoy people,
and meeting with great kindness. On his re
turn, he wrote and published his autobiography
for the purpose of raising money to bay the free
dom of bis elder brother.- Mrs. Stowe doubt
less obtained from him mnch of ber material for
"Uncle Tom's Cabin. He visited England
again a few years ago. and had aa interview
with Queen Victoria. The British public has
purchased 40,000 copies of his autobiography.
Tiiai. Stevexs axd JIr. Coxelixg. Years
ago, when Mr. Conkling and Tnad. Stevens were
members of tbe House, and tbe latter Chairman
of the Committee on Yays and Means one morn
ing he reported back an appropriation bill with
an item omitted In which Mr. Conkling bad some
interest. Soon Mr. Conkling presented himself
in front of the Chairman and rather peremptori
ly demanded tbe reason why. Old Thad. looked
the gentleman over In silence for a moment, aid
then replied: "Young man, unscrew that curl,
so that you can get yoar feet down on the floor,
audi will talk witbyoa."
Tue only ''dangerous classes" In this country,
acconliug to Dr, Crosby, s re ."those who are en
gaged in amassing, collof sal fortunes the, giant
who tread ordinary men under their heel, and
care not bow mnch the people suffer." And yet
how many there are striving to become one of
Col. Jack Hats, the "Texas Ranger," who
Lfought in the Mexican war, died died recently
JaX San Francisco. He was the hero of a hnndred
OBSERVATIONS OF THE REV. OABE
Yoa ma notch it on de walia as a mighty testy plan
To make vonr Judgment bv de clothe dat livers up a man,
or I bardlr need to tell yon how vou often com errrwu
A fifty-dollar saddle an a twenty-dollar ho:
An wnkia tn do low groan, von dukiver. a vow go.
lAt de fine shuck but hide de mcanes nubbin tn a row.
I fnk s man ha got a m ighty alendcr chance for Hebrn,
Dat bold onto hi pietv but one day out ob seben i
Dat talk about de sinner with a heap o solemn chat,
An nebber drop a nickel In tie missionary hat .
iHt's foremost In o raeetin-bone for raisin all dechunes.
Bat lays aside hi ligsra wid his Sunday panUkkms.
I nebber Jodge o people dat 1 meet along de way,
Byde place whar ey comes from, ami de norns- whar
.T"??Ts... . . ,- v:.
roroe naniam caxaer aawisi loono nwm i'i"ij m.n,
An de tuxkev-baxzard sails above de eagle in de sky .
Dev kctcbeo little minners In de middle ob de sea,
A OAVEBN OF CTJBIOSITLES.
The Woadcr lo be Meea ia the Hepalrhrr af
Equality, III,, April 14. One of the most
remarkable 'caves on tbe continent is to to
found seveu miles south-east of her, in Galla
tin County. It has long enjoyed a local fame,
but, strange to say, its interior wouders have
never been described in print. Your correspon
dent arrived there after traverslug a well-worn
country TooC through a good farming region,
with stretching woods here aud there, and a
series of rolling hill. The road terminates at
the foot of a miniature mountain, whose crest
is .i00 feet above the level of the valley tolow,
and which overlooks Shawneetowu, Harrisburg,
r'l Dorado, Equality, and the Ohio Kiver for
twenty miles up and down. At the base of the
hill there aro some five sulphur springs where
people camp in the summer time. There is a
small grocery there, and a mral restaurant and
a farm house. The mouth of tho cave is situa
ted abont hair way up the side or the bill. Tho
way leading up is fearfully rocky, and in places
it is too broken and steep for a horse to ascend.
On the north side, among a grove of cedars, tho
opening, about tbe size of an ordinary doorway,
was found, and in a sort of weather box near
by there was an attendant who chargei a small
fee for conducting casual visitors through the
cavern and pointing out its curiosities. The
entrance is fully high enough for the tallest
man to walk erect. The guide called attention
to the fact that the air at that point was al
most freezing cold, but that the temperature
would to quite wanu and comfortable when
the inside was fairly reached. He mentioned
this diversity as a pheuomeuou that is observa
ble both wiuter aud summer, which has often
excited the wonder of travellers, but has never
been explained. Absolute darkness reigus
within, and explorers are provided with light
ed candles, lamps going out too easily. From
the opening there is a passage-way 4t feet long
and C feet wide. Tbe walls are of saudstoiiu
that anjear to have toeu subjected to intense
heat. The ceiling is not over eight feet over
head, but in the second passageway, running
at right angles to tho first, it is fully feet to
the top. Here are a series of corridors, laid off
with the regularity of city thonmghfares, ami
leading to all points or the compass. The floor
is of dirt mainly, but here aud there long slabs
of burnt sandstone make a secure ami easy
path. A distance orjn feet is traversed tofnra
the first capacions apartment is reached. Here
a uatnral grotto about seventy feet in length
and breadth presents a wild anil weinl appear
ance. The ceiling, forty feet atove, is studiled
with stalactites, mauy of them pendant like
icicles, and reflecting a brilliant light where
tberavs from tho candles fall. The walls are
of a light yellow sandstone, and many curious
inscriptions with names notable and names nn
known, are cnt deep in tbe rock.
Through this apartment a stream of water
three or fonr feet wide trickles to the Month,
where it is lost iu the earth. It is a tout two
feet deep, and it is said that eyeless fishes have
toen caught from it, as well as an amphibious
lizard, coal black in color aud without eyes.
Fnrthrr on, in an apartment nearly as large
as the former, the correspondent! attention
was directed to a large inscription on the wall,
cnt deep In the rock, which read, "Sepulchre of
Shawnee Braves. The guide, in explaining
this inscription, said that the Shawnee Indtaus
once inhabited the region surrounding the cave,
and it was a legeud tbat this particular cavern
was nsed as a burial place for the great chiefs
of tho tribe. No mounds were visible ou the
surface or the tloor, but it was related that an
early settler once brought a spade, and on dig
ging a foot below, found a regular rharnel
house, and the guide said there could to no,
doubt tbat this particular part of the cave was
full or human tones.
From the mouth or tho cave ou the north tn
its extreme southern limit the distance is two
and a hair miles, the route toing easily passa
ble all the way. There are innumerable pas
sages leadiug to the right aud left, and ouly a
few or these have tocu explored. From a se
ries or yawning holes in the west wall or one
compartment a dozen separate torrents leap
down on the rocks below, and nish into a sub
terranean channel that opens in the centre or
tbe rocky tloor. ihewihi nar ami still wittier
echoes from the cataract can to heanl hundreds
of yards away, and on a nearer approach be
comes somewhat deafening. The water is as
clear as crystal, reflecting a million diamonds
iu the light of the tallow candle. The under
ground channel here is over thirty feet deep, as
was proved by letting down a line and heavy
lead. The current is no strong that it was diffi
cult to get a periendicular measurement,
though the lead weighed a pound. One of the
strangest features to to encountered was mint
ed out by the guide as he conducted the party
to a small chamber on the east of what appears
to be tbe main thoroughfare or this great hol
low in the earth. In the wall, within a foot of
the surface of the floor, there is an aperture
three or feet in diameter, with torn and jagged
edges aa if the rock had been rent asunder with
giant powder. Candles held to the hole show
ed a rough inclined plane, extending downward
for ten feet, and thru an abrupt termination on
the verge of what appears to bean illimitable
cave of dark news. Tbe echo of the human voire
from this inuer caveru is something fearful. A
rock rolled dowu the inclined piano ami into
chasm Is not heard from Tor fully thirty sec
onds, when then comes a sound a if a gun had
gone off, succeeded by a territie discbarge of
musketry, volley iounwtng vouey, until me
sound dies away liks a faint moau in tho tow
els of the earth. M. ImmU Globe-Democrat,
Jubal Early and Chambersburg-.
The following letter from Gen. Jubal Early,
now published for the first time, is the fullest
explanation aud attempted justification he has
ever made of his conduct in burning tbe town
of" Chambersburg, Penn., during the war. The
letter is au interesting contribution tn the Ms
torp of the rebellion :
LYNCiinritii, Va., June 6, I'i. lear Sir;
In reply to your innniries, I have tn inform you
that tbe town of Cbamtorsbnrg was burned on
the same day on which the demand on it was
made by McCansland and refused. It was as
certained that a force of the enemy's cavalry
was approaching, and there was no time for de
lay. Moreover, the refusal was peremptory,
and there was no reason for delay, unless the
demand was a mere idle threat.
As to the other inquiry, I had no knowledge
of what amount of tnouev there might to in
Chambersburg. I knew that it was a town of
some l'AUOO inhabitant.
The town of Frederick, in Maryland, which
was a mnch smaller town than Chamtorsbnrg,
bad In June very promptly responded to my de
mand on it for&W.000, some of the inhabitants,
who were friendly to ns, expressing a regret
that I had not put my demand at "40,000.
There was one or more national hanks at Cham
torsbnrCi and the town oneht tu have been
able to raise the sum I demanded. I never
heanl that the refnsal was based on Inability
to pay snch a snm, and there was no offer to
pay any snm. The value or tn bouses destroy
ed by Hunter, and their contents, was rally
IW,uuu in gold, and at the time l mauo ins de
mand, tbe price of gold in greenbacks had very
nearly reached f3, and was going up rapidly.
Hence it wu that I required $TjOO,000 In green
backs, if toe fold was not paid, to provide
against any farther depreciation of tbe paper
I woold bare been fnllr luttified bv the laws
of retaliation in war in burning' the town with
out giving the inhabitants the opportunity of
redeeming it. verv respectiuiiy,
J. A. Early.
Edward W. Bok, Esq., Brooklyn, N. Y.
Son Jacinto's Day.
Forty-seven years ago to-day, April HI, at San
Jacinto, tbe Blow was struck by Houston and a
handful of men that completed tbe struggle for
Texan independence. What a change since 36!
To-day the Tery people who were once the ene
mies of Texas are onr warm friend. Old scores
have been shelved, and mould and dnst brought
by pasatng years bare eovereu ana nitiuen irom
view the animosities that then rankled hot, cut
ties and st rone. A new generation has come
up and a new feeling has grown into life that
sinaa ine oia quarrel anu meets upon a common
ground of fellowship and friendly feeling. The
iron bands that stretch through Texas and reach
into Mexico have toeu not only eivilizer as
they "traversed the wild and barren plains but
have been also measengtn bearing emblems or
peace, pronouncing ine aocinne oi goou wm.
Ylth Texas it isvnatnral that San Jacinto day
should be observed.' It is a stake npon the
broad plain of Texas history, and In the years
hence, when the people whose liomesdot In close
gathering tbe boundless prairies or tbe great
State, come to note its recurrence, whether it be
done irom aRecuon for theohl-iime memones or
reccollections, or simply "because the old folks
do iS" It will still be the initial point from
which dates Texan prosperity. GaUe$tom AVr.
Ex-RErREsEXTATZYE Bowmax, or Massachu
setts declares nil belief that political life mast
hereafter be given np to rich men.
THE BOMANCE OF BELLE BOYD.
The Nlorv sf Female Npy af the ItefaelliaM,
for table residence, in the extreme north-western
section of the city, with a sweet little miss of
three and another of seven summers plaving
hide-and-seek aronud her chair, was a lady
who. a score of years ago, torn an international
reputation. Few, if any, of thoso wh knew
ber once wouia now recognize in tue nauusopK.
well-preserved woman, of commanding pres
ence and high-bred bearing, with a complexion
like a rose aud lily combined, a wealth of stiuuy,
chestnnt-bnwn hair, sparkling eyes, a sweet,
mobile month, and a face capable of most varv
ing expression the vivacious, diring girl who.
in war times, had but one name, and that
"Belle Boyd, the Confederate spy."
The story of Belle Boyd Iifi reads like a m
manee. ltom in Virginia, or good old cavaliet
stock, she had barely graduated and made her
debut in Washington society when the war
commenced, and her rather, with several others
or her kindred, took up anus in the Confederate
canse. When Gen. Kotort Patterson with his
troops entered Martinsburg, her native place.
she was acting the part of the ministering an
gel to the wounded in the iiujKivcri-hed hospital.
While engaged in these duties, many scraps of
information concerning the movements of the
Federal army came to her ears, and thus it was
that, with an impulse aud au ardor due largely
to ber youth, she entered npon the task with
which her name tocame su promiuently identi
fied. Several ladies of tho place, who had at"
been picking up scrap of liens beld a meeting
at her house, the items were bunched together
put upon paper, aud the document placed in
tbe bauds of a trusty colored servant for trans
mission to Gen. Jackson. This went on safely
for some time, .until one day the messenger w as
captured by tbe Federal pickets, and comiH'Ued
tn disclose his mission. Tlie re upon, "Belle
Itoyd was arrested, taken tofore Gen. Kotort
Patterson, enlightened as to the nature and hmi
alties of the articles or war, and finally placed
tinder espionage during the remainder of tin'
General's stay in town.
m-.ui:i-: tiENEKAL nnirn.
From this time onward she devoted herself to
the task of furnishing information tnthestip
jtorters of the Iist Cause. Scores of tunes she
was placed under temporary arrest, and ou two
occastous she was Incarcerated for mouths in
the Old Capitol and Carroll prison, at Wash
iugtou. Oftentimes, she was found in the mid
die of the hottest tights, but, although on many
occasions herclotuing was literally riddled with
bullets, she invariably escaped personal injury
It is related or her that, on one occasion, when
taken prisoner, she was taken before (leu. But
ler, at Fortress Monroe. Observing her a git a
tion, Ben. remarked:
'Pray to seated. But why do vou tremble
so f Aro you frightened P
No; ah that is, ves. Gen. Butler, I must
acknowledge that I do ft el fiightriicd m the
presence of a man of such world-wide rputa
Hon as viHirself," was her reply.
"What do vou mean f niunrked tbe General,,
as he rubtodhis bauds together, and smiled to
I mean, Gen. Butler," she replied, "that you
are a man whose atrm-ious conduct aud brutal'
tv, especially to Southern ladies-, is so infamous
that even the British Parliament commented
uMin it. I naturally feel alarmed atlHiugtu
With rago deputed upon every lineament of
his features, the General arose from the table
and ordered her to to taken fnun the nn
AX ANECIhiTE Ml' UMt'l.X.
During her residence in Washington, Belle
Boyd formed an intimate acquaintance with
President Lincoln, and a friendly rorresMt:i
deuce was krpt up totwieii the two during a
f;reater ortion of the war. On oue occasion
ier letter paper was adorned with the tnnfed
crate motto, a snake entwined around a I'mi
federate flag, and the inscription, Doit tread
tin us, or we will bite." When Lincoln re pi in I
to the missive, he sent back the motto with
"bite" erased and the wunl "bitst" substituted
Bndcen down iu health, ami torcaved by tho
hiss of her father, who had died iu the endeavor
tn effect her ie lease fioui captivity, u Belle
IJovd determined tn leave rr foreign shores
and, in May. 1-frl, she embarked on the Grcv
bound, at 'North Carolina, ns the tourer i.f im
JMirtaut dispatches from JrnVrson Davis and
udah P. Beiijauiiti to the friends of the cause
iu London. In endeavoring tn inn the bbn-k
ade, however, tbe Greyhound was capture by a
United Mates steamer. Belle Boyd was taken
tn Boston, kept a prisoner for Mimic time, ami
finally banished to Canada. From there she
went tn Kngland, where she passed the second
cHch of her life. She wa married at tbe aris
tocratic church of St. James, 1'iteadilly. re
ceived with hii arms into titled society. In'
came a widow, and finally, having a natural
talent for the theatrical professiuu, took tnthe
Probably tin person in the country has U-en
alllicted with so many "douhlcs" astbisladv
Stucn her return to America and uiarnige tn
Col. J. S. Hammond, an English gentleman,
once a ineuitor of the noted "I.oiitiau.-i Tigers,1
she ha completely sunk her identity with that
of iter hnsband.and with the exception of u few
occasions, when she has apjeaied nm the
platform a th talented reader and elocution
1st, "Maria Katolle Hammond, her mind has
Ih-cii rngriKscd with domestic affairs, Yrt
every few months she is vexed and annojed by
coming arm au announcement that "Belle
lloytl," the ex-Confederate spy, has turned up
in some part of the country. Now the pretend
er is being entertained by somo prominent
Southerner, again she is iu distress, and solicit
lug aid. he. vera! vears ago, one of these bogus
"Belles" viited Atlauta, on u lecturing tour,
and wa denounced by Capt. St. Clair Abratu,
of the Arm, as an impostor. Next morning she
proceeded to thenflice, ami demanded satisfae
tion, which toing refused, she proceeded tn
draw a couple of Derringer, but wa seized to
fore the weaMn could to iointrd. hinre tbat
time, she ban lint turned up in Georgia. Tbo
latest pretender turned up iu Waxaliarble a
few week sgo, under tbo name uf Mr. Murphy,
and, according to the .'nferfimr, of that place,
was engaged in writing a history of her life;
but a brief and ihtcd epistle tn a pioitiineut
citizen of that place has probably bvUiistimn
put a qnietns on her pretensions. As long ago
as f?C, the Jla-'m of Mattiiisbnrg, Va., found
it necessary to send a circular to the craft all
over tbe country, warning them against per
sous pretending in to the daughter of their de
ceased brother, B. K. Bod, Eq. The genuine
"Belle Bovd" has just tomplrtrd a play, which
is highly sfMikru of, and con template making
her entree umii the stage in this city in the
touting autumn. Vk'ttetUlpkM l?m$nl.
A letter tn tbe Chicago 77wr, from Piunoni,
Ao much has l-cii written, of late, atout
Southern California, especially Los Angela and
San Bernardino Counties, the greater part of
which, from uy ten year residence herr, 1
know tn l.e lie, of the worst kind, and' by which
miny MMr men in the east havo toeu tempted
tn sacrifice their home In coiue here and to 'lis
appointed, and in many ases completely rn
hied, I wish to state a few fact: 1. A to Gov
ernment land, there ha toen une with Water
mi open tu pre-emption for yearn, and water is
needed here, not land. ?. At present, all laud
with any water right h held at exorbitant
prices, unimproved land selling all the wav
froui fi" to &0 pcLacre. :, The class or cmi
grants wanted bens U men worth from gSsiO to
st,000,000, and not afraid tn spend it, toeau
we live tore on climate and strangers, and the
more money the latter have the totter tho Iiv
iog. L Tim climate is very peculiar, tin two
season toing alike. The past year was veiv
cold, and all water-pipe atove ground have
toen frozen, and many if I hem brt. Since
January 1, nearly all the IInr and Irumii trees
IiaTe been killed, ami in some place the orange
were frozen solid n tb.-trees. k How dn the
cold spell affect petiole, after a few vears
With myself, and all I have asked atout it,
worse than in the East; and I wear warmer
clothes here now than I did in the Eaat when
the thermometer was tolow xerv. C Frmt here
can pot compare with that In the East in quali
tr or price. I saw apple lavt week in Pomona
offered at 2f cents each that ati eastern man
would to ashamed to give to his dog and look
him iu the face afterward. ". Pour people are
not wanted here, as we have enough of them
already. ?. Every place owned by parties who
have I i veI here over three yean Is for sab. 1.
Our prospects for a dry year are very flattering.
10. If you are making a living where yoa arr,
stav right there, and yoa will never to sorry
for' it. 11. This country can turn out more
good, reliable liars to the sqnaro inch than any
other State ran to tbe square mile.
A Political Joke. There is a good deal of
fun mixed op in our politics though some or It
isn't wholly a mining. Perry Belmont having
said tbat the talk or nominatiug Governor But
ler for President is "mero newspaper pleasant
ry," the New Orleans; Vieagume remarks: For
some years Ma ssachc setts people joked atout
making bim Governor. Now he i Governor,
and 1 making tto Bay State pliilaiithropUts
very sore over Tewksbnry exposures. Tra
Ochiltree went to Congress as a joke. Sunset
Cox I kept there fur fun.
Tne wives of some of the most prominent men
or Co oder "port. Pa., have formed a society iu
opposition to the Maoonic onUr. They havo de
termined to hold tfaeir meeting on tbe-auie
evenings as the Masons at as lata an hoar,
aud will endeavor to reach homo in the same
atateofaet-Vm-up-atlrenessas their Ionls and
Scarcely anybody would advise a rmdden
plunge from protection Into frro trade. A. i
Erentag Pf (Free Trade Orjan).
Every smoker should try " Little Joker."
! , ,